Chemical Engineering Education ( Journal Site )

Material Information

Chemical Engineering Education
Alternate Title:
Abbreviated Title:
Chem. eng. educ.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 22-28 cm.
American Society for Engineering Education -- Chemical Engineering Division
Chemical Engineering Division, American Society for Engineering Education
Place of Publication:
Storrs, Conn
Publication Date:
annual[ former 1960-1961]


Subjects / Keywords:
Chemical engineering -- Study and teaching -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Chemical abstracts
Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1960-June 1964 ; v. 1, no. 1 (Oct. 1965)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication suspended briefly: issue designated v. 1, no. 4 (June 1966) published Nov. 1967.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
Place of publication varies: Rochester, N.Y., 1965-1967; Gainesville, Fla., 1968-

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 01151209
lccn - 70013732
issn - 0009-2479
lcc - TP165 .C18
ddc - 660/.2/071
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

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Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

Chemical Engineering Education
Volume 47 Number 4 Fall 2013

191 Mesh and Time-Step Independent Computational Fluid Dynamics
(CFD) Solutions
Justin J. Nijdam

197 Who Was Who in Kinetics, Reaction Engineering, and Catalysis
Cami L. Jackson and Joseph H. Holes

207 The Curmudgeon's Comer
Richard M. Felder

209 A Demonstration Apparatus for Poroelastic Mechanics
Thomas M. Quinn

190 Book Review: Chemical Engineering: An Introduction
by Morton M. Denn
Reviewed by David L. Silverstein

217 Navigating the Grad School Application Process:
A Training Schedule
Garrett R. Swindlehurst and Lisa G. Bullard
221 Graduate Program Advertisements

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION [ISSN 0009-2479 (print); ISSN 2165-6428 (online)] is published quarterly
by the Chemical Engineering Division, American Societyfor Engineering Education. Correspondence regarding editorial
matter, circulation,and changes of address should be sent to CEE,52001 NW 43rdSt.,Suite 102-239, Gainesville,FL 32606.
Copyright C 2013 by the Chemical Engineering Division, American Society for Engineering Education. The statements
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Jel book review

Chemical Engineering: An Introduction
By Morton M. Denn
Cambridge University Press (2012), $41.52 (

Reviewed by
David L. Silverstein, Ph.D., P.E.
Professor Morton Denn opens Chemical Engineering: An
Introduction with his definition of the field: "Chemical engi-
neering is the field of applied science that employs physical,
chemical, and biochemical rate processes for the betterment
of humanity." He follows these opening lines with a very
brief discussion of the history of the profession, followed
by short descriptions of a number of modem applications of
chemical engineering along with biographical information of
key practitioners and researchers.
The remaining 14 chapters reveal a different sort of in-
troduction to chemical engineering than other introductory
textbooks. Denn does not focus on developing a broad range
of fundamental skills (communication, resume writing, study
skills, etc.) for incoming ChE students, but instead seeks to
give an overview of the profession by presenting to the stu-
dent the mathematical application of chemical engineering
fundamentals and then expecting students to manipulate the
resulting models.
The text is best suited to students with solid mathematics
and physics backgrounds that will not be overwhelmed by
presentation and manipulation of differential equations. Most
chapters include a set of quantitative problems, with many
of them requiring calculus skills typically developed in the
third course in the sequence (partial differentials). The author
suggests that the only required math is Calculus 1.

Appendices for each chapter describe ancillary skills (least
squares regression, dimensional analysis, etc.) in brief or
provide additional detail on derivations for specific cases.
Some of the appendices contain what are more frequently core
course topics for an introductory engineering course, so the
instructor will need to carefully evaluate the match between
his or her students and the support offered by the textbook.
The book does not go as far as others targeted at beginning
ChE students by placing core ChE topics in a single specific
process context (i.e., Solen & Harb). It does place each topic
in the context of a process working with a liquid phase applied
to one of a broad range of specialties ranging from traditional
chemical and petroleum operations to modem bio-, pharma-,
and nano- applications.
A notable strength of the text is the bibliography ending each
chapter. Instead of just listing sources for examples, data, or
structure, the author discusses the utility of the source and
how he used it in the development of most chapters.
The 15 chapters are not organized in broad subject areas
(e.g., mass transfer, reactor design) but are instead organized
in smaller segments building on Chapter 2, which describes
fundamental modeling techniques grounded in conservation
principles. Mass transfer, for example, is addressed in separate
chapters on Membrane Separations, Two-phase Systems and
Interfacial Mass Transfer, and Equilibrium Staged Processes.
Denn suggests one word that can be used to describe the
text: rigorous. The introductory course instructor will need
to consider the preparation of students entering the course.
If they are well-prepared, the text provides a well-structured
framework to explore the fundamentals of chemical engi-
neering analysis and to give an overview of the breadth of
opportunities that lie ahead for chemical engineers. 0

@ Copyright ChE Division of ASEE 2013

Chemical Engineering Education

[e2s curriculum




University of Canterbury Christchurch, New Zealand

or the past decade, the Chemical and Process En-
gineering (CAPE) Department of the University of
Canterbury has offered an introductory course on com-
putational fluid dynamics (CFD) to final-year undergraduate
students. The popularity of this elective course, which is also
open to final-year mechanical and civil engineering students,
has increased, with student numbers rising from eight in 2001
to an average of 50 to 60 from 2009 onwards. This reflects
the increased relevance of CFD as an engineering design
tool, driven by improvements in the graphical user interface
of commercial CFD packages, advances in mathematical
models, and increases in computer processing power. The
user-friendly nature of commercial CFD packages and the
speed and reliability of their solutions make problems relevant
to engineering industry more amenable to CFD analysis.
Since practicing engineers are likely to use commercially
available CFD software as a design tool, a hands-on approach
with a commercial CFD code is appropriate when teaching
students CFD.11-71 It is important that the CFD solver not be
treated as a black box. Key solver concepts that need to be
covered include the stability and accuracy of discretization
schemes and the importance of gaining mesh- and (for tran-
sient problems) time-step-independent numerical solutions.
We have found that an exercise demonstrating the links
between discretization and the accuracy of the numerical
solutions helps to demystify the black box of a commercial
CFD solver.
In the CAPE CFD course, a homework assignment is given
to students to solve the one-dimensional transient diffusion
problem. The key learning objectives of this assignment are to
teach students the importance of gaining mesh- and time-step-
independent numerical solutions in CFD and to demonstrate
that these predictions can be verified by comparison with an
analytical solution. This paper describes two examples of the
one-dimensional transient diffusion problem, which were set
as homework assignments in 2007 and 2010. The first case

is the Couette flow problem for transient development of the
velocity profile between two parallel plates after the lower
plate, initially at rest, instantaneously moves horizontally at
a constant velocity. The second case is mass diffusion in a
porous medium, specifically looking at the moisture content
profiles that develop within timber as it dries. A third case
that could be used is transient diffusion in the form of heat
conduction in a thin metal plate.t81 These three cases cover
important physical phenomena of interest to engineers. The
aim of this paper is to demonstrate that these homework
assignments help students learn useful concepts about the
methodology and numerical aspects of CFD in a hands-on
manner using physically realistic, easy-to-understand prob-
lems. Student responses to a survey on the 2010 homework
assignment are presented.

The primary aim of the introductory CFD course is to
teach students CFD methodology. The course is taught in one
semester (12 weeks), building on courses taken previously
by students in fluid mechanics and numerical methods. It is
delivered in 12 two- hour lectures, as shown in Table 1 (next
page), using a similar approach as described by Aungt91 and
Kaushik et al.171 Familiarity with spreadsheets, Matlab and/
or other programming codes is assumed. The textbook is
Versteeg and Malalasekera's Introduction-to-CFD book.181 A
key feature of the lectures is to provide simulation examples

Justin Nijdam earned a 1998 from the
Chemical and Process Engineering Depart-
ment at Canterbury University in New Zealand.
He is currently a senior lecturer at Canterbury
University teaching classes in CFD, fluid
mechanics, heat and mass transfer, design
and analysis of experiments, and technical
communication. His research interests include
wood processing (drying, sterilization by Joule
heating) and food processing (spray dryers,
fluidized beds, fiters, mixers).

Copyright ChE Division ofASEE 2013

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

(spreadsheet calculations or
flow visualizations), where
appropriate, to demonstrate
the principles involved.
The CFD methodology is
threaded throughout the lec-
tures, covering 1) geometry
generation and appropriate
types of and locations for
boundaries; 2) mesh gen-
eration with a focus on mesh
quality and gaining mesh
independent numerical solu-
tions; 3) choice of physics
and numerical schemes; 4)
solution algorithms (coupled
and uncoupled solvers and
structured and unstructured
meshes); 5) post-processing;
and 6) validation. The lec-
tures are supported by three
homework assignments.

Couette flow assignment
Two very large parallel
plates, with a fluid in the
space between them, are
separated by a distance h
(Figure la). The lower plate
is suddenly accelerated from
rest and moves at a constant
velocity u0 while maintaining
the same distance from the
upper plate, which remains
stationary. The following
governing equation describes
the development of the fluid
velocity profile with time:
au a2
Tt =a

where u is the fluid velocity (nm/i
the plates, v is the kinematic vi
is time (s), and y (min) is the dista
dicular to the plates. The bounda
t<0: u=0
t>0: u=uo
u=0 fory

WEEK 1 Introduction to CFD, review of vector algebra
WEEK 2 Basic physical laws, conservation of mass and momentum, the substantive derivative
ISSUE: Assignment 1 (practical experience with ANSYS-CFX; the CFD methodology)
WEEK 3 Navier-Stokes equations, conservation of energy, the general transport equation,
boundary conditions
WEEK 4 Finite-volume method, ID diffusion problems
WEEK 5 1D convection-diffusion problems, discretization schemes (central and upwind)
DUE: Assignment 1
WEEK 6 Discretization schemes continued (Hybrid and QUICK), ID transient diffusion
ISSUE: Assignment 2 (numerical solution of 1D transient diffusion problem)

WEEK 7 Iterative solution of Navier-Stokes equations, underrelaxation and false timesteps
WEEK 8 Turbulence structure, RANS
DUE: Assignment 2; ISSUE: Assignment 3 (turbulence modeling using ANSYS-CFX
with validation)
WEEK 9 Turbulence modeling (k-e), Practical CFD issues (boundary conditions, mesh quality,
WEEK 10 Turbulence modeling (k-w0, SST, Reynolds Stress), Practical CFD issues (the wall)
WEEK 11 Turbulence modeling (DNS, LES), solvers (segregated and coupled), meshing (stag-
gered and co-located, structured and unstructured)
DUE: Assignment 3
WEEK 12 Other physical models (heat and mass transfer, reactions, flow in porous medium,
multi-phase flow, Lagrangian modeling of particle transport)


Warm humid air
y (mm) (mm) .>

u_ ^ ^ (mis) 4 ffX (kg/kg) 717

Plate moving at u. m/s Warm humid air
a) b)

Figure 1. Assignment 2. a) 2007: Couette-flow problem with a typical velocity profile over-
laid; b) 2010: Timber-drying problem with a typical moisture-content profile overlaid.
(1) The analytical solution of the governing equation, which
satisfies these boundary and initial conditions, ist10l:

s) in the direction parallel to fln2t
scosity of the fluid (m2/s), t u(y,t) = (h-y)__2'_nsmi ni y -
nce in the direction perpen- h 7t n ( h

ry and initial conditions are:
formally (2)
fory=0 (3)
=h (4)

where = -- (5)

The distance between the plates is 10 mm, the velocity of the
moving plate is 0.1 m/s, and the fluid is water with dynamic
viscosity lx10-3 kg/ms and density 1000 kg/m3.

Chemical Engineering Education

Introduction to CFD course outline in 2010

Mass diffusion in a porous medium assignment
A green timber board with an initial moisture content of 0.3 kg w
per kg dry wood is dried by passing warm humid air over the top and 1
tom surfaces (Figure lb). These surfaces equilibrate very quickly
the warm humid air to a moisture content of 0.12 kg/kg. The follow
governing equation describes the development of the moisture-con
distribution within the timber board with time as it dries:
aX D2X
at ay2

where X is the moisture content (kg/kg), D is the diffusion coeffic
of water in the wood (mEs), t is time (s), and y (m) is the distance fi
the centerline of the timber board. The thickness of the timber boar
h. The boundary and initial conditions can be written:
t<0:X=X, formally
t>0:X=Xofor y =-h2

X=Xe fory = h/2

where X. is the initial moisture content of the timber board (0.3 kg/I
and X is the equilibrium moisture content at the surfaces of the tirrn
board (0.12 kg/kg). The analytical solution of the governing equat
which satisfies these boundary and initial conditions, is111:

X-xo 2(-1)' fF(2n+l) ] F(2n+l)ry 1
i--- =, ---exp *--' Dt cos -:--- "
X,-X = (n+l/ 2) n L h J J L h JJ

The diffusion coefficient D of water in wood is assumed to be cons
with a value of 1x10 10 m2/s. The thickness of the timber board is 0.0'

Numerical solution using finite-volume method
The finite-volume method is commonly used in CFD for discrete
the governing equations.181 For transient problems, the governing ec
tions can be discretized using various schemes, with the focus in
homework assignment on the explicit and fully implicit schemes.
the sake of brevity, these mathematical discretizations are not show
this paper, although they are available from the author on request for
Couette and timber-drying problems. An excellent description is gi
by Versteeg and Malalasekera181 for the case of transient heat conduct
in a thin metal plate. Students can solve the matrix equation that coi
out using the fully implicit scheme using any convenient tool, whei
it is Matlab or a spreadsheet such as Microsoft Excel. According
Guessous,051 this enables students to focus on the important algorith
and numerical aspects of CFD, rather than on tedious mathematical or
input/output tasks associated with matrix inversions and data format

Students conducted the homework assignment individually. Fi
they divided the flow domain into 10 equal-size finite volumes
discretized the governing equation at each control volume using
explicit discretization scheme. The set of equations was solved uw
a time step of 0.2 s for the Couette flow problem and 10000 s for
timber-drying problem to determine the development of the fluid ve]
Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

ity profile between the plates and moisture-content
ater profile within the timber board, respectively, with
bot- time. Students then compared their numerical solu-
vith tion with the analytical solutions given by Eq. (5)
ring and Eq. (10), and commented on any differences,
tent providing percentage errors to back up their state-
ments. In addition, students determined the condi-
tion that must be satisfied in order to achieve a stable
(6) solution and demonstrated graphically (using their
numerical solver) what happens when this condition
., is not met. The condition for numerical stability of
ient ,
inom the explicit scheme is
At(A)2F (11)
(7) where At is the time step, Ay is the control volume
(8) height, and F is the diffusivity, here the kinematic
viscosity v in the Couette flow problem and the
(9) diffusion coefficient D in the timber-drying problem.
g), The fully implicit method was similarly ex-
iber plored, and in this case the students were required
to recommend a mesh spacing and time step that
produced a solution that was independent of these
quantities. Students compared numerical solutions
at different times for at least three different time
10) steps and three different mesh spacings. In addition,
students provided plots of error vs. time step and
tant mesh spacing to illustrate the effect of reducing the
m. time step and mesh spacing on the accuracy of the
solution. Finally, students commented on which
discretization scheme (explicit or fully implicit) is
zing most appropriate to use when numerically solving
the governing equation.
the Calculations could be done using a spreadsheet or
For by writing a program in Matlab, and all spreadsheets
n in and programs had to be documented (formulas shown
Sthe in the case of spreadsheets, and programs comment-
ven ed) sufficiently well that the calculations could be
tion understood from the hard copy alone. Students were
nes required to provide the full method of discretization
other for both the explicit and fully implicit schemes for
Sto control volumes adjacent to the boundaries and an in-
mnic temal control volume, including tables summarizing
file the coefficients that appear in the resultant algebraic
ing. equations, as shown by Versteeg and MalalasekeraE81
for heat conduction in a thin metal plate.

and Not all of the results required by the students for
the the homework assignment are given here. These
sing are available from the author on request, including
the spreadsheet calculations. A sub-set of the results is
loc- presented to highlight the principles covered.

