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Planters' Punch


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Planters' Punch
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Herbert G. deLisser
Planters' Punch
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Kingston: Jamaica
Publication Date:


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Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
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National Library of Jamaica ( SOBEK page | external link )
Holding Location:
National Library of Jamaica ( SOBEK page | external link )
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All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier:
nlj - P57
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maica ladies of the present day-Illustrated. Jamaica sixty Years ago.
Jamaica story of the supernatural H. G. D. on domesticated electricity-Illustrated.
tion of demonstrations by W.I.R. men-Illustrated. lelature o f a former day descrbed b Anthon
THE END OF SLAVERY IN JAMAICA-The history of TRICKS THAT ARE VAIN-An amusing tale by Colonel
abolition entertainingly revealed-Illustrated. Sir Alexander Bannerman. Etc. Etc.




-esl, t Equiipi'peAquatic

Two ."witnming Pouls-Ier PoolI 15 ft. x 53 tt.-tite
Pool 163 ft. lu) ft.-Diving Ilatf t mns-Slpin BoartI-Bach Gym
nasl um-Trapeze-Water Horses-Ratt-Ruibierfloats-Big
Floating Ball-Ring Tenni.s-Night Bathing Partie,
Dancing and Concert Pa'ilion
Card-Magazine-Reading and Writing Room
Cool Refreshing Drinkrs-Light Luncheon-Afternoon Tea
Tea Dansants and Balls Arranged-Special Orchestraq
Vvrandaisi and Comforitahly Furnished Alcoves O ierlooking Sixth Be;At Harbour in AWTlil
Privile.el and or 'i.111porary M mrnii.ship Exteu ldl to isito ,, th.l Idlan I
I Ad u

.ii EcI Lai r g, U an,.I _

Particulars or I
SApplication Forins
0., for Membership
oo t. G. B. REE,

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We Represent

,John Je f-rey &- Co.,

MccLeoq Duff Co.,

Duff' Liqueur
associated with

oh n Lc d G-, Co.,
Lai'-rds Special \W/ih l

BEtr-ih rQOversea Butter Co.,

JohnA. .I- unter .-Co, Ltd.
S|amT, 9awcon and Sausuagoes,

(tE .i;,t Mkb.) '-.

Maypole DCoiry Co.,
I margarine

MI ni max _imitecA
fIi-re *xtinguilsers!

Saconockie Br'os., Lt .,
Provisions an Confectionery.

jonn Knight L .,

--lumphreq THylor Ld.,
Junora Wine

RC -. ^ 'Co., L.+4
C -col.-.te

V/eich G:.~Jra juice C0o.
(rape Juice

i;,k. Lt.,
lm;. mr ,..irarne:. tc.

DelLeck et Cie,

Les -IlC Jte B~ '-, J; ~
i; ueur,


General Register Office,
Spanish Town, Jamaica,
S3 .-
livered to the Registrar-General under the
provisions of Section 3 of Law 2 of...1887, entitled
"A Law to provide for the preservation of copies
of Books printed in Jamaica, ad the Registra-
tion of seb .Books."


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i"- vi



t. .

For the Year. 1932-1933

Some Beauties of Jamaica

" T is rather difficult to say what A.';
Smy favourite pastimes are, It, ',
cau-se I like everything really" '
wrote Miss Agnes ('rium-]Ew:i n lL. .in vl
answer to a query sent to her aid 'Il
to some others of the younnI'er :'
ladies of our Jamaica Sdociet y ,.'i"-
the editor of this magazine. *'I
think dancing and tennis head the
list, but I am also very fondl 1.1
golf, riding, reading, sewing. drawv-
ing. painting and gardening." .A
diversified vatalo iue. andl ti'
writer of it, rememnlbr, livi's in
what is called "the country" ill
Jamaica, lives at Rosehall, Lin
stead, many miles from the metro-
From Prospect, St. Thomas,
Miss Jean Harrison wrote to say
that her pastimes are tennis, riding i
and olien-air bathing anil that slh
is very keen on golf. Black-aud-
white sketching. swimming, tennis,
longicountry walks, amateur acting
are liss Pearl joke'ss favout-ite Ire-
creations anti pursuits: Miss C'okct
lives in Mandeville. We need not
quote from other letters. In every
one received some form of physical
diversion is mentioned, tennis cer-
tainly, dancing invariably. Somne
speak of sewihig, but that is cvi-
dently regarded as work. For these '
ladies, being typical of the educated
classes of today, do not pass their
hours in idleness or chiefly in
swimming and playing tennis: ldo
not sleep away the greater part of -
the sunlit day, as did their sisters '
of even some fifty years ago. They
Miss Har
work as well as play, exercise their
minds as well as their bodies; and
though they are lovers of gaiety, the old idle-
ness and iudolence characteris.ing the Jamaica
girls of their class at a former lime would lie
ablh-irent to them.

MAGINJE an observer with an adequate
acquaint;anceship with present-day Jamaica
setting out to write, a description of thr.
maidens and youthful matrbns of local society.
He would first of all describe them as pretty.
graceful, and, considering climatic conditions,
extremely vivacious. Pretty: for that is tlh,
term of admiration applied again and again
to those daughters of Jamaica with whom the
outsider, the visitor, comes mainly into con-
tact; again and again one hears the exclama-
tion, "What pretty girls you have in' Ja-
maica !" And at balls and parties in any part
of the island the same comment is made by
the stranger, whose impartiality may surely
be assumed.
This general impression is not to be dis-
sipated or even modified by any critical
analysis. Flawless features, unblemished

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rison'a pastimes are teiunl, riding, open-air bathing. Se Is also very keen
on golf

brilliancy of colouring, figures without defect, social fur
and all the rest of the stock-in-trade of a novel when arri
ist creating a heroine of physical perfection, monising
one very rarely if ever finds in actual life, Th" in antici
novelist, like the sculptor or the painter, may beating h
create something possible for the purposes of worth gaz
art; but the.greater writers, with a regard for turalU if si
actuality and realism, often eschew the sta sire to pl
trta,que perfect figure as too ran. in nature to bathing p
bit'considered truly representative. The Ja- suit, which
naica girl has not this fictional regularity of a total la
features and sculpture-like quality of form: but tight-fittir
she possesses her full share of hearty; and per arms and
haps climate and associations have added to footed, th
her something that the girls of some other with peals
countries do not possess. However that may ilurance. i
be. the encomiums passed upon the daughters sea, with
of Jamaica have come from too many quar- might hav
ters and have.been too consistently pronounced stant retr
not to be taken as a genuine tribute. And beach fit
thesi- good looks, this vivacity, this charm of of .amaic
manner do not disappear with the passing of cove, or tc
the first blush of youth, with the emergence Myrtle Be
of the girl from her teens. noon, and

HE Mexican girl of the upper
class in said to be the most
beautiful of her species.- But at
twenty-tive she is a fat and mid-
dle-aged woman. She flowers early
and she fades as early: a brief
flriresence and then the tragedy.
O)ne fancies it was much the same
in Jamaica even half a century
ago: when one reads of the ladies
of that and of previous periods, the
picture that rises to the mind i-
displVbsing. It is not so in these
(lays, and one reason of this is the
healthy life of exercise, the hearty
indulgence in sport which prevents
the deterioration of the modern
Jamaica girl. You cannot swim.
play tennis, and golf. ride, dance,
move about energetically, and
exercise your mind as well as your
body-for intelligent work is an
exercise of the mi4d--and become
slothful and. fat or scraggy. and
discontented. Good looks are not
merely physical; they are also
spiritual and mental in the sense
that they are to some extent an ex-
pression of thought and feeling;
their continuance at any rate to
some extent depends upon thought
and feeling. A vivacious personal-
ity, the result of an inner activity,
is an antiseptic of the ravages of
time; such an antiseptic the daugh-
ters of Jamaica have found, hut
their grandmothers hardly knew

THEY have a natural instinct for
dress, liave these youthful
ladies; hence the tasteful anrd at
tractive appearance they make at
actions. In the cool of the evening,
ayed in soft satins and silks, in bar-
colours, with their eyes sparkling
nation of enjoyment, their hearts
igh with emotion, they are indeed
;ing upon: and their manners are na-
ometimes a trifle casual, and their de-
ease is genuine. See them too at a
arty. They don the modern bathing
h exposes so much of the body, with
ck of selfconsciousness. Clad in the -
ig clinging garments, with legs a4d
part of the bust. uncovered, bak'e-
ey swim and dive among the men
s of laughter,'with animation a.d en-
n a setting of sparkling blue sky and
a sun beating down upon them that
-e frightened their mothers to an in-
eat. Wherever there is a cove or a
for bathing you will find these gir4
ca. they will ride down to beach or
Sbaths such as Bournemouth and the
ink and the rest, morning and after-
even when the sun is at ito fiercest.
": -44't-1



Vol. III. No. 1.






~ i;


*. I ~

Miss Coke's farourile recreations are black and white sketching. swimming: tennis and
Iong cnulln.r iw ill:

formerly of St. James. Her faIourlte pulitmes are dancing, swimming end tennis

disregarding complexional niceties for the plea.t
sure of the exhilarating recreation. The open.
air and not the darkened room has won their

SN Jamaica no young lady thought uni-ch of
exercise in the olden days, and for them
to have engaged in mixed bathing would have
been considered almost an act of immorality.
SDancing, yes. All the ladies of Jamaica dancedl
%when they could, the iiuadrille being long a
favourite. and riding was also undertaken, hut
mairy as a mode of loc( motion. Golf was nn-
known, tennis was never mentioned : even thlo-e
girls who were sent to England to be educated.
and remained away some eight or ten years,
fell back into the routine of a monotonous ex-
istence after a while, since there was nothing
else that they could do.

Today most of the towns have clubs, with
tennis lawns and golf links attached, and the
roads are good, and no one thinks anything
of driving thirty or forty miles to attend some
r-ocial function or even to play a game of golf.
A id because travelling is easy your modern
J:imaica damsel who lives in the country
can visit friends and go to parties in her own
or in a neighhouring parish with the great-
est facility. Her life has been changed
from that led by her mother by an instrument
which has wrought a revolution in social
habits ever since its polularisation. The
Motor ear has minimised distance. It has
also brought the capital of Jamaica within a
few hours of the farthest part of the island.

tfts at a ball in Kingston or Lower St.
IMI{W, or a fashionable garden party, or the

IKnut-ford Park races, or hplol at U) I';irl:
.'anmp. ine sees scores and hundreds 'f si.cietv
folk from every parish of the island. In thi
reooler months of the year, from [Dtceeber toi
the end of April, Kingston is thronged with
then; arnd indeed these rnral dwellers visit
the capital in any month of the year. Aind
when at Montego Bay some ball is given, ir
there is a social liesta at Port Antonio, w',
lind that the attraction has drawn society from,
its several habitations everywhere. The young
lady of the period can probably drive a motor
car as well as her brother, and as she either
has parents in a good financial position or is-
earning money of her own, she can lpatroniist
expensive festivities and so run no risk of lhe
coming the loutish country cousin her raud.
mother may have been. They live a gay life on
the whole. do these society girls of Jamaica.
Yet when they marry they make allmirable
wives. They have not been spoilt by gaiety.

T WO novelists who have visited Jamata.
SSomerset Maugham and Alex Wamugh.
have confessed that they saw in this country
nothing amongst the women of this class to
give piquant point to some story of the "tri-
angular" variety. Naturally, to say that therc
was nothing whatever would be an exaggera-
tion: how could that be? But taking it liy
and large, the marital life of the upperc-las"-
women of Jamaica is as exemplary as the mari-
tal life of any similar class of European so
city still organised and conducted on some.
thing like the later Victorian model.

Yet the revolution which has taken place
in the position of women within our own

tinie. and even in this post-war period, has not
Iett thei upper-class girl of Jamaica unin-
fluemncd. She has grown up during that re-
voltition: she is perhaps so much its product
that shie could not possibly recognize the dif-
tfremne Ietween her status and activities, her
Irt-t-edin and independence, and those of her
mother when N'd/ was a girl. Thus many ladies
work in these days. not merely at home but in
offices. They lose no prestige or respect by
doing ,so. th-ey are not less in society lbeCauir-
they earn money, ant any effort made by the
tew, who are absolutely removed from the
necessity of working, to establish ia (ort of
superiority over the others, is not only regard-
ed as the last word of snobbishness but
actually as a phase of mental inferiority.
For amongst the younger lady workers of the
present day in Jamaica are many who c6u:-'
sit idle at home if they cared, lolling in easy
chairs, stretched out on couches, waiting mere
ly for a husband, living the life of their pre-
decessors of a century ago. But they refuse
to live so idly. Either in the home or out-
side of it they must find some occupation. The
curse of ennui they desperately dread, the de-
sire for independence is in them an impelling
force. The girl of the upper orders of -Ta-
maica today may. in the way of employment,
either work professionally or in an office; or
perhaps assist her father or mother, or both;
but even in the latter case she is well aware
of the value of her assistance, and so are they.
She assumes in regard to them a position of
real equality: she is to them a great aid: they
have for her what amounts to a feeling of re.
aspect. although that feeling is never perhaps
very consciously defined in their minds.



. ^






iii .4


II IIIpp 111 1;
........ .......

- 1932-33

vF i


1932-33 -


T HIS is per haps one explanation of
S1 thine we frequently hear in these
namely,., iat parents have no longer thl
authority over their iuninarrird girl child
The girls, however, are no longer chil
they are certainly young. but they have al
ed a distinct status which has to be recogi
This recognition is partly indicated by th
appearance of the chaperone. "Mother li
a best" is a saying which used to be tran'
into action; that action meant that "m
sees best," and that it was best that im
should see everything.
But the unspoken un-
derstanling t o d a y
seems to lit that then.
is really no necessity
for nmotlitr tto sew anlly-
thing, since there i-
nothing that daInight-r.
cannot see very well tor
l herself, bring quite fit
ted mentally ;ni ini
character to take gootl
care of herself.
-. Indeed, chaperon
age seems to have ilis
app'eaird,l not mern'lv
with tliih tacit cousinnt
of the older folk but
- with their active assist-
aince. It almost seenim
that they it was whio
realized that there was
tno good reason for a
continulance of the cus-
tom, and that unless
they themselves were
i in a party, participants
equally with others,
-.- and not chiefly guards.
watchers and admlon.
ishers. they were de-
cidedly out tof place
and (ointriillnitrs to
their own discomfort.
They therefore quietly.
perhallps unconsciounsly,
abdicated a position
which halld ecoirme irk
some to themselves.
ti Perhaps., too. the wo-
men ot this century
have become younger
in spirit and in outlook
than their predecessors.
Whatever he the parti-
cular explanation, there
is an equality establish.
ed between feminine
=a youth and middle-iat'e
today sinu-h as wasN cli
7j a mainly unknown in Ja-
maica a quarter of a century ago. This, (
K constrained to think, has brought about g
er frankness in the relations of everyone
everyone else. If authority has been wen
ed to the point of disappearance, coirade
or the possibility of comradeship has la

IF in former days the gentlemen of Jan
were notorious for their capacity to
S, sume alcoholic beverages, their indulgence
ing a frequent cause of early death, the l
on the other hand were noted for their
stinence. They could drink wine, c-l
Madeira. and sangaree, and even rum pi
es; but observing commentators on
habits and customs of the eighteenth
nineteenth centuries noticed that temper
S was the rule with our women while inter
, ance was the mark of the men.


In the middle and later Victorian times
the habits of the men became modified; drink.
ing was more moderate, saner ideas as to diel
began to come into vogue. But both men and
women still ate rather more than was goIod
for them: a really sensible change is of very
recent origin. Men today, with better ideas
as to health and economy. no longer load
their tables anil their stomachs with a
variety of highly seasoned meats and poultry;
there is a comparative simplicity in feeding.
Women, thinking perhaps more of their figures

Miss Lindo's favourite recreations are dancing, tennis and open-air

Ine is than of their health, are by no means gorman.
;reat- disers. They are intelligent in the matter of
with eating.
e '.'he former Jamaica girl of the better class
usually slept late, rising at eight or nine
o'clock in the morning, when she consumed her
breakfast, which was called "tea" or "coffee."
aaica This consisted of tea or coffee with bread and
con- fruit, and in the remoter country districts, at
-e be- a remoter period, roasted yam often took the
adies place of flour bread. She had "second break-
rab. fast" at about noon. Then she ate the famous
liefly pepper-pot of Jamaica, a highly flavoured soup.
inch. with plenty of meat, boiled or roasted, in ad-
the edition, and vegetables and cakes-a tremend-
and ons meal in fact. Dinner was usually at tive
'ance in the afternoon. But after a young woman
nper- had stuffed herself at noon she as a rule could
but trifle with the afternoon meal: her lack of

L.: *


exercise and her siesta between "second break-
fast" and dinner were sufficient reasons why
her appetite could not rise to the occasion of
further heavy eating during daylight. At eight
o'clock tlere was supper, a cold supper upual-
ly, with coffee perhaps: afternoon tea only be.
rame an institution with this class when a light
lunch was substituted for the old "second
breakfast." and seven or eight in the evening
became the hour for a dinner of a civilised

slill an institution
in Jamalica. Iu1ti tile
teudency of soni' of
tile .'Innlligi'r iep1,,I is
to sldstituhte for it 1an
afternoon utpuktail. The
girl who nould oit
hae e thought l a cock.
Slil or of anlly sIItrung
d ilik tell ,ea:iirs igo,
o it ''tirtls ouniie 01
HOWV 1'ti 1-t ial as e tili, ito
a ftrt inltni as i. little .
norn al iidililgtn.'c.. In'
fact the .lallnt:in ula er
class girl lof today olins
swierg ii mi'ktails witlh
anyatllotl. S hitl a rely
seenis Ilhe worse il' it.,
hot'ver, and ..ll e nleVel"
drliniks illn Ilvlate. She
doles not shiun tilte eye
of the parent as she
swallows the mixture:
and as she eats less and
exercises moret tha i er
grandmother did, and
uses her brain as grand
nie never thought of
doing, and hardly in
dulges in wines or coik-
tails to the point of
excess. one cannot con.
cede that a verdict of
degeneracy should Ie
passed upon her.
She takes her cock-
tails, indeed, or other
beverages as part iof
the ritual of gaiety
which she observe., not
through any special
craving for alcoholic
stimulation. It is fffshl
ionable to be fashion-
able as it is to wear I
silk stockings, or long
skirts or short skirts,
bathing according to the mode
of the moment. She
will even take a whisky and soda, though the
more prudent girl realises that this sort of
liquor is inimical to the feminine constitution.
But this indulgence is not a daily feature of her
life: it is confined mainly to social events, to
dinners and dances. parties; there is little
drinking in the home among the women of .Tha4
maica as a usual thing. She still loves ices"
and lemonade. orange crushes, and even
aerated waters. If it became a fashion !.or
girls to drink nothing "strong," the society
girls of Jamaica would not be conscious of
any particular deprivation. What would
affect them sorely would be a necessitN to be
behind the fashion in the matter of dress.

When intercourse with the outside world
was rare, to be a year behind in the feminine
fashions was nothing strange; it was indeed
the custom. To be six months behind tod o.

S. -.

-._- ---- -- *-***- -.-- r---. -y

P L A N T E R S'



would be a form of torture. The fashion
journals arriving weekly indicate the changes
in modes before they actually occur and illus-
trate these when they do occur. The latest
moving pictures show the latest forms of dress,
the newest hats, the last models in the way
of shoes. Men may afford to disregard some
trifling alteration in coat or waistcoat decreed
by London tailors intent upon evoking orders
for new suits; womeu are still slaves to the
modistes vw I o
decide on the
length at which
dresses are t11
be worn tllis
winter, n e x t
summer and so
forth. And lhe
a us e it is
known in .J
maica what is
being worn illn
E u gla nd or
N e w Y o r k.
what is worn in
those cities is
worn in .J;i-
inaica today. Ti
I.e old-fashion
ed is to be de.
pressed, a n Id
your local so-
ciety girl al-
h o r s s ui e
spiritual d e-
pression. XS e
knows little or
nothing about
the shibliletlhs
of art 1or lili..a-
ture: the ]ill.st
thing in .lrt n11
literature is fur
the most part
an unexploried
territory wh'er",
she is concern ,
ed. But their .
is no uuexplor-
ed territory I.f
dress. S.JIl dolts
not permit l'her-
self to lie mir i..
ly a bI.ackwaiid
ctraggler att.r
S the piones-Is i l
thnli partiuiriinla
splier'e of Il111
man activity.

A ND here
one conies
to t he q* '-s-
tion of the
m o d e r n Ta
maica edulCatle(

MIl i Edwardis'

g i r I 's intel.-
lectuality. She is intlligient. she i hliiihlt.
-hbut ;a .s-iotus study of literature -' r irt l'
qts own sake is pursued only by a few iind:vi-
duals of iher type and class in Jamnail;n. Thli
average girl reads: she reads novel-s andm! in--
zine .; she hardly ever goes iteyound these. For
nenslapers of any kind she has but little use:
the polities of the country she takes for grant-
el. the .speeches of public men anywusi-heri. sIh
takes ais read, and for this there is a good
deal to lie said. Many an educated young wo-
man will tell you quite frankly that the column
in the newspaper which she 'perutes generally
is that containing announcem.'nits of births.
marriages and deaths: the rest of tihe paper
makes hut little appeal to her. Births. mar-

riages and deaths are vital matters; surely the
most important matters affecting human be-
ings. But their interest is not intellectual, it
is not literary, it is not artistic: it must there-
fore be said that while there is plenty of in-
telligence and brightness to be found in the
younger feminine social circles, there is very
little development of literary or artistic taste.
Capacity awaiting development may exist, is

fatourile retrealion- are travel. swimming, dancing and tennis

here and thlrec clearly indicated. But it ldr
vehiipimient still waits upon time.
Not that ithe girls of this later day far'
lfiicient in the matter of a decent edll'.a
tion: that sort of reproach passed with tihe
p ssinLg of thie last century. The Jamaicai pn-
rents of the better classes have always striv\en
to give their dlaugnhters, not so muachl a thornrigh
and sound edu('tion in an Euglish seminary,
as a "polishing" which should lpt upon thlii
a sort of social hall-mark. Tilel upper class,
parents of a former da' d did tlieir best for
their daughters in this respect. but a Inru-'e
proportion of them. perhaps the rilajority.
could not afford the expenditure which this
involved. Anil. up to ahout fifty years ago.

J ,

there were few good schools for girls in Ja-
maica: a hundred years ago there "--s none
at all. So that the majority of girls of
the better classes once grew up largely ignor-
ant, terribly restricted in outlook, proud, ar.
rogant because of their superior position, but
painfully conscious of inferiority when meet-
ing any cultivated person, and too often care-
less and slatternly in their homes. All that is
.hanged today.

have read
th at interest-
ing picture of
life in Jamaica
written at the
beginning o f
the 19th cen-
t. u ry "Lady
Nugent's .Jonr-
nal"--m ist have
noticed how in-
frequently Ja-
in a i a ladies
w.re i'resent at
important din-
ner s given
either by or to
t i e Ilovernor
and his wife in
in mos t At the
parishes. Gov.
er nor Sir
George Ni.uilut
was an edu-
cated man, his
wife was a cul-
tivated, kindly
and symipatie
t i c w 0 m n .
L a d y Nugent
really sought
to perceive the
best that was
in other people,
h u t t h e Ja
maica ladies
whom she mIet
frankly dismay-
ed her. Some
of there spoke
in tlhe Janaica
ve r n a clar
wlien not on
their g n.i, .il
using "'lis" and
"dl'" t.or thisi"
a d t h a t "
sometimes: she
also ssieithtiInes
found that in
t h e i.r hom es
they were offen
"perl'et v i rai
goes." nei.'r

speaking but in
the mno.It imlperious manner to their servlailt,.
lint I the Jamaica tcomnmentator may adidl i ,lt
awiinlr that they dlid s-i. licr-ause they were nliii't.
ly Ii i.nt'f-rming to a habit they had formndl frioll
ca-arly childhood. They would rail agniust their
ruenials, but in a moment would change t''
smiles and goorill hllnour o(n the appearance of
a stranger: they were not unkindly at heart,
they vwer'e mainly unpolished. They did nrot
visit one another 'very often, their cunrersa
tin Consisted chiefly of such local scandal as
came their way, o-f their household worries,
of their illnesses or the illnesses of their huIs
hands and children: no wonder that when they
came into social contact with some great lady
thley were mute in ier presence and ill at ease.







No wonder that they avoided suchl
intel 'irse when they could. Those
of theli. who had been edui:ateel
abroad must have felt all this ter.
ribly at first. but g;rhdually they
accommodated themselves to local
conditions anrd became mulnch as
their unedutiated ister-'s were.

T was the anule with thi- EIn l
peau women. After ia ftw vt'i'.
in Jaimicalal they presented little, il
any difference fr tom th erelcre~.lcs;
they adopted tihe prevalent drawl
if not the Negro English o.f the
others too, in]d lived aI nil d liil ;ia
though thley hIil never known ayI
thing Ibetter in their li\ve-. fiit
what could one expert when vis-its
to Great Britain were few and tar
between, andl with manuy never.l'
undertaken, when to I ravel from
one parisli to another., and even
from a plantation to a neighbour-
inqg town, 'was a nmtter iof difficult'y
owing to bad ron.ds. nd when inl
the town there wi;s practically no
more for i a woumn ito ld in f so-
cial way than there as on a pen
or fa rm' :
But with the facilities now
existing in the island for inipa!rt-
ing to girls oif the upper orders ai
good education. there is not tie :
same necessity to send tIhem to
England for their I raining as in ;a
previous time. Yet many are sent. '
Ani even ot tlI hn who do int o t- Ls
away l' a ll ear orl, two's ill;[[
scthoolilng-eight or ten years i> no longer
thought otf--iilny vi.it land s lpen.d somllle til
ill EJl" il. I'aunda or .\nmerira i efoit'O- orii s.hourt
IV altt'r uma iiage. Travellilig is anl oblsel-Ni inl
with olin st .iJamauii.aus, some iacquaintanceship
wilh li ilistant cointlie is 'desird and tlieretore

Kerr-Jarrell's chief recrealions are driving. Iennis anti dutiln

attained. Nor is a viit ilabronl tile miie event 'it
this kind in the life of each girl: tliese \ isits a; e
freqiellnit anld in their way tIhey are iln eCdluia-
lion. A good -t holastic foundation, however,
can bie had in Jamaica: thle local e'lucatinal I
institutions for ~ ahies ar'e admittedly .,imuodl;

andl here toVi we observe a hliange.
For whereas mistresses had form-
it il tro be biroiught out filon Eng
hlnd, thle tliihools tnlay are largely
stall'ted with iJamnaical women t who
have taken degrees at IOxfortd, at
lii l'on I'nrli vrt i and other iole-
lbraited seats of learning. Youi ma
it any'time todlay- lie exchalinging
nibdin;ge will Ii somn' young lady
whoI is a II.A. or an M.A.. and vwho
dlvecilellvly i nlo Ilihe-.-stockin .

N I i anul then ll e of thliese
irls stludlies medicine lndl
takes a tmelial 'legree-v. She[ is
eftticie-nt sli practi-es, libut as a rule
Sshel mall ie's in a little whilh. a:idl
il' oer lldtie.s dlemandl her attention.
There has li en Inlyv one .Tainnica
hlaly I.Miss Edith i(_m'larkel who, so
;far a;s this \wriiter knows, lhas I'em
l inkeid uilii'n deifitniely scientific
Scaireer, stud'llyinig lsciology and anit
thropology with real earnestness.
B lit it is liltll room Jamaica canl
in lI for sllc high naeomplish.
S ni-nits. And hliei, perhapss. we lind
a reasoiln vwhv a;it andil literature are
n t hot th il' t as 'ri. iis ll liirsinit
hiy .Ia;llllical gil'l.

So what there is of artistic
activity in .allaican is f the dil-
H letante sort, anill lint verIy muIlch of
thlt. A tfew i irls have lipubllished
c',lle-cti'iis ot \ eise in which tilhere
ng is lierit; blnt ino .Jamanicar wo-
IInl1 1has set wonil a name as a
poet outside of .Ja maicai,. And none lip to now
has pri.oluced a novel or anily prose work of
merit. Wihati they can anid ilio mc-i.,nuplish, how.
ever, is to make i social life right, entertain
iia, charminiln. And thl., after all, is an art
in itself.

Miss Kell, Lnawonl'm fnourite rrtin re duanintr. swrimmini. Lolf anid einnik

bliss Cruni-Ening i. fond of gulf, reading, seeing, riding and



'~: ~ *--~-~ 0r~: ~





THE CROCODILES: A Strain Jamaica Story
Of the Supernatural

author of




THE young man in the pulpit cast a rapid glance
over the congregation seated below, noted the
grave concourse of faces turned upwards to him.
rustled slightly the silk of his ample black gown
which bestowed upon him so dignified and, as he
hoped, so impressive an appearance, and announced
his text.
"Thlite I shall not b. I'o,.ovi l 'ltrttcyJ iy t tiii a n li
that ... icselh di irn'itton, or an obscrccrr of rimtif.
or an enchaciler, or ai t'|r:/h. Or a lhoarmier, mr ar
consult r iath Ofa lrri ar spt;t.i, or ca icr:ard. or ,a
netrrentanlter. For all that do theie things are atl
abomination to the Lord: anid tbecauni ot thel
abhonanutions the Lo d thy God doth dir e them out
fror before thee."
He paused impressively and scme members of
his congregation stirred in expectation ,uf the ser-
mon to follow. It had been bruited about that Mr.
Carson, the minister, intended to preach powerfully
to-day on a ,trange story that had been going around
the city and the is latd ti.. ,'f late. and h.a. teien
been discussed in the newspapers. Everybody had
been talking about a peculiar apparition which many
persons had alleged to have seen aud which re-
called the strangest tales that ever came nut iof
Africa ir the East. Mr. Carson was comparatively
- new to Jamaica. a man young, handsome, florid, of
genial and friendly spirit, given greatly to rhetoric
and to fierce denunciations of evil. He thrilled his
own flock. he attracted numbers of outsiders whoi
loved to listen to something new in the way of pul-
pit eloquence. he was making this church of his
famous throughout the city. He knew it. and en-
joyed the sensation of power, secretly delighted in
the influence exercised by his voice and manner. He
chose as often as possible topical subjects In which
to preach. Here was one of the most interesting
and topical. He repeated his text slowly, and then
he declaimed his exordium.
The story was that at different times, and al-
ways between midnight and about three o'clock in
the morning, a crocodile had been seen in places
where no human crocodile could be expected. It
was known that in the swamps to the east of King-
ston. by the sea shore where the mangrove grew in
dark and dense profusion, there might be crocodiles,
or alligators, as the people insisted upon calling
them. Where the Rio Cobre poured its waters into
the sea these creatures might be expected to lurk:
but the rifles of hunters had thinned their num-
bers and taught them timidity; they kept in hiding,
none having been known to attack a human being
within the life of the existing generation. And none
had been observed far from their natural haunts.
But now. suddenly, the rumour was-indeed it had
become a report-that one of these beasts (and some
said t(*o) had been seen as far as three miles from
the seashore, in the very heart of the city, as far
north as Lower St. Andrew: and a few of those who
had glimpsed them said that they did not always
run on all fours as is the fashion of reptiles, but
sometimes assumed an upright posture and made
noises with a human voice!
What did all this mean? Was there any truth
in it? Or was it merely a hoax being played by a
couple of wild young men? Indeed. had anyone
actually seen the strange spectacle about which every
body was now talking?
About the latter there could hardly be two opin-
ions. Some twenty or thirty persons had sworn to
the sight, and though some of these might be re-
ga'ded as having drunk too deeply of the cup that
intoxicates as well as cheers, and others had pro-
bably only adopted for notoriety's sake the habit
of perceiving curious phenomenaa vouched for by
their betters. and yet others were only persons
prone to imagine startling visions because already
implicItly believing in the reality of such visions.
there was a residue of witnesses whose testimony
could not easily he explained away. A well-known
doctor returning one night from a childbirth case
had seen something that looked like a mighty lizard
emerging from the garden of a substantial residence
in the Waverley Park area, and when he rang up
the house-he knew the people living there-these
had in the morning noticed marks on the softer
earth as though great claws had been pressed into
it here and there. A Government official, a teetotal-
er, had been going to fetch his wife from a party,
he having been at an official function that same even-

ing. He too had observed what he took to be a
crocodile running by the side of a deserted roao,
for the way he had taken was one little frequented
by night or day. The animal made extraordinary
progress, he had mentioned; lie had not believed that
a crocodile could move so swiftly. He had had no fear
of it; he was in a motor car and therefore safe
from its attack. But what, he had wondered, if it
should come upon a pedestrian?
He spoke of the matter that same night to the
police; but no man, woman or child had been
attacked by the creature. It was reported too as
seen only when the nights were dark. visibility poor.
and pursuit, unless thoroughly planned and organis-
ed. evidently hopeless. For how could one man or
party, unarmed, in a car or on foot, pursue a huge
crocodile or even two? And how wouldd a hunting
expedition be organized when yuu never knew where
the thing was to he located? While you were hunt-
ing for it where it was last observed, it might be
some miles away. Or it might not be abroad at all
on any particular night. It was a thing peculiarly
It was the circumstance that no one had yet
proleused to have received any injury except a fright
from this creature that helped to maintain the gen-
era' skepticism prevailing anrong the m~re intelli-
gent and educated classes as to its really being a
crn-.odile. But then. as some wag pointed out it a
letter to the Gleaner. not oue of Ihuse who claimed
to have met or glimpsed it had ever given it a
chance to do him or her a mischief. If the creature
was swift. its human beculder had proved himself
swifter. It was not on one side only that speed
had been exhibited. Man, in this respect as in
others, had easily demonstrated his superiority to
the lower creation.
Was it merely a h-ax? That there were young
men in the city %wh ,might garb themselves in the
dried skins of crocodiles and go about now and
theu at night to startle people could well be believ-
ed. They would not run much risk. People did not
carry tirearm-s with them, everybody knew that
to shr',t at something and harm a human being
meant a great deal of trouble in the courts, with
the possibility of imprisonment. A crocodile's skin,
too. would be like armour; a young fellow running
with such a skin on for a few yards along a hedge
and in the dark would be no target: it danger
threatened him he could always call out, confess the
imposture and raise a laugh at the expense of the
person who had taken the crocodile story too seri-
ously. The police themselves believed that at the
worst this crocodile affair was only a sort of practi-
cal joke. a kind of masquerading: but they would
stop it if they could on the ground that tie law
explicitly prohibited public masquerading. Most
other people were of the opinion of the police. But
from among the ranks of the superstitious, from
thousands of fearful hearts and minds, there had
begun to cone a weird, eerie tale of beings with
supernatural powers, of fearsome devils in the form
of crocodiles seeking for the snuls of men and wo-
men: of a new letting loose upon earth of the powers
and principalities of hell.
"A. man also or a wriomain that hath a familiar
spirit or that is a tr:ard shall surely be put to
death: they shall stone then with stones: tleir blood
shall he upon them."
The words rolled sonorously from the minister's
mouth and electrified a congregation already thrill-
ed by his rhetorical declamation. Mr. Carson affect-
ed not to believe that this elusive crocodile was
anything supernatural and evil. indeed hi- ser-
mon was partly a denunciation of any such belief.
But he knew. he said, that there were crowds of
people in the country who still clung to superstiti-
ous fancies, and he was well aware that some of
these practised witchcraft, which they called obeah,
and not only robbed the more credulous ones, but
endeavoured to fasten upon the minds of these e
fetters of a degrading superstition. Therefore. evn
while condemning anything like an acceptance of a
non-natural explanation for what was probably only
a trick-if indeed, he insisted, there were anything at
all in the rumours and reports which had created such
a discussion-he betaboured those wicked cheats
who dealt in obeah and sought to show why and how
they should be abhorred by all decent people. "Thou
shalt not suffer a witch to live!" he cried again and
again, quoting from the 22nd chapter of Exodus;
but he explained that in these days, because the
power of witches had diminished owing to the great-
er development of human intelligence, they need b.e
no longer put to death by the law, but only punish-
ed by imprisonment when discovered. "But the
lesser punishment of these days, my brethren, does
not signify any difference in the iniquity practised.
The unclean thing remains unclean in spite of the
passage of the centuries, and those that consult or
consort with witch or wizard are an abomination to

the Lord and should be driven out from amongst
But lest anyone should misunderstand him, any
stranger at the moment within the gates, Mr. Car-
son closed with a peroration exalting the character
of the poorest and humblest member of his church
as free entirely from all suspicion of trafficking with
unholy things. Whatever some others less blessed
than they might do, they at least were free from
the stain of witchcraft. Let them not be puffed up
in consequence, however, but rather let them pray
for still more grace so that they might continue
to walk in the paths of righteousness. He closed
upon that note. The congregation relaxed with an
audible sigh and a rustling of garments: they had
enjoyed the sermon. They were certain that in no
other church in Jamaica on that Sunday could a
more vivid or dramatic address have been deliver-



M R. CARSON was conscious of a slight feeliue of
disappointment. It was two days after his
memorable sermon, and to-night he was presiding
over a meeting which was more social than religi-
ous, a friendly reunion of his members: with no re-
freshments, but with plenty of pleasant conversa-
tion, a song or two of the more sedate description,
a bit of an address from him, and general hand-
One of his deacons had introduced the subject
of the crocodile. This was Mr. Monples. a stout,
short man, with an olive complexion, great import-
ance of demeanour, and a habit of flavouring his
conversation with polysyllables.
"You see how it is, Brother Carson," said he;
"you were quite right in deprecating the notion
that there was anything of a supernatural descrip-
tion about the phenomenon which you discussed in
your fine hortatory effort last Sabbath. You read the
papers this morning, I presume?"
"You mean." said the minister. "the report of
the robbery? Yes, I read it. It goes to show that
these crocodiles are only thieves after all."
The news to which both gentlemen referred was
this: On the previous Sunday night, a very few
hours after evening service, some servants in a
house in Clifton Terrace, a fashionable suburb on
the borders of lower St. Andrew, thought they heard
a peculiar sound inside the house at which they
were employed. The family had eone out to a
party, and the servants had been left in charge.
They became suspicious, and two of them decided
to go and investigate.
The servants' rooms were built in a row to the
rear of the main building; between these rooms
and the house was a wide space of yard. As the
two caretakers left their apartments they were ap-
palled to see, dimly outlined against the darker
background of the building, a monstrous figure
standing upright, the hideous figure of an "alliga-
tor," they said, and as they gasped with horror the
thing emitted a low, awful sound, more human than
animal, and with something of a diabolical quality
about it. The two housemaids of the establishment,
who lived on the premises, also heard the hideous
sound distinctly, heard too the smothered scream of
terror from the cook, who. closely followed by the
gardener. bolted back into the room she had left a
moment before. These people might have faced an
ordinary night marauder, but flesh, blood and spirit
quailed at the prospect of coming to grips with a
monster that stood some fifteen feet high and cried
out with an unearthly, semi-human voice. The ser-
vants dared not leave their apartments again that
night until their employers returned.
"And then," observed Mr. Monples, "there was
a discovery. Several drawers in the room had been
broken open, all the jewellery left in them, and all
the money, were stolen. Trinkets valued at over
three hundred pounds were taken. And by a cro-
codile fifteen feet high!"
Mr. Carson was conscious of a faint feeling of
disappointment. Though be had derided the theory
that there was anything like witchcraft or obeah
connected with the strange apparition of the croco-
dile, he had not wished that so prosaic an explana-
tion as that now offered should be forthcoming. Un-
known to himself, he had hoped that there was.
after all, a touch of evil about this extraordinary
thing. for he wanted to wrestle with the Devil and
overcome him; he desired to come face to face with
evil powers and overthrow them. He felt quite cap-
able of that. His sermon had been a powerful blow
aimed at obeah, but it would have been all the more
powerful if obeah could be conceived as concrete
wickedness here and now manifesting itself in a






crocodile's skin. But if a crocodile, even
though fifteen feet long, were going to take
to roL ig jewellery and cash, the matter
became t'ommonplace and one for the police
alone. Burglary was too ordinary an offence
to call for the exercise of the spiritual arm.
Burglars, too, were notoriously indifferent
to the effect of sermons and exorcisms; in
this respect they showed far less susceptibil-
ity than devils.
"You look down in the mouth. Mr. Car-
son; what's the matter?"
The question came from a very pretty
girl who, along with the either chief mernm
bers of the congregation. was sitting in one
of the front benches in the little school
room and therefore within a few feet of the
minister She was tall and uf an admirable
iliapelinc-s; her complexion was that of a
quacirooin. a golden tint, and her piled
masses of jet-black hair. which contrary to
fas-hionu he would not bob, set in high re
lief the smoothness of her skin and her
wundertul. dark, large eyes. They were ex
tremely fine e.ye, limpid and laughing as a
rule, but they could become serious, brood
ing. strang,.ly melancholy at times, and
when 'he was anery they would show depths
of fire. and flashes of it also. and then they
beat down the gaze of weaker wills. She
was popular in this St. David's Church, for
in spite of looks and of her worldly mean-
she was friendly, companionable, not at all
stuck up. as the poorer and humbler mem
bers of the congregation gratefully ac
knowledge. Anil the handful of really
white nieniber--le,-i than a lI.'-zen-also
concedidl that Yvonne Giilbert was iuite a
nice girl. (thIugh they had their reserve.
tinon. as to how far such niceness should lie
allowed to compensate for certain social dis
The parou smiled in answer liher
"Nit down in the mrniith, Ml'.s Y vuonn '
he anii ered. "blit perhaps a little di lrre -
ed that tlleie sllould be ,i nlusih wickedne-i
about Cni-sider it. her.- is someone, i
thief., nli.. nor intent with being that., mas
qiier! iler as aa -.:liacd e reptile tr. shield Ilim
self. .i uiitinu on the -super itioii.ns fears at
the people. It is a du.ible' otffence: you can
hale no idea how many persoinu have been
thinking that it is some sort oft devil-animal NRS
that has been going about nur ity" 1cl
"Haven't I an idea! Why. you hear this pa
everywhere that it is a ghost. And some. exhibit
times they say it is two. It will presently critics,
be itnur She laughed merrily. MI
"It is tA.. Miss Gilbert." interposed a; accord
very y.ung man. light rnmplexioned. v\ol. s'toe,
uble. and a great admirer of Yvonne': from apprec
a distance. He loved to have her take even her ow
a moment's notice of him. "'It is two." he to) do
repeated. "Anid they are believed to ihe vocati
males. They have been seen in Oxforld On thib
Street Sime people think that they are in her fa
love with some girl living in that -treet. fashion
there is a rhyme about iliem already. Mli
Two alligators in male attire pertair
Parade Oxford Street with great tlE without
sire." patron
"I hardly think that is a ver.e whi. 1h Euglil
-,hoiuld le repeated in the presence of ladle .JIim aic
and e-ipetially at a gathering oif the present o'*'utta
desc-riptioin." remarked Mr. MIllnples. aith a
I old stare at the youthful aspirant for no-tice.
"'Crocodiles do not make love in male attire."
laughed Mr. Carson indulgently, and devils have
other things to do than that. Stuff and nonsense!
What we have to do is to see that none i:f us gives
any .ount niance to such nonsensical reports as are
going around. But we won't hear much more of
them now, for we know what the crocodiles really
"I don't know about that, parson." respectfully
interposed a little dark man, nearly seventy years
old, long a member of the church, and therefore
permitted certain privileges. "We all know there
are devils and familiar spirits and that Satan goeth
about the earth seeking whom he may devour. It
is in the Sacred Word, and we can't doubt it."
"Well. that is so, Brother Pembrook." admitted
the minister. "but I don't see your point."
'It is like this, parson. Plenty of people sea
one. or two. funny animals here to-night and some
where else later on. They run quick, they make
all sort of sound. they break into a house and a
lot of jewellery disappear. But why should a thief
show himself so open everywhere. as he must do
if he go everywhere dressed up in a alligator
"To make people think he is an alligator, I
"But a thief will know that nobody will think
he is a real alligator, for a real alligator can't ne
a thief and won't want to be away from the river-
side for miles. A thief who go about like a alli-





.SuI s. N. I'. 3ILNLEI

S Manley the charming and talented wife rif ione of thi
lawyers the We-t Indies have produced since lawyers appe
art iof the world, is a sculptor of merit whose work hI
ted in Lo-ndon and has won commendation rcinu qualified

rs. Manley belongs to the new School of Art. and must he
ing tr the standard, ot that siho(ol. She work- in w,:
in an environment which contains hut tew per-cons
iate her achievements: site, however. works mainly to
*n desire for seltfexpression-the impelling impulse of the
this she has to find time in the midst of her ordinary d
on. In the portrait which we have the pleasure of pul
s page we see Mrs. Manley in her sculptor's overalls: the
ce the look of i.oncentration which she do ubttles wear
ning out. of ,wood or stone, the conception in her mind.
rs. Manley's help is frequently sought as a judge of
ling to art. and that help is always'given. She is an inte
it any affectation of highbrowism. Sne loves sports alh
ess of the races, and take- an interest in social pastim
woman. Jamaica is now her home. and she is an atqcuis
ca. Animation, brightness. sp.-ntaneity-the-e are amo
idin chlaracteristics. They go to explain her great popul

gatur is calling attention to himself, whih is what
no thief ever want to do. Then why .sh.huld a thie!
wear a alligator skin. and stand upright in it. when
that can only humbug him if he trying to esLaseo
"Well. he wants to frighten people away." iiia-
gested Mr. Carson.
"A few ignorant blat'k people. perhaps, ihot
would you run if you see it. parson?"
Inwardly. Mr. Carson was not all sure. Aft?r
all. a fifteen-foot croticdile rearing itself upright
would be a sight to scare white men as well as black:
housemaids. But he answered quickly:
"I should hope not."
"You wouldn't believe it was a real alligator,
and you would know it was a man. unless you
thought it was something else."
"Nonsense, Mr. Pembrook." observed Mr. Mon-.
ples, "the minister would not imagine it to be some-
thing else; it would either have to be a specimen
of the genus homo or a veritable lower creature."
The old man shook his head. Perhaps he had
noticed that this little conversation. though quietly
conducted, had attracted the attention of everybody
in the room. Everyone was silent, listening intent-
ly. This was the first time that a member of that
congregation had suggested in the parson's presence,
or seemed to suggest, that there was more in thia
crocodile story than ordinary explanations would
cover. A faint hint of something dark and sinister
was coming now from an aged man whom no one
had ever thought to be a fool.

"No alligator could get as far as Half-
way Tree at night." he said positively. "and
thief don't try to help you catch them."
"Then what is it. Brother Pembrouk?"
asked the parson smiling. "'What is your
explanation? After all. you know. a house
has been broken into aud things stolen.
That's evidence enough ot burglary, isn't
.' Yes. parsou, yes sir. But suppose the
Thing, whatever it i-. want you to believe
it is only an ordinary thiel."
The suggestion had the effect of startling
some members ot the old man's audien-e.
It caus-ed even Air. Carson to open his eyes
widely. this certainly was a siew of certainn
actions that did, when one came to think
of them. appear extraordinarily peculiar.
Why indeed should a burglar apparently do
his best to call attention to himself? And
what if, in truth, an atrtcmpt were deliberate
ly being made to suggest burglars? He re
nmemlbered n rw that thoughiii te crocodlle--
sitme said crocodiles-had liceu iinttnrittent-
ly seen forl some time. there had oriy been
one robbery of any important e reported with-
in the last three months. Aid onl. after
there had been a lot of talk abut this cro-
"You are startling us all, Mr. Pein
brook." laughed Yvonne: "you are making
us think of ghosts and devils and all that
s,,rt of thing. You don't believe in ghosti
yourself do you?"
The old man shook hi; head doubtful-
ly: What about Evil Spirits. Miss
"'Well, yes I suppose there are evil
.pirits. but sutelv in those days they don't
go about."
"Why inot, ma'am?"
"C'ome. comee" interrupted Mr. Carson.
with a, touch of authority: "this will never
.io We know of course that there ale dPfil.:
hut their proper bhbitation is hell. not earth.
antI they are certainly not hurglarious cro-
tudiles. No, w. Mi s Yvnrii .., will you giSe
us a e.one? I will plav your a.-comnpani.
Thus he put an end to. a tliscussion thli
serious turn o.t ahich he did not like. Yet
he wa stLrungely elated. What old Pem
e ablest briook bad said had shown him that the pos
eared in sibility which he himself had conceived,
as been and hdd even faintly hoped for. had not en-
English tirely disappeared. It might lie that theie
were visible and even tangible powers ot
jurded diurkuees to be fuiight with epiriual weap-
iod and :'ns. it might he that in spite of this being
able to the "tentieth century. with motor cars rush
ati-lky 1ng along the streets and hydroplanes land-
artist. ing regularly in. Kingston Harbour, there
omestic' was something that could be dealt with tinly
bishing b3. prayer and faith and a resolute will to
re i.s in combat and defeat the Evil One But 'ie
s when must not encourage in any of his flock the
notion that everything queer or strange must
matters neceF.sarily belong to the -upernatural: for
llec'ilal 'itht might lead sirme ot the weaker ones
so. is a straightt to superl"siton. Antd there was to-,
es. An mnch ot that already in the land.
ition to
arit .
THE reunion was over; everybody began to lea",e
ilte meetiug-room. Yvonne lingered while Mr.
Carson shook bands with man. woman and child.
This feature iof the evening terminated-
S('an I give you a lift home?" she asked him.
"That's very kind o:f you; but won't it be taking
you jut of your way?"
"Not a bit of it; walk with me to the car"
It was a new two-seater. a really smart little car
of the more expensive sort. Mr Carson got bi at
one side, she at the other; she threw in the clutch
and off they started at a fine rate down the -tree..
Some of those left standing on the broa.l steps
of the yard in which stood the meeting house .
watched this little scene with eyes that did not hol-
approval. Yvonne was liked. But it had been ob-
served by a few that Mr. Carson payed her perhaps
a trifle more attention than was necessary or wa;
altogether to be explained by her admittedly superior
means. which enabled her to support the church lib-
erally. And now to-night, for the first time, she
had taken him off before the faces of other and older
members of the church, and he had gladly accom-
panied her. It could not mean anything and
yet ..
MAr. Joselyn, the father of two girls who were
attached to St. David's, thought it would have fitted
in much better with a proper scheme of things if
Mr. Carson had walked or taken a taxicab home, or
still better had strolled along with himself and
his daughters. Mr Joselyn was white, an upper
f('ontiimted on Pare 21)







THERE is now uo longer any West India Regi
ment. though there are .till living in our midst
hundreds and even thousands ,of men hilo passel.
through its ranks. It was a brave company with a
fine record for fighting. And in times of peace it
indulged in unpeaceful demonstrations in the street-
of Jamaica's capital. These were known as -soldier
There are civilians who remember being indi-
rectly involved in some of these demionstrations.
Sir William Morrison, member of the Privy Council,
of the Legislative Council. and of other grave and
reverend bodies I4esides. is one of them. That ex-
perience of his is well worth recalling. now that we
are casting a glance at the Regi ent's story.
He was not Sir William then. but simply young
Mr. Morrison. and he had only just begun his career
of presiding at public meetings., and expressing his
appreciation of that particular form of boredom. So
one night lie at on a platform beneath a pulpit.
in the principal chair on the platform, a raised chair.
a sort of episcopal throne, only. as this was a non-
counformi.t church, it knew nothing ot thrones or of
To be prerise. the church was the Congregation-
al conventicle of Kingston. situate at thle south-ea.t-
ern cornerr of North and Princess Streets. where it
till -tands and is to be seen to this day. Young
William Morrison. presumably on aacoaunt of hisr
piety. certainly because .,f his facility in making
speeches, and indubitably because hIe liked to pre-
side at meetings and make himself generally agree-
able. had been invited to take the chair ar this
particular functritn It was a gathering to celebrate
the success -of misionarv efforts in heathen land&.
and one has no sort of doubt that young Morrison.
at an early stage of the proceedings, pointed out
the contrast between Jamaica and leIs favoured
countries in that peace, harmony and goodwill pre-
vailed in Jamai-a, whereas. else here. there were
tumults. riots. bloodshed. with a dashl of c ainuibal-
ism and a lamentable lack of true religious feel-
Having -poken. the yc.ulltful chairman call-
ed upon -omneone else to follow in the same vein
of congratulaLion: but as that speaker proceedled to
draw further comparisons, all complimentary to the
superior conditions in Jamaica, there was heard

Riots of t

Their Humorous Side; And Some

Interesting Notes on the History

of the West India Regiment

what the old dramatist, describe as "noi-e from
without." At tirst n) one paid much attention to
this: noises from without are pretty comni..in in a
country where silence is counted as mere brass.
But this particular noise grew rapidly, it swelled.
it roared: there was a rush of feet, exclamations,
then the quick staccato of falling missiles. Came a
cry fr:nom outside-"the soldiers are rioting!" And
fear. grim fear. gripped at the heart of Sir William,
as he was some day to be, and also seized pos-essioi
of others.
A SOLDIER RIOT! A demonstration on the part
of the younger bucks of the West India Regi-
ment. A movement to create consternation made
by some country lads. who. having enlisted in the
army, wished to strike terror to tile bosoms of peace-
ful civilians and paint the town red! Aud as fate
would have it, just as the rioters came in front o
the church, they paused to deliver battle Anil Mr.
William Morrison sat in a seat that resembled a
bishop's throne and the windows to his right were
all wide open!
It is he himself who has told the tale.' that
thrilling story of his one and only encounter with
an army. Or not exactly encounter, for William
was quite determined not to come one inch nearer
to the belligerents than be already Nwa. They were
fighting out yonder, he could hear thie -houts. lie
could see figures leaping andi flitting about in the
semi-obscurity of the street. lie could hear the thud
of stones and bricks as they fell swiftly to the earth
There were probably about fifty soldiers and two,
hundred civilians engaged. Morrison e.timnated the
total number of combatants at tvo millions. and
almost felt certain that he heard the sharp crack
of firearms. And the thought that came to him, the
fact that forced itself upon his fervent contemplra-
tion, was that of all that company in church he was
the most conspicuous, was tile one man who could
be most clearly discerned from the exterior. Hia
elevated chair, the lights playing upou him--all that


he Past

had been dtone t., shoiw him special honour-now
made him the observed of all observers and till
butt at miscreants busy in disturbing the peace.
A cold, cold wave. beginning somewhere at the North
Pole. travelled down to Jamaica and crept up young
William Morriison'a spine. A certainty of impend-
ing death possessed his soul. He knew that his eni
was come. and he could do nothing about it. He
dared not leap wildly down from his episcopal throne
-uo bi-hop ever did that sort ,'f thing, and he wac.
by way :of representing a sort of bishop that night.
There was nothing to do. nothing, except await the
advent of death. At that moment Mr. Morri.-iu mu-t
have felt that all missionary enterprise was a waste
of time and money, and caught to be suppre.-ed by
lawo as au iinliearable nui-an,-e.

N the meantime the missionary speaker, having
shitted his position r- that, if any stones came
in through the window, they should strike the chair-
man and not him, continued bravely his exhortation
toL men and women to face the worst in whatever
form it appeared and never to flinch or falter. He
insisted upon the necessity of one's sticking to one's
post. not moving au inch. Morrison felt that he
nc uld like to shift. not an inch but a mile. and he
knew that all this exhortation was only intended to
induce him to remain where he was and ie killed.
one acrifile being all that the soldiers would pro-
hbaily demand. And so the tumult and the yelling
outside i.ontinued. and the missionary speaker
brought his speech to a speedier lohse than he had
U.riginally intended, and it became [the duty of the
chairman to anunoiunce the iext li.mon.
That hall been ele tedl days before: it nxa. "On-
v. ard. Christian S..,ldiers. marching as to War. This
vias irniny in the worst possible taste Morrison was
c.aniniced that the moment the ighters in the street
heard the strains of that inspiriting. warlike hymn.
they would be enthused to )till greater belligerent
efforts. But again there was nothing to do but one's
duty. comie what might. So the hymn was given
out. and the congregation began to sing it in a time
and tone of voice that suggested a lullaby for the
hushing of infants to sleep. Never had Christian
soldiers been so quietly and peacefully exhorted to
march as though to war. The chairman himself waF
ob-erved to keep his mouth shut and his eyes direct-



j -~
-: ,~u~





.... .............. ..-. ... .. .. 4'
... ,* ,,,, -... -


ed at that window through which it was probable
that the first stone would be hurled. Perhaps he
And then the miracle happened. It may have
been the hymn, it may have been the result of silent
but fervent prayer; whatever the cause. it is an
historical event that. as though impelled by some
force not of themselves, the rioting soldiers and
warring civilians in the street began suddenly to
rush lower down into the city. The first verse of
"Onward, Christian Soldier-," had not been finished
before every actual soldier had vanished from the
vicinity. The congregation gasped with amaze-
ment, felt that the hymn had moved the soldiers
to march ouward, and now screamed out. the words
in a mighty volume. The chairman joined in the
singing. He did so to assure himself he was n1ot
dead. Later on he brought the proceedings to -t
close in a masterly mninuer, left the building, walk.
ed quickly through the stricken field, and so houte
lu other parts of Kings-ton the battle continued. The
soldiers. not Christian. were marching, and the wortn
went ever here that another soldier riot 1haI
broken out. But William was at home.

