Report on the status of United States efforts in the global war on terrorism

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Material Information

Title:
Report on the status of United States efforts in the global war on terrorism communication from the President of the United States transmitting a report, consistent with the War Powers resolution and Public Law 107-243 and Public Law 102-1, to help ensure that Congress is kept informed on the status of United States efforts in the global war on terrorism
Series Title:
House document / 108th Congress, 2d session ;
Physical Description:
1 online resource (4 p.) : ;
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- President (2001-2009 : Bush)
Bush, George W ( George Walker ), 1946-
United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on International Relations
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
War on Terrorism, 2001-2009   ( lcsh )
Terrorism -- Prevention -- International cooperation   ( lcsh )
Guerre contre le terrorisme (2001-2009)   ( ram )
Terrorisme -- Lutte contre -- Coopération internationale   ( ram )
Armed Forces -- United States -- Kosovo (Republic)   ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- United States -- Bosnia and Hercegovina   ( lcsh )
Armed Forces -- United States -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Forces armées -- États-Unis -- Kosovo   ( ram )
Forces armées -- États-Unis -- Bosnie-Herzégovine   ( ram )
Forces armées -- États-Unis -- Haïti   ( ram )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

System Details:
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
General Note:
"Referred to the Committee on International Relations."
General Note:
"March 23, 2004."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Columbia Law Library
Holding Location:
Columbia Law Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 679997038
Classification:
lcc - HV6431 .U85 2004
ddc - 348.01
System ID:
AA00001360:00001


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108th Congress, 2d Session - - - House Document 108-175

COLUMBIA LAW SCHOOL LIBRARY


3 5005 01259 6452


REPORT ON THE STATUS OF UNITED STATES
EFFORTS IN THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM





COMMUNICATION

FROM

THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

TRANSMITTING

A REPORT, CONSISTENT WITH THE WAR POWERS RESOLUTION
AND PUBLIC LAW 107-243 AND PUBLIC LAW 102-1, TO HELP EN-
SURE THAT THE CONGRESS IS KEPT INFORMED ON THE STA-
TUS OF UNITED STATES EFFORTS IN THE GLOBAL WAR ON
TERRORISM


5nd l 1
SIPA2
Vert File


COLUMBIA UNIVEiS,
LAW LIBRARy


APR 3 0 2004

U.S. DEPOSITORY
copy


MARCH 23, 2004.-Referred to the Committee on International Relations
and ordered to be printed


29-011


U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 2004












THE WHITE HOUSE,
Washington, March 20, 2004.
Hon. J. DENNIS HASTERT,
Speaker of the House of Representatives, Washington, DC.
DEAR MR. SPEAKER: In the interests of improving the efficiency
of the reporting process and to increase the utility of reports to the
Congress, consistent with the War Powers Resolution, I have de-
cided to consolidate supplemental reports I provide to the Congress
regarding the deployment of U.S. combat-equipped armed forces in
a number of locations around the world. This consolidated report
is part of my efforts to keep the Congress informed about such de-
ployments and covers operations in support of the global war on
terrorism (including in Afghanistan), Kosovo, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, and Haiti. Operations in Iraq are a critical part of the
war on terror, and it is my intention to continue to provide, con-
sistent with the War Powers Resolution, information regarding the
deployment of U.S. forces in Iraq in the reports to the Congress
under Public Law 107-243 and Public Law 102-1, as amended.
THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM
Since September 24, 2001, I have reported, consistent with Pub-
lic Law 107-40 and the War Powers Resolution, on the combat op-
erations in Afghanistan against al-Qaida terrorists and their
Taliban supporters, which began on October 7, 2001, and the de-
ployment of various combat-equipped and combat-support forces to
a number of locations in the Central, Pacific, and Southern Com-
mand areas of operation in support of those operations and of other
operations in our global war on terrorism.
United States efforts in the campaign in Afghanistan continue to
meet with success, but as I have stated in my previous reports, the
U.S. war on terror will be lengthy. United States Armed Forces,
with the assistance of numerous coalition partners, continue to con-
duct the U.S. campaign to eliminate the primary source of support
to the terrorists who viciously attacked our Nation on September
11, 2001. These operations have been successful in seriously de-
grading al-Qaida's training capability and virtually eliminating the
Taliban's ability to brutalize the Afghan people and to harbor and
support terrorists. Pockets of al-Qaida and Taliban forces, however,
remain a threat to U.S. and Coalition forces and to the Afghan gov-
ernment and Afghan people. United States, Coalition, and Afghan
forces are actively pursuing and engaging remnant Taliban and al-
Qaida fighters.
The United States continues to detain several hundred al-Qaida
and Taliban fighters who are believed to pose a continuing threat
to the United States and its interests. The combat-equipped and
combat-support forces deployed to Naval Base, Guantanamo Bay,
Cuba, in the U.S. Southern Command area of operations since Jan-








uary 2002, continue to conduct secure detention operations for the
approximately 610 enemy combatants at Guantanamo Bay.
In furtherance of the U.S. worldwide efforts against terrorists
who pose a continuing and imminent threat to the United States,
our friends and allies, and our forces abroad, the United States
continues to work with friends and allies in areas around the globe.
For example, combat-equipped and combat-support forces deployed
to Georgia to assist in training and equipping the Georgian govern-
ment's forces will be completing their task in May 2004. United
States combat-equipped and combat-support forces are also located
in Djibouti. The U.S. forces headquarters element in Djibouti pro-
vides command and control support as necessary for military oper-
ations against al-Qaida and other international terrorists in the
Horn of Africa region, including Yemen. These forces also assist in
enhancing counterterrorism capabilities in Kenya, Ethiopia,
Yemen, Eritrea, and Djibouti. The United States is engaged in a
continuous process of assessing options for working with other na-
tions to assist them in this respect.
Additionally, the United States continues to conduct maritime
interception operations on the high seas in the U.S. Central, Euro-
pean, and Pacific Command areas of responsibility. These maritime
operations have recently expanded into the U.S. Southern and
Northern Command areas of responsibility to stop the movement,
arming, or financing of international terrorists.
It is not possible to know at this time either the duration of com-
bat operations or the scope and duration of the deployment of U.S.
Armed Forces necessary to counter the terrorist threat to the
United States. I will direct additional measures as necessary in the
exercise of the U.S. right to self-defense and to protect U.S. citizens
and interests. Such measures may include short-notice deploy-
ments of special operations and other forces for sensitive operations
in various locations throughout the world.
NATO-LED KOSOVO FORCE (KFOR)
As noted in previous reports regarding U.S. contributions in sup-
port of peacekeeping efforts in Kosovo, most recently on November
14, 2003, the U.N. Security Council authorized member states to
establish KFOR in U.N. Security Council Resolution 1244 of June
10, 1999. The mission of KFOR is to provide an international secu-
rity presence in order to deter renewed hostilities; verify, and, if
necessary, enforce the terms of the Military Technical Agreement
between NATO and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (which is
now Serbia and Montenegro); enforce the terms of the Undertaking
on Demilitarization and Transformation of the former Kosovo Lib-
eration Army; provide day-to-day operational direction to the
Kosovo Protection Corps; and maintain a safe and secure environ-
ment to facilitate the work of the U.N. Interim Administration Mis-
sion in Kosovo (UNMIK).
Currently, there are 18 NATO nations contributing to KFOR in
addition to the 18 non-NATO nations that provide forces. The U.S.
contribution to KFOR in Kosovo is about 1,900 U.S. military per-
sonnel, or approximately 11 percent of KFOR's total strength of ap-
proximately 17,500 personnel. Additionally, U.S. military personnel
occasionally operate from Macedonia, Albania, and Greece in sup-








port for KFOR operations. Eighteen non-NATO contributing coun-
tries also participate with NATO forces in providing military per-
sonnel and other support personnel to KFOR.
The U.S. forces have been assigned to a sector principally cen-
tered around Gnjilane in the eastern region of Kosovo. For U.S.
KFOR forces, as for KFOR generally, maintaining a safe and se-
cure environment remains the primary military task. The KFOR
operates under NATO command and control and rules of engage-
ment. The KFOR coordinates with and supports UNMIK at most
levels, provides a security presence in towns, villages, and the
countryside, and organizes checkpoints and patrols in key areas to
provide security, protect minorities, resolve disputes, and help in-
still in the community a feeling of confidence. By the end of 2003,
UNMIK had transferred all non-reserved competencies under the
Constitutional Framework document to the Kosovar Provisional In-
stitutions of Self-Government (PISG). The PISG includes the Presi-
dent, Prime Minister, and Kosovo Assembly, and has been in place
since March 2002.
NATO continues formally to review KFOR's mission at 6-month
intervals. These reviews provide a basis for assessing current force
levels, future requirements, force structure, force reductions, and
the eventual withdrawal of KFOR. NATO has adopted the Joint
Operations Area plan to regionalize and rationalize its force struc-
ture in the Balkans. The KFOR has transferred full responsibility
for public safety and policing to the UNMIK international and local
police forces throughout Kosovo except in the area of Mitrovica,
where the responsibility is shared due to security concerns. The
UNMIK international police and local police forces have also begun
to assume responsibility for guarding patrimonial sites and estab-
lished border-crossing checkpoints.
NATO-LED STABILIZATION FORCE IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (SFOR)
As noted in previous reports regarding U.S. contributions in sup-
port of peacekeeping efforts in the former Yugoslavia, most recently
on January 22, 2004, the U.N. Security Council authorized member
states t6 continue SFOR for a period of 12 months in U.N. Security
Council Resolution 1491 of July 11, 2003. The mission of SFOR is
to provide a focused military presence in order to deter hostilities,
stabilize and consolidate the peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, con-
tribute to a secure environment, and perform key supporting tasks
including support to the international civil presence in Bosnia and
Herzegovina.
The U.S. force contribution to SFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina
is about 1,100 personnel. United States personnel comprise ap-
proximately 9 percent of the approximately 12,000 personnel as-
signed to SFOR. NATO has agreed to reduce the size of the force
to 7,000 personnel by June 2004. United States participation is ex-
pected to be reduced proportionately. Currently, 16 NATO nations
and 11 others provide military personnel or other support to SFOR.
Most U.S. forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina are assigned to Multi-
national Brigade, North headquartered near the city of Tuzla. The
U.S. forces continue to support SFOR efforts to apprehend persons
indicted for war crimes and to conduct counterterrorism operations.







MULTINATIONAL INTERIM FORCE IN HAITI
As I reported on February 25 and March 2, 2004, the United
States deployed combat-equipped and combat-support personnel to
Haiti in order to secure key facilities, facilitate the continued repa-
triation of Haitian migrants, help create conditions in the capital
for the anticipated arrival of the Multinational Interim Force au-
thorized by U.N. Security Council Resolution 1529, and for other
purposes consistent with Resolution 1529. Additional U.S. forces
have since been deployed to Haiti, bringing the total of U.S. com-
bat-equipped and combat-support forces in Haiti to approximately
1,800. It is possible that additional U.S. forces will be deployed to
Haiti in the future; however, it is anticipated that U.S. forces will
redeploy when the Multinational Interim Force has transitioned to
a follow-on United Nations Stabilization Force.
I have directed the participation of U.S. Armed Forces in all of
these operations pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct
U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Exec-
utive. Officials of my Administration and I communicate regularly
with the leadership and other members of Congress with regard to
these deployments, and we will continue to do so.
Sincerely,
GEORGE W. BUSH.