Koge Kyst : high density urban redevelopment

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Koge Kyst : high density urban redevelopment
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Axelsen, Ashley W.
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College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
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Notes

General Note:
Landscape Architecture capstone project

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KOGE


KYST


High Density Urban Redevelopment


University


of


Florida


Department of Landscape Architecture
Senior Capstone Project


Produced by


Ashley


W Axelsen


2010-2011




SArI T I iTQ


At Intro


1-8


4 Case Studies 9-14
4 Inventory 15-24

SProgram 25-32

4 Concepts 33-40
4 Master Plan 41-52

4 Concluding Inventory 53-58
4 Details 59-72

r4 Appendix 73-78









Koge Kyst- A sustainable urban redevelopment plan


Context





History





Project Brief


Location:The city of Koge is located on the east side of the island of
Zealand, on the Oresund coast of the country of Denmark. Koge Is ap-
proximately 40 km due south west of the capital of Copenhagen.

Project Type:Koge Kyst is an urban redevelopment project on a post in-
dustrial site, with a focus on becoming the regional idealization of
proper sustainable urban growth.

Abstract:This Urban Redevelopment project will strengthen the regional
importance of Koge as a major node in East Zealand. Koge will become
the central hub on the proposed high speed rail line to be completed in
2013. The line will run between the capital of Copenhagen (due north)
and the large city of Ringsted (due south). The Koge Kyst project con-
sists of three sites, the Sondre Havn site which is the current south port,
the Collstrap site currently overflow parking, and the Stationomradet site
which consists of the rail station. These sites all together add up to 24
hectors (54 acres) of new development space, half the size of the exist-
ing historic town of Koge. The Sondre Haven site or port site has been
an industrial site to date and so is considered a brown field. The port
site will expand to its North doubling in size and becoming Denmark's
5th largest port; this will open up the south port site for redevelopment.
The port site is strongly disconnected from the historic town of Koge by
the rail lines there are three proposed crossings at this time there is only
one single crossing point. Koge is the best preserved medieval town in
Denmark resulting from strong regulations by the Koge Town Council.
Koge has many important Danish landmarks two of witch are, the func-
tioning city hall dating back to 1552 and the oldest half-timber house
dated back to 1527.
The vision for this project is to develop a master plan enhancing the
cultural character of Koge and reconnect the historic down town to its
water front. The master plan will consist of mixed use developments,
public spaces, circulation systems, green way systems, and much
more. The main issues to be covered through this design are safety,
culture, sustainability, and connectivity.


Project Name:


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INTRO










Site Context


The city of Koge, Denmark is located on the East side of Zealand on the
Oresund. Koge is 40km south of the Countries capital of Copenhagen and
about 40km north east of the large city of Ringsted. Koge will be the main
stop between these two major cities on the proposed high speed rail line to
be completed in 2013. Denmark is 43,000 sq. km consisting of 70% Agri-
cultural lands, 11 % forest and afforestation, 8%
moors/dunes/lakes/streams, 5% towns/built area, and 2% vehicular con-
text. Denmark is very much a cultural landscape. The city of Koge sits at
55*27'17"N Latitude and 12*11'45"E Longitude and is 255 sq. km. Koge
has a total population of 54,926 year round residents. Other agglomera-
tions in the Koge municipality are Koge Nord, Lille Skensved, Herfolge, Lel-
linge, Algestrup, and Hastrup. Marie Staerke is the mayor of Koge and is
the youngest in Danish history at 27 years of age. The city of Koge is a mo-
raine flat in the central depression known as Koge Bugt. The outskirts of
Koge consists of agricultural lands and mixed forest dominated by Fagus
and Acer Campestre. The city of koge developed from a medieval town
along the banks of the Koge River and grew out toward the Oresund be-
coming a larger port city. To the north and the south of the city there are
beautiful beaches and vast pasture lands. The city has always been known
for its industrial and economic strength and will soon expand to become the
5th largest port in Denmark.
There are three sites that have been set forth for redevelopment, the
south port site that sits on the Oresund, the overflow parking lot to its north,
and the rail station corridor dividing the down town and the industrial sector
of Koge. These sites were selected for their cultural, locality, and economic
stand points that will lend greatly to the future of Koge. The new mixed use
development sector will be named Koge Kyst.










Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment

























Current Location


Koge, Denmark


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Site History


The town of Koge dates back to 1288. Koge has
been a successful market and port town to date due
to its location. The Koge River runs along the town's
south boundary and there is the Oresund just to its
east. The medieval town ok Koge was set back from
the Oresund for protection and the river was used
for all transport needs. As the town of Koge grew
through time and the walls of the medieval town
were no longer needed it expanded toward the Ore-
sund. In the 1800's Koge's port found its new loca-
tion at the outlet of the Koge River, were it is still lo-
cated today. Koge Tory (the medieval town square)
is still the main market square hosting fair days
every Wednesday and Saturday. Koge Torv is the
largest town square in Denmark at 1 hectare
(2.5acres). The town hall is the oldest in Denmark
dated from 1552 and is still used as such today. The
very proactive Koge Town Council regulates urban
development and construction in the area to insure
the preservation of the town historic character and
structures.


Koge also is home to two of the oldest and most
well preserved half-timber houses in Denmark
dating from 1597. Upon my site visit I learned that
one of the half-timber structures is today in use as a
jewelry shop and the other as the Koge City
museum. Today Koge is Denmark's 7th largest port.
The port is to be expanded to the north tripling the
ports size by 2020. The new expansion plan will
leave the south port site vacant and open for rede-
velopment. Industries currently on the site consist of
a brewery, chemical plant, barley mill, storage
equipment facilities, tar plant, and a large section
used for storing aggregates and timber. There is
also a winter swimming club building at the point of
the port site and two structures dedicated to the
Kayaking club. The proposed 2013 high speed rail
line will case great opportunities and impacts for the
future of Koge. The town is relatively compact as of
yet with 57,000 residents within 25,600 sq. hectares.
The outskirts of the city consist of pasture lands,
forest, and beautiful beaches.


