The City of Newberry : crossing the tracks : a historic business district

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Material Information

Title:
The City of Newberry : crossing the tracks : a historic business district
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Stecher, Anthony Shawn
Publisher:
College of Design, Construction and Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00004159:00001


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nior Capstone Project



Prepared for:
City of Newberry Planning Department
Lowell Garrett: Planning Director
25815 SW 21n Ave- PO Box 369
Newberry, Florida 32669
Phone: 352-472-3927
Fax: 352-472-3998


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Anthony Shawn Stecher
University of Florida
Department of Landscape Architecture
U
Spring 2011




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Dedication:

I would like to dedicate this Capstone Project to my family members who are not here today to share in this 0
great occasion. To my Grandfather, Edward B. Stecher, a hero you will always be. Without you, and the many
brave soldiers of World War II, we are guaranteed that the World would be a very different place today. To my
Uncle, Richard Stecher, I can only hope that I rise to the challenge of comparing to your business prowess.
And most importantly In memory of my father, Stephen C. Stecher, you are the standard by which I measure a
myself in life. You have each helped mold me into the man I am today, and for that I am truly grateful.
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Acknowledgements:

To the Faculty:
Thank you for opening my eyes to the world of Landscape Architecture.
Who would have known that there was a designer hiding inside of me
this whole time. This course of study has truly given me a new outlook -,
on life and a new understanding of the world around me.

To the City of Newberry:
Thank you for giving me the opportunity to intern at the planning office.
It was an invaluable experience that taught me some great lessons. I
look forward to seeing Newberry grow in the next 20 years. The city and
the people have a bright future ahead of them. Thank you for allowing
me to share in your big plans for growth.
And a special thank you to Lowell Garrett, your wealth of knowledge and
passion for life have helped to get me through some tough times. I wish
you the best.




















: Dedication and Acknowledgements


Section 1: Introduction
1-1: Project and Place
1-2: Goals and Objectives
1-3: Opportunities and Constraints
1-4: History
1-5: History (continued)
1-6: Current Conditions: People and Events
1-7: Current Conditions: Sense of Place
1-8: Area of Concern
1-9: Area of Concern: Issues

Section 2: Case Studies
2-1: Character of Place: The City of Alachua
2-2: Character of Place: The City of Alachua (continued)
2-3: A Redevelopment Initiative: Main Street Arkansas


Section 3: Analysis, Inventory, and Synthesis
3-1: Elevation and Slope
3-2: Soils Analysis
3-3: Current Land Use and Zoning
3-4: Climate
3-5: Inventory
3-6: City Synthesis
3-7: Site Synthesis

Section 4: Design Development
4-1: Current Conditions
4-2: Fitting the Pieces
4-3: Roadway Alignment
4-4: What to Retain

Section 5: Master Plan
5-1: Site
5-2: Linear and Commercial Parks
5-3: Pocket Park
5-4: Roadway Section
5-5: Before and After Perspective
5-6: Phased Implementation
5-7: Conclusions

Section 6: Bibliography and Credits


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Project Type 0
A Central Business District (CBD) Redevelopment and Streetscape Design.
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Statement of Intent
The Primary focus of this project is to create an attractive and pedestrian friendly Central Business District rZ
(CBD) that Recognizes the historic character of the area while being an example for future growth. 0

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Location:
Newberry Florida is a rural community located 30
minutes west of Gainesville on the Western edge of ..4
Alachua County




Newberry Facts:
*The fourth most populated city in Alachua
County following Gainesville, Alachua, and
High Springs.
*Accounts for only 1.7% of the county
population with approximately 4,300 people. e


*Encompasses an area of 44.9 square miles.







Goals and Objective
ease Pedestrian Safety and Connectivity to the Historic CBD
Option of a Truck Bypass
Use of a Linear Park adjacent to the Train tracks
Create Pedestrian Focused Connections to Neighborhoods adjacent to the Historic CBD

*Improve and Unify CBD while maintaining Historic Character
-Cohesive Architectural Styles
-Address both side of the Train Tracks as Mixed-Use Commercial and Retail
Incorporate a Slreelscape Design to "Tie it all Together"

*Use of LID (Light Impact Development) Techniques
Use well drained sandy soils to address Storm Water Management
Use ol Florida Native and Florida Friendly Planting Palette
-Addressing Microclimate and Sun Exposure in reducing Energy Needs


Topics of Concern
*Natural 'Social/Cultural
-Storm Water Management -Access to Schools, Parks, and the CBD
-Historically a Pyric Ecosystem -Access needs in both High and Low Income areas
-Native Florida Friendly planting palette -Urban Sprawl
-Natural Areas and Open Spaces -Identifying and Maintaining Historic Structures


*City Scale
-Major Gateways to the City
-Major Transportation Connections
-Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections
-Public Green Open Spaces


Scales of Concern
*Downtown Scale 'Site Scale
-Vehicular Circulation and Parking -Vehicular Circulation and Parking
-Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Schools, Parks, and the CBD -Pedestrian Right-of-Ways and Connections
-Public Green Open Spaces -Public Green/Open Spaces
-Future Land-Use Planning and Development -Architectural Styles
-Streetscape Design






Historic District Redevelopment Programming:

*A Forum for Community Events and Festivals

-Pedestrian Connections into, around, and out of the CBD

*Increase Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety

*Recognition of Historic Value of the CBD

-Micro-Climate


Opportunities
*Established CRA (community redevelopment
agency)
*New Projects as Economic Drivers
*Established Community Advocacy Groups
*Well Drained Soils
*Rail ROW as Connections


Constraints
*Resistance from Residents that Desire "The
Town Atmosphere"
*FDOT Design Guidelines if Bypass is no
Established
*Unfertile Soils
*Rail as a Barrier .


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It was just the back woods of Florida with little documented history and no city
structure to speak of. Prior to the 1880's, people were dotted across the landscape
with small communities and families living off the land with the closest town being a
days ride away. It was in the late 1880's when a narrow vein of hard-rock phosphate
was discovered in the area. Phosphate processing plants soon dotted the landscape
with rail ways crisscrossing the area to and from the cities of High Springs and Archer.
In 1893, Henry Plant extended his Savannah rail line from High Springs to Archer
which established the City of Newberry as a railroad stop and trading center at the
mid-point between the two cities.
Information provided by the City of Newberry and is available on the city websiie)
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Images obtained from the Florida State Archives Library website


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Now that there is a Newberrv:
On the weekends, Newberry's population of 1,500 swelled as the miners came
to town for supplies and entertainment. One of the local doctors of the period,
W.N. "Doc" Barry Sr., described the young Newberry as a "real wild west town C
in the east." But despite the wild nature, Newberry's prosperity brought the
regular conveniences of civilization in the form of churches, schools, and by 0
1913, an electric light plant. Early customers of electricity were able to enjoy
four hours of light each night.
But it was with the discovery of soft-rock phosphate, an easier form of rt
phosphate to mine, that Newberry's prosperity began to wane. The real blow ()
came with the onset of World War I, in 1917, when shipments of phosphate to
Germany were halted, bringing Newberry's economy to a screeching halt.
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During these hard times, many residents left and those who stayed turned to
farming. Vegetables were grown for the table, while crops like watermelon Z
and tobacco were grown as cash crops.
Newberry's population remained stable until the advent of World War II, when M
many of the areas finest were called to duty and sent off to war. Many of
these men returned home filled with energy, new skills, and fresh ideas. In
1946 the local American Legion was formed and the members voted to hold a
festival in celebration of the town's major income-producing crop, the
watermelon. Today the Watermelon Festival has grown and draws in about
10,000 people to the area each June.
As the fifties and sixties rolled by, the agriculturally driven economy was
gradually replaced with steady jobs and regular paychecks.
(Information provided by the City' of Newberry and is available on the city we


Images obtained from the Florida State Archives Library website




















The Community Today:


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Images obtained from the city of Newberry
website


Today, besides the annual Watermelon Festival, Newberry also hosts a morning market
every Saturday. They also have events like Friday Fling once a month and other
annual events like the Community Unity Day Festival, Holiday Lights Contest, and the
Farm Toy Show and Tractor Parade to name a few.
Besides the markets festivals and celebrations, Newberry is now home to the state-of-
the-art indoor/outdoor Easton Newberry Sports Complex and Archery Facility. Since
the official opening of the sports complex in the summer of 2009, it has hosted a
number of archery events. These events have included an outdoor decoy shoot held in
the adjacent pine forest as well as hosting the Canadian Paralympics Archery team.
Nations Ball Park is another facility that is currently under construction and is expected
to be completed by the summer of 2012. This 80 acre, 36 field facility is expected to
host between 12 to 20 tournaments annually with about 100 teams expected to enroll in
each tournament. According to Newberry City Commissioner Joe Hoffman, current
predictions state, "the ball park should generate around $30 million county wide."
Between the Sports Complex and Nations Field, it is expected that Newberry will draw
in upwards of 15,000 tourist annually. There is no doubt that these projects will become
huge revenue producers for the area. It is important that the city plans for the influx and
growth for the area.






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Character:
With no shortage of historic character, Newberry consists of the Queen Anne, Classical
Revival, and Bungalow Craftsman styles of architecture. Because these historic
structures are still intact, they form a good template for future building facades to be
modeled after. Along with the architectural styles, Newberry also retains some of the
historic infrastructure that the town once relied upon for the production of electricity and
the movement of goods. The old electric plant still stands on it's original site, on the West
side of town, also sharing a portion of it's property with the original jail. But it is the train
tracks that have long been a symbol of the city that defines the historic character of this
city. The train tracks were the sole reason Newberry ever came to be. This feature ..
should be recognized and not treated as a barrier. As in the case of so many other towns,
where train tracks are treated as barriers, this is where the term "the other side of the
tracks" tends to be true.






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The Need for Redevelopment is Recognized:
The area that I have chosen to concentrate on falls within the redevelopment boundaries established by the Community
0 Redevelopment Agency (CRA). Newberry established the CRA because the city and it's residences recognized the need to
4- identify "blighted" and "under developed" areas in order to generate funding needed to create design solutions for these areas.
=1 The establishment of the CRA was the catalyst that motivated me to identify an area that should be concentrated on as the first
phases of redevelopment. Naturally, the site that was identified as such was the historic downtown central business district (CBD).
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Current Issues
There are several issues with the current downtown streetscape design. The pedestrian
right-of-ways throughout the downtown area consist of narrow sidewalks that create a choked 0
and unfriendly experience for groups of people to walk through. The choice of street trees is C
also poor. Because of the low growing nature and the manicuring of the trees, these plants
tend to take space away from the pedestrian areas, adding to the unfriendly nature of the
downtown experience.
Due to parallel parking and traffic setbacks, driving through the downtown area can present =,
several dangerous situations for pedestrians and vehicles alike. These unsafe situations
include limited viewing distance from stop signs, inability to see pedestrians waiting to cross .m
the road, as well as the difficulty of leaving a parallel parking spot during anytime of high
traffic loads.
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Finally the train tracks are an ongoing problem for the area due to the current lease holder.
One of the main issues includes the lease holder illegally parking train cars, most of which I
contain hazardous materials of one type or another along different portions of the track that
have direct adjacencies to residential land uses. Another issue concerning the tracks is the
neglect of using the track right-of-ways as pedestrian corridors. During one of my many site 4
visits, I witnessed many of the younger residents (children, high school students, and young
adults) utilizing the tracks to gain access to the different areas of the city that they were trying
to travel to.







The City of Alachua
The City of Alachua presents itself as a good case study for several reasons. First, the
downtown has a comparable size and atmosphere as that of Newberry. Both share in
similar historical backgrounds and architectural styles. And both present great
opportunities for a unique, pedestrian friendly, shopping experience.
One successful feature of the area includes the streetscape furniture. The furniture
creates an aesthetic that recognizes the historical value of the area by using wood
construction rather then more modern metal frame benches. One bench I found in front
of a restaurant appears to have been made from old "horse drawn" wagon parts. I found
this particularly interesting because it wasn't repeated anywhere else but worked well at
creating a unique feature that fit in well with sense of place.
Other successful features of the area include a serpentine roadway alignment that aided
in traffic calming. Well planted medians that created a buffer between vehicular and
pedestrian traffic adding to a more pleasing pedestrian experience. And the utilization of
street trees to create a dense canopy along the road way that creates a pleasing micro
climate to combat the hot and humid summers that this region of Florida is known for.




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Main Street Arkansas


The Arkansas Main Street Program sets a good
precedence as to how small towns can be assisted in their
redevelopment efforts. The efforts of this program are to
combine historic preservation with economic development.
This is being done with a four point approach: Design,
Organization, Promotion, and Economic Restructuring.
The basic idea of this four point approach is the physical
design, political organization and support, promoting
amongst the citizens, and the economic restructuring of an
area to create viability for business.

The Arkansas Main Street Program also lays out useful
information such as:

*Why downtown are important

*Projects of past that have had success

*Assistance with exterior and interior design

*Small business consulting to ensure the economic
success.


