Paper by Sigismond Diettrich entitled, "The Impact of Geography on Modern American Life," October 20, 1953 (3 pages)

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Material Information

Title:
Paper by Sigismond Diettrich entitled, "The Impact of Geography on Modern American Life," October 20, 1953 (3 pages)
Series Title:
Geography's Contribution to the Study of Community Planning
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creator:
Diettrich, Sigismond de Rudesheim, 1906-1987
Publication Date:
Physical Location:
Box: 1
Folder: Geography's Contribution to the Study of Community Planning

Subjects

Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Alachua -- Gainesville

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00003097:00001

Full Text
The Impact of Geography On Modern American Life
by October 20, 1953
Sigimnond deR. Diettrioh
Head, Department of Geography

The impact of geography on modern American life cannot easily be measured

by our common statistical procedures, it can better be shown in the negative,

in the woeful lack of geographic understandings of most of our people.

Modern geography, despite its ancient origin since Homer and Herodotos, is

a relatively new science that re-emerged with Kant, von Humboldt and Ritter at

the beginning of the last century. Being an integrating study it went into a

temporary eclypse while its children, the specialised sciences became popular.

It was not until the turn of the present century that the need for understanding

the entirety of man's world became fully appreciated and geography had become re-

cognised for what it is, the science which integrates other part-sciences and

brings the into a homoeentrio focus.

In the United States this modern concept of geography emerged much slower

than in Europe. It was not until the First World War that the work of the pioneers

had become generally known to the great American public. That prelude to Armageddon,

if not demolishing, at least breached our self-satisfied isolationism and rendered

the intellectual atmosphere favorable for the search of geographic knowledge.

With our suddenly grown economic stature we could not tolerate any longer such

geographic ignorance as that which motivated two large American concerns to send

their best salesmen to Peru to sell their products: mackintoaes and galoshes.

Why would a Peruvian in Iquique buy any of these? It takes ten years there to

tain one inch! It was in these times that the first great schools of geography

developed in the United States like Clark, Chicagp and Johns Hopkins.

The need for better geographic understanding arcee also on the domestic scene.
The resources of America, once thought of as boundless, proved to be finite,




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thus valuable. As a result movement for the wise utilization of our resources,

known as conservation, emerged, first it appeared in isolated fields ultimate,

however, embracing a nation wide program for the wise use of all our resources.

Since in using his resources man comes in direct contact with nature and its

creative and destructive forces no sound resource-use program could have been

established without a thorough knowledge of geography. Thus another impetus

was given to the study of geography. No wonder that under these circumstances

economic geography, especially the study of resources, became the outstanding

field for American geographers.

World War II was, however, the real eye-opener as far as the American

public was concerned. Involved in the first really global war geographers,

the few there were in the country, were at premium. In the various armed forces

training programs geography became a cardinal subject. The intelligence

agencies assembled, studied and disseminated hitherto unbelievable amount of

geographic information, improved and expanded known geographic techniques and

developed new ones. The people became aware, their leaders cognizant of the

fact that four-fifths of all the problems which confront a democratic nation

concern (1) resources-their use, ownership, or taxation, (2) specific places

or regions, and (3) relations with foreign countries and peoples. Geographic

knowledge is necessary in understanding such problems, and mere experience in

politics does not provide that information.

The impact of geography on American life then manifests itself in the

need for more and better geographic understandings since the application of

geographic knowledge and understandings has to take place in every phase of

human endeavor. The most general application of geographic knowledge in a

democracy in today's interdependent world occurs in good citizenship. The




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next field where geographic knowledge is necessary is in economic planning,

private and societal alike. The increasing public interest in problems of

resource-use open up another avenue where geographic understandings are

essential. Not only in economic but in social planning there is a need for

the advice and know-how of the geographer. Federal and military agencies

are in need of geographic information. Thus on the American scene the people

have come to recognize, to an ever increasing degree, the advisability of

applying geographic knowledge and understanding in almost every phase of

human affairs.