Miss Comfort's heart cries for Tonny's love


Material Information

Miss Comfort's heart cries for Tonny's love
Physical Description:
23 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.
Aririguzo, Cyril Nwakuna
Aririguzo & Sons
Place of Publication:
Onitsha, Nigeria
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Nigerian drama (English) -- 20th century   ( lcsh )
drama   ( marcgt )


Statement of Responsibility:
by Cyril Nwakuna Aririguzo.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000991583
notis - AEW8579
oclc - 60788307
sobekcm - AA00004585_00001
lcc - PR9390.3.A75 M57 1960
System ID:

Full Text

'3 ,"=- ---~-------

Miss Comfort's Heart




R9/4 Onitsha Main Market,
P. O. Box '2S~b


Innocent A. Aririguzo,
7 King Jaja Street.
Dear brother, 1/8/60.
Where shall I start to give you thanks
for your good attempt in contributing to the
greatness of your town and more--over bringing
the most strong, wealthy, ant learned into helpful
touch with the poorest, mos. ignorant and at. the
same time make ore appreciate the vitalizing,
strengthening influence of the other.
Infact how shall we make the mansion on you
by publishing Miss Comfort's Heart Cries For
Tonney's Love. This book captured the interest
of every reader. It is highly esteemed, basically
over-praised applause.
Considering your standard in education point of
view, by its suitabliness, its straight forwardness
and Shakespeare's stylish way of writing which you
unmistakingly adopted. You are warmly, absolutely
and sincerely congratulated by our people here.
Your generosity and affection combined with
patriotism have brought you before the public at
an early age. Infact I can not. say vividly how
I felt when I had the first glance at the book.
The book is consists of sympathy, condolence, it
is full of enthusiasm and admiration.
My heart is full of hope, admiration and prid6
for your bold efforts; Congratulations from me,
friends and well wishers. Thanks
I am,
your brother,
Innocent Anii Aririguzo.



Mr. Cyril N. Aririguzo prepared this pamphlet
which I here commend as an interesting product
from such ambitious man. Considering Mlr.-Aririguzo's
standard, one would not fail to congratulate him
on the bold effort he is making to give to the
public something which can divert them.

He has, written a pamphlet of attraction and
note (Steps for the freedom of Nigeria) which, I am
sure, h.s captured the taste of people. Read this
book and see if you can not lind such interest.
Jere Ogo Onwuteaka
P. O. Box 356, Onitsha.
16th Mlay 1960.



Miss Comfort and ronny the Boy
This is purely Imaginary Story
Tonny's note to Miss Comfort
Miss Comfort's Reply
Response to the Toasts
The History of Palm Wine
Progress Begins at Home

..... 9
-. 10-1
S -. 18
- .- 21

Primed by

45A New Market Road, Onitsha.


My heart
Cries for you
A voice as
Unto him
that hears.

As is the smile
upon thy face.
Until ho close
with all he loved.

Tonny of the enmerahl city. Still I seek you
and your love, mile on mile. Though the wide
world following. Love white Bird on the wing.

Tonny, though the world wax rld, n ver shall
our love grow cold. For you are my future hopo
still, while youth is in us our love shall endure.
Tonny, in the after-time poets still shall fit their
rhyme-tell of love Ileyond compare. Comfort and
Tonny the boy. OH heavens will make Tonny's
heart to love me as I love him. Please
God give me the heart to say my creed.


The sense of the beautiful is God's best gift to
t.he human soul, so it is, and to pass that gift. on
to others in such great, measure must surely have
been happiness to her that. possessed i.
It was with us once and ours, but we despised it,
for it was only the old common happini:ss3 which
nature gives to all her children, and %%: e~liii away
from it in search ol another greater kind ot liappiiS.,s
which some dreamer like our lore-tathers 1or another
assured us we should find. I ':oukl, that ever\ man,
woman, and child in Nigeria were male to .ee the
Queen of all beauties. As a fashionable lady she
is well high unsurpassed, as a stylist. she has few,
if any, living equals. And iii al her wvrk
there is an indefinable freedom from an\ thought
of after benefit even trom the desire that. we should
read her. Here is one no better than a thousand
Mr. Uche married a lady named Paulina. Fortunately
for Mr. and Mrs Uche, God blessed t.hem w ith a
promising beautiful bable girl. The babe was
baptised and w~is named ('crmibi. Two years after
Mlrs. Uehe put to bed another paragon babe girl
again her name was Kate the two beautiful daughters
of Mr. and Mrs [Uche were as beautiful as morning
star. Comfort: A young tall, yellow, slender girl
with a round face which nature has awarded her
as a scholarship.
Mr. Uche is a well to do trader who commands
not less than ten thousand pounds, 10,000. He
is a tall man and broad of shot!!er, with an

