c 3.1scaYTh'u9A\ (sq) -I
CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS
jium Mill Products, Ingot,
FIRST QUARTER 1988
U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Issued June 1988
The statistics in this publication are based on a survey of
manufacturers and represent total U.S. shipments of titanium
mill products, ingot, and castings. Estimates are included
for companies whose reports were not received in time for
tabulation. A description of the survey methodology and
related information appears on page 3.
Table I. NET SHIPMENTS rli) INVENTORIES OF TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS
(Thousands oi pounds)
First quarter 1988 Fourtn quarter 198'
Product description Net Net
shipments Inventories shipments Inventories
Net shipments ............................. 11,893 1,551 11,2 7 i,0j02
Sheet and strip................................. .. (2) (2) (2) (2)
Forging and extrusion billet..................... 5,828 978 6,122 -9
Rod and bar...................................... 1,780 330 1,651 317
Fastener stock and wire...........................
Pipe and tubing................................. .4,285 243 3,514 236
INet shipments is the sum of mill product shipments plus mill products consumed In the
manufacture of fabricated products, less total receipts.
2Data for sheet and strip, place, extrusion (other than tubing), pipe and tubing, and other
have been combined to avoid disclosing individual company data.
Table 2. TITANIUH INGOT, MILL PRODUCTS, AND CASTINGS:
1988 AND 1987
(Thousands of pounds)
Ingot Mill products Castings
Quarter and year Pro- Ship- Con- Ending Pro- Net ship- Pro- Ship-
ductior, Receipts ments sumption inventories duction Receipts mental duction ments
First quarter..................... 21,23& 5,234 6,281 20,283 8,228 15,187 3,269 11,893 825 453
Total........................ 74,432 16,605 19,221 '1,122 (X) 52,537 10,080 44,570 2,915 949
Fourth quarter.................... 19,681 3,683 5,272 16,458 8,917 13,340 2,342 11,287 802 278
Third quarter..................... 18,822 *,776 4,478 18,820 7,340 12,601 2,318 10,503 754 239
Second quarter.................... 18,170 ',01( 5,229 17,938 7,0.2 13,965 2,8-9 11,775 727 221
First quarter..................... 17,759 4,134 4,241 17,906 7,91I 12,631 2,571 11,037 632 211
(X) Not applicable.
2See footnote 1, table 1.
Inventories for the year are those shown for the fourth quarter.
Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Material Division, Washington D.C.
20230. or to the Bureau of the Census. Industry Division, Washington. D.C. 20233, or cal Mary W. Eckson. (301) 763-2529.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
Table 3. QUANTITY OF NET SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS: FOURTH QUARTER 1987
(Thousands of pounds)
exports to Percent
Quarter and vear Manuiac- Exports of manufac- Apparent Imports to
turers' net domestic turers' net Imports for conaump- apparent
shipments merchandlsel 2 shipments consumption1 tlon4 consumption
Total......................................... 16.558 2.b76 16 521 14.403 4
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet5 .... 11.39'. 1,?b 15 18 13,160 (Z)
Titanium mill products................................ 5,164 912 18 503 4,755 11
(2) Less than one-half of I percent.
For comparison of Standard Industrial Classiication (SIC) codes, Schedule B export numbers, and TSUSA Import numbers, see table 4.
'Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 5s6, U.S. Exports.
6Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 146, U.S. Imports for Consumption.
5Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus Imports.
Comparability of output, export, and Import classifications for Ingot and billet assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported
as ingot or billet In the output numbers. Figures for imports of ingot and billed also include powder, crystal, and similar forms which
are excluded from the output and export numbers.
Table 4. COMPARISON OF STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SiC) CODES, SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS: 1988
Product Epor t Import
Pode Product description nuer Product description nmbr Product description
335b2 7. Titanium ingots and forging and
extrusion billet.................. 630.b5o 0 Titanium ineote, bullets, blooms, '629.1460 Unurought titanium
sheet bar and slabs
33562 79 Titanium mill products .............. 630.651') Wroueht titanium metal, Including 629.2000 Urought titanium metal, including
alloys (excludes sponge, Ingotr, alloys (excludes waste, scrap,
billets, blooms, sheet bars, and unwrought metal)
slabs, waste, and scrapl
For comparability of output, export. ano import classification for ingot and billet, assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as ingot
or Dllle' In the output codes.
2Figures for imports of irgot and billet also include powder, crystals, and similar primary forms which are excluded from the output and export
DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY
Scope of Survey. This survey covers companies engaged
in producing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.
Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication
are collected by mail on Bureau of the Census quarterly
Form ITA991, Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey
includes all known producers of titanium ingot, mill
products, and castings, approximately 46 companies.
Survey Error. Figures for the current quarter include
estimates for panel members for which reports were not
received in time for tabulation. Such missing figures are
"imputed" based on quarter-to-quarter movements shown
by reporting firms. Imputation generally is limited to a
maximum of 10 percent for any one data cell. Figures
with imputation rates greater than 10 percent are foot-
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the
potential error in published figures due to nonresponse
because the actual quarterly movements for nonrespon-
dents may or may not closely agree with the imputed
movements. The probable range of difference between
the actual and imputed figures is not precisely known but
is assumed to be small. The degree of uncertainty
regarding the accuracy of the published data, however,
increases as the percentage of imputation increases.
