Union Lawn at the University of Florida : an urban campus stormwater park

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Material Information

Title:
Union Lawn at the University of Florida : an urban campus stormwater park
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Cornwell, Kristin
Publisher:
College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00003180:00001


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Full Text

RAL a.J wn
t tho unive(iOtfy f lori
an urban campus stormwater park


Kristin










presented to:


college of design, construction and planning
department of landscape architecture, university of florida


prepared by:


kristin cornwell, department of landscape architecture


faculty advisor:


christina lathrope


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park












dedication:

to the God who gives me strength and purpose...

to my family who supports me...

to my friends back home who love me...

to my studio mates who have become my friends...

(megan magwire, tricia rosile, ashley axelsen, laura bradford, angela mazole, byron hubbard, marco garcia,
dan sugg, ben boyd, michelle regan, jason agront, nick d'ascanio, amanda starker, shawn stetcher, kristen kohneman,
clinton muse, logan tempelton, james wheeler, will ramhold, keith ward, nick wilde)

to the faculty who have provided my with the skills and confidence to be
successful in my endevors...

to chris lathrope who kept pushing me...


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introduction

site history

inventory and analysis

synthesis

program development

concepts

master plan and details

conclusion

references


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to analyze and design a site on the university of florida's campus which references
specific sections of the Sustainable Sites Initiative Pilot Program as an example of
what a site could look like with the program' s goals in mind.




the applicable credits are:
1. water (44 Points)
2. human health and well being (32 points)
3. soil and vegetation (40 points)


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park


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What is
The Sustainable Sites Initiative
Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks?



covers topics such as:


SUSTAINABLE SITES I


I HOME ABOUTUSAREAOF F IL 'OPROJECTS GUIDELNE CONTA


Why Sustinae 1Sites?


greenhouse gas emissions
urban climate
control of invasives
water waste and pollution
yard waste
health and well being of site users
energy consumption


"Created to promote sustainable land development and management practices that can apply to sites
with and without buildings."
(www.sustainablesites.org)

-set up very similar to LEED
-has 9 sections, 9 credits and 250 points total
-a site is rated based on the number of points it receives and is then given a star rating from one to four

-the benchmarks apply at a national scale and accommodate for regional differences


introduction U











The site was selected based on SSI Principles

The Matrix shows a comparison of major sites that have been considered for the design phase (Plaza of the Americas, Cultural Plaza,
Administration entrance, 0' Dome Parking, Union Lawn).


Based on the matrix, The

Union Lawn
was selected as a
high priority/ high opportunity site.
Administration
Entrance


Cultural Union
Plaza Lawn
Lawn


O-Dome Plaza of the
Parking Lot Americas
Large Enough Scale for Capstone Design Development i

Need and Space for Meaningful Water Quality Enhancement
Features

Potential for Rehabilitation of Former Design

Diversity of Program


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park










the site is bordered by the reitz union and
mc carty hall to the south, the hub, mariston/cse and '
weimer hall to the north .


introduction N














Gainesville
Water Conservation
City Ordinances
UF Campus
Runoff Water Quality
Irrigation
Light Pollution
Smog Pollution/ Clean Air
Natural Habitat/ Conservation Land
(Quality and Connections)
Waste Management
Site and Context
Cut/ Fill
Soil Compaction
Wildlife/ Nature Viewing
Specific Amenities Within the Site
Material Choices
Soil and Vegetation Choices


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Gainesville
Student Safety from External Influences
City Traffic
Neighboring Commercial and Residential areas
UF Campus
Parking/ Public Transportation
Pedestrian/Bike/ Vehicle Interactions
Cultural Differences
Student Safety
Site and Context
Microclimate
Pedestrian Connections
Way Finding
Historical Protection/Enhancement
Specific Amenities Within the Site
Accessibility
Social Interaction
Awareness and Education


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Objectives:


Design a Site Focusing on Environmental, Social
and Economic Sustainability




Educate the University of Florida and the Public
About the Benefits of the Application of the Sustainable
Sites Initiative Guidelines


Give the Union Lawn a Distinct Identity and Increase
its Diversity of Uses


Develop the project program with reference to the guidelines
laid out in the Sustainable Sites Initiative Guidelines and
Performance Benchmarks



Be in contact with appropriate University staff about design
process and design for public education and tours.