open. honest face tanned yellow by the sun. with
black hair and beard, a film hand clasp, a free stride,
and a straight forward speech, just such a man as
was born to be a leader of \aliant man and a lord
Sober white estates. The wife so beautiful but tricky
though she was half educated. The man and his
wife lied long before God sent them a male
child, who was named God-will.
Let God be thanked for we hale got two daughters
ani a babe boy.

Parents love their children dearly. At the age of
six and a half years Comfort was admitted in primary
School. She was clever in the elementary School and
could do it. for five years only. For her cleverness,
both Teachers and co-scholars liked Comfort due to
her beauty and cleverness and they gave her a
nick-name Fine Comfort or Beauties.

As these nick-names have been imposed on her
she began to understand that she was the Queen
of all beauties. The father was a big man known
in the town, watched the spread of his daughter's
name in the town. As it was Miss Com.. Uche
every where, even in coners of streets boys began to
converse how to chase her. These boys:- Paddy,
Alex and Tonny planned to know whom the Queen
of beauties will select, as her lover.

Paddy-We shall wait for her on the road when
she would be returning from School there we chase her.
Alex: When she comes. Please give me few yards
and let me try my luck.

Tonny:- No, No, I shall first speak to her, for I
fine pass you.
Alex:- You said that you fine pass me, though
Tonny you fine pass garri.
Paddy:- Right, We three shall meet her. Please
do take my poor advice, chase her. Tonny. let Alex
glance at her face and I shall introduce all of us
and _after tinat I speak to her on your behalf.
A'ex:- Paddy, You want to cheat us and I know
what you a e planing to do.
Tonny:- Infact Alex, Paddy wants to put us at
hig back and chase Corn.
Alex: Dont mind him we shall all be there and
know what each of us will be able to do.
Let no one be our spokesman and we all shall
speak to her. Now boys at their plans.

As soon a, the school %was over. Comfort was
returning home. At a junction of the roads she
met those chasers. Good afternoon Comfort. She
replied Good afternoon to you.
Tonny:- Come Comfort, I like to speak to you.
Comfort:- You say what? To speak to me?
Do so now.
Paddy:- Dont mind him Comfort he is mad, I
am sorry Com. We want you to love us. Comfort
or be our lover.
Comfort replied:- Is that how I shall fall in love
with three of you? You can come privately and let
me consider within my self. At present your
request is too childish though of great worth.
Just put it in writing. Please, I beg you to leave
me if I waste more time here I my parents will
ask me questions if I reach home.

Paddy, Alex and Tonny excused her, you can go,
you can go, you can go. All of them said in order
to see who will win her love.
Alex: So we three shall write for one girl. (All
man is not man) Nexertheless I must not write. It
is too mean.
Paddy:- We shall write her all of us and she will
make selection by herself.
Tonn:- W'hen shall we men stop fun-fooling
ourselves for only one lady.


This is a note from Tonny to Miss Comfort. See
how the note was drafted.

Tonny Jackjim.
Minor Secondary School,
Dear Comfort,
Infact, when I met you on the road
last Friday. I felt joy to say that I have won the
sum uf C5,-000 pounds from Venus Pools.
I shall now introduce my self to you. In short,
I am T,,nny Jackjim the son of a Chief Magistrate.
You know my father is a big man like your father.
So let it be big men versus big men in this
case and big s n versus big daughter. Please love
me as I love you. Both of us shall go to United
Kingdom for further studies if God helps.
You can just imagine how I chased you on the
road. I enclose here-with a piece of white

cloth as a symbol of a flag. Please try to keep
the flag flying.
Yours to be in future,
Tonny Jackjim.
This is the reply from Miss Comfoit.

Com. T. Uche.
Bente Training School,
15: 7: 56.
Tonny mine,
I thank you for your letter of 8:7:56
which I have received. I could not express how
happy I was when the mail runner handed that
blue envelope bearing my initials to me. To be
kind this was the first letter I have received from
any boy since I was born.
Last night. I dreamt of you and I thought you
slept with me here. I gave you three strokes of kiss.
Thou art my life, my love, my heart. You are
the very eyes of me, Tnd ha.t command of every
part. To love and die for you. Make sure that your
reply should not be posted lest my father will see
it. You can make my junior sister Kate our
messenger of peace. I have agreed to be your lover
but keep it secret.
Yours the Queen of beauty,
,Comfort T. Uche.
Their Parents were ignorant of what was going
between Tonnv and Comfort.

Comfort doesn't know how to cook, how to sweep
or do an,, other domestic work. She could not do
anything. She could eat and paint her nails and look
after her fcee at the standing mirrow. Please I
should advise parents to be careftl over their
children. Let. them see that they gie them the
adequate training so that they should reap the good
fruit. which thl'y have sowed.
After tht year of an eas; life she passed her
standard six examin:i'.tion and entered into training
college fur two \ears course, %while Tonny was
in Secondary school as a finalist. When she was
in training, many young men started to fall on
her like flies from the ork trees, trying
to win her love. As time went on Comfort started
to visit. Tonny, the boy. One day she spent
her week ending with Tonny. He met her at the
2ale and said well--cme my Queen, my future
hope. He ki.sed her,. --\panded his hand and had
an admirable shake. hl d her to his private house,
there many hour,:, v. re spent, in idleness.
He presented his Queen with album, served her
with sweets. bread and butter and also Tango. Before
she met Tonny. her future hope, she told her junior
sister Kate to tell lies to the parents in ease they
wanted her presence at any time of he.r departure.
Though nothing happens without a trace, her
mother noticed what was going on through Kate.
When she returned, the mother asked her Comfort
where she went? She replied. Mamma I went to
evening classes.
Mrs:- You went to e\eninor classes? Am I to
he happy that you went to classes?


Comfort:- Yes Maa. I am sure I have not been
any where.
Mrs Uche:- Are you sure of what you are saying?
Or are you joking? You are a liar my daughter.
You must tell me where you have been other wise
I must tell your papa. Tell me the truth Comfort.
Comfort:- Please mama tell my father not. I went
to Tonny's house to teach me English and Arithmetic
for we were given home work. I could not do
them by myself, for this reason I wanted some one
to help me to solve them.
Mrs Uche:- Why can't you invite ihe boy here to
teach you that Arithmetic. I know when you reach
there you play romantic. When you return here
you play politician. You know, I do not know book.
If you walk and get belly O: na you sabbi. Don't
trust any wor.an.
The master or the land lord knew nothing what
was passing where he was the head of the family.
The mother started to scold her, Comfort went to
a coner of the yard and started to sing, Tonny
of the emerald city. Still I seek you Pnd your
love, mile on mile. Though the wide world following
Love white bird on the wing. Tonny, though the
world wax old, never shall our love grow cold.
For you are my love, my future hope. Still while
Youth is in us our love shall endure, Tonny, in
the after-time poets still shall fit their rhyme,
tell of love beyond compare. Comfort and Tonny
the Boy.
Oh Heavens will make Tonny's heart. to love me
as I love him. Please God give me the heart
to say my creed. Then she bowed her head hi

her hands and the tears ran between her fingers
as she thought 4f her own love for Tonny. Her
mother called the father and explained every thing
for him. Kate vwas sent to call her.
Airs Uche's call:- Comfort.
-Comfort answered:- Sir.
'* Mr. Uche:- Come here. why are you so sad?
ri Miss. Comfort:- Papa there is nothing wrong Sir,
she pretended.
' Mr. Uche:- You are telling me lies my child. Tell
me all your troubles my child, for I have known
some, or if you hide it I shall punish you.
Mliss Comfort:- (Wasted about ten minutes in silence
and grumbled) Sir, it was because of Tonny's sake.
Even as a child Comfort was uncommonly pretty;
but as she grew in years her piety, her unfeigned
kindness towards all she came in contact with, gave
to her beauty a rare and peculiar charm. Her face
was lighted up with a look of such indescribable
goodness that it seemed almost as though one
looked as angel.
jlr. Uche:- Please daughter, tell me who is Tonny?
Comfort:- Papa he is the son of Mr. Jackjim and
also a student. The father was worried and took
Shis telephone and phoned the principal where Tonny
was attending school.
Mr. Uche:- Hello, Hello, I wish to speak to the
principal of Minnor school, Please connect me to
the principal.
The Principal:- Yes, who is speaking. Mr. Uche replied.

