We, the undersigned students of the College of Law, University of
Southern California, in order to promote the highest standard of professional ethics
and culture among women in this and other law schools and in the legal profession at
large, and desiring to unite ourselves in the endearing bonds of affection and sister-
ly love, for the purpose of encompassing these ends, do hereby associate ourselves
into a fraternity to be known as the Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity(International)
and do ordain and establish this Constitution to be our Supreme Law.
Annette F. Hunley
November 11, 1911
The name of this fraternity shall be the Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity
The purposes of the Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity(International) shall be to
Promote the highest standard of professional ethics and culture among women
students in or graduates of accredited law schools and women who are engaged
in the practice of law;
Provide and execute a program to promote professional competency and
achievement of its members within the legal profession; and
Provide for its members all the moral and material aid consistent with
the aims and objects set forth in the Articles of Incorporation and the
Preamble to this Constitution.
Section 1. Qualifications.
Members of the fraternity shall be white women of Christian faith, good
character, and scholastic ability, who are students or graduates of law schools, or
practicing attorneys. Women who meet all other requirements but are not of Christian
faith, may be admitted to membership upon the unanimous consent of the Executive
Section 2. Admission of Members.
(a) Members of the fraternity shall be initiated through undergraduate chapters
(b) Invitation to membership shall be extended only upon the unanimous vote of
the members authorized to vote at meetings of undergraduate chapters.
(c) Membership shall not be completed until the initiate shall have taken the
oath in the Ritual and shall have paid the required international fees and dues, and
chapter fees and dues or assessments, if any.
Section 3. Status of Members
(a) Good Standing.- Members shall be in good standing if they have paid all
annual international dues prior to the current fiscal year and current dues within
the first three months of the fiscal year; or if they have regained their status as
members in good standing in accordance with the procedure set forth in subsection (b)
of this Section.
(b), Delinquent.- Members shall be delinquent if they have not paid their
annual international dues within the first three months of the fiscal year and shall
be without voting powers Provided, however, that such members may be restored to good
standing upon payment of such dues before the end of said fiscal year. Members delin-
quent for more than one fiscal year may be reinstated as members in good standing
(1) in the first fiscal year of a biennium upon the payment of international dues
for one fiscal year; or (2) in the second fiscal year of a biennium upon the payment
of international dues for two fiscal years.
Section 4. Termination of Membership.
(a) A member of the fraternity may be expelled by the unanimous vote of the
Executive Committee upon the written recommendation of four-fifths of the voting
members in good standing of an initiating, affiliating, or any other chapter in
good standing in the locality in which such member resides, made after such member
shall have had charges preferred against her in writing, signed by at least two
members in good standing of such chapter, and shall have been given due notice
thereof and an opportunity to be heard.
(b) Recommendation for expulsion shall be based on alleged violations of the
tenets of the fraternity, for example, membership in a subversive organization,
engaging in unethical professional practices, or other conduct unbecoming a member
of the fraternity.
(c) Within ten (10) days after its official action, the Executive Committee
shall notify such member that she has been expelled and that her name has been
stricken from the rolls of the fraternity.
(d) At any time within six(6) months after receiving notice of her expulsion,
such member may appeal for reinstatement to the Executive Committee which shall
present such appeal to the next international convention. Upon a favorable four-
fifths vote by such convention, members of the Executive Committee being counted as
one and having one vote, the expelled member shall be reinstated to membership in
Section 1. Board of Directors.
(a) The general government and management of the fraternity shall be vested in
a board of seven directors, called the Executive Committee, which shall exercise the
powers and perform the duties prescribed in the Constitution and By-Laws of the
(b) The directors shall be the trustees of the assets and property of the
fraternity, title being vested in the corporation.
Section 2. Officers.
(a) The directors shall also be the officers of the fraternity. Each director
shall be designated to fill a specific office upon the same ballot by which she is
elected a director.
(b) The officers shall be a president, a first vice president, a second vice-
president, a third vice-president, a secretary, a treasurer, and a recorder.
(c) The tenure of office of directors and officers shall be until the next
election after their election or appointment. All directors and officers shall serve
until their successors are elected and have qualified.
(d) Should a vacancy occur by reason of death, resignation or other disability,
such vacancy shall be filled for the unexpired term by a majority vote of the remain-
ing members of the Executive Committee.
(e) There may be an honorary president and honorary vice-presidents elected by
an international convention. The tenure of office shall be for life unless sooner
terminated for just cause by action of the Executive Committee or an international
convention. Honorary vice-presidents may be elected from undergraduate or honorary
members, or from foreign associates.
Section 3. Chapters.
(a) Undergraduate and Alumnae.- Undergraduate and alumnae chapters shall be
established and chartered by the Executive Committee which shall have the power also
to suspend chapters, recall charters, declare chapters inactive, and reinstate
(b) By-Laws.- Each chapter shall adopt by-laws for its own government not
inconsistent with the provisions of the fraternity Constitution and By-Laws. Chapter
by-laws shall be approved by the Executive Committee before becoming effective.
Such by-laws shall include (1) a provision for payment of chapter fees, dues or
assessments, if any, are to be levied by the chapter, and (2) a provision that only
members in good standing, as defined in Article III, Section 3 (a) of this Constitu-
tion, may participate in the transaction of chapter business.
(c) Good Standing.- To be in good standing, chapters shall have five (5) or
more members in good standing, as defined in Article III, Section 3 (a) of this
(d) Provinces.- Undergraduate and alumnae chapters, as geographically districted
from time to time by the Executive Committee, shall constitute provinces for adminis-
trative purposes. The officer in charge of each province shall be a province director,
residing in the province, appointed by the Executive Committee to serve under the
supervision of a vice-president in accordance with the provisions of the By-Laws.
At least one province convention shall be held in each province between international
Section 4.- International Convention.
(a) An international convention shall be held biennially at such time and place
as shall be determined by the Executive Committee.
(b) The voting members of such convention shall be the duly accredited delegates,
or their alternates, if any, of chapters in good standing and the members of the
Executive Committee, each of whom shall be entitled to one vote except as otherwise
provided in the By-Laws. All chapter members in good standing may join in discussions
and may serve on committees of the convention.