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Aims


-sustainability as a general theme
-throughout all stages of development
-sustainability matrix
Elements include: power source, landscape, building
reuse, waist, water, food,transportation, and roofing/
building materials.
-connect the existing historic township of Koge back to its
waterfront
-By: green space, transportation networks, pedestrian
systems, corridors, and promenades
-expand and enhance cultural and public interests
-spaces for spontaneous athletics and events
-programmed event spaces
-permanent meeting spots for multiple associations (i.e.
winter swimmers, kayak club, ext.)
-bring interest and tourism to the area
Attention to microclimate
-architectural orientation
-landscape enhancements and precautions
-Transportation networks
-ease and availability of access
-minimal conflicts between types of transportation
-pedestrian, vehicular, bicyclists, and train
-phases of project implementation
-in 2-5 year increments
-interlocking/ multifaceted districts
-Business/ commercial district
-residential district
-shopping/ entertainment district
-architecture
-create synergy between the historic town of Koge and
the new development
-building reuse, preservation, and reestablishment




Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment








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This project was selected through online
research and discovery. The project
was originally an international design
competition witch was put forth by the
Koge town council. The competition
incorporated three separate sites. The
current overflow parking site to the
North East, the transition strip along the
rain line, and the post industrial port site
to the South East. The winning design
and design team was chosen in August *
of 2010. The designs submitted and
posted on the online resource were
referenced and compared in my
research. There were seven final
submittals. The competition brief was
also referenced for its program. For my....
project I manipulated the given
program, witch will be discussed in a
later chapter.












Koge, Denmark














Malmo, Sweden




HafenCity Hamburg, Germany

These sites were picked as
case studies for there regional
location, project type, stainabil-
ity enicatives, and cultural
focus. these case studies were
examined to enhance my base
of knowledge on the topic of
water front redevelopment on a
post industrial site. Through my
research of these projects and
their success I developed
some of the program elements
for Koge Kyst.








CASE STUDIES









Western Harbor District Malmo,
Sweden: 100% sustainable


Malmo, Sweden is located along the Oresund 15 nauti-
cal miles east-southeast of Copenhagen, Denmark at the
gateway to the Baltic Sea region. The city of Malmo and
its surrounding area was part of Denmark until 1658 and
still is very much culturally influenced by its Danish neigh-
bors. Malmo is an oceanic climate but relatively mild for
its Latitude due to the Gulf Stream. Average summer tem-
peratures range around 22C (72F) and in the winter
range around -1C (30F). Like Koge, Malmo has long
summer days lasting 17 hours and short winter days last-
ing 7 hours.

The Western Harbor District of Malmo was originally a
derelict polluted ship yard and is now home to 10,000
residences and 20,000 students and employees. The
total redevelopment area is 140 hectors. They pride
themselves of their ethnic diversity with over 100 lan-
guages spoken on the streets. But what Malmo is worldly
renown for is being 100% sustainable. The city is pow-
ered by several things working in harmony together, wind
power by the 3rd largest wind park in the world, biogas
from residents waste, solar photovohaics, and solar ther-
mal heating. All of these sustainable energy practices
have been successfully used and tested but Malmo is the
first place to use them all together. This project has
shown to also have a significant reduction in GHG emis-
sions, acidification, and eutrophication. The Malmo proj-
ect is the first urban redevelopment project to be entirely
powered on local renewable energy. It has made a global
impact with its success and a few cities that are trying to
fallow in their footsteps are Dublin and Barcelona


Malmo designers had an astounding attention to detail,
from the ecofriendly and attractive architecture to the use
of storm water for not only energy but esthetic quality si-
multaneously. In the Western Harbor District cars are
rarely seen, the storm water is channeled into beautiful
water features, and there is immense green space and
opportunities for spontaneity. Malmo is the perfect exam-
ple of how sustainability can also be aesthetically pleasing.
The developers of the Western Harbor district state that
the best way to market sustainability, is not to. They prefer
to market the area for its esthetics and quality of life.
Malmo's iconic element is a tall office building named the
Turning Torso. The Turning Torso alone is a structural
feet. Malmo has some of the top clubs for the night prowl-
ers, skate parks for teens and such, and much more for
the tourists and residences to stay entertained at any
hour of the day.


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment


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Jobs

Housing

Population

Climate


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Environmental Benefits




Social/cultural Benefits




Economic Benefits


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20,000(including students)
10,000

30,000

Oceanic


100% sustainable city: through wind power, biogas, solar power




24/7 hot spot: clubs, cafes, skate parks, green spaces




draws tourism, job creation


Koge, Denmark


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Hafencity District
Hamburg, Germany


Hafencity is currently the largest inner city redevelopment
project in all of Europe. Originally the Hafencity site was a
derelict gas works park. The site was so contaminated that
an astonishing amount of the soil had to be replaced
before development. It is one large district that has been
broken down into 10 quadrants all with unique profile. The
quarters provide food, retail space, culture and leisure ac-
tivities, parks, squares, and promenades. Sustainability
was the main driving force of the design and also incorpo-
rates an intricate green infrastructure. The Hafencity proj-
ect expanded the Hamburg downtown by 40%. The Hafen-
city project has created 5,800 homes, 45,000 jobs, and

The Hafencity District project is a great example of a his-
toric city mixing and working with the new modern rede-
velopment. Hafencity has a complex trail and pedestrian
system with 70% being completely independent of the ve-
hicular congestion. They were able to accomplish this by
the use of ridges, promenades, and squares. By forming
a completely new topography for the site of Hafencity it
was passable to have underground parking garages in
every district and solve the sites main development con-
straint which was flooding. On the narrow residential
streets bicycles and vehicles share common ground,
proving to slow traffic. The Hafencity District also provides
bike rentals for those visiting, which is also showing to be
a great success in sustainability. The Hafencity District
has been awarded a silver and gold certification from the
German Sustainable Building Council for all of its suc-
cess. Hafencity has also reserved publicity for being the
model for the Urban European City of the 21st century


Hafencity Germany is a big cruise ship hot spot witch
is causing problems in there sustainability measures. One
option they have discussed was to add an on shore
power system that the ships could hook up too while they
were in port, however this was not a popular solution. As
of this time the buildings along the waters close to cruise
liners are business zone only. The windows and vents of
these buildings are controlled so that they are closed
when there are ships in port preventing the emissions
from penetrating into the inside environment.