Principles of Main Street
Comprehensive: A intgc IiYjI.Cl L.canIIl iv.LI.1h a.
dot1wnlown A n' 1I tiEinglseri?. i'N illilive is vi tl ] in
buiid C4mnm unil! iuppirt and crvaec litmng rgrc's ,
incremental; Small projects nmake a big dIf[rncrLe
Thiey tLha'iinItra hIt lthin rt, h;Ir ppaltini g" oil
Main S'trect and h1nric the skills anid nTllnitkm& 1he
pr.Iral will nccd to vakle more (Ionalcx proleiits.
Self-Help; AitnL.iEgh Mauin SLrI1 Atkat.,sf Laft
pFvnid. vLab.Abl dirdiol "d rullej amiiail ,
onLty itt.al lcadership ianI Initiatei n ig-tenn 1m xess
through IinaLLInii' i|n'lvenjinia and connialinneni to
Ito r.-,I.tlicii,.afi fhrm
Publiclprivatr partnership:; Suiclul Main Street
p nogrli m uit havc the sinppn asi cxpcrlisc f hblh
Ek". I", i, l u 'ii d [\tvI i r*i[ 'i, or+
Identifying and capitlizaing on existing assets;
LU:kl a-s1tl provide the sthd founidalmn fir a
WItLfl+fIIJ, UUIIUC NU trL SCI inUL~lalle-
Quiniity: Froom urfrowrl dUignl tMul prorI.lliorl
cLairaignls to spNial cvCenIs, quality niust be [he
takll g oa.
Change, (h;i l3K 7 'b l11ttil ; nodill:i i ami h;Ildill> 1,
esenCtial A -alreully planned Maii, 'itret prograun
wlUE help shifi ptlbh perepliions and p.tltkcs u,
Ippori 4rd oumi" it], u. ull int
Action-oriented: Sw, -iiinJ Miin Street pr-'grIanl
arc pron-a1iv,. TIIey lEan fir the f c.

For moire inlornmalion on Main Street Arkansas:
www.mainstreetarkansa.org
For information ahout our annual ciniltren www.de~tinationdowntown-org


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Images obtained from the Akansas Preservation website







Topography and Slope
The elevations throughout Alachua county range from approximately 60 to 70 feet in the western and southern portions of the county.
Elevations of up to 150 feet exist in the center of the county in and around the Gainesville area.
Newberry finds itself at an elevation of 70 to 80 feet above sea level in an area of the county that is relatively flat with slopes not
exceeding 3 percent throughout a majority of the city. However, there are areas in and around the city where elevation changes of 10
to 20 feet and extreme slopes of 6 to 12 percent exist, but these areas are consistent with former phosphate pits that have since been
abandoned and overgrown by the natural ecosystem.





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361% Slope 2










Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map
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Soils and Storm Water Drainage
The soils in and around the Newberry area are mostly sandy and well drained.
I The soils are slightly acidic and low in organic content. This is consistent with
local ecosystems of pine flat woods and hardwood hammocks.
Due to the well drained nature of the soils, it is in the best interest of the city to
44 ^take advantage of and establish areas for storm water drainage. Storm water
- management should maintain sheet flow across large land areas and minimize
the concentrating and conveying of storm water flows into piping and
retention detention areas.











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Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map





Land Use and Zoning


Currently, there are three major business corridors that exist within the city limits. The first corridor runs east-west along Newberry Road
which ties into the historic business district. The second corridor is an extension of the historic business district which extends north of
Newberry Road on 2nd Street that has a mix of residential land uses and small businesses. The third and final corridor is the more
modern and newest of the three that runs north-south along 250th Street which has a mix of business types. Business types include, two
bars, thrift stores, gas stations, and other small business and offices with industrial types of land use existing in the northern portion of the
city, just beyond the rail road tracks to the north.


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Newberry Florida

Latitude: 29 degrees 38 minutes North Longitude: 82 degrees 36 minutes West


The t iI-i 5 oio.v C0.,i, .m ,;vat mm:.nrii, climate and weather indicators in Gainesville Florida.


Gainesville Temperature
A g Terroeratuire
Aig MaN Tenr.perature
Aog MUn TlmpiTiplre
Days .i.nIM3a Temcr of X* F cr .gner
DaVc An f..Mn Tmr, BPIoA Freenng

Gainesville Heating and Cooling
,eR,.rg Degree Da,-
ia::-ng DegEr Da'

Gainesville Precipitaton

Days ,'in Pi.c.,p.atlonu 0 j1 ncn or Mlre
M..rni, Srowrali i.nrnAci

Other Gainesville Weather Indicators
Average Wind Speed
Avg. Relative Humidity


Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov
80.7 80.4 78.0 70.2 623
90.7 901 87.3 81.0 74.3
70.9 71.0 68.9 59.7 50.5
22.0 19.0 10.0 1.0 0.0
0.0 00 0.0 00 0.0


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul
384 282 138 30.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
34.0 24.0 61.0 117 279 417 487


Jan Feb Mar Apr
3.4 4.2 3.6 2.6
9.0 7.0 80 6.0
< 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05 < 0.05


Oct Nov
22.0 150
184 69.0


Jun Jul Aug Sep
6.8 6.8 8.0 5.3
130 150 16.0 12.0
<0.05 0.0 <005 0.0


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep
7.2 7.8 8.1 7.4 6.9 6.4 5.8 5.6 5.8
52.5 76.0 74.5 72,5 71.5 69.0 71.5 74.0 78.0


Dec Annual
56.0 68.4
68.1 79.7
44.6 57.5
0.0 81.0
4.0 13.0

Dec Annual
310 1316
31.0 2570


Oct Nov Dec Annual
1.8 2.3 3.3 51.8
8.0 7.0 7.0 116
0.0 0.0 <0.05 0.0

Oct Nov Dec Annual
64 6.4 6.2 6.7
79.0 77,5 77.0 77.0


Climate

As is consistent throughout the region, Newberry experiences
very warm summers with temperatures that can rise to 100
degrees Fahrenheit with humidity regularly being in the 80 to
90 percent range. Most residents of the area joke about
being able to set their clocks by the consistent daily showers
that happen in the afternoons throughout the summer (usually
occurring at the peak of mid-day heating at about 3 in the
afternoon).

The Winters in the area tend to be more mild, with
temperatures easily dipping into the 20's and 30's with the
average winter temperature being around 57 degrees
Fahrenheit. This time of the season tends to be much dryer
then the summers, with periodic cold fronts bringing heavy
rains and below average temperatures.


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A Town and It's Water Tower:


As with most small towns of the area, the water
tower tends to be a dominating feature in the
landscape. This is a feature that Newberry should
recognize and draw attention to as redevelopment
efforts continue forward. Water Towers can
present a way finding feature that announces that
one has arrived in a particular town or area.


Other Features of Newberrv


*Railway which is utilized by local residences as a pedestrian corridor.
*Simple and repetitive streetscape that consists of a historic lighting
features that line the pedestrian and vehicular right-of-ways.
*Awnings and overhangs add to the aesthetics and create comfortable
micro-climate conditions.
*A small pocket park, that can be found in the middle of the CBD. It
creates a tasteful and functional space that people use during their lunch
breaks or a place to sit in between shopping.
*Open Parking lots and empty spaces that are typically utilized by local
farmers to sell their fruits and vegetables road side.


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.City Gateway

Vehicular Corridors

......Proposed Truck By-Pass
~. Active Train Tracks
., -~, -, Non-Active Train Tracks






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Pedestrian Corridors







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Parks and Open Spaces

Education Facilities















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Municipal Buildings


High Suitability for Storm Water Management


Primary and Secondary
Vehicle Corridors


Commercial and


Retail Bi


jildings


pedestrian Right-of-Ways


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High Suitability for open space

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relation to one another. In addition, the diagrams show the open/green spaces and existing location of
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SThe intent of these two diagrams was to study and explore the current building footprints and their
Relation to one another. In addition, the diagrams show the open/green spaces and existing location of
Vehicular parking within the proposed site. The Second Diagram is looking at the roadway alignment
tl and the current spatial relation between each road.
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Bubble Diagram:
I used a bubble diagram to begin to understand
relationships in usage. The municipal, retail, and green
spaces were the main concentration.






Building Footprints:
In this diagram I was trying to understand where
buildings might be arranged. The grey areas indicate
parking utilization. The main concentration was to
establish building frontages along the street edge.










Building Footprints:
For this diagram, the concentration was to split the
arrangement of building frontages at the street edge
along with the building frontages stepped away from the
street edge. This created more reasonable opportunities
for vehicular parking.


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Serpentine and Round-a-bouts


Fewer Round-a-bouts


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Retain that which is historically significant or speaks to the character of the place


These buildings invoke the historic
character of Newberry and shall be
retained .,


These buildings are more modern and do not invoke the same
character as the historic buildings. Although these buildings
serve a purpose, modeling facade changes after the historic
facades might be sufficient to continue the historic look and
character of the city.
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Section Looking North


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Use of Vegetated Earthen Mounds for
Buffering from the Vehicular Right-of-Way


Creating Space for Community
Activities


Use of Permeable Pavers and Curb
Cuts to Convey Storm Water into -


)pen Spaces


Proposed Reproduction of a
Train Station to Recognize the
Importance of the Rail in
Newberry's History


Linear aT


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Soften the Space with
Landscaping and Canopy


>.. Creating Opportunities for
Passive Recreation


Buffering the Front of the
Park to create a more
Intimate experience


Angled Parking
Stacked to one side
of the street to
increase Pedestrian
ROW's


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Use of Historic styles of


Crowned Roadway to aid in Storm W


Street Tree's double as Storm Water Drainage
Areas
Implementing Awnings and Covered Walkways for a more
Climate


Lighting to Invoke Sen


rater Drainage










"Current Condition














Proposed
Condition -


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Phased Implementation


Phase 1: Implementation of Truck Bypass


Phase 2: Roadway Alignment

Phase 3: Parks and Open Spaces (Linear Park, Rails to/and Trails)

Phase 4: Streetscape Planting Design

Phase 5: Infill Underutilized Properties to Create Cohesive CBD

Phase 6: Expand Design to Beyond to Adjacent Business Corridors

















In Conclusion:
The main objectives of the residents was to have a more walk-able downtown with plentiful parking.
My design attempted to address the need for more parking. But at the same time I tried to bring the
pedestrian in as a dominate theme as to how spaces will be created and arranged. From my
investigations, I found that I was burdened with far more limitations then opportunities. A majority of
the buildings have historic value which did not allow for me to make alternative design suggestions
within those areas. My overall attempt focused on tying up the loose ends by creating pockets of
business that would share street frontage to imitate that of the historic facades.
Is there a better solution? Of course, because dialogue between city officials, local residents, and
myself will continue to mold the master plan into a true community collaboration.



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Literary References:
o
*Downtown Planning for Smaller and Midsized Communities,
by: Philip L. Walker: 2009
*Rural by Design,
by: Brabec, Dodson, Reid, Yaro, Arendt: 1994
*A Primer in Community Redevelopment Agencies.
by: Goren, Tolvecs: 2005 (
-Newberry Community Redevelopment Plan
by: Lowell Garrett: 2009
The Urban Design Handbook,
by: Urban Design Associates: 2003 r
n
*Main Street: Some Lessons in Revitalization. .
by: Louis Lopilato: 2003 0
*Newberry Miner (Newspaper).
Provided by: Library west microfilm collection, 3"' floor


Imagery and Online References: Other works or People to Cite:
*Google Earth Software *Lowell Garrett: City Planner Newberry FL
*City of Newberry, www.ci.newberry.fl.us *Maury Laurie: Historic Preservationist Newb
*Alachua County Property Appraiser, www.acpafl.org FL
-Barbra Hendrix: City of Newberry::,-
*Florida Geographic Data Library, www.fadl.ora Orandi City of Neb
Organization
*National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, www.noaa.orq 'FDOT Greenbook 2007
*University of Florida College of DCP Capstones, www.ufdc.ufl.edu www.dot.state.fl.us'rddes'
*Florida Memory: State Library and Archives of Florida, www.floridarnemory.corn
*Main Street Arkansas, www.arkansaspreservation.com ..




