Deployment of U.S. naval forces regarding the petroleum and arms embargo of Haiti

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Material Information

Title:
Deployment of U.S. naval forces regarding the petroleum and arms embargo of Haiti communication from the President of the United States transmitting notification of the Deployment of U.S. Naval forces to participate in the implementation of the petroleum and arms embargo of Haiti
Series Title:
House document / 103d Congress, 1st session ;
Alternate title:
Deployment of US naval forces regarding the petroleum and arms embargo of Haiti
Physical Description:
1 online resource (2 p.) : ;
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- President (1993-2001 : Clinton)
Clinton, Bill, 1946-
United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on Foreign Affairs
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Economic sanctions -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Arms transfers -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Sanctions économiques -- Haïti   ( ram )
Armes -- Vente -- Haïti   ( ram )
Relations -- United States -- Haiti   ( lcsh )
Relations -- Haiti -- United States   ( lcsh )
Relations -- États-Unis -- Haïti   ( ram )
Relations -- Haïti -- États-Unis   ( ram )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Title from PDF t.p. (LLMC Digital, viewed on Sept. 30, 2010)
General Note:
"Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs."
General Note:
"November 4, 1993."

Record Information

Source Institution:
Columbia Law Library
Holding Location:
Columbia Law Library
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 667589754
System ID:
AA00001222:00001


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103d Congress, 1st Session House Document 103-153


DEPLOYMENT OF U.S. NAVAL FORCES REGARDING
THE PETROLEUM AND ARMS EMBARGO OF HAITI





COMMUNICATION

FROM


THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

TRANSMITTING

NOTIFICATION OF THE DEPLOYMENT OF U.S. NAVAL FORCES TO
PARTICIPATE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PETROLEUM
AND ARMS EMBARGO OF HAITI


NOVEMBER 4, 1993.-Rereferred to the Committee on Foreigns Affairs and
ordered to be printed


U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE


*79-011


WASHINGTON : 1993










THE WHITE HOUSE,
Washington, DC, October 20, 1993.
Hon. THOMAS S. FOLEY,
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
Washington, DC.
DEAR MR. SPEAKER: I have directed the deployment of U.S.
Naval Forces to participate in the implementation of the petroleum
and arms embargo of Haiti. At 11:59 p.m. E.S.T., October 18, units
under the command of the Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic
Command, began enforcement operations in the waters around
Haiti, including the territorial sea of that country, pursuant to my
direction and consistent with United Nations Security Council Res-
olutions 841, 873, and 875. I am providing this report, consistent
with the War Powers Resolution, to ensure that the Congress is
kept fully informed about this important U.S. action to support
multilateral efforts to restore democracy in Haiti and thereby pro-
mote democracy throughout the hemisphere.
During the past week, the world has witnessed lawless, brutal
actions by Haiti's military and police authorities to thwart the Hai-
tian people's manifest desire for democracy to be returned to their
country. With our full support, the United Nations Security Council
has responded resolutely to these events. On October 16, the Secu-
rity Council, acting under Chapters VII and VIII of the United Na-
tions Charter, adopted Resolution 875. This resolution calls upon
Member States, "acting nationally or through regional agencies or
arrangements, cooperating with the legitimate Government of
Haiti, to use such measures commensurate with the specific cir-
cumstances as may be necessary" to ensure strict implementation
of sanctions imposed by Resolutions 841 and 873. The maritime
interception operations I have directed are conducted under U.S.
command and control. In concert with allied navies, U.S. Naval
Forces will ensure that merchant vessels proceeding to Haiti are in
compliance with the embargo provisions set forth in the Security
Council resolutions.
The initial deployment includes six U.S. Navy ships and support-
ing elements under the command of the U.S. Atlantic Command.
These U.S. forces and others as may be necessary, combined with
those forces that other Member States have committed to this oper-
ation, will conduct intercept operations to ensure that merchant
ships proceeding to Haiti are in compliance with United Nations
Security Council sanctions. On the first day of the operation, one
of our ships, with U.S. Navy and Coast Guard personnel aboard,
carried out an interception of a Belize-flag vessel and allowed it to
proceed to its destination after determining that it was in compli-
ance with the embargo. In addition, the forces of the U.S. Atlantic
Command will remain prepared to protect U.S. citizens in Haiti
and, acting in cooperation with U.S. Coast Guard, to support the






Haitian Alien Migrant Interdiction Operations (AMIO) of the Unit-
ed States, as may be necessary.
The United States strongly supports the Governor's Island
Agreement and restoration of democracy in Haiti. The measures I
have taken to deploy U.S. Armed Forces in "Operation Restore De-
mocracy" are consistent with United States goals and interests and
constitute crucial support for the world community's strategy to
overcome the persistent refusal of Haitian military and police au-
thorities to fulfill their commitments under the Governor's Island
Agreement. I have ordered the deployment of U.S. Armed Forces
for these purposes pursuant to my constitutional authority to con-
duct foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Exec-
utive.
Close cooperation between the President and the Congress is im-
perative for effective U.S. foreign policy and especially when the
United States commits our Armed Forces abroad. I remain commit-
ted to consulting closely with Congress on our foreign policy, and
I will continue to keep Congress fully informed about significant
deployments of our Nation's Armed Forces.
Sincerely,
BILL CLINTON.