(c) Election of the Executive Committee shall be by the international convention
unless such convention cannot be held, in which event such election shall be by mail
in accordance with the procedure prescribed in the By-Laws.
Robert's Rules of Order Revised shall be the parliamentary authority with
respect to all procedure not specifically provided for in the Constitution and By-
Laws of the Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International).
Section 1. International Convention.
This Constitution may be amended at an international convention by a three-
fourths vote of the chapters, represented by duly accredited delegates, present and
voting. Notice of any proposed amendment shall be mailed to the chapters and to each
member of the Executive Committee not less than ninety(90) days in advance of the
date set for the next international convention.
Section 2. Interim between International Conventions.
In the interim between international conventions, a proposed amendment to this
Constitution may be submitted by mail in accordance with the following procedures
(a) Within thirty(30) days after receipt of a proposed amendment, the
members of the Executive Committee shall notify the Secretary of their approval or
disapproval of submitting such proposed amendment by mail.
(b) If a majority of the members of the Executive Committee approve such
submission by mail, the Secretary, within ten (10) days after the expiration of the
aforesaid thirty (30) day period, shall transmit said proposed amendment to the
chapters with a statement fixing sixty (60) days thereafter as the date for the
canvass and count of the vote thereon. No vote received by the Secretary after the
date so fixed shall be counted. The result of the vote upon said proposed amendment
shall be announced promptly by the Secretary. A three-fourths vote of the chapters
in good standing shall be necessary for the adoption of any amendment submitted by.
(c) In the event that the majority of the members of the Executive
Committee does not approve submission by mail of said proposed amendment, the
Secretary, within ten (10) days after the expiration of the aforesaid thirty (30)
day period, shall so inform the proponent of said amendment.
The Executive Committee
Section 1. Powers.
The Executive Committee shall have the power to grant or deny petitions for
charters for new chapters; to declare chapters inactive and to recall charters there-
from; to suspend chapters and revoke their charters; to expel members; to select the
headquarters of the fraternity for the tenure of its term in office; to arrange for
the custody of the records of the fraternity; and to exercise such other executive
and judicial powers as are inherent in such committee.
Section 2. Duties.
It shall be the duty of the Executive Committee to perform all duties ordinarily
devolving upon directors of a corporation; to enforce the Constitution and the By-
Laws of the fraternity; to enforce the enactments and the resolutions adopted by
international conventions; to designate the institutions in which the fraternity funds
shall be deposited; to invest fraternity funds in interest-bearing securities; to
sign charters; to issue member certificates; to fill vacancies in the Executive
Committee for unexpired terms; to appoint representatives of the fraternity in
organizations of which the fraternity is a member; to appoint the editor of the
magazine; to appoint province directors and any other appointive officers of the
fraternity; to appoint the members of standing committees, convention committees, and
such special committees as may be deemed necessary; to determine the time and place
for the next international convention and send notice in writing thereof, together
with the names of at least three (3) members of the nominating committee, to all
chapters in good standing, not less than ninety (90) days in advance of the date set
for said convention; to conduct the election of the new Executive Committee by mail
in the event an international convention cannot be held; and to determine whether
or not an amendment to the Constitution or By-Laws may be submitted by mail in the
interim between international conventions.
Section 1. Powers and Duties.
(a) President.- The President shall preside at all meetings of the Executive
Committee and at international conventions; shall be a member ex-officio of all
standing committees; and shall exercise the powers and perform the duties usually
incident to the chief executive office.
(b) Vice-Presidents.- Each Vice-President shall supervise the growth of the
fraternity in the territory assigned to her; shall direct the work of the province
directors appointed to assist her; and shall submit to the Executive Committee all
petitions for charters.
(c) Secretary.- The Secretary shall keep the great seal of the fraternity
and attest all charters and other documents requiring the corporate seal; shall
act as Secretary of the Executive Committee; shall issue at regular intervals the
Phi Delta Delta Newsletter from the Executive Committee; shall comply with the
procedure required by the Constitution and the By-Laws with respect to the submission
of proposed amendments thereto in the interim between conventions and the conduct
of election by mail in the event an international convention cannot be held; shall
submit to the international convention a written resume of her work and of the
actions of the Executive Committee during her term of office; and shall perform all
other duties usually incident to the office of secretary.
(d) Treasurer.- The Treasurer shall be bonded during her term of office for a
sum to be determined by the Executive Committee; shall have charge of all funds and
investments of the fraternity, and shall deposit the funds of the fraternity in
institutions approved by the Executive Committee; shall collect all fees and dues
and shall certify to the payment thereof; shall direct and supervise the bookkeeping
of the chapters; shall pay claims approved by the members of the Executive Committee
in accordance with the provisions of these By-Laws and by the international conven-
tion; shall render a statement at the close of the fiscal year to each chapter
delinquent in the payment of dues; shall issue certificates of good standing to
members desiring to transfer from one chapter to another; shall keep the financial
books of the fraternity and shall have'such books audited by a certified public
accountant approved by the Executive Committee; and shall make available to each
member of the Executive Committee and to each chapter delegate to the international
convention a copy of the statement of the fraternity's finances as certified by said
(e) Recorder.- The Recorder shall keep the records of the fraternity, which
shall include the original Constitution, the record of the installation of each
chapter, and the roll of members; shall publish a directory of the members of the
fraternity in classifications determined by the Executive Committee; and shall
amend and supplement the directory in the year following its issuance.
Section 2. Oath of Office.
Upon inauguration, each member of the Executive Committee shall take the
"I do solemnly promise to discharge to the best of my ability, with
fidelity and promptness, the duties of the office to which I have been elected."
The oath shall be administered by a retiring member of the Executive
Committee at the close of an international convention. If a newly elected member
of the Executive Committee be absent, the oath shall be administered by the president
of the chapter of which the newly elected director and officer is a member. Notice
of the date of taking the oath of office shall be sent to the Secretary by the
chapter president administering the oath.
Section 3. Expenses.
The necessary expenses of any officer incurred in the fulfillment of the duties
and the exercise of the powers of her office, shall be paid by the Treasurer upon
the approval of the President or of one Vice-President.
Province Directors and Province Conventions
Section 1. Duties of Province Directors.
Each province director shall be under the supervision of a vice-president.