Mr Uche:- Please will ,ou kindly excuse r:e to
see Tonny Jackjim before thirty minutes time.

The Principal:- Ahight. I slh'll let. him come and
see ouii as Nou have rLequested. The principal sent
for Tonny Jackjim (Alias the boy) that matters.
The man called Tonny.
The Principal:- You a(re wanted b\ Mr. T. Uche
and you are permitted to go and see him now.
When he went. out from the Principal's office he
was some how shocked and asked himself. For
what purpose this man sends to see me? Any
how I shall be bold enough and see him. As
son as Mr. Uehe saw a st .dent coming to his
house he noticed that. he might be the boy. He
entered in the compound met. Mr. Uche and greeted
him. There was a little murmur in the compound-
at this, of wonder ..:i.l .f' pity.

Well-come to mr .:nrpcound my boy. Your
name was called by liss Comfort. my daughter,
who you ma,, kn'v.w ve, w.All or may not know.
There i, a s.at for Nci: Yonderi siege beside the
table. where your nami- gr-s even now iin letters
of gold in this fa iilv. Tri.u.: Tonny well-come m'y
boy. You are the bo\. *,.u do make lover with
my daughter Comfort. Hie was ashamed and did
nlt say a \word. Are ou the son of Mr. Jackjim?

Tonyv:- Yes. Sir. F am his first son.
MIr. Urhe:- Riht my -on you can ~" back to
\our school l rnti! I .<'nd f-'-r von. As soon as Tonny
1--'r. lie started ft quarrel with his daughter.
Ple e parents bend yv'ur children whin they were

young lest you will find it difficult to train.

But, right soon the quarrel was left behind
them and the lovers sat alone together by a clear
stream where the white daisies dew the new grass
like tears. When the two lovers met again, love
was turned into fear and grew dark and wild, for
so love must that is lawless and dishonourable.
Yet blame them not over much, for the love
charm, was upon them always.

For them surely there is much excuse where none
could be for others who thus break their vows.
Very unfortunately Comfort was understate. She
planned to meet Tonny boy for private marriage in
the Church without the consent of their people.
Metron in the training school heard of the news
and terminated her. She ran to Tonny's station
where he was teaching, Both parents of the two
lovers were surprised. The old people in the town
heard of the news. He was asked by his people
to marry her without delay. Mr. Jackjim called
his people and they met Mr.. Uche with wine
as native law and custom. Mr. Uche was not
satisfied though he'could not help it. Any how let
it be like that. The yam which falls at the foot
of stranger wants -'stranger to be fed.'I shall teach
my wife a lesson. She is careless over our children

I shall give my daughter to your son provided
they should live in peace. Any amount you feel like
given me. I shall accept it. I ha\e allowed my
daughter to marry in church any day they are
ready. Mr. Jackjim: \We have been good friends
before and I think our friendship must stand firm
by now. Let heaven bless this marriage. In order
to make things go in peace wife and husband
arranged for their wedding next Sunday.
The wedding-day was one of the most festive
that. had ever been known in the country-side.
The whole cf llis Com's family prepared at the
appointed hour to the church, which w: s crowded
to the very door with the people of the village
and neighbourhood. None who could possibly get
out remained at. home: all being eager to do
honour to Comfort. The bride looked the picture
of beauty and modesty in her white wreath and
veil. Whilst the bridecr omn was in his best attire.
The wedding breakfast., wh!ch was held in the great
hall of their home town, was a magnificent affair,
and filled every one with delight.
At the wedding ceremony Tonny was told by
the master of ceremony of that. occasion to greet
their witnesses at tle able.
Tonny's Speech:--
C, Yes, and yesable: Dear Ladies and
Gentlemen. I wish to tell you of the popularity of this
my marriagity. My marriagity is not my congregation .
but Mils Comfort's powerity and Tonny's ability. I
attended Minor Secondary School where I have

obtained my Cambridge Certificate in grade one.
Frankly speaking I was not ready to marry by this
time but it is the question of love which made it.
possible for our marriage today, whereas I have
not enjoyed my outth. I thank you all.