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A Senior Capstone Project A Senior Capstone Project Prepared for: Prepared for: City of Newberry Planning Department City of Newberry Planning Department Lowell Garrett: Planning Director Lowell Garrett: Planning Director 25815 SW 2 25815 SW 2 nd nd Ave Ave PO Box 369 PO Box 369 Newberry, Florida 32669 Newberry, Florida 32669 Phone: 352 Phone: 352 472 472 3927 3927 Fax: 352 Fax: 352 472 472 3998 3998 Prepared By: Prepared By: Anthony Shawn Stecher Anthony Shawn Stecher University of Florida University of Florida Department of Landscape Architecture Department of Landscape Architecture Spring 2011 Spring 2011 nr nrnr nr nr nrnr nr n n n n n n n n

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Dedication: Dedication: I would like to dedicate this Capstone Project to my f amily memb I would like to dedicate this Capstone Project to my f amily memb ers who are not here today to share in this ers who are not here today to share in this great occasion. To my Grandfather, Edward B. Stecher, a hero yo great occasion. To my Grandfather, Edward B. Stecher, a hero yo u will always be. Without you, and the many u will always be. Without you, and the many brave soldiers of World War II, we are guaranteed that the World brave soldiers of World War II, we are guaranteed that the World would be a very different place today. To my would be a very different place today. To my Uncle, Richard Stecher, I can only hope that I rise to the chall Uncle, Richard Stecher, I can only hope that I rise to the chall enge of comparing to your business prowess. enge of comparing to your business prowess. And most importantly In memory of my father, Stephen C. Stecher, And most importantly In memory of my father, Stephen C. Stecher, you are the standard by which I measure you are the standard by which I measure myself in life. You have each helped mold me into t he man I am myself in life. You have each helped mold me into t he man I am today, and for that I am truly grateful. today, and for that I am truly grateful. rr rr rr rr rr rr rr rr Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements: To the Faculty: To the Faculty: Thank you for opening my eyes to the world of Landsca pe Architec Thank you for opening my eyes to the world of Landsca pe Architec ture. ture. Who would have known that there was a designer hiding inside of Who would have known that there was a designer hiding inside of me me this whole time. This course of study has truly given me a new this whole time. This course of study has truly given me a new outlook outlook on life and a new understanding of the world around me. on life and a new understanding of the world around me. To the City of Newberry: To the City of Newberry: Thank you for giving me the opportunity to intern at the plannin Thank you for giving me the opportunity to intern at the plannin g office. g office. It was an invaluable experience that taught me some gre at lesson It was an invaluable experience that taught me some gre at lesson s. I s. I look forward to seeing Newberry grow in the next 20 years. The look forward to seeing Newberry grow in the next 20 years. The city and city and the people have a bright future ahead of them. Tha nk you for al the people have a bright future ahead of them. Tha nk you for al lowing lowing me to share in your big plans for growth. me to share in your big plans for growth. And a special thank you to Lowell Garrett, your weal th of knowle And a special thank you to Lowell Garrett, your weal th of knowle dge and dge and passion for life have helped to get me through some tou gh times. passion for life have helped to get me through some tou gh times. I wish I wish you the best. you the best. n n n n n n n n

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r rr r r rr r Section 1: Introduction Section 1: Introduction 1 1 1: Project and Place 1: Project and Place 1 1 2: Goals and Objectives 2: Goals and Objectives 1 1 3: Opportunities and Constraints 3: Opportunities and Constraints 1 1 4: History 4: History 1 1 5: History (continued) 5: History (continued) 1 1 6: Current Conditions: People and Events 6: Current Conditions: People and Events 1 1 7: Current Conditions: Sense of Place 7: Current Conditions: Sense of Place 1 1 8: Area of Concern 8: Area of Concern 1 1 9: Area of Concern: Issues 9: Area of Concern: Issues Section 2: Case Studies Section 2: Case Studies 2 2 1: Character of Place: The City of Alachua 1: Character of Place: The City of Alachua 2 2 2: Character of Place: The City of Alachua (continued) 2: Character of Place: The City of Alachua (continued) 2 2 3: A Redevelopment Initiative: Main Street Arkansas 3: A Redevelopment Initiative: Main Street Arkansas Section 3: Analysis, Inventory, and Synthesis Section 3: Analysis, Inventory, and Synthesis 3 3 1: Elevation and Slope 1: Elevation and Slope 3 3 2: Soils Analysis 2: Soils Analysis 3 3 3: Current Land Use and Zoning 3: Current Land Use and Zoning 3 3 4: Climate 4: Climate 3 3 5: Inventory 5: Inventory 3 3 6: City Synthesis 6: City Synthesis 3 3 7: Site Synthesis 7: Site Synthesis Section 4: Design Development Section 4: Design Development 4 4 1: Current Conditions 1: Current Conditions 4 4 2: Fitting the Pieces 2: Fitting the Pieces 4 4 3: Roadway Alignment 3: Roadway Alignment 4 4 4: What to Retain 4: What to Retain Section 5: Master Plan Section 5: Master Plan 5 5 1: Site 1: Site 5 5 2: Linear and Commercial Parks 2: Linear and Commercial Parks 5 5 3: Pocket Park 3: Pocket Park 5 5 4: Roadway Section 4: Roadway Section 5 5 5: Before and After Perspective 5: Before and After Perspective 5 5 6: Phased Implementation 6: Phased Implementation 5 5 7: Conclusions 7: Conclusions Section 6: Bibliography and Credits Section 6: Bibliography and Credits i: Title Page i: Title Page ii: Prepared For ii: Prepared For iii: Dedication and Acknowledgements iii: Dedication and Acknowledgements n n n n n n n n

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n n !# !# $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r Statement of Intent Statement of Intent The Primary focus of this project is to create an attract ive and The Primary focus of this project is to create an attract ive and pedestrian friendly Central Business District pedestrian friendly Central Business District (CBD) that Recognizes the historic character of the area while b (CBD) that Recognizes the historic character of the area while b eing an example for future growth. eing an example for future growth. Newberry Facts: Newberry Facts: • • The fourth most populated city in Alachua The fourth most populated city in Alachua County following Gainesville, Alachua, and County following Gainesville, Alachua, and High Springs. High Springs. • • Accounts for only 1.7% of the county Accounts for only 1.7% of the county population with approximately 4,300 people. population with approximately 4,300 people. • • Encompasses an area of 44.9 square miles. Encompasses an area of 44.9 square miles. Project Type Project Type A Central Business District (CBD) Redevelopment and Stre etscape A Central Business District (CBD) Redevelopment and Stre etscape Design. Design. Location: Location: Newberry Florida is a rural community located 30 Newberry Florida is a rural community located 30 minutes west of Gainesville on the Western edge of minutes west of Gainesville on the Western edge of Alachua County Alachua County

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Goals and Objective Goals and Objective Option of a Truck Bypass Option of a Truck Bypass Use of a Linear Park adjacent to the Train tracks Use of a Linear Park adjacent to the Train tracks Create Pedestrian Focused Connections to Neighborhood s adjacent Create Pedestrian Focused Connections to Neighborhood s adjacent to the Historic CBD to the Historic CBD • • Improve and Unify CBD while maintaining Historic Charact er Improve and Unify CBD while maintaining Historic Charact er Cohesive Architectural Styles Cohesive Architectural Styles Address both side of the Train Tracks as Mixed Address both side of the Train Tracks as Mixed Use Commercial and Retail Use Commercial and Retail Incorporate a Streetscape Design to Incorporate a Streetscape Design to “ “ Tie it all Together Tie it all Together ” ” • • Use of LID (Light Impact Development) Techniques Use of LID (Light Impact Development) Techniques Use well drained sandy soils to address Storm Water Management Use well drained sandy soils to address Storm Water Management Use of Florida Native and Florida Friendly Planting Palette Use of Florida Native and Florida Friendly Planting Palette Addressing Microclimate and Sun Exposure in reducing Energy Need Addressing Microclimate and Sun Exposure in reducing Energy Need s s • • Increase Pedestrian Safety and Connectivity to the Histor ic CBD Increase Pedestrian Safety and Connectivity to the Histor ic CBD Topics of Concern Topics of Concern • • Social/Cultural Social/Cultural Storm Water Management Storm Water Management Historically a Historically a Pyric Pyric Ecosystem Ecosystem Native/Florida Friendly planting palette Native/Florida Friendly planting palette Natural Areas and Open Spaces Natural Areas and Open Spaces Access to Schools, Parks, and the CBD Access to Schools, Parks, and the CBD Access needs in both High and Low Income areas Access needs in both High and Low Income areas Urban Sprawl Urban Sprawl Identifying and Maintaining Historic Structures Identifying and Maintaining Historic Structures • • Natural Natural Scales of Concern Scales of Concern • • Downtown Scale Downtown Scale • • Site Scale Site Scale • • City Scale City Scale Major Gateways to the City Major Gateways to the City Major Transportation Connections Major Transportation Connections Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections Public Green/Open Spaces Public Green/Open Spaces Vehicular Circulation and Parking Vehicular Circulation and Parking Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Schools, Parks, an d the CB Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Schools, Parks, an d the CB D D Public Green/Open Spaces Public Green/Open Spaces Future Land Future Land Use Planning and Development Use Planning and Development Vehicular Circulation and Parking Vehicular Circulation and Parking Pedestrian Right Pedestrian Right of of Ways and Connections Ways and Connections Public Green/Open Spaces Public Green/Open Spaces Architectural Styles Architectural Styles Streetscape Design Streetscape Design n n !!# !!# &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%(

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Historic District Redevelopment Programming: Historic District Redevelopment Programming: • • A Forum for Community Events and Festivals A Forum for Community Events and Festivals • • Pedestrian Connections into, around, and out of the CBD Pedestrian Connections into, around, and out of the CBD • • Increase Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety Increase Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety • • Micro Micro Climate Climate • • Recognition of Historic Value of the CBD Recognition of Historic Value of the CBD Opportunities Opportunities Constraints Constraints • • Established CRA (community redevelopment Established CRA (community redevelopment agency) agency) • • New Projects as Economic Drivers New Projects as Economic Drivers • • Established Community Advocacy Groups Established Community Advocacy Groups • • Well Drained Soils Well Drained Soils • • Rail ROW as Connections Rail ROW as Connections • • Resistance from Residents that Desire Resistance from Residents that Desire “ “ The Small The Small Town Atmosphere Town Atmosphere ” ” • • FDOT Design Guidelines if Bypass is not FDOT Design Guidelines if Bypass is not Established Established • • Unfertile Soils Unfertile Soils • • Rail as a Barrier Rail as a Barrier n n !!!# !!!# '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr

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n n !(# !(# At First: At First: It was just the back woods of Florida with little documen ted his It was just the back woods of Florida with little documen ted his tory and no city tory and no city structure to speak of. Prior to the 1880 structure to speak of. Prior to the 1880 ’ ’ s, people were dotted across the landscape s, people were dotted across the landscape with small communities and families living off the lan d with the with small communities and families living off the lan d with the closest town being a closest town being a days ride away. It was in the late 1880 days ride away. It was in the late 1880 ’ ’ s when a narrow vein of hard s when a narrow vein of hard rock phosphate rock phosphate was discovered in the area. Phosphate processing plants so on do was discovered in the area. Phosphate processing plants so on do tted the landscape tted the landscape with rail ways crisscrossing the area to and from the citie s of with rail ways crisscrossing the area to and from the citie s of High Springs and Archer. High Springs and Archer. In 1893, Henry Plant extended his Savannah rail line f rom High S In 1893, Henry Plant extended his Savannah rail line f rom High S prings to Archer prings to Archer which established the City of Newberry as a railroad stop and tr which established the City of Newberry as a railroad stop and tr ading center at the ading center at the mid mid point between the two cities. point between the two cities. (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o n the city website) n the city website) Images obtained from the Florida State Archives Library website

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n n (# (# Now that there is a Newberry: Now that there is a Newberry: On the weekends, Newberry On the weekends, Newberry ’ ’ s population of 1,500 swelled as the miners came s population of 1,500 swelled as the miners came to town for supplies and entertainment. One of the l ocal doctor to town for supplies and entertainment. One of the l ocal doctor s of the period, s of the period, W.N. W.N. “ “ Doc Doc ” ” Barry Sr., described the young Newberry as a Barry Sr., described the young Newberry as a “ “ real wild west town real wild west town in the east. in the east. ” ” But despite the wild nature, Newberry But despite the wild nature, Newberry ’ ’ s prosperity brought the s prosperity brought the regular conveniences of civilization in the form of chur ches, sc regular conveniences of civilization in the form of chur ches, sc hools, and by hools, and by 1913, an electric light plant. Early customers of electri city w 1913, an electric light plant. Early customers of electri city w ere able to enjoy ere able to enjoy four hours of light each night. four hours of light each night. But it was with the discovery of soft But it was with the discovery of soft rock phosphate, an easier form of rock phosphate, an easier form of phosphate to mine, that Newberry phosphate to mine, that Newberry ’ ’ s prosperity began to wane. The real blow s prosperity began to wane. The real blow came with the onset of World War I, in 1917, when ship ments of p came with the onset of World War I, in 1917, when ship ments of p hosphate to hosphate to Germany were halted, bringing Newberry Germany were halted, bringing Newberry ’ ’ s economy to a screeching halt. s economy to a screeching halt. During these hard times, many residents left and those who staye During these hard times, many residents left and those who staye d turned to d turned to farming. Vegetables were grown for the table, while crops like farming. Vegetables were grown for the table, while crops like watermelon watermelon and tobacco were grown as cash crops. and tobacco were grown as cash crops. Newberry Newberry ’ ’ s population remained stable until the advent of Worl d War II, w s population remained stable until the advent of Worl d War II, w hen hen many of the areas finest were called to duty and sent of f to war many of the areas finest were called to duty and sent of f to war Many of Many of these men returned home filled with energy, new skills, and fres these men returned home filled with energy, new skills, and fres h ideas. In h ideas. In 1946 the local American Legion was formed and the memb ers voted 1946 the local American Legion was formed and the memb ers voted to hold a to hold a festival in celebration of the town festival in celebration of the town ’ ’ s major income s major income producing crop, the producing crop, the watermelon. Today the Watermelon Festival has grown a nd draws i watermelon. Today the Watermelon Festival has grown a nd draws i n about n about 10,000 people to the area each June. 10,000 people to the area each June. As the fifties and sixties rolled by, the agriculturally driven As the fifties and sixties rolled by, the agriculturally driven economy was economy was gradually replaced with steady jobs and regular paychecks. gradually replaced with steady jobs and regular paychecks. (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o n the city website) n the city website) Images obtained from the Florida State Archives Library website