It shall be her duty to
(a) Contact law schools in her province for the purpose of establishing chapters
therein. When submitted to her, she shall present the petition and the required in-
formation from petitioning groups, together with her recommendations, to the vice-
president supervising her province for the action of the Executive Committee.
(b) Act as a travelling representative of the fraternity, visiting all chapters
in her province, and assisting them in their activities.
(c) Call and preside over a convention of the chapters of her province, to be
held at least once between international conventions, at a time and place designated
by her with the approval of her supervising vice-president.
Section 2. Expenses.
The necessary expenses of each province director, in the fulfillment of her
duty, shall be paid by the Treasurer upon the approval of her supervising vice-
president except as provided in Section 3 (g) of this By-Law.
Section 3. Province Conventions.
(a) A province convention, for the discussion and solution of chapter problems
and the promotion of the purposes of the fraternity, shall be held between interna-
tional conventions upon the call of the province director with the approval of her
supervising vice-president. A joint convention may be held in the discretion of the
directors of adjoining provinces, with the approval of the supervising vice-presidents.
(b) Each chapter in good standing is entitled to be represented by one duly
accredited chapter delegate and one or more alternate delegates. All chapter members
in good standing may join in discussions and may serve on committees of the convention.
(c) The voting members of the province convention shall be the chapter delegates,
the province director, and the supervising vice-president.
(d) A majority of the duly accredited chapter delegates attending the province
convention shall constitute a quorum and all action shall be by majority vote.
(e) A province convention shall be limited in its official acts to recommenda-
tions to the Executive Committee and to the next international convention.
(f) The province director shall furnish a copy of the minutes of the province
convention to the supervising vice-president and to each chapter in the province,
and shall retain one copy for her files.
(g) The transportation expenses of the province director shall be paid by the
treasurer upon the approval of her supervising vice-president, and the transportation
expenses of the chapter delegates shall be paid by the chapters.
Section 1. Classification.
Members of the fraternity, initiated only by undergraduate chapters as provided
in Article III of the Constitution, shall be classified as follows
(1) Students enrolled for regular courses, either undergraduate or post-
graduate, in a law school where a chapter is located, who have attended for at least
one semester, and who, prior to the invitation to membership, have maintained a
scholastic average sufficiently high as to rate them among the first one-third of
their class Provided, however, that in case this requirement shall work an undue
hardship on any chapter, scholastic average necessary for invitation to membership
in that chapter shall be established by the Executive Committee.
(2) Graduates of law schools who have received a law degree and who
throughout their law courses maintained a scholastic average as required for under-
(3) Graduates of law schools who have received a law degree and who have
qualified to practice law.
(4) Women who have qualified for the practice of law but are not graduates
of any law school or who have not received a law degree, if unanimously approved by
the Executive Committee.
Students and graduates of a law school where no chapter is located, who meet all
the requirements for active membership: Provided, however, that before invitation to
associate membership shall be extended the unanimous approval of such invitation by
the Executive Committee shall be secured. As to law students, the written approval
of such invitation by the deans of both law schools involved shall be secured also.
Associate members shall be elected and initiated in the same manner, shall be subject
to the same obligations and shall have the same rights and privileges as active
members. Should a chapter of the fraternity later be installed in the school attended
by such associate member, she may become an active member of such chapter without
initiation: Provided that she shall have procured from the Treasurer a certificate
of membership in good standing.
Active members who, having procured from the Treasurer a certificate of member-
ship in good standing, have exercised their right to transfer their chapter membership
from the chapter where initiated to another undergraduate chapter of the fraternity,
such affiliation to become effective when the Recorder shall have sent notice thereof
to the two chapters involved. Such members shall have all the rights and privileges
and shall be subject to the same obligations as active members of the chapter with
Active and associate members who, having procured from the Treasurer a certificate
of membership in good standing, have transferred their chapter membership from an
undergraduate chapter to an alumnae chapter.
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Women who have qualified to practice law and upon whom the fraternity desires
to confer the honor of membership, but who are unable to assume the responsibilities
and fulfill the obligations incident to active membership. Before invitation to
honorary membership shall be extended, the unanimous approval of such invitation by
the Executive Committee shall be secured and, if there be an alumnae chapter in the
same location, a three-fourths vote of its members in good standing is required.
Honorary members shall have the same rights and privileges as active members but
shall not be subject to fees or dues, and shall not have the right to vote or hold
any office, except that of honorary vice-president. Should an honorary member desire
to become an active member, she may accept an invitation to such membership extended
to her upon the unanimous vote of the members in good standing of the initiating
chapter, and, upon payment of the usual initiation fee and annual international dues
for the current fiscal year, her membership shall be changed to active.
Section 2. Certificates of Membership.
Each member of this fraternity is entitled to, and shall be given, a certificate
of membership in either of the following forms:
(a) For all members except honorary members:
This is to certify that ...........................................
has been initiated into Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International), a non-
profit corporation, in .................................. Chapter, on the ........
day of ..................., A.D. 19 ....., and is entitled to all the rights and
privileges of the fraternity.
In witness whereof, we hereunto set our hands this ....e day of ..............,
A.D. 19 .....
(b) For honorary members:
This is to certify that .........................................**
has been initiated into Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International), a non-
profit corporation, as an honorary member of ...................................
Chapter, on the .... day of ...*.........A.D 19 ....o., and is entitled to all the
rights and privileges accorded honorary members of the fraternity.
In witness whereof, we hereunto set our hands this ....o. day of *...***o.o...o,
A.D. 19 *.o*....
****e e*0 00 000****0*******00*
Section 1. Undergraduate.
(a) Five or more students or graduates of a law school, who possess the qual-
ifications for membership specified in Article III, Section 1, of the Constitution,
and who have been organized as a group, may petition the Executive Committee for a
chapter charter. The petition and the required information shall be submitted by
the petitioning group to a province director who shall submit it with her recommenda-
tions to a vice-president, who, in turn, shall present such petition and information
to the other members of the Executive Committee.
(b) Application for Charter.- In applying for a charter, petitioners shall
(1) Petition for a charter in the following form:
To the Honorable Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International)s
We, the undersigned members of the ...e.....................................,
..............*..........., respectfully petition that a charter be granted to us,
vesting us with the rights and privileges of Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (In-
ternational), and we hereby solemnly promise, provided that the charter be granted
us, to fulfill faithfully all the requirements therein contained,
Dated this *.... day of ................, 19 *..* at ...,**............