Figure 2. Comparison of the analytical solution of the Couette-
flow problem with the numerical solution based on the explicit
discretization scheme at various times for 10 control volumes
and two different time steps At of 0.2s and 0.5s. The numerical
solution based on the fully implicit scheme with a time step At
of 0.5s is included for comparison.

-*- Numerical (5 Control Volumes)
-.-Numerical (10 Control Volumes)
-- Numerical (20 Control Volumes)
Q~~~~~g~t _____1gsag^ 00000 s
0.28 tOO s
X 0.22
S0.2 t=-400000 s,
2C 0.20
o 0.18
S0.14 t=1OOOOOOs
0 .10 .. .
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10

Distance y (m) x 103

Figure 3. Comparison of the analytical solution of the timber-
drying problem with various numerical solutions based on the
fully implicit discretization scheme at various times and for
various numbers of control volumes and with a time-step At of
Figure 2 compares the numerical predictions based on the
explicit discretization scheme with the analytical solution at
three times t (1, 5, and 10 s) for two different time steps At
(0.2s and 0.5 s) for the Couette flow problem. The larger time step
was calculated from Eq. (11), which represents the stability crite-

rion for the explicit discretization scheme. Any time
step equal to or greater than this time step (in this case
At--0.5 s) would result in an unstable and physically
unrealistic numerical solution, as shown by the oscilla-
tions in Figure 2. This part of the exercise gives students
practical experience in the stability of discretization
schemes, and reinforces concepts learned in lectures
on the numerical stability of discretization schemes for
convection-diffusion problems, such as stability issues
that arise when the central-differencing scheme is used.
The smaller time step of 0.2 s results in a physically
realistic numerical solution, which is in good agreement
with the analytical solution. Students calculated the er-
rors for the stable numerical solution, as demonstrated
by Versteeg and Malalaseker.E8' This prepared them for
a validation exercise in a subsequent homework assign-
ment in which they compared CFD simulations of a
simple turbulent flow with experimental data.
Figure 2 also compares the numerical predictions of
the explicit and fully implicit discretization schemes
for a time step At of 0.5s. This demonstrates that the
fully implicit scheme, which is unconditionally stable,
gives reasonable numerical solutions for time steps that
the explicit scheme cannot handle. Through discussion
in class, students come to appreciate the analogy to
convection-diffusion problems, where upwind discreti-
zation is preferable to central-differencing for highly
convective flows, due to the unconditional stability of
the former. Students also appreciate that refining the
mesh to gain a mesh-independent solution is not such
a limitation for the fully implicit scheme as for the
explicit scheme, for which mesh refining is often ac-
companied by a refinement in the time step so that the
stability criterion given by Eq. (11) is met. This gives
the fully implicit scheme advantages over the explicit
scheme for use in CFD codes.
Students demonstrated the effect of refining the mesh
and time step on the numerical accuracy of the solution.
Here, they come to understand that the exact solution of
the governing equations, given by the analytical solution,
can only be approached numerically when a sufficiently
fine mesh and a small enough time step are used. Figure
3 shows the improved accuracy that can be gained by
using more control volumes for the timber drying prob-
lem. Smith"4' has used COMSOL Multi-physics, a com-
mercial code with CFD functionality, to teach students
the importance of proper mesh resolution for achieving
numerically accurate CFD solutions. In the assignment
presented here, students experience the numerical aspects
of CFD more directly through the process of numerical
discretization of the governing partial differential equa-
tion and solution of the resultant algebraic equations. In
this way, students gain an appreciation of how the mesh

Chemical Engineering Education

and the underlying numerical approximations of gradients are
linked. This concept is reinforced in class, where it is demon-
strated that, in CFD problems, the mesh should be concentrated
in areas of high gradients, which improves the numerical ap-
proximations of these gradients.
Figure 4 shows that the numerical error reduces as the flow
domain is discretized with more control volumes (or in other
words when the mesh spacing is reduced) and smaller time
steps are used. In Figure 4, the error is calculated by taking
the absolute difference between the analytical and numerical
solution for each control volume at three times (t=l s, 5 s, and
10 s) and averaging these. Thus, in this homework assignment,
students gained experience in comparing their numerical so-
lutions with "independent data" in an analogy to validating
CFD models using experimental data. This experience came
in handy when the students validated CFD simulations using
experimental data in a subsequent homework assignment.

The students in the class of 2010 were given a survey to
ascertain the value of the homework assignment. The class had
52 students and there was approximately 80% attendance at
the lecture in which the survey was conducted. The students
were asked to rate the given statements according to the fol-
lowing categories: 1 = strongly disagree; 2 = disagree; 3 =
neutral; 4 = agree; 5 = strongly agree. The survey results are
shown in Table 2.
On average, the students agreed that this homework as-
signment contributed to their understanding of the CFD
methodology and the finite-volume method of discretization.
The students also appreciated the hands-on aspect of the
homework assignment in reinforcing their understanding of
numerical methods learned in the class. Overall, they found
the homework assignment to be a worthwhile exercise al-
though it rated slightly lower (although still well) for interest
and challenge. The homework assignment took on average
23 hours to complete, in alignment with its 20% weighting
for the course, which has been nominally allocated 120 hours
work in total, covering lectures, self-study, exam preparation,
and assignments. The high standard deviation of 8 hrs reflects
the variation in student ability, as well as the amount of work
students put into the assignment, with some able students
putting in significantly more time to do a thorough job on the
mesh and time step independence studies. Sixty percent of the
students chose to conduct the calculations using Matlab, and
the remaining 40 percent chose Microsoft Excel.

Over the years, all students correctly carried out the nu-
merical discretization, mainly due to the availability of the
analytical solution, which provided a means of checking for
errors. Depcik and Assanis['21 have pointed out that verifying
a numerical method against an analytical solution is a useful

0.0040 time-step, At (s)
0 .0035 -0 .05 .- --.-- ------------------ -- --- /
-0-003 -0.0
0.03 -'-0.2

E 0.0025
o 0.0015
0.0000 ---
0.0000 0.0005 0.0010 0.0015 0.0020
Mesh spacing, Ay (m)

Figure 4. The average error between the numerical and
analytical predictions for various mesh spacings and time
steps used in the solution of the Couette flow problem
employing the fully implicit scheme. A combined error is
calculated using solutions at times Is, 5s, and 1Os after
the plate begins to move.

Table 2
Student survey to asssess the value of the homework
Mean Standard
Mean .
The homework assignment has
contributed to my understanding 4.1 0.7
of how CFD works (concepts and
The homework assignment has
given me a basic understanding of
how partial differential equations 4.2 0.6
are discretized using the finite-
volume method.
The hands-on aspect of the home-
work assignment has helped me to 4.3 0.7
understand the theory of numerical
methods presented in the class.
The homework assignment was 3.8 0.6
interesting and challenging.
The homework assignment was a 4.1 0.6
worthwhile exercise.
Estimate how many hours it took 23
you to complete the homework hours 8 hours
Did you use Matlab, Excel, or Matlab Excel
another code (specify) to do the Ec
homework assignment?

way of increasing one's confidence in a correctly implemented
numerical method. One common student issue is choosing an
appropriate range of control-volume numbers for testing mesh
independence. Each year, a small number of students choose

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

meshes covering an inappropriately narrow range of control
volumes, for example 5,7, and 9 control volumes. The point is
made in class that using at least three meshes with a doubling
of the control-volume number between successive meshes will
provide a satisfactory test for mesh independence. Students are
not always clear on when to stop refining the mesh (or when to
stop reducing the time step). It is explained that, for a validation
exercise in which CFD simulations are compared with experi-
mental data, refinement might continue until the difference in
solution between successive refinements is smaller than the
experimental uncertainty, since there is little advantage in gain-
ing further numerical accuracy beyond this point. In addition,
the gains in accuracy achieved by further refinement must be
weighed against the additional computational effort required.

An undergraduate CFD course that teaches a commercial
CFD package does not necessarily provide students with a firm
grasp of underlying numerical concepts, and may give them
the impression that the solver is a black box, which Coronell
and Hariri131 point out is valid for many types of numerical
solvers available commercially. There are good lessons on
the application of numerical methods and stability that can
be learned from code development, which would be useful to
students for understanding how converged and accurate CFD
solutions are obtained. It is difficult, however, to see how code
development could be fitted into the one-semester introduc-
tory CFD course taught at CAPE, whose focus is on teaching
undergraduate students the CFD methodology so that they
have a solid basis for when they apply CFD in industry. The
CFD course at CAPE makes a compromise between a course
with a focus on code development and a course that teaches
students how to use commercial CFD software. A homework
assignment is given in which discretization and numerical
stability and accuracy are demonstrated in a hands-on man-
ner using easy-to-understand, physically realistic problems
of practical interest to engineers. Matlab and Microsoft Excel
are used to bypass tedious calculations associated with code
development such as data formatting and matrix inversions,
while not taking away from the key concepts of discretization
and numerical stability and accuracy. Through this homework
assignment, student understanding of the CFD methodology is
promoted because the process of solving the problem is analo-
gous to conducting a typical CFD analysis, including laying
out the geometry, generating the mesh, defining the physics
and boundary conditions, solving the governing equations,
and visualizing the solution. This connection is emphasized
in class with the presentation of Versteeg and Malalasekera's153
numerical solution of transient heat conduction in a thin metal
plate. In the homework assignment, an analytical solution
provides a means of verifying the numerical solutions, in a
similar fashion to how mathematical models are validated by
comparison with experimental data.

In summary, the homework assignment has proven to be
an effective tool to help students learn the CFD methodology
and understand how a commercial CFD solver works. The
homework assignment helps students overcome the steep
learning curve of CFD by giving them hands-on experience
with the principles and methodologies first demonstrated
in class. A balance is struck by teaching students numerical
aspects to demystify the black box of a commercial CFD
solver and showing them how this knowledge can be used
to gain accurate, stable numerical solutions, while avoiding
some of the more tedious calculations associated with code

The author thanks Dr. Henk Versteeg (University of
Loughborough, UK) for his helpful suggestions during the
preparation of this paper.

1. Stem, F., T. Xing, D.B. Yarbrough, A. Rothmayer, G. Rajagopalan,
S.P. Otta, D. Caughey, R. Bhaskaran, S. Sonya, B. Hutchings, and
S. Moeykens, "Hands-on CFD educational interface for engineering
courses and laboratories," J. Eng. Ed., 95(1), 63 (2006)
2. Fraser, D.M., R. Pillay, L. Tjatindi, and J.M. Case, "Enhancing the
learning of fluid mechanics using computer simulations," J. Eng. Ed.,
96(4), 381 (2007)
3. Halley, C.E., and RE. Spall, "An introduction of CFD into the un-
dergraduate engineering program," ASEE Annual Conference and
Exposition, (2000)
4. Smith, M.K., "Computational fluid exploration as an engineering
teaching tool," Int. J. Eng. Ed., 25(6), 1129 (2009)
5. Guessous, L., "Incorporating Matlab and FLUENT in an Introductory
Computational Fluid Dynamics course," Computers in Ed. J., 14(1),
6. Lawrence, BJ., J.D. Beene., S.V. Madihally, and R.S. Lewis, "Incorpo-
rating non-ideal reactors in a junior-level course using computational
fluid dynamics (CFD)," Chem. Eng. Ed., 38(2), 136 (2004)
7. Kaushik, V.V.R., S. Ghosh, G. Das, and P.K. Das, "CFD modeling of
water flow through sudden contraction and expansion in a horizontal
pipe," Chem. Eng. Ed., 45(1), 30 (2011)
8. Versteeg, H.K., andW. Malalasekera,An Introduction to Computational
Fluid Dynamics: The Finite Volume Method, 2nd Ed., Pearson Educa-
tion Limited, New York (2007)
9. Aung, K., "Design and implementation of an undergraduate computa-
tional fluid dynamics (CFD) course," ASEE Annual Conference and
Exposition, (2003)
10. Papanastasiou, T.C., G.C. Georgiou, and AN. Alexandrou, Viscous
Fluid Flow, CRC Press (1999)
11. Mills,A.F.,Basic Heat and Mass Transfer, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall Inc.,
Upper Saddle River, NJ (1999)
12. Depcik, C., and D. Assanis, "Merging undergraduate and graduate
mechanics through the use of the SIMPLE method for the incompress-
ible Navier-Stokes Equations," Int. J. Eng. Ed., 23(4), 816 (2007)
13. Coronell,D.G., and M.H.Hariri,"The chemical engineer's toolbox: a
glass-box approach to numerical problem solving," Chem. Eng. Ed.,
43(2), 143 (2009) 0

Chemical Engineering Education

Bn, survey
*^ -- -- .-.___________-



University of Wyoming Laramie, WY 82071

n the tradition of "Who was Who in Transport Phenom-
ena" by Byron Bird in Chemical Engineering Education,[I
we have developed a similar set of microbiographies for
persons in the fields of kinetics, reaction engineering, and
catalysis. As noted by Bird, an otherwise typical lecture
can be enlivened by presenting biographical information
about the people whose names appear in famous equations,
dimensionless groups, plots, approximations, and theories.
The wide variety of applications for this type of information
has been demonstrated by using activity breaks to teach the
history of our profession[21 and as trading card rewards for
academic performance."]
With the introduction and widespread acceptance of Wiki-
pedia, basic biographical information on many of the early
contributors to the profession of chemical engineering can be
simple to find. If, however, the named person is more famous
for something else (e.g., Edward Teller), the inclusion of any
information on his contribution to the BET isotherm can be
easily omitted from his or her biography. In addition, while
improving, the citation of references in Wikipedia articles is
still not up to the standards we expect of academic articles.
Thus, while Wikipedia has served as a useful starting point,
most of the information here has been assembled from primary
and secondary sources. The more useful secondary sources
include the Nobel Prize and Chemical Heritage Foundation
websites, published biographies of members of the National
Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering,
Fellows of the Royal Society, and retrospective written by
students, colleagues, and admirers published in a wide variety
of academic journals.
Copyright ChE Division of ASEE 2013
Vol. 47, No.4, Fall 2013

We have tried to include the names that are encountered
frequently in textbooks for both undergraduates and gradu-
ates (by noted authors such as Levenspiel, Hill, Fogler, and
Froment and Bischoff). Again, we follow Bird's lead and do
not include these people simply for authoring books in these
fields. We do, however, include- where appropriate- famous
texts written by those scientists and engineers included for
other reasons. We have tried to focus on those persons who
contributed to the science of a field and not just contributed to
a specific reaction or system (e.g., Haber and Bosch). While
contributions to specific reactions or systems are important,
we elected not to include them in order to limit the scope of
the project. Finally, we have tried to include interesting non-
technical or non-professional information where possible to
show the breadth of these individuals.

Joseph H. Holes is an associate professor in
the Department of Chemical and Petroleum
Engineering at the University of Wyoming. He
received his B.S. in chemical engineering in
S 1990 from Iowa State University and his M.E.
and Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in
S 1998 and 2000, respectively. His research area
is nanoscale materials design and synthesis
for catalytic applications with an emphasis on
relationships and
in-situ character-
Cami Jackson received a B.S. in 2011 and
M.S. 2012 in chemical engineering from the
University of Wyoming. She currently works
as a process engineer at Cody Laboratories
in Cody, Wyoming.

