CULTURAL CENTER FOR YBOR CITY
YBOR CITY CULTURAL CENTER
William B. Medellin
HISTORY OF THE BUILDING
The Lozano Cigar Factory is a three story brick structure. The original two story building was constructed in November of 1905. The third story was added later in 1915 and a two story addition was constructed on the south side of the building in 1916. The F. Lozano, Son and Company Inc. occupied the building from 1905 to 1923. M. Bustillo and Company then leased the building and produced cigars there until 1941. In 1941 the building was sold to the Tampa Casket Company, which operated there until 1940.
The building reflects the architectural character common to Tampa cigar factories. Windows are set in rounded arch lintels with bars on the basement windows and tin-sheathed shutters on the first floor. The first floor is set several feet above ground level with an entrance at the east and south sides of the building.
The Lozano Cigar Factory is located in the Ybor City area of Tampa, Florida, south of the Ybor City business district. The building sits in the corner of E. 4th Ave. and N. 22nd St. The site measures 200 x 350 feet. It is surrounded to the north by E. 4th Ave. (high level of traffic going east and west), to the south by E. 3rd Ave. (low traffic level going east and west), to the east by N. 21st (high traffic level going north and south), to the west by N. 20th St. (low traffic level going north and south).
The site is roughly level, with only a two foot drop in elevation from east to west. A two foot high masonry wall runs along the south, east and west edges of the site. A six foot high chain link fence encloses the east
portion (half) of the block. Exposed concrete slabs indicate locations of former factory outbuildings. The vegetation consists mainly of palm trees along the east, north and south edges of the fenced property and some small deciduous species on the west edge. The unfenced western portion of the block is densely covered with palm trees and other various species.
EXISTING CONDITIONS The exterior fabric of the building is in good condition, with few signs of deterioration. Besides the later addition, no alteration has taken place. Window frames, sashes and window panes need to be replaced in every facade. The interior part is not in good condition; floors and ceilings need to be replaced.
The proposed solution is to concentrate in the Lozano Cigar F-ctory site several art and crafts facilities to form a cultural center. The cultural center will serve a dual purpose: the revitalization of the Ybor City commercial district, and to provide cultural events, education and awareness of Tampa's historic heritage and history. The project involves rehabilitation of the old building and compatible design of a new structure. The articulation of the old and the new will create a pleasant open space to be enjoyed by staff and visitors as well. The Ybor City area has a unique, bohemic character; a cultural center will enhance and preserve this character, making it a prosperous and growing community.
The existing structure will be rehabilitated to accommodate a History of Tampa Museum, a museum dedicated to the Spanish migration to Ybor City,
an art gallery, and ceramic, sculpture, photographic and painting studios with lecture and classroom space.
The new structure will be designed following criteria and design characteristics of the Ybor City area. It will accommodate the administrative section of the Center, lecture, conference rooms, supporting facilities such as bathrooms, mechanical rooms, storage space and shipping and receiving. A performing arts auditorium for concerts, lectures and movies will also form part of this new complex. Retail space for items produced and exhibited in the center, and a cafeteria for visitors, staff, and students.
DESCRIPTION OF FACILITIES
Several spaces to be provided for community arts and crafts such as ceramics, sculpture, painting and photography. These studios should include ample space and provisions for potter wheels, counter space, dark room, sinks and storage shelves. Interiors should be easily maintained, well ventilated and naturally lit if possible. Walking distance from parking should be given consideration due to their frequent daily use. A communal space should be provided for a student lounge, exhibit and student crits. This communal space should be accessible from every studio, well lit and with ample flexible space provided to accommodate different functions. An outdoor work area is also desirable.
Approximate sizes: Ceramics (1) 600 sq. ft.; Painting (1) 600 sq. ft.; Sculpture (1) 900 sq. ft.; and Photography (1) 600 sq. ft.
This museum will have permanent exhibitions dedicated to the City of Tampa, its history and cultural heritage. Provide easy public access and separate from workshop area to reduce the traffic flow. Space should be flexible enough to accommodate exhibits with photographs and display cases with objects related to the history of Tampa. Space flow must be clear and easy to follow from one exhibit to the other and also must be well lit. A lobby should be provided to orient the visitor to the museum.
Approximate size: 4500 sq. ft.