Figures with imputation rates above 10 percent should
be used with caution.
Revisions to Previous Period Data. Statistics for previ-
ous quarter may be revised due to receipt of corrected
data from respondents, including the receipt of late
reports for which estimates were previously made as
described above, and other corrections. Figures which
have been revised by more than 5 percent from previ-
ously published figures are Indicated by footnotes.
EXPLANATION OF TERMS
Gross Shipments of MillProducts. Represents mill shapes
shipped between producers plus mill shapes consumed
in the production of fabricated products such as forg-
Net Shipments of Mill Products. Represents gross ship-
ments less receipts. For detail categories, net shipments
also include consumption in the manufacture of other
Ingot. Includes direct castings of extrusion billet and
other similar products.
Sheet and Strip. Flat roll mill products with thickness
less than or equal to .187 inch.
Plate. Flat roll mill products with thickness exceeding
.187 inch and greater than 10 inches wide.
Forging and Extrusion Billet. Rounds, squares, and rect-
angles with a cross-sectional area greater than or equal
to 16 square inches and width less than 5 times thick-
RodandBar. Rounds greater than 1/2 inch diameter and
less than or equal to 41/2 inches in diameter. Squares
with crosssections less than 16 square inches. Rectan-
gles with widths less than or equal to 10 inches and
thickness less than 3/16 and crosssectional area less
than 16 inches square.
Fastener Stock and Wire. Rounds with diameter less
than or equal to 1/2 inch.
Extrusions (Other Than Tubing). Any product of any
shape, except pipe and tubing, produced by forcing
heated metal through a die.
Pipe and Tubing. All seamless and welded pipe and
COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA
The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system
used for domestic output and the statistical export and
import commodity classifications were developed inde-
pendently. This results in considerable difficulty in com-
paring the three types of data for many commodity
areas. The domestic output classification is based on
type of industry; on the other hand, the export and
import classification system is more materials oriented.
Also, there are a substantial number of imported com-
modities which have no comparable domestic output
classification. The relationships shown in this report
should be considered only as approximations, since, in
addition to the problems mentioned above, there are
also the following problems affecting the comparability
of the three sets of data.
Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for
the three types of data:
* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after dis-
counts and allowances, exclusive of freight charges
and excise taxes.
* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also
been developed. These values more closely approxi-
mate the values reported for domestic output because
they exclude freight, insurance, and other charges
applied from the producing plant to the export point.
* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight),
duty, and other charges to the import point.
Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be
used as materials for incorporation into other commod-
ities, combinations of data for such commodities may
contain a certain amount of duplication. Thus, percent-
ages of exports to output or imports to apparent con-
sumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-
digitor broader levels may be understated. Where duplication
is known to be substantial, the output data are appropri-
ately noted in the table.
Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed
commodity information is not included for individual
export shipments valued at not more than $1,500. Gen-
erally, detailed commodity information is not included
for individual import shipments valued at not more than
$1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves, foot-
wear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products,
detailed commodity information is not included for indi-
vidual import shipments valued at not more than $250.
This is believed to have only negligible effects on the
statistics for the bulk of the commodities.
Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The
value of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit indus-
try level often includes a small amount which is not
distributed among the individual five-digit product classes.
Export and import percentages at the more detailed
levels might, therefore, be slightly overstated.
Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a
lag between the time a commodity is produced or
shipped by the producer and the time it is actually
exported, especially when intermediaries (wholesalers,
exporters, etc.) are involved. Ordinarily, this type of
discrepancy is insignificant in annual figures.
"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports.
Export and import data do not include materials which
are incorporated into other more finished products and
exported or imported in finished form. Thus, by showing
only direct exports and imports, the relation of exports to
output and imports to apparent consumption for inter-
mediate products is considerably understated.
Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or
rebuilt commodities are classified in the same import or
export codes as is new merchandise. Percentages are
thus overstated to the extent that used or rebuilt prod-
ucts are significant in trade.
Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data
reflect the movement of merchandise into and out of
U.S. foreign trade zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the
U.S. customs territory (includes the 50 States, the District
of Columbia, and Puerto Rico).
An annual Current Industrial Report also is published
in this series. The annual report summarizes quarterly
figures and incorporates known revisions for both the
current and previous year. It also provides a single
reference copy to replace the quarterly publications.
The Bureau of the Census publishes the following
Series Frequency Title
Current Industrial Reports
M33-2 Monthly Aluminum Ingot and Mill
M33A Monthly Iron and Steel Castings
M33E Monthly Nonferrous Castings
MA33B Annually Steel Mill Products
Other Industrial Reports
Monthly Manufacturers' Shipments,
Inventories, and Orders
Annually Annual Survey of Manufac-
Census of Manufactures
Foreign Trade Reports
EM 546 Monthly U.S. Exports-Schedule B-
FT 446 Annually Commodity by Country
IM 146 Monthly U.S. Imports for
FT 246 Annually Consumption-TSUSA-
Commodity by Country
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