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Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas: a bibliography

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Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas: a bibliography
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12 p.
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English
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Ballance, Virginia C.F.
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College of The Bahamas
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Nassau, BS
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Slavery -- Bahamas -- Bibliography   ( lcsh )
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This bibliography was prepared for The College of The Bahamas conference, Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story. There are numerous stories woven into the entries included in this bibliography: the story of the mutiny of the Brig Creole, the story of the slave liberator Joseph Walker, slave folklore and tales collected by Elsie Parsons, Pompey’s revolt and the sad tale of Kate Moss.

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College of The Bahamas
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Libraries and Instructional Media Services Department
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COBAS
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AA00005005:00001


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THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LIBRARIES & INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA SERVICES DEPARTMENT Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story SLAVERY, ABOLITION AND EMANCIPATION IN THE BAHAMAS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY Compiled by Virginia C. F. Ballance, MA, MLS Nursing and Health Sciences Librarian & Managing Editor, COB Research Journal Hilda Bowen Library The College of The Bahamas Prepared on the occasion of the Conference: The Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story held at The College of The Bahamas February 21-23, 2008

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INTRODUCTION This bibliography was prepared for The College of The Bahamas conference, Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story There are numerous stories woven into the entries in cluded in this bibliography: th e story of the mutiny of the Brig Creole, the story of the slave liberato r Joseph Walker, slave folklore and tales collected by Elsie Parsons, Pompey’s revo lt and the sad tale of Kate Moss. The resources listed in this bibliography we re selected if their subject focus was on slavery, abolition or emancipation in the islands of The Bahamas (including the Turks and Caicos Islands which came under the ju risdiction of The Bahamas between 17641848.) Though The Bahamas may be mentione d in other resources that focus generally on the slave trade and slavery in the Caribbean, we wanted to create a resource that would highlight the small but growing body of scholarly literature about slavery, abolition and emancipation in The Bahamas. The aim of this bibliography is to provide ac cess to the scholarly literature that may not be included in the larger bibliographies as well as to include articles and books that would be relatively easy for a research library to acquire on interlibrary loan or through the many on-line journal article databases that exist. We did not include internet basedresources because these are readily accessible to scholars and researchers. Readers are directed to the comprehensive on-line Bibliography of Slavery and World Slaving at the University of Virginia ( http://www.vcdh.virginia.ed u/bibliographyofslavery ). Though this bibliography consists of fewer than 150 entries, it entailed ferreting out elusive citations, articles and monographs, an d then evaluating their potential use for the researcher and inclusion in the listing. We erred on the side of being inclusive rather than exclusive for this edition. And, although this kind of endeavour is rather solitary, many individuals have helped in innumerabl e ways. Thanks and deep appreciation are owed to Dr. Gail Saunders, Director-General of Heritage, for her review of the manuscript; to the Staff in the Special Collections Unit of The College of The Bahamas Libraries and Instructional Media Services De partment, especially Glenelle Scantlebury and JudyAnne Rolle for their cheerful assistan ce; and to Miss Willamae Johnson, College Librarian for her encouragement and support. This publication is dedicated to the memo ry of Dr. Thaddeus McDonald, Associate Professor of Psychology and Dean, Facu lty of Social & Educational Studies. Virginia C.F. Ballance vballance@cob.edu.bs February 2008. How to cite this document in APA 5th edition style: Ballance, V. C. F. (2008). Slavery, abol ition and emancipation in the Bahamas: A bibliography. Nassau: Libraries and Inst ructional Media Services, Colllege of the Bahamas.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 1 FIRST PERSON ACCOUNTS Dowson, W. (1960). A Mission to the West India Is lands: Dowson's journal for 18101817 Nassau, Bahamas: Deans Peggs Research Fund. Farquharson, C., & Mc Donald, O. J. (1957). A Relic of slavery: Farquharson's journal for 1831-32 Nassau, Bahamas: Deans Peggs Research Fund. Notes: Copied from the original by Ormond J. McDonald, 1903. Hart, A., & Kent, R. (1948). Letters from the Bahama Islands, written in 1823-4 London: J. Culmer. M'Kinnen, D. (1804). A Tour through the British West Indies, in the years 1802 and 1803, giving a particular a ccount of the Bahama islands London: Printed for J. White. Oldmixon, J. (1949). The History of the Isle of New Providence London: J. Culmer. Note: Reprint of a chapter in the 1741 ed. of the author's The British Empire in America Powles, L. D. (1888). The Land of the pink pearl London: S. Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington. Note: Facsimile reprint: Nassau: Media, 1996. Townsend, P. S., & Bahamas Historical Society. (1968). The Diary of a physician from the United States visiting the Island of New Providence: Nassau, Bahamas 18234 Nassau: Bahamas Historical Society. Wylly, W. (1789). A Short account of the Bahama is lands, their climate, productions, &c.: To which are added, some strictur es upon their relative and political situation, the defects of t heir present government, &c. &c. London: W. Wylly. MONOGRAPHS Adderley, R. M. (2006). "New negroes from Africa": Slave trade abolition and free African settlement in t he nineteenth-century Caribbean Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Association of Caribbean Historians. (1993). Amerindians, Africans, Americans: Three papers in Caribbean history Mona, Jamaica: The Department of History, University of the West Indies. Notes: Turner, G. An archaeological record of plantation life in the Bahamas Bahamas. Dept. of Archives, & Saunders, G. (1991). Aspects of Bahamian history: Loyalists, slavery and emancipation, Junkanoo Nassau, Bahamas: Dept. of Archives, Ministry of Education.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 2 Bahamas. Dept. of Archives. (1974). Aspects of slavery Nassau, Bahamas: Public Records Office, Archives Section. Notes:"A booklet of the archives exhibition held at the Public Records Office. Mackey Street, 12-26 February, 1974." Bahamas. Dept. of Archives. (1984). Aspects of slavery, part II: A booklet of the Archives exhibition held in the foyer of the Post Office Building, East Hill Street, 6-25 February, 1984 Nassau, Bahamas: Dept. of Archives, Ministry of Education. Notes: A booklet to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery. Beckles, H., & Shepherd, V. (1996). Caribbean freedom: Economy and society from emancipation to the present: a student reader. Princeton, NJ: M. Wiener Publishers. Notes: Johnson, H. The Share system in the Bahamas in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Bethell, A. T. (1930). The Early settlers of the Bahama Islands with a brief account of the American revolution: Most of the hist orical facts contained in this book are taken from the archives of the colony Nassau, N.P., Bahamas; Holt, Eng.: Printed by Rounce & Wortley. Channing, W. E. (1842). The Duty of the free states: or, Remarks suggested by the case of the Creole London: J. Green. Coloured League of Youth. (1939). Living in the sun: A brief hi story of the African tribes who came to the Bahamas [Bahamas]: Coloured League of Youth. Craton, M. (1962). A History of the Bahamas (1st ed.). London: Collins. Notes: 2nd ed. (1968) and 3rd ed. (1986) Craton, M., & Saunders, D. G. (1992). Islanders in the stream: A history of the Bahamian people Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press. Notes: v.1. From aboriginal times to the end of slavery. v.2. From the ending of slavery to the twenty-first century. Falola, T., & Childs, M. D. (2004). The Yoruba diaspora in the Atlantic world Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Notes: Howard, R. Yoruba in the British Caribbean: A comparative perspective on Trinidad and the Bahamas. Forbes, R. (1940). A Unicorn in the Bahamas (1st ed.). New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc. Haviser, J. B. (Ed.). (1999). African sites: Archaeology in the Caribbean Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener. Notes: Wilkie, L. A. Evidence of African continuities in the material of Culture of Clifton

