Preliminary proposal for a historic tour of the Quail Street Neighborhood, Melrose, Florida

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Material Information

Title:
Preliminary proposal for a historic tour of the Quail Street Neighborhood, Melrose, Florida
Physical Description:
72p. : map, photographs.
Language:
English
Creator:
College of Architecure, University of Florida
Publisher:
College of Architecure, University of Florida
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, FL
Publication Date:

Notes

General Note:
AFA HP document 686

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
System ID:
AA00001571:00001

Full Text























A PRELIMINARY PROPOSAL FOR A HISTORIC



TOUR OF THE OUAIL STREET NEIGHBORHnOO



MELROSE











TABLE OF CONTENTS


A BRIEF HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

TOUR MAP

PAINTER-PRESTON HOUSE

ROSE-DOUGHERTY HOUSE

DARLINGTON-BIGELOW HOUSE

ITTNER-COLE HOUSE

SEXTON- WILLIAMS HOUSE

OLD LUTHERAN CHURCH-FORD HOUSE

WATERS-STEVENS HOUSE

BAYVIEW

ITTNER-HOWARD HOUSE

WILLETTS HOUSE

HAMLYN HOUSE

ORR-TRENT HOUSE

CALDWELL-DENNIS HOUSE

HOFFMAN-SMITH HOUSE

VON NOSKY HOUSE

BINGHAM-VANBUSSUM HOUSE

SITE OF OLD HOTEL

MELROSE WOMAN'S CLUB





MELROSE

A BRIEF HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

Like most Central Florida lake communities, Melrose did not begin

to develop until well after the Civil War. Although the Bellamy Road

opened West Florida for settlement lona before the War, it was not until

the 1850's that the first settlers bean to arrive. R,, +* middle 1850's,

tsre were enough settlers in thr Mlrose area that two Baptist Churches

were organized, but there was little concentrated population. After the

'lar which put a halt to virtually all development in the Central Florida

area, large numbers of Northerners were attracted to sunny Florida by

tales of the warm climate and possibilities for accumulating ireat fortunes

through growing citrus. Traveling by steamer and train, they made their way

to Jacksonville and continued down the Bellamy Road to Palatka,Waldn

and eventually Melrose. In 7881, steamer service benan from IWldo, thp end of

the railroad from Jacksonville, to Melrose via Lake Alto and a series of

canals. The first major ri4dence, Bayview, was built in 1877 on the

Southern bank of Melrose Bay and served as the jumpingq off" place for many

Northern settlers who first visited and then settled in the Melrose area.

The steamship line continued to bring in more settlers and also transported

citrus and other crops grown on Melrose farms. Melrose became a resort

for Northern tourists who built large homes for winter residences and

also grew large and valuable citrus crops. The railroad came to Melrose

in 1886 and prosperity boomed because of the arrival of even greater

numbers of Northern tourists and settlers. By 1893, Melrose had become a

thriving small community with several churches, a hotel and a woman's

club.

This growing prosperity continued until the Winter of 1895 when it

was abruptly ended by a series of hard freezes which killed the citrus









and tourist industries and left Melrose and the rest of Northcentral

Florida ,'ith virtually no source of income. In Melroet, .the effects

were realized immediatplv as many of the Northern winter residents and

tourists left and carried the bad news northward. Land and houses sold

at rock-bottom prices and the Hotel and many other businesses wercforced

to close because of the lack of business. Melrose sunk into a depression

fpom which it has never totally recovered.

Train and steamer service continued for awhile, but even these were

eliminated after several years. Melrose had to wait for the coming of

the automobile and the kinds of people wh6would build weekend lake

cottages and summer retreats. It is triu that then are several Northern families

who continue to winter in Melrose and exihit some characteristics of the

style of life that Mpl nP d,,r4no the hnnm vparq. Still, the town is

nothing like it was nor will it probably ever he.