(2) Personal history records in the following forms
1. Name in full.
3. Birthplace and date of birth,
4. Date of marriage, where, to whom.
5. Parents' names and residence.
6. Schools attended: where located: year graduated: degree.
7. Admitted to bar of what State.
8. Church affiliation or preference.
9. Member of following clubs, fraternities, etc.
10. School offices held.
11. Public offices held,
12. Complete list of studies pursued in law school, giving year
and grade in each, and class standing, certified by the
registrar of the law school.
(3) Seven catalogues of the law school.
(4) Formal approval of the establishment of a chapter of the fraternity
in the law school by an authorized official of such law school.
(5) Letters of recommendation from members of the faculty of the law
school, and from prominent members of the community.
(c) Grant of Charter. Upon the unanimous approval of such petition by the
Executive Committee, the vice-president, through whom the petition was presented,
shall notify the petitioning group of the grant of the petition for a charter, in
the following form:
The petition of the O**........,*****.*....***.....*.... of .................o.
**.,*..*...........o........o.* for a charter as a chapter of Phi Delta Delta Legal
Fraternity (International), having been submitted to the Executive Committee of said
fraternity, and it appearing from the records and recommendations that said group is
qualified and in all respects eligible to be admitted to Phi Delta Delta Legal Fra-
ternity (International), said petition for a charter is hereby granted, said chapter
to be known and designated as ................................. Chapter of said fra-
ternity, charter to issue and installation to take place at .................... on
the ..o..o....o...day of .........,,,.........., 19 *....
Dated at ...............o........, this ......o..... day of *...*........,
(d) A charter in the following form shall be presented to the new chapter as
soon after its installation as is practicable:
This is to certify that the Executive Committee of the Phi Delta Delta Legal
Fraternity (International), a non-profit corporation in furtherance of the purposes
of its organization, has authorized and directed the establishment of a chapter at
..,,,*o,,****,,,,,,,....*o,,,,,*.*o,,, in the .................. ,ooo., .,
to be known and designated as ................................. Chapter of the
fraternity, and that this chapter is vested with all the rights and privileges con-
ferred upon chapters by the Constitution and By-Laws of the Fraternity*
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Wherefore the members of the Executive Committee have hereunto subscribed
their names and affixed the Great Seal of the Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity
oe**o*e***O**O@ *** @o.*********
First Vice-President Secretary
Second Vice-President Treasurer
Third Vice-President Recorder
Charter granted the *..*.....* day of ......**....o**, 19 .........
Section 2. Alumnae.
(a) Five or more non-student members in good standing, who reside in the same
locality, may petition the Executive Committee for a charter as an alumnae chapter
to be known by the name of the city wherein located. Such petition shall be pre-
sented by the petitioning group to a province director, who shall submit it with her
recommendations to a vice-president, who shall follow the procedure prescribed for
undergraduate chapters in section 1 of this By-Law*
(b) An alumnae chapter shall elect a president, a vice-president, a secretary,
a treasurer, and such other officers as they deem necessary; and shall adopt by-laws
not inconsistent with the Constitution and By-Laws of the fraternity.
(c) Members of alumnae chapters relinquish their rights and privileges and are
freed from their obligations in undergraduate chapters, as of the date of their
transference of membership from undergraduate chapters.
(d) Honorary members are not eligible to membership in alumnae chapters. They
may, however, be invited to attend the meetings of alumnae chapters and participate
in their activities.
(e) Application for Charter. In applying for a charter for an alumnae chapter,
members shall submit:
(1) Petition for charter in the following form:
To the Honorable Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity:
We, the undersigned members of Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International)
respectfully petition that a charter for an alumnae chapter be granted us, such chap-
ter to be known as The *.......... .............................. Alumnae Chapter,
Dated this *....... day of .o..........., 19 ....., at .....oo..........
(2) Personal history records in the following form:
1. Name in full.
3. Date of marriage. To whom.
4. Chapter into which initiated. When.
5. Type of membership when initiated. (Active or Associate.)
6. Further chapter affiliations. When.
7. All offices and appointments held in the fraternity.
8. Public offices and appointments held.
9. Member of what other organizations.
- 9 -
10. Admitted to bar of what State. When.
11. Practiced law. How long.
12. Present occupation.
(3) Certification from the Treasurer in the following form:
To the Executive Committee,
Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International):
I hereby certify that the financial records of the fraternity show ............
*.0.......... ..... an ...*................ ....... member of *....*......e......e
(Active, Associate, Affiliated)
member of .............................. Chapter to be in good standing.
Dated ..* ...............
(f) Grant of Charter, The grant of a petition for an alumnae chapter shall be
in the following form:
The petition of members of Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International)
for a charter as an alumnae chapter of the fraternity having been submitted to the
Executive Committee, and it appearing that they are qualified and in all respects
eligible to be members of an alumnae chapter, said petition for a charter is hereby
granted, said chapter to be known and designated as The ........................
Alumnae Chapter of the fraternity, charter to issue and installation to take place
at ......e.. ...................o........... on the *.........o... day of ..........
Dated at .o........................., this .......................... day of
**....................... 19 ****..
A charter in the form outlined in By-Law V, Section 1 (d), shall be presented
to each newly established alumnae chapter, except that designation of said chapter
shall be The ............................. Alumnae Chapter of the Fraternity.
Undergraduate Chapter Officers
Section 1. Designation
The officers of each undergraduate chapter shall be a president, a vice-presi,
dent, a secretary, a chancellor, and a chaplain.
Section 2. Election, Tenure, and Vacancies.
Each chapter shall have the power to regulate the manner of the election of its
officers, to prescribe their tenure of office, and the manner of filling vacancies
therein. The election of chapter officers shall be held at a meeting of the chapter
on or about April 15th of each year.
Section 3. President.
The president shall preside at all chapter meetings; shall direct and supervise
the activities of the chapter; not later than June 1st of each year shall make an
annual report to her chapter and to the province director, filing her report with the
permanent chapter records; and shall perform all other duties and shall exercise the
powers usually incident to the office of president.
Section 4. Vice-President and Treasurer.