While the majority of scientists and engineers included in
these biographies are academics, industrial researchers also
provided significant contributions. For example, while Em-
mett, Eyring, and Taylor spent the majority of their careers in
academia, major contributions were provided by Langmuir,
Macmullin, and van Krevelen while working in industrial
positions on practical problems.
As an extension to Bird's biographies, we have tried to
include, where possible, a reference for a seminal text or
manuscript for the noted work. Many students would be sur-
prised by how recent much of the work is since they always
"assume" everything in the textbook is ancient history. These
seminal works can also be used to demonstrate how ideas and
approaches to solving real-world problems eventually migrate
to textbooks. The availability of online access to full-text
journal articles allows these references to be quickly obtained
and available for classroom use.
Images of the famous scientists and engineers associated
with the biographies herein can also contribute to the adapta-
tion of this information for classroom use. We have not in-
cluded photographs or portraits for two reasons. First, includ-
ing pictures of appropriate resolution would add significantly
to the length of this article. Second, many photographs and
portraits are protected with copyright registration. For class-
room usage, Google Image search will often return a variety
of images with the caveat for the user to abide by copyright
restrictions. Briefly, showing an image in a live lecture without
obtaining permission is legal, but showing the same image
in a paper or book is not legal unless permission is obtained.

1. Bird, R.B., "Who Was Who in Transport Phenomena," Chem. Eng.
Educ., 34(4), 256 (2001)
2. Holles,J.H., "Old Dead Guys: Using Activity Breaks to teach History,"
Chem. Eng. Educ., 43(2), 1 (2009)
3. Rockstraw, D., "Old Dead Guy Trading Cards," Chem. Eng. Educ.,
46(1), inside front cover (2012)


Svante Arrhenius1t'
Arrhenius Equation-temperature dependence of rate con-
k=Ae-E/RT (1)

Arrhenius Number-proportional to activation energy over
potential energy
R=T- (2)
Born: Feb. 19,1859, in Vik, Sweden
1876 entered the University of Uppsala studying math-
ematics, chemistry, and physics
Worked under Professor E. Edlund at the Academy of

Sciences in Stockholm in 1881
Received docentship at Uppsala in physical chemistry in
Worked with van't Hoff in Amsterdam in 1888
1903 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the advancement of
chemistry by his electrolytic theory of dissociation
Academy of Sciences started Nobel Institute for physical
chemistry with Arrhenius as chief in 1905
Authored the Textbook of Theoretical Electrochemistry in
1900, the Theories of Chemistry in 1906, and Immuno-
chemistry in 1918
1911 Elected Foreign Member of the Royal Society
Davy Medal of the Royal Society and Faraday Medal of
the Chemical Society in 1914
Died: Oct. 2,1927, in Stockholm, Sweden

Jons Jakob Berzelius121
Definition of catalysis to describe reactions that are acceler-
ated by substances (catalysts) that remain unchanged after
the reaction
Born: Aug. 20,1779, VAversunda in Ostergbtland in
M.D., Uppsala University, 1802
Professor at the Medical College in Stockholm in 1807
Discovered a number of new elements including cerium,
selenium, and thorium
Determined atomic weights of nearly all the elements
then known
Permanent Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of
Sciences from 1818-1848
Died: Aug. 7,1848, Stockholm, Sweden

Max Bodenstein13,41
Steady State Approximation-assumes that the concentration
of one or more of the active intermediates is constant with
respect to time
Z. Phys. Chem. 57 (1908) 168
Born: July 15, 1871, in Magdeburg, Germany
Ph.D. in 1893 from Heidelberg
Assistant to Ostwald at Leipzig from 1900-1906
Professor at Berlin from 1906-1908
Professor at Hannover from 1908-1923
Succeeded Nemrnst as director of the Physical Chemical
Institute of the University of Berlin in 1923
Elected fellow of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in
Died: Sept. 3, 1942, in Berlin, Germany

Stephen Brunauer151
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) Isotherm-takes multi-layer
adsorption into account when looking at heterogeneous catalysts

Chemical Engineering Education

J.Am. Chem. Soc. 10 (1938) 309
Born: 1903 in Hungary
Emigrated to the United States in 1921
A.B. degree from Columbia University in 1925; M.S. in
1929 from George Washington University
Ph.D. in 1933 from Johns Hopkins University
Order of the British Empire from Great Britain and U.S.
Navy Commendation Ribbon in 1946
Manager of Basic Research for the Portland Cement As-
Chairman of the Chemistry Department at Clarkson Col-
lege of Technology (now Clarkson University) in 1965
Kendall Award of the American Chemical Society in
Died: July 6,1986

Gerhard Damkohler 61
Damkihler Number-a series of dimensionless numbers used
to relate chemical reaction timescales to other phenomena
Da=kC0-1t (3)

Da kC- (4)

Der Chemie-Ingenier 3 (1937) 430
Born: March 16,1908, in Klingenmiinster, Germany
Ph.D. from University of Munich in 1931
Assistant to Arnold Eucken at G6ttingen University's
Institute of Physical Chemistry in 1934
Associate of Ernst Schmidt in the Aeronautical Research
Establishment's Motors Research Institute in Braunsch-
weig in October 1937
Offered a chair in Chemical Engineering at Darmstadt
University in 1940 but fell through after demanding that
his research be free from political influence
Took his own life in part due to conflict between himself
and the National Socialist government in Germany
Died: March 30,1944

Peter Victor Danckwertst7T
Residence time distribution function-mathematical relation
expressing amount of time that elements spend in a reactor
Chem. Eng. Sci. 7 (1958) 271
Born: Oct. 14, 1916, Emsworth, Hampshire, England
Father was admiral of the British Eastern Fleet
Educated at Winchester College and Balliol College,
Oxford (Chemistry) 1939
M.S. in chemical engineering from Massachusetts Insti-
tute of Technology in 1948
Sublieutenant in the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve

Awarded the George Cross for disarming land mines that
had fallen on London in 1940
Executive editor of Chemical Engineering Science from
Shell Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Univer-
sity of Cambridge from 1959-1977
Elected as foreign associate of the U.S. National Acad-
emy of Engineering in 1978
Fellow of the Royal Society
Died: Oct. 25, 1984

Daniel Douglas Eley 81
Eley-Rideal Mechanism-a mechanism in which one molecule
is adsorbed while the other reacts from the gas phase
Nature 146 (1940) 401
Born: 1914
Ph.D. under Michael Polanyi at the University of Man-
chester in 1937
Ph.D. under Eric Keightly Rideal at Cambridge in 1940
Professor of chemistry at University of Bristol and Uni-
versity of Nottingham
Honorary member of the British Biophysical Society in
Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1964

Paul EmmettM9]
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) Isotherm-takes multi-layer
adsorption into account when looking at heterogeneous cata-
J.Am. Chem. Soc. 10 (1938) 309
Born: Sept. 22, 1900, in Portland, Oregon
Graduated from Oregon Agricultural College (Oregon
State University) in 1922
Ph.D. in 1925 from California Institute of Technology
Spent 11 years working at the Fixed Nitrogen Research
Laboratory in Washington D.C.
Became chairman of the Chemical Engineering Depart-
ment at John Hopkins University in 1937
Worked with the Manhattan Project from 1943-1944
Accepted a position at the Mellon Institute of Industrial
Research in 1944
Returned to John Hopkins in 1955 and worked as a
chemistry professor until retirement in 1971
Appointed as a research professor at Portland State Uni-
versity after his retirement in 1971
Elected to National Academy of Sciences in 1955
Received the Pioneer in Chemistry Award from the
American Institute of Chemistry in 1980
The Paul Emmett Award by the Catalysis Society of
North America was established in 1972
Died: April 22,1985

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

William Esson10, 11
The changing rate of a reaction was proportional to the
concentration of reactants present.
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 157 (1867) 117
Born: May 17, 1838, at Camrnoustie, Forfarshire, Scotland
Elected to a scholarship at St. Johns College, Oxford,
and won the University scholarships in mathematics and
honors in a classical examination
Elected to a fellowship at Merton in 1860
Came to the chemical laboratory at Oxford University in
Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford in 1897
Appointed Estates Bursar of Merton College in 1884 and
held this office until his death
Member of the London Mathematical Society in 1866
Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1869
Died: Aug. 28,1916

Meredith Gwynne Evans"121
Transition State Theory-explains equilibrium between
reactants and activated complexes in elementary reactions
Trans. Faraday Society 31 (1935) 875
Trans. Faraday Society 34 (1938) 11
Bom: Dec. 2, 1904, in Atherton Lancashire
Graduated with honors in chemistry from Manchester
University in 1926
Appointed professor of inorganic and physical chemistry
at the University of Leeds in 1939
Returned to Manchester to succeed Polanyi in 1949
Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1947
Died: Dec. 25, 1952, near Manchester, England

Henry Eyring"3,141
Transition State Theory-explains equilibrium between
reactants and activated complexes in elementary reactions
The Eyring Equation-relates rate constant to temperature

k (kBTJ L-AS -AH*/RT (5)
'Ih ) e 5

J. Chem. Phys. 3 (1935) 7
Born: Feb. 20,1901, in Colonia Juarez, Chihuahua,
B.S. in Mining Engineering (1923) and M.S. in Metal-
lurgy from University of Arizona (1924)
PhD. from the University of California at Berkeley in
National Research Council fellowship at Kaiser Wilhelm
Institute in Berlin with Michael Polanyi from 1930-1931
Taught at Princeton University from 1931-1946
Moved to University of Utah to assume professorship in

chemistry and be the first dean of the graduate school in
Elected to National Academy of Sciences in 1945
Awarded the National Medal of Science in 1966
Received American Chemical Society's Priestly Medal in
Died: Dec. 26,1981

Herbert Max Finlay Freundlich15,16]
Freundlich isotherm-multiple site adsorption isotherm that
is a curve relating concentration of solute on surface to con-
centration in the bulk
Kappillarchemie, Akad. Verlagsgesellschaft m.b-H.
Leipzig, 1909 (see Colloid and Capillary Chemistry,
translated by H.S. Hatfield, Methuen, London, 1926 for
an English translation)
Born: Jan. 28, 1880, in Berlin, Germany
Specialized in chemistry at the University of Leipzig
under professor Wilhelm Ostwald, obtaining his Ph.D. in
Remained at Leipzig for eight years teaching analytical
and physical chemistry
Accepted a professorship at the Technische Hochschule
in Braunschweig in 1911; resigned position in 1919 to
remain at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut permanently
Worked at Kaiser Wilhelm Institut in Berlin from 1914-
Resigned from teaching after being ordered to dismiss all
associates who were not of "pure Aryan race" in 1933
Emigrated to the United States in 1938 after accepting
a position as distinguished service professor of colloid
chemistry at the University of Minnesota
Elected a foreign member of the Royal Society in 1940
Younger brother was an astronomer and has a crater on
the moon named after him
Died: March 30,1941, in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Cato Maximilian Guldberg[171
Law of mass action-details the effects of concentration, mass,
and temperature on chemical reaction rates
Waage, P., and C.M. Guldberg, Forhandlinger: Viden-
skabs-Selskabet i Christiania, 1864 p. 35 (see J. Chem.
Educ. 63 (1986) 1044 for an English translation)
Born: Aug. 11, 1836, in Christiania, Norway
Graduated from the University of Christiania in 1859
(now the Univ. of Oslo)
Taught at royal military schools before becoming a
professor of mathematics at the University of Christiania
(Oslo) in 1869
Brother-in-law of Peter Waage
Died: Jan. 14, 1902, in Christiania, Norway

Chemical Engineering Education

Augustus George Vernon Harcourt[111
Reaction's changing rate was proportional to the concentra-
tion of reactants present
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 157 (1867) 117
Born: Dec. 24,1834
Degree in Natural Science from Balliol College, Oxford,
in 1854
Admitted to the Chemical Society in 1859
Elected to the Royal Society in 1863
Served as a secretary of the Chemical Society from
1865-1873 and on Council of the Royal Society from
Elected president of the Chemical Society in 1895 and
named Fellow in 1910
Died: Aug. 23,1919

Karl Ferdinand Herzfeld1'8'
Rice-Herzfeld mechanism-a mechanism that enables com-
plex chain reactions involving initiation, propagation, and
termination to reduce to simple rate laws
J.Am. Chem. Soc. 56 (1944) 284
Born: Feb. 24, 1892, in Vienna, Austria
Ph.D. from University of Vienna in 1914
Served in Austro-Hungarian Army from 1914-1918
Worked as a professor at John Hopkins University in
Baltimore, Maryland, from 1926-1936
Taught at Catholic University of America in Washington,
D.C., from 1936 until his death in 1978
Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences in
1958 and the National Academy of Sciences in 1960
Fellow of the American Physical Society
Received Navy's Meritorious Service Citation in 1964
for his research and service as an advisor to the Navy
during the war
Received Bene Merenti Medal from the Vatican for his
years of service to Catholic University of America
Died: June 3, 1978, in Washington, D.C.

Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood[191
Langmuir-Hinshelwood Kinetics-Bimolecular surface reac-
tion where both molecules adsorb and react with adsorption
being the rate limiting step
Born: June 19,1897, in London
M.A. and Doctor of Science from Oxford
Elected fellow of the royal society in 1929
Tutor at Trinity College from 1921-1937
Dr. Lees Professor of Chemistry at Oxford from 1937-
Davy Medal of the Royal Society in 1943
Royal Medal in 1947

Knighted in 1948 and appointed to the Order of Merit in
Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1956 for research into the
mechanism of chemical reactions with N.N. Semyonov
Published Thermodynamics for Students of Chemistry
in 1926, The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell in
1946, and The Structure of Physical Chemistry in 1951
Died: Oct. 9, 1967, Chelsea, England

Irving Langmuir[201
Langmuir Isotherm-a highly idealized type of adsorption in
which a monatomic approach to limiting adsorption is taken
Langmuir-Hinshelwood Kinetics-Bimolecular surface reac-
tion where both molecules adsorb and react with adsorption
being the rate limiting step
J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 40 (1918) 1361
J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 38 (1916) 2221
Born: Jan. 31, 1881, in Brooklyn, New York
B.S. in metallurgical engineering, School of Mines at
Columbia University, in 1903
M.A. and Ph.D. (1906) in physical chemistry working
with Nemrnst in G6ttingen
General Electric Corporation from 1909-1950
Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1932
Foreign member of the Royal Society of London
Fellow of the American Physical Society
Honorary member of the British Institute of Medals
ACS journal for surface science is named in his honor
Coined the term "pathological science" for research
conducted by the scientific method but tainted by uncon-
scious bias or subjective effects
Died: Aug. 16,1957

Frederick Alexander Lindemann (Lord Cherwell)E21l
Lindemann Theory of unimolecular reactions-established
the basis for first order reactions including the concept of an
active intermediate
Trans. Faraday Soc. 17 (1922) 598
Born: April 5, 1886, in Baden-Baden, Germany
Obtained Ph.D. with Nernst in 1910 at the University of
Joined Royal Aircraft Establishment in 1914
Appointed professor of experimental philosophy at
Oxford in 1919
Won European Championship in tennis in 1914
Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920
Ennobled in 1941, Companion of Honor in 1953, and
Viscount Cherwell in 1956
Appointed paymaster general by Churchill in 1942
Primarily responsible for United Kingdom Atomic En-
ergy Authority
Died: July 3, 1957, in Oxford, England

Vol. 47, No.4, Fall 2013

Robert Burns Macmullinf221
Macmullin-Weber-first to propose a residence time distribu-
tion function to characterize mixing and flow within a reactor
compared to ideal reactors
Trans.Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. 31 (1935) 409
Born: Sept. 17, 1898, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Veteran of WWI, serving with Company E, 13th Regi-
ment of Engineers (Gas and Flame)
Attended Bowdoin College and Massachusetts Institute
of Technology (ChE, 1920)
Worked as chief chemist for Mathieson Alkali Works
Inc. for 25 years
Opened his own chemical engineering firm, R.B. Mac-
mullin & Associates
Received the Jacob F. Schoellkopf Medal of the Western
New York Section of the American Chemical Society in
Spent his vacations hiking the Appalachian Trail
Died: May 1, 1997, in Niagara Falls, NY