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment
















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Housing
Population
Climate


Environmental Benefits



Social/cultural Benefits


Economic Benefits


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45,000
5,800
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harsh winters, mild summers


low emissions, green infrastructure,
soil refurbishment


separation of ped. And vehicles, multiple scales
of green space, 10 unique sectors


tourism (cruse liners), job creation


Koge, Denmark


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Analysis


Through my research, analysis, and site
visit I found several opportunities,
constraints, and derived my goals and
objectives.


Regional Influences



Existing Conditions



Opportunities & Constraints








INVENTORY











Analysis'

Sites and Surrounding land use:
this map depicts the locations of the
three sites (in yellow) and the existing
land use context. The sites are in
relation to two historic commercial
"" nodes, bordered by residential ,and
has strong opportunities for
connections to large protected green
spaces.


Site Analysis:
Historic Context Residential context This graphic depicts the sites strong
existing features and also states
areas of needed strengthening. A few
of the important shown elements are
wind directions, great views, rail line
direction, hazardous transportation
areas, and great connection
opportunities.

To the left are pictures taken during
my site visit to Koge






Historic Koge town center







Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment









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density


Site Analysis











View buffers needed


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connections


Existing Green space
Existing Commercial space
Site Boundarioes


Koge, Denmark


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Inventory:


Some important site and context inventory to note are wind
direction, transportation connections, average temperatures,
and existing figure ground.

Koge like most European cities has an extensive bicycle, rail,
and pedestrian system. The rail system in this case is posing
as a connection barer however between the historic township
and the water front. The bicycle network is quite sufficient,
existing on ever main road, and being on average 10' in width.

The region has harsh seasonal winds from the north and
south. The wind conditions and intensity play hand in hand
with the regions Oceanic climate and average temperatures.

through the figure ground study of the existing infrastructure
you can decipher just how dense the existing historic township
and context is. This study also depicts existing open areas
that are prime for new development.

Other things taken into consideration during the inventory
stage of my process was the extensiveness of the rail line
barrier. With the new high speed rail being added in 2013 the
pedestrian traffic will not only increase but so will the number
of passing trains on an hourly bases. Creating a stronger
disconnect than the present situation.







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Predominate Winds


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Average regional Temps
iAverage Average Warmest Coldest
high low ever ever
Jan 37 30 51 0
Feb 36 28 54 3
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Mar 41 32 1 60 7
Apr 49 36 77 23
May 60 45 77 30
Jun 66 52 84 37
Jul 69 55 86 43
Aug 69 54 88 42
Sep 61 50 79 32
Oct 53 44 70 27
Nov 44 37 68 18
Dec 39 32 54 9


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Koge, Denmark


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Existing Conditions:


In the left diagram the existing
transportation types and connections are
clearly depicted. Through this you can get a
clear feeling of just how extensive the
existing systems are and how they lend
themselves to easy strong connections to
the new development areas.

The right diagram shows a detailed
spotting of the existing important site
elements, their relation to one another ,and
how the coastal winds are approaching
them. The existing important land use types
of the surrounding context is also depicted
here. Showing important opportunities for
connections to green space and the
surrounding residences.

Thorough this analysis process and study
I formulated goals and objectives. They
were decided in relation to the sites
features and the competition briefs voiced
desires.









Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment









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Opportunities


Location: coastal and municipal context
Preserved historic character and culture through existing infrastructure
2013 major node on high speed rail network: 20min south of Copenhagen
Port expansion: economic security
Existing recreation and cultural activities: active life style
Great views of the Sound and beautiful beaches
Potential for green network


Constraints

Harsh winters
Contaminated soils
Vast existing hardscape
Port expansion: increased cargo traffic
Rail lines: connection barer


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment








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A. Historic Node
B. Coastal View
C. Existing Commercial
D. Iconic Element
E. Swimming Club
F. Kayaking Slips
G. Pedestrian Street
H. Koge Town Center
1. North East Site
J. Rail Crossing
K. North edge of Koge





Koge, Denmark













Users


The program was taken and manipulated from
the actually competition brief set forth by the
Koge town council.


Program



Goals & Objectives















PROGRAM


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Through my research of the
economic statistics of Koge and
Denmark, I created a list of the
suspected users and there
minimal required needs. The
statistics used showed yearly
trends for population, income,
age, race, and common
employment. With this info I
created a list of the types of users
that will be most likely to use this
site and the accommodations they
will require. The overall theme of
Cultural preservation and
enhancement is taken into
consideration throughout the
process. This detailed user list is
a guide when site program
sighting s determent.


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Users and Their Needs

-commuters
ease of transportation
-ease of basic human needs
-residence (multiple ages and life stages)
-24 hour activities (indoors and out)
-basic needs (food, water, shelter,
education, Ext.)
-business owners/ investors/ workers
-transportation
-advertisement opportunities
-organizations/ associations
-facilities
-sense of ownership
-public and cultural institutions
-indoor and/ or outdoor space
-spontaneous and programmed
areas for activities
-vacationers (multi. cultural)
-signage and ease of way finding
-facilities (cafes, hotels, ext.)
-entertainment


Koge, Denmark


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In black is the original program set
forth by the brief. In red is the
manipulated program I created. The
used program increases the density
level, places the dissecting rail line
sub- grade, and incorporates a 100%
sustainable eco- community in the
southern most region of the port site.


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment


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Port SiteSpecific
2,119,720 sq/ft total floor space
Eco- Community (23 acres)
- 18 single family units
- 62,500 sq/ft central mixed use node
- 8 acres of cop area
- 3.5 acre sound view campground






Sustainable initiatives
green roofs
solar panels
storm water treatment
and sales
water reclamation
building reuse
cultural features

** -"l ^^^^^^


Culture and Leisure Life
37,660 sq/ft new culture center
139,880 sq/ft culture leisure space
115,000 sq/ft new culture center
302,150 sq/ft culture leisure space



Retail trade and other commerce
258,240 sq/ft public & private mixed use
225,960 sq/ft retail store space
304,000 sq/ft mixed use space
314,000 sq/ft retail store space



Traffic, Infrastructure, and Parking
200 car malti level parking structure
50% underground parking, 30% malti story,
& 20% ground level
50% underground
30% on street
20% structure

Urban Development. Renewal, and Construction
1,500-1,600 residential units
4,000 office spaces
400 room hotel
2,621 residential units
4,000 office spaces
400 room hotel