The Vice-President and Treasurer, in the absence of the president shall assume
her duties and shall preside at chapter meetings; shall collect all international
fees and dues from members of the established chapter and shall forward them imme-
diately to the Treasurer with forms prescribed therefore; on or about September 1st
of each year shall send a statement of international dues to each member of her chap-
ter; not later than May 31st of each year shall send to the Treasurer and to the
- 10 -
Province Director a detailed report of all monies collected and disbursed; on or be-
fore June 1st shall make an annual report to her chapter, filing it with the perman-
ent chapter records; and shall perform all other duties usually incident to the of-
fice of a vice-president and treasurer.
Section 5. Secretary.
The secretary shall keep a written account of all proceedings of the chapter;
shall keep a book containing the personal history records of all members of the chap-
ter, and records of the activities of the fraternity, its members and the chapter;
shall attend promptly to all chapter correspondence; shall compile on a form pres-
oribed therefore and send to the Secretary and to the local alumnae chapter, if any,
by October 25th of each year a list of the names and addresses of all members of the
chapter, designating the class of membership, the recent graduates, those who have
ceased to participate actively in chapter affairs, those in attendance in school,
and the chapter officers for the ensuing year; shall supplement and correct such list
periodically as required; shall report to the Secretary, on a form prescribed there-
for, the initiation of each new member of the chapter; shall send to the recorder the
personal history records of each initiate; not later than June 1st shall make an an-
nual report to her chapter, filing it with the permanent chapter records; and shall
perform all other duties usually incident to the office of secretary.
Section 6. Chancellor.
The Chancellor shall attend to the business affairs of the chapter under the
direction of the president, it being her duty to devise ways and means of raising
funds for the chapter and for its contribution to the Endowment Fund, and to secure
advertising for the fraternity magazine; shall have custody of and be responsible for
all chapter property with the exception of chapter funds; shall prepare all chapter
news releases radio announcements in conformity with suggestions formulated by the
Director of Public Relations; shall send to the editor of the fraternity magazine,
on or before the first days of October, December, February and April of each year
news of the chapter and its members and articles for publication; and not later than
June 1st shall make an annual report to her chapter, filing it with the permanent
Section 7. Chaplain.
The Chaplain shall act as the chaplain in initiation services, shall administer
the oath of office to newly elected chapter officers, and shall open chapter meetings
with the fraternity invocation; shall instruct pledgees in matters pertaining to the
history, ideals and purposes of the fraternity, and its administration, and the his-
tory of the chapter; shall conduct the pre-initiatory examination for all pledgees,
rendering to the Province Director supervising the chapter a report thereof; and
shall make an annual report to her chapter not later than June 1st of each year,
filing it with the permanent records.
Section 8. Oath of Office.
Upon election, each chapter officer shall take the following oaths "I do
solemnly prom:iise to discharge to the best of my ability, with fidelity and prompt-
ness, the duties of the office to which I have been elected." This oath shall be
administered by the retiring chapter chaplain.
Suspension of Chapters and Revocation
Section 1. Suspension.
Upon the unanimous vote of the Executive Committee, a chapter may be suspended
from participation in the affairs of the fraternity, for wilful or negligent failure
to comply with the obligations and requirements of the fraternity, or for violation
of the Constitution and By-Laws.
During the period of suspension, a suspended chapter shall be deprived of all
the rights and privileges of a chapter, and any person initiated by the suspended
chapter during this period shall not be officially recognized as a member of the
Section 2. Procedure.
Before suspending a chapter, due notice in writing shall be given by the Execu-
tive Committee, addressed to the chapter president and secretary as last reported to
the Secretary, such notice to contain the charges against the chapter and a warning
that the chapter is liable to suspension therefore at the expiration of thirty days.
Section 3. Petition to Executive Committee for Reinstatement*
Within sixty (60) days after receiving notice of suspension, a suspended chap-
ter may petition the Executive Committee for reinstatement, and may be reinstated by
the unanimous vote of the Executive Committee after removal of all charges preferred
against it, due notice of which shall be given by the Secretary.
Section 4. Appeal to International Convention for Reinstatement.
Should a petition for reinstatement be denied, a suspended chapter may appeal
from the action of the Executive Committee to the next International convention.
Upon a favorable four-fifths vote of the convention, members of the Executive Com-
mittee being counted as one and having one vote, it shall be reinstated as a chapter
of the fraternity.
Section 5. Revocation of Charter.
(a) Should an appeal to an international convention for reinstatement be denied
a suspended chapter, the international convention thereupon shall revoke the charter
of the suspended chapter.
(b) Should a chapter suspended by the Executive Committee fail to petition for
reinstatement, its charter shall be revoked by a majority vote of the next inter-
Recall of Charters from Inactive Chapters
Section 1. Recall of Charter.
Upon the unanimous vote of the Executive Committee the charter of an inactive
chapter may be recalled.
Section 2. Procedure.
Before recalling the charter of an inactive chapter the Executive Committee
shall send the chapter due notice in writing, addressed to the chapter president and
secretary as last reported to the Secretary, such notice to contain a statement that
the charter is to be recalled due to the inactivity of the chapter, and a warning
that the charter will be recalled at the expiration of thirty (30) days from the date
Section 3. Petition to Executive Committee for Restoration of Charter.
Five members of a chapter whose charter has been recalled may petition the Exe-
cutive Committee for restoration of its charter; and the charter may be restored by a
unanimous vote of the Executive Committee after satisfactory proof of the chapter's
right to have its charter restored.
Section 4. Appeal to International Convention for Restoration of Charter.
Should a petition for restoration of a chapter be denied, a chapter whose char-
ter has been recalled may appeal from the action of the Executive Committee to the
next international convention. Upon a favorable four-fifths vote of the convention,
members of the Executive Committee being counted as one and having one vote, such
charter shall be restored.
Section 1. Fiscal Year.
The fiscal year of the fraternity shall be from October 1 to September 30, in-
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Section 2, Fees.
(a) Charter Fees. Each undergraduate chapter shall pay a charter fee of
twenty-five dollars ($25) upon the installation of the chapter, and each alumnae
chapter shall pay a charter fee of fifteen dollars ($15) upon installation thereof.