Maud Leonora Menten23,241]
Michaelis Menten Kinetics-a modelfor enzyme kinetics that
describes the rate of enzymatic reactions by relating reaction
rate to concentration of substrate
Biochem. Z. 49 (1913) 333
Born: March 20,1879, in Port Lambton, Ontario
Bachelor's and Masters Degrees from the University of
M.D. in 1911 from University of Toronto; she was one of
the first Canadian women to earn an M.D. degree
Ph.D. in biochemistry in 1916 from University of Chi-
Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
from 1923-1950 and head of Pathology at Children's
First electrophoretic separation of proteins in 1944
Inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame
An accomplished musician and painter
Died: July 17, 1960, Leamington, Ontario

Leonor Michaelisf24
Michaelis Menten Kinetics-a modelfor enzyme kinetics that
describes the rate of enzymatic reactions by relating reaction
rate to concentration of substrate
Michaelis Constant-the value of the initial substrate concen-
tration that gives an initial velocity that is half ofthe maximum
K-k2+k3 (6)

Biochem. Z. 49 (1913) 333
Born: 1875, Berlin

Medical degree in 1897 from University of Berlin
Worked as an assistant in Paul Ehrlich's Lab in 1898
Privatdozent (private lecturer) at the University of Berlin
in 1903
Professor extraordinary at Berlin University in 1908
Spent three years at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Permanent academic position at the Rockefeller Institute
in New York in 1929
Died: 1949, New York City

Wilhelm Ostwald'25'
Definition of reaction order that describes the functional
relationship between concentration and rate
Born: Sept. 2,1853, in Riga, Latvia
University of Tartu (Estonia) 1875 and 1878 (Ph.D.)
Full-time professor at Polytechnicum in Riga in 1881
Professor of Physical Chemistry at Leipzig University in
Famous pupils included Arrhenius, van't Hoff, and
Remained at Leipzig until retiring in 1906
Nobel Prize in 1909 for work on catalysis, chemical
equilibria, and reaction velocities
Died: April 4,1932, Leipzig, Germany

Michael Polanyi[1261
Transition State Theory-explains equilibrium between
reactants and activated complexes in elementary reactions
Trans. Faraday Society 31 (1935) 875
Trans. Faraday Society 34 (1938) 11
Born: March 1881 in Budapest, Hungary
Degree in Medicine in 1913 and Ph.D. in 1919 from
University of Budapest
Director of Fritz Haber's Institute for Physical Chemistry
and Electrochemistry in 1923
Lifetime membership in Max Planck Institute in 1926
Chair of Physical Chemistry at Manchester in 1933
Moved to Merton College at Oxford in 1959
Retired in 1961
Wrote an assortment of political and philosophical docu-
Leverhulme Medal of the Royal Society in 1960
Died: Feb. 22, 1976, Northampton, England

Charles Dwight Pratert271
Weisz-Prater Criterion-estimates the influence of pore dif-
fusion on reaction rates in heterogeneous catalytic reactions
Prater Number-ratio of heat evolution to heat conduction
within the pellet

Chemical Engineering Education

P- (-AH,)D*ACs (7)

Adv. Catal. 6 (1954) 143
Chem. Eng. Sci. 8 (1958) 284
Graduated from Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now
Auburn University) in 1940
Doctoral degree from University of Pennsylvania
Worked on radar research during WWII
Conducted medical research at the Johnson Foundation
Worked on chemistry and computer research while head
of Mobil Oil's Research division
Taught at California Institute of Technology
Elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1977
Died: Jan. 1,2001, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Francis Owen Rice1281
Rice-Herzfeld mechanism-a mechanism that enables com-
plex chain reactions involving initiation, propagation, and
termination to reduce to simple rate laws
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 56 (1944) 284
Born: May 20,1890, in Liverpool, England
B.S. (1911), M.S. (1912), and D.Sc. (1919) from the
University of Liverpool
Professor, Johns Hopkins University in 1920
Professor and head of Chemistry Department at Catholic
University of America in 1938
Professor and chair of the Chemistry Department at
Georgetown University in 1959 until retirement in 1962
Died: Jan. 18, 1989

Sir Eric Keightley Rideal29'
Eley-Rideal Mechanism-a mechanism in which one molecule
is adsorbed while the other reacts from the gas phase
Nature, 146 (1940) 401
Born: April 11, 1890, in Sydenham, Kent, England
Entered Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 1907 with an open
scholarship in natural sciences
Completed Ph.D. thesis on the electrochemistry of ura-
nium in 1912
Worked for the Artists' Rifles and later the Royal Engi-
neers from 1939-1945
Appointed H.O. Jones Lecturer in physical chemistry
and a fellow of Trinity Hall in Cambridge in 1920
Elected fellow of the Royal Society and made professor
of Colloid Science at Cambridge in 1930
Accepted Fullerian Professorship and directorship of
the Davy-Faraday Laboratory at the Royal Institution of
London in 1946
Appointed professor of physical chemistry at King's
College, London, in 1950

Knighted in 1951
Received the Royal Society's Davy Medal in 1951
Chair of the Advisory Council on Scientific Research
and Technical Development of the Ministry of Supply
from 1953-1958
Retired and transferred to the chemistry department at
Imperial College as senior research fellow in 1955
Died: Sept. 25, 1974, in West Kensington, London

Paul Sabatier1301
Sabatier principle-defines the ideal interaction between
catalyst and substrate as not too strong and not too weak
Ber. Deutsche. Gem. Ges. 44 (1911) 2001
Born: Nov. 5, 1854, in Carcassonne, France
Doctor of Science in 1880, College de France
Elected professor of chemistry at the University of Tou-
louse from 1884-1930
Retired in 1930 but continued to lecture until his death in
Nobel prize in chemistry in 1912 for his method of hy-
drogenating organic compounds in the presence of finely
divided metals
Received the Royal Medal of the Royal Society in 1918
Member of National Academy of Sciences
Has a university named after him in Toulouse, France
Died: Aug. 14,1941

Hugh Stott Taylor[31'
Active sites- concept that a chemical reaction is not catalyzed
over the entire catalyst surface but only on certain active sites
Proc. Roy. Soc. London A108 (1925) 105
Born: Feb. 6, 1890, in St. Helens, Lancashire, England
B.S. (1909), M.S. (1910), and D.Sc. (1914) from Liver-
pool University
Studied underArrhenius at Stockholm in 1912
Professor of chemistry at Princeton from 1914 to 1958
and chair from 1926 to 1951
Dean, Graduate School, Princeton 1948-1958
First president of the Woodrow Wilson National Fellow-
ship Foundation 1958-1969
Elected to Royal Society in 1932
Elected to Pontifical Academy of Science in 1936
Commander of Order of Leopold II, Belgium, in 1937
Knighted in the Order of the British Empire in 1953 by
Queen Elizabeth II
Knight Commander of Order of Saint Gregory in 1953
by Pope Pius XII
Established the Catholic chaplaincy at Princeton in 1928
Died: April 17, 1974, Princeton, New Jersey

Vol.47, No.4, Fall 2013

Edward Teller 321
Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) Isotherm-takes multi-layer
adsorption into account when looking at heterogeneous cata-
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 10 (1938) 309
Born: Jan. 15, 1908, in Budapest, Hungary
Studied chemical engineering in Kalsruhe, Germany, and
later at University of Munich
Ph.D. in physics in 1930 at the University of Leipzig
under Werner Heisenberg
Professor of physics at George Washington University in
Joined Manhattan Project in 1941
Professor of physics at the University of Chicago in 1946
Considered the "father" of the hydrogen bomb
Recipient of the National Medal of Science (1982) and
Presidential Medal of Freedom (2003)
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement
of Science
Died: Sept. 9,2003

Mikhail Temkin[33 4, 351
Temkin isotherm-used to describe chemisorption with
adsorbate-adsorbate interactions

0=lln(aoP) (8)
Acta. Physicochim, URS, 12 (1940) 217
Born: Sept. 16, 1908, in Belostok, Poland
Graduated from Lepeshinsky School in Moscow in 1926
Graduated from Moscow State University in 1932
Worked with Michael Polanyi for several months in
Headed the Laboratory for Chemical Kinetics at Karpov
Institute of Physical Chemistry for 50 years beginning in
Belonged to Ministry of Chemical Industry
Received State Prize in Chemistry in 1978
Died: 1991

Ernest Thiele[361
Thiele Modulus-quantifies the ratio of reaction rate to dif-
fusion rate in the catalyst pellet

=D- (9)

McCabe Thiele Plot-used in analysis of binary distillation
Ind. & Eng. Chem. 31 (1939) 916
Born: Dec. 8,1895, in Chicago, Illinois
B.S. in chemical engineering in 1919 at Illinois

M.S. in chemical engineering from Massachusetts Insti-
tute of Technology (MIT) in 1923 and Ph.D. in 1925
Standard Oil Company of Indiana 1925-1960 becoming
associate director of research
Taught at the University of Notre Dame from 1960 to
Founders Award of the American Institute of Chemical
Engineers in 1966
Elected to National Academy of Engineering in 1980
Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Died: Nov. 29, 1993 in Evanston, Illinois

Dirk W. van Krevelen 37 381
Mars-van Krevelen Mechanism-the mechanism of oxidation
on metal oxide catalysts whereby the oxygen comes from the
catalyst structure and is replaced by gas-phase oxygen
Chem. Eng. Sci. 3 (1954) 41 (Supplement)
Born: Nov. 8, 1914, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Attended Mamrnix Gymnasium in Rotterdam
B.S. from Leiden University in 1935
Ph.D. under Hein Waterman in 1939 at Delft
Began work at Dutch State Mines Central Laboratory in
Promoted to research leader of the Central Laboratory in
Became a member of the board of directors for the Gen-
eral Rayon Union in 1959
Took position as part-time professor of chemical engi-
neering at Delft in 1952
Retired in 1976
Awarded the Chemistry Prize of the Society of the Dutch
Chemical Industry in 1977
Research advisor and president of the advisory board of
Norit from 1980-1986
Honorary member of the Royal Dutch Chemical Society
in 1991
Died: Oct, 27, 2001, in Arnhem, the Netherlands

Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff391
Described a method for determining the order of reaction
graphically and applied the laws of thermodynamics to
chemical equilibria.
Etudes de Dynamique chimique (Studies in Chemical
Dynamics) 1884
Born: Aug. 30,1852, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Graduated from the Delft University of Technology in
Doctorate from the University of Utrecht in 1874
Lecturer in chemistry and physics at the Veterinary Col-
lege of Utrecht in 1876
Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology at the

Chemical Engineering Education

University of Amsterdam in 1878
University of Berlin 1896-1911
Received the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 for
his work with solutions
Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences
in 1885
Davy Medal of the Royal Society in 1893
Died: March 1, 1911, Steglitz, Germany

Peter WaageE401
Law of mass action-details the effects of concentration, mass,
and temperature on chemical reaction rates
Waage, P., and Guldberg, C.M., Forhandlinger: Viden-
skabs-Selskabet i Christiania, 1864 p. 35 (see J. Chem.
Educ. 63 (1986) 1044 for an English translation)
Born: 1833,Norway
Crown Prince's gold medal for work with acid radicals
in 1858
Graduated from the University of Christiana in 1859
(now the University of Oslo)
Lecturer at the University of Christiania at 28 years old
Appointed professor of chemistry in 1866
Brother-in-law of C.M. Guldberg
Died: 1900, Christiana (Oslo), Norway

Paul B. WeiszE411
Weisz-Prater Criterion-estimates the influence of pore dif-
fusion on reaction rates in heterogeneous catalytic reactions
Adv. Catal. 6 (1954) 143
Born: 1919 in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia
B.S. in physics in 1940 from Alabama Polytechnic Uni-
versity (now Auburn University)
Worked at the MIT Radiation Lab from 1940-1946
Taught Signal Corps trainees first at Swarthmore College
and later at the Radiation Laboratory at the Massachu-
setts Institute of Technology during WWII
Worked at the Mobil Research and Development
Corporation from 1946-1984
In 1984 became the distinguished professor of chemical
and bioengineering at the University of Pennsylvania
In 1993 became an adjunct professor of chemical engi-
neering at Pennsylvania State University
Continued research at Bartol Research Foundation of the
Franklin Institute in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania
Doctoral degree in 1966 from Eiden6ssische Technische
Hochschule in Zurich, Switzerland (Swiss Federal Insti-
tute of Technology)
Elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1977
AICHE Wilhelm Award in 1978
ACS Perkins Medal in 1985
National Medal of Technology in 1992
Died: Jan. 26,2005

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

Ludwig Ferdinand Wilhelmyt421
Determined that a reaction rate was proportional to the
concentration of reactants
Annalen der Physik und Chemie 81 (1850) 413
Born: Dec. 25, 1812, in Stargard, Pomerania (now Po-
Left Pomerania to study pharmacy in Berlin
Received doctorate from Heidelberg in 1846
Returned to Heidelberg and became a Privatdozent (pri-
vate lecturer) in 1849
Joined Magnus in forming a physics colloquium that
became the Physical Society in 1845
As leader of the Physical Society he converted part of
his Berlin home and his summer villa in Heidelberg into
physics laboratories in 1860
Died: Feb. 18,1864, in Berlin

1. Svante Arrhenius, in Retrieved from:>
2. Jons Jakob Berzelius, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Retrieved from:
in- history/themes/electrochemistry/berzelius.aspx>
3. Oesper, R.E., J. Chem. Educ., 15(6) 251 (1938)
4. Max Bodenstein, Walther Nernst Memorial Website, Retrieved from:

5. Sing, K.S.W., Langmuir, 3(1) 2 (1987)
6. Inger, G.R., J. Spacecraft Rockets, 38(2) 185 (2001)
7. National Research Council, Memorial Tributes: National Academy of
Engineering, Vol. 3,112-117, Washington D.C., The National Academy
Press (1989)
8. Daniel Eley,, Retrieved from: org/chemistry/peopleinfo.php? pid=56192>
9. Davis, B.H., J. Phys. Chem., 90(20) 4701 (1986)
10. Harcourt, A.V., J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 111, 312-378 (1917)
11. unknown, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 117, 1626-1648 (1920)
12. M.G. Evans, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography,Retrieved from:

13. National Research Council, Memorial Tributes: National Academy of
Engineering, Vol. 70,45-57, Washington, D.C.,The National Academy
Press (1989)
14. Simons, J., Chem. Eng. News, 86(23) 46 (2008)
15. Donnan, F.G., Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, 4(11)
27 (1942)
16. Gortner, R.A., and K. Sollner, Science, 93,414-416 (1941)
17. Cato Maximilian Guldberg. Encyclopedia Britannica Online Academic
Edition. Retrieved from: topic/249135/Cato-Maximilian-Guldberg>
18. National Research Council, Memorial Tributes: National Academy
of Engineering, Vol. 80, 160-183, Washington D.C., The National
Academy Press (1989)
19. C. Hinshelwood, in, Retrieved from: prizes/chemistry/ laureates/1956/hinshelwood.
20. I. Langmuir, in, Retrieved from:>
21. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 8,368-369, Detroit,
Charles Scribner's Sons (2008)
22. R.B. Macmullin, The Buffalo News, May 2, 1997, Retrieved from:

23. Maud Menten, The Canadian Medical Hall of Fame, Retrieved from:


24. Maud Menten and Leonor Michaelis, Chemical Heritage Founda-
tion, Retrieved from: online-resources/chemistry-in-history/themes/biomolecules/
proteins-and- sugars/michaelis-and-menten.aspx>
25. Wilhelm Ostwald, in,Retrieved from: laureates/1909/ostwald.
26. Michael Polanyi, Gifford Lectures, Retrieved from: D= 139>
27. Charles Dwight Prater,, Retrieved from: tates.alabama.coun-
28. Francis 0. Rice, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Oral History
Transcript # 0006, Retrieved from:< http://www.chemheritage.
29. Rideal, Sir Eric Keightley Rideal, Oxford Dictionary of National
Biography, Retrieved from: article/31608>
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31. Kemball, C., Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal So-
ciety, 21, 517-147 (1975)

32. Edward Teller, Academy of Achievement, Retrieved from: 1 >
33. Boudart, M., Advances in Catalysis, 39, xiii-xv (1993)
34. Avetisov, A.K., V.L. Kuchaev, and Y.K. Tovbin, Russ. J. Phys. Chem.,
82(12) 2163 (2008)
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of Engineering, Vol. 8, 268-273, Washington, D.C., The National
Academy Press (1996)
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Charles Scribner's Sons (2008)
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tory/themes/petrochemistry-and-synthetic- polymers/petrochemistry/
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Charles Scribner's Sons (2008) a

Chemical Engineering Education

Random Thoughts...