Koge, Denmark


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Goals and Objectives

Preserve, enhance, and expand cultural activities
-incorporate interpretive elements that associate with the culture and history of
the place
-architectural sensitivity in the historic context and transition zone
-reuse of buildings with unique cultural significance
Circulation and transportation improvements
-human scale: pedestrian only zones
-creatively addressing parking: with sub-terrain ideas
-separation between bikes, pedestrians, and vehicles: through trail heads
-rent a bike
Sustainability/ Green systems/ Spaces for people
-create green systems of multiple scales: corridors, nodes, packet parks: the design
will build from the green system
-rain gardens, green roofs, and attention to streetscapes
-green spaces for planed recreation and others for spontaneous programming
-attention to materials
-protection from the elements: winds and harsh winters
High Density Township
-(+/-)3,500 new jobs/ 1,500 new residences
-mixed use design
-range in size and type: from rent to own, from lofts to townhomes iI
-entertainment for all ages at all hours: nightlife, cultural activities, ext.
-create synergy between the historic city core and the new urban redevelopment
architecturally






Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment







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Concept 1


Through my extensive research, goals
and objectives and personal Knowledge
of the Danish culture I created three
concepts.


Concept 2



Concept 3








CONCEPTS









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The Pedestrian as King Concept buried the existing rail
way and a portion of the coastal roadway, creating a
grand scale pedestrian only zone. This concept also
called for the main community green space to be
located on the coastal point of the port site.


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Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment













- underground train system

-Pedestrian promenade,
over road way

- Light rail integration

-pedestrian experience
as a main focus

- extensive green street
system


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R: Residencial
C/R: Mixed use
Rec: Recreation/green space
LR: Low den residential
C: Commercial
C/Rec: Commercial/recreation
transition zone
Existing Construction
Proposed Low Den. Res.
U Proposed Commercial
Pedestrian network
Open green space
Mixed use
Proposed Residencial


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The Arrival concept buried the rail line like concept 1,
but not the road way. Instead this concept emphasized
the entrance road creating a grand boulevard and a
since of arrival This concept also incorporated a
'central park' type community green space in the
central region of the port site.


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Light rail integration

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8 >' towards ocean views

R: Residencial
C/R: Mixed use
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R LR: Low den residential
C C: Commercial
S/ C/Rec: Commercial/recreation
C transition zone
0 Existing Construction
LR B Proposed Low Den. Res.
.' i Proposed Commercial
Pedestrian network
Open green space
v ,, ^ Mixed use
Proposed Residencial
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Koge, Denmark








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The Boulevard Views concept incorporated
the strong aspects of the previous two
concepts but added radiating grand
boulevards which were inspired from other
metropolitan European cities. These radiating
boulevards not only capture the sites
magnificent views of the Sound but also
create a comfortable micro climate for
pedestrians.


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- Main pedestrian cross sect con-
necting Koge to the water front

- Water front pedestrian prom-
enade

- Large Boulevards capture im-
portant views

-Public art incorporated into
design

-Incorporates important features
from previous concepts


R: Residencial
C/R: Mixed use
Rec: Recreation/green space
LR: Low den residential
C: Commercial
C/Rec: Commercial/recreation
transition zone
Existing Construction
Proposed Low Den. Res.
* Proposed Commercial
Pedestrian network
Open green space
Mixed use
Proposed Residencial


Koge, Denmark


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Plan & Elements


I chose concept three for further development because
it incorporated all the strong aspects of the concepts. I
also felt this concept was the most successful when
accomplishing the incorporation of culture and micro-
climate.


Districts



Land Use



Phasing & Implementation











MASTER PLAN


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The final Koge master plan includes all three
development areas. Elements were taken from
all three concepts. Starting from the historic
Koge town center the town was tyed back to its
water front through pedestrian coridores, shaded
comfortable streets, and an extensive light rail
system. The main road into the town of Koge
was transformed into a grand promenade, creat-
ing a strong sence of arrival, this promenade in-
corporates a mix of big box commercial stores and
small privately owned buetiques and cafe's. the
street is lined with large trees and a light rail will
run down its center. The master plan incorpo-
rates a vast green network that ties to the two
surrounding conservation areas.

Cultural enhancement and preservation being
the driving force of the overall master plan.
There are vertical points in space as found in
several European cities, these points are public
art installations that may be changed seasonally.
The master plan also incorporates a variety of
spacial sizes. Leading themselves to programed
activities along with spontaneous cultural events,
such as craft fairs and soccer events.


The architecture creates synergy between the
historical vernacular and the new development
areas. The new architecture will be modern but
will adhere to strict building height limitations, the
New buildings will not exceed three stories in
height accept for five specifically sighted build-
ings in the new Koge Kyst development area.
These building exempted from the height regula-
tion are so due to there location and use in the
master plan and work to create sense of place
and arrival into there specific spaces.


istonc architecture working wit modern vernacular


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The design incorporates 5 interlocking districts. The
commercial district along the water front creating visual
interest.
The commercial district will be the main shopping area of
the community. It will house stores such as H&M and
other retailers. This area will also have occasional cafes,
bakeries,. A large movie theater will be housed in the large
restored mill building.
The mixed use district creates the central spine of the
development. In this zone the building will not exceed the
proposed 4 story height limitations. There is retail on the
bottom floor and residential flats on the others.
The cultural districts are specked evenly throughout the
development for ease of access. These districts will house
the communities sports clubs, athletic center, the arts, and
rentable event space.
The residential districts are located to maximize the high
quality coastal real state. The buildings are also
strategically placed to block the harsh coastal winds. The
majority of the residential units incorporate private patios.
Moving south towards the existing conservation area lays
the eco- community. This community will accomplish
100% sustainability by the incorporation of green roofs,
solar panels, storm water swales and reclamation. This
community includes 8 acres of co- operative farm land.
All districts incorporate feature of one another however
are labeled based on the needs they complement most.
All districts were methodically thought through in terms of
ease of access and visual interest.



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Land use plan


The main driving force of the master plan for Koge Kyst was
to preserve and enhance community culture and quality of
life. This was accomplished through the extensive green
network, district planning, attention to micro climate and the
preservation of the maximum amount of existing
infrastructure. There are points incorporated for public art
displays, a take on the points in space ideal. Each fountain
will incorporate a central art installation as well. The land
use plan depicts the interlocking districts very clearly.







