CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS
U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
The statistics in this publication are basa
manufacturers and represent total U.S. ship
mill products, ingot, and castings. Estimates a
Titanium Mill Products, Ingot,
FIRST QUARTER 1986
Issued June 1986
mpanies whose reports were not received in time for tabula-
tion. A description of the survey methodology and related in-
formation appears on page 3.
Table I. NET SHIPMENTS AND INVENTORIES OF TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS
(Thousands of pounds)
First quarter 1986 Fourtr quarter 19K8
Product description Net Net
shipments Inventories shipments Inventories
Net shipmentsl............................. 11,35. 1,353 9.590 1,2'9
Sheet and strip................................... r) ) 2
Forging and extrusion billet ................ ...... 6,728 473 5,4-8 -26
Rod and bar...................................... 1,669 658 I, 72 688
Fastener stock and wire..........................
Pipe and tubing................................... 2,957 222 2,670 163
INet shipments is the sum of mill product shipments plus mill products consumed in the
manufacture of fabricated products, less total receipts.
2Data for sneet and strip, plate, extrusion (other than tubing), pipe and tubing, and other
have been combined to avoid disclosing individual company data.
Table 2. TITANIUM INGOT, MILL PRODUCTS, AND CASTINGS: 198o AND 1985
(Thousands of pounds)
Ingot Mill products Castings
Quarter and year Pro- Ship- Con- Ending Pro- Net ihlp- Pro- Ship-
duction Receipts ments sumption inventories duction Receipts -entsl diction mentE
First quarter................... 19,150 4,940 5,ol7 17,989 8,539 12,639 2,851 11,35- 564 256
Total........................ 70,773 16,396 14,793 73,151 (X) .9,177 8,052 .31.89 2,201 833
Fourth quarter.................... 15,101 3,674 3,30b 15,976 8,525 12,337 2,.10 9,59) 58? 238
Third quarter..................... 16,368 3,427 2,690 16,966 8,618 10,382 1,857 .1j3.0 585 21.
Second quarter..................... 18,107 4,524& ,02b 18,106 8,6,4 13,b6b 1. 1I 12.119 8fi 18I
Pirnt quarter..................... 21,197 4,771 ., 71 21,5103 8,790 13,390 2,07. 1II 8'.0 i59 19.
*(X) Not applicable.
2See footnote 1, table 1.
Inventories for the year are those shown for the fourth quarter.
Address Inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, Intemational Trade Administration Materials Division, Washington,
D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census. Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. or call Mary Elickson. (3011 763-5440.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C. 20402.
* 3.1 I ; V 1 14 -111 LOW)- I
Table 3. QUANTITY OF NET SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS. IMPORTS. AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS: 1986 AND 1985
(Thousands of pounds)
exports to Percent
Manufac- Exports of manufac- Apparent imports to
arer an ea urers' net domestic turers' net Imports for consump- apparent
shipments merchandise1 2 shipments consumption1 3 lon4 consumpton
FIRST QUARTER 198b
Total.......................................... 16.971 1,208 7 802 16,565 5
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet..... 10,347 b94 7 101 9,754 1
Titanium mill products.............................. 6.62. 514 8 701 6,811 10
FOURTH QUARTER 1985
Total........................................... 12,895 1,897 Il 710 11,708 6
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet ..... 8.754 9.2 II 7. 7,886 [
Titanium mill products .............................. .1. 1 955 23 616 3,822 17
For comparison of Standard Industrial Classilication (SICi codes. Schedule B export numbers, and TSUSA Import numbers, see table 4.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM ,6, U.S. Exports.
,Source: Bureau of the Census report IN lnS-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
Apparent consumption 1i derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus Imports.
Comparability of output, export, and import classifications for Ingot and billet assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported
as ingot or billet in the output n-mbers. Figures for imports of ingot and biliet also Include powder, crystal, and similar forms which
are excluded from the output and export numbers.
Table *. COMPARISON OF STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC) CODES. SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS: 1985
Precut Esport Import
Product Product de-criptinr. nbr Product description niper Product description
33562 14 Tit3anum intgots and toreings and
extruiLon billet ................... 610.b?52 Tiantumn ir.pots, billets, blooms, 'o29.1460 tlnwrought titanium
shesE bar and slabs
13362 79 Titanlum mill product .............. 6jO.6r)?U Wrought titanium metal, Including 629.2000 Urought titanium metal, including
allots excludess sponge, ingots, alloys (excludes waste, scrap,
billet', blooms, sheet bars, and unurought metal)
i sb;, waste, and scrap)
tFor comparability of output, export, and import classification for ingot and billet, assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as ingot
or siiirt In the output codes.
2Fiiures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder, crystals, and similar primary forms which are excluded from the output and export
DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY
Scope of Survey. This survey covers companies engaged in pro-
ducing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.
Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication are col-
lected by mail on Bureau of the Census quarterly Form ITA991,
Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey includes all known pro-
ducers of titanium ingot, mill products, and castings, approx-
imately 30 companies.
Survey Error. Figures for the current quarter include estimates
for panel members for which reports were not received in time
for tabulation. Such missing figures are "imputed" based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any one
data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10 percent
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse because the
actual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may not
closely agree with the imputed movements. The probable range
of difference between the actual and imputed figures is not
precisely known but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncer-
tainty regarding the accuracy of the published data, however,
increases as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with
imputation rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.
Revisions to Previous Period Data. Statistics for previous quarter
may be revised due to receipt of corrected data from
respondents, including the receipt of late reports for which
estimates were previously made as described above, and other
corrections. Figures which have been revised by more than 5
percent from previously published figures are indicated by
EXPLANATION OF TERMS
Gross Shipments of Mill Products. Represents mill shapes
shipped between producers plus mill shapes consumed in the
production of fabricated products such as forgings.
Net Shipments of Mill Products. Represents gross shipments
less receipts. For detail categories, net shipments also include
consumption in the manufacture of other mill shapes.
Ingot. Includes direct castings of extrusion billet and other
Sheet and strip. Flat roll mill products with thickness less than
or equal to .187 inch.
Plate. Flat roll mill products with thickness exceeding .187 inch
and greater than 10 inches wide.
Forging and extrusion billet. Rounds, squares, and rectangles
with a crosssectional area greater than or equal to 16 square
inches and width less than 5 times thickness.
Rod and bar. Rounds greater than YV inch diameter and less
than or equal to 41'/ inches in diameter. Squares with cross-
sections less than 16 square inches. Rectangles with widths less
than or equal to 10 inches and thickness less than 3/16 and
cross-sectional area less than 16 inches square.
Fastener stock and wire. Rounds with diameter less than or
equal to' inch.
Extrusions (other than tubing). Any product of any shape, ex-
cept pipe and tubing, produced by forcing heated metal through
Pipe and tubing. All seamless and welded pipe and tubing.
COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA
The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import commodity
classifications were developed independently. This results in con-
siderable difficulty in comparing the three types of data for many
commodity areas. The domestic output classification is based
on type of industry: on the other hand, the export and import
classification system is more materials oriented. Also, there are
a substantial number of imported commodities which have no
comparable domestic output classification. The relationships
shown in this report should be considered only as approxima-
tions, since, in addition to the problems mentioned above, there
are also the following problems affecting the comparability of
the three sets of data.
Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the three
types of data:
* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It in-
cludes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.
Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes the
selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight, insurance
and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing plant
to the export point.
Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United States.
It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty, and other
charges to the import point.
Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because producers'
shipments of some commodities may be used as materials for
incorporation into other commodities, combinations of data for
such commodities may contain a certain amount of duplication.
Thus, percentages of exports to output or imports to apparent
consumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-digit
or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication is
known to be substantial, the output data are appropriately noted
in the table.
Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed commodity
information is not included for individual export shipments valued
at not more than $1,000. Generally, detailed commodity infor-
mation is not included for individual import shipments valued at
not more than $1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves,
footwear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products,
detailed commodity information is not included for individual
import shipments valued at not more than $250. This is believed
to have only negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of
Manufacturers' Shipments. Not Specified by Kind. The value of
manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level often
includes a small amount which is not distributed among the
individual five-digit product classes. Export and import
percentages at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be
Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports. Export
and import data do not include materials which are incorporated
into other more finished products and exported or imported in
finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports and imports,
the relation of exports to output and imports to apparent con-
sumption for intermediate products is considerably understated.
Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt com-
modities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the ex-
tent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.
Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data reflect the
movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
An annual Current Industrial Report also is published in this
series. The annual report summarizes quarterly figures and incor-
porates known revisions for both the current and previous year.
It also provides a single reference copy to replace the quarterly
The Bureau of the Census
publishes the following related
Current Industrial Reports
Other Industrial Reports
Foreign Trade Reports
EX 546 Monthly
IM 145 X Monthly
Aluminum Ingot and Mill
Iron and Steel Castings
Steel Mill Products
Magnesium Mill Products
Inventories, and Orders
Annual Survey of Manufac-
Census of Manufactures
U.S. Imports for Consump-
tion and General Imports
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