The portion of Melrose that has been selected for this tour is particularly

rich in its relationship to the Melrose that was. The tract of land alonn the

west side of Ouail street was the property associated with the first major

residence, Bayview, and was later sold in smaller parcels to some of the

first settlers during boom times. Likewise, the rest of the neighborhood

bordered by the Bay, State Road 26 and State Road 21 contains most of the

residences of the early settlers and the first business district that was

built around the Melrose Inn. It was this area that most dramatically

felt the effects of the boom development and has survived to nive us some

idea of what the town was like during its more glorious times.


























SnURCES

1. "A Seventy Fifth Birthday or Growinq Old Beautifully", a pamphlet

prepared by Zonira Hunter Tolles for the seventy fifth anniversary of

the Melrose Woman's Club, November 5, 1969

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

3. Yesterday In Florida, by Kennie Howard, Carlton Press inc., New York, 1970
































MAP AND TOUR GUIDF

















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1. PAINTER-PRESTON HOUSE

Located on the west side of Quail Street at the intersection with State

Road 26, This large two story house dates back to 1887. It was designed and

built by Mr. P.O. Jackson for Mr. Albert P. Painter who came to Melrose as

a representative of a passenger carrying steamship line. The Painter

home was the first house to be built on the larne five acre olot that

stretched behind the Lambdin residence, Bayview. When originally built,
the house had an open porch on all four sides. This plan was changed when

the house was remodeled after it was purchased by Mr. Simon Coward in the

early 190Ss. Mr. Coward added a west winq and later built a north winq which

gave the house its first bathroom in 1926. The house remained in Mr. Coward's

hands until 1942 when it was inherited by Mrs. W.O. Preston who is still

in residence. Although the house has undergone several major alterations,

its character as a "cracker" residence is still very much in tact. This

particular style is especially noticable in the interior of the house khich

is arranged in a series of connected rooms such that there is through ventilation

in nearly every space.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. The house in 1887. (Photo courtesy of Mrs. Thelma Preston)

2. The east elevation as it appears today.

3. South elevation.

4. View from front parlour towards rear of house showing onen construction.

5. Parlour fireplace.

6. Stair and entrance hall.




























SOURCES

1. Alachua County Architectural Survey

2. Interview with Mrs. W.O. Preston

3. Yesterday In Florida










































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2. ROSE-DOUGHERTY HOUSE

This modest two story house, located on the west side of Ouail Street

just North of the Painter-Preston House, was built sometime prior to 1900.

It was originally owned by a Mr. Rose who lived in the house until his death

in the early 1900's. His widow lived there until the house was sold to

Mr. Coward who later sold it to Mr. and Mrs. Aldrich. It continued to

change hands until it was bought by the present owners, Mr. and Mrs.

Russell Dougherty.

Over the years, the house has served in a number of different capacities

and was even divided up into 'nartments. As a result, there have been some

alterations, but the house has been partially restored to-ts"orgqinal condition

by the present owners. Although relatively simple on the outside, the house

has a surprisingly ornate interior.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. East elevation

2. Stair and entrance hall.

3. Fireplace in front sitting room.

4. Rear elevation. Note stairs which serve as a possible fire escape

from second story.




























SOURCES

1. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

2. Alachua County Architectural Survey

3. Interview with Mrs. Made Watkins






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3. DARLINGTON-BIGELOW HOUSE

This house, which is located on the W-st side nrf Ouail Street at

the intersection of Pine, was built by a Mr. and Mrs. Darlington, who came to

Melrose in the Fall of 1884. The house was later bought by Miss Fannie

and M;rv Whitcomb and then inherited by their nieces, the Binelow sisters,

one of whom is is residence today.

The house is particularly rich is its ornament and detail. Undoubtedly

the most spectacular aspect of its construction is the "tower" that dominates

the rear elevation. T~e house remains in excellent condition and has not

been altered in any major way.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. Early photograph of south and east elevations. (Photo courtesy Melrose Library)

2. East elevation as it appears today.

3. South Flevation.

4. North elevation

5. Tower detail

6. Deatil of porch. Note the service window at rinht which opens into the kitchen.

7. Dining room. View towards kitchen.

8. Dining room. View towards living room showing fireplace.

9. Living room.

10.Parlour



























SOURCES

1. Interview with Miss Ruth Biaelow

2. Yesterday In Florida

3.Alachua County Survey

4. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney
















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4. ITTNER-COLE HOUSE


Located directly North of the D rlinnton-Bioelow house, this hoinse was

built by Mr. Harry Ittner sometime during the 1880's. Mr. Ittner married

the eldest nTrlinaton daughter, Lillian, and the two built the house and

moved in next door to her parents. The house was inherited by a Mrs. Cole

who is a winter resident. From outside appearances and comparisons with

earlier photographs, it appears that little or no alterations have occurred.

The house remains the ornate and extremely well maintained home that it was

at the time of its completion.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1.Early photograph of east elevation. (Photo courstey of Melrose Library)

2.East elevation as it appears to day.




























SOURCES

1. Yesterday in Florida

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

3. Alachua County Survey






























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5. SEXTON-WILLIAMS HOUSE

This unusual house is located directly North of the Ittner-Cole house

directly opposite the intersection with Pine Street. It was built by a Mr.

Sextnn in 1886. He had spent several years as a sea captain and his preoccupation

with ships and maritime architecture is obviously recognized in the design of

his house. The outstanding characteristic of the house is the strangely

shaped central core. This particular detail is somewhat reflective of

the bridge of a steamboat larger vessel.

The house remained in the Sexton family until the 1960's when it was

sold to a Mr. Kurt who then sold it to its present owners, the Williams.

Despite the fact that the house has changed hands numerous times, it remains

virtually unaltered both inside and out and is certainly one of the most

interesting structures in this or any other part of Alachua County.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. East elevation and entrance.

2. South and east elevations.

3. West elevation.




























SOURCES

1. Alachua County Survey

2. Yesterday In Florida

3. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

























































































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6. OLD LUTHERAN CHURCH-FORD HOUSE

Located directly across the extension of Pine Street from the Sexton-

Williams house, this structure was built by Mr. A.H. Waters in 1897 as a

Lutheran Church. It remained in its capacity as a church, with Mr. Waters

as minister, until 1925 when it was sold as a separate part of the Lambdin

property. At this time, two braves were removed frnm behind the church and

it was remodeled and occupied by Mr. and Mrs. John McCloud. The building

has continued to be used as a family dwelling an- was recently purchased

by Mr. C.A. Ford who is its present resident.

The structure has undergone extensive alterations both inside and out

including the removal of the steeple construction of several interior

partitions. Still, it is a very interesting building, if for no other reason

than the fact that it has been converted into a family dwelling.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. South and east elevations. Note that the building has lost almost all

appearances associated with a country church.




























SOURCES

1. Yesterday In Florida

2. Alachua County Survey

3. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney






























































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7. WATERS-STEVENS HOUSE

This house, which is located directly across Ouail Street from the

Old Lutheran Church, was built by Mr. A.H. '-' rs and served as the

church parsonage. The house has since had numerous residents including

SMrs. W.H. Hamlyn, who lived there in the early iqnn,'. It was bought

by a family anmed Hunt, in 1910, who restored the house and built

a large garden to the North which ran all the way to the edge of Melrose -

Bay. The Hunts lived there until at least 1918, but the house has

since changed hands many times. In 1947, the house was purchased by a

Mister Rose who had achieved fame and fortune through beinq the inventor

of V-8 Juice. Mr. Rose was responsible for substantial amounts of remodeling

and renovations to both the exterior and interior portions of the house.

A northeast bedroom wpt added as well as an enlarged kitchen. Servants

quarters were built next door to the main house on the east side. During these

extensive alterations, the garden was constantly maintained and was in

excellent shape when the property was purchased by Col. and Mrs. Stevens

in the late 1960's. It has remained in their hands since that date.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. 1902 photograph of north and west elevations.(Courtesy of Col. Stevens)

2. North elevation as it appears today. Note extensive alterations and the

abundant garden.

3. South and west elevations.

4. Inscription over front door

5. Interior of living room (part of 1947 addition)

6. Dininn Room with view towards enlarged kitchen

7, StairSnd what used to be the original entrance hall.




























SOURCES

1.Interview with Col. Ralph Stevens

2. Interview with Mrs. Made Watkins

3. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney























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,. BAYVIEW

Bayview, or the Lambdin Home is located directly West of the end of

Quail Street facing the Bay. The land on which the house was built and the

rest of the five acre plot that extends from the Bay alonn the West side of

Quail Street to State Road 26 was purchased by Mr. McKendrie Lambdin from

an earlier settler of Melrose, a Mr. Goodsen, in 18'7L. Mr. Lambdin, who was

an aqent for the railroad, settled his family in two small log cabins

whicdere located very close to the spot that Bayview now stands. The family

decidehto build a more permanent residence and Mr. Lambdin bought a saw

mill which he moved to the Bayside location form somewhere in the nearby woods.

With lumber cut from the large stands of pine that were numerous in the

Melrose area at the time, he built a relatively modest two room house and

kitchen. Completed in 1887, this house, known as Bayview, was Melrose's

second oldest structure. The only older building was the Bonnev place

which was located across the lake and was later purchased and renovated by

Mr. Lambdin. Lambdin continued to operate his sawmill and cuA much of

the lumber for the houses built during the 1880's. Ber-'e of its location

near the steamboat landing and the fact that it was the only major structure

on the South sidcr of the Bay, Bayview served as a kind of "hotel" for most

of those arriving in Melrose during the 1880's and 1890's prior to the

establishment of the Melrose Inn. Mac Lambdin continued building on to

the original three room house and added what was probably one of the first

indoor bathroom in Florida in 1886.

The "Hall" as it was often called, continued to be the center of Melrose

social life well into the 1990's when the Hotel ano Woman's Club were

founded. Bayview, however, continued in its role as one of the most

frequently visited residences because of its proximity '11--==" l the

steamboat landing and the constantly arriving tourists and quests.

After the freeze of 1895, life at Bayview slowed as it did in all









of Melrose. The Lambdins continued to live there until 1925 when they were

forced to sell the property because of the nressures associated with growing

old and operating both Bayview and the Bonney property across the Bay.

The land and house were sold to Mr. and Mrs. C.A. Waters who were looking

for a house with a larne amount of land. It remained in their hands for

several years and then was sold to turpentine interests who used the house

to board some of -t workerss The house was later purchased by a Dr. and

Mrs. Windsor from Abiinaton Mass. In 1946, Mrs. Keenie Howard, daughter

of Mac Lambdin returned to live with the Wymans/,she worked on her history of

Melrose,A'Yesterday In Florida. Through them, Mrs. Howard was able to

reacuire the property,-afd bt is presently in her trust.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. Bayview as it appeared in 1946. (North elevation)

2. Bayview today

3. West elevation.

4. Second story porch.

5. Detail of porch and roof decoration

6. Dinin" room

7. West wing of living room. (Plaster was added in 1886)

8. North wing of living room.

9. Lower portion of main stairway. (The door may be closed to conserve heat)

10. Entrance to service quarters, second floor. (It is rumored that Mr.

Lambdin used this passage and an accompanying stair as a sort of of

secret passage way to get from the upstairs to the dining room.)



























SOURCES

l.Alachua County Survey

2.Yesterday In Florida

3.Interview with Mr. Ernest Howard

4. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney






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9. ITTNER-HOWARD HOUSE

Located directly Northwest of Bayview, house was built and occupied

by Mr. Ittner during the 1880's. It has passed through several different

families since then and has undergone substantial alterations. Oricinallv,

the house was surrounded by an open porch, but this has since been screened

and partially enclosed. The house was, at one time occupied by a Mr.

Whitehead who sold it to a Mr. Rogers. It is at present occupied by

Mrs. Kennie Howard and her husband who a- maintain both this and the

Bayview property,

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. East elevation.

2. North elevation showing partially enclosed porch.

3. Interior of living room and stair.




























SOURCES

1. Interview with Mr. Ernest Howard

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

3. Alachua County Survey























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1 0. WILLETTS HOUSE

Located on the North side of Devonia Street near the intersection with

Quail Street, this house was moved from a location nearer the Bay. It was

built by an Englishman, a Major Willetts, who came to Melrose from New

York during the 1880's. The house was previously located a little more

towards the East and was built with the rear portion extending over the

water. Originally, it was immediately next door to a similar structure

which has lone since disappeared. When he first arrived, Mainr Willetts

purchased all the land along the Bay from Ouai' to Trout Street and it

was he that gave the small strip of land that became Devonia Street and

served as access to the Orr House from Quail Street and Bayview.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. Modern view of south and west elevations.




























SnURCES

1. Yesterday In Florida

2. Alachua County Survey

3. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney
























































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11. HAMLYN HOUSE

heated d directly East of the Willetts house at the intersection of Devonia

and Trout Streets, this larqe two story home dates back to the 1880's.

It was built by Mr. and Mrs. Walter H. Hamlyn who arrived in Melrose during

the Fall of 1884. They did not immediately build a home, but stayed with

the Lambdins at Bayview for a long period of time before actually beqinninn

construction of their own home. nriqinally from Hohokus, New Jersey, the

Hamlyns were son-in-law and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Nathaniel Orr who

owned the house next door. No expense was snared in building this lame

and luxurious home. The house remained the residence of the Hamlyns

and Mr. Hamlyn remained there after his wife's death until at least 1938.

The house has been vacant for periods since then, but has recently been

acquired by a younq couple who are in the process of restoring it. -

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. Early view of sntrth elevation. (courtesy of Mrs. lames Dennis)

2. Early view of north and east elevations. (Photo found in house)

3. Gazebo and boat landing in 1914. (Courtesy Melrose Library)

4. South and east elevations today.

5. North Elevation Today.

6. North and east elevations today.

7. Interior showing Mrs. Hamlyn (Courtesy Melrose Library)

8. Interior showing Mrs. Hamlyn and her sister Mrs. Treadwell. (Melrose Library)

9. Early interior of what is now the dining room. (Mrs. Dennis)

10.Interior of dining room today.

11.Lower stair.

12.Upper stair and hall.

13.Furnace. Steam heat was used to heat many of the houses in this area.

14.Wardrobe. Most of the houses in this area had few, if any closets, and

rekied on wardrobes and other similar furniture for storage of clothes.




























SOURCES

1. Yesterday In Florida

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

3. Interview with Mr. Lyle VanBussum











































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12. ORR-TRENT HOUSE

Located directly East of the Hamlyn house, this house was built by Mr.

and Mrs. Nathaniel Orr in 1884. The house was later inherited by Miss

Bessie Moore who was the National Tennis Champion for three years

during the 1890's. She lived in the house through the 1940's and it

later was purchased by Mr. and Mrs. M.N. Trent who live there today.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. South and west elevations.

2. South and east elevations.

3. West elevation.

4. Stair and entrance hall.




























SOURCES

1. Yesterday In Florida

2. Interview with Mr. M.N. Trent

3. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney








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13. CALDWELL-DENNIS HOUSE

This elaborate house was built by a "r.raldwell prior to 19q0. Trh

house had almost always been surrounded by o)anne trees and continued to

show evidence of citrus even after the freeze in 1q95. Although little

is known about the occupants w'ho lived in t-P house after the raldwells,

it seems to have served a number of di"'erent residents in variev of

functions because of the almost unbelievable changes in anoearanc, that

have resulted over the years. Surnrisinnly enough, thr elaborate roof

structure is no longer accessih,;
The house is presently occupied by Mr. and Mrs. lames Dennis.