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Phasing


The construction of the entire site at one time is
unrealistic. The competition brief calls for a
phasing plan for development as well. The
phasing was organized to secure the optimal
economic security.
Phase 1: Will be the commercial district area.
This will be completed first to strengthen the draw
to the new development area.
Phase 2: Will be the majority of the residential
units. The selling of these units will secure the
progress of the development process. This phase
will also incorporate a majority of the green
network and cultural spaces, securing the quality
of life for the new residences.
Phase 3: Will be the central node and spine of
the community. This area will be held off for
development till the third stage due in most part
to its location working from phase 2 back out of
the development.
Phase 4: Is the eco- community. The eco-
community is most convenient for phase 4
because it sits alone on the south end of the
community. The final construction of this
community will secure the longevity of the entire
development through time.






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The Light Rail
The light rail system will be a convenient single loop.
The light rail is accessible from anywhere in the
community by no more than a /mile walk. The
construction of the light rail will be extremely
economical for the majority of the rail is currently
existing.

Pedestrian Network
The pedestrian network optimizes the separation
from the vehicular system by the wide paths and
several pedestrian only promenades. The entire
northern commercial district is a pedestrian only zone.

Vehicular System
The vehicular system strictly creates the minimalist
amount of area needed for optimal convenience and
circulation. The incorporated parking lots are more than
stated in the competition brief due to the increase of
density in my personalized program. The vehicular
system also incorporates extensive on street parking
options. All parking will be pay to park to secure the
developments financial success.


The Light Rail


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Storm Water


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Due to the contaminated soils located in the
north east portion of the site a vast amount
of soil will need to be replaced. This gives the
perfect opportunity to grade the site in a
slight pitch. The replaced area will become
the low point of the site. Cisterns will also be
incorporated in that area under the new
water front park system. The storm water will
flow through the swales along the roads and
pedestrian corridors. The storm water swales
will also double as aesthetic elements. Storm
water from the building roofs will be
reclaimed and use in toilets and irrigation.


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Green Connections -

The green system not only adds character,.
since of place, and micro- climate to the .*
development, but also ties the pedestrian system
and storm water strategies together. The green -
system provides multiple scales of spaces. There \ lo ss
are spaces that are more programmed, such as ,"-
the children's park and garden. Along with spaces J
for spontaneous cultural activates. Each block
provides a green space of either public or private '- _
use. There are several connections to the .. ,-
southern conservation area and beach. Strong ,.- 1 ,i
connections are also made between the new *
development and the existing residential areas. -..
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Koge, Denmark













Central Node



Water Front Park


I The Pedestrian
Experience


A variety of the user experience is
depicted through these details. Included
are zoomed areas of interest,
perspectives, and sections.


Residential



Eco- Community








DETAILS









Detailed Plan of Central node
with focus on cultural features


1


A




B


2


Section Detail showing pedestrian network
and its relativity to the storm water management
system


Section Detail through water front pedestrian
pramanad and high end residential character


Detailed Plan of moderate income
residential housing. Depicting unit
relation to amenities


P1


P2


Commercial Corridor
Perspective


Central Node
Perspective


P3


P4


Water Front
Park Perspective

Residential Unit
Perspective


Detail Plan of low density eco. community.
Illustrating trail network in relation to
residences.


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment


Detailed Plan of water front open
space. Depicting availability of
programed and spontaneous
cultural events


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This central node will consist of a eight story hotel. this
will be the tallest building on site. This hotel will be the
iconic element of this central area were the mane pedes-
trian corridors intersect, this central space will also incor-
porate Cafe's, shops geared towards the needs of the
local residences, and apartments in all mixed-use labeled
buildings. there is an open public gathering space witch
incorporates a large Phoenician label A. there are small
open lawns for spontaneous play or any form of cultural
activities. The storm water feature to the west will not
only be functional but also esthetic. it will incorporate
shade trees, seat walls, and engaging grated crossings.

Important site Features


A Public Square Open Lawns

B Storm Water Feature and Seat wall

Grate walk detail: allusion of I
Sdisapears into road way indicating
pedestrian crossing

D Fountain in center pedestrian open space.
Fountain feature by local artisan "



Scale
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This portion of the Water front park includes
the existing kayaking club, a children's garden
with green house, a children's play ground
(incorporating an interactive water feature
and nautical design theme), large pedestrian
promenades, sited areas for public art, and
open green space. Other elements of the
grand water front park that are not featured
in this graphic include formal fountain, Amp
Theater, and large green space that meets
FEFA size regulations (providing spontaneous
water front soccer events). The water front
park creates the perfect balance between
cultural preservation, quality of life, and
regional recognition.


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This detail depicts the feel
of the high end residential
units along the coast. The
architecture was picked to
maximize the views of the
sound. Each unit will have
private patios and access to
public green space. There is
on street parking and
pedestrian only corridors
incorporated.


C.Residencial


Koge, Denmark











> ----Details Key


Moving south we have the low density eco
community. This is a 100% sustainable community
and is home to 17 single family residences. The
total land area is 23 acres including 8 acres of
community crop land. This community has an
extensive trail system that ties into the
surrounding conservation area. The existing camp
ground will be enhanced aesthetically but kept for
its original function. The eco community was
planned around a central market and cultural hub.


D. Eco- Community


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment


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This is a detail depicting
the feel and / -
connections between a /
single family residential
unit and the trail system
of the eco community.
Each unit will f
incorporate a green roof
and solar panels. The
architecture was chosen
to maximize the great
coastal views. The eco
community will have
zero runoff by the
incorporation of
vegetated swales,
grading, and
strategically placed
depressions.







Scale
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D. Eco- Community



Koge, Denmark


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This perspective represents the feel of
the central node. The hotel will be the
tallest building in the space at 13
stories becoming the space's iconic
element. This central node will house
all basic needs for the residences
including grocery stores pharmacy,
and ext.


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The Pedestrian Experience

Water front promenade along green
space with incorporated jogging path


Board walk feel along the high end residential development


Commercial district grand promenade with light rail


Koge, Denmark


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Dedications


Personal Brief


References


Citations








APPENDIX








I dedicate this project to my family, friends,


and advisors.