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 3 Plantation, Bahamas. -Farnsworth, P. From the past to the present: An exploration of the formation of African-Bahamian identity during enslavement. Hendrick, G., & Hendrick, W. (2003). The Creole mutiny: A tale of revolt aboard a slave ship Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. Herring, C. (1840). Comparative statement with referenc e to a British claim against the United States, for the illegal seizure and condemnation of the ship "Francis and Eliza", and an American claim against He r Majesty's government, for the seizure and liberation of slaves on board two American vessels stranded upon the Bahamas, for which latter claim the proprieto rs of the slaves have lately received a large compensation from Her Majesty's government London: Printed by T.C. Savill. Higman, B. W. (1995). Slave populations of the Br itish Caribbean, 1807-1834 Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. Higman, B. W. (1999). Methodology and historiography of the Caribbean London: Unesco; Macmillan Education. Johnson, H. (1988). After the crossing: Immigrants and minorities in Caribbean creole society London; Totowa, N.J.: F. Cass. Johnson, H. (1991). The Bahamas in slavery and freedom Kingston, Jamaica; London: Ian Randle Publishers; James Currey Publishers. Johnson, H. (1996). The Bahamas from slavery to servitude, 1783-1933 Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Johnson, H., & Watson, K. S. (1998). The white minority in the Caribbean Kingston; Oxford; Princeton, N.J.: I. Randle; J. Currey; M. Wiener. Notes: Craton, M. Bay Street, black power, and the Conchy Joes: Race and class in the colony and Commonwealth of the Bahamas, 1850-2000. Johnson, W. B. (2000). Race relations in the Bahama s, 1784-1834: The nonviolent transformation from a slave to a free society. Fayetteville, AK: University of Arkansas Press. Johnson, W. B. (2006). Post-emancipation race re lations in the Bahamas Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Jones, W. K., & Christie, P. G. (Eds.). (2004). The Bahamian Parliament, 1729–2004: Commemorating the 275th Anniversary Nassau, Bahamas: Jones Publications and Jones Communications International. Notes: Eneas, G.W.J. Parliamentary democracy in the Bahamas (1829 to 1879): Insights into the abolition of slavery with implications for the Bahamas

