AN ADAPTIVE USE OF THE LOZANO CIGAR FACTORY FOR GERONTOLOGICAL PURPOSES
Suzanne M. Roess
FUNCTIONS: To adapt the Lozano Cigar Factory for residences for independently
functioning elderly persons, including:
*29 one-and two-bedroom units -'small cafeteria "''nurses unit -'physical therapy area "laundry and lounge areas
-'outdoor recreation areas: tea room, gardening, ceramics, tennis, pool, and additional activities.
CONCEPT: By organizing a safe, comfortable, attractive, thriving environment a social interaction of elderly persons will be created. Friendships will predominate, and short-term health care will be available to those few who need it. Independent elderly persons only will be eligible for this "advanced" apartment complex. When further treatment or care becomes necessary, a chain of increased health care will be available. Above all, the fear and lonliness of dying will be removed. Caring friends will watch over each other, and as in birth, death will be experienced with dignity and care among friends.
GENERAL APPROACH: The site and building will be transformed into an active center, by:
-'Compatible Landscaping of Outdoor Areas ^'Addition of Exterior Areas for Recreation 'Compatible Additions to Site -'Provisions for Interaction among Residents 'Buffering Unnecessary Noise
-Retaining Links with Past (through Construction) "Retaining Good Connections with Activity -'Separation of any Possible Violence.
DESIGN CRITERIA: Five investors have decided to develop an elderly housing project on the Lozano Cigar Site. Using a budget of $40.00 per square foot for new construction, and $100.00 per square foot for adapted construction as a guideline. All existing buildings will remain. Landscaping and buffer zones shall improve site qualities. Comfortable residences shall be established within, while retaining the historic fabric of the site.
EXPLANATION OF SPACES:
I. Living Units 29 one-and two-bedroom units accommodating from 30 to 50 people will establish a small, but homelike
atmosphere for the residents. Each unit will have basic apartment needs, as well as additional carefully planned gerontological solutions. Wheelchairs will have easy access, as will the handicapped (semi-immobile, blind persons, etc.). Music and light will function in positive ways, with care taken to control undesired noise and light.
(15,889 sq. ft. of existing construction.) II. Management Three offices for management, and security purposes (for head nurse, head management, and perhaps the president of the elderly).
(580 sq. ft. of existing construction.) III. Nursing One small live-in unit will enable a full-time nurse to live at the center, while another is on duty. Because this is a minimal care facility, accidents and problems will usually be treated by hospital facilities.
(780 sq. ft. of existing construction.)
IV. Lounge Areas Lounge areas are available in different areas
for different purposes. Outdoor poolside areas are available
for breakfast, newspaper reading, sitting, watching, and
waiting. Indoor areas are designated for watching T.V., group
meetings, tea-breaks, group games, reading, and small chats.
Upper le-/el porch area is available for evening parties,
sitting, sunbathing, and reading. The outdoor areas (as
designated) will be new construction. The indoor areas will
be existing facilities.
(1,671 sq. ft. of existing construction.) (1,356 sq. ft. of new construction.)
V. Restaurant/Kitchen 1,440 square feet of new dining space
shall be located congruent to the kitchen on the south face
of the building. Special parties, as well as regular meals
will be held here. Sunday dinners will include family-type
settings where groups can congregate.
(905 sq. ft. of existing construction.) (1,440 sq. ft. of new construction.)
VI. Health Spa This area will encourage physical fitness for
the able-bodied through dance classes and spa-like activities, and will provide a therapeutic area for the handicapped. A whirlpool, light-weight machines and exercise machines will make up this program.
(952 sq. ft. of existing construction.) VII. Linen/Laundry This area will add convenience to the center, complete with bed-linen service, and individual machines. A lounge area is provided for social interaction during laundry room use.
