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FIGURE= The American Watch Tool Company original fac-
tory, Waltham, Mass. The firm was established in 1872 by Mr.
Webster and Mr. Whitcomb to produce watch tools, including the
famous Webster-Whitcomb watchmaker's lathe. Figure 1016 inl
HST shows the other side of the factory as illustrated in their
early catalogues. The source and date of this photograph is un-
known, but it was provided by Mr. Evan A. Edwards of Pittsford,
FxGURE C Clerkenwell. Published June 1, 1805, by R. Wilken-
son, No. 58 Cornhill. Clerkenwell was, all during the nineteenth
century, one of the great centers of clock, watch, and chronome-
ter making. All the many branches of horology were practiced
here by the most highly skilled workmen. William Grimsh'aw,
founder of Grimshaw & Baxter, watch material dealers, began
here as a watch motion maker about 1802 on Gee Street close to
Goswell Road. This location can be seen at the very lower right of
the map. Archibald Haswell, founder of Robert Haswell & Sons,
also material dealers, was in business in Clerkenwell in 1835 as a
watchmaker. Thomas Mercer, the chronometer maker, first estab-
lished here in the early 1850s. The Oliver case maker shop was
here, as were Daniel Parkes ancestors. Dan Parkes is still located -V '
in Clerkenwell, just off St. john's Lane at the very bottom center
of the above map. Clerkenwell Close shows at the lower center of
the map. It is still a very active street for craftsmen including
Christopher Elton, hand engraver, and the firm of Pledge and
Aldworth, engine turners. In the same area can be found Clive
Osborne, still dealing in horology. His family has a long history of
clockmaking in Clerkenwell. Mr. Shoot has the dominant mate-
rial shop at the corner of St. John's Street and Clerkenwell Road,
which in 1805 would have been (aouatjSt. John's Street and
Wilderness Row, showing at the very bottom right of the map.
\/ Paul Rudolf
Paul Rudolf, born Dec. 11, 1912, apprenticed to Mr. Herzogvatchmaker in
Anet (Normandy) in October, 1926. Mr. Herzog was the son-in-law of Mr. Beillard,
former Director of the school of watchmaking in Anet and author of a book on
horology. Mr. Herzog was acq painted with Mr. Gerbaud, then head of the L. Leroy
workshop in Paris, and found a job there for his pupil in May 16, 1930. As a
farewell gift, Mr. Herzog gave Paul Rudolph a large "outil a planter" (HST, Figure
1204). At Leroy'sRudolf worked in the manufacture of marine chronometers, re-
paired and regulated chronometers for the French Navy. He became expert in mak-
ing escapements (and most other parts) for the famous constant pressure-constant
force regulators. Sixty-four regulators were made by the Leroy firm from 1912 to
1957 for numerous observatories the world over. Paul Rudolf made 15 of the 64.
During his military duty, 1934-35, Rudolf served in the navy and was commissioned
to work as recision mechanic on scientific equipment.
In April 1942 Rudolf established himself as an independent maker..He worked
for the French Navy from June 1942 thereafter. In 197Paul Rudolf received an J
award the "SHOM button authorizing him to use the title "Watchmaker to the
Navy, n honor not accorded to anybody since Henry Motel (1786-1859).
Mr. Andre Imbert, the gentleman to the right in Figure s a French horologi- A
cal restorer working for some of the leading museums and collectors of France.
On this particular eveninggthe gathering occurred in the home and shop of Mr. 4
Imbert, where he and Paul Rudolf prepared the meal, delighting the author and his
wife Nonie with cheese, wine, bread and the main meal. It was a wonderful soire,"-
demonstrating that horologists have more on their minds than clocks and watches.
"HOROLOGICAL SHOP TOOLS- 1700 to 1900"
CALIFORNIA (FONT DISK #1)
ZAPF CHANCERY (FONT DISK #8)
JUNE 25, 1986
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F7 GURES Mr. Paul Rudolf at the left, the author Ted Crom in the center and Mr. Andre Imbert enjoying a soirt f el-
sui-SeineFrance during 1982. Paul Rudolf is a master chronometer and precision regulator maker and restorerryaving done
much service for the French Navy. His primary work since retirement from navy service is restoration of chronometers for
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