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$)r*( $)r*( n n (!# (!# The Community Today: The Community Today: Today, besides the annual Watermelon Festival, Newberr y also hos Today, besides the annual Watermelon Festival, Newberr y also hos ts a morning market ts a morning market every Saturday. They also have events like Friday Fling once a every Saturday. They also have events like Friday Fling once a month and other month and other annual events like the Community Unity Day Festival, Hol iday Lig annual events like the Community Unity Day Festival, Hol iday Lig hts Contest, and the hts Contest, and the Farm Toy Show and Tractor Parade to name a few. Farm Toy Show and Tractor Parade to name a few. Besides the markets festivals and celebrations, Newberry is n ow Besides the markets festivals and celebrations, Newberry is n ow home to the state home to the state of of the the art indoor/outdoor Easton Newberry Sports Complex and Archery Fa art indoor/outdoor Easton Newberry Sports Complex and Archery Fa cility. Since cility. Since the official opening of the sports complex in the summe r of 2009 the official opening of the sports complex in the summe r of 2009 it has hosted a it has hosted a number of archery events. These events have included an outdoor number of archery events. These events have included an outdoor decoy shoot held in decoy shoot held in the adjacent pine forest as well as hosting the Canadian Paralym the adjacent pine forest as well as hosting the Canadian Paralym pics Archery team. pics Archery team. Nations Ball Park is another facility that is currently un der co Nations Ball Park is another facility that is currently un der co nstruction and is expected nstruction and is expected to be completed by the summer of 2012. This 80 acre, 36 field f to be completed by the summer of 2012. This 80 acre, 36 field f acility is expected to acility is expected to host between 12 to 20 tournaments annually with about 100 teams host between 12 to 20 tournaments annually with about 100 teams expected to enroll in expected to enroll in each tournament. According to Newberry City Commissioner Joe Ho each tournament. According to Newberry City Commissioner Joe Ho ffman, current ffman, current predictions state, predictions state, “ “ the ball park should generate around $30 million count y wide. the ball park should generate around $30 million count y wide. ” ” Between the Sports Complex and Nations Field, it is ex pected tha Between the Sports Complex and Nations Field, it is ex pected tha t Newberry will draw t Newberry will draw in upwards of 15,000 tourist annually. There is no dou bt that t in upwards of 15,000 tourist annually. There is no dou bt that t hese projects will become hese projects will become huge revenue producers for the area. It is important that the c huge revenue producers for the area. It is important that the c ity plans for the influx and ity plans for the influx and growth for the area. growth for the area. Images obtained from the city of Newberry website

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$r $r n n (!!# (!!# Character: Character: With no shortage of historic character, Newberry consists o f the With no shortage of historic character, Newberry consists o f the Queen Anne, Classical Queen Anne, Classical Revival, and Bungalow/Craftsman styles of architecture. B ecause Revival, and Bungalow/Craftsman styles of architecture. B ecause these historic these historic structures are still intact, they form a good template fo r futur structures are still intact, they form a good template fo r futur e building facades to be e building facades to be modeled after. Along with the architectural styles, Ne wberry al modeled after. Along with the architectural styles, Ne wberry al so retains some of the so retains some of the historic infrastructure that the town once relied upon f or the p historic infrastructure that the town once relied upon f or the p roduction of electricity and roduction of electricity and the movement of goods. The old electric plant still stan ds on i the movement of goods. The old electric plant still stan ds on i t t ’ ’ s original site, on the West s original site, on the West side of town, also sharing a portion of it side of town, also sharing a portion of it ’ ’ s property with the original jail. But it is the trai n s property with the original jail. But it is the trai n tracks that have long been a symbol of the city that defin es the tracks that have long been a symbol of the city that defin es the historic character of this historic character of this city. The train tracks were the sole reason Newberry ever came city. The train tracks were the sole reason Newberry ever came to be. This feature to be. This feature should be recognized and not treated as a barrier. As in the ca should be recognized and not treated as a barrier. As in the ca se of so many other towns, se of so many other towns, where train tracks are treated as barriers, this is where the te where train tracks are treated as barriers, this is where the te rm rm “ “ the other side of the the other side of the tracks tracks ” ” tends to be true. tends to be true.

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n$)r n$)r (!!!# (!!!# r r r r r r r r The Need for Redevelopment is Recognized: The Need for Redevelopment is Recognized: The area that I have chosen to concentrate on falls withi n the r The area that I have chosen to concentrate on falls withi n the r edevelopment boundaries established by the Community edevelopment boundaries established by the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA). Newberry established the CR A becaus Redevelopment Agency (CRA). Newberry established the CR A becaus e the city and it e the city and it ’ ’ s residences recognized the need to s residences recognized the need to identify identify “ “ blighted blighted ” ” and and “ “ under developed under developed ” ” areas in order to generate funding needed to create d esign solu areas in order to generate funding needed to create d esign solu tions for these areas. tions for these areas. The establishment of the CRA was the catalyst that moti vated me The establishment of the CRA was the catalyst that moti vated me to identify an area that should be concentrated on as t he first to identify an area that should be concentrated on as t he first phases of redevelopment. Naturally, the site that wa s identifie phases of redevelopment. Naturally, the site that wa s identifie d as such was the historic downtown central business district (C d as such was the historic downtown central business district (C BD). BD). Base map image obtained from the Alachua County Prope rty Appraiser website

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n n !+# !+# r r r r r r r r Current Issues Current Issues There are several issues with the current downtown stre etscape d There are several issues with the current downtown stre etscape d esign. The pedestrian esign. The pedestrian right right of of ways throughout the downtown area consist of narrow sid ewalks th ways throughout the downtown area consist of narrow sid ewalks th at create a choked at create a choked and unfriendly experience for groups of people to walk through. and unfriendly experience for groups of people to walk through. The choice of street trees is The choice of street trees is also poor. Because of the low growing nature and th e manicuring also poor. Because of the low growing nature and th e manicuring of the trees, these plants of the trees, these plants tend to take space away from the pedestrian areas, adding to the tend to take space away from the pedestrian areas, adding to the unfriendly nature of the unfriendly nature of the downtown experience. downtown experience. Due to parallel parking and traffic setbacks, driving th rough th Due to parallel parking and traffic setbacks, driving th rough th e downtown area can present e downtown area can present several dangerous situations for pedestrians and vehicles a like. several dangerous situations for pedestrians and vehicles a like. These unsafe situations These unsafe situations include limited viewing distance from stop signs, inabi lity to s include limited viewing distance from stop signs, inabi lity to s ee pedestrians waiting to cross ee pedestrians waiting to cross the road, as well as the difficulty of leaving a paral lel parkin the road, as well as the difficulty of leaving a paral lel parkin g spot during anytime of high g spot during anytime of high traffic loads. traffic loads. Finally the train tracks are an ongoing problem for the area due Finally the train tracks are an ongoing problem for the area due to the current lease holder. to the current lease holder. One of the main issues includes the lease holder illegal ly parki One of the main issues includes the lease holder illegal ly parki ng train cars, most of which ng train cars, most of which contain hazardous materials of one type or another alo ng differe contain hazardous materials of one type or another alo ng differe nt portions of the track that nt portions of the track that have direct adjacencies to residential land uses. Anothe r issue have direct adjacencies to residential land uses. Anothe r issue concerning the tracks is the concerning the tracks is the neglect of using the track right neglect of using the track right of of ways as pedestrian corridors. During one of my many site ways as pedestrian corridors. During one of my many site visits, I witnessed many of the younger residents (childre n, hig visits, I witnessed many of the younger residents (childre n, hig h school students, and young h school students, and young adults) utilizing the tracks to gain access to the differe nt are adults) utilizing the tracks to gain access to the differe nt are as of the city that they were trying as of the city that they were trying to travel to. to travel to.

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r r r r r r r r nrnr !! nrnr !! !# !# nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r The City of Alachua The City of Alachua The City of Alachua presents itself as a good case study fo r sev The City of Alachua presents itself as a good case study fo r sev eral reasons. First, the eral reasons. First, the downtown has a comparable size and atmosphere as that o f Newberr downtown has a comparable size and atmosphere as that o f Newberr y. Both share in y. Both share in similar historical backgrounds and architectural styles. An d bo similar historical backgrounds and architectural styles. An d bo th present great th present great opportunities for a unique, pedestrian friendly, shoppi ng experi opportunities for a unique, pedestrian friendly, shoppi ng experi ence. ence. One successful feature of the area includes the streetscape furn One successful feature of the area includes the streetscape furn iture. The furniture iture. The furniture creates an aesthetic that recognizes the historical value o f the creates an aesthetic that recognizes the historical value o f the area by using wood area by using wood construction rather then more modern metal frame benche s. One b construction rather then more modern metal frame benche s. One b ench I found in front ench I found in front of a restaurant appears to have been made from old of a restaurant appears to have been made from old “ “ horse drawn horse drawn ” ” wagon parts. I found wagon parts. I found this particularly interesting because it wasn this particularly interesting because it wasn ’ ’ t repeated anywhere else but worked well at t repeated anywhere else but worked well at creating a unique feature that fit in well with sense of place. creating a unique feature that fit in well with sense of place. Other successful features of the area include a serpentin e roadw Other successful features of the area include a serpentin e roadw ay alignment that aided ay alignment that aided in traffic calming. Well planted medians that created a buffer in traffic calming. Well planted medians that created a buffer between vehicular and between vehicular and pedestrian traffic adding to a more pleasing pedestria n experien pedestrian traffic adding to a more pleasing pedestria n experien ce. And the utilization of ce. And the utilization of street trees to create a dense canopy along the road wa y that cr street trees to create a dense canopy along the road wa y that cr eates a pleasing micro eates a pleasing micro climate to combat the hot and humid summers that this re gion of climate to combat the hot and humid summers that this re gion of Florida is known for. Florida is known for.

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r r r r r r r r nrnr !! nrnr !! !!# !!# nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r

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r r r r r r r r ,r rr !! ,r rr !! !!!# !!!# -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( Main Street Arkansas Main Street Arkansas The Arkansas Main Street Program sets a good The Arkansas Main Street Program sets a good precedence as to how small towns can be assisted in their precedence as to how small towns can be assisted in their redevelopment efforts. The efforts of this program are to redevelopment efforts. The efforts of this program are to combine historic preservation with economic development. combine historic preservation with economic development. This is being done with a four point approach: Design, This is being done with a four point approach: Design, Organization, Promotion, and Economic Restructuring. Organization, Promotion, and Economic Restructuring. The basic idea of this four point approach is the physic al The basic idea of this four point approach is the physic al design, political organization and support, promoting design, political organization and support, promoting amongst the citizens, and the economic restructuring of a n amongst the citizens, and the economic restructuring of a n area to create viability for business. area to create viability for business. The Arkansas Main Street Program also lays out useful The Arkansas Main Street Program also lays out useful information such as: information such as: • • Why downtowns are important Why downtowns are important • • Projects of past that have had success Projects of past that have had success • • Assistance with exterior and interior design Assistance with exterior and interior design • • Small business consulting to ensure the economic Small business consulting to ensure the economic success. success. Images obtained from the AkansasPreservation website

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !# !# )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) Topography and Slope Topography and Slope The elevations throughout Alachua county range from app roximatel The elevations throughout Alachua county range from app roximatel y 60 to 70 feet in the western and southern portions of the coun y 60 to 70 feet in the western and southern portions of the coun ty. ty. Elevations of up to 150 feet exist in the center of th e county i Elevations of up to 150 feet exist in the center of th e county i n and around the Gainesville area. n and around the Gainesville area. Newberry finds itself at an elevation of 70 to 80 feet above sea Newberry finds itself at an elevation of 70 to 80 feet above sea level in an area of the county that is relatively flat w ith slo level in an area of the county that is relatively flat w ith slo pes not pes not exceeding 3 percent throughout a majority of the city. However, exceeding 3 percent throughout a majority of the city. However, there are areas in and around the city where elevation changes there are areas in and around the city where elevation changes of 10 of 10 to 20 feet and extreme slopes of 6 to 12 percent exist but thes to 20 feet and extreme slopes of 6 to 12 percent exist but thes e areas are consistent with former phosphate pits that h ave sinc e areas are consistent with former phosphate pits that h ave sinc e been e been abandoned and overgrown by the natural ecosystem. abandoned and overgrown by the natural ecosystem. Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map

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r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !!# !!# r r r r r r r r Soils and Storm Water Drainage Soils and Storm Water Drainage The soils in and around the Newberry area are mostly sand y and w The soils in and around the Newberry area are mostly sand y and w ell drained. ell drained. The soils are slightly acidic and low in organic content. This i The soils are slightly acidic and low in organic content. This i s consistent with s consistent with local ecosystems of pine flat woods and hardwood hammocks. local ecosystems of pine flat woods and hardwood hammocks. Due to the well drained nature of the soils, it is i n the best i Due to the well drained nature of the soils, it is i n the best i nterest of the city to nterest of the city to take advantage of and establish areas for storm water dr ainage. take advantage of and establish areas for storm water dr ainage. Storm water Storm water management should maintain sheet flow across large land areas an management should maintain sheet flow across large land areas an d minimize d minimize the concentrating and conveying of storm water flows int o piping the concentrating and conveying of storm water flows int o piping and and retention/detention areas. retention/detention areas. Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !!!# !!!# /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 Land Use and Zoning Land Use and Zoning Currently, there are three major business corridors that exist w Currently, there are three major business corridors that exist w ithin the city limits. The first corridor runs east ithin the city limits. The first corridor runs east west along Newberry Road west along Newberry Road which ties into the historic business district. The second corr which ties into the historic business district. The second corr idor is an extension of the historic business district which ext idor is an extension of the historic business district which ext ends north of ends north of Newberry Road on 2 Newberry Road on 2 nd nd Street that has a mix of residential land uses and smal l busine Street that has a mix of residential land uses and smal l busine sses. The third and final corridor is the more sses. The third and final corridor is the more modern and newest of the three that runs north modern and newest of the three that runs north south along 250 south along 250 th th Street which has a mix of business types. Business types inc lu Street which has a mix of business types. Business types inc lu de, two de, two bars, thrift stores, gas stations, and other small business and bars, thrift stores, gas stations, and other small business and offices with industrial types of land use existing in the northe offices with industrial types of land use existing in the northe rn portion of the rn portion of the city, just beyond the rail road tracks to the north. city, just beyond the rail road tracks to the north. Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map

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Newberry Florida Newberry Florida Latitude: 29 degrees 38 minutes North Longitude: 8 2 degrees 36 Latitude: 29 degrees 38 minutes North Longitude: 8 2 degrees 36 minutes West minutes West r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !(# !(# r r r r r r r r Climate Climate As is consistent throughout the region, Newberry experie nces As is consistent throughout the region, Newberry experie nces very warm summers with temperatures that can rise to 100 very warm summers with temperatures that can rise to 100 degrees Fahrenheit with humidity regularly being in th e 80 to degrees Fahrenheit with humidity regularly being in th e 80 to 90 percent range. Most residents of the area joke abou t 90 percent range. Most residents of the area joke abou t being able to set their clocks by the consistent daily showe rs being able to set their clocks by the consistent daily showe rs that happen in the afternoons throughout the summer (usually that happen in the afternoons throughout the summer (usually occurring at the peak of mid occurring at the peak of mid day heating at about 3 in the day heating at about 3 in the afternoon). afternoon). The Winters in the area tend to be more mild, with The Winters in the area tend to be more mild, with temperatures easily dipping into the 20 temperatures easily dipping into the 20 ’ ’ s and 30 s and 30 ’ ’ s with the s with the average winter temperature being around 57 degrees average winter temperature being around 57 degrees Fahrenheit. This time of the season tends to be much dr yer Fahrenheit. This time of the season tends to be much dr yer then the summers, with periodic cold fronts bringing hea vy then the summers, with periodic cold fronts bringing hea vy rains and below average temperatures. rains and below average temperatures.