(952 sq. ft. of new construction.) VIII. Vertical and Horizontal Circulation Designed with safety in mind. Elevators and stairwells are in fire-rated halls, with sprinkler systems, dropped ceilings, concealed HVAC systems, and safety features. Hallways are between five feet and ten feet in width, with fire-rated closers at least every twenty feet.
(350 sq. ft. of existing and new construction.)
IX. Extras Trash chases, janitor's closets, trash chutes, sprinkler systems, dropped ceilings, conceiled HVAC systems and safety features make up the category "Extras."
(1,729 sq. ft. of existing and new construction.)
XI. Landscape Features These features include a security guarded beautifully landscaped yard. A pool, outdoor veranda, tennis court, shuffleboard, ceramic studio, reading room, individual gardens, landscaped walks, and lighted parking are combined to make the outdoors an inviting feature of the complex. Walking is to be an integral part of each person's daily regimen, encouraged by the organized landscape progression of activities.
SQUARE FOOTAGE ALLOCATIONS
A. Basement (6 units; 4 one-BR, 2 two-BR)
B. First Floor (7 units; 4 one-BR, 2 two-BR)
C. Second Floor (10 units; 7 one-BR, 3 two-BR)
D. Third Floor (8 units, 6 one-BR, 2 two-BR)
A. Clinic (one unit above devoted to nursing)
B. Janitors' closets (see storage
C. Physical Therapy/Spa
A. Basement Group Area
B. First Floor
C. Outside Porch Addition (entry)
D. Outside Porch Addition (3rd Floor)
new 1,056 new 1,356
B. Kitchen (old)
exis ting exis ting
VI. HEALTH SPA
(See Physical Therapy) (See Exterior Groundwork)
Square Footage 952
VIII. VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL CIRCULATION
A. Basement (Elevator, Stairs, Halls) 889
B. First Floor (Elevator, Stairs, Halls) 889
C. Second Floor (Elevator, Stairs, Halls) 839
D. Third Floor (Elevator, Stairs, Halls) 891
IX. EXTRAS (Plumbings HUAC, extra circulation)_Square Footage
A. Basement 411
B. First Floor 320
C. Second Floor 708
D. Third Floor 290
X. TRASH_Square Footage
A. Basement 110
B. First Floor 110
C. Second Floor 60
D. Third Floor 100
XI. LANDSCAPE FEATURES_ Square Footage
A. 1 Tennis Court
B. 1 Swimming Pool
C. 1 Pool House (see below)
D. 10 Gardens (10 x 10)
E. Well Landscaped Seating Areas
F. Parking (See Below)
G. Ceramics Shop
I. Reading/T.V. Room
J. Circulation Thru Landscape
Site Site Site
100 Site Site Site Site Site Site
XIII. PARKING_ Square Footage
A. Guest Parking 10 HC on site Site
B. Guest Parking 12 off site Off Site
C. Tenant Parking 14 HC on site Site
D. Tenant Parking 10-12 off site Off Site
POOL HOUSE Square Footage
A. Pool House (open air)
AN ADAPTIVE USE OF THE LOZANO CIGAR FACTORY? HOUSING FOR THE AGED
"Ordinary design criteria do not always apply to housing for the aged. Certain basic psychological and sociological principles should be observed in planning for the elderly."
"People in this age group usually do not want to break their ties with family and neighborhood, and be placed in a new foreign environment. They need activities, not merely hobbies, and they want to participate in community functions. The objectives, programs and physical facilities for the housing of the aged should encourage and support the continuance of earlier patterns of living, daily routines, personal care habits, social contacts, and recreational activities. An important objective is to remain independent living as long as possible."
Time Saver Standards for Building Types by Joseph de Chiara, John Hancock, p. 8E
It is with these and more objectives that this elderly housing is designed. The concept of a "walkable" site is incorporated with 29 one- and two-bedroom units, a small cafeteria, a nurses' unit, a physical therapy area, laundry and lounge areas, outdoor recreation areas, and planned inter-city social functions.
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