Sometimes you have to moan,
when nothing seems to suit ya (Cat Stevens)

Most department faculties and university committees would
be better off if they limited their meetings to 20 minutes. More
real work would be done outside the meetings and much less
valuable faculty time would be wasted on repetitive discus-
sions that never produce action.

Courses taught online can never be as good as courses
taught by live teachers who actively engage students and
motivate and inspire them to learn. On the other hand, good
online courses are better than courses taught live by teachers
who just lecture, and much better if the lectures are nonstop
PowerPoint shows.

Joe and Jake are both engineering students. Joe has a 3.6
GPA and Jake has 2.7. Joe is a fast but sloppy problem solver:
he usually finishes tests and turns his paper in with time to
spare, but loses points here and there for careless mistakes.
Jake is methodical and careful but slow: he reads and rereads
the problem statement, systematically works out the solution
and checks it carefully, and rarely makes mistakes. Since most
exams are so long that only the fastest students have time to
finish, Jake often runs out of time, leaves large parts of the
exam undone, and fails it.
A student who can solve a problem in 30 minutes and makes
mistakes will not be a better engineer than one who needs 45
or even 60 minutes to do it but is much more likely to get it
right. (Which one would you rather have designing the bridges
you drive across and the planes you fly in?) It makes no sense
at all to give exams that are too long, pushing careful but slow
students out of engineering in favor of fast but careless ones.
Why do so many of us do it with every exam we make up?

Tests with averages lower than 60 usually reflect either poor
teaching or a teacher unwilling to take the time to construct
a fair test.

If you're a new faculty member and a group of your depart-
ment colleagues regularly goes out to lunch, no matter how
much you have to do and how close that proposal deadline
is, join them. Sitting alone in your office all day won't help
Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

you learn about the campus culture and politics or cultivate
advocates among the people who will eventually vote on
your tenure and promotion. (You'll also have better and more
enjoyable lunches.)

Most universities would be better off dropping the fiction
that varsity football and basketball have anything to do with
education. Just treat them as the businesses they are: if they
pay, keep them, otherwise drop or outsource them.

Proposal: If an administrator fires an athletic coach before
his or her regular appointment expires because the team hasn't
won enough and a large payoff is required, the funds cannot
be taken from existing institutional resources. They must
instead be raised from students and alumni, the only ones
who care that much about the number of wins. If sufficient
funds cannot be raised, the coach may remain for the duration
of the appointment.

Charging faculty members hundreds of dollars to park their
cars on campus is absurd! It's like charging them rent for their
offices or fees to use the restrooms.

None of us would ever submit to surgery at the hands of a
surgeon who never went to medical school, or leave our car with
a mechanic who never held a wrench. So why do universities
think it's all right to send someone into a class to teach under-
graduates who has never been taught a thing about how to do
it? And what academic discipline other than engineering has
people who have never done something in their lives (design,
for example) teaching students to do it professionally?

Richard M. Felder is Hoechst Celanese
Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineer-
ing at North Carolina State University. He is
co-author of Elementary Principles of Chemi-
cal Processes (Wiley, 2005) and numerous
articles on chemical process engineering
and engineering and science education, -
and regularly presents workshops on ef-
fective college teaching at campuses and
conferences around the world. Many of his
publications can be seen at effectiveteaching>.

Copyright ChE Division ofASEE 2013

Some departments I know, including mine, have in the past
hired faculty members who were exciting and innovative
teachers and who didn't do research. Some departments I
know, again including mine, have hired former engineers with
decades of industrial experience who also didn't do research.
Both groups of faculty members did beautifully, teaching
core engineering courses brilliantly and serving as supportive
advisors, mentors, and role models to the 85% of the under-
graduates who planned to go into industry after graduation.
Professors like that are the ones students remember fondly
years later, and endow scholarships and student lounges
and sometimes buildings in honor of. And yet the thought
of bringing one or two of them into a 20-person department
faculty instead of hiring yet another technical researcher who
looks pretty much like the other 18 or 19 already there is
unthinkable to many engineering administrators and profes-
sors. Why is that?

Professors who chronically get low student ratings are
usually poor teachers. The ones who say "They may not like
me now because I'm rigorous, but years from now they'll
appreciate me," are almost always wrong.

I've heard colleagues say that they tried a new teaching
method (say, active learning) once and it didn't work so they
went back to traditional lecturing. That's like saying you
tried riding a bicycle once and fell down so you went back
to walking.

Students with 2.5 GPAs are as likely to succeed in engi-
neering as their classmates with 3.9 GPAs. However, if they
think that the 3.9 students will all end up working for them,
they're kidding themselves.

Company recruiters and human resources people who don't
bother to contact faculty references before hiring graduates
are fools. We sometimes know important things-positive
and negative -that they may not find out in their interviews,
and it costs them nothing to check.

Most faculty members my department has hired in the last
ten years or so are phenomenal researchers, getting major
proposals funded and publishing papers in top journals at
a rate that would have been unheard of back in the Middle
Renaissance when I was an assistant professor. At the same
time, a significant percentage of them have also won teach-
ing awards. It's scary! I don't know whether to be proud or
jealous of them. I usually go with proud.

***You have to be crazy to write an undergraduate textbook
You have to be crazy to write an undergraduate textbook

while you're still an untenured assistant professor. However,
sometimes crazy things work out well.

When it comes to keeping the department running smoothly
on a day-by-day basis, professors are irrelevant; the depart-
ment head has some influence; the department staff has
much more; and at the top of the mountain is the department
computer technician.

In tests of science and math, United States students are
behind students in almost every other developed country and
many underdeveloped ones. That fact should seriously trouble
a lot more people than it seems to. Education at all levels is
a primary target for budget-cutting politicians whose efforts
have been increasingly successful recently. That fact should
also trouble people on both ends of the political spectrum.
The thought that these facts may be related seems to play a
negligible role in the political debate.

If some department faculties put half as much energy try-
ing to address accreditation criteria as they spend in figuring
out ways to get around the criteria, they would sail through
accreditation with no problem whatever and their students
would get a much better education.

In some departments the faculty meets weekly for coffee or
(depending on which country you're in) tea, and most faculty
members regularly show up. Those departments may or may
not get higher ratings in U.S. News & World Report than
departments where the professors only see their colleagues
at faculty meetings, but they are almost certainly nicer places
to work. If I were a bright young graduate student or postdoc
looking for an academic position, I'd pay attention to which
of those two categories the places I'm interviewing fall into.

Educational research can unquestionably produce results
that can lead to improved teaching and learning; however,
if all educational research stopped right now and we just
implemented what we already know about what promotes
learning, the average quality of our instructional programs
would double immediately.

I love a lot of things about this profession-the autonomy,
the intellectual challenge, great colleagues, great students, and
so on. Maybe the thing I like best, though, is that if I don't
have a class or office hours Tuesday morning, I can just sleep
in and not have to explain it to anyone.

There -Ifeel much better now! 0

Chemical Engineering Education

M2] classroom



McGill University Montreal, QC, Canada

he mechanics of poroelastic materials were first eluci-
dated by Biot for purposes of describing consolidation
and acoustic properties of saturated soils and porous
rock.111 This seminal work has since been adapted for specific
purposes in describing the mechanics and electromechanics
of gelst2'31 and biological tissues.J45, 1 An understanding of
poroelastic mechanics therefore underlies advanced under-
graduate- and graduate-level study in a diverse range of fields
including oil recovery,t6' geomechanics,t7] manufacturing of
composite materials,181 myriad applications of gels,t9', 01 and
soft tissue biophysics.1], 12]
From a teaching perspective, a theoretical description of
poroelastic mechanics is typically most easily introduced
together with the idealized phenomena of one-dimensional
creep and stress relaxation.15"13" Creep refers to a change in ma-
terial thickness (or length) under constant applied force while
stress relaxation refers to a change in measured stress under
constant thickness. In both cases, macroscopic thickness and
confining force (stress) are related to strain, pressure, and fluid
velocity fields at the microscale. These phenomena provide
a starting point for presentation of a poroelastic mechanical
description because practical examples (e.g., soil consolida-
tion under new buildings[141; diurnal variations in human
height due to intervertebral disk consolidation15']) motivate
the need for quantitative study, and their well-defined physical
nature makes them suitable first examples of application of
the theory. Therefore a clear visualization of creep and stress
relaxation in terms of their macroscopic appearance and the
associated underlying changes in microstructure is advanta-
geous to students at an early stage of exposure to the subject.

Typically, attempts to help students visualize creep and
stress relaxation are made using professor-drawn sketches or
computer simulations. Strain fields internal to the poroelastic
medium and boundary conditions relating to fluid flows and
pressures at boundaries are presented abstractly, and stu-
dents must assimilate this information without the benefit of
observation of the actual phenomena. In contrast, a physical
demonstration functions "by itself' and without the direct
influence of the professor; the physical phenomena under
consideration are in plain view. Interactive lecture demon-
strations (ILDs) have been shown to provide substantial and
significant learning gains at the early undergraduate physics
level,116 17] and it is reasonable to expect that demonstrations
may achieve similar results at more advanced stages of learn-
ing. Furthermore, a physical model provides students with an
immediate opportunity to experiment and obtain feedback for
their developing intuition for poroelastic mechanics once the
theory has been presented and applied to relatively simple
examples. Therefore, we developed a classroom demonstra-

Copyright ChE Division ofASEE 2013

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

Thomas M. Quinn received a B.Sc. in en-
gineering physics from Queen's University
and a Ph.D. in mechanical and medical
engineering from the Harvard-MIT Division
of Health Sciences and Technology After
post-doctoralfellowships at the University of
Bern and the Ecole Polytechnique Federale
de Lausanne, he returned to his native
Canada where he became an associate
professor in the Department of Chemical
Engineering at McGill University.

tion that is straightforward to assemble, can be easily
modified to alter material properties and time scales for
creep and stress relaxation, and provides several possi-
bilities for development of students' abilities to visualize
poroelastic mechanical phenomena. It can also be used
to illustrate convective dispersion of small solutes in dy-
namically compressed poroelastic media, which is a rich
"follow-on" topic for study once a solid understanding
of poroelastic mechanics has been achieved.


The demonstration apparatus consists of a hollow
acrylic (transparent Plexiglas) column mounted verti-
cally, filled with water and a series of cylindrical poly-
styrene blocks separated by springs (Figure 1). When
immersed in water, the polystyrene blocks are nearly j
neutrally buoyant (density 1.05 g/cm3) so that separation
between the blocks is maintained without significant a
spring compression. Spring stiffness determines the
elastic modulus for one-dimensional compression along D
the column axis. Movement of the polystyrene blocks e
relative to the acrylic column requires fluid flow between
a thin annular space between the blocks and the column;
this determines the hydraulic permeability of the structure.
Details given in the Appendix provide specific geometries and
properties for these components that have been implemented
successfully in our department.

Creep and stress relaxation during a single load-release
cycle-starting from the free-swelling state, the apparatus
can be used to illustrate compressive creep and then stress
relaxation to a compressed mechanical equilibrium, followed
by expansive creep to re-attain the free-swelling equilibrium
state. For the apparatus described, this full sequence takes
approximately 1-2 minutes, so there is ample opportunity to
repeat it several times in a single lecture in order to focus on
different aspects of the consolidation process with each repeat
demonstration. In the free-swelling state, uniform zero strain
is evident throughout the column from the regular distribution
of blocks and intervening spaces (Figure 2a). Compressive
creep is initiated by inserting the handle of the hammer into the
top of the column until it contacts the uppermost polystyrene
block and then releasing it (Figure 2b). The column thickness
subsequently decreases under the near-constant weight of the
hammer until the head of the hammer is blocked from enter-
ing the column; this creep transition lasts approximately 10
seconds (Figure 2c-f). (The hammer weight is offset slightly
by the buoyant effect of the water displaced by the handle
as it descends, therefore the force applied is not perfectly
constant.) During this period it is helpful to emphasize the
dramatic increase in compressive strain taking place at the top
of the column, contrasted with negligible changes in strain at

figuree 1. a) Drafting sketch of a polystyrene block. Blocks were
cylinders of 50 mm length x 50 mm diameter, with a protuber-
nce and recess on opposite axial faces for mounting of conical
compression springs, b) 3-D sketch of a polystyrene block, c)
rafting sketch of the acrylic column. The column was transpar-
nt with an inner diameter of 50.8 mm, and mounted vertically
on an acrylic base. d) 3-D sketch of the column.

Figure 2. Demonstration of the early stages of compres-
sive creep, a) The demonstration apparatus in its free-
swelling state, b) To initiate creep, the handle of a 4 lb.
sledgehammer is brought into contact with the uppermost
polystyrene block and then released onto the column at
time t=0. Increasing consolidation in the upper region of
the column is evident at c) t=2, d) t=4, e) t=6, andf) t=8

the bottom. Column thickness reductions can only occur with
expulsion of water, so this is also an opportunity to emphasize
that fluid flows vertically upward, and that the pressure field
in the column must have been altered by the presence of the
hammer such that pressure increases with depth (over and
above the "background" hydrostatic pressure field). When

Chemical Engineering Education

z ID 2q = 50.8 mm

the head of the hammer comes to rest atop the acrylic tube
(Figure 3a), the column is subsequently held at constant
thickness and a stress relaxation transient begins (Figure 3b).
At this point it is useful to emphasize that stress relaxation
involves (mathematically speaking) diffusivee transport" of
strain from high concentrations near the top of the column to
relatively low concentrations at the bottom. A redistribution
of fluid and solid occurs such that strain, or solid content,
is transported downward while fluid is transported upward
(Figure 3c-f). At the end of stress relaxation, a compressed
mechanical equilibrium is established where strain is again
distributed uniformly throughout the column (Figure 4a).
Removal of the hammer from the column initiates another
creep transient (Figure 4b), this time expansive in nature and
under a constant zero load. In contrast to compressive creep,
this time the upper regions of the column are relatively high
in water content relative to the deeper regions (Figure 4c) as
fluid is transported downward and the blocks in the column
move upward to re-attain the free-swelling thickness (Figure
4d-f). It is interesting to note that the characteristic time over
which stress relaxation occurs (approximately 10 seconds for
the apparatus described) is significantly smaller than for the
expansive creep transient (approximately 100 seconds). These

Figure 3. Demonstration of stress relaxation. Compres-
sive creep under the weight of a 4 lb. sledgehammer
terminates when the head of the hammer abuts atop the
acrylic tube, stopping the hammer's downward motion
and defining time t=O for the ensuing stress relaxation
transient, a) Just before time t=O and b) t=O, from which
point the column thickness is constant. The initial
condition for stress relaxation involves large compres-
sive strains (extensive dehydration) in the upper region
of the column and relatively small strains in the lower
region. Diffusion of strain and the redistribution of fluid
and solid within the column to attain a new mechanical
equilibrium under uniform strain are evident at c) t=2,
d) t=4, e) t=6, andf) t=8 seconds.

rough quantifications are useful for comparison to theoretical
models for creep and stress relaxation to be made subse-
quently (below) and for evaluation of the accuracy of models
of the poroelastic properties of the demonstration apparatus.
Poroelastic mechanics: a "diffusion" governing equa-
tion for strain For one-dimensional consolidation (in the
x-direction), the mechanics of poroelastic materials may be
summarized by four basic equations. Darcy's Law relates fluid
velocity (volume flux) U to gradients in pressure p

U =-kd)
x g dx (1)

where k is hydraulic permeability and g. is fluid viscosity. Ap-
plication of Newton's second law to a deforming poroelastic
material under the condition that inertia is negligible provides
d (p+o)=0 (2)
where o is the stress arising from deformation of the solid
component of the material. Assuming linear elasticity implies
HA=- (3)

where H A is the "bulk longitudinal" or "confined compres-
sion" modulus of elasticity and e is compressive strain. Fluid

Figure 4. Demonstration of expansive creep to a free-
swelling equilibrium, a) The demonstration apparatus in a
compressed state, after stress relaxation has proceeded to
mechanical equilibrium, b) To initiate expansive creep, the
4 lb. sledgehammer is removed from the column at time
t=O, from which point zero external force is applied to the
uppermost polystyrene block. Column thickness subse-
quently increases until free-swelling equilibrium is
attained. Swelling (decreased compressive strain) is evi-
dent primarily in the upper region of the column at early
stages of expansive creep at c) t=20 seconds, then through-
out the column at d) t=40, e) t=60, andf) t=80 seconds.