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! (# (# ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( A Town and It A Town and It ’ ’ s Water Tower: s Water Tower: As with most small towns of the area, the water As with most small towns of the area, the water tower tends to be a dominating feature in the tower tends to be a dominating feature in the landscape. This is a feature that Newberry should landscape. This is a feature that Newberry should recognize and draw attention to as redevelopment recognize and draw attention to as redevelopment efforts continue forward. Water Towers can efforts continue forward. Water Towers can present a way finding feature that announces that present a way finding feature that announces that one has arrived in a particular town or area. one has arrived in a particular town or area. Other Features of Newberry Other Features of Newberry • • Railway which is utilized by local residences as a pedestri an co Railway which is utilized by local residences as a pedestri an co rridor. rridor. • • Simple and repetitive streetscape that consists of a histo ric li Simple and repetitive streetscape that consists of a histo ric li ghting ghting features that line the pedestrian and vehicular right features that line the pedestrian and vehicular right of of ways. ways. • • Awnings and overhangs add to the aesthetics and create com fortab Awnings and overhangs add to the aesthetics and create com fortab le le micro micro climate conditions. climate conditions. • • A small pocket park, that can be found in the middle o f the CBD. A small pocket park, that can be found in the middle o f the CBD. It It creates a tasteful and functional space that people use du ring t creates a tasteful and functional space that people use du ring t heir lunch heir lunch breaks or a place to sit in between shopping. breaks or a place to sit in between shopping. • • Open Parking lots and empty spaces that are typically util ized b Open Parking lots and empty spaces that are typically util ized b y local y local farmers to sell their fruits and vegetables road side. farmers to sell their fruits and vegetables road side.

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City GatewayVehicular CorridorsActive Train TracksNon-Active Train Tracks Pedestrian CorridorsParks and Open SpacesEducation Facilities Proposed Truck By-Pass r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! (!# (!# nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( Base Map image obtianedfrom the AlahcuaCounty Propert y Appraisers website

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! (!!# (!!# nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( Municipal Buildings Municipal Buildings Commercial and Retail Buildings Commercial and Retail Buildings High Suitability for Storm Water Management High Suitability for Storm Water Management Pedestrian Right Pedestrian Right of of Ways Ways High Suitability for open space High Suitability for open space Primary and Secondary Primary and Secondary Vehicle Corridors Vehicle Corridors Base map image produced by Google Earth

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() ()() () () ()() () !( !( !# !# The intent of these two diagrams was to study and explo re the cu The intent of these two diagrams was to study and explo re the cu rrent building footprints and their rrent building footprints and their relation to one another. In addition, the diagrams s how the open relation to one another. In addition, the diagrams s how the open /green spaces and existing location of /green spaces and existing location of vehicular parking within the proposed site. The Second Diagram vehicular parking within the proposed site. The Second Diagram is looking at the roadway alignment is looking at the roadway alignment and the current spatial relation between each road. and the current spatial relation between each road.

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() () () () () () () () !( !( !!# !!# 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ Bubble Diagram: Bubble Diagram: I used a bubble diagram to begin to understand I used a bubble diagram to begin to understand relationships in usage. The municipal, retail, and gr een relationships in usage. The municipal, retail, and gr een spaces were the main concentration. spaces were the main concentration. Building Footprints: Building Footprints: In this diagram I was trying to understand where In this diagram I was trying to understand where buildings might be arranged. The grey areas indicate buildings might be arranged. The grey areas indicate parking utilization. The main concentration was to parking utilization. The main concentration was to establish building frontages along the street edge. establish building frontages along the street edge. Building Footprints: Building Footprints: For this diagram, the concentration was to split the For this diagram, the concentration was to split the arrangement of building frontages at the street edge arrangement of building frontages at the street edge along with the building frontages stepped away from th e along with the building frontages stepped away from th e street edge. This created more reasonable opportuniti es street edge. This created more reasonable opportuniti es for vehicular parking. for vehicular parking. Vehicular Parking Vehicular Parking Proposed Buildings Proposed Buildings Proposed Buildings Proposed Buildings Municipal Municipal Commercial Commercial Green Space Green Space

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() ()() () () ()() () !( !( !!!# !!!# -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr Driving Straight Through Driving Straight Through Serpentine Serpentine Try it with Round Try it with Round a a bouts bouts Fewer Round Fewer Round a a bouts bouts Serpentine and Round Serpentine and Round a a bouts bouts

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() () () () () () () () !( !( !(# !(# 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r Retain that which is historically significant or sp eaks to the c Retain that which is historically significant or sp eaks to the c haracter of the place haracter of the place These buildings invoke the historic These buildings invoke the historic character of Newberry and shall be character of Newberry and shall be retained retained These buildings are more modern and do not invoke the same These buildings are more modern and do not invoke the same character as the historic buildings. Although these bui ldings character as the historic buildings. Although these bui ldings serve a purpose, modeling fa serve a purpose, modeling fa ade changes after the historic ade changes after the historic fa fa ades might be sufficient to continue the historic look a nd ades might be sufficient to continue the historic look a nd character of the city. character of the city.

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,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ( ( !# !# Section Looking North Section Looking South

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Use of Vegetated Earthen Mounds for Buffering from the Vehicular Right-of-Way Creating Space for Community Activities Use of Permeable Pavers and Curb Cuts to Convey Storm Water into Open Spaces Proposed Reproduction of a Train Station to Recognize the Importance of the Rail in Newberry’s History ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ( ( !!# !!# /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r

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Soften the Space with Landscaping and Canopy Buffering the Front of the Park to create a more Intimate experience Creating Opportunities for Passive Recreation Angled Parking Stacked to one side of the street to increase Pedestrian ROW’s ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ( ( !!!# !!!# $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r

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Implementing Awnings and Covered Walkways for a mor e Desirable MicroClimate Street Tree’s double as Storm Water Drainage Areas Crowned Roadway to aid in Storm Water Drainage Use of Historic styles of Lighting to Invoke Sense of Place ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ( ( !(# !(# -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr

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Current Condition Proposed Condition ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ( ( ( ( # # r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)(

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Phase 1: Implementation of Truck Bypass Phase 1: Implementation of Truck Bypass Phase 2: Roadway Alignment Phase 2: Roadway Alignment Phase 3: Parks and Open Spaces (Linear Park, Rails to/and Trails Phase 3: Parks and Open Spaces (Linear Park, Rails to/and Trails ) ) Phase 4: Streetscape Planting Design Phase 4: Streetscape Planting Design Phase 5: Infill Underutilized Properties to Create Cohesive CBD Phase 5: Infill Underutilized Properties to Create Cohesive CBD Phase 6: Expand Design to Beyond to Adjacent Busine ss Corridors Phase 6: Expand Design to Beyond to Adjacent Busine ss Corridors Phased Implementation Phased Implementation ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ( ( (!# (!# $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r

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( ( (!!# (!!# In Conclusion: In Conclusion: The main objectives of the residents was to have a more w alk The main objectives of the residents was to have a more w alk able downtown with plentiful parking. able downtown with plentiful parking. My design attempted to address the need for more parki ng. But a My design attempted to address the need for more parki ng. But a t the same time I tried to bring the t the same time I tried to bring the pedestrian in as a dominate theme as to how spaces will be creat pedestrian in as a dominate theme as to how spaces will be creat ed and arranged. From my ed and arranged. From my investigations, I found that I was burdened with far mo re limita investigations, I found that I was burdened with far mo re limita tions then opportunities. A majority of tions then opportunities. A majority of the buildings have historic value which did not allow for me to the buildings have historic value which did not allow for me to make alternative design suggestions make alternative design suggestions within those areas. My overall attempt focused on tyin g up the within those areas. My overall attempt focused on tyin g up the loose ends by creating pockets of loose ends by creating pockets of business that would share street frontage to imitate th at of the business that would share street frontage to imitate th at of the historic fa historic fa ades. ades. Is there a better solution? Of course, because dialogue b etween Is there a better solution? Of course, because dialogue b etween city officials, local residents, and city officials, local residents, and myself will continue to mold the master plan into a tr ue communi myself will continue to mold the master plan into a tr ue communi ty collaboration. ty collaboration.

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r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr (!# (!# Literary References: Literary References: • • Downtown Planning for Smaller and Midsized Communiti es, Downtown Planning for Smaller and Midsized Communiti es, by: Philip L. Walker: 2009 by: Philip L. Walker: 2009 • • Rural by Design, Rural by Design, by: by: Brabec Brabec Dodson, Reid, Dodson, Reid, Yaro Yaro Arendt Arendt : 1994 : 1994 • • A Primer in Community Redevelopment Agencies, A Primer in Community Redevelopment Agencies, by: by: Goren Goren Tolvecs Tolvecs : 2005 : 2005 • • Newberry Community Redevelopment Plan Newberry Community Redevelopment Plan by: Lowell Garrett: 2009 by: Lowell Garrett: 2009 • • The Urban Design Handbook, The Urban Design Handbook, by: Urban Design Associates: 2003 by: Urban Design Associates: 2003 • • Main Street: Some Lessons in Revitalization, Main Street: Some Lessons in Revitalization, by: Louis by: Louis Lopilato Lopilato : 2003 : 2003 • • Newberry Miner (Newspaper), Newberry Miner (Newspaper), Provided by: Library west microfilm collection, 3 Provided by: Library west microfilm collection, 3 rd rd floor floor Imagery and Online References: Imagery and Online References: • • Google Earth Software Google Earth Software • • City of Newberry, City of Newberry, www.ci.newberry.fl.us www.ci.newberry.fl.us • • Alachua County Property Appraiser, Alachua County Property Appraiser, www.acpafl.org www.acpafl.org • • Florida Geographic Data Library, Florida Geographic Data Library, www.fgdl.org www.fgdl.org • • National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, www.noaa.org www.noaa.org • • University of Florida College of DCP Capstones, University of Florida College of DCP Capstones, www.ufdc.ufl.edu www.ufdc.ufl.edu • • Florida Memory: State Library and Archives of Florida, Florida Memory: State Library and Archives of Florida, www.floridamemory.com www.floridamemory.com • • Main Street Arkansas, Main Street Arkansas, www.arkansaspreservation.com www.arkansaspreservation.com Other works or People to Cite: • • Lowell Garrett: City Planner Newberry FL Lowell Garrett: City Planner Newberry FL • • Maury Laurie: Historic Preservationist Newberry Maury Laurie: Historic Preservationist Newberry FL FL • • Barbra Hendrix: City of Newberry Main Street Barbra Hendrix: City of Newberry Main Street Organization Organization • • FDOT FDOT Greenbook Greenbook 2007 2007 www.dot.state.fl.us/rddesign/Publications/pub.htm www.dot.state.fl.us/rddesign/Publications/pub.htm



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nr nr nr nr nr nr nr nr r r r r r r r r n n" n n" n n" n n" n n" n n" n n" n n"

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A Senior Capstone Project A Senior Capstone Project Prepared for: Prepared for: City of Newberry Planning Department City of Newberry Planning Department Lowell Garrett: Planning Director Lowell Garrett: Planning Director 25815 SW 2 25815 SW 2 nd nd Ave Ave PO Box 369 PO Box 369 Newberry, Florida 32669 Newberry, Florida 32669 Phone: 352 Phone: 352 472 472 3927 3927 Fax: 352 Fax: 352 472 472 3998 3998 Prepared By: Prepared By: Anthony Shawn Stecher Anthony Shawn Stecher University of Florida University of Florida Department of Landscape Architecture Department of Landscape Architecture Spring 2011 Spring 2011 nr nrnr nr nr nrnr nr n n n n n n n n