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 4 Koppelmann, E. R. (1984). Branded hand: The struggles of an abolitionist Sheboygan Falls, WI: Branded Hand Press. Lightbourne, J. H. (1998). His Majesty's armed galley Prin ce of Wales: The romantic history of the Bahamas and West Indies during the war wit h France and Spain, 1793-1798 [S.l.: s.n.]. Notes: Based on unpublished documents discovered by James H. Lightbourn [sic]. "With an appendix containing documents and papers about obeah, fire-dances, a unique form of civil marriage, an odd duel, piracy, slavery, &c." Macaulay, Z., & Society for the Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Dominions. (1825). The Slave colonies of Great Britain: or, A picture of Negro slavery drawn by the colonists themselves: Being an abstract of the various papers recently laid bef ore Parliament on that subject Retrieved January 22, 2008, from books.google.com McDonald, R. A., & Sheridan, R. B. (1996). West Indies accounts: Essays on the history of the British Caribbean and the Atlantic economy in honour of Richard Sheridan Barbados: University of the West Indies Press. Notes: Craton, M. Ambivalencies of independence : The transition out of slavery in the Bahamas, c. 1800-1850. Ragatz, L. J. (1970). A guide for the study of Britis h Caribbean history, 1763-1834, including the abolition and emancipation movements New York: Da Capo Press. Ragatz, L. J., & Ragat z, M. P. (1932). A guide for the study of Br itish Caribbean history, 1763-1834, including the abolitio n and emancipation movements Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. Notes: Issued also as Annual report of the American historical association, 1930, vol. 3. Rogozinski, J. (2000). A brief history of t he Caribbean: From the Arawak and the Carib to the present. (Rev. ed.). New York: Plume. Saunders, D. G. (1983). Bahamian loyalists and their slaves London: Macmillan Caribbean. Saunders, D. G. (1985). Slavery in the Bahamas, 1648-1838 Nassau, Bahamas: Nassau Guardian. Notes: Republished: 1990, 1995 and 2000. Saunders, D. G. (1990). Bahamian society after emanci pation: Essays in nineteenth and early twentieth century Bahamian history Nassau, Bahamas: [s.n.]. Notes: Revised edition issued 1994 and 3rd edition 2003. Saunders, G., & Williams, P. (2006). Conflict, controversy, and control: [Constitutional and parliamentary issues in the eight eenth and nineteenth century Bahamas] Nassau, Bahamas: G. S aunders and P.M. Williams.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 5 Sealey, N., & Curry, C. (2006). Social studies for Bahamian secondary school: Book two London: Macmillan Caribbean. Shattuck, G. B., & Geographical So ciety of Baltimore. (1905). The Bahama Islands New York: Macmillan, The Johns Hopkins Press. Shepherd, V. (2002). Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Notes: Saunders, G. Slavery and cotton culture in the Bahamas. Shepherd, V. (2002). Working slavery, pricing freedom: Perspectives from the Caribbean, Africa and the African diaspora New York: Palgrave. Notes: Saunders, G. Slavery and cotton culture in the Bahamas. – Craton, M. Loyalists mainly to themselves: the 'Black Loyalist' diaspora to the Bahamas, 1783-c.1820. Siebert, W. H. (1913). The Legacy of the American Revoluti on to the British West Indies and Bahamas: A chapter out of the history of the American Loyalists : Columbus, OH: Ohio State University. Note: Reprinted: Boston, Gregg Press, 1972 Storr, V. H. (2004). Enterprising slaves and master pi rates: Understanding economic life in the Bahamas New York: Peter Lang. Turner, M. (1995). From chattel slaves to wage slaves: The dynamics of labour bargaining in the Americas Kingston, Jamaica; Bloomin gton: Ian Randle; Indiana University Press. Notes: Johnson, H.D. A Slow and extended abolition: The case of the Bahamas 180038. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (2005). Sampling many pots: An archaeology of memory and tradition at a Bahamian plantation Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Williams, E. E., & Historical So ciety of Trinidad and Tobago. (1954). British West Indies at Westminster, 1789-1823: Extracts from the debates in Parliament Port-ofSpain, Trinidad: Government Printing Office. Reprinted: Westport, Connecticut : Negro Universities Press, 1970 JOURNAL ARTICLES Baxter, J., & Burton, J. D. (2005). A Prelimin ary report of archaeological investigations at Polly Hill Plantation, San Salvador. Journal of the Bahama s Historical Society, 27 48-49. Baxter, J., & Burton, J. D. (2006). Building meaning into the landscape: Building design and use at Polly Hill Plantation, San Salvador, Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 28 56-61.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 6 Brooker, C. (2007). John Wood and the late 18th-century development of Clifton Plantation, New Prov idence, The Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 29 19-25. Burton, J. D. (2004). Americ an Loyalists, slaves and the creation of an Afro-Bahamian world: Sandy Point plantation and the Prince Storr murder case. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 26 13-22. Burton, J. D. (2006). A Te rra Incognita: Life on post-emancipation San Salvador. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 28 4-11. Craton, M. (1978). Hobbes ian or Panglossian? The two extr emes of slave conditions in the British Caribbean, 1783 to 1834. The William and Mary Quarterly, 35 (2), 324356. Craton, M. (1979). Changing patterns of slav e families in the British West Indies. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 10 (1), 1-35. Craton, M. (1983). We shall not be moved: Pompey's slave revolt in Exuma Island, Bahamas, 1830. Nieuwe West-Indische gids = New West Indian Guide, 57 (1-2), 19-35. Craton, M. (1988-89). S eeking a life of their own: Aspe cts of slave resistance in the Bahamas. Indian Historical Review, 25 (1-2). Craton, M., & Association of Caribbean Historians. (1992). The Ambivalencies of independency: The transition out of slavery in The Bahamas, c.1800-1850 [S.l.: s.n.]. Notes: Paper presented at the 24th Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, Nassau, Bahamas, March 29-April 3, 1992. Craton, M., & Saunders, G. ( 1991). On slavery's margins: The Farquharson Estate, San Salvador, 1831-32. Slavery and Abolition, 12 (2), 49-72. Curry, C. (2005). Christianity and slave conv ersion: A catalyst for revolutionary change or a quest for respectability? Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 27 4-8. Dalleo, P. T. (1984). Africans in the Caribb ean: A preliminary assessment of recaptives in the Bahamas, 1811-1860. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 Eden, E. (2000). The Revolt on the slave ship Creole: Popular resistance to slavery in post-emancipation Nassau. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 22 13-20. Farnsworth, P. (1993). Archaeological excava tions at Wade's Green Plantation, North Caicos. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 15 (1), 2-10.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 7 Farnsworth, P. (1994). Archaeological exca vations at Promised Land Plantation, New Providence. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 16 (1), 21-29. Farnsworth, P. (2000). Bruta lity or benevolence in plantation archaeology [Electronic Version]. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 4 Retrieved January 22, 2008, from http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/david son/Arch%20of%20AA%20Life%20and%20C ulture/Week%2004-05/farnsworth%202000.pdf Farnsworth, P. (2001). Beer brewing and co nsumption in the maintenance of African identity by the enslaved peopl e of the Bahamas, 1783-1834. Culture & Agriculture, 23 (2), 19-30. Gerace, K. D. (1982). Three Loyalist plantations on San Salvador, Bahamas. The Florida Anthropologist, 35 (4), 216-222. Gerace, K. D. (1987). Early nineteenth cent ury plantations on San Salvador, Bahamas: The archaeological record. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 9 (1), 1421. Green, C. A. (2007). 'A Civil inconvenience'?: The vexed question of slave marriage in the British West Indies [Electronic Version]. Law and History Review 25 118 para. Retrieved 22 Jan 2008, from http://www.historycooperative.or g/journals/lhr/ 25.1/green.html Greene, J. P. (1995). Early moder n British slave societies. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 25 (4), 637-641. Howard, R. (2006). The" Wild Indians" of A ndros Island: Black Seminole legacy in the Bahamas. Journal of Black Studies, 37 (2), 275. Howard, R. (2007). Black Seminoles in the Bahamas. Social Anthropology, 15 (1), 118119. Johnson, H. (1984). The Share system in th e Bahamas in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Slavery and Abolition, 5 (2), 141-153. Johnson, H. (1986). A Modified form of slav ery: The credit and truck systems in the Bahamas in the nineteenth and ear ly twentieth centuries. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 28 (4), 729-753. Johnson, H. (1988). The Liberated Africans in the Bahamas, 1811-1860. Immigrants and Minorities, 7 (1), 16-40. Johnson, H. (1989). The Emergence of a peas antry in the Bahamas during slavery. Slavery and Abolition, 10 (2), 172-186.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 8 Johnson, W. B. (1996). The Amelioration Acts in the Bahamas, 1823-1833: A middle ground between freedom and antebellum slave codes. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 18 21-32. Johnson, W. B. (2002). Ownership of slaves among free Blacks and persons of color in the Bahamas, 1821-1834. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 24 (4-13). Jones, W. K., & Adderley, P. L. (2000). The History of the Clifton Plantation, 1788-2000: A transcript of a radio interview wi th the Hon. Paul L. Adderley. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 22 4-11. Kittredge, F. E. (1898). T he man with t he branded hand. New England Magazine, November (365-371). Macaulay, Z., & Society for the Abolition of Slavery Throughout the British Dominions. (1829). Cruelties of Mr. and Mrs. Moss, of the Bahamas, towards a female slave [Electronic Version]. Anti-slavery monthly reporter 2 452-468. Retrieved January 22, 2008, from http://www.wam. umd.edu/~bossert/asr47.html MacIntosh, R. J. (1984). Trades and occupati ons of runaway slaves in the Bahamas, 1784-1834. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 7-14. Marotti, F. (2004). Freedom at Christmas : Andrew Gu, t he Atlantic community of colour and the "Underground Railr oad" in the Bahamas, 1825-1844. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 26 4-9. Martinez Vergne, T., & Associati on of Caribbean Historians. (1992). Theoretical perspectives on the study of women in the Caribbean during and after slavery [S.l.: s.n.]. Notes: Paper presented at the 24th Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, Nassau, Bahamas, March 29 April 3, 1992. Mills, T. W. (1887). The St udy of a small and isolat ed community in the Bahama Islands. The American Naturalist, 21 (10), 875-885. Parsons, E. C. (1919). Ri ddles and proverbs fr om the Bahama Islands. The Journal of American Folklore, 32 (125), 439-441. Parsons, E. C. (1930). Proverbs from Barbados and the Bahamas. The Journal of American Folklore, 43 (169), 324-325. Saunders, D. G. (1980). Health of Bahamian slaves in 1834. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 2 11-14. Saunders, D. G. (1983). The Loy alists: General influences. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 5 (1), 3-10.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 9 Saunders, D. G. (1984). Slav e resistance in the Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 25-29. Saunders, D. G. (1990). Slav e life, slave society and cotton production in the Bahamas. Slavery & Abolition, 11 (3), 332-350. Saunders, D. G. (1998). William Wylly and his slaves at Clifton Plantation. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 20 27-31. Shirley, P. (2004). 'Tek force wid force': P aul Shirley describes the freedom struggles of African Americans in the Bahamas a fter the American Wa r of Independence. History Today, 54 (4), 30-36. Turner, G. S. R. (1992). An Archaeological record of pl antation life in the Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 14 (1), 30-40. Turner, G. (2006). Bahamian ship graffiti. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 35 (2), 253-273. Turner, G. (2007). In his own words: A bdul Keli, a liberated African apprentice. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 29, 27-31. Wesley, C. H. (1934). The Em ancipation of the free color ed population in the British Empire. The Journal of Negro History, 19 (2), 137-170. Wilkie, L. A. (1993). Continui ty in African naming practice s among the slaves at Wade's Green Plantation, North Caicos. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 15 (1), 32-37. Wilkie, L. A. (1996). House gardens and female identity on Crooked Island. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 18 33-39. Wilkie, L. A. (2001). Communicative bridges linking actors through time: Archaeology and the construction of emancipatory na rratives at a Bahamian plantation. Journal of Social Archaeology, 1 (2), 225. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (1995). Ar chaeological excavations on Crooked Island. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 17 34-36. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (1997). Daily life on a Loyalist plantation: Results of the 1996 excavations at Clifton Plantation. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 19 2-18. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (1999). Tr ade and the construction of Bahamian identity: A multiscalar exploration. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 3 (4), 283-320.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 10 Williams, P. M. (1984) From punishment to cruelty: Treatment of slaves in the Bahamas, 1723-1832. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 30-33. Williams, P. M. (1995) Freedom Day: The emancipation ce lebrations in the Bahamas in the 19th century. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 17 23-27. Williams, P. M. (2004) Social reconstruction of Baham ian society after emancipation, 1838-1859. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 26 24-30. Wood, D. (1990). The free people of colour in Bahamian society. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 12 20-24. Wright, J. M. (1915). The Wrecki ng system of the Bahama Islands. Political Science Quarterly, 30 (4), 618-644. JOURNALS Bahamas Historical Society. (1979-). Journal of the Bahama s Historical Society [Nassau, Bahamas]: The Society. Annual. Slavery & Abolition: A journal of slave and post-slave studies (1980-). London: Routledge. Three times a year. THESES Adderley, D. H. (197?). Slavery in the Caribbean and Bahamas. Thesis (Teacher's certificate), Bahamas Teachers College. Adderley, R. M. (1996). "New negroes from Africa": Culture and community among liberated Africans in the B ahamas and Trinidad, 1810 to 1900. Thesis (Ph D), University of Pennsylvania. Anderson, N. J. (2004). Comparing alternative landscapes : Power negotiations in enslaved communities in Louisiana and the Bahamas, an archaeological and historical perspective Thesis(Ph D), University of Texas. Retrieved January 22,, 2008, from http://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2004/andersonn64577/andersonn64577.pdf Howard, R. (1999). The Promised Is'land: Reconstruc ting history and identity among the black Seminoles of An dros Island, Bahamas. Thesis (Ph D), University of Florida. North, D. G. (1966). The Amelioration and abolition of slavery in the Bahamas, 18081838. Dissertation (BA), University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Peters, T. P. (1960). The American Loyalists and the plantation period in the Bahama Islands. Thesis (Ph D). University of Florida, Gainesville.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 11 Saunders, D.G. (1978). The Slave population of the Bahamas, 1783-1834. Thesis (M Phil), University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica. Storr, V. H. (2003). Enterprising slaves and master pirates : Understanding economic life in the Bahamas. Thesis (Ph D), George Mason University. Strachan, I. G. (1995). Paradise and plantation : The economy of Caribbean discourse. Thesis (Ph D), University of Pennsylvania. Turner, G. S. R. (2004). Baham ian ship graffiti. Thesis (MA), Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University. Retrieved January 22, 2008, from http://handle.tamu.edu/1969.1/1339 Wright, J. M. (1905). History of the Bahama Islands, with a special study of the abolition of slavery in the colony. Thesis (Ph D), Johns Hopkins University. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS Bahamas. Commissioners of Correspondence. (1823). An Official letter from the Commissioners of Corresponden ce of the Bahama Isla nds, to George Chalmers, esq., colonial agent, concerning the propos ed abolition of slavery in the West Indies Nassau, New-Providence; London: Print ed at the Royal Ga zette Office ; Re-printed by J.S. Brickwood. Notes: Facsimile reprint available from Cornell University Library Digital Collections. Chalmers, G., & Bahamas. Legislatur e. House of Assembly. (1816). Proofs and demonstrations how much the project ed registry of colonial Negroes is unfounded and uncalled for, comprehending t he reports and resolves of the Bahama Assembly, on the principle and det ail of the proposed registry: With the examinations, on oath, of the most respec table persons, as to the facts of the case London: T. Egerton. Great Britain. Col onial Office. (1826). Slave population: Papers and returns presented pursuant to address of the House of Co mmons, dated 6 June 1825: relating to the slave population of Barbados, Bahama s, Berbice, Demerara, Dominica, Grenada, Honduras, Jamaica, St. Vincent, S t. Kitt's, Nevis, Tortola, Trinidad, Tobago...ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed, 9 May 1826 [London: House of Commons.] Notes: This entry is representative of documents published in 1823, 1826 and 1829 Great Britain. Col onial Office. (1826). Abstract of Acts passed by the Legislatures of the West India colonies since 15th May 1823, for improving the condition of slaves. London: House of Commons. Notes: Statutes included: Bahamas. Barbados. Dominica. Jamaica. St Vincent. Great Britain. Colonial Offi ce, & Great Britain. Parlia ment. House of Commons. (1824-