SO muuch for the experience of Sir William M.-r-
riionin uthe days '.hben we had the We.st India
Regiment with us. days past and gone. cone tihe
Regiment itself: d4ys that will never come again.
These riots broke out occasionally and. when you
came to sum up their effect. did no great harm
But they didn't .eem so harmless at the time.
popular fear attributed to them all sorts of hiorrirs.
the word "soldier riot" was one sufficient to strike
'terror to the heart of Kingston. The writer remem-
bers nue so-called riot during which he founiil him-
self in the streets at about eight o'clock one uight,
and concluded that the proper hour for retiring to
rest wa. surely seven. He was walking on the east-
ern sidewalk of the Victoria Park when a running
lad breathle-.sly -ihnuted the warning: "Soldier conm-
ing. soldier rint!" To run with the lad at. the
work :f a moment, and how could I know lint there
were two or three parties of soldiers ,:,-:.ergius
upon ine another irom different direct ioo, how
could I guess that I was running into one of these
parties? Yet that is what I did. but the moment I
saw the cream and scarlet uniforms approachlitio
I had the presence of mind to drop into a val' and
stroll along as though I knew that I was perf?cttlr
safe and had nothing to fear.
Pre-ently there came behind me, straggling.
about twenty braves, and in front there were about

the same number. Two or three of those comin'i
up froni the rear looked at me suspiciously; and
my feet became as lead. The reason of this was
that my heart had fallen into my hoots and thrl
additional weight was an iinpediment to easy Ioco-
motion. Something had to be done. I must dis-
arm suspicion. So I turned to the nearest soldier
and boldly asked him the time. assuring him in
the same breath that I had left at home. a watch
I had never ow ned. The unit.'rnied plentlemtan
bade me go and ask the time in a place where, from
all that I had read of it. was timeless and of a (.ou-
tinual heat. This was not encoiuragine. and it might
be followed by a further declaration of hostilities.
But another soldier. discerning no doubt that I w.iv
no enemy, told me that he thought it was ab.,ut eight
o'clock, and added: "some of us are too ienoran'."
meaning thereby the man who had answered me -o
rudely. I assured him of my gratitude and main elled
aloud that I had forgotten an appointment a: a place
in the opposite direction; whereupon I turned and
began to retrace my steps as rapidly a' disc-retion

BL'T it seemed that that night all the sable armies
of the world were in Kingr:ti's striet- I
hadn't walked more than five minutes before I i.iine
upon another party of soldiers. about ten this time.
and there was no avoiding their eyes. It wa~,
bright moonlit night, with a clear sky ani -oft
breezes blowing, the sort of night you hate when
you twish to walk about concealed. I ato)od revealed:
I could only walk on a' though innocent of all
evil intention. and feeling that confidence which in.
r,:c-ence is supposedd tu inspire. but never does. Tih:
soldiers halted. "'We born to deall" shoutedd oine
of them at me, and I sincerely hoped ; l. aoi-r- wilh
ed that the death might occur immediately. But I
w.i-hed this in my brain, and replied in the-e word..
"Y'u brave defenders of our country will fight many
a foe and be victorious yvt. Death is far from you."
This pleased some of them; the others seemed to be
wondering whether I might not as well be consider-
ed a foe to be there and then victoriously dealt v ith:
but apparently decided that I was not a foeuian
worthy of their belts. I was sure I wasn't: and on
this unspokeu mutual agreement we parted. But the
encounter might have ended differently.
For I have heard of a very different termination
to a brief talk between rioting soldiers iof the old
West India Regiment and one or two pedestrian. I
have been informed that. during the very last de-
monstration of the young bloods of the Regiment in
Kingston, a number of them met two or three grave

and sedate persons who were perambulating one of
the upper and less frequented ways of Kingston.
One of these persons wai a staunch defender of the
Regiment. a man who never wearied of insisting
upon its virtues and on showing that its defects were
but as .-pots upon the sun. When therefore '.i- heard
the customary warning ring out. 'soldiers coming!"
he refused to follow the example of his companions,
who incontinently took to their heel-. With scorn
in his breast for those who could .i- mii'judge men
he was accustomed to speak of as "our brave defend-
er.." he calmly continued his walk. and in another
minute or so the soldiers were upon him. "-\Who are
you?" they demanded-there were only three or
fu.ur of them. He mentioned his name with pride;
he assured them that he regarded them as brave de-
fender, and was proud of them. "'Lick him," said
uoe of them laconically No elnoner had the words
been spoken than the soldierss stripped off their heasy
belts and proceeded to "lick him." The blows rained
thick and fast upon that courageous and trusting
person: the brave defenders had become transformed
intr. cowardly attackers, and the only possibility of
a ,iir'ea'e from pain seemed to be by way of flight.
Whereupon. emitting souindS that did not appear to
lie cries of joy. the beaten man entered himself for
a M.arathlhri race and won the prize nf all the world
that night for a new record in -peed. He was pur-
:ued. but what soldier could overtake one aihose
whole being was animated with unshakeable deter-
mination to he anywhere that soldiers were not?
When necessity demands, the human legs are capa-
ble of anything.

THEN came the decree that the \ Wet India Reali
mient was to be abolished: this was less than
ten years ago.
How would the soldiers take their abolition?
Would there be one grand demonstration, one last
rio:t. -omething spectacular. never to be forgotten?
Those w ho asked that quelion did not know that
the Regiment now contained no new recruits. but
I nly men who had been subject to lone years of dis-
cipline. men who had been made over in the ranks
of t(e Regiment and who now were resolved to show
a dignity which perhaps had not been expected of
them. Their English officers, under an unemotional
exterior. were deeply sympathetic with them: it was
as though they all. officers and men. were a.sistin
at their own death and burial: a famous body on
fighters, dating from the American War of Inde-
pendence, was to be wiped out forever. But now
there was not a deed at which reproach could be
levelled, not a murmur. The Regiment did not per-





ish on the field, but it went out of existence with a
demeanour worthy of its best traditions.
And the previous occasional "riots?" These were
mainly the ebullitions of the younger soldiers, the
new men for the most part. and they were rarely as
bad as frightened imaginations made them out to be.
Perhaps there was a local fight between some soldiers
and the police, between whom there was always en-
mity. Maybe some soldier bad broken the law. He
was arrested by a policeman. His comiades resented
thi-: they attempted a rescue. Then sometimes thert
was jealou-y over women. A soldiel' pay was snimll
and it was no great catch for a woman to have a;
wearer of (lie King's uniLfrm as a sweetheart. He
lived. too, in camp. and so his ladv might carry oni
with someone behind his hack: when he found ilit
this infidelity he might take the matter into his own i
hands and punish it severely. and then there would
be trouble.
THE West India Regiment was a black force at.
its disbanding; it began as a regiment of whi;e.
and blacks. It was formed in America, in what is now
the State of Geirgia, by black and white loyalists.
who flocked to the British standards after the cap.
ture tf Georgia by British troops in the American
War of Independence. It fought all during the re-st
of the war: when the Americans bad made them-
selves independent the white members ..f the Regi-
ment were given plots of laun in Briti-h territrv.
the black members were formed int.) a Foot Regi-
ment and called the Black Carolina Ci-rps. This
corps wa amalgamated with other- in the West
Indies under the title of Wnytve's Regiment of Foot.
which soon beianme The First We t India Regiment
And always. it was fighting.
Its ranks at firt were recruited in the West
Indies from slave. Mlen brought over t'rum Afri.ai
were purcha-ed and transformed into .soldiers: West
Indian slaves also became members *f the IRegiment.
Its principal station was Jamaica early in the nine-
teenth ce-ntury, and to this the slave-onniug clause.
ib the colony objected. They were afraid of these
men. they -aid that the colony would be at the me-r-
cy of trained savages: they even offered t,:. rai-e
bodies of white troops tL. dleten.] the island. in the
understandiu: that the We-t India Iegiment sih.iilt
be stationed elsewhere. And when. of fifty-f.iiur re-
cruit: att F rt Augusta, some thirty three niuttinied 'on
May 27. 1Il.6i. and murdered two of their officer-, the
Hou[e tf A',-embly saw in this the justidticatliol O[
their fear- and pass-ed resolution after re-,olii,[ii
demanding all sorts of abolitions. But the Regi-
fnent wa.- neither disbanded nor removed.
On entering the West India Regiment in the
days. when it was mainly composed of purchased
Africans. a recruit was given a European name.
While a soldier's brother might be called Cudjne.-
or Ari,,tophanes. for Greek ant Roman appellation

were sometimes affected in civilian circles-the
-oldier himself would probably be called John
Smith. For instance, five of the recruits who mu-
tinied at Fort Augueta in 1S06 were known as Thom-
as McGinnes, John Black. Robert Coote. Samuel
Rome and William Liddell. They could not speak
English. They knew so little about geography and
distance that they believed that if their mutiny was
successful they could walk overland back to Altica!
Yet they answered to British names, and perhaps it
was in the West India Regiment that the practice
of giving such names to slaves originated. It might
be added here that when the mutiny at Fort Augusta
took place. some of the mutineers were set upon by
the older soldiers and killed. The mutiny was but
a flash in the pan. the great majority of the Regi-
ment stood faithful. There has never been a repe-
tition of that incident. The men proved true to their

THE West India Regiment, from the first to the
last-and there were Second, Third. Fourth anr
other Regiments-was renowned for its ngiitin
qualities. it thought in the Ashantee war and war
highly praised by Sir Garnet Wolseley, it was never
afraid of facing an enemy. In our .own time a -er-
peaut ,.if the Regiment was awarded tile Victoi i.i
Cross fir conspicuous gallantry, and the popular im-
pression is that he was the only V.C. of the Regi-
ment. But Private Samuel Hodge of the Third
West India Regiment was also awarded the V C for
bravery at the storming of a Mohammedian Stock-
ade on the River Gambia in IS66. Colonel Sir A. B
Ellis tells the story. "Under a heavy fire from tbe
concealed en-my, by whiih one officer was killed and
an officer and thirteen men severely wounded, Hodge
and another pioneer named Boswell, chopped and
tore away with their hands the logs of wood Lform-
ing the .tockade, Bosaell falling nobly ju-(s as an
opening was effected "' Whether Hodge was a Ja-
maican is niot stated. He probably wa. Bos\ell
w.uld of a surety have received the V.C. also hid ihe
The Re-iment was stationed at Up Park Camp
for a hundred years before it was disbanded. It had
for -.ome time been partly stationed at Foiit Augusta.
a hot. sandy. swampy, pestilential hole where the
oifficeil died from heat. drink. fever aiid .: redj!ll.
and were buried bh dozens in a cemetery which n.-
body ever visits in these days. Even fur the men,.
more used to tropical conditions though they were.
Fort Augusta was unhealthy. Unfortunatelv. Up
Park Camp was no paradise either: the meu thrive
better there, but in times of yellow fever epidemi-s
the officers died like flies. "Tom Cringle," i whoce
"Lp'" everybody connected with Jamaica should
read i tells us how callous these iffriers became af-
ter a while when they saw one after another of their
number struck down by the terrible enemy which no

one then-knew how to fight. In these days there is
no yellow fever in Jamaica, and so, though it is on
the lowlands. Up Park Camp is a salubrious dwelling
place for white troops: the Eighth Royal Fusiliers
at present It would have been a death trap for them
in 1S32.

S P Park Camp is somewhat changed in appear-
ance to-day from what it was for decades up to
Sthe occurrence of the great earthquake twenty-six
.years ago. The great silk carton tree, already a
giant when Tom Cringle described it and related
a conversation overheard under its shade-giving
branches, still flourishes at the entrance to the
grounds, but its old brick buildings are gone, shat-
tered hy the earthquake. The new buildings are
much lighter structures. "huts" they would be called
in England. even the garrison church is new. In
one of the illustrations of this sketch we see the
former barracks as a background to the band of the
West India Regiment. and on formal mess nights,
which bor a considerable time were on Fridays. the
band would play for some hours while the officers
dined and afterwards strolled about, and outside of
the iron-railed enclosure the people from Kingston
and St. Andrew were permitted to sit and walk alia
listen to tlie music, and vendors of cakes and swee'-
meats and soft drinks assembled there and sold
their delicacies to the soldiers and the civilian
crowd. whro enjoyed mess nigfjt quite as much as ever
did the officers and their friends. It was a night
picnic this, something looked forward to by hun-
dreds of persons. But this custom, like so many
,lihers. has disappeared. F.-r many a year'now Camp
has been closed at night to crowds: and indeed there
is no scpae at present available about the i-..icetrs
Mess Room for a host. of picnickers.
Now and then a report arises that the West
India Regiment is to be re-established; but that Is
an idle report. With a practical cessation of puni
live expeditions in Africa in which the Regiment
v.as largely engaged, and especially with the neel
,or ecroncluy in military expenditure on the ter-
mination iof tlie War to end War-whirh it hasn't
-the War Office decided that for the West
India Regiment no practical use sould in the
tuture lie ollnd. It was an Imperial force, *ind
now the several colonies were to be called upon to
provide local forces for defence at their own ex-
pense. And garrisons of white troops would be
maintained in some of the colonies. Thus Jamani. a
has a few hundred white troops and also a body of
militia men recruited from among the people. And
so the West India Regiment lingers now but as a
memory of which all Jamaica is fond-for who care;
about the occurrence of an occasional "riot" in the
past. We see now that those demonstrations enliv-
ened e\xi-tence. The civilians of a former day, h.,w-
ever. did not always appreciate that liveliness.







cZhe End of Slavery In Jamaica

SLAVERY in Jamaica was abolished in 1834, con-
sequently the centenary of Abolition will fall on
August 1, 1934, or less than two years hence. This
assertion will at once induce a number of factual
critics to leap wildly for pen, ink and paper to write
in contradiction, to show the lamentable ignorance
of anyone who, as they will say. is not aware that
slavery was abolished on August 1, 1835.
But it wasn't. What was finally abolished in
1835 was the Apprenticeship System, the system un-
der which the emancipated slaves worked for a few
years. in order, as it was expresed, to tit them all
for freedom. It had been decided to make twu bites
instead of one at the cherry of emancipation. But
the people ceased to be slaves on August 1, 1s31.
It had been decreed that they were to remain
apprenticed to their former owners for a few years:
during that interval it was hoped that they would
learn to work as free men and that peaceful and
friendly relations would develop between them and
the masters. They were to be required to wurk for
only four and a half days in
each week, the remaining on,?
and a half secular days were
to he their ownu. the Sundav
was to 'e employed in religious _
exercises, touch these xeil
by no means rlmpul)tiiry. The. .-
were warned Iy the Malrqui .it i
Sligo. then Governorr of Ja-
maica. to be sober and honest
and to labour diligently as Ap-
prentices, "for should you be- ..
have ill and refuse to work be- .
cause you are no longer slaves."
he added, "you will a~suredly ..
render yourselves liable t, .-
punishment" But tile experi
ment was a failure, fir the ex-
slaves did not appreciate being
Apprentices, and the ex-owner
could not bring himself to feel
that he was no longer an ab.-
solute master. The long agita
tion for abolition had embitter-
ed both parties; there was
friction. trouble, therefore the
term of Apprenticeship was
shortened, and on August 1.
1838. complete emancipation E~'.
took place.
.A slave felucca. well
THE proper date of Abolition ligorou.y suppressed
is August 1, 1S.34, as has f'ltcuta was a very s1
been said. So the end of to throw their hu
slavery came something over
ninety-eight years ago. There may be celebra-
tions throughout the West Indies in 1934 or 193S,
or the centenary of a great event in the history
of these colonies may be allowed to pass without any
particular observance-for that is quite possible. No
class in this country cares to dwell upon a dolorous
and hateful past. No one now living in these colon-
ies could pretend to remember the institution of
slavery, since centenarians are few. and one would
have to be something over one hundred years of age
to have any true recollection of events which took
place more than a hundred years ago. Three gen-
erations have passed since the proclamation went
forth that the slave was a free man and the master
merely an employer of labour; and now indeed the
tendency is rather to idealise the patriarchal rela-
tionships between slave and owner and to minimise
or forget the more terrible aspects of compulsory and
perpetual servitude. People in the West Indies of
all classes and colours can discuss slavery in these
days without blowing into flame the embers of re-
sentment and hate: there are as a matter of fact no
embers of resentment and hate. only the cold dead
ashes of a vanished state and era which can be
reconstructed but by diligent research and a strong
effort of the imagination.
But a century ago, in 1832, for example, the social
atmosphere of Jamaica was positively lurid with pas-
sion. with rage and with fear. On the one haud was
the vast body of people impatiently waiting for the
decree that was to put an end to slavery forever. On
the other hand was the group of slave owners, strug-
gling with the realisation that the day of its domin-
ance was over, dreading absolute ruin, fearing the
insolence and even the violence of men who, intoxi-
cated by the draught of freedom, might proceed to
extremes in dealing with those who had often pro-
ceeded to extremes in dealing with them. Com-
plaints of rudeness and insubordination on the part
of the slaves, of brutality and injustice on the part
of the slave-owners, were rife; and during the Ap-
prenticeship System these complaints increased.
Some of them actually hold an amusing quality, the
causes of them being so petty and yet so character-

The Beginning of Freedom

Through the Apprenticeship


OR example, when the slaves had become ap-
prentices, a number of them on one of the estates
refused to work and fled in a body of ninety to the
woods. Their contention was that their master ihail
turned his cattle into their provision grounds, that
the cattle had devoured all the provisions, and that
there was consequently nothing for them to eat.
They gravely argued that those who did not eat.
neither should they work, and a Justice of the Peace
and two planters were appointed by the Government
to enquire into the cause of the contention between
the masters and them. It wa- found that the fences
of their "grounds" bad undoubtedly been bt.jken
dowu and that their provisions liad Ieen injured ibl

tree. Prior to the outlawing of the Slave Trade. and
so long as the produce of the estates brought high
prices, it was often found cheaper to work the slave
to death tban to try to conserve him as a useful in-
strument for procuring wealth. One got as much out
of him as one could in a few years andt when he
died he was replaced: the slave ships were always
busy bringing over new workers and the whip was
active in extracting the last ounce of effort out of
the bodies of these workers. There were only about
three hundred thousand slaves in Jamaica in 1834.
But from the beginning of the slave traffic until that
year over a million human beings had been brought
to the island from West Africa. Most of these had
been men. but there was always also a certain pro-
portion of women, anti the offspring :of these, had
nature been allowed to function normally, would have
provided the colony with far more inhailitants than
it contained when slavery came to a conclusion. But
why trouble about the long life of the slave if it was
cheaper to buy new bondsmen after a while than to
allow numbers of them the chance of attaining old

-. d .' gg ; -- ~ iQ3?44---j d 7... .. i

armed and manned, employed In smuggling slates when the slae trade wa. being
by England. The slaves were huddled between Ihe upper and the lower de-ks. The
wift kind of vessel. having been built for speed. Slavers of that sort were known
nman cargo overboard sometimes s if in any danger of capture by Brilish warship%

the plantation's cattle. "But," said the investigators,
"fences can very easily be repaired." That was true
enough, but the point was that they ought not to
have been broken down! The investigators also
urged that there was still left an abundance of yams
which could furnish food for the whole body of work-
ers for some time to come, those that were destroyed
being chiefly young roots which would not have
come to maturity for several months.
The suggestion was that the master's cows had
carefully abstained from eating the yams and therer
provisions that had matured, and bad, with a wis-
dom and forbearance surely unique and not hitherto
perceived in cattle, selected chiefly the very imma-
ture edibles and other less nourishing articles of
bovine diet! The truth probably was that some of
the apprentices' foodstuffs was destroyed, but that
the cattle were driven out of the grounds by the cul-
tivators before they could work general damage, on
the other hand the cattle had been let into the
grounds of these people through pure malice and :a
desire to render them destitute, so that they should
be compelled to toil harder than they had shown any
inclination to do. This sort of friction was fairly
common on the pens and plantations of the -ouutrv.
thus proving that there was really no half-way house
between slavery and complete freedom. The ap-
prentice was not a slave, but Apprenticeship could
not peacefully exist where slavery had been. Toe
rlave-owuer could not become a master purporting
to take an intelligent interest in the training of men
for their ultimate benefit as well as for his. So in
four years Apprenticeship came to an end in this
country. And with fear and dread on the part the dominant classes of Jamaica the apprentices b'.-
came absolutely free, independent and legally equal
in the eyes of the law to any other man.

THE worst features of the institution of slavery
had, of course, prior to Emancipation, been
gradually ameliorated. It was in 1807 that the
Slave Trade had been declared illegal by England.
Slaves could no longer be brought from Africa to
these West Indies; and even before Emancipation
the British Admiralty had begun to hunt down the
slave ships which endeavoured to evade the new de-

it was then that

age and having to be supported
hy their owners? Still, even
with this h,,i rt of hiutal political
eiun-iny in practice. a cerlLin
sltteninu of manners .tnld (cus
tinms had heaun to -et in tr-
wards the I l-se of the l'th Cen-
tury. this being induced con-
siderably by the querrioning
,,f the morality of slavery
which had commenced in Eng-
land and which was inevitably
to lead to the suppressinn of
the horrible Slave Trade.
Tlius we find that in 1781
the Jamaica House o*f Assem-
bly deprived the slave owner
of the right of lapping off the
ears and nose or the leg or arm
of a slave by way of serious
punishment, and one could no
longer legally flog to death a
recalcitrant bondsman. One
could not legally do this. but
the law was one thing and prac-
tice was another, and some
owners broke the law and suf-
fered no penalty because of
that. But when it became im-
possible to obtain more slaves
from Africa, which it did in
1808, some care had to be taken
of the life and condition of the
bondsmen in the country, and
the situation of the slaves

began appreciably to improve. There was no long-
er the chance of one's going down to the water-
front to look over the contents of a slave ship,
to haggle over the price of human beings, and to
recruit one's labour force with new savages. Doubt-
less the planters of. say. 1830. must often have spoken
of those slave-trade times as, "the good old days."
For there are all sorts of standards and ideals of
THE people brought from Africa could not, how-
ever, have found much good in the terrible pas-
sage they were compelled to make three thousand
miles across the ocean, from the coast of Africa to
some island in the Caribbean sea. An illustra-
tion printed on one of these pages shows a slave
felucca which was pursued and captured as recently
as 1845. which was well armed and carrying a crew
of about sixty men. and which was employed in con-
veying slaves to Cuba. She was a rakish-looking ves-
sel with two lateen sails, and sometimes she indulged
in a bit of piracy. though slaving was her principal
occupation. She fought with English pinnaces and
got away and became quite well known in time to
British cruisers on the African coast. She was
Spanish but her Captain was laid to be an English-
man. It was vessels sometimes of the same size ar.d
sometimes smaller that brought over slaves from
.Afrira for these West Indies.
The Josefa Maracayaba, a Spanishl schooner of
ninety tons. with twenty-one men. which traded with
Havana. was captured on the 19th of August. 1S22.
with 216 male slaves on board. The capture was
effected by His Majesty's ship. "Driver." Captain
Woirige. in the Bight of Benin, and a diagrammatical
drawing below shows the Joseta's cargo of
human beings and how it was packed on board. It
is with difficulty that the naked eye can distinguish
the living human creatures huddled together "be-
tween decks." The length of the deck of the Josefa
from head to stern was seventy-two feet. In the hold
of the vessel were barrels, containing water chiefly.
but perhaps also some rum; above this was a plat-
form or deck. and on this platform, with an upper
deck above their heads, lived the slaves during the



5^.--s -_





Diagrajnmalir kl.I-ch of a shlner. showing its *her"een deck'c crowdedd wilh shlaes being brought over from Africa. It ii an iauhlientir representation of the interior of a Spanish
slave ship -ent from AfriTa to Eniland b. a Britil-h Governor. Spain had. In 1817. followed the example set by Enelnnd ten .tears hbfore and had abolished the slave trade in
Spain and it dlependencies. But .punishl subjects in Cuba and elsewhere bought to evade this decree, and so sltae smuggling continued long after the trade itself had been con-
demned by the civilized nation-. The Portnguese subject s In Brazil also continued to wink at this sort of smuggling. It will be noticed in this illustration how closely puclied
the sanl\.e were. Tile Middle Pasrage, indeed the pua.sage between Africa and the VWe-t Indies or south America onAtituted the most terrible part of the sufferings of an
transported slave

whole voyage rrom Africa which usually lasted for six
weeks. They could not stand upright, fir the height
between these two deckl was not four feet. Thev
were not allowed to lie at full length, for that would
have occupied far too much spate. So they crouched
close to one another, and those a ho were sea-sick
were sea-sick on the spoi and all the offices ot nature
had to be performed just where these captives clus-
tered, for the men were chained together. and alkn'
to the deck of the ship by chains fastened to ring
bolts, though the women and children were left un-
ironed. The slaves were brought up to the upper deck
in batches during the day to stretch their limbs.
so that they might be in fairly fit condition when
they landed at their destination During this brie.
period of exercise they were compelled to jump and
dance, and if any of them exhibited any distaste tor
dancing ju:t then. not being in a particularly hilari-
ous frame of mind. a taste of the whip soon con-
vinced them that an expression of muscular gaiety
bad nothing whatever to do with a natural lightness
of Lpirits.

7HE stencil between decks was awful. It was said
that you could
smell a slave ship
on the .ea while
still it was miles
away; on the ship
itself the odour
must have Ibeen
paralysing Sonme
of the slave -
usually died on
the passage. nmalnv
contra(t:-il nasty
dise ses. as they
were only allowed
a pint nf w:ter
and p'or' [L,:od fr',
their daily diet.
and \\ere kept iln
surh horrible .,-n .
fiemnent, be nt
over Iin'l i o l the
time. they nia-
turally were cenal
elated when they
a a m e ashore.
Then ihey had to
hec-me accllma
tised and irnoe
died during this
process: others
proving rebelli-
ius, were speedily
done to death by
work or punish
ment; but still
the trade went THE INTERIOR OF A .JA4 31,3 A HI
on for years and

generations until the horror of it compelled
legislation in England. Then came its suppress
sinn by gunfire on the Feas where the British
navy operated. but not its entire cessation with tile
Spanish colonie,. for until the end of the second
quarter of the nineteenth century smuggling slave?
was still an occupation for adventurous villains But
the fear of a pursuing British frigate and the thun-
der of the avenging cannon were never far from the
minds of these slave smugglers as they cautiously
crept by night along the African coasts. or furtively
navigated their way over the Atlantic and into the
blue waters of the Caribbean Sea.

S Emancipation drew nearer, the missionarie,
in Jamaica grew busier and noi-ier- it was not
always possible for slave-owners to punish their
slaves as they pleased But there were plenty of
towns in the island, and in these towns were what
were called Houses of Correction. to which contu-
macious or lazy bonds-people could be sent for cor-
rective chastisement. If the pictorial illustration-
that have come down to us give a true idea of the
u-.tomnis of the time. it was considered economical to


chastise many persons at once in a House of Correc-
tion: but one fancies that the pictures were some-
what overdrawn: they were all the work of vio-
lent anti-slavery agitators who were rightly con-
cerned with arousing indignation against slavery in
England. Nevertheless the tread-mill as a means of
punishment was undoubtedly in use in our prisons
or jails, and flogging was legal. You turned the huge
tread-mill with your feet while clingiy with your
hands to the bar above the wheel [f your feet
slipped, your shius might be badly bruised: if you
were very careless your leg might be broken: if you
were normally attentive to what you had to do, you
still were in a very painful and exhausting position,
and there was always somewhere in the offing a
gentleman with a whip to prevent you from imagin-
ing that you were at a society dance or a cocktail
party. But the tread-mill was not considered par-
ticularly brutal in Jamaica; as a matter of fact it
was still in use in the General Penitentiary of King-
ston until Mr. Olivier (now Baron Olivier) con-
demned it utterly when Colonial Secretary of Jamai-
ca some thirty years ago.

THE masters of
S oenurse co n-
tended that the
punishments they
inflicted were ab-
solutely neces
;z ry. never exc),-
site, and were in.
deed ron the whole
of)[ a particularly
mild and lenient
character Flog-
ging always seems
to have been re-
garded as mild
and lenient, and
~ f much moral
splitting tffe,...
by those admin-
isttring it. Fath-
ers castigating
th ir children to
within an inch if
their lives often
assu re t h os.e
chihillren that it
is they (the fath
ersi wlho suffer
most. The feel-
ings of the chil
dren are not re-
garded as being
particularly hurt
in either a phy
sical or a spirit-
RE PUNISHED. THE TREIDDMII.I. ual sense: it is
the parents who,



~--r-.- :.-;-- --~I--~=-:.:-.-:.:.; -. --. ---- ---$~:.


undergo the agony. hut employ the whip. The slaves'
took a somewhat different view of the circumstancee.
The slightest whipping administered to a young delin-
quent, when it was known throughout the island that
Abolition could not long be delayed, was magnified
into a terrific torture, and one to-day reads reports
of chastisements inflicted which suggest deliberate
exaggeration. Thus Mary Price, relating her experi-
ences as a West Indian slave, had this among other
things to say in 1831:
"To strip me naked-to hang me up by the wrists
and lay my flesh open with the cow-skin-was
an ordinary punishment for even a slight offence.
My mistress often robbed me. too, of the hours
that belonged to sleep. She used to sit up very
late, frequently even until morning, and I had
then to stand at a bench and wash during the
greater part of the nig U a pick wool and cot-
ton: and often I have l ed d.wn overt' me by
sleep and fatigue, ti1 t ofrom a late Wl
stuprr by the whip. ia M to start up to myl
But one wintlers how any otlrun woman t would
hare endured this sort of thing for weeks and months
and yet have survived.

Y ET one cmuli not deny that even when slaves be-
came expenirve, which happened as -doon as they
could iin longer be obtained from the slaver., there
were still men and women who would wreak their
brutal tempers and hideous spites upon unfortunate
and defenseless human creatures under their control.
even at the risk of being reported to the authorities.
When Mary Price gave her testimony. lrowerer, the
ruthless- treatment of the slaves must already have
become a thing of the past. if for no other reason
than that it didn't pay. It wt:s te.ionomically unsound.
An.) tln -. ,I -,ir.-e. he nui- e evil handling if workers
meant lh s or cash. thlloe who had to[ resort to Fome-
what different methods began to preen themselves
upon their astonishing humanity and to call aloud
for admiration of their kindness and even or their
genial Christianity
Tlius when the Act abolishing slavery was passe]
in Jamaica. it was of course passed as a result of
pre-sure from the Hnome tGovernmenr. whi.lh would
have abolished slaveryv in i-pite nf all pos.'ible .ppo-
sition in the West Indian colonies. But the Aholi-
tion Bill for Jamaica wa-. put through the Jamaica
Legislature, and at once it wa- claimed by the alave-
owner ll and their newspapers that it wa. the Jamaica
Iei.-laturet wlhilch had granted freedomrn' Even the
Marquis of Sligo. then Governor of Jamaica. in a
way played tp to this pretense for the sake ,f i-rear.
ing a good feeling in the country. In his proclama.
tion of July 1534. "Toi the Negro Population through-
out the Islnd of Jamaica''-nt the "slave popula-
tion," observe-he put the matter thus: "The people
of England are your friends and fellow subjects-
they have slihown themselves such hy parsing a Bill
to make you all free. Your masters are also your
friends; they have proved their kind feelings towards
you all hv passing in the House of Assembly the same
Bill." Not t word about the masters having bad nrt
choice in the matter- and when slavery was finally
abolished the Arms of Jamaica bore thie following
For 183!* and IS1i4
Freedom given by the Jamaica Legislature
On the 1st August. 138S.
As if the Legislature of Jamaica ever did anything
but curse the missionaries in Jamaica and the poli-
ticians in England who were responsible for Aboli.

N the other hand it has to be admitted that the
missionaries and the anti-slavery politicians
were not solicitous about the feelings of the slave-
owning plantocracy. It was war between the two
factions, and war cannot be r iindutcted "ith fine
words and ingratiating gestures. The anti-slavert
agitator.s. however, sometimes fell into blunders
which now strike us as amusing. although perhaps
they were not perceived at that time to he either'
blunders or amusing For example, considering?
what slavery actually was. and hearing in mind the
horrific illustrations of the interiors of Hotise. i-
Correction and the like. it dori-, seem strange that
picture-, if some Iof the .slaves and cif sonit of- tht.-
people set free in 153S should present to us such ,tal-
wart and tlianiiome spee-iruens of human iaieini-e You
might almost wonder what they had to i..aniplaili Iif

THERE ,i- in pi. tite which te reader canritil ii-
gaze at with aesrhetit alipree iation The ba ck.
grptundi i a ri-t k inl trh.- silde- and on the Ilmnmit ,it
'-hiiih tropic ul fterns and rather plan are grownlig.
in its .nitmoth faca.dde tile wo-rd VWilherforre" alp-
pears. In tront three person. are kneeling. a mni'.
a nonan and a child. The ioniin'- arm encircle- the
ioy of tliree or fIlr vyea;rs of as e., lie too kneelinie.
with his hands clasped. With her left hand the
youthful nimtrher point-+ to th e worid "Wnilberforce";
and althouieb it is not intended to indirare that tihe
group is praying to tie great anti-slaverr hern. their?
is almost a suggestion oif worship in their expre-siii.
and attitude. But what chiefly cioncern.s us is the
muscular well-fed body of the man, the chubby
healthfulness of the child, and especially the buxom
beauty of the youthful matrin.

She wears a flowing garment of one piece; it is
thrown over her body and draped upon her left
shoulder, her arms and part of her right bosom being
exposed. Firm and ample breasts are clearly indi-
cated, her features are European. although her com-
plexion is dark: her face is delightfully oval; she
wears a tasteful turban rather coquettishly fitted,


and circular earrings, apparently of some value, de-
pend from her ears. But if the majority of the
slaves looked as comfortable and as hand-ome as doe;
this group, then. while it can be maintained that
even the best surt of slavery is an iniult and an
injury to human dignity. and a negation of essential
human rights, at the very least slavery in the West
Indies must have meant physical well-being for the
people. and muscular development and beauty all
round. Which is absurd.

THERE is another picture of the celebration by a
negro slave family of the actual advent of free-
dom. In the background. in the sea. stands a ship;
evidently the ship that has brought the good tidings
of great joy. In the middle distance, somewhat with-
drawn from the shore, are a group of human beings
making whoopee because of the tidings brought by
this ship. In the foreground we have, to the right.
a coconut tree, round the boll of which is wrapped
the proclamation of liberty To the right, and near
to this coconut tree, a young fellow, fat and happy,
is burying in a grave the shackles of slavery, and on
the other side of this grave kneels a well-clad girl-
child participating in the general rejoicing. To the
left. seated on a rustic bench, with her hut behind
her. and with a Bible by her side. is mother.
Mother's arms are uplifted and in her hands she bal-
ances and dangles a baby whose arms and legs are
thrown aloft in joy. MMther is clad in a skirt which
might be of velvet and is certainly not of osnaburg.
Over this skirt site wears a long coat of some figured
material, cut low in the neck. with ample sleeves.


isi. isBt

and on her head is a tasteful turban. Mother is as
fat as the three children depicted: mother has evi-
dently been having quite a happy time in recent
years. And in the middle of this group, a little to
the fore, with his bare feet trampling on a whip,
father is standing.
Father is a man under forty years of age. Wrap-
ped round his waist and reaching to his knees is a
covering mantle; it is something more than a loin-
cloth, it is less than a jacket and a pair of trousers.
It permits the full display of his muscular legs. of
his splendid torso and his arms, the latter being up-
lifted in a joyous and triumphant gesture.
Now we all known that \ery many -lave families
were comfortably off. that many a man and wo-
man purchased their freedom long before Abolition.
that already some of these people had begun to own
property in Jamaica. But such illustrations of well-
being as the two reproduced in these pages of -'Plant-
ers' Punch" were certainly more calculated than
otherwise to give point to the arguments of the de-
fenders of slavery, who never wearied in their claim
that the slaves :of the West Indies were a happy,
well-treated lot of human beings, perfectly contented
unless stirred to anger by the evil missionaries, but
threatened with starvation and other disasters
should they be so unfortunate as to be made free, an
argument which hinted that slavery had really been-
institiitedi and was being maintained in the interests
of the slaves, themselves and at the great expense of
a groonp if ph ilainthr.pi-t., otherwise known as slave-

IT was agreed. 4 has been said. that the
period of Appientiic,~iip mu-t be s.-hrtiened and
should enil on Xuust 1, 1838. The day tlan ned lii:t and
golden, the skies "ere a brilliant. t hhlu-. aiid -very
man. woman and child aw.,ke that mrninng with the
knowledge tl.at even the partial restraints of the
Apprenticeship-.System were at an end and that now
every one was free to do as he liked, subjectt to many
laws carefully enacted to prevent him from doing
very much if he happened to be one of the servile
population. He -was free to w-irk. hilt the wage of-
fered twuld be about eightpence per day. And even
of that eightpence hi- master would endeavour to rob
iim of at least half by means of tines for wolk ne-
glected or for other real or imaginary misdemean-
iiurs. He was free in lotIaf. but there were certainn
statutes against vagrancy, and oui must not steal
although one habitually didI, and one would find
one-elf shelterless if one offended the master of the
estate All til., and more was carefully provided
for; in the meantime this was August 1. 1838. and
it was expect-ed that the common people would enjoy
themselves in revelry and feasting, also in thanks-
giving services, while the gentry would sit and won-
der what was to happen next and to express to one
another their firm convictionthat the end had ar-
rived and that in another twenty years Jamaica
would have reverted to savagery unredeemed.

T is recorded that in Spanish Town, the old captial
of Jamaica. in the midst of a great concourse of
people, when midnight hovered in the air on July
31, the Rev. James Phillippo stood and cried aloud
like a prophet of old. "The monster is dying, the mon-
ster is dying." When the strokes of midnight rang
out the cry went forth. "The monster is dead!" And
then arose the great hymn. the grand recessional of
millions in every part of the world:
Praise God from whom all blessings flow
Praise Him all creatures here below.
Praise Him above, ye heavenly host.
Praise Father. Son and Holy Ghost.
The monster was dead, utterly, irrevocably, and all
during the ensuing hours, everywhere in Jamaica.
chains were buried symbolically, while in Spanish
Town. around the Square and through the thoriogh-
fares. a hearse with the emblems of slavery
moved .lonwly. and these emblems were eventually
interred with great solemni;y as a symbol of ,he
end of servitude.
There were some slave-uwners whoi did not dis-
-i. late themselve- frlni tihe general rejoicing, but
a.\ve free feasts to their ex-sluves. The picture ol
one of these feasts has come down ti us; it took
plate at Daawkin-' Caymanas, once a sugar estate, now
one of the binana properties of Mr Humphrey Crum-
Ewin:., who has endeavoured to maintain the cen-
tury-old criit and a and traiiti. n of giving an annual
picnic at his t.wn expense to the employees on his
propectie- A long structfare open at the sides, was
iarpr ised at Dawkins. Caymanan At a head table
.at the gentry, both ladies and gentlemen; at another
table, oir "helow the salt." were as-eembleil scores ot
ex-slaves. or rather ex-apprentices, the men ti the
right, the women to the left. a. it was evidently not
thought Iproiper to mingle the sexe. even at din
ner There were bottles on both Iable:: one suspects
that madeira was served t, thie gentry and rum to
tile r'-asaunt. And there seems to have been plenty
tot eat. This scene rwa, repeated in other sections ot
the ouniitrv; but for the most part the ex-owners hlelil
aloof. and it was the inissionaries who chieflv offm'i
atne at the Abolition celebrations.
In the city of Kingston. according to "lThe Royal
Gazette and Janaica Times" of that day, most of the
inhabitants retired at about ten o'clock at night on







the 31st of July, knowing that on the morrow they
would he busy sufficiently. But some went to church
to usher in with religious ceremonies the Day i:'f
Days, while a few kept "la-la-la-ing" to the disturb-
ance of the more sober citizens. It was admitted,
even by "The Royal Gazette." that in Kingston the
1st of August passed in quietness. "The Churche-
and Chapels were well attended, and nothing but the
occasional outbursts of those who had been regaled
and were making merry towards evening seemed to
interrupt the calm aud peaceful state of the city."

ON the evening of August 2nd there was a bonfire
and a fireworks display at the Kingston Race
Course, which everybody was said to have enjoyed;
the order and decorum observed evidently surprised

the newspapers and their upper class clients. vwho
expected something different. These newspapers, in-
deed were full at first of sweet things and nice con-
gratulations; but, of course, this could not last. On
the 4th of August "The Royal Gazette" launched at
the Rev. William Knibb a bitter gibe, an indication
of the sort of controversy that was to adorn the col-
umns of the principal prints during the next thirty
years and more:-
"We have heard from several sources-and we are
somewhat inclined to place credit in the correct-
ness of the rumour-that His Holiness, the Pope
of Jamaica, Father Knihh. has issued a Bull,
regulating the contribution to be made this day
by the faithful credulouss. The scale is as fol-
lows: From head people and class leaders 4;

from the second class 3; from the third class
2; and from the lowest of adults : !. The
penalty for any short "coming on'" in these mat-
ters will, of course, be ex-communication."
Within three weeks wails began to arike frnm
the owners of estates all over the country that the
labourers would not work or that they were demand-
ing too high wages, and that the outlook was eloomy
in the extreme. And then began that long. bitter
struggle between planters and workers which con-
tinued for half a century, and was the inevitable af-
termath of slavery: but with labour disputes and
the consequences of them this writing has nothing to
to. All that appertains to that, is it not written in
the social and economic history of Jamaica, It is,
and nobody reads it.


Procession of Baptist childr-n and congregation under the leadership of Rev. J. M. Phillippo on August 1st. 1838. The procession was received by Str Lionel Smith,
Governor of Jamaica at the Ilme. The Governor, the Rev. Phillippo. and the Bishop of Jamaica are standing on the portico or King's House tto the left). The build-
ing in the background of the picture contains the cupola in which stands Rodney's slate


In the Days


four Grandfathers

This description of Jamaica iu the latter half of
the nineteenth century is not the work of an his-
torian dealing in events and dates, or of any sort of
official investigator, but is simply the impressions
of a traveller setting down plainly and frankly what
he saw and heard. As travellers were rare
in those days. what one of them had to say,
one. too, who evidently went about with his
eyes open. will be found more than ordinarily
interesting. Some of what he says is not par-
ticularly complimentary, but 1873, the time at
which he wrote, was a time of less advancement
everywhere. Some curious memories are also re-
vived tor u,..

"Well, I'm blessed!" said the man at the wheel;
"them cussed niggers once more." "Running up
into the harbour, sir" echoed the steward with a
face suggestive of coming fees; "and them black fel-
lows in plenty awaiting' for you on the wharf."
There they were :ertainly-woully heads, bare feet,
ebon fa es. loud voices-all ready and waiting this
fine February morning, though the sun was hardly;
up, to pounce upon us and our baggage, as we left
what had heen our floating home for the last three
weeks. Eighteen days out, and prosperous winds al-
most all the way. And now. in the clear bri-rht li'ht
of a tropical morning, we were at last in -ight of the
"Land of Streams".
Our tirst business on leaving the ship was to pro-
vide ourselve-i with lodging,. So hailing a "'bus,"
as the Kingston cabs are called, we started to seek
the hote! to, which we had been rec.immended. ''his
'bus" ..uf ours was certainly a most curious and ru.
dimentary structure. It was, in fact, nothing moire
than a seat on wheels with poles attached to each

A Picture of Jamaica

Sixty Years Ago

breakfast to make acquailtance with the Kiunston
Killing time in the tropics is no easy matter;
and how we should have spent this lUon weary day
we know not, had not good luck placed in our way
a file of Jamaica newspapers. The general tne tof
these journals-of which we afterwards learned the
colony supported no less than seven-was one of ex-
treme animosity to each other and to all the world
beside,. except that favoured class which they called
"our readers Some of the advertisem'ni.'.. were es-
peinally amusing. Trades-people seemed to attempt
to outvie each either in the absurdity of their an.
nouncements. A livery stable-keeper says--
"Something may be done! Something can be
done! Something shall be done! Something will be
done! Something must be done! If the prices are
made to suit the tines, now come, something worth
knowing. The cheapest stables, at Goodman Mlorde-
cai to defy competition. Carriages and pair to fun-
eials. at ss.; horse and buggy to funerals, at 4s.;
carriages and pair to wedding, at 10s.; and a pair of
horses for hearse, at 6s."
Another, in Spanish Town. heads his advertise-
"Livery! Livery! Livery!

corner, over which a shabby piece of tarpaulin was "This is a New Year. and it behoves every man
stretched by way of protection from the sun. Our to turn over a new leaf. How many will profit by
driver was an impish-looking hby, apparently labicut this is doubtful; but as charity begins at home, it is
fifteen, with a scarlet 6ash tied round his waist, and as well we see the beam in our eyes before? we look
a roll of white cotton festoerned with blue calico at the mote in our brother's. To those who have
twisted round his somewhat indefinable head-gear. He hitherto kindly patronized us. we thank. To those whob
smoked incessantly, all the time viciously tugging intend to patronize us. we will be more thankful To
the ropes which served him for reins, and almost those who are indebted to us. we beg to )ih II up. And
sawing open the mouth of his miPerable horse, which, to those we owe, we ask a little patience. There is a
with bones projecting through its skiu. and a weary time for everything. A time to mourn, a time to
beseeching look in its lustreless eyes, was doing its laugh. A time to pay debts, and a time to trust
best to drag the over-laden vehicle through the unpav- again; and as it now happens to be the time for
ed streets. Like almost all its fellows our 'bus- had its paying debts, we beg those who are indebted to us
name-"The Lukkey"-- Query, lui-k.u conspicuous- to square up, to enable us to put all square. We are
ly painted on its back. Some of these names were happy to inform the public that 'poor old Trust' gave
very anmuine. On our short journey up East Street up the ghost on the 31st December, and we sincerely
we passed "The Pride of thie East." "The People'. hlipe that his heirs and successors will not pay us a
Favorite." with a rather handsome >oloured gill \.-,it. We desire to live in charity and brotherly love
seated in it: "It shines for all." "The Army and -ne towards another. mmtre especially those who carry
Navy." "Siime.. thing mu-t be done." "Self-help." -nd on a similar husine's. alwa.ls bearing in mind that
"The t(_iod Time Cominei." when rogues quarrel hone-t men come by their own.
In ldue time, and after a prodigioumi amount of Towards five n'clock the town, which had beeu
tumbling and jolting, we were landed at the door of during the heat of the day like a city of the dead,
a large and desolate-looking building, which the began to brisk up wonderfully. Jalousies were open-
driver informed us was the "Hall" I fir by this ed. Ladies in evening dress-low bodies, bare arms.
grand name are inns known in Jamaicai to which and faces whitened with pou dr de ri-i-appeared at
we were bound. We entered upon a courtyard paved tite windows. ,ir were discovered lounging on rocking
with brick. around which half-a dozen nten andi wn. chairs in the piazzas. Carriage,. too, commenced to
men were idly sitting. Tw,.. wall eyed horses were reappear on the streets, filled with ladies and chil-
beimg rubbed diwn: sable damsels seated on the dren and portly fathers of families going for their.
around were washing ewers and basins and towels, evening drive. A- it happened t he "'band" night.
A rug was being shaken frmni a balcony overhead. we took a carriage and drove to tUp Park Camp,,
A couple ft turkeys. three eniraged Guinea fwls, where, underneath a spreading cotton tree, we heard
some p'lultrv. tiwo goils. and a lean dog were wan. the band o'f the '1d West India Regiment discourse
deriug about their own sweet wills: and the filthy much excellent music. We wete, however. disap-j
condition cif the courtyard justified the presumption pointed to. find ,nl,, about half-a dozet carriages pre-
that this litter had not been removed for a week. sent Some officers on hiir-ehba.k. a few pile
AF wi,- -were wonderinglv looking around to -ee wheo faced children seatel under a tree with their black
their we bad not made a mistake and entered the Inuise'. and a s.crre of idle. ,ltuiging black soldiers
cartilagege" .ia private dwelliug-hour-e. one of the in Zouave uniform, made up the whole of the conm-
wiio, n.u-. whoi we afterwards dislveredi to be the [any.
Froproietix if the establishment. without rising from It wa lalfpast seven he we returned t r
her chair. wished us an indolent and indifferent f s eezewhih had
hotel f r dinner. The fierce sea hreeze--whhc b had
d morin e were about lated all day. and v hi, h fr'm its healthful effects the
apolo'v for ouir intrusion, \hen sIl .,ildculy inter- reles a "bc doctr-id died tewn, and the
rupteI ii by calling t, a dirty bla..k bN l who wa, ,
z'Thinh gI i "land" -,reez- had nut .vet ,t in. Night had come
passing. -Thuas, the gel uddenly as we were driving me from
and tell thie louse- woLnan to iput v.ater into, No. 24." upon us ol u enl n as we were driv twilight-aud
camp--for in thii. c',untry there is no twilight-and
Break.ast was served to u- in a broad verandah the stars, to ue a negr,. idioni. were "prinukling the
cverlookiiiE the street We had oysters from the lkv." A. in the early mnonine. the streets were full
roi!lancrove trl'e. at Pri t Royal a brilliant scarlet iof people. We pas-edi several men with little glass
*-nilpper." j i excellent fi h, liut. like all tropical models of house? brilliantly illiminatedi on their
tishel,, soft and flabby in substance; brain fritter*, head'., selling out what c fundedd t: in like "I
a small bici, it tailed "''.ra kers" .it il in blittrI E reamn!" at the pitch of their inmusictal voices.
stuffed "garden eugs." a mo.st deliciou-' vegetable, They were., hiower. only vendors ofi iie creams--a
roasted plantains, a pileil lip plate if golden oranges luxury which, strange to sa!i i, to be got in this
and a pineapple. Our drink was iced water. but tea burning land at no other hour .,f the day Then
and coLffee were to he had 'ori the asking. Such ni a rnlme hb a iroman witli a basket o: roasted pidar
..Lir ir nt meatl in Jamiai'a. -,r igrouiind nutsi i 4',1, u.1. ii)iful!,,io ,onb1 her heaud lOf

It is a decided misfortune to tihe ravellor arr-v.
in_ in Jamaica to be landed in the early morning. as
xas II Ir nmiseralle lot. Breakfast wae over by nine
o'i ljck: and there was the dav before us: and in thbi
country "in the day no man can work" But we c,..uld
not re,- in the house. So mounting pureeee"' :and
white umlbrellas. we -allied firth immediately after

all the street .ries we had he.-rd (urintg the day thb.
was the only one wviivich had either music or rhythm
about it. It was a plaintive little melody in the minor
key, not very appropriate to the words. it mu't ibe
confessed. But it came prettily ni between the
strains of a rattling set of quadrilles, whi h is-ued
film a hjoue on the rltier side of the road. and \we

rather regretted when she turned the corner of a
neighboring street, and her
"Pindar buy. young gentlemen!
Pindar buy. young ladies!
Pindar buy, young gentlemen'
Pind,', linudri. hbay!"
was heard by us no more.
We had grown very tired of Kingston and its
heat and its mosquitoes. We had turned veritable
piled? poudreu.r with tramping over its dusty streets,
and were sick even unto death with chaffering with
tradesmen, and trying to induce them to charge only
double price for everything we wanted. It was
therefore with no tigh of regret that one dull grey
morning, about six a m.. we found ourselves starting
on our tour rouud the island.
And here let us introduce our faithful Bob to the
reader's attention.
He was a sprightly enough young negro when
first he entered otur service, with the features of a
baboon, silky wi..ol I for his mother was a French
Creole). and a mouth of indescribable ugliness. He
was exceedingly convertible, as we subsequently
found to our cost. and was given to singing, although
he had neither voice nor ear. So long as he rubbed
down his horses to such c-hiice songs as
"Ould lady! lend me :our daughter:
Five cents gi, toj a quarter,"
"Chereta! Gordon! him hang on wire:"
or even
"Mi'.nkey, monkey, play de fiddle."
all went well; and if we were starting for a journey
we could calculate on the buggy' being ready in at
least two hours after we had ordered it. But if he
happened to be in a had humour, or in low spirits,
or if he had had an extra glass of rumn and water the
night before, his melody would take the form of the
most grets'soflie chilts he had ever beard, and we
knew that our arrangements were doomed for the
Excuses were always ready when Bob did not
wish to travel. He would himself break off a horse's
shoe. and then tell us he could not start until it was
shod. He would cut the harness on purpose to delay
us by having it mended.
His especial weakness was for tobacco and dress.
IOn Sundays. or when visiting friends. Bob's manifold
changes of raiment iere the deliplit of himself and
thle envy f all his fellow-s.erants How he man-
agel to carry about with him his marvellously ex-
tensive wardrobe I never was able to ascertain.
He prided himsielcf in his education toii. No mat
ter how piessed we were or tinie. lie would read his
Bible for an hour every morning. seated in a conspic-
uous position in the yard, where lie might be seen of
men. He was an "inquirer" of tile Wesleyan denom-
ination. and hut for some amiable fleshly failings
would long ago hate been admitted a "member."
"But I expects to, betomne one dis year," he said,
when lie told us all this.
Then in his woody treble he commenced the well-
known revival bvmnn--
"Let us eo all togeder, all toeeder. all togeder.
Let us go all teteder to de blessed land above:
Come my fader and my nmoder, my sister and my
Let us pt r all togeder to de blessed land above."
We had derided to go over to Spanish Town by
anid. instead -:,f by rail. for reasons which need not
here lie ttatild.
Almost midway between Kingston and Spanish
Towu is a wide lagrnrn. fri.m which exhales at night
11 I'oeild a milsma that few\ persons tare to. travel
oiross it after dark. High banks of bulrushes wav
in ..'n either side of the road. black pools of stand-
ing water, where vild-duck bub and splash, convol-
viili wea ine themselves into thick veils of greenery.
and imantling every tree: here and there a group of
water lilies:--such is this dreary, dismal swamp. At
nights. a low lying mist-"essence of owl," as the In-
dians call it--"esseine of fever." as it might more
ju tly be diestribed.-bro,'ils darkly over the scene.
But the natives fear it not: and night after night
come o it ir ithi tnr es of split bambohis toi cathli the
larce morass cral:s. which burrow in its putrid soil.
Dazzled and blinded by the glare of the light. tihe
cri'ab is unable to reach its hole. and falls an '.n-y
prey to it, ,.aptjors.
About a mile and a half further oin is a large
eilia or crtton tree. which has had tile hociitr of
being descrihb-d in every'hb-ok :,1 travels that hi bIeen
written about Jamai.a. It holils its head very high
in (cionsequence. Its circumtference is between twelve
and fourteen feet. The little cotton tree sparriwa
make their nests in its branches, ant in the buttresses
'if its trunk reside a culoiy of marnieco beetles
There is nm. more strikingg feature in the .iT.niima
scenery than one of thobe noble trees. which not un-



commonly reach a height of from seventy to a hun.
dred feet, its rrots expanding into angular buttresses
sometimes eight ur ten feet high, covered up t) the
summit with wild pines and other parasitical plants,
and with long rope-like withe; depending from its
highest branches. As timber it is worthless: but the
body is sometimes fashioned into canoes, which are
occasionally fifty feet lung, and capable of holding
eight or nine hogsheads of sugar.
"Cracious!" said'Bob. clutching my hand as I
was in tile act of hurling my stick at the tree to
bring down a waxy orchid which had attracted my
attention. "Don't do dat, massa, if you please "
"'Not throw my stick at the tree. Bib? Nun-
"Fur true, massa! No, massa. I hba y'Ju quiite
"But why not, Bob?"
"Mussa don't understand dese tinug: but cotton
tree hery comical tree. au' if yoiii did trow dat stick
I an' you wouldn' lib to de end of de year'"
Such was our first introduction to native super-
"ilassa eber hear de nigger, proverb "bout cotton
tree "
"No. Bob. I don't think we have."
"'Well, you know, 'when cotton tree fall, hilly-
goat jump over him:' but den de old-time people say,
"By am bye buckra Igentleman's dog catch billy-
goat by him ear, an' mek him cry Ba-a-a'. Ha! ha!
ha!" and Bob laughed hilariously at the wit of the
From this till we reached Spanish Town nothing
worthy of notice -jccurred. It was breakfast time
when we entered the dusty streets of the old dead
capital of the island, and right glad indeed were we
to pull up at the door of our friend's house, and dis-
appear into the recesses of his cool, dark, hospitable
Travelling in Jamaica has its pleasures: when
has travelling not? But for a country inhabited by
English men and women, and which deems its pro-
gress in civilization quite abreast of the day. it has
more disagreeables than are creditable to it. In the
first place, it must all be done by carriage. There is
a shot line of railway, it is true. between Kingston
and Old Harhour in St. Dorothy's: but that takes you
no mure than twenty-six miles on your tour,
and occupie- three and a half hours in doing so.
"Travelling fatiguing in this country!" said a Cre-
ole lady to me' "nuusense; you don't require to ride.
You have a buggy and horses. What more do you
want?" But we do want a little more, madam. Pro-
gression at the rate of seven or eight miles an hour
is somewhat slow in these advanced days. Sitting
in a buggy for six or seven hours is apt to make a
man feel cramped and sore at the end of the day.
Horses are liable to knock up-Jamaica horses in
particular. The sun is rather hot in this climate, too.
And your driver! Well. there is such a thing
as bouqu i 1' Afrirlue!
Inns in the rural districts of Jamaica there are
none. But in most of the towns and villages are to
be found taverns, where accommodation for the night
can he procured. There is a strong family resem-
blance amongst all the country lodging houses. Your
land-lady is generally Msme old brown woman, the
"house-keeper" or wife of its late proprietor. On
the walls of the sorry sitting-room are suspended
relics of its former occupant-his miniature. done in
the days of his prosperity, or his masonic diploma, or
his riding whip and planter's hat, or the blunderbuss
he shouldered when he served with the militia. In
your bedroom you will find a gigantic mahogany four-
post bed. so highly that on retiring for the night the
assistance of a chair will be required: the pillow
and niattresieh moth eaten: the tiverlet a mass of
gaudy-coloured flowers of dubious cleanliness: and
the niosquito curtains hearing evident traces of never
having been loosened for years. As the evening ad-
vancte, an evil-smelling kerosene lamp will be placed
on rthe table, which will speedily be covered with
myriads of winged ants. moths, and other creatures
attracted by the light and the glare And, in the
course of a couple of hours after your arrival, you
will sit down to a dinner, of which lthe pIrce de re-
.slstutnri will be a sinewy fowl, not steeped in Faler-
nian. alas! but floating in liquid grease, coloured a
brilliant orange with "annatt," i IIr.a orilIlni I, and
highly sea-oned with "Scotch hI:nnets," ,r some
other of the many varieties of the "country peppers"
(('ap.si'aniI. Flanking this will be a leathery boil of
salt pork. all fat and rind, a green plantain roa:e.ed
in the a-hes. and a dish of yams or cucoes. Creole
cookery. always bad, seems t.i culminate in such
houses as thee. But if the traveller can put up with
had food, extortionate charges, and a room which
probably is not weather-tight, he will be treated
with a kindness which. though inclined to slip into
familiarity, is the veiy essence of hospitality, and
he will gain an insight intd the way. of a class of
persons who are fast dying out.
What may be called the domestic superstitions
of the neeroei are very numerous. A belief in the
evil eye is as common in Jamaica as it is in Egypt. I
have ?een a woman come into the magistrate's court
with a piece of pink ribbon tied on one arm and a
piece of blue on the other to ward off its malign in-
fluence. It is unlucky to praise an infant too much

or to say that it closely resembles either its father
or mother. To carry a pepper in your pocket will
make you poor. To give a thing and take it hack
will give you a stye in \our eye: and no one would
kill the large black Annancy spider, fur some domes-
tic misfortune would inevitably ensue "Trouble."
says the proverb, "day da bush: Annancy bring him
come da house"
Professedly a Christian it may be doubted whe-
ther one person in a thousand attaches a correct
meaning to even the must simple ordinances of re-
ligion. In some districts of the island, indeed, these
are travestied at midnight meetings held under leafy
booths erected for the purpose, which are carefu!;y
concealed from the knowledge of the parish mini--
ter. At these "singing meetings" a woman sanctifies
the bread and administer, the element-. Hynii. are
sung, words are spoken, mysterious rites are observed.
The worshippers grow more and more excited as the
fires burn out and the night grows old; and the
meeting ends as might be expected in license and de-
Wakes. too. are fruitful causes of bin. These are
held on the first and ninth nights after death. A
white cock is sacrificed over the grave to propitiate
the manes of the deceased; and then ensues a feast
or "eating match.'" after which the mourners indulge
in such diversions as "Hide-and-seek." "Hot bran
well buttered," "Thread the needle." "Beg yuu little'
after, and other boisterous games. Songs are sung-
little mournful in their character; as an example we
may give the following:-

('Im, er,

"Melea' him my cannre.
Him broke my paddle.

