Academia d'Arte, Ybor City, Tampa : an adaptive use and compatible design project

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Material Information

Title:
Academia d'Arte, Ybor City, Tampa : an adaptive use and compatible design project
Series Title:
Lozano cigar factory preservation documents
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creator:
Fernandez, M. E.
Publisher:
M. E. Fernandez
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date:

Notes

General Note:
Completed for Materials and Methods of Preservation, Spring, 1984

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
System ID:
AA00000571:00011

Full Text







ACADEMIA D'ARTE
YBOR CITY, TAMPA
AN ADAPTIVE USE & COMPATIBLE DESIGN
PROJECT
M2E. FERNANDEZ

















PROGRAM















Problem

Unification is the motive behind the formation of the Academia D' Arte.

Formerly scattered in different widely separated buildings, the Academia's

directors decided to consolidate its different art disciplines into a single

complex. Because of budget limitations, they explored the possibility of

accommodating the various disciplines in an existing building. With this

idea in mind, the directors considered the Lozano Cigar Factory of Ybor City,

Tampa, as the structure to accommodate the new art complex.

Since the former cigar factory lacked enough space to encompass the

ambitious art program envisioned, the architectural design solution required

both adaptive use of the existing structure and new compatible construction.













2 Site
On Tampa's National Historic District of Ybor City lies the site of the

Lozano Cigar Factory. It is located on the southeast side of the district

and about 8 blocks from USI-4. To the north is East 4th Avenue, a two way

street, while to the east, south and west there are N. 21st Street, E. 3rd

Avenue and N. 20th Street, respectively, all one way streets going clockwise

direction. The Lozano Cigar Factory sits on the northeast corner of the site

which measures 200 x 350.4 feet. Within this area there is a considerable

amount of unused property, but none is directly connected to this site. Its

proximity to the commercial area of the district puts it within easy walking

distance, thus its location is prime for most any type of project. There is

plenty of access from all sides of the site for vehicles and pedestrians

alike.








3 Background
The Lozano Cigar Factory of Ybor City, Tampa, Florida, was designed and

built in late 1905 to house a family cigar business. The factory, located

at 1410 Twenty-first Street, is a three-story brick and wood structure of

simple, rectilinear geometry. Over the years since 1905 there have been

several additions and modifications to the original two-story fabric, set on

a basement foundation, half exposed above ground. Records indicate that some-

time between 1905 and 1915 a third story was added to the factory, while by

1931 a two and three story brick addition was placed on the south wall of the

original structure. Since 1941 and due to business failures, the Lozano

factory no longer housed cigar enterprises. In that year, the property was

sold to the Tampa Casket Company, who made use of the facilities until falling

into bankruptcy in 1969. After this date, it became the property of George

Rink, who had it leased to local artists until recently, the present year,

when it was sold to the Lawrence Properties Group for further renovation work.

The Lozano Cigar Factory keeps mainly its original fabric design as its

later on additions to remain as a stark physical indicator of the flourished

cigar industry in early 1900s Tampa.












4Academic D'Arte and its Users

The Academia D'Arte is a practical school for the practical student who

wants to explore an interesting skill or subject in one of the art disciplines

to be consolidated at the new Ybor City's Academy. Its status is of an educa-

tional craftsmanship center in which the students will learn the methods,

techniques and theory of their interested art discipline so to enhance his

personal growth and development or to receive a certificate which will enable

them to enter the job market as competent artists.

The faculty of the Academia are mainly local artists who share their

expertise with Ybor City's community. The administration personnel will be

members of this community who are interested in reinforcing the cultural heri-

tage of Ybor City while the visitors would be residents of the community in

general or foreigners who would come for educational as well as recreational

purposes.










5 Programmatic Concept

The educational character of the building type ask within the conceptual

program to create an environment of interdisciplinary activities oriented

toward maximum productivity. The design solution should be a unified scheme

which will promote communication between the students, faculty, administrative

personnel and visitors. It should improve the image of Ybor City, its cul-

tural heritage, and develop Ybor City's potential as a visitor attraction.

The art disciplines considered to be consolidated at the new Academic

D'Arte are the following:

--Ceramics

--Sculpture

--Jewelry

--Drawing and Painting

--Silkscreen and Lithography

--Wood working

--Photography




















A series of requirements correspond to the different activities as

support facilities are to be provided. These may be classified as:

--Educational/Workshops, Studios, Lecture Rooms, Library, Gallery

--Administrative/Offices, Conference Room

--Auxilliary/Restaurant, Gift Shop, Gathering Spaces

--Services/Restrooms, Storage Area, Service Area, Mechanical Room








SProgram Description

The following is a description of the major spatial requirements to be

considered in the design solution:

Woodworking

The type of woodworking that will be done in the Academia are
basically small scale articles: coffers, bowls, book stands, carved
articles, etc.... In the process of manufacture three different
steps may be observed: 1) election and cutting of piece of wood
2) manufacture of the article and 3) finishing of the article. The
workshop layout must conform to work flow and safety. Ample space
must be provided around machines to allow necessary movement without
incursion on work space. Non-slip floor finishes should be specified.