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

continuity provides
dU- (4)
dx 1-e
Combination of Eqs. (1)-(4) shows that for small departures
from an equilibrium strain e the compressive strain is gov-
erned by a diffusion equation
de d2c
dt TdX2
where the mechanical diffusivity DM is determined by mate-
rial properties at E.:
DM = HJk (l-e) (6)

For many poroelastic materials, HA and k are functions of
strain [Eq. (6)]; closer analysis of how these properties depend
upon the structure of the demonstration apparatus provides
insight into how these strain-dependencies arise.
Thickness and strain In the demonstration apparatus,
overall thickness is the distance from the bottom of the column
to the top of the uppermost polystyrene block. This includes
12 springs separating 13 blocks (Figures 2-4), resulting in
a thickness of approximately 91 cm in the free-swelling
state (Figure 2a). Ignoring the one extra block, the column
is essentially constructed of 12 repeating units where 1 unit
is a block and spring. If b represents block length and h, is
the space between adjacent blocks associated with the ith
repeating unit, then the local compressive strain (decrease in
thickness normalized to free-swelling thickness) within the
column is given by
h -hi (7)

where h0 is the space between blocks in the free-swelling state.
Therefore compressive strain is linearly related to hk in the
apparatus. At mechanical equilibrium, the apparatus exhibits
nearly uniform h throughout the column (perfect uniformity
is, however, not achieved since the polystyrene blocks are not
exactly neutrally buoyant), reflecting uniform strain.
Hydraulic permeability Hydraulic permeability may be
estimated by considering flows in the annular space between
polystyrene blocks and the acrylic tube, in series with zones
of very high permeability in the space between polystyrene
blocks. For fully developed, zero Reynolds number flows in
the annular space around the blocks, the relationship between
area-averaged (over the tube cross-section) flow and pressure
gradient provides a "block permeability" kb

kb q4-a4 (q2-a2)2 (8)
kb q-n (8)
8q2 8q2 Inq
where a is the outer radius of the blocks and q is the inner ra-

dius of the tube. This creeping flow calculation is reminiscent
of permeability estimation in other porous media"181; however,
an estimation of the Reynolds number for the apparatus de-
scribed indicates that it is of order 1, and therefore Eq. (8) can
only be considered a rough estimate. Nevertheless, assuming
that the pressure-flow relation for the space between blocks
results in a permeability which is much larger than kb, and that
for each repeating unit the permeabilities for the block and
the space between blocks may be treated like conductances
in series, one obtains

k=kb (b+h) (9)

This result, while approximate, nevertheless emphasizes that
the local permeability within the column (kI) depends upon
hi, or the local strain [Eq. (7)].
Elastic modulus The confined compression modulus in
the demonstration apparatus is given by the stress vs. strain
relation. Assuming a linear force-displacement relation for
the springs represented by the spring constant ks, the stress
associated with a change of the space between blocks from
h0 to h, is given by

i =k (h-h,) (10)
where A is the cross-sectional area inside the tube (A = nq2).
Combining this with Eq. (7) provides
H=k+h (11)

Boundary conditions and characteristic times The
demonstration apparatus represents a poroelastic continuum
undergoing one-dimensional confined compression, with an
impermeable surface at the bottom and a permeable surface
at the top. Since fluid flow at the bottom is impossible, com-
bination of Eqs. (1), (2), and (3) shows that x always
applies at that boundary. During creep transitions, constant
stresses applied at the top of the column (where the fluid is
constrained to be near atmospheric pressure) imply that strain
is constant there. Solution of Eq. (5) for these conditionsf5'1]
shows that the kinetics of creep transients are dominated by
a decaying exponential with time constant

4d 2 (12)

where d represents total column thickness. During stress
relaxation, column thickness is held constant which implies
no fluid flow and -= at both boundaries. Solution of Eq.
(5)15,13] then shows that the kinetics of stress relaxation are
faster than creep and dominated by a decaying exponential
with time constant 4r =4"'eP .These findings are consistent
Chemical Engineering Education

with the differing kinetics between creep and stress relaxation
observed in the demonstration apparatus, and they provide
some validation for estimates of its poroelastic properties
based upon its structure.
Observations with the demonstration apparatus indicated
that stress relaxation reached equilibrium over a characteristic
time of approximately 10 seconds (Figure 3), while expansive
creep took approximately 10 times longer (Figure 4). In light
of the above solutions to Eq. (5), two reasons for this are
evident. First, the kinetics of stress relaxation are four times
faster. Second, the measurements were made at different thick-
nesses since stress relaxation occurred at a compressed thick-
ness and expansive creep tended to free-swelling equilibrium.
Since the "strain diffusion" exponential time constants scale
with the square of thickness [Eq. (12)], this also contributed
to the slower kinetics of creep. For assessment of the accuracy
of estimates of poroelastic properties (above), insertion of the
above estimates for HA and k under free-swelling conditions
into Eqs. (6) and (12) provides Tcp = 56 s, which is reason-
ably consistent with observations (Figure 4). Discrepancies
between this estimate and the observed behavior are most

Figure 5. Demonstration of convective dispersion of a
small solute in a dynamically compressed poroelastic
medium, a) A few drops of food coloring mixed into the
fluid space above the column in its free-swelling state
do not rapidly penetrate into the column by diffusion
alone, b) With the initiation of compressive creep, fluid
is expelled from the column, diluting the coloring in the
overlying fluid space. From the c) beginning to the d) end
of stress relaxation, fluid motion within the column does
not affect transport of the coloring in the overlying fluid.
e) With the initiation of expansive creep, colored fluid is
drawn into the column from above and becomes visible
in the spaces between polystyrene blocks, f) Convective
dispersion of coloring throughout the upper two-thirds of
the column (in the spaces between polystyrene blocks) is
evident upon its return to the free-swelling state.

likely due to errors in the estimation of hydraulic permeability
[Eqs. (8) and (9)] and the fact that expansive creep involved
non-negligible departures from the free-swelling state so
that Dm [Eq. (6)] was not necessarily constant throughout.
Nevertheless, the reasonably close correspondence between
estimates and observations provides support for estimations
of poroelastic properties based upon the demonstration ap-
paratus structure.
Convective dispersion during a single load-release
cycle The sequence of compressive creep, stress relax-
ation, and expansive creep outlined above (Figures 2-4) can
be repeated with the addition of some dark food coloring to
the water above the column in order to illustrate convective
dispersion in deforming poroelastic materials. With the dem-
onstration apparatus in the free-swelling state, a few drops of
food coloring are added to the fluid above the uppermost block
and mixed (without disturbing the column itself) in order to
obtain a representation of an elevated concentration of solute
above the poroelastic material (Figure 5a). Several minutes
can pass without significant change, since transport of the
food coloring more deeply into the column occurs by diffusion
alone and is a relatively slow process. With compression, fluid
is expelled from the column, diluting the coloring in the space
above (Figure 5b). During stress relaxation (Figure 5c-d), the
boundary conditions of zero fluid flow are respected with the
visible result that colored fluid does not enter the column.
Then with expansive creep (Figure 5e-f), colored fluid is
drawn rapidly into the column and visibly dispersed through
its upper region. This dispersion of color through the column
provides a clear visual demonstration of the important effects
of fluid flows in enhancing solute transport in poroelastic
materials, above the transport rates achieved by diffusion
alone. Subsequent compression-release cycles result in ever
deeper penetration of colored fluid into the column, illustrat-
ing the dramatic effects that oscillatory compression can have
on enhanced solute transport in poroelastic materials (for
example, representing transport of nutrients, growth factors,
or other solutes through compressed articular cartilage(J9'201).

This demonstration apparatus is a valuable teaching tool for
helping students visualize the structural changes associated
with creep, stress relaxation, and other phenomena associ-
ated with poroelastic mechanics. Informal surveys conducted
following demonstrations have indicated that the physical
(as opposed to computer simulation) nature of the apparatus
make it particularly powerful in capturing students' attention
and imaginations. Furthermore, the demonstration appears
to remain vivid in students' memories as more complex
phenomena are discussed in lectures that follow. A formal
survey of student reactions to the demonstration apparatus
("demo") was also conducted in accordance with the require-
ments of the McGill University policy on the ethical conduct

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

Student responses to survey questions regarding the
effectiveness of the demonstration apparatus.
Numerical responses were requested under the follow-
ing schema: 1 totally agree; 2 agree; 3 neutral;
4 disagree; 5 strongly disagree.
Survey Question Response
(Mean SD;
The poroelastic mechanics demo was helpful 1.10.3
to my ability to visualize what goes on during
creep and stress relaxation in poroelastic
After seeing the poroelastic mechanics demo 1.60.8
I felt that I had a better ability to appreciate
the equations and mathematical problems
involved in poroelastic mechanical theory.

Student comments (edited) when asked "Please provide
comments or suggestions for improvement regarding
the use of the demo as a teaching aid."
I found the demo to be very helpful in the interpretation of the
equations and the visualization of the concepts.
I really liked your physical demo ... it helped that you were able
to ... refer back to it whenever you were explaining a concept or
answering a question...
The demo was REALLY helpful!:)
The demo was really helpful in understanding what is happening
inside [poroelastic materials] during stress relaxation and creep....
when students [must] imagine what's going on in ... experiments,
their understanding depends on their imagination... The demo
helped me to imagine what's happening inside the tissue...
The demo was very helpful. It was very interesting, and I was
able to understand what was going on in a fraction of the time it
would have taken me if I were to read text about it. I would have
never understood to the extent that I do now that I have seen the
...among the best demos I've witnessed was simple in design
yet it could explain/depict a complex .. .phenomenon... .a hands-
on demo is more interesting than one done electronically. A lot
of times, we ... learn concepts [from] computer simulations but
seldom in real life; it helps a lot to see ... things happen in front
of us.
...the demo was definitely really helpful in understanding what is
going on ... which in the end helps set up the different problems
The demo really helped me understand what went on during stress
relaxation. It was a great visual aid, and I always referred back to
it when studying or doing the assignments.
I had a picture in mind already but it's always good to see a real
I found it very useful ... because it provides a visual which makes
the concepts of stress relaxation and creep much easier to under-
The demo ... provides [a] way to visualize strain, as a series
of spring-loaded sponges in fluid (so to speak), thus creating a
simple, thinkable model of a [poroelastic material].

of research involving human subjects. Twenty students in a
course in which the apparatus was used to present poroelastic
theory were asked to complete the survey; 11 responded. Their
quantitative assessment of the helpfulness of the demonstra-
tion apparatus for their learning was very positive (Table 1).
In addition, their subjective comments (Table 2) provided
insights into the (apparently) student-specific ways that the
demonstration apparatus can play a role in improving enthu-
siasm, understanding, and intuition associated with the study
of poroelastic mechanics.

The time required for a fairly complete demonstration using
the apparatus, including compressive creep, stress relaxation,
and expansive creep, is about two minutes (Figures 2-4). This
duration is useful in a lecture context: the physical phenomena
occur at a rate that is slow enough to follow easily, but a full
compression-release cycle can be repeated several times in or-
der to emphasize different aspects of the mechanics involved
(e.g., fluid pressurization, fluid flow, consolidation, diffusion
of strain) without requiring extended waiting periods.
The apparatus can also be modified straightforwardly in
order to alter its kinetics. Such manipulations would provide
a basis for using the apparatus even more extensively as an
interactive lecture experiment (ILE), which has been proposed
as a way to further engage student learning through analysis
of demonstrations.[2] In this context, students could be asked
to relate apparatus structure to function. For example, as
suggested by Eqs. (8)-(1 1), changes in block radius a could
be used to manipulate the effective hydraulic permeability,
while a different choice for the spring constant k, could be
used to manipulate H A in order to alter the rates of creep and
stress relaxation [Eq. (12)]. Effects of material thickness on
poroelastic kinetics could also be examined using a different
number of block-spring units, without requiring any new
component parts.
It is also worth noting that behavior of the apparatus is
governed by the diffusion equation [Eq. (5)], and therefore
it can also be used to help visualize transport phenomena of
more general interest to chemical engineering students. Of
particular interest is the stress relaxation transient (Figure 3)
since it involves diffusive transport within a region of space
of constant thickness. Although the underlying physics is
completely different, solute diffusion and conductive heat
transfer are also described by the diffusion equation, with
solute concentration or material temperature, respectively,
appearing in place of the strain (e) in Eq. (5) (and with appro-
priate modifications to the origins of the diffusion coefficient).
Therefore if the "density" of polystyrene blocks is interpreted
to represent solute concentration, then the stress relaxation
transient (Figure 3) can be considered a representation of
the evolution of the solute concentration distribution within
a region of fixed thickness, with boundary conditions of zero

Chemical Engineering Education

solute flux [see discussion of boundary conditions around
Eq. (12)]. Similarly, if the "density" of polystyrene blocks
is interpreted to represent temperature, then stress relaxation
can be considered a representation of the evolution of the
temperature distribution within a region of fixed thickness,
with boundary conditions of zero heat flux.

This demonstration apparatus is an effective tool for helping
students visualize poroelastic mechanical phenomena, and to
spark their interest in discovering structure-function relation-
ships in soft tissues, gels, and other materials. It is particularly
helpful because it stimulates attention, discussion, and imagi-
nation relating to poroelasticity at an introductory stage. This
provides students with a memorable physical demonstration
of complex phenomena before they confront the theory. This
demonstration strengthens their grasp of the dominant physics
before any equations are presented, then provides a reference
point to return to once they begin to master the theory and
their insights become quantitative.

Supported by the Canada Research Chair program. Con-
tributions from Ananda Tay (apparatus design), Luciano
Cusmich (apparatus design and construction), and Derek
Rosenzweig (student survey design) are also gratefully ac-

Polystyrene blocks Individual blocks were machined from
a cylindrical bar of polystyrene (McMaster-Carr Part No.
8560K321). Blocks consisted of circular cylinders of length
50 mm and nominal diameter 50 mm (Figure la; measured di-
ameter 49.7 mm), with an axially centered protuberance (outer
diameter 7.1 mm) on one face and a recess (inner diameter
14.3 mm) on the other (Figure lb). The protuberance height
and recess depth were both 5 numm so that blocks could easily
be stacked on one another provided that they were all oriented
similarly (e.g., with the protuberance facing up). Protuberance
and recess diameters were determined empirically using the
constraint that they should interface snugly with conical com-
pression springs (details below) between the blocks.
Transparent column A clear acrylic (Plexiglas) tube
(McMaster-Carr Part No. 8486K515) with inner diameter
50.8 mm and outer diameter 63.5 mm was cut to 110 cm
length and mounted in an acrylic base (McMaster-Carr Part
No. 8560K321) of geometry 30.5 cm x 30.5 x 2.5 cm (Figure
ic). For mounting, a snug 63.5 mm diameter recession was
milled 1.5 cm deep into the center of the base so that one end
of the tube could be inserted perpendicularly. The tube was
"welded" to the base by treatment of both contacting surfaces
with dichloromethane.

