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Social Investment and Economic Development Fund for the Americas Act of 2005; acknowledging African descendants of the t...
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Title: Social Investment and Economic Development Fund for the Americas Act of 2005; acknowledging African descendants of the transatlantic slave trade in all of the Americas with an emphasis on descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean, and for other purposes; and Haiti Economic and Infrastructure Reconstruction Act markup before the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, on H.R. 953, H.Con. Res. 175 and H.R. 611, June 29, 2005
Physical Description: 1 online resource (iii, 52 p.) : ;
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on International Relations. -- Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere
Publisher: U.S. G.P.O. :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication: Washington
Publication Date: 2006
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Economic development projects -- Finance -- Western Hemisphere   ( lcsh )
Social institutions -- Western Hemisphere   ( lcsh )
Slavery -- Latin America   ( lcsh )
Blacks -- Economic conditions -- Latin America   ( lcsh )
Economic assistance, American -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Développement économique -- Projets -- Finances -- Amérique   ( ram )
Institutions sociales -- Amérique   ( ram )
Esclavage -- Amérique latine   ( ram )
Noirs -- Conditions économiques -- Amérique latine   ( ram )
Aide économique américaine -- Haïti   ( ram )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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System Details: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
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General Note: "Serial no. 109-106."
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COLUMBIA LAW SCHOOL LIBRARY
*||11111 111111 || ND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR
3 5005 01308 540Y r OF 2005; ACKNOWLEDGING AFRICAN
ur.%Lulmailnl ur rHE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE IN
ALL OF THE AMERICAS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON DESCEND-
ANTS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN, AND FOR
OTHER PURPOSES; AND HAITI ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUC-
TURE RECONSTRUCTION ACT


MARKUP
BEFORE THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON
THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
OF THE


AP?
U.. s.po 06
OpyC 170Ci


COMMITTEE ON

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
ONE HUNDRED NINTH CONGRESS
FIRST SESSION
ON
H.R. 953, H. Con. Res. 175 and H.R. 611


JUNE 29, 2005

Serial No. 109-106


Printed for the use of the Committee on International Relations
4th Floor
KF
27
. 15499
2005e ible via the World Wide Web: http://www.house.gov/internationalrelations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE


WASHINGTON : 2006


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800
Fax: (202) 512-2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001


22-260PDF











COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois, Chairman


JAMES A. LEACH, Iowa
CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey,
Vice Chairman
DAN BURTON, Indiana
ELTON GALLEGLY, California
ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida
DANA ROHRABACHER, California
EDWARD R. ROYCE, California
PETER T. KING, New York
STEVE CHABOT, Ohio
THOMAS G. TANCREDO, Colorado
RON PAUL, Texas
DARRELL ISSA, California
JEFF FLAKE, Arizona
JO ANN DAVIS, Virginia
MARK GREEN, Wisconsin
JERRY WELLER, Illinois
MIKE PENCE, Indiana
THADDEUS G. McCOTTER, Michigan
KATHERINE HARRIS, Florida
JOE WILSON, South Carolina
JOHN BOOZMAN, Arkansas
J. GRESHAM BARRETT, South Carolina
CONNIE MACK, Florida
JEFF FORTENBERRY, Nebraska
MICHAEL McCAUL, Texas
TED POE, Texas


TOM LANTOS, California
HOWARD L. BERMAN, California
GARY L. ACKERMAN, New York
ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American
Samoa
DONALD M. PAYNE, New Jersey
ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey
SHERROD BROWN, Ohio
BRAD SHERMAN, California
ROBERT WEXLER, Florida
ELIOT L. ENGEL, New York
WILLIAM D. DELAHUNT, Massachusetts
GREGORY W. MEEKS, New York
BARBARA LEE, California
JOSEPH CROWLEY, New York
EARL BLUMENAUER, Oregon
SHELLEY BERKLEY, Nevada
GRACE F. NAPOLITANO, California
ADAM B. SCHIFF, California
DIANE E. WATSON, California
ADAM SMITH, Washington
BETTY McCOLLUM, Minnesota
BEN CHANDLER, Kentucky
DENNIS A. CARDOZA, California


THOMAS E. MOONEY, SR., Staff Director/General Counsel
ROBERT R. KING, Democratic Staff Director


SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE

DAN BURTON, Indiana, Chairman
RON PAUL, Texas ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey
JERRY WELLER, Illinois, Vice Chairman GRACE NAPOLITANO, California
KATHERINE HARRIS, Florida GREGORY W. MEEKS, New York
JAMES A. LEACH, Iowa ENI F.H. FALEOMAVAEGA, American
CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH, New Jersey Samoa
ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida DONALD M. PAYNE, New Jersey
CONNIE MACK, Florida WILLIAM D. DELAHUNT, Massachusetts
MICHAEL McCAUL, Texas BARBARA LEE, California
MARK WALKER, Subcommittee Staff Director
JESSICA LEWIS, Democratic Professional Staff Member
h[ U .t : I,~i~ DAN S. GETZ, Professional Staff Member
BRIAN WANKO, Staff Associate


Dco C













CONTENTS

Page

MARKUP OF
H.R. 953, To authorize the establishment of a Social Investment and Eco-
nomic Development Fund for the Americas to provide assistance to reduce
poverty and foster increased economic opportunity in the countries of the
Western Hemisphere, and for other purposes .............................................. 2
H. Con. Res. 175, Acknowledging African descendants of the transatlantic
slave trade in all of the Americas with an emphasis on descendants in
Latin America and the Caribbean, recognizing the injustices suffered by
these African descendants, and recommending that the United States and
the international community work to improve the situation of Afro-descend-
ant communities in Latin America and the Caribbean .................................. 23
H.R. 611, To authorize the establishment of a program to provide economic
and infrastructure reconstruction assistance to the Republic of Haiti, and
for other purposes ........................................................................................... 32
Amendments to H.R. 611 offered by the Honorable Gregory W. Meeks,
a Representative in Congress from the State of New York ........................ 43
Amendment to H.R. 611 offered by the Honorable Barbara Lee, a Rep-
resentative in Congress from the State of California .................................. 47


(III)











SOCIAL INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND
FOR THE AMERICAS ACT OF 2005; ACKNOWLEDGING AFRI-
CAN DESCENDANTS OF THE TRANSATLANTIC SLAVE
TRADE IN ALL OF THE AMERICAS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON
DESCENDANTS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN,
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES; AND HAITI ECONOMIC AND
INFRASTRUCTURE RECONSTRUCTION ACT


WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 2005

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE,
COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,
Washington, DC.
The Subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 2:45 p.m. in room
2200, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Dan Burton (Chairman
of the Subcommittee) presiding.
Mr. BURTON. After the brief delay, the Committee will now come
to order. Pursuant to notice, I call up the bill, H.R. 953, Social In-
vestment and Economic Development Fund for the Americas Act of
2005, for purposes of markup and move its recommendation to the
Full Committee, and without objection, the bill will be considered
as read and open for amendment at any point, and I will invite my
good friend and Ranking Member, Bob Menendez, to speak on the
merits of this important measure that he has introduced.
[H.R. 953 follows:]














109TH CONGRESS
1sT SEio H .O


To authorize the establishment of a Social Investment and Economic Develop-
ment Fund for the Americas to provide assistance to reduce poverty
and foster increased economic opportunity in the countries of the Western
Hemisphere, and for other purposes.





IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

FEBRUARY 17, 2005
Air. MENENDEZ (for himself, Mr. BURTON of Indiana, Mr. LANTOS, ls. Ros-
LEIITINEN, Mr. )EIAIUNT, Mrs. NAPOLITANO, IMs. IARRIS, Mr. MEEKS
of New York, Mr. PAYNE, Ms. LEE, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. ACKEIMXIN, Mr.
SIIERMIAN, Mr. WEXLER, Mr. ENGEL, Mr. CROWLEY, Ms. CORRINE
BROWN of Florida, Mr. GONZALEZ, Mr. RUSH, Mr. MCGOVERN, Mr.
GUTIERIEZ, Mr. ItRNGEL, Mr. OWENS, Mr. SERRINO, Mr. REYES, Mr.
HASTINGS of Florida, Mrs. CIIRISTENSEN, Ms. VEI&ZQUEZ, ,Ms. LINDA
T. SANCHEZ of California, and Mr. BACA) introduced the following bill;
which was referred to the Committee on International Relations, and in
addition to the Committee on Financial Services, for a period to be subse-
quently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such
provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned





A BILL

To authorize the establishment of a Social Investment and
Economic Development Fund for the Americas to provide
assistance to reduce poverty and foster increased eco-
nomic opportunity in the countries of the Western IIcmi-
sphere, and for other purposes.

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 tives of the United States ofAmerica in Congress assembled,







2
1 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

2 This Act may be cited as the "Social Investment and

3 Economic Development Fund for the Americas Act of

4 2005".

5 SEC. 2. FINDINGS; STATEMENT OF POLICY.

6 (a) FINDINGS.-Congress finds the following:

7 (1) The historic economic, political, cultural,

8 and geographic relationships among the countries of

9 the Western Hemisphere are unique and of con-

10 tinuing special significance to the United States.

11 (2) The interests of the countries of the West-

12 crn Hemisphere are more interrelated today than

13 ever before. Consequently, sound economic, social,

14 and democratic progress in each of the countries

15 continues to benefit other countries, and lack of it

16 in any country may have serious repercussions in

17 others.

18 (3) Following the historic Summits of the

19 Americas--the 1994 Summit in Miami, the 1998

20 Summit in Santiago, Chile, and the 2001 Summit in

21 Quebec City, Canada-the heads of state of the

22 countries of the Western Hemisphere accepted the

23 formidable challenge of economic and social integra-

24 tion in and between their respective countries.

25 (4) To make progress toward economic and so-

26 cial integration, there is a compelling need to focus
*HR 953 II








3
1 on the social development of the people of the Amer-

2 icas which, in turn, will promote the economic and

3 political development of the region.

4 (5) Investment in social development in the

5 Americas, including investment in human and social

6 capital, specifically in education, health, housing,

7 and labor markets with the goal of combating social

8 exclusion and social ills, will consolidate political de-

9 mocracy and the rule of law and promote regional

10 economic integration and trade in the region.

11 (6) The challenge of achieving economic inte-

12 gration between one of the world's most developed

13 economies and some of the poorest and most vulner-

14 able countries requires a special effort to promote

15 social equality, develop skills, and modernize the in-

16 frastructure in poorer countries that will enable the

17 people of these countries to maximize the amount of

18 benefits accrued from economic integration.

19 (7) The particular challenge facing social and

20 economic development in Latin America is the his-

21 toric and persistent highly unequal distribution of

22 wealth. Latin America suffers from the most un-

23 equal distribution of wealth in the world with huge

24 inequities in the distribution of assets including edu-

25 cation, land, and credit.


*HR 953 IH








4
1 (8) Latin America also confronts the challenge

2 of an increasing number of poor people. Approxi-

3 mately 44 percent of the population lives in poverty

4 and extreme poverty is a persistent problem.

5 (9) \larginalized groups, including indigenous

6 populations, people of African descent, women, peo-

7 pie with disabilities, and rural populations, are so-

8 cially excluded and suffer from poverty, stigma, and

9 discrimination.

10 (10) Democratic values are dominant through-

11 out the Americas, and nearly all governments in the

12 region have come to power through democratic elec-

13 tions.

14 (11) Nonetheless, existing democratic govern-

15 ments and their constituent institutions remain frag-

16 ile and face critical challenges including effective

17 democratic civilian authority over these institutions,

18 including the military, the consolidation or establish-

19 ment of independent judicial institutions and the

20 rule of law, and the elimination of corruption.

21 (12) The prosperity, security, and well-being of

22 the United States is linked directly to peace, pros-

23 perity, and democracy in the Americas. The entire

24 region benefits by reducing poverty, strengthening

25 the middle class, and promoting the rule of law


*HR 953 IH








5
1 which will also increase markets for United States

2 goods and create a better environment for regional

3 investment by United States businesses.

4 (13) Section 101 of the Foreign Assistance Act

5 of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151) establishes as a principal

6 objective of United States foreign assistance the

7 "encouragement and sustained support of the people

8 of developing countries in their efforts to acquire the

9 knowledge and resources essential to development

10 and to build the economic, political, and social insti-

11 tutions which will improve the quality of their lives".

12 (14) It is in the national interests of the United

13 States to assist developing countries in the Western

14 Hemisphere as they implement the economic and po-

15 litical policies which are necessary to achieve equi-

16 table economic growth.

17 (15) The Summit of the Americas has directly

18 charged the multilateral institutions of the Americas,

19 including the Organization of American States

20 (OAS), the Inter-American Development Bank

21 (IADB), and the new Inter-American Agency for Co-

22 operation and Development with mobilizing private-

23 public sector partnerships among industry and civil

24 society to help achieve equitable development objee-

25 ties.


*HR 953 IH







6
1 (16) By supporting the purposes and objectives

2 of development and applying such purposes and ob-

3 jectives to the Americas, a Social Investment and

4 Economic Development Fund for the Americas can

5 advance the national interests of the United States

6 and can directly improve the lives of the poor and

7 marginalized groups, encourage broad-based eco-

8 nomic growth while protecting the environment,

9 build human capital and knowledge, support mean-

10 ingful participation in democracy, and promote

11 peace and justice in the Americas.

12 (b) STATEMENT OF PLICY.-It is, therefore, the

13 policy of the United States-

14 (1) to promote market-based principles, eco-

15 nomic integration, social development, and trade in

16 and between countries of the Americas by-

17 (A) nurturing public-private partnerships

18 and microenterprise development;

19 (B) improving the quality of life and in-

20 vesting in human capital, specifically targeting

21 education, health and disease prevention, and

22 housing;

23 (C) strengthening the rule of law through

24 improved efficiency and transparency in govern-

25 ment services; and


*HR 953 IH







7
1 (D) reducing poverty and eliminating the

2 exclusion of marginalized populations, including

3 people of African descent, indigenous groups,

4 women, and people with disabilities; and

5 (2) to establish an investment fund for the

6 Western Hemisphere to advance the national inter-

7 ests of the United States, directly improve the lives

8 of the poor and marginalized, encourage broad-based

9 economic growth while protecting the environment,

10 build human capital and knowledge, support mean-

11 ingful participation in democratic institutions and

12 processes, and promote peace and justice in the

13 Americas.

14 SEC. 3. AMENDMENT TO FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF

15 1961.

16 Part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22

17 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end

18 the following:

19 "CHAPTER 13-SOCIAL INVESTMENT AND

20 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR

21 THE AMERICAS

22 "SEC. 499H. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

23 "(a) IN GENERAL.-The President, acting through

24 the Administrator of the United States Agency for Inter-

25 national Development, shall provide assistance to reduce


*HR 953 IH







8
1 poverty and foster increased economic opportunity in the

2 countries of the Western Hemisphere by-

3 "(1) nurturing public-private partnerships and

4 microenterprise development;

5 "(2) improving the quality of life and investing

6 in human capital, specifically targeting education,

7 health and disease prevention, and housing;

8 "(3) strengthening the rule of law through im-

9 proved efficiency and transparency in government

10 services; and

11 "(4) reducing poverty and eliminating the ex-

12 delusion of marginalized populations, including people

13 of African descent, indigenous groups, women, and

14 people with disabilities.

15 "(b) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.-Assistance under

16 this chapter may be provided on such other terms and con-

17 editions as the President may determine.

18 "SEC. 4991. TECHNICAL REVIEW COMMITTEE.

19 "(a) IN GENER AL.-There is established within the

20 United States Agency for International Development a

21 technical review committee.

22 "(b) MEMBERSHIP.-The President, by and with the

23 advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint to serve

24 on the technical review committee-


*HR 953 IH







9
1 "(1) individuals with technical expertise with

2 respect to the development of Latin America and the

3 Caribbean; and

4 "(2) citizens of the United States with technical

5 expertise with respect to development projects and

6 business experience.

7 Technical expertise shall be the sole criterion in making

8 appointments to the technical review committee.

9 "(c) DUTIEs.-The technical review committee shall

10 review all projects proposed for funding using assistance

11 provided under section 499II(a), and make recommenda-

12 tions to the President with respect to the guidelines to

13 be used in evaluating project proposals and the suitability

14 of the proposed projects for funding.

15 "(d) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.-A member of the

16 technical review committee shall not be permitted to re-

17 view an application submitted by an organization with

18 which the member has been or is affiliated.

19 "SEC. 499J. REPORT.

20 "The President shall prepare and transmit to the

21 Committee on International Relations of the House of

22 Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of

23 the Senate, and other appropriate congressional commit-

24 tees an annual report on tile specific programs, projects,

25 and activities carried out under this chapter during the


*HR 953 IH







10
1 preceding year, including an evaluation of the results of

2 such programs, projects, and activities.

3 "SEC. 499K. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

4 "(a) IN GENERAL.-Tliere are authorized to be ap-

5 propriated to carry out this chapter $250,000,000 for

6 each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2010.

7 "(b) ADDITIONAL AUTIIORITIES.-Amounts appro-

8 priated pursuant to subsection (a)-

9 "(1) may be referred to as the 'United State's

10 Social Investment and Economic Development Fund

11 for the Americas';

12 "(2) are authorized to remain available until ex-

13 pended; and

14 "(3) are in addition to amounts otherwise avail-

15 able for such purposes.

16 "(c) FUNDING LIMITATION.-Not more than 7 per-

17 cent of the amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection

18 (a) for a fiscal year may be used for administrative ex-

19 penses.".

20 SEC. 4. AMENDMENT TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOP-

21 MENT BANK ACT.

22 The Inter-American Development Bank Act (22

23 U.S.C. 2:::-2:;:-10) is amended by adding at the end the

24 following:


*HR 953 IH







11
1 "SEC. 39. SOCIAL INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOP-

2 MENT FUND FOR THE AMERICAS.

3 "(a) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary of the Treasury

4 shall instruct the United States Executive Director at the

5 Bank to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United

6 States to urge the Bank to establish an account to be

7 known as the 'Social Investment and Economic Develop-

8 ment Fund for the Americas' (in this section referred to

9 as the 'Fund'), which is to be operated and administered

10 by the Board of Executive Directors of the Bank con-

11 sistent with subsection (b). The United States Governor

12 of the Bank may vote for a resolution transmitted by the

13 Board of Executive Directors which provides for the estab-

14 lishment of such an account, and the operation and admin-

15 istration of the account consistent with subsection (b).

16 "(b) GOVERNING RULES.-

17 "(1) USE OF FUNDS.-The Fund shall be used

18 to provide assistance to reduce poverty and foster in-

19 creased economic opportunity in the countries of the

20 Western Hemisphere by-

21 "(A) nurturing public-private partnerships

22 and microenterprise development;

23 "(B) improving the quality of life and in-

24 vesting in human capital, specifically targeting

25 education, health and disease prevention, and

26 * IR5 i iH ,
*HR 953 IH







12
1 "(C) strengthening the rule of law through

2 improved ,-t.i.ir.-y and transparency in govern-

3 ment services; and

4 "(D) reducing poverty and eliminating the

5 exclusion of marginalized populations, including

6 people of African descent, indigenous groups,

7 women, and people with disabilities.