(b) Initiation Fees. Upon her initiation into an undergraduate chapter of the
fraternity each member, with the exception of honorary members, shall pay an initia-
tion fee of ten dollars ($10) which the Treasurer shall pay into the Endowment Fund.,
Section 3. Dues.
(a) All members of the fraternity, with the exception of honorary members,
shall pay annual international dues at the time of initiation and thereafter annually
within the first three months of the fiscal year. Such dues shall be ten dollars
($10) for non-students and five dollars ($5) for student members enrolled for regu-
lar courses, and shall include three dollars ($3) for subscription to the magazine.
Members initiated before March 1 of any fiscal year shall pay the full amount of such
dues, and members initiated after March 1 of any fiscal year shall pay one-half the
amount of such dues.
(b) In lieu of paying dues annually, a member may pay three-hundred-fifty
dollars ($350) into the Life Membership Fund provided for in section 5 of this By-
Law, and, from the interest earned on moneys in said Life Membership Fund, the
Treasurer shall transfer ten dollars ($10) to the General Fund, during each year of
the life of such member as payment of her annual dues; Provided, however, that with
respect to the dues of members who became life members prior to October 1, 1952, the
Treasurer shall transfer annually to the General Fund only three dollars ($3) as dues
for each such member.
Section 4. Collection and Transmission of Fees and Dues.
(a) New chapters. Upon installation of a chapter, the supervising vice-presi-
dent shall collect the charter fee, and from each charter member her initiation fee
and annual international dues, which she shall transmit promptly to the Treasurer,
together with forms prescribed therefore: Provided, however, that the installing off-
icer, if not the supervising vice-president, shall collect the foregoing fees and
dues and forward them promptly together with the forms prescribed therefore to the
supervising vice-president, for transmission by her to the Treasurer.
(b) Established chapters. Upon initiation of a member into an established
chapter, the chapter treasurer shall collect from such member her initiation fee and
annual international dues which shall be transmitted promptly to the Treasurer by the
said chapter treasurer together with forms prescribed therefore.
Section 5. Funds.
Three funds, in charge of the Treasurer, are hereby established for the manage-
ment and control of the finances of the fraternity, as follows:
(a) The General Fund, which shall include all moneys received for charter and
initiation fees, annual international dues, advertising in the magazine, all sub-
scriptions to the magazine not included in the annual international dues, and misc-
ellaneous receipts applicable to payment of fraternity expenses. All expenditures,
except as hereinafter provided, shall be paid from the General Fund.
(b) The Life Membership Fund, to which shall be transferred one hundred dollars
($100) for each member who became a life member prior to October 1, 1952, and into
which shall be paid three hundred and fifty dollars ($350) for each member who may
become a life member after October 1, 1952. From the interest earned on moneys in
said Fund, the Treasurer shall transfer annually to the General Fund, as dues for
life members, such payments as are provided for in Section 3(b) of this By-Law.
(c) The Endowment Fund, into which shall be paid the full amount of all initia-
tion fees, donations and bequests from individuals, contributions from chapters, and
all interest earned on moneys in said Fund.
(1) Use. Moneys in the Endowment Fund and the interest earned thereon
may be used only for charitable, or educational purposes.
(2) Awards. As soon as the interest earned is sufficient for an annual
award, scholarship or fellowship of at least five hundred dollars ($500), the Exe-
cutive Committee shall present to the first international convention thereafter a
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plan for making such an award by the fraternity.
(3) Endowment Fund Committee. The Executive Committee shall appoint an
Endowment Fund Committee, the duties of which shall be as prescribed by By-Law X,
Section 2 (b).
Appointive Officers and Committees
Section 1. Appointive Officers.
(a) The Director of Foreign Associates, who, in supervising foreign associa-
tion, shall perform the following functions
(1) Endeavor to increase the number of individual and group foreign
associates of the fraternity,
(2) Keep the members apprised of schedules of lectures by foreign asso-
ciates visiting the United States,
(3) Request the assistance of members resident in each important port of
entry to the United States in greeting foreign associates on arrival, and
(4) Afford opportunities to members to extend to them every courtesy
(b) The Director of Public Relations, who shall be under the immediate direc-
tion of the President, and who shall supervise, coordinate, and initiate fraternity
publicity, including articles for bar journals, law reviews, and other legal publica-
tions, fraternity publications, newspaper releases, and radio broadcasts. The scope
of her duties shall include, but not be limited to the following:
(1) Consulting with and advising chapter chancellors in securing news
and preparing articles for local newspapers and radio announcements, and
(2) Acting as publicity counsel to the international and province con-
vention publicity committees, the Professional Activities Committee of which she
shall be an ex-officio member, the Endowment Fund Committee, and the Committee for
the Annual Breakfast tendered to the American Bar Association in order to assure that
attending publicity shall be consistent with the professional objectives of the
(c) The Official Representative in the Professional Panhellenic Association
(PPA), whose term shall be from convention to convention of said Association and who
shall cast the vote of the fraternity in the transaction of all business of that As-
sociation. The scope of her duties shall include, but not be limited to, the fol-
(1) Serving as the representative of the fraternity on the Legal Panhell-
enic Committee of the PPA, the functions of which are to procure compliance of the
PPA legal fraternities with the PPA Rules in accordance with sections 2, 3 and 4 of
the PPA By-Laws, published in the 1951 PPA Handbook;
(2) Providing satisfactory evidence to the PPA Professional Activities
Committee of Phi Delta Delta's program to promote high professional ethics, compe-
tence, and achievement in the legal profession, as required by Article III, Section
2 (g) of the PPA Constitution, and Section 2 (b) (5) of the PPA By-Laws, published
in the 1951 PPA Handbook.
Section 2. Standing Committees.
(a) The Budget Committee, which shall consist of the Treasurer, the Business
Manager of the magazine, and one other member in good standing, who shall serve as
Chairman. The Committee shall consult with the Executive Committee on all matters
pertaining to finance, and shall prepare and submit to the Executive Committee not
later than thirty (30) days prior to an international convention a budget for the
next succeeding biennium. The Executive Committee shall make available a copy of
said budget to each duly accredited delegate at the opening session of the inter-
national convention in order that delegates may study the budget before same is sub-
mitted for adoption.