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 12 1832). Papers presented to Parliament by His Majesty's command: in explanation of the meas ures adopted by His Majesty's government for the melioration of the condition of the slave population: In His Majesty's possessions in the West Indies, on the continent of South America, and at the Cape of Good Hope London: R.G. Clarke. Notes: Includes: Dominica, Grenada, Antigua, St. Christopher, Nevis, St. Vincent, Tobago, St. Lucia, Demerara, Berbice, Trinidad, Cape of Good Hope, Jamaica and the Bahamas, Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands. Great Britain. Parliamen t. House of Commons. (1815). Papers relating to the West Indies : ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed 12 July 1815 London: House of Commons. Notes: no. 1. Barbadoes, no. 2. Dominica, no. 3. Santa Cruz, no. 4. Demerara, no. 5. Bahamas, no. 6. Saint Vincent's, no. 7. Guadaloupe, no. 8. Saint Thomas, no. 9. Saint Lucia, no. 10. Trinidad, no. 11. Bermuda, no. 12. Surinam, no. 13. Curaao, no. 14. Jamaica, no. 15-17. Antigua, no. 18. Grenada, no. 19. Martinique, no. 20. Tobago, no. 21. Berbice. Great Britain. Parliamen t. House of Commons. (1816). Colonial laws respecting slaves: Ordered, by the House of Comm ons, to be printed 5 April 1816 London: H.M.S.O. Notes: "Names of colonies: Antigua, Bahamas, Barbadoes, Bermuda, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Nevis, St. Christopher, St. Vincent, Tobago"--P. 8. Great Britain. Parliamen t. House of Commons. (1838). Accounts of slave compensation claims: For the colonies of Jamaic a, Antigua, Honduras, St. Christopher's, Grenada, Dominica, Nevis, Virgin Islands St. Lucia, British Guiana, Montserrat, Bermuda, Bahamas, Tobago, St. Vincent's Trinidad, Barbadoes Mauritius, Cape of Good Hope [London: H.M.S.O.] COMPILATIONS OF DOCUMENTS Slavery tracts & pamphlets from the We st India Committee collection now at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies. (1982). London: World Mi crofilms Publications. 28 reels of microfilm. Notes: Includes a printed index. Black abolitionist papers, 1839-1865. Sandord, N.C.: Microfilmi ng Corporation of America. 17 reel s of microfilm. Notes: Includes a printed index.