I thank you allfor your


have


helped to


shape


guidance and
the successful


support.


woman I


You all


have


become


today. As


/ embark on this next


chapter


of my


I will


cherish


the


time we


have had together


and


refer


knowledge


you all


have


taught me


often.


I Dearly Thank


Ashley W.


Axelsen


1i


Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment


the


life


to


You


All!









I VI .)L/I IIl I ...II ILI#


I am very thankful for having the
opportunity to take on this project.
I learned so much and it has
inspired me to pursue a future in
planning. I chose this project for
several reasons. The number one
personal qualification was the fact
it is a water front site. I have a
passion for the water and strong
feelings of how it should be
depicted through design. I also love
European design and culture. With
half of my family residing in
Denmark and also having extensive
backgrounds in engineering and
construction it gave be
unimaginable connections,
references, and opportunities. I
had the ability to perform a site
visit in September of 2010. I also
had positive feedback from the
Koge Kyst competition director. He
voiced an interest in my project.
There are plans to meet with him
over the 2012 summer to discuses
my final ideas.







Koge, Denmark










Project Contacts and Support : Special thank you to all


Ova Axelsen (consultant tour guide grandfather):

DanialAxelsen(document conversion resource cousin):

KogeKyst (competition site):
Email Kontakt@koegekyst.dk
Niels Peter Nielsen (project development manager):
Email npn@koegehavn.dk
Thomas Elm Kampmann (project director):
Email tek@stc-koege.dk
Peter Axelsen (translator father):

Chris Lathrup (Advisor)

Kevin Thompson (Advisor)




Koge Kyst: High Density Urban Redevelopment













Web References:


Waterfronts in Post Industrial Cities
Edited by Marshell, Richard: Published 2001 by London Press
193pgs
Antwerp- Reshaping a City
Edited by Vanreusel, Jet: Published by Blonde Art Printing
223pgs
Waterfront Revitalization for Small Cities
By Good, JW and Goodwin, RF: Published 1990 by Oregon State University
123pgs
Urban Waterfront Development
By Wrenn M., Douglas: Published 1983 by The Urban Land Institute
219pgs
Urban waterfronts: Accent on Access
By Thaler-Carter E., Ruth: Published 1989 by The Waterfront Press,
Washington D.C.
93pgs


KoegeKyst.dk
Competition web site
Mapcruzin.com
ArcGIS maps of Denmark
Koegejorddepot.dk
Koge soil Department
Kogeearkiv.dk
Koge historic site
Places4people.org.nz/eurowater.htm
European waterfront developments
Worldportsource.com
Port stats. For Koge and case studies
Citiesforpeople.net
West Harbor, Malmo
Hafencity.com
German case study
Tidsskrift.dk
Danish history and demographics
Kommunefakta.dk
Koge statistics and demographics
lisd.org
Sustainability definition and parameters


Koge, Denmark


Books:


I IV I q I 1 ILoqi




Full Text

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1 8 1 8 9 14 15 24 15 24 25 32 25 32 33 4 0 33 0 41 52 41 52 53 58 53 58 59 72 59 72 73 78

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Thijtltdthhli Thi s pro j ec t was se l ec t e d th roug h on li ne research and discovery. The project was ori g inall y an international desi g n gyg competition witch was put forth by the Kogetown council. The competition incorporatedthreeseparatesitesThe incorporated three separate sites The current overflow parking site to the North East, the transition strip along the rain line, and the post industrial port site to the South East. The winning design anddesignteamwaschoseninAugust and design team was chosen in August of 2010. The designs submitted and posted on the online resource were fdddi re f erence d an d compare d i n my research. There were seven final submittals. The com p etition brief was p also referenced for its program. For my project I manipulated the given programwitchwillbediscussedina program witch will be discussed in a later chapter. 8 8

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Throu g h m y research anal y sis and site gy,y, visit I found several opportunities, constraints, and derived my goals and objectives objectives 15 15

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Analysis' Sites and Surrounding land use: this map depicts the locations of the threesites(inyellow)andtheexisting three sites (in yellow) and the existing land use context. The sites are in relation to two historic commercial nodesborderedbresidentialand nodes bordered b y residential and has strong opportunities for connections to large protected green spaces. SitAli Sit e A na l ys i s: This graphic depicts the sites strong existing features and also states ff Historic ContextResidential context areas o f needed strengthening. A f ew of the important shown elements are wind directions, great views, rail line direction, hazardous transportation areas, and great connection opportunities. To the left are pictures taken during my site visit to Koge Hii K Hi stor i c K ogetown center 17 17

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Inventory: Sittitdttitttid S ome i mpor t an t s it e an d con t ex t i nven t ory t o no t e are w i n d direction, transportation connec tions, average temperatures, a n d e xi st in g fi gu r e g r ou n d adestgguegoud Kogelike most European cities has an extensive bicycle, rail, andpedestriansystemTherailsysteminthiscaseisposing and pedestrian system The rail system in this case is posing as a connection barer however between the historic township and the water front. The bic y cle network is q uite sufficient, yq existing on ever main road, and being on average 10’ in width. Theregionhasharshseasonalwindsfromthenorthand The region has harsh seasonal winds from the north and south. The wind conditions and intensity play hand in hand with the regions Oceanic clim ate and average temperatures. through the figure ground study of the existing infrastructure youcandecipherjusthowdensetheexistinghistorictownship you can decipher just how dense the existing historic township and context is. This study al so depicts existing open areas that are prime for new development. Other things taken into cons ideration during the inventory sta g e of m y p rocess was the extensiveness of the rail line gyp barrier. With the new high speed rail being added in 2013 the pedestrian traffic will not only increase but so will the number ofpassingtrainsonanhourlybasesCreatingastronger of passing trains on an hourly bases Creating a stronger disconnect than the present situation. 19 19

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Existing Conditions: In the left diagram the existing transportation types and connections are clearlydepictedThroughthisyoucangeta clearly depicted Through this you can get a clear feeling of just how extensive the existing systems are and how they lend themselves to easy strong connections to the new development areas. The right diagram shows a detailed spotting of the existing important site ltthiltitthd e l emen t s, th e i r re l a ti on t o one ano th er ,an d how the coastal wi nds are approaching t h e m. Th e e xi st in g im po r ta n t l a n d use types teeestgpotatadusetypes of the surrounding context is also depicted here. Showing important opportunities for connectionstogreenspaceandthe connections to green space and the surrounding residences. Thorough this analysis process and study I formulated goals and objectives. They weredecidedinrelationtothesites were decided in relation to the sites features and the competition briefs voiced desires. 21 21

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KEY: A .Historic Node B.Coastal View C.Existing Commercial D. IconicElement D. Iconic Element E.Swimming Club F.Kayaking Slips G PedestrianStreet G Pedestrian Street H.KogeTown Center I.North East Site J RailCrossing J Rail Crossing K.North edge of Koge 24 24

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The p ro g ram was taken and mani p ulated from pgp the actually competition brief set forth by the Kogetown council. 25 25

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Through my research of the economic statistics of Kogeand DenmarkIcreatedalistofthe Denmark I created a list of the suspected users and there minimal required needs. The statistics used showed yearly trends for population, income, age,race,andcommon age, race, and common employment. With this info I created a list of the types of users thtillbtlikltthi th a t w ill b e mos t lik e l y t o use thi s site and the accommodations they will re q uire. The overall theme of q Cultural preservation and enhancement is taken into considerationthroughoutthe consideration throughout the process. This detailed user list is a guide when site program sighting s determent. 27 27

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Users and Their Needs -commuters -ease of transportation easeofbasichumanneeds ease of basic human needs residence (multiple ages and life stages) -24 hour activities (indoors and out) -basic needs (food, water, shelter, education, Ext.) businessowners/investors/workers business owners/ investors/ workers -transportation -advertisement opportunities iti/iti organ i za ti ons / assoc i a ti ons -facilities -sense of ownershi p p -public and cultural institutions -indoor and/ or outdoor space spontaneousandprogrammed spontaneous and programmed areas for activities vacationers (multi. cultural) -signage and ease of way finding -facilities (cafes, hotels, ext.) entertainment entertainment 28 28

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In black is the original program set forth by the brief. In red is the iltdItdTh man i pu l a t e d program I crea t e d Th e used program increases the density l e v e l p l aces t h e d i ssect in g r a il lin e ee,pacestedssectgae sub-grade, and incorporates a 100% sustainable eco-community in the southernmostregionoftheportsite southern most region of the port site 29 29

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Throu g h m y extensive research g oals gy,g and objectives and personal Knowledge of the Danish culture I created three concepts concepts 33

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The Pedestrian as King Concept buried the existing rail way and a portion of the coastal roadway, creating a grand scale pedestrian only zone. This concept also called for the main community green space to be located on the coastal point of the port site located on the coastal point of the port site 35 35

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The Arrival concept buried the rail line like concept 1, but not the road way. Instead this concept emphasized the entrance road creating a grand boulevard and a since of arrival This concept also incorporated a since of arrival This concept also incorporated a ‘central park’ type community green space in the central region of the port site. 37 37

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The Boulevard Views concept incorporated the strong aspects of the previous two t bt ddd diti d concep t s b u t a dd e d ra di a ti ng gran d boulevards which were inspired from other metro p olitan Euro p ean cities. These radiatin g p p g boulevards not only capture the sites magnificent views of the Sound but also create a comfortable micro climate for create a comfortable micro climate for pedestrians. 39 39

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Ichoseconceptthreeforfurtherdevelopmentbecause I chose concept three for further development because it incorporated all the strong aspects of the concepts. I also felt this concept was the most successful when accomplishing the incorporation of culture and microclimate. 41

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Development Districts The design incorporates 5 interlocking districts. The commercial district along the water front creating visual interest interest The commercial district will be the main shopping area of the community. It will house stores such as H&M and other retailers. This area will also have occasional cafes, bakeries,. A large movie theater will be housed in the large restored mill building restored mill building The mixed use district creates the central spine of the development. In this zone the building will not exceed the d hh l h l h propose d 4 story h eig h t l imitations. T h ere is retai l on t h e bottom floor and residential flats on the others. The cultural districts are s p ecked evenl y throu g hout the p y g development for ease of access. These districts will house the communities sports clubs, athletic center, the arts, and rentable eent space rentable e v ent space The residential districts are located to maximize the high quality coastal real state. The buildings are also strategically placed to block the harsh coastal winds. The majority of the residential units incorporate private patios. Moving south towards the existing conservation area lays Moving south towards the existing conservation area lays the eco community. This community will accomplish 100% sustainability by the incorporation of green roofs, solar panels, storm water swales and reclamation. This community includes 8 acres of co operative farm land. All districts incorporate feature of one another however All districts incorporate feature of one another however are labeled based on the needs they complement most. All districts were methodically thought through in terms of f d il i ease o f access an d v i sua l i nterest. 47 47

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Land use plan The main driving force of the master plan for KogeKystwas to preserve and enhance community culture and quality of to preserve and enhance community culture and quality of life. This was accomplished through the extensive green network, district planning, attention to micro climate and the ti f th i t f iti preserva ti on o f th e max i mum amoun t o f ex i s ti ng infrastructure. There are points incorporated for public art dis p la y s a take on the p oints in s p ace ideal. Each fountain py, p p will incorporate a central art installation as well. The land use plan depicts the interlocking districts very clearly. 49 49

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Phi Ph as i ng The construction of the ent ire site at one time is unrealistic. The competition brief calls for a phasing plan for development as well. The phasingwasorganizedtosecuretheoptimal phasing was organized to secure the optimal economic security. Phase 1: Will be the commercial district area. This will be completed first to strengthen the draw to the new development area. Phase2:Willbethemajorityoftheresidential Phase 2: Will be the majority of the residential units. The selling of these units will secure the progress of the development process. This phase illlitjitfth w ill a l so i ncorpora t e a ma j or it y o f th e green network and cultural spaces, securing the quality of life for the new residences. Phase 3: Will be the central node and spine of the community. This area will be held off for developmenttillthethirdstagedueinmostpart development till the third stage due in most part to its location working from phase 2 back out of the development. Phase 4: Is the eco-community. The ecocommunity is most convenient for phase 4 becauseitsitsaloneonthesouthendofthe because it sits alone on the south end of the community. The final construction of this community will secure the longevity of the entire development through time. 51 51

