Current industrial reports

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Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Titanium mill products, ingot, and castings
Physical Description:
4 v. : ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly, with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Titanium castings -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Titanium industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Dates or Sequential Designation:
First quarter 1985-Summary for 1988.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320830
notis - AGH1706
oclc - 10665754
lccn - sn 87042625
sobekcm - AA00005264_00016
Classification:
lcc - CURRENT ISSUES ONLY
System ID:
AA00005264:00016

Related Items

Preceded by:
Current industrial reports. ITA-991, Titanium ingot, mill products, and castings

Full Text

C 3.URRENT IDA 91 (7)-5L
CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS


inium Ingot, Mill Products,

Sand Castings


U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
INDUSTRY AND TRADE ADMINISTRATION


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


In 1987, the production of titanium ingot totaled 74.4
million pounds, an increase of 10 percent from the 70.2
million pounds in 1986. Also, the consumption of ingot in
1987 increased 5 percent from the 67.6 million pounds
reported in 1986, to 71.1 million pounds. For 1987, the
net shipments of mill products totaled 44.6 million pounds,
a 7-percent increase from the 1986 figure of 41.7 million


SUMMARY FOR 1987


ITA991(87)-5
Issued April 1988


pounds. Casting shipments totaled 949 thousand pounds
which was a 12-percent increase over the 849 thousand
pounds reported in 1986.
The statistics in this publication are based on a survey
of manufacturers and represents the total U.S. shipment
of titanium ingot mill products and castings. Estimates
are included for companies whose reports were not
received in time for tabulation. A description of the
survey methodology and related information appears on
page 4.


Table I. NET SHIPMENTS OP TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS: 1987 AND 1986
(Thousands of pounds)
Total First quarter Second quarter Third quarter Fourth quarter
Product description Net Inven- Net Inven- Net Inven- Net Inven- Net Inven-
shshipmen ts tores shipments stores shipments stories shipments tories shipments tories
1987
Total ..................................... 44,572 (X) 11,007 896 11,775 933 10,503 997 11,287 1,002
Sheet and strip...................................2) (2) (2) (2) (2) ) (2) 2) 2
Plate........................................... (2) 2) (2) (2) 22) (2)
Forging and extrulion billet..................... 24,181 (X) 6,051 364 6,362 356 5,646 410 6,122 449
Rod and bar..................................... 6,464 (X) 1,489 159 1,637 381 1,687 327 1,651 317
Fastener stock and wire.........................
Extrusion ....................................... 13,927 3467 193 3,76 196 3.170 260 351 236
Pipe and tubing .................................. 13,927 X) 3,467 193 3,76 196 3,170 260 3,514 236
Other........... ...............................
1986
Total .................................... 41,682 (X) 11,130 1,353 10,291 1,550 10,391 1,214 9,870 1,029
Shbaet and strip...............................2 ......2) (2) 2 (2 ) (21 (2)
Plate............................................
Forging and extrusion billet..................... 21,244 (X) 5,986 473 5,132 430 5,196 390 4,930 278
Rod and bar...................................... 6,022 (X) 1,413 658 1,725 836 1,320 591 1,566 567
Fastener stock and utre..........................
Eztrusion...........,..,.........................
Pipe and ubing....................... ............ 14,416 (X) 3,731 222 3,434 28. 3,875 233 3,376 184
Other.................................. .....
(X) Not applicable.
Net shipments Is the sum of mill product shipments plus nill products consumed in the manufacture of fabricated products, less total receipts.
2Data for sheet and strip, plate, extrusion (other than tubing), pipe and tubing, and other have been combined to avold disclosine Indlidual
company data.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, Industry and Trade Administration, Office of Basic Industries,
Washington, D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Mary W. Ellickson, (301) 763-2529.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.









Table 2. TITANIUM INGO., HILL PRODUCTS, AND CASTINGS: 1987 AND 1986

(Thousands of pounds)

Ingot Mill products Castings
Quarter and year Pro- Ship- Con- Ending Pro- Net ship- Pro- Ship-
duction Receipts ments sumprion Inventories duction Receipts menc t duction ment.