(b) The Endowment Fund Committee, which shall suggest ways and means for in-
creasing the Fund, promote fund-raising campaigns by the chapters, solicit contribu-
tions from individuals, and formulate plans for the use of the funds in such manner
as to further the purposes of the fraternity as set forth in Article II of the Con-
(c) The Professional Activities Committee, which shall consist of the Public
Relations Director and the Official Irepresentative in the Professional Fanhellenic
Association (PPA) both of whom shall be ex officio members, and three (3) other mem-
bers in good standing. The Committee shall perform the following functions:
(1) Coordinate information to be received from chapter presidents con-
cerning chapter programs to promote professional ethics, competence, and achievement
in the legal profession;
(2) Encourage province directors to appoint province committees to con-
duct panel discussions at province conventions concerning professional activities
engaged in and proposed by the chapters for the furtherance of the purposes of the
(3) Inform the chapters and their members with respect to professional
trends, available scholarships, and opportunities for women in the legal profession;
(4) Serve in an advisory capacity, especially to student members and re-
cent graduates who, in order to become more widely known, desire to prepare and de-
liver addresses, or participate in panel discussions, before clubs, charitable or
other organizations sponsoring civic movements, on such subjects as citizenship
projects, civil defense, prevention of juvenile delinquency, legal aid, parliamentary
law; or who are engaged in legal research and are preparing special papers or reports
on legal studies for local members of the bar or for publication in legal periodicals;
(5) Suggest that the chapters sponsor lectures and forums, with the ap-
proval of the deans of the law schools, on legal topics of special interest to the
student body for which the speakers would be legal specialists and distinguished
attorneys, members of the fraternity if possible; and
(6) Urge chapters to arrange for public speaking classes in order that
alumnae and students may have the benefit of group criticism in developing proper
techniques in public speaking, self assurance and the leadership expected of lawyers.
Section 3. Special Committees.
(a) Committee for the Annual Breakfast tendered to the American Bar Associa-
tion, which shall make all arrangements for the said Breakfast under the direct
supervision of the Executive Committee.
Section 4. Reports.
The appointive officers and the Chairman of the standing committees shall make
an interim report to the Executive Committee and shall report biennially not less
than thirty (30) days prior to an international convention.
Section 1. Director.
The Executive Committee shall appoint a director to supervise all matters per-
taining to foreign association.
Section 2. Foreign Associates.
Women who are lawyers, law students or graduates of law schools in foreign coun-
tries, and groups of such women, whose ideals and purposes conform to those of the
fraternity, associated with the fraternity only upon invitation from the Executive
Committee extended through the Director of Foreign Association.
Section 3. Articles of Association.
Foreign Association shall be governed by "Articles of Association,", formally
subscribed, which shall state the purposes, privileges, and obligations of such
association and its duration, and shall be in the following form:
Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International), founded in the United
States of America in 1911, to promote a higher standard of professional ethics and
culture among women in law schools and in the legal profession,
And .m O oO .e oo o o qb O.eO r........O... .......g. ..
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of .. ...... .. .. .. ..e..o oe** ** *.......... ..
Do Hereby Agree to become associated for the purpose of (1) establishing
ties of international friendship; (2) making comparative studies of the professional
life of women and of the laws affecting women; and (3) promoting professional com-
petency and achievement in judicial professions; and
Do Further Mutually Agree to: (1) exchange lists of names and addresses of
members; (2) send each other copies of issues of their official publications; (3)
contribute articles to the official publications of the other; (4) interchange infor-
mation, ideas and experiences; and (5) extend courtesies to visiting members.
agrees not to associate, affiliate or enter into any form of membership with any
other legal fraternity or sorority established in the United States of America during
the period of association with Phi Delta Delta Legal Fraternity (International).
This association shall commence as of the *................ day of .......
*..............., 19 ....... and shall remain in effect until terminated by either
of the subscribers hereto, upon a three months' written notice to the other of inten-
tion so to do, or until severed for non-compliance with any of the agreements herein.
PHI DELTA DELTA LEGAL FRATERNITY (INTERNATIONAL)
By..o. e.o eg.. .c oo. o ........ .e.e.e o ..e e e. o0
Section 1. Magazine.
(a) Name and Issues.-.The fraternity shall publish a magazine which shall be
known as "The Phi Delta Delta," and which shall be issued quarterly.
(b) Subscription.- The annual subscription rate shall be three dollars ($3);
single copies, one dollar ($1).
(1) The staff of the magazine shall be composed of an editor, an asso-
ciate editor, a business manager, an advertising manager, a circulation manager, and
such assistants as shall be deemed necessary. The Executive Committee shall appoint
the Editor, who shall select the other members of her staff.
(2) It shall be the duty of the Editor to edit and publish the magazine.
She shall have the power to require from each chapter chancellor news of the chapter
and its members, statistics regarding members and articles for publication. The
other members of the staff shall perform the duties incident to their respective as-
(1) All moneys received by the Business Manager and the Advertising Mana-
ger shall be forwarded immediately to the Treasurer, with memoranda of the sources
(2) The Treasurer shall advance to the Business Manager funds sufficient
for the payment of expenses of publication, the aggregate amount of such funds not to
exceed the amount budgeted for the publication of the magazine by the last preceding
convention. Should the expenses of publication exceed such budgeted amount, the de-
ficit may be paid by the Treasurer to the Business Manager upon the written authoriza-
tion of the Executive Committee.
Section 2. Phi Delta Delta Newsletter.
The Executive Committee shall maintain direct and close contact with all
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members in good standing in the interim between issues of the magazine through the
issuance to each such member of a newsletter containing reports of Executive Com-
mittee actions and activities of the international committees, provinces, chapters
Section 3. Directory.
The Recorder shall publish a directory of the members of the fraternity.
Section U. Chapter Manual.
The Executive Committee shall provide chapters with a revised Chapter Manual
as an aid to their functioning efficiently both with respect to their members and
in cooperation with members of the Executive Committee, province directors, ap-
pointive officers and members of committees.
Section 1. Credentials.
As provided in Article IV, Section 4 of the Constitution, each chapter in good
standing is entitled to be represented at the international biennial convention by
one official delegate, or alternates, if any. Each chapter delegate, however, shall
be required to submit as credentials:
(a) A certificate of appointment as the official delegate of her chapter;
(b) A certification by the Treasurer of payment of all fees and dues charged
to her chapter to date;
(c) A written chapter report; and
(d) Any additional credentials which may be deemed essential by the Committee
an Credentials appointed for a convention.
