Professors Tate, Reeves, Shepherd
Floyd Hall ie--fee-stated-with wood windows, me&o-otf
them being large double-hung units. Having been built
early this century- in the days before flourescent
lighting and air conditioning systems, it was custom-
ary for a building like Floyd Hall to be designed with
the inclusion of such windows. Generous amounts of
natural lighting and ventilation for the classrooms,
exhibit space and other original functions of the col-
lege of agriculture were thus assured.
The building has, in addition to the double hung units,
casement windows, horizontal pivot windows, and at least
one original fixed window; a brief description of each
type is presented here. As "double hung" denotes, there
are two sliding sash in each unit. Either sash could be
opened or closed by moving the sash vertically in grooves
or tracks in the jambs of the wood frame. The sash are
counterweighted with ashe weights waeh-wo�I-d hold the
sash where it was positioned. The window unit, including
sash, jamb, sill and top frame members was set into the
masonry opening and anchored with the necessary wood sub-
framing between the masonry and the window frame. Le
casement windows of Floyd Hall have a sash which.is hinged
to the frame at one side, onthe rail or stile, to permit
it to swing outward. The horizontal pivot windows of the
building have pivot joints at the midpoints of both
jambs wh-ith hold the sash and allow it to swing out.
The single original exterior window o-f-the building
w.1ih-has-a~--ixe.d-sash had the sash permanently fixed
in the frame ;-te.-the -s-ash--is fully encased. 4ettars-
1-y, At the time Floyd Hall was constructed the term
"casement window" also frequently referred to a fixed
window. The casement and fixed:window units were in-
stalled in their masonry openings in a manner similar
to the double hung units. It should be noted..that the
only interior windows in the building (exclusive of
door transoms) are a group of three fixed units, each
approximately 3'-0" X 6'-0" in size, located in a wall
dividing a classroom and an.adjoining room.
As mentioned abov4e,-the large double hung units are
present throughout the building in the medium and large ,
rooms; theee-a-typ~e .ats measuring 4'-0" X 7'-
10". !,he 'asement windows are placed in groups of
three, each 2'-4" X 7'-10", over the east, north and
south entries, with a second group of three centered in
the gable wall above, consisting of a 2'-6" X 4'-10"
center unit and 1'-2" X 4'-10" side units. A horizontal
pivot window o-d4~me-nsions- 2'-8" X 3'-11" is located in
each third floor dormer. The single original fixed
window, measuring 3'-6" X 3'-8", is found over an exter-
ior entry in the west wall. In all the windows, the
sash rail and stile thickness is usually 1 3/4".'
The windows of Floyd Hall are generally in rather poor
condition. Rotten and deteriorated frame, stiles and
rails can be found; broken counterweight cords are com-
mon. Sash pull handles, locking hardware, operating
handles and mechanisms on casement ad pivot units are
broken or missing on a large number 46 the units.
Cracked or broken glass is present in numerous places;
glazing putty is hardened and cracked. The fit between
sash and frames is worn and leaky. In addition, some
units have been altered to accept an air conditioning \ . .....
1rtt sash has been nailed shut in many of the double
hung and pivoting windows, and windows have been cover-
ed with plywood from the inside, especially on the first
floor. This presumably was done by the university when
use of the building was discontinued. These alterations
have further damaged the units or have degraded their
Due to their condition in general and the alterations
made to them, all windows should be removed and replaced
with new units if a comprehensive restoration or adapt-
ive use project is, g&n~--t ake_-p-laa-e-for Floyd Halil.
Other reasons peiS -to t -d-or~t a general window
replacement are the lack of energy efficiency in the
windows, compared with a modern unit. A prospective
replacement window would be a metal unit, double glazed
and either single hung or double hung, which will match
the appearance of the original units by color, number of
lites, and so on. The casement and pivot units would
likely be replaced with single or double hung units.
Replacement of original windows with new metal units
has been carried out in other University buildings, not-
ably Flynt and Peabody Halls. One disappointment in those
replacement windows is the flat muntin inserts. Ideally,
the new window should replicate as much as possible the
original appearance of the wood units.
An alternative to the removal and replacement of all the
units is to salvage as many of the large double hung units
as possible, with the objective of getting enough good
units to install in either the north wall or south wall
of the building, or both. New windows would be installed
in the east and west walls as described above.
Instead of metal windows, wood replacement units could be
used if a strict exterior restoration philosophy is going
to be adhered to. However, it seems desirable to follow
what was done in the other historic buildings and use metal
units in the name of consistency.