John Joe, middle wadi;e.

Me len' my fish pot
Him tief my net.
John JuJe. .ld i' v.n,!dle.
Me len' him my haipoon.
Him tief my line,
John Joe, middle waddie.
John Joe no hab
No hat 'pun him head.
John Joe, middle waddle.
John Joe no hab
No shirt 'pon him back.
John Joe, middle waddle.
If I catch John Joe
I will broke him neck.
John Joe, middle waddle."'
Much the same sort of thing goes on at the meet-
ing which is held on the first anniversary of a death.
when his friends and neighbours assemble to guild
the dead man's tomb. Before this can be ri ne it is
necessary "to lay his spirit." and when "it runs
wild," as is not unfrequently the case. this is some-
times not effected without difficulty. There is some.
thing almost poetical in the negro custom of burying
their dead in the little yards attached to their
huts, underneath the coffee trees and the bananas
which they had worked at during their lives. Un-
fortunately. sentimental motives have nothing to do
with the custom.
To our English ideas the religion met with too
often verges upon the burlesque. The scenes that
occur at the native Baptist Chapels thr:ughoutt
the island are almost blasphemous in their
absurdity. At a respectable dissenting chapel
in Montego Bay Brother -- was called up-
on to offer a morning prayer. "Lord, me
da pray," he began. "me da pray! me no know
wa me da say: me head is like a well chock-full of
"Hi! bredren, you see me now?" said a black
preacher standing erect in the little wooden pulpit.
"Yes, massa, we see you!" was the muttered re-
sponse from his flock.
Suddenly disappearing behind the pulpit he call-
ed out "Bredren! vou see me now?"'
"No, massa, we no see you!'
"Bery well, bredren," he continued. again appear-
ing to his congregation. "-An' now my text dis marn-
ing is a little while an' ye see me. and again a little
while an' ye shall not see mee'!" and he proceeded
with his sermon.
The negro's powers of observation are strikingly
acute although his inferences are hardly ever accu-
rate. In his similes he is often exceptionally happy.
Many of them are highly poetical. Thus, when he
wishes to describe anything as very light and worth-
less, he says. "It is like bamboo ashes" Very dirty
spectacles are "glasses in mourning for their grand-
mothers." A deceitful. doublefaced man is said to
resemble "an apothecary's knife,' .vhich cuts both
ways. A pompous boastful man is said to be "big
like a man-of-war captain." A determined person is
"Mr. Strong-eye:" a boisterous man 'Mr. Strong-
mouth;" a person addicted to making biting speeches
"Mr. Goat-mouth." An ill-mannered man is a "hog-
market somebody." A knock-kneed person "has one
foot to lay the cloth, and the other to call the com.
pany." "Big-eye" is said of any one who is greedy
or covetous; "hard-eyes" of people who are wilful and
disobedient. "Handsome to pieces." that is. hand.
some in every part of his body, is remarked of an
Adonis; "him favour a patoo" (he is like a screech-

owll, or "his face is like foofoo" (like the cracks
and wrinkles in a plate of dried corn porridge)-of
an ugly one.
There are two sights which the traveller in Ja-
maica should never omit seeing. The one is the
weekly Saturday market of a country town: the
other is a trial, say, of a case of abusive language in
the Magistrate's Court. From early morning. "when
day just clean." as the native idiom has it, the roads
leading to the market town are thronged with a busy
crowd. Family groups-for on "progging day" no
one ever dreams of staying at home-follow each
other in quick succession. There goes the house-fa-
ther leading a mule laden with pauniers of bread-
kind and ground provisions. He is followed by his
wife and daughter with baskets of pumpkins and
cabbages on their heads, tramping along, one after
the other, in Indian file. Each woman is dressed
in her gayest print and her brightest handkerchief.
Her apron is emlbroidereil with coloured threads and
decorated with texts of Soripture and moral precepts.
Here are a few example-. On one we rend-
Purge me with hyssop
For I will be clean.
M. T.
On another, below a cncoa-nut tree in purple
Open to thee is Paradise:
Go in and take thy place.
A third bears-
I know that my Redeemer lives.
With Joy tile sweet assurance.
A fourth-
I ant the Rose of Sharon
And the Lily of the Valley.
But perhaps the most absurd of any we ever saw is
the following, which tells its own story:-
Onme the world was all to me.
But uuw it turns its hack on me.
O you fretkle-hearted young man!
I lay my eye at Jesus' feet
Till I find my secret love.
A. P. 1870.
Bringing up the rear is a troop of pot-bellied children
-the girls with their clothes tied up high above the
knee to give them ease in walking, the boys with
fowls under their arms, or carrying wooden trays
full of fruit and vegetables. Hobbling along with
the help of a long pimento stick, her feet encased in
sandals of untanned hide called "sand patters", is
an aged crone with a few eggs in a basket, which she
hopes to barter for a little piece of salt fish, or a
"quattie" candle. Her son. an able-bodied man of
five or six-and-twenty. cigar in mouth, rides before
her. atop a one-eyed, tailless, crop eared, galled, and
sorry-looking nag, already laden far beyond its feeble
strength with two heavy bags of country corn. In
the middle of the road, standing on the sides of their
deet, with their great toes crossed over each other,
two bared-necked women with beaming faces and
ivory teeth have stopped to compare notes about their
last "da-ance" at Mr. Tommy Abrahams' grog-shop.
Here comes a trio of young men singing at the top
of their voices. They are brave, brawny-chested,
swashhickler-looking fellows, rejoicing in the pride
and lustiness of their youth, and walk with swagger-
ing gait and heads erect on high. The melody of
their song is pretty and quaint: most uegro melodies
are. The words are quainter still, but not pretty.
Here they are:-
"Jackass with the long tail.
Bag of cocoa coming down!
Jackass with the long tail,
Bag of cocoa coming down!
Him worry me. him teasie me,
Him make me dandy leave me
Jackass with the long tail,
Bag of cocoa coning down!"
But we must hurry on, for the Eun is beginning to
rise and the market opens at six o'clock. Soon the
country town is reached, and the market enclosure
filled with a noisy, huckstering, chaffering multitude.
High in his wooden box. calm and serene, surveying
with the must perfect complacency the busy scene
below him. sits the clerk of the market, whose duty
it is to collect the market dues, to seize unwholesome
meats and provisions. to decide petty disputes, and,
if ie possibly can. to preserve decency and order.
Love letters have always constituted an import-
ant branch of epistolary literature. They have been
the making of many a ranue r"'l'hre, the source of
many a law suit. a fruitful spring of pleasure and
pain to the young, and sometimes to those old
tnougl tor know better. in every generation of the hu-
man race. We are a little too much inclined to form
our ideas if negro manners and character from the
hurlesque representations of Christy's Minstrels and
others. We are too much disposed to look upon the
typical "man and brother" as a boneless, restless.
grotesque creature, who wears shirt collars which
reach long past his ears, and a necktie of which the
biws are at least half a yard in length.-who spends
his time in playing on a banjo, occasionally diversify-
ing his pleasing occupation by dancing a breakdown.
(Continued on Page 29)






By H. G. D.
IT is very certain that Miss Rose Euphemia Delilah
Hoskins-Jones is shortly to be married, for Mr. and
Mrs. Hoskins-Jones have issued invitations to their
two thousand friends and acquaintances to a wedding
to be solemnized in the Blue Mountain Peak Cathe-
dral at 4 a.m. on Friday, the 13th instant.
The testimony of the gilt-edged invitation card
Is irrefutable.
Rose has naturally been looking forward to this
event for some time; in fact ever since she was thir-
teen years old. She is now twenty-five. She has
been engaged a year. She met her present fiance
eighteen months ago, and after six months of pas-
sionate cocktail-taking, dancing, motor car driving
and the like, he discovered that he was violently in
love with her and could think of taking cocktails
with no one else during the remainder of his life.
Rose had come to the same conclusion some time
before Horace Sempronius Nebucadnezzar Brown had
done so. The fact is that at their very first meeting
Rose bad looked him over and decided that, in the
language of Genesis, he represented a good piece of
She had thought be would do. So to speak,
silently, almost unconsciously, at their very first
cocktail together she had drunk and pledged to their
future marriage. Yet, of course, she listened to his
proposal with a certain coy expression of surprise,
blended with a look of unutterable devotion, assured
him she would give him her answer later on. and
then gave it to him on the spot. A week afterwards
the engagement was announced. Horace Nebucadnez-
zar went about expressing his perfect happiness and
affirming earnestly that his life would be one long
sweet song. That seems to be a habit with young
lovers. The experience of married men means noth-
ing whatever to them.
BUT I have said that Rose had looked forward to
this marriage of hers from the time she was thir-
teen. I am not sure I should not say from the time
she was ten. But thirteen will do; at about that age
a girl seriously begins to think of nlve and the fu-

ture; at about that age ,he falls in love wit
hero who crosses her path. He may be the
in a boot-shop who fitted on the dainty sh
to wear at her birthday party. He may b
of the next door neighbours to whom he
never speak-there is a difference in salar;
or complexion-or he may be her brother
mate who is spending a week at the house.
he is. she loves him passionately; she bu
handkerchief: rhe divides her sweets will
is a fine, splendid, handsome man of fifte
teen years of age, and although his pocket
half-a-crown a week is scarcely quite su
support a wife and family, yet an optim
might rightly cherish hopes of an early im
in his financial position.
But somehow this youth shortly fades
young life. and there come another and ye
until she reaches eighteen years of age and
realise more seriously than ever that life i
is earnest, and the altar is its goal. even
comes across Nebucadnezzar and he is her
only love. and she is his final and only l:o
The marriage has been arranged. O
an invited. I knew Rose's parents before
married; Horace's father was one of my he
he told an awful lie about me one day at f
the wedding I must go, a wedding prese
buy, and I must take an interest in the he
Rose and Horace will embark upon matrit
upon that voyage of perfect bliss of which
to read in the novelettes of long ago, bul
no wedded couple seems to have had an
experience. And it is just here that. in the
times, we come upon the all-pervading ii
Uncle Alfred. For it seems that, in Kit
Lower St. Andrew, and also in such towi
tego Bay and Port Antonio, not to mention
Town and even Linstead. you cannot ge
without Uncle Alfred appearing somewhe
offing and singing in celebration of your n
well-known hymn: "Lead Kindly Light."
N my youth there was no Uncle Alfred.
houses used gas or sported large hand


car ria Ae

h the firat sene lamps with an expression of pride. There was
Ioy clerk electricity in Kingston, but, very few of us knew
oes she is anything about it, and. according to Mr. Harry
>e the son Campbell, its chief purpose at that time was to en-
*r parents danger the security of the town But in these days
v. position everybody uses electricity as an illuminant. There-
r's school fore one of the first things that the young husband
Whoever does, on building a home for his darling, is to instal
u.s him a it with electric wires and all the appurtenances of
h him: he such illumination; or. if he is renting a house, to
en or six- take care to see that it is fitted out with electric
money of light. When I inform you that there are about 6,700
efficient to buildings in Kingston and St. Andrew consuming
nistic girl electric light some of them owing for it. of course,
proivement for as long as they are allowed to) you will under-
stand why the favourite hymn of Mr. Alfred Nichols
out of her is "Lead Kindly Light'"; and I have even heard him
et another, describe Cardinal Newman, the author of that hymn,
Sbeeins to as tlle greatest man that ever lived.
s real, life But it seems that in these days the influence of
tally she Uncle Alfred over our lives extends even further. T
r final and remember him assuring me one day that this is the
%e era of electricity, that all our thoughts are but forms
f course I of electricity, that an energetic man is rightly des-
e they got cribed as a "live wire." and that unless there is elec-
st friends; tricity in the home as well as in the heart we cannot
iwoil To make our lives sublime and the children happy. That
nt I must is wi'y, I suppose, every modern house more or less
cuse where now instals something in the way of electrical appa-
unnial life. ratus, if it is nothing more than an electric fan.
h we used Since electric fans have come into vogue in Ja-
t of whiih maica. indeed, we have felt the heat cruelly. Our
y personal forefathers who had only palm fans for the cooling
ese modern of their revered brows) never complained of the heat
influence of which we find so insupportable. Why, the people of
agston and those days could not even get ice regularly: ships
ns a, Mon- periodically brought down a cargo of ice to Kingston,
on Spanish and this was advertised by men going about the
et married streets with a sandwich board and a bell, and there
ere in the would be a rush on the part of the better classes to
uplials the purchase small blocks of it, which were preserved as
long as possible in a large ice-pitcher or other recep-
tacle, the children being solemnly warned that ice
The best was not good for their insides, but, suited only to
some kero- the more hardened and experienced interiors of their





elders. To-dayv you caL
make youth ice in your own
house by means of a Fri-

W ISHING tr. buy a wed
din i present for
Rose Euphemia. I dropped
In last week at the electric
cal emporium-that is a
nice word-ut the Public
Service C(mpany in King"
Street, over which pre.
sides Mr. J. E. Calithlne-.
anil asked him to show me
the cheapest thing he had
in the place that would do
for a wedding present. He _
led me towards the largest
frigidaire on the floor and
explained that that ci-.ili1;
be purchased for a mere
trifle, a hundred pounds
or so, a simple nrithing ti,
a man of my affluence. anii
would I have it sent up to
the house or would I take
it with me under my arm?
As the uppa.ratiu, looked
as though it weighed half
a ton, I said that I would
take it under my arm;
but first of all would he
have its ,:working explain-a.
to nme?
(For altliough I had
not the lliglteh.t intention
of buying anything for / /
Rue that would cost more
than three guineas, there /
was no reason why I
should not be inducted
into the mysteries 'of a
frigidaire, since the time
might come when I might
want to manufacture my
own ice while preserving
my own meat).
Well, Mr. Caithness
handed me over to a very
bright and informative
young lady. a very young
lady who insisted upon re..
sardine me as a very old
iman; though I cannot pos-
sibly see that she had any
justification for doing s-:.

"TELL ME," said I, 'What is the use of the frigid-
1 aire to a married couple?" She opened the door
of the gleaming, handsome, white structure and indi-
cated some metal trays arranged on one side within
"You fill these with water." she explained. "'you
turn on the electric current, the water freezes; after
a little while you have a number 1of solid blocks of
"I am, so to speak. then."' I remarked. "my own
ice company."
"That is it exactly." she said: "but that is by no
means all. On these metal shehles you can keep your
beef. On thee other ones you can pack your vege-
tables. Here you >.an store your champagne-"
"I cannot afford champagne." I replied severely.
"You can store your champagne," she firmly re-
peated; "or your milk. And if you have a frigidaire
you need not go to market every day; the existence
of frigidaires has brought about a great economy in
domestic time and energy. Some people go to mar-
ket three or four times a week. having no place in
which to keep their food fresh for any length of
time But you can put a sufficient quantity of beef
in this frigidaire on a Saturday or Monday morning
and have it fresh to last you a whole week. The temn
perature is cold and is regularly maintained: your
beef or your fish does utt spoil. Everything is re-
frigerated as it ran never be if you merely place your
beef or fish on ice. I suppose you know that as a
block of ice melts ilt temperature goes up. don't
you?" .

** HAVE never sat upon a block of ice so far as 1
Scan remember," I replied. and I should not think
of doing so at my present time :of life But I
take your word about the lowering of the tempera-
ture, or the heightening of it. and I can quite see
your point. I gather from what you have said that
a frigidaire is a sort of movable iced pantry; it is
cold storage in miniature: it makes ice and keeps
food fresh and wine cold-isn't that the idea?"
"That is it exactly," replied the bright young
"I shall ask my friends to subscribe to give me
one as a birthday present." I concluded, in a spasm of
"Now," said she, turning to another apparatus
which stood near by, "this is an electric stove. This
surface accommodates four saucepans or receptacles
for cooking. You put what you have to cook in these


saucepans and you turn on the current. There is no
smoke, no soot. and you can do your own cooking
in your best clothes without fear of soiling them."
"I have a very nice morning coat and top hat," I
hastened to inform her. "But I would not dro my
cooking in those. I did not buy them for culinary
purposes but to wear them at the funerals of my
friends. Still. I see what you are driving at. Please
continue your electrifying explanations."
She opened the door of another section of this
electric cooking range.
"Here." she said. "you can roast your beef, or a
duck. or a turkey. You see this clock?"
She took up an oblong enamelled clock with all
eorts of figures on its face and showed it to me. I
assured her that I saw it plainly.

."' HIS clock, in addition to the ordinary face in-
1 dicating time. has as you see." she continued.
"these two smaller circles with the hours and minutes
indicated. Suppose you want to go out. and you are
cooking something that will take a couple of hours.
You turn on the current, say at 1 o'clock; this part of
the clock therefore registers 1. You set this other part
of the clock at 3. When three o'clock arrives, the
current is automatically shut off, as you have set it
to do: the dish is cooked and it is kept warm until
you shall need it; it will be nicely warm and fit for
eating when you come back to the house at five or
eieht o'clr k."
SI see." said I. "it is certainly very simple and
very effective: but. my dear young lady, I have never
heard of any bit of beef, or duck, or turkey, requir-
igr. as long as two hours to cook! Surely the thing
would be roasted to a cinder in that time."
"But I only said two hours by way of illustra-
tion." she replied: "and there are surely some
things that require as long as two hours to make
ready: rice and other funny things like that."
"Do not call rice a funny thing." I protested:
"do not depreciate rice in my presence; rice is with
me a very serious subject and forms the staple of my
diet. Besides, rice does not require two hours for
proper cooking I believe that pease do. I have been
brought up in the faith of long hours for preparing
ease hut not rice."
"Whether it be rice or pease. or rice-and-pease. or
turkey or beef, or -tew ior roast, or fried or frigazee.
or both or all, this cooking range can accomplish it."
she replied with fervour. "You put on your pots and
pans. and put in your pease, you set your clock. you
turn on your current, and electricity does the rest.
Yocn can leave the house without any (cte in it-"

"Not so long as there are cats about." I inter-
rupted resolutely. "Besides, in Jamaica, as you
know, we all keep a cook; she may be a very ineff-
cient one. but she ought not to be deprived of all
responsibility and be given every possible excuse for
stealing the meat and vegetables and saying that a
bandit came in through the window and possessed
himself of them. If I buy this cooking range for my
friends now about to get married. I shall do so on
the understanding that when they leave the house
there shall he at least one human being left in it
to keep watch and ward over stove and food. But I
thank you for showing me just how this range works,
and now I shall ask you to show me something else.
When I am furnishing a house I shall probably put
in one of these electric stoves; better still. when I
desert Myrtle Bank I shall ask Mr. Hooke to make
me a present of one of them. He won't do it. but I
shall ask him just the same. And now please show
me another of Uncle Alfred's ingenious contrivances
for bringing electricity into our daily lives."
"T HERE Is this breakfast table," she said, "just
the thing for a newly married couple."
The table was a low structure in wood looking
like polished cedar, with a sort of tray-like surface, on
one side of which you put plates and cups. and from
which you eat. On the other side. about eight inches
below, stand some shining culinary implements: a
percolator for coffee, a large kettle for tea or for hot
water, a toaster for toasting bread, and an electric
egg-boiler I had seen something of the sort in mov-
ing picture plays but not hitherto in ordinary do-
nestic use.
This table is equipped with a large drawer in
which can be kept plates and cups and saucers, and
knives and forks and spoons. The young housewife
takes her four eggs-young married couples have
quite an enormous appetite-and deposits them in
her egg-hoiler: she cuts her loaf and places the slices
in her toaster; she puts her coffee in the percolator
and allows it to percolate; in her kettle there is
vater. and that is heated by the electric current pass-
ing from the wire attached to the electric lamp socket
or t, the socket in the wall. and in a little while
everything is ready. She has prepared her own break-
last. Or. if she still belongs to the old class of Jamaica
lady, the class which believes that there is no sense in
doing anything for your-elf that a servant can perform
for you. Jane or Mary is given appropriate instruc-
rions and accomplishes the little work required for
the preparation of the early morning meal.
But it need not only be an early morning meal;





a few friends can have afternoon tea or coffee around
this table quite cosily. It can be utilised for prepar-
ing a light supper, and it makes a very handsome
piece of furniture. I was almost inclined to buy it
for Rose Euphemia but decided that I would show it
to a man who knows Euphemia and who, I thought,
should make her a handsome present. I went to see
him about it that very afternoon. He is a very
wealthy and liberal man, a most large-minded man.
He bought the breakfast table. He bought it for

M Y mind goes back to the days when Rose Euphe-
mia's mother got married. They lived in a nice
large house in the upper part of the city, a much
larger house than Euphemia will have. High brick
walls divided it from the dusty street outside. a gar-
den with rose trees and coloured shrubs bloomed in
front of the two-storey building, there was a com-
modious yard behind, and in this yard were the
kitchen, the bathroom, the servant's rooms and other
household offices. No one then thought of having a
bath-room in the house. The very word "lavatory"
was unknown. The kitchen was a small. dark and
dingy compartment. with a shingled roof which now
and then caught fire as the sparks flew upward: you
could not touch a board without soot coming off on
your fingers or clothe-, and the kitchen dresser, al-
though scraped regularly, was inevitably greasy, and
there was always a mass of ashes and cinders on the
The fire-place was built of brick. wa-I abut three
feet high, and was large enough to accommodate
about four pots and frying pans. We used wood as
a rule. or charcoal. The wood was sold by a vendor
who went about in a cart screaming "Wooo-," the
coal was delivered in bags to the belter-class houses
once a week or so; and an axe was always kept on
the premises to split the bigger pieces ...f wood into
smaller bits. the cook performing this labour and
emitting a grunt like "Hum" every time she brought
the axe down after swinging it over her head. She
missed the wood once in every four strokes and
seemed rather proud of her ability to do so. And
she was always mislaying her axe.
We used iron stoves, too, and we lighted our
fires with scraps of paper and bits of soft wood.
there being at first much smoke and no fire, and
then a steady glo:,w and blaze when coal or wood was


properly ignited: and when the dinner was cooked
to everyone's general dissatisfaction we drew the
coal or the blazing wood into a heap on the ground
and extinguished it with water.
Later on we evolved to the use of "American
stoves." For the heating of these we emplo.edr wood
and sometimes coal. and we do so still. These Am-
erican s,tovec marked a development in conveniences;
electricity was yet to come, for though we had now
begun to light our homes with electricity. the electric
cooking.range, like the electric pantry and icemaker
(or frigidaire) had not yet made it. advent int,.
Jamaica. Most houses indeed -till have the Anmeican
ctove and the old cooking range. we are but .in the
threshold of making electricity perform the menial
work of the household. Yet the change is steadily
coming. and under the same roof in sime houses to-
day there is an electric stove. there is a frieidaire,
there is beef or poultry being refrigerated, there are.
in a word. conveniences such as you will find in an
American apartment or a Canadian flat: and fewer
servants can be employed, and these present an ap-
pearance far less slatternly, far neater, than their
predecessors did: and everything is white and shin-
ing and clean, and meals can be prepared in a mini-
mum of time.

S I sit writing these words an electric fan lI cir-
culating the air of the room and enabling me
t) work in comfort. An enamelled basin is fitted with
two shining taps: if I want si.-me water I have only
to turn one of these taps instead of sending to an
outside pipe for it. Suppose I want the water hot.
I unscrew one of the electric bulbs in my room. screw
-on a hot point, dip the point into a jug of water. and
in a few minutes the water is bubbling. I can do
this at any time of the night or day. I cal make
tea or toddy; I can fill my hot-water bottle if I iam
offeringg from a pain in the ,tomach. and you will
get pains in the stomach sometimes if yu eat too)
much If I happen to be hungry and fancy oniue
toast. I can run my line to the electric lamp -scket
anid In a trice my electric toaster is toasting my bread.
If I fancy an egg in mly rounm at two o'clock in the
morning. I can boil it by means of the hot point or
in an electric egg-boiler. I can do all this without
lavitng my room or calling on anyone fur asRistance.
And whether you serve yourself ori get nther- to do
o, the means to meet culinary contingencies is at
hand in these electrical dayus.



I KEEP a hot point in my office. A hot point is a
piece of steel a few inches long with a cord
fir the transmission of electric current attached to
it. You fi the metal end of this curd into tile socket
o: ,iour lamp, deposit the point in your cup or jug of
water, and there you are. I did this for weeks when
I was suffering from laryngitis. I wa.s told that in-
haling hot water would either cure or not cure my
laryngitis. so I tried it I am nt w very free from
that unpleasant ailment, to which I attended during
working hours. Thot~e who at lirst aw me making
water hot and inhaling the steam thought that I
was off my head. It had never dawned upon them
that inhalation might quite as well be accomplished
at work as the taking of a draught or a drink. But
*if course it can be done, with the aid of hot points.
Over my head as I write-the room is dark and
today is Sunday--is a shaded ele> tric lamp. It is
attached to the head of my bed, but I wouldd have a
movable electric lamp if I desired and t.i.uld place it
by the side of any chair I chose to sit in, and so ac-
commodate my eyes while using any part of the
room I preferred. Fur electricity and its minor ap-
paratus are essentially mobile thine. and the use
of electricity is not only to intireasr,. comfi.rt. but to
economise energy. There are a rtually electric drink
mixers in Jamaica, although I have never hitherto
disc..vered anybody who needed electrical aid in mix-
ing a whisky and soda I even know men who- refuse
to mix liquor with anything. Still. If you have
to provide punches or cocktails firr a unmber -.f per-
sons, an electric drink-mixer will no doubti he con-
venient, but what is supremely more convenient from
the feminine point of view is the electric iron. that
ble- ed invention which all women attribute to Ben-
jamin Franklin, the great American who discovered
electricity (but did he reallyv'i

I HAVE made up my mind to, give Roe Euplitmia
two Electric irons. Other friends will doubtless
al.,i present her with electric iron-. Rose will gnash
her teeth at receiving so many of these helps to
domestic industry, but after all ;he in her turn tan
pivo them out as wedding present- wheni her friends
fllow her good example and get married. For wo-
men love electric irons and the day i- now quite
pias.ed when the old haud-iron, heated at a coal
stole. liable to develop a broken and irregular iron-
ing surface, growing cold quickly, and having to be
put hack on the fire every now and then. wa, the only
instrument which a girl could
u-e t,. press her own clothes.
.A a matter of fact she
very rarely used it. The
trluhble was too great. But
now it is nothing at all for
a lady to -smooth out some
delicate silk garment of hers;
I will not particularise the
garment, it is any one (if
those she might wi.-h to wear.
Once a ii hi. titled woman
,aidi to me that her beautiful
silk blou.e having become
.lightly ,iled. she was go-
ing to ee what she conldl do
with it herself with a little
lux and her electric iron.
That wontman a 4 worth
thousands a year, but she did
nit see why ishe should ri;k
her lhhuse at any laundry s,
Iloun as lux and electric iron
exittd. Iritiing is usually
\i, tiIan work or a laundr'y
man'.-. The Chine-e launder,
although a male. looks with
pr.Dper horror and indig.na
tiim at any man who en-
i-ruan-h es upon his province.
But amongst a w-..nman's duties
ironing certainly has a place,
and the electric iron is now
(.* be found in thuilsand of
house- in J-tnliai a: I believe
the ladies even call it Dar
I do not say that these
irons were not known before
the discovery of Jamaica by
Christopher Columbus Alfred
Nichols. I dot not say that
before that bold adventurer
drew to these shores in his
electric caravel. there were
not people wio had heard of
or who were even using
Electric irons. But he it was
who first used the express
slon: 'Let us try to iron out
our difficulties." when he
wished the City Council of
Kingsttn to make arrange-
ments with hint for the lay-
ing of electric cables, and it
was he who first said "There
is no ob-tacie in the world
that cannot be ironed out of
our pati-s." and it was he who


proclaimed that."All great men have iron in their
blood and all guod women have irons in their hands."
Thus he popularised the electric iron, and now the
rumpled dress is hardly ever seen, or, if seen, is a
reflection on the home. There is no longer any ex-
cuse in any residence provided with electrical fitiing
for a bodice to look rough-dried or a necktie to ap-
pear as though it had been used to strangle your wife
with. Apply a little electricity to the articles in
question, by means of an iron, and smnir"thnes and
glossiness are the natural re-ult.
It is even said that since the advent of the
electric iron, and taking advantage of its .implh ity
and absence of disagreeable heat, some young fel-
lows have discovered that they can press their pants
themselves, providing them with a triumphant crease
and thereby dig-ui-ing the fact that those pants
had seen better days. They have not, however,
essayed the coat. That is a job for more or less of
an expert. But the coat, fortunately will preserve
its respectability if the simple precaution is taken
of keeping it upon a hanger when it is off duty. The
principle is "look after the pants and the coat will
look after itself." It is true that tailors look askance
upon the practice of amateur pant pressing. They
regard it as an invasion of their professional rights
-and their professional income. They explain to
the amateurs that they are simply ruining their
clothes. But if that is really the case there is no'
harm done. On the contrary it is all to the good,
for then will arise the demand for new clothes which
means more work for the tailors, these clothes in
due time to be subjected to the process of home
pressing and again ruined according to sartorial
prophecy, using in the process more electric current
and probably burning out the iron, which must be
repaired or replaced, finally completing the tlll iy,.le
of business, about which we are told so much and
know so little.

ITURNED to the young lady who had been denmn-
strating to me the usefulness of chafing dishes, and
electric floor polishers and things oif ihat srt. and
found that she had procured an electric vacuum clean-
er which she said would make the interior .f lmy car
free from every speck of dust. I asked her cLunrid-
ently what she thought about Electric Chairs And
on the spur of the moment, of course without think-
ing, she suggested that one might be a very good
thing for me. And here again we see the usefulness
and the universal applicability of electricity. I am
informed by those who have had ni experien-e :of it
that the Electric Chair is an absolutely painless form

of extermination; all you have to do in some States
of America is to summit a murder; then. if you are
not wealthy and cannot appeal from Court to Court,
you are sentenced to death and sent to the Electric
Chair. You sit in the Chair, the current is turned
on, and what happens afterwards is no concern of
yours. Could anything be easier?
But electricity also used for giving life. I
knew someone who was suffering from nerve pains
not long ago; that person got hold of an electric
bulb which gave off violet rays, attached the usual
transmission cord to an electric lamp socket and
treated his arm for some days, with excellent results.
All first class occulisst use special electric lamps for
examining the eyes; there are tiny electric bulbs
employed for examining the throat and the nose; the
interior of the human hibdy an he temporarily illum-
inated for medical examination purposes by elec-
tricity The lightning is electricity. When there
is an ele,-tric storm in process the air is charged
violently with electricity; at such times no atheist
expresses the wish to be struck dead'; instead, he
retires as far from what he cn-usiders the danger
zone as he can conveniently go. Everynwhere now
there is electricity and we can turn it on to light us
at our various tasks, to cook for us, to make hot
water for us, to do the most trivial things-albo to
illuminate a great ,'ity by current generated hun-
dreds of miles away.
And what is it" What is thii electricity? No
one knows. On this point the greatest electrician
is as ignorant as you rr I.
We can use water power or fuel to generate it,
or rather to cause it to manifest itself for the pur-
pose.~ we have in ninil. it is used today to operate
pumps ti, bring water to the surface. in a manner of
speaking, some of our Jamaica bananas are being
grown by electricity And the time is probably com-
ing when the growth of plants will be hastened by
,the application of electrical energy and a larger yield
f food ,,obtained through such energy. just as the pro-
cesses of manufacture can he cheapened and multi-
plied by the uses of electricity. It is by means of
the electric currents in the air that a whisper in
some room in L :on dn or New York may be heard
in Jamaica, that the rendering of some magnificent
oratorio five ihuusand miles away may be enjoyed
in a di, tant home in a tropical country. Ships sail-
ing at sea, faced with imminent danger, threatened
with destruction. send int in all direction? a cry for
help, and that cry is heard hundreds of miles away,
and a dozen other ships at once turn their bows in
the direction of the stricken one; and this is possible

because of the electricity in the air. It is wonderful
when you come to think of it; it is awe-inspiring; the
physicists even say that all matter may be resolved
into electricity, into electrical force, and they also
say-but I was forgetting Rose Euphemia and Horace
Nebucadnezzar Brown.

I WAS forgetting them, but the voice of the young
lady in the Electrical Shop recalled them to me
and recalled me to ordinary affairs.
"You can buy some of these bigger things on a
reasonable instalment plan," she was saying; "and
we have a lady instructor who, if you require it,
gives full instructions as to how these things should
be used. There is no charge for her services."
"Thanks," said I. "I shall return when I have
made up my mind what to give Rose and Horace."
I am going to buy for these two young friends
of mine something electrical. I may much prefer
not to give them any wedding present at all; if I
followed my economical inclinations I might not. But
convention, custom, decency prescribe that when a
young man and a maiden assume the responsibili-
ties of matrimony, and embark upon that voyage of
life the course of which is strewn thick with domes-
tic quarrels, losses of jobs, debts. babies (making all
due allowances for birth control), cocktail parties,
deliberate and intentional abstention on the part of
their friends to invite them to dinner, a curious lack
of recognition of their superior abilities by those to
whom it should be apparent, sickness, teething,
whooping cough, and the other happenings incidental
to domestic life-convention, I say, and a sense of de-
cency command that we should start these people off
with good wishes and with something more material
and valuable than -mere wishes. If I were rich I
would give Euphemia and Nehucadnezzar a house
fitted with everything electrical that they require. Or
at least I think so; if I were really rich I suppose I
would not do it. If I were rich I might give them
only a very trifling present, for wealthy people can
afford to act meanly and do so as a sort of
second nature. As it is, I will help to electrify their
lives. and order this and that from this Electri-
ral Ship, and stipulate that Uncle Alfred's blessing
shall accompany these presents; and when I go to
the wedding I shall look to see if my gifts are prop-
erly displayed on the table groaning under the wed-
ding presents. Otherwise I -hall feel that I have not
been treated with the respect to which my generosity
entitles me. and I shall not attend the first christen-
ing organized by Euphemia. and certainly that baby
will have no christening present from me.





o n i ai, from Page 7)
clerk. English. had lived over thirty years in Ja-
maica, which he had never left since the day he
landed in it, and his daughters were also indubitably
white. Mir. Carson was English; he was young; he
wa.- a hachelur. and it is not good that man should
live alone. He must marry soon; the congregation
expected that; he knew it was expected of him. Very
well; there were ready to his hand, so to speak, the
NMisses Joselyn. Why should he look farther? It
did not occur to Mr. Joselyn that, whatever might
be the sterling virtues of his girl, beauty was not
among their physical attractions. But Mr. Joselyn
would have denied that a parson had any right to
think of beauty as a ne.es.sity in a wife.
Mr. lMnples was 1not white, but his social and
financial po,-tiii, w:is" quite as good as that of Mr.
Joselyn, if whom lie was a friend, and Ilis hierarchi-
(al position in St. David's Church was high. And
he too had a daughter, and she was of the order
knnwn as fashionable, and ps-eSesed undeniable good
looks, though lshe w;as not in thii- respect tlhe
equal of Yvonne. Mr. llouples had thought, and his
wife had agreed, that it would not be a bad thing
for Ethel if Mr. Carson should see in her a soul-mate
who would be able to undertake the duties ,rf a par-
son's wife while at the same time exercising an en.
liveuing influence on lii, life. and perhaps, eventually
-for you never could tell-assisting him to become
something in the social a- well as religious spl'-re.
for Ethel decidedly had social ambiti.js. Ethel had
been at meeting that night. but had taken no part
in the talk above recorded. The truth is that she
had been angry, Mr. Carson having shown a very
patent preferences for Yvonne', i, intersarion Ethlie
had sat with her friends, the Misses Joselyn, and the
three ,*f tu erni in d llently. un.- usti .u, rIJl'nllf *i
league of defence against Yvonne. They had .aid no
word hitherto: now. however, seeing Mr. Carson
taken off by the girl, Ethel Monples turned to the
elder Miss Jr-,-lyn with the remark:
"Very nice and cosy in a two-seater car, isn't
"Very," agreed May Joselyn with emphasis, "I
have to be content with a taxicab or a bus."
"The same here," said Ethel, "and therefore we
cannot offer lifts to others and show off wealth; but
I don't think I should like to take a young man home
by myself It may he the new style, but .. "
"I thought it was a man who offered to take a
young lady home. not the other way about." com-
mented the younger Joselyn, who-se name was Ger-
trude. Mr. and Mlrs. Miuples and Mr. Joselyn were
walking on ahead The three girls were strolling
along slowly behind for purposes of critical conver-
sation. Ordinarily they might have telt that they
were rivals, eaih of the other two. But in the pre-
sence of a i...mmon enemy they were of necessity
"Yvonne has (hdnee. the custom," said Ethr-l:
"but that is nit the only way she art- differently
from everybody else. Perhaps it is her Paris edu-
"She says her father was a Frenchman- then
why isn't she a Roma.n C'atlrlic'" demanded Ger-
trude Joselyn, who really imagined that all French-
men were Cathrlic's and believed that daughters
should follow the falth of their fathers and leave
Protestant parsons to Protestant girls.
"And her mother and aunt never come to church,
are not even members," May remarked; then sud-
denly esilaimed.--" wonder whether-"
-"What?" asked both the other girls simultane-
ously, as May paused.
"Nothing. Nothing much. I was only wonder-
ing-well. Yvonne's been a member of St. David's
for orly a few months. and that was after Mr. Calson
"You mean," said Ethel, "that she joined because
of Mr. Carson?"
"I wouldn't say so. but-"
"You think it loiok so. Well, isn't it what some
of them would do. and is she better or different?
She's been setting her cap at him for a long time
now; I've seen it. To-night she went farther: she
has taken him away for a drive "r .something. It is
Funny how these foreigners come here and do as they
"She wasn't born here?" asked Gertrude.
"I hear not, she and her people only came to
Jamaica a couple of years ago: we don't know any-
thing about them. Well, I wish her joy of the
gentleman she's trying to catch!"
The wish was pronounced in. a tone that sug-
gested a malediction. The three girls were thdrough-
ly angry with Yvonne. She in the meantime, not
giving them a thought, had suggested to the parson
that they might go for a spin before going home:
"It's early yet," she pointed out, "and a little run
out of the city won't do you any harm."
Mr. Carson, had consented, though not feeling
quite sure that a drive at that hour of the night with
a handsome young woman, and with not even a
chauffeur for chaperon, was quite the proper thing.
He would have frowned upon it had he heard of it

in connection with any other young couple not en-
gaged, would have hinted that this sort of camara-
derie too much indicated the laxity of these post-war
years. But for himself and Yvonne he could find
quite sufficient excuse: he was her minister, she was
an excellent church member, the hour was early
enough, they were going by n', private roads. were
stopping at no place: he did not cleatll express in
his own mind another reason that weighed much
with him. namely, that they were not in the least
likely to be seen by anyone connected with his
church. He would even have denied. with perfect
cionscientir.usness, that su'hl a rea-son infiueneed him
at all. We do not judge ourselves as we judge others,
or seek to examine our motive. with a searching
Yvonne had turned west into the Spani-h Trwn
Road and soon was passing the public cemetery, the
great burial ground of Kingston In spite of the
darkness the tombs would d he seen tandling out dimly
white, and the innumerable mounds of graves could
be pictured by those whoi knew that they were there
Our last and final earthly re-ting place," said
Mr. Carson, as lie waved an arm towards the ceme-
tery: but lie said thii' iuite cheerfully; he had no
wish to improve the occasion by references to man's
brief mortality.
"Then you do not really believe in ghosts?" she
asked hith laughingly, as they rushed past the burial
ground. "Tell me, would you go into that place at
midnight and spend two or more hours there alone?
That would he a test."
"Of course I wouldl" he answere] p',itively.
"And if you saw anything?"
"I should not he likely to, see anything."
"'But mightn't you: isn't it possible'"
"I don't kuuw: I don't think .s. There are evil
Apirits. yes; but those are fr.,in the Pit: the. are
not, surely, the ouls of human beings wi-h, have died.
You see the difference?"
"Yes; but the people here believe in ghosts a lot.
don't they?"
"Unfortunatrely they il. They .onfuse the soul
with a devil from the lower regions.-
"Perhaps they believe that all the dead are
devils." she laughed.
"**Fr shlame,. Yvonne'"' lie criedi. l d did' nit no-
i e that for the first time he had (ailed her by her
Christian name. But lie alsu laughed merrily. The
rapid pa:t.iLte thr.u ih the C(I, l Iitlit ir'. aOu; more,
the close proximity of the girl, the faint seductive
ordour that came from her. her high spirits. the sense
. of freedom arising from this escape from the con-
ventional. had stirred in him emotions which as a
rule were kept in restraint. He chided her. but
laughed as he did so
She nodded her head derciively. "They seem to
believe anything, if only it is sufficiently foolish,"
File asserted "There is this crocodile story now;
you remember what old Pembrook said about it?"
"Between you and me." returned Mr. Carson. "I
am not -ure that there miay not be something in his
view, though I could not publicly countenance it.
You see. we are rather to,) fond nowadays of attempt-
ing to explain everything by rational standards: we
don't want to admit that there can be supernatural
interference with earthly life. We don't believe in
miracles happening to-day, we say, and there are a
host of Christian people who ni. longer believe in hell.
The next step will be to doubt and deny that there
is a heaven, and then-"
"There will be no further use for parsons."
"You are incorrigible," he laughed again. "But
why on earth are we talking about such serious
matters? It doesn't seem quite natural."
"It is quite natural in a parson; do you mean
it isn't natural in a girl? But this isn't a joy-ride,
nor are we going to a dance. The members of St.
David's would not approve of either, but they
wouldn't mind our talking about death and spirits.
I think I know why we are doing it, though."
"Why, Yvonne?"
"Because our minds are quite full of the peculiar
stories we have been hearing lately. Everybody is
talking and thinking of them, and so are we. Do
you like my name?"
"Why, yes; why do you ask?"
"Because you have twice called me Yvonne to-
"Oh, I didn't know: I beg your pardon. I sup-
"But why shouldn't you call me Yvonune? It is
not a bad name and I don't object."
"Yes, but-"
"If any member of your congregation heard you
they would wonder-isn't that what is in your mind?
Well. why need they hear?"
"But wouldn't that be concealment. deception?"
"I don't see it. We are not harming them, we
are doing no wrong, and it is none of their business.
You are their parson, not their slave. Besides, you
have been calling me Yvonne to-night, and that
shows that you want to. Why not do what you
They had come to Spanish Town. and now it was
past nine o'clock. "Do we turn back here?" asked
Mr. Carson.

"If you wish to. but I think we might go on a
little farther. It isn't late."
SMy dear young lady. what will your people
"Nothing. I sometimes go for long drives by
iny elf and get in at abut ter t l.,ck And ehey
would know that I was with you to-night and that
would be enough for them. They respect you highly."
She had continued in her way while speaking.
They were now driving through the shabby, half-
deserted former capital of Jamaica. with its streets
dimly lighted by small. unshaded, pendant electric
lamps: there were very few persons abroad, already
the town had retired to rest.
He had a twinge of uneasiness. He could never
mention to anyuue this night-ride of his. and con-
tealment was not pleasant, to him. But he had never
felt so, exhilarated since he had heeu in Jamaica.
and. after all. he was i(.,ing no harni He s3aid iin-
Ouit if Spani-h Town. with gleeu pastures and
woods on either hand, withr a giitip'e of whiningg
water now and then, and the night air fanning their
tma.e--it wa.- deli,'i,,us Yvunre vwa-, a ver' ,,.-Ipahli-
driver and the car went snioothly. After another ten
'(Conii iomIed on P,!,e !-1.)

Energy for

tiring days

SUMMER lassitude and fatigue are very
largely due to the fact that ordinary hot
weather foods contain little energy-giving
nourishment to make good the energy you
expend each da). That is why cold
"Ovalline" should be your daily beverage.
It supplies to your system an abundance of
the food elements which maintain strength
and vitality.

Delicious "Ovallne" is prepared from malt
extract. fresh liquid milk. and new-laid eggs
from oui own and selected farms.

"Ovaltine" contains no added sugar and
must not be compared with combinations of
food substances containing a high percentage
of added sugar to give them bulk and to
cheapen the cost. To add sugar to "Ovalline"
would reduce its cost but it would not be

Remember, there is
There is nothing to
"just as good."

only one "Ovaltine."
equal it and nothing


Sered COLD

Sold by all Chemists and Stores throughout
the British Empire.
P 661


22 PLANTERS' PUN C 11 1932-33


You'd never think he was the

S..... same child


(('oriantiu- from Page 21)
miles of travel she turned of her own volition and
began the houmewAard journey back. Then, about four
miles out it Spanish Town, she stopped and ex-
claimed, "this is a nuisance!"
"What is it?'"
"Puncture. Can you fit on the spare?"
"I am afraid I dun't know anything about a car."
"Then we'll have to wait until someone comes
along and get him to help us. For I can't."
"Will it be very long. do you think?"
"No; meanwhile we micrt as well take things
easy. Tell me. Mr. Caron.n, t I you like Jamaica?"
"Oh. much. I get on so well here. Everybody is
nice and friendly: the people of mny church are a itine
lot. as iyou know. I have nothing to c-omplain uLf
But you. you don't belong to this country. do you?"
"No; I was born in Martinique, a French colony.
But I was sent to school in England. and then Paris.
though I believe the original plan was to send me to
Paris first, then to England, and then again to Parts.
My father was a Frenchman, see, and he had means."
"He isn't alive?"
"He died when I was quite young, and my
mother died before him."
"Then the lady you live with?"
"Is my foster-mother: she was employed to my
,mother as a nurse. I call her moTher: she is really
*my guardian. I have never known any other, and
I am twenty-.ive."
"I heard she was your mother, and have often
wondered why she never comes to our church. I
understand better now. But still you ,,ught to induce
her to come to St. David's: even if she doesn't care
to join she miaht he an adherent."
"I'll ask her," replied Yvonne indifferently;
"but she isn't the church-going sort. She wanted me
to join your flock. however, even before I did. Sihe
saw you one day. shortly after you had come out,
and she said to me that you looked a ine and sin-
cere type of man. one that people 'could believe in'-
her own words. She pressed me to visit St. David's,
and niw I am one iof your congregation."
"And you are satisfied?'
She said this with an emphasis that thrilled
him, there was something personal about it. He was
tempted to answer with a compliment of an equally
personal nature, but restrained himself. That might
not be proper in a parson who had for the first time
go-ne out for a drive with a young lady member of
his church.
The spot where they were stalled was a lonely
one; for a quarter of an hour nothing passed them
but a slow mule cart. Half an hour went by, an
hour, and only a couple of other carts had come
their way. Even Yvonne began to get anxious. "If
it is only a cart that comes next." she said, "we'll
have to get it to send out a car for us from some
garage in Spanish Town. It is past eleven now."
They talked about trifling matters for a while.
Mr. Carson becoming more circumspect as the night
waxed later; then. at last. the sound of an approach-
ing car was heard. The parson prayed silently, that
it would contain no one who knew him. as he placed
himself in the middle of the road to wave to the
driver of the approaching vehicle. Luckily, this man
heeded the signal, seeing that it was a white man
and a minister that was signalling, and he readily
consented to give a hand in putting on the spare
tyre. In a little while the couple were ready\ ti
move, and the helpful driver had been liberally
tipped. "I will take you straight home." said Yvonne;
"I an sorry you have been kept out so late."
'That's all right." he said. "but perhaps, Yvonne.
it wmiul he better if you dropped me when we get
into Kingstnn: I should prefer to walk home."
"So as to prevent anyone seeing and talking.
eh? You are right. People are frightfully scan-
They rushed through Spanish Town. under a sky
bright with stars, they passed tihe banana plantation.
with their niias-es of fruit bearing 'trees. the man-
grove covered sinanps, the Ferry Inn: dark moun-
tains lowered to their left and before them. their
lofty summits outlined against the qtarirv sky Thev
were nearing Kinestn on the now deserted road
when cinddenly both of them saw something that
caused Yvnniie to swerve the car so sharply to the
left-hand side of the road that only because she was
a practised driver did they escape running into tile
bank. In the lieht of thie ar's powerful lamps, hlrh
saw it, a long. swittly-movine. horrible nbiect that
kept low to the ground, something huge and menac-
ing, and it seemed at one instant to the parsor' that
there were two and even three "f the dreadful things
"God be with us!" he exclaimed. "it is the crocondile"
But they had passed it and did not know whither
it had gone or if it were still to be seen When
Yvonne spoke her voice was trembling \itich fer.
"It is true, then. We both saw it. and we were
not even thinking of it. I really didn't believe much
in the stories that were going about, though I talked

about them like everybody elke. But it is true: there
is something terrible creeping shout us at night!"
"And on this road there is nothing that would
attract a burglar, is there?" said the parson, in a
pushedd voice. "So that the burgl.iry Iannot have been
the work of the :rocuodile. or was only a blind, as old
Pembrook said."
"It is awful." muttered Yvounne: "what can it
"Say nothing about it to anyone." earnestly ad-
vised her companion. "'I will ay unthing to:."
She agreed; if anything nere eaid tli-re might
have to he explanations. and these would be very
She slowed up and stopped hlien they came to
the bridge at the western entrance to ihe city: it was
"Won't y..u come tu see me sometimes?" asked
Yvonne softly; "you have only called at my huu1 e
once since I have been going ti, St. David',. and then
I wasn't at home. and yo-u met n, one. Come again
He promised.
"To-morrow ?"
"I will try; but this week anyhow."
"Thank.. iGuod-night."










Fire and Accident Insurance.

-iiu iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii



YVuNNE'S hluse was not in a fashionable or even
quite reputable quarter ut the lity. It aas situ-
atedl in tlie West End. and was the only considerable
residence in a neighboiurhoud drab and in some place.
es squalid. It had stood in that spot for over a hun-
Illr'ei yU-'ar.: when rir-t huilt it had been faced and
hacked by large grass-yards or pens. where guinea
rl'a.s rew anid %aa cut and sold as food for animals.
Perhaps-, cattle had also been kept in the acres that
had .,'ni.e 'l'-loriL pI'ar't it the demesue. but as the city
had grown and expanded. this section of it had been
given over tj the poorer classes and the house had
been abandoned. those tiv n hom It bad descended not
, ishiug to live in it or to lose money by letting it
'uit t1i te-anlt who i\\uld either not pay the rent
ur speedil. destroy It through neglect or careless-
It as too, solid a structure to perish in a gen-
eration or two. It was built of stone and hard wood.
and thiiugh. through li.k fi paint, it looked dilapi-
dated when Yvonne's foster-niother made a bid for
it in Yvonne's name. It \as easily repairable In a
month or so. Indeed, it presented quite a respectable



appearance, though looking somewhat incongruous in
its sordid surroundings.
The lands on either side of it had also been pur-
chased from their owners, who were glad enough
to sell. since the wretched hovels on them were in-
habited by people who gave a lot of trouble when
rent-day came round. There was a considerable open
space behind it, and behind that a fence of trees and
lofty shrubs which cut. oft an old burial ground. long
since filled with graves and deserted, and in which
were the remains of a ruined chapel formerly used
for obsequies. Very few persons knew to what de-
nomination this burial ground and broken-down
chapel had belonged; the suggestion was that it had
been "a strangers' field." a place where strangers
in Jamaica had been buried in slavery times. This
was. indeed. the true explanation.
The house it elf stiod well in from the street
upon which its gates opened. A high wall of brick
separated it fr.jn the bustling thoroughfare without;
onLc you had pat-ed through either the front or the
Eide gate you found yourself amidst privacy that was
almost seclusion. From the front or principal gate
.,ou pr.ct-eded along a gravelled path ro the building'-
main entrance. a folding door, wide, lofty, and entered
by a short flight of steps whose treads were formed
of old marble slabs, a fashion that flourished in the
earlier days of Jamaica residential construction.


The Government Savings Bank

of Jamaica known as

Affords the undermentioned facilities to its

1. Free Postage, when cor-

responding with the Bank

Exemption from Stamp

Duty on Withdrawals.

3. The operation at any of

its Branches, of an

account opened at Head

Office or a Branch.

4. Interest at the rate of 3%

compounded half-yearly.

5. Security, based on gov-

ernment guarantee.

There are 110 Branches throughout the
Island, at which Deposits and With-
drawals may be made.