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Dedication: Dedication: I would like to dedicate this Capstone Project to my f amily memb I would like to dedicate this Capstone Project to my f amily memb ers who are not here today to share in this ers who are not here today to share in this great occasion. To my Grandfather, Edward B. Stecher, a hero yo great occasion. To my Grandfather, Edward B. Stecher, a hero yo u will always be. Without you, and the many u will always be. Without you, and the many brave soldiers of World War II, we are guaranteed that the World brave soldiers of World War II, we are guaranteed that the World would be a very different place today. To my would be a very different place today. To my Uncle, Richard Stecher, I can only hope that I rise to the chall Uncle, Richard Stecher, I can only hope that I rise to the chall enge of comparing to your business prowess. enge of comparing to your business prowess. And most importantly In memory of my father, Stephen C. Stecher, And most importantly In memory of my father, Stephen C. Stecher, you are the standard by which I measure you are the standard by which I measure myself in life. You have each helped mold me into t he man I am myself in life. You have each helped mold me into t he man I am today, and for that I am truly grateful. today, and for that I am truly grateful. rr rr rr rr rr rr rr rr Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements: To the Faculty: To the Faculty: Thank you for opening my eyes to the world of Landsca pe Architec Thank you for opening my eyes to the world of Landsca pe Architec ture. ture. Who would have known that there was a designer hiding inside of Who would have known that there was a designer hiding inside of me me this whole time. This course of study has truly given me a new this whole time. This course of study has truly given me a new outlook outlook on life and a new understanding of the world around me. on life and a new understanding of the world around me. To the City of Newberry: To the City of Newberry: Thank you for giving me the opportunity to intern at the plannin Thank you for giving me the opportunity to intern at the plannin g office. g office. It was an invaluable experience that taught me some gre at lesson It was an invaluable experience that taught me some gre at lesson s. I s. I look forward to seeing Newberry grow in the next 20 years. The look forward to seeing Newberry grow in the next 20 years. The city and city and the people have a bright future ahead of them. Tha nk you for al the people have a bright future ahead of them. Tha nk you for al lowing lowing me to share in your big plans for growth. me to share in your big plans for growth. And a special thank you to Lowell Garrett, your weal th of knowle And a special thank you to Lowell Garrett, your weal th of knowle dge and dge and passion for life have helped to get me through some tou gh times. passion for life have helped to get me through some tou gh times. I wish I wish you the best. you the best. n n n n n n n n

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r rr r r rr r Section 1: Introduction Section 1: Introduction 1 1 1: Project and Place 1: Project and Place 1 1 2: Goals and Objectives 2: Goals and Objectives 1 1 3: Opportunities and Constraints 3: Opportunities and Constraints 1 1 4: History 4: History 1 1 5: History (continued) 5: History (continued) 1 1 6: Current Conditions: People and Events 6: Current Conditions: People and Events 1 1 7: Current Conditions: Sense of Place 7: Current Conditions: Sense of Place 1 1 8: Area of Concern 8: Area of Concern 1 1 9: Area of Concern: Issues 9: Area of Concern: Issues Section 2: Case Studies Section 2: Case Studies 2 2 1: Character of Place: The City of Alachua 1: Character of Place: The City of Alachua 2 2 2: Character of Place: The City of Alachua (continued) 2: Character of Place: The City of Alachua (continued) 2 2 3: A Redevelopment Initiative: Main Street Arkansas 3: A Redevelopment Initiative: Main Street Arkansas Section 3: Analysis, Inventory, and Synthesis Section 3: Analysis, Inventory, and Synthesis 3 3 1: Elevation and Slope 1: Elevation and Slope 3 3 2: Soils Analysis 2: Soils Analysis 3 3 3: Current Land Use and Zoning 3: Current Land Use and Zoning 3 3 4: Climate 4: Climate 3 3 5: Inventory 5: Inventory 3 3 6: City Synthesis 6: City Synthesis 3 3 7: Site Synthesis 7: Site Synthesis Section 4: Design Development Section 4: Design Development 4 4 1: Current Conditions 1: Current Conditions 4 4 2: Fitting the Pieces 2: Fitting the Pieces 4 4 3: Roadway Alignment 3: Roadway Alignment 4 4 4: What to Retain 4: What to Retain Section 5: Master Plan Section 5: Master Plan 5 5 1: Site 1: Site 5 5 2: Linear and Commercial Parks 2: Linear and Commercial Parks 5 5 3: Pocket Park 3: Pocket Park 5 5 4: Roadway Section 4: Roadway Section 5 5 5: Before and After Perspective 5: Before and After Perspective 5 5 6: Phased Implementation 6: Phased Implementation 5 5 7: Conclusions 7: Conclusions Section 6: Bibliography and Credits Section 6: Bibliography and Credits i: Title Page i: Title Page ii: Prepared For ii: Prepared For iii: Dedication and Acknowledgements iii: Dedication and Acknowledgements n n n n n n n n

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n n !# !# $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r $%r$r Statement of Intent Statement of Intent The Primary focus of this project is to create an attract ive and The Primary focus of this project is to create an attract ive and pedestrian friendly Central Business District pedestrian friendly Central Business District (CBD) that Recognizes the historic character of the area while b (CBD) that Recognizes the historic character of the area while b eing an example for future growth. eing an example for future growth. Newberry Facts: Newberry Facts: • • The fourth most populated city in Alachua The fourth most populated city in Alachua County following Gainesville, Alachua, and County following Gainesville, Alachua, and High Springs. High Springs. • • Accounts for only 1.7% of the county Accounts for only 1.7% of the county population with approximately 4,300 people. population with approximately 4,300 people. • • Encompasses an area of 44.9 square miles. Encompasses an area of 44.9 square miles. Project Type Project Type A Central Business District (CBD) Redevelopment and Stre etscape A Central Business District (CBD) Redevelopment and Stre etscape Design. Design. Location: Location: Newberry Florida is a rural community located 30 Newberry Florida is a rural community located 30 minutes west of Gainesville on the Western edge of minutes west of Gainesville on the Western edge of Alachua County Alachua County

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Goals and Objective Goals and Objective Option of a Truck Bypass Option of a Truck Bypass Use of a Linear Park adjacent to the Train tracks Use of a Linear Park adjacent to the Train tracks Create Pedestrian Focused Connections to Neighborhood s adjacent Create Pedestrian Focused Connections to Neighborhood s adjacent to the Historic CBD to the Historic CBD • • Improve and Unify CBD while maintaining Historic Charact er Improve and Unify CBD while maintaining Historic Charact er Cohesive Architectural Styles Cohesive Architectural Styles Address both side of the Train Tracks as Mixed Address both side of the Train Tracks as Mixed Use Commercial and Retail Use Commercial and Retail Incorporate a Streetscape Design to Incorporate a Streetscape Design to “ “ Tie it all Together Tie it all Together ” ” • • Use of LID (Light Impact Development) Techniques Use of LID (Light Impact Development) Techniques Use well drained sandy soils to address Storm Water Management Use well drained sandy soils to address Storm Water Management Use of Florida Native and Florida Friendly Planting Palette Use of Florida Native and Florida Friendly Planting Palette Addressing Microclimate and Sun Exposure in reducing Energy Need Addressing Microclimate and Sun Exposure in reducing Energy Need s s • • Increase Pedestrian Safety and Connectivity to the Histor ic CBD Increase Pedestrian Safety and Connectivity to the Histor ic CBD Topics of Concern Topics of Concern • • Social/Cultural Social/Cultural Storm Water Management Storm Water Management Historically a Historically a Pyric Pyric Ecosystem Ecosystem Native/Florida Friendly planting palette Native/Florida Friendly planting palette Natural Areas and Open Spaces Natural Areas and Open Spaces Access to Schools, Parks, and the CBD Access to Schools, Parks, and the CBD Access needs in both High and Low Income areas Access needs in both High and Low Income areas Urban Sprawl Urban Sprawl Identifying and Maintaining Historic Structures Identifying and Maintaining Historic Structures • • Natural Natural Scales of Concern Scales of Concern • • Downtown Scale Downtown Scale • • Site Scale Site Scale • • City Scale City Scale Major Gateways to the City Major Gateways to the City Major Transportation Connections Major Transportation Connections Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections Public Green/Open Spaces Public Green/Open Spaces Vehicular Circulation and Parking Vehicular Circulation and Parking Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Schools, Parks, an d the CB Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Schools, Parks, an d the CB D D Public Green/Open Spaces Public Green/Open Spaces Future Land Future Land Use Planning and Development Use Planning and Development Vehicular Circulation and Parking Vehicular Circulation and Parking Pedestrian Right Pedestrian Right of of Ways and Connections Ways and Connections Public Green/Open Spaces Public Green/Open Spaces Architectural Styles Architectural Styles Streetscape Design Streetscape Design n n !!# !!# &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%( &rr'%(

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Historic District Redevelopment Programming: Historic District Redevelopment Programming: • • A Forum for Community Events and Festivals A Forum for Community Events and Festivals • • Pedestrian Connections into, around, and out of the CBD Pedestrian Connections into, around, and out of the CBD • • Increase Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety Increase Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety • • Micro Micro Climate Climate • • Recognition of Historic Value of the CBD Recognition of Historic Value of the CBD Opportunities Opportunities Constraints Constraints • • Established CRA (community redevelopment Established CRA (community redevelopment agency) agency) • • New Projects as Economic Drivers New Projects as Economic Drivers • • Established Community Advocacy Groups Established Community Advocacy Groups • • Well Drained Soils Well Drained Soils • • Rail ROW as Connections Rail ROW as Connections • • Resistance from Residents that Desire Resistance from Residents that Desire “ “ The Small The Small Town Atmosphere Town Atmosphere ” ” • • FDOT Design Guidelines if Bypass is not FDOT Design Guidelines if Bypass is not Established Established • • Unfertile Soils Unfertile Soils • • Rail as a Barrier Rail as a Barrier n n !!!# !!!# '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr '))rr

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n n !(# !(# At First: At First: It was just the back woods of Florida with little documen ted his It was just the back woods of Florida with little documen ted his tory and no city tory and no city structure to speak of. Prior to the 1880 structure to speak of. Prior to the 1880 ’ ’ s, people were dotted across the landscape s, people were dotted across the landscape with small communities and families living off the lan d with the with small communities and families living off the lan d with the closest town being a closest town being a days ride away. It was in the late 1880 days ride away. It was in the late 1880 ’ ’ s when a narrow vein of hard s when a narrow vein of hard rock phosphate rock phosphate was discovered in the area. Phosphate processing plants so on do was discovered in the area. Phosphate processing plants so on do tted the landscape tted the landscape with rail ways crisscrossing the area to and from the citie s of with rail ways crisscrossing the area to and from the citie s of High Springs and Archer. High Springs and Archer. In 1893, Henry Plant extended his Savannah rail line f rom High S In 1893, Henry Plant extended his Savannah rail line f rom High S prings to Archer prings to Archer which established the City of Newberry as a railroad stop and tr which established the City of Newberry as a railroad stop and tr ading center at the ading center at the mid mid point between the two cities. point between the two cities. (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o n the city website) n the city website) Images obtained from the Florida State Archives Library website

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n n (# (# Now that there is a Newberry: Now that there is a Newberry: On the weekends, Newberry On the weekends, Newberry ’ ’ s population of 1,500 swelled as the miners came s population of 1,500 swelled as the miners came to town for supplies and entertainment. One of the l ocal doctor to town for supplies and entertainment. One of the l ocal doctor s of the period, s of the period, W.N. W.N. “ “ Doc Doc ” ” Barry Sr., described the young Newberry as a Barry Sr., described the young Newberry as a “ “ real wild west town real wild west town in the east. in the east. ” ” But despite the wild nature, Newberry But despite the wild nature, Newberry ’ ’ s prosperity brought the s prosperity brought the regular conveniences of civilization in the form of chur ches, sc regular conveniences of civilization in the form of chur ches, sc hools, and by hools, and by 1913, an electric light plant. Early customers of electri city w 1913, an electric light plant. Early customers of electri city w ere able to enjoy ere able to enjoy four hours of light each night. four hours of light each night. But it was with the discovery of soft But it was with the discovery of soft rock phosphate, an easier form of rock phosphate, an easier form of phosphate to mine, that Newberry phosphate to mine, that Newberry ’ ’ s prosperity began to wane. The real blow s prosperity began to wane. The real blow came with the onset of World War I, in 1917, when ship ments of p came with the onset of World War I, in 1917, when ship ments of p hosphate to hosphate to Germany were halted, bringing Newberry Germany were halted, bringing Newberry ’ ’ s economy to a screeching halt. s economy to a screeching halt. During these hard times, many residents left and those who staye During these hard times, many residents left and those who staye d turned to d turned to farming. Vegetables were grown for the table, while crops like farming. Vegetables were grown for the table, while crops like watermelon watermelon and tobacco were grown as cash crops. and tobacco were grown as cash crops. Newberry Newberry ’ ’ s population remained stable until the advent of Worl d War II, w s population remained stable until the advent of Worl d War II, w hen hen many of the areas finest were called to duty and sent of f to war many of the areas finest were called to duty and sent of f to war Many of Many of these men returned home filled with energy, new skills, and fres these men returned home filled with energy, new skills, and fres h ideas. In h ideas. In 1946 the local American Legion was formed and the memb ers voted 1946 the local American Legion was formed and the memb ers voted to hold a to hold a festival in celebration of the town festival in celebration of the town ’ ’ s major income s major income producing crop, the producing crop, the watermelon. Today the Watermelon Festival has grown a nd draws i watermelon. Today the Watermelon Festival has grown a nd draws i n about n about 10,000 people to the area each June. 10,000 people to the area each June. As the fifties and sixties rolled by, the agriculturally driven As the fifties and sixties rolled by, the agriculturally driven economy was economy was gradually replaced with steady jobs and regular paychecks. gradually replaced with steady jobs and regular paychecks. (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o (Information provided by the City of Newberry and is a vailable o n the city website) n the city website) Images obtained from the Florida State Archives Library website

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$)r*( $)r*( n n (!# (!# The Community Today: The Community Today: Today, besides the annual Watermelon Festival, Newberr y also hos Today, besides the annual Watermelon Festival, Newberr y also hos ts a morning market ts a morning market every Saturday. They also have events like Friday Fling once a every Saturday. They also have events like Friday Fling once a month and other month and other annual events like the Community Unity Day Festival, Hol iday Lig annual events like the Community Unity Day Festival, Hol iday Lig hts Contest, and the hts Contest, and the Farm Toy Show and Tractor Parade to name a few. Farm Toy Show and Tractor Parade to name a few. Besides the markets festivals and celebrations, Newberry is n ow Besides the markets festivals and celebrations, Newberry is n ow home to the state home to the state of of the the art indoor/outdoor Easton Newberry Sports Complex and Archery Fa art indoor/outdoor Easton Newberry Sports Complex and Archery Fa cility. Since cility. Since the official opening of the sports complex in the summe r of 2009 the official opening of the sports complex in the summe r of 2009 it has hosted a it has hosted a number of archery events. These events have included an outdoor number of archery events. These events have included an outdoor decoy shoot held in decoy shoot held in the adjacent pine forest as well as hosting the Canadian Paralym the adjacent pine forest as well as hosting the Canadian Paralym pics Archery team. pics Archery team. Nations Ball Park is another facility that is currently un der co Nations Ball Park is another facility that is currently un der co nstruction and is expected nstruction and is expected to be completed by the summer of 2012. This 80 acre, 36 field f to be completed by the summer of 2012. This 80 acre, 36 field f acility is expected to acility is expected to host between 12 to 20 tournaments annually with about 100 teams host between 12 to 20 tournaments annually with about 100 teams expected to enroll in expected to enroll in each tournament. According to Newberry City Commissioner Joe Ho each tournament. According to Newberry City Commissioner Joe Ho ffman, current ffman, current predictions state, predictions state, “ “ the ball park should generate around $30 million count y wide. the ball park should generate around $30 million count y wide. ” ” Between the Sports Complex and Nations Field, it is ex pected tha Between the Sports Complex and Nations Field, it is ex pected tha t Newberry will draw t Newberry will draw in upwards of 15,000 tourist annually. There is no dou bt that t in upwards of 15,000 tourist annually. There is no dou bt that t hese projects will become hese projects will become huge revenue producers for the area. It is important that the c huge revenue producers for the area. It is important that the c ity plans for the influx and ity plans for the influx and growth for the area. growth for the area. Images obtained from the city of Newberry website

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$r $r n n (!!# (!!# Character: Character: With no shortage of historic character, Newberry consists o f the With no shortage of historic character, Newberry consists o f the Queen Anne, Classical Queen Anne, Classical Revival, and Bungalow/Craftsman styles of architecture. B ecause Revival, and Bungalow/Craftsman styles of architecture. B ecause these historic these historic structures are still intact, they form a good template fo r futur structures are still intact, they form a good template fo r futur e building facades to be e building facades to be modeled after. Along with the architectural styles, Ne wberry al modeled after. Along with the architectural styles, Ne wberry al so retains some of the so retains some of the historic infrastructure that the town once relied upon f or the p historic infrastructure that the town once relied upon f or the p roduction of electricity and roduction of electricity and the movement of goods. The old electric plant still stan ds on i the movement of goods. The old electric plant still stan ds on i t t ’ ’ s original site, on the West s original site, on the West side of town, also sharing a portion of it side of town, also sharing a portion of it ’ ’ s property with the original jail. But it is the trai n s property with the original jail. But it is the trai n tracks that have long been a symbol of the city that defin es the tracks that have long been a symbol of the city that defin es the historic character of this historic character of this city. The train tracks were the sole reason Newberry ever came city. The train tracks were the sole reason Newberry ever came to be. This feature to be. This feature should be recognized and not treated as a barrier. As in the ca should be recognized and not treated as a barrier. As in the ca se of so many other towns, se of so many other towns, where train tracks are treated as barriers, this is where the te where train tracks are treated as barriers, this is where the te rm rm “ “ the other side of the the other side of the tracks tracks ” ” tends to be true. tends to be true.

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n$)r n$)r (!!!# (!!!# r r r r r r r r The Need for Redevelopment is Recognized: The Need for Redevelopment is Recognized: The area that I have chosen to concentrate on falls withi n the r The area that I have chosen to concentrate on falls withi n the r edevelopment boundaries established by the Community edevelopment boundaries established by the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA). Newberry established the CR A becaus Redevelopment Agency (CRA). Newberry established the CR A becaus e the city and it e the city and it ’ ’ s residences recognized the need to s residences recognized the need to identify identify “ “ blighted blighted ” ” and and “ “ under developed under developed ” ” areas in order to generate funding needed to create d esign solu areas in order to generate funding needed to create d esign solu tions for these areas. tions for these areas. The establishment of the CRA was the catalyst that moti vated me The establishment of the CRA was the catalyst that moti vated me to identify an area that should be concentrated on as t he first to identify an area that should be concentrated on as t he first phases of redevelopment. Naturally, the site that wa s identifie phases of redevelopment. Naturally, the site that wa s identifie d as such was the historic downtown central business district (C d as such was the historic downtown central business district (C BD). BD). Base map image obtained from the Alachua County Prope rty Appraiser website

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n n !+# !+# r r r r r r r r Current Issues Current Issues There are several issues with the current downtown stre etscape d There are several issues with the current downtown stre etscape d esign. The pedestrian esign. The pedestrian right right of of ways throughout the downtown area consist of narrow sid ewalks th ways throughout the downtown area consist of narrow sid ewalks th at create a choked at create a choked and unfriendly experience for groups of people to walk through. and unfriendly experience for groups of people to walk through. The choice of street trees is The choice of street trees is also poor. Because of the low growing nature and th e manicuring also poor. Because of the low growing nature and th e manicuring of the trees, these plants of the trees, these plants tend to take space away from the pedestrian areas, adding to the tend to take space away from the pedestrian areas, adding to the unfriendly nature of the unfriendly nature of the downtown experience. downtown experience. Due to parallel parking and traffic setbacks, driving th rough th Due to parallel parking and traffic setbacks, driving th rough th e downtown area can present e downtown area can present several dangerous situations for pedestrians and vehicles a like. several dangerous situations for pedestrians and vehicles a like. These unsafe situations These unsafe situations include limited viewing distance from stop signs, inabi lity to s include limited viewing distance from stop signs, inabi lity to s ee pedestrians waiting to cross ee pedestrians waiting to cross the road, as well as the difficulty of leaving a paral lel parkin the road, as well as the difficulty of leaving a paral lel parkin g spot during anytime of high g spot during anytime of high traffic loads. traffic loads. Finally the train tracks are an ongoing problem for the area due Finally the train tracks are an ongoing problem for the area due to the current lease holder. to the current lease holder. One of the main issues includes the lease holder illegal ly parki One of the main issues includes the lease holder illegal ly parki ng train cars, most of which ng train cars, most of which contain hazardous materials of one type or another alo ng differe contain hazardous materials of one type or another alo ng differe nt portions of the track that nt portions of the track that have direct adjacencies to residential land uses. Anothe r issue have direct adjacencies to residential land uses. Anothe r issue concerning the tracks is the concerning the tracks is the neglect of using the track right neglect of using the track right of of ways as pedestrian corridors. During one of my many site ways as pedestrian corridors. During one of my many site visits, I witnessed many of the younger residents (childre n, hig visits, I witnessed many of the younger residents (childre n, hig h school students, and young h school students, and young adults) utilizing the tracks to gain access to the differe nt are adults) utilizing the tracks to gain access to the differe nt are as of the city that they were trying as of the city that they were trying to travel to. to travel to.

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r r r r r r r r nrnr !! nrnr !! !# !# nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r The City of Alachua The City of Alachua The City of Alachua presents itself as a good case study fo r sev The City of Alachua presents itself as a good case study fo r sev eral reasons. First, the eral reasons. First, the downtown has a comparable size and atmosphere as that o f Newberr downtown has a comparable size and atmosphere as that o f Newberr y. Both share in y. Both share in similar historical backgrounds and architectural styles. An d bo similar historical backgrounds and architectural styles. An d bo th present great th present great opportunities for a unique, pedestrian friendly, shoppi ng experi opportunities for a unique, pedestrian friendly, shoppi ng experi ence. ence. One successful feature of the area includes the streetscape furn One successful feature of the area includes the streetscape furn iture. The furniture iture. The furniture creates an aesthetic that recognizes the historical value o f the creates an aesthetic that recognizes the historical value o f the area by using wood area by using wood construction rather then more modern metal frame benche s. One b construction rather then more modern metal frame benche s. One b ench I found in front ench I found in front of a restaurant appears to have been made from old of a restaurant appears to have been made from old “ “ horse drawn horse drawn ” ” wagon parts. I found wagon parts. I found this particularly interesting because it wasn this particularly interesting because it wasn ’ ’ t repeated anywhere else but worked well at t repeated anywhere else but worked well at creating a unique feature that fit in well with sense of place. creating a unique feature that fit in well with sense of place. Other successful features of the area include a serpentin e roadw Other successful features of the area include a serpentin e roadw ay alignment that aided ay alignment that aided in traffic calming. Well planted medians that created a buffer in traffic calming. Well planted medians that created a buffer between vehicular and between vehicular and pedestrian traffic adding to a more pleasing pedestria n experien pedestrian traffic adding to a more pleasing pedestria n experien ce. And the utilization of ce. And the utilization of street trees to create a dense canopy along the road wa y that cr street trees to create a dense canopy along the road wa y that cr eates a pleasing micro eates a pleasing micro climate to combat the hot and humid summers that this re gion of climate to combat the hot and humid summers that this re gion of Florida is known for. Florida is known for.

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r r r r r r r r nrnr !! nrnr !! !!# !!# nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r nrr$r

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r r r r r r r r ,r rr !! ,r rr !! !!!# !!!# -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( -()r( Main Street Arkansas Main Street Arkansas The Arkansas Main Street Program sets a good The Arkansas Main Street Program sets a good precedence as to how small towns can be assisted in their precedence as to how small towns can be assisted in their redevelopment efforts. The efforts of this program are to redevelopment efforts. The efforts of this program are to combine historic preservation with economic development. combine historic preservation with economic development. This is being done with a four point approach: Design, This is being done with a four point approach: Design, Organization, Promotion, and Economic Restructuring. Organization, Promotion, and Economic Restructuring. The basic idea of this four point approach is the physic al The basic idea of this four point approach is the physic al design, political organization and support, promoting design, political organization and support, promoting amongst the citizens, and the economic restructuring of a n amongst the citizens, and the economic restructuring of a n area to create viability for business. area to create viability for business. The Arkansas Main Street Program also lays out useful The Arkansas Main Street Program also lays out useful information such as: information such as: • • Why downtowns are important Why downtowns are important • • Projects of past that have had success Projects of past that have had success • • Assistance with exterior and interior design Assistance with exterior and interior design • • Small business consulting to ensure the economic Small business consulting to ensure the economic success. success. Images obtained from the AkansasPreservation website

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !# !# )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) )r)nr ) Topography and Slope Topography and Slope The elevations throughout Alachua county range from app roximatel The elevations throughout Alachua county range from app roximatel y 60 to 70 feet in the western and southern portions of the coun y 60 to 70 feet in the western and southern portions of the coun ty. ty. Elevations of up to 150 feet exist in the center of th e county i Elevations of up to 150 feet exist in the center of th e county i n and around the Gainesville area. n and around the Gainesville area. Newberry finds itself at an elevation of 70 to 80 feet above sea Newberry finds itself at an elevation of 70 to 80 feet above sea level in an area of the county that is relatively flat w ith slo level in an area of the county that is relatively flat w ith slo pes not pes not exceeding 3 percent throughout a majority of the city. However, exceeding 3 percent throughout a majority of the city. However, there are areas in and around the city where elevation changes there are areas in and around the city where elevation changes of 10 of 10 to 20 feet and extreme slopes of 6 to 12 percent exist but thes to 20 feet and extreme slopes of 6 to 12 percent exist but thes e areas are consistent with former phosphate pits that h ave sinc e areas are consistent with former phosphate pits that h ave sinc e been e been abandoned and overgrown by the natural ecosystem. abandoned and overgrown by the natural ecosystem. Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map