Design garden spaces that cater to the needs of the users in
adjacent buildings and subdivide the site into more intimate
places to draw people in.


intrrli if-fiwnn U11


Goals:


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The primary daily users :

Students
Faculty
Staff

Other users:

Tour groups
Game-Day Tail-gators
Rally, Event and Fair Participants


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introduction i




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1926-1947 matgr pllans









a greenway through the campus was planned early on. It becomes more defined and developed over time


PLAT of CAMPUS of the UNIVERSITY '-/o It PEfITA. -i
of the AUDI 0IUM
STATE of FLORIDA
1906 "L" a
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LEGEND f....... ... .,.
IN HITIM. PLAN I
P- ACTUAL UILODINQi Ilt4


0
XTIENT OF 1os05 AMPUS

I THE FIRST TWENTY
YEARS O PROGRESS
I 1906 THROU6.t 1926


1926


1947


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park


1','1'1-L 1' '-111
THE SECOND-TWENTY' i ,
YEARS OF GROWTH

---
lAND JISE P'OPOSL 1947
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193this 1930's2 for the university





this 1930's aerial shows that the site existed as farmland and forrest for the university


1932


Site History N





1949 Ma~aff phnn


1948


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the greenway plan changes slightly over time still acts as a connection fron the east to the west side of the
main campus


1958


Site History 3


1956 mastr











Greenway begins to become fragmented nfill
Development Begins


Greenway fragmentation and Infill continues


Elm


1960


1996


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park


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Continuing to Add Density


2008


Site History 2







CFTrni(]Q gFoR9nway mansgTr mPan


UF Green Space Master plan shows a
heavy weight of natural areas on
the South side of the site and greenway
disconnect to the East and West


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Figure 1 3
Conservation
Green Space Buffers
and Urban Parts


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C. C i cFLORIDA :X

'IFORIcD


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la Nca watelhd


1,850 acres on main Gainesville campus
40% impervious (including 900 buildings,
sidewalks, streets, and parking lots)


- Lake Alice Conservation Area
0 0 125 0 2, 05 075


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60% is unpaved (including 400 acres set
aside as conservation areas, green
space, passive and active recreation
areas, and landscaping around buildings)


Site History 2




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Educational/
Office

Service/ Food

Utility

Residential

Conservation

Green Space

Roadway

Pedestrian


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Roadway/
Access


Service


Parking


Scooter
Parking


Pedestrian/
Bike


inventory and analysis

















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inventory and analysis


sun/alhads






stormwatepirps and catch basns



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Steep Slope
< 15%




Medium
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Shallow
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major points:
-keep existing pedestrian movement in mind

-define the open lawn and shaded areas

-identity for northern edge

-preserve existing great lawn and mature trees

-restore and stabilize pond bank


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program dows opmen










Water:
Prerequisite 3.1: Reduce potable water use for landscape irrigation by 50% from establishes baseline
Credit 3.2: Reduce potable water use for landscape irrigation by 75% or more from established baseline (2-5 points)
Credit 3.3: Protect and restore riparian, wetland, and shoreline buffers (3-8 points)
Credit 3.4: Rehabilitate lost streams, wetlands, and shorelines (2-5 points)
Credit 3.5: Manage storm water on site (5-10 points)
Credit 3.6: Protect and enhance on-site water resources and receiving water quality (3-9 points)
Credit 3.7: Design rainwater/ storm water features to provide a landscape amenity (1-3 points)
Credit 3.8: Maintain water features to conserve water and other resources (1-4 points)

Soil and Vegetation:
.__ Prerequisite 4.1: Control and manage known invasive plants found on site
1 Prerequisite 4.2: Use appropriate, non-invasive plants
Prerequisite 4.3: Create a soil management plan
Credit 4.4: Minimize soil disturbance in design and construction (6 points)
() Credit 4.5: Preserve all vegetation designated as special status (5 points)
Credit 4.6: Preserve or restore appropriate plant biomass on site (3-8 points)
.1 Credit 4.7: Use native plants (1-4 points)
W( Credit 4.8: Preserve plant communities native to the eco-region (2-6 points)
Credit 4.9: Restore plant communities native to the eco-region (1-5 points)
3 Credit 4.10: Use vegetation to minimize building heating requirements (2-4 points)
Credit 4.11: Use vegetation to minimize building cooling requirements (2-5 points)
S Credit 4.12: Reduce urban heat island effects (3-5 points)
I- Credit 4.13: Reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfire (3 points)

Human Health and Well Being:
Credit 6.1: Promote equitable site development(1-3 Points)
Credit 6.2: Promote equitable site use (1-4 points)
Credit 6.3: Promote sustainability awareness and education (2-4 points)
Credit 6.4: Protect and maintain unique cultural and historical places (2-4 points)
Credit6.5: Provide for optimum site accessibility, safety, and way finding (3 points)
Credit 6.6: Provide opportunities for outdoor physical activity (4-5 points)
Credit 6.7: Provide views of vegetation and quiet outdoor spaces for mental restoration (3-4 points)
Credit 6.8: Provide outdoor spaces for social interaction (3 points)
Credit6.9: Reduce Light Pollution (2 points)

university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park















-Maintain Established Trees

-Provide Ample Seating for Lunchtime Users

-Re-use Student Government Banner Poles

-Expand SG Bicycle Shop
C
-Maintain/ Exceed Current Bicycle Rack Capacity

- -Encourage Park Use as a Destination

.2 -Expand Union Plaza

3 -Provide a Large Lawn for Rallies

-Restore Pond Bank

-Protect Optimum Pedestrian Flow

-Provide 'Garden' Spaces for Adjacent Buildings

-Organize the McCarty Gardens into a 'Botanical Garden'


program development 0






cambDOihd program


Water:

-Restore and stabilize pond and stream banks
Manage storm water on site and daylight storm water where
possible to reduce stress on Lake Alice and improve water quality
-Design rain/ storm water features and an amenity



Soil and Vegetation:

-Identify and control Invasive plants and plant native/ appropriate plants
-Minimize soil disturbance is the design
-preserve all historic/ established/ special trees and vegetation
-Preserve and restore plants native to the eco-region
Use vegetation to impact building heating and cooling requirements
Reduce urban heat island effect
Approval by UF LVL Committee


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park












Human Health and Well Being:

-Promote the use of the site for community economic
and social benefits ( Markets, plazas, etc.)
Provide 'Garden' Spaces
-Provide for optimum pedestrian flow
-Maintain exceed bike rack capacity and expand SG bicycle shop
-Provide ample seating for lunchtime users
-Provide educational opportunities and sustainability awareness
-Protect and maintain unique cultural and historical places
-Design a safe, accessible and easy to understand site
-Provide areas for outdoor activity ( passive and active)
-Provide relaxing environments and social interaction


program development




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the final concept divides the lawn up into six different
spaces while unifying them all with dynamic pedestrian
flow and a stormwater clensing system that runs
through the whole site.

the plaza was expanded to accommodate for larger
events and markets.


shade was emphasized for a comfortable
micoclimate

entrances were defined for a stronger identity

the lawn was formalized for a more efficient
use of turf grass

ample seating was considered in every space


flow outfall


promenade


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entrance labyrinth


open poncr Ii


market plaza


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beginning of storm water flow

entrance
p rch seating
shade grove I .
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nphasized entrance


large bike shop


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the design of the union lawn was focused around sustainable goals provided by the
sustainable sites initiative pilot program; the well being of the user, the sensitivity to cut
and fill, restoration of degradated pond banks, cleansing of storm water runoff, use of
native material, and providing a since of place where people feel excited to be outdoors.



this project could continue with a more through analysis and documentation of the
sites ability to reach specific credits and then a measurement of its success in reaching
those goals.



this project has given me significant insight into the complexities of campus design and its
relationship to sustainable design which I intent to pursue more in depth as I begin my
career.


conclusion 1




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The Sustainable Sites Initiative: Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks 2009; Sustainable Sites Initiative


The Sustainable Sites Initiative: The case for Sustainable Landscapes
Discusses the economics of sustainable landscapes and ecosystem services.


University of Florida: Office of Sustainability; Mission and Guiding Principles
The Sustainable Sites Initiative directly fits in with four of the Sustainability Goals of the University; Land and Resource Management,
the Built Environment, Transportation and Cultural Climate.


'New Opportunities in Sustainable Landscapes'; Sustainable Horticulture; www.sustainablehort.com/?p=114; Jan 30, 2010
This article describes the benefit of implementing sustainable landscapes and talks about both LEED and the Sustainable Sites Initiative.


'New Green Building Guidelines to Address Sustainable Landscaping'; LandscapeOnline.com; Jo Ann Jarreau, ASLA, LEED AP;
www.landscapeonline.com/reserch/article/1 0817
Discusses the incorporation of SSI into the next rendition of LEED.


'Are We There Yet? Landscape Architects and LEED'; Land 8 Lounge; Jill Bellenger, ASLA; March 1,2010;
www.land8lounge.com/profiles/blogs/are-we-there-yet-landscape
Discusses the importance of the site in LEED projects and introduces the SSI.


university of florida union lawn: an urban campus stormwater park













'The Landscape Architecture Student's Guide to LEED Accreditation'; http://Ida.ucdavis.edu/people/2009/MMorris.pdf
Discusses the LEED Program from a Landscape Architecture Students Perspective, introduces questions of other ways to
measure sustainability.


'Rewilding the Urban University Campus: Creating a more environmentally and so-icially sustainable university campus';
Xiaojun (Gwen) Xu; UC Davis, LDA Program 2009; Senior Project; http://lda.ucdavis.edu/people/2009/GXu.pdf
Looks at sustainability on a campus. Provides as a good example of methodology and observations.




photographs:

http://en.fotolia.com/id/1629574

http://www.freshtilt.com/turf-amphitheater/

http://www.enviromaxlandscape.com/?p=836

http://www.flickr.com/photos/dcaloren/5303342677/

http://www.stphilip.ang-md.org/environment.html

http://www.vipnyc.org/tag/olympic-sculpture-park/


references K




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