The main pathway up to the house was cut off
from the other entrance, the side entrance, by a
new wooden fence sonie seven feet high; thus serv-
ants and people of the inferior sort had no excuse
for using the way that led to the great front door.
And they could neither see nor be seen by any who
came and went by the gravelled walk running
straightly through a garden of trees and bordered
by variegated shrubs. The house itself was very
large; the drawing-room, the dining-room, Yvonne's
bedroom and sitting-room were in front; the first two
on the loer storey. the latter two upstairs, and
all of them looking out on the garden. Her guar-
dian's bedroom was to the rear, and there was anoth-
er bedroom furnished for her guardian's sister, whose
permanent home was in the country. These two
women ate with Yvonne when no strangers were be-
ing entertained; otherwise they had a dining place
of their own on the upper floor and at the nether part
of the building. The house was almost two houses
in one, so arranged had it been. The woman with
whom Yvonne lived could have her own friends and
follow her owan life without disturbing the girl in
regard to whoom she exercised the functions of a
From front fence to seashore the distance was
about a quarter of a mile, the width about a furlong,
and on three sides, north, west and east, from gate
to disused burial ground, the house and land were
enclosed by the old brick wall, once sadly impaired
by time and neglect, but now repaired and rendered
serviceable. All think property had been purcliased
in Yvonne's name, and purchased cheap because of
the locality.
Yvonne had been watching the gate for some
time before Mr. Carson's taxi passed through it and
came towards the house; she opened the door herself
and strud at the threshold to welcome him
Last night they had parted: she had not been
certain that he would come to see her so soon. but
she had half hoped, half expected that he would. So
from three o'clock this afternoon she had been
watching the gate. It was now four and he was
here at last.
"Isn't it nice of you to keep your word so suou'"
she exclaimed as she led him inside "Shall we sit
by the window?"
She had taken his hat. she indicated a very
comfortable armchair, covered with a bright cre-
tonne and soft, and into it he sank with a little sigh
of satisfaction, for here it was cool and shady after
the heat and glare of the outside sun.
She seated herself in front of him. in a smaller
chair, and again, as on many a previous occasion,
his eyes wandered admiringly over her finely formed
figure, her face with its golden complexion and
European features, her raven hair piled high upon
her head, her confident, self-assured poise. She was
vibrant with health and lively spirits, she was physi-
cally wonderful. This afternoon she wore white, a
delicate silk evidently, and her arms and neck were
bare. Her bodice was low-cut, so that the swell or
her bosom was distinctly visible. The arms exposed
were round and soft, the bosom beautiful in his
eyes. surely, he thought, she had nothing to lose by
comparison with the loeli-tl while iril in all t[ll
land. And these interior surroundings of hers
framed her adequately. A glance around the room



would show anyone that the furnishing of it had not
been undertaken with economy in mind, and yet
there was no ostentation. Excellett taste had been
shown in the matching of the furniture and in the
quality of it, as well as in its arrangement. But it
was the girl that held his attention.
"Would you have come had I not specially asked
you last night?" she said; "why did you wait to be
"I would have corm without any invitation after
Iadt night. We became more friendly then than we
seemed to have been before, didn't we? Did you
have any trouble with your people for being out so
"Of course not; I am really my own mistress, you
know. I went straight to bed, for my mother hates
to be disturbed after ten o'clock, and I was up at
my usual hour this morning A couple of hours less
sleep doesn't make any difference to me. Does it
affect you?"
"T can't say it does. But look here, Yvonne, I
want to make this a pastoral as well as a friendly
visit. I want to meet your foster-mother and to
invite her to come with you to St. David's. That is
my duty, and I must not forget it. Could I see her
this afternoon?"
"I will ask her. But tell me, is it duty or a wish
to see me that has been responsible for your coming
here to-day?"
A bold question! She was looking in his eyes
to read his answer there. It was as if she had is-
sued a sudden challenge. As her parson he was en-
titled to a certain deference and restraint on her
part; but she was ignoring the parson and appealing
only to the man. He had a curious sensation of be-
ing entangled in a net; he felt that she was drawing
him on to some declaration which he should not
make, or at least which should not be so definitely
solicited. His blood tingled. But he made an effort
to temporise.
"Well both," he stammered, "both, of course."
"And if my mother had not been here you would
not have come so soon?"
"You know I would!"
The truth had slipped out; the effort at caution
had been thrown to the winds. Yvonne laughed
gaily. "That is what I wanted to hear," she ex-
claimed. "Now I will find out If my mother can
come in to you."
She ran out of the room radiant, and he had a
couple of minutes in which to collect his thoughts.
Events had moved very rapidly since he had entered
her car last night. They had spent a few hours
alone together, he was here with her now, she had
drawn from him a declaration of feeling which he
had made without reserve. All pretence that he
had come to visit her and her family as a parson had
been torn aside; she had at once made it an affair
of man and woman only. There was nothing wrong
in that; after all. he was a man; but would it stay
at that stage? There was something about her look
that warned him she did not intend that it should;
there was something in himself that signalled to
him that he could not trust himself where she was
concerned. Why, when she had gazed so searchingly
at him a few moments ago, had he experienced so
burning a desire to kiss her lips. her arms, the swell
of her bosom exposed? He had had that desire: he




Ship's Bunkers x Pier or 'x Lighter




I -



1932-33 PLANTERS' PUNCH 25

could not lie to himself about it; it bad been almost be conscious of this undercurrent of unrest, this dis- n..i be q.ineted. Indeed. it eemnced to.i lil that will
overwhelming. His infatuation was sudden, terri- satisfaction, why this vague sensation of repugnance? every minute that passed it grew.
ble; he seemed to have fallen head over ears in love Was he, after all, a snob? A Christian minister She was rather lung away Wiy had she left
with her from the moment of entering the house. thinking of colour differences because he w.s him to wait alone like thi.'" Had she. perhaps, seen
He had always liked, always admired her. Now, in English and white and she had coloured blood 1in1 -mething in his manner that had warned her of
a moment. he had be ome completely subjugated to her veins' She was more white than black. lShe I ts raving to seize and slower kie- on her face
hi-r He had never experienced Cu.Ih -en-,atiins L,.- was beautiful, fascinating, educated, a good girl, and and body. and so had desienedly allowed him time
fore. wealthy too, according to his moderate standards. to ontrui and '- mpur.e his feelings? It might be
He wished impatiently that she would return: Not even the M.,rsewithes. the best family attachi.d -.- He must take a grip in him.,el[.
she had been gone nearly rive minutes now Anti to St. David's, people wealthy and important, whi.e-- The door opened.
during the first part of the day. he now realized membership of St. David'- was almost an act .t **I had t, persuade mother to make herself pre-
clearly. he bad been longing for the hour when he condescension, not even this family outdid Yvonne eentable and c'nme in." cried Yvonne: that explains
could call on her; he had spent that day with one in liberality to the church. And they, though ot why I have kept you waiting, so lng Mr. Caron,
glad expectation, and the realisation of his wish had course they were not socially intimate with Yvonne, this is Madam Herriot."
surpassed his anticipation, and not expected to be, had always treated her A tall, dark woman stood before him. f...r he had
And yet, in spite of the revelation of her man- nicely. Would they object :to her as lni cwife.' ri-en at the .-,und of Yvonries v..iie. A woman of
ner. the joy expressed by the light in her eyes when Would any of his congregation? Some would be ma-nsive proportions, though nct appearing heavy be-
he had confessed that, with no sort of excuse what- jealous, he knew that: but then they would be jeai- causee of her height and of her obvious muscularity.
ever. he would have come to her that afternoon; in ous of anyone. except perhaps some girl .'LI( ,.*. A splendid specimen i:t an Antazon: and though she
spite also of his exaltation and delight in her pre- England whom they had never known. There wiiuhi. might he lilly years old her complexion of light
sence. his desire towards her, there stirred a cei. then. be little prejudice felt against Y\v.inne A.nii l ronle was that of someone younger. the skin or
tain uneasiness in his heart. Surely there was yet he was not satisfied. He knew that he Inved her. her fa.:e imointh and firm. her features piuminent.
nothing wrong in what he had said. in his being loved her passionately, terribly; it was as though a The eyes, spaced normally. were deep-et aind glowed
here, nothing wrong in caring for her. tliugh there fever bad suddenly infected his blood and brain. He nith vitality. The depth and fire of them reminded
might and would be prejudiced criticism expressed was exalted, delirious almost with a wild delight. 'Carson ,f Yv,:.nne's eye_, though lie kne" that thi;
if he should ask her to marry binm. Then why was But that cursed stir of uneasiness in his heart would iC:'on uedl .1 PI'7 .:1

I tI


r 'Fyou knew today that tomorrow
Your family would be bereft of
your guidance and support, what
would you do?
If you knew that at age 60 your
earning days would be over, what
would you do P
/ There is only one answer-carry
sufficient life insurance. Enjoy the
peace of mind that life insurance
brings. Don't forget that good
health is a necessary requisite.
Delays are dangerous.
Established 1887


C. LESLIE ROBISON Manager for Jamaica,
116 Tower St., Kgn.

Special Agent, Black
T. E. LEVY .... .... River.

J. A. FINZL .... .... Agent-Kingston

V. G. SASSO .... .... do do

L. A. ROSS .... ... do do

A. TIE TENQUEE .... do do




GOOD RUM, like Rome, is not the product of a day.

Its Mellow


is the result of

Experience in Selecting
Skill In Flending
Method in Aging

Our Reputation for quality is not bor of to-day
but is Rooted in a Century of Tradition.

(1825) J. WRAY & NEPHEW, LIMITED (1825)

Rum and General



24 Port Royal


Kingston, Jamaica,



_ _~ I


V.,k~t~ 1rv;T~iirYrr ivs~




Scene In




The very amusing and interesting picture of a
meeting of the old Jamaica House of Assembly or
Parliament, published below, will be avidly read
even by those who take but little interest in polities
to-day. It was written by no less a person than
Anthony Trollope, who ranks amongst the greater
English novelists of the last century and' whose sim-
pie, humorous, attractive style makes all that he
writes so well worth reading. It has to be admitted.
one fears, that the Lords and Commons of our two
Houses of Parliament, before their abolition in 1866,
did not care twopence for good behaviour.

QL EEN. Lords and Conimon., wiith the full para
.hernalia of triple readings, adjournment of the
House. and counting out, prevails in Jamaica as it
does in Great Britain.
By this it will be understood that there is a
Governor, representing the Crown, whose sanction or
veto is of course given, as regards important meas-
ures, in accordance with Instructions from the
Colonial Office. The Governor has an Executive
S Committee, which tallies with our Cabinet.. It con-
sists at present of three members, one of whom be
longs to the upper House and two to the lower. The
Governor may appoint a fourth member it it so
T please him. These gentlemen are paid for their
services, and preside over different departments, as
do our Secretaries of State, etc. And there is a Mlosi
Honourable Privy Council, just as we have at home.
Of this latter, the members may or may not support
the Governor, seeing that they are elected for life.
The House of Lords is represented by tbe Legis-
lative Council. This quasi-peerage is of course not
hereditary, but the members sit for life, and are
nominated by the Governor. They are seventeen in
number. The Legislative Council can of course put
a veto on any bill.
The House of Assembly stands in the place ot
the House of Commons. It consists of forty-seven
members, two being elected by nineteen parishes,
and three each by three other parishes, those, name
ly, which contain the towns of Kingston, Spanish
Town, and Port Royal.
In one respect this House of Commons falls
short of the privileges and powers of our House at
home. It cannot suggest money bills. No honour-
able member can make a proposition that so much
a year shall be paid for such a purpose. The govern-
ment did not wish to be driven to exercise the in
vidious power of putting repeated vetos on repeated
suggestions for semi-public expenditure; and there-
fore this power has been taken away. But any
honourable member can bring before the House a
motion to the effect that the Governor be recom-
mended himself to propose, by one of the Executive
Committee. such or such a money bill; and then if
the Governor decline, the House can refuse to pass
his supplies, and can play the "red devil" with his
Excellency. So that it seems to come pretty nearly
to the same thing.
At home in England, Crown, Lords and Commoni
really seem to do very well. Some may think that
the system wants a little shove this way. some the
other. Reform may. or may not be more or le?-
needed. But on the whole we are governed honestly,
liberally, and successfully; with at least a greater
share of honesty, liberality, and success than hair-
fallen to the lot of most other people. Each of the
three estates enjoys the respect of the pe.,ple at
large, and a seat, either among the Lords or th.-
Commons, is an object of high ambition. The s.s
ter may therefore be said to be successful.
But it does not follow that because it answers in
England it should answer in Jamaica; that institu-
tions which suit the country which is perhaps in the
whole world the furthest advanced in civilization,
i wealth, and public honesty, should suit equally well
an island which is unfortunately very far from be-
ing advanced in those good qualities; whose civili-
zation, as regards the bulk of the population, is
hardly above that of savages, whose wealth has
vanished, and of whose public honesty-I will say
nothing. Of that I myself will say nothing, but the
Jamaicans speak of it in terms which are not flat
tering to their own land.
I do not think that the system does answer in
Jamaica. In the first place, it must be remembered
that it is carried on there in a manner very dit-
ferent from that exercised in our other West Indian
colonies. In Jamaica any man may vote who pays
either tax or rent; but by a late law he must put in
his claim to vote on a ten shilling stamp. There are
-* in round numbers three hundred thousand black.,
seventy thousand coloured people, and fifteen
thousand white; it may therefore easily be seen in
what hands the power of electing must rest. Now
S in Barbados no coloured man votes at all. A col-
oured man or negro is doubtless qualified to vote it

How We Legislated

Seventy Years Ago

he own a freehold; but then, care is taken that
such shall not own freeholds. In Trinidad, the legi-
lative power is almost entirely in the hands of toe-
Crown. In Guiana. which I look upon as the he',;
governed of them all, this is very much the case
It is not that I would begrudge the black maii
the right of voting because he is black, or tllat I
would say that he is and must be unfit to vote. or
unfit even to sit in a House of Assembly; but the
amalgamation as at present existing is bad. The
objects sought after by a free and open representa-
tion of the people are not gained unless those men
are as a rule returned who are most respected in
the commonwealth, so that the body of which they:
are the units may be respected also. This object is
not achieved in Jamaica, aud consequently, the
House of Assembly Is not respected. It does not
contain the men of most weight and condition in the
island, and is contemptuously spoken of even in
Jamaica itself, and even by its own members.
Some there are, some few, who have gotten
themselves to be elected, in order that things which
are already bad may not, if such can be avoided, be-
come worse. They, no doubt, are they who best do
their duty by the country in which their lot lies
But, for the most part, those who should represent
Jamaica will not condescend to take part in the de.
bates, nor will they solicit the votes of the negroes.
It would appear frim these observations as
though I thought that the absolute ascendancy of
the white man should still be maintained in Jamaica.
By no means Let him be asTendaut who can-in
Jamaica or elsewhere-who honestly can. I doubt
whether such ascendancy, the ascendancy of Eurc-
peans and white creoles, can be longer maintained
in this island. It is not even now maintained, and
for that reason chiefly I hold that this system of
Lords and Commons is not compatible with the pre-
sent genius of the place. Let coloured men fill the
public offices, and enjoy the sweets of official pick
ings. I would by no means wish to interfere wit'i
any good things which fortune may be giving them
in this respect. But I think there would be greater
probability of their advancing in their new profes-
sion honestly and usefully, if they could be made to
look more to the Colonial Office at home, and less
to the native legislature.
At home. no member of the House of Commons
can hold a government contract. The members ot
the House of Assembly in Jamaica have no such
prejudicial embargo attached to the honour of their
seats. They can hold the government contracts, and
it is astonishing how many of them are in their
The great point which strikes a stranger is this.
that the House of Assembly is not respected in the
island. Jamaicans themselves have no confidence in
it. If the white men could be polled, the majority
I think would prefer to be rid of it altogether, and
to be governed as Trinidad is governed, by a Gov
ernor with a Council; of course with due power of
reference to the Colonial Office.
Let any man fancy what England would be if
the House of Commons were ludicrous in the evye4
of Englishmen; if men ridiculed or were ashdmerl
of all their debates. Such is the case as regards tne
Jamaica House of Commons.
In truth, there is not room for a machinery so
complicated in this island. The handful of white
men can no longer have it all their own way; and
as for the negroes-let any warmest advocate of the
"man and brother" position say whether he has
come across three or four of the class who are fit to
enact laws for their own guidance and the guidance
of others.
It pains me to write words which may seem to
be opposed to humanity and a wide philanthropy:
but a spade is a spade, and it is worse than useless
to say that it is something else.
The proof of the truth of what I say with ref-
erence to this system of Lords and Commons is to
be found in the eating of the pudding. It may inot
perhaps be fair to adduce the prosperity of Barbados
and to compare it with the adversity of Jamaica, see-
ing that local circumstances were advantageous to
Barbados at the times of Emancipation and equali-
zation of the sugar duties. Barbados was always
able to command a plentiful supply of labour. But
it is quite fair to compare Jamaica with Guiana or
Trinidad. In both these colonies the negro w,is
as well able to shirk his work as in Jamaica.
And in these two colonies the negro did shir;k
his work. just as he did in Jamaica; and does still
to a great extent. The limits of these colonies are
as extensive as Jamaica is. and the negro can sqnut.
They are as fertile as Jamaica is. and the negro can


procure his food almost without trouble. But nor
the less is it a fact that the exportation of sugar from
Guiana and Trinidad now exceeds the amount ,x-
ported in the time of slavery, while the exportation
from Jamaica is almost as nothing.
But in Trinidad and Guiana they have no House
of Commnns, with Mr. Speaker, three readings.
motions for adjournment, and unlimited powers .f
speech. In those colonies the governments--acting
with such assistance as was necessary-have suc-
ceeded in getting foreign labour. In Jamaica they
have as yet but succeeded in talking about it. In Gui-
ana and Trinidad they make much sugar, and boast
loudly of making more. In Jamaica they make but
very little, and have not self-confidence enough lett
with them to make auy boast whatsoever.
With all the love that an Englishman should
have for a popular parliamentary representation, 1
cannot think it adapted to a small colony, even were
that colony not from circumstances so peculiarly ill-
fitted for it as is Jamaica. In Canada and Australil
it is no doubt very well: the spirit of a fresh and
enereeti' people trugglirig ,n intu the worl.'s emi-
nence will produce men tit for debating, men whl.
can stand on their legs without making a house of
legislature ridiculous. But what could Lords and
Commons do in Malta. or in Jersey? What would
they do in the Seilly Islands? What have they been
doing in the Ionian Islands? And. alas! what have
they done in Jamaica?
Her roads are almost impassable, her bridges are
broken down, her coffee plantations have gone hack
to bush, her sugar estates have been sold for the
value of the sugar-boilers. Kingston as a town is
the most deplorable that man ever visited, unless it
be that Spanish Town is worse. And yet they have
Lords and Commons with all but unlimited powers
of making motions! It has availed them nothing.
and I fear will avail them nothing.
This I know may be said, that be the Lords and
Commons there for good or evil, they are to be
moved neither by men nor gods. It is, I imagine,
true, that no power known to the British Empire
could deprive Jamaica of her constitution. It has
had some kind of a house of assembly since the time
of Charles II., nay, I believe, since the days or
Cromwell; which by successive doctoring has grown
to be such a parody, as it now is. on our home m-ide
of doing business. How all this may now be al-
tered and brought back to reason, perhaps no maui
can say. Probably it cannot be altered till some
further smash shall come; but it is not on that ac.
count the less objectionable.
The House of Assembly and the Chamber of the
Legislative Council are both situated in the same
square with the Governor's mansion in Spanish
Town. The desolateness of this place I have at-
tempted to describe elsewhere, and yet, when I was
there, Parliament was sitting' What must the place
be during the nine months when Parliament does
not sit? There are yellow buildings, erected at on--
siderable expense, and not without some pretence.
But nevertheless, they are ugly-ugly from their
cllour. ugly from the heat, and ugly from a certain
heaviness which seems natural to them and tu th."
The house itself in which the forty-seven mem-
bers sit is comfortable enough, and not badly
adapted for its purposes. The speaker sits at -"no
end all in full fig, with a clerk at the table below:
opposite to him, two-thirds down the room, a low bar
about four feet high, runs across it. As far as this
the public are always admitted; and when any sub,
ject of special interest is under discussion twelve
or fifteen persons may be seen there assembled.
Then there is a side-room opening from the house,
into which members take their friends. Indeed it
is, I believe, generally open to any one wearing a
decent coat. There is the Bellamy of the establish-
ment. in which honourable members take such re
freshment as the warmth of the debate may render
necessary. Their tastes seemed to me to be simple,
and to addict themselves chiefly to rum and water.
I was throwing away my cigar as I entered the
precincts of the house. "Oh, you can smoke." said
my friend to me. "only. when you stand at the door-
way. don't let the speaker's eye catch the light; buL
it won't much matter." So I walked on and stood
at the side door, smoking my cigar indeed, bht con-
scious that I was desecrating the place.
I saw five or six coloured gentlemen in thi
house, and two nerroes-sitting in the house as mem-
bers. As far as the two latter men were cnucernefl.
I could not but be gratified to see them in the fai."
enjoyment of the objects of a fair ambition. Had


they not by eff,.irts of their own made rlemrelve,
greatly superior to others of their race, they would
not have been there. I say this, fearing that it may
be thought that I begrudge a black man such a
position. I begrudge the black men nothing thai
they can honestly lay hands on; but I think that we
shall benefit neither them nor ourselves by attempt.
ing with a false philanthropy to make them out to
be other than they are.
The suhject under debate was a railroad bill.
The railway Fystem is not very extended in the is-
land: but there is a railway. and the talk was of
prolonging it. Indeed, the hruse I believe, had on
some previous oicat-ion decided that it should be
prolonged, and the present fielt was as to some par-
ticular detail. What that detail was I did not learn,
for the Ibsin,_s eliing ierirm'rnied was a continual
serie-; of nliti.ii]: for adjournment carried on by a
vict,,rious minority of three
It was clear that the conquered majority of-
say thirty-was very angry. For some reason, ap-
pertaining probably to tile tactics of the house, these
thirty were exceedingly anxious, to have sinie sper:.:l
point carried and put out of the way that night, but
the three were inexorable. Two of the three spoke
continually and ended every speech with a motic:ll
for adjournment.
And then there was a disagreement anlog thr-
thirty. Some declared all this to be "hbuh, pro.
posed to leave the house without any adjournment.
play whist, and let the three victors enjoy their lIur
ren triumph. Others, made of sterner -itu'., would
not thus give way. One after another they made
impetuous little speeches, then two at a time, and
at last three. They thumnped the table, and called
each other pretty names, walked about furiously, and
devoted the three victors to the infernal gods.
And then one of the black gentlemen arose, anl
made a calm. deliberate little oration. The words he
spoke were about the wisest which were spoken that
night, and yet they were not very wise. He offere'l
to the house a few platitude.- on the general benefit
of railway.-. which would have applied to any rail-
way under the sun. saying that eggs and fowls would
be taken to market; and then he sat down. On his
behalf I must declare that there were no other words
of such wisdom spoken that night. But this relief
lasted only for three minutes.
After a while two members coming to the door
declared that it was becoming unbearable. and oar
ried me away to play whist. "My place :s lose by,"
said one, "and if the row becomes hot we shall hear
it. It is dreadful to stay there with such an obje,.r,
and with the certainty of missing one's object after
all." As I %wa. i nilined to agree with him, I went
away and played whist.
But soon a storm of voices reached our ears
round the card-table "'They are hard at it now,"
said one honourable member. "That's So and-So, by
the screeh The yell might have been heard at
Kineston, anti no doubt wa-.
"By heavens they are at it," said another "Ha,
ha. ha! A nice house of assembly. isn't it?"
''Will they pitch into one another?" I aiked.
thinking of scenes of which I had read in another
country. and thinking also. I must confes.s- that an

S(hIoyal Charter Dated 1839).

| BET Et" N
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and Brazil and the River Plate. West
Coast of North America (via Panama

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absolute bodily scrimmage on the floor of the house
might be worth seeing.
"They don't often do that," said my friend.
"They trust chiefly to their voices; but there's no
The temptation was too much for me, so I
threw down my cards and rushed back to the A.-
sembly. When I arrived the louder portion of the
noise was being made by one gentleman who was
walking round and round the chamber. swearing in
a loud voice that he would resign the very moment
the speaker was seated in the chair; for at that limen
the house was in committee. The louder portion of
the noise, I say. fur two other bonourable members
were speaking. and tile rest were discussing the
matter in small parties.
"Shameful, abominable. scandalous. rascally''
shouted the angry gentleman over and over again.
as he paced round and round the chamber. '*I'll
not sit in such a house, no man should -it in such
a house. By G-, I'll resign as soon a.- I see the
Speaker in that chair. Sir. come and have a drink
itf rum and water."
In his angry wandering- his steps had brought
him to the door at which I was standing, and the-eL
la-t words were addressed to me. "Come and have'

a drink of rum and water," and he seized me with a
hospitable violence by the arm. I did not dare to
deny so angry a legislator. and I drank the rum anl
water. Then I returned to my cards.
It may be said that nearly the same thing does
sometimes occur in our own House of Commons-
always omitting the threats of resignation and the
drink. With us at home a small minority may im-
pede the business of the house-by adjournments,-
and members sometimes become loud and angry.
But in Jamaica the storm raged in so small a tea-
pot! The railway extension was to be but a mile
or two, and I fear would hardly benefit more than
the eggs and fowls for which the dark gentleman
In heading this chapter I have spoken of the
government, and it m:y be objected to me that inl
writing it 1 have written only of the legislature., and
not at all of the mode of governing. But in truth the
mode of government depends entirely on the mile
uf legislature.
As regards the Governor himself and his minis.
ter!. I do not doubt that they do their best. but I
think that their best might be much better if the!r
hands were not so closely tied by this teapot syt--'ni
of Queen. Lords, and Commons.

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JAJAIAICA:-Kingston. Christiana, Black River, Mandeville, Montego Bay, MIorant Bay, Port Antonio, Port Maria, St. Ann's
Bay, Savanna-la-MIar. Spanish Town, May Pen and Brown's Town.

= CUBA:--Havana 14 branches i; Santiago de Cuba, Cienfuegos. Camaguey and -Manzanillo.

PORTO RICO:-San Juan, Fajardo.


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(Contintied fronm Page I6)
or crying '*Yah! yah!" at intervals. Many of us have
yet to learn that the negroes in the West Indies are
an earnest work-a-day peasantry, having their own
characteristic faults and vices, it is true, and dissimi.
lar to any other peasantry in the world, but none the
less real and existent To many a little thatch-cov-
Pred hut, half hidden among broad-leaved bananas
and .carlet-foliaged P.iinsettias, or over shadowed
with white flowered coffee plants. or buried amidst
tangled *huslh" and close enlaced brushwood, the let
lers whltith fillor.w have doubtless br.uight pleasure
and ihapl.ine-.,.-shado% ing fourth. in phrase untouth.
nay. even grotesque. to us. but intelligible and real
enoiulhi to their recipients. "that long bright fuiiire
of which iviers dreamm"
"There is no pleasure like tie pain
Of being loved and loving."
Penned after the day's labour on the plantation or
the penn. or amongst the yams and sweet potato%
of his provision ground. they are the honest expret
sion of the writer's inmost heart. the exponent of his
most sincere sentiments. Here are a few examples:
..My Deare. Love. My Dearest Dove.-I have taken
the pleasure of brighten [writing] these few lines to
3ou. hopin when they comes to hand they may find
you in a perfect state of health, as it leaves me at
pirea-ent. My deare, I have never felt the enjoyment
of love as I feel with you. These few lines is to let
you know that it i, my intention of mar.\in you. if
it agreeable to you Mly Deare. my mind is jn taking
up with viu. I cannot help from righting you. I amt
not able to go on at preasant. but in time to i-c:me
I hope to he y.votr man of business. Let her kiss nme
with the kisses of her mouth. for thy love is better
than wine. As the apple-tree among the trees of
the wood. so is my love with you. Please to say
howdeas [how-d'ye-do] to all kind friends for me.-
I remain, love. love. your most affectionate love, J
A. White. Answer as quick as possible."
"Dear Lov,-I is wrote you a letter to beg of you
to make me your lover, but you is not wrote me
again. I is dead of lov every day. wen you look so
hansom. I cane [cannot] sleep, cane eat I dun
no how I feel. I beg you to accept at me as your
lover. The rose is not sweet as a kits, from yu,.
my It-. Do meet be to night at the bottom gate. and

give me your lov. Miss Lucy toots [teeth] so green I
is like one ear of earn, an' her eye dem is so pretty.
Lard! I wish I never been barn. Poor me. Garg!
[George]. I lov Miss Lucy to distraction-Yours
truly. GARG PLUMtMEc. Answer me sone, lov."
"Mr DEAREST DEAR,-It is with a perplexing heart
of anxiety that I take up my pen to address you
this time, having propos marriage to you. I am now
anxious to know the full intention of your mind, ac-
company with parent. On my side, let it please you
to believe me that I am desireous to oblige you in
whatever thought or ways that you lik. if you can-
not stop up this way, but rather to be in Santicross
[Santa Cruz], I am very willing to do so. I feel
convinced that the merits of your family arc not to
be estimated by an ordinary standard, and that their
most ardent wish is to promote your comfort and
happiness, believe me I feel highly honour of being
worthy elevated in such a family In granting me
this most agreeable favour, you will. my dear girl,
not only dispel the peevish gloom which I am confi-
dent will hang over me if I should be deprive of your
society. My greatest happiness depends upon your
inimediate answer. Please speak a word of regard
in your parents ears.-I remain, dear Lesia. yours
truly love. 19. 1. '64."
DF.\R LOVE.-I have the liberty of writing these
few lines. hoping that it may found you well. i
writ to hare [hear] from yuu wether [whether] you
intend to make me a fool. If you intent to. come
before it is too late. If you witch [wish] you can
come up. fear [for] I is not an pewpy show [puppet-
show]. that if you' tink you will find any better
than me. My mother said that she not understand
huw uonl always come here and you not tel her any
thin [thing] about me. i witch to send the yam
hed [yam-heads for planting], but i do not know
wether I will reap the benefit of it. love is strong
as death. Jelous is as cruel as the grave, the rose
in June is not so sweet, like to meet and kiss you
please to send me answer as quick as possible."
-DEca ELIz.--I take the liberty of myself to in
form you this few lines hoping you may not offend as-
often is. I had often seen you in my hearts. Their are
nlyriads of loveliness in my hearts toward you iMy
loving intentions were really unto another female.
but now the love between I and she are very out now
entirely. And now his the excepted lime I find t'
explain to my lovely appearance [presumably "ap-
parent love"]. but whether if their be any love in
\ou hearts or mind towards me it is hard for I to
know, but I take this liberty to inform you this
kind. loving, and affectionate letter. I hope when

it received into your hand you receive with peace and
all good will, pleasure and comforts, and hoping that
you might answer me from this letter with a loving
appearance. that in due time Boath of us might be
able to join together in the holy state of matremony.
I hoping that the answer which you are to send to
me it may unto good intention To me from you that
when I always gone to write you again I may be able
to write, saying, my dear lovely Eliza,-Your affec-
tionate lover, affraied [afraid] P. S. Dear Eliza,
wether if you are willing or not. Please to sent me
an ensure back. Do, my dear."
The Creoles have a prejudice, which they do not
attempt to explain, against travelling by night. But
immediately after second cock-crow is no uncommon
hour for starting, especially when the day's journey
is likely to be a long one. Once or twice we were
fain to adopt this practice, and it must be confessed
that the extra exertion which it involved brought
with it its own reward.
The cool, often chilly, morning air, the deserted
roads. the calm and quiet of surrounding nature-
with "the full fair moon" shining overhead, and the
harmless lightning playing around-had all an in-
describable charm of their own. And the many ro-
mantic scenes through which these morning drives
led me have left an impression upon my mind which
will not readily be effaced. Now the road wound
through a wild savanna-prolific in naught but wire-
grass-its wide desert-like expanse broken only by
a few stunted guava bushes: now we were passing a
negro village half hidden by the dense growth of
brushwood around it; now travelling under an
avenue of magnificent trees. through whose leafy roof
the moonbeams in vain struggled for admittance.
The graceful and varied character of the foliage
cannot fail to be remarked by all travellers in the
tropics. The feathery tufts of the bamboo, the dot-
ted outline .f the logwood, the coral-like branches
if the calabash, the large palmate leaf of the bread-
fruit. and the glossy arc-like arms of the cocoanut
palm. never appeared to me so beautiful as when
seen en profile against the morning sky, or when
forming part of the walls of such an avenue as that
which I have described.
But nothing struck me si much in these early
morning journeys as the extraordinary stillness that
seemed to fall upon all nature just before the dawn.
Not a sound was to be heard except the monotonous
tramp of your horse's feet. The shrill song of the
grasshopper, the quick sharp chirp of the cricket,
and the hoarse croaking of the bull frog,-all had










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With which are amalgamated

Authorised Capital 10,000,000 Subscribed Capital 6,975,500
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This Hotel adjoins the site of the Famous White
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woman was only Yvonne's foster-mother. Still. there
was a resemblance, and even while shaking hands
with the older woman he observed to himself that
there might be some sort of cousinship between them.
some distant relationship. Madam Herriot shook
his hand. and then swept him an elaborate curtsey
that looked like part of a splendid social ritual.
"Won't we all sit down and talk a while"' he
suggested, seeing that she made no attempt to take
a chair in Yvonne's drawing-room.
"Thank you, sir." she answered in a low. throaty
voile and a distinctly foreign accent. Statiieisnjuely
she seated herself on a straight-backed chair which
looked too frail to bear her weight. Her hands were
folded on her lap. She waited to hear what he micht
have to say.
"Madam Herriot, your daughter-"
"Foster-daughter, sir; I an really Miss Yvonne's
"Oh, mother!" Yvonne cried; "how can you say
you are my servant? You are the only mother I have
ever known!"
"Yet, your real mother is dead, cherie; and she
was a lady like yourself, not a humble woman like
me. But you have always treated me as if you were
my own daughter It would be hard to find another
girl like you anywhere."
Mr. Carson smiled appreciatively at this praise.
He was certain it was deserved; besides it helped to
assure him that he had not blundered in thinking
highly of Yvonne. He would have resented any sug-
gestion that she was not the best of young women,
but he liked to hear that affirmed, especially by one
who had served Yvonne as nurse and guardian for
so many years. And this huge woman, too. was no
mere flattering dependent: Yvonne had once said to
him that her mother was a woman of means. She
"as dre=.ed like one. though somewhat grotesquely
from the uober British viewpoint For she wa-
clothed like a Martinique matron of her class, in a
dress of ample skirts, a dress of pale yellow silk.
with voluminous bodice, and un her head was wound
a yellow and sc-arlet turban of silk, with one end
sticking upright like a broad feather, and two ends
sticking out to right and left like uings. a fantastic
headdress tle first of its kind that he had ever seen.
Involuntarily le glanced at her feet. They were exqui.
sitely shod in expensive yellow ishoe<, and he noticed
how surpri-inglv -.mall they wrel' fior a ,woman of her
size Her hands were also small and well shaped
An unusual woman, with foreigner written all over
ier. lr-r manners were elaborate: if her words were
humble and ier attitude re-.pr'-tful, there wa.s a nat-
ural dignity about her which Carson recognized.
And her eyes' were eyes oif power.
"Madam Herrint. I want to invite you to come to
St. David's now and then with Miss Yvonne. I hope
in time you will see your %ay to become a member of
the church: but naturally you will want time to make
up your mind about that. Meanwhile there can't be
any objection, eh. to your dropping in to see us now
and then, and join us in a word of prayer?"
'And what if I being to another religion, sir?"
"Oh! Well, I didn't think of that. You are a
Roman Catholie, perhaps?"
'I am ntot a Protestant"
"But. mother. I never heard you say you were a
Catholic!" Yvonne cried.

"I have never said anything about my beliefs
that I can remember, cherie," smiled the older wo-
man; "but I thank Mr. Carson for his kindness, and
some day I may avail myself of it-who knows? But,
you will understand, sir. Miss Yvonne has been
brought up in the Protestant religion and it is right
she should be a member of a church like yours. She
is rich, she is educated; she is beautiful. She
counts, but I don't. Still. I am very grateful to you
for your thoughtfulness. If I may say so with all
due respect, I have heard you are a great preacher.
I have heard of the sermon you preached last Sun-
day." She was speaking with care, choosing her
"You mean my sermon about superstition andi
Switches' Yes. I have been complimented on it. but
it was nothing out of the ordinary."
"It was splendid." said Yvonne.
"'Witches are out of the ordinary, is it not?"
asked Madam Herriot; "and this talk about croco-
diles running about your streets: is that ordinary.
"But the talk is true." blurted out Mr. Carson
impulsively, then remembered that he himself had
wished nothing to be said to anyone about, the strange
apparition Yvonne and he had seen the previous
"You say so?"
He could not prevaricate: he was a parson. a
man of honour, and Yvonne would despise him for

lying. "I have seen the crocodile myself," he replied
"And what do you think, sir-pardon me if I
presume, hut I am an elderly woman, and curious-
do you think it is a crocodile escaped from its lair.
or what the people about here 'ay it is: a racenaim.
a ghost from the grave, or a zombie, a spirit from
another world?"
Mr. Carson thought a second or two, then an-
swered :
"It was seen by two people at a place that was
plundered: could a mere crocodile have robbed money
and jewels?"
"And what use would a zombie have for money
and jewels?"
"But what if it were, as these people say it is.
a wizard that has transformed himself into a croco-
dile. or is a spirit that has been sent on an evil mis-
sion by a witch or wizard?"
"I am asking you. sir," said the woman with a
faint smile; "I am only an ignorant old woman. Do
you accept such a theory?"
"You don't talk like one. Mladlam Herriot, and
you are not one. You are asking me? Well, I don't
know what to answer: but I tell you plainly that
what the common people think may not be so im-
possible after all, and I am wondering whether it
is nrt the duty of men who are leaders in religion
to band themselves together and try to track down
this horrible thing that is frightening and disturbing
the whole city."




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"How would you do that?"
"I don't know, but a way may be found; it may
be found by prayer."
"It may lead to death."
"Why should you think so?"
"I said it may; I do not know. I did not expect
to find an educated Englishman believing in witch-
craft in these days; but then I don't know much.
But, sir"--she rose as she spoke-"take a word of
advice from one much older than yourself, even if
not of your race and your class. Leave alone what
does not concern you. Leave it to others. You are
young, you have your own business to attend to;
your own future life to live. Why meddle with
things you don't understand?"
"Mother!" ejaculated Yvonne, surprised at the
tone taken with the parson by this usually reserved
"Mr. Carson believes that the crocodile has some-
thing to do with the powers of another world.
Yvonne; would you have him mix himself up with
what might be dangerous?"
"Oh, no!"
"'That is all that I take the liberty of advising
him not to do. I am from Martinique. I have been
in Hayti. in Africa. while you were at school in
England and France. I have seen some strange and
dangerous things in my time, aud this crocodile may
be (ot the same order of things-who knows? Why
then should this gentleman interfere with it?"
"It is my duty," said Carson stoutly.
"It is your inclination." Madam Herriot an-
swered. "You remember, sir. Saul wanted to see the
prophet Samuel, who had long been dead, and he
went to the Witch of Endor; it is all in your Holy
Book. But when Saul saw and heard Samuel, be was
afflicted to the heart Be warned by me Leave
alone what does n t concern you; it will be better

MR. Carson walked briskly along the street, look-
ing for a taxi. He had just parted from Yvonne
and it was now drawine towards six o'clock. After
Madam Herriot had spoken to him. quietly refusing
his invitation to attend his church-for he realized
that her words meant that-and had warned him
against taking any part in finding out the truth about
the crocodile mystery. she had left the drawing-
room. curtseying to him as she did so in her old-
fashioned, stately fashion. He had been left alone

again with Yvonne. Somehow he understood that he
would rarely if ever meet Madam Herriot if he
should continue his visits to the house. She was
only an upper servant, as she had been at pains to
explain, and was not disposed to take advantage of
Yvonne's kindness or his complacency.
And he knew he would revisit Yvonne, and often.
When they were by themselves once more they had
sat together talking at first about the earnestness of
Madam Herriot, then about themselves. He had
taken Yvonne's hands in his and held them, he bad
whispered to her how beautiful she was; finally on
remembering that be had an appointment for six
o'clock. he had quickly yielded to the desire of his
blood. and nerves and brain, and kissed her hotly
on her lips. He might have continued, but she had
drawn away, saying Jaughingly, "Leave something
for another, time. Henry," and he had asked her,
-"Whenever you like," she answered, "it is for
you to fix the time."
"I have nothing on this evening after dinner:
do you think .. ?"
"Yes; it will be all right. You could come after
dinner and spend the evening with me. Shall I ex-
pect you?"
"Nothing will keep me away," he protested, and
kissed her again.
At this hour the street, as he noticed on leaving
the sheltering screen of the gate and wall, was
crowded with squalid humanity. The poverty tf the
quarter stood revealed, not only In its wretched

houses and dingy shops, but in the men and women
who slouched along in mean attire, in the babies that
sprawled half-naked before the places where their
parents lived, in the litter-strewn roadway, in the
very character of the little pushcarts and Other ve-
hicles which were here to be seen. He saw hundred.
and hundreds of faces; it came upon him with some-
thing of a shock that his was the only white one
among them all. He had not yet ceased'troin feeling
-trange when he found himself the une white man ii,
a large crowd, though that never gave him appre-
hension. He knew he would be treated with nothing
but respect. Indeed, his clerical garb assured him
more than usual deference this afternoon; but the
contrast between the scene he had just left and that
amidst which he now happened to be was o acute
that he muttered audibly. "why does Yvoune con-
tinue to live in such a neighbourhood?" This was
an underworld in a real if not in a criminal sense:
it was a world of people who formed the dregs of
society, and amongst them a girl like Yvonue should
not be, even if a house she owned was situated here
and was in itself a residence of distinction.
He found a taxi and directed the man to drive
him to a parsonage at the other side of Kingston.
heree he had an appointment with three brother-
His mind was filled with a strange excitement
Those kisses he had given to Yvonne: what woull
she think of them? They surely could mean to her
one thing only: that he loved her and intended to
ask her to be his wife. He had not gone to see her

. a~n--'- -'


I ESTD. 1873.


No. 10 DUKE STEET, KINGSTON., Manager and Secretary.


*pyw-yrA*'- 'U



with any such intention; he had left without utter-
ing any word that could be construed into a definite
promise or pledge. Any other man. by merely kiss-
ing a pretty girl, would not consider himself as
bound to her; but he was not like other men in that
he could do as they did and claim the same immuni-
ty. He could not kiss and ride away, care free, with
no responsibility. His calling forbade that: a kiss
from him was a sacred pledge; Yvonne would so re-
gard it. Yet he had not wanted to speak words which
could never be explained away. He said to himself
that something had held him back. What was it?
Prudence, perhaps? But was not such prudence a
vile thing in view of what he had done and what he
knew he would do again? Was he wurthy of his
ideals, of his cloth, of his principles? Was he being
honest with the girl?
As the taxi sped onwards he thought of bis en-
gagement to see her in another couple of hours. He
would hasten back with all possible speed. and she
would be waiting for him, and they would be even
more alone than they had been in the car the night
before. It would be a meeting secret from his con-
gregation, and the neighbourhood was one that he
should ordinarily visit on an errand of mercy only
or at the call of death. The squalor of it suggested
squalor in his conduct also; there was sotnething
about what he was doing that was low, clandestine,
soiling. Somehow he felt unclean.
He wanted her, yet he shrank from offering to
marry her. There would not have been such a con-
flict in his mind, he reflected, even two days ago:
what then had brought it about? If he had thought
of her as a likely wife but forly-eight hours before.
there would have been neither a fierce, an almost
unholy delight in her company-though he liked her
much-nor such a strange, inexplicable shrinking
from marriage. Did he wish, then, simply to hTive
her without any lies, to play with her, dally with
her, and be free at any moment to desert her? But
that would be to act as a villain, he thought, star-
tled, and he had entered her house with no such vil-
lainy in his mind. What was this change that seem-
ed to have come over him? He was distressed, torn
asunder between carnal desire and decent resolve, in
a ferment of conflicting impulses. Never had he felt
like this in all his previous life.
Arrived at his destination, he met the three par-
sous he had come to see, and in twenty minutes had
settled with them the hisine.s that had bro.:ughr them
together. The matter-of-fact talk calmed him; when
he went to his own house he ate his dinner and be-
came still more collected: he even wondered why he
bad been in so wildly nervous a condition a little
while previously. He now attributed it to lack of
sleep the night before, and also to his suddenly rea-
lised affection for Yvonne. For he cared for her; he
acknowledged that to himself, and he would marry
her. He had now made up his mind to that. She
would be accepted by his congregation, though she
was a stranger. Henceforth he must act towards her
openly; everything must be plain and above hoard.
Unworthy temptations he would finally put away
from him; thank God he had not actually yielded to
auny impulse to do an unworthy thing. He left the
parsonage soon after with a feeling of satisfaction.
If he had fallen in love as a man, he would also act,
he was resolved, as a man of God.

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27 King Street.



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He drove to Yvonne's in a taxi, stopped at the
gate and walked up to the houee, where he found
her waiting in the drawing room.
'Your foster-mother?" he enquired, more out of
politeness than anything else.
'You won't see her to-night. She hardly ever
meets my visitors-not that I have many. Where
shall we sit?"
'Anywhere you like. The garden?"
"If you prefer it; there is a comfortable bench
out there. Come."
They went into the garden, and Yvonne found
the bench she had spoken of, a wide, sloping-backed
seat some seven feel long, built for comfort. It was
placed under a great, unbrageous tree. and rounu,
about were other trees, so that anyone sitting on this
bench on a moonless night was completely in dark-
ness. They sat down, they were midway from the
house and the gate, but rather nearer to the fence
that divided the yard into two and separated the
inferior entrance from that which was used by
Yvonne and her friends. As they seated themselves
Mr. Carson heard footsteps passing along the path
that was screened from view, and thought they were
those of servants coming in.
It was cool in the open, although tie wind was
light. They could see the lighted house, though


themselves unseen, they heard the murmur of the
outside city, the raucous laughter of groups gathered
in the street beyond or congregated in numerous
yards thereabouts: above, the sky was thick with
etars, a multitude of jewels in a setting of dark vel-
vet. And then Carson became aware once more of
that fierce impulse he had felt in the atternoon when
sitting with Yvonne, that almost irresistible urge to
take her in his arms, kiss her madly, puur passionate
words into her ears, do anything. everything, caring
nothing about consequences.
He yielded to it so far as to throw an arm over
her shoulders and draw her closer to him. She did
not resist him. He kissed her again and again.
"How I love you!" he exclaimed.
"I hoped you wuuld," she answered, "I wanted
you to. But I thought I should have to wait for
weeks, months. but now "
"I am yours and you are mine." he murmured,
"and we are all alone together."
She waited for other words, but he did not speak
them. He spoke of love and devotion, nothing else
But she loved him. was in his arms. and what did
anything else matter at this moment? She gave her-
self up to the intoxication of her sensations: she
answered his embrace by throwing her arms around
(('-tlo,,lned on Pa)' .: J


A bill for the rent-a notice from the landlord to pay, and what have you got to
show for it in the end?-a bunch of paper receipts. Put that money to work
buying your home through the wi.e pl.n of-



LOANS are granted at the rate of 7 : per annum
for Interest on amounts not exceeding two-thirds
of the value of Freehold Property.

PROFITS are divisible among Members.

SHARES cost 2,6 per month each.

THE VALUE OF EACH SH RE on maturity\ at the end of 10 years,
is 20 0. 0. oi whiLh you will have paid 15 0 0. only.

paid at the rate of 2 6 102 last year.

Receipts for Total Assets at
1930-1931 30th November 1931

242,329 6. 0. o5b,764 U. I.

Permanent Guarantee Fund
represented by Liquid Assets
at 30th November 1931
26,888 2. I.


T. N. AGUILAR. ESQ.. J.P. Chairman
M. M ALEXANDER. ESQ. J.P, Deputy Cha;rmarn

C. R. HOWORTH. ESQ., A.N Z l.A.. G.E.

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him; they were locked together, their lips pressed
on one another, their hearts beating tumultuously in
A sound of footsteps, louder than that they had
heard before, came to them; it did not disturb
Yvonne, but to Henry Carson it seemed as if these
steps were coming towards them. He drew away a
little from the girl and sat up straight.
"It is nothing," she said, "only some people go-
ing to see my mother or my aunt. They enter by
the side-gate; I never see them. But they can't see
us either."
He regarded this as an invitation, and nuw
thnouchts definitely evil formed themselves in his
mind Why should he not live as other men, enjoy
lim'.elf as they? Why must he be an ascetic, why:
let his procession keep him from drinking of plea-
sure's ti p? This girl lrved him; he knew that as
much from the strength and par ion of her emlilrle
as trom her admis.-ion r-f a few minutes bef'nre. She
would do more than she would venture to say: she
would deny him nothing. Why then not take what
w-a, hik fr the mere taking' Why hesitate, why
suffer foolish scruples to deter him?
Scruplets? They e ere very faint and feeble now.
He was bugging her again, kissing her wildly.
and bhe was making no resistance. Her body was a
blaze of passion, all her thoughts were fused into
one compelling wish-to be his entirely. The very
atmosphere about tiem seemed to he in collusion
with their desire. They were alone, alone, and voices
in the dark seemedd to whisper to them encourage-
ment, urg-td them to set aside every consideration
save that of fultilline their love, gratifying their
craving. Scruple-? Caison was conscious only 1f a
surging up in his heart of a triumphant joy: she
wa- sinking fa.st into .a ea iof aiisoliLe deliL:iou
( surrender
The voice came from someone not twelve yard
away. a detp, imlupe! ative .'V-ice. a nitre of anxiety in
The call was repeated, louder than before, and
now it w\a4 evident that someone was coming to-
wards them. They separated hastily, drew a foot
apart, and Yvonne. steadying her voice as best she
could. called hack:
"Yes. aunt."
"I thought you were here; it is so hot inside
that I came out fcor a while. Good evening, sir."
A tall woman dropped Carson as elaborate a curt-
sey as Madam Herriot had done earlier that same
day: but she did not appear to see his hand.
"IMy aunt." said Yvonne. by way of introduction.
"Miss Yvonne's other nurse, sir," supplemented
the woman. "'My name is Dunois."
She curtseyed again and moved off. and they
could hear her walking some distance away. She
was not very near to them: they could talk. make
love. hut they could not feel themselves alone. She
was within easy distance, might come up to them at
anm moment: both felt that her sudden appearance
in the garden that night, just when it had happened,

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bad been no mere accident. Were they being
watched, then? Yvonne went hot with anger: Car-
son felt humiliated. They were suspected. In the
darkness, secure from observation though he had
thought himself, a pair of eyes had been upon him!
He was filled with rage and a sense of baffle-
ment, frustration. He would have liked to stride up
to the wretched spy and clutch her throat in his
strong bands and strangle her life out of her. He
hated her for her intrutio in, her interterenc!e. her'
continued vigilance. He began to think that he must
get Yvonne away from here some night soon; they
would go out in her car frr miles and miles where
no prying eyes could reach them He began to form
plans and he whispered them in her ear. She agreed
in whispers. Tomorrow night they would go.
Carson remained for half an hour longer, and
then left. He slunk out of the gate as if he had been
on a criminal mission. He walked all the way to
his house. for he was in need of physical exertion to
counterbalance the emotional disturbance which up-
set him. He went into his study, for he could not
hope to sleep for some hours. Seated there, with his
books about him, he recalled all that had taken place
that night, with a growing sense of horror and dis-
may. His mind nau cllii k ilistinictiy h renliail
that it was after he passed through the gate of the


mansion standing so grotesquely out of place in
that squalid neighbourhood that he was acutely con-
scious of being assailed by evil influences. They
came from his own heart? Perhaps partly, he ad-
mitted, for he was honest and he had not preached
about the wickedness of the human heart so many
times to acquit his own of all taint and weakness
now. But only the night before he had been with
Yvonne alone on a country road, and he had thought
and felt no evil; yet when he was in her house he
was beset by terrible desires; he had even been a
murderer in thought, because of disappointment, but
a couple of hours ago. There was something sinister
about the place, he concluded, he must avoid it.
All decent things were turned to horror there, in
himself. Was it also thus with Yvonne? Or did he
but imagine this?
Yvonne sat still and silent after Henry Carson
left her; .-he too w\as enraged, wild with a simi-
lar sense of frustration. So she was being watched,
although she was her own mistress? These two wo-
men were spying upon her and her lover! Was what
The did any business of theirs, did they dare to as-
-ume any claim uriii her over "ind above what she
chose to admit? She had never questioned their au-
thority before, because hardly anything like authori-
ty had been exercised over her. But now they were

I- --- ~- ___ _

SSomethinAn Better

. %


S I--------------N


Dneinuinig ti. gn too tar. she was financially inde-
pendent ot them, they were really but drags upon
her with their dark complexion and their curious
appearance and looks She wanted this man and she
would have him on an) terms; he would marry her
eventually, for she would not let him go. But if he
did not wish for marriage immediately, she did not
see why that should make any difference to her. She
would grapple him to her with the hooks of her pas-
sion and his desire and they would be one, openly
one, when she willed ....
She went into the hluuse and up to her room;
presently there was a rap at her door and her foster-
mother and aunt came in.
They looked at her narrowly, she returned their
gaze with thunder on her brow. They sat down
quietly and Madam Herriot opened the conversation.
"Mr. Carson is a very nice young man, Yvonne,
and I believe he cares for you."
"Yes? What about it?"
"We are glad. Do you think he is going to
marry you?"
"I didn't ask him."
"You couldn't, being a woman, unless he told you
he loved you. When he does you can ask him out-
right what he means to do. That will be best, don't
you think?"
"What I think is that Aunt Stephanie ought not
to come spying around us when we are having a
little talk!"
"It was not a little talk only, Yvonne," said
the other woman. "I saw everything; I was nearer
than you thought."
Yvonne flushed with shame as well as anger:
she sprang from the bed on which she had been
"Then you admit that you were spying on us?"
she cried.
"Yes," was the calm reply, "and it was good for
you that I was."
"Let us talk plainly, Yvonne," broke in Madame
Herriot before the girl could empty the vials of her

wrath on the head of her aunt. "You will remember
it was I who advised you to join Mr. Carson's church
and to make a friend of him."
"\Well, what about that?"
"'I wanted him for you, and so did my sister.
But not as a paramour, as a husband. He wants to
marry you too, and he will if you are careful. But
there are influences fighting against you. Yvonne,
and they will conquer unless you watch your step.
Yield to him as you were on the point of doing to-
night, and your chance is gone. He will go down
with you; he won't help you up. You must tight
your feelings; it won't be for long. Ask him to-
morrow, when he comes here to you, if he will marry
you at once: if he nin' answer here. as.k him to write
it to you when he goes back home. He will do that,
for he loves you. Then you can get married in a
week: there is no reason for delay. Is a week too
"No!" Yvonne was delighted now. "I will ask
him, as you say. I know he loves me."
"And don't judge us too harshly. Yvonne, we
love you too. We are working for you."
'Working? How?"
"Never mind how. We saved you to-night-and
him. Remember, if you commit any folly, the con-
sequences are going to fall on him as well as on you."
"But you are talking riddles, mother. You mean
he will lose his position?"
"That is the least. He will lose his life and his
"His life, his soul?"
"Yes; for he will try to desert you, and we will
kill him. And his soul will belong to the Devil, to
whom he will have given it. And you will be
"That is all nonsense!"
"We don't talk nonsense."
"And what about you two, then, if we are in such
danger?" cried Yvonne scornfully.
But the two women only smiled sadly, as they
rose to leave the room.


THEY were out in the open road, speeding along
the seashore, out on the road that leads to MIr-
ant Bay. Presently they reached a stretch of ground
studded with coconut palms; to their right the dark
sea heaved itself upon the land with a rhylthmi(al.
periodi. roar and bur-ting of spray; to the left a
tiny waterfall caught a gleam of light from bright
stars overhead and fell with flashes of silver into the
pool beneath.
Yvonne slowed down her car and turned it into
the plantation of coconuts on her dexter hand; by
driving carefully she could make some way among
the trees, and by extinguishing her lights they 'vwild
be free from curious observation if any cars or
pedestrians should pass.
It was here that, last night, they had arranged
to come for a drive. They had followed out this
arrangement; but now both Henry and the girl had
a better grip on themselves than they, had had the
previous night; Yvonne had been primed to a certain
course and purpose by her people, and Carson had
wrestled with evil impulses recognized for what
they were, and had prayed for help and strength.
Yet they had carried out a plan arranged the
night before. And though neither had mentioned
the reason of that plan, they had known it clearly
when making it. They knew it now. But now
they had made up their minds to fight themselves.
Temptation here seemed easier to resist than in
that darkened garden.
They descended from the car and strolled to-
wards the edge of the sea. The dark waters rolled
away to a darker horizon and the fronds of the
coconut palms waved and clashed as the seabreeze
struck them. Here they were more absolutely by
themselves than they had ever been; here they need
fear no intrusion, no rude interference; they were
lovers with the stars only for light and the sea to


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speak to them. With a simultaneous movement
their arms went round each other's neck and their
lips were joined in one long kiss. The resolution
which each had formed to resist temptation began to
ebb as spirit called to spirit and heart to heart.
But Yvonne remembered.
"You love me, Henry?" she asked softly.
"Do you need me to tell you so again? Don't
yuu know'"
"Yes; but what then?"
"What then?"
"Yes; you are a man and I a woman. We are
both free, both independent, and we love one an-
other. But you don't go farther than saying you
love me; you haven't asked me to marry you, Henry.
You don't want me to?"
"How can you ask such a question, Yvonne. 1
love you! Should not that be enough? Let us float
on the wings of love and not think of anything
else! You cannot imagine that I would harm you;
you know you can trust yourself to me. Isn't it
true that, in love, unfaith in aught is want of faith
in all?"
She recognized the quotation. "Yes, darling,"
she said, "but wasn't the woman who spoke those
words a witch, or at least a deceiver? They are
beautiful words, but she brought the man who heard
them to destruction."
"I don't know what you mean," he replied; "I
am no witch or wizard."
"No; and no deceiver either. I know that. And
of course I have faith in you. But you are white
and I am not, and so, perhaps-"
"What nonsense! And why talk of these
things? Let me kiss your beautiful mouth, sweet-
But she clung to her point, for her will was
strong, and full, open, legal possession of him might
so easily be a matter of days if he were but will-
ing. And there was the social position to think ui.
as a minister's and an Englishman's wife. She must
not weaken.
"Are you going to marry me, dear?"
He must answer the question directly; there
could be no evading it. And something whispered
within him-indeed, it almost seemed as though the
voice were at his ear-that nothing he might say
now need bind him He revolted against this sug-
gested deception, believed on the spur of the mo-
ment that he had rejected it; he spoke out bold-
"I will marry you whenever you wish."
"Then quickly, Henry. a week's time. There is
nothing to wait for. You have uo encumbrances;
I have pleuty of means. Don't let us delay."
"I don't want to delay, dearest, but you are
almost feverish in your haste. What is the mat-
ter? Is there any reason for it?"
"Yes. I don't know the reason, but there 19
My people insist upon it. They see danger, Henry:
and somehow I feel too that there is danger in de-
lay; danger for you and for me. Have you felt
He had been conscious of danger, but only
vaguely; he had not connected it with any delay
in his marrying her. He knew it would be far more
seemly if he announced his engagement and then
married her six months hence, even three months;


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but in a week's time? But again there was a prompt-
ing, as if from outside himself; what did a promise
made now mean, after all? A way out of any pre-
cipitancy could be found; he would deny her no-
thing at the moment. He promised.
"A week's time?"
"I promise."
"Will you swear it? You are a minister. Will
you swear it?"
He opened his mouth to swear as she demand-
ed. He wanted to utter the oath and be done with
it. But, to his astonishment, he found that he could
not. An appalling realisation of the dreadful sacri-
lege seized him; be wished to escape from his in-
hibition, but it was as though the very voice of the
sea was thundering to him a warning against using
the name of God to perpetrate an abomination. It
was as though there were some guardian angel, some
high Principle, fighting for his probity against a
denizen of darkness who urged him on to any ex-
treme of turpitude. She had said that he Was a
minister, a servant of the Gospel and of God. and
that had made a deeper appeal to him than she
could possibly have guessed. He would do many
things, but he would not, as a minister of the go.-
pel. swear to something about which he knew he
was at that moment insincere. He took refuge in
a weak equivocation. "If my word is not sufficient
for you," he said. "I have nothing more to say."
She remembered the advice of her foster-
"Very well." she said, "but you will write me
to-morrow, wont you. Henry? I want to be able to
tell my people definitely about our marriage. You
will write to me about it?"
"Yes; and now that is settled, dear."
"I am so glad!"
She willingly gave herself into his arms again,
and tasted a perfect bliss. He was more reticent.
le~s wildly passionate, but not less loving, than he
had been in the garden last night: she felt this.
It was best. But she had his promise and she he-
lieved in it. They would be man and wife within
a few days, so nothing mattered now. And be,
though he had set out to fight against temptation,
began to persuade himself that since he would marry
her some time. intended to do so, even if maybe
not as early as she wished, the intention counted
and they were practically man and wife already.
She had closed her eyes while he kissed her:
she opened them now as he began to lead her away
from the water-edge. Casually hearing an unfami-
liar sound. she glanced over her shoulder. And a
scream of terror broke from her.
For there, looking gaunt and terrible in the
starlight, and seeming as though it had risen out
of the sea, was a huge crocodile with snapping jaws,
and it was uwlking upright!
As her voice rose in a shrill crescendo, he too
caught sight of the beast. It was moving towards
them. To stop to fight it would have been mad-
ness: he had no weapon. And this creature moved
as no saurian ever did.
In a panic they fled towards the car. They
scrambled in. and she started it, not going carefitllv
now, but with all possible speed and regardless ni
fallen trunks or coconut boughs that might litter the
ground. Happily no mischance befell them; they

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were in the open road within a minute; they were
back on their way to the city before they quite
realized it. It was a swift, almost wordless return;
he parted from her at the gate of her residence,
kissing her hastily and promising, sincerely now, to
'rite to her on the following day.
The next morning he remembered his promise,
and went to his desk with a determined step. He
had prayed for help and guidance, prayed in a bum-
ble and contrite spirit, and believed that his prayer
bad been answered. He proposed marriage to her,
and suggested that there was no need for them to
wait. They could be married as early as possible;
he mentioned that day week. He sealed and sent
the letter to be posted; that job at any rate was
done, and he felt he was more of a man for doing
it than he would have been had he played with her
and broken his word. Then he took up his morn-
ing paper and read that the press had been stopped
at two o'clock that morning to insert the most start-
ling piece of news that had been published in the
last ten ears. The words stood out in bold, black
type, almost stunning him. At midnight last night
an attempt, had been made to steal out of a house.
which had been broken into, a white female child,
aged about one year; and the would-be kidnapper
was a huge crocodile! It had been fired at by the
baby's father, who. bearing the child cry out. had

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rushed to its rescue just in time. It was being con-
veyed away in the mouth of the crocodile, which
had gripped its clothes; at sound of shout and shot
the animal had dropped the baby and rushed for the
open door. It had disappeared before another shot
could be fired. Happily. the little one was not in-
jured; it had been lifted as carefully as a cat lifts
her kitten by the skin of its.neck: there was nut
a scar on the body. But such a thing had not been
known in the country before, and now there could
be no relaxation of effort until this mysterious crea-
ture was captured or killed.
Carson read the news with agitated feelings:
there were two or more of these strange reptiles,
then, and not only one as had at first been believed?
For surely the crocodile he had seen so plainly could
not have been that which had attempted to steal the
child. Unless it could miraculously transfer itself
frum place to place within an incredibly short space
of time' That might be it: and now his mind was
made up. He remembered his sermon of so short
a time ago. he remembered the texts he had quoted.
If there was something devilish about, or rather
uone particular manifestation of evil incarnate and
actively at work. it was his duty to assist in eli.
minating it. There was always evil, devils existed.
,in waz; a fart. He himself bad sinned greatly of

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late, but might not that be because of some special
pervading Influence wiich might be affecting him
and others besides himself? He had thought he felt
it more when at Yvonne's than anywhere else, butt
maybe other people felt it more at different places
also; and if this influence were allowed to work its
will unchecked the whole community would suffer
horribly. But how to check it? That. precisely, he
did not know at present. but his duty was clear. He
must first of all set himself right with his con-
science; he must rely more upon aid from above
than upon his own strength, and he must offer his
help. such as it might be. towards clearing up this
soul-searing mystery. He had prayed and had writ-
ten the letter he had promised to Yvonne. This
evening, at prayer-meeting, he would take another
step that should help him to feel a decent man once
And he did. Yvonne came to the meeting-
he was to take her home from there. He met her
at the gate of the meeting-house and there he an-
nounced to some members of the congregation witih
whom he was on terms of personal friendship that
they were engaged. They all congratulated him. it-
iuure,. but some with a lukewarmness which he
could not mistake for anything else. In a few muin-
utes the news had spread to everyone. And when.
the meeting over, he was walking with Yvoune toI
lier car. it wau. evident that the congregation was
divided intr. two camps: those who were favourable.
and those who were distinctly hostile.
He thought that the hostility arose from the
circumstance that he had mentioned he would be
married by special license, and true enough, the next
forenoon, it was announced that a deputation of dea-
cons was waiting to see him in his study. He went
to meet them He had not stayed with Yvonne the
previous night, had only seen her to the gate. He
was disciplining himself: besides, he had a vivid re
collection laud horror) of the peculiar sensations
and excitement he experienced when within those
walls. He therefore felt this morning strong and
rested and confident; be guessed that it was about
his approaching marriage that his deacons wished
t,, speak to him He was correct in this surmise.
Mr. lonples was the spokesman.

"It ill beseems any of us to interpose in so
private a matter as matrimony, Mr. Carson," began
the gentleman of polysyllabic inclinations, "but
something more than personal predilections is in-
volved in the step which you announced to us last
night. We do not consider it seemly and in con-
sinance with propriety that you, our minister, to
whom we look for a good example, should appear
to be in such extraordinary haste to enter wedlock.
The carnal-minded will shoot out. their lips in de-
rision, the suspicious will wonder if there can be
any reason for such precipitancy. It w ill have *t
lamentable effect upon our youth, who will pattern
themselves upon you. as they should. Having these
considerations in mind. we decided to approach you.
We ask, in the interests of the church, that you
should follow along more conventional lines in fixing
the date of your nuptials."
"But this seems t.o me a purely personal matter,
Mr. Monples," demurred the minister.
."What you do. sir. in such an affair, cannot be
purely personal: it affects the congregation. The
congregation would not feel satisfied to sit any long-
er under a pastor who should be thought to set a bad
This was an ultimatum, and he knew it wa<
meant. He could defy them, but that might imply
severing his relations with the church. That was
not a step he was prepared to take; he had his liv-
ing to consider; he was not of the type that is satis-
fied to live on a wife's income. "What do you want
me to do?" he asked.
"We should like, you, sir," answered another
deacon, before Mr. Monples could answer: "W?
-liould like you to marry after the banns are given
out and everybody knows what you are doing. The
lady is a stranger; we want to know more about:
her. Three months is not too long to wait-not for
a minister, sir. and that will please all the brethren
better than if you get married by a license. Of
cn'urse this is your own private business, but ."
"I understand. Mr. Murchisou, I understand.
Well. I suppose it must be as you suggest. I hope
you will all like my wife."
continued on Page .ll





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"That would have been my hope," remarked
Mr. Monples darkly.
"And why shouldn't it be now?"
"I say nothing, sir."
Mr. Carson, not having been blind, had ber-n
aware for some time that Miss Monple: had been
setting her cap at him; perhaps therefore her fa-
ther's present attitude was the result of the daugh-
ter's jealousy. But while he was shaking hands
with the members of the deputation. Mr. Mo.nplvp
made a remark which startled him. so significant
was the tone he used.
"You pieachdd not loug ago. Mr. Carson, on
witches and their work. You quoted from Deutero-
nomy that we should have nothing to do with any-
one who had anything to do with familiar sririts.
or with witches or necromancers, for these are au
abomination. Pray do not forget those words."
"But why should I forget them, or you particular-
ly dwell upon them?" asked the amazed minister.
"We hear things, sir. Within the last three
days we have heard some peculiar reports. Good
morning, sir."
There was a curious look on the faces of the
other men as Mr. Monples spoke; Mr. Carson per-
ceived it. But he said nothing though feeling vagiie
ly troubled. He would have to acquaint Yvonne
with what had taken place: he hoped ehe would
grasp the difculties of his position. He realized
that there was something in the remonstrance 'of
his deacons; after all, it was incumbent upon him.
as the minister of St. David's, to do things decent-
ly and in order. As to the hint of Mr. Monples. lie
supposed that his night rides with Yvonne had smf-
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the i.hurch. though what cnnneti,,u (bl,-e ride;
could have with witches and nietnrmancy he i.,ul'l
n',t icomprelitndl But.-hut perhaps. bie did li. e .ia
inkling of it. He had seen the strange eir,:-Ji: lei
twice Anld .n b.:h i oc'-atas ns lis liihc been l.:n?
'irh i lone. Had -lie mmentionllei the iril:ulta.i j'e
in confidence to so~mebodv. and lhad tllhat er'n ti il
ed? Perhaps he should nut have kept ith iu,'ii_.-nIt
secret, that as.uredly was iilnt in .oni'orl !iti v. iIh
the bold spirit of his sermon. Yes: he unilerir, *i
Mouples now; but what Mr Monples did not kLow
was that he had made up lis mind to report the
matter to the police and. since he was one ti whim
the reptile had appeared twice. he would nffr'i' lii-
services in tracking it down. He could ni"t do this
before he had nade puhli bhis relationin with Y'i\n-"'t.
uniw hiwerer there vwa- ui. lijrieer anyll rcani-un r
reti'o,-ne He couli gi, an: ic:nte with hi r whl.crre
and when he willed: secrecy was doIne witll. And
he would help clean the city of the taint of in-
carnate deviltry from which it was suffering so fla-
grantly to-day.

THE engagement of the minister of St David's
church to Y'vonne Gilbert would not have been
a matter of inprtirance outside rf thpe ircles if the
church itself had the circumstances been ordinary.
But they were not. He was English. she was c-il-
oured. That would not have mattered had she been
Jamairan and of good family; but che was vaguely
W\'et Indian. French West Indsn. arid niir. ne knew
who she really was. Her mother. or foster mother.
was a tall. dark ,oman %%ho might be a heathen for
anything that anybody knew: that sort of person, it
was plain, was not fitted to be the mother-in-law of
Mr. Carson. Yvonne herself had generally been ac-

counted a nice girl; but that did not mean that she
was suited to be a minister's wife. She wa- too
eay, apparently tloo worldly; beside., who wa- she?
That was the question which Ethel Monples asked
with bitter eimpha is .of everybody that she met. Hope
deferred might make the heart sick. but hope shat-
tered turns blood into gall.
Ethel went round t, -ee her friends, May and
Gertrude Jnoelyn. two days after the announcement
of the par,-.n's engagement "Did you ever hear of
such a thing, my dear?" she enquired of the equally>
itaudali-ed May Joselyn. and both May and Gertrude
admitted that in all their born days news of so ex-
traordinary a character had never come their way.
Yet, hadn't they been -ecretly dreading such a dis.
"And who is she-that's what I want to know,
cried Ethel. "Even a week ago it was different:
but now-"
"Now she is your parson's intended." laughed
Gertrude without mirth.
-'I don't mean that, Gertie; haven't you heard
what they are saying?"
**They? Who?"
"Everybody Father heard it twrn or three days
ago downtown; a clerk in the Courts Office told
"We haven't heard a thing," said May earnestly
"What is it? Tell us."
-"Well. they say that since all this talk about
the crocodile the detectives have been busy watch-
ing people they suspect of practising obeah, as well
as the criminals. And they find that a lot of Sue-
picious people, and a good many people whom you
would never suspect of anything, have a way of go-
ing round to Yvonne's house at night."
"To Yvunne No'"'
"Not to her exactly: but ?Mr. Carson goes there.
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(Continued from Page ;1)
and he goes to her. The detectives know that. He's
been taking her out for long drives, my dear. or she'.
been taking him out."
"And keeping it secret," commented Gertrude,
as though a previous publication of all his move-
ments should be made by a minister.
"It wasn't so secret as he thought. The detec-
tive people get all sorts of hints and information.
the Government clerk told my father," said Ethe'.
"but it wasn't, of course, Mr. Carson whom they
were watching; it was the house where so many
persons went to at night in secret. The police are
puzzled as to who Yvonne's mother is and what
she does, for she is a stranger and strange-looking,
They suspect that she practices obeah."
"Obeah?" that is nonsense, Ethel." cried May
"Obeah itself is nonsense, yes- but it isn't non-
sense if you can make money by it."
"It is fraud and wickedness, then."
"Thep you think .?"
"I don't know what to think-yet. I don't sup-
pose Yvonne has anything to do with what her mo-
ther does: I don't know; but I hope not. But don't
you see, it this girl's people are really obeab-womeni
-for there is another of them-how can she be the
sort of girl our minister should marry?"
"Good Lord! But I don't believe it," exclaimed
Gertrude. "What a trouble! What a terrible scan-
"There's no scandal yet; but there may be."
"But can't somebody tell Mr. Carson?"
"That's what I asked my father only this morn-
ing, and he said it was not easy to interfere in any
way, except by giving little hints. Nobody can speak
plainly, for they have no proof; and if they go too
far without proof-"
"It may be a court-house affair," concluded May
The three girls looked at one another with facese
amazed but with nerves athrill. Here was a sensa-
tion of the first magnitude that had come into their
lives; they were. in a manner of speaking, actors in
a developing drama of sinister suggestions. They
could easily imagine the gossip, the talk all over
the island, if anything definite should be proved
against Yvonne's family in the way of obeahisni or
witchcraft. Especially as the parson himself hard

publicly taken so strong a stand against all iraffick-
ings with witches and those who consulted familiar
spirits. Was Yvonne tainted with the evil? She,
so young, so stylish, and a member of the church;
Yet stranger things had happened. And but for this
scare of the crocodile this suspicion of the (ailing
followed by her mother might never have arisen!
Before one of them could speak again a servant
came in to tell Miss Gertrude that Mother Butler
had called to ask her if she wished any fruit today.
Mother Butler was a humble and sable member of
St. David's who made a frugal livelihood by selling
fruit, and the members of her own conventicle kind-
ly patronised her. Gertrude was about to bid the
servant make a small purchase, when, remember-
ing that Mother Butler belonged to St. David's, she
was taken with a curiosity to leard, through the
old woman, what the inferior members of the church
really thought about the parson's engagement to
Yvonne Gilbert. She broached this idea to the
others. Her sister and Ethel Monples supported it
warmly. This matter was a general and democratic
one; even the smaller citizens had a right to ex-
press an opinion on it.
They went to the rear of the house where, on
the backstep, the old woman's basket of fruit had
been deposited, while Mother Butler herself sat be-
side it. patiently awaiting the verdict of her custom-
er. The young ladies she greeted respectfully, and
then thanked warmly for their purchase of sixpence
worth of fruit. They stood at the threshold of the
little dining room. She seemed disposed to rest a
while, and a little conversation with her betters was
a luxury not to be despised.
"So our minister is going to be married, eh,
Mother Butler?" suggested Ethel Monples. "What
do you think of it?"
"Well. ma'am. he is a great an' lamed gentle-
man, so him must judge," was the diplomatic ain-
swer. "You like it, ma'am?"
"It is not what we like but what he likes that
matters," said May: "but the church members can
have their opinion, for he is their parson. How do
they like it. Mother Butler?"
"I don't talk much to them, missis, for I don't
want no trouble an' botheration. Besides, Madam
Harriat is a powerful lady, so I hear, an' to tell
you the trute I fraid for her. I don't want her to
do me or my young granddaughter any'ting."
"Oh"-Ethel lowered her voice intriguingly-
"but can she do you anything? Like what, Mothber
Butler? Tell us. Nobody but ourselves can hear,-
and you know you can trust us."
The old woman glanced uneasily around to see

if any of the servants were near. None was. Re-
assured, but still hesitant, she answered in a low
tone of voice: "1 don't know nothing for certain,
missis, but them say Madam Harriat is a 'wise wo-
man,' and if anybody provoke her ..."
"You mean by a 'wise woman,'" whispered Ethel,
"that she deals in--obeah?"
"I don't sey so, missis, I don't sey so; I only
tell you what I hear people say," stammered the old
lady, alarmed; but now that the subject had' been
opened she was eager to pursue it. She sensed
that she had a sympathetic audience. She was safe
with them.
She further lowered her voice to a whisper"
"People saying that Madam Harriat, put Mr. C(r-
so so0!"
All the girls knew what that cryptic expressionl
meant and to what it referred. To "put anyone so,"
was to bewitch that person. It was already being
said, then, that Yvonne's foster mother had bewitch-
ed the minister into entangling himself with Yvonne.
The suggestion had come suddenly to the birth
but was spreading rapidly. Soon it would be dif-
ficult to convince many of the humbler members
of St. David's that some spell bad not been put
upon Mr. Carson.
"But you yourself know that that sort of thing
is pure foolishness, don't you. Mother Butler?" Ethel
further prompted her. "You might have believed it
fifty years ago but not to-day."
"The powers of darkness don't change in fifty
years, missis, they is the same yesterday. to-day an'
forever. An' if you ever see the Madam you wouldn't
talk so quick about foolishness-having respect to
you, missis, for contradicting ynu. She look like a
she-devil. She big an' big, and her eye-Lard me
Gad, I don't want to see her heye again' I go
there one day, knowing as how Miss Yvonne belong
to St. David. to ask them tu patroniee me an' Iuy
a little fruit. I Walk in by the side entrance till I
get to the back of de house. A old servant look me
up an' down from head to foot. when I tell her I
want to see her mistress. When the Madam come
out an' ask me what I want, I tell her plain. She
seem disappointed, and she say, quite sharp, that
she never buy fruit except in the market. An' all
the time she stare at me till I didn't know if I was
standing on me head or me foot. I was glad too
get out of de place, me dear young lady: I feel all
sort of funny feeling while I was there. Ech, ech!
She must have thoughted at first that I come to get
some obeah from her! But now, of course, if her
daughter married a minister, she will be quite sa;e.
She trying to mix r.Gd with the Devil."

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From the depths of her heart the old woman
had spoken-it was the whole truth as -he cion.
ceived It. The girls glanced at one another. Si,
this was what at least some members of the con-
gregation believed, and it they, others of their class
also in the city would come to believe it. It was
more than Mr. Carson's personal welfare, lheu, that
was at stake. The reputation of the church wai
also threatened This was sc'udal at its ugliest. It
involved everybody.
They got rid of Mother Butler and went back
to the sitting room. They knew they could do no-
thing but watch. And talk. For it would be ini.
possible for them to remain silent, having heard
what they had. They were conscious also of a feel-
ing of fear and of distress.

Later on that same day Mr. Car-i-.n alliedd .nt
his determination to communicate t,, the p:.ll. tll-
Strange things he had seen on two different mem-
orable nights. He was received by tlie Chief DPe
tective Inspector, who. took notes of what he .aild.
Then he offered his services in any efforts being made
to elucidate the crocodile mystery.
"We can only accept your offer it you will pledge
your word, Mr. Carson, not to divulge to anyone-
anyone-that you are working wiili us. Will you
do that?" the Inspector asked.
"Very well. Now, first of all, you must not
mention to any person whatever that you have been
here to-day. Did anybody know that you were com-
"Very good. Remember, there are to be nio -\,.epp
tions. Even if you were married, your promise w.\'.i.
include your wife. You understand, i.r''"
"Perfectly. As a matter of fact. I am engaged:
but I will say rio urd t-o n,'v chance thaut my wrorkl
ing with you, although it wr.url be quite safe with
"Of course, of course," the InipI,e tor hnatily ai.
sured him; nevertheless.s even your tfarnete mu-t not
be told, though that need not prevent you from mak-
ing use of her services to solve this mystery-if
you think she can be of any assistance to you."
"But how could she be?"
"You have told me that she was with you on
the two occasions on whi>.h you saw the crocodile.
She may have her own ideas as to what it is, and
every theory may help. She may be an observant
young lady-I am sure she is. Noa. she may no-
tice peculiar things about some of the people sl!e
sees-you never can tell. If she makes any re-
marks about these, you could let us know. You
"Clearly. But doesn't that look as if I should be
using her confidences behind her back?"
"Why, no. I don't see it that way. However,
it is up to you. You offered us your aid--'
"You are quite right. Inipec tor. I see your
point of view."
"Thank you, Mr. Carson. Now, there's another
thing. You have twice seen this crocodile when
with your fiancee. An animal of the sort would be
likely to live near the seashore, near the swamps.
Perhaps if you went rowing near the ehore some-
times you might come across it-you never can

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tell. You might be able to track it: to: mark where-
it goes. I can get you permission to carry a re.
volver, if you can ,hoot: but only if your life i.
actually in danger must you use it. You understand
"You said, by thle way. that your fiancee's foster-
mother is Madam Herriot. whose ,igter is a Ma-
dam Dunois. They. I am sure, are very intel-
ligent people. Couldn't you talk to them sumnietime-
and let us know what they think about this croco-
dile business,? Every little ;uggesiion may be of
use, you know."
"I did talk to Maldam Herriot about it only :a
few day.S ago." remarked Car-nn. "but .he solemnly
warned me not to have anything to d)o with it. She
said I should be in danger if I persisted in mixing
mnyelf up in any search to, sole the mystery "
"She -aid that?" The Inspector strove t. keep
hi, voice level. his attitude indifferent. "Well. that.
I suppose. i a wonian'b way of looking at the mar.
ter. I anm lad you take a different view. And iI
I were you. ind I had an opportunity. I would tall;
ti her ubrutr the thine all the same, bu; you mistn't
let on that yo:i are working actively it it. And
look here. Mlr. Carson, you had better write to me
when you lhave anylhine Io report: and whenn I
want to eeeu you I will iurop in at your- hou-e--say
at nipht It would be better if you were not seen
coming here again. We can't be to, careful."
Carson agreed, and they parted 'Wen he ia1a
left. the Dete tive Inspector called in a police -er.
geant and loudly ordered him to see that no rrouagh
assembled near the St. David's parsonage at night
to skylark and keel) the decent people of the neigh-
hourhood from sleeping. It was a shame. said the
In pe tor. that householders like the Rev. Mr. Car-
.on should he put to the trouble of complaining about
. uch nuisances. Thus was he at pains to conceal
Carson's object in visiting Police Headquarteri. Then
lie fell to wondering whether Carson would be able
to find out anything worthwhile about Madam Her-
riot. His men believed that the Madam practi-ed
nheal on a s-ale- never attemptedl before. Bit hIt.-
to prove it. how to brig her to hook" For it awa-

whispered that she had her spies even among the


HE boa', impelled by the slow bthogh vigorous
T trokI:s of Mr. Carson. glided smoothly through
the water: Yvunne sat facing the rower. -he was
enjoying thoroughly this entertainment of Ito her)
a very novel description
C'art-n hail decided that this afternuion. instead
,if going fir a ride in her niotor tar, he would
eive her an excursion on the water He rould
row. and the chance suggestion of the Detective In-
Spector. made two days before, that if he were ever
along the waterfront of Kingston he might keep Ins
eyes open for the crocodile which must have its
lair somewhere near river and sea) had put into
his head the idea that he might take Yvonne for a
row in the afternoon and at the same time do some
useful work of investigation. Not that he had the
-lightest notion as to how he should investigate, but
he wished to do something or to feel that he was
doing it in connection with this crocodile mystery.
He was a young man of impulses with an ambition
t, be imnportantly helpful
"There is a dead-set amongst some of the con-
riegation against our marriage." lie was saying
as the boat moved along the western shoreline. "but
that is not the reason why I have deferred it. I
want it to take place as early as possible: wish it,
perhaps, more than you do. I hate a day's delay.
But you know what my people are: I have got to
think rf their wishes t, some extent. That will make
ftr future barmen.u."
"I thought some of them would be opposed to
me." said Yvonne with an angry flush; "but when
I told motlier to-day that we should have to wait
three months, she warned me that that was too long.
She said ue might lose one another if we waited so
long. Shie told me to say this to you."
"'But why should we lose one another? What

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on earth can possibly happen to come between yuil
and me now?"
"I don't know. I don't believe anything can
But my foster mother and mn aunt are disturbed; I
suppose they think that your deacons will try t1
get you to give me up They don't want mne That
is plain."
"I won'l give it up I n r.iild riathEr git e i up t
She smiled trimiin phantly. "Jii' t a- I w. iul1
give up everything for you. -he answered
"I believe you would And it i-, Itird t.r miu
to wait, dearest "
"You have said that more than on,-c. aInd yet
you are waiting. Tile tilerr lday13' o yourself tholi.it'ht
that a few months [-hIild elai-pe hbefre--"
"That's what I -aid .it tle nmomitent. Bill sa-nl
thing-it is myn lvre for you-urie.s me no-t t.t waits
a moment. I d.-n't link I canll stand tile thre-
mnonths period of waiting I am going to tell tlitni
to-tumrri.w that a lUonthi i; as long as 1 will con--nur
to. And if I hid tin.t 1 y 'y-"
"It nouild be to night "
"You love mie ,so niu,.h.b then?" h-lie a-ked sift.
"'FPa,-.inatrel\. Terribly. More and more every
day. every hour. eve-ry moment. Mly feeling is in
descrnhable: it i a,- it I were being iirged. impelle,:
overpoweringly tellmpted to do something wild ann
desperate, to cast all consider tion -.. i.n ieqiuencei
to the winds: eveli to sin
He dropped Ili-. \iirie. "I an -ayt that. fori yoi
know it already. I can tell .vu t,.. that I h.ive
f.liught against the tecling. knowiing it to he wrong "
She recalled the nielit. -,i recent, when her aunt
had appeared iln Ihe ear'ien in the veir niick iof tini?
and also the wild gilst 01 pa-s.iln ler loser lhad it,.
played on the lonely betnll of the ienr.-inunt grrove.
Her people had warned lher against the-e violent oulu
bursts of his. they ,;eemed to know hini well, though
they had seen -o little of hinm: and she felt lthat
they feared alo what iihe might tdi
He was a. minister. a man of the i-spel. the
preat.her of the day in King-ton! He. -he thought,
of all men. should he 1 t' ong in a curbing his pas
sion; and yet she was thrilled to klnowa that he wasi
wild about lier. was tuormnentedi wvit a ldeire tor
trample upon every principle and precept because
of Iis liv\e tfr her. his overwhelming urge to have
her as his. This was a tribute to her power, her
beauty. her (lartm: it wa- lier triumph But she ti
must keep a grip upon her own feelings. much as-

she lived himi. 'he could not di minl altogether as
folly the solemn warnine the almost terror stricktii
look in tihe eyes of her [-i.ster mother as .lie Itggell
and be-ee liell her to be careful. Independent :inI
cr.urageuii- in spirit thuinch blie w:'. Yvi'iiiine I;I
neverthele 4- ii her hel .rt ..f he-arts a: ..ertilln ir:nalI
of the tiw..i till. imprec.-ive women who li:ni watci liel
nver iher ever 'ince she had known lier-i-lf hi t il
always felt that there na, -I.m. -i .thNI my:l' ri ,n-.
about rlthem Anal daain .tLd grain in ti- r past they
had told her of what wiuld happ-n andi tiiet had al-
ways hbeen right.
"WV'e nm st o ,initinue t,, riMgh t o ,ir fI't- iu -hli =-iili
at lei gthh vdentit i, i.' heir-.ell .ith Ii. -tr!il e-1 n: ill
ine it dual andl nit s.inuglar iinly "Fur weei-i' wv.ii
Pa' .-,nu en.:iuill I will tell my 1lieple v.e .iill be
married in Iiur week-i."
SD. yii know." lie said ,al ui..ltenl\. 'that i heii
I a:i italkline alrin t you tlii- ilorniing i., I '. Mr. Min
ples.-i [urvii--,ely i.alled t. -,e him where he v.Mtrk-
--he -ail bluntly tuital I .i:- ,:-ing ..n a- if I \1 % '
be\it hedl"
But hi, s dila Ihter .o tlili i l:.en iL, h v.,iu. th i rll
ie '..ce hariid tanollgh. as. e. 'ert h i. ly :.ialil eIP Hi
N -.utldn t nil:id it d i, hew% it hed y,,u '
"-I -Uppo-e li\e is a sort iof bewitrihinuc." hli
mused, "so I didn't take offence at MNnple.' :ordsi."
"Bul my witchery isn't the sort that yoii preai'i
against. is it. Henry? There is no evil itt it. I:
"Ho :uld there lie. .: irlinL.' Your n Itchery is,
,l thli ht art ;IIn1 t i all of h.harni arnd lI;,urit ."
To their right la. the densely green -lii.relitie
where the manerolves came diowii in lthlk .tIn
tangled luxirianie L the sea. Th- water t(se tI
the shore was an intense polished green. the -ky
ado now nr dlhing int-i piuks anil rimnins, and uinan
the surface of the farther ena lay hr.-ad band of'i
the reflected colour. The building-i ,f KiniWton werl.
behind them. ti.i the east-. They slo.:,d .aut ,white ann
flat against the background rif nmluntains whose
sweeping range dominated the 4Leine. Carsan slIh
ly turned the boat to retrace his passage; as he
swung round he observed a pillar of -.mnlke ri.in,
inland and drifting seaward under the influence ot
a .lightly stirring wind frm the hills. Then he
noticed. casually, another distant pillar of smoke.
"If I did not know that that smoke came frito
the Kingston dunghill I Ishouldl imagine there werT'.
sunie fires in town." lie said "But I believe thit!
the dunghill is always burning."
"it is. but talking about -moke and fire. Henry,
do yi),u know that somietime-I I have smelt smiike..

very faintly. but of a peculiar odour, coming from
the direction of the ground to the rear of my town
house? And one night, when I went upstairs to see
my aunt about something. I stood on the back ver-
andah and looked to the south. and I was sure I
saw flames leap up once or tii:e. very quickly, and
then die away. [ thought that somebody was burn-
ing biuh cnr something. though there i, only our
land there, and the old burial ground. and. of course,
part of the seaheach."
"There i.iulid be no bush to burt on tile sea
I.ena l." lihe 'obscr- ed. "'". itf iou were not tIiii;aken,
the smnike must have iume either from your own
land or the burial ground; but nho on earth wouldl
have lighted a fire in either place. What did your
people think of it?"
"Neither of them was there rhe night I saw
the tire I spke about it the next morning, and
they said I must have been mistaken. I ,uppose I
was, and yet nly eye- are pood. and my sense of
smell keen I though. from i lthe distance of the
fire. that it was somtewihere in the hurial ground."
"The burial ground' But that is almost desecra-
"It hasn't been u-ed for a hundred years. I :tnl
told. By the way. we mu-t be about opposite to it
She pointed with her arm Itwards the Ieach.
Tlii.s was partly cLm\ered with some si kly looking
nmaner..ve; there was hardly anil\ .and.
He turned the prow of the boat towards the
land "We might as well have a look," said he.
thoushi the ev iitIg light was n.-'w M [ast fading.
Near to: the hhore lie rowed carefully, looking
for a sp..t[ t vihlih tr. land. Thev 'ouni une. anil
he f.r. ed the boat up to the beach, jumped out. and.
hldding her land. helped her to leap out without
welting her feet.
The view before them was dreary and desolate.
Stunted shrub and manigreie grew all about, though
liere and there tile gr.,und was hare, admitting of a
[.;asage island It was evident that though 'niiike
might be teen in datilipht from sume fire farther
within. becaui-.e it would rise in the air, it could not
be [.erei\ed at night. unle-s tile ninorn slhone bright:
ly and it rice in t.on'iderable oiiliime. And Yrvunn.
had only smell, not seen it. As for a fire. that
could hardly be 'een from the sea unless it were
ot appre able size. For tlie land. in addition to be-
inm marshy. wa. Irw-iying. and the scrub and mau-
grove were high entigh to form tor the inner part
rof it a very effective screen.
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(('onl,niel from Page 45)
"Now why are we putting ourselves to this
trouble?" laughed Yvonne, as they plodded the(.r
way inward. "A chance remark of mine. and w-
come hunting for a fire that was seen weeks ag.
Why, the very ashes must have been blown away."
He laughed in turn. "I think." he said, "we
have come for a walk and desire a sort of ad-
venture. We shall find nothing, for the dark will
be upon us in a few minutes. But mightn't we make
believe that we are about to discover a pirates' ren-
dezvous or a smugglers' hoard? I am not so aged
that I cannot still feel like a boy."
"The old cemetery!" she exclaimed, by way fc
"Pirates and smugglers were buried here."
They had come to the remains of a ruined wall,
a wall that had long ago fenced in the space where
had been buried the strangers, the waifs and
strays, the suspicious characters, of a former day;
and as they caught sight of the desolation in front
of them the last rays of the sun laded out of the
sky and the tr.,pulcal gloom deepened swiftly.
"Are you afraid?" he asked her, involuntarily
lowering his voice.
"Not with you," she said, "but I should not like
to be here alone."
"We'll go back in a few moments. Just one
peep inside this old place of the dead into which no
one ever comes, and we'll go back. Walk canretfuly.',
and cling to me."
The- ground they traversed was uneven: madep
so by the partial subsidence of mounds which once
had marked the many graves. There had been some
tombs in this place also, but long since the mortar
had crumbled, the brickwork had .plit and fallen
apart, the marble had been broken. and weeds and
trees grew between these tonlhs and formed a wil-
derness of decay and of absolute neglect.
"We can go no farther, Yvonne." said Henr.,
after they had walked a very few yards "Perhaps
we should not have come, for there is nothing to
see, and in the dark one may stumble and hurt
oneself. Happily, there are no dangerous snakes in
"There are crocodiles." she reminded him.
"By jove, I had forgotten; but-"
"Henry! look!"
The girl almost cried aloud the words. Her
head was thrust forward. Then he saw.
Glimmering through the trees at some distance
away was the glare "f a fire which seemed raised
above the surface of the ground. And as they stared
at it there came a pungent scent to their nostril-.
a biting, acrid, curious odour which was not of wood
or coal. "The smell I noticed." whispered Yvonne,
"and the fire I saw."
He took her arm and turned her in the direc-
tion whence they had.come. "I am afraid," he said,
"that some persons are using this old burial ground
for purposes of their own: thieves no doubt. I must
report the matter to the police. But why should
they want a fire, and why that loathsome smell?"
"To frighten superstitious people away from
here," she suggested, "though that seems superflu-
ous, since none of the people around here would
wish to explore this cemetery by night. or day."
They got to their boat, and he rowed quick-
ly to the Victoria Pier, where he had hired it.
They took a taxi back to Yvonne'e house: he was
dining with her this evening She hurried dinner;
it had been understood that he would not remain
after the meal was over as there was that night a
meeting of a Minister's Fraternal which he had pro-
mised to attend. Just before leaving he asked for
Madam Herriot and her sister.
They would not be back that nieh t. Yvonne as-
sured him. They had left for Linstead by car that
afternoon; they had.some business to transact there.
So he and she were alone, except for two servants,
In the house. That thought, with its implications,
came to him suddenly.
Should he return later?
The question flashed through his mind as he
stood at the threshold of the front door looking at
her. The extraordinary influence of the place was
upon him again: he did not wish to go. But he
must; he knew he must; he could not be absent
from the meeting at which he was expected. Still,
he could return, if she would let him: and she read
his question in his eyes.
"Good-night," she whispered tremulous!%y, as he
embraced her; but he spoke out.
"I will come back to-night."
"Better not. You know why. I want you, dear-
est, I want you to be with me; but it isn't safe."
"I will come back."
His determination swayed her, swept away her
"When; what hour? When my people go to the
country they leave the servants in the lhui-e with
me. Our servants don't go to sleep early. and tti.v'il
be about."
"I can ,'nme at any time: midnight."
"I will be waiting for you; the ejie anml thit [l,,r

will be open," she whispered. "but, O my love. it is
wrong, and more wrong for you than for me. We
shall regret it."
He didn't answer, for he felt that she was right.
He hurried away; aflame and ashamed; did he dare.
be asked himself, face his brother ministers that
night, knowing what plans he had formed knowing
where he should be after he left them? But he
went to the meeting, and when it was over he found
himself at a loose end. He still had a couple of hours
on his hands: what should he do with them? He
remembered the boat: he had hired it by the week
for a couple of weeks: he could go rowing in the
harbour. And then there tame back to his mind
a picture of the decayed, neglected churchyard. the
fire glimmering through the trees, the mystery
suggested by the pungent. curious i-ldour and the light
smoke that drifted tupards from the .screened low-
lying flame.
The thing intrigued him. Why should he not
go back to the spot and find out what that fire
meant before speaking about it to the police:
The adventure would distract his mind for the mr.
ment, and he wanted distraction He did not wish
to think. He desired while he could to escape self-
loathing and self-contempt, the horror of facing the
fact that he was a hypocrite. deceitful, a man false

to every principle for which he stood: and such
escape could only be found for the moment in physi
cal activity and concentration on some ulterior pur-
suit. He felt that he was on the brink of hell, and
by his own volition, and he did not want to dwell
upon the situation. He would not admit that he
could draw back even now: he said to himself that
he could not. He did not pray to be saved from
temptation. He did not want to be saved. He wanted
to have Yvonne lying in his arms that night.


MR. Carson got down to the Victoria Market
Pier. untied his boat and put out to sea with
strong, swift strokes. He went south for about a
quarter of a mile, then turned west, gradually draw-
ing nearer to the shore as he rowed. The ships in
the harbour stood out like elevated constellations
in a fluid sky ot blackness; a long arm of land, the
Palisadoes. outlined itself opposite to the city, which
rno glittered with ten tiIuuuaand lights and threw a
bright glare up towards the sky. Now and ihcn
there appeared landward. to his right, long dark
tunnels yawning: he knew these to be the city's

"I i I

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thoroughfares running lfrnm south t north. Over
head the night was thick with stars.
He hugged the shore the further we-t he went:
he had a good sense of locality and was sure lie
would know again where he had beached his hoat
that afternoon. Presently he perceiieiI the pot,.
landed. and prepared for his investigation.. He did
not imagine that any danger ci.uld threaten him
from human beings; he might -ee the cro i.dile, out
that was only ione chance in : thouijaud. and li
would rather welcome it than utherwi.-e. For rie
cause he wa: prepared for it, he would go warily
and endeavour to' tiraik dtlwn the m stery. He iwai
by nature *:nuragerou; and as he had nut niow Y\vollne
to rhinik rf ;t would tc k-, a c re' t deal indeed t i,'re
He reached and passed the ruined wall of tlie
cemetery. and no%%, hedauFe o[ the. :ineve-nuei j i
the ground beneath hiq- feet, and the darkri-.s. tl. e
fallen brickvw.rk and the scrub and tree. lie must
go cautiously. Presently he felt certain that ihis wia,
nmt the -:iinie lath h- hnad ..:niie by ;i t,%-u h.ur-, be
fore; unknowingly he had Ia.ken -.i chtly difte'-ent
route. But step by step, i,-ell Iig : li -i :.. he .Lc:iL
A whiff of bii-ieze stirred tle tr'prnl .t Ihrn.bhe'
of the surrounding trees. Strong, ilm.-rnt o\ero.iwer
ing, there came t1.1 li no. l rii.. wiith .-.m.n'1'hi Ilk:
the force of a ply-.'iv :ia imi;ila :.i = ~iJ ur.. 1 i -t l I
so nauseatiig. so loatlisome. that he staggered libli
wards. And then. a hundred yards away. a flami
leapec up and died down swiftly. as fire tlue, when
a handful of incense is thrown upon a Iv!intu coal.
He halted. There was no douht in his mind
that he had come upon simne ,Iobcure. obscene thin-,
kept purposely away fru m the sight of men, htid
den because it could not stand forth unashanmed in
the light of the sun and before ordinary human
eye?. He was conuli:ius of this cinclusi on. even
while a feeling of dread and horror gripped his
heart It as. not the sight if the leaping nlanm(
that had sunk so swiftly, nor the graves surriund-
ing him, nor the darkness of the night that terrrii.-l
him. It was the overpowering odour of death anu
decay that pervaded the air, that sickened it, made
it horrible tu breathe. He experienced a spasm of
physical nausea.

There wan a loath, mne putrefaction in the Ja
nii)Fl.ler. I i.- effluviunm if l dies long sin:e de:ii.
bii [ iitr..yir. g tilll. It r as :i l.ur as of fle-i
perpetually ritlen amil ritting. au tlhlugilh fr.m ev:.ri
grave in that anieent cemetery were ,*manatintig
i xiv, ,Li alaitio a. baleful., insidiili pilison _.
sort of p.iuic ei/ed inim: I11i impulse wa. to fly
from the e p,.t, dnll hi. b.at. row rapidly away itnt.,
the clean and purifying sea. But lie held himseii
in hand iand set his lips rirmly. lie would o:, thriou1,i
with hiz. bun~iness. vhate\er it nilclit be And then
lie saw the flame le.ip up acaitn. :inil a. s.witr:.
,li- awa'y
(Cuuti.Il y, alv. ini t ii.ei-cle-.l lie c.rEi rt forwVardl
Sooun le wa;. alumng mnire ,iltnii tnimbs than he han
,: ;.ihil, 1 I -e F riap. lihe Ih.iught, in thl: p.ut-
Sity slaves h iad ieen bliriril here in t111 i, l'riii ui
grave-. ahie -tr: ngurs a In., hal left -unme mn-enie-.
howe\ver ai.ijuireil. lil ll tiiha to b re i tr teil iv' r t
plate, where [hey lav interred. I'erhap pil.te:, n
murderer, andl other.. hadl fundnl here their lin.il
resting pljla:e. Wlhat\ver [lie reasi.n. le wLa ni ii.
within a spate where t.,nib had iii,..ld. for their re-
naiin-. were ,-rattered all ar.iunifl.
Atlld on ine or the toimbsl. either not broken
down ior el-e les:tred, there glove-d imbers. The
ivho'.e of lie oblinig lirl'faci .. thle .tru liire was
coveted with living coals which sent forth lirt,.
flames thart dickered and .intill.iate-i. a tiery -Ipla-.l
ill thei'- v.it eniiveluo in2, i iirain I il the d- 'l'r
He stood witclhing. S.mLinthing-inltilnt. pru-
dence, whatever it was--j.omething warned him that
lie had gone far enoiillh. He pre.-ed his handker-
hliief against his n. itrils. striving to shut o:ut the
abominable enn l that assailel ltheim All to no
t.iurp ie. But n:w he knew hliI niu;t remain to see
tie meaning of this fire on the tombi and the oc-
icaional leaping flame.
It seemed to him as if waves of darkne-s rolled
towards the fire. that a blacknes nott of earth, but
of the Pit. enshrouded the cemetery. it seemed to
him also as if the quality of the fire he gazed at
was lurid with a hell-like intensity; red as though
fed with blood. Then, as he stared, from the far-
ther side of the tomb two figure, rose slowly, as
though they had heen kneeling or been prostratei
there. He could dimly discern them as they came

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Camera Portraits of Character and Distinction .

SCommercial and Advertising Photographs .

Copies Enlargements Sketches I

SStudio 115 HAROURI STREET pper Floor

I --I

to full height. They raised their hands above their
heads and fling something .nii the flickering coal.
The lurid tongues of flame leaped up once more. re
dealing the immediate surroundings in a devilidli
;1 .w. And Henry Carson Ilut hed at his throat in
n wild endeavour to choke ha.k a startled bs.ream.
For there, naked as they were horn. towered
the t t wi.men he knew a.s Y\vuinne' f>.,ter mother
and foster-aunt.
The flame swiftly died doc.n agaiu. Onie more
the ldalrknii; .l]elli te M.iniien lBut nw they
were (hunting something: it was in French, an uni
known toneuie to mniay per..ns, hut ti, them a na-
ti\e language. Henry Carson understo.,id French.
He could follow the cord, as they fell from the lipi
of those naked nerfjrnmers ,if a horrible rite.
"\Not u'I. MS fp'i. not lert: tit soiOi. The ihiht.
thel i'hrc ith rld s,il be foutid. i the .siac .' iti.et i'le
,, 7 1 'f it hr,,,id ,I ird ,st he" mw ef Thi i 1) t
it,,d forbe a'irai i( Ine P t i plir. .Malcer and Thy Itr-
th-iCr help. NOt onbu liiit uaniil rilf lthe chi dren. lth
little whire ies thartl haelit o fault, the" 1 nuolent *
wie will obleiii them tand offer there ion the ailltir i'e
htir ,iin, f,,r Thee.. ion this tomb of one who served
Th it lit Ifr uil,,l o notr i S iri rryi Thr in death.
"'We iar inat. hed, tlarte,. wii ,er,. hindered and




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PHONE 2230.




prevented: but we have not grown weary in Thy
service. Help us still, and we will honour and serve
Thee with human sacrifices. We will search even
for new-born infants not yet baptised; we will take
away from, their mothers children to cast them on
the fire, as they were cast of old on the fires of Bani,
who was Thyself. Baal. loloch, Chemosh., Satha-
nas, hail! And help! Grant us powtcer., ake us
mighty, as we have been in the past. Hail. Sath'z-
sas, hail!"
The evil invocation came to an end; there was
a deathly silence. It seemed to the listening,
horror stricken man as though through the putre-
scent air there sounded whisperings, mutterings. sl.,
mocking laughter, the gibing and obscene glorying
of the Pit. Once again something was thrown upon
the coals, but now they did not fare suddenly. th;y'
merely burnt with a brighter glow. And in the
baleful light Henry Carson saw begin the most
awful transformation that, human eyes had ever wit-
Slowly, slowly, the naked bodies began to change
their contour, their appearance. They became
elongated, growing taller and taller, their flesh
thickened, and scales commenced to be where smooth
skin had been before. The heads lengthened, taper-
ed into suouts: "Merciful God!" he thought, "they
are changing into crocodiles!" For now be knew:
the whole truth had been revealed to him clearly
in the bell-light of the fire lit in honour of the
Lord of Hell.
These women were witches. They were necro-
mancers. They were in league with the Prince tf
Darkness, serving him with human sacrifices, or
seeking to find such sacrifices for him. The nbhite
child they had sought to steal-it was to throw it
alive on this tomb-this altar standing in the midst
of a desecrated cemetery. In the midst of the dead.
of the wicked dead, these women had built an altar
to Satan and worshipped him there.
They were changing more and more rapidly
now. Maybe they had to come here and perform ce.-
lain rites before they could transform themselves
into gigantic reptiles: hut when this transformation
had once been effe':ted they apparently acquired more
than human power-he felt now that it was by
no mere accident that one of them had appeared in
the Spanish Town Road. or that he had seen one by
the lonely beach so many miles from Kingston. when
be had been with Yvonne. One? He remembered be
had thought there were two on the Spanish Toen
Road. And they had moved with incredible speed.
The change was almost complete. When it was
finished, what would happen to him? As devil-ani-
mals they might smell out his presence. or other.
wise be aware of it as perhaps they could not be
while still in human shape. And here, in the very
presence of Satan and his unholy angels, they might
kill with their teeth ruthlessly, since murder would
be acceptable to the fiends, and blood a delectable
libation. He did not believe they would wish to
kill him. but what if they were driven to murder by
their Master? There was but one thing lie could do;
he must make his escape if yet there was time. As
he concluded thus, he turned and crashed through


85 King Street





Give us a trial and you will

be convinced.

the trees and underbrush, knowing that he had little
time to spare. And in his ears as he fled he heard,
or thought be heard, the howl of demons infuriat-
A prayer rose to his lips. "God be merciful to
me, a sinner!" he cried. "Lord, visit not my
sins upon my head, though I am all unworthy!" He
was a Protestant of the Protestants. But now he
found himself fervidly making the sign of the Cross,
tracing it again and again upon his body and upon
the air as he stumbled forward: and into his heat-
ed imagination there came the impression that, :s
with passionate gestures be traced in the impal-
pable darkness the pattern of the Instrument upon
which Christ had been done to death, golden crosses
were formed round and about him and he was as
one surrounded in protection by the symbols of God.
However that may have been, he reached the beach
unharmed. He sprang into his boat and pulled wild-
ly away from that accursed place. He landed at the
Victoria Pier, not even pausing to make fast the
boat, and hurried, almost running, to his house in
the upper section of the city. Arrived there, lie
rushed into his study, fell upon his knees, and all
the rest of that night he passed in an agony of re-
morse and supplication.


"[IM ISS Gilbert is in the sitting room, sir. She
l want to see you."
"Very well. Say I'll be out in a minute."
The servant went back with Mr. Carson's answer.
It was eight o'clock; he had not slept a second
the whole of the previous night. For some time
he had been trying to make up his mind what to do.
He had discovered the secret that had been puzzling
all Jamaica; ought he at once to inform the police?
But Yvoune was connected with this miserable affair
through the two women, and he with Yvonne. Wnar
must he do in such a coil?
And now Yvonne. for the first time since he hail
I-nown her. had :ailed to see him, and the early
hour of her visit left no doubt as to her having
been sent by the women who. last night, he had
seen with his own eyes worshipping the Devil. What
had she c-ome to persuade him to?
He had already attended to his toilet; be went
Into the sitting room to meet her. They both look-
ed penetratingly at each other. He saw that she
(('ontinurrl on Page .6d)




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Mlyrtle iank iotel


R.ES-r.T ..- GER






THE door of the smoking room flew open with a
crash as the ship rolled. A middle-aged passed.
ger came in head foremost, clutched at a table,
raced a brass spittoon in a slide across the floor, and
collapsed on the settee beside me.
The new arrival fixed his eyes on a pale but
determined commercial traveller who was playing
chess on a pegged board with the Chief Engineer.
while I looked on.
"A tine game. that." he said. "I'm not a flyer
at it myself, but it'. like Freemasons: you'll find
someone to play it wherever you go. Up the Per
sian Gulf; in the Far East-why, when I was in
Pow Lung I could play with a Chinese same as I
would with that engineer. Little differences, you'll
understand. but nothing .\ou can't get over.'
'Were you there long?" I asked.
"Over twelve years. Never went 'nmne. I was a
soldier when I first went there-electric lighting'.
my business, hut I was a soldier for twelve years.
My name is 'Obbs
"I got to, like the Chinese," he added suddenly.
"They're whiter than a lot of white men I've
known, and they positively irenti to work. That's
what upset.- me when I read about China now: fancyi
all thoae hundredss of millions of decent people
vtantliin to get on with their work, and not being
let. There ain't so iuauy in this world as wants i i
work! Yes. I like the Chinese. But you've got to
know 'em."
"So \ou do with most people,' I observed.
"But Chinese more than any. They're different.
There's nothing they can't do. Why. I've seen a
rickshaw man change 'i- trousers in tile street: put
a new pair over the old and take the old ones
off afterwtards "
"No. n,. no," I protected confidently. "That
can't be doue."
"It o.an I've made money betting with lots of
people whb knew it couldn't he done. I'll give you a
tip: until .oii know Chinamen don't you start bet
ting about them. I've learnt a little. If I'd 'a known
it at. the beginning things might 'a gone differently.
"What was I saying?" he resumed after a pause.
"Oh, I know! How you need to know Chinamen if
you're eoing to deal with 'em. You'll hardlyy believe
it. but what unhbuttoned me wvas vermilion paint.
Just a dab o' vermilion."
"On the nose?" the Chief Engineer asked.
Mr. 'Obbs (as our friend called himself) took rn.
offence. "On a Number Eight Detonator." he cor-
rected "I'll tell you. Pow Lung's an island. you'll
remember, and the harbour's just the water shut in
between Pow Lung and the mainland. Well. the
mainland's Chinese territory, with a fortified city.
and Customs, and soldiers, and judges and all. Now
and then they catch a shipload of pirates and take
their 'eads off on the beach only 'alf an hour's steam
from Pow Lung. Very tantalizing to the troops, it
was, 'cause we wasn't allowed to go across and


( BART.)



Sir Alexander Bannernan (who Is well-known In Ja-
nanica and will be here thi. winter), spenb some .eara in
(hin a n an officer in one of His Majesty's regimennts. The
sketch, from his pin, which appears on this and subse-
qun-nt pages. i Itherefore the result or first-hand knowl-
ed;ge, both of Irilinh soldiers and or things Chinese. Bret
Hlnrto sayS. tlha Ihe Chinese wa- peculiar for "tricks that
are rain." Sir Alexander show.s that tricks can also be
tried by the Brillh Tommy, and sometimes they are vain!

"I've seen a beheading," said the Chief Engineer.
"The funny thing about It. was that it all seemed
quite natural: the man was so entirely without fear
that it was no more horrible than pulling a tooth
out. All the same. I don't want to see another."
"I only saw one.' said Mr. 'Obbs. As I said,
I was a soldier: corporal in the Pow Lung
Company of His Majesty's Army. You know
the Pow Lung Company?"


'I saw a little of them when I was there. Re-
cruited from the sampan men, aren't they?" I said.
"'Sampan men and pirates. Lord knows what
they mayn't do in civil life, but they're properly at-
tested bame as I was, and once in His Majesty's Ser-
vice you couldn't find better chaps. First class!
They're born afloat, there's nothing about boats they
d.n'L know, and under water they're as 'appy as I'd
be in a saloon bar. Work 'ard, and never give
trouble. First class chap,. but you need to kuow
"You had British officers I asked.
"Yes. A Major and three subalterns, and there
were a [ew nou-coms to look after the specialist
work. but the rest were natives. I was electrician
to the rsearchlight,. Another of the corporals. Reddy,
was in charge of the -team launch. Reddy lived in
barracks near the pier. but there were three Chinese
lived on Ioardi: Corporal Chong Sow. he was cos'n;
All Fong was deck 'and. Let me see-who was it?
Yes! thingg Fat' Ching Fat ran the engines with
,ine "andd and toked with the other. The Clatter,
they called 'er. Her real name was Sir 'Umphrey
Clatterback-the British Army's [steamboats all as
too be named after fanmuus warriors 'ro've deceased-
but there was a certain liveline,s,. as you might say,
in Ching Fat's engine room that made them c-all 'er
the (latter for short.
"One day in July word came across that there
was to be a 'ole lot of pirates beheaded at 11 o'clock
the next Monday morning, and there was a Garrison
Order came out on the Saturday. reminding the
troops they wasn't allowed to go. That night Reddy
and I-we was chuni,-was in Da Sou-o's absorbing
lager beer and watching two Russians racing cock-
roaches for ten cent bits. You ever raced cock-
roaches? You catch two of 'em and put a spot of
froth on one o' their backs so you can tell 'em
apart: then you put "em under a glass in the middle
of the table, lift the glass, and the first inseck over
the edge wins.
*Well. you know what Pow Lung's like in July.
We sat under the punkah and sweated patches
through our jackets, and somehow both of us began
to think about that Garrison Order. We hadn'tt either
of us ever seen a chopping, and we wanted to go.
Reddy was always a great one for planning-he'd
been meant for an officer in the Mercantile Marine,
only something 'appened-and you could see him
thinking. He sat there and sat there, and it wasn't
till I picked up 'is glass to see if there was anything
wrong with 'is beer that he woke up-there'd been
a very old mouse found iu a bottle of soda-water in
the canteen, and it'd shook all our nerves.
'"The Police'll be watching all the piers," he says
-I can 'ear 'im say it now He was drowned nearly
twenty years ago. but I remember 'im sitting there as
plain as plain. 'The PoUJce'll be watching' all the
piers.' 'e says. 'We'll 'ave to drop off the Clatter
when she does her nine o'clock trip to An Hui. Ah
Fong's got a brother that lives aboard a sampan.

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The Scenery and Climateare unsurpassed
Hot and cold Running Water
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111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 11111.1111111111111111111111111III

I'll ave oini waiting 'alf a mile west of the Naval
Anchorage-we don't want no brass-'atted Admirals
watching. cos Admirals and Generals '11 both iium
bine to bite a poor: soldier, though they haven'tt any
more in comm-on thal cats al ndt ctiVish!"
I interrupted to ask what An Hui wa-.
"It's a fortitied island near the mouth of the
harbour, where nobody'.- all:ned to land 'oo isn't on
duty. That made it all the easier for us. We'd a
detachment living there. and the Clatter used to ou
across at nine o'c-lock every morning with anything
that wanted taking over. On Monday the French
Mail 'ud be in at daybreak, so there'd be the home
letters to keep the officers from poking about t)oo
much. Ah Fong's brother 'ud land us on the beach
in plenty of time for us to get to the execution
ground before eleven.
"I thought it over and I says 'Can do." There'-
a leaky cable on An Hui that'll need my attention
on Monday morning. But 'ow will we get back? I
"'There'll be time t. catch the (latter on her
way omen if Chang Sow riu't 'urry 'imrelf.' says
Reddy. "Or Ching Fat's engineer enough to organ-
ize a breakdown.'
"The thing was dead easy ifnone of the officers
didn't take a fancy to make the trip with us. I left
it all to Reddy. and on Monday morning, as per ex.
pectations. we started off with the letters for the
chaps on An Hui, some odds and ends of gear. and a
tin box of detonators that they'd been asking for to
blast a rock that was interfering with one of the
new lights. The mail made us a few minutes late
starting, but all the officers was busy with theirs, so
it did us no 'arm. It was over the detonators we
made the mistake. The box had been opened al-
ready and one or two used. Do you know the Num-
ber Eight Detonator?"
I shook my head.
"No? Well, it's a tin tube about the size and
length of a penholder. painted with the best ver-
milion paint that money can buy-brighter than any
pillar box. That lets anyone 'oo wants to monkey
with it know there's a lively charge of fulminate
waiting inside to pass 'im out all the trouble he
"'lWhy should anyone want to monkey with it?"
the Chief Engineer asked. 'I should think-'"
"Wait! I'm telling you. Where was I" Oh,
ye.! We found Ah Fong's brother and 'e put us
ashore all right. The signal was up showing a ty-
phoon to the southward; there wasn't a breath of
wind. and the air was full o' dirty brown dragon
flies-you'd 'a been suspicious of the weather even
without the signal. We 'ad a good look from among
some 'ouses before we joined the crowd at the exe-
cution. but there wasn't a sign o' police or anything
unpleasant. so we walked up and we saw the chop-
ping-seven of 'em spaced out in a row. The execu.
tioner walked down the line taking off their nappers
with one wipe as easy as you'd slice spuds for fry-
ink, and the funny part of it was they didn't seem
to mind."
The Chief Engineer nodded. "Just what struck
me." le said.
"I dunno that I want to see it again." Mr 'Obbs
resumed. "but as an example of ledeerdemain it was
"Ah Foug's brother was fussing on the beach
when we came back. "Typhoon come.' e kept say-
ing. and worked away in a great 'urry to get across
the Clatter's course. We could see her coming along
leisurely, but by and by she spotted the sampan and
dame for us bald-'eaded. Almost before we got on
board Chong Sow started up. 'Mr. Evans'-Loo-
tenant Evans was our officer living on An Hui-'Mr.
Evans come catchy he letter. He asky what side
Reddy stop. My taLky he too much belly pain.
Stow Pow Lung. More better you go sick. Chop

"That was sound advice. Nob.,'dy wasn't likely
to ask questions about mn. liut Reddy nut being
aboard the Clatter miglt draw artentin. All irnt
time. Ah Fong's brother kept saying. 'Typhoon ome.
typhoon come.' till Reddy told 'em to throw 'im a
line and we'd tow 'im back to the pier. whibh was
quire close to the typhoon-shelter for small craft.
And sure enough, before we came alongside. 'Bang!'
went the gun and all the imall cratt dropped their
work and gave one yell and started f,'r the -lieiter.
That made all -ate for us. because Reddy 'aad to gu
there with the Clatter towing the utters and
dinghies. and stop there till the blow was over. by
which time Mr. Evans would 'a forgotten about it.
"The next morning there was a hundredd ton
lighter on the parade ground with 'er nose in the
harrack verandah, and we spent the rest o' the week
jacking 'er up on to rollers and dropping 'er back
into the barbuur. Nobody gave a thought t.o Reddy
and me But then eame Saturday. On Saturdays
we all drew our pay and drilled and smartened up
instead of working. I'll remember that Saturday all
my life. There we was. standing about all 'appy-like
on the sandy parade ground, waiting for the Fall In;
there was one group of the officers, and another of
us European non coms. and the Chinese in bunclles
under a great, red-floered cotton tree that threw
some shade; and all of a sudden, out of one of the
bunches. came a bang like you never 'eard. and a
man started dancing about and tying 'isself into
knots like a cheese maggot doing a sprint.
"There was so much blood on 'is face we couldn't
see who it was for a moment. I thought at tirst
some fool must 'a got 'old of a live round, but the
bang 'ad been too big for a rifle; and then I ,aw
two stripes on the chap's sleeve, and I say to myself,
"Obbs. my son! And Reddy, my lad! You're unbut-
toned! Chong Sow must 'a pinched one o' those per-
ishing detonators when you wasn't on board!'
"It wa i all my. fault; I ought to a' known it
wasn't safe to leave au old sampan hand alone with
anything so pretty as a Number Eight. Paint's too-
expensive for them: they rarely use it; they give
their boats a coat of uil once in a way to keep the
water out. and that makes the wood a dirty brown,
so if they get a thaule to brighten things up. they
take it. They've a surt o' craving fur colour, and
.**arlet abuve all. ju-,t as suone chaps 'ave a craving
for liquor, but gin before everything. I iould 'a
given Chong Sow a bag full of silver dollars to look
after, and 'e wouldn't 'a touched one in a month, but
anything painted bright red like housee No. Eights
he couldn't resist. And when 'e'd got it. 'e thought
it so pretty that 'e simply 'iad to .show it to the
others before parade-remember he was away n ith
the Clatter all the rest of the week-and of course
one of them insisted nU 'is cutting it open with "is
clasp knife to see w hat it was made of.
"Well. Choong Sow wa-. carted offf to '"opital. and
te got on with the drill. but you may bet rhat
neither Reddy nor me wasn't feeling very 'app3
We couldn't get a quiet talk together until after
pay, and then, just as we was starting tu ize up the
situation. up comes an old Chinaman who'd got a
photographer's business in Queen Street Wong
Kong An was his name. There wasn't nothing in
'is being there. 'cus he'd got a permanent pass for
barracks, and the chaps used to buy pictures ffrmn
'im to send 'one. But 'e slides up tr us funny like
and say-: 'You wanchy buy photo?' "No can,' says
Reddy. "Too much good photo,' says Wono. 'Juss
now too much pidgin. You walky chop chbp.' sa1j I.
'Suppo-y you looksee you buy'. 'e says. and shoves a
good big one--none of your two by fours--right uin-
der our noses, where we couldn't heip seeing it.
And there was Reddy and me at the exerction, right
in the foreground, as large as life. white duckr. sun-
'elmets, two stripes and all! Tlie soab must 'a been
in the cioiwd and we never saw 'im!


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""'More better you buy,' 'e says. 'Plenty much
people looksee shop juss now.'
'Reddy!' I says. 'The plot thickens!'
"It doe',' "e says. "Very little more and it'll be
too stiff to stir.' He sort o' sawallowed, and then 'e
says. "You supersaturated Wwine, 'ov muchy?'
-Five dollar.' saas Wong.
"I pretty nearly 'ad a fit, but Reddy 'e just swal
lowed again, and 'Five dollar catchy negative?' 'e
'Negative fifteen dollar.' says Winng. very
"That time I thought Reddy'd 'a had the fit, but
he managed to choke it down and say. 'Can do..
Jusr; now no got money. Too mui.hy pidgin have got.
Six o'clock ioume 'hop pay you..'
".You pay juts now,' says Wong, pretty loud and
nasty, and we *ad to 'and over five dollars for the
phot, and prcmie the other fifteen when we get the
That'-i torn it.' I says when 'e'd p.cne. 'rFitte
dollars!!' I says.
'You leave it t, me.' says Reddy. 'I'm not go.
ing to pay fifteen dollars nor anything like it.'
"There was b-und to be a Court of Enquriry on
Chong Sow's face, and we wei- Itusiy all that after-


noon arranging alibis in case questions were asked.
Reddy's having been to the typhoon shelter made it
easier, but it took so much of our money that we
couldn't 'a paid Wong fifteen dollars even if we'd
wanted to. We'd about four dollars left between us.
Reddy took the lot, and we went to the shop.
"I'd 'oped for a chance of choking Wong and
getting the negative for nothing, but he'd got a lot
of enlarged photographs of the execution in the
window. and they were drawing such a crowd that
we aren't try it.
S'Fifteen dollar.' 'e .-ays as soon as 'e sees u'.
"'Can do.' says Reddy. 'Liook:ee negative be-
"Pay my before,' say- 'Wong.
"'No blinking fear.' says Itedd.. 'Looksee
money,' and 'e pulls a handful of silver out of his
'Pay my,' says Wong.
'Pay you three dollar. luoksee.' say., Reddy.
"Can du,' says Wung, and Reddy 'auds over the
"\Wong went to fetih the negative, and we walled
near the back of the ship where the people outside
,couldn't see too nmuchi of us. He came back with the

negative, and as soon as we saw it vas on


..... i ........ ".. n .. n U ....... ... i w j w f a

\4 King St. HARDWARE Store

A Few of our Specialties.






\ __ \_ WALL BD.







131 TOOLS."









Marine Gardens LUMBER Yard.

plate. we let out two Hosannas and an Alleluia.
Reddy took the plate in his 'and, 'ad one good look
at it to make sure it was us, and let it drop on the
brick floor.
'."Oh, dear, what 'are I done!" 'e says. "I nn,
sorry," 'e says trampling about on the bits of glass
with "is tackety boots. 'This causes me unbearable
regret, you gamboge gallowsbird,' "e says, stamping
two or three times more. 'It's breaking my 'cart,'
'e says, 'to think I shan't pay you another cent, and
if I catch you alone I'll kick the august seat of
your honourable pants out through your 'igh-born
face," 'e says. and we both of us gives an extra
trample, and away we goes.
"Wong "adn't made all the fuss you might ex-
pect, but Reddy pointed out that 'e'd 'ad eight dol-
lars out of us for what wasn't worth one fifty. 'And
'e knows when 'C's beat,' 'e says. which showed lied-
dy didn't know 'is Chinaman any more than me.
"The next Saturday they held the C(,urt ou
Chong Sow. Reddy's alibi workedd all right. Ah
Fong and Ching Fat stood p and lied] like gentle-
men, and the Ciurt decided it wa. all Choing'.s ,.wn
fault. Poiur C'hong 'ad I st ,jUe eye for go.-od and we
lelt quite -orry for himn Tlhen we drew .our pay.

glas. 'Out on the hIarrai.k sq.Iuatr we ruln itin Wong
Koin An. He .eenmed anxious to meet us. and I be
un t.: I'cel queer. au-,e 'F. kllne Satird.iv wav r'a
da1. ju 1 I as w.ell as 11u3.
S"t'Ie slices up ti. LI a.ndi -d -, 'Y,,in winihy hIuy
rlt i ti? Tco o mr chy gi-oti r'hih't,. _. ire lictter yoiu
buy Seven dollar And *e .inn.ei au..r-her of the
pi. ti ires.
*"On d.:iz' n allfl m iu .' e sa.y,. l,.iking at
Reddly. 'Makuni Ijtr'e -lhiw yi r n i ec.itive. One
pie, y s even dr.llar' lMr're bett'-r -;>:,u- Tlic'h Iti;-"li:
fell n 'im.
".Just when they %iere all miixes up .-'n the .ru-
r(-l. their Major .umi-s round t(lie i:"rern ir iiih one o'
thle ,.tion Sergeant.
S''What's thi- .' W hal', thiW.'' "e i %ys. and theu
'i- eye light,, ,in the philot lying fatie up nnIl were
I 'ain' r tinie to put my f.rt i.n it.
SThe Court of Enquiry wasn't 'ardlv over. and
there wasn't nmuh chance for us with Iever'yhitly
talking ablut Chong Stw pinching the Number
Eight. and me mixed up in proving ',w Reddyr' been
.:n board all the time. *Conduck to the prejudice of
Stood order.' they called it. and the Ci.iirt Martial
loun.J us both guilty iand broke u-. and the GCeneral
'ad a special parade and talked about the force of
an example and corrupting the simple Chinese.
Simple Chi--my Gpd.'ri
"'They offered to send us to another station. bit
we both said we'd stay in Pow Lung till our time
wias up Reddy, 'e was drowned in a typhoon the
follriwing summer, twenty years ago "
S"You're a long way from Pow Lung now." I said,
to break the silence that followed
'When my turn came for 'ome." said Mr. 'Ohbu.
"'I bought my discharge and stayed out in the elec-
tric light works that Blake and Oiler was Installing.
Good pay there; and there's not mucuh in the Service
for a Non Corn on's been broke. I've been with
B. & 0. ever since; been about the ivorld a bit: I'm
tin nmy way to Guatemala now. *Oo says one before
lunch? I'm beginning to feel peckish Seems tu me
the sea's getting less "



The Army & Navy Stores,





The New I Ford Car

British Built (Canadian)

Report on Road Tests at Brooklands, England.

When an eight-cylinder engine of 30 h.p. R.A.C.
rating (developing 65-70 Brake Horse Power)
is harnessed to a car weighing only 23 cwt. com-
plete, something phenomenal in the way of ac-
celeration is to be expected. The new Ford V-
Eight. which complies with this specification, ful-
filled our expectations to the utmost.
In getaway up to 65 m.p.h. or so, this Ford can
vie with the finest sports cars; yet it is designed
to sell at a modest price. When we add that the
engine is exceptionally quiet and smooth, it will
be conceded that this new eight-cylinder car re-
presents an engineering achievement of consider-
able importance.
Tex.ts fromn Standing Start
The acceleration curves, which will be found
on this page, tell their own tale, but we
cannot forbear adding a few figures to
emphasize the really exceptional acceleration of
which this car is capable. From a standstill, for
example, by using the three forward speeds one
reaches a speed of 62 m.p.h. in a quarter of a
mile. On a time basis the result is even more
startling, 6U m.p.h. being reached from a stand-
ing start in just under 17 sees. Brooklands test
hill was actually climbed in top gear with a roll-
ing start at 30 m.p h.. the speed at the crest be-
ing 20 m.p.h. This famous gradient was then re-
climbed in bottom gear. from a standing start, in
just under 10 secs.. representing an average speed
of 24 m.p.h. The maximum gradient is I in 4 and
the average slope 1 in 5.02.
The gearbox provides three forward speeds and.
considering that the car will reach 57 m.p.h on
second, even tile most carping critic could hardly
claim four speeds to be necessary. The second
gear. incidentally, is very quiet and the synchro-
nised gear principle ensures easy engagement
without any necessity tor double declutching. On
tl: geear we reached a timed speed -of 76 m.p h.
over tlie half mile at Brooklands Track. despite
the fact that a certain amount of wheelspin wa'
>:.n-urrine .n the hnmpy eunrrete surface. With a
load at the hack ir' a -mootllchr track we imagine
that 80 m.p.h. could be reached.

From The Motor Magazine.
.Atr Ideal Traffic ('tr
It would be difficult to select a more suitable
car for rapidly threading one's way through heavy
traffic. The terrific acceleration is combined with
iight, fairly direct steering, a good lock and ex-
cellent brakes, while the overall dimensions of
the car are quite moderate. Consequently, with-
out taking any risks or employing tactics annoy.
ing to other drivers, one can get across the city
il reurd time. On the open road the car has a
delightfully quiet half-throttle cruising speed of
55 m.p.h. or so. and performs always in the effort.
less fashion associated with a high power-weight
ratio. On quite steep hills of the 1-in S type one
tan slow the car to walking pace and can then
accelerate without hesitation, all in top gear.
Top-gear Flc.ribility!
When driven in a more moderate manner, the
car is quite a delight to handle owing to its
smoothness and quiet running. The engine is so
flexible that one can throttle down to about 4
m.p.h. on the top gear ratio of 4.3 to 1. and its
quiet characteristic is retained at all moderate
throttle openings. There is a slight tendency to
roar during full throttle acceleration, but the
power reserve is so prodigious that one can afford
to avoid this fault, in normal circumstances, by
closing the throttle slightly.
An excellent characteristic of the car is its
extreme quietness on tile overrun. This is so
marked that one wonders at firt whether a free
wheel is titted, the impression being that the car
coasts ahen the throttle is closed.
Before concluding these notes on performance
it is only fair to point out that. checked through.
out the range at Brooklands Track. the speedo-
meter proved to be accurate. The rertormance of
the Ford V Eight certainly needs no assistaUce
ti:m .-peediimeter calibration!
The car tested an fitted with a short Tudor,
tlour- eater hidy known as the Vit toria coup:
this hid.d will ni.t. however. be sold in Englandl
Tile radiator and general appearance dre the ianme
:is in tle [1nur-i lincder type, but there ia a spe-cial

V-Eight badge on the crossbar between the head-
lamps. Viewed externally, the car gives no hint
of its exceptional performance, the bonnet, for
example, being only 2 ft. 9 ins. in length, owing
to the compactness of the V-type engine.
This engine, incidentally, is said to develop 65
b.h.p. at 3.400 r.p.m. and is a fine example of neat
construction. The mixture is distributed from a
single downdraught carburetter through passages
between the banks of the cylinders
At the front end there is a very neat. com-
pletely enclosed, ignition system with a pair of
distributors for the two rows of cylinders. A
water impeller at the front end of each block
assists the flow back to the radiator, these im-
pellers. together with a dynamo overhead, being
driven by a single belt from a crankshaft pulley.
An A.C. pump mounted between the cylinder
blocks feeds the petrol from a rear tank to the
carburetter. The fuel consumption was checked
over a 90 mile run which included a great deal
of traffic work and high speed teats on the track;
the figure of 16 m.p.g. obtained would no doubt
be bettered under more usual operating condi-
Sit chioii.i!ing Getr.t
The general chassis specification follows the
lines of the four-cylinder model with a unit con-
structed Synchronising gear bevel drive, trans-
verse springing and welded steel-spoked wheels
carrying 5i-in. (Goodyear tyres on 15-in rims.
The body is neat and practical and the con-
trols display several ingenious features. The
lights, for example, are connected to a handy
switch on the steering column. Farther down the
column there n1 a lock with a Yale type key by
means of which both the ignition switch and the
steering can be rendered inoperative.
Front seats art of the bucket type. lidably
mounted and tile driving pusirion is c.r.nmfl'rtahlp.
Visibility is, on the whole. quite goud. although
the near-side wing is not within view Oriven
hard on a warm davy lie cr renlainedl tree trom
tunie and engine heat.

Tabulated Data For The Driver

Ford V'-yhiil. Vl iicturia coupe
eight c:illlder in twu hanks:
-ide valve. 65 nimm. x 955 nim.
i:.6ilc i '.. tax 30. Coil ieni-
iull. autJoni.tic titin ll
t,,,I i(. r- Tli'Ce fr '. arrid peed s.
Sy tc-hrniio-ing tear change.
central -.introl Hariiw : l.3..
VI q6 and 12 22 to 1. Not'-A 4.1
tl-. 1 rear ;xlu rari., w ill u.r'
hl.l.ly I het-c e tauo.l rdi


Engtiio .'pecl: 1.0liI r.p.m. at 20
m p.h. on top gear.
., c'il' OIL t(.rt r : TIp. 6 Ill I h
secrind, 57 m p h. Minimum spe-etl.
tip gear. 4 ni.p h.
.t1. el rCitionl. Rest to t;i ni p i
through the cear-, It. 4-5 seot
It h riii. ', trt. Iu in-.: truck 4 it.
S ins ,j 'erall lenetli. 1: ft '.'
il ... u dthl 5 ft t.. ti -.


I'uii i, n ('tI i .s- Left, 39 ft.; right,
381 ft.
n'trhtl: Unladen, 23 c t.

tul II




I t-
IP t I tL I

o r U 4% *: I.is 0.3



___ r


--- I-





(il.'tlnute l front Pape 'Ji)
was anxious. She observed his wild air, his fever-
Ish, frightened, grief-stricken appearance, and her
look of apprehension deepened.
He shook hands with her, but did not offer t'
kiss her. She noticed that. He sat down and open-
ed the conversation: "Why have you come?"
"Not a word that you are glad to see me. which
means that you are not. You didn't come to the
house last night as you arranged, Henry."
"Should you not be glad? You resisted my sug-
gestion at first-I will say that for you. It was a
bad, an evil, suggestion. But you agreed after
wards; and had I come I should have been guilty
of a terrible sin, and you also; though perhaps yoni
would not have minded that much."
"Are you going to insult me. Henry? If I agreed
that you should come to me, when I ought to have
spurned your proposal, it was because I love you
and believe in you. I didn't doubt that you wonil
marry me a few weeks' time, and so what we might
do now, through love for one another, didn't seem
to me to matter much. Yet this morning you talk
to me as if I were a common girl. Have I been
deceived in you, after all?"
"Have I been deceived in you, Yvonne?"
"Just what do you mean? You are talking in
"W'ho sent you here tlhis morning, and ahy?"
"Nobody exactly sent me here; but my mnotho'
said she had noticed you hadn't been looking ver:.
well of late; she thinks there is something three
matter with you. She wants to see you, too. but
didn't care to write, so I said that I would come
and ask you to go round to the house with mr..
Baeide,. vou did not ruine last night as you said
you would "
"I haven't seen yourt mother since the day she
came into your drawing room with you-except, ct
course, last night. So I don't see when she could
have noticed anything about me-except last night."
"Last night?"
He was studying her countenance, her slight-
est gesture, her every movement. with inquisitorial
eyes. Unless she was a superb actress, she was
speaking and a-ting honestly. Evidently she knew
nothing about what the two women really were, ihe
was not one of their vile sisterhood. He had not
believed that she was, partly because he had not

wished to believe it. He felt immensely relieved.
But now there was something awful and yet neces-
sary for him to do. He must tell her the whole
truth. And she must decide to separate herselt
Irom the-e people and to leave that place of abomina-
lion without a day's delay.
"I was in the deserted cemetery last night," he
said slowly, "and your foster mother and aunt were
also there. I went hack sometime after leaving
yet,. and with my own eyes I witnessed an awful
and territe s.ight. Yvonne. y.our people are what is
calleri in this vountr) oleahwomen They are worse.
They are deliberate and self dedicated devil-worship-
pers. And. worse still, they are the cr:.nodiles that
have been tri ng to ri.b w hite babies tI ,offer them up
as a sacrifice to, the Devil!"
"G(ood God. Henry ldearest, what has happened
to you!" she nearly screamed. "You are ill, your
mind is breaking down. You don't know what 0i
are saying. Darling, it must be my fault. YJur
nerves are all shattered becmaI:e of me. You are
dreaming or imagining things, and you talk of them
as if they were real. Poor Henry! But you must
do something, darling. See a doctor and then go
away to the country for a couple of weeks. And
let me come with you-I could live in a different
house, but I would in the daytime be company fur
you. You can't imagine liow dreadful you look. andl
what hideous things you have been sayingg She
rose from her chair and went over to him, putting
an arm around his neck. "Darling, this is a ner-
vous breakdown." she whispered soothingly to bini.
"My people say they have seen it coming on."
'Your people are lying." He stood up, so that
she had to remove her arm. "You do not know
what your people are, Yvonne-and I thank Godr
that they are not really your own people. They have
kept their true nature aud their darker actions from
you. I am going to inform the police about them."
"And get talked about as being a madman
Henry. what are you thinking of? And what about
me? If you even hint at this "stupid fancy of yours.
people will talk, and they will talk about me anti
.ciii as well as about the t, l dd n omen you call
crocodiles Surely-" She suddenly changed her
(one, which was becoming angry. She softened it.
as though talking to one grievously sick. "You :,in
do what you like. darling: don't think of me. But
at least take a day or two to consider before you
act. And. for my sake. come and see my people to
day: that can do no b:irm. You will. won't you,.
des rest ?"
Her eyes were wide with a staring anxiety: he

could not doubt that she thought him crazed. She
would if she were innocent. But if she was inno-
cent she must be helped, and it was his duty to
stand by her. Yet he shrank from entering that
house, the influence of which was to arouse to fury
emotions and desires which once he would not have
thought it possible for himt to feel. and deep down
within his heart he feared to face those two women
whom he now though tf as almost evil spirits in
carnated. There were. however, the obligations of
his calling, there was his old resolve to outface
withes and witchcrPft. Should he play the coward
now that be knew for certain that such things ex
listed and were potent for evil? Should he act like
a man or like a pitiful weakling?
"I will go with you," he said. "Perhaps that
is the only way you can learn the truth."
She nodded, and he asked her to exc.u-e him tor
a minute. He went to his bedroom, opened a box
in which he kept his few mrst intimate belong-
ings and took from the bottom of it an old gold
vrutirix which had been in his family for many
generations before it had Iecorme nount o .rnrm
ist. It was a heirloom, treasured as such and not
particularly because of its religious associations. But
lie remembered his impression, s of last night, re-
membered how, instinctively, he had made the sign
of the cross when believing that be was pursued by
devilish agencies, and he saw good reason now nahy
he should equip himself with a sacred weapon on go-
ing into the very citadel of danger. It was a ma-
terial thing, it was true, but it related to spiritual
realities, and ever the Cross had stood in Christen-
dom as the symbol of the mercy and protection oif
He took his hat and went back to Yvonne. "i
an ready," he said'.
They left the house. Her car was waiting: in
a very little while they had arrived at her home;
and together they went in. He felt as he passed
through the gate that the old passion was being ex
cited in him. but with nothing like its recent power
and urge. He attributed this to the knowledge he
had gained but a few hours before, to his prayers
during the long hours he had spent on his knees in
his study, and also to his resolve to combat what he
now was certain was a form of enchantment.
"I will tell my mother you are here," M.id
Yvonne, and slipped out of the drawing room.
She returned almost immediately after witl
both her foster-mother and her aunt. These women
were dressed more or less alike, in the same sort

U'- U





4 aTwice the
man h e was
(---tanks to
IT -hcnst





Protection Puts Fear

Out of Your Mind.

You may go for years with-
out a fire in your building.
But Jear of fire blazes tip in
your mind many times every .
month. Whenever you hear
the shriek of the fire siren
or the roar of the fire engines
you wonder, "Can it be my
building?" When you hear
of a loss at sea, when your
goods arrive damaged you
wonder. "Why didn't I in--
You can face the fear of fire
and loss with an easy mind
if you are protected with an
the only ALL JAMAICA

Support Local Organizations and

Keep the Money in JAMAICA.


in which is merged




mmm mmmmmmmmmmmm mmmm mmmmmmfi

rr -- I I I a a wt



of costume Carson had first observed on Madam
They had been waiting for him.. A close ob-
server might have noticed that there was about
them an air of expectancy, an attitude of tension.
"You wanted me," said the young man abruptly.
"I am here."
"We thought, sir, about talking to you about
your marriage with Miss Yvonne. if you will pardon
the presumption," Madam Herriot began. "There
will be some business to settle. Miss Yvonne is
quite well off, rich, and it is only right that we, who
have been in a way her guardians, should hand
over our charge to you, who will shortly be her
husband-to you and her together, of course. If you
could name a lawyer whom you would prefer, we
"Is this all you wanted to see me about, Madam
Herriot?" he interrupted.
"Why, of course, sir; but it is very important.
We couldn't go on keeping Miss Yvonne's money and
property: remember, there is plenty of it."
"Quite so. I understand you very well, Madam
"We are all standing up," Madam Dunois ob-
served. "Won't your intended husband sit down,
"I will not. I was about to say that I under-
stand perfectly why you both want me to take over
Yvonne's interests. She is rich, I am poor; you
wish to bribe me with her money to keep silent
about what I saw last night; you are tempting me
even as the Devil your master tempted my Master
hundreds of years ago when he took Him to the
top of a high mountain and showed Him the king-
doms of the world and the glory thereof, and offered
them all to Him it only He would worship evil.' You
know what answer your master received. I give you
the same."
"Yvonne! Mr. Carson-ia he very well?"
It was Madame Herriot who spoke, and her
voice expressed just the right shade of hewilder
ment and anxiety.
"Let us have no more of all this acting," cried
the young man imperatively. "Before your faces I
will tell Yvonne what happened in the cemetery at
the back of this house last night."
He began his story, his tones vibrant with in-
dignation, horror and disgust. The four of the-n
remained standing, their figure stiffened. When he
spoke of the tire he had seeu glimmering in the dis-
tance. and then suddenly flaring up. Yvonni'., eyes
opened in a spasm of surprise and then closed as
it to' shut out .some ominous memory. Her face grew
troubled, startled. She fixed eyes wild with suspicion
on the faces oif the two older women. They were set
like masks.
Mr. Carson went bitterly on. He told of the
worship of Satan, the invocation, the promise of
child -~rniee. the transformation from human shape
into reptilian form, and the unfortunate girl sank
down on a chair moaning and sobbing, her face
buried in her hands. He told how he had fled out
of that devil temple before the women had 'com-
pletely become crocodiles, how what he thought were
fiends had pursued him with gibes and curses, how
he had escaped, and then lie added. "Yvonne too
(Continued on Page 58)


First Grade Merchandise




1. Boots and Shoes
2. Gents' Outfitting
3. Ladies' Dress Goods
4. Household Goods
5. Fancy Dress Trimmings
6. Hosiery
7. Haberdashery

8. Millinery
When you Visit
King Street,
Don't Forget




S R. John Crook came of age in Jamaica this year,
1932. Twenty-oue years ago he arrived in Ja-
maica, a quiet, energetic man, to take charge of an
enterprise new to this country. For ten years he
had been engaged in the manufacturing department
of the National Biscuit Company of New York. In
that organisation he had learnt thoroughly all that
pertains to the manufacturing of biscuits of every
description, and he wvas sele ted' by the promoters
of the Jamaica Biscuit Company to be their manager
and expert in the making of Jamaica biscuits. You
may safely conclude that he made no particular
parade of his knowledge and competence. Self-as-
sertion is not one of the marks of his character. -But
he must have very favourably impressed the men
at the head of the new enterprise, for they gave him
a free hand to go ahead. So he went ah'-ad.. and in
a little while it was seen that the local Biscuit Com-
pany was headed towards suiic-.-.
Year by year the business grew, and its pro-i
ducts earned an increasing degree of popularity. The
water-cracker, long the staple of many a child's
Ilreakfat- and luncheon, became even more widely
iini:umid than it had been. The flavoured biscuits
--' Av-t biscuits" as they are called in Jamaica-
w .. the piullii:'- av.,lur also. At the end of a decade
Mr. iCro:k c. iullJ feel that the foundations of the
business he managed' v. ere l..'- -fully laiil.
But tho'ugah a ery quiet, uo-.'.-I-I asetti ting man,
Mr. Cro-k possesses a great re.-erve of energy, and
some of that energy he could devote to other under-

takings.. In 1920, therefore, supported by a group of
well-known and able businessmen or this country,
Mr. Crook embarked upon the motor-car selling busi-
ness. The Jamaica agency for the Dodge cars and
trucks was obtained, and here again success was
soon apparent. The headquarters of the Iodge
Agency had, with the steady growth of operations,
to be removed from the west end of Harbour Street
to more commodious quarters in Church and Har-
bour Streets, the selling of the de Soto cars was
added to the enterprise, and in 1931 the agency for
the Austin (English cars) was also secured. This
represents a progressive development, nor is the story
of this development complete until we add that Mr.
John Crook also represents the Lister English trucks
in this country, and the Firestone Tyres.
An unfortunate tire having destroyed the build-
ings in Harbour Street l in June last I Mr. Cr,-ok
promptly secured premises in Hatniver Street, and
there the motor car business of which he it- the man
ager, is now carried on. Not a day's unntrcssary de-
lay was allowed to supervene and priocrastination is
not characteristic of Mr Crook.
SHe is known to his friends, and they are many,
as John. There is actually a cocktail that bears his
name, the John Crook .pecial. In hi- quiet way
he suggested the mixture. and unw it you go to the
Myrtle Bank Hotel and ask for a John Crook special
you will be served with one of the most delicious
drinks that you can get in Jamaia or anywhere
else, the flavour of it is as genial as the man hint
self. This is an achievement. We suspect that it
was an Italian who invented the Martini cocktail,
and by that he must have won fame. Who shall say
that the John Crook cocktail will not gradually make
its way in the world? But John introduced it. only
to those he knew. And you will admit that when a
man has a claim to popular regard as a reliable busi-
nessman, dealing in reliable cars and trucks, as a
manufacturer of satisfactory biscuits, and as the inr
venter of a cocktail, that man is someone whom even
strangers should appreciate.
Strangers, indeed, after they have become ac-
quainted with John Crook. fall easily into the habit
of regarding him as a friend. It is not that he goes
out of Iris way to ,,iurt their friendship: persons
who do this are too often insincere, and sincerity is
h ilallmark ,o' .lhn (rook'-s character. People like
him hecaui-ie thFy perceive that he i, a true .o'rt of
man, a transiparently honest man. a genuine man.
They know hin now after twenty-one 'years of
ar'cu.initance hip It' a man is not yet i.:'- n in that
rime. there is nothing to kni-w aihonit hii. lie is non-
descript. And as defect arc even tjore qiurkly per-
ceived than decent 'lualtiic:. anything repellent or
repiehenlihle- in anyone it will not take you long
to discover. But J.lhn Crook ha. -'to:dl the test dur.
ing twenty-one year-. of rativiry in a -mall i:,-,n
nitniixty velry i lui: iiitere-teil in perso'nalities.: and
:it hi >:...mine -t' -f age ii J.amaii:, lie -tands higher
in thel g'nerul re--ard than ever he did. Englaud.
Amerii a und Jainiica he has lived anul worked in.
and everywhere he has made friends on whom he
can count. because they ilso fXel that lie is one upon
whm others can safely count.

1* / -



hi.-i t ahs Iiraij Bf rE. ,irn.JIl CoROnlirs







I,- '



53,in o:5ng'IL

"' ..n...................................n. .fu1|nom ......... u..I mli en l | nm

S:t7 T ,. tLo


(Continued from Page 57)
saw the fire from your own verandah one night and
caught the odour of your incense. She spoke to me
about it. That was what induced me to make a
"Is this true, Yvonne?"
"Yes, m--," but everyone noticed that the girl
stopped herself from pronouncing the word "moth-
er." The elision indicated that she was drawing
herself away from the woman against whom so crush-
ing an accusation had been brought.
Madam Herriot spoke.
"You, Yvonne, saw for a moment what you took
to be a fire some distance off, and you smelt
something-smells are common enough in this
neighbourhood, I fancy. And you told your lover,
and he goes at night stumbling about a dark, de-
serted graveyard, hits his head against a tree and
is stunned, or falls asleep-he admits it was
late. He had been thinking about crocodiles and
stolen babies, and so had a nightmare, and now he
comes and accuses two friendless women, whose
only fault is that they are foreigners, of being
witches and what-not! I could laugh if the matter
did not closely concern you, Yvonne. But when you
look into it, you see it for just what it is-"
"The truth! The truth, Madam Herriot, is what
it is, and you know it. Will you and your sister
go now, immediately, with me and Yvonne to the
burial ground? I will prove to her what took place
there last night."
"Certainly we will go with you, sir; I myself
would have suggested that if I had thought you
could continue to believe in your fantasy. But
after leaving here you should see a doctor about
your nerves. You have been working too hard and
are on the verge of a nervous collapse!"
Madam Herriot moved off at that, and the others
followed her. She passed through the house,
through her backyard, and came to the fence of
cactus and shrubs that separated the yard from the
cemetery. There were gaps in this fence here and
there. "For easy ingress and egress," muttered Car-
son, and Yvonne began to cry quietly once more.
They were in the ancient cemetery. That at-
mosphere of stillness, of desertion, of sadness, which
seems inseparable from any spot where men ana
women have been laid to rest, pervaded this plot of
earth which had so long been devoted to the dead.
But now both Henry and Yvonne, perhaps because
their minds were more keenly attuned than ever to
the slightest impression, noticed that while in all
other graveyards in this country that they had
visited there would be birds flitting from tree to
tree, uttering their calls or chirps of joy, the brood-
ing silence of this one was unbroken by a single
innocent, cheerful sound. Not a bird could they see
or hear. The little creatures by instinct shunned
this place.
Presently Carson pointed to where two or three
tombs, built of a reddish but now age-darkened
brick, stood in a fairly good state of preservation
still. They walked in silence towards these, look-
ing at each in turn. Except that the surfaces of

----~ ----------------- ------ -


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them were very clean, considering that mould and
dust and bits of twig and drifting leaves shoul.l
have been found on them, they gave no indication
of having been used for any purpose: not a splin-
ter of coal was to be seen on any one of them, not
a charred sliver of wood, nothing like ashes.
And no suspicious cinders or ash on the ground
about them.
"You see?" said Mladam Herriot quietly. "But
perhaps you would like to examine every tomb or
grave in this place. I can spare you the time."
Henry Carson felt puzzled, baffled. Not that he
fancied he had been the victim of any hallucina-
tion; he knew better than that. lie had expected,
too, that these foreign aomen would have removed
as quickly and as thoroughly as possible the traces
and evidence of their fire: they must have been in
the habit of doing so for some time now. But that
it should have been done so completely: that was
the astonishing thing. Only, it had been done, in
a way, too completely. The exposed surfaces of
these tombs were far, too clean.
Yvonne's face brightened perceptibly. The calm
assurance of Madam Herriot and her sister, the ab-
sence of any tell-tale signs on the tombs, convinced
her that Henry had had a terrible nightmare: she
hoped it was nothing worse with him than that.

'*Shall we go back to the house now?" she asked.
She wanted to get away from this cemetery as quick-
ly as possible.
But Carson lingered. He was thinking. Then
he- beckoned Yvonne and the others and walked to-
wards the tomb'farthest off. He rubbed his fingers
into the interstices of mortar between'the bricks;
a little dust clung to the fingers. He went to the
second tomb, the largest there. He repeated the
process and held up his hand. The fingers were
black. "Coal dust?" he suggested, and Yvonne, in'
stantly, was rubbing with her own hand at the
The other women made no comment. But a
sickly greyish look spread slowly over their faces
as Yvonne shook her right hand, palm outwards, at
them. It was black.
S They began to move back towards the house
like a funeral procession. Yvonne was clinging to
Henry Carson, was trembling violently, on the verge
of hysterics. Carson was pale, stern, as if he had
made up his mind irrevocably to a course ;f action
which must test to the utmost his courage and his
They went into the drawing room, and Madam
Herriot and her sister seated themselves without
(Continued on Page 61)

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n Hon, Leonard DeCordova. Chairman.
SA. H. D'Costa, Esq., Deputy Chairman.
T. N. Aguilar Esq., Hon. Sir William Morrison.
L. P. Downer Esq., -F. M. Kerr-Jarrett Esq.
H Hon, J. H. Phillipps Hon. Percy Lindo,
SHon. G. Seymour-Seymour.

The many advantages this Mutual and Local Society offers, its steady and
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to place your Assurance.

Prompt Payment of Claims:--
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of claims.

The Triennial Bonuses have from their inception ranked amongst the largest
declared by any office.
B Absolute Security Protection and Investment provided by its Policies.
For rates, etc., apply to
Travelling Agent. Asst. Trav. Agent.














('.u rl ;imcrl from Page 58)
waiting for anyone's suggestion. They had assumed a
new air, a dominant purpusetul attitude Yv..nne had
thrown herself, half prostrate upon a couch. Henry
Carson remained standing.
"I think I should tell you, Madam Herriot," he
said, "that in a minute I shall be leaving here, and
I am taking the re.po:nsibilitv of sending in a police-
man to see that you do not tamper any fur'lter will
the tomb on which you burnt your hell-lire last
night. Then I am going to relate what I know to
the Inspector of Police."
"And your statement will result in your being
examined for lunacy, Monsieur Carson: that and no-
thing else. You are a fool, young man. What evi-
dence have you against us? Something like coal
dust on a tomb? Anyone may have put it there.
You will swear you saw us turn ourselves into cro
codiles? Who will believe you, and, even if they d...
it is your unsupported word against ours--our
against two. You will say that you saw us in the
cemetery? But where were you yourself, and what
were you doing there so near to our house? You
have been coming to visit Yvonne, you are to marry
her; she has money, but most of it is in our keep-
ing: will it not be thought that your proximity to
this place at so late an hour was for no very pro-
per purpose, and that your effort to get us indicted
tor obeah or witchcraft is motivated by greed, by
your wish to get Yvonne and her wealth entirely
into your possession? What do you take us for?
Two ignorant coloured women? My dear young man,
we have not that reputation elsewhere! You can go
away and say what you like, but no policeman wouhil
dare touch us. And you would have dragged Yvonne'a
name in the dust. and you would carry with you a
curse that would bring you in torment to disgrace
and eventually[ to death." The look on Mladam Her
riot's face was one of ineffable contempt. She spoke
as one having the power to make good her words.
"So you admit that you have power to do c-vil
things?" Carson asked in a stranglel voice.
res," replied Madam Dunois. "Concealment is
impossible any longer, we well know, so we will ad-
mit it. But how does that affect you and Yvonne?
She has nothing to do with it, and never will have if
you marry her. You r,,,'s marry her. Don't you
see, don't you reall.,e that that is the only way to
saie her? And you lorve her- that at least you will
not deny."
"Listen," added Madam Herriot. "if you marry
Yvonne we swear to leave .Tamaica for ever. We will
never trouble, you. The crocodile will no more te
seen, the children will be safe. Remember, Yvonne
is rich. What she has will be shared with you.
Only, you must remain in the ministry; you must
not leave it and go in for a worldly career. For In
it lies your safety and hers. I want you to under-
stand that clearly.
"You see, I offer you, on the one hand, wealth,
comfort, a beautiful bride; and you could have
had all these without any dangerous knowledge or
care if you had left what did not concern you alone.
On the other hand it is disgrace and ruin for Yvonne,

and disgaid.e and a horrible death for y'mu and youi
may lose your soul for ever in the bargain, if you
fall us and this child at the last. For I can curse
you. I have that power over, you. You love
Yvonne now, but at first it was we, my sister
and I, who willed that you should, who worked that
you should. We put a spell upon you. It was
strongest when you were in this place, weaker out-
side, but always it has operated. Break that spel.
completely, if you can, and the consequence must
be on your own head. And on that of Yvonne.
For, unhappily, we cannot prevent Yvonne from suf-
fering, if you fail her, and it is to save her that we
have tililed-even to secure white, innocent human
infants as sacrifices for our Master."
"T will not accept your terms, you witch!" thun-
dered the parson. "I liked this poor unfortunate
girl; I night, without any interference from you,
have come to love her. But the lust you made her
evoke in me, or you yourselves evoked by evil means,
is a vile thing: I have felt it as vile; there has been
niithing like pure love about it. And that is your
curse, you turn even good to evil. It is lust that you
created in me, and in her, and-"
"And but because we watched over her very
carefully, sir, you, a man of God, would have se-
duced her! Strange that your holiness was not of
itself sufficiently strong to protect either her or
you! But we watched. For short spaces of time,
when we change our form, we can render ourselves
invisible. One or other of us has been near to you
both wherever you have been at night; it was a cruel
mischance that you went rowing yesterday by the
light of day. for we must remain in our own natural
forms by day and then cannot overhear your plans
or follow you about. You see, we are frank with
you. For we know that you dare not leave Yvonne
to per-ili. We are evil, yes, but her we love, and
that is the one good thing in all our lives. She
is all that remains to us, and you alone can s"ve
Ler. Marry her, and we shall disappear. Do you
"T cannot. I can make no bargain with witches;
it is torbidden by God. And if I did what you
ask, if I remained in the ministry, that would not
help Yvonne and me: God is not to be put off with
appearances. You called upon Baal or Moloch last
night; we who are servants of the Lord have
been commanded from olden times to destroy the
altars of Baal. to denounce and put to the sword
the priests of Moloch. Whatever may be thought of
my sanity, I will denounce you to the police: at
least they can investigate more carefully your career
as obeahwomen and so may bring you to merited pun-
ishment. As for your fo-.terddnluhter. Madam Her-
"My daughter. My daughter by birth: flesh of
my flesh, blood of my blood, bone of my bone. But
not mind of my mind. Not yet like us in spirit
and practice. though doomed to it by tradition and
descent unles-s .uu save her-and yourself. You
fool. do you kn.-,w who we are? Our fathers sacri-
tlied to Baal on the altars of Carthage. From the
ancient Phoenicians do we descend. The lore and
the mysteries of ages are ours; and if Satan is
our Master, at least he endows us with power. 1
will tell you our story, for the sake of poor Yvonue.
It is our love for her that is bringing us to earthly

ruin. Our soufs were forfeit'ev'en %eore she was
born. Our effort has been to prevent hers. from be-
ing lost. For that we are suffering even uow ant
are at war with Him we b'ave alwaXs served. W&
are content to be lost if only Yvonne may be saved.
--- _- I

A TENSE stillness followed,..then Yvonne gave
a gasp of horror. The revelation came to herx
with shattering effect; on the instant she felt that
an impassable chasm had yawned between her and
the,man on whose face an intense aversion for the
two women was so vividly expressed.
Yvonne had entertained always a true affection
for these women with whom she had been asso-
ciated as far back as she could remember: but al-
ways also she had been secretly gratified by .the ie
lief that they were no close blood relatives ot hers.
That some relationship might subsist between them
she had conceived to be quite possible, although bith
Madam Herriot and Madam Dunois htad never hither-
to claimed the slightest consanguinity with her. Yet
she had herself noticed the resemblance between her


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and them, and like Henry Carson she had deduced
a sort of cousinship. But she had been brought up
to regard herself as on a different social plane from
theirs, she had accepted their service and their care
as coming from persons of an inferior position, she
had not thought It strange that she should live a life
different from theirs and that they should accept
their social separation as a thing of course. So that
now when Madam Herriot claimed her as her daugh-
ter she felt as though, she had in an instant been
hurled down from the pedestal on which she had
always stood, especially so as the woman stood there
accused as a criminal and as a devil-worshipper who
had trafficked in evil the most heinous, the most
revolting, and had been plotting and planning child
She fixed her eyes on Carson's face. She thought
she saw there an irrevocable renunciation of her.
He was looking at her as though she too were some-
thing unholy, something beyond the pale of human-
ity, a pariah bearing the stigmata of all those crea-
tures who from immemorable time had been looked
upon as outcasts among men and as servitors of
hell. And, indeed, at that instant, she was rightly
interpreting her lover's feeling. For the blood re-
lationship so convincingly claimed by Madam Her-
riot seemed to Henry Carson to link Yvonne in-
eluctably with the life and the fortunes, the career
and the sin, of the dark towering sorceress whose
secret he had been able, with the assistance of her
own daughter, to discover.
"It is a lie!" broke out Yvonne fiercely. "It is
a lie that you have told for some reason of your

own. Never before have you dared claim me as a
child of yours; you've said again and again that my
mother died when I was an infant, that you had
been her servant, that my father left me in your
charge; now that you are found out to be what you
are, now that the truth about you is known, you try
to fasten yourself upon me as my mother in the
hope that that will save you. Don't believe her,
Henry! I have known nothing of what she is, and
I loathe what she has done as much as you do. It
is wicked of her to try to involve me in her guilt.
It is a lie, I tell you. I feel, I know it!"
"I might accuse you of ingratitude, Yvonne;
what you have just said, after all these years of my
kindness to you, is hardly excusable even if you
are of my own flesh and blood," said Madam Her-
riot. "But do not think I have claimed you as
my daughter in order to save myself and my sister.
I have claimed you as my daughter to save you. If
this young man were to go from here and accuse us
to the Police, with whom, as we happen to know, he
is already in league, what do you think would hap-
pen? Do you believe that your 'relationship to us
would not become known? It would have to be when
our legal affairs were enquired into; at the very
least there would be many here to suspect that you
were my own child, in spite of anything we might
have said, and the taint of our disgrace would still
cling to you. We are not afraid of anything your
lover might try to do to us. I could blast him
where he stands if I chose. He knows something
of the powers we wield; we are devil-worshippers,
yes, but, being so we have something of the power


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that our Master commands. I could' make him dumb
for life; I could make him creep on hands and knees
for the balance of his days; I could slay him out-
right at this moment, and the doctors would say he
had died of a stroke of apoplexy. We have nothing
to fear from him. But if we destroyed him your
destruction would follow also; it is to save you from
misery on this earth and from Hell after death that
we have brought you t,.gether, have plotted and plan-
ned that he should' love you, have worked that he
should take you away from all this and so rescue
you from the doom of your heritage. We are lost.
But you might yet be saved, and if he loves you, if
he is a man worthy of the faith you have reposed
in him, ie nuill not desert you now that he knows
what we are. Perhaps when I have finished what I
have to say you both will the better understand.
For that reason I will tell him who we are.
She paused for a moment: "Let us sit down,"
she said, in a tone of quiet command.
They obeyed, and Madam Herriot, fixing her
eyes beyond them, as if she were peering into an 11-
limitable distance, commenced her story.
"We, my sister and I," she said quietly, "and
Yvonne also, are partly by race of the ancient Phoe-
nicians. You know, something about them, Monsieur
Carson; you have read in your bible how the people
of Tyre and Sidon worshipped Baal, and how time
and again the influence of the Phoenician nations
around them caused the Children of Israel to follow
after strange gods and to offer their little ones to
Baal and Ashtaroth. Elijah fought the priests of
Baal and caused their blood' to flow on Mount Car-
mel, but they came back to the land of the Hebrews;
the Roman legions slaughtered the Carthagenians
and threw down the altars of Baal, and razed his
temples so that not one stone remained standing
upon another, nevertheless the worship of the Mighty
One continued, for Baal is the lord of evil and evil
is still triumphant in this world. In far-off ages our
ancestors were priests of Baal. The strongholds of
our w irship were sacked and burnt, we were driven
hither and thither like dead leaves whirled by the
wind, our blood became mixed with that of the
alien peoples amongst whom we found ourselves, so
that today we are of Negro as well as of Phoenician
race. But the memory of what we had been persist-
ed, and from father to son, from mother to daughter,
we were dedicated to the same service, the same
worship. In Africa, in these islands, wherever we
have been, it has been the same with us. We have
not been able to escape our destiny and our doom,
though now and then one of us has tried to break


I _

-m m m

~13 ~im~ ~a~p~c~,


the link that bound us to the chain of our past. At
last we- my sister andmyself-came to believe, to-
know that there was indeed one way in which that
link might be broken. You, Monsieur Carson, may
be the instrument of a great liberation.
"When Yvonne was born we determined that she
should be brought up in ignorance of our origin and
our practices. My husband was a Frenchman: he was,
a weak man; I suppose it would be said that I trap-
ped him into a marriage, for he was by birth a man
of the better classes, though poor. I fascinated him,
perhaps terrorised him-so some of my enemies said;
at any rate I made up my mind that he should marry
me, and he did. Then Yvonne was born, and be-
cause we knew what had been the fate of all our peo-
ple, my sister and I were resolved that Yvonne should
escape that fate. My sister had also married. Her
husband died three weeks after their wedding, shock-
ed to the grave by his discovery that his wife was
a modern priestess of Baal. She had loved him; like
myself, she was horrified at the doom which inevi-
ably overtook, not only those who were of our own
blood, but also those who were united with us. But
these, so far as we could know, had been careless
about sacred things; unbelievers or scoffers, or men
and women who did not pare. We felt certain that
if one of us had been brought up free of all taint of
devil-worshipping, and allied in love, honestly, sin-
cerely, in the eyes of God and man, to someone de-
voted to the service of God, that member of our
family would escape the judgment that had always
fallen upon us.
"Yvonne was the last of our race, of our own
family. We wished her to ,be free of the evil to
which our lives were pledged. She could marry some
man whose life was devoted to religious duties, who
should love and protect her, and keep her from harm
in so far as a man can keep from harm the woman
for whom he cares. Only so, we were convinced,
would she be safe from our own fate; and to that
end we worked.
"'She knew nothing of her family save the story
we told her. She was sent to a convent school in
France, though not to be brought up as a Catholic.
For even while she was a baby we conceived the
idea of marrying her to some Christian clergyman,
and of course a Catholic girl, convent-bred, would
hardly ever do that. As a minister's wife, in a min-
ister's house, with the duties of a minister's wife to
perform, she would be as safe, we thought, as human
agency could possibly make her.
"As Yvonne grew up we saw that she was world-
ly; that she loved gaiety, admiration, the flattery of
men. All the more reason then why we should per-
sist in our plan; and we did.
"We also saw, with relief and thankfulness, that
she showed no inclination to enquire into the dark
mysteries with which we ourselves were identified.
We have heard her talk about witchcraft with con-
tempt, about necromancy as a delusion of the ignor-
ant. She has felt no terrible call of the blood, no
compelling passion for evil things that are done in
the dark and are '.n-iid-red shameful even by those
who practise them. She--"
'"And yet you risked everything by putting a
spell upon us both, a love spell I suppose you would
Call it," Carson broke in, "which might have led to
your daughter's degradation. For it excited in us

both a terrible lusi. You brought her to the very
-brink of the pit while pretending to be intent upon
her salvation!"
"I know, Monsieur Carson; we took a terrible
risk;- it is our curse that nothing we can do can be
free from evil or the risk of dreadful consequences.
Yes, it is true that whenever you were with Yvonne
our influence was upon you; you had to he fascinat-
ed by her, and although we believed that you would
come to love Yvonne without any effort of ours to
make you do so, we were afraid to leave everything
to the mere process of time. Yet we watched over
her. One or the other of us was never far from
her when she was with you. That night on the lone-
ly road, that night in the garden, that night by the
seashore, far from the city-always one of us ap-
peared at the moment of danger, though our Master
himself was tempting you both. i
"But surely you love her now, apart from any-
thing we may have done or can do. Surely, had you
known her only, and we been dead or far away, you
would have come to love her. She is a good girl,
beautiful, educated, well-bred, wealthy; if you marry
her and take her away, leave this country with her,
leave us to go our own way-you will never see
us again, we shall never trouble you-the memory of
what you have seen in the last four-and-twenty hours,
and of all that you know, will become fainter and
fainter, as the memory of a nightmare vanishes after
one is awake."
"Then why, if you knew all this, did you tell
him you are my mother!" cried Yvonne.
"To stop him from taking a step which could
never be retracted, and the results of which could
never be prevented: that is why. But let me con-
"For some time we were seeking to find a
man who would suit her. We found him at last in
you, Monsieur Carson. At least, we thought ru.
"It was at my suggestion that Yvonne attend-
ed your church; we brought you together. But you
will understand that in all this we have been pitting
our wills against the will of our Master; he knows
every effort we have made to save Yvonne; we know
that he works to frustrate us. We have pleaded with
him, but he demands that if Yvonne is to escape we
must make to him the sacrifices made by his priests
in ancient Tyre and Sidon and in Carthage and else-
where. That is why we have sought to obtain
children acceptable for sacrifice; their souls could
not have been endangered. You have frustrated us.
We cannot now succeed. Even so, Yvonne may be
rescued from a terrible fate. That depends entirely
upon you."
"Upon me?" asked Henry incredulously.
"Yes, Yvonne is innocent of any wrong; if you
marry her, you, a servant of God, you can remove her
from evil influences."
"Evil influences are at work upon us every mo-
ment of the day, every second of our lives," answ-
ered the young man sadly. "I have been prey to
them more acutely since I set foot within this house,
and I am most unworthy. I can save no one; God
alone can do that, and wishes to. Do you for-
get that we are endowed with will to fight tempta-
tion? Do you not see that even you and your sis-
ter may escape everlasting death if you but repent
(Continued on Page 78)




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Breeders of Pure Bred and Grade Indian Cattle-as well as Butchers' Cattle. A herd of 5,000 head carried and
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Zhhe Lol o


N EARLY there, Bcoano!" called the native ser- "But-" T
vant from the corridor. "I can see the at the frighte
houses!" under the sea
"Stick" Johnson roused himself and stretched he exclaimed.
his gaunt height towards the carriage roof. thing myself!'
*'Good!" he said, and followed by his companion. "I know-
walked out into the corridor. Stick Johl
Although it was only eight o'clock. the sun ihal round the con
already cleared the tops of the ragged hills which repeated, sensi
blocked out the eastern horizon, and was beginning I saw it!"
to make itself felt in the morning air. The two men A sudden
stared towards the distant cluster of native houses, window. The
wreathed in the blue smoke of their cooking fires, ment later the
and one of them sighed. exact counter
"Z- is all right for a holiday." observed Stick carriage.
Johnson, "but give me Berago every day in the week.
I'm really glad to be home again!"
John Lawrence. cashier of the Mina Plantatiln abruptly as hb
Company. shook his head doubtfully. of the two
"It's all right for you. with your own gardens with youfel
and plenty of money," be said. "You can leave it or a
whenever you feel like it. But when you're placed he planer
like me-and stuck here all the time-it gets pretty Morning
monotonous." te safe.
"But you get out of it every month." objected eorge J
the planter. "'Mlen wh
"Once a month-to eo up to Z- for the native Mine"
wages! his tongue.
The planter laughed and drew in his head. "You're not five inu
The newi
a grouper," he said, walking back to the compart.- shier in
nent. '"When you'vee been as long in the country asked, at i
as I have. you'll learn to take life as it comes!"
"'Maybe!" The other's voice was dubious. Suddenly
"Maybe," he said again, as lie got down on his knees was past and
and reached under the seat. His voice was
A sudden, stifled cry cut at ross the compartment. "Run ant
White faced, the cashier sprang to his feet just as "I'll see the s
Stiik Johnson swune round in alarm. you get back
"What on earth't the natter?" he cried, how!"
"The safe. man'-it's gone!" While hi
"Ol.ne? Gone where? What d'y'ou mean cashier ransa
"It's gone. Stick. It isn't here!" The cashier'- They went in
voice was almost hysterical. "It's gone!" peai coach, bI


'he planter was speechless. He looked
ned face of the cashier and then felt
t for himself. "But it can't be gone,"
"It was here a minute ago: I saw the
-I know. But it's gone now!"
nson rose slowly to his feet and looked
apartment. "But it can't be gone!" he
elessly. "It was only a moment ago that

jar brought both men's eyes to the
train had reached the station. A mo.
e door opened and a man who was the
part of Stick Johnson jumped into the

hullo!" he cried cheerily, hut stopped
e saw the blank expression on the faces
ien. "'What the dickens is the matter
)ws?" he asked, in a different voice.
moment neither of them spoke, and then
lade an obviou.- effort.
. George." he said. "Someone's stolen
jhnson stared. "What safe?" be asked
safe? What do you mean?"
broke in the cashier. suddenly finding
'Mine! It was standing under the se.t
tes ago-and now it's gone!"
comer glanced from his brother to lthe
ne bewilderment. "But who's taken it?"
:he same time looking under both seat-.
the planter stiffened. The first shock
once again he was the man of action.
s brisk.
d feti:h the police. George." he ordered.
itation-master and hold up the train till
. The thing's got to be found some-
s brother was away, Stick and the
cked the compartment from end to enll
ito every compartment in the one Eur-.
but not a sign of the safe did they find

Twenty minutes later George came back with the in-
'Now what's the trouble?" asked the latter, as
he shook hands.
Very briefly the cashier outlined the extraor-
dinary circumstances of the safe's disappearance, and
forthwith, as a precautionary measure, the inspector
sent two native constables to search the train from
end to end. That done, he stepped into the car-
"Where uvas the safe?" he asked.
"Under the seat there!"
The inspector got down and looked for himself.
"Well it's certain that it isn't there now!" he ob-
served cheerfully. A single glance round the carriage
and along the corridor, and he sat down. "When did
you miss it?" he asked.
'Just now!" replied the cashier. "Stick and I
went out into the corridor to have a look at Berago,
and when we came back I put my hand under the
seat to fetch it out-and it wasn't there."
"How long were you out in the corridor?"
The cashier glanced at the planter, who had
dropped into the opposite seat "How long. Stick?
Not more than a minute?"
"If that!' agreed the other
"A minute?" The inspector knitted his brow,.
"Doesn't seem possible." he muttered. "And you were
"By that end window!"
"And how big would the safe be?"
'About two feet long by one wide and one deep
"Good Lord! A big thing! How heavy?"
Well. there were. twelve thousand rupees In-
side. apart from the weight of the safe"
"What, in cash?" The inspector was getting
niore and more surprised.
"Half each. Six thousand in coin and six in
notes." replied the cashier.
The inspector scratched his head. He was a
yvuug fellow, and only eighteen months out from
England. "You've n. suggestion to offer?" he askei
at last.
"All I know is that the safe was there when I
(Continued on Page d6)

























z Baffling Mystery with

> e ,,a Dramatic Conclusion

I SIZ I Lv./ %J_^JLA


TH E L O T SE packed a pair of pyjamas, a white suit, a pair of
El O shoes, and was struggling with a coat-hanger when
the inspector caught his arm.

(Contineed front, Page 65)
went out into the corridor-and gone when I came
back!" repeated the cashier, wearily.
"And there's not much help in that! What do
you think, Stick?"
The planter lifted a puzzled eyebrow. "'More or
less the same as Lawrence," he said. "I'm banged
if I can give any explanation at all! As he says.
the thing was there one minute ago and gone th:'
next. Had it been a diamond ring. or a packet of
Sbank-notes. I should ha\e suspected the buy. but with
a thing like a safe-well, you can't walk off with a
safe under your arm and not be seen!"
"What boy are you speaking of?" asked the in-
spector sharply.
"Lawrence's boy. He was standing in The cor-
ridor there. It was he who gave us first warning of
our arrival. just before we went out to look at
"Ha'" The inspector was on his feet. "We'll
nab him as a start off!"
"What for?" asked Lawrence. "How does he
come into it?"
"As I see the business, there is only one pos-
sible solution. While you and Stick were in the
corridor the boy-or some boy-pinched the safe and
pitched it through the window."
"What window?" asked Stick
The inspector glanced towards the window o.p
posite the corridor. "That one. I should imagine!"
he said.
The planter shook his head. "Won't do. Grant,"
he explained. "'That door is locked, and has been
locked ever since we left Z- Last night we slept
with the wooden sun blinds down-and bolted-and
they were still bolted until after we arrived at the
"Well, then. the other side!"
Again the planter shook his head. "Lawrence
and I were standing there." he said, "and the safe
is a big thing!"
"Well, it can't have fallen through the bottom
of the train!" burst out the inspector testily. "If it
isn't inside it must be out-that's obvious! And if
it isn't lying on the line. then the thing's still
In the silence which followed this statement,
Stick Johnson turned suddenly to his kit bag. lying
open on the carriage seat. Without a word he un-

"What the dickens are you up to?" he asked,
The planter turned, and when he spoke there
was a sarcastic note in his voice. "If the safe isn't
on the line," he mimicked, "then it must be here!
And if you loek round this compartment you will at
once observe that my kit-bag is the only possible
hiding-place. I'd like you to be quite sure that I
haven't got It!
The inspector scowled as he looked at the tightly
packed bag. "It's help I want. not buffoonery!" he
remarked caustically. Then, turning back to Lawv-
rence. he inquired. "Is that boy of yours trust-
wort bhy?"
"'As far as I know-yes!"
"But it doesn't matter whether he is or not." ir.
gued the planter. "Can't you see that if he had
stolen the thing ten times over he couldn't have got
rid of it from a moving train? As I said before, had
it been a ring or something-"
He was interrupted by the return of the native
constables who had been searching the train. No.
thing had been seen of the missing safe
"By the way. there was nobody else in the car-
riage. I suppose?" asked Grant.
"Stick and I were the only European travellers
on the train." answered the cashier.
For a moment the inspector stood deep in


thought. "Well!" he said at last, "I don't see that
we can do anything further at the moment, and I
don't want to keep the train longer than I can pos-
sibly help. We'll let it go. You two must come
along to my place, and we'll have the affair put into
black-and- white so that I can make my report."
"Right you are!" said Stick. And stopping only
to give his boys instructions as to the removal of his
kit. he followed the other two across the platform.
'"Many natives get off the train?" asked the in-
spector of the native ticket-collector at the barrier.
"Only two. Bwonna. An old woman and a child."
"Any luggage?"
"Nothing at all. Birana!"
Ten minutes' walk brought them to the police
bungalow, and there, over a cup of tea. they recited
the history of the trip since the moment of leaving
Z- until the arrival of the train at Berago station.
The cashier explained how he had been up to the
bank to fetch the native wages, as usual, how he had
happened across Stick Johnson on the platform at
Z-. and how they had travelled down together.
"You go ul) to fetch these wages every month,
don't you?" interrupted Grant.
"Every month." agreed the cashier "But this
month I was bringing two months' wages, as Au-
gust is our .stocktaking and audit month. I don't
want to have to go up then. you understand."
"Would anybody know you were bringing double
the ordinary amount hack?"
"Possibly, though I doubt it. I don't think that


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Saddlery and Ieather Goods

Limoge, Minton, Shelley and Sanitary Fitin
Doulton China Saitary Fitin

Silver and Electroplated Ware


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many folk-outside the company, that is-would be
aware of the arrangement."
"Humph! I'd like to think you were right."
growled Grant. "From whar I can see of things this
is no ordinary affair. The rubbery has been carefully
planned and amazingly well carried out. It's no
haphazard pinching-mark my words! It's going 'o
be a very difficult job!"
In that last prophecy the Inspector was fated
to be even more accurate than he himself had bar-
gained for. Every investigation failed, every little
clue broke dc'wu at the slightest touch. Try how he
would he could find no single line of approach to-
ward the elucidation of the mystery. Witnesses were
examined, crossexamined, and then re-examined.
The carriage was again iunpected and detailed dran-
ings made if it? interior. The line was searched
and the desert was searched. but not a single trace
of the missing safe was discovered.
Finall.. had it ntt been for the established post
tion of Stick Johnson, the cashier himself would have
been suspected. As it was he moved under a cloud,
but neither the Mina Plantation Company. who em.
played him. nor the inspector of police, who in his
inmost heart was driven to suspect him. could set
beyond the irrefutable evidence of the planter, who
had been an eyewitne-.s of the whole affair.
At the end of a month, with the mystery even
deeper than it bad been at the beginning of the in-
vestigatiou, the Mina Plantation Company, acting on
their own initiative. wired to headquarters at Z- for
the services of the best man in the force. A week
later Assistant Commissrioner Manton answered the
wire in person.
He tonk up his quarters at the inspector's bun.
galow and at once proceeded to put himself au fart
with the robbery. as far as matters had gone up to
that time. He had already read the reports of In-
spector Grant. and. to a certain extent, understood
the position of things, but it was not until the in
spector and he had a lone talk together that he be-
gan to realize something of what he was up against.
In Z-the thing had looked merely difficult. but on
the spot it appeared as thr-ugh only the greatest lurck
would enable a solution to be reached.
Almost his first act was to send for the cashier.
and once again Lawrence recounted the events of the
trip from Z- to Berago.
"You did search the line?" asked the Commis-
sioner, turning to Grant, who had been present at
the interview.
"Every in':h of it, sir, the very same day!"
"H'n long afterwards?"
"Not mire than a couple of hours."
"And you found nothing?"
"N"t a solitary clue, sir!"
"Hump!" The Commissioner rubbed his chinl
thoughtfully. "I'll ge along and see Stick Johnson,
I think. I know him slightly, and he may be able
to give me an idea."
The planter, however, altlhouhi more exact and
concise in his recital of the details. was uf uo more
help than the 'a hier The gist of both men's evi
dence was: "there one minute-guie the next." a de-.
cription whiih tittel the robbery iwell enough bu:
gave the perplexed Commissioner n., "'ideas" at all.
"Well?" asked G-rant. as his superior re enter.-.
the hungail'v. "'Anyr luck?'"

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- Phone 3036

"Not. the slightest!" growled Mauton. In fact,
it seems like witchcraft!"
The younger man smiled. "I came to that con-
clusion myself. some weeks ago." he said. "But uu-
fortunately it doesn't look well on paper! Have a
The Commissioner lit up and sat back in his
chair. "I think we'd better have another search
along the line," he remarked, thoughtfully. It will
be better than doing nothing, at any rate."
"Just as you like." replied the inspector. 'But
I must warn you I've been over the ground with a
too thcormb!"
"So you said before. but it hoils duwn to this:
If the safe wasn't thrown through [he window, then
the cashier got rid of it himself."
"On the face of it, it does seem so," admitted
Grant. "But I don't see how he could have made
away with it right under Stick's nose."
"That's so-but remember that Johnson was not
with hini all the time. There were the twenty min.
utes he was alone while Johuson was finding you.
after tile train reached the-"
"Oh. no!" broke in Grant. "It was George John-
son who came to find me, not Stick himself!"
"Ehl?" The Commissioner sat up abruptly.

"Who's George Johbusn? This is the first I've heard
of him."
Georee is Stick's brother. He was meeting Stick
at the station."
"Then what has tie got to do with it?"
"Nothing at all! Stick sent him off to find me
while he and Lawrence searched through the train!"
"I see" The Commismiouer's fingers were beat-
ing a tattoo upon the table. "Anyway." he went on
briskly. "we'll g.. out and have another lookk round
the line."
The sun had already passed its highest point
when the pair bet out up the railway. A search par-
ty 'of twelve native constables actruompanied them,
and the Comtniissiuner determined to investigate
every nook and cranny for five miles towards Z-.
"Make a job of it this time." ie said. dragging his
helmet further ,ver. his eyes tr., shade them from the
blinding glare of the sand.
At two and a half miles frrm the station the
inspector stopped. "According to my ideas." he said,
.this is about the place where they came out into
the corridor. Now I worked it out this way. The
ordinary 'mixed' train comes up this gradient at fif-
teen miles an hour-a quarter of a mile per minute.
Both Sti k andi Lawrence reckon they were only out
(Continued on Page r 0)

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Kingston, Jamaica.

-, *. ~ ..' r,.e 'e '.34~ i.I'0O n..

Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society, Ltd.


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The Society issues a very attractive Personal

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rates. Particulars furnished on request.






Let's Go To A Show!

AFTER dinner your thoughts invariably wander to
a motion picture show .... you see the inex-
pressible charm of the theatre in the coils of smoke or
in the steam rising from your cup of coffee. The very
air about you seems to whisper to you: "Let's go to a
For in its few short years of life the talking screen has
so far surpassed all other forms of entertainment that
no possible basis of comparison now remains.
It has no obstacles, nor is it confined by the limitations
of space. It reproduces pictorially masses of people
and at the same time gives voice to their utterances.
It brings you the habits, the customs, the activi-
ties of foreign lands, and the arts and talents of the
geniuses of the World.
It brings you the choicest gifts of the stage-the genius
of Shakespeare, the glorious music of the world's
masters, tremendous dramas of outdoors, sophisti-
cated society romances, comedies, spectacles,
The talking picture has travelled the entire gamut of
dramatic possibilities in uninterrupted triumph, and
Jamaica Theatres Ltd. consistently brings you the
world's best talking pictures first.


- I



Take a Holiday ToniAht!

"' HERE is no need to leave your home-town for
adventure, excitement, romance. There's all
you crave in the cool quiet of your favourite motion
picture theatre.
Life, love, laughter-Complete forgetfulness of self.
No fuss, no bother-and you leave the theatre
thoroughly refreshed in mind and body, and ready for
the problems of the morrow.
That is a holiday, and best of all you can have a new
one every night all the year round.
One night you spend with the Foreign Legion in the
Sahara's scorching sands .... another night you find
romance with a perfect stranger on some tropic island
Meeting at every turn new faces .... new thrills ....
new life .... taken around by master showmen of the
World .... experts in the art of entertaining.
Every night there is some new feature at one or the
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away from yourself to the land of magic .... for the
mere price of a theatre ticket.
Take a holiday tonight at



I _



Brown's Town Benefit Building Society.


ASSETS .... 105,154 5 1

RESERVE FUND .... 11,439 6 6

INVESTMENTS received on Subscription Shares,
Paid up shares, and Deposits.

Liberal advances made on approved securities.

Terms to investors and borrowers equal to the best in

Business accepted in all parts of the Island.
Prospectus and full particulars given upon application

I Secretary).
) 1 1 n11111111111 1 1in111 1111i EE1jj Jl li l


((Cot1111t ifl fiss Pa!ie 6t)6
of sight of tlie safe for, at the nimt.t, one minute, s-,
that the safe could only have been flung out in the
space of a quarter of a mile. ThTi quarter of a mile
"And you didn't find it?"
I didn't find it." agreed Grant. "or even a trace
of it'"
"Well. send 'em riut again. and tell them to beat
every bush and prod every audhill And if we Etill
find nuo t'rae--"
"Yes?" as the Cnimisulsionier hesitated
"I d-n't know!" growled Manti.,n "In tllat case
I think I shall arrest LLawrenite!
At a word the 'coi ntaiile-; sep.l'rated and began
their seai ii. As .i-noon as they hl, gonIe Grant turned
back to lthe worried (Cmmiisi si. oer.
"Yuu can't do that. ir.-" lie went on, resuming
the converation where lie biad Ii'rkn .ff'. "There
is ahbsolitely nnthiug against hini "
"Then we'll li ae to find -.'methigii! We've gut
tf, arrest .soutrif'odlY. We .in't wriltr it iff as witcil(h
Grant grinned appreii elttively. luhtt slitudenly stop-
ped Onee of the (olistlales wak- w aving his band.
"Whatr' thie matter with him?''" e a-kedl.
"B'y Gad they've if-, und .,,nlethliiuc!" ri-.irel the
Con tmmihIion er.
A few ilnmetts later they rt, jid paitilini- bet'sre 'i

large thorn bush. Resting in the branches plain for
all to see. was the missing sate!
"Feti:h it out!" ordered Mlauton. and as tbli
policeman laid it upon the sand, he added: "Been
forced hy a chisel or a jemmy. See those marks""
He was down on his knees l)e-ide it now. and finger-
ing the broken doors. '-I thought I wasi right!" lie
went on exultingly. "Don't think much of yviir
'toothcombing,' Grant!" he gibed.
But the policeman who had dirscoered tie safe
was already deep in conversatii.,n with the inspector.
Presently the other ton.tables gathered round. and
their excited talk at last ibr.ke in ulpon the preo-i
tupied mind of the Commissioner
"What's all the talk aboutt" he asked. l:,jking
The in.pertor waved his hand for .lleuce
"'It's as I thought. sir." he becan. "The c.onl-.-
bie % ho found the safe says that it wasn't there v. hen
he looked before. And now the other fellow havi:
suddenly remembered that it wLwa in the shade :f thi.,
particular bush that they cooked their mnidday me:al
when Ae tame out to sear.h -,nu the very day tihe
sate disappeared."
"Rot!" snapped the I.thlier "They're trying to
cover their poor work!"
The y.oineer man -miled He knew wh.it it wa-,
to hate his pet ideas disper-eJ--e-pecially i-n thiii
3case "L,,k at this. .ir." he -aid. softly.
The C(rmnii.sioner glanced tL nlwhere lie pointed.
and tSaw the blackened embers ift ai old i:loking-ire,
just in tlie liade of the tree.

-- =-

Our years of standing and the satisfaction we give our customers
have merited the patronage and good-will of the Island throughout.
W\\e carry a general assortment of Fancy and Staple goods, Boots
and Shoes, and laces a Speciality. Extensive purchases for cash are be-
inE made from the best manufacturers abroad, whereby we are able to
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"Huh'" he snorted. "That doesn't prove any-
"But you .tan't imagine twelve men sitting there
and not seeing the satel in the bush." protested the
inspector. "It's impo- ilihle The truth of the mat-
ter is that it's been put there sinie we were here
before "
For a lone time lMantlin was obdurate, hut in the
end lthe loei. ofI the argument beat hiim down. and
with a very [pior grace he at last admitted tihe pos-
sibility. "But it'W going to compliiate matter.s. he
*"\Whv?" asked the other.
"Retause it di.es a ay with tie :lioly reasonable
theo-y we've ever hail-that the safe wa thrown
frim the train."
"From whiih side. sir?"
"The ide opposite the corridor, of course. "
"Then that idea is exploded anyhow. because the
safe is io tihe left of the liue-and so was the ,io-
ridor. Ti hle found here. it would have to have beenl
thrown fr-.m the citrridor!'
\\ihr a igh tlh- C'onilmi-!..luer abandoned his
rcnly idea. "'Very well" lie said. We'l I tart work
again on the sulppoiitih.n thiat the sate lias been de
liberateiv pliiited here t lead un astray. It that is
so, the rit-t tlhuglht that leaps to m\ mind i- that
t1n native tput it tilhre. A native would almost cer
tainly have buried it. Only a more subtle mind
would hav\. thioul-ght oif putting it back on the line---
a mind that understood the wnorkings of our minds.
In other wurds-a trhtre tii.'"
"In that I agree with you." returned Grant. "In
fact. I've held that opiniou fir some time past. Th,-
tindine ift' the safe m.y cive lus some definite tIl1e
t,:, ts. rk on."
Shortly afteri\aid-, with the safe covered lip.
the party returned t,. the iioli.e hbingallow.
"You said ha!t the twelve tho:usanld nas in ia3 i.
didn't you?'" askedd Mantou. a sudd-n thought strike
ine him.
Grant n,-,dded a, lie placed. thle safe ,on the table.
'"Then we can definitely be? certain that it was
never thlirioin t'rioni tie trail.'" tile Coni'nmif-iner went
on 1"Ii it had been. w hat with its ro.n weight and
the weight ..t tlie cash iinsidle. it wiV-tll hav e been
\ery badly dJamaged. if n-t smadslied to: at.ims. As it
i. yiu l :an-i see for 'yur-elf tliat ljey.-nd the damaLe
I. thie d iors. it is hardly -.lrat'hlerl
"Then it must have been carried Itrom tle train
Er-nilei.:w or other!"
SAnd carried away at thle .tation. t1:,.," added
Manton. "I think we are getting near home at last"


For easier THE

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Turning the safe round. he suddenly sprang ;o
his feet. Silhouetted against the light from the win-
dow was a wisp of wool. ur cotton. caught in the
crack of the hinge-,. "Whut's this be asked. ex-
(itedly. carefully reiumjving the thread and taking it
to the window.
Grant looked over his shoulder.
"By Jove!" lie exploded. "It' canvas. A green
canvas thread!"
The elder man swtune rnuid. "'Yo.u've hit it!"
he cried. Its a thread tf ia nvws. Grant!" he went
on. "I believe the -ate was arrived to where you
found it, in a canvas bag!'
"Or el.e carried from the train in a green lan-
vas bag," corrected the inspector slowly.
"A bag-a kit bag. ay A European kit bau,
Grant!" The Coliluimi-esier's voice wa? curiJLo!yv
The inspector kn.,iked out his. pipe, very de-
liberately. "We're getting on remairkably thin ice.
sir," he said. "We're isspecting Lawreu,.e, ani it
we're not careful wxe shall rson lhe suspes tlin Stir'k
Joh ns il'"
The C(uotnii i'l'.,ner hhrugeed hi-, shuinlde'-.
"That's absurd. ot cour-'I. but Lawrence-- he hesi
tated. "I'm nt ri soil'e ..t him. What about tith;
other fellow. this GeorLe Joiihnj.un?" he asked.
"I don't know anything abuut Iiim That da'
\a-s the firt- time I d ever seeu him."
"Oh!" The Commissiiioner was suddenly in-
terested. "W here dre.; he live?"
"I don't think he live: anywhere in particular.
I gathered that hlie was always moving about. But
in any ca-e. hie left the next morning. so he doesun'
come into things."
"Did he? Doetu't he? I'm not i-o suite ;ablut
that. Look here. Grant, yiu'd better find out umen-
thing about Mr. CGeore Johnson. Where did he ",r
to, anyhow ?"
"I don't know, sir."
"Well, rind out. right away. And--Grant!"
"Yes?" The inspector turned in the doorway.
"Do it quietly."
"I will, sir And a moment later he was gone.
Left to himself. Mautun looked once more at the
thread and from that to the safe. He understood in
a moment why they had nit- noticed it before. Toe
green of the thread exactly matched the green of
the safe. It was only the fact that the sale was
thrown into strong silhouette against the window
which had made its discovery possible. Highly
pleased with his success. he sat down to await the
inspector's return.
Manton was not kept very long. for within ha!f
an hour Grant returned. His face bore an inscrutable
look. and the moment be had closed the door he
"I've discovered that George Johnson's safari
took the bush trail towards Z-."'
"That trail runs parallel to the railway for
nearly eight miles out!"
"You mean?"
"That George Johnson would pass within a hun-
dred yards or so of where the safe was found. Re-
member, it -wa- not there when I looked first. It was
put there afterwards!"
"I see!" The Commissioner was staring at his
subordinate. "You think George Johnson carried it
out with him?"
"It's an idea. certainly!"
"But as you said just now. it's getting us on to
very thin ice. It. brings Stick Johnson into it!"
"Not necessarily. though quite candidly-" the
inspector had the air of a man at last speaking h'
real mind-"tbough it seems ridiculous to suspect a
man of his standing, yet it seems equally ridiculous,
in the face of the evidence, not to suspect him!"
"You're going fast. Grant," warned the Comniis
"I know that. sir But-"
"Could we get hold of Lawrence again?" Manton
"I'll send a boy up for him. if you want him."
"Do! And send one of your private boys-not a
"Very good, sir!"
Shortly afterwards the cashier arrived. He was
thinner and had less colour; the worry iof the past
seven weeks was telling on him. The Commisionc-r
gave him one comprehensive glance. waved him to
a chair, and opened up without any preamble what-
"Do .ou know George Johnson well?"
"I've only seen him twi,:e in my life." replied
Lawrence. "Once some years ago. and again whienr
we arrived at Berago station, that day."
"Do you know anything of him? What he does
for a living. I mean?"
"I think he's a wanderer. Does a bit of elephant
shooting and so on-but I really don't kuow for
The Commissioner seemed rather impressed.
"How long have you been in Berago. Lawrence'"
he inquired.
"Just over six years."
(Continited on Page 13)






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(Continued from Page 71)
"And this George Johnson has only been to
Berago twice during that time?"
"So far as I know, yes."
"What kit were you carrying when you came
back that day?"
"A kit-bag and a leather suit case!"
"A green kit-bag?" The Commissioner's voice
was casual.
"No; a brown one."
"Oh!" The Commissioner was disappointed.
"What was Stick carrying?"
"The same-No! I believe he had two suit-
"Brown kit-bag?"
"No, a green one!"
"What?" The word shot from the Commission-
er's lips, as he half rose in his chair. The next sec-
ond he recovered himself, and reaching for the cigar-
ettes-pushed them across to the cashier. "Help your-
self!" he said, graciously.
For a moment there was silence while the men
lit up. Then:-
"Was that kit-bag of Stick's of the average size?"
pursued Manton.
"Rather bigger than usual, I thought, but it was
so packed with clothes that its appearance might have
been deceiving. You saw it yourself," Lawrence
broke off, turning to the inspector. "You remember
you looked inside it?"
Inspector Grant smiled wearily., "Yes," he said.
"I did look into it, and as you say it was wonder-
fully well packed."
"It was!" agreed the cashier. "I remember I
said the same thing to Stick. He ferreted out a box
of cigars just as we left Z-, and I recollect telling
him I envied him the boy who could pack like that!"
In the face of this evidence there seemed no
more to be said, and shortly afterwards Lawrence
took his leave.
"You've got no nearer to the solution of the puz-
zle, I suppose?" he asked rather wearily, as he shook
hands with the Commissioner.
"I don't know for certain, but I rather think we
have," said the officer. "How are things with you?"
"If you can find the safe and prove me innocent,
I should be a great deal happier." replied Lawrence
earnestly. "I'm not such a fool that I cannot see
everybody suspects me!"
Manton slapped him on the shoulder. "Don't
worry, Lawrence!" he said, trying to infuse a cheeri-
ness into his voice that he was far from feeling.
"We'll straighten things out, never fear."
"I hope so-I do indeed," breathed the cashier,
fervently. "I've had about as much of this as I can
stand. So long!"
"Cheerio!" replied the two policemen, together.
(Continued on Page 74)


Custos of Kingston

THE Hon. Altamont E. DaCosta, Custos of King-
ston and member for Kingston. was appointed
an 0. B. E. in the last Birthday Honours, and these
few lines are a word of congratulation to him from
"Planters' Punch." Other papers have congratulated
Mr. DaCosta; this journal has had a wait until the
time of its annual publication. But we are none the
less sincere in our felicitations.
Mr. DaCosta was for many years a Member of
the Order of the British Empire; now he has become
an Officer of that Order. This is doubtless by way
of recognition-indeed it has been stated to be by
way of recognition-of his many services to the pub-
lic. As a member of our Municipal Council and also
as Mayor, and as member in the Legislative Council
for Kingston, he has accomplished a good deal of
public work, which undoubtedly was one reason why
he was made Custos of Kingston (an official dis-
tinction), and subsequently an O.B.E. As Mr. Da-
Costa is vigorous and energetic, and honestly strives
to be of use not only to his constituency but to hfs
country, it seems as certain as anything mundane
can be considered to be that he will for many years
continue to be a prominent public figure in Ja-

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(Continued from Page 73)
"Well! What about it?" a-ked the Commission-
er as soon as they were alone.
Grant dragged a chair up to the table.
"I thought you pressed him hard about that bag,"
he observed. "If only I'd known what line you were
taking, I could have satisfied you myself, without
mentioning the question to Lawrence. If he is guil-
ty, it rather gave our position away."
"What happened, then?"
Very briefly Grant outlined the facetious action
of Stick Johnson in offering his kit-bag for inspec-
"And you're quite sure the safe wasn't there?"
Grant laughed. "Having seen the bag, I am ab-
solutely certain," he said. "It was absolutely chock-
a-block with clothes and odds-and-ends of all kinds."
"Well that upsets your idea of the safe being
carried from the train in a canvas kit-bag but it still
leaves mine."
"You mean that the thing was subsequently car-
ried in a green canvas bag to where we found it?"



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"I do! And what's more-right or wrong-I'm
going to see that bag of Stick Johnson's. Some-
where, if that is the bag we are after, a thread will
be missing!"
The inspector nodded. "It's certainly worth try-
ing," he said. "At any rate, it would be something
definite to work on."
"I'll go up there one day when he's out," Man-
ton went on, "and trust to luck to get a chance at
the bag."
The opportunity was not long. in presenting it-
self. In a roundabout way the officers got hold of the
information that the planter purposed going over to
another garden, and, in all probability, would be
away all day. Immediately after breakfast on that
day, the Commissioner set out for Stick's house and',
upon inquiry, learnt what he already knew-that
Bwana Johnson was away.
"All right!" he said to the hoy. "I will go in
and write him a note, and you can give it to the
Bwana the moment he returns."
Thereupon the boy let him into the house, and
producing paper and pen, left him to write his letter.
That was the first stroke of luck, because no sooner
had the boy retired and left him alone than Manton

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was up and away into the bedroom with all possible
A single glance round showed him a green can-
vas hold-all standing under a native built lhuit-rack.
and from the description that both the cashier and
Grant had supplied he instantly recognized it as the
bag in question. Another moment and he had opened
"Ha!" he breathed, as a long scrape extendiug
right down one side caught his eye. The next mo-
ment he had produced his thread and fitted it along
the scrape. It fitted exactly and, pausing only to
match the green of the thread against the green of
the canvas bag, Manton hurriedly returned to the
other room. Seizing his pen he wrote:-
Dear Johnson,
I'd be glad to see you some time to-morrow if
you can look me up.
He had hardly folded it into its envelope when
the boy reappeared.
"Give that to the Buwau."' he said, hastily scrib-
bling the name on the outside. '"And tell him I
"N'dio, Bwanal" replied the native, smartly.
Two minutes later, wild with excitement, the
Commissioner was racing back to the police bunga-
"I've got it!" he cried, as he ran into Grant in
the doorway. "It's the unexpected that always hap-
pens. Stick Johnson is the culprit!"
"Does the thread fit?"
"Fit? It fits like a blessed glove! Length right,
colour right, everything right! I'm going to wire
for a warrant to arrest him!"
The inspector started. "So soon?" he asked. "Is
the evidence sufficient? He's a big man, remember."
"Big or little, he's guilty,"
"But is the evidence sufficient?'
"Of course it's sufficient! You folks down here
are blinded by the man's reputation. He knows a
heap more about it than we think he does. Mark
my words!"
"I'd rather like to have made certain that George
Johnson actually took that bag with him, and then
sent it back-as he must have done, since you found
it in Stick's house. That would have been evidence
worth having."
"But the evidence of the scrape. man, and the
thread!" protested the Commissioner,
"I know, but I daresay if you look in my bag
you'd find a scrape that would match your thread.
After all, every white man in the country possess,
a Willesden canvas kit-bag, and ninety-nine per cent.
of 'em are green!"
"You're a Job's comforter all right!" growled
Manton in an anoyed voice. It was plain that the
suggestion haj undermined his enthusiasm. "Ca-u
you do anything to settle the point?"
"I'll try! Old Mahommed's store is on the edge
of the trail. If Johnson carried that baa-and sent

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it back-Mahoimmed would be almost sure to have
noticed it."
"Go and see him, then, and I'll hold up the wire
until your return."
Mahommed, however, provided a very definite
check. It appeared that two of his boys, work being
slack, had actually accepted a safari under George
Johnson and, together with thirty local natives, had
carried him as far as the first night's halt at Alinga
-a place some twenty-two miles along the trail to-
wards Z-.
Inspector Grant interviewed these two boys, and
both were absolutely positive that no green canvas
kit-bag had figured in the Bwana's kit. Subsequent-
ly he spoke to two other boys, who only confirmed
the first pair's evidence. Considerably dashed, but
with a profound feeling of relief that the Commis-
sioner had not sent off his wire, Grant returned to
the bungalow, and reported his discoveries.
Manton was stonily silent. As fast as he made
a step forward, he reflected, he seemed destined to
slip back again. He was too wise to do anything
rash. It was a very big step to ask for a warrant to
arrest a man of Stick Johnson's standing; the evi-
dence must be so convincing that no other course
was possible. No one knew better than he what an
influence is wielded in the country by the big,
wealthy plantation-owners. To make a mistake in
such a case would probably cost him his job.
Baffled again, he picked up his pipe and started
to pace the room.
"If it weren't for your evidence as to the way
that bag was packed," he said presently, "my idea
would still hold good, but at the other end-and the
-best end too!"
"You mean that Stick Johnson took the safe out
of the railway carriage in it?"
"Yes, I do! But unfortunately there's the fact
that the bag was fully packed!"
"And the fact that he offered it to me for in-
"Well, I don't know that that weighs very much,"
replied Manton. "It wasn't much of a risk, you
know. Relying on his prestige, he was fairly safe In
thinking that you'd laugh the matter off-as you ac-
tually did!"
"But the fact remains that the clothes were
there," said Grant. "You can't get over that, unless
-" He stopped, a sudden idea flashing across his
"Unless what?" The Commissioner had ceased
his perambulations and was regarding the inspector

"Unless the bag had a false top!" Grant finished
For an instant Manton stood transfixed. Then
he laughed hoarsely.
"Grant!" he burst out. "Either we've hit on the
solution or we're the biggest pair of fools in East
"You noticed nothing peculiar about the bag
when you saw it?" asked the inspector, now red-hot
on this new idea.
"No; but I didn't look for it. I saw only the
scrape I wanted."
"We'd better go out and have another look. Af-
ter all, we can always concoct some excuse if he
finds out that we've, been nosing round."
Wisely or unwisely, the Commissioner gave way,
and before four o'clock the pair were standing on
the verandah of Stick Johnson's house. The boy
made no demur to their entry, accepting their ex-
planation that they wanted to change the letter in
view of the Bwana's prolonged absence, and a few
minutes later they were on their knees beside the
This time, looking closely, they saw that the
canvas was marked with a series of intersecting
creases, excepting just near the top,
"Looks as if he'd packed a gridiron or two!"
whispered Grant.
Suddenly the Commissioner's jaw dropped. The
word gridiron had given him the clue. "It's a wire
frame he's had in!" he gasped. "A frame of thick
wire-or something like that-which has stretched

from the bottom to within a few inches of the top.
On the top he packed the clothes you saw. Under-
neath, he paocke the safe you didn't see!"
"By Jove, sir, you're right!" exclaimed Grant.
"Undoubtedly, you're right. That solves the whole
Manton rose swiftly to his feet. "Now to grab
him!" he said. "We'll leave the letter I wrote this
morning and go straight off and send that wire.
We're through at last!"
On the way to the township the Commissioner
was almost hilarious. "Fancy a man like him get-
ting up to a dodge like that!" he said. "So simple
and yet-"
"So baffling!" put in Grant. "It's taken us near-
ly eight weeks to elucidate."
"You'd better send a man up to watch the house
until we get our warrant," said Manton, thoughtful-
ly, when he came out of the telegraph office.
"There is still one thing which beats me, and
that is when he put the safe into the bag," observed
the inspector as they sat over tea. "As far as I re-
member, the evidence he was never alone in the car-
The Commissioner waved the point aside. "It
doesn't matter, anyhow," he said. "The main thing
is that he did. t it in!"
The next morning, however, they received a rude
shock. Just before breakfast the constable whom
Grant had sent out to watch Stick Johnson's house
returned to say that the Bwana had not come back
(Continued on Page 77)

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(Continued from Page 75)
and that the servants had locked up the place and
departed to their homes.
"But what do they say?" cried Grant.
"They say that the Bwana has gone away for a
very long time," reported the' contable.
"Then he's got wind of things and cleared!"
broke in the Commissioner. "Now, how the dickens
has that happened'?"
"Most likely through the telegraph clerks.
That's where all the news leaks out in this station!"
"Just about time we had white men in the tele-
graph offices," fumed Manton. "One can't work like
this! Anyway, send out some men to pick up his
trail, and we shall have to follow as soon as the war-
rant arrives. It's a confounded nuisance!" he
Hardly had Grant had time to send off his police
than Lawrence came in. He had come to report that
his boy had disappeared the previous evening; he
wondered, he said, if it had any bearing on the case.
He knew nothing about Stick Johnson, but he was
painfully anxious to be of use in clearing up the
mystery-and incidentally his own character.
"When you and Stick Johnson were in the cor-
ridor, where was this boy of yours?" asked the Com-
"I don't know. I think he was in the corridor,
too, somewhere," said Lawrence.
"Where was he standing when he called Out to
you?" put in Grant.
"In the doorway of the carriage, against the
window. I remember passing him as we went to our
The Commissioner and Grant exchanged rapid'
glances. The mystery of who put the safe in the
bag was solved! Lawrence's boy, while their backs
had been turned, had picked up the safe and jam-
med it into the bag which Stick Johnson-since "fer-
reting out" those cigars--had left lyinp convenientl'-
open upon the seat. Thus the last point was eluci-
dated. Stick Johnson had admitted his guilt by bolt-
ing, while Lawrence's boy-who had doubtless joined
Stick in his flight- had driven in the last nail of
That .ame evening the police came in to report
that Bwana Johnson, with only twelve boys, had
taken the westward trail.
"He's trying to make the Belgian Congo," said
the Commissioner, when he heard the report. "That's
the best news we've had. It's a long journey, and we
ought to catch him up before he can cross the bor-
Subsequent inquiries at the plantation which
Johnson had gone out to visit elicited the fact that
a boy had come running in during the evening and
had a long talk with Johnson. The latter had then
sent one of his boys back to his house, and, straight-
way borrowing a camp-bed and cooking pots from his
host, had taken the trail within half an hour.
It was established that he had no tent or mosquito
net, and nothing in the way of clothes other than
what he stood up in. All of which gave great satis-
faction to the Commissioner.
"The fool!" he laughed. "He must have lost his


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Our streets and highways are steadily
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Accidents are events of almost daily
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head completely. "He can't hope to nake tihe bor
der in that condition."
The next day the expected' warrant at rived and
then, two clear days behind, the police started oft
along the Westward trail at breakneck speed. For
three long weeks they followed, and although they
were often within striking distance their quarry al-
ways eluded them.
It was obviQus-quite early in the chase-that
Johnson's knowledge of the country was far in ad
vance of that of his pursuers. He took advantage of
every change of country, every river ani ford. and
every piece of rocky ground. In a game such a thi; s
the advantage is always with the hare, and when
the hare knows the ground he is i~,ering the
chances are that he will ultimately get away.
Time after time the trail led them into desolate
districts where not a word of information could hbe
gained. The only thing to do was to go forward and
then, when they eventually reached a village. more
often than not it was only to discover that Johnson
had doubled back.
If he had been well equipped ie would assuredlv
have shown the police a clean pair of heels, but as it
was he was compelled to hug the villages in order to:
get food and shelter, and the villages. of course.
passed on their information to the pursuing police.

It wa3 ouly by twisting and turning that the fugitive
maiutained his freedi.m. but even _ou he was. by de
greens, drawing ever nearer to the border.
The closer they got the faster the police tra-
velled. They were probably covering half as much
ground again as Stick Johnson. owing to the ru-
inuurs that came to their ears in the villages and
which they dare not disregard. They were taking
no chances. but by travelling faster and longer they
hoped to catch up with him before he could get into
the safety of the Congo Beige.
It was the evening of the thirty-second day of
the chae, and the fading light was warning them
that they had better call a halt, when the leading
pulice-boy stiffened in his tracks.
"What's the matter?" asked Grant, seeing the
boy etop.
"Voices. Biawniia-over there."
The two men listened, but could hear nothing.
"A camp, I think," added the boy.
By now several other natives could hear some-
thing. so the white men decided to investigate.
"Lead on," ordered the Commissioner. And the
safari went off through the trees in the new direct
'It was here. somewhere." said the boy, after
some quarter of an hour's march.

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Halting, the two men looked round. The gather-
ing gloom made everything seem larger than it real-
ly was, and distances were badly distorted.
"What's that?" asked the Commissioner, pointing
to what looked like a fallen tree.
The boy went forward a pace or two.
"A zareba, Bwana!", he whispered excitedly. "A
Very cautiously the police drew closer. It was a
new zareba, constructed that very day, for the leaves
were still green on the felled branches.
"Here!" cried Grant, forcing his way through.
"This way!"
In the centre of the clearing-looking like a
tomb in the darkness-stood a camp bed. Spring-
ing forward the Commissioner seized the blankets
and wrenched them back. Someone was lying under-
neath, asleep. Striking a match he held it down to
the bed. One glance was sufficient. There, serene
and peaceful, lay the man they had travelled so far
to catch. At last they had caught him-but black-
water fever had caught him first.
Stick Johnson was stone dead!
They buried him that same night with every
mark of respect-and as much of the Burial Service
as they could remember between them. Death set-
tles all scores, and in Africa a white man.is always
a white man.
Subsequent investigations at Berago brought
to light the fact that Lawrence's boy, Johnson's
boy, and the telegraph office boy were all
blood-relations, and it was the latter who
had given such timely warning to Stick. There
was no manner of doubt whatever that George
Johnson had taken the safe and placed it where the
police found it-and also that he had shared in the
proceeds 6f the robbery. No evidence, however,
could be secured against him, so he was allowed to
go scot-free.
Not a single rupee was ever recovered, and what
happened to Stick's share only the three natives could
tell. Curiously enough, nothing could be proved
against the two who remained-Lawrence's boy was
never located again after Stick's death-and when,
some time later, they decided to leave Tblose parts,'
the police could put no obstacle in their way..
The only thing that did remain an impenetrable
mystery was why Stick Johnson ever took the safe
at all. Certainly he had no need of the money, and
the only conclusion the police reached was that it
was somehow connected with George Johnson.
Lawrence, of course, was absolutely cleared.
The End

(Continued from Page 63)
sincerely and throw yourself upon the mercy of your
Maker? There is none so vile that He will not save,
none so wicked that need fear that His grace will
not be extended to them. Though your sins be as
scarlet you shall be as white as snow if you but
trust in Him. Let us kneel now, even at this mo-
ment, and pray for Divine guidance and strength and
forgiveness. Surely the same God that has been the
succour of the world will hear and help us."
Henry Carson had spoken with deep feeling and
utter conviction. There was no attempt now to
create a rhetorical impression; it was the better part
of the man that had come uppermost now; he was
fulfilling his duty as a Christian minister and with
an earnestness that perhaps he had never before at-
tained to in all his life. But as he ceased he thought
that he heard a hiss of derision, a low, awful vibra-
tion of devilish contempt, though no one in the room
had uttered a sound. He noticed also a peculiar sul-
triness in the atmosphere, an oppression abnormal;
the blood was beating through his veins at a terrific
rate; it was as though he might suffer a stroke at
any moment.
He looked appealingly at the two women to
whom he had spoken. They shook their heads, a
gesture of hopelessness. Then Madam Dunois spoke.
"It has been written, Monsieur Carson: 'Ephraim
is joined unto his idols, let him alone.' We cannot
bring bur hearts to the repentance you speak of; as
we have lived so shall we die."
"It is your pride that causes you to speak like
this!" cried Carson, "pride, which is one of the dead-
ly sins and is being fostered in you by the Evil
One." Again he heard that derisive hiss, and in-
voluntarily shuddered.
"Think of Yvonne," broke in Madam Herriot;
"do not think of us. Will you save her?"
"If Yvonne calls upon God to save her she will
be saved," answered Carson; "I am but an instru-
ment in God's hands, and a weak one at that."
"Will you marry her and take her away?" Ma-
dam Herriot insisted. "I know that you do not in-
tend to denounce us to the police; I see that in your
face. You know for we have promised, that we shall
cease our practices here, although we shall be pun-
ished for our neglect by Him whom we serve. It is
therefore only of Yvonne that you have to think.
Will you marry her?"

"I cannot answer that question now," said Car
son firmly.
"Henry!" cried Yvonne.
"I can say nothing more now, dear," he replied
to that cry. "How could I be expected to? Give me
time to consider what, knowing all that I know, my
actions in the future must be. My immediate duty
is clear. I must pray with you and for you. And
you must leave this house at once. The very air Is
tainted. You should not remain within the atmos-
phere of unholy things. It is a blight upon the soul."
"You are deserting her!" exclaimed Madam Her
riot fiercely. "All your fine words amount only to

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that. You are weak and a coward; if you were a
man, and loved this girl as a man should, you would
face all the powers of Hell for her sake and not
merely talk about praying with her and for her
while planning to leave her unaided in thll. urdeal
she has to face."
"Leave him alone, mother," said Yvonne quietly.
"You have no right to ask him anything for 'me.
It is enough if he permits you to go free. You will
do that, won't you, Henry?"
"Yes, I promise that. I could do nothing to
bring disgrace upon you, Yvonne."
"And I will go with you; I will leave this house
with you and find some other place to stay at until"
-she threw out her arms in a gesture of hopeless
"Understand, Madam Herriot," said Carson, "that
though I will say nothing to the police, they will
probably have their own suspicions. They can hard-
ly know what I know, but they may know enough to
prosecute both you and your sister for the practice of
Obeah. I say this by way of warning."
"They will never take us," said Madam Dunois
scornfully. "We have no fear for ourselves, but for
Yvonne there is everything to fear. Poor child: if
the sins of her fathers should be visited upon her
head she will pay for crimes of which she has been
innocent! Take her away. Hard though it is, it is
right that she should leave us, for here, now, there
is danger. Goodbye, Yvonne."
"Goodbye, Yvonne," echoed Madam Herriot.
"I will see you again shortly," said the girl, look-
ing at them with something like tenderness now;
"surely this is not goodbye."
"Goodbye," repeated both the women.
Then Yvonne's self-control gave way and she
bioke into piteous sobbing. Henry Carson took her
by the arm and led her out of the house.


"WyjHERE will you go?" Mr. Carson asked Yvonne,
VV when they had passed through the gate.
She thought for a moment, then: "I had better
go to the Myrtle Bank," she said; "later on I can
send here for some things I shall need."
"You have money?"
"Plenty! I have an account in my own name
at the Bank."
He hailed a taxi; as she was getting into it she
asked him: "Shall I see you later; will you come
down this afternoon to see me; I want to talk over
matters with you."
"I'll be there between four and five," he said.
she nodded, and the taxi drove off. Carson hailed
another taxi and went on to his house.
In the room they had just left Madam Herriot
sat gazing at her sister, who returned the look with
an unblinking stare; both of them seemed to have
aged within the last hour and were now like old
women who had lost all power of initiative, all
strength of will.
Madam Dunois at length broke the silence,
speaking in her native tongue.
"Is this the end then?" she said in a dull voice.
"Is everything lost?"
(Continued on Page 81)



ALTHOUGH a young man, not yet forty, Mr.
Haseep Mahfood, whose portrait appears at the
head of this article, has already made his uame in
the business world of Jamaica, being the junior parr
ner in the well known 'wholesale dry noodis firm of
Mlessrs. R. Mallifoud and Bros. of 130 Harbour Street,
Born at lMarjlune, Syria, in 1893, Mr. Mahlfood
was educated at the Judidat Highi School, an educa-
tion which while naturally in Arabic, his native
language. also included a knowledge of English which
was sib-'equenitiy to stand him. in good stead in the
pr'greos of his business in this island. He came to
Jamaica in 1912 and like a great many of his fellow-
couuntrymnen who have made Jamaica their home he
has taken the oath of allegiance to the Union Jack.
On his arrival in Jamaica Mr. Mahfi'od entered
the dry goods line, ertablishiue himself first at Lin-
stead where he conducted a successful retail dry goods
business in partnership with his brother under the
style of R. Mahfood and Bros. In 1922 ihe firm re-
moved to Kingston, and opened at 40 South Parade,
where both a Whioleale and Retail business was con-
ducted for a couple of years, but the remarkable ex-
pansion of its activities, due to the keenness and
progressiveness of Mr. Mahfood, necessitated a fur-
ther remin'.al to more commodious premises, and
after two years at No. 40 South Parade the whole-
sale branch of the business was transferred to 130
Harbour Street (where the business is now located).

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Balance in favor of Jamaica $1,043,205

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Trade Commissioner to Jamaica






Deputy Minister

) 3


__ .
I ( 1


11 1 -


(Continued from Page 79)
"She has left us," answered Madam Herriot
dull y: "she will not return, and she is right. But is
she safer elsewhere? That man will have nothing
more to do with her, and our influence over him is
"I think so. He will pray now as he has never
prayed before; he will not trust for a moment in
his own strength; he will resist any impulse to-
wards her that he may feel. It is the old story.
His Master is stronger than ours."
Again the hiss that Henry Carson had caught,
was perceptible; the women heard it; they seemed
to understand exactly what it meant.
Madam Herriot stiffened, and some of her old
force of will displayed itself in the words she utter-
ed next, uttered with a vehemence which showed
that her fighting spirit was being reawakened.
"It is the old story," she repeated; "again we
have been deceived, as are all those who serve Sa-
thanas; his promises are lies for he is the father of
lies. He meant to deceive us from the first; he
never meant to let Yvonne escape. He would have
dragged her, and Carson with her, into Hell, not
being content with us two alone." She ceased, and
the room grew murky as though smoke from an un-
seen fire were pervading it: outside the sun shone-
with tr..pical brilliance, within the room was an
unholy gloom which deepened and darkened, and the
presence of something super-normal and dreadful
might easily be sensed.
Madam Herriott rose to her feet and held up
both arms in the attitude of one about to utter :a
curse. But her arms fell slowly, her head drooped.
she sat down again heavily. She wa- as une beatr-n
before the struegle has i:i:,mmenied; as one abh, pl-
ceives the hopeles-nezs ,o the combat even befi.,re
it has begun
Madam Dunois spoke. "A th,.nught has come t"
me," she said.
"From Him?" asked her sister.
"Perhaps. None the less it is our fast re-
source. Remember, Carson said that he would not
denounce us to the police, would not betray us. For
Yvonne's sake he made that promise. That prove-'
that he still cares for Yvonne; but he is afraid. He
Is afraid to run great risks because, perhaps, the
reward does not seem to warrant them. He know.-
that Yvonne is not poor, but he has, he can have
no conception of her wealth; she herself doe- no
know it. Let him know how ri.:h is the girl, !,'.*
him know that all her richer will be hers noir. inr
mediately, and that he may have them ii he wil!
have- her. Then his pioun resolutions may be
shaken; he may even be willing to imperil his soul
for such wealth and power as Yvonne can bring t"'
"That suggestion is from the Master, as I
thought.'" ,aid Madam Herriot; "but how could it
help Yvinne if to gain the whole w,,rll her hli-
band should consent to lose his soul? That would
not save her; it would but involve the man and her
self in a common ruin."


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"That may be; but, on the other hand, he may
win to repentance. He believes 'fervently in the
power of his God to save him, and at least Yvonne
would have by her side someone who would be able
to help her as we never can. It is a poor chance,
but our last."
"I have done few good deeds in my day," said
Madam Herriot; "the one really good thine that
you and I have done is the effort we have made to
save this poor child who is dearer to us than our
own lives. And I think we should undo even
that by attempting to bribe this man, now that he
knows the truth. The suggestion is from Satan.
Let us resist this temptation. great as it is. Leave
Yvonne to work out her own salvation, as her lover
advised; he said that God would help her. We can
do n.'thing more."
The room grew darker, and in that gloom it
seemed to the two sorceresses that fierce angry eyes
glared at them. A hissing as of serpents filled the
surrounding space. They could hardly see one an-
"Is our time come?" asked Madam Dunois, and
her voice held in it the accents of terror.
"Hardly yet, I think," said Madam Herriot. "It
may come in disgrace; our Master may choose to
expose us to hbe ohbloql-uy of a public arrest and trial

before he finally smites us down. We have failed
to find the sacrrtices be demanded: we are in reicl.
lion against him; even now we can see him. and
the fury of Hell is in his eaze. But I do not think,
I do not feel, that this i oiir last hour. We have
not long to live, but it may be that hefiore we die
we shall know that Yvnue is saved."
"By whom?"
"By God."
As she uttered the sacred name a peal as of sud-
den thunder shook the house, and the startled wo-
men were hurled to the ground. Then the room
lightened, and they arose unharmed, though with a
dreadful premonition of something terrible to fol-
low. Yet, their n ill had been strengthened, not
paralyzed, by the diabolical manifestation of wrath
they had just witnessed. Love is stronger than
death, and for the sake of the girl they loved they
had irrevocably resolved to defy at long last the
Master they had blindly and 'ruelly served all their
lives. There was war betw een them and Sathanas,
a revolt of slaves against One that had shaken the

Five o'clock came; Yvonne, seated on the pier
of the Myrtle Bank Hotel, was informed by one of


-. -1



the bell boys that a gentleman had called to see her.
ExL~pt for her the pier was deserted; she decided
that this was the safest place for her conversation
with Henry. She told the boy to bring him down
to her; in a couple of minutes he was seated by
her side.
They sat oh one of the benches facing the sea.
It was hardly conceivable to them that it was only
on the previous afternoon that, light-heartedly and
happy, they had rowed in that same harbour, think-
ing of a future which was so utterly unlike the
actual future that now confronted them. Then
their thoughts had' been of love and marriage and
happiness, of brightness and of joy; now all that
was in eclipse; every dream had been shattered by
an awakening so horrible that it seemed incredible.
They sat looking idly, unseeingly, out upon the
sparkling water; in the minds of both was a vision
of a deserted churchyard become a temple of devil-
worship, profaned by two women who, surrounded
by all the panoply of modern civilisation, practised
the dark rites of an ancient and fiendish faith. And
in the minds of both also was the thought that ohe
of them was connected with that faith by ties of
blood and a chain of heritage reaching back into
the unimaginable past. Yvonne felt that the man
at her side was thinking at this moment that she
too was a witch by destiny, and must become one
actually in a very few years to come. She shud-
But in this belief she was mistaken. Henry
Carson stopped short at thinking that Yvonne must
of necessity fulfil the doom which, according to her
own mother, had been the destiny of all her famil;-
He could not believe that and believe also in the
mercy and goodness of God and in the freedom of a
human being to choose salvation or perdition. He
was convinced that she need not be lost unless she
willed it. Besides, he cared for her, and, caring,
would not admit that, with her eyes fully opened,
she would deliberately decide to walk the path that
her people had taken.
It was she who broke the silence.
"Well?" she said.
"You have thought over everything, I sup-
"What is your del ision, Henry?"
"I think we must both decide to make a great
sacrifice if we would save our souls."
"Are our souls in any danger, Henry? I have
been thinking too, and I don't see why we should

allow what others have done to blight our lives.
Listen to me carefully. After I came here to-day
I sent a letter round to my mother asking her to
pack some of my things and also asking her to let
me know just what my position is financially. Here
is her letter in reply; you read French, don't you?
You will see that I am richer than ever I believed,
that wealth stored for generations by my ancestors
is mine. If you and I should leave this country and
go to France, we should have nothing to worry us.
Now why should we sacrifice all this happiness be-
cause of others; that is, of course, if you love me
as you have professed to do."
"Do you know, Yvonne," he answered slowly,
"that to-day the same thought came to me when I
was thbk irinj over our situation and wondering what
to do? I knew that you had means, though of course
inlthing to the extent that is stated in your moth-
er's letter. And I said to myself that with all this
money, and with you and I caring for one another,
it would be almost sinful for us to separate and go
each of us our own way, especially as we might be
able so much to help one another, and others as well.
So I decided that we should not separate-"
"Thank God!"
"You say 'Thank God.' But we have to thank
Him for something other than that. For even as I
made my decision, dear, it came to me, as though a
voice spoke to me from without my brain and heart,
that this was a temptation of the Evil One; that I
was being tempted with wealth; then my eyes fell
casually on the Bible I use when preparing my ser-
mons, and I opened it at random and read these
And the devil, taking him up into an high
mountain, ?Ioei'l Him all the kingdoms of the
'rrrld or ti n, iioj t oi tiri And the dIeril said
tunrit H,, all this power will I give Thee ani
the glory of ithin: for that is rleti,'rref unto
me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. If thou
therefore wilt worship me, all shall be Thine.
"Then I remembered that I had quoted those
same words to your mother earlier in the day, and
I knew that my thought was a temptation,
and I knew from whom the temptation had come.
And I fell on my knees and prayed, and my way be-
came very clear to me. How was all this wealth
acquired, Yvonne? By wicked practises, by deceit,
by fraud. doubtle-. also by murder, and so to it
clings the misery and the tears of unfortunate wo-
men and children. It is evil in its source. How
could it bring us good?"
"And how long do you think this mood of yours

will last?'" demanded Yvonne. "You talk about sac-
rifice. You talk about tainted money. The money
could only be tainted if you and, I came hy it dis-
honestly; as a matter of fact it.is mine by right
and if we reject it it will be used by others,
and perhaps not put to as good a purpose as you
and I would put it. And what is the sacrifice.that
we are to make? Our happiness? Are we called
upon to do that? What crime have we committed,
what sin, that such a terrible expiation should be ex-
pected of us? But if you don't want the money,
let it go. What about me? Are you going to sacri-
fice me also? Am I to be the sacrifice?"
"You are right when you doubt whether my re-
solution would hold for long," replied Carson
ttiougntfully. "And that is why I have made up
my mind to leave this country'as soon as possible.
It is the only way."
"So you don't love me? Or you despise me?"
"You know it isn't that; but I am afraid. Re-
member, Yvonne, that I have seen what you have
not. To you as to so many others the devil-worship
of your mother and aunt, and of your ancestors as
far back as imagination can go, seems merely talk,
a grotesque fancy, a deception practised on the cre-
dulous and to be punished only as fraud and not
as having any intrinsic reality. But I have been in
that cemetery, not a mile away from where we sit,
when the powers of darkness have been loose, and
when human beings have changed their forms into
that of a loathsome reptile before my eyes. I think
that no other man has been through such an experi-
ence as mine, has seen in our day what I have
seen, and I do not believe that, with the poor
strength that I possess, I could guard you and
myself from the incessant assaults of Hell. Your
people made a mistake. I cannot help you. Per-
haps I should only assist to hurry you to destruc-
"My mother was right," said Yvonne bitterly.
"you do not really love me. If you did, you would
face any peril for my sake, as I am prepared to face
anything for your sake."
To, this he made no answer. He felt that there
was smne truth in what .he said. He .ared [','r her,
but lie felt he did not love her to the extent ot
counting everything well lost for her eake. But over
and above this was hi fear, his conviction. that the
evil powers that would fight for pos.-esion of her
soul would never rest in their temptation of her;
he was persuaded that she would he obsess,-d with
a desire to traffic in magic. to dabble in witchcraft,
(Continned on Page 85)






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(Continued from Page 82)
and he knew that his strength would not be equal
to such an endless struggle. iSoruetling within him
cried out a warning.
"Then you are leaving me to ti'it : illne'' she
said. "You are saving yourself; you refuse to help
"I will help you all I can," he assured her.
But to that he had no ready answer.
She rose and looked down upon him. "So 1
have loved a coward and a quit-er! she cried, "and
not the man I thought. Very well, Henry. A Ileast
my own people have had courage. Tlhose it\r wo-
men we left this morning are defying the tiend they
have served all their lives for my sake. Perhaps
they, too, could have thought of repentance. of help-
ing themselves; but it was of me alone they thought.
and they will continue to the end. Maybe I will
do eventually as they have done, follow in their
footsteps. You are afraid of the fate of your soul;
I am strong enough to defy man and the devil and
God Himself if needs be! I am not ashamed that
my ancestors were priests of Baal. I am proud of
it! I do not set such great store by my soul as
you do; I will lose .it if I please; but you will al-
ways know that you might have helped me, but
failed me in my hour of need."
"You are unjust, Yvonne," Henry protested.
"When you are calmer you will regret what you
'have said. I am going to pray for you and for my-
self. That will help you more than anything else
I could do. It is on prayer that we must both de-
She sneered at him. "I remember that I was
christened a Catholic and brought up in a Convent,
although not brought up as a Catholic," she replied.
"So even in religion, as in everything else, I am
alien to you. I do not want your prayers. I do not
want ever to see you again. You can go and make
supplication for yourself and save your miserable
soul, and I will sacrifice my soul in my own way.
She looked strikingly like the terrible old wo-
man he had seen the night before invoking Satan.
Involuntarily he shuddered: he was afraid of her;
afraid also for her, for now indeed she might be in
intention, if not yet in act, a priestess of Baal.
She had spoken very loudly in her rage. As he rose
and turned away he noticed that a Catholic priest

had come on the pier, and he wondered with keen
apprehension if this priest had overheard the last
words of Yvonne. He walked rapidly away, leaving
her and the priest alone on the pier. In spite of the
heat of the afternoon he walked every step of the
way to his house and there, in ipite of what she had
said. he fell on his kuees and prayed for Yvonne.
Prayed that help might be- l:und for her, since he
could not help her.
That same night he sent a telegram to Eng-
land intimating hi resignali.nii and asking to be
emnpl.'yed in misriouary work in Africa or in the
Far East.


"O you have nothing to tell me?" asked the In-
"No, nothing."
"You have made no investigations, heard no
"I prefer to say nothing."
"That's rather strange, Mr. Carson. You your-
self came round to my office and offered to assist
us. You agreed that I should drop in to see you
quietly when I thought it necessary, but now that
I am here you are as close as an oyster, and that
is certainly not because you have nothing to say. I
don't mind telling you that within the last four days
at least half-a-dozen unconnected persons have come
round to the police with reports against Madam Her-
riot and her sister. They have come voluntarily,
yet the number is so striking that it looks as tili-ucii
they had all been advised or impelled to the same
course of action. It would look like a con-
spiracy but that the police themselves have been
suspicious for some time and know quite well that
those two women are not on the level. The peculiar
thing is that the informants do not complain of
having been cheated, as is usually the case when
someone reports obeahwomen or obeahmen. They
admit that what these women undertook to perform
has been done. Of course they know that by re-
porting these foreigners they save themselves from
being charged with an offence against the law; they
become King's evidence, but what has made them all
turn informers I cannot guess. However, we now
have enough against Madam Herriot and her sister
to summon them at any moment. But the crocodile
mystery is not solved, although quite probably they
have ojni'thing to do with it."
"Kii..l ing as you do my relations with that

family," Carson interpolated, "could you expect me
to bring charges against them?"
"I have iho0ughit of that, Mr. Carson; and I can
sympathise with your position. To speak frankly,
I did not expect you to tell me much when I came
in here this evening; the object of my visit is rather
personal, and I can only hope that you will not
think it impertinent.
"Let me explain. If there were ;inythine like
murder or even theft attributed to these women I
should try to get a statement from you if I thought
you knew an:s thine .iabhmt the matter. But these pec-
pie are only accused of practising a peculiar form



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of witchcraft, for which, however, they seem to have
charged abnormal prices, and I have quite enough
evidence against them without having to drag you
into the 3tap. But I remember that you genuinely
wished to hpbp the police the other day when the
crocodiles apre scaring Kingston, and I can't for-
get that you are a brother Englishman and a clergy-
man also. Will you forgive me if I say that it can
do you no gpod to be mixed up with people of this
description? There may be some nasty disclosures
in court; it is quite possible that your name nima
be dragged in by someone. ,So I really came round
here to suggest that the less you had to do with
them the better. I know that it is none of my busi-
ness, but one doesn't like to see a fellow country-
man in a nasty situation out here."
"Thank you, Inspector," said Carson; "but I
am no longer mixed up in anything. I am leaving
Jamaica within a week. I am sorry, though, about
this case you speak of; I am sorry for the sake of
Miss Gilbert."
"She's not going to be charged, Mr. Carson:
there is nothing whatever against her."
"But there is against her mother and her aunt,
you see, and what affects them must affect her
"Well," said the Inspector, rising, "that cannot
be helped. Are you going back to Euglaud?"
"To England on my way to Fiji. I have a
telegram appointing me to a mission there. I am
saying good-bye to Jamaica for ever."
"A good voyage and good luck. I think you are
doing a wise thing."
After the Inspector had left, Henry sat down to
try to think out some way of helping Yvonne. This
case must mean disgrace for her, since, if conviction
followed the trial, her mother and aunt could not
escape imprisonment. He was well aware that these
two women did not seem to fear anything that the
authorities might attempt against them; evidently
they had been depending upon the extraordinary
powers that they wielded. But this coming forward
of so many persons to charge them with practising
witchcraft-what did that suggest? Surely that the
master they served was himself delivering them over
to destruction. It had always been so, thought
Henry Carson; it was not true that the devil took
care of his own. These women were in revolt; their
one aim now was to save the girl on whom they
lavished all the affection of which they were cap-
able. This betrayal of them by their clients was
the reprisal of Satan: there was something more
than mere human agency at work here. But he,
Carson, had made no promise of secrecy to the In-
spector; perhaps he could warn them in time. It
was little enough to do for Yvonne's sake. As for
her, he would try to persuade her toilet them go
their own way if they could escape out of the coun-
try, and she herself might go to England, where
he would recommend her to his family and friends.
She had means enough to live without any anxiety,
and his people would be kind to her if he should ask
He put on his hat hastily, left the parsonage,
and, taking a taxi, drove down to the house where
Madam Herriot and her sister lived. A week had
passed since he and Yvonne had left the place to-
gether; Yvonne was still living at the hotel; he had
seen her only once since the afternoon when he had
made known his decision to her. That last inter-
view, which had taken place three days before, had
been very brief. Yvonne had told him that she was
making up her mind as to what she should do, but
she had not disclosed her plan.
He had told her that the religious society with
which he was connected was sending him out to
a mission field; she had nodded her head, remark-
ing: "Your determination would not last six months,
Henry, if you remained here, so I suppose it is wise
for you to run away." He hated it to be thought
that he was running away, yet he could not but
admit that there was truth in this description of
his action. Nevertheless, he was convinced of the
wisdom of his decision. Any other alternative would
be fraught, he felt, with terrible consequences ul-
Arrived at the house he sent in his name to
Madam Herriot, and she and Madam Dunois came
into the drawing-room to meet him.
"Do you know," he began abruptly, "that the
police are about to prosecute you both on a charge,
or on several charges, of obeah?"
"We know," answered Madam Dunois calmly.
"Can I help you in any way? For Yvonne's
sake I-"
"You are a broken reed for anyone to depend
upon, Monsieur Carson," interrupted Madam Her-
riot; "besides, what could you do? We could stop
the police if we wished; let us consent that Yvonne
shall be what we are, and your courts in Jamaica
could not affect us: we know that." She paused,
thought for a moment, then resumed. "I said a mo-
ment ago that you were a broken reed, but that was
hard and unkind, for the last time you were here
you said something which we have not forgotten,
and that thing might help Yvonne more than any
marriage with you might have done. You said that
she herself, with the help and through the grace of
God, might save herself from a horrible fate: we



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believe now that she has made up her mind to make
that effort, and that your God is helping her."
"Not my God only," adr-;rerated Carson. "Your
God also. Though your sine be as scarlet you may
become as white as snow."
"Perhaps you are right. But we are speaking
now of my daughter. Do you remember that on the
afternoon of the day she left us you were talking
with her at the Myrtle Bank, and she toldyou she
had been christened a Catholic and that her soul
was hers to lose if she chose?"
"Yes, I remember. I thought what she said a
terrible blasphemy."
"Never mind that now, IM.,usieur Carson.
There was a Catholic priest near by at that mo-
ment; he seems to have overheard what she said.
After you left he spoke to her; only this morning
she wrote to tell us the whole story. He ventured,
he said, to address her because she had been christ-
ened in his faith, because, christened a Catholic, she
belonged to his faith, and because it was a terrible
things for a young girl to talk of her own eternal
damnation as though it were a trifle. I suppose
Yvonne was heartbroken at your desertion of her-
oh, yes, don't interrupt, Monsieur Carson, it is de-
sertion, even if you feel that nothing else is pos-
sible. I will be just to you. I will tell you that I
think now that you could not have saved Yvonne.
Therefore your decision is wise, even if it be hot
of high courage; and if it works out to Yvonne's
advantage, as I think it will, I must thank you for
"Then what has Yvonne decided to do?" asked
the young man.
"She writes to tell us that she has made up her
mind to accept the faith in which she was christen-
ed, and afterwards enter a convent. It is strange.
She was partly educated and brought up in a con-
vent, but we never wished her to become an inmate
of one. That never occurred to us: she has made
that decision for herself. Better so; and we shall
pray to the last breath that her resolution shall hold.-
Do you understand what this means from us? We,
the descendants of priests who served the devil, and
devil-worshippers ourselves all our lives, are turn-
ing at last to your God in supplication for-"
Madam Herriot did n.it complete the sentence; her
voice faltered and broke. trr the first and last time
in Henry Carson's experience of her.
She fought down her emoti'-n and resumed.
"It is strange. That priest told Yvonne that he
had never been down to the hotel's pier before, had
hardly indeed ever been to the hotei. That after-
noon he had been co)nsirnus 1,f a desire to go there.
to enjoy the sea breeze, lie thuuelht. after a hot day's
hard work: And he had arrived in time to hear her
words to you, to see you leave, and to notice the
terrible despair and desperation in her face. Then
he had spoken. It seemed to him to be his duty to
speak. He believes that G ui sent him, arid day
after day he has prayed for and with Yvonne."'
"We stand alone," Madam Dunois took up the
tale. "We suffer the tortures tf the (amned. Yet we
too are praying for our girl. Every word of prayer
we utter is like the driving of a red-hot iron into
our flesh; we are in torment even wilUe alive; and
yet. we shall persist, though we knqw t hut our pray-
ers can be of no worth whatever."
"If they are sincere they will count with God,"
said Carson with firm conviction. "They will count for
you as well as for Yvonne. You yourselves may re-
pent even nou'.'". Something like an iuspiratinr
came to him. "Let. us pray together," he cried "Let
us kneel tcrgether at this moment. We shall be
"Have a care!" cried M.damn Herriot. "In this
house your very life is in danger."
"He who saves his life shall lose it, and who
loses his life for God's sake shall save it," answered
Henry Carson. "I am not afraid. Not in my own
strength, but in the strength of the Lord our God I

will appeal to Him even in the stronghold of Satan.
Kneel with me, even if this is to be our last pray-
The atmosphere of the room had steadily thick-
ened, as it had done on the last occasion he was
there. Sulphurous fumes assailed his nostrils; looking
through an open window he observed that the sun-
light had waned, as though heavy storm clouds were
drifting across the sky. A muttering of thunder was
heard. A storm had come up suddenly, the trees
swung their branches convulsively, and as Henry Car-
,son and the two women fell on their knees a flash
of lightning stabbed through the gloom and the house
seemed to split and tremble in the roar of thunder
that followed. And now the lightning was inces-
sant, and peal succeeded peal of thunder so rapidly
that there was one almost continuous ear-splitting
ca.o ph.'ny.
"The legions of Hell are about us, 0 Iord!" cried
Qarson aloud, "but they shall not prevail against
Thee." His prayer continued, his voice fighting with
the tumult of wind and thunder. There was no rush
of rain; nothing but that terrific uproar and those
lurid fires; and in the midst of it all the two devil-
worshippers cried to God to save Yvonne, to rescue
her, to keep her feet upon a path that would lead
away from destruction. At length the voice of Ma-
dam Herriot was heard above the hellish din in a
triumphant ejaculation-"I feel, I know that our
prayers will be heard! 0 God, have mercy upon our
And then the bolt fell. Carson was hurled prone
to the floor and the women with him; he struggled
to his feet and realized that the entire building was
in flames. He was a strong man, and the emergency
impelled him to effective action. First one and then
the other of the sisters he seized and dragged into
the open; both were insensible. Attracted by smoke
rising rapidly in great billows a crowd began to as-
semble abnut, the house, storming through the gates
and. crying. out in dismay at this swift and awful
destruction by lightning. In a few minutes the fire
brigade came rushing up to the scene with a shriek-
ing of sirens; police cars followed; policemen hur-
ried it the spot where the women lay and bore them
'tI. a safer place. Carson followed. 'An ambdlande
was already on the ground. They lifted Madam Her-
riot and her sister into it, then the minister said to a
policeman nearby that he would accompany the wo-
men to the hospital. "No need, sir," answered the
policeman. "Both are dead."

"There is a calm, even a glad look on their
faces," Henry softly whispered to Yvonne as they
stood by the coffins in which were laid out the bodies
of lMadam Herriot and her sister. "You know, I
believe that in that last moment of theirs, when they
cried out to God for you, and for their own souls,
they were siitcerel'v repentant of, their sins. I be-
liy ve o. and if I .m right, they too found salvation.,
The devil had power over their bodies but not over
their souls when they knelt to implore the mercy of
"Ih ope so," said Yvonne. "Indeed, I believe so.
Truly they look peaceful enough; they seem smiling.
Their end appears to everyone as'terrible, but who
can say that- it really was so? In that last moment
I think their contrition evoked God's mercy."
"I was glad that I was with them," Henry con-
tinued, "for I know that they were in physical tor-
ture, yet they were at that moment utterly unsel-
fish,'and their faith in God's acceptance of our pray-
ers was as great as my own."
Yvonne nodded.
"What are you going to do now?" he went on.
"They told me that.you plan to enter a convent." ..
S"We will talk of.that after tha funeral," she
After the funeral he drove back to the hotel with
her. They spoke no word on the way. When they
(Continued on Page 89)


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(Continued fronts Page 87)
got down to the pier she held out her hand to him:
"I am leaving for England very shortly." she told
him, "on my way to a convent in France. We shall
never see each other again."
"I am not a Catholic," he muttered; "you can-
not expect me to think that yuu are doing the be~s
possible thing. Yvonne. I am in doubt."
"You made the sign of the cross when surround-
ed by fiends in the desecrated cemetery not long ago.
Henry: you told me that yourself. I wish to cling
to the cross for the rest of my life. I became a mem-
ber of your church for worldly reasons. It is un-
worldly reasons that actuate me uow. Some day you
will marry-"
"No, Yvonne," he answered quietly, "I never
will. Perhaps unworldly reasons are influencing me
also. I shall think of you always, and at times \ou
will think of me, though we shall never meet again.
You told me once that I was a coward: maybe you
were right. But, really, my fear has also been for
you. Suppose I changed my mind now-"
"I feel that even if you changed your mind anu
took me, Henry, it would be a mistake: and I do
not want you to change your mind. Our love wouldn't
last. We are very different, you and I. and
when you began to tire of me, and to regret what
you would think of as your folly, my resentment
would be bitter and life would be a hell for both
of us. Does love last. Henry? Any love? The love
of a mother, usually; the love of God. always; the
love of a woman for a man, often: much more rarely.
I think, the love of a man for a woman.
"Perhaps"-her voice grew deeper. there was
bitterness in it-"perhaps no sexual love endures:
regrets come after a while; we see others with whom
we think we could have been much happier; the fires
of our passion die; there is only left the ashes and
dust of it. That would not do for me.
"So your decision suits me very well. I don't
pretend I am not going to suffer: I am suffering now.
It is not easy to give you up: It is a sort of death
that I am passing through an awful sort of death.
"But better now than afterwards, when the con-
sequences would be so infinitely worse for both of
"And do you think I am not suffering also, dar.
"I believe you are; I know it. And that is why
we can part in peace, and with something like love
still between us. That is why, at this instant, I am
so gentle, I who am not usually so."
"Oh God. have mercy on both of us!" exclaimed
Carson in an agony of feeling.
"He will, dear. And now, goodbye!"
'No, Yvonne, not goodbye! Let us take our
courage in both hands and face the risk we are fly-
ing from. If we have faith in God we can do so:
it is lack of faith in me, my doubts of the protection
of my Master, that has really been at the root of
my decision to leave you. I see more clearly now.
I love you, darling, as I have never loved you before,
with a love that at last is pure as it is true and
tender. Dearest. I want you, and nothing else do I
want in this world save the blessing of God."
"My dear," she whispered, her face radiant, "you
have made me very happy by those words. I know
now that I made no mistake in loving you."
"I was weak and vacillating, doubtful and
selfish; now I am stronger and of better faith." he
went on fervently. "I now see my way more clearly.
Those women, your mother and your aunt, because
of their absolute repentance and trust in their 'last
moments, were saved from the power of Hell: you
believe that, don't you?"
"Yes, I believe it."
"And you and I will be helped and guided and
saved also. I see that too. Do you not?"
"Yes. dearest; but not if. having chosen the way
of self-sacrifice, we let ourselves be swayed by earth.
ly desires, deceiving ourselves with words."
"What do you mean, Yvoane?"
"Oh. Henry, don't you see that we are both again
being tempted, though by our own wishes this time?
I know that you love me, dear, love me truly, and
will always love me; that is clear to me now. I am
sorry for what I said in my bitterness and grief a
few minutes ago: now I believe that you will love
me always. But not if we are both false to our
higher selves, darling. You believe that my mother
and aunt escaped damnation. But don't you see they
never ciuld have done so had they thought at all of
themselves, from any earthly point of view. in their
last hour of trial? And we. who have passed through
so much, is it not best that we too should renounce
something of worldly and personal satisfaction for
the service of God? Don't you realise that I have
gone back to the religion in which I was christened?
Did I renounce it for you, what would my profes-
sions be worth? how could I look for peace of mind?

M.L.C. for Portland

M R. Ken Abendana surprised a good many persons
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a solicitor had come into close touch with all classes
of the people, and was liked and well regarded by
them for his personal qualities. He is a genial. com-
panionable fellow, very articulate, identifying him-
self quite naturally with personal and popular affairs,
and eminently approachable. So a good many of the
people in Portland thought he was just the man they
wanted to represent them in the Council, and it is
safe to say that for every man who thought this three
years ago, half a dozen or morerthink so now.
Mr. Abendana is a painstaking politician. That
is to say, he gives his best attention to the questions
coming before the country in the Council and does
his utmost to come to right decisions. Like all self-
confident young men-he is not yet forty-and
especially those who follow the ofessiin of solici-
tor, he is fond of speaking; Ensequently we hear
a good deal from him in the Igislative Council. But
one thinks that his tendency as time goes on is to
concentrate on the rather more important subjects
and nrt to diffuse himself over a wide field of trivial
matters. He possesses the power of discrimination,
and is showing it.
SHe is independent without being truculent, and
at the same time gives evidence of a capacity for
team work which must be gratifying to his elected
colleagues. One can easily envisage Mr. Abendatia
"standing alone" if convinced that there is no other
reasonable course; but one does not see him adopt-
ing that attitude through mere conceit or belliger
ency. Belligerent indeed he could not be, for that
would be in contradiction to his friendly and co-
operative disposition. He is, too. the sort of man
who improves with experience and age, and so one
may with confidence prophesy a career for him in
public affairs as distinguished as that of his late
uncle. the Hon. D. S. Gideon, C.M.G.

how could I face the years? No. dear, there is no
turning back for me. I am going the way that God
intends: I have the fullest conviction of that. Yet
I am glad you have spoken as you have. Henry, for
now I feel that you are a better, nobler man than
in my bitterness I thought you. Kiss me. dear. and
say goodbye."
He looked at her long and earnestly: there was
no mistaking the firmness of her resolve: she would
never be moved. He bent towards her and kissed her
on the lips. "God strengthen and comfort us in the
years to come," he muttered. 'Until we meet in an-
other world, dearest, farewell."
The End.


Some Day

A Hurricane

Will Strike






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Lloyds's Agents, Kingston.



Safety First!

A Study In Foresight

THERE was a day In September last, the 2Sth tr
be precise, (and also in November of this year
when all Jamaica was battening up windows and
doors, or thinking of doing so. News had come that
Porto Rico had been eaept by a hurricane; that our
West end had suffered-which was only too true-
runiours were flying about that the President
.,f Haiti had been blown away. There were somen
persons who, telt that that was the sort of thine
which would happen to a Haitian President. and
they tdid not see in it an event tio iall for comnmin.
ierati.Ln. But -till others remembered that winds
which could blow away a Haitian President might
deal very effectively with a Jamaica merchant. pro-
fessional mani. artizan and so forth, also. and the
prospect of being whirled from one spt 1u the other
by a cyctlone was therefore viewed with Ieceoming
What vwas the feeling amnngst tihe planters aitti
agriculturists? That feeling was very much mixed
Or rather, it would le more curreci to say that it
was very' different according ti. the po-ition in whi'-li
a man found himself. S-mnie of the bigger buuanai
men went about calm. quiet. not apparently in th,
!east degree apprehensive. One if them said. "I have a
lotI oj hnananas. ibut I am ni twortryin,.." "'Then whl-i
is worrying?' was the quiiestion put to him. "Perc
haps Willie Gamble." he replied "but certainly n,,t
me." And those few worrds explained his e.quatimnlty
in the face of a (alamity reported o n the way.
This gentleman das insured. If a hurricane
struck Jamaica anti de\asated his properties. lie
would lose money of course: but lie could not Iose
anything nearly as much as he would were he not
insured; anti there were others like him. There hbs
been an increasing number of "iii h persons in Ja-
maica during the last few years; and that is why,
in these days. whein news t an approaching bur-
ricaine is published in this island, it does not spread
the same c'onsteruation as in years ene by.
Some planter.s. one hears, viewing the fact that
for fifteen years there has been no hurricane in Ja-
malea. while for about a half of that period nley
have been paying insurance. wonder whether it is
good businez.s to insure against hurricanes. But one
Itememlber that in titteen years. frmni 1903 to 1917
inciiUsive, there were no tewer than six hurricanes!
And no one can say what will happen in the coming
fifteen years. A.s a matter of fact w- all know that
there must be hurricanes in Jataira. since this coun-
tiy is in that region of tlie Caribbean sea over vhich
these volumes :of wind travel. Now and then we are
going to be hit. si.metimie devastatingly hit. That
may happen in any tof the next fifteen years. or (In-
next rite years. and it will make all the difference in
the world to) Is whether we are insured or not.
If we are insured. the underwriters of the insur-
ances will have to pay up. But it i' actually ir. the
benefit of the insured as well ad i.f the inderwriter-
that the longest possible perir-d rliould elapse bef..,re
the latter aie called upon to pay. It would not suit
us if hurricanes o ii,-trred heie so freqiiently that nr
underwriter would risk insuring our crops. It would
not suit us if after one expensive blow another should
follow at an early interval. We watt ito feel that
our insuralne is permanent
In business uue niust take safety into c.,usidera-
tion. Insurance preinllinis are parr of the price ofn
intelligent trading If a man has been in the banan.i
liusines-,. or tle e-icotnut business. for ten years and
has never kn.rwn a stu.rm. though all that time he
has paid his insurance premiuln,. he has nto rea .,n
to feel diuilutented: lie iught to consider himself
lucky. For there are either years to come. We Iltavc-
never forgotten. for instance, how 'nn the old Conn
stant Spring Hotel the fire insurance was decreac-.d
by several thouiamn pounds because of the compars-
tively heavy premium which th.t amount il st. Nor
more than tliree nnths afterwards a careless gu:.-t
threw a cigarette on the flour and in a tew lhur, tlee
building went up in flames! If soniebiod) had *.VIt-
ten this in a ,stoii 3 ou w3ilo ld hav\ e aid thal t 'hat
was the way things wi.irked out itn fiuti.,n but not in
ar-tual life. But it is also thIe a ny in which macr.
things happen in actual life. and that is why. in
business c'.ndit ted tin sound and conservative lines,
people do unt hesitate to spend something annually
si. as to be protected against a sudden and cal-
amitous loss.
So all dcuriug, this last Autumn, there were men
aho, studied the bulletins and the skies with sinkine
hearts, and others w\lio were calm and quiet beca:i'e
they knew they were insured. These latter were
like the Wise Virgins whose lamps were filled with
oil.. Perhaps some of the uninsured muttered t"
ihinselves as did the Foolish Virgins: "Too late. torj
late. we cannot enter now."

One Ni ht In Mosul

An Epidemic of Crime And Its Solution-

By Ro T h o TT

AFTER a refreshing bath and a change into
cool flannels. Ted Morton, at the .clrse ,-f a hoJi
.unimer day, made for the cosy chair on his reran
dah .overlooking the main street" of Molul.
Close by was a small table on which stood a bot-
tie of whisky and some sodas stuck into a white
enamel pail balf-filled faith ice. He poured himself
out a liberal "peg' and. filling the glass with soda,
slowly imbibed the sparkling drink with keen enjoy.
ment Then he lay back comfortable enjoying the
soft. cool breeze which had sprung up as the sun
Closing his eyes, he listened tu the drowsy hum
of the distant bazaar and the soft murmur of voii'ei
trom the banks of the near-by Tigris He was almost
dozing when the loud voice of a Mohammedan priest.
in the minaret of the mosque just a s-tone'; thr.:..v
away, boomed out with startling suridenness. The ,.a;l
ceased as unexpectedly as it began, and then Mort,.ni
became aware of the fact that someone was shouting
to him from the street below.
"Hullo there, you old loafer!" he heard. "Have
you turned Mohammedan? I've been baiwing myself
almost hearse trying to attract your attention."
Looking over. lie vsaw a cheery red fate grinning up
at him.
"'('ome along up. Mac." li. invited, and then add.
ed: "Tell my servant to fetch some sudas, will you?'
Harry Macdermot was very popular am.,ug the
forty.-odd Britishers in Mosul. his cheery optimism
3nd ready wit always making him a welct-me viitoir.
Mnrton and Macdermot both belonged ;t the Tel,-
graph Department, the former being in charge of tile
Maintenance Branch. while the latter wa. Superin-
tendent of Traffic.
Mac sron appeared. followed by an Arab servant
laden with soda-water. aho noi.eles-ly withdrew al-
ter placing a eat lor the visitor. Mtorton pushed :he
bottle towards him. saying: "Help yourself. Mac.
I'In sure you're thirst. Where have yio been?"

"Just returned from Zacho. and was chivvied for
life by a band of Arabs about a dozen miles out." re-
plied Mac. "It's getting fierce out in that direction:
I dun't envy Hallet and Sanders their jobs with that
bunch of raw levies of theirs, with so much trouble
brewing. You needn't be surprised if your Zacbo
wires come down one of these days! I saw some
Briti-,h troops headine for the desert as I came in;
they probably saved my bacon, by the way. Know
where they're going?"
"Zacho." replied Morton. 'A company left to-
day. and some more are going to morrow. so Hallet
and Sanders will be all right. I hope He paused
reflectively for a moment and then went on: "Talk-
ing about risks. Mac. it is nearly as bad here in Mosii
these days. You heard about Jos Kennedy?"
"No." replied Mac. "I have been so busy running
that Aniadia extension this past week that I haven't
hail a chance to tap in on the line even for tire miun
utes. it is over a neek since I saw either Hallet or
Sanders. or. for that matter, any other Britisher.
What's happened to Jos?"
"He was found dead in his bed lat Wednesday
morning. The doctor thinks that. owing to the posi-
tion in which he had been lying, he was suffocated
after being sand bagged. His house had been ran-
a-acked and some money and valuables stolen. In
fact. it was just a repetition of what happened to
Beuson and Deane. only poor old Jos lost his life as
well as his property."
Mac's good natured face assumed a serious expres-
sion "That's three such cases in less than two
months." lie exclaimed. "'Why. it vill soon be too
risky to go to bed! Have the police not been able to
do anything"'
"Nothint so far. replied Morton. "'Nor will they,
in my opinion. I believe the majority of the native
police are thorough rascals, and band in-glove faith
rite evil-doers.'
"I'm sorry to hear about poor old Jo.,'" said Mac.



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thoughtfully. "HHow is Deane getting alring iu bos
"Fairly well, and he'll probably be discharged
pretty soon, but then he is to be sent home as until
for further service. That will hit him hard, ponr
chap; he is very keen on his job."
'"Things are certainly not too rosy." served
Macdermot. "The political murders are bad enough.
but it's about the limit when one cannot go to bed
here in Mosul with a reasonable hope of waking up
safe and sound. Have you ever reckoned up, Ted,
the number of fellows who have passed out during
the past year? First there was Colonel Hartman.
the Chief Political Officer: then his assi-tant and Mr.
Powell at Amadia. A little later there were three
gendarme -jiters. murdered by their own levies ar
Telafar. then Calvert at Hammamali: and a few
months ago Captain Finch of the Secret Service.
whose body was found in a well in his own courtyard
after he had been missing for a week. Now come-
poor old Jos, not to mention the two Jews who were
murdered near Quayrah. and Ashraf Bey, who came
up from Bagdad just recently."
"Yes. it is a lengthy list. Mac." returned M'orton.
"and, as you say, things are getting into a bad shape
generally. We ought to make some kind of effort
amongst ourselves to settle the matter of these night
prowlers in Mosul. Surely. between us, we can de-
vise some plan! What do you say to having a few
of the boys up here to-morrow evening for a quiet
talk about it? Mullan and Stanley would be a likely
"That's a good idea." s-aid Mac. "It mavy start
things going. Joe Spencer wRould like to bhe included.
I'm sure, if it's only to do sumnetling t'I avenge his-
pal Jos."
"Very well, then," replied Morton '-I will invite
them all round to-morrow evening. In the meantime,
say nothing about the matter to anyone."
They bad another drink, and then Mac rose tio
go, sayine, "I must be off now for a bath and a clean-
up. See you later. Ted." He clattered off down the
stone stairway, pulling the heavy iron door after him
with a bang as he entered the narrow street.
Ted Morton sat quietly thinking for some time
after his friend had left. During their conversati-n
he had been on the point of suggesting to Mac that
he should come and share his house, as there was
plenty of room, but he hesitated in case Macdermit
might think it was a case of premature funk. Look-
ing at it from a commonsense point of view. how-
ever, there was ample reason for uneasiness, and

both would certainly benefit by the arrangement. It
wasn't, as if one iould bolt and bar ones doors and
retire to rest satisfied that no intruder wouldd enter.
Owing to the peculiar way in which the Mosul
hbeuses were built, one was at the merry of one's
neighbours in this respect. Morton's house, for in-
stance. was situated at the corner of the main street
and a narrow lane leading to a mosque which stood
in the bank of the river.
Next door was the dwelling of one of his British
.uurervih,-rs, and beyond him. in the narrow street,
that of a Mohammedan named Raschid Bey. a laree.
rambling building stretching back almost to the mos-



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que. This house had several entrances opening '.u
the tr.:.nt. back. and the side which ran parallel with
the river.
Rasehid had a large family and numerous serv-
ants who continually entered and left by these sev-
eral tioors. which were always open. All the en-
trances did not give access to the house, but to his
courtyard,. and from there it was an easy matter :.jr
an active man to gain the fat roof: and as all the
h-iuses joined one another and were separated only
hb low mud walls. anyone iould enter the courtyard,
say. at the side near the river-bank, and reach Mor-
t,-n' house at the other end of the street simply by

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her agriculture. The success oj 1 land and we would then not need
her agriculture depends first upon :!7 any other part of the world.
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upon the patriotism, foresight and l l development of a Progressive Ja-
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walking along the roofs and scaling these low divid-
ing walls.
In Morton's quarters an open stairway led from
the roof to a small inside veranda which overlooked
a courtyard. This veranda communicated with two
bedrooms, one of which led through a sitting-room
to an outer veranda overlooking the main street, the
only entrance to the house being through a heavy
iron door opening on the narrow side lane.
It was customary and. indeed, necessary for coin-
fort during the hot summer nights for Morton to
sleep on the inner veranda, which was open to the
courtyard. Most of the houses were built in this
fashion, and as they were usually occupied by large
families, with servants of both sexes living in rooms
on the ground floors. leading off the court-yards, the
risk of undesirable nocturnal visitors was negligible
In the case of Britishers. however. whose serv-
ants departed to their own homes at a certain hour.
it was a very different matter. The very small col-
ony of Britishers who assisted in the administration
of the various Government departments in Mosul
during the early period of the mandate in Mesopio
tamia were sociable and convivial souls, and visited
one another regularly in the evenings. On these o**-
casions some of them, perhaps. were wont to indulge
not wisely but too well in the cup that cheers.
A few of the white men shared a house in pairs
but as there was no shortage of accommodation in
Mosul others, like Morton and Matdermot lived
alone, and if they slept over soundly left themselves
very much at the mercy of uninvited guests. As 41
ready mentioned, Deane, Kennedy, and Benson, ofi-
cers of the local gendarmerie had all suffered in this
way at the hands of nocturnal robbers within a
period of two months.
Mindful of the danger Morton had approached
his neighbour Raschid Bey on the matter of trying
to keep his doors closed at night. Raschid Bey very
civilly promised to do his best to oblige, but at the
same time pointed out the diticulty of controlling a
large family and numerous servants. Raschid had
himself been visited by thieves quite recently, and he
was as eager as anyone to put an end to the menace
Rousing himself from his reverie, Morton pre-
pared to go for a stroll, as was his custom every
evening. Putting on a light flannel jacket, he slung
over his shoulder a leather case containing a small
telescope, and, reaching the street. made his way
towards the bazaar, intending to cross the bridge of
boats over the Tigris and take a walk in the direc-
tion of the ruins of Nineveli.
Of late he had been having trouble with the
wires in the town. owing to the Arab women usinc
them as convenient clothes-lines where they pas-ed
close to the houses in the bazaars. Morton's objet:
in carrying the telescope was to examine the wires
from the far side of the river, whence lie could Fct
an uninterrupted view.
Crossing to the opposite bank of the Tigris. lie
seated himself on the coping of a stone bridge whi:h
continued from the pontoon, traversing some low-
lying ground which was usually under water when
the river overflowed. Idly he watched the swarm%
of women, standing knee-deep in the muddy streari.
washing their family linen
Presently, tiring of this. he drew the telescope

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from its case and. leaning on a pillar, trained the
instrument on the closely-packed houses in the bazaar
at the point where the telegraph wires crossed to the
town. After a careful scrutiny he could detect no
signs of fouling anywhere, and was about to return
the telescope to its case when a couple of figures
squatted on the opposite bank attracted his atten-
They somehow seemed familiar, and after a
closer inspection he discovered that one of them was
a telegraph peon or messenger of his own. Hamid by
name. The second man he recognized as a huge half-
Arab, half-Negro. who had been pointed out to him
by Mullan, the police superintendent, as a very shady
character whom he was having watched.
Wondering what business his peon could have
with this evil-looking individual, Morton watched
the pair for awhile. Hamid had once come under Mor.-
ton's notice, quite by chance, when he had received
a severe thrashing from an Anglo-Indian telegraphist
from whom he had procured liquor while on duty.
Pro:uring liquor for the staff by messengers was
strictly forbidden, and as Hamid had not reporte-q
the affair, Morton concluded that he must have de-
served his punishment, as natives d'J not as a rule
take abuse without making plenty of noise about it.
Morton had also learned, after subsequent inquiry,


that the peon bad been of very doubtful character
when in the old Turkish service, and accordingly de-
termined to dismiss him if he again came under his
notice for misconduct.
Now, seeing him talking confidently to this half-
breed rogue, Morton's instructive distrust of Hamid
returned. He had always disliked the servile, cring-
ing fellow, and he resolved in future to keep him
under strict observation.
As it was beginning to get dark, Morton stowed
away his telescope and retraced his steps across the
pontoon bridge, noting out of the corner of his eye
that Hamid was still in deep conversation with his
burly companion. When he reached the other side,
however, the peon had disappeared, though the half-
caste remained squatting on the sand, and eyed the
white man insolently as he passed
Apparently not wishing to be seen in his com-
pany. Hamid had skipped off on seeing Morton ap-
proach. Evidently he was under the impression that
he had not been observed, for Morton met him, seem-
ingly coming from the opposite direction, as he re-
entered the bazaar, the peoIe giving him a deep
salain as he passed.
Pondering deeply over the incident, Morton struck
off on to another road which led to his house by a
circuitous route. He wanted to think and, if possible,




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t lillllil1''lll'IiiillllllllllIIIIIlIIII~lI IIIIIIlilllullllllIIIIll~lllllII~lIIII~iiiIIiIiIiiiliIhiliIlIilllIIll B~lllII~ lIIIl~llllIIIIIIIlilIIIliIIII~lllIlIIIIIIIIIIIIII~ illlIIlllllllllIIIllI~illlllllullll~lIIlul


45 Orange Street,

0- Kingston.

to devise some plan which he could suggest to his
friends later in connection with stopping the ?pi-
demic of robberies Could the peon Hamid be mixed
up with the business in any way? he wondered.
Reviewing the last three cases, he called to mind
the fact that each of the victims had visited his
SMorton's) house on the night they were robbed, '.
company with several others. They had all played
cards, winning considerable sums of money, and had
stayed till a late hour before returning to their own
quarters. This was an odd coincidence, to say the
least of it.
Hamid's hours were permanently fixed from
ab-,ut 10 p m. till early morning, and his duty was
really that of night-watchman, as messages wer-
rarely delivered during thnse hours. The telegraph
-111ce was just across the street from where Mort.:a
resided, and it was the latter's custom to ring for
the ipjon several times luring the night when en
tertaining guests: lie was also summoned to light the
lamps they carried when leaving to guide them
through the dark and narrow streets.
Hamid. therefore, would always be aware of the
movements of every guest and, even if he did not
actually take part in a thieving expedition, could fur-
nish reliable information to confederates as to a
- prihable easy and profitable victim.
Dy the time l')rton reached his house he had
thought out the main outlines of a plan which, if
his suspicions were well-founded. would effectively
* put au end to the nefarious operations of the night-
bi rds.
Next day he visited the friends he and Mac had
decided to include in the conference, and in due
course they gathered as arranged. Morton's Arsh
servant had been instructed to set out refreshments.
and was then dismnised for the night.
Seated on the moonlit veranda, where they could
talk without fear of being overheard, Morton invited
his friends to help themselves to smokes and drinks.
Then. without waste of time. he broached the subject
which they had assembled to discuss. He briefly
explained his suspicions regarding Hamid, and then
went on to describe Ilii plan in detail.
"Yotu all know." he said. "that next week Deane
i, due to leave for Bagdad on his way home. Well,
I prol'pu-e that we arrange the usual 'send off' for
himi tr my house, inviting about a dozen all told.
including the present company. the night before ho
leaves. which would make it next Wednesday.
"The fellows invited will enjoy themselves as
usual, but to carry out my plan it will be necessary
tor ils five to pretend. as the evening goes on. to get

more or less drunk. I myself will get into a very
had pickle-su bad. in fact. as to require assistance
to bed. We will also arrange a card-party, with
plenty of money coming my way.
"During the evening I shall contrive that Hamid
will be in attendance very frequently, and that he is
here. un s-me pretext or other, when the party
break up, in order to help put me to bed. I shall
ask Heaton. who drinks xery little, to see the other
fellows off. and then to assist Hamid to tuck me up.
You four will leave with the rest. or earlier, and all
of you must appear to be very drunk.
But. instead "f going bujne. :inu will accompany

Jue Spencer to his house next door, and wlihe.
Heaton and Hamid leave you will quietly return to
my place by way of the roof. We will then rig up
a figure in my bed to represent me, and await d-
velopments. I feel certain that some native acts r.s
scout for these thieving night-hawks--and who is a
more likely ur convenient person than Hamid?
"It is well worth the loss of a few hours' sleep
to put my ideas to the test. Nest week. I figure.
there will be a waning moon. which l ill be all ..ie
better for our plan. I contemplated approaching Ras
,nia Bey to suggest that be should have one of his
doors left open. at the side of his house near the







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river bank. but perhaps it would be ad well to keep
the whole thing to ourselves; in any case. the thieves
probably hare a confederate in Ras-.hid's house hr,
will aei to that matter. Now what do you fell-own
think of it.?"
"I think it's a fine scheme," said Pat Mullai,
"and likely to have good results. Do you recom-
mend having a few polite handy-picked ones. of
coursee? "
Morton hesitated: then he turned to the others.
"What do you suggest?" he asked.
"I would propose," said Mac. "*that we keep the
whole thing to ourselves. There are tive of us, andu
the thieves probably only work in pairs"
Spencer and Stanley agreed ,.n this point: they
also th.uglt the plan a very guod one. Suddenly .inc.
Spencer broke in.
"I have an idea that might add to the success iof
your scheme. Ted." he said. "'You might arrange for
your office satfe t, be iout ift order for a couple o0'
days; the takings for the day on which the affair is
going to iome off will be ct,.uiderable, and would
make an excellent bait."
"This mni.ney would be held over for the bankl
on the following day. and you could lontrive to let
Hamid know in snie way that yo:u are having it
beked in .,uir room for safety; you could. in fa,;..

let him see the box in which the money is suppo.eed
to be locked."
All agreed that this was an excellent sugges-
tion: if the peon really ',~r the robbers' scout his
employers would be almost sure to bite at such a
tempting plum.
Looking round at his friends, Morton felt that
they were a likely-looking lot for a roughh house"
with robbers. Pat Mullan was a fine specimen of a
policeman. He had served in the Royal Irish Con-
stabulary. was a first-rate athlete, and stood six feet-
two in his socks, with shoulders like a buffalo
Stanley was a hefty young gendarme officer, always
eager for adventure and as keen as mustard.
Spencer, one of Mortcn's supervisors, was ato
mean specimen either, and very anxious to do some.
thing to avenge his dead friend Kennedy. Morton
was an ex-Artillery man, standing five-feet eleven,
weighing over a hundred and seventy pounds, and in
first class condition. Macdermot was the smallest
of the five. but had the Military Cross and Military
Medal to his credit. and was well able to look after
During the intervening da~ys Morton duly ar-
ranged for Deane's "send-off" party, fixing it for
Wednesday night, and on the Tuesday evening the
rive plotters met unoe more to settle final detailA.

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It was decided that Mac and Stanley were to be con-
cealed on the roof at a point close to where the
thieves would probably enter, while Morton, Mullan,
and Spencer were to post themselves at the foot of
the stairway leading to the veranda. All were to
carry revolvers.
The two men on the roof were to allow the rob-
bers to enter unmolested, but to move to the head
of the stairway after they descended to the veranda,
thus tulling off their retreat. The room in which
the remainder were ti hide would be between the
bandits and the stairway leading to the street-door
in the courtyard below. The visitors would thus be
trapped between two fires, as the door leading on to
the veranda overlooking the main street would be
'serurely fastened.
Morton's- bed, with the dummy figure in it,
would be placed on the inner veranda, only a few
pates from the foot of the stairway leading from the
roof and the room in which Morton and the others
were concealed.
On Wednesday night the guests arrived, numbei-
ing twelve in all, and it was not long before a card-
party was in full -wing. Morton heing a player.
It speedily became apparent to everyone that Morton
had been crookingg his elbow" earlier in the even-
ing. for he was fast reaching a state of intoxication.

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As the play proceeded he kept a goodly pile of
notes in front of him. and during the later part of
the night had Hamid in c-ustant attendance The
other four participatory in the plot were also shlr
ing signs oif having reached the limit if their ca
pacity. and when at last the time came for *He'i a
jolly eood fellow," and Auld Lang Syne." they were
hardly in a fit state to staud on their feet. Hamrld
stood by. benignly ivatrchinl the proceedings.
SPresently Mlort.on-now very thick in his special
--sent the pton to the office for the illpervisi-r t.ll
duty. He had previously arranged with this offliial
not to come, but to detail Hamid to return n on sne
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pietext When the pr.ii had gone Mullan, Stanley. euveringn him with a sheet, especially his head, in
Mae and Jre Spencer noiiily bade the remaiudor order to prevent mosquito bites.
good night and made their way staggerinely out in After sending the peio out of the house. Heaton
to the street and so to the latter'b house. fa-tened the street-door and went home. Spencer and
the remainder lost no time in returning to Morton's
When Hamid returned. Heaton. tie abstemi'uis. l,,ue hb way ,f the roof. and speedily fixed up a
'was persuadine the remainder to leave. After seeing gpud imitation of a sleeping figure in Morton's bed.
then all off the premises Heaton ordered the .," l Mar found a round shaped earthenware water-jar
to a-ilst him in putting Morton to bed. Morton ap whbih lie placed on the pillow to represent the head;
pearef, to be completely overc,.me. but insisted on then he covered it with the sheet, the whole giving
(ollecting hii money from the table and stuffing it ; vry lifelike effect.
iuto his hip pocket: while Hamid looked on. Meanwhile Mal and Stanley proceeded to their
The) laid him on the bed in full "marching ,r. piists on the roof, selecting a corner which lay deep
der." a it were. only removing hit. boots. He was in the ,hadows~ and some few paces from the only
.alread. -noring by the time they left. after carefully i(t'lntiir ',l1 I o Panur .;

.... SHORT CUTS ....

PEED and yet more speed .-eetlis ro be the go.il
.,f the times, and the short cut a thing to be hall
ed with shouts uf joy With thii there ian he r..
quarrel so long as high standards are maintained, frir
it has ever been tlhe desire of mania to achieve per
tetion with the least effort.
The appearance this Christmnas of the bright
little penny Christmas Seals is a potent reminder of
the hurtt cuts in righting disease that science has
discovered bit by bit after laborious research and
many heartbreaking setbacks: the priceless know
ledge of how to protect health. Those who igror.-

that knowledge must pay the price. In the case i.1
tuberculosis, which kills more persons between 15
and 45 than any other disease. this involves months
and sometimes years in bed. with the consequent
los.s of income, expense of treatment, hardship and
worry to one's family, and the knowledge that after
recovery all violent exercise and heavy work are
talejo under penalty of a second breakdown.
But Christmas seals bring with them a message
ot hope-the knowledge that tuberculosis is both pre-
\intable and curable: that it can be detected in
children years before it becomes active and prote-
tion provided for them: that the research c(omlliteo
-,f tile Tuberculosis Association continues to search
dilienitly for a specific cure. and that throughout
the country there are branlihes of the League doing
their utni..l t tIc right the disease
That is tile message :f the halfpenny Chriktmas
s-al.. They are sld annually by the Anti Tuber.
,uil,,sis Le gue t. fiinante their all-year-round work.
For the past four yeir' these eal-s have been forcing
ha, k th.e frontiers of tubercuilonrs. Through their
effort- preventuria. hospitals. linicr. nursing service .
health laws. did olrther tirm- of prevention. diaeno-
sis. and treatment have been established throughout
tae Island
The Christtmas -eal that carries the double bar-
led -ro-s. which is the -ymnbul of tuberculosis ,,rk.
will comnt to you thii nionth as a silent messeu.er
pleading for your support and assuring you that it
will w ork not only for thoae stricken by the disease.
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One Night In Mosul
(Continued .from Paye 9.5)
point at which visitors could gain entrance over the
mud wall from the adjoining house. Morton and the
remainder concealed themselves in the ruom below
and sat quietly awaiting developments.
For a long time no sound broke the stillness of
the house: then a faint noise was heard at the street
door, as it someone had tried to push it open. A
moment later all was quiet again. The minutes drag-
ged slowly by, and Morton began to think that al:
their carefully laid plans were to be wasted.
He c,.uld hear the faint tinkle of music from
the bazaar and the low croaking of frogs. from the
%river-bank, and suddenly it occurred to him that it
was drawing near the time for the. priest, in his
minaret close by. to call the faithful to prayers. He
reflected that if the thieves did intend to pay him
a visit they would probably wait for the iMtez:rit's
summons. which would cover any slight noise they
might make in crossing the roof from the other end
if the street.
He whispered the iden to his companiiins. and
had barely finished when the loud "Aliil- .lAklbr."'
f the priest rang out ith startling suddenness. fol-
lowed by the lbhg-drawn-uut drone of the traditional
Meanwhile Mac and Stanley sat in the deep
shadow of the mud wall, their revolvers ready for
any eventuality. They were not, however, prepared

for the muezzin, and when the voice of the priest
thundered out it made their hearts jump.
After a while the drone of the priest abruptly
ceased, and Mac was just about to whisper to his com-
panion when a faint noise attracted his attention and
he "froze" where he crouched. Suddenly a head ap-
peared over the wall, followed by another, and two
figures, drawing themselves up. dropped quietly
river. They stood as if listening for a moment, ant
then softly crept along the wall and turned to the
left to descend the stairway into the house.
Mac and Stanley paused before following, giv-
ing them time to reach the veranda: then, rising
quietly to their feet. they were about to move after
them when another head appeared above the wall!
Turning, the third man saw the pair plainly in the
pale moonlight and promptly hacked and disali
peared. "
Think asq an eventuality that had not been
reckoned with, but MI,:. without hesitation, leaped
on the wall and fired at the rapidly receding figure.
The fellow raced on across the roofQ. and Mac jumped
over the wall and went in pursuit. Stanley hesitat-
ed for a mniment. undecided whether to follow or to
remain at his post, but finally derided to stop where
he was.
Meanwhile the othertwo robbers had reached
the veranda and approached the bed. one close it
the other's heels The leader, after peering closely
at the pillow, raised a short cluh which he carried
in his hand.and br..-rht it down heavily on what
he supplied was the sleeper's heal. It will never






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be known which surprised him most, the sound )f
the breaking nater-jar or the revolver shot which
rang out at the same instant!
Both thieves immediately sprang for the stair-
way. intending to regain the roof, but as they dli
so Mullan leapt out of the room alongside and, rais-
ing the life preserver he held in his haud, brought
it down with a sickening thud on the head of the
nearest thief.
The force of the blow sent him hurtling back to
the edge of the veranda, where a low iron trestle ran
along the edge. This, catching the back of his legs,
(iOltoittti e on PagI. 9J

E. A. Mesorris


Merchant Tailor.-,





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One Night In Mosul
(I'Oantnued from, Page 97)
toppled him over on to the stone flags of the court-
yard below. He fell with a heavy crash and lay mo-
tionless. Stanley, at his post on the roof, beard the
terrible sound, and wondered with a shudder, who
was the unfortunate victim.
The other Arab, a native of huge build, seeing
his retreat to the roof cut off, turned and darted like
a hare past the bed and through the bedroom into
the sitting-room beyond. Finding the door which
led on to the front veranda locked, he dashed his
club through a window that also opened on to the
veranda, only to discover that it was heavily barred
on the outside. Then, realizing that he was trapped,
he crouched: against the wall like a wild beast at
Morton had now switched on an electric light and
recognized the huge native to be Hamid's companion
of the river bank. He looked very formidable, but
Mullan, waving the others back, confidently ad-
vanced on the thief, who imnedtliately raised his club
ready to strike.
Pat Mullan knew every trick of his trade, how-
ever, and when within reach suddenly feinted and,
lifting his foot, kicked the bewildered Arab square-
ly on the elbow, causing him to dr.-p the club from
his momentarily paralyzed hand. The two then
grappled with one another, and a fierce struggle en-
sued. chairs and other articles of furniture being
bowled over. *
Spencer and Morton approaI:hed. watching for an
opportunity to assist Mullan. -hen an ominous snap
sounded thriuigh the room and the Arab suddenly
sagged limply to the floor, writhing in pain Pat had
unot been a policeman for many years without learn-
ing how to break a man's arm. even such a brawny
member as this huge malefactor possessed'!
We will now follow Mac int his dash across the
roof. He sprinted after the fleeing Arab, firing as
he ran, but without effect.. The fugitive appeared to
be uncertain of his bearings, as he first headed ob-
liquely in the direction of Rashid Bey's courtyard,
and then altered his course. making straight for the
river bank
Changing hii mind once again, with Mac now
in close pursuit, he dashed for Rascbid's house -
not making for the main courtyard, but a little :n
the right, and. springing on top t a lrw wall. disap

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peared over the other side. Mac thought he had
lost him, but on looking over the wall discovered
he had the fugitive safely trapped. The thief had
jumped down about ten feet into a small courtyard,
the only exit of which was securely locked.
Mac sat on the wall and hired his revolver-not
at the thief. but to attract attention-and presently
Raschid himself appeared at one of the windows
overlooking the yard, obviously very much alarmed.
Mac hastily explained matters, assuring him that
there was nothing to be frightened about, and re-
quested him to send his servants to secure the thief.
After much hesitation Raschid complied. and
when the servants appeared Mac climbed down and
marched the cowering wretch hack to Morton's house,
where he was greeted with an enthusiastic: "Good
boy. Mac! 'Were there any more of them?"
Mac shook his head, grinning proudly as he herd
ed his prisoner alongside the other Arab.
"Then the whole thing has been a complete suc-
cess." cried Morton excitedly. "That spells the end
of sand bagging for awhile. I fancy!"
"Where is the other fellow?" asked Mac.
"There he is." said Mullan, pointing to a heap
in the centre of the courtyard, covered with a sheet.
"His neck was broken."
Shortly after a party of police arrived, in charge
of a Britisher, who led off the prisoners and arrange
ed to have the dead Arab removed. It was now ,e'i
ring daylight, and a large crowd. scenting excite
ment, had gathered in the uarrow street
Mullan. who had detained two of the policemen,
now spied Hamid in the crowd, and quietly instruct-
ed his men to slip out and arrest the prun This .as
accomplished before the astonished native was
aware of his danger.
"That's the whole bunch." said Pat Mullan, grin-
ning as they brought Hamid in. "And I now pro-
pose," he went on, "-that we drink the health of the
author of this whole clever scheme-even if it's wir t
his own whisky!"
The others laughingly agreed, drinking the toast
heartily, and afterwards going home for a well-
earned sleep. Joe Spencer was heard to remark, as
they bade each other good-night. or rather g-ojd-
morning: "I hope that rascal they carried out feet
first is the one who struck poor old Jos!"
Ted Morton arranged many another iheery eve'j
ing at his house, he and his guests enjoying them-
selves wholeheartedly, confident that there would Ie
no more burglaries in Mosul for a very long time.




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