The bridegroom was not so happy with the
bride for he has tasted the feminine -.tok of her
Slover before their wedding.

Toasts prepared for the bride and bridegroom by
Mr. Alex:- Ladies and Gentlemen, I believe that
the custom of making speeches at. wedding festivities
is going out of fashion, but I am sure that there
are many present on this happy occasion who will
pardon, and perhaps expect a few words from one
like myself who has known and greatly esteemed
both bride and bridegroom from their childhood.

It is my privillegt today to propose the health
of the bride and bridegroom and while I gladly
comply with the request made of me, I cannot
help expressing a %wish that the task has fallen
to other hands, and a more practiced tongue. This
drinking of health, with its pretty touch of
romance, seems to me specially appropriate in
case of the charming couple today. Let us there,
raise our glasses to the bride and bridegroom,
wishing as we do from our hearts, that health,
happiness and prosperity may attend them through
long years of a married life, graced by the
sunlight of a lasting love, may the effection which
animates them today burn brighter and more

steadfastly as time rolls on, so that all of us w'
have tile privilege of being here. today may e
glad in after-Years to remember that we assist .-
at the opening of a happy story of married ih f.
Response to the Toast of the Bride and Bridegrot .
by the Bridegroom.
Ladies and Genlltmen, ,
My wife and I are, quite happily to be' a
one weded life by starting with an agreement w rh
my inlaw. I thank Mr. Alex for the very mind a 1
pleasant manner in which he has proposed our heal ,,
and to you all for the hearty manner in %w which y a
have responded by to th': good wishes so eloquent v
expressed by our friend. I do not deserve all i .e
goods .things that have been said of me, but I v il
try to dleserve them, and to be worthy of my \i :.
I am sincerely grateful to you all for your kindn s
in so cheerily drinking to our health. I stop so I
Thank you.
. After the response to the toast of bride a.
bridegroom. one old man was called to give i e
audience the"history of palm wine.
The his;( ry read as follows.:-
The history of wine and the value of ashibol o
needs n,) more emphasis or any appropriate descriptii n
than this I am going to tell you now.
The more our natives do talk of wine it takes 1' e
name(mmanya) When it first steps into the Chur h
it is known as Biba. Got its Baptismal name as Alig' !.

Assumed, it has got its comfirmation' nam&'te-viiT
o: r night stay by. then it is known as Ashiboko.
\ while couple with all manirage alliance, having cups
as- servants. Bx then, again it is known as Ashi-
b. .o Npi Agbos.

3eing a nick name Father ai cu. Then comes
tl.- B!essingi Lrio te consrcret' et btnedicto .-Ishlboku.
I .: art tie Spirit that act ii. the palm tree. Let
it afiect.ion Nche be mild. Givc us this day our
n.::mnil be-.crage. Be in our belly as you were in
t.' pot %\hicli was at tal- he to the palm tree.

'orgive us our abusive languages as we forgive
t.l., sellers of Ashib.'ku \\ho annoy us every\ day with
t. ir palm wine. Let those who drink you go to
L,.-ven and djrik with God the Father. O, Father
B.eius. Bless the tappe:s and their ropes so that
tl ?ir ropes must cling tite to palm trees for more
\\. le. May Lord give us this day our daily wine
a'.J bread Amen. The marriage least closed.

-hen T''nny and his wife lived for a month after
w-':iding quarrel entered the house through the
w -idow, because she neglected her duty as a hLuse
w:te. My Advise to the married couple. Man does
ln.; live for himself alone. He lives for the good
ol others as well as.of hinrs:ltf. Every one has
his duties to perform tlih' richest as well as the
poorest. To some, life is pleasure, to other surferings.
But the best do not leave self-enjoyment, or even
fcr fame. Please n-ver' marry for money sake or
fcr things that. money can buy. If there is no
mn-nev the ladv overlooks the husband.