Ybor City Museum
Permanent exhibition dedicated to the history of Ybor City, its cultural heritage and Spanish migration to the area. Approximate size: 900 sq. ft.
Temporary traveling exhibitions will be shown in this area as well as work done by local artists. Space should be flexible in order to accommodate different size and character of exhibitions. Storage and curators space is necessary to handle the temporary exhibits. Location must be near the art gallery. A primary function of the art gallery is to expose the work of the community artists to all visiting the complex.
Approximate size: 1200 sq. ft.
Art, art history, and architecture books will be kept at this library. Space should be ample enough to provide reading, research work, smoking lounge, storage, librarian office, and check-out counter. Space should be naturally lit as much as possible. Library must have easy access for
students and public, maintaining its isolation required for the acoustics described.
Seating area (bookshelves included) 3,300 sq. ft.
Reading area 600 sq. ft.
Smoking lounge 350 sq. ft.
Library office 150 sq. ft.
Storage 150 sq. ft.
Check-out counter 150 sq. ft.
Total 4,700 sq. ft.
Classrooms and lecture space for instruction of arts, crafts and lectures from visitors. These spaces must have easy access from outside to students and visitors as well.
Approximate size: (4) @ 900 sq. ft.
Designed for small concerts, lectures and movies, with a seating capacity of 400 seats (9 sq. ft. per person). One ticket booth (one for @ 1200 seats). Foyer, generally 1 sq. ft. per seat. The function of a foyer is to provide sufficient waiting area for patrons buying tickets, or waiting for arrival of friends, etc. A lobby as a distribution area, generally 1 and 2 sq. ft. per seat. The efficienty of the lobby will be determined by the success with which patrons can be directed to their seats. No refreshments will be sold or allowed in auditorium. Bathrooms will be separated in opposite positions. This way traffic can be split and therefore minimized.
Bathrooms = 5 toilets and 2 sinks per 1,000 seats for women
5 urinals, 3 sinks and 2 bowls per 1,000 seats for men.
Traffic and comfort requirements will generally determine seat spacing. The accepted minimum for adequate room to allow patrons to pass other seated patrons is 42". Location of aisles will be determined to some extent by local code requirements, which govern max numbers of seats in a row.
The stage surface should be of unfinished wood, non-reflective and must be designed to reduce echoes to a minimum.
Backstage facilities must provide space for storage of equipment and small rest area for performers. Another facility not located backstage is the projection room, with adequate storage of film and equipment.
Mechanical equipment required for heating and air-conditioning equipment should be sound isolated from the stage and auditorium. Loading facilities is necessary and should be located near storage.
Space should be provided for a general manager's office, space for secretaries and general office, accountant's office, storage space for records, duplicating equipment, files, etc. The administrative spaces should be easily accessible from the exterior and should be expressed in such a way that their function and location is evident to those seeking their services.
Manager's office 150 sq. ft.
General office 600 sq. ft.
Storage 150 sq. ft.
Accountant's office 150 sq. ft.
Restrooms: 1 w.c.--l lavatory--l urinal for men 2 w.c.--2 lavatories for women
All delivery service to the kitchen must be made via the loading dock, therefore it should be adjacent to the dock or immediate vicinity. This facility will be used extensively by students, visitors and staff members for quick meals and lunches. The kitchen should include a vegetable and salad preparation, cold foods section, pantry and storage section, dishwashing area, counter, range, shelves, and a small office for management.
Seating area 2,000
Restrooms: 2 w.c.--2 lavatories--2 urinals for men 2 w.c.2 lavatories for women
The retail area will attract visitors for the center and some but not many shoppers from the Ybor City business district. The size and character of the retail area is not big enough to compete with the commerical district of the area. Objects such as paintings, sculptures, posters, art related books and art objects produced at the center will be sold at this shop.
Approximate size of Retail: 900 sq. ft.
Total square footage, 25,800 sq. ft.
1 space per 400 sq. ft.
65 parking spaces to be provided.
An open public space will connect the facilities described making it a whole united complex. This public space serves as the main distribution of
traffic flow through the complex. It will also be used for outdoor activities and exhibitions. The more people attracted to the comples, the more successful the rehabilitation of the Ybor City area, which besides the propagation of cultural activities, is one of the main goals of the project.
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CULTURAL CENTER FOR YBOR CITY
SITE: LOZANO CIGAR FACTORY
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