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Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story A Bibliography of Resources about Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in The Bahamas THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LIBRARIES & INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA SERVICES DEPARTMENT LIMS 2008 http://www.cob.edu.bs



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THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LIBRARIES & INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA SERVICES DEPARTMENT Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story SLAVERY, ABOLITION AND EMANCIPATION IN THE BAHAMAS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY Compiled by Virginia C. F. Ballance, MA, MLS Nursing and Health Sciences Librarian & Managing Editor, COB Research Journal Hilda Bowen Library The College of The Bahamas Prepared on the occasion of the Conference: The Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story held at The College of The Bahamas February 21-23, 2008

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INTRODUCTION This bibliography was prepared for The College of The Bahamas conference, Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story There are numerous stories woven into the entries in cluded in this bibliography: th e story of the mutiny of the Brig Creole, the story of the slave liberato r Joseph Walker, slave folklore and tales collected by Elsie Parsons, Pompey’s revo lt and the sad tale of Kate Moss. The resources listed in this bibliography we re selected if their subject focus was on slavery, abolition or emancipation in the islands of The Bahamas (including the Turks and Caicos Islands which came under the ju risdiction of The Bahamas between 17641848.) Though The Bahamas may be mentione d in other resources that focus generally on the slave trade and slavery in the Caribbean, we wanted to create a resource that would highlight the small but growing body of scholarly literature about slavery, abolition and emancipation in The Bahamas. The aim of this bibliography is to provide ac cess to the scholarly literature that may not be included in the larger bibliographies as well as to include articles and books that would be relatively easy for a research library to acquire on interlibrary loan or through the many on-line journal article databases that exist. We did not include internet basedresources because these are readily accessible to scholars and researchers. Readers are directed to the comprehensive on-line Bibliography of Slavery and World Slaving at the University of Virginia ( http://www.vcdh.virginia.ed u/bibliographyofslavery ). Though this bibliography consists of fewer than 150 entries, it entailed ferreting out elusive citations, articles and monographs, an d then evaluating their potential use for the researcher and inclusion in the listing. We erred on the side of being inclusive rather than exclusive for this edition. And, although this kind of endeavour is rather solitary, many individuals have helped in innumerabl e ways. Thanks and deep appreciation are owed to Dr. Gail Saunders, Director-General of Heritage, for her review of the manuscript; to the Staff in the Special Collections Unit of The College of The Bahamas Libraries and Instructional Media Services De partment, especially Glenelle Scantlebury and JudyAnne Rolle for their cheerful assistan ce; and to Miss Willamae Johnson, College Librarian for her encouragement and support. This publication is dedicated to the memo ry of Dr. Thaddeus McDonald, Associate Professor of Psychology and Dean, Facu lty of Social & Educational Studies. Virginia C.F. Ballance vballance@cob.edu.bs February 2008. How to cite this document in APA 5th edition style: Ballance, V. C. F. (2008). Slavery, abol ition and emancipation in the Bahamas: A bibliography. Nassau: Libraries and Inst ructional Media Services, Colllege of the Bahamas.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 1 FIRST PERSON ACCOUNTS Dowson, W. (1960). A Mission to the West India Is lands: Dowson's journal for 18101817 Nassau, Bahamas: Deans Peggs Research Fund. Farquharson, C., & Mc Donald, O. J. (1957). A Relic of slavery: Farquharson's journal for 1831-32 Nassau, Bahamas: Deans Peggs Research Fund. Notes: Copied from the original by Ormond J. McDonald, 1903. Hart, A., & Kent, R. (1948). Letters from the Bahama Islands, written in 1823-4 London: J. Culmer. M'Kinnen, D. (1804). A Tour through the British West Indies, in the years 1802 and 1803, giving a particular a ccount of the Bahama islands London: Printed for J. White. Oldmixon, J. (1949). The History of the Isle of New Providence London: J. Culmer. Note: Reprint of a chapter in the 1741 ed. of the author's The British Empire in America Powles, L. D. (1888). The Land of the pink pearl London: S. Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington. Note: Facsimile reprint: Nassau: Media, 1996. Townsend, P. S., & Bahamas Historical Society. (1968). The Diary of a physician from the United States visiting the Island of New Providence: Nassau, Bahamas 18234 Nassau: Bahamas Historical Society. Wylly, W. (1789). A Short account of the Bahama is lands, their climate, productions, &c.: To which are added, some strictur es upon their relative and political situation, the defects of t heir present government, &c. &c. London: W. Wylly. MONOGRAPHS Adderley, R. M. (2006). "New negroes from Africa": Slave trade abolition and free African settlement in t he nineteenth-century Caribbean Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Association of Caribbean Historians. (1993). Amerindians, Africans, Americans: Three papers in Caribbean history Mona, Jamaica: The Department of History, University of the West Indies. Notes: Turner, G. An archaeological record of plantation life in the Bahamas Bahamas. Dept. of Archives, & Saunders, G. (1991). Aspects of Bahamian history: Loyalists, slavery and emancipation, Junkanoo Nassau, Bahamas: Dept. of Archives, Ministry of Education.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 2 Bahamas. Dept. of Archives. (1974). Aspects of slavery Nassau, Bahamas: Public Records Office, Archives Section. Notes:"A booklet of the archives exhibition held at the Public Records Office. Mackey Street, 12-26 February, 1974." Bahamas. Dept. of Archives. (1984). Aspects of slavery, part II: A booklet of the Archives exhibition held in the foyer of the Post Office Building, East Hill Street, 6-25 February, 1984 Nassau, Bahamas: Dept. of Archives, Ministry of Education. Notes: A booklet to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the abolition of slavery. Beckles, H., & Shepherd, V. (1996). Caribbean freedom: Economy and society from emancipation to the present: a student reader. Princeton, NJ: M. Wiener Publishers. Notes: Johnson, H. The Share system in the Bahamas in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Bethell, A. T. (1930). The Early settlers of the Bahama Islands with a brief account of the American revolution: Most of the hist orical facts contained in this book are taken from the archives of the colony Nassau, N.P., Bahamas; Holt, Eng.: Printed by Rounce & Wortley. Channing, W. E. (1842). The Duty of the free states: or, Remarks suggested by the case of the Creole London: J. Green. Coloured League of Youth. (1939). Living in the sun: A brief hi story of the African tribes who came to the Bahamas [Bahamas]: Coloured League of Youth. Craton, M. (1962). A History of the Bahamas (1st ed.). London: Collins. Notes: 2nd ed. (1968) and 3rd ed. (1986) Craton, M., & Saunders, D. G. (1992). Islanders in the stream: A history of the Bahamian people Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press. Notes: v.1. From aboriginal times to the end of slavery. v.2. From the ending of slavery to the twenty-first century. Falola, T., & Childs, M. D. (2004). The Yoruba diaspora in the Atlantic world Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Notes: Howard, R. Yoruba in the British Caribbean: A comparative perspective on Trinidad and the Bahamas. Forbes, R. (1940). A Unicorn in the Bahamas (1st ed.). New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc. Haviser, J. B. (Ed.). (1999). African sites: Archaeology in the Caribbean Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener. Notes: Wilkie, L. A. Evidence of African continuities in the material of Culture of Clifton

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 3 Plantation, Bahamas. -Farnsworth, P. From the past to the present: An exploration of the formation of African-Bahamian identity during enslavement. Hendrick, G., & Hendrick, W. (2003). The Creole mutiny: A tale of revolt aboard a slave ship Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. Herring, C. (1840). Comparative statement with referenc e to a British claim against the United States, for the illegal seizure and condemnation of the ship "Francis and Eliza", and an American claim against He r Majesty's government, for the seizure and liberation of slaves on board two American vessels stranded upon the Bahamas, for which latter claim the proprieto rs of the slaves have lately received a large compensation from Her Majesty's government London: Printed by T.C. Savill. Higman, B. W. (1995). Slave populations of the Br itish Caribbean, 1807-1834 Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press. Higman, B. W. (1999). Methodology and historiography of the Caribbean London: Unesco; Macmillan Education. Johnson, H. (1988). After the crossing: Immigrants and minorities in Caribbean creole society London; Totowa, N.J.: F. Cass. Johnson, H. (1991). The Bahamas in slavery and freedom Kingston, Jamaica; London: Ian Randle Publishers; James Currey Publishers. Johnson, H. (1996). The Bahamas from slavery to servitude, 1783-1933 Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Johnson, H., & Watson, K. S. (1998). The white minority in the Caribbean Kingston; Oxford; Princeton, N.J.: I. Randle; J. Currey; M. Wiener. Notes: Craton, M. Bay Street, black power, and the Conchy Joes: Race and class in the colony and Commonwealth of the Bahamas, 1850-2000. Johnson, W. B. (2000). Race relations in the Bahama s, 1784-1834: The nonviolent transformation from a slave to a free society. Fayetteville, AK: University of Arkansas Press. Johnson, W. B. (2006). Post-emancipation race re lations in the Bahamas Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Jones, W. K., & Christie, P. G. (Eds.). (2004). The Bahamian Parliament, 1729–2004: Commemorating the 275th Anniversary Nassau, Bahamas: Jones Publications and Jones Communications International. Notes: Eneas, G.W.J. Parliamentary democracy in the Bahamas (1829 to 1879): Insights into the abolition of slavery with implications for the Bahamas

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 4 Koppelmann, E. R. (1984). Branded hand: The struggles of an abolitionist Sheboygan Falls, WI: Branded Hand Press. Lightbourne, J. H. (1998). His Majesty's armed galley Prin ce of Wales: The romantic history of the Bahamas and West Indies during the war wit h France and Spain, 1793-1798 [S.l.: s.n.]. Notes: Based on unpublished documents discovered by James H. Lightbourn [sic]. "With an appendix containing documents and papers about obeah, fire-dances, a unique form of civil marriage, an odd duel, piracy, slavery, &c." Macaulay, Z., & Society for the Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Dominions. (1825). The Slave colonies of Great Britain: or, A picture of Negro slavery drawn by the colonists themselves: Being an abstract of the various papers recently laid bef ore Parliament on that subject Retrieved January 22, 2008, from books.google.com McDonald, R. A., & Sheridan, R. B. (1996). West Indies accounts: Essays on the history of the British Caribbean and the Atlantic economy in honour of Richard Sheridan Barbados: University of the West Indies Press. Notes: Craton, M. Ambivalencies of independence : The transition out of slavery in the Bahamas, c. 1800-1850. Ragatz, L. J. (1970). A guide for the study of Britis h Caribbean history, 1763-1834, including the abolition and emancipation movements New York: Da Capo Press. Ragatz, L. J., & Ragat z, M. P. (1932). A guide for the study of Br itish Caribbean history, 1763-1834, including the abolitio n and emancipation movements Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. Notes: Issued also as Annual report of the American historical association, 1930, vol. 3. Rogozinski, J. (2000). A brief history of t he Caribbean: From the Arawak and the Carib to the present. (Rev. ed.). New York: Plume. Saunders, D. G. (1983). Bahamian loyalists and their slaves London: Macmillan Caribbean. Saunders, D. G. (1985). Slavery in the Bahamas, 1648-1838 Nassau, Bahamas: Nassau Guardian. Notes: Republished: 1990, 1995 and 2000. Saunders, D. G. (1990). Bahamian society after emanci pation: Essays in nineteenth and early twentieth century Bahamian history Nassau, Bahamas: [s.n.]. Notes: Revised edition issued 1994 and 3rd edition 2003. Saunders, G., & Williams, P. (2006). Conflict, controversy, and control: [Constitutional and parliamentary issues in the eight eenth and nineteenth century Bahamas] Nassau, Bahamas: G. S aunders and P.M. Williams.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 5 Sealey, N., & Curry, C. (2006). Social studies for Bahamian secondary school: Book two London: Macmillan Caribbean. Shattuck, G. B., & Geographical So ciety of Baltimore. (1905). The Bahama Islands New York: Macmillan, The Johns Hopkins Press. Shepherd, V. (2002). Slavery without sugar: Diversity in Caribbean economy and society since the 17th century Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Notes: Saunders, G. Slavery and cotton culture in the Bahamas. Shepherd, V. (2002). Working slavery, pricing freedom: Perspectives from the Caribbean, Africa and the African diaspora New York: Palgrave. Notes: Saunders, G. Slavery and cotton culture in the Bahamas. – Craton, M. Loyalists mainly to themselves: the 'Black Loyalist' diaspora to the Bahamas, 1783-c.1820. Siebert, W. H. (1913). The Legacy of the American Revoluti on to the British West Indies and Bahamas: A chapter out of the history of the American Loyalists : Columbus, OH: Ohio State University. Note: Reprinted: Boston, Gregg Press, 1972 Storr, V. H. (2004). Enterprising slaves and master pi rates: Understanding economic life in the Bahamas New York: Peter Lang. Turner, M. (1995). From chattel slaves to wage slaves: The dynamics of labour bargaining in the Americas Kingston, Jamaica; Bloomin gton: Ian Randle; Indiana University Press. Notes: Johnson, H.D. A Slow and extended abolition: The case of the Bahamas 180038. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (2005). Sampling many pots: An archaeology of memory and tradition at a Bahamian plantation Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. Williams, E. E., & Historical So ciety of Trinidad and Tobago. (1954). British West Indies at Westminster, 1789-1823: Extracts from the debates in Parliament Port-ofSpain, Trinidad: Government Printing Office. Reprinted: Westport, Connecticut : Negro Universities Press, 1970 JOURNAL ARTICLES Baxter, J., & Burton, J. D. (2005). A Prelimin ary report of archaeological investigations at Polly Hill Plantation, San Salvador. Journal of the Bahama s Historical Society, 27 48-49. Baxter, J., & Burton, J. D. (2006). Building meaning into the landscape: Building design and use at Polly Hill Plantation, San Salvador, Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 28 56-61.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 6 Brooker, C. (2007). John Wood and the late 18th-century development of Clifton Plantation, New Prov idence, The Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 29 19-25. Burton, J. D. (2004). Americ an Loyalists, slaves and the creation of an Afro-Bahamian world: Sandy Point plantation and the Prince Storr murder case. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 26 13-22. Burton, J. D. (2006). A Te rra Incognita: Life on post-emancipation San Salvador. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 28 4-11. Craton, M. (1978). Hobbes ian or Panglossian? The two extr emes of slave conditions in the British Caribbean, 1783 to 1834. The William and Mary Quarterly, 35 (2), 324356. Craton, M. (1979). Changing patterns of slav e families in the British West Indies. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 10 (1), 1-35. Craton, M. (1983). We shall not be moved: Pompey's slave revolt in Exuma Island, Bahamas, 1830. Nieuwe West-Indische gids = New West Indian Guide, 57 (1-2), 19-35. Craton, M. (1988-89). S eeking a life of their own: Aspe cts of slave resistance in the Bahamas. Indian Historical Review, 25 (1-2). Craton, M., & Association of Caribbean Historians. (1992). The Ambivalencies of independency: The transition out of slavery in The Bahamas, c.1800-1850 [S.l.: s.n.]. Notes: Paper presented at the 24th Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, Nassau, Bahamas, March 29-April 3, 1992. Craton, M., & Saunders, G. ( 1991). On slavery's margins: The Farquharson Estate, San Salvador, 1831-32. Slavery and Abolition, 12 (2), 49-72. Curry, C. (2005). Christianity and slave conv ersion: A catalyst for revolutionary change or a quest for respectability? Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 27 4-8. Dalleo, P. T. (1984). Africans in the Caribb ean: A preliminary assessment of recaptives in the Bahamas, 1811-1860. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 Eden, E. (2000). The Revolt on the slave ship Creole: Popular resistance to slavery in post-emancipation Nassau. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 22 13-20. Farnsworth, P. (1993). Archaeological excava tions at Wade's Green Plantation, North Caicos. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 15 (1), 2-10.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 7 Farnsworth, P. (1994). Archaeological exca vations at Promised Land Plantation, New Providence. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 16 (1), 21-29. Farnsworth, P. (2000). Bruta lity or benevolence in plantation archaeology [Electronic Version]. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 4 Retrieved January 22, 2008, from http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/david son/Arch%20of%20AA%20Life%20and%20C ulture/Week%2004-05/farnsworth%202000.pdf Farnsworth, P. (2001). Beer brewing and co nsumption in the maintenance of African identity by the enslaved peopl e of the Bahamas, 1783-1834. Culture & Agriculture, 23 (2), 19-30. Gerace, K. D. (1982). Three Loyalist plantations on San Salvador, Bahamas. The Florida Anthropologist, 35 (4), 216-222. Gerace, K. D. (1987). Early nineteenth cent ury plantations on San Salvador, Bahamas: The archaeological record. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 9 (1), 1421. Green, C. A. (2007). 'A Civil inconvenience'?: The vexed question of slave marriage in the British West Indies [Electronic Version]. Law and History Review 25 118 para. Retrieved 22 Jan 2008, from http://www.historycooperative.or g/journals/lhr/ 25.1/green.html Greene, J. P. (1995). Early moder n British slave societies. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 25 (4), 637-641. Howard, R. (2006). The" Wild Indians" of A ndros Island: Black Seminole legacy in the Bahamas. Journal of Black Studies, 37 (2), 275. Howard, R. (2007). Black Seminoles in the Bahamas. Social Anthropology, 15 (1), 118119. Johnson, H. (1984). The Share system in th e Bahamas in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Slavery and Abolition, 5 (2), 141-153. Johnson, H. (1986). A Modified form of slav ery: The credit and truck systems in the Bahamas in the nineteenth and ear ly twentieth centuries. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 28 (4), 729-753. Johnson, H. (1988). The Liberated Africans in the Bahamas, 1811-1860. Immigrants and Minorities, 7 (1), 16-40. Johnson, H. (1989). The Emergence of a peas antry in the Bahamas during slavery. Slavery and Abolition, 10 (2), 172-186.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 8 Johnson, W. B. (1996). The Amelioration Acts in the Bahamas, 1823-1833: A middle ground between freedom and antebellum slave codes. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 18 21-32. Johnson, W. B. (2002). Ownership of slaves among free Blacks and persons of color in the Bahamas, 1821-1834. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 24 (4-13). Jones, W. K., & Adderley, P. L. (2000). The History of the Clifton Plantation, 1788-2000: A transcript of a radio interview wi th the Hon. Paul L. Adderley. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 22 4-11. Kittredge, F. E. (1898). T he man with t he branded hand. New England Magazine, November (365-371). Macaulay, Z., & Society for the Abolition of Slavery Throughout the British Dominions. (1829). Cruelties of Mr. and Mrs. Moss, of the Bahamas, towards a female slave [Electronic Version]. Anti-slavery monthly reporter 2 452-468. Retrieved January 22, 2008, from http://www.wam. umd.edu/~bossert/asr47.html MacIntosh, R. J. (1984). Trades and occupati ons of runaway slaves in the Bahamas, 1784-1834. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 7-14. Marotti, F. (2004). Freedom at Christmas : Andrew Gu, t he Atlantic community of colour and the "Underground Railr oad" in the Bahamas, 1825-1844. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 26 4-9. Martinez Vergne, T., & Associati on of Caribbean Historians. (1992). Theoretical perspectives on the study of women in the Caribbean during and after slavery [S.l.: s.n.]. Notes: Paper presented at the 24th Annual Conference of the Association of Caribbean Historians, Nassau, Bahamas, March 29 April 3, 1992. Mills, T. W. (1887). The St udy of a small and isolat ed community in the Bahama Islands. The American Naturalist, 21 (10), 875-885. Parsons, E. C. (1919). Ri ddles and proverbs fr om the Bahama Islands. The Journal of American Folklore, 32 (125), 439-441. Parsons, E. C. (1930). Proverbs from Barbados and the Bahamas. The Journal of American Folklore, 43 (169), 324-325. Saunders, D. G. (1980). Health of Bahamian slaves in 1834. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 2 11-14. Saunders, D. G. (1983). The Loy alists: General influences. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 5 (1), 3-10.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 9 Saunders, D. G. (1984). Slav e resistance in the Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 25-29. Saunders, D. G. (1990). Slav e life, slave society and cotton production in the Bahamas. Slavery & Abolition, 11 (3), 332-350. Saunders, D. G. (1998). William Wylly and his slaves at Clifton Plantation. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 20 27-31. Shirley, P. (2004). 'Tek force wid force': P aul Shirley describes the freedom struggles of African Americans in the Bahamas a fter the American Wa r of Independence. History Today, 54 (4), 30-36. Turner, G. S. R. (1992). An Archaeological record of pl antation life in the Bahamas. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 14 (1), 30-40. Turner, G. (2006). Bahamian ship graffiti. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 35 (2), 253-273. Turner, G. (2007). In his own words: A bdul Keli, a liberated African apprentice. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 29, 27-31. Wesley, C. H. (1934). The Em ancipation of the free color ed population in the British Empire. The Journal of Negro History, 19 (2), 137-170. Wilkie, L. A. (1993). Continui ty in African naming practice s among the slaves at Wade's Green Plantation, North Caicos. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 15 (1), 32-37. Wilkie, L. A. (1996). House gardens and female identity on Crooked Island. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 18 33-39. Wilkie, L. A. (2001). Communicative bridges linking actors through time: Archaeology and the construction of emancipatory na rratives at a Bahamian plantation. Journal of Social Archaeology, 1 (2), 225. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (1995). Ar chaeological excavations on Crooked Island. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 17 34-36. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (1997). Daily life on a Loyalist plantation: Results of the 1996 excavations at Clifton Plantation. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 19 2-18. Wilkie, L. A., & Farnsworth, P. (1999). Tr ade and the construction of Bahamian identity: A multiscalar exploration. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 3 (4), 283-320.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 10 Williams, P. M. (1984) From punishment to cruelty: Treatment of slaves in the Bahamas, 1723-1832. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 6 30-33. Williams, P. M. (1995) Freedom Day: The emancipation ce lebrations in the Bahamas in the 19th century. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 17 23-27. Williams, P. M. (2004) Social reconstruction of Baham ian society after emancipation, 1838-1859. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 26 24-30. Wood, D. (1990). The free people of colour in Bahamian society. Journal of the Bahamas Historical Society, 12 20-24. Wright, J. M. (1915). The Wrecki ng system of the Bahama Islands. Political Science Quarterly, 30 (4), 618-644. JOURNALS Bahamas Historical Society. (1979-). Journal of the Bahama s Historical Society [Nassau, Bahamas]: The Society. Annual. Slavery & Abolition: A journal of slave and post-slave studies (1980-). London: Routledge. Three times a year. THESES Adderley, D. H. (197?). Slavery in the Caribbean and Bahamas. Thesis (Teacher's certificate), Bahamas Teachers College. Adderley, R. M. (1996). "New negroes from Africa": Culture and community among liberated Africans in the B ahamas and Trinidad, 1810 to 1900. Thesis (Ph D), University of Pennsylvania. Anderson, N. J. (2004). Comparing alternative landscapes : Power negotiations in enslaved communities in Louisiana and the Bahamas, an archaeological and historical perspective Thesis(Ph D), University of Texas. Retrieved January 22,, 2008, from http://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2004/andersonn64577/andersonn64577.pdf Howard, R. (1999). The Promised Is'land: Reconstruc ting history and identity among the black Seminoles of An dros Island, Bahamas. Thesis (Ph D), University of Florida. North, D. G. (1966). The Amelioration and abolition of slavery in the Bahamas, 18081838. Dissertation (BA), University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Peters, T. P. (1960). The American Loyalists and the plantation period in the Bahama Islands. Thesis (Ph D). University of Florida, Gainesville.