LIST OF PHnTnGPAPHS (In all these photographs note the many alterations)

1. Early view of west elevation (front) from Iest. (Melrose Library)

2. Early view o' west elevation from North. (Melrose I.ibrarv)

3. Early view of west and north elevations. ("elrose I ihrary)

4. North elevation t*~d v.

5. Early virvw of west elevation from !West. (Mrs. tennis)

6. Early view of west elevation from South. ("rs.n'nnis)

7. West elevation today from South.

8. Early view of east elevation.(Mrs. tennis)

9. Early view of South elevation.(Mrs. tennis)

10. South elevation today.





























SOURCES

1. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

2. Interview with Mrs.James Dennis







































































































































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14. HFFMAN-SMITH HOUSF

Located on the corner of Devonia and Hamptnn Streets, this larae

two st-v house was built in 190. Tt wis owne4 hby r. C.P. Hoffman who

came to Melrose from Philadelphia who named the house "The Abbey" and

erected a large siqn on the Devonia Street side. Mr. H ffman was involved

with the Hotel for a number of years and then operated a boarding house.

The house is presently occupied by a Mr. and Mrs. Smith.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. East elevation (front)

2. North and east elevations.

3. Downstairs parlour.

4. Stair and entrance hall.




























SnURCES

1. Interview with Mrs. Maude Watkins

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

3. Yesterday In Florida













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15. VON NOSKY HOUSE

Located on the Northwest corner of the intersection of Pine and Hampton

Streets, this house was built by a Mr. Von Nosky who was rumored to be a

Baron. Von Nosky was a close friend of Gen -al Earle's from Mississioni

and came to Melrose at his invitation. Von Nosky was fairly active in community

affairs and is known to have served as a justice of the peace.

Although the house has been extensively remodeled on both the outside

and interior, it still retains much of its original character with

much of the original porch remaining.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1. East elevation (front)




























SOURCES

1. Yesterday In Florida

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney

3. Interview with Mr. Maude Wattins






















































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16. BINGHAM-VANPI'SSUM HOUSE

Located at the North end of Centre Street, this house wac built in

1897 by a Dr. Bingham who ran a drug store across from the Hotel. It was

later bought by a Mrs. Remmel who extensively remodeled the house into

the large structure that it is today. After she died, after 1918, kVi/y-

was purchased by a Mr. Pearsall whc converted it into a large boarding

house that was managed by several different people during the 1930's and

1940's. It is presently owned by Mr. and Mrs. Lyle VanBussum who use

the building as a private residence.

LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS

1.1886 photograph showing south and east elevations. (Melrose Library)

2.South and east elevations today.

3.As a hotel during the 1930's. (Melrose Library)

4.Entrance (east elevation) as it appears today.

5.West elevation.

6.Servants' quarters.

7.Dining room (at one time hotel lobby) Note arched construction.

8.Enclosed back porch.

9.Stair and entrance hall.

10.Upstairs hall. (again note arched construction)




























SOURCES

1. Interview with Mr. Lyle VanBussum

2. Yesterday In Florida

3. Interview with Mr Ernest Whitney

















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17. SITE OF OLD HOTEL

The block bordered by Pine,Centre, Park and Cypress Streets was the

site of the Melrose Inn which was founded by Mr. John McCrae in 1884-1885.

The large building became the center of the commercial district and boarded

large numbers of Northern tourists. The Inn was managed by a Mr. and Mrs.

Farrar from Europe. Its opening in 1885 attracted state wide attention

and provideawhat was undoubtedly the greatest social event in Melrose

history. In 1889, Mr. and Mrs. John Wolfe came to Melros- from Philadelphia

and took over management of the Inn making many improvements in the

accomdations. The Inn remained a very prosperous operation until the/

Freeze of 1895 when it had to close. Shortly after the turn of the

Century, a military college was started in the Inn by a Professor Looney.

The college remained in operation on the premises until the building

burned in 1905 when a fire started in a storeroom. The site has

remained vacant since that date.

LIST OF PHnTOGRAPHS

1. Melrose Inn. (Melrose Library)





























SOURCES

1. Yesterday In Florida

2. Interview with Mr. Ernest Whitney