1987

Tota l....................... 74,*32 16,60 19,223 71,122 (X) 52.53 10,080 .,572 2,915 949
Fourth quarter..................... 19,681 3,683 5,275 16,658 8,917 13,340 2,342 11,281 802 278
Third quarter...................... 18,822 4,774 .,478 18,820 7,~)0 12,601 2,318 10,503 754 239
Second quarter..................... 18,170 .,01- 5,229 17,938 ?,02 13,965 2,849 11,775 727 221
Flrqt quarter...................... 17,759 L',13-. L,2I 17, 7, 901 1,631 2,571 11,007 632 211

1986

Total2...................... 70,186 15,270 18,033 67,603 (X) 49,219 10,635 41,682 2,210 849
Fourth quarter.................... 16,685 3,287 4,075 15,910 8,197 11,968 2,452 9,870 600 205
Third quarter.................... 16,342 3,458 4,140 16,550 8,229 12,410 2,528 10,391 489 194
Second quarter.................... 18,097 3,872 4,203 17,090 9,171 12,485 2,804 10,291 549 207
First quarter..................... 19,062 4,653 5,615 18,053 8,491 12,356 2,851 11,130 572 243

(X) Not applicable.

1See footnote 1, table 1.
2Inventories for the year are those shown for the fourth quarter.










Table 3. r r illrritEr ,. E-.POrT~. iMPOITI AND APPARi~T CONSULPTInN OF TITThlIUM INCOT, MILL PRODUCTS, AND CASTINGS: 1987 AND 1986

(Qu.an.rty in thousands of pounds)

Percent Percent
Exports of export' to imports to
Product descriirlo3n Manufacturers' domestic manuf cturers' Import; for Apparent apparent
ret ihipments merchanaisel' net ahilpents consumption1 ) consumption* consumption.


Total........................................
Titanium Ingot anJ fioring ard eKtrusion
blllet ...................................
Tlrinsum ..ill products .....................

FOURTH OUAPTER

Total... ................. ....... .......... ....
Titanium rngot and forging and extrusion Mllet....
Titanium mill products..............................

THIRD QUARTER

Total........................................... .
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusLon billet5....
Titanium mill products..............................

SECOND QUARTER

Totl............................................
Titaium ingot and forcing and extrusion billetr...
Titanium mill products............................

FIRST QUARTER

Ttal................................. ...........
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet5....
Titanium mill products................. ............

1986

Total.........................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion
billet 5...................................
Titanium mill products......................

FOURTH QUARTER

Total........................................ .
Titanium Ingot and forging and extruasor billet5....
Titanium mill products.............................

THIRD QUARTER

Total.............................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet5....
Titanium mill products.............................

SECOND QUARTER

Total............................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extruslon billet5....
Titanium mill producr..............................

FIRST QUARTER

Total..........................................
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet5....
Titanium mill products.............................


,3.795

41,404
20,391



16,562
11.397
5.165



14.981
10,124
&,857



I ,004
11,591
5,413



15,248
10.292
4.956



59,715

39,276
20,439



13,945
9,005
4,940



14,531
9,336
5,195



14,494
9,335
5,159



16,745
11.600
5,145


55,926

37,615
18,311



14,407
9,651
4,756



12,876
8,825




15,159
10,157
5,002



13,484
8,982
4,502



55,904

35,251
20,653



13.002
8,138
4,864



13,248
8,101
5,147



13,315
8,005
5,310



16,339
11,007
5,332


(Z) Less than one-half of 1 percent.

,For comparison of Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes, Schedule B export numbers, and TSUSA import numbers, see table 4.
Source: Bureau of the Census report FT7.4i u.S. isxpoorts.
Source: Bureau of the Census report FT`12h. ,1.. IrporEs or Consonpt on.
Apparent consumption is derived by subtractarig export r from the total of net shipments plus imports.
Comparablilty of output, export, and import classifications for ingot and billet assume that blown, sheet bar, and slab are reported as ingot
or billet in the output codes. Figures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder, crystal, and similar forms which are excluded from
the output and export codes.