In the first step, the work area must be close to a wood storage
area. The only machine required is an electrical saw. In the second
step two lathes, grindstones, and working tables are required. Finally
in the finishing step, where the sealer, varnish, and/or paint or stain
are applied, should be apart from the other areas to avoid the adherence
of sawdust to the articles. Within the workshop, there should be an area
allotted for the storage of hand tools, adhesives, paint, that is material
needed in the manufacture of wood articles.

Sculpture

The type of sculpture will be mainly that of glass fibre--rein-
forced resin and rough stone objects. The workshop should be an open
flexible space for the good achievement of the process: carrying or
laying-up the material, joining and finishing; must have good natural
daylight with high level windows and easy access to service and open
sculpture courtyard. Special equipment required in a power drill and
double sinks with hot and cold water.










Ceramic

This workshop of all, is the one that has a longer sequence of
operation and therefore requires a greater number of equipment space
designation. There should be an area for 1) clay storage both bulk
and day-to-day use, bins, and easy access for delivery and use 2) clay
preparation provisioned with a pugmill, wedging bench, sinks, bins,
and shelves 3) modelling throwing general working area with benches,
potter's wheels, and racks 4) decorating glazing requires benches,
sinks, and racks and 5) firing final step that requires a kiln and
racks for storage. The ceramic and pottery workshop should be well
ventilated with plenty of lighting and humidity control.

Jewelry

The type of jewelry to be made at the Academia is with metals such
as copper, brass and silver. This shop requires an ample area with work-
ing tables. Most of the equipment used are hand tools with the exception
of a kiln, motors for buffeing and polishing, and precision drills.

Drawing & Painting

These studios shall be large and open to flexibility with good
natural daylight. Sinks shall be provided and appropriate surfaces for
display.

Photography/Darkroom

Photography studio is for the purpose of creative photography and
mounting while the darkroom is for developing and printing of film.
Special furniture and equipment will include fixed camera; dryer; print
washer; developing, enlarging and printing equipment.









Silkscreen and Lithography


These studios shall be large and open to flexibility with good
natural daylight and ventilation. Special equipment and furniture will
include working tables, drying racks and sinks.

Storage

All storage should be sited next to the appropriate workshop. They
must consider proper conditions of heat and humidity where these may be
detrimental to materials being stored. Such storage will require element
of control and security. In addition to each discipline, appropriate
storage, supplementary, general storage shall be provided.

Administration

Within this area shall be found all the offices that will direct all
the functions of the Academia. Among these are: a reception area,
offices of the director, assistant director, accountant, secretaries, and
faculty.

Library

The library may be considered as a reading room. Its capacity will
be for about 1,000 volumes and shall have appropriate storage and an audio
visual area.

Gallery

The gallery is envisioned as a teaching gallery which will exhibit
student and faculty works as well as small traveling exhibitions of
interest to the community at large. Special requirements will include
appropriate storage, adjustable lighting, properly controlled climate,
on-grade access, and a gallery office.















Restaurant

The restaurant will be a cafe-bar type specializing in light meals
such as sandwiches, soups and various typical Caribbean plates. It will
operate on an hour schedule of lunch and dinner service. Special require-
ment is a supporting kitchen, food storage and good service access.

Gift Shop

This should be the typical of other types of shops selling articles
related to the various art disciplines.

Service

Service shall be provided on all floors with ample room for loading
materials on and off a freight elevator and with easy access to general
storage areas.

Restrooms

Men and women restroom facilities shall be provided on all floors
according to the maximum occupancy per floor.










7Program: Appropriate Spatial Requirements


Educational


Woodshop.......................
Sculpture Studio...............
Ceramic Studio.................
Jewelry Workshop..............
Drawing Studio.................
Painting Studio............. ..
Photography Studio .............
Darkroom .......................
Silkscreen Studio..............
Lithography Studio.............
Library........................
Storage.....................
Office......................
Audio Visual...................
Lecture Rooms (2 @ 250 sq. ft.
Lecture Room (1)...............
Gallery/Exhibition Space.......
Storage/Work space..........
Gallery Office..............
Service.....................
Restrooms (as per occupancy)


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Administration


Reception ....................................
Director's Office................... ......
Assistant Director's Office.................
Accountant's Office & Sec ....................
Secretaries...............................
Storage/Pantry/Photocopying..................
Faculty Offices (6 @ 112 sq. ft. ea.)........
Conference Room...............................


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300
200
150
400
250
100
672
250


2,000
2,000
2,000
900
1,900
1,600
350
950
1,400
1,600
2,000
200
100
300
500
500
2,500
550
225
200


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Auxilliary


Restaurant (about 150 occupants)..................
Kitchen ........................................
Service..................................... ..
Restrooms (as per occupancy)
Gift Shop .........................................
Photoprinting .....................................
Display Areas .....................................
Gathering Spaces ..................................


3,000 sq. ft.
900 sq. ft.
200 sq. ft.


600
150
750
1,000


Services


Restrooms
Female (2 lavatories, 2 w.c./per floor) ............
Male (2 lavatories, 1 w.c., 1 urinal/per floor)......
Janitor Closets (1 per floor)
Mechanical Room .........................................
General Storage .........................................


700 sq. ft.
700 sq. ft.

1,400 sq. ft.
800 sq. ft.
















DESIGN












ACADEMIA D'ARTE
YBOR CITY, TAMPA


AN ADAPTIVE USE


& COMPATIBLE DESIGN
PROJECT
M.E. FERNANDEZ


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