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 11 Saunders, D.G. (1978). The Slave population of the Bahamas, 1783-1834. Thesis (M Phil), University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica. Storr, V. H. (2003). Enterprising slaves and master pirates : Understanding economic life in the Bahamas. Thesis (Ph D), George Mason University. Strachan, I. G. (1995). Paradise and plantation : The economy of Caribbean discourse. Thesis (Ph D), University of Pennsylvania. Turner, G. S. R. (2004). Baham ian ship graffiti. Thesis (MA), Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University. Retrieved January 22, 2008, from http://handle.tamu.edu/1969.1/1339 Wright, J. M. (1905). History of the Bahama Islands, with a special study of the abolition of slavery in the colony. Thesis (Ph D), Johns Hopkins University. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS Bahamas. Commissioners of Correspondence. (1823). An Official letter from the Commissioners of Corresponden ce of the Bahama Isla nds, to George Chalmers, esq., colonial agent, concerning the propos ed abolition of slavery in the West Indies Nassau, New-Providence; London: Print ed at the Royal Ga zette Office ; Re-printed by J.S. Brickwood. Notes: Facsimile reprint available from Cornell University Library Digital Collections. Chalmers, G., & Bahamas. Legislatur e. House of Assembly. (1816). Proofs and demonstrations how much the project ed registry of colonial Negroes is unfounded and uncalled for, comprehending t he reports and resolves of the Bahama Assembly, on the principle and det ail of the proposed registry: With the examinations, on oath, of the most respec table persons, as to the facts of the case London: T. Egerton. Great Britain. Col onial Office. (1826). Slave population: Papers and returns presented pursuant to address of the House of Co mmons, dated 6 June 1825: relating to the slave population of Barbados, Bahama s, Berbice, Demerara, Dominica, Grenada, Honduras, Jamaica, St. Vincent, S t. Kitt's, Nevis, Tortola, Trinidad, Tobago...ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed, 9 May 1826 [London: House of Commons.] Notes: This entry is representative of documents published in 1823, 1826 and 1829 Great Britain. Col onial Office. (1826). Abstract of Acts passed by the Legislatures of the West India colonies since 15th May 1823, for improving the condition of slaves. London: House of Commons. Notes: Statutes included: Bahamas. Barbados. Dominica. Jamaica. St Vincent. Great Britain. Colonial Offi ce, & Great Britain. Parlia ment. House of Commons. (1824-

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Bibliography – Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in the Bahamas Page 12 1832). Papers presented to Parliament by His Majesty's command: in explanation of the meas ures adopted by His Majesty's government for the melioration of the condition of the slave population: In His Majesty's possessions in the West Indies, on the continent of South America, and at the Cape of Good Hope London: R.G. Clarke. Notes: Includes: Dominica, Grenada, Antigua, St. Christopher, Nevis, St. Vincent, Tobago, St. Lucia, Demerara, Berbice, Trinidad, Cape of Good Hope, Jamaica and the Bahamas, Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands. Great Britain. Parliamen t. House of Commons. (1815). Papers relating to the West Indies : ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed 12 July 1815 London: House of Commons. Notes: no. 1. Barbadoes, no. 2. Dominica, no. 3. Santa Cruz, no. 4. Demerara, no. 5. Bahamas, no. 6. Saint Vincent's, no. 7. Guadaloupe, no. 8. Saint Thomas, no. 9. Saint Lucia, no. 10. Trinidad, no. 11. Bermuda, no. 12. Surinam, no. 13. Curaao, no. 14. Jamaica, no. 15-17. Antigua, no. 18. Grenada, no. 19. Martinique, no. 20. Tobago, no. 21. Berbice. Great Britain. Parliamen t. House of Commons. (1816). Colonial laws respecting slaves: Ordered, by the House of Comm ons, to be printed 5 April 1816 London: H.M.S.O. Notes: "Names of colonies: Antigua, Bahamas, Barbadoes, Bermuda, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Nevis, St. Christopher, St. Vincent, Tobago"--P. 8. Great Britain. Parliamen t. House of Commons. (1838). Accounts of slave compensation claims: For the colonies of Jamaic a, Antigua, Honduras, St. Christopher's, Grenada, Dominica, Nevis, Virgin Islands St. Lucia, British Guiana, Montserrat, Bermuda, Bahamas, Tobago, St. Vincent's Trinidad, Barbadoes Mauritius, Cape of Good Hope [London: H.M.S.O.] COMPILATIONS OF DOCUMENTS Slavery tracts & pamphlets from the We st India Committee collection now at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies. (1982). London: World Mi crofilms Publications. 28 reels of microfilm. Notes: Includes a printed index. Black abolitionist papers, 1839-1865. Sandord, N.C.: Microfilmi ng Corporation of America. 17 reel s of microfilm. Notes: Includes a printed index.

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Abolition of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling the Story A Bibliography of Resources about Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation in The Bahamas THE COLLEGE OF THE BAHAMAS LIBRARIES & INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA SERVICES DEPARTMENT LIMS 2008 http://www.cob.edu.bs


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