Table 4.. O)MPtiPl*V'N OF 5TAiNDARUD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICAT ION I'iCi) CODEi, SCFhEiLILE % Evp)RT PIMifiRSi, kNj TiUSl IMrPORT HllrFitliP


Product Product ecrlotIin Impor
code nu.ubetr nuPrnbr Pralurt der lrnt Iron


33562 74 Titanium ingot and forging and 630.6520 Titanium ingots, billets blooms, 2629.1460 Unwrought titanium metal, except
extrusion billet sheet bars, and slabs sponge

33562 79 Titanium mn ll pr.:.d..:ts sl1.a'0 Wrought titanium metal including 629.2000 Wrought titanium metal, including
alloys (excludes sponge ingots, alloys (excludes waste, scrap,
billets brooms, sheet bars, and unwrought metal
ila. WJr t.E ii scr- l


IComparabllity or output export, and import cla.ilfication for ingot and billet assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as
Ingot or billet In the output number.
2Figures for inports cf inFrct adi billet also include powder crystals and similar primary forms which are excluded from the output and
export numbers.









DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey. This survey covers companies engaged
in producing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.

Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication
are collected by mail on Bureau of the Census quarterly
Form ITA991, Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey
includes all known producers of titanium ingot, mill
products, and castings, approximately 48 companies.

Survey Error. Figures for the current quarter include
estimates for panel members for which reports were not
received in time for tabulation. Such missing figures are
"imputed" based on quarter-to-quarter movements shown
by reporting firms. Imputation generally is limited to a
maximum of 10 percent for any one data cell. Figures
with imputation rates greater than 10 percent are foot-
noted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the
potential error in published figures due to nonresponse
because the actual quarterly movements for nonrespon-
dents may or may not closely agree with the imputed
movements. The probable range of difference between
the actual and imputed figures is not precisely known but
is assumed to be small. The degree of uncertainty
regarding the accuracy of the published data, however,
increases as the percentage of imputation increases.
Figures with imputation rates above 10 percent should
be used with caution.

Revisions to Previous Period Data. Data may be revised
as the result of corrected figures received from respon-
dents or other corrections. Figures which have been
revised by more than 5 percent from previously pub-
lished figures are indicated by footnotes.


EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Gross Shipments of Mil/Products. Represents mill shapes
shipped between producers plus mill shapes consumed
in the production of fabricated products such as forg-
ings.

Net Shipments of Mill Products. Represents gross ship-
ments less receipts. For detail categories, net shipments
also includes consumption in the manufacture of other
mill shapes.

Sheet and Strip. Flat roll mill products with thickness less
than or equal to .187 inch.

Plate. Flat roll mill products with thickness exceeding
.187 inch and greater than 10 inches wide.


Forging and Extrusion Billet. Rounds, squares, and rect-
angles with a cross-sectional area greater than or equal
to 16 square inches and width less than 5 times thick-
ness.

Rod and Bar. Rounds greater than 1/2 inch diameter and
less than or equal to 41/2 inches in diameter. Squares
with cross-sections less than 16 square inches. Rectan-
gles with widths less than or equal to 10 inches and
thickness less than 3/16 and cross-sectional area less
than 16 inches square.

Fastener Stock and Wire. Rounds with diameter less than
or equal to 1/2 inch.

Extrusions (Other Than Tubing). Any product of any
shape, except pipe and tubing, produced by forcing
heated metal through a die.

Pipe and Tubing. All seamless and welded pipe and
tubing.

Ingot. Includes direct casting of extrusion billet and other
similar products.

Stocks. Equal to the end of the prior period plus produc-
tion and receipts for the current period, minus consump-
tion and shipments.


COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system
used for domestic output and the statistical export and
import commodity classifications were developed inde-
pendently. This results in considerable difficulty in com-
paring the three types of data for many commodity
areas. The domestic output classification is based on
type of industry; on the other hand, the export and
import classification system is more materials oriented.
Also, there are a substantial number of imported com-
modities which have no comparable domestic output
classification. The relationships shown in this report
should be considered only as approximations, since, in
addition to the problems mentioned above, there are
also the following problems affecting the comparability
of the three sets of data.

Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for
the three types of data:
* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after dis-
counts and allowances, exclusive of freight charges
and excise taxes.









* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also
been developed. These values more closely approxi-
mate the values reported for domestic output because
they exclude freight, insurance, and other charges
applied from the producing plant to the export point.
* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight),
duty, and other charges to the import point.

Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be
used as materials for incorporation into other commod-
ities, combinations of data for such commodities may
contain a certain amount of duplication. Thus, percent-
ages of exports to output or imports to apparent con-
sumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-
digit or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication
is known to be substantial, the output data are appropri-
ately noted in the table.

Low-Value Import and Export Transactions. Detailed
commodity information is not included for individual
export shipments valued at not more than $1,500. Gen-
erally, detailed commodity information is not included
for individual import shipments valued at more than
$1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves, foot-
wear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products,
detailed commodity information is not included for indi-
vidual import shipments valued at not more than $250.
This is believed to have only negligible effects on the
statistics for the bulk of the commodities.

Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The
value of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit indus-
try level often includes a small amount which is not
distributed among the individual five-digit product classes.
Export and import percentages at the more detailed
levels might, therefore, be slightly overstated.

Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a
lag between the time a commodity is produced or
shipped by the producer and the time it is actually
exported, especially when intermediaries (wholesalers,
exporters, etc.) are involved. Ordinarily, this type of
discrepancy is insignificant in annual figures.

"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports.
Export and import data do not include materials which
are incorporated into other more finished products and
exported or imported in finished form. Thus, by showing
only direct exports and imports, the relation of exports to
output and imports to apparent consumption for inter-
mediate products is considerably understated.


Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or
rebuilt commodities are classified in the same import or
export codes as is new merchandise. Percentages are
thus overstated to the extent that used or rebuilt prod-
ucts are significant in trade.

Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data
reflect the movement of merchandise into and out of
U.S. foreign trade zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the
U.S. customs territory (includes the 50 States, the District
of Columbia, and Puerto Rico).


HISTORICAL NOTE

Data on titanium metal have been collected by the
Bureau of the Census since 1955. Historical data may be
obtained from Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for
Industry before 1959) available at your local Federal
Depository Library. A list of these libraries may be
obtained from the Bureau of the Census regional offices:


Office
Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


Telephone
(404) 347-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 371-6142
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0621
(303) 236-2200
(313) 226-7742
(816) 374-4601
(213) 209-6616
(212) 264-3860
(215) 597-4920
(206) 442-7828


Historical data are also available on microfiche. For
further information contact the Bureau of the Census,
Data User Services Division (301) 763-4100.


RELATED REPORTS

A quarterly Current Industrial Report also is published
in this series. The Bureau of the Census publishes the
following related reports:

Series Frequency Title

Current Industrial Reports
M33-2 Monthly Aluminum Ingot and Mill
Products


M33A
M33E
MA33B


Monthly Iron and Steel Castings
Monthly Nonferrous Castings
Annually Steel Mill Products








Series Frequency


Title


Other Industry Reports

M3-1 Monthly Manufacturers' Shipments,
Inventories, and Orders
(AS) Annually Annual Survey of Manufac-
tures (ASM)
(MC) Quin- Census of Manufactures
quennially

Foreign Trade Reports


EM 546
FT 446
IM 146
FT 246


Monthly
Annually
Monthly
Annually


U.S. Exports-Schedule B-
Commodity by Country
U.S. Imports for
Consumption- TSUSA-
Commodity by Country


Subject Area
Classification
Systems
Comparability
Census/ASM
To order a
Current Industrial
Report
To subscribe to a
Census Bureau
publication
Foreign Trade


International
Trade
Administration


Contact
James Kristoff
(ESD)


Phone Number
(301) 763-1935


Kenneth Hansen (301) 763-7304


Superintendent
of Documents
(GPO)
Superintendent
of Documents
(GPO)
Trade Data
Inquiries Staff
(FTD)
James Manion


(202) 783-3238


(202) 275-3054


(301) 763-5140


(202) 377-5157


CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS
Subject Area Contact
Current Industrial Mary Ellickson
Report ITA991


Manufacturers'
Shipments,
Inventories, and
Orders


Ruth Runyan


Phone Number
(301) 763-2529

(301) 763-2502


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
This report was prepared in the Industry Division,
Bureau of the Census, under the direction of Malcolm
Bernhardt, Chief, Current Durables Branch. Mary Ellickson
was directly responsible for the review of the data and
preparation of the report. Gaylord E. Worden, Chief of
the Division, and Robert N. Tinari, Assistant Chief for
Current Industrial Reports, provided overall direction
and coordination to this project.







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