Springs Conical compression springs were selected
because of their good force-deformation linearity over large
amplitude compression. Springs with unstretched length 31.8
mm, small inner diameter 7.3 mm, large outer diameter 15.2
mm, and spring constant 0.28 N/mm (McMaster-Carr Part
No. 1692K36) were chosen.
Assembly -Approximately 250 mL of tap water (viscosity
0.001 Pa-s) was poured into the empty column prior to inser-
tion of polystyrene blocks. With the column tilted to about 30
from horizontal, polystyrene blocks were then introduced to
the column, one by one, with their protuberances facing up
and already fixed to the small end of a conical spring. As each
block was introduced, its bottom surface could therefore be
attached to the large end of the conical spring attached to the
preceding block. A total of 13 blocks were introduced (and
12 springs). With all blocks introduced, the water volume
was then increased to approximately 580 mL, which was
sufficient to cover all polystyrene blocks with the structure
in a free-swelling state, but not so much as to cause spillage
when compression was applied.
Accessories Compression was applied to the structure
manually using a metal rod or the handle of a hammer inserted
down the axis of the tube. Very large amplitude compression
(to achieve near maximal removal of water from between
polystyrene blocks) with the rod was useful for expulsion
of air bubbles from the structure just after assembly. During
demonstrations, a 4 lb. sledgehammer with handle length 36
cm was used to apply a near-constant force to the structure
(to illustrate creep) or to maintain a fixed amount of overall
compression of the structure (to illustrate stress relaxation). To
demonstrate convective dispersion of small solutes in dynami-
cally compressed poroelastic media, food coloring was used.
Maintenance When not in use, the demonstration ap-
paratus was drained of water, disassembled, and stored dry
to avoid growth of algae or microbes.

1. Biot, M.A., "General theory of three-dimensional consolidation," J.
Appl. Phys., 12,155-164 (1941)
2. Grimshaw, P.E., J.H. Nussbaum, AJ. Grodzinsky, and M.L. Yarmush,
"Kinetics of Electrically and Chemically Induced Swelling in Poly-
electrolyte Gels," J. Chem. Phys., 93, 4462-4472 (1990)
3. Tanaka,T., and DJ. Fillmore, "Kinetics of Swelling of Gels," J. Chem.
Phys., 70, 1214-1218 (1979)
4. Berkenblit, S.I., T.M. Quinn, and AJ. Grodzinsky, "Molecular Elec-
tromechanics of Cartilaginous Tissues and Polyelectrolyte Gels," J.
Electrostat., 34,307-330 (1995)
5. Mow,V.C., S.C. Kuei,WM. Lai, andC.G.Annstrong,"Biphasic Creep
and Stress-Relaxation of Articular-Cartilage in Compression-Theory
and Experiments," J. Biomech. Eng.-T. Asme., 102,73-84 (1980)
6. King,M.S.,"75th Anniversary -Rock-physics developments in seismic
exploration: A personal 50-year perspective," Geophysics, 70, 3nd-8nd
7. Lee, D.S., and D. Elsworth, "Indentation of a free-failing sharp
penetrometer into a poroelastic seabed," J. Eng. Mech.-ASCE., 130,

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170-179 (2004)
8. Wysocki,M., L.E.Asp, S.Toll, and R. Larsson, "Two-phase continuum
modeling of composites consolidation," Plast. Rubber Compos., 38,
93-97 (2009)
9. Fernandez-Barbero, A., IJ. Suarez, B. Sierra-Martin, A. Fernandez-
Nieves, FJ. de las Nieves, M. Marquez, J. Rubio-Retama, and E.
Lopez-Cabarcos, "Gels and microgels for nanotechnological applica-
tions," Adv. Colloid Interfac., 147-48,88-108 (2009)
10. Raemdonck, K., J. Demeester, and S. De Smedt, "Advanced nanogel
engineering for drug delivery," Soft Matter, 5,707-715 (2009)
11. Han, L.,E.H. Frank, JJ. Greene, H.Y Lee, H.H.K.Hung,AJ. Grodz-
insky, and C. Ortiz, "Time-Dependent Nanomechanics of Cartilage,"
Biophys. J., 100,1846-1854 (2011)
12. Tanaka, Y., A. Kubota, M. Matsusaki, T. Duncan, Y. Hatakeyamna, K.
Fukuyama, AJ. Quantock, M. Yamato, M. Akashi, and K. Nishida,
"Anisotropic Mechanical Properties of Collagen Hydrogels Induced
by Uniaxial-Flow for Ocular Applications ," J. Biomat. Sci.-Polym. E.,
13. Chin, H.C., G. Khayat, and T.M. Quinn, "Improved characterization of
cartilage mechanical properties using a combination of stress relaxation
and creep," J. Biomech., 44,198-201 (2011)
14. Abidin, HZ., H. Andreas, I. Gumilar, Y. Fukuda, YE. Pohan, and T.

Deguchi, "Land subsidence of Jakarta (Indonesia) and its relation with
urban development," Nat. Hazards, 59, 1753-1771 (2011)
15. Roberts, N., D. Hogg, G.H. Whitehouse, and P. Dangerfield, "Quan-
titative analysis of diurnal variation in volume and water content of
lumbar intervertebral discs," Clin. Anat., 11, 1-8 (1998)
16. Thornton, R.K., and DR. Sokoloff, "Assessing student learning of
Newton's laws: The Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation and
the Evaluation of Active Learning Laboratory and Lecture Curricula,"
American J. Physics, 66,338-352 (1998)
17. Sharma, MD., I.D. Johnston, H. Johnston, K. Varvell, G. Robertson,A.
Hopkins, C. Stewart, I. Cooper, and R. Thornton, "Use of interactive
lecture demonstrations: A 10-year study," Physical Review Special
Topics Physics Education Research, 6, 1-9 (2010)
18. Happel,J.,"Viscous Flow Relative toArrays ofCylinders.,"AIChEJ.,
5,174-177 (1959)
19. Evans, R.C., and T.M. Quinn, "Solute convection in dynamically
compressed cartilage," J. Biomech., 39, 1048-1055 (2006)
20. Zhang, L.H., "Solute Transport in Cyclic Deformed Heterogeneous
Articular Cartilage," Int. J. Appl. Mech., 3,507-524 (2011)
21. Moll, R.F., and M. Milner-Bolotin, "The effect of interactive lecture
experiments on student academic achievement and attitudes toward
physics," Canadian J. Physics, 87,917-924 (2009) 0

Chemical Engineering Education


Graduate Education

Navigating the Grad School Application Process:


University of Minnesota
North Carolina State University

Through a simple step-by-step guide for navigating the
graduate school application process, a graduate student who's
been through the ringer and a faculty advisor who knows the
ropes offer advice to walk prospective grad students through
the process of successfully entering graduate school.

Summer: Start Stretching!
Go to Google and search "National Science Foundation
Graduate Research Fellowships" (NSF GRF). Call or
e-mail the fellowship advising office on your campus
and talk to them about this prestigious funding oppor-
tunity for grad school-bound researchers in science and
Apply for the NSF GRF. The essays take a long time to
perfect, so start working on them now.
Google "Hertz Fellowship" and "National Defense Sci-
ence and Engineering Graduate Fellowship" (NDSEG)
and take a look at them as well. Applying for many dif-
ferent fellowships makes completing grad school appli-
cations easy, as you'll have much of the essay material
already written. It also gives you a good chance to focus
and really think about the application process and your
future research.
Register for a GRE testing session about one month
from now. Just go ahead and set a date that currently
works, and then work the rest of your schedule around
preparing for it. Try to get one test in before October, so
that you can retake it in October if you don't do as well
as you'd like. You can only register for one test session
per month.
Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

If you pass on all other preparation for the GRE, com-
plete the full practice test in the free POWERPREP II*
software available from ETS ( Pretend that
you are in a real test situation, complete with timing of
sections and breaks. Doing practice tests in the computer
environment is much more effective than doing pen-and-
paper practice tests. The actual test is also long and quite
fatiguing, so getting exposed to the physical stress of the
real test environment is valuable.

Late October / Early November: Scouting
Start visiting departmental websites and make a list of
eight or so schools that you are considering by the be-
ginning of October. Leave this list flexible until the end
of November.
Go to the AIChE National Student Conference. If you
have completed undergraduate research, prepare a
research poster and present it at the poster session (the

Garrett R. Swindlehurst is a Ph.D. Candidate in chemical engineering at
the University of Minnesota Twin Cities. He received his B.S. in chemi-
cal engineering from North Carolina State University in 2009. His current
research interests lie in the intersection of inorganic colloids science and
microfluidics, with applications in immunology and emphasis on optical
characterization techniques. He also is interested in mentoring and works
with the University of Minnesota CEMS department to coordinate prospec-
tive student visitation weekends.
Lisa G. Bullard is a teaching professor and director of Undergraduate
Studies in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
at North Carolina State University. She received her B.S. in chemical
engineering from NC State and her Ph.D. in chemical engineering from
Carnegie Mellon University. She served in engineering and management
positions within Eastman Chemical Co. from 1991-2000. Her research
interests lie in the area of educational scholarship, including teaching and
advising effectiveness, academic integrity, process design instruction, and
the integration of writing, speaking, and computing within the curriculum.

Copyright ChEDivision ofASEE2013

G aM*emiin:-

application deadline is typically in early September).
When not at your poster, go to the graduate recruitment
fair and speak to professors from other departments.
They are at the conference to find the best students for
their graduate program, and if you're there, you can
get "in" with the admissions or recruitment chair with
a good one-on-one conversation. Receiving "offers" on
the spot has been known to happen with a good first im-
pression. Plus, your professors can introduce you to their
colleagues who may serve on admissions committees-
potentially garnering you another "in" with a program in
which you're interested.
SNOTE: When applying to "graduate school," you usually
have to simultaneously apply to both the department of
interest and the university's Graduate School, the col-
lege that manages graduate education. This can be easy
(there is a common online system for applying to many
Graduate Schools) or difficult (vastly different essays
required by the Graduate School and department). When
selecting your programs of interest, take a quick survey
to see into what category the application will fall-this
can help you manage your time in the long run.
SFinish your NSF application before working on any grad
school applications. More often than not, your statement
of intent to the program of your choice will be adapted
from some combination of your NSF essays.

Late November: Start Your Engines
Be on the lookout for e-mails from programs offering to
waive the application fee for their program. You may be
able to apply to these departments with minimal extra ef-
fort, and in doing so, perhaps you'll discover something
you didn't see in them before.
Choose four to eight schools to apply to and then talk to
your academic mentor of choice about your selections.
He or she can offer you feedback about the quality of the
program and its faculty.
Finalize the list of schools to which you're going to apply.
Bounce your thoughts and application choices off your
professors who are alumni of those departments. They
also will have good feedback about the strengths and
weaknesses of where they did their Ph.D. work.
Use an Excel spreadsheet to monitor your progress.
Keep track of the application parts you have to submit,
how/where/when to submit them, and money you have
paid for applications. Ultimately, having this checklist of
goals and progress will help you keep moving towards
your personal submission deadline.
Finish your Personal Statement and have as many people
as possible give you feedback-professors and peers
Make a count of how many official transcripts you need.

Order them all at once, early, and keep track of them.
Make sure you order them before fall semester grades
come in, unless you know you will be submitting appli-
cations after the New Year and that your fall grades will
only raise your GPA.

Early/ Mid-December: The Pre-Break Hustle
Complete the applications "horizontally," not "verti-
cally." Many of the applications are on similar hosting
websites, or at least have the same components, and will
let you save your progress. Doing each piece for all ap-
plications simultaneously is easier and will save time.
Finish all digital components in "soft" format first, i.e.,
not submitted yet. Then, in one big day, submit all the
applications at one time, once you know that they are
fully complete (this is where the Excel worksheet is
useful). Not only does it feel great to get them all in to-
gether, but you will make sure that you don't lose track
of anything.
The same applies for items required in paper form,
including official transcripts.
Now you're over the major hurdle. Take the rest of the
year off (aside from finishing fall classes!) and look
forward to hearing back from some schools over break.

Late January/ Early February: Let the Games Begin
By now, you have some acceptance rolling in. Rejoice
with each one, for it is a fantastic potential future for
you! Beers or other celebratory measures are optional
but recommended.
Begin making a calendar of all the potential visit
weekends for programs that accepted you. It's time to
begin piecing together your schedule puzzle for Touring
Season. Note any potential conflicts in scheduling among
your top choices.
For each of your top three to four programs, make it an
utmost priority to respond that you will attend one of
their scheduled visitation weekends. These organized
weekends are much more fun and well-planned than
private visits, and the professors have more time to meet
with you.
For programs high on your priorities list with only one
visitation weekend, go ahead and book it. You have to
make the best decision with the information that you
have available at the time.
Hopefully, you will hear back from all of your programs
by the end of February. By then, you might also have
taken a visitation weekend already, which brings us to
our next point...
Chemical Engineering Education

IGraduate Education

Late February/ Early March: The Good Times Roll TAPERING:
SVisitation weekends are awesome-go on them all, if Early April: Decision Time
Vnll Can Ynui flrP trented lcltp a rapt- etnr oet tn CP( thp

department, and travel on a student budget (aka, free!).
What's not to like? Granted...

* ...some people get weary of traveling. If you do, visit
only the schools you are really serious about. This is
something you just have to gauge for yourself-there
are only so many weekends from mid-February to mid-
April. Four visits are about average, while some people
can manage doing seven. Establish a touring schedule
that works for you.
* Make lots of friends on these visits. Meet everyone, and
ask them about their visits and impressions. Talking
about it will help you make a decision in the end, and
maybe get you a future roommate.
* Finish all coursework before you leave for a trip. You
won't have time or energy to work on anything on the
trip, despite your best intentions.
* Take lots of notes. It's tedious at the time, and you won't
think there's any way you could forget that professor or
project, but you will. Spending the flight back from each
weekend noting down your impressions is a good idea.
Those notes are tools to prompt phone calls to professors
or students later, and they will ultimately help you make
a decision.

* Choosing a graduate program is the chemical engineer-
ing career equivalent of accepting a marriage proposal.
Analogously, it may be the most important decision you
have ever had to make. There are many factors to weigh,
but in the end, it's your decision alone. Here are a few
* Talk to someone about it. In fact, talk to everyone about
it. If you have a sympathetic friend, complaining about
how hard the decision is may even help ease the stress.
Either way, just actively thinking about the decision
in this way will help you approach your best-reasoned
choice-or otherwise, the gut feeling that you've always
been moving towards anyway.
* Make your decision in early April if possible. Your first
choice school will be grateful, and your other candidate
schools will appreciate knowing of your decision not to
attend so they can roll your offer over to another appli-
cant prior to April 15.
* Once you've made a decision, don't second guess your-
self. Finish strong, enjoy your graduation festivities, and
look forward to the grad school race ahead. But remem-
ber, it's a marathon, not a sprint! 0

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013


CEE's Annual

Grad Guide

for 2013-2014

The following pages feature schools that offer
graduate education programs in chemical engineering
and related fields. By advertising their programs in this
annual graduate education issue, and on our website at
these schools have financially supported
CEE's ability to continue serving the needs
of the international community of educators
in chemical engineering.

CEE (Chemical Engineering Education) is the premier
archival journal for chemical engineering educators.

Index on back cover.