The very words, honey and darling, change into
bitter leaf. By then don't mind him comes in the
room. Mliss Comfort sits on the edge of the window
looking into the passing show of falsehood like a
bird perched and ready to fly. Forgotting that
both have to share dreams, the good or bad even
the worse. Their strongest motive power is hopeful,
useful work in every good cause. This is a parable
from my old father (He says that, each one of us is
a centre, circumsribed by many concentric circles.
From ourselves the first, circle extends comprising
parents. wife, and children.)

To do our duty in this world, towards God and
towards man, consistently and steadily, requires the
cultivation of all the faculties which God has
given us. It is the knowledge of what is right and
what is wrong, that makes us responsible to man,
here, and to God hereafter. It exists in every
station of life. We have it not in our choice to be
rich or poor, to be happy or unhappy but it
becomes us to do' the duty that every where
surrounds us. We should be obedient and disciplined.
We must do what we are appointed to do. Obedience,
to the parent., to the master, to the officer, is
what every one who would do tight should be taught
to learn. Childhood should begin with obedience.
Yet age does not absolve us. We must be obedient
even to the end.

Let parents train their childtrei in a Way that
they should be useful for themselves and
for others. Do you wish to be great? Then

begin by being little. Do you desire to construct a
vast and lofty fabric ? Think first about the founda-
tions of humility. The higher your structure is to be,
the deeper must be its foundation. Modest humi-
lity is beauty's crown.


But the mother gives unceasingly, yea her love
only becomes greater with the necessity and thank-
lessness of the recipient, as she feels the greatest
for the most feeble, as on the father depends the
government of the house, on the woman its
management. Has the father learnt to rule the
house by kindness and self control ? Has the woman
learnt any of those arts by which a home is made
comfortable. ? If not, marriage becomes a fearful
strife of words and acts. Indeed said (Mr.
Andrew Anuforo), "I almost doubt whether the head
of a family does not do more mischief if he is
unsympathetic, that even if he were unjust."
For a man to be happy, ho must have a soul
mate as well as a help-mate. Both must be true,
chaste, ard sympathetic. Towards their children they
must be loving. There are many trials in family life;
but with self control and self sacrifice they may be
overcome. Patience. says Teatullian, ornaments the
woman, and proves the man.
It is loved in a boy, it is praised in a youth. In
every age it is beautiful. An ounce of good cheer
is worth a ton of melaneoly. The life of a woman
can never be seen in its outward form, much less

in its inner. But the best preparation for both is
the careful preparation of womanliness her natural
inheritance. The word is indefinable, it is seen in
,the weakness, the-,eed 'to lean upon., to trust. to
confide, to reverence, and to serve, as much as it.
is seen in the strength enable her to endure, t.o
protect, to defend, and to support. \e find it in
the plasticity that gives such marvellous power of
adaptation, as well in the firmness that yields only
to duty, in the gentleness that wins, and in the
self-devotion that overcomes. The true wife takes
a sympathy in her husband's pursuits.
She cheers him, encourages him and helps him.
She enjoys his successes and his pleasure; and
make as little as possible over his vexation. Lets
wives and husbands be siricere and sympathetic. For
no man was more sympathetic than Charles Lamb.
This is a note from a young lady who went away
from- her husband.
On a bright and sunny day, a young wife went
away from her husband who ha- filled her heart
with pain. On the table lay a note-these simple
words she wrote; goodbye. I hope we'll never meet.
To her mother she returned to her old home she
was found. For the love she had for him had fled.
She has-gone to her mother because there was no
other. Then she will be happy in her home sweet
home. I have come .to say-good bye with a zeal,
Just let me take her to.-my heart again. But the
mother answered No and turned away from him.
Go your way, yotir pleedings ,are in vain. She
is my wife the' husband crying. If you take
her away from my side the law Torbids to part

us we are well. And the mother answered no
and turned away and once again to him she
plainly said. This is a note from a certain young
Tonny wh'n he sacked his wife Comfort.
Wife I long to see you, dearest, and to talk
over things together, and call to mind all the
kindness I have received. My head is full, and
my heart. is also, but my recollection rapidly fails,
even as regards the friends that are in the room
with me, you will have to resume your old function
of being a pillow to my mind, and a rest-a happy
making wife.
Their marriage was not so happy, I can say that
some people were born crying, complaining, and
died disappointed. A deligent woman is the crown
of her husband. Ladies please try your best to
make happy homes in which you may be
engaged tomorrow.



w -r