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The Light Rail The light rail system will be a convenient single loop. The Light Rail The light rail is accessible from anywhere in the community by no more than a mile walk. The constructionofthelightrailwillbeextremely construction of the light rail will be extremely economical for the majority of the rail is currently existing. Pedestrian Network Thepedestriannetworkoptimizestheseparation The pedestrian network optimizes the separation from the vehicular system by the wide paths and several pedestrian only promenades. The entire thildititidtil nor th ern commerc i a l di s t r i c t i s a pe d es t r i an on l y zone. V ehicular S y stem y The vehicular system strictly creates the minimalist amount of area needed for optimal convenience and circulationTheincorporatedparkinglotsaremorethan circulation The incorporated parking lots are more than stated in the competition brief due to the increase of density in my personalized program. The vehicular system also incorporates extensive on street parking options. All parking will be pay to park to secure the developmentsfinancialsuccess developments financial success 55 55

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Pedestrian NetworkVehicular System 56 56

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Storm Water Due to the contaminated soils located in the north east portion of the site a vast amount ofsoilwillneedtobereplacedThisgivesthe of soil will need to be replaced This gives the perfect opportunity to grade the site in a slight pitch. The r eplaced area will become thlitfthitCitilllb th e l ow po i n t o f th e s it e. Ci s t erns w ill a l so b e incorporated in that area under the new w ate r fr o n t pa rk syste m. Th e sto rm w ate r will ateotpasysteestoate flow through the swales along the roads and pedestrian corridors. The storm water swales willalsodoubleasaestheticelementsStorm will also double as aesthetic elements Storm water from the building roofs will be reclaimed and use in toilets and irri g ation. g 57 57

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Green Connections The green system not only adds character, since of place, and micro-climate to the development, but also ties the pedestrian system and storm water strategies together. The green systemprovidesmultiplescalesofspacesThere system provides multiple scales of spaces There are spaces that are more programmed, such as the children's park and garden. Along with spaces for spontaneous cultural activates. Each block provides a green space of either public or private use.Thereareseveralconnectionstothe use. There are several connections to the southern conservation area and beach. Strong connections are also made between the new dltdthitiidtil d eve l opmen t an d th e ex i s ti ng res id en ti a l areas. 58 58

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Avarietyoftheuserexperienceis A variety of the user experience is depicted through these details. Included are zoomed areas of interest, tidti perspec ti ves, an d sec ti ons. 59 59

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Water Front Park h f h f k ld T h is portion o f t h e Water f ront par k inc l u d es the existing kayaking club, a children’s garden with g reen house a children’s p la y g round g py g (incorporating an interactive water feature and nautical design theme), large pedestrian promenades sited areas for pblic art and promenades sited areas for p u blic art and open green space. Other elements of the grand water front park that are not featured in this graphic include formal fountain, Amp Theater, and large green space that meets FEFA size regulations (providing spontaneous FEFA size regulations (providing spontaneous water front soccer events). The water front park creates the perfect balance between cultural preservation, quality of life, and regional recognition. 65 65

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This detail depicts the feel of the high end residential of the high end residential units along the coast. The architecture was picked to maximize the views of the sound. Each unit will have private patios and access to private patios and access to public green space. There is on street parking and dti l id pe d es t r i an on l y corr id ors incorporated. 68 68

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Moving south we have the low density eco community. This is a 100% sustainable community community. This is a 100% sustainable community and is home to 17 single family residences. The total land area is 23 acres including 8 acres of it ld Thi it h commun it y crop l an d Thi s commun it y h as an extensive trail system that ties into the surroundin g conservation area. The existin g cam p g g p ground will be enhanced aesthetically but kept for its original function. The eco community was planned around a central market and cultural hub planned around a central market and cultural hub 69 69

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This is a detail depicting th fl d th e f ee l an d connections between a sin g le famil y residential g y unit and the trail system of the eco community. Each unit will Each unit will incorporate a green roof and solar panels. The architecture was chosen to maximize the great coastal views The eco coastal views The eco community will have zero runoff by the incorporation of vegetated swales, grading, and grading, and strategically placed depressions. 70 70

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This p ers p ective re p resents the feel of ppp the central node. The hotel will be the tallest building in the space at 13 storiesbecomingthespace ’ siconic stories becoming the spaces iconic element. This central node will house all basic needs for the residences including grocery stores pharmacy, and ext. 71 71

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Board walk feel along the high end residential development Commercial district grand promenade with light rail f Water f ront promenade along green space with incorporated jogging path 72 72

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I dedicate this project to my family, friends, and advisors. I dedicate this project to my family, friends, and advisors. I thank you all for your guidance and support. You all have helped to shape the successful woman I have become today. As I embark on this next chapter of my life I ill hih th ti h hd tth d f t I w ill c h er i s h th e ti me we h ave h a d t oge th er an d re f er t o the knowledge you all have taught me often the knowledge you all have taught me often I Dearly Thank You All! I Dearly Thank You All! Ashley W. Axelsen Ashley W. Axelsen 75 75

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I am very thankful for having the opportunity to take on this project. I learned so much and it has I learned so much and it has inspired me to pursue a future in planning. I chose this project for several reasons. The number one personal qualification was the fact it is a water front site. I have a it is a water front site. I have a passion for the water and strong feelings of how it should be ditd thh di I l l d ep i c t e d th roug h d es i gn. I a l so l ove European design and culture. With half of my family residing in Denmark and also having extensive backgrounds in engineering and construction it gave be construction it gave be unimaginable connections, references, and opportunities. I had the ability to perform a site visit in September of 2010. I also had positive feedback from the had positive feedback from the KogeKystcompetition director. He voiced an interest in my project. h l ih hi T h ere are p l ans to meet w i t h hi m over the 2012 summer to discuses m y final ideas. y 76 76

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Project Contacts and Support : Special thank you to all Ova Axelsen(consultant tour guide grandfather): DanialAxelsen ( document conversion resource cousin ) : ( ) KogeKyst (competition site): KogeKyst (competition site): Email Kontakt@koegekyst.dk il il (j dl ) N i e l sPeter N i e l sen ( pro j ect d eve l opment manager ) : Email npn@koegehavn.dk Thomas Elm Kampmann(project director): Email tek@stc koegedk Email tek@stc koege dk Peter Axelsen(translator father): Chris Lathrup (Advisor) Kevin Thom p son ( Advisor ) p () 77 77

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