8 "(2) APPLICATION FOR FUNDING TIROUGII A

9 COMPETTIVE PROCESS.-Any interested person or

10 organization may submit an application for funding

11 by the Fund.

12 "(3) TECHNICAL REVIEW COMMITTEE.-

13 "(A) IN GENERAL.-The Fund shall have

14 a technical review committee.

15 "(B) MEMBERSIIIP.-The Board of Execu-

16 tive Directors of the Bank shall appoint to

17 serve on the technical review committee-

18 "(i) individuals with technical exper-

19 tise with respect to the development of

20 Latin America and the Caribbean; and

21 "(ii) citizens of the United States with

22 technical expertise with respect to develop-

23 ment projects and business experience.

24 Technical expertise shall be the sole criterion

25 (other than citizenship pursuant to clause (ii))


*HR 953 IH







13
1 in making appointments to the technical review

2 committee.

3 "(C) DUTIES.-The technical review com-

4 mittee shall review all projects proposed for

5 funding by the Fund, and make recommenda-

6 tions to the Board of Executive Directors of the

7 Bank with respect to the guidelines to be used

8 in evaluating project proposals and the suit-

9 ability of the proposed projects for funding.

10 "(D) CONFLICTS OF INTEREST.-A mem-

11 ber of the technical review committee shall not

12 be permitted to review an application submitted

13 by an organization with which the member has

14 been or is affiliated.

15 "(4) REVIEW OF PROPOSED PROJECTS.-Not

16 more frequently than annually, the Board of Execu-

17 tive Directors of the Bank shall review and make de-

18 cisions on applications for projects to be funded by

19 the Fund, in accordance with procedures which pro-

20 vide for transparency. The Board of Executive Di-

21 rectors shall provide advance notice to all interested

22 parties of any date on which such a review will be

23 conducted.

24 "(c) CONTRIBUTION AUTIORITY.-To the extent and

25 in the amounts provided in advance in appropriations


*HR 953 IH







14
1 Acts, the United States Governor of the Bank may con-

2 tribute to the Fund $1,250,000,000.

3 "(d) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPRO-

4 PRIATIONS.-

5 "(1) IN GENERAL.-For the contribution au-

6 thorized by subsection (c), there are authorized to be

7 appropriated for payment to the Secretary of the

8 Treasury $250,000,000 for each fiscal year begin-

9 ning with the fiscal year in which the resolution de-

10 scribed in subsection (a) is adopted.

11 "(2) ADDITIONAL AUTIHORITIES.-Amounts ap-

12 propriated pursuant to paragraph (1)-

13 "(A) are authorized to remain available

14 until expended; and

15 "(B) are in addition to amounts otherwise

16 available for such purposes.

17 "(3) FUNDING LIMITATION.-Not more than 7

18 percent of the amounts appropriated pursuant to

19 paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may be used for ad-

20 ministrative expenses.".

21 SEC. 5. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

22 It is the sense of Congress that the countries of the

23 Western IIemisphere should collectively provide assistance

24 equal to the amount of United States bilateral assistance

25 provided under chapter 13 of part I of the Foreign Assist-


*HR 953 IH







15

1 ance Act of 1961 (as added by section 3(a) of this Act)

2 and multilateral assistance provided by the Social Invest-

3 ment and Economic Development Fund for the Americas

4 under section 39 of the Inter-American Development

5 Bank Act (as added by section 4 of this Act) for the same

6 purpose for which such assistance was provided.
O


*HR 953 IH







Mr. BURTON. This bill goes right to the core of the problems and
opportunities that challenge our neighbors in Latin America in the
areas of social investment and economic development and calls for
countries in the region to match our contributions.
Since the 1980s, I have been very concerned about promoting de-
mocratization in Central and South America. In recent years, I
have grown increasingly convinced that in order to stabilize democ-
racy in the region and enhance security throughout the hemi-
sphere, we must do more to alleviate poverty. Despite the gains of
the eighties and nineties, the Latin American democracies are still
fragile, and many people remain in poverty.
Spreading prosperity throughout the Western Hemisphere must
continue to be a key, long-term goal of the United States, and while
I do not believe that trade agreements alone are a panacea to cure
the ills of our hemisphere, I do believe that the economic prosperity
that these agreements can provide would, in fact, create the condi-
tions by which we can alleviate poverty, promote the rule of law,
strengthen democratic and civil institutions, and thereby improve
the lives of the millions who now live in poverty.
We need to work closely with our partners in the region to create
new economic opportunities through expanded trade and invest-
ment and the relationships that are in our mutual economic inter-
ests. CAFTA and the Andean Free Trade Agreement will, in my
view, become key opportunities for the nations of Central and
South America and will help create the conditions for increased
economic activity, investment, and improved living conditions.
There is a host of other challenges where United States assist-
ance can play a crucial role in Latin America, from education and
professional skills development, modernization of infrastructure,
economic disparities and unequal distribution of wealth, rights of
indigenous groups, corruption and establishment of independent
arbiters of justice.
I believe H.R. 953 is a robust approach to foster social and eco-
nomic opportunities in the Western Hemisphere, and I maintain
my belief that FTAs for Central America and the Andean region
also have built-in mechanisms that reinforce transparency and
democratic development in these pivotal communities in our hemi-
sphere. I support this measure, and I now invite Mr. Menendez for
his statement.
Mr. MENENDEZ. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Let me first, Mr.
Chairman, thank you for the manner in which you have conducted
this Subcommittee in this session. It has been as bipartisan as it
gets. I appreciate the spirit and the nature in which you have con-
ducted it in, I think, an exemplary manner, and even by the fact
that the markup today has an equal number of Democratic and Re-
publican bills offered for markup. So I appreciate that, and I appre-
ciate that spirit.
I want to thank you particularly for your leadership on this bill,
as an original co-sponsor and as Chairman of the Subcommittee,
and I want to recognize several of your staff members-Mark
Walker, Dan Getz, and Brian Wanko of your staff-for their hard
work, and I certainly want to thank Jessica Lewis of my staff, who
has been working on this so hard to bring it to this point. And I
want to thank all of the Members of the Subcommittee, both Re-







publican and Democratic alike, who have co-sponsored the legisla-
tion, as well as Senator Dodd for introducing companion legislation
in the Senate.
I also want to thank the groups and organizations who we have
been listening to, working with, dialouging with, which have had
many changes since the bill was originally conceived-we have lis-
tened to what you had to say-for meeting with me and my staff,
and for making it a better piece of legislation.
We have spent the last 6 months listening and talking to experts
about a range of problems that impact our hemisphere, from crime,
to democracy, to the lack of the rule of law, and let me take a mo-
ment to remind us all what they said.
Professor Arturo Valenzuela said:
"Failed states close to home would represent a lost opportunity
to turn the Americas into an engine of growth and prosperity
at a time when China and India are surging ahead . . . [they
would also] constitute potential threats to the security of the
United States and encourage uncontrolled migration patterns."
Otto Reich said:
"There is nothing more critical or rapid we can do to accelerate
global development than to try to stem the tie of corruption."
Aldolfo Franco said:
"Latin America is caught in a vicious cycle where economic
growth is thwarted by high crime rates and where a lack of
economic opportunity . . . is contributing to a rise in crime."
Bishop Alvaro Ramazzini said:
"Without a concerted effort to complement trade and develop-
ment in a serious way . . . the promise of democratic reforms
and a just participation in the global market will be frus-
trated."
So I look at what we are doing today as a culmination of every-
thing this Subcommittee has talked about. What we have found
across the board is one distinct message, that it is time to take ac-
tion on the core, key issues that have created a crisis of democracy
and are ripping at the fabric of our hemisphere.
Since our hearing on democracy, we have lost a second President
in Bolivia, and the crisis in Nicaragua has worsened. We have lost
a President in Ecuador, and the situation in Haiti remains one of
the most urgent in the hemisphere. I am concerned that what we
see in our hemisphere has progressed far beyond freedom of ex-
pression, that the street is a substitute for the ballot box, that pro-
tests are a substitute for communication between citizens and their
government.
Clearly, at a time when Latin American Presidents are being
toppled left and right by crowds frustrated with the failure of gov-
ernment to provide them adequate education, housing, and
healthcare, at a time when anti-Americanism is on the rise
throughout the hemisphere, at a time when our world is growing
smaller, when infectious diseases move throughout the hemisphere,
when crime penetrates borders, when terrorists use failed states as
a safe haven, we can and must do much more.







We must create a new plan for our hemisphere, in partnership
with our neighbors, which addresses these core problems that our
witnesses throughout the last several months have brought to our
attention here in this Subcommittee. And I believe that is exactly
in part what we do in the Social Investment and Economic Devel-
opment Fund.
The fund will more than double development funding to the re-
gion, with a total of $2.5 billion over the next 5 years for housing,
healthcare, and education in Latin America. It will also focus on
the rule of law and transparency and target traditionally
marginalized communities.
And we also know that this fund will benefit us here in the
United States. It is in the national interest of the United States to
increase demand for U.S. goods in a region of 500 million people
by growing those economies. It is in the national interest and secu-
rity interest of the United States to create greater economic growth
in Latin America so that people will not leave their homes to find
jobs. It is in the national interest and security interest of the
United States to increase stability in our hemisphere because chaos
and insecurity creates unwarranted and unwanted opportunity for
terrorists and criminals throughout the region.
And I believe that is why we have support from representatives
of the business community, religious organizations, development
groups, Hispanic organizations, many of whom have written letters
in support of the legislation, and I would also like to note that this
legislation is supported by groups and individuals on both sides of
the CAFTA issue, and that is because no matter where we stand
on trade issues, we all agree that a stable, safe, and prosperous
Western Hemisphere is in the national interest and the national
security interest of the United States.
I urge my colleagues to join me in voting for the bill, and, again,
Mr. Chairman, I appreciate your support and leadership.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Menendez.
Are there any other statements? The Vice Chairman, Mr. Weller.
Mr. WELLER. Well, thank you, Mr. Chairman, and thank you for
holding this important markup today. Mr. Chairman, looking at
the bills we are marking up today, we see a common goal: Working
to address poverty in our own hemisphere and the Western Hemi-
sphere, our own neighborhood.
Poverty is one of the greatest challenges we are confronting in
our hemisphere, and it is important that we continue to work to
end poverty with our closest neighbors and friends, who happen to
be some of the poorest nations in the world.
Importantly, I wanted to briefly highlight two areas where Presi-
dent Bush and this House of Representatives are working together
against poverty today.
First, we are quickly approaching the time when the United
States Congress will choose to ratify the DR-CAFTA Trade Agree-
ment. According to a report just released by the World Bank, DR-
CAFTA has potential to help lift many Central Americans out of
poverty. The World Bank report notes that economies that partici-
pate in free trade agreements tend to have increased rates of about
six-tenths percent increase above normal growth in the first 5
years. In the case of Central America alone, this would mean







500,000 residents of Central America lifted from poverty by the end
of this decade.
As I have said before, the DR-CAFTA is just one part of the an-
swer to poverty, and it will not alone solve the economic and polit-
ical woes of Central America and the Dominican Republic. But
trade is an important component in strengthening economies in de-
mocracy, and this agreement deserves ratification by the Congress.
Second, let me highlight President Bush's Millennium Challenge
Account. The MCA encourages good governance and economic
growth led by just rule of law and ending corruption. Importantly,
much of the decision-making is put in the hands of individual
democratically-elected governments of the participating countries
to determine best how to invest resources to achieve these goals.
A few weeks ago, President Maduro of Honduras and President
Bush of the United States signed the first Millennium Challenge
Account Agreement for the Western Hemisphere, allocating $215
million in funding for rural development and transportation in
Honduras. Farmers will be partners in developing horticultural
crops, such as tomatoes, plantains, and peppers, that can bring a
four-to-eight-fold profit increase over the traditional crops of sugar
and corn.
Transportation systems will be improved, creating a link between
Atlantic and Pacific ports, production centers, and farm-to-market
roads. Nicaragua is now working toward a $175 million compact
with the Millennium Challenge Account. These funds will provide
sustainable economic growth and development for these countries,
helping lift tens of thousands of families out of poverty.
Again, Mr. Chairman, let me commend you on holding this mark-
up today, and I look forward to continuing to work with you and
my friends on the Democratic side of the aisle as well as my friends
on the Republican side of the aisle in continuing to address poverty
in our own neighborhood hemisphere. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Weller.
Ms. Napolitano.
Ms. NAPOLITANO. Thank you, Mr. Chair. I really commend my
friend and colleague, Ranking Member Menendez, for introducing
H.R. 953 and urge my colleagues' support for H.R. 953.
This really marks a beginning of things that we feel that are
long in coming-that is, support for our neighbors to the south that
have been neglected. The budgets in the past 2 years have dras-
tically cut funding for the Western Hemisphere, even though this
year there is a 12-percent cut in core programs. We hear U.S. citi-
zens complain about illegal migration to the United States, but we
do very little in helping to foster economic growth in South and
Central America, and we are very cognizant of the great problems
that exist in Latin America-the civil strife in Bolivia and Haiti,
the gang violence of Central America, and, of course, the drug cul-
tivation in the Andes-and I feel that, with the institution of this
act, we will be able to nurture public/private partnerships that en-
courage micro-enterprise development and invest in education, dis-
ease prevention, and, of course, housing, while strengthening the
rule of law and actually will support participation in democratic in-
stitutions.






So, to me and others that have looked at South and Central
America as countries that have long been waiting for assistance,
this is a good start, and we hope that we will have the support to
be able to help our neighbors south of the United States. Thank
you, Mr. Chair.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you.
Any other comments? Mr. Payne.
Mr. PAYNE. Very briefly, I also want to extend my congratula-
tions to Mr. Menendez. I hope that when we talk about USAID and
the Inter-American Development Bank that we do not take from
Peter to pay Paul. I hope that whatever we have going, what little
that is there, that we not take from existing programs in order to
shift it into the $2.5 billion requested or authorized, and we hope
that the appropriators will fund it fully but, once again, not to take
money from other things.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Payne.
Any other comments? The gentleman from Massachusetts.
Mr. DELAHUNT. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. We echo the senti-
ments expressed by Mr. Menendez regarding your leadership. I
would also be remiss not to acknowledge the tireless efforts of Mr.
Menendez and Jessica Lewis, as well as the staffers on the Repub-
lican side. This is really the culmination of a long and arduous od-
yssey for this particular legislation. I believe it is incumbent upon
us now to give approval at the Full Committee level, and see that
this comes to the Floor.
One aspect of this proposal is that it requires a match, and I
think that that is very important. It sends a message to Latin
American countries that we expect that this is a partnership and
that there will be an investment in infrastructure, health, environ-
ment, education, so that the growing disparity of wealth and in-
come that currently exists in Latin America, that I believe causes
so much instability and puts a great stress on democracy, because
there is only so much stress and poverty that democracy can bear.
This is an important beginning, and it sends that message.
I will conclude again by saying "Great job" to Bob.
Mr. MENENDEZ. Thank you.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Delahunt.
Any other comments?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. Any amendments to the resolution?
[No response:]
Mr. BURTON. If there are no amendments, the question occurs on
the motion to report the bill, H.R. 953, favorably to the Full Com-
mittee. All in favor, say aye.
[A chorus of ayes.]
Mr. BURTON. All opposed, signify by saying no.
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. The motion is approved, and the bill is reported fa-
vorably. The staff is directed to make any technical and conforming
amendments that are necessary.
[Discussion off the record.]
Mr. BURTON. We will now call up H. Con. Res. 175, Acknowl-
edging African descendants of the transatlantic slave trade in all




22

of the Americas with an emphasis on descendants in Latin America
and the Caribbean. This is sponsored by Mr. Rangel, I believe.
Pursuant to notice, I call up Resolution 175 for purposes of mark-
up and to move its recommendation to the Full Committee. With-
out objection, the resolution will be considered as read and open for
amendment at any point.
[H. Con. Res. 175 follows:]









IV


109TI CONGRESS
1ST N H.CON. RES. 175


Acknowledging African descendants of the transatlantic slave trade in all
of the Americas with an emphasis on descendants in Latin America
and the Caribbean, recognizing the injustices suffered by these African
descendants, and recommending that the United States and the inter-
national community work to improve the situation of Afro-descendant
communities in Latin America and the Caribbean.




IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
JUNE 8, 2005
Mr. RANGEL (for himself, Mr. PAYNE, lMs. LEE, Mr. MEEKS of New York,
and Mr. JEFFERSON) submitted the following concurrent resolution;
which was referred to the Committee on International Relations




CONCURRENT RESOLUTION
Acknowledging African descendants of the transatlantic slave
trade in all of the Americas with an emphasis on de-
scendants in Latin America and the Caribbean, recog-
nizing the injustices suffered by these African descend-
ants, and recommending that the United States and the
international community work to improve the situation
of Afro-descendant communities in Latin America and
the Caribbean.

Whereas during Black History Month it is important that we
not forget that African-Americans are not the only sur-
vivors of the transatlantic slave trade;







2
Whereas like the United States, many European nations ben-
efited greatly from the colonization of Latin America and
the Caribbean and their participation in the slave trade;

Whereas the story of African descendants in all of the Amer-
icas remains untold, leading them to be forgotten, made
invisible, and allowed to suffer unjustly;

Whereas it is important to acknowledge that as a result of
the slave trade and immigration, approximately
80,000,000 to 150,000,000 persons of African descent
live in Latin America and the Caribbean, making them
the largest population of persons of African descent out-
side of Africa;

Whereas Afro-descendants are present in most all Latin
American countries, including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile,
Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pan-
ama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela;

Whereas the size of Afro-descendant populations vary in
range from less than 1 percent in some countries to as
much as 30 percent in Colombia and 46 percent in Brazil
and make up the majority in some Spanish speaking Car-
ibbean nations, such as Cuba and the Dominican Repub-
lic;

Whereas Afro-descendant populations have made significant
economic, social, and cultural contributions to their coun-
tries and the Western Hemisphere from their unfortunate
involvement in the transatlantic slave trade to their re-
cent contributions to trade, tourism, and other industries;

Whereas although persons of African descent have made sig-
nificant achievements in education, employment, eco-
nomic, political, and social spheres in some countries, tlhe
vast majority are marginalized-living in impoverished


*HCON 175 IH







3
communities where they are excluded from centers of
education, government, and basic human rights based
upon the color of their skin and ancestry;

Whereas Afro-descendants have shorter life expectancies,
higher rates of infant mortality, higher incidences of
HIV/AIDS, higher rates of illiteracy, and lower incomes
than do other populations;

Whereas Afro-descendants encounter problems of access to
healthcare, basic education, potable water, housing, land
titles, credit, equal justice and representation under the
law, political representation, and other economic, polit-
ical, health, and basic human rights; and

Whereas skin color and ancestry have led African-Americans
in the United States and African descendants in Latin
America and the Caribbean to share similar injustices,
leading to economic, social, health, and political inequal-
ities: Now, therefore, be it

1 Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate

2 , n. ,1 i;,,, 1. That Congress-

3 (1) recognizes and honors African descendants

4 in the Americas for their contributions to the eco-

5 nomie, social, and cultural fabric of the countries in

6 the Americas, particularly in Latin American and

7 Caribbean societies;

8 (2) recognizes that as a result of their skin

9 color and ancestry, African descendants in the

10 Americas have wronglflly experienced economic, so-

11 cial, and political injustices;


*HCON 175 IH







4
1 (3) urges the President to take appropriate

2 measures to encourage the celebration and remem-

3 brance of the achievements of African descendants

4 in the Americas and a resolution of ijin-ti.:.-, suf-

5 feared by African descendants in the Americas;

6 (4) encourages the United States and the inter-

7 national community to work to ensure that extreme

8 poverty is eradicated, universal education is

9 achieved, quality healthcare is made available, sus-

10 tainable environmental resources, including land

11 where applicable, is provided, and equal access to

12 justice and representation under the law is granted

13 in Afro-descendant communities in Latin America

14 and the Caribbean; and

15 (5) encourages the United States and the inter-

16 national community to achieve these goals in Latin

17 America and the Caribbean by-

18 (A) promoting research that focuses on

19 identifying and eradicating racial disparities in

20 economic, political, and social spheres;

21 (B) promoting, funding, and creating de-

22 velopment programs that focus on Afro-de-

23 scendant communities;

24 (C) providing technical support and train-

25 ing to Afro-descendant advocacy groups that


*HCON 175 IH








5
1 work to uphold basic human rights in the re-

2 gion;

3 (D) promoting the creation of an inter-

4 national working group that focuses on prob-

5 lems of communities of Afro-descendants in the

6 Americas; and

7 (E) promoting trade and other bilateral

8 and multilateral agreements that take into ac-

9 count the needs of Afro-descendant commu-

10 nities.
O


*HCON 175 IH






Mr. BURTON. Today, democratic progress in Latin America and
the Caribbean is being measured by inches. Progress for some of
the Afro-Latino communities in the hemisphere has been appall-
ingly slow. Almost one-third of the population in Latin America is
made up of descendants of the millions of West African slaves
brought to the Americas by European traders during the colonial
period.
Afro-Latinos comprise a majority of the population in Cuba and
the Dominican Republic, while in Brazil, Colombia, Panama, Ven-
ezuela, Ecuador, and Nicaragua, they form a very significant mi-
nority, yet most Afro-Latinos are among the poorest, most
marginalized groups in the region. This Administration continues
to push for democratic progress, prosperity, and security in the
hemisphere, and our assistance is geared to maximize efforts to re-
duce poverty. Part of a comprehensive strategy must be steady ad-
vocacy for the political and economic rights of minority groups.
The bill before us provides a thoughtful, pro-active framework to
address the injustices suffered by the Afro-Latino community and
to broaden political representation, human rights, and greater so-
cial and economic rights.
This is something that I think is long overdue, and with that, do
any of my colleagues have opening statements they would like to
make? Mr. Menendez.
Mr. MENENDEZ. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Let me say that I
strongly support the bill, which acknowledges the contributions of
African descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean and calls
on the international community to improve their situation. And I
want to thank my colleagues, Congressman Rangel, who is the
sponsor, as well as Congressmen Meeks, Payne, and Congress-
woman Lee, for highlighting this important issue. It is one that in
the bill we just passed on the Social and Economic Development
Fund, we deal with, in part, by seeking to recognize that that as-
sistance, in part, will go to a focus on marginalized communities.
The bill calls on each of us to recognize certain fundamental
truths, that people of African descent have made innumerable and
invaluable economic, social, and cultural contributions to the Amer-
icas and that, as a result, for nothing more than the color of their
skin, they have suffered cruel injustices and a legacy of slavery
that is still evident today.
Today, 150 million people of African descent are spread through-
out the region, from Nicaragua to the Dominican Republic to
Brazil. But while Afro-Latinos comprise less than a third of Latin
America's total population, they account for an astounding 40 per-
cent of the region's poor. In fact, in the two countries with the larg-
est Afro-Latino populations in South America-Brazil and Colom-
bia-Afro descendants have always been, and still are, among the
poorest, least-educated, and lowest-paid citizens.
Throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, Afro descendants
continue to be treated often as second-class citizens. They are
among the poorest, most marginalized groups in the region. They
suffer from lack of political representation, human rights protec-
tion, land rights, and social and economic rights and benefits.
Many do not have access to education, stable employment, and
land titles-all vital tools to overcome poverty.







In some countries, like Colombia, Afro descendants lack access to
justice and governmental protection from armed conflict, and in
others, such as Brazil, the illiteracy rate for Afro descendants is 20
percent compared to only 8 percent for whites.
Clearly, this is not simply a result of chance. There are historical
factors in place that must be acknowledged and addressed in order
to change the situation. Racial discrimination is a plague that de-
stroys the productivity and stability of our hemisphere. I believe
that all people should be entitled to enjoy the same rights and have
access to the same opportunities, regardless of the color of their
skin, in Latin America, in the Caribbean, and for that fact,
throughout the world.
We must work together, in partnership with our neighbors, to
eliminate racism and to help improve the lives of Afro descendants
and other marginalized groups throughout the hemisphere. Clearly,
there can be no true advancement in the region unless all parts of
society are included, and that includes people of African descent.
I urge my colleagues to support the bill, with appreciation to
those who have brought this to the forefront.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Menendez.
Are there further comments? Mr. Meeks. My good friend, Mr.
Meeks.
Mr. MEEKS. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
First, I want to also congratulate Mr. Rangel and thank Mr. Ran-
gel for bringing this bill up to the Floor. You know, too often, even
those of us who are African-American here in America, when we
celebrate Black History Month, et cetera, we do not acknowledge
first that there were a lot of other African descendants who were
brought to this part of the hemisphere who are our brothers and
sisters in Latin America. And I think that the first step to begin
to correct some of the wrongs and the ill gains that have happened
as a result of slavery is to first recognize and acknowledge it, and
that is what this resolution begins to do, because when you think
about the slave trade that benefitted those of us who live here in
the United States, it also benefitted those who colonized Latin
America, and, therefore, European countries benefitted to a great
deal also.
We have got to begin to take that first step. Then, as Ranking
Member Menendez just indicated, we have 150 million persons of
African descent living in Latin America and the Caribbean, with 46
percent of them in Brazil and 30 percent in Colombia, yet when
you look at those who are the poorest of the poor, disproportion-
ately, they are African Latinos. When you look at those there of Af-
rican descent, they have shorter life expectancies, higher rates of
infant mortality, higher incidences of HIV/AIDS, higher rates of il-
literacy, and lower incomes than other populations. They encounter
problems for access to healthcare, for basic education, potable
water, housing, land titles, credit, equal justice and representation
under the law.
And as we know, as Dr. King has said, that "injustice anywhere
is a threat to justice everywhere," and we have to begin to make
sure that we are moving forward to, first, recognize and then uti-
lize the blessings that we have here in the United States and the
lessons that we have learned from the wrongs that took place here







in the United States to begin to level the playing field also in Latin
America, because only until that is accomplished can we have true
democracies rising up in this hemisphere and can be assured that
democracy will be there for all, no matter what their race, creed,
color, or religion. Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Meeks.
Any other comments? Mr. Smith.
Mr. SMITH OF NEW JERSEY. Yes. Thank you very much, Mr.
Chairman. I strongly support H. Con. Res. 175 and associate my-
self with the remarks of those who have spoken. It is important to
recognize the ongoing prejudice and racial discrimination that is
meted out toward those who are of African descent, and I would
also point out that there are also some who are in prison today, in
Cuban prisons, namely, Dr. Oscar Biscet, ah Afro-Cuban, who has
now gotten a 25-year prison sentence because of his human rights
activism. He has been absolutely and horribly mistreated by Fidel
Castro and has suffered solitary confinement and a host of other
tortures in his prison cell in Cuba. So we should not forget that
there are people today-this is not past; this is present, and I hope
that we will keep our focus on Fidel Castro. Dr. Biscet is a human
rights leader who is second to none.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Smith.
Mr. Payne.
Mr. PAYNE. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. Thank you for
bringing this resolution up, and I certainly thank Mr. Rangel for
reintroducing it with the Members of the Committee who have co-
sponsored it.
The number is 150 million people, many African descendants, are
recognized in their countries. For so long, it has been said that it
was class in Latin America. Latin America was different than other
parts of the world, that people were not judged by the color of their
skin, that it was basically by the class that they were in.
Ten years ago, people started looking at the class and looking at
the color and finding that 99 percent of the people in the lower
classes happen to be dark, of African descent, and most of the peo-
ple in the higher class happen to be of non-African descent. So it
may be class; it is just that the class is overwhelmingly one group.
And so I think that there has been recognition that race matters
in a negative sense in the fact that there has been such a lack of
progress.
I think that the awakening has come in countries-even in Mex-
ico, there are groups calling themselves "Afro-Mexicans," and, of
course, in Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica now, and in
Brazil and Venezuela, there are people who are now asking for and
fighting for their rights. Lands have been taken. Also, we should
remember that the indigenous people who were there first before
any of the Conquistadors or the colonialists came are also
marginalized. Their numbers, unfortunately, have dwindled to 1
and 2 and 3 percent, but we also have to remember, indigenous
people are being mistreated and abused and so forth.
I would like to say that we should continue to be vigilant. I
talked to several Presidents of Brazil, the President of Venezuela.
We raised it with Fidel Castro, who also admits that race is a fac-
tor in Cuba, that there is an attempt to try to work on it. I think







we should look into the persons who are in prison, as Mr. Smith
mentioned, and to be supportive of human rights everywhere. So
I will reluctantly commend the Chairman for his bipartisan work,
and he is doing a great job as Chairman. He is growing well into
the job. I associate myself with the remarks of the other Members.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Payne, and, once again, I apologize
for that garage in New Jersey. [Laughter.] You do not want to
bring that up anymore? Okay.
Ms. Lee, did you have a comment?
Ms. LEE. Thank you. I would commend this Subcommittee for its
bipartisan fashion and also would commend it for this hearing
today.
As many of us, the millions of African Americans, are descend-
ants of the transatlantic slave trade, and we very clearly know and
recognize those vestiges of racism, what it has done. And so like
African-Americans, African descendants in our hemisphere also
deal with many, many of those same issues, and so this bill begins
to really take the first step to recognize, I have to say personally,
as our brothers and sisters, and as a Member of Congress, I say
our friends in especially countries like Honduras and Colombia are
recognized and that they deserve our focused attention, whether it
be on healthcare or education.
I would just like to take a moment and recognize the Ambas-
sador to the U.S. and also to the OAS, Ambassador Lavelle of Anti-
gua, who is here today and who has done much work with regard
to the people of African descent. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Ms. Lee, and welcome.
Any other discussion?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. Are there any amendments to the legislation?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. If not, the question occurs on the motion to report
the resolution, H. Con. Res. 175, favorably. All in favor, signify by
saying aye.
[A chorus of ayes.]
Mr. BURTON. All opposed, signify by saying no.
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. In the opinion of the Chair, the ayes have it. The
ayes have it.
Staff is directed to make any technical and conforming amend-
ments that are necessary.
We will now go to H.R. 611, the Haiti Economic and Infrastruc-
ture Reconstruction Act. Pursuant to notice, I call up this bill for
purposes of markup and move its recommendation to the Full Com-
mittee, and without objection, the bill will be considered as read
and open for amendment at any point.
[H.R. 611 follows:]









I


109TH CONGRESS
sT SESSION H . 11


To authorize the establishment of a program to provide economic and infra-
structure reconstruction assistance to the Republic of Haiti, and for
other purposes.




IN TIIE IOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
FEIBRUAIY 8, 2005
Mr. FOLEY (for himself, Mr. RANGEL, and lMr. SILxW) introduced the
following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations




A BILL
To authorize the establishment of a program to provide eco-
nomic and infrastructure reconstruction assistance to the
Republic of Haiti, and for other purposes.

1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 ties of the United i/.'t, - ofAmerica in Congress assembled,
3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

4 This Act may be cited as the "Haiti Economic and

5 Infrastructure Reconstruction Act".







2
1 SEC. 2. ECONOMIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE RECONSTRUC-

2 TION PROGRAM FOR THE REPUBLIC OF

3 HAITI.

4 (a) PROGaIRA AUTIIORIZED.-The President is au-

5 thorized to establish an economic and infrastructure re-

6 construction program for the Republic of Haiti, to be

7 known as the "Haiti Economic and Infrastructure Recon-

8 struction Program" (in this section referred to as the "Re-

9 construction Program"), under which individuals who are

10 recruited into the Program will be deployed to Haiti to

11 provide assistance to the Government of Haiti related to

12 economic and infrastructure reconstruction and develop-

13 ment.

14 (b) APPOINTMENT.-If the President establishes the

15 Reconstruction Program under subsection (a), the Presi-

16 dent shall appoint an officer or employee of the Bureau

17 for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United States

18 Agency for International Development to serve as the Di-

19 rector of the Reconstruction Program. The Director shall

20 possess expertise with respect to-

21 (1) Haiti; or

22 (2) economic, educational, judicial, law enforce-

23 ment, healthcare, or infrastructure reconstruction

24 and recovery ,l'.I I, in developing countries.

25 (c) COORnINATION.-The Director shall coordinate

26 with appropriate officials from the Government of Haiti
*HR 611 IH







3
1 to identify ministries and agencies of the Government of

2 Haiti that require assistance concerning the reconstruc-

3 tion and development in Haiti with respect to-

4 (1) the economy, including a special emphasis

5 on the development of private and public domestic

6 and foreign business investment;

7 (2) the educational system, including a special

8 emphasis on the development of school facilities,

9 teacher training programs, and administration man-

10 agement programs;

11 (3) the judiciary and the rule of law;

12 (4) the healthcare system; and

13 (5) the infrastructure.

14 (d) RECRUITMENT OF INDIVIDUALS FOR PARTICIPA-

15 TION IN TIE RECONSTRUCTION PROGRA(M.-

16 (1) REQUIRED QUALIFICATIONS.-The Director

17 shall recruit individuals who are citizens of the

18 United States and who possess-

19 (A) at minimum, a four-year college or

20 university degree awarded from an accredited

21 college or university located in the United

22 States; or

23 (B) such skills or expertise as the Director

24 determines to be relevant or appropriate to

25 caryr out the Reconstruction Program.


*HR 611 IH







4
1 (2) IAITIAN-AMERICANS.-To the maximum

2 extent practicable, the Director shall recruit Hai-

3 tian-Amerieans.

4 (c) USE OF FUNDS.-The Director shall use funds

5 appropriated for the Reconstruction Program to-

6 (1) cover the costs of housing, in such amounts

7 as the Director determines to be appropriate, for in-

8 dividuals who are deployed to Haiti to carry out the

9 Reconstruction Program; and

10 (2) pay such individuals a salary, in such

11 amounts as the Director determines to be appro-

12 private, taking into consideration the expertise of an

13 individual and the position in the Reconstruction

14 Program held by such individual.

15 (f) LENGTH OF DEPLOYMENT IN ILAITI.-

16 (1) ONE YEAR.-Individuals recruited under

17 subsection (d) may be deployed to Haiti under the

18 Reconstruction Program for no longer than one

19 year.

20 (2) EXCEPTION.-If the Director determines

21 that an extended period of deployment for any indi-

22 vidual is appropriate, and such individual consents

23 to such extension, the Director may extend the de-

24 ploymcnt of such individual for no longer than two

25 additional years.


*HR 611 IH







5

1 (g) REPORTS.-

2 (1) FIRST INTERIM REPORT.-Not later than

3 six months after the date of the enactment of this

4 Act, the President shall submit to Congress a first

5 interim report regarding the Reconstruction Pro-

6 gram.

7 (2) SECOND INTERIM REPORT.-Not later than

8 12 months after the date of the enactment of this

9 Act, the President shall submit to Congress a second

10 interim report regarding the Reconstruction Pro-

11 gram.

12 (3) FINAL REPORT.-Not later than 18 months

13 after the date of the enactment of this Act, the

14 President shall submit to Congress a final report re-

15 garding the Reconstruction Program.

16 (4) CONTENTS.-The interim and final reports

17 shall include information relating to the following:

18 (A) A description and explanation of the

19 process of recruitment of individuals for partici-

20 pation in the Reconstruction Program, includ-

21 ing a description and explanation of-

22 (i) the selection criteria used; and

23 (ii) any incentives .I r1 .I1 and the cost

24 of such incentives.


*HR 611 IH







6
1 (B) The number of individuals recruited

2 and the ministry or agency and the locality in

3 which each individual is placed.

4 (C) The potential for expansion of the Re-

5 construction Program.

6 (h) INFRASTRUCTURE DEFINED.-In this section,

7 the term "infrastructure" means a road, highway, bridge,

8 tunnel, airport, mass transportation vehicle or system,

9 intermodal transportation facility, waterway, commercial

10 port, drinking or waste water treatment facility, solid

11 waste disposal facility, pollution control system, and gas,

12 electricity, and oil utilities.

13 (i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-There

14 are authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry

15 out this section such sums as may be necessary for each

16 of the fiscal years 2006 through 2011. It is the sense of

17 Congress that at least $3,000,000 should be made avail-

18 able for each of those fiscal years to carry out this section.

19 SEC. 3. HEALTHCARE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM FOR HAITI.

20 (a) HEALTIICARE PROGRAM AUTIIORIZED.-The

21 President is authorized to establish a healthcare assistance

22 program for Haiti, to be known as the "Haiti Healthcare

23 Assistance Program" (in this section referred to as the

24 "Healthcare Program"), under which grants may be made

25 to qualified nongovernmental organizations to establish


*HR 611 IH







7
1 programs in Haiti related to the prevention of infectious

2 diseases in Haiti.

3 (b) COORDINATION.-If the President establishes the

4 Healtheare Program under subsection (a), the President

5 shall seek to work with appropriate officials from the Gov-

6 ernment of Haiti and with appropriate individuals from

7 international financial institutions, civil society, non-

8 governmental organizations, and international organiza-

9 tions to work in coordination and cooperation with quali-

10 filed nongovernmental organizations.

11 (c) USE OF GRANT FUNDS.-A qualified nongovern-

12 mental organization that receives a grant through this sec-

13 tion shall use the grant to promulgate a comprehensive

14 and integrated strategy to combat and control infectious

15 diseases in Haiti through the establishment of a com-

16 prehensive healthcare infrastructure in Haiti that focuses

17 on education, prevention, care, treatment, support, capac-

18 ity development, and other related activities.

19 (d) SATISFACTION OF CRITERIA TO BE CONSIDERED

20 A QUALIFIED NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION.-The

21 Administrator of the United States Agency for Inter-

22 national Development shall promulgate criteria that shall

23 be satisfied by a nongovernmental organization in order

24 for such organization to be considered a qualified non-

25 governmental organization for purposes of this section.


*HR 611 IH







8

1 (e) HEALTIICARE INFRASTRUCTURE DEFINED.-In

2 this section, the term Healthcaree infrastructure" means

3 an inpatient or outpatient hospital, clinic, or medical facil-

4 ity and medical programs, including programs for hiring

5 physicians, nurses, or other medical personnel and pro-

6 grams for acquiring transportation and communications

7 systems for medical purposes.

8 (f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-There

9 are authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry

10 out this section such sums as may be necessary for each

11 of the fiscal years 2006 through 2011. It is the sense of

12 Congress that at least $3,000,000 should be made avail-

13 able for each of those fiscal years to carry out this section.
0


*HR 611 IH




40

Mr. BURTON. Haiti is the hemisphere's poorest nation, plagued
by violence and political instability. Since President Aristide's de-
parture in February 2004, Haiti has had an interim government
charged with holding new elections. A United Nations stabilization
mission led by Brazil has been deployed to Haiti. Their efforts to
ensure a secure and stable environment and to restore the rule of
law in Haiti are showing signs of strain, real strain.
We are entering an electoral cycle in Haiti, with registration
campaigns and voting scheduled for October through December for
Parliamentary and Presidential contests. Providing security during
this election cycle will require the UN mission in Haiti to comply
with its chapter VII mandate for a disarmament, demobilization,
and reinsertion program. Without security, these elections could be
delayed or possibly derailed. Efforts to restore order, stability, and,
most importantly, rebuild Haiti are threatened by violence. An end
to violence and a renewed commitment to end poverty and corrup-
tion are all essential components of a comprehensive solution to
Haiti's problems.
My colleagues, Congressman Foley and Congressman Rangel,
have introduced H.R. 611 to address the vital economic and infra-
structure reconstruction and development assistance needs of
Haiti. The bill sets forth provisions for a new and much needed
program to facilitate involvement by Haitian-Americans and others
to help rebuild Haiti. The bill also provides for the establishment
of a healthcare assistance program and coordination of resources
and interventions aimed at critical public health problems, includ-
ing infectious disease prevention.
I will now recognize any other Member for opening statements.
Any opening statements? Ms. Napolitano. Did I get that correct?
Ms. NAPOLITANO. You sure did, Mr. Chair. Very good. Very good.
I am impressed.
This is a bill that I thoroughly am supporting, and I am asking
my colleagues also to consider supporting. We really need to take
a look at the tragedy that has befallen Haiti. The bill itself is mod-
eled after the Peace Corps, and certainly Haitian-Americans will
play a role in providing assistance to Haiti in this area.
I would like to mention, though, that my concern is that since
there is not a democratic government, that I would hope that we
would look at NGOs so that that money is actually put into effect,
and every cent is used wisely instead of going into a government
that may end up in some politician's pocket. And I say that because
I hear so much of what happens in other countries. It needs to go
to fight infectious diseases. It needs to go to help economic develop-
ment. It needs to go to areas where it truly will make a difference.
So, Mr. Chair, I want to add, of course, my thank you for con-
ducting such a positive markup again. Thank you.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Ms. Napolitano.
Mr. Meeks.
Mr. MEEKS. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I think that this is a very
important bill that goes toward a nation which is very close, if not
already there, to being a failed state. And when you have that situ-
ation, you have people who are suffering-women, children, and
men-and we have got to begin to move in a direction with a policy
toward Haiti that is sustained over a long period of time. Just a






1-year period, a 2-year period in dealing with Haiti is not going to
resolve the issues that are confronting it.
Just an election does not resolve the issues of Haiti, and, in fact,
we have got to make sure, because of the past, that, as Ms.
Napolitano indicated, that the money that is going into Haiti is
going to help the people of Haiti.
Now, I, for one, truly hope that we are able to work together, as
has been complimented here a number of times, in a bipartisan
manner, that we will be able to work here with Ms. Lee's amend-
ment because what it does is assure that we are going to give
money to NGOs so that it gets to the people that we want to help
and not go into the pockets of someone who just may become a
member of government. And I know some of my colleagues on the
other side were concerned in the past about how much money we
have spent on Haiti and who has gotten it and why it has not got-
ten to the people that we want it to get to.
Well, I think that we have an opportunity now to do something
that is good for all of the people of Haiti, and, overall, a few
amendments that we have here, I think, are good. But, you know,
I surely hope that as we move forward that we can make sure that
the money gets to the people, and I think that the best way to do
that at this given time is through NGOs until we can see that we
have elections and we have a government of people that will truly
represent the country, and the money would not go in their pock-
ets. Thank you, and I yield back.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Meeks.
Are there any other comments? Mr. Payne.
Mr. PAYNE. I would like to echo what has been said. I think that
because there is an interim government that is there for the time
being, I would certainly urge that the funds also be dispensed
through NGOs. We had a discussion about water projects in the
Full Committee earlier today, and Congressman Rohrabacher was
very passionate about having the money go through NGOs. I think
this is certainly an example of a country that should have, even
though in the past, the funds did go to NGOs there, and the
amount of funds lost were not as great as people amplified them
to be. However, to ensure that the funds go to the people, and there
certainly are adequate religious institutions-the Catholic church
is very strong there, other NGOs like Ready for the World, a
Protestant-run NGO that is very expansive in the country-I think
there are adequate groups to fund the money through. So I would
urge that we consider that.
Also, I would like to, since we are talking about Haiti, commend
Brazil and Latin Americans who have been providing the peace-
keeping. As you now, the United States went along with the ouster
of Aristide, and there was total chaos, but, once again, showing the
strength of the United Nations that urged Latin America to come
forward, and, as you know, Brazil is a leading component, and all
of the military, the peacekeepers, are all from Latin America, led
by Brazil, led by Colombia, led by other Latin American countries.
We have no military people in those operations.
So, once again, it shows, in my opinion, the necessity of a strong
U.N, especially in instances like this, because had it not been for
Latin Americans, we would certainly have thousands of people try-






ing to reach the shores of Florida in boats, with our Coast Guard
having to take actions to prevent that from happening. Thank you
very much.
Mr. BURTON. Thank you, Mr. Payne. Are there any other com-
ments?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. If not, Mr. Meeks has, I think, two amendments
which we have reviewed and are willing to accept. Would you like
to explain those amendments, Mr. Meeks?
Mr. MEEKS. Yes, Mr. Chairman. Thank you.
The first amendment, Mr. Chairman, is about securing commer-
cial ports because Haiti cannot be developed without access to the
two major ports: Port-au-Prince and Port Cap-Haitian. It only
makes good sense that we secure the ports, the roads, and the
roads leading to the ports and the waterways so that commerce can
resume.
We often talk about and we look at how opportunities happen,
and you want to create some jobs there. This is the first step in
doing that. The jobs derived from this will help to jump-start the
economy, and the citizens can begin to return to their lives. The
amendment will allow ships to dock safely, load and unload goods,
and put Haitians back to work. It will provide for the development
and maintenance of the roads leading to and from both ports, work
with the Department of Homeland Security to ensure the safety of
containers, and work with the United Nations to patrol and protect
the waters of the port.
I ask for your support on this reasonable and responsible amend-
ment that will benefit the Western Hemisphere, but most impor-
tantly, will benefit the people of Haiti, the poorest country in the
Western Hemisphere, because the way that we get rid of the guns
and the violence is by putting people to work and giving them hope
and opportunity, and I thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. BURTON. Mr. Meeks, would you care to go ahead and explain
briefly your second amendment, and we will cover them both at the
same time en bloc?
Mr. MEEKS. My second amendment is very simple, just basically,
in section 2(d)(1)(A), insert before the semicolon the following: "or
equivalent thereof." We were talking about those who have an edu-
cation or 4-year degree in America, but we know that there are
Haitians and others all over the world, some in Canada, some in
England, some in other areas, and people all over the world who
may be interested in coming back to work in Haiti. So we do not
want to just limit this to individuals who may have 4-year degrees
in America. We want to make sure that there is opportunity for
those all over and that Haitians can come back to Haiti, in par-
ticular, in my estimation, to give back to their country and to work
to make sure that we can pick back up the commerce and pick back
up living conditions there.
[The amendments referred to follow:]






II.L.C.






AMENDMENT TO H.R. 611

OFFERED BY MR. MEEKS

In section 2(c), insert before the period at the end

the following: ", including a special emphasis on commer-

cial ports under subsection (i)".

In section 2, redesignate subsection (i) as subsection

Cj).

In section 2, insert after subsection (h) the following

new subsection:

1 (i) COMMERCIAL PORTS.-

2 (1) DESCRIPTION.-A commercial port in Haiti

3 refers to Haiti's commercial ports at Port-au-Prince

4 and Cap-Haitian.

5 (2) REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO RECON-

6 STRUCTION ANI) DEVELOPMENT.-

7 (A) IN GENERAL.-With respect to the re-

8 construction and development of Haiti's com-

9 mercial ports referred to in subsection (c)(5),

10 the Director shall help-

11 (i) ensure that such ports are secure

12 for ships to dock and to load and unload

13 goods; and





II.L.C.
2
1 (ii) develop and maintain the roads

2 leading to such ports.

3 (B) COOPERATION WITH TIE UNITED NA-

4 TIONS AND TIE DEPARTMENT OF IIOMEIAND

5 SECURITY.-To the greatest extent practicable,

6 the Director shall coordinate with appropriate

7 officials from the United Nations in Haiti and

8 the Department of Homeland Security to en-

9 sure that security at such ports is provided by

10 the United Nations and the Department, in-

11 eluding patrolling and protecting the waters of

12 such ports.




45
II.L.C.






AMENDMENT TO H.R. 611

OFFERED BY MR. MEEKS

In section 2(d)(l)(A), insert before the semicolon

the following: "or equivalent thereof".




46

Mr. BURTON. Any discussion on the amendments offered by Mr.
Meeks?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. If not, the question comes on the amendments as
offered by Mr. Meeks. We will consider them en bloc. All of those
in favor will signify by saying aye.
[A chorus of ayes.]
Mr. BURTON. Those opposed will signify by saying no.
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. In the opinion of the Chair, the ayes have it. The
ayes have it, and the amendments are agreed to.
Ms. Lee, I believe you have an amendment.
Ms. LEE. Yes, Mr. Chairman, I do have an amendment at the
desk, and I ask unanimous consent-
Mr. BURTON. Without objections.
[The amendment referred to follows:]





II.L.C.






AMENDMENT TO H.R. 611

OFFERED BY MS. LEE

In section 2(a), insert "democratically elected" be-

fore "Government of Haiti".

In section 2(c), strike the matter preceding para-

graph (1), and insert the following: "Except as provided

in section 4, the Director shall coordinate with appro-

priate international nongovernmental organizations and

representatives of civil society or with appropriate offi-

cials from the democratically elected Government of Haiti

to identify ministries and agencies of the democratically

elected Government of Haiti that require assistance con-

cerning the reconstruction and development in Haiti with

respect to-".

In section 3(b), strike "If" and insert "Except as

provided in section 4, if".

In section 3(b), insert "democratically elected" be-

fore "Government of Haiti".

At the end of the bill, add the following new section:





II.L.C.
2
1 SEC. 4. DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED GOVERNMENT OF

2 HAITI.

3 (a) DESCRIPTION.-In this Act, the term "democrat-

4 ically elected Government of Haiti" means a government

5 that-

6 (1) results from free and fair elections-

7 (A) conducted under the supervision of

8 internationally recognized observers; and

9 (B) in which-

10 (i) opposition parties were permitted

11 ample time to organize and campaign for

12 such elections; and

13 (ii) all candidates were permitted full

14 access to the media;

15 (2) is showing respect for the basic civil lib-

16 erties and human rights of the citizens of the coun-

17 try;

18 (3) is committed to making constitutional

19 changes that would ensure regular free and fair elec-

20 tions and the full enjoyment of basic civil liberties

21 and human rights by the citizens of the country; and

22 (4) has made demonstrable progress in estab-

23 fishing an independent judiciary.

24 (b) EXCEPTION.-

25 (1) IN GENERAL.-Until such time as a demo-

26 cratically elected government described in subsection





49
H.L.C.
3
1 (a) exists in Haiti, any assistance, coordination, or

2 cooperation related to economic and infrastructure

3 reconstruction and development authorized under

4 this Act is authorized to be carried out in coordina-

5 tion or cooperation with the Government of Haiti.

6 (2) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.-Nothing in

7 paragraph (1) shall be construed as authorizing any

8 direct United States foreign assistance to a non-

9 democratically elected Government of Haiti.






Ms. LEE. Thank you very much. Mr. Chairman, I thank you for
your leadership on so many tough issues impacting the Western
Hemisphere and especially for your leadership on United States
policy toward Haiti. I am in complete agreement with my col-
leagues, with yourself, and both sides of the aisle that Haiti is in
desperate need of recovery and of assistance. The recovery must in-
clude economic, social, and political development for the Haitian
people to advance.
So this amendment would advance this major recovery effort by
doing three things. It will ensure that U.S. funding and program
assistance actually reaches the Haitian people, and it would reach
the Haitian people through this amendment because we have des-
ignated that it go through either an NGO or through a democrat-
ically-elected government. And it also defines the same standard of
what a democratically-elected government constitutes as what we
use with regard to Cuba. It also requires that these funds be dis-.
tributed through civil society and international nongovernmental
organizations if there is no accountable democratically-elected gov-
ernment.
Why do we need this amendment? Mr. Chairman, let me just
say, I have no prior authorship on this, but for the most part, we
wrote quite a bit of this bill, and so I am very proud of the actual
content of the bill. But in many ways, it has been changed, and so
what this amendment does, with the support of the two Democratic
co-sponsors, Congressman Rangel and Congressman Davis, is to
make sure that when we move forward with this, and if we really
believe that Haiti needs this direct economic and social infrastruc-
ture and healthcare development, that we authorize funds for a
democratically-elected government or for civil society or NGOs.
So I am asking you to join me in support of this amendment
which would provide direct funding to the people of Haiti through
the hands of those who best represent them, and that is either a
democratically-elected government or a civil society or NGOs.
Mr. BURTON. Is there further discussion on the amendment by
Ms. Lee?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. If there is no further discussion on the amendment,
all those in favor will signify by saying aye.
[A chorus of ayes.]
Mr. BURTON. Those opposed will signify by saying no.
[A chorus of noes.]
Ms. LEE. May I have a rollcall?
Mr. BURTON. The lady has asked for a rollcall vote, and a rollcall
vote will be granted. The clerk will call the roll.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Burton?
Mr. BURTON. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Burton votes no. Mr. Paul?
[No response.]
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Weller?
Mr. WELLER. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Weller votes no. Ms. Harris?
Ms. HARRIS. No.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Harris votes no. Mr. Leach?
[No response.]






Ms. RUSH. Mr. Smith?
Mr. SMITH OF NEW JERSEY. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Smith votes no. Ms. Ros-Lehtinen?
Ms. ROS-LEHTINEN. No.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Ros-Lehtinen votes no. Mr. Mack?
Mr. MACK. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Mack votes no. Mr. McCaul?
Mr. MCCAUL. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. McCaul votes no. Mr. Menendez?
Mr. MENENDEZ. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Menendez votes yes. Ms. Napolitano?
Ms. NAPOLITANO. Yes.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Napolitano votes yes. Mr. Meeks?
Mr. MEEKS. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Meeks votes yes. Mr. Faleomavaega?
[No response.]
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Payne?
Mr. PAYNE. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Payne votes yes. Mr. Delahunt?
Mr. DELAHUNT. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Delahunt votes yes. Ms. Lee?
Ms. LEE. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Lee votes yes.
Mr. BURTON. The clerk will report.
Ms. RUSH. On this vote, there are six ayes and seven noes.
Mr. BURTON. The amendment fails for lack of a majority. Are
there further amendments?
[No response.]
Mr. BURTON. If there are no further amendments, the question
occurs on the bill itself. All those in favor of the bill being reported
to the Floor favorably, signify by saying aye.
[A chorus of ayes.]
Mr. BURTON. Those opposed, signify by saying no.
[A chorus of noes.]
Mr. BURTON. In the opinion of the Chair, the ayes have it.
Ms. LEE. May I have a rollcall?
Mr. BURTON. We will have a rollcall vote. The gentlelady has re-
quested it, and it will be granted. The clerk will call the roll.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Burton?
Mr. BURTON. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Burton votes yes. Mr. Paul?
[No response.]
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Weller?
Mr. WELLER. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Weller votes yes. Ms. Harris?
Ms. HARRIS. Yes.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Harris votes yes. Mr. Leach?
[No response.]
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Smith?
Mr. SMITH OF NEW JERSEY. Yes.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Smith votes yes. Ms. Ros-Lehtinen?
Ms. ROS-LEHTINEN. Yes.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Ros-Lehtinen votes yes. Mr. Mack?
Mr. MACK. Yes.






Ms. RUSH. Mr. Mack votes no. Mr. McCaul?
Mr. MCCAUL. Yes.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. McCaul votes yes. Mr. Menendez?
Mr. MENENDEZ. I'll pass for the moment.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Napolitano?
Ms. NAPOLITANO. Aye.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Napolitano votes yes. Mr. Meeks?
Mr. MEEKS. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Meeks votes no. Mr. Faleomavaega?
[No response.]
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Payne?
Mr. PAYNE. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Payne votes no. Mr. Delahunt?
Mr. DELAHUNT. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Delahunt votes no. Ms. Lee?
Ms. LEE. No.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Lee votes no.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Menendez?
Mr. MENENDEZ. No.
Ms. RUSH. Mr. Menendez votes no.
Ms. NAPOLITANO. Mr. Chair, how am I recorded?
Ms. RUSH. You voted yes.
Ms. NAPOLITANO. Change to "no," please.
Ms. RUSH. Ms. Napolitano votes no.
Mr. BURTON. The clerk will report.
Ms. RUSH. On this vote, there are seven "yes" votes and six "no"
votes.
Mr. BURTON. The bill will be reported favorably to the Full Com-
mittee. Without objection, the bill is reported in the form of a sin-
gle amendment in the nature of a substitute incorporating the
amendments adopted here today, and without objection, the staff is
directed to make any technical and conforming amendments as
necessary.
If there is no further business to come before the Committee, we
stand adjourned.
[Whereupon, at 3:30 p.m., the Subcommittee was adjourned.]




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