Section 2. Transportation.
(a) The cost of transportation to the international convention from the
respective residence of each member of the Executive Committee, the Editor and Bus-
iness Manager of the magazine, and from the various locations in which there are
chapters shall be determined in advance of each such convention by a committee ap-
(b) At least the railroad and. Pullman expenses shall be paid in advance by
the Treasurer to each member of the Executive Committee, and to the Editor and Bus-
iness Manager of the magazine upon written notice to the Treasurer of her intention
to attend said convention. Should she fail to attend, she shall remit to the
Treasurer promptly all moneys so advanced.
(c) The Executive Committee, at least two (2) months in advance of each inter-
national convention, shall determine what portion of the railroad and Pullman ex-
penses of the chapter delegates can be contributed from the treasury of the frater-
nity, and shall so inform chapters: Provided, however, that in no event shall such
portion thereof exceed one-half of the railroad and Pullman expenses of chapter
delegates and payment of any allowance therefore shall not be paid by the Treasurer
to the duly accredited chapter delegates in attendance until the close of the con-
(d) When available funds permit, the Executive Committee may authorize pay-
ment of the railroad and Pullman expenses of those appointive officers and frater-
nity representatives, and committee chairmen, whose participation in the program of
the international convention, in the opinion of the majority of the members of the
Executive Committee, warrants the payment of such expenses to the international con-
Section 3. Quorum.
A majority of the duly accredited chapter delegates attending the international
convention shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of the business of the
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Section 4. Voting.
(a) There shall be no voting by proxy at any international convention.
(b) All action of the international convention shall be by a majority vote of
the duly accredited chapter delegates and the members of the Executive Committee
present and voting with the following exceptions:
(1) A favorable three-fourths vote of the duly accredited chapter dele-
gates, present and voting, shall be required to approve a proposed amendment to the
Constitution or By-Laws of the fraternity; and
(2) A favorable four-fifths vote of the duly accredited chapter delegates,
present and voting, the members of the Executive Committee being counted as one and
having one vote, shall be required for reinstatement of an expelled member or a sus-
pended chapter, and for restoration of a recalled charter.
Section 5. Election of the Executive Committee.
As provided in Article IV, Sections 1 (a), 2 (a), and 4 (c) of the Constitution,
the board of seven directors and officers, called the Executive Committee, shall be
elected by the international convention unless such convention cannot be held, in
which event such election shall be by mail.
(a) Election by the International Convention.
(1) Names of candidates shall be submitted to the convention by a nomina-
ting committee of which three members, one of whom shall be designated as chairman,
shall be appointed in advance by the Executive Committee and two shall be elected by
the convention at its first session: Provided, however, if one or more of the three
members appointed by the Executive Committee are unable to serve at the convention,
the Executive Committee shall fill such vacancy or vacancies and announce the names
of such new appointees prior to the election of the two members by the convention.
(2) Notice of the time and place designated for the convention, together
with the names and addresses of the three members of the Nominating Committee ap-
pointed by the Executive Committee, shall appear in the Phi Delta Delta Newsletter
or Magazine issued not less than ninety days prior to the date set for the conven-
tion. Such notice shall include the recommendation that chapters and members forward
to each member of the Nominating Committee, not later than 30 days prior to the con-
vention, the names of proposed candidates and their qualifications for the office
for which proposed.
(3) The names of the proposed candidates and the offices for vrhich recom-
mended shall be made available to the duly accredited delegates prior to adjournment
of the first session of the convention, at which time the Chairman of the Nominating
Committee shall announce the times and places of Committee meetings to receive rec-
(4) Upon receipt of the report of the Nominating Committee at the last
business session of the convention there may be nominations from the floor. Voting
shall be by secret ballot unless there shall be but one nominee for each office, in
which case the nominations may be closed by unanimous vote and, if so, the chair
shall declare such nominee elected. Election shall be by majority vote as provided
in section 4 of this By-Law.
(b) Election by Mail:
(1) In the event an international convention cannot be held, the Execu-
tive Committee, acting through the Secretary, shall so advise the chapters in good
standing, at the same time furnishing them with the names and addresses of the mem-
bers of a nominating committee of three members appointed previously by the Execu-
tive Committee, and fixing a day to mark the beginning of a thirty (30) day period
during which the members of the Executive Committee and the chapters in good standing
may submit the names and addresses of proposed candidates and their qualifications
for the offices for which proposed.
(2) Within sixty (60) days after the expiration of the thirty (30) day
period fixed for submitting names of proposed candidates, the Nominating Committee
shall certify to the Secretary the names of at least two candidates for each office.
(3) Within 10 days after receipt of the aforesaid certification, the
Secretary shall mail to each of the other members of the Executive Committee and to
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each of the chapters in good standing one dated ballot upon which are listed the
names of the candidates so certified, with instructions to mark the ballot and re-
turn it to the Secretary so as to reach her within sixty (60) days from the date on
the ballot. No vote received by the Secretary after the date so fixed shall be
(4) Within ten (10) days after the date fixed for the receipt of the
ballots, the Secretary shall, in the presence of a notary public, open the ballots
and count the votes. Election shall be by a majority of the votes cast. Also, in
the presence of the said notary public, the Secretary shall insert in a previously
prepared official return the names of the newly elected members of the Executive
Committee and shall make affidavit thereto. Promptly thereafter the Secretary shall
send a copy of the sworn official return to each member of the newly elected Execu-
tive Committee, to each of the other members of the retiring Executive Committee,
and to each chapter in good standing.
(5) The sworn official return shall be inserted in the Minute Book of the
Secretary, and when so directed by the new Executive Committee, the Secretary shall
destroy the ballots by burning or tearing.
Section 6. Election of Honorary Officers.
The Convention may also elect an honorary president and honorary vice-president
at an international convention in accordance with the provisions of Article IV, sec-
tion l(e) of the Constitution and By-Law XIII, section 5(a).
Observance of Founders' Day
November llth of each year shall be formally observed by all chapters as
BY -LAW XV
The provisions of the Constitution with respect to amendments thereto shall
apply equally with respect to amendments to these By-Laws.
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