Chemical Engineering Education

Graduate Education in Chemical

and Biomolecular Engineering

Teaching and research
assistantships as well as
industrially sponsored fellowships
available. In addition to stipends,
tuition and most fees are waived.
PhD students may get some
incentive scholarships.




G. CHENG L.-K. JU, Chair
G. CHENG L.-K. JU, Chair

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013





I1A 1





* Castaneda: Electrochemistry & Corrosion,
Corrosion Evolution, Modeling, Coatings
damage/performance, Special Alloys
* Chase: Multiphase Processes, Nanofibers,
Filtration, Coalescence
* Cheng: Biomaterials, Protein Engineering,
Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine
* Cheung: Nanocomposite Materials, So-
nochemical Processing, Polymerization in
Nanostructured Fluids, Supercritical Fluid
* Elliott: Molecular Simulation, Phase Be-
havior, Physical Properties, Process Model-
ing, Supercritical Fluids
* Evans: Materials Processing and CVD
Modeling, Plasma Enhanced Deposition
and Crystal Growth Modeling
* Ju: Renewable Bioenergy Environmental
* Leipzig: Cell and Tissue Mechanobiology,
Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering
* Lillard: Corrosion, Oxide Films, SCC and
Hydrogen Interactions with Metals
* Liu: Biointerfaces, Biomaterials, Biosen-
sors, Tissue Engineering
* Monty: Reaction Engineering, Biomimicry
* Newby: Surface Modification, Alternative
Patterning, AntiFouling Coatings, Gradient
* Payer: Corrosion & Electrochemistry,
Systems Health Monitoring and Reliability,
Materials Performance and Failure Analysis
* Peng: Materials, Catalysis and Reaction
* Puskas: Biomaterials, Green Polymer
Chemistry and Engineering, Biomimetic
* Visco: Thermodynamics, Computer-aided
Molecular Design
* Zheng: Computational Biophysics, Bio-
molecular Interfaces, Biomatierials
* Zhu: Advanced Energy and Nanoma-

Chairman, Graduate Committee
Department of Chemical
and Biomolecular Engineering
The University of Akron
Akron, OH 44325-3906
Phone (330) 972-7250
Fax (330) 972-5856




& Biological


A dedicated faculty with state of the art
facilities, offering research programs
leading to Doctor of Philosophy and Master
of Science degrees. In 2009, the department
moved into its new home, the $70 million
Science and Engineering Complex.
Research Areas:
Biological Applications of Nanomaterials,
Biomaterials, Catalysis and Reactor Design,
Drug Delivery, Electronic Materials, Energy
and CO2 Separation and Sequestration, Fuel
Cells, Interfacial Transport, Magnetic
Materials, Membrane Separations and
Reactors, Pharmaceutical Synthesis and
Microchemical Systems, Polymer Rheology,
Simulations and Modeling
....| .-... . .

David Arnold (Purdue)
Yuping Bao (Washington)
Jason Bara (Colorado)
Christopher Brazel (Purdue)
Eric Carison (Wyoming)
Nagy El-Kaddah (Imperial College)
Arun Gupta (Stanford)
Ryan Hartman (Michigan)
John Kim (Maryland, Baltimore)
Tonya Klein (NC State)
Alan Lane (Massachusetts)
Margaret Liu (Ohio State)
Stephen Ritchie (Kentucky)
C. Heath Turner (NC State)
John Van Zee, Head (Texas A&M)
Mark Weaver (Florida)
John Wiest (Wisconsin)
For Information
Director of Graduate Studies
Chemical & Biological Engineering
The University of Alabama
Box 870203
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0203
(205) 348-6450
An equal employment/equal educational opportunity institution
I Plk-

Chemical Engineering Education



The Department of Chemical and Materials
Engineering at the University of Alberta is part of
the Faculty of Engineering, which ranks in size
amongthetop five percent of over400 engineering
schools in North America, with about 4,000
undergraduate and 1,600 graduate students.

We offer outstanding research facilities including
the: National Institute for Nanotechnology;
Canadian Centre for Clean Coal/Carbon and
Mineral Processing Technologies; Canadian
Centre for Welding and Joining; and Centre
for Oil Sands Innovation. We also offer
the only program in Canada dedicated to
Engineering Safety and Risk Management.

Our programs are taught by award-winning
professors including a Canadian Excellence
Research Chair, seven Canadian Research
Chairs, seven Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council Industrial Research Chairs.
making up a faculty of approximately 60

With MEng, MSc, and PhD programs in chemical
engineering and materials engineering and
specializations in: advanced materials, process
control and systems engineering, nano and
regenerative medicine, surface and interfacial
science, and energy and natural resources.

All full-time graduate students in research
programs receive a stipend. Annual research
funding for our Department is over $14 million.
Externallysponsored funding tosupport research
in the Faculty of Engineering has increased to
over $50 million each year-the largest amount
of any Faculty of Engineering in Canada.

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering,
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2V4
Phone: [7801492-3321 I Fax: (7801 492-2881

For more information visit:


"uplifting the whole people"

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

Graduate Program in the Ralph E. Martin Department of Chemical Engineering

University of Arkansas

\ Oas. ca The Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Arkansas offers graduate
St S programs leading to M.S. and Ph.D. Degrees.
S ^ Qualified applicants are eligible for financial aid. Annual departmental Ph.D. stipends pro-
3 | vide $20,000, Doctoral Academy Fellowships provide up to $30,000, and Distinguished
5Doctoral Fellowships provide $40,000. For stipend and fellowship recipients, all tuition is
S waived. Applications received before April 1 will be given first consideration. Fellowship
applications must be made before January 15.
A ars 2of 00se ,
Areas of Research

El Biochemical engineering
EA Biological and food systems
11 Biomolecular nanophotonics
[] Electronic materials processing
[I Fate of pollutants in the environment
EU Hazardous chemical release consequence analysis
11 Integrated passive electronic components
A1 Membrane separations
[E Micro channel electrophoresis
EU Renewable fuels M.D.
[A Phase equilibria and process design R.E. I



R.K. Ulrich
S.R. Wickramasinghe

R.R. Beitle
E.C. Clausen
J.A. Havens
C.N. Hestekin
J.A. Hestekin
W.R. Penney
D.K. Roper
S.L. Servoss
T.O. Spicer
GJ. Thoma

For more information contact
Dr. Jerry Havens or 479-575-4951
Chemical Engineering Graduate Program Information:

24 Chemical Engineering Education

'till ".

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

The University of British Columbia is the largest public university in Western Canada
and is ranked among the top 40 institutes in the world by Newsweek magazine, the Times
Higher Education Supplement and Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

U a place of mind

Faculty of Applied Science


T: _-


SCurrently about 150 students are enrolled in graduate studies The
Program dates back to the 1920s The department has a strong emphasis
Son interdisciplinary and joint programs, in particular with the Michael
r Smith Laboratories (MSL), Pulp and Paper Centre (PPC). Clean Energy
r; Research Centre (CERC) and the BRIDGE program which links public
"4 health, engineering and policy research.

Main Areas of Research

Biological Engineering
Biochemical Engineering .
Biomedical Engineenring .
Protein Engineenring Blood
research Stem Cells
Biomass and Biofuels Bio-oid
and Bio-oiesel Comoustion
Gasificaution and Pyrolysis
Electrochemical Eng.neering
-Fuel Cels Hydrogen
Production Natural Gas
Process Control
Pulp and Paper
Reaction Enaineenng

Environmental and Green
Emissions ConTroi Green
Process Engineenng Life
Cycle Analysis Waler and
Wastewater Treatment Waste
Management Aquacultural
Panicle Technoiogs
Fluidization MultDhase Flow .
Fluo-Particle Systems Particle
Processing Electrostatics
Kinetics and Catavlysis
Polymer Rheoloov

Financial Aid
Students admirled to the
graduate programs leaadng to
rie M A Sc MSc orPhD
degrees receive at least a
minimum level of financial
support regardless of citizenship
iapprox 17 500lyear for
M A Sc and M Sc and 119 000,
year tar Ph Dl Teaching
assistantships are availaoile iup
to appro S 000 per vearl
All incoming students wil be
considered for several Graduate
Students Initliative (GSI|
Scholarships of S5 0001year
ana 4.-year Doctoral Fellowiships
Scholarsnips of approx

*August2012, Tihe Economist Intelligence Unit's LiveabitySurvey Mailing address: 2360 East Mall, Vancouver B.C., Canada V6T 1Z3 grads9ec@chbe.ubcca tel. +1 (604)822-3457

Chemical Engineering Education

The Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the

University of Calgary, Schulich School of Engineering delivers one of

the highest calibre graduate engineering programs in the world with 1

specializations in Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, SCHULICH

Energy & Environmental Engineering, and Biomedical Engineering. School of Enin e

* Internationally recognized graduate program leading ground-breaking research with excellent facilities
and generous financial support.
* Unique internationally for its high concentration of researchers working in energy relevant disciplines.
* Opportunity to interact with Canadian oil and gas industry on solving real-world problems.
* Ranked as the fifth most livable city in the world.*
* An hour's drive away from the spectacular Rocky Mountains with easy access to Banff.
Economist Intelligence Unit 2012 rankings

U. Sundararaj, Head (Minnesota)
J. Abedi (Toronto)
R. Aguilera (Colorado School)
J. Azaiez (Stanford)
L. A. Behie (Western Ontario)
J. Bergerson (Carnegie-Mellon)
S. Chen (Regina)
Z. Chen (Purdue)
M. Clarke (Calgary)
A. De Visscher (Ghent, Belgium)
M. Dong (Waterloo)
M.W. Foley (Queen's)
I. D. Gates (Minnesota)

G. Hareland (Oklahoma State)
H. Hassanzadeh (Calgary)
H. Hejazi (Calgary)
J. M. Hill (Wisconsin)
M. Husein (McGill)
A. A. Jeje (MIT)
J. Jensen (Texas, Austin)
M. S. Kallos (Calgary)
A. Kantzas (Waterloo)
K Karan (Calgary)
N. Mahinpey (Toronto)
B. B. Maini (Univ. Washington)
A. K. Mehrotra (Calgary)

S. A. Mehta (Calgary)
R. G. Moore (Alberta)
P Pereira Almao (France)
K Rinker (North Carolina)
E. Roberts (Cambridge)
H. Sarma (Alberta)
H. De la Hoz Seigler (Alberta)
A. Sen (Calgary)
H. Song (Ohio State Univ.)
M.Trifkovic (Western Ontario)
H. W. Yarranton (Alberta)

* Chemical: Catalysis; modeling, simulation
& optimization; process control &
dynamics; reaction engineering & chemical
kinetics; rheology (polymers, suspensions
& emulsions); separation operations;
thermodynamics & phase equilibria;
transport phenomena (deposition
in pipelines, diffusion, dispersion,
flow in porous media, heat transfer);
nanotechnology; nanoparticle research;
polymer nanocomposites
* Petroleum: Drilling engineering; improved
gas recovery (coal bed methane, gas
hydrates, tight gas); improved oil recovery
(SAGD,VAPEX, EOR, in-situ combustion);
production engineering; reservoir
characterization; reservoir engineering
& modeling; reservoir geomechanics &
* Environmental: Air pollution control;
alternate energy sources; greenhouse
gas control & C02 sequestration; life
cycle assessment; petroleum waste
management & site remediation; solid
waste management; water & wastewater
* Biomedical: Cell & tissue engineering;
mechano biology; biopolymers; protein
production; blood filtration; microvascular
systems; stem cell bioprocess engineering
(media & reagent development, bioreactor
protocols); medical diagnostics;
regenerative medicine.

Dr J. Az z Asoit eaGaut S tudies
Deprten of Che ica an Perlu Egnei ,Uivr ityo agr
250Uivest rv NW Cagr,. AB aaa 2 N
S.-rd uclayc .5, ic *duatio

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 227

at the University of California, Berkeley

Chemical Engineering Education


(William F. Seyer Chair in
1 Biomolecular and Cellular Materials Electrochemistry)
Engineering Y. Chen
1 Process Systems Engi- P. D. Christofides
neering Y. Cohen
i Materials Manufacturing ri J. Davis
L ((Vice Provost
Information Technology)
GEoNE RAL r TE aE V.K. Dhir
S '(Dean)
i Energy and Chemicals uR.F. Hicks
10 The Environment A ,.. J.C.Liao
Se (ParsonsChair and Dept. Chair)
0- Health Care 1 Y.Lu
V.1. Manousiouthakis
I--H.G. Monbouquette
PROGRAMS G. Orkoulas
UCLA's Chemical and hpot T. Segura
Biomolecular Engineering S.M. Senkan
Department offers a F Y. Tang
program of teaching and It
research linking
fundamental engineering science and industrial practice. Our Department has strong graduate research programs in
Biomolecular Engineering, Energy and Environment, Engineering of Materials, and Process Systems Engineering.
Fellowships are available for outstanding applicants interested in Ph.D. degree programs. A fellowship includes a
waiver of tuition and fees plus a stipend.
Located five miles from the Pacific Coast, UCLA's attractive 417-acre campus extends from Bel Air to Westwood
Village. Students have access to the highly regarded engineering and science programs and to a variety of experiences
in theatre, music, art, and sports on campus.


553 Aole Hal UC A-L sA g ls A 90 9 -1 9
Teehn at (30 82-96 or vii us at wwwcemen uci.ed

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

SChemical Engineering

Interdisciplinary research and entrepreneurship are hallmarks of Engineering
at UC Santa Barbara. Many graduate students choose to be co-advised.

im ae ri and bioengineering
Enegy catalys an recto en
Co pe flid an polmer
Elcroi an opia maeral
Moeua throyamc n
Proess sytm engiern
Sufae an ineraci 5al phnm n

Located on the Pacific Coast about 100 miles northwest of Los Angeles,
the UCSB campus has more than 20,000 students.

Doctoral students in good academic standing receive financial support via teaching and
research assistantships. For additional information and to complete an application,
visit or contact

Chemical Engineering Education

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

THE. -'" s -r rpADE. SAVVY'? ,-

IT -, ;
4a 0,,

Celebrating 100 Years of Innovation
The chemical engineering department at the Case School of Engineering, one of the oldest in the country,
offers cutting-edge research programs with field-leading faculty and world-class partner institutions. Our
labs are tackling today's toughest engineering challenges in: energy, materials and biological applications.

Energy and Electrochemical Systems .
* Fuel Cells and Batteries
* Electrochemical Engineering
* Energy Storage
* Membrane Transport and Fabrication

Advanced Materials and Devices
* Synthetic Diamond
J Coatings, Thin Films and Surfaces
n Microsensors
T Polymer Nanocomposites
* Nanomaterials and Nanosynthesis
SParticle Science and Processing
* Molecular Simulations
* Microplasmas and Microreactors

Biological Applications
P Biomedical Sensors and Actuators
* Neural Prosthetic Devices
* Cell and Tissue Engineering
* Transport in Biological Systems

Case Western Reserve Chemical Engineering Faculty
Rohan N. Akolkar, PhD Donald L. Feke, PhD Chung-Chiun Liu, PhD Syed Qutubuddin, PhD Robert F. Savinell, PhD
Case Western Reserve Princeton University Case Institute of Technology Carnegie-Mellon University University of Pittsburgh
John C. Angus, PhD Daniel J. Lacks, PhD J. Adin Mann Jr., PhD R. Mohan Sankaran, PhD Jesse S. Wainright, PhD
University of Michigan Harvard University Iowa State University California Institute of Case Western Reserve
Harihara Baskaran, PhD Uziel Landau, PhD Heidi B. Martin, PhD
Pennsylvania State University UC Berkeley Case Western Reserve

232 Chemical Engineering Education

nrtuinitiev f&r f-rndijntv ,t imlty in Chomirnil F

Chia-chi Ho

Yuen-Koh Kao

Soon-Jai Khang

Vikram Kuppa

Joo-Youp Lee

Dale Schaefer

Vesselin Shanov

Peter Smirniotis

Stephen W. