Bibliography of the Natural History of The Bahama Islands

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Bibliography of the Natural History of The Bahama Islands
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Atoll Research Bulletin
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Gillis, William T.
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The Atoll Research Bulletin is issued by the Smithsonian Institution as a part of its Tropical Biology Program. It is sponsored by the National Museum of Natural History, with the production and distribution handled by the Smithsonian Press.
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College of The Bahamas
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ATOLL RESEARCH BULLETIN NO. 191 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE BAHAMA ISLANDS by William T. Gillis, Roger Byrne, and Wyman Harrison Issued by THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION Washington, D.C., U.S.A. August 20,1975

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT The Atoll Research Bulletin is issued by the Smithsonian Institution as a part of its Tropical Biology Program. It is sponsored by the National Museum of Natural History, with the production and distribution handled by the Smithsonian Press. The editing is done by the Tropical Biology staff, Botany Department, Museum of Natural History. The Bulletin was founded and the first 117 numbers issued by the Pacific Science Board, National Academy of Sciences, with financial support from the Office of Naval Research. Its pages were largely devoted to reports resulting from the Pacific Science Board's Coral Atoll Program. The sole responsibility for all statements made by authors of papers in the Atoll Research Bulletin rests with them, and statements made in the Bulletin do not necessarily represent the views of the Smithsonian nor those of the editors of the Bulletin. Editors F. R. Fosberg M.-H. Sachet Smithsonian Institution Washington, D.C. 20560 D. R. Stoddart Department of Geography University of Cambridge Downing Place Cambridge, England

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CONTENTS Introduction Page 1 Bahama literature Guide to abbreviations used in literature citations Anthropology Botany (including Bacteria, Fungi, and General Agriculture) Climate and Meteorology Entomology and Arachnology Folklore Geology, Geophysics, and Geodesy Herpetology Ichthyology Geography Mammalogy (including Sea Mammals) Medicine, Human and Veterinary, and Public Health General Natural History, including Reports and Semi-Popular Accounts Ornithology Oceanography Tourist items related to Natural History Paleontology Soil Science Turks and Caicos Islands Novels and Other Stories with Mention of Natural History Industries Based on Natural Resources

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Y. Malacology Z. Zoology, General and Miscellaneous Invertebrate

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Fig. l Map of the Bahama Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands, including parts of South Florida and the Greater Antilles. Fine lines outline land masses of today. Heavy lines outline Pleistocene land masses at low water levels of 11,000 years B.P. and are drawn to -50 fathom contour. These are presentday Banks. Note Banks to the east of present-day islands, no longer above water.Map synthesized from several sources by Shari L. Trautz.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE BAHAMA ISLANDS by William T. Gillis Roger ~yrne? and Wyrnan Harrison 3 INTRODUCTION This bibliography has been compiled as a project adjunct to the preparation of a new vascular flora of the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands by the first author. In an attempt to understand the distributional patterns of organisms as related to the geological history of the Bahama Platform, notes were recorded from various publications dealing with the natural history of the Bahama ~slands.~ Portions of this bibliography are thus the result of such study of the biogeography of this region. The second and third authors had independently compiled a Bahama bibliography published in part by Fang and Harrison (1972). This work had resulted from dissertation research by Byrne on recent vegetational change in the eastern Bahamas. Harrison had been working on geological and geomorphological problems in the northern islands. At a late stage of compilation, we proposed to co-operate and pool our resources. This paper is the result. Compilation efforts ceased on 15 March 1974. '~rnold Arboretum of Harvard University, 22 Divinity Ave Cambridge, MA 02138 and Dept. of Biology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, U.S.A. Present address: Biology Dept., Hope College, Holland, MI 49423, U.S.A. '~e~t. of Geography, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, U.S.A. 3 Erindale college, University of Toronto, 3359 Mississauga Road, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Present address: Great Lakes Program, Energy and Environmental Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439, U.S.A. 4~e construe the term "Bahamastt to signify the entire archipelago including both the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the Crown Colony of the Turks and Caicos Islands. (Manuscript received July 1974--Eds.)

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Three other bibliographies of the natural history of the Bahamas were of value in attempting to draw up as exhaustive a bibliography as possible. The work was greatly assisted by the Land Resource Bibliography No. 1, Bahamas, which was compiled initially by N. W. Posnett (1968) and-later revised by Posnett and P. M. Reilly (1971) for the Land Resources Division, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Overseas Development Administration in Tolworth, Surrey. Their bibliographies were intended as references for those working with land resource surveys. They were essentially "in-house documents11 designed for use on surveys of natural resources. A number of entries are confidential and not available to the public; others are of a nature to have been mimeographed and distributed "in house," again not generally available to the scientific community. Such entries have not been repeated herein. With permission of Messrs. Posnett and Reilly and their colleagues, we have extracted items from their bibliographies in compiling this one. We owe extraordinary thanks to them for their co-operation and permission to use their material herein. Boersma (1968) and Fang and Harrison (1972) were most excellent resources additional to those already at hand. The former lists a number of references difficult to find, for instance, those of the United States Naval Underwater Ordnance Station, the United States Naval Oceanographic Office, and the United States Naval Research Lab. It is unlikely that these will be easy to obtain through any but the most specialized libraries or from the publishers. Unpublished reports were not repeated herein because of the futility in trying to obtain them for reference. The bibliographies cited above should be consulted for such entries. Theses and dissertations, on the other hand, have been included because of their being generally available either on inter-library loan from the University libraries where they are deposited, or on microfilm from University Microfilms, North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103, U.S.A. Items have been included only if the region con,cerned is specifically mentioned. For papers dealing with nearby Florida or for general works on the topics mentioned, consult Boersma (1968). No attempt has been made to include all monographs written about organisms that happen to have one or more members inhabiting the Bahamas. One exception is that a special attempt was made to search for references dealing with insects and arachnids because of the small number of references in this area. On the other hand, such policy was not followed for such groups as vascular plants. The recent paper by Gillis (1974) has surveyed botanical literature for monographic studies of Bahama vascular plants. The interested person is referred to this paper in Rhodora; its rather extensive bibliography is not repeated herein. Searches were made through indexing periodicals such as Zoological Record, the Bibliography of North American Geology, Applied Science and Technology Index (1970-72), Abstracts of North American Geology, Abstracts of Entomology, Entomology Abstracts, Aquatic Biology Abstracts, Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts, Biological Abstracts

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(1969 15 March 1973), Blackwelder's Guide to the Taxonomic Literature of Vertebrates, Engineering Societies Library, Engineering Index via OLE (on-line service prepared by the National Science Library, 1972-73), Science Citation Index, and the index issues (where available) of journals likely to contain research papers on the Bahamas. A MEDLARS search was made by Countway Library, Harvard.Medica1 School, for papers dealing with this region. The first author systematically checked journals whose subject matter deals with the Bahamas. Then he examined the "Literature cited" or "Bibliography" section for each paper of concern leading to additional references. Undoubtedly there are omissions, but we admit to having had the benefit of the four previous bibliographies. Individuals who have given us references are too numerous to mention by name. Of special assistance were colleagues in various departments of Harvard University and other naturalists whose work involves the Bahamas. We should like to acknowledge with grateful appreciation the following persons who assisted us far beyond the usual expectations for librarians: Mrs. Patricia Hall and her staff at the Libraries of the Harvard University Herbaria; Mrs. Ruth Hill and her staff at the Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard; Mrs. Lorraine Spencer Garry of the Science and Medicine Library of the University of Toronto Library; Mrs. Glenn White of the National Agricultural Library, Bethesda, Maryland; Miss Phyllis Edwards and her staff at the Botany Department of the British Museum (Natural History) London; Messrs R. Desmond and D. V. Wilson and their staff at the Library of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Miss Isabel Hamilton of the Nassau Public Library; and Mrs. D. Gail Saunders of the Department of Public Records, Ministry of Education and Culture, Nassau. Other libraries of special value to us were those of the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, the New York Public Library, and the Widener Library of Harvard University. We are deeply grateful to Mrs. Alan Kindig for typing final copy of the manuscript. Finally and most importantly, we should like to acknowledge a generous anonymous grant to the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University under whose auspices this work was compiled. A further gift to the Arboretum from Mrs. Charles S. Bird of East Walpole,. Massachusetts has made it possible to distribute this bibliography more widely. The continuing assistance and co-operation of our friends in the governments of the Commonwe,alth of the Bahamas and of the Turks and Caicos Islands have made it possible to have access to much information. We especially acknowledge Mr. Oris S. Russell, O.B.E. Permanent Secretary of External Affairs (formerly Permanent Secretary of Agriculture and Fisheries) and to Mr. Claude E. M. Smith, current Director of Agriculture and Fisheries, government of the Bahamas..

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BAHAMA LITERATURE Some journals involved in the Bahama literature are unique. The Journal of the Bahama Society for the Diffusion of Knowledge appeared in 20 issues between 1835 and 1837, published apparently in Nassau. The parent society was entitled the Bahama Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, but the word "Useful" was dropped from the title of its journal. Most of the articles were published without a by-line; furthermore, no editor was ever indicated in published lists of officers. As a consequence, we cite such entries under uAnonymous" at the beginning of each alphabetical listing. Ccmplete copies of this journal are rare; the only Western Hemisphere copies we know of are at the Library of Congress, the Harvard University Herbaria Libraries, the Department of Public Records (Archives) in Nassau, and in our personal collections Can incomplete copy exists at the Nassau Public Library). All but one of these was deposited in its respective library as a result of the compilation of this bibliography. The Bahamian government itself occasionally issued reports that had a li.mited circulation. There was the Bulletin of the Agricultural Depart-ment, Bahamas, edited by W. Munro Cunningham. Vol. I, No. 1 appeared in January 1906. After that it was printed more or less on a monthly basis until at least March 1910 (Vol. V, No. 1). A set is on file at the Library of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. There was once also the Communications -of the Nassau Agricultural Society, a loyalist publication which was issued on an irregular basis around 1801-2. In effect, it was the predecessor of the Journal of the Society for the Diffusion of Knowledge and the Bulletin of the Agricultural Department, Bahamas. The only copy we know of extant and complete is in the British Museum (Natural History). Charles Johnson Maynard of Newton, Massachusetts issued two journals privately, the contents of which dealt chiefly with his researches in the Bahamas. These are the nearest we have ever come to finding one-man publishing ventures. According to local stories, the only contribution to the journal not made by Maynard himself was the paper on which he printed. He wrote most of the contributed articles, made the ink, and printed copies himself. One of 'these journals is Contributions to science (1889-96) especially noted for his monographic study of7he land snail genera Cerion and Strophia. Contributions to Science lasted for 3 volumes. The other journal was the Record of Elks and Talks with Nature ----(1908-20), which lasted for 12 volumes. Copies of both journals, especially the latter, are rare (see also Batchelder, 1951). During the latter years (1969-70) in which Bahama Airways was the flag carrier of the Bahamas, an in-flight magazine "Flamingo" was available in the seat pocket for passengers to read. A number of quasi natural history articles appeared. Because of difficulty in the reader's attempt to retrieve copies of this magadine through the usual library channels, its contents are not indexed herein. Similarly, Clipper Magazine, the in-flight magazine of Pan American World Airways

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(Vol. 9, No. 6 for December 1969-January 1970) contains articles on the Bahamas. The same is true for most of the contents of Bahamian Review Magazine, a commercial tourist-oriented propaganda magazine currently available.5 In the late 1940's and early 19501s, another magazine of the same type, Nassau, Magazine -of the Bahamas had a brief existence. The ephemeral Canada-West Indies Magazine had a Bahamas-emphasis issue in 1945. Because of the only peripheral relation of any of the articles to natural history, they have not been indexed herein. Of greater value, but of great scarcity in libraries, are the Colonial Reports made periodically to the British Colonial Office by officials stationed in the colonies. Attention is called to them as a whole for the information they contain on the natural history and industry of the region, but none is indexed herein. The Nassau Guardian, daily newspaper issued in Nassau, has published a number of documents related to the Islands, their history, politics, and resources. A list of such documents was compiled by the Guardian in 1910, but such documents -those issued both before and since that date -are available in few libraries outside the Bahamas. The Guardian has played a more lasting role in natural history. For more than 15 years, Mrs. Leslie (Helen Burns) Higgs has contributed a column to the Guardian every Thursday relating to plants, gardening, and agriculture. In addition, for the past year, the first author (W. T. Gillis) has contributed a monthly column to Conch News, weekly newspaper of the Turks and Caicos -Islands. This deals with native plants. In the 19601s, Mr. Nixon Smiley of Miami, Florida contributed .a large number of articles on the Bahamas in his featured column in the Miami Herald. None of these newspaper reports is indexed herein. For ease of reference, entries are categorized by subject matter. Where the content of a reference relates to more than one area of interest, it is repeated in these several areas. For example, Rosgn, Nils. 1911. Contribution to the fauna of the Bahamas I. A general account of the fauna, with remarks on the physiography of the islands. 11. The Reptiles. 111. The fishes. Lunds Univ. Wrssk. N.F. Afd. 2, Bd. 7 (5): 3-72 is indexed under G, ---fly I, N, and Z (Categories identified below) Various references dealing with oceanography and marine geology completely overlap these two related fields, so they are included under both categories. Based on the compilers' judgment, we may have omitted salient papers from one or another of these categories. Hence, both G Geology, Geodesy, and Geophysics and Oceanography should be consuited tor re-ferences in these areas. ~enerally speaking, papers dealing with properties of the water and sea bottom are included under F'; those dealing with compaction and accretion into rock are under c. There is some overlap similarly with G Geology, Geodesy, and ~eopFysics and K Geography. 'P .o. Box N-494, Nassau, N.P. Bahamas.

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Somewhat over 90% of the published references have been examined personally and the pagination verified, especially against citations in other listings. Unless an author is named, a paper is listed as. "Anonymous." Agencies are considered to be publishers, not authors. Because of the small number of published works on the Turks and Caicos Islands generally, we have indexed such items both with their related disciplines and also separately under T. Topics follow alphabetically according to their content: (This is the sequence of listing in the bibliography) A Anthropology, including archaeology and history B Botany, including fungi, bacteria, and agriculture C Climate and meteorology E Entomology and Arachnology F Folklore dealing with natural history G Geology, including Geodesy and Geophysics H Herpetology I Ichthyology K Geography L Mammalogy M Medicine, both Human and Veterinary, including Public Health N General natural history, including semi-popular accounts 0 Ornithology P Oceanography Q Tourist infoTmation related to natural history R Paleontology S Soil science T Turks and Caicos Islands W Novels and other stories with mention of natural history X Industries based on natural resources Y Malacology Z Zoology, general and invertebrate GUIDE TO ABBREVIATIONS USED IN LITERATURE CITATIONS Abhand Abst. Acad. Adv Afd. Afr Alum. Ag. Anat. Ann. An throp Antiq. APP~. Arbor. Arch. Abhandlungen Abstract (s) Academy, Academic, Acadgmie Advancement Afhandlingar African, Africain (e) Alumni Agriculture, Agricultural Anatomi ca1 Annual, Annals, Annales Anthropologist, Anthropology Antiquity Applied, App licata Arboretum Archives

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Ark. irssk. ASB Assn. As tron Bd. Berl Bib 1 Biblioth. ~latt Boll. Bot. Brasil Brit Bull Bus. Calif. Can. Carib. Chem. Chron Circ. Civ. Col Coll Comm comp Conf. Cong Cons. Contr Cosmochim. C.R. Arkiv irsskrift Association of Southeastern Biologists Association Astronomy Board, Band Berlin Bibliography ~ibliothzque, Bibliothek latter Bollettino Botany, Botanical, Botanische, Botanique Brasileira British Bulletin Business California Canadian Caribbean Chemical Chronic Circular Civil Colonial Collection(s) Commjssion Comparative Conference Congress Conservation, Conservatoire Contributions Cosmochimica C omp t e s Rendus Dep t Department, Departemento Diff. Diffusion Dis Diseases Diss Dissertation Div. Division Ecol. E con. Ed. Eng Engin. Ent Env Epidem. Even. Exch Ecological E c onomi c Education England Engineering Entomology, Entomological Environmental Epidemiology Evening Exchange

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Exped. F1. Found. Fr Gard Gart Geochim. Geof. Geogr Geol. Geophy Gesam. Gesell. Helv. Herb. Hist. HMSO Hort Hydrobiol. Ind Ins t Int. Is. J. Jahrb Lab. Lepid. Limn01 Linn Lyc Mag. Malac. Ma1 ak Mamm. Mar. Mass Med Mem Meteor01 Micro. Mid1 Mineral. Expedition Flora Foundat ion Fransais (e) Garden, Gardeners Garten Geochimi ca Geofisica Geography, Geographical, Geographic Geology, Geological, Geologists, Geologicae Geophysical, Geophysics Gesamten Gesellschaft (en) He lveti cae Herbarum, Herbarium, Herbier History, Historia Her (His) Majesty's Stationery Office Horticulture, Horticultural Hydrobiologie Industrial, Industries Institute, Instituto, Institution International Island(s) Journa 1 ~ahrbiicher Knowledge K'dniglich Laboratory Lepidoptera, Lepidopterists Limnological Linnaean Lyceum Magazine Malacological Malakozoologische Mammal o gy Marine Massachusetts Medical, Medicine Memoir (s) Memorias Meteorologische, Meteorological Microscopical Mid1 and Mineralogists, Mineralogische

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M. I .T. Misc. Mus Monatsch Monog Mycol Mycopath. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Miscellaneous Museum, ~us6um Monats chri ft Monograph (s ) Mycologia Mycopathologia Nat Natl. Naturgesch. Naturw Neerl Nor. Not. Noti z. Nov N .S. N.Y. N.Z. dbs. Occ. Oceanog Off. Ord Ort. Paleont Parasit. Petrol. Pharm Phi 1. Phila. Polit. Preserv Proc Prof. Protistenk Protozool. Psych. Pub. Quart. Rec Ref. Reg. Rept Repert. Res Rev. Natural, Naturalist, Naturae National Naturgeschichte Naturwissenschaftliche Neerlandis che ~6erlandais Norvegica Notul ae Notizblatt Novi tates New series, Nouveau ~6rie New York New Zealand Observatory Occasional Oceanographic Office, Official Ordnance Orto o ale ontology Parasitology, Parasitological Petrology, Petroleum Pharmacologi cal Phi losophi cal Phi ladelphi a Political Preservation Proceedings Professional Protistenkunde Protozoological Psychology Public, Publication (s) Publicazioni Quarterly Record(s) Recuei 1 Reference Re gnum Rep or t Repertorium Research Review, Revue, Revista

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Roy. Sat. Sci SE Sed. Ser., SBr. Serv. soc. SP Spec. Stat. Staz. Stud. Surv symp Tech. Tidsskr. Trans. Trav Trop Underw U.S. U.S.G.P.O. Univ U.S.G.S. U.S.D.A. Veg Vet. Vol Wash. W.I. Wiss Yearb. Zei ts ch zoo1 Royal Saturday Science, Scientific, Scientifique Southeas tern Sedimentary Series, S6rie Semi ce Society, ~oci6t6, Societad, Sociological Species, Specierum Special Statistical Stazione Studies Survey Symposium Technical Tidsskrift Transactions Travaux Tropical Underwater United States (of America) United States Government Printing Office University, Universidad, Universitgt United States Geological Survey United States Department of Agriculture Vegetabi le Veterinary Vo lme Washington West Indies Wissenschaften Yearbook Zeitschrift Zoology, Zoologische LITE RATURE CITED IN INTRODUCTION Batchelder, C. F. 1951. A bibliography of the published writings of charles Johnson Maynard (1845-1929). J. Soc. Bibl. Nat. Hist. 2 (7) : 227-260. Boersma, Anne. 1968. Bibliography on the Bahama Islands. M.I.T. Exp. Astron. Ish. Rept. No. RN-37. 60 pp.

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Fang, Carol and W. Harrison. 1972. Bahamas Bibliography. A list of citations for scientific, engineering and historical articles pertaining to the Bahama Islands. Spec. Sci. Rept. No. 56. Virginia Inst. Mar. Sci., Gloucester Point, Virginia 23062. \ Gillis, William T. 1974. Name changes for the seed plants in the Bahama flora. Rhodora 76: 67-138. Posnett, N. W. 1968. Land resource bibliography No. 1, Bahamas. Land Resources Division, Directorate of Overseas Surveys, Tolworth, Surrey. ---------and P. M. Reilly. 1971. Land resource bibliography. I. Bahamas. Land Resources Division, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Overseas Development Administration. London.

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A. ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, AND HISTORY Anonymous. 1970. Commonwealth of the Bahamas. Statistical Abstract. Dept. of Statistics, Cabinet Office. Nassau, Bahamas. 211 pp. Anson, Peter F. 1957. The hermit of Cat Island: the life of Fra Jerome Hawkes. P. J. Kennedy. New York, N. Y. 286 pp. Bain, G. L. 1959. The early history of the Bahama Islands to 1730. M .A. thesis. University of London. Bethel, Arnold Talbot. 1914. The early settlers of the Bahama Islands. A. B. Vance. Jacksonville, Florida. 116 pp. Beven, Kathy Sue, ed. 1972. Cultural anthropology survey of San Salvador Island, the Bahamas. College Center of the Finger Lakes, Corning, N. Y. 164 pp. Booy, Theodore de. 1912. Lucayan remains on the Caicos Islands. Amer. Anthrop. 14: 81-105. ---------1913. Lucayan artifacts from the Bahamas. her. Anthrop. 15: 1-7. [Contr. Heye Mus. No. 1). ---------1919. On the possibility of determining the first. landfall of Columbus by archeological research. Hispanic Amer. Hist. Rev. 2: 55-61. Bradley, Wendell P. 1969. They live by the wind. Part 4 The fishermen of the Bahamas. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. New York, N. Y. PP. 211-267. Brooks, W. K. 1889. On the Lucayan Indians. Natl. Acad. Sci. Mem. 4: 213-222 + 12 pl. (Art. X). Bullen, Ripley P. 1959. Similarities in pottery decoration from Florida, Cuba, and the Bahamas. 33rd Int. Cong. Americanists 2: 107-110. Byme, Anthony Roger. 1972. Man and the variable vulnerability of island life: a study of recent vegetation change,in the Bahamas. Unpublished dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Dept. of Geography. 311 pp. ---------1973. Man and the variable vulnerability of island life: a study of recent vegetation change in the Bahamas. Dissert. Abstr. 33 [ll) : 2 pp.

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Byrne, Anthony Roger and John C. Munday, Jr. 1972. Photodensity and the impact of shifting agriculture on subtropical vegetation: a case study in the Bahamas. Proc. 8th Int. Symp. remote sensing of environment, 2-6 Oct. 1972. No. 195600-1-X. Env. Res. Inst. Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.. pp. 1311-1326. Churton, Edward Townson (Bishop). 1887. The island missionary of the Bahamas. Practical addresses and notes;.intended chiefly for ordinands. J. Masters and Co., London. 108 pp. 1888 2nd ed. The island missionary of the Bahamas. A manual of instruction and routine. J. Masters and Co. London. 128 pp. Clavel, M. 1904. Items of folk-lore from Bahama Negroes. J. her. Folk-lore 17: 36-38. Craton, Michael. 1962. A history of the Bahamas. Collins. London. 320 pp. 1968. Second ed. Collins. London. 320 pp. Crowley, Daniel J. 1958-59. L1h6ritage africaine dans les Bahamas. Pr6sence Afr. N.S. 23 (Dec.-Jan.): 41-58. Dupuch, Sir Etienne. 1967. The Tribune story. Ernest Benn, Ltd. London. 162 pp. Fang, Carol and Wyman Harrison. 1972. Bahamas Bibliography. A list of citations for sci'entific, engineering and historical articles pertaining to the Bahama Islands. Spec. Sci. Rept. 56, Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences. Gloucester Point, VA. 23062. Gallagher, Patrick. 1961. Bahamas (in News and Notes). Amer. Antiq. 26: 467. Goggin, J. M. 1939. An anthropological reconnaissance of Andros Island, Bahamas. Amer. Antiq. 5: 21-26. ---------1946. The Seminole Negroes of Andros Island, Bahamas. Florida Hist. Quart. 24: 201-206. Granberry, Julian. 1955a. A survey of Bahamian archeology. M.S. thesis. University of Florida. Gainesville, Florida. 375 pp. ---------1955b. An anthropological reconnaissance of Bimini, Bahamas. Amer. Antiq. 22: 378-381. ---------1956. The cultural position of the Bahamas in Caribbean archeology. Arner. Antiq. 22: 128-134. Hart, Miss. 1823-24. Letters from the Bahama Islands, written in 1823-24. H. C. Carey and I. Lea. London. 207 pp.

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Hoffman, Charles A. Jr. 1967. Bahama prehistory: cultural adaptation to an island environment. Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. 133 pp. ---------1970. The palmetto Grove site on San Salvador, Bahamas. Florida State Mus. Contr. (Soc. Sci. 16): 1-26. Holmes, W. H. 1894. Caribbean influence in the prehistoric art of southern states. Amer. Antiq. 7: 71-79. Joyce, T. A. 1919. Notes on a wooden stool from the island of Eleuthera, Bahamas. Man 19: 1-2. Krieger, Herbert W. 1937. The Bahama Islands and their prehistoric population. Explorations and Field-Work, Smithsonian Inst. (for 1936) : 93-98. Kuczynski, R. R. 1953. Demographic survey of the British Colonial Empire. Auspices of Royal Institute of International Affairs, Vol. 3. West Indian and American Territories. Oxford Univ. Press. McCutcheon, E. S. 1927. The island song book. Nassau. MacLaury, J. C. 1970. Archeological investigations on Cat Island, Bahamas. ~lor'ida State Mus. Contr. (Soc. Sci. No. 16) : 27-50. Manwaring, G. E. 1957. Woodes Rogers, privateer and governor. A. Deans Peggs, ed. Margate Press. Nassau. 48 pp. (Reprint of the introduction to 1928 edition of Woodes Rogers's "Cruising voyage round the ~orld.'~). Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1890. Some inscriptions found in Hartford Cave, Rum Key, Bahamas. Contr. Sci. 1: 167-171. ---------1893. Traces of the Lucayan Indians in the Bahamas. Contr. Sci. 2: 23-34. ---------1915. Some traces of the Lucayan Indians in'the Bahamas. Rec. Walks and Talks with Nature 7: 196; 197-200. Mazess, R. B. 1967. skin color in Bahamian Negroes. Human Biol. 39: 145-154. Miller, W. Hubert. 1945. The colonization of the Bahamas, 1647-1670. William and Mary Quart. 2: 33-46. Mills, T. Wesly. 1887. The study of a small and isolated community in the Bahama Islands. her. Nat. 21: 875-885. Newton, Bertram A. 1968. A history of Red Bays, Andros. (mimeographed). Published privately by the author.

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Norton, Graham. 1967. People of the Out Islands. Geog. Mag. 40: 704-728. Otterbein, Keith F. 1959. Setting of fields: a form of Bahamian obeah. Phi-la. Anthrop. Soc. Bull. 13: 3-7. ---------1963a. The family organization of Andros Islanders: a case study of mating system and household composition of a community in the Bahama Islands. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, Pa. ---------1963b. The household composition of Andros Islanders. Soc. and Econ. Stud. 13: 78-83. Pascoe, C. F. 1901. Two hundred years of the S.P.G. (Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1701-1900). S.P.G., Westminster. 1429 pp. Chapter xxviii The Bahamas. pp 216-227b. Peggs, A. Deans. 1955. A short history of the Bahamas, 2nd ed. Dean Peggs Research Fund. Margate Press. Nassau. 2nd ed. 1957. 37 pp. Peters, Thelma. 1946. Blockade-running in the Bahamas during the Civil War. Tequesta 5: 16-29. Porter, Kenneth W. 1945. Notes on Seminole Negroes in the Bahamas. Florida Hist. Quart. 24: 56-60. Rainey, Froelich. 1941. Excavations in the Ft ~ibert6 Region, Haiti. Yale Univ. Publ. Anthrop. 23: 1-48. Rawson, William. 1868. Report on the Bahamas hurricane of October 1866 with a description of the city of Nassau, N.P. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. 29 pp. Reid, Ira DeA. 1942. The John Canoe festival. A New World Africanism. Phylon (Atlanta Univ. Rev. Race and Culture, 4th quarter) 3: 349-370. Rodgers, William B. 1966. Development and specialization: a case from the Bahamas. Ethnology 5 : 409-414. ---------and C. H. Wallace. 1969. Development and changes in population distribution in the Out Is land Bahamas. Anthropologica (Ottawa) 11 : 189-201. Rolle, Kermit and Gwen Ellingsen. 1966 (reprinted 1969). Out island lore. Litho Graphic Press, Hicksville, N. Y. 36 pp. Rouse, Irving. 1960. The entry of man into the West Indies. Yale Univ. Publ. Anthrop. No. 61. 26 pp. Sadler, H. E. 1970. Turks Island landfall. Privately offered for sale. Grand Turk. 200 pp.

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Sharer, Cyrus Jewett. 1955. The population growth of the Bahama Islands. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 126 pp + viii. Siebert, Wilbur H. 1913. The legacy of the American Revolution to the British West Indies and Bahamas. In History of the American loyalists. Ohio State Univ. Publ. 17727): 3-50. Smiley, Nixon. 1972. The lost tribe of Andros. Tropic (Miami Herald Mag.) for February 20, 1972. pp. 14-18. Symonette, Michael A. 1973. Discovery of a nation. An illustrated history of the Bahamas. Privately published. Nassau. 40 pp. Valentine, J. Manson. 1973. Culture pattern seen. Muse News (Publication of the Miami Museum of Science) 4: 314-315; 331-334. Wright, James Martin. 1905. History of the Bahama Islands, with a special study of the abolition of slavery in the. colony. Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, Md. published in Shattuck, George Bahama Islands (1905): 419-583. ---------1915. Wrecking system of the Bahama Islands. Polit. Sci. Quart. 30 : 618-644. See also entries under Folklore'. B. BOTANY (Including Bacteria, Fungi, and General Agriculture) Anonymous, 1802. Communications on different subjects addressed to the Bahama Agricultural Society. Nassau. 63 pp. ---------1835a. Cocos nucifera. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. NO. 1: 5-16. ---------1835b. On the medicinal and other uses of plants growing in the Bahama Islands. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 3: 23-30; NO. 4: 31-37; NO. 5: 44-46. ---------1836a. Yam potato. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 13: 146-147. ---------1836b. (untitled deals with medicinal properties of 12 plants, extracted from Beach's "American practice of medicine.") J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 9: 95-100. ---------1836c. The process of curing the palmetto. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 10: 111-112.

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Anonymous, 1838. Series of short articles on various plants and their uses : sweet fennel, garlic, ginger, parsley, Cayenne pepper, orange, lemon, wax myrtle, hoarhound, English plantain, mustard, elder. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 9: 95-100. ---------1887. Sabicu wood. Kew Bull. 1887 (12): 4-5. ---------1888. Colonial fruits: Bahama Islands. Kew Bull. 1888: 180-184. ---------1907. Agave seen by Columbus found. Discovery 1: 30-32. ---------1959. Botanizing in the Bahamas. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 14: 6. ---------1967. Ming-like tree from nearby Bahamas is introduced to Florida by Garden. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 17: 54. ---------1970. Cat Island. Where have all the cascarillas gone? Bahamian Rev. 12: 22. ---------1971. Local names of fruits and vegetables in the Englishspeaking Caribbean. Cajanus 4 (2) : supplement. 32 pp. Adderley, Lincoln. 1964. Two Bahamian equitant oncidiums. I. Oncidium lucayanum. Gard. J. 14: 141-142; 186-188. Agassiz, Alexander. 1888. Three cruises of the United States Coast and Geodetic Surve.y Streamer I1Blake." Vol. 1, chapt. 5. Relations of the American and West Indian fauna and flora. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 14: 113-124. Ames, Oakes. 1910. A new Ponthieva from the Bahamas. Torreya 10: 90-91 Anderson, R. F. and W. J. Stambough. 1966. The dying pines on Great Abaco Island, Bahamas. Internal Report, Owens-Illinois Co. Anthony, Emilia C. 1902. Fern hunting in Nassau. Fern Bull. 10: 65-68. Asprey, G. F. 1960. Vegetation in the Caribbean area. Carib. Quart. 5: 245-263. Bailey, L. H. 1939. Coccothrinax of Florida. Gentes Herb. 4: 220-225. ---------1944.. Revision of the American palmettoes. Gentes Herb. 6: 366-459. ---------and H. E. Moore. 1949. Palms uncertain and new. Gentes Herb. 8: 93-205.. Balgooy, M. M. J. van. 1969. A study on the diversity of island floras. Blumea 17: 139-178.

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Barben, A. de la. 1835. On the cultivation of tobacco. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 6: 52-53. Barrett, Wilfredo H. G. and Lamberto Golfari. 1962. ~escripci6n de dos nuevos variedades del "Pino del Caribe." Carib. For. 23: 59-71. Beard, J. S. 1949. The natural vegetation of the Windward and Leeward Islands. Oxford For. Mem. No. 21. Bentham, George. 1854. On the tree supplying the ~abicii wood of Cuba. J. Bot. Hooker 6: 235-237. Bounds, John Howard. 1968. Forestry in the Bahamas. Forest Farmer 29: 10-14; 21-22. Brace, L. J. K. 1929. Note on the occurrence of Oxypolis filiformis in the Bahamas. Torreya 29: 16-17. Britton, N. L. 1890. Review of the provisional list of the plants of the Bahama Islands. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 17: 187-188. ---------1903. A new Waltheria from the Bahamas. Torreya 3: 105-106. ---------1904a. Explorations in Florida and the Bahamas. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 5: 129-136. ---------1904b. Report on exploration of the Bahamas. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 5: 201-209. Savia bahamensis. Torreya 4: 104-105. Notes on the flora of the Bahamas. Torreya 4: 190. On Pisonia obtusata and its allies. Bull. Torrey 614-615. Contributions to the flora of the Bahama Islands Bot. Gard. 3: 441-453. Explorations in the Bahamas. J .N.Y. Bot. Gard. Contributions to the flora of. the Bahama Islands. 11. Bull. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 115-128. ---------1906b. Contributions to the flora of the Bahama Islands. 111. Bull. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 4: 137-143. ---------1907a. Contributions to the flora of the Bahama Islands. IV. Bull. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 5: 311-318.

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Britton, N. L. 1907b. Report on the continuation of the botanical exploration of the Bahama Islands. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 71-81. ---------1913. Four undescribed West Indian sedges. Torreya 13: 215-217. ---------and C. F. Millspaugh. 1920. The Bahama flora. Privately published. New York, N. Y. Reprinted 1962. Hafner Publ. Co. New York, N. Y. 695 pp. Bunt, J. S., K. E. Cooksey, M. A. Heeb, C. C. Lee, and B. F. Taylor. 1970. Assay of algal nitrogen fixation in the marine subtropics by acetylene reduction. Nature 227: 1163-1164. Byrne, Anthony Roger. 1972. Man and the variable vulnerability of island life: a study of recent vegetation change in the Bahamas. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. 311 pp. ---------1973. Man and the variable vulnerability of island life: a study of recent vegetation change in the Bahamas. Diss. Abst. 33 (11) : 2 pp. ---------and John C. Munday, Jr. 1972. Photodensity and the impact of shifting agriculture on subtropical vegetation: a case study in the Bahamas. Proc. 8th int. symposium remote sensing of environment, 2-6 Oct. 1972. No. 195600-1-X. Environ. Res. Inst. Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan. pp. 1311-1326. Catesby, Mark. 1730-47. Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands. London. 2 vols. 220 plates. (For publication, see J. Soc. Bibl. Nat. Hist. 3: 328.) .Clough, Garret C. and George Fulk. 1971. The vertebrate fauna and the vegetation of East Plana Cay, Bahama Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 138: 1-17. Coker, William S. 1905. Vegetation of the Bahama Islands. in: Shattuck, George B The Bahama Is lands. Geographical Society ofTaltimore Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 185-270 + pl. xxxiii-xlvii. Committee report. 1889. Report of the committee consisting of Messrs. W. Carruthers, W. F. R. Weldon, J. G. Baker, G. M. Murray, and W. T. Thistelton-Dyer (Secretary), appointed for the purpose of exploring the flora of the Bahamas. Rept. Brit. Assn. Adv. Sci. 58: 361-363. Correll, Donovan S. 1974. Flora of the Bahama Islands new additions. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 29: 11-12; 15. Daniell, William F. 1863. On the cascarilla and other species of Croton of the Bahamas and other West Indian Islands. Pharm. J. Trans. 11. 4: 144-150; 226-231.

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Dawes, Clinton J. and Harold J. Humm. 1969. A new variety of Halimeda lacrimosa Howe. Bull. Mar. Sci. 19: 428-431. Dolley, Charles S. 1889. The botany of the Bahamas. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 1889: 131-134. Drew, G. E. 1912. Report of investigations on marine bacteria carried on at Andros Island, Bahamas, British West Indies in May 1912. Carnegie Inst. Washington Yearbook 11 : 136-144. ---------1914. On the precipitation of calcium carbonate in the sea by marine bacteria, and on the action of denitrifying bacteria in tropical and temperate seas. Papers Tortugas Lab, Carnegie Inst. Washington Pub1 182 : 7-45. Duncombe, Alfred. 1835. On the caper plant. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 5: 43-44. Durrell, ZO~ C. 1972. The innocent island Abaco in the Bahamas. Durrell Publications. Distributed by Stephen Greene Press. Brattleboto, Vermont. 157 pp. Dyer, W. Thiselton. 1888. Flora of the Bahamas. Nature 37: 565-566. Eaton, D. C. 1875. A list of the marine algae, collected by Dr. Edward Palmer on the coast of Florida and at Nassau, Bahama Islands, MarchAugust 1874. New Haven, Connecticut. 6 pp. ---------and W. A. Setchell. 1886. A list of plants from Abaco Island, Bahamas. Johns Hopkins Univ. Cir. 6 : 46-47. Eggers, (H.F.A.?) 1888. in letter to W. A. Thiselton Dyer. Flora of the Bahamas. Nature 37: 565-566. Evans, Alexander W. 1911. The Hepaticae of the Bahama Islands. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38: 205-22.1. Galstoff, P. S. 1940. Wasting disease causing mortality of sponges in the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico. Proc. 8th her. Sci. Cong. 3: 411-421. Gardiner, John, L. J. K. Brace, and Charles S. Dolley. 1889.' Provisional list of the plants of the Bahama Islands. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 41: 349-426. Gathorn, William. 1836. Method of curing tobacco in the district of Holquin, in the Island of Cuba. Method of curing tobacco at Vuelta Bajo (to the Leeward of Havana). J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 10: 102-107. Gillis, William T. 1970. Isle of Columbus. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 25: 5-7.

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Gillis, William T. 1974a. Name changes for the seed plants in the Bahama flora. Rhodora 76: 67-138. ---------1974b. Phantoms in the flora of the Bahamas. Phytologia 29: pp. 154-166. ---------Richard A. Howard and George R. Proctor. 1973. Additions to the Bahama flora since Britton and Millspaugh I. Rhodora 75: 411-425. ---------and William T. Stearn. 1974. Typification and correct names of Leucaena and Lysi loma species in theBahama flora. Taxon 23: 185-189. ---------and George R. Proctor. 1974. Caesalpinia subgenus Guilandina in the Bahamas. J. Arnold Arbor. 55: 425-430. Griffiths, Thomas A. 1972. Bahama Bay-rush a missing link? Bates College Alumni Mag. Grisebach, A. H. R. 1859-64. Flora of the British West Indian Islands. Love11 Reeve and Co. London. 789 pp. Reprinted 1963. J. Cramer, Weinheim, Weldon and Wesley and Hafner Publishing Co., New York and Codicote. (For dates of publication etc. see Stearn, W. T., 1965, in J. Arnold Arbor. 46: 263.). ---------1865. Die geographische Verbreitung der Pflanzen Westindiens. Abhand. ~8nigl. Gesell. Wiss. .G:ttingen 12: 3-80.. Guppy, H. B. 1917. Plants, seeds, and currents in the West Indies and Azores. Wi 1 liams and Norgate. London. Hall, W. H. 1837. The fan palm; the olive tree. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 20: 211-212. Hamilton, William. 1835. (No title subject deals with quality of tannins from Divi-divi in the Bahamas.). J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 6: 53-59. ---------1836a. The pita plant. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 8: 87-91. ---------1836b. On the manufacture of sugar from beet root. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 18: 187-192. ---------1836c. Cochineal. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 18: 201-202. Hannau, Hans W. and Jeanne Garrard (undated, issued in 1970). Flowers of the Bahamas. Argos Inc. Miami, Florida. 64 pp. Hardie, Lawrence A. 1969. Algal crusts from the Bahamas (abs .) Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 53: 721.

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Harshberger, John W. 1903. Notes on the strand flora of Great Inagua, Haiti, and Jamaica. Torreya 3: 67-70. Herrick, F. H. 1886. Notes on the flora of Abaco and adjoining islands. Johns Hopkins Univ. Circ. 6: 46-47. Hickman, Denis and Peggy Hickman. Undated. Guide to the tropical gardens of the Royal Victoria Hotel. Royal Victoria Hotel. Nassau. \ Higgs, Helen Burns. 1956. Flowers of Nassau. Miami Post Publ. Co., Miami, Florida. Privately published. 19 pp. ---------[as Mrs. Leslie Higgs) 1969. Bush medicine in the Bahamas. Privately published by the author with original paintings. 20 pp. ---------1973. Vegetable growing in the Bahamas. When, how, and what to plant. Privately published by Mrs. Higgs and the Nassau Guardian. Nassau, Bahamas. Hill, Steven R. 1974. Additions to the Bahama flora.. Rhodora. [in press). Hitchcock, A. S. 1893. Plants of the Bahamas, Jamaica,, and Grand Cayman. Ann. Rept. Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 47-179 + pl. 11-14. ---------1898. List of cryptogams collected in the Bahamas, Jamaica, and Grand Cayman. Rept. Missouri Bot. Gard. 9: 111-120. Hooker, Joseph D. 1881. Bahama flora. Rept. Progress and Conditions, Royal Gardens, Kew for 1880. 30 pp. ---------1897. Croton eluteria. Curtis Bot. Mag. 53: pl. 7515. Howard, Richard A. 1950. Vegetation of the Bimini Island group, Bahamas, B.W.I. Ecol. Monog. 20: 317-349. ---------1973. The vegetation of the Antilles. Chapt. 1 in Vegetation and vegetational history of northern Latin ~merica; Alan Graham, ed. Elsevier Publ. Co. Amsterdam. pp. 1-38. ---------and Henry F. Dunbar. 1964. Additions to the flora of Inagua, the Bahamas Rhodora 66 : 615. Howe, Marshall A. 1904a. Notes on Bahaman algae. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 31: 93-100. ---------1904b. Collections of marine algae from Florida and the Bahamas. J .N.Y. Bot. Gard. 5 : 164-166.

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Howe, Marshall A. 1905a. Phycological studies I. New Chlorophyceae from Florida and the Bahamas. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 241-252. ---------1905b. Phycological studies 11. New Chlorophyceae, new Rhodophyceae, and miscellaneous notes. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 563-571 (separately available as Contr. N.Y. Bot. Gard. No. 72). ---------1906. Some photographs of the silk-cotton tree (Ceiba pentandra) with remarks on the early records of its occurrence in America. Torreya 6: 217-231. ---------1909. Phycological studies IV. The genus Neomeris and notes on other Siphonales. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 74-104. (Separately available as Contr. N.Y. Bot. Gard. No. 120). ---------and Percy Wilson. 1908. Report on the botanical exploration of the Bahama and Caicos Islands. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 41-50. Humm, Harold J. 1961. The marine algae of Bimini, Bahamas. Cyanophyta (Abs.). ASB Bull. 8: 32. Jackson, W. P. U. 1946. Plant dermatitis in the Bahamas. Brit. Med. J. 1946 (2) : 298. Kellogg, Royal S. 1951. Yellow pine in the Bahamas. J. Forestry 49: 795-796, Kohlmeyer, J. and E. Kohlmeyer. 1971:' Marine fungi from tropical America and Africa. Mycologia 63: 831-861. Lewis, Walter H. 1971. Additions to the flora of the Bahama Islands, Rhodora 73: 46-50. Little, E. L., Jr. 1947. The name of the wild dilly of Florida. Rhodora 49: 289-293. Long, Robert W. and Olga Lakela. 1971. Flora of tropical Florida. hiv. Miami Press. Miami, Florida. 962 pp. Luer, Carlyle A. 1972. The native orchids of Florida. New York Botanical Garden. New York, N. Y. 293 pp. McCallan, E. A. 1939. Report on the development of agriculture in the Bahamas. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. 107 pp. McCallum, May F. 1970. Aerobic bacterial flora of the Bahama Bank. J. Appl. Bacteriology 33: 533-542. Mann, A. 1935. Diatoms in bottom deposits from the Bahamas and the Florida Keys. Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 452: 121-128 (Paper Tortugas Lab No. 19)

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March, E. W. 1949. Pine forests of the Bahamas. Empire Forestry Rev. 28: 33-37. Margolis, Stanley and Robert W. Rex. 1971. Endolithic algae and micrite envelope formation in Bahamian oElites as revealed by scanning electron microscopy. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 82: 843-851. Meyers, Samuel P. 1957. Taxonomy of marine Pyrenomycetes. Mycologia 49: 475-528. Millar, Robert. 1835. On the cultivation of cotton in the Bahamas. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 6: 48-51. -------&-1836. On the cultivation of cotton. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 17: 184-185. Millspaugh, C. F. 1904. A new Bahaman Euphorbia. Torreya 4: 172. ---------1906. Praenunciae Bahamenses. I. Contributions to a flora of the Bahamian Archipelago. Field Mus. Bot. Ser. Publ. 106, Vol. 11, NO. 3: 137-184. ---------1909. Praenunciae Bahamenses. 11. Contributions to a flora of the Bahamian Archipelago. Field Mus. Publ. 136, Bot. Ser. Vol. 11, NO. 7: 289-321. Monty, Claude Leopold Victor. 1966. Geological and environmental significance of Cyanophyta (abs.). Diss. Abst. Sec. B. 27: 211B. ---------1967. Distribution and structure of Recent stromatolitic algal mats, eastern Andros Island, Bahamas. Ann. Soc. ~601. Belgique Bull. 90: B-55-100. Morris, D. 1896. Memo on the cascarilla bark. In: Bahama flora, 1862-1900, miscellaneous reports, Vol. 108, E. 40-51. Library, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Morrow, Loring and Norton H. Nickerson. 1973. Salt concentrations in ground waters beneath Rhizophora mangle and Avicennia germinans Rhodora 75 : 102106. Morton, Julia F. 1965. Can the red mangrove provide food, feed, and fertilizer? Econ. Bot. 19: 113-123. Morton, Kendal and Julia Morton. 1946. Fifty tropical fruits of Nassau. Text House, Inc. Coral Gables, Florida. Murray, G. 1888-89. Catalogue of the marine algae of the West Indian region. J Bot 26 : 193-196; 237-243; 303-307; 331-338; 358-363; 27: 237-242; 257-262; 298-305.

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Nash, George V. 1905a. Botanical exploration of the Inagua Islands, Bahamas. J.N.Y.. Bot. Gard. 6: 1-19. ---------1905b. Further explorations in the Republic of Haiti. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 6: 170-191. ---------1905c. A trip to the Inaguas. Plant World 8: 91-98 (also issued as a separate). Nesbitt, C. R. 1854. Vegetable fibres of the Bahamas. J. Bot. 6: 237-241. Neumann, A. C. and L. S. Lind. 1969. Algal production and lime ... deposition in the Bight of Abaco: a budget. Geol. Soc. her. Spec. Papers 121 : 219 (abst .) Nickerson, Norton H. and Joseph W. Tripp. 1973. Floral dimorphism in Rachicallis americana (Jacq.) Hitch. (Saltwater-bush). Rhodora 75: 111-113. Northcroft, George J. H. 1902. Sketches.of Summerland giving some account of Nassau and the Bahama Islands. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. Chapt. 14 Flora (pp. 152-173); Chapt. 15 Soil and agriculture (pp 174-185) Northrop, Alice R. 1902. Flora of New Providence and Andros (Bahama Islands). Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 12: 1-98 + -19 pl. (Reprinted in Northrop, John I. 1910. A naturalist in the Bahamas. ~emoriar volume. Columbia Univ. Press. New York. pp. 119-211.) Orpurt, Philip A. 1964. The microfungal flora of bat cave soil from Eleuthera Island, the Bahamas. Can. J. Bot. 42: 1629-1633. Pawsey, R. G. 1967. Pine mortality on Great Abaco Island, and examination of pine on Grand Bahama and Andros Islands. Internal Rept., Ministry of Overseas Development. Government of the Bahamas. Nassau. Plate, L. 1906. Pyrodinium bahamense, n.g., n. sp. Die Leuchtperidinee des 'Feueresees' von Nassau, Bahamas. Arch. Protistenk. 7: 411-427. Popenoe, John. 1966a. Bahaman plants at the Fairchild Tropical Garden. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 21: 5-9. ---------1966b. Sweetwood bark. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 21: 6-7. ---------1973. Moujean tea. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 28: 12-14. Proctor, G. R. 1954-55. Notes on the vegetation of the Turks and Caicos Islands. Nat. Hist. Soc. Jamaica 6: 149-152; 170-174; 199-203.

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Rabley, Margaret B. 1971. An introduction to some wild flowers of the Bahamas and Caribbean. Collins and Co. London and Glasgow. (Coloring book). Read, Robert W. 1966. Coccothrinax inaguensis a new species from the Bahamas Principes 10: 2935. ---------1967. Taxonomy of the cycads of the West Indies and Florida. Fifth Conf. on Cycad Toxicity. Section 111: 6 pp. Rock, Barrett Nelson. 1972. The woods and flora of the Florida Keys: "Pinnatae" Smithsonian Contr Bot 5 : 1-35. Rogers, C. M. 1968. The Linum bahamense complex. Rhodora 70: 439-441. Rudd, Velva. 1969. Mimosa bahamensis, a Bahama Yucatan disjunct. Phytologia 18: 143-147. Russell, Oris S. 1958. Preliminary report on the flora of the Exuma Cays. in Prospectus for new national trust. Published by Bahamas ~ationa Trust. pp. 16-21. Sampson, H. C. Report on the development of agriculture in the Bahamas. Empire marketing Board Publ. 40. H.M.S .O. London. 35 pp. Sawyer, William H. 1955. Medicinal uses of plants by native Inaguans. Sci. Monthly 80: 371-376. Seliger, H. H., W. H. Briggley, and E. Swift. 1969. Absolute values of hot on emission from the marine dinoflagellates P~rodinium bahamense, Gonyaulax polyedra and Pryocystis lunula. Phytochemistry and Photobiology 10: 227-232. Semple, John C. 1970. The distribution of pubescent leaved individuals of Conocarpus erectus (Combretaceae). Rhodora 72: 544-547. Slee, M. U. 1970. Crossability values within the slash-Caribbean Pinus species complex. Euphytica 19: 184-189. Small, J. K. 1910a. Report on botanical exploration in Andros, Bahamas. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 11: 88-101. ---------1910b. Exploration in Andros. Torreya 10: 131-133.---------1916. Pithecolobium guadalupense. Addisonia 1: 50-52. Smiley, Nixon. 1968. Bahama plants as ornamentals. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 23: 7-12.

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Smith, Robert R., et al. 1971-72. A study of the near shore and terrestrial flora of San Salvador Island. 3 vol. College Center of the Finger Lakes. Corning, New York. Includes chapters as follows : Bush medicine of San Salvador Island. A study of the cultivated plants on San Salvador Island. A comparative algae study of Grahams Harbour and French Bay. A vegetative study of the peninsular area and Cutt Cay. A vegetative study of the Watling Castle ruins. A vegetative study of the Nairn homestead. A vegetative study of the Fortune Hill plantation site. An algae study of Bonefish Bay. The cacti of San Salvador Island. A vegetative study of dumps and waste areas of San Salvador Island ---------1973. Tropical Botany (A text for use in San Salvador Island, Bahamas). 2 vol. College Center of the Finger Lakes. Corning, New York. Stearn, W. T. 1958. A key to West Indian mangroves. Kew Bull. 1958: 33-37. ---------1958. Publication of Catesby's 'Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands'. J. Soc. Biol. Nat. Hist. 3: 328. ---------1964. Catharanthus roseus, the correct name for the Madagascar pe~iwinkle. Lloydia 27: 196-200. ---------1965. Grisebach's 'Flora of the British West Indian Islandsv, a biographical and bibliographical introduction. J. Arnold Arbor. 46: 243-285. ---------1968. Jamaican and other species of Bumelia (Sapotaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 49: 280-289. Stimson, William R. 1967. Additions .to the flora of the Bimini Island group, Bahama Islands. Rhodora 69: 60. Stout, A. B. 1920. Conference notes for April (algae in the Bahamas 525 spp.); 6 new since Britton and Millspaugh. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 21: 97-98. Taylor, orm man. 1921. Endemism in the Bahama flora. Ann. Bot. 35 : 523-532. Taylor, William Randolph. 1960. .Marine algae of the eastern tropical and subtropical coasts of the Americas. Univ. Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, Michigan. 870 pp

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Traverse, Alfred and Robert N. Ginsburg. 1966. Palynology of the surface sediments of the Great Bahama Bank, as related to water movement and sedimentation. Mar. Geol. 4: 417-459. ---------1967. Pollen and associated microfossils in the marine surface sediments of the Great Bahama Bank. Rev. Palaeobotany and Palynology 3: 243-254. Tynes, Benjamin. 1835. Additional remarks on the qualities of plants growing in the Bahamas. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 7: 47-48. Urban, Ignatius. 1898-1913. Symbolae Antillanae seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. Berlin. 7 vol. Volz, P. A. 1971. A preliminary study of keratinophilic fungi from Abaco Island, the Bahamas. Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 43: 337-339. ---------and E S Beneke. 1972. A preliminary study of fresh water fungi from Abaco Island, the aha am as. Mycopath. Mycol Appl. 46: 1-3. ---------and Douglas E. Jerger. 1972. A preliminary study of marine fungi from Abaco Island, the Bahamas. Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 48: 271-274. Wall, David and Barrie Dale. 1969. The "hystrichosphaerid" resting spore of the dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense Plate 1906. J. Phycology 5: 140-149. Weber, Neal A. 1967. The fungus-growing ant, Trachymyrmex jamaicensis, on Bimini Island, Bahamas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ent. News Wilcox, Margaret S., Anne Forbes, Sally Shure, L. V. Wilcox, Jr. 1971. A field key to Bahamian mangroves.. Carib. J. Sci. 11: 155-157. Wilson, Percy. 1909. Report on the botanical exploration of the islands of the Salt Key Bank, Bahamas. J.N.Y. Bot. Gard. 10: 173-176. Wood, J. Ferguson. 1968. Studies of phytoplankton ecology in tropical and subtropical environments of the Atlantic Ocean. Part 3. Phytoplankton communities in the Providence Channels and the Tongue of the Ocean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 18: 481-543. Yaffa, Harold. 1971. The West Indies cruise on the Utowana (Dec. 1931Apr. 1932) Allison V. Armour David G. Fairchild Plant expedition. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 26: 10-13. Zobel, Bruce. 1964. Pines of southeastern U. S., Bahamas and Mexico and their use in Brazil. in Silvicultura em Sao Paulo, Rev. Tgcnica do Florestal do Estado de so Paulo, Vol. 3 (3) : 303-310.

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C. CLIMATE AND METEOROLOGY Anonymous. Undated. Climatological Data, West Indies, 1946-1951. Weather Bureau, U. S. Dept. of Commerce. Washington, D. C. ---------1836a. Meteorological Diary for September 1836. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 17: 186. ---------1836b. Meteorological diary for October 1836. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 16: 195. ---------1836c. Meteorological diary for November 1836. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 19: 204. ---------1837. Meteorological diary for December 1836. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 20: 213. ---------Undated (but before 1871). General description of the City of Nassau and Island of New Providence, Bahamas, West Indies with meteorological tables and other statistics of interest to invalids and travelers. New York, N. Y. Privately published. 28 pp. Reprinted and expanded, 1871. Published by William Baldwin and Co., New York, N. Y. 35 pp. ---------1897. Zum Klima der Bahamas-Inseln. Meteorol. Zeitsch. 14: 309. ? ---------1928. The Bahama Islands. Information as to trade, soil, climate, etc. for intending settlers, tourists and business men. Development Board. Nassau. 24 pp. + map. ---------1959. North Atlantic tropical cyclones. Technical Paper 36. Weather Bureau, U. S. ~ept of Commerce. U .S. G .P .O. Washington, D. C. Brooks, C. E. P. 1921. Meteorology of Nassau, Bahamas, 1852-1919. Quart. J. Royal Meteorol. Soc. 47: 59-62. CJackson, J. R. 1971. (Mimeographed). Past records of Bahamas rainfall. Meteorological Office. Nassau. Fassig, Oliver L. 1905a. Climate of the Bahama Islands. In: Shattuck, George B The Bahama Islands Geographical Society oF~altimore. Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 111-125. ---------1905b. Exloration of the upper atmosphere at Nassau, New Providence by means of kites. In: Shattuck, George B. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 129-143.

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Fassig, Oliver L. 1907. bber das Klima der Bahama-Inseln. Meteorol. Zeitsch. 24: 558-559. Hayes, Nelson. 1962. The roof of the wind. Alvin Redman, Ltd. London. Originally published 1961 by Doubleday. 216 pp. Keogh, Terence. 1933. Hurricane in the Bahamas: one man's adventures is a big wind. Harpers Mag. (May) 166: 697-708. Kraus, E B. 1971. The Bahama Bank planetary boundary layer experiment, 17 April-10 May 1971. her. Meteorol. Soc. 52:969-972. ~ettau, Bernhard. 1971. The effect of the Bahamas-Lesser Antilles chain on the annual precipitation frequency. her. Meteorol. Soc. Bull. 52: 781-782. Ludlum, David M. 1963. Early American hurricanes, 1492-1870. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., Boston. xii + 198 pp. Moore, Willis L. and Oliver L. Fassig. 1913. Hurricanes of the West Indies. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Weather Bureau Bull. X. U.S.G.P .O. Washington, D. C. 28 pp. Northcroft, George'J. H. 1902. Sketches of Summerland giving some account of Nassau and the Bahama Islands. Chapter 10 Climate. pp 94-108. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. Perkins, R. D. and Paul Enos. 1968. Hurricane Betsy in the FloridaBahama area geologic effects and comparison with Hurricane Donna. J. Geol. 76: 710-717. 1969. Comparison of geologic effects of Hurricanes Donna and Betsy in the Florida-Bahama area (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 121: 460-461. Rawson, William. 1868. Report on the Bahamas hurricane' of October 1866 with a description of the city of Nassau, N.P. Nassau Guardian, Nassau. 29 pp. Simpson, Joanne. 1967. An experimental approach to cumulus clouds and hurricanes. Weather 22: 95-114. Stone, L. H. J. 1953. The weather of the Bahamas. Weather 8:30-1-302. Sugg, Arnold L. 1966. The hurricane season of 1965. Monthly Weather Rev. 94: 183-191. Tannehill, Ivan Ray. 1952. Hurricanes, their nature and history, particularly those of the West Indies and the southern coasts of the United States. Princeton Univ. Press. Princeton, N. J. 308 pp

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Townsend, P. S. 1826. Memoir on the topography, weather, and diseases of the Bahama Islands. J. Seymour Co. New York, N. Y. 80 pp. E ENTOMOLOGY AND ARACHNOLOGY Arnett, Ross H., Jr. 1953. The Oedemerid beetles of the Bimini Island group, Bahama Islands, British West Indies. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1646: 1-13. Baker, E W. 1968. The genus Pronematus her. 61: 1091-1097. Banks, Nathan. 1906. Arachnids from the Nat. Hist. 22: 185-189. Canestrini. Ann. Ent. Soc. Bahamas. Bull. her. Mus. Barber, Harry G. 1953. A new subfamily, genus, and species belonging to the family Eniocephalidae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera). her. Mus. NOV. 1614: 1-4. ---------1954. A report on the Hemiptera, Heteroptera, from the Bimini Islands, Bahamas, British West Indies. Amer Mus Nov. 1682: 1-18. ---------and P. D. Ashlock. 1960. The Lygaeidae of the Van VoastAmerican Museum of Natural History Expedition to the Bahama Islands, 1953. (Hemiptera, Heteroptera) pro;. Ent. Soc. Washington 62: 117-124. Benjamin, Foster H. 1934. Description of some native Trypetid flies with notes on their habits. USDA Tech. Bull. 401. USGPO. 96 pp. Blake, D. H. 1962. Eight new species of Metachroma from the West Indies (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 64: 175-180. ---------1970. A review of the beetles of the genus Metachroma Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 57: 1-111. (pp. 49-50 on Bahamas). Blocker, H. Derrick. 1971. Distribution of Balcutha in the Bahama Islands, Newfoundland, and Panama (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). J .N.Y. Ent. Soc. 79 : 158-160. Bradley, J. C. 1964. Further notes on the American taxa of Campsomeris (Hymenoptera: Scoliidae) Ent. News. 75 : 101-108. Branch, Nina and E. L. Seabrook. 1959. -Culex (Culex) scimitar, a new species of mosquito from the Bahama Islands (Diptera, Culicidae). Ent. Soc. Washington Proc. 61: 216-218.

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Burks, B. D. 1956. The species of Chryseida (Hymenoptera, Euryomidae). Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 51: 109-116. Cambridge, F. 0. Pickard. 1901. On a collection of spiders.from the Bahama Islands made by J. L. Bonhote, Esq. with characters of a new genus and species of Mygalomorphae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. -7.7: 322-332. Cazier, Mont A. 1951. The Buprestidae of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Coleoptera, Buprestidae). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1517: 1-9. ---------1952. Additions to the Buprestid fauna of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Coleoptera, Buprestidae). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1562: 1-10. ---------and Lionel Lacey. 1952. The Cerambycidae of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Coleoptera). her. Mus. Nov. 1588: 1-55. Chemsak, John A. 1967. Notes on the Cerambycidae of Grand Bahama Islands. Pan Pac. Ent. 43: 181-188. Chickering, A. M. 1969. The genus Stenoonops (Araneae, Oonopidae) in Panama and the West Indies. Breviora 339: 1-35. Clench, Harry K. 1941a. Notes on two Bahaman Lycaenidae, with -the description of a new subspecies. Torreia 7: 3-7. ---------1941b. A new race of Hemiargus for the Bahamas. (Lepidoptera: Lycaeidae). Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 15: 407-408. ---------1943. The Lycaenidae of the Bahama Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Psyche 49. : 52-60. ---------1963. A synopsis of West Indian Lycaenidae with remarks on their zoogeography. J. Res. Lepid. 2: 247-270. Coffin, T. Homer. 1905. Mosquitoes of the Bahama Is lands (Discussion) in: Shattuck, George B. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 275-289. Comstock, W. P. 1946. A Saturniid from the Bahamas (Lepidoptera). J.N.Y. Ent. Soc. 54:. 171-172. ---------and E. Irving Huntington. 1943. 'Lycaenidae of the Antilles (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci 45 : 49130. Curran, C. H. 1953. The Asilidae and Mydaidae of the Bimini Islands, Bahamas, British West Indies (Diptera). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1644: 1-6. Darlington, P. J. 1953. West Indian Carabidae (Coleoptera) : the Bahama species. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1650: 1-16.

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Dodge, H. Rodney. 1965. The Sarcophagidae (Diptera) of the West Indies. I. the Bahama Islands. Ent. Soc. her. Ann. 58: 474-497. Emerson, K. C. 1957. A new species of Mallophaga from a dove. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 30: 36-38. Foote, Richard H. 1960. The Tephritidae and Otitidae of the Bahama Islands (Diptera). J.N.Y. Ent. Soc. 68: 83-99. Ford, Everett J., Jr. 1973. A revision of the genus Petalium LeConte in the United States, Greater Antilles, and the Bahamas (Coleoptera: Anobiidae). U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1467: 1-40. Hampson, Sir George F. 1901. The Lepidoptera-Phalaenae of the Bahamas. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7.7: 246-261. Howard, L. 0. 1905. Mosquitoes of the Bahama Islands (Introduction) in: Shattuck, George B. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 273-274. ---------, Harrison G. Dyar, and Frederick Knab. 1912-17. The mosquitoes of North and Central America and the West Indies. Vol. 1-1912; Vol. 2-1912; Vol. 3-1915; Vol. 4-1917. Ptibl. Carnegie Inst. Washington No. 159. James, Maurice T. 1953. The Stratiomyidae (Diptera) of Bimini, British West Indies. her. Mus. Nov. 1.613: 1-6. ---------1971. Two new species of Phaenicia from the West Indies (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Proc. Ent. Soc..Wash. 73: 381-385. Johnson, Charles W. 1908. The Diptera of the Bahamas, with notes and description of one new species. Psyche 15: 69-80. Knab, Frederick and W. W. Yothers. 1914. Papaya fruit fly. J. Agr. Res. 2: 447-453 + 2 pl. Krombein, Karl V. 1953. The wasps and bees of the Bimini Island group, Bahamas, British West Indies (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). her. Mus. Nov. 1633: 1-29. Levi, H. W. 1955. The spider genera Oronota and Stemrnops in North America, Central America, and the West Indies (Araneae: Theridiidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. her. 48: 333-342. ---------1957. The America, Central Bull. Mus. Comp. ---------1959. The Sphyrotinus from Bull. Mus Comp spider genera Crustulina and Steatoda in North America, and the West Indies (Araneae, Theridiidae). Zool. 117: 367-424. spider genera Achaeranea, Theridion, and Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. Zool. 121: 57-163.

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Linley, John R. and John B. Davies. 1971. Sandflies and tourism in Florida and the Bahamas and Caribbean area. J. Econ. Ent. 64: 264-278. Llewellyn, Craig H., Andrew Spielman, and Thomas E. Frothingham, et al. 1970. Survival of arboviruses in Aedes albonotatus, a peridomestic Bahaman mosquito. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 33: 551-554. Marston, Norman. 1970. Revision of New World species of Anthrax (Diptera: Bombyliidae), other than the Anthrax albofasciatus group. Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 43: 1-148. Martin, Charles H. 1957. The Asilidae of the Bahama Islands with the description of two new species (Diptera). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1847: 1-7. Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1888. Notes on the white ant, found on the Bahamas. Psyche 5: 149150. Menke, A. S. 1970. The genus Ammophila in the West Indies (Hymenoptera; Sphecidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 72: 236-239. Metcalf, Zeno Payne. 1954. Homoptera from the Bahama Islands. Amer. Mus. NOV. 1698: 1-46. Park, Orlando. 1954. The Pselaphidae of South Bimini Island, Bahamas, British West Indies (Coleoptera). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1674: 1-25. Paulson, Dennis R. 1966. New records of Bahamian Odonata. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci 29: 97-110. Peckham, G. W. and E. G. Peckham. 1894. Spiders of the Marptusa group. Occ. Papers Nat. Hist. Soc. Wisconsin 2: 85-156. Philip, C. B. 1957. New records of Tabanidae (Diptera) in the Antilles. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1858: 1-16. ---------1958. New records of Tabanidae (Diptera) in the Antilles. Supplemental report. (South Caicos) Amer. Mus Nov. 1921: 1-7. Porter, John E. 1967. A check list of the mosquitoes of the Greater Antilles and the Bahama and Virgin Islands. Mosquito News 27: 35-41. Powell, Jerry A. 1973. A systematic monograph of New World Ethmiid moths (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea). Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 120: 1-302. Rehn, James A. G. 1906. The Orthoptera of the Bahamas. her. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 22: 107-118.

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Rindge, Frederick H. 1952. The butterflies of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Lepidoptera). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1563: 1-18. ---------1955. The butterflies of the Van Voast-American Museum of Natural History Expedition to the Bahama Islands, British West Indies. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1715: 1-20. Ruckes, Herbert. 1952a. Some Scutelleroid Hemiptera of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1591: 1-9. ---------1952b. Two new species of Thyanta ~tsl (Pentatomidae, Heteroptera) Bull. Ent Soc. Brooklyn. 47: 65-68. Sabrosky, C. W. 1959. A revision of the genus Pholeomyia in North America (Diptera: Milichiidae). Amer. Ent. Soc. Ann. 52: 316-331. Sakimura. K. 1973. Svnonwnies and collection record of Rhaebothri~s lativentris Karny (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Pacific Insects 14: 668. Scott, James A. 1970. A list of Antillean butterflies. J. Res. Lepidoptera 9: 249-256. ---------1972. Biogeography of Antillean butterflies. Biotropica 4: 32-45. Selander, Richard B. and John K. Bouseman. 1960. Meloid bettles (Coleoptera) of the West Indies. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 3428, Vol. 111: 197-226. Sharpe, Emily Mary. 1900. On a collection of butterflies from the Bahamas. Zool. Soc. London Proc. 1900: 197-203. Smith, Marion R. 1954. Ants of the Bimini Island group, Bahamas, British West indies (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) her. Mus Nov. 1671: 1-16. Snyder, Fred M. 1958. Muscidae from the Bahama Islands (Diptera). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1893: 1-4. Spielman, Andrew and Albert E. Weyer. 1965. Description of Aedes (Howardina) albonotatus (Coquillett), a common domestic mosquito from the Bahamas. Mosquito News 25: 339-343. Stannard, L. J., Jr. 1955. The species and subspecies of North American Allothrips (Thysanoptera; Phaeothripidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 48: 151-157. Strohecker, H. F. 1953. The Gryllacrididae and Gryllidae of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1618: 1-11.

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Valentine, Barry D. 1955. The Antribidae of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Coleoptera). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1741: 1-11. Vaurie, Patricia. 1952a. Insect collecting in the Bimini Island group, Bahama Islands. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1565: 1-24. ---------1952b. The checkered beetles of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Coleoptera, Cleridae) Amer. Mus. Nov. 1547: 1-5. Ward, R. A. 1955. Biting lice of the genus Saemundssonia (Mallophaga; Philopteridae) occurring on terns. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 105 (3353) : 83-100. Neber, Neal A. 1967. The fungus-growing ant, Trachymyrmex jamaicensis, on Bimini Island, Bahamas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ent. News Werneck, F. L. 1951. Notas s8bre ma16fagos (Gyropidae) Rev. Brasil. Biol. 11: 303-313. Westfall, Minter J., Jr. 1960. The Odonata of the Bahama Islands, the West Indies. Amer. Mus. Nov. 2020: 1-12. Wheeler, William Morton. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a li2t of the known West Indian species. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 21: 79-135. ---------1934. Some ants from the Bahama Islands. Psyche 41: 2.30-232. Wilson, Edward 0. 1964. The ants of the Florida Keys. Breviora 210: 1-14. Wirth, Willis W. 1956. The Ephydridae (Diptera) of the Bahama Islands. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1817: 1-20. ---------and F. S. Blanton. 1956. A new species of salt-marsh sand fly from Florida, the Bahamas, Panama, and Ecuador: its distribution and taxonomic differentiation from Culicoides furens (Poey) (Diptera, Heleidae) Florida Ent 39: 157-162. and R. W. Williams. 1957. The biting midges of the Bermuda Islands, with descriptions of five new species (Diptera, Heleidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 59: 5-14. Young, Frank N. 1953. The water beetles of the Bahama Islands, British West Indies (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae, Gyrinidae, Hydrochidae, Hydrophilidae). Amer. Mus. Nov. 1616: 1-20. ---------1963. A new species of Laccophilus from the Bahamas (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) Amer. Mus. Nov. 2152: 1-5.

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F. FOLKLORE Armbrister, Hilda. 1917. Proverbs from Abaco, Bahamas. J. Amer. Folk-lore 30: 274. Berlitz, C. 1969. The mystery of Atlantis. Grosset and Dunlap. New York, N. Y. Clavel, M. 1904. Items of folk-lore from Bahama Negroes. J. Amer. Folk-lore 17: 36-38. Cleare, W. T. 1917. Four folk-tales from Fortune Island, Bahamas. J. Amer. Folk-lore 30: 228-229. Crowley, Daniel J. 1954. Form and style in a Bahamian folktale. Carib. Quart. 3: 218-238. ---------1966. I could talk old story good: creativity in Bahamian folk lore. Folk Studies No. 17, Univ. California Press. 157 pp. Curry, Robe~t A. 1928. Bahamian lore. Privately printed. Paris. 125 pp. (original edition, 1010 copies; 2nd ed. (1930), 1030 copies.) Edwards, C. L. 1889. Folk-lore of the Bahama Neg~oes Amer. J. Psych. 2: 519-542. ---------1891. Some tales from Bahaman folk-lore. J. Amer. Folklore 3: 47-54; 247-252. Ferro, Robert and Michael G~umley. 1970. Atlantis the autobiography of a search. Doubleday. Garden City, N. Y. 168 pp. Finlay, H. H. 1925. Folklore from Eleuthera, Bahamas. J. Amer. Folklore 38: 293-299. Fitz-James, James. 1909. Bahamian folk lore. Montreal. 64 pp. Harrison, Wyman. 1971. Atlantis undiscovered; Bimini, Bahamas. Nature 230 (No. 5292) : 287-289. Maynard, Charles J. 1893. Folk-lore among the West Indians. Contr. Sci. 2: 1-23. Olschki, Leonard. 1941. Ponce de Leon's fountain of youth: history of a geographical myth. Hispanic Amer. His. Rev. 21: 361-385. Parsons, Elsie Clews. 1917. Riddles from Andros Island, Bahamas. J. Amer. Folk-lo~e 30: 275-277. ---------1918. Folk tales of Andros Island, Bahamas. Amer. Folklore Soc. Uem. 13: 1-167.

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Peek, Basil (arranged and illustrated by). 1949. Bahamian Proverbs. The Providence Press. Nassau. (Reprinted 1971) G. GEOLOGY, GEOPHYSICS, AND GEODESY Anonymous. 1930. The Great Bahama Bank. Geogr. J. 75: 564-565. ---------1934. Sedimentation on the Great Bahama Bank. Geogr. J. 83: 74. ---------1957. Tongue of the Ocean. Sea Frontiers 3: 147. ---------1967. Environmental atlas of the Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas. U. S. Naval Oceanog. Office Spec. Publ. SP-94. 74 pp. ---------1970. Deep sea drilling project: Leg 11. Geotimes 15: 14-16. Andrews, J. E. 1967. The Bahama Canyon system. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Miami. Coral Gables, Florida. 104 pp. ---------1968a. Mo.rphology of the outer end of the Bahama submarine canyon (abst .) Geol Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 101: 4-5. ---------1968b. Development of the Eleuthera Ridge by large turbidity currents (abst.). Geol. Soc. her. Spec. Paper 115: 7. ---------1968c. The Bahama Canyon system (abst.). Diss. Abst., Sec. B, Sci. and Engin. 28: 29243. ---------1970. Structure and sedimentary development of the outer channel of the Great Bahama canyon. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 81: 217-226. ---------, Francis P. Shepard, and Robert J. Hurley. 1970. Great Bahama canyon. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 81: 1061-1078. Ball, M. 1967a. Tectonic control of the configuration of the Bahama Banks. Gold Coast Assn. Geol. Sci. 18: 265-267. ---------1967b. Carbonate sand bodies of Florida and the Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 37: 556-591. ---------, R. M. Gaudet, and G. Leist. 1968. Sparker reflection seismic measurements in Exuma Sound, Bahamas (abst.). Amer. Geophy. Union Trans. 49: 196-197. ---------, C. G. A. Harrison, R. J. Hurley, and C. E. Leist, et al. 1969. Bathymetry in the vicinity of the northeastern scarp of the Great Bahama Bank and Exuma Sound. Bull. Mar. Sci. 19: 243-252.

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Ball, M., B. P. Dash, C. G. A. Harrison, et al. 1971. Refraction seismic measurements in the northeastern Bahamas (abst.). Eos (her. Geophy. Union Trans.) 52: 252. Banks, J. E. 1967. Geologic history of the Florida-Bahama Platform. in: Symposium on the geological history of the Gulf of Mexico, Antillean-Caribbean region. Gulf Coast Assn. Geol. Soc. Trans. 17: 261-264. Bathurst, R. G. C. 1967a. Oolitic films in low energy carbonate sand grains, Bimini Lagoon, Bahamas. Mar. Geol. 5: 89-110. ---------1967b. Subtidal gelatinous mat, sand stabilizer and food, Great Bahama Bank. J. Geol. 75: 736-738. ---------1968. Precipitation of oGids and other aragonite fabrics in warm seas. in: Recent developments in carbonate sedimentology in Central ~urqe. German ~iiller and G. M. Friedman, eds. SpringerVerlag, New York, N. Y. ---------1969. Bimini Lagoon. in: H. G. Multer, ed. Field Guide to some carbonate rock environments : Florida Keys and western Bahamas. Fairleigh Dickinson University. Madison, N. J. ---------1971. Carbonate sediments and their diagenesis. (Developments in Sedimentology 12). Elsevier Publ. Co. New York, N. Y. See especially Chapt. 3: Recent c.arbonate environments. 1: General introduction and the' Great Bahama Bank. Bavendamm, W. 1932. Die Mikrobiologische ~alkfallung in der tropischen See. Arch. f. Mikrobiol. 3: 205-276. (Int. Expedition to the Bahamas. Contr. No; -7). Bericht Uber die mikrobiologischer Ergenisse einer Jahre 1930 von die ~niversitaten Princeton und Rutgers (U.S.A.) unternommen Forschungsreise nach den Bahama-Inseln. Beales, F. W. 1957. Bahamites and their significance in oil exploration. Alberta Soc. Petrol. Geol. J. 5: 227-231. ---------1958. Ancient sediments of the Bahaman type. Bull. her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. 42: 1845-1880. ---------1963. Baldness of bedding surface. her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 47: 681-686. ---------1965. Diagenesis in pelletted limestones. in: Dolomitization and limestone diagenesis a symposium. Soc. ECOK Paleontologists and Mineralogists Spec. Publ. 13: 49-70. Bemrose, John. 1950. Bahamas airborne magnetometer survey. Geophysics 15: 102-109.

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Newell, Norman D., E. G. Purdy, and J. Imbrie. 1960. Bahamian oolitic sand. J. Geol. 68: 481-497. ---------and Keith J. Rigby. 1954. Calcium carbonate deposits of the Great Bahama Bank, B.W.I. J. Paleont. 28: 510. ---------and ---------. 1957. Geological studies on the Great Bahama Bank. in: R. J. LeBlanc and J. G. Breeding, eds. Regional aspects of carEnate deposition Soc. Econ. Paleont. Mineral. Spec. Publ. 5: 15-72. (Errata: J. Sed. Petrol 28: 111). ---------, ---------, A. J. Whiteman, and J. S. Bradley. 1951. Shoal water geology and environments, eastern Andros Island, Bahmas. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 97: 1-30. Northrop, John I. 1890. Notes on the geology of the Bahamas. N. Y. Acad. Sci. Trans. 10: 4-23. (Reprinted in: John I. Northrop. A naturalist in the Bahamas. Memorial volume. Columbia Univ. Press. New York, N. Y. pp. 27-47). Oppenheimer, C. H. 1961. Note on the formation of spherical aragonite bodies in the presence of bacteria from the Bahamas Bank. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 23: 295-296. Owens, Harold. 1960a. Florida-Bahama Platform (abst.). her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 44: 1602. ---------1960b. Florida-Bahama Platform (abst.). her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 44: 1254. ---------1960c. Florida-Bahama Platform (abst.). Gulf Coast Assn. Geol. Soc. Trans. 10: 86. Parker, Andrew. 1972. Mineralogy and geotechnical properties of a deep sea carbonate sediment. go technique 22: 155-159. Parks, James M. 1969. Multivariate facies maps. in: Symposium on computer applications in petroleum exploration, Kansas Geol Surv. Computer Contr. 40: 6-12. Perkins, R. D. and Paul Enos. 1968. Hurricane Betsy in the FloridaBahama area -geologic effects and comparison with Hurricane Donna. J. Geol. 76: 710-717. ---------and ---------. 1969. Comparison of geologic effects of Hurricanes Donna and Betsy in the Florida-Bahama area (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 121: 460-461. Pilkey, 0. H. 1966. Mineralogy of Tongue of the Ocean sediments. J. Mar. Res (Sears Found., Mar. Fes .) 24: 276-285.

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Pilkey, 0. H., James B. Rucker, and Normitsu Watabe. 1968. Possible sea-level carbonate mineralogy relationship in Tongue of the Ocean sediments (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 101: 371. Pratt, Richard M. 1968. Atlantic continental shelf and slope of the United States physiography and sediments of the deep-sea basin. U.S.G.S. Prof. Paper 529B: B1-B44. ---------and Cruve C. Heezen. 1964. Topography of the Blake Plateau. Deep-sea Res. 11: 721-728. Pressler, E. D. 1946-47. General geology and occurrence of oil in Florida. Oil and Gas J. 45 (25) : 113 (1946) ; republished: 45 (47) : 119-120 (1947) ; republished; Oil Weekly 123: 34 (1946). ---------1947. Geology and occurrence of oil in Florida. her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 31: 1851-1862. Pryor, Robert. 1970. Formation of a deep-water submarine canyon head in the Tongue of the Ocean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 20: 813-829. Psuty, Norbert P. and James S. Bailey. 1969. Lagoons, islands, offshore islands, shoreline and banks. in: Earth resource surveys from spacecraft, vol. 2; R. A. Leetsma, principal investigator; R. A. White, ed. NASA, Earth Resources Group, Houston, Texas. pp. G-7G14. Purdy, Edward George. 1960. Recent calcium carbonate facies of the Great Bahama Bank. (abst.) Diss. Abst. 21: 852. ---------1961. Bahamian oGlite shoals. in: J. A. Peterson and J. C. Osmund, eds Geometry of sandstone bodies a symposium. her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. ann. meeting, 1960, Tulsa, Oklahoma. pp. 53-62. ---------Bank. ---------Bank. ---------Bank. 1964. 1963a. Recent calcium carbonate facies of the Great Bahama 1. Petrography and reaction groups. J. Geol. 71: 334-355. 1963b. Recent calcium carbonate facies of the Great Bahama 2. Sedimentary facies. J. Geol. 71: 472-497. and J. Imbrie. 1964. Carbonate sediments, Great Bahama Guidebook for Field Trip No. 2, Geol. Soc. her. Convention Geol. Soc. Amer. New York, N. Y. 66 pp. and L. S. Kornicker. 1958. Algal disintegration of Bahamian limestone coasts. J. Geol. 66: 97-109. Raphael, C. Nicholas. 1971. Geomorphic reconnaissance of the southern portion of Great Abaco Island, Bahamas (abst.). Michigan Acad. Sci. Arts, Letters, Geol. Mineral Sect. Program with abst. for 1971.

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Reed, F. R. C. 1921. Geology of the British Empire. Edward Arnold Co. London. Second edition, 1949. Bahamas, p. 265. Rich, J. L. 1948. Submarine sedimentary features on Bahama Banks and their bearing on distribution patterns of lenticular oil sands. Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 32: 767-779. Richard, T. C. and A. B. Malone. 1949. A gravity survey of southern Andros Island and adjoining marine area in the Bahamas. Monog. Nat. Royal Astron. Soc., Geophy. Supplement 5: 336-342. Richards, Adrian F. and Donald G. Miller, Jr. 1969. Effective overburden pressures in carbonate sediment, Exuma Sound, Bahamas (abst .) Eos 50: 195. Richards, Horace G. 1971. Sea level during the past 11,000 years as indicated by data from North and South America. Quaternaria 14: 7-15. ---------1972. Some aspects of the marine Quaternary of the Caribbean area. VI Conf Geol del Caribe Margarita, Venezuela Memorias : 426-429. Richards, T. C. 1948. Scientific oil prospecting. An account of geophysical methods used in the Bahamas survey. Discovery n.s. 9: 274-280. Riddell, J. 0. 1933. Excluding salt from island wells. A theory of occurrence of groundwater based on experience at Nassau, Bahama Islands. Civ. Engin. 3: 383-385. Robertson, E, C. 1958. Experimental consolidation of aragonite mud (abst.). Wash. Acad. Sci. J. 48: 142-143. Robinson, R. B. 1967. Diagenesis and porosity developfient in Recent and Pleistocene oolites from southern Florida and the Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 37: 355-364. Roehl Perry 0. 1967. Stony Mountain (Ordovician) and Interlake (Silurian) facies analogs of Recent low-energy marine and subaerial carbonates, Bahamas. her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 51: 1979-2032. Rosgn, Nils. 1911. Contribution to the fauna of the Bahamas. I. A general account of the fauna, with remarks on the physiography of the islands. 11. The Reptiles. 111. The fishes. Lunds Univ. Xrssk. N.F., Afd. 2, Bd. 7: 3-72. (Acta Univ. Ludensis, nova series). Rubin, M. and C. Alexander. 1958. U. S. Geological Survey radiocarbon dates. Science 127 (3313) : 1476-1487.

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Rucker, J. B. 1968. Carbonate mineralogy of sediments of Exwna Sound, Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 38: 68-72. Rutten, L. M. R. 1938. Bibliography of West Indian geology. Cedr. en Geol. Meded. Physiogr.-geol. Reeks No. 16. Utrecht. 103 pp. Sanders, J. E. and J. Imbrie. 1963. Continuous cores of Bahainian calcareous sands made by vibro drilling. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 74,: 1287-1292. Schalk, M. 1946. Submarine topography off Eleuthera Island, Bahamas (abst.). Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 57: 1228. Schneider, Eric D. 1964. Sediments of the Caicos Cone, Bahamas (abst.). her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 48: 546. ---------and B. C. Heezen. 1966. Sediments of the Caicos outer ridge, the Bahamas. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 77: 1381-1398. Schuchert, Charles. 1935. Historical geology of the Antillean Caribbean region. John Wiley and Sons. New York, N. Y. Reprint, 1968. Hafner Publ. Co. New York, N. Y. 811 pp. Scoffin, Terence P. 1970. A conglomerate beachrock in Bimini, Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 40: 756-759. Seibold, Eugen. l962a. Untersuchungen zur Kalkfil lung und Kalklkung am Westrand der Great Bahama Bank (with English summary). Sedimentology 1: 51-74. ---------1962b. Das Korallenriff als geologisches Problem. Naturw. Rundschau 15 : 357363. ---------1964. Beobachtung zur Schichtung in Sedimenten am Westrand der Great Bahama Bank. Sedimentology 1: 50-74. Sharpies, S. P. 1883. Turks Island and the guano caves of the Caicos Islands. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. Proc. 22: 242-252. Shattuck, George Burbank and Benjamin LeRoy Miller. 1905. Physiography and geology of the Bahama Islands. in: Shattuck, G. B. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of ~xtimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 2-30. Sheridan, Robert E. 1971. Geotectonic evolution and subsidence of Bahama Platform; discussion. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 82: 807-809. ---------1972. Crustal structure of the Bahama Platform from the Rayleigh wave dispersion. J. Geophy Res 77: 2139-2145. ---------, R. M. Berman, and D. B. Corman. 1971. Faulted limestone block dredged from Blake Escarpment. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 82: 199-205.

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Sheridan, Robert E., G. K. Elliott, and B. L. Oostdam. 1970. .Seismicreflection profile across Blake Escarpment near Great Abaco Canyon. Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 54: 2032-2039. ---------and W. M. Porter. 1971. Fracture orientation near Great Abaco fault. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 82: 2921-2925. J. D. Smitt, and J. Gardner. 1969. Rock dredges from Blake Escarpment near Great Abaco Canyon. Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 53: 2551-2558. Shinn, Eugene A., R. N. Ginsburg, and R. M. Lloyd. 1965a. Recent supratidal dolomitization in Florida and the Bahamas (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Paper 82: 183-184. ---------, R. M. Lloyd, and R. N. Ginsburg. 1969. Anatomy of a modern carbonate tidal-flat, Andros Island, Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 39: 1202-1228. ---------, R. N. Ginsburg, and R. M. Lloyd. 1965b. Recent supratidal dolomite from Andros Island, Bahamas. in: L. C. Pray and R. C. F4urray, eds Dolomitization and limes tonFdiagenesis : a symposium. Soc. Econ. Paleont. Mineral. Spec. Publ. 13: 112-123. ---------, Robert N. Ginsburg, and R. M. Lloyd. 1968. Burrowing in Recent lime sediments of Florida and the Bahamas. J. Paleont. 42: 879-894. Spencer, J. W. 1895. Reconstruction of the Antillean continent. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 6: 103-140. Steenland, N. C. 1947. Deflection of the vertical in the Bahamas cabst .) AAPG-SEPM-SEG Joint Ann. Meeting. Los Angeles, California, 24-27 March, program, p. 71. Stehman, Charles F. 1970. Eocene deep water sediment from the Northeast Providence Channel, Bahamas. Mar. Sediments 6: 65-67. Stieglitz, Rona:ld Dennis. 1971. Scanning electron microscopy of the fine fraction of Recent carbonate sediments from Bimini, Bahamas (abst.). Diss. Abst. 31: 7375B. ---------1972. Scanning electron microscopy of the fine fraction of Recent carbonate sediments from Bimini, Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 4.2 : 211-226. ---------1973. Carbonate needles; additional organic sources. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 84: 927-930. ---------and Noel H. Watkins. 1969. Environmental and phylogenetic control of the chemical composition and fine structure of gorgonian spicules from Bimini, Bahamas. Geol. Soc. Amer. abst. with program, part 4: 77-78.

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Stoddart, D. R. and J. R. Cann. 1965. Nature and origin of beach rock. J. Sed. Petrol. 35: 243-247. Supko, Peter R. 1969. Diagenetic patterns in subsurface Bahaman rocks, San Salvador Island (abst.). in: Geology of the American Mediterranean: Gulf Coast Assn. Geol. Sc. Trans. 19: 504. (Also Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 53: 2045.) ---------1970. Some aspects of the geology of Bimini, Bahamas. in: Sedimentary environments and carbonate rocks of Bimini, ~ahamz. pp. 5-14C. ---------1971a. Depositional and diagenetic features in subsurface Bahamian rocks (abst .) Diss. Abst. 31: 6733B. ---------1971b. Aspects of Bahamian dolomites and insights into their origin (abst.). Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 55: 366. ---------1971c. "Whisker" crystal cement in a Bahamian rock. in: Carbonate cements. Johns Hopkins Univ. Studies in Geol. No. l= 143146. ---------, D. M. Marszalek, and W. D. Bock. 1970. Sedimentary environments and carbonate rocks of Bimini, Bahamas: Guidebook, 4th Ann. Field trip, Miami Geol Soc. 27 pp. Taft, W. H. 1968. Yellow Bank, Bahamas: a study of modern marine carbonate lithification. Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 52: 551. ---------, F. Arrington, A. Haimovitz, C. MacDonald, and C. Woolheater. 1968. Lithification of modern carbonate sediments at Yellow Bank, Bahamas. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib. 18: 762-828. ---------, and J. W. Harbaugh. 1964. Modern carbonate sediments of southern Florida, Bahamas, and ~spiritu Santo Island, Baja California: a comparison of their mineralogy and chemistry. Stanford Univ. Publ. Univ. Ser. Geol. Sci. 8: 1-133. ~alwd, M., J. L. Worzel, and M. Ewing. 1959. Gravity anomalies and structure of the Bahamas. Lamont Geol. Obs. Columbia Univ. New York, N. Y. 9 pp. ------------------and ---------, 1960. Gravity anomalies and structure of the Bahamas. Trans. 2nd Carib. Geol. Conf., ~ayagiiez, Puerto Rico, 4-9 January, 1959. pp. 156-161. Thorp, Eldon M. 1934. Preliminary remarks on the calcareous shallowwater marine deposits of Florida and the Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 4: 111-112. ---------1936. Calcareous shallow-water marine deposits of Florida and the Bahamas. Carnegie Inst. Wash. (Papers from the Dept. of Mar. Biol.) 29: 37-119.

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Thorp, Eldon M. 1939. Florida and the Bahama marine calcareous deposits. in: P. D. Trask, et al. Recent marine sediments. Thomas Murby and Co., London. pp. 283-297. Thurber, David L., Edward George Purdy, and Wallace S. Broecker. 1958. Radiocarbon studies of the Bahama Banks (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 69: 1652. Till, Roger. 1970. The relationship between environment and sediment composition (geochemistry and petrology) in the Bimini Lagoon, Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 40: 376-385. Trask, Parker D. 1939. Additional note to E. M. Thorp, Florida and Bahama marine calcareous deposits. in: P. D. Trask. Recent marine deposits, p. 292-293. Reprinted 19E. Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Tulsa, Oklahoma. Traverse, Alfred and Robert N. Ginsburg. 1966. Palynology of the surface sediments of the Great Bahama Bank, as related to water movement and sedimentation. Mar. Geol. 4: 417-459. ---------and ---------1967. Pollen and associated microfossils in the marine surface sediments of the Great Bahama Bank. Rev. Palaeobotany and Palynology 3: 243-254. Uchupi, Elazar, J. ,D. Milliman, and Bruce P. Luyendyk, et al. 1971. Structure and origin of the s.outheastern Bahamas Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. ~ull. 55: 687-704. Vaughan, Thomas Wayland. 1913a. Studies of the geology of the Madreporaria of the Bahamas and of southern Florida. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearb. 11:153-162. ---------1913b. Remarks on the geology of the Bahama Islands, and on the formation of the Floridian and Bahaman oolites (abst.). Wash. Acad. Sci. J. 3: 302-304. ---------1914a. Preliminary remarks on the geology of the Bahamas, with special reference to the origin of the Bahaman and Floridian oolite. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 182 (Papers from the Tortugas Lab. Vol. 5) : 47-54. ---------1914b. Investigations of the geology and geological processes of the reef tracts and adjacent areas in the Bahamas and Florida. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearb. 12: 183-184. ---------1914c. Geological investigations in the Bahamas and southern Florida. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Yearb. 13: 227-233. ---------1914d. sketchof the geologic history of the Florida coral reef tract and comparisons with other coral reef areas. J. Wash. Acad.Sci. 4: 26-34.

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Vaughan, Thomas Wayland. 1915. The geologic significance of the growthrate of the Floridian and Bahamian shoalwater corals. Wash. Acad. Sci. J. 5: 591-600. --.-------et al. 1918. Some shoal-water bottom samples from Murray Island, Australia, and comparisons of them with samples froin Florida and the Bahamas. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 213 (Papers from Dppt. Mar. Biol. Vol. 9): 235-297. ---------, M. A. Howe, et al. 1919. Contributions to the geology and paleontology of the West Indies. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 291. 184 pp. Walper, Jack'L. 1971. Geotectonic evolution and subsidence of Bahama Platform; discussion. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 82: 1129-1130; Wanless, Harold R. 1961. Sedimentary structure zonation on tidal levees, Andros Island, Bahamas (abst.). Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 53: 748. Wassall, Harry William, 3rd. 1956. Geological ~ib1io~ra~hies.i 1785-1955. Bahama Islands. 4 pp. U. S. Geol. Surv., Washington, D. C. --.-------and Howard Dalton. 1959. Oil prospects in the Bahamas. World 0i 1 148: 85-89. Weeks, L. G. 1948. Highlights on 1947 development in foreign petroleum fields; Bahamas. her. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 32: 1108. Weyl, P. K. 1963. Book review: Environment of calcium carbonate deposition west of Andros Island, Bahamas, by P. E. Cloud (1962). Limnol. Oceanog. 8: 494. Winland, H. Dale and R. K. Matthews. 1969. Origin of recent grapestone grains, Bahama Islands (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Abst. with program, 1965. part 7: 239. Woodring, W. P. 1954. Caribbean land and sea through the ages. Geol. Soc. Amer. Rull. 65: 719-782. Worzel, John Lamar, William Maurice Ewing, and Charles Lum Drake. 1953. The Bahana Islands regions. Part 1 of Gravity observations at sea (abst .) Geol Soc. Amer. Bull. 64:1494-1495. Also Amer. Mineral. 39: 349-350 (1954) Young, R. B. 1934. A comparison of certain stromatolitic rocks in the dolomite series with modern algal sediments in the Bahamas. Geol. Soc. S. Afr. Trans. 37: 153-162.

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H. HERPETOLOGY Barbour, Thomas. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 46: 55-61. ---------1906. Additional notes on Bahama snakes. her. Nat. 40: 229-232. -----..---1910. A note regarding the green Anolis from the northern Bahamas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 23: 99-100. ---------1914. A contribution to the zoogeography of the West Indies, with especial reference to amphibians and reptiles. Mem. Mus. Comp. ZOO^. 44: 205-359. ---------1921. Sphaerodactylus. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. 47: 217-278 + 26 pl. ---------1923. Another new Bahaman iguana. New Eng. Zool. Club Proc. 8: 107-109. ---------1930a.. A list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians., Zoologica 11 : 61-116. ---------1930b. The Anoles. 1. The forms known to occur on the neotropical islands. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 70: 105-144. ---------1935. A second list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Zoologica 19: 77-141. ---------1937. Third list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 82: 77-166. ---------1941.' A new boa from the Bahamas. New Eng. Zool. Club. Proc. 18: 61-65. ---------and Benjamin Shreve. 1935. Concerning some Bahamian reptiles, with notes on the fauna. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40: 347-365. ---------and ---------1936. New races of Tropidophis and heiva from the Bahamas. Proc. New Eng. Zool. Club 16: 1-3. Buden, Donald W. and Albert Schwartz. 1968. Reptiles and birds 'from the Cay Sal Bank, Bahama Islands. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 31: 290-320. Carr, A. F. 1957. Notes on the zoogeography of the Atlantic sea turtles of the genus Lepidochebys. Rev. Biol. Trop. 5: 45-61.

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Carr, Archie, Harold Hirth, and Larry Ogren. 1966. The ecology and migrations of sea turtles, 6. The hawksbill turtle in the Caribbean Sea. Amer. Mus. Nov. 2248: 1-29. Cochran, Doris M. 1934. Herpetological collections from the West Indies made by Dr. Paul Bartsch under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Scholarship, 1928-1930. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 92: 1-48. Cope, E. 1885. A contribution to the herpetology of Mexico, appendix on a collection from New Providence, Bahama Islands. Proc. Amer.' Phil. Soc. Phila. 22: 379-404. ---------1887. List of the Batrachia and Reptilia of the Bahama Islands. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 10: 436-439. Crombie, Ronald I. 1972. The presence of Hyla squirella in the Bahamas. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 35: 49-52. Etheridge, Richard. 1965. Pleistocene lizards from New Providence. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 28: 349-358. ---------1966. The systematic relationships of West Indian and South American lizards referred to the ~~uanid genus Leiocephalus. Copeia 1966: 79-91. Garman, Samuel. 1887a. On West Indian Teiidae in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 1-12. ---------1887b. On West Indian reptiles. Iguanidae. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 25-50. ---------1887c. West Indian Batrachia in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 13-16. ---------1888. Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and Bahamas. Bull. Essex Inst. 20: 1-13. Goin, Coleman J. 1955. Description of a new subspecies of the frog Eleutherodactylus ricordi from the Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1708: 1-7. Hanlon, Robert W. 1964. Reproductive activity of the Bahaman boa (Epicrates striatus). Herpetologica 20: 143-144. Hecht, Max. L., Vladimir Walters, and Gordon Ram. 1955. Observations on the natural history of the Bahaman pigmy boa, Tropidophis pardalis, with notes on autohemorrhage. Copeia 1955: 249-251. ---------1955. The comparison of recent and fossil amphibian, reptilian, and mammalian faunas in the Bahamas. Year Book Amer. Phil. Soc. for 1954: 133-135.

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Hodsdon, L. A. and J. F. W. Pearson. 1943. Notes on the discovery and biology of two Bahaman fresh-water turtles of the genus Pseudemys. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 6: 17-23. Laska, Anthony L. 1970. The structural niche of Anolis scriptus on Inagua. Breviora 349: 1-6. Legler, J. M. 1960. Remarks concerning Bahaman blind snakes (genus Typhlops). Herpetologica 16: 71-72. Maglio, Vincent J. 1970. West Indian Xenodontine Colubrid snakes: their probable origin, phylogeny, and zoogeography. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 141: 1-54. Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1889. Review: Reptiles and batrachians from the Caymans and the Bahamas by Samuel Garman. Contr. Sci. 1: 48. Neill, Wilfred T. 1958. The occurrence of amphibians and reptiles in saltwater areas and a bibliography. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib. 8: 1-97. ---------1964. Frogs introduced on islands. Quart. J. Fla. Acad. Sci. 27: 127-130. Nesbitt, C. R. 1836. On the Bahama fisheries. J. Bahama Soc. Di-ff. Knowl. No. 11: i26-136. Netting, M. Graham. 1954. To Bimini for boas and exhibit ideas. Carnegie Mag. 28: 185-188. ---------and Coleman J. Goin. 1944. Another new boa of the genus Epicrates from the Bahamas. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 30: 71-76. Noble, G. K. and G. C. Klingel. 1932. The reptiles of Great Inagua Island, British West Indies. Amer. Mus. Nov. 549: 1-25. Oliver, J. A. 1948. The anoline lizards of Bimini, Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1383: 1-36. Rand, A. Stanley. 1969. Competitive exclusion among anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) on small islands in the West Indies. Breviora 319: 1-16. Rebach, J. A. 1971. Comparison of gas exchange and water balance of the nutria, Myocastor coypus, and thehutia, Geocapromys ingrahami. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Rhode Island. Kingston, R. I. Richmond, Neil D. 1955. The blind snakes (Typhlops) of Bimini, Bahama Islands, British West Indies, with a description of a new species. Amer. Mus. Nov. 1734: 1-7.

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Rosen, Nils. 1911. Contribution to the fauna of the Bahamas. I. A general account of the fauna, with remarks on the physiography of the islands. 11. The reptiles. 111. The fishes. Lunds Univ. irssk. N.F. Afd. 2, Bd. 7 (Acta Universitatis Lundensis, nova series) : 3-72. Schoener, Thomas W. 1968. The Anolis lizards of Bimini: resource partitioning in a complex fauna. Ecology 49: 704-726. Schwartz, Albert. 1965. Geographic variation in Sphaerodactylus notatus Baird. Rev. Biol. Trop. 13: 161-185. ---------1967. The Leiocephalus (Lacertilia, Iguanidae) of the southern Bahama Islands. Ann. Carnegie Mus. Art. 11, 39: 153-185. ---------1968a. The geckos (Sphaerodactylus) of the southern Bahama Islands. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 39: 227-271. ---------1968b. Geographic variation in Anolis distichus Cope (Lacertilia, Iguanidae) in the Bahama Islands and Hispaniola. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 137: 255-309. ---------1968c. Geographic variation in the New World geckkonid liz-. ard Tarentola americana Gray. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 81: 123-142. ---------1972. A new subspecies of Sphaerodactylus decoratus from the Bahama Islands. Herpetologica 28: 247-251. t ---------and Robert J. Marsh. 1960. A review of the PardalisMaculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 123: 49-84 + 10 fig. ---------and Clarence J. McCoy. 1970. A systematic review of Ameiva auberi in Cuba and the Bahamas. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 41: 45-168. ---------and Richard Thomas. 1968 (appeared 1969) A review of Anolis angusticeps in the West 1ndies. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 31: 51-69. Smith, F. G. Walton. 1954. Taxonomy and distribution of sea turtles. Fish Bull. U. S. 89: 513-515. Stejneger, Leonhard. 1901. Diagnosis of a new species of iguanoid lizard from Green Cay, Bahama Islands. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 23: 471. ---------1903. A new species of large iguana from the Bahama Isl'ands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 16: 129-132. ---------1905. Batrachians and land reptiles of the Bahama Islands. in: Shattuck, G. B. ed. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 329-343.

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Sutcliffe, Robert. 1952. Results of the Catherwood-Chaplin West Indies Expedition, 1948. Part vi. Amphibia and reptiles. Not. Nat. 243: 1-8. Thomas, Richard. 1968a. The Typhlops biminiensis group of Antillean blind snakes. Copeia 1968: 713-722. ---------1968b. Notes on Antillean geckos (Sphaerodactylus). Herpetologica 24: 46-60. ---------and Albert Schwartz. 1966. The Sphaerodactylus decoratus complex in the West Indies. Brigham Young Univ. Sci. Bull. Biol. Ser. 7: 1-26. Wilcox, Karen, Jeanne Y. Carter, and L. V. Wilcox, Jr. 1973. Range extension of Cyclura figginsi Barbour in the Bahamas. Carib. J. Sci. 13: 211-213. Williams, Ernest E. 1969. The ecology and colonization as seen in the zoogeography of anoline lizards on small islands. Quart. Rev. Biol. 44: 345-389. I. ICTHYOLOGY Anonymous. 1974. World record fish. Saltwater records. Field and Stream 78 (10) : 120. Alexander, Elizabeth C. 1961. A contribution to the life history, blology, and geographical distribution of the bonefish, Albula vulpes (Linnaeus) Dana Rept No. 53: 1-51. Anderson, William W. 1957. Larval forms of the fresh-water mullet (Agonostomus monticola) from the open ocean off the Bahamas and South Atlantic coast of the United States. Fish Bull. U. S. 57: 415-425. Aronson, L. R. 1971. Further studies on orientation and jumping behavior in the gobiid fish, '~athygobius soporator. Ann. N. Y. cad. SCE. 188: 378-392. Austin, H. M. 1969. An unusual association between a jack and a ray. Underw. Nat. 6: 39. Bean, Barton A. 1905. Fishes of the Bahama Islands. in: George B. Shattuck, ed The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 293-325. Bzhlke, James E. 1955a. The brotulid fish genus Petrotyx from the Great Bahama Bank. Not. Nat. 273: 1-6. ---------1955b. On the Bahaman fishes of the family Opisthognathidae. Not. Nat. 281: 1-6. ---------1955c. A new genus and species of Ophichthid eels from the Bahamas. Not. Nat 282 : 17.

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~ghlke, James E. 1957a. A new shallow-water brotulid fish from the Great Bahama Bank. Not. Nat. 295: 1-8. ---------1957b. A review of the blenny genus Chaenopsis, and a description of a related new genus from the Bahamas. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 109: 81-103. ---------1957c. The Bahaman species of emblemariid blennies. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 109: 25-57. ---------1959a. A new cardinal fish (Apogonidae) from the Bahamas. Not. Nat. 319: 1-5. ---------1959b. A new fish of the genus Hypsoblennius (Blenniidae) from the Bahamas. Not. Nat. 321: 1-5. ---------1959c. Studies on fishes of the family Ophidiidae. 11. Three new species from the Bahamas. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 111: 37-52. ---------1960a. Two new Bahaman species of the clinid fish genus Paraclinus. Not. Nat. 337: 1-8. ---------1960b. Comments on serranoid fishes with disjunct lateral lines, with the description of a new one from the Bahamas. Not. Nat. 330: 1-11. ---------1961. Two new Bahaman soles of the genus Symphurus (family Cynoglossidae).. Not. Nat..344: 1-4. ---------1963. The species of the West Atlantic gobioid genus Psilotris. Not. Nat. 362: 1-10. ---------1967. A new sexually dimorphic jawfish (Opistognathus: Opistognathidae) from the Bahamas. Not. Nat. 407: 1-12. ---------1.969. Pariah scotius, a new sponge-dwelling gobid fish from the Bahamas. Not. Nat. 421: 1-7. ---------and C. C. G. Chaplin. 1957. Oral incubation in Bahaman jawfishes Opistognathus whitehursti and 0. maxillosus. Science 125 (3245) : 353. ---------and ---------1968. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. Livingston Publ. Co; Wynnewood, Pennsylvania. 771 pp. ---------and C. R. Robins. 1959. Studies on fishes of the family Ophidiidae. 11. Three new species from the Bahamas. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11'1: 37-52.

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~Ehlke, James E. and C. R. Robins. 1968. Western Atlantic seven-spined gobies, with descriptions of ten new species and a new genus, and comments on Pacific relatives. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 120: 54-174. ---------and 1969. Western Atlantic sponge-dwelling gobies of the genus Evermannichthys: their taxonomy, habits and relationships. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 121: 1-24. ---------and D. G. Smith. 1968. A new xenocongrid eel. from the Bahamas, with notes on other species in the family. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 120: 25-43. Breder, C. M., Jr. 1932. An annotated list of fishes from Lake Forsyth, Andros Island, Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nov. 551: 1-8. ---------1933a. Young tarpon on Andros Island. Bull. N. Y. Zool. SOC. 36: 65-67. ---------1933b. The significance of Ca to marine fishes on invading fresh water (abst.). Anat. Rec. 57 (4): 57. ---------1934a. A new Gambusia from Andros Island, Bahamas. Amer. MUS. NOV. 719: 1-3. ---------1934b. Ecology of an oceanic fresh-water lake, Andros Island, Bahamas, with special reference to its fishes. Zoologica 18: 57-88. Briggs, John C. 1963. A new clingfish of the genus Gobiesox from the Bahamas. Copeia 1963: 604-606. ---------1969. A new genus and species of clingfish (family Gobiesocidae) from the '~ahama Is lands. Copeia 1969 : 332-334. Bullis, Harvey R., Jr. and Paul Struhsaker. 1961. Life history notes on the rough-tail stingray, Dasyatis centroura (Mitchell). Copeia 1961: 232-234. Cohen, Daniel M. and C. Richard Robins. 1970. A new ophidioid fish (genus Lucifuga) from a limestone sink, New Providence Island, Bahamas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 83: 133-144. Colin, Patrick L. 1972. Daily activity patterns and effects of environmental conditions on the behavior of the yellowhead jawfish; Opistognathus aurifrons, with notes on its ecology. Zoologica 57: 137169. Cummings, William C., Bradley D. Brahy, and Juanita Y. Spires. 1966. Sound production, schooling, and feeding habits of the margate, Haemulon album Cuvier, off North Bimini, Bahamas. Bull. Mar. Sci. 16: 626-640.

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DeSylva, D. P. 1963. Systematics and life history of the great barracuha Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum) Stud ~rk~. Oceanog Miami, No. 1, 179 pp. Ellington, A. C. 1959. Poisonous fishes in the Caribbean area. W. Ind. Fish. Bull. (6): 1-5. Fish, M. P. and W. H. Mowbray. 1959. The production of underwater sound by Opsanus sp., a new toadfish from Bimini, Bahamas. Zoologica 44: 71-76. Fowler, H. W. 1919. Notes on tropical American fishes. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 71: 128-155. .' Fowler, Henry R. 1947. Notes on Bahama fishes obtained by Mr. Charles G. Chaplin in 1947, with descriptions of two new species. Not. Nat. 199: 1-14. Garman, S. 1896. Report on the fishes collected by the Bahama Expedition of the State University of Iowa, under Professor C. C. Nutting in 1893. Bull. Lab. Nat. Hist. State Univ. Iowa 4: 76-93. Gilbert, Perry A. and Henry Kritzler. 1960. Experimental shark pens at the Lerner Marine Laboratory. Science 132: 424. Greenberg, Jerry and Idaz Greenberg. 1972. The living reef: corals, and fishes of Florida, the Bahamas, Bermuda and the Caribbean. Seahawk Books. Miami, Florida. 110 pp. Hazlett, B. and H. E. Winn. 1962. Sound producing mechanism of the Nassau grouper, Epinephalus striatus. Copeia 2: 447-449. Herald, Earl S. 1950. Ichthyocampus pawneei, a new pipefish from the Bahamas. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 40: 269. Hess, Paul W. 1962. Notes on some sharks in the western North Atlantic and Bahama areas. Copeia 1962: 653-656. Hubbs, Carl L. 1927. Studies of the fishes of the order Cyprinodontes. VII. -G. manni, a new species from the Bahamas. Copeia 164: 61-65. ---------and R. R. Miller. 1942. Studies of the fishes of the order Cyprinodontes. XVIII. Cyprinodon laciniatus, new species, from the Bahamas. Occas. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan 458: 1-11. Jordon, D. S. 1884. An identification of the figures of fishes in Catesbyts Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 7: 190-199. ---------and C. H. Bollman. 1889. List of fishes collected at Green Turtle Cay, in the Bahamas. U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 11: 549-553.

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Jordon, D. S. and B. W. Evermann. 1896-1900. The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fishlike vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. 4 vol. U. S. Natl. Mus. 47: i-xl + 1-1240; i-xxx + 1241-2183; i-xxiv + 2183a-3136; 1-ci + 3137-3313; + 392 pl. Kanazawa, Robert H. 1958. A revision of the eels of the genus Conger with descriptions of four new species. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 108: 219-267. Klawe, W. L. 1961. Young scombroids from the waters between Cape Hatteras and Bahama Islands. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf. Carib. 11: 150-157. Krumholz, Louis A. 1957. Measurements of a large sharpnose mackerel shark, Isurus oxyrinchus, from Bimini, Bahamas. Copeia 1957: 302. ---------1959. Stomach contents and organ weights of some bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus), near Bimini, Bahamas. Zoologica (N. Y.) 44: 127-131. ---------1963. Relationships between fertility, sex ratio and exposure to predation in populations of the mosquitosish Gambusia manni Hubbs of Bimini, Bahamas. Int. Rev. Gesam. Hydrobiol. 48: 201-256. LaMonte, Francesca. 1952. Marine games fishes of'the world. Doubleday. Garden City, N. Y. 190 pp. ---------1956. North American game fishes. Doubleday. Garden City, N. Y. xiv + 202 pp. Lee, T. 1889. List of fish taken by steamer "Albatr~ss'~ among Bahama Islands and at Nassau fish-market during March and.Apri1, 1886. Rept. U. S. Fish Comm. part 14: 669-672. Levi, Eldon J. 1973. Juvenile yellowfin menhaden from the Bahama Islands. Trans. Amer. Fish Soc. 102: 848-849. Mead, G. W. and J. E. BGhlke. 1958. Gobionellus stigmalophius, a new goby from the Gulf of Campeche and the Great Bahama Bank. Copeia Milier, Robert Rush. 1962. Taxonomic status of Cyprinodon baconi, a killifish from Andros Island, Bahamas. Copeia 1962: 836-837. Moss, Frank T. 1973. Let's fish the Bahamas! Pastimes (Eastern Airlines passenger magazine) 1 (12) : 18-23. Moulton, James M. 1958. The acoustical behavior of some fishes in the Bimini area. Biol. Bull. 114: 357-374.

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Myrberg, A. A., Jr. 1972. Social dominance and territoriality in the bicolor damselfish, Eupomacentrus partitus (Poey) (Pisces: Pomacentridae). Behaviour 41: 207-231. ---------, Samuel J. Ha, Stanley Walewski, and John C. Banbury. 1972. Effectiveness of acoustic signals in attracting epipelagic sharks to an underwater sound source. Bull Mar. Sci. 22: 926-949. Nelson, Donald R., Richard H. Johnson, and Larry G. Waldrop. 1969. Responses in Bahamian sharks and groupers to low-frequency, pulsed sounds. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. Bull. 68: 131-137. Nesbitt, C. R. 1836. On the Bahama fisheries. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 11: 126-136. Nichols, J. T. 1921a. A new ponacentrid and blenny from the Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nov. 26: 1-2. ---------1921b. A list of Turks Islands fishes, with a description of a new flatfish. her. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 44: 21-24. ---------and Van Campen Heilner. 1928. A rare sole from the Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nov. 326: 1. Norman, J. R. 1931. A new sole from the Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nov. 477: 1. Northcroft, George J. H. 1902. Sketches of Summerland giving some account of Nassau and the Bahama Islands. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. Chapter 12: Corals, shells, and fishes. pp. 123-138. Owre, Harding B. 1972. Marine biological investigations in the Bahamas. 18. The genus Spadella and other Chaetognatha. Sarsia 49: 49-57. Parr, Albert Eide. 1930. Teleostean shore and shallow-water fishes from the Bahamas and Turks Island. Bull. Bingham Oceanog. Coll. 3: 1-148 + 38 fig. Peterman, R. M. 1971. A possible function of coloration in coral reef fishes. Copeia 1971: 330-331. Phillips, Craig. 1959. Bahama pigmy angelfish. Aquarium J. 30: 236-237. Randall, J. E. 1967. Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanog. Miami No. 5: 665-847. ---------1968. Caribbean reef fishes. Reigate. T.F.H. Publications, 1 Jersey City, N. J. 318 pp. Rausch, James P. 1973. Marine zoology (a manual prepared for use on San Salvador Island, Bahamas) 2 vols. College Center of the Finger Lakes. Corning, N. Y. Vol. 1 147 pp.; Vol. 2 167 pp.

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Rivas, Luis Rene. 1960. The fishes of the genus Pomacentrus in Florida and the western Bahamas. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 23: 130-162. ---------1963. Subgenera and species groups in the poeciliid fish genus Gambusia Poey. Copeia 2: 331-347. Robins, C. R. and J. E. ~6hlke. 1964. Two new Bahaman gobiid fishes of the genera Lythrypnus and Garmannia. Not. Nat. 325: 1-9. Roman, Erl. 1958. Tournaments can aid science (Bahamas International Tuna Match). Sea Frontiers 4: 164-170. ---------1957. The International Game Fish Conference. Sea Frontiers 3: 48-57. Rosen, Donn Eric and Reeve M. Bailey. 1963. The Poeciliid fishes (Cyprinodontiformes), their structure, zoogeography, and systematics. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 126: 1-176. Rosgn, Nils. 1911. Contribution to the fauna of the Bahamas. I. A general account of the fauna with remarks on the physiography of the islands. 11. The Reptiles. 111. The Fishes. Lunds Univ. lrssk. N.F. Afd. 2, Bd. 7 (Acta Univ. Lundensis, nova series) : 3-72. Schultz, L. P. 1945. Emmelichthyops atlanticus, a new genus and species of fish (family Emmelichthyidae) from the aha am as, with a key to related genera. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 35: 132-136. Smith, C. Lavett. 1964. Hermaphroditism in Bahama groupers. Nat. Hist. 73: 42-47. ---------1972. A spawning aggregation of Nassau grouper, Epinephelus striatus (Bloch). Trans. Amer. Fish Soc. 101: 256-261. ---------and James C. Tyler. '1973. Population ecology of a Bahamian suprabenthic shore fish assemblage. Amer. Mus. Nov. 2528: 1-38. Smith, David G. 1968. The occurrence of larvae of the American eel (Anguilla rostrata) in the Straits of Florida and nearby areas. Bull. Mar. Sci. 18: 280-293. Smith, F. G. Walton. 1957. Tracking the elusive tuna. Sea Frontiers 3: 196-209. Springer, Stewart and Harvey R. Bullis, Jr. 1960. A new species of sawshark, Pristiophorus schroederi, from the Bahamas. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib. 10: 241-254. ---------and Richard A. Waller. 1969. Hexanchus vitulus, a new sixgill shark from the Bahamas. Bull. Mar. Sci. 19: 159-174.

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Sutcliffe, R. 1970. Muraena acutirostris Abbott 1861, a synonym of the West Atlantic moray Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier) (Anguillida, Muraenidae). Carib. J. Sci. 10: 87-91. Tibbo, S. N. and L. M. Lauzier. 1961. Larval swordfish (Xiphias gladius) from three localities in the western Atlantic. Fish Res. Board Canada J. 26: 3248-3251. Tortonese, Enrico. 1962. Osservazinni: comparative intorno alla ittiofauna del Mediterraneo e delltAtlantico occidentale (Florida e Isole Bahamas). Natura (Milan) 53: 1-20. Vesey-Fitzgerald, Brian S. and Francesca LaMonte. 1949. Game fish of the world. Harper. New York, N. Y. xvii + 446 pp. Voss, Gilbert L. 1953. A contribution to the life history and biology of the sailfish Istiophorus americanus Cuv. and Val., in Florida waters. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib. 3: 206-240. Walters, Vladimir. 1957. Alphestes scholanderi, a new sea bass from the West Indies. Copeia 1957: 283-286. ---------and C. R. Robins. 1961. A new toadfish (Batrachoididae) considered to be a glacial relict in the West Indies. Amer. Mus. NOV. 2047: 1-24. Wicklund, Robert. 1968. Some night observations on marine animals in the Bahamas. Underw. Nat. 5: 24-27. Woods, L. P. 1965. Anew squirrel. fish (Adioryx poco) of the family Holocentridae from the Bahama Islands. Not. Nat. 377: 1-5. Yocum, Thomas G. 1971. Pinfish and rockcut goby, fishes new to the Bahamas. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 34: 131. K. GEOGRAPHY Anonymous. 1926. Maps of the Bahama Islands. Published by Authority (.HMSO?). 20 maps + 8 pp. of index. ---------1930. The Great Bahama Bank. Geogr. J. 75: 564-565. ---------1947. Directions for the treatment of geographical names in the Bahama Islands. Spec. Publ. 67. Dept. of the Interior. U. S. Board on Geographical Names. ---------1955. British West Indies and Bermuda. U. S. Board on Geographical Names. Dept. of the Interior. ---------1967a. Environmental atlas of the Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas. U. S. Naval Oceanog. Off. Spec. Publ. SP-94. 74 pp.

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Anonymous. 1967b. Earth photographs from Gemini 111, IV, and V. U.S.N.A.S.A. Spec. Publ. SP-129. 266 pp. Babcock, William H. 1920. Antillia and the Antilles. Geogr. Rev. 9: 109-124. Benjamin, George J. 1970. Diving into the blue holes of the Bahamas. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 138: 347-363. Blake, H. A. 1887. The Bahamas. Proc. Royal Geogr. Soc. 9.: 579-580. Booy, Theodoor de. 1919. The less-known regions of the West Indies. J. Geogr. 18: 57-62. Bounds, John Howard. 1966. Land use in the Bahamas. Ph.D. Diss. Dept. of Geography. Univ. Tennessee. Knoxville, Tennessee. 419 pp. ---------1969. The Bahamas. Focus 19 (9): 3-7. Bracey, D. R. 1968. Structural implications of magnetic anomalies north of the Bahamas-Antilles Islands. Geophy. 33: 950-961. Bryan, G. M. and R. G. Markl. 1966. Microtopography of the BlakeBahama region. Lamont Geol. Obs. Tech. Rept. TR-8. 59 pp. Chamberlain, Robert S. 1948. Discovery of the Bahama Channel. Tequesta 8: 109-116. Conrod, A. C., Anne Boersma, and M. G. Kelley. 1968. Investigation of visible region instrumentation for oceanographic satellites. M.I.T. Exp. Astron. Lab. Rept. RE-31: Vol. 11. 54 pp. ---------, M. G. Kelley, and Anne Boersma. 1968. Aerial photography for shallow water studies on the western edge of the Bahama Banks. M.I.T. Exp. Astron. Lab. Rept. RE-42. Coonley Davenport, and Mancel 1902. 119 photographs of the Bahamas presented to the Society's library. Geogr. J. 19: 539. Darlington, Philip Jackson, Jr. 1938. The origin of the fauna of the Greater Antilles, with discussion of dispersal of animals over water and through the air. Quart. Rev. Biol. 13: 274-300. Dierickx, Charles Wallace. 1952. An historical geography of the Bahama Islands. M.S. thesis. University of Florida. Gainesville, Florida. ---------1953. Some geographic problems of the Bahama Islands. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 16: 212-222. Dudley, Ray L. 1947. Flying magnetometer completing 80,000 square mile survey (of the Bahama Islands). World Oil 127: 247, 251.

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Fisher, Allan C., Jr. 1959. Cape Canaveral's 6,000-mile shooting gallery. Natl. Geagr. Mag. 116: 421-471. King, Wayne. 1962. The occurrence of rafts for disperal of land animals into the West Indies. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 25: 45-52. Long, E. John. 1964. Bahamas (revised edition). 1959-first edition. (Around the World Program-her. Geogr. Soc.) Doubleday. Garden City, N. Y. 64pp. Lucas, Charles Prestwood. 1890. Historical geography of the British Colonies. Vol. 2. West Indies. Ch. 2. The Bahamas (pp. 75-89). Clarendon Press. Oxford. Lynam, Edward. 1948. Early days in Bermuda and the Bahamas. Geogr. Mag. 21: 201-207. MacArthur, Robert H. and Edward 0. Wilson. 1967. The theory of island biogeography. (Monographs in Population Biology-1) Princeton Univ. Press. Princeton, N. J. MacKinnen, Daniel. 1804. A tour through the British West Indies in the years 1802 and 1803, giving a particular account of the Bahama Islands. J. White, London. 272 pp. Mitchell, Carleton. 1958. The Bahamas, isles of the blue-green sea. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 115: 147-203. ---------and James L. Stanfield. 1967.. The Bahamas; more of sea than of land. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 132: 218-267. Norton, Graham. 1967. People of the Out 728. Olschki, Leonard. 1941. Ponce de Leon's a geographical myth. Hispanic her. Islands. Geogr. Mag. 40: 704fountain of youth: history of Hist. Rev. 21: 361-385. / Psuty, Norbert P. and James S. Bailey. 1969. Lagoons, islands, offshore islands, shorelines and banks. in: Earth resource surveys from spacecraft, v. 2 (Leetsma, R. A., principal investigator; R. A. White, ed.) NASA, Earth Resource Group. Houston, Texas. p. G-7-G-14. Randall, John E. and Carleton Ray. 1958. Bahamian Land-and-Spa Park. Sea Frontiers 4: 72-80. Rowe, George. 1864. The colonial empire of Great Britain, considered chiefly with reference to its physical geography and industrial productions. The Atlantic group. Christian Knowledge Society. London.

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Schott, Charles A. 1882. An inquiry into the variation of the compass off the Bahama Islands at the time of the landfall of Columbus in 1492. U. S. Coast Geodetic Surv. Rept. for 1880. Appendix No. 19. Selby, M. J. 1970. Very high altitude photography in geography. 2: Landforms. N.Z. J. Geogr. 48: 4 p. (facing pp. 16-17) Shattuck, George B. 1903. The expedition to the Bahama Islands of the Geographical Society of Baltimore. Science 18: 427-432. ---------1905. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Macmillan Co. 630 pp. Simpich, Frederick. 1936. Bahama holiday. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 69: 219245. Smith, C. Lavett. 1965. Survey of the Bahamas. Nat. Hist. 74 (10): 62-65. Talwani, Manik. 1960a. Gravity anomalies in the Bahamas and their interpretation. Ph.D. Diss. Columbia Univ. New York, N. Y. 89 pp. ---------1960b. Gravity anomalies in the Bahamas (abst .) Diss. Abst. 21: 852-853. ---------, J. L. Worzel, and M. Ewing. 1959. Gravity anomalies and structure of the Bahamas. Lamont Geol. Obs. Columbia Univ. New York,N.Y. 9pp. ------------------and ---------1960. Gravity anomalies and structure of the Bahamas. Trans. 2nd. Carib. Geol. Conf. ~ayagiiez, Puerto Rico, 4-9 January, 1959. pp. 156-161. Thompson, T. A. 1944. A short geography of the Bahamas. Privately published. Nassau. Revised ed. printed 1949 by Nassau Daily Tribune. Nassau. Townsend, P. S. 1826. Memoir on the topography, weather and diseases of the Bahama Islands. J. Seymour Co. New York, N. Y. 80 pp. Worzel, John Lamar, William Maurice Ewing, and Charles Lum Drake. 1953. The Bahamas Islands regions. Part 1 of Gravity observations at.sea (abst.). Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 64: 1494-1495. Also Amer. Mineral. 39: 349-350. 1954. L. MAMMALOGY (INCLUDING SEA MAMMALS) Allen, Glover M. 1905. Notes on Bahama bats. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 18: 65-71.

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Allen, Glover M. 1911. Mammals of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 54: 175-263. ---------1937. Geocapromys remains from Exwna Island (Bahamas). J. Mamm. 18: 369-370. ---------and C. C. Sanborn. 1937. Notes on bats from the Bahamas. J. Mamm. 18: 226-228. Allen, J. A. 1891. Description of a new species of Capromys from the Plana Cays, Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 3: 329-336. Backus, Richard H. 1961. Stranded killer whale in the Bahamas. J. Mamm. 42: 418-419. Bangs, Outram. 1898. A new raccoon from'~assau Island, Bahamas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 12: 91-92. Caldwell, David K. and Melba C. Caldwell. 1971. Beaked whales, Ziphius cavirostris, in the Bahamas. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 34: 157160. Clough, Garrett C. 1969. The Bahaman Hutia: a rodent refound. Oryx 10: 106-108. ---------1972. Biology of the Bahaman Hutia, Geocapromys ingrahami. J. Mamm. 53: 807-823. ---------1973. A most peaceable rodent. Nat. Hist. 82: 66-74. ---------and George Fulk. 1971. The vertebrate fauna and the vegetation of East Plana Cay, Bahama Islands. Atoll Res. Bull. 138: 1-17. Cummings, W. C. 1963. Recent studies at the acoustic-video system: occurrence of animal sounds at Bimini (abst.). Assn. Is. Mar. Labs. 1963: 5. Goldman, E. A. 1950. Raccoons of North and Middle America. N. Amer. Fauna 60: 1-153. Harper, Francis. 1930. Notes on certain forms of the house mouse (Mus musculus), particularly those of eastern North America. J. Mamm. 11: 49-52. Hecht, M. K. 1955. The comparison of recent and fossil amphibian, reptilian, and mammalian faunas in the Bahamas. Yearb. Amer. Phil, Soc. for 1954 : 133-135. Howe, R. J. 1971. Social behavior of the Bahaman hutia (Geocapromys ingrahami) with an investigation of marking behavior.. M.S. Thesis. Univ. Rhode Island. Kingston, R. I. 71 pp.

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Howe, R. J. and G. Clough. 1971. The Bahaman hutia in captivity. Int. Zool. Yearb. 11: 89-93. Koopman, Karl F. 1951. Fossil bats from the Bahamas. J. Mamm. 32: 229. ---------, Max K. Hecht, and Emanuel Ledecky-Janecek. 1957. Notes on the mammals of the Bahamas with special reference to the bats. J. Mamm. 38: 164-174. Lawrence, Barbara. 1934. New Geocapromys from the Bahamas. Occ; Paper Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 189-196. McKinley, Daniel. 1959. Historical note on the Bahama raccoon. J. Mamm. 40: 248-249. MacLeay, W. S. 1829. J. 4: 269-278. Notes on the genus Capromys of Demarest. Zool. Miller, G. H. 1931. The red bats of the Greater Antilles. J. Mamm. 12: 409-410. Miller, Gerrit S. 1903. A new Nataline bat from the Bahamas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 16: 119-120. ---------1905. Mammals of the Bahama Islands. in,: Shattuck, George B., ed. The Bahama Islands. Geographical so=ety of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 371-384. ---------1929. The characters of the genus Geocapromys Chapman. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 82 (3029): 1-3. Moore, Joseph Curtis. 1958. A beaked whale from the Bahama Islands and comments on the distribution of Mesoplodon densirostris. her. Mus. NOV. 1897: 1-12. Nesbitt, C. R. 1836. On the Bahama fisheries. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 11: 126-136. Rebach, J. A. 1971. Comparison of gas exchange and water balance of the nutria, Myocastor coypus, and the hutia, Geocapromys ingrahami. Ph.D. Diss. Univ. Rhode Island. Kingston, R. I. Schwartz, Albert. 1955. The status of the species of the brasiliensis group of the genus Tadarida. J. Mamm. 36: 106-107. Shamel, H. H. 1931. Bats from the Bahamas. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 21: 251-253. Sherman, H. B. 1954. Raccoons of the Bahama Islands. J. Mamrn. 35: 126.

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Smith, Robert R., et al. 1971-72. A study of the near shore and terrestrial flora of San Salvador Island. 3 vol. College Center of the Finger Lakes. Corning, N. Y. 1 chapter on Bush medicine of San Salvador Is land. Spencer, D. J. 1972. Suicide in the Bahamas. Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry 18: 110-113. Stafford, J. L., R. K. Hill, and E. L. Demontaigne. 1955. Microfilariasis in the Turks Islands. W. I. Med. J. 4: 183-187. Townsend, P. S. 1826. Memoir on the topography, weather and diseases of the Bahama Islands. J. Seymour Co. New York, N. Y. 80 pp. N. GENERAL NATURAL HISTORY INCLUDING REPORTS AND SEMI -POPULAR ACCOUNTS Anonymous. 1903. Expedition to the Bahama Islands. Bull. Geogr. Soc. 35: 538-539. ---------(undated, but probably 1960). The Lerner Marine Laboratory at Bimini, Bahamas. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. New York, N. Y. 52 pp. ---------1971. Commonwealth of the Bahama Islands. Background Notes. Dept. of State Publ. 8329: 1-4. Agassiz, Alexander. 1893. Observations in the West Indies. Amer. J. Sci. Ser. 111. 45: 358-362. ---------1894. Reconnaissance of the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 26: 1-203. Allen, Elsa G. 1937. New light on Mark Catesby. Auk 54: 349-363. Allen, Glover M. and Thomas Barbour. 1904. Narrative of a trip to the Bahamas. Privately printed. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 10 pp., 3 pl., 1 map, 1 fig. Andrews, E. A., R. P. Bigelow, and T. H. Morgan. 1945. Three at Bimini. Sci. Monthly 61: 333-344. Ballou, H. A. 1910. Legislation in the West Indies for the control of pests and diseases in imported plants. W. I. Bull. 10: 197-234. (Bahamas, p .233) Batchelder, C. F. 1951. A bibliography of the published writings of Charles Johnson Maynard (1845-1929). J. Soc. Bibl. Nat. Hist. 2 (7) : 227-260.

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Benjamin, George J. 1970. Diving into the blue holes of the Bahamas. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 138: 347-363. Boersma, Anne. 1968. Bibliography on the Bahama Islands. M.I.T. Exp. Astron. Lab. Rept. No. RN-37. 60 pp. Bounds, John Howard. 1966. Land use in the Bahamas. Ph.D. Diss. University of Tennessee. Knoxville, Tennessee. 419 pp. ---------1969. The Bahamas. Focus 19 (9) : 37. Breder, C. M., Jr. 1933. The Bacon-Andros Expeditions. Bull. N. Y. ZOO^. SOC. 36: 54-65. ---------1934. Ecology of an oceanic fresh-water lake, Andros Island, Bahamas, with special reference to its fishes. Zoologica 18: 57-88. Britton, N. L. 1904a. Explorations in Florida and the Bahamas. J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 5: 129-136. ---------1904b. Report on exploration of the Bahamas. J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 5: 201-209. --..------1905. Explorations in the Bahamas. J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 6: 78-85. Bryant, H. 1859. Observations on the Bahama Islands. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. Proc. 7: 85. Bunt, John S. 1971. New lab beneath the Bahamian Sea. Sea Frontiers 17: 171-174. ---------, K. E. Cooksey, M. A. Heeb, C. C. Lee, and B. F. Taylor. 1970. Assay of algal nitrogen fixation in the marine subtropics by acetylene reduction. Nature 227: 1163-1164. Catesby, Mark. 1731-43. The natural history of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands. (ed. 1). 2 vol. London. Dowling, Allan. 1942. A report on the Bahamas and Biminis. M. B. Carstairs, Whale Cay. 73 pp (only 5 copies printed) Dowsdn, William. 1960. A mission to the West Indies; Dowsonts journal for 1810-17. A. Deans Peggs, ed. Deans Peggs Research Fund. Crown Agents London. Durrell, ~oe' C. 1972. The innocent island Abaco in the Bahamas. Durrell Publications. Distributed by Stephen Greene Press. Bratt leboro, Vermont. 157 pp Eggers, H. F. A. ,1892. Die Bahama Inseln. Globus 62: 209-214.

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Fang, Carol and W. Harrison. 1972. Bahamas Bibliography. A list of citations for scientific, engineering and historical articles pertaining to the Bahama Islands. Spec. Sci. Rept. No. 56. Virginia Inst. Mar. Sci. Gloucester Point, Virginia. Firck, G. F. and R. P. Stearns. 1961. Mark Catesby the colonial Audubon. Univ. of Illinois Press. Urbana, Illinois. x + 137 pp. Graves, John. 1708. A memorial: or a short account of the Bahama Islands, etc. Privately printed. Harvey, Thomas Chapman. 1858. Official reports of the Out Islands of the Bahamas. T. Darling, J. M. Connor, and T. Williams. Nassau. Hassam, John Tyler. 1899. The Bahama Islands. Notes on an early attempt at colonization. John Wilson and Son. Cambridge, Massachusets. 55 pp. Reprinted Proc. Massachusetts Hist. Soc. 2nd Ser. 1899: 4-58. Haweis, Stephen. 1917. The book about the sea gardens of Nassau, Bahamas. P. F. Collier. New York, N. Y. 78 pp. Ives, Charles. 1880. Isles of summer, or Nassau and the Bahamas. Newhaven, published by the author. 356 pp. Keller, Alan. 1968. Bahamas beaches saved from oil pollution. Dock and Harbor Authority 79: 100-102. 8 Klingel, Gilbert C. 1932. Shipwrecked on Inagua. Nat. Hist. 32: 42-55. ---------1940a. The edge of the edge of the world. Nat. Hist. 45: 68-73. ---------1940b. Inagua. Dodd, Mead and Co. New York, N. Y. ---------1959. Wonders of Inagua, which is the name of a very lonely and nearly forgotten island. Robert Hale, Ltd. London. ---------1961. The ocean island (Inagua). Anchor Books; Doubleday and Fo. Garden City, N. Y. 415 pp. Knabe, Jerzy and Brodislaw Siadek. 1967. Bahamy (Die Bahamainseln) Poznaj Swiat (Warszawa) 172: 33-36. LaGorce, John Oliver. 1919. Devil-fishing in the Gulf Stream. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 35: 476-488. MacKinnen, Daniel. 1804. A tour through the British West Indies in the years 1802 and 1803, giving a particular account of the Bahama Islands. J. White. London. 272 pp.

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Mathewson, Robert F. 1963a. The Lerner Marine Laboratory. The American Museum of Natural History. Amer. Zool. 3: 288. ---------1963b. An aerial reconnaissance of the Bahama Islands. Assn. Is. Mar. Labs. Nov. 1963: 25. Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1887. Six months in the Bahamas; or jottings from a naturalist's note book. Amer. Exchange and Mart and Household J. 3: 9; 3: 21; 3: 33; 3: 45; 3: 51; 3: 69; 3: 117; 3: 129; 3: 142; 3: 165; 3: 176-177; 3: 188-189; 3: 200-201; 3: 225; 3: 261. ---------1918. Dawn on San Salvador. Rec. Walks and Talks with Nat. 10: 51-52. Miner, Eunice Waldo. 1926. Scenes in the Isles of June. Nat. Hist. 26 (6): 8 unnumbered pages between 604 and 605. Miner, Roy Waldo. 1926. The Bahamas in sunshine and storm. Nat. Hist. 26: 588-604. ---------1930. Above and below Bahaman waters. Nat. Hist. 30: 593605. ---------1934. Coral castle builders of tropic seas. Navl. Geogr. Mag. 65: 703-728. Mitchell, Carleton. 1948. Carib cruises the West Indies. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 93: 1-56. ---------1958. The Bahamas, isles of the blue-green sea. Natl. Geogr. Mag. 113: 147-203. Northrop, John I. 1910. A naturalist in the Bahamas. Memorial Volume. Columbia University Press. New York, N. Y. Nutting, C. C. 1894. The Bahama Expedition. Sci. expeditions of the State Univ. Iowa 1893: 12-32. ---------1895. Narrative and preliminary report of Bahama Expedition. Bull. Lab. Nat. Hist. State Univ. Iowa 3: 1-25. ---------1901. The laboratory equipment of the "Bahama Expedition" from the University of Iowa. J. Appl. Microscopy 4: 1229-1234. Olschki, Leonardi. 1941. What Columbus saw on landing in the West Indies. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 84: 633-659. Posnett, N. W. 1968. Land resource bibliography No. 1 Bahamas. Land Resources Division, Directorate of Overseas Surveys. Tolworth, Surrey.

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Posnett, N. W. and P. M. Reilly. 1971. Land resource bibliography. I. Bahamas. Land Resources Division. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Overseas Development Administration. London. 74 pp. Rabb, G. B. and E. B. Hayden, Jr. 1957. The Van Voast American Museum of Natural History Bahama Islands Expedition. Amer. Mus. NOV. 1836: 1-53. Ray, Carleton, ed. 1958. Report of the Exuma Cays Project. Results of a survey made January 19-28, 1958 under the auspices of the New York Zoological Society and the Conservation Foundation. Bahamas National Trust. Nassau. (revised 1961). ---------and Alexander Sprunt IV. '1971. Parks and conservation in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Administrator Office, Turks and Caicos Islands. 45 pp. ~ .. Rigg, J. Linton. 1949. Bahama Islands. Van Nostrand Co. New York, N. Y. Reprinted 1951, 1959, Eugene C. Connett, ed. ~osgn, Nils. 1911. Contribution to the fauna of the Bahamas. I. A general account of the fauna, with remarks on the physiography of $he islands. 11. The Reptiles. 111. The Fishes. Lunds Univ. Arssk. N. F. Afd. 2, Bd. 7: 3-72. (Acta Univ. Lundensis, nova series) Rothrock, J. T. 1892. Some observations on the Bahamas and Jamaica. Proc. her. Phil. Soc. 29: 145-148. Shattuck, George Burbank, ed. 1905a. The Bahama Islands. Geographical Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Macmillan Co. 630 pp. ---------1905b. Some general considerations relating to the Bahama Islands. in: ~hattuik, George Burbank, ed. The Bahama Islands. ~eo~ra~hicx Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Macmillan CO. pp 587-600. ---------and Benjamin LeRoy Miller. 1905. Physiography and geology of the Bahama Islands. in: Shattuck, George Burbank, ed. The Bahama Islands ~eo~ra~Kca1 Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Macmillan Co. pp 3-20. Shedden, Evelyn. 1930. Ins and outs of the Bahama Islands (as seen from the "Livonialr). Goose and Sons. Norwich. 32 pp. Smiley, Nixon. 1962a. Learn more about South Florida by learning more about Bahamas. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 17: 4. (Indexed as "Bahamas story: introduction, geology,, soil and climate, native plants, helpful booksrr) ---------1962b. Gem-like Bahamas created from seats violbnt ups and downs. Fairchild Trop. Gard. Bull. 7: 5-19.

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Stephens, William M. 1968. Southern seashores: a world of animals and plants. Holiday House. New York, N. Y. 188 pp. Thompson, T. A. 1944. A short geography of the Bahamas. Privately published. Nassau. Revised and reprinted 1949 by Nassau Daily Tribune. Westermann, J. H. 1953. Nature preservation in the Caribbean. A review of literature on the destruction and preservation of flora and fauna in the Caribbean area. Found. Sci Res Surinam and Netherlands Antilles. Utrecht. Publ. No. 9. 107 pp. (Bahamas, p. 12-15; 70). Wilson, Robert L. and Robert L. Berbenback. 1961. Observations of present day carbonate environments in the Bahama Islands (abst.). Tennessee Acad. J. Sci. 36: 140. ---------and ---------1963. Observations of present-day carbonate environments in the Bahama Islands. Tennessee Acad. Sci. J. 38: 31-36. Wolper, Ruth G. Durlacher. 1964. A new theory identifying the locale of Columbusls light, landfall, and landing. Smithsonian Misc. Coll 148 (1) : 41 pp. Wylly, William. 1789. A short account of the Bahama Islands, their climate, productions, etc. London. 44 pp. 0. ORNITHOLOGY Anonymous. 1966. New national park for flamingos (Great Inagua, Bahamas). Oryx J. Fauna Preserv. Soc. 8: 276. Aldrich, John W. and Allen J. Duvall. 1958. Distribution and migration of races of the Mourning dove. Condor 60: 108-128. Allen, Elsa G. 1937. New.light on Mark Catesby. Auk 54: 349-363. Allen, Glover M. 1905. Summer birds in the Bahamas.' Auk 22: 113-133. Allen, J. A. 1887. Maynard on "Five new species of birds from the Bahamas Auk 4 : 155. ---------1890. Description of a new species of Icterus from Andros Island, Fahamas. Auk 7: 344-346 + 1 color pl. (Reprinted in Northrop, John I. A naturalist in the Bahamas. Memorial Volume. 1910. pp. 66-68). ---------1892. Chapman on the origin of the avifauna of the Bahamas. Auk 9: 179-180.

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86 Allen, J. A. 1900. New birds from the Bahamas. Auk. 17: 187. Bangs, Outram. 1900. Notes on a collection of Bahama birds. Auk. 17: 283-293. ---------1916. The smaller mockingbird of the northern Bahamas. New Eng. Zool. Club Proc. 6: 23. Bond, James. 1934. The distribution and origin of the West Indian avifauna. Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 73: 341-349. ---------1945. Additional notes on West Indian birds. Not. Nat. 148: 1-4. ---------1948. Origin of the bird fauna of the West Indies. Wilson Bull. 60 : 207-229. ---------1956. Check-list of birds of the West Indies. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. ix + 214 pp. ---------1963. Derivation of the Antillean avifauna. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 115: 79-98. ---------1971. Birds of the West Indies. Houghton Mifflin Co. New York, N. Y. Bonhote, J. Lewis. 1899. A list of birds collected on the Island of New Providence, Bahamas. Ibis ser. 7, Vol. 5: 506-520. ---------1901. On a collection of birds made by Mr. T. R. Thompson at the Cay Lobos Lighthouse, Bahamas. Auk 18: 145-149. ---------1902. Field notes on some Bahama birds. Aviculture Mag. Ser. I, Vol. 8: 278-285. ---------1903a. On a collection of birds from the northern Islands of the Baharna group. Ibis, ser. 8, Vol. 3: 273-315. ---------1903b. Field notes in some Bahama birds. Aviculture Mag., N. S. 1: 19-24; 54-62; 87-95. ---------1903c. Bird migration at some of the Bahama lighthouses. Auk 20: 169-179. Boynton, Alice M. 1908. Bahama news. Bird-lore 10: 192. Brodkorb, Pierce. 1959. Pleistocene birds from New Providence Island, Bahamas. Bull. Florida State Mus. 4: 349-371. Bryant, H. 1859. A list of birds seen at the Bahamas from January 20th to May 14th, 1859 with descriptions of new or little known species. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 7: 102-134.

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Bryant, H. 1863. Description of two birds from the Bahama Islands, hitherto undescribed. Proc. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc. 9: 279-280. ---------1866. Additions to a list of birds seen at the Bahamas. Proc. Boston Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 63-70. Buden, Donald W. and Albert Schwartz. 1968. Reptiles and birds of Cay Sal Bank, Bahama Islands. Quart. .J. Florida Acad. Sci. 31: 290-320. Challinor, David J. 1962. Recent sight record of Kirtlandls warbler in the Bahamas. Wilson Bull. 74: 290. Chapman, Frank M. 1891. The origin of the avifauna of the Bahamas. Amer. Nat. 25: 528-539. ---------1904. A flamingo city: recording a recent exploration into a little-known field of ornithology. Century Mag 69: 163-180. ---------1908. Camps and cruises of an ornithologist. Hodder and Stoughton. London. 432 pp. Part iv. Bahama bird-life. Introductory, The Flamingo, The egg birds, The booby and the man-of-war bird. pp. 151-228. Conklin, Kathleen. 1970. Post-Columbian birds from Abaco Island, Bahamas. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 33: 237-240. Cory, Charles B. 1886a. The birds of the West Indies, including the Bahama Islands, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, excepting the islands of Tobago and Trinidad. Auk 3: 1-59; 187-245; 337-381; 454-472. ---------1886b. The birds of the Bahama Islands (containing many birds new to the Islands and a number of undescribed winter plumages of North American birds). Estes and Lauriat. Boston. 250 pp. 2nd ed. 1890. 3rd ed. 1892. ---------1891a. A list of 'birds taken and observed in Cuba and the Bahama Islands, during March and April 1891. Auk 8: 292-296. ---------1891b. List of the birds collected by C. L. Winch in the Caicos Islands and Inagua, Bahamas, during January and February, and in Abaco, in March 1891. Auk 8: 296-298. ---------1981c. On a collection of birds made on the islands of Anguilla and Cay Sal or Salt Cay, Bahamas, by Mr. Cyrus S. Winch during May 1891. Auk 8: 352. Durrell, Zo6 C. 1972. The innocent island Abaco in the Bahamas. Durrell Publications. Distributed by Stephen Greene Press. Brattleboro, Vermont. 157 pp.

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Emlen, John T. 1973. Territorial aggression in wintering warblers at Bahama agave blossoms. Wilson Bull. 85: 71-74. Fleming, J. H. 1901. European lapwing in the Bahamas. Auk 18: 272. Friedman, Ralph. 1948. Black skimmer and white pelican in the Bahamas. Auk 65: 142. Fuertes, Louis Agassiz. 1904. After flamingos in the Bahamas. Windsor Mag. (July) 20: 219-226. Greenway, James C., Jr. 1963. A name for the hummingbird of the Caicos Islands. Proc. N. Eng. Zool. Club 15: 105-106. Hartley, George I. 1924. The lost flamingos. Century Co. New York and London. 319 pp. Kale, Herbert W. 11, Margaret H. Hundley, and James A. Tucker. 1969. Tower-killed specimens and observations of migrant birds from Grand Bahama Island. Wilson Bull. 81: 258-263. Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1884a. Catalogue of Bahama birds' skins, nests, and eggs. Privately printed. ---------1884b. Notes on the breeding habits of the American flamingo, etc. (Phoenicopterus ruber). Naturalist in Florida 1: 1. ---------1885. Remarkable birds. No. 3. Bahama woodpecker (Picus insularis Nobis). Naturalist in Florida 1: 13. ---------1887a. Descriptions of five new species of birds from the Bahamas. Amer. Exchange and Mart and Household J. 3: 33. ---------1887b. Corrected descriptions of five new species of birds from the Bahamas. Amer. Exchange and Mart and Household J. 3: 69. ---------1890. Notes on West Indian birds. Contr. Sci. 1: 171-181; 2: 92-105. -& 1894. Defense glands in a Bahama species of phasa. Contr. Sci. 2: 191-194. ---------1895, Illustrations and descriptions of the birds of the Bahamas. Bahama fruit finch:Spindalis zena. Boston. C. J. Maynard and Co. ---------1898 (on title page; 1903 in appendix). A catalogue of the birds of the West Indies which do not occur elsewhere in North America north of Mexico (plus appendix). Privately printed. Newtonville, Massachusetts.

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Mayr, Ernst. 1953. Additional notes on the birds of Bimini, Bahamas. Auk 70: 499-501. Mitchell, Carleton. 1957. Ballerinas in pink (flamingos) Natl. Geogr. Mag. 112: 553-571. Northrop, John I. 1891a. The birds of Andros Island, Bahamas. Auk 8: 64-80. (Reprinted in Northrop, John I. A naturalist in the Bahamas. Memorial volume. Columbia Univ. Press. New York, N. Y. 1910. pp. 50-65.) ---------1891c. Bahama birds. N. Y. Acad. Sci. Trans. 10: 52-53. Palmer, W. and J. H. Riley. 1902. Description of three new birds from Cuba and the Bahamas. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 15: 33-34. Paterson, Andrew. 1972. Birds of the Bahamas. Durrell Publ. Distributed by Stephen Greene Press. Brattleboro, Vermont. 180 pp. Paulson, Dennis R. 1966. New records of birds from the Bahama. Islands. Not. Nat. 394: 1-15. Peter, James L. 1927. The Virginia nighthawk in the Bahamas. Auk 44: 421. Ridgway, Robert. 1891. List of birds collected on the Bahama Islands by naturalists of the Fish Commission steamer tlAlbatross.tl Auk 8: 333339. ---------1902. Descriptions of three new birds of the families Mniotiltidae and Corvidae. Auk 19: 69-70. Riley, J. H. 1903a. A new subspecies of highthawk from the Bahama Islands. Auk 20: 431-433. ---------1903b. The snowy plover in the Bahamas. Auk 20: 433. ---------1903c. The second known specimen of Centurus myeanus Ridgway. Auk 20: 434. ---------1905a. List of birds collected or observed during the Bahama expedition of the Geographic Society of Baltimore. Auk 22: 349-360. ---------1905b. Birds of the Bahama Islands. in: Shattuck, George Burbank, ed The Bahama Is lands. ~eo~ra~hsal Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 347-368. ---------1913. The Bahama barn owl. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 26: 153-154.

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Sever, Bruce B. 1964. Basic data on the economy of the Bahama Islands. U. S. Bureau of Int. Commerce. Overseas Business Rept. OBR 64-38. 9 pp. Stark, J. H. 1891. Stark's history and guide to the Bahama Islands .... including their history, inhabitants, climate, agriculture, geology, government. Boston. J. H. Stark Co. ---------1943. The Bahamas look to the future. Foreign Commerce Weekly. 11: 8-10. (Reprinted: U. S. Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Inquiry reference service. War developments in the West Indies. Washington, D. C. 39 pp.). Thielen, Benedict. 1964. The Bahamas golden archipelago. Holiday 36: 60-72 +. Wilson, Frank I. 1864. Sketches of Nassau. Standard Press. Raleigh, North Carolina. Wilson, Henry A. 1891. A winter visit to the Bahamas Islands. Mass. Hort. Soc. Trans. 1891: 210-229. R PALEONTOLOGY Brodkorb, Pierce. 1959. Pleistocene birds from New Providence Island, Bahamas. Bull. Florida State Mus. 4: 349-371. Cloud, Preston E., Jr. and Virgil E. Barnes. 1948. Palaeoecology of the early Ordovician sea in central Texas. Natl. Res. Council, Rept. Committee on Treatise Mar. Ecol. and Paleoecology 1947-48. pp. 29-83. Corgan, James X. 1969. Pleistocene marine molluscan faunules from the Little Bahama Bank (abst.). Tennessee Acad. Sci. J. 44: 49. Craig, G. Y. 1967. Size-frequency distributions of living and dead populations of pelecypods from Bimini, Bahamas. J. Geol. 75: 34-45. Dall, William H. 1905a. Notes on the fossils of the Bahamas (abst.). Science 21 : 390-391. ---------1905b. Fossils of the Bahama Islands, with a list of the non-marine mollusks. in: Shattuck, George Burbank, ed. The Bahama Islands. ~eo~rGhica1 Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 23-47. Etheridge, Richard. 1965. Pleistocene lizards from New Providence. Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 28: 349-358.

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Fabricius, Frank. 1964. Aktive Lageund ~rtsversnderung bei de Koloniekoral le Manicena a~eolata und ihre pal~o~kologische Bedeutung (with English summary). Senckenbergiana Lethaea 34: 299-317. Gibson, T. G. and J. Schlee. 1967. Sediments and fossiliferous rocks from the eastern side of the Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas. DeepSea Res. 14: 691-702. Hebard, Edgar B. 1967. Pleistocene mollusks from New providence Island, Bahamas. Nautilus 81: 41-44. ~echt, M. K. 1955. The comparison of recent and fossil amphibian, reptilian, and mammalian faunas in the Bahamas. Yearb. Amer. Phil. Soc. for 1954: 133-135. Jones, J. I. and W. D. Bock. 1963. race element distribution in some living and fossil Foraminifera from south Florida, Bahamian, and Caribbean waters. Geol. Soc. Amer. Ann. Meeting, 1963, Program 88A. Koopman, Karl F. 1951. Fossil bats from the Bahamas. J. Mamrn. 32: 229. Kornicker, Louis S. 1963a. The Bahama Banks: a "living1' fossil environment. J. Geol. Ed. 11: 17-25. 1963b. Ecology and classification of Bahamian Cytherellidae (Ostracoda). Micropaleontology 9: 61-71. Lynts, George W. 1971. Analysis of the planktonic Foraminifera1 fauna of core 6275, Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas. Micropaleontology 17: 152-166. Pessagno, E. A., Jr. 1969 (?). Mesozoic planktonic Foraminifera and Radiolaria. in: Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. I. 1, Leg 1 of cruises of the Glomar Challenger, Orange, Texas to Hoboken, N. J. August to September 1968. U.S.G.P.01 ,Washington, D. C. pp. 607-621. ---------1971. Jurassic and Cretaceous Hagiastridae from the BlakeBahama Basin (Site SA,' JOIDES Leg 1) and the Great Valley sequence, California Coast Ranges. Bull. Amer. Paleont. 60: 1-83. ---------1972. Cretaceous Radiolaria: 11. Pseudoaulophacidae Riedel from the Cretaceous of California and the Blake-Bahama Basin (JOIDES leg I). Bull. Amer. Paleont. 61: 283-325. Richards, Horace Gardiner. 1954. Pleistocene mollusks from Andros Island, Bahamas. Nautilus 67: 120-121. ---------1971. Sea level during the past 11,000 years as indicated by data from North and South America. Quaternaria 14: 7-15.

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Vaughan, Thomas W., M. A. Howe, et al. 1919. Contributions to the geology and paleontology of the West Indies. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 291. 184 pp. Wetmore, Alexander. 1937. Bird remains from cave deposits on Great Exuma Island in the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 80: 427-441. ---------1938. Bird remains from the West Indies. I. Records from cave deposits on Crooked Island, Bahamas. Auk 55: 51-55. ---------1955. A check-list of the fossil and prehistoric birds of North America and the West Indies. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 131 (5): 1-105. Wilson, R. L., R. E. Bergenback, and C. P. Finlayson. 1962. Fossil coral reefs, Fresh Creek, Andros Island, Bahamas (abst.). Geol. Soc. her. Spec. Paper 68: 82. Wing, Elizabeth, S. 1969. Vertebrate remains excavated from San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Carib. J. Sci. 9: 25-29. S SO1 L SCIENCE Anonymous. 1928. The Bahama Islands. Information as to trade, soil, climate, etc. for intending settlers, tourists and business men. Development Board. Nassau. 24 pp. + 1 map. Ahmad, N. and Robert L. Jones. 1969. Occurrence of aluminous lateritic soils (bauxites) in the Bahamas and Cayman Islands. Econ. Geol. 64: 804-808. Illing, L. V. 1954. Bahaman calcareous sands. Amer. Assn. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 38: 1-95. Millard, R. S. 1959. Road problems in the Bahamas. Dept. Sci. Indust. Res. Road Res. Lab. Note No. RN/3458/RSI. Nassau. 6 pp. Mooney, Charles N. 1905. Soils of the Bahama Islands. in: Shattuck, George Burbank, ed. The Bahama Islands. ~eo~ra~hicx Society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 147-181. Northcroft, George J. H. 1902. Sketches of Summerland giving some account of Nassau and the Bahamas Islands. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. Chapter 15-Soils and agriculture, pp. 174-185. Orpurt, Philip A. 1964. The microfungal flora of bat cave soil from Eleuthera Island, the Bahamas. Canad. J. Bot. 42: 1629-1633. Robertson, E. C. 1958. Experimental consolidation of aragonite mud (abst.). Wash. Acad. Sci. J. 48: 142-143.

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Sharples, S. P. 1883. Turks Island and the guano caves of the Caicos Islands. Proc. Boston Soc; Nat. Hist. 22: 242-252. Storr, John. 1835. On certain manures applicable to the soils of the Bahamas. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 5: 40-43. T. TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS Anonymous. 1836. (On the salt ponds at East. Caicos). J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 17: 182-183. ---------1859. Turk's Island. Salt exported. J. her. Geogr. Stat. Soc. (N.Y.) 1: 123. ---------1973. The West Indies and Caribbean Yearb. Thomas Skinner Directories. Croyden. 985 pp. Turks and Caicos Is. pp. 191-196. Booy, Theodoor de. 1912. Lucayan remains on the Caicos Islands. her. Anthrop. 14: 81-105. ---------1918. The Turks and Caicos Islands, British West Indies. Geogr. Rev. 6: 37-51. Collins, Doreen. 1961a. The Turks and Caicos Islands; some impressions of an English visitor. Carib. Quart. 7: 163-167. ---------1961b. Turks and Caicos: unknown islands in the sun. New Commonwealth 39: 377-378. Cory, Charles B. 1891. List of birds collected by C. L. Winch in the Caicos Islands and Inagua, Bahamas, during January and February, and in Abaco, in March 1891. Auk 8: 296-298. Darrell, H. A. 1931. A Turks Island call for attention. Canad. W. I. Mag. 20: 108-109. Doran, E. B. 1958. The Caicos conch trade. Geogr. Rev. 48: 388-401. Doran, Edwin. 1955. Land forms of the southeastern Bahamas. Dept. of Geogr., Univ. of Texas, Publ. 5509. Austin, Texas. 38 pp. + 12 maps Greenway, James C., Jr. 1963. A name for the hummingbird of the Caicos Islands. Proc. N. Eng. Zool. Club 15: 105-106. Guppy, H. B. 1917. Plants, seeds, and currents in the West Indies and Azores. Williams and Norgate. London. 531 pp. Howe, Marshall A. and Percy Wilson. 1908. Report on the botanical exploration of the Bahama and Caicos Islands, J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 41-50.

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Isocrates. 1944. Bermuda's claim to Turk's Islands. Bermuda Hist. Quart. 1 (2, 4): 21-32; 179-188. Lewis, C. B. 1954. The Turks and Caicos Islands. Nat. Hist. Note in Nat. Hist. Soc. Jamaica No. 66. Nichols, J. T. 1921. A list of Turks Islands fishes, with a description of a new flatfish. her. Mus. Nat. Hist. Bull. 44: 21-24. Parr, Albert Eide. 1930. Teleostean shore and shallow-water fishes from the Bahamas and Turks Island. Bull Bingham Oceanog. Coll. 3: 1-148 + 38 fig. Peake, R. E. 1899. On the survey by the S. S. "Britannia" of the cable route between Bermuda, Turk's Islands, and Jamaica, with description by Sir John Murray of the marine deposits brought home. Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh 22 : 409-429. Proctor, G. R. 1954-55. Notes on the vegetation of the Turks and Caicos Islands. Nat. Hist. Soc. Jamaica 6: 149-152; 170-174; 199-203. Ray, Carleton and Alexander Sprunt IV. 1971. Parks and conservation in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Administrator Office, Turks and Caicos Is. Grand Turk. Sadler, H. E. 1970. Turks Island landfall. Privately offered for sale. Grand Turk. 200 pp. Schneider, E. D. and B. C. Heezen. 1966. Sediments of the Caicos Outer Ridge, the Bahamas. Geol. Soc. her. Bull. 77: 1381-1398. Sharples, S. P. 1883. Turks Island and the guano caves of the Caicos Islands. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 22: 242-252. Smith, Hosay. (undated but appeared in 1968). A history of the Turks and Cajcos Islands. Published privately. Hamilton, Bermuda. Stafford, J. L., R. K. Hill, and E. L. Demontaigne. 1955. Microfiliari'asis in the Turks Islands. W. I. Med. J. 4: 183-187. Verhoog, Pieter. 1954. Columbus landed oncaicos. Proc. U. S. Naval Inst. 80: 1101-1111. Watkins, F. H. 1908. Report on the salt industry. Colonial Rept. Misc. No. 56. Turks and Caicos Islands. London.

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W. NOVELS AND OTHER STORIES WITH MENTION OF NATURAL HISTORY Bell, Major H. MacLachlan. 1934. Isles of June. Williams and Norgate. London. 226 pp. Bothwell, Jean. 1965. By sail and wind: the story of the Bahamas. Abelard-Schuman. London. 152 pp. Bruce, Peter Henry. 1949. Bahamian Interlude. Richard Kent, ed. J. Culmer. London. Burns, A. C. 1949. Colonial civil servant. Allen and Unwin. London. 339 pp. Cottman, Evans W. 1963 (with Wyatt Blassingame). Out-Island Doctor. E. P. Dutton and Co., Inc. New York, N. Y. 248 pp. Cowles, E. 1932. Sand-hills and mountains; memoirs of a civil servant. A. H. Stockwell. London. 158 pp. Defries, Amelia Dorothy. 1917. In a forgotten colony. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. 278 pp. ---------1929. The Fortunate Island. Cecil Palmer. London. Forbes, Rosita. 1939. A unicorn in the Bahamas. Herbert Jenkins. London. 244 pp. Ford, Leslie. 1952. The Bahamas murder case. Collins. London. Hains, T. Jenkins. 1908. Bahama Bill. L. C. Page and Co. Boston. 368 pp Hayes, Nelson. 1940. Dildo Cay. Houghton Mifflin Co. Boston. 329 pp. ---------1961. The roof of the.wind. Doubleday. Garden City, N. Y. 216 pp. Reprinted 1962. Redman Co. London. Helweg-Larsen, Kjeld. 1963. Columbus never came. Jarrolds. London. 240 pp. ---------1967. Pieces of Paradise. Jarrolds. London. 184 pp. ---------1970. Arawaks and astronauts: twenty years on Eleuthera. Jarrolds. London. 192 pp. Hemingway, Ernest. 1952. Old man and the sea. Scribners Sons. New York, N. Y. 140 pp.

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Hemingway, Ernest. 1970. Islands in the stream. Scribners Sons. New York, N. Y 466 pp. Langton-Jones, Ronald. 1944. Silent sentinals. (On lighthouses). Frederick Muller. London. 332 pp. LeGallienne, Richard. 1918. Pieces of eight: being the authentic narrative of a treasure discovered in the Bahama Islands in the year 1903 now first given to the public. Doubleday, Page and Co., Garden City, N. Y. 333 pp. Lester, George. 1897. In sunny isles: chapters treating chiefly of the Bahama Islands and Cuba. Charles H. Kelly. London. 144 pp. Lorraine, Adela de. 1827. Letters from the Bahama Islands. H. C. Carey and I. Lea. Philadelphia. 207' pp. McKenna, Stephen. 1923. By intervention of Providence. Little, Brown and Co. Boston. 298 pp. North, Lionel. 1910. Off Elbow Light; a story of adventure in the Bahamas. Charles H. Kelly. London. 248 pp. Northcroft, George J. H. 1902. Sketches of Summerland some account of Nassau and the Bahama Islands. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. 309 pp. Paludan-filler, Frederick. 1867. The fountain of youth. (Translated from the Danish by Humphrey William Freeland). Macmillan and Co. London. 14 7 pp Powles, L. D. 1888. Land of the pink Pearl. (or recollections of life in the Bahamas). Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington. London. 32 1 pp Rost, Leo. 1973. The conch eaters. Wollstonecraft, Inc. Los Angeles, California. 266 pp. Slack, Jack. 1968. Finders losers. Hutchinson. London. 174 pp. Weigh, Audrey. 1970. Bahama adventure. Abelard-Schuman. London. 172 pp. Wilder, Robert Ingersoll. 1964. Wind from the Carolinas. W. H. Allen. London. 639 pp. Young, Everiid, 1966. Eleuthera: the island called "Freedom." Regency Press. London. 181 pp.

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X. INDUSTRIES BASED ON NATURAL RESOURCES Anonymous. 1836a. (On the salt ponds at East Caicos). J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 17: 182-183. ---------1836b. Bleaching of sponge. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 16: 174. ---------1859. Turk's Island. Salt exported. J. her. Geogr. Stat. Soc. (N.Y.) 1: 123. ---------1906. Canning pine-apples in the Bahamas. W.I. Bull. 7: 180-181. ---------1917. Sponge fishing in the Bahamas. Geogr. Rev. 3: 324. ---------1961. Wire-quarried building stones in the Bahamas. Quarry Managers J. (London) 45: 14. ---------1968. Salt, east coast solar source. Chem. Engin. News 56: 19-20. ---------1970. Aragonite mining firm building Bahamas Island. Ocean Ind. 5: 66. Bounds, John Howard. 1972. Industrialization of the Bahamas. Rev. Geogrgfica (~e'x.) No. 77: 95-113. Francis, Carlton E. 1967. Bahamas show commercial muscle. New Commonwealth 45 (4): 142-143. Hamilton, William. 1836. On the manufacture of sugar from beet root. J. Bahama Soc. Diff. Knowl. No. 18: 187-192. Hornburg, C. D. and A. W. Saariner. 1971. Bahamas on a salt free diet. Water and Wastes Engin. 8: 32-34. Miller, Daniel Newton, Jr. 1961. Early diagenetic dolomite associated with salt extraction process, Inagua, Bahamas. J. Sed. Petrol. 31: 473-476. Newbitt, C. R. 1854. Vegetable fibres of the Bahamas. J. Bot. 6: 237-241. Northrop, John I. 1891. Cultivation of sisal in the Bahamas. Popular Sci. Monthly 38: 606-619. (Reprinted in: John I. Northrop. 1910. A naturalist in the Bahamas. ~emorialvolume. Columbia Univ. Press. New York, N. Y. pp. 212-224). Preston, George. 1890. Reports on the fibre industries of Yucatan and the Bahamas. Eyre and Spottiswoode. London. 28 pp. Also Great Britain Colonial Office. Ann. Ser. No. 85. Parliamentary Papers 48. 1890.

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Rae, James McClure. 1891. Report on the fibre industry in the Bahamas. Nassau Guardian. Nassau. 17 pp. Roberts, E., ed. 1967. Land in the Bahamas. Which (Feb.): 36-41. Roman, Erl. 1958. Tournaments can aid science (Bahamas International Tuna Match) Sea Frontiers 4 (3) : 164-170. ---------1957. The International Game Fish Conference. Sea Frontiers 3 (1) : 48-57. Rowe, George. 1864. The colonial empire of Great Britain, considered .chiefly with reference to its physical geography and industrial productions. The Atlantic group. Christian Knowledge Society. London. Stephens, William M. 1969. Biminils concrete wreck. Oceans Mag. 2: 20-27. Stubbs, G. C. and A. C. Langlois. 1954. Water supply of Nassau, Bahamas. J. her. Water Works Assn. 46: 220-230. Triviz, P. F. 1968. Bahamas site of new refinery. Sugar y Azucar (New York) 63: 44. Watkins, F. H. 1908. Report on the salt industry. Colonial rept. misc. No. 56. Turks and Caicos Islands. London. Anonymous. 1944. A complete set of Bahamian shells, collected and classified by the Bahamas Conchological Society from its origin, March 15th, 1949 to January lst, 1944. Privately published, Bahamas Conchological Society. Nassau. 11 pp. Baker, Frank Collins. 1903. A partial list of the marine molluscs of San Salvador (Watling Island), Bahamas. Nautilus 17: 57. Bartsch, P. 1913. New Mollusks from the Bahama Islands. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 46: 107-109 + 3 pl. ---------1946. The operculate land mollusks of the family Annulariidae of the Island of Hispaniola and the Bahama Archipelago. Bull. U. S. Natl. Mus. 192: 1-264. Bendall, Wilfred. 1895. A list of the land Mollusca of the Island of New Providence, Bahamas, with an enumeration of the species recorded from the other islands. Proc. Malac. Soc. London 1: 292-295. Bland, Thomas. 1873. On the physical geography of, and the distribution of terrestrial Mollusca in, the Bahama Islands. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. New York. 10: 311-324.

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Bland, Thomas. 1861. On the geographical distribution of the genera and species of land shells of the West Indian Islands with a catalogue of the species of each island. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. New York 7: v-vi + 9-35. Brown, N.. J. 1886. Notes on the Mollusca of the Bahamas. Conchologists Exchange (Naturalist) 1 : 12-13. Clapp, G. H. 1913. Land shells collected on the Bimini Islands, Gun and Cat Cays, Bahamas. Nautilus 27: 63-64. Clench, William J. 1933. Notes and descriptions of land mollusks from the Bahamas, based mainly upon collections obtained during the Utowana expeditions of 1932 and 1933. West Indian Mollusks No. 7. Proc. N. Eng. Zool. Club 13: 77-100. ---------1934. Notes and description of new Cerions from Hispaniola and the Bahamas, based mainly upon collections obtained during the Utowana expedition of 1934. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40: 205-218. ---------1935. A new species of Cerion from Long Island, Bahamas, and a note on Cerion milleri (Pfeiffer). Nautilus 49: 49-50. ---------1936. A new Cerion from the Bahamas. Nautilus 49: 112-113 + 1 pl. ---------1937a. Shells of Mariguana Island with a review of the Bahama Helicinidae and descriptions of new Bahama species. Proc. N. Eng. Zool. Club 16: 57-70. ---------193%. Descriptions of new land and marine shells from the Bahama Islands. Proc. N. Eng. Zool. Club 16: 17-26. ---------1937c: Marine bivalves from Little and Great Abaco, Grand Bahama and Eleuthera, Bahama Islands. Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 11: 31-42. ---------1937d. Three new species of Cerions from Long Island., Bahamas. Nautilus 51: 19-23. ---------1938a. Origin of the land and freshwater mollusk fauna of the Bahamas, with a list of species occurring on Cat and Little 'San Salvador Islands. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 80: 481-541. ---------1938b. Land and freshwater mollusks of Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands, Bahama Islands. Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 12: 303333. ---------1940. Land and freshwater mollusks of Long Island, Bahama Islands. Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 14: 3-17 + 1 pl.

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Clench, William J. 1942. Land shells of the Bimini Islands, Bahama Islands. Proc. N. Eng. Zool. Club 19: 53-67. ---------1952. Land and freshwater mollusks of Eleuthera Island, Bahama Islands. Rev. Soc. Malacologica "Carlos de la Torre" 8: 97-116 + 2 pl. ---------1956. A new Cerion from Bimini, Bahamas (Mollusca). her. MUS. NOV. 1794: 1-3. ---------1959a. Land and freshwater mollusks of Great and Little Inagua, Bahama Islands. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 121: 29-53 + 1 pl. ---------1959b. Origin of the land and freshwater molluscs of the Bahamas. Rept. her. Malac. Union 1959: 4-5. ---------1961. Land and freshwater mollusks of Caicos, Turks, Ragged Islands and Islands on the Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas. Occ. Papers on Mollusks 2: 229-259. ---------1963. Land and freshwater mollusks of the Crooked Island group, Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 128: 395-413 + 3 pl. ---------and R. A. McLean. 1936. Marine bivalves collected by the Harvard-Bahama Expedition of 1935. Mem. Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat. 10: 157-168. Corgan, James X. 1969. Pleistocene marine molluscan faunules from the Little Bahama Bank (abst.). Tennessee Acad. Sci. J. 44: 49. Dall, W. H. 1894. Cruise of the steam yacht "Wild Duck" in the Bahamas, Jan. to April 1893, in charge of Alexander Agassiz. 11. Notes on the shells collected from the shores of the Great Lagoon, Watling Island, Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 25: 113-123. ---------1896. The Mollusks and Brachyiopods of the Bahama Expedition of the State University of Iowa. Bull. Lab. Nat Hist. State Univ. Iowa 4: 12-21. ---------1900. A new species of Cerion (Cerion stevensonii). Nautilus 14: 65. ---------1905a. Report on the land and fresh water shells collected in the Bahamas in 1904, by Mr. Owen Bryant and others. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 47, part 4: 433-452 + pl. 48-49. ---------1905b. Fossils of the Bahama Islands, with a list of the nonmarine mollusks. in: Shattuck, George Burbank. The Bahama Islands. Geographical society of Baltimore. Johns Hopkins Press. Baltimore, Maryland. pp. 23-47.

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Dall, W. H. 1910. List of shells collected by Dr. John I. Northrop in the Bahamas, identified by Professor William Healey Gall, Smith.sonian Institution. in: John I. Northrop. 1910. A naturalist in the Bahamas ~emori aTvolume. Columbia Univ Press. New York N. Y. pp. 99-102. DVAsaro, Charles N. 1965. Organogenesis, Development, and metamorphosis in the queen conch, Strombus gigas, with notes on breeding habits. Bull. Mar. Sci. 15: 359-416. ---------1970. Egg capsules of prosobranch mollusks from South Florida and the Bahamas and notes on spawning in the laboratory. Bull. Mar. Sci. 20: 414-440. Doran, E. B. 1958. The Caicos conch trade. Geogr. Rev. 48: 388-401. Durrell, ZO~ C. 1972. The innocent island Abaco in the Bahamas. Durrell Publications. Distributed by Stephen Greene Press. Brattleboro, Vermont. 157 pp. Emery, D. L. 1924. Collecting in southern Florida, the Bahamas, and Cuba. Nautilus 38: 56-62. Hebard, Edgar B. 1967. Pleistocene mollusks from New Providence Island, Bahamas. Nautilus 81: 41-44. Henderson, J. B. 1901. Land shells of Fortune Island, Bahamas. Nautilus 15: 85-86. ---------and G. H. Clapp. 1913. Cerion (Strophiops) Biminiense, sp. nov. Nautilus 27: 64-65. Hjalmarson, J. and L. Pfeiffer. 1858. Beitrxge zur Fauna von Westindien. Malak. Blztt. 5: 135-155 + 2 pl. Jacobson, Marris K. 1965. On some land shel'ls of Eleuthera, Bahamas. Nautilus 78: 120-125. Krebs, Henry. 1867. Catalogue of marine mollusks collected in the Bahama Islands in November 1866. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. N. Y. 8: 427-431. Little, Colin. 1965. Notes on the anatomy of the queen conch, Strombus gigas. Bull. Mar. Sci. 15: 338-358. McGinty, Paul L. and Thomas McGinty. 1948. The Pioneer Bahama expedition--May, June 1947. Mollusca 2: 40-55. McGinty, Thomas L. 1948. A report on the Mollusca collected by the Pioneer Bahama expedition. Molluscp 2: 56-69.

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McLean, R. A. 1936. Some marine bivalves from the Bahama Islands. Nautilus 49: 116-119. Maynard, Charles Johnson. 1889-1896. Monograph of the genus Strophia, a group of tropical and sub-tropical land shells. Contr. Sci. 1: 1-29; 69-79; 125-135; 188-197; 2: 107-191; 3: 1-40. ---------1924. Supplement to fall catalogue of Cerionidae with descriptions of new species collected in the Bahama Islands in summer of 1924. West Newton, Massachusetts. Privately published. 6 PPMayr, Ernst and Carmela Berritto Rosen. 1956. ~eographic variation and hybridization in populations of Bahama snails (Cerion) .her. Mus. Nov. 1806: 1-48. Moulding, Mary Baker. 1967. Shells at our feet. An introduction to shelling in the Bahamas. Sea Scapers. Chicago, Illinois. 102 pp. Parodiz, J. J. 1957. New records of freshwater gastropods from the Bahama Islands. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 35: 1-9. Pfeiffer, L. 1867. Drei neue West Indische Pneumonospomen. Malak. Blgtt. 14: 165-166. Pilsbry, H. A. 1898. Land shells of Gun Cay, Bahamas. Nautilus 12: 26-27. 1931. List of land and fresh-water mollusks collected on Andros, Bahamas. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. for 1930. 82: 297-302. ---------and M. Black*. 1931. Cerions of Andros, Bahamas. Proc. Phila. Acad. Nat. Sci. 82: 289-296. ---------and C. N. Grimshaw. 1936. Oxystyla undata undata in Florida. Nautilus 50: 19-20. Plate, L. 1907. Die Variabilitat und die Artbildung nach dem Prinsip geographischer Formenkelten bei den Cerion-Landschnecken der BahamaInseln. Arch. fcr Rassen und Gesellschafts-Biologie 4: 433-475; 581-614 + 5 pl. Randall, John E. 1964a. Contributions to the biology of the queen conch, Strombus gigas. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib. 14: 246-295. ---------1964b. The habits of the queen conch. Sea Frontiers 10: 230-239. Richards, Horace Gardiner. 1954. Pleistocene mollusks from Andros Island, Bahamas. Nautilus 67: 120-121.

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