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r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !!# !!# r r r r r r r r Soils and Storm Water Drainage Soils and Storm Water Drainage The soils in and around the Newberry area are mostly sand y and w The soils in and around the Newberry area are mostly sand y and w ell drained. ell drained. The soils are slightly acidic and low in organic content. This i The soils are slightly acidic and low in organic content. This i s consistent with s consistent with local ecosystems of pine flat woods and hardwood hammocks. local ecosystems of pine flat woods and hardwood hammocks. Due to the well drained nature of the soils, it is i n the best i Due to the well drained nature of the soils, it is i n the best i nterest of the city to nterest of the city to take advantage of and establish areas for storm water dr ainage. take advantage of and establish areas for storm water dr ainage. Storm water Storm water management should maintain sheet flow across large land areas an management should maintain sheet flow across large land areas an d minimize d minimize the concentrating and conveying of storm water flows int o piping the concentrating and conveying of storm water flows int o piping and and retention/detention areas. retention/detention areas. Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !!!# !!!# /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 /r0r1 Land Use and Zoning Land Use and Zoning Currently, there are three major business corridors that exist w Currently, there are three major business corridors that exist w ithin the city limits. The first corridor runs east ithin the city limits. The first corridor runs east west along Newberry Road west along Newberry Road which ties into the historic business district. The second corr which ties into the historic business district. The second corr idor is an extension of the historic business district which ext idor is an extension of the historic business district which ext ends north of ends north of Newberry Road on 2 Newberry Road on 2 nd nd Street that has a mix of residential land uses and smal l busine Street that has a mix of residential land uses and smal l busine sses. The third and final corridor is the more sses. The third and final corridor is the more modern and newest of the three that runs north modern and newest of the three that runs north south along 250 south along 250 th th Street which has a mix of business types. Business types inc lu Street which has a mix of business types. Business types inc lu de, two de, two bars, thrift stores, gas stations, and other small business and bars, thrift stores, gas stations, and other small business and offices with industrial types of land use existing in the northe offices with industrial types of land use existing in the northe rn portion of the rn portion of the city, just beyond the rail road tracks to the north. city, just beyond the rail road tracks to the north. Maps Produced from ESRI GIS Arc Map

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Newberry Florida Newberry Florida Latitude: 29 degrees 38 minutes North Longitude: 8 2 degrees 36 Latitude: 29 degrees 38 minutes North Longitude: 8 2 degrees 36 minutes West minutes West r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! !(# !(# r r r r r r r r Climate Climate As is consistent throughout the region, Newberry experie nces As is consistent throughout the region, Newberry experie nces very warm summers with temperatures that can rise to 100 very warm summers with temperatures that can rise to 100 degrees Fahrenheit with humidity regularly being in th e 80 to degrees Fahrenheit with humidity regularly being in th e 80 to 90 percent range. Most residents of the area joke abou t 90 percent range. Most residents of the area joke abou t being able to set their clocks by the consistent daily showe rs being able to set their clocks by the consistent daily showe rs that happen in the afternoons throughout the summer (usually that happen in the afternoons throughout the summer (usually occurring at the peak of mid occurring at the peak of mid day heating at about 3 in the day heating at about 3 in the afternoon). afternoon). The Winters in the area tend to be more mild, with The Winters in the area tend to be more mild, with temperatures easily dipping into the 20 temperatures easily dipping into the 20 ’ ’ s and 30 s and 30 ’ ’ s with the s with the average winter temperature being around 57 degrees average winter temperature being around 57 degrees Fahrenheit. This time of the season tends to be much dr yer Fahrenheit. This time of the season tends to be much dr yer then the summers, with periodic cold fronts bringing hea vy then the summers, with periodic cold fronts bringing hea vy rains and below average temperatures. rains and below average temperatures.

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! (# (# ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( A Town and It A Town and It ’ ’ s Water Tower: s Water Tower: As with most small towns of the area, the water As with most small towns of the area, the water tower tends to be a dominating feature in the tower tends to be a dominating feature in the landscape. This is a feature that Newberry should landscape. This is a feature that Newberry should recognize and draw attention to as redevelopment recognize and draw attention to as redevelopment efforts continue forward. Water Towers can efforts continue forward. Water Towers can present a way finding feature that announces that present a way finding feature that announces that one has arrived in a particular town or area. one has arrived in a particular town or area. Other Features of Newberry Other Features of Newberry • • Railway which is utilized by local residences as a pedestri an co Railway which is utilized by local residences as a pedestri an co rridor. rridor. • • Simple and repetitive streetscape that consists of a histo ric li Simple and repetitive streetscape that consists of a histo ric li ghting ghting features that line the pedestrian and vehicular right features that line the pedestrian and vehicular right of of ways. ways. • • Awnings and overhangs add to the aesthetics and create com fortab Awnings and overhangs add to the aesthetics and create com fortab le le micro micro climate conditions. climate conditions. • • A small pocket park, that can be found in the middle o f the CBD. A small pocket park, that can be found in the middle o f the CBD. It It creates a tasteful and functional space that people use du ring t creates a tasteful and functional space that people use du ring t heir lunch heir lunch breaks or a place to sit in between shopping. breaks or a place to sit in between shopping. • • Open Parking lots and empty spaces that are typically util ized b Open Parking lots and empty spaces that are typically util ized b y local y local farmers to sell their fruits and vegetables road side. farmers to sell their fruits and vegetables road side.

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City GatewayVehicular CorridorsActive Train TracksNon-Active Train Tracks Pedestrian CorridorsParks and Open SpacesEducation Facilities Proposed Truck By-Pass r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r nr.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! (!# (!# nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( Base Map image obtianedfrom the AlahcuaCounty Propert y Appraisers website

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r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n r.(.r n !!! !!! (!!# (!!# nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( nr( Municipal Buildings Municipal Buildings Commercial and Retail Buildings Commercial and Retail Buildings High Suitability for Storm Water Management High Suitability for Storm Water Management Pedestrian Right Pedestrian Right of of Ways Ways High Suitability for open space High Suitability for open space Primary and Secondary Primary and Secondary Vehicle Corridors Vehicle Corridors Base map image produced by Google Earth

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() ()() () () ()() () !( !( !# !# The intent of these two diagrams was to study and explo re the cu The intent of these two diagrams was to study and explo re the cu rrent building footprints and their rrent building footprints and their relation to one another. In addition, the diagrams s how the open relation to one another. In addition, the diagrams s how the open /green spaces and existing location of /green spaces and existing location of vehicular parking within the proposed site. The Second Diagram vehicular parking within the proposed site. The Second Diagram is looking at the roadway alignment is looking at the roadway alignment and the current spatial relation between each road. and the current spatial relation between each road.

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() () () () () () () () !( !( !!# !!# 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ 2n$ Bubble Diagram: Bubble Diagram: I used a bubble diagram to begin to understand I used a bubble diagram to begin to understand relationships in usage. The municipal, retail, and gr een relationships in usage. The municipal, retail, and gr een spaces were the main concentration. spaces were the main concentration. Building Footprints: Building Footprints: In this diagram I was trying to understand where In this diagram I was trying to understand where buildings might be arranged. The grey areas indicate buildings might be arranged. The grey areas indicate parking utilization. The main concentration was to parking utilization. The main concentration was to establish building frontages along the street edge. establish building frontages along the street edge. Building Footprints: Building Footprints: For this diagram, the concentration was to split the For this diagram, the concentration was to split the arrangement of building frontages at the street edge arrangement of building frontages at the street edge along with the building frontages stepped away from th e along with the building frontages stepped away from th e street edge. This created more reasonable opportuniti es street edge. This created more reasonable opportuniti es for vehicular parking. for vehicular parking. Vehicular Parking Vehicular Parking Proposed Buildings Proposed Buildings Proposed Buildings Proposed Buildings Municipal Municipal Commercial Commercial Green Space Green Space

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() ()() () () ()() () !( !( !!!# !!!# -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr Driving Straight Through Driving Straight Through Serpentine Serpentine Try it with Round Try it with Round a a bouts bouts Fewer Round Fewer Round a a bouts bouts Serpentine and Round Serpentine and Round a a bouts bouts

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() () () () () () () () !( !( !(# !(# 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r 3nr-r Retain that which is historically significant or sp eaks to the c Retain that which is historically significant or sp eaks to the c haracter of the place haracter of the place These buildings invoke the historic These buildings invoke the historic character of Newberry and shall be character of Newberry and shall be retained retained These buildings are more modern and do not invoke the same These buildings are more modern and do not invoke the same character as the historic buildings. Although these bui ldings character as the historic buildings. Although these bui ldings serve a purpose, modeling fa serve a purpose, modeling fa ade changes after the historic ade changes after the historic fa fa ades might be sufficient to continue the historic look a nd ades might be sufficient to continue the historic look a nd character of the city. character of the city.

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,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ( ( !# !# Section Looking North Section Looking South

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Use of Vegetated Earthen Mounds for Buffering from the Vehicular Right-of-Way Creating Space for Community Activities Use of Permeable Pavers and Curb Cuts to Convey Storm Water into Open Spaces Proposed Reproduction of a Train Station to Recognize the Importance of the Rail in Newberry’s History ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ( ( !!# !!# /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r /rrr$r

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Soften the Space with Landscaping and Canopy Buffering the Front of the Park to create a more Intimate experience Creating Opportunities for Passive Recreation Angled Parking Stacked to one side of the street to increase Pedestrian ROW’s ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ( ( !!!# !!!# $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r $$r

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Implementing Awnings and Covered Walkways for a mor e Desirable MicroClimate Street Tree’s double as Storm Water Drainage Areas Crowned Roadway to aid in Storm Water Drainage Use of Historic styles of Lighting to Invoke Sense of Place ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ( ( !(# !(# -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr -rr

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Current Condition Proposed Condition ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r,r$r ,r$r ( ( ( ( # # r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)( r$)(

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Phase 1: Implementation of Truck Bypass Phase 1: Implementation of Truck Bypass Phase 2: Roadway Alignment Phase 2: Roadway Alignment Phase 3: Parks and Open Spaces (Linear Park, Rails to/and Trails Phase 3: Parks and Open Spaces (Linear Park, Rails to/and Trails ) ) Phase 4: Streetscape Planting Design Phase 4: Streetscape Planting Design Phase 5: Infill Underutilized Properties to Create Cohesive CBD Phase 5: Infill Underutilized Properties to Create Cohesive CBD Phase 6: Expand Design to Beyond to Adjacent Busine ss Corridors Phase 6: Expand Design to Beyond to Adjacent Busine ss Corridors Phased Implementation Phased Implementation ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ,r$r ( ( (!# (!# $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r $nr)r

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( ( (!!# (!!# In Conclusion: In Conclusion: The main objectives of the residents was to have a more w alk The main objectives of the residents was to have a more w alk able downtown with plentiful parking. able downtown with plentiful parking. My design attempted to address the need for more parki ng. But a My design attempted to address the need for more parki ng. But a t the same time I tried to bring the t the same time I tried to bring the pedestrian in as a dominate theme as to how spaces will be creat pedestrian in as a dominate theme as to how spaces will be creat ed and arranged. From my ed and arranged. From my investigations, I found that I was burdened with far mo re limita investigations, I found that I was burdened with far mo re limita tions then opportunities. A majority of tions then opportunities. A majority of the buildings have historic value which did not allow for me to the buildings have historic value which did not allow for me to make alternative design suggestions make alternative design suggestions within those areas. My overall attempt focused on tyin g up the within those areas. My overall attempt focused on tyin g up the loose ends by creating pockets of loose ends by creating pockets of business that would share street frontage to imitate th at of the business that would share street frontage to imitate th at of the historic fa historic fa ades. ades. Is there a better solution? Of course, because dialogue b etween Is there a better solution? Of course, because dialogue b etween city officials, local residents, and city officials, local residents, and myself will continue to mold the master plan into a tr ue communi myself will continue to mold the master plan into a tr ue communi ty collaboration. ty collaboration.

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r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr r)nr (!# (!# Literary References: Literary References: • • Downtown Planning for Smaller and Midsized Communiti es, Downtown Planning for Smaller and Midsized Communiti es, by: Philip L. Walker: 2009 by: Philip L. Walker: 2009 • • Rural by Design, Rural by Design, by: by: Brabec Brabec Dodson, Reid, Dodson, Reid, Yaro Yaro Arendt Arendt : 1994 : 1994 • • A Primer in Community Redevelopment Agencies, A Primer in Community Redevelopment Agencies, by: by: Goren Goren Tolvecs Tolvecs : 2005 : 2005 • • Newberry Community Redevelopment Plan Newberry Community Redevelopment Plan by: Lowell Garrett: 2009 by: Lowell Garrett: 2009 • • The Urban Design Handbook, The Urban Design Handbook, by: Urban Design Associates: 2003 by: Urban Design Associates: 2003 • • Main Street: Some Lessons in Revitalization, Main Street: Some Lessons in Revitalization, by: Louis by: Louis Lopilato Lopilato : 2003 : 2003 • • Newberry Miner (Newspaper), Newberry Miner (Newspaper), Provided by: Library west microfilm collection, 3 Provided by: Library west microfilm collection, 3 rd rd floor floor Imagery and Online References: Imagery and Online References: • • Google Earth Software Google Earth Software • • City of Newberry, City of Newberry, www.ci.newberry.fl.us www.ci.newberry.fl.us • • Alachua County Property Appraiser, Alachua County Property Appraiser, www.acpafl.org www.acpafl.org • • Florida Geographic Data Library, Florida Geographic Data Library, www.fgdl.org www.fgdl.org • • National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, www.noaa.org www.noaa.org • • University of Florida College of DCP Capstones, University of Florida College of DCP Capstones, www.ufdc.ufl.edu www.ufdc.ufl.edu • • Florida Memory: State Library and Archives of Florida, Florida Memory: State Library and Archives of Florida, www.floridamemory.com www.floridamemory.com • • Main Street Arkansas, Main Street Arkansas, www.arkansaspreservation.com www.arkansaspreservation.com Other works or People to Cite: • • Lowell Garrett: City Planner Newberry FL Lowell Garrett: City Planner Newberry FL • • Maury Laurie: Historic Preservationist Newberry Maury Laurie: Historic Preservationist Newberry FL FL • • Barbra Hendrix: City of Newberry Main Street Barbra Hendrix: City of Newberry Main Street Organization Organization • • FDOT FDOT Greenbook Greenbook 2007 2007 www.dot.state.fl.us/rddesign/Publications/pub.htm www.dot.state.fl.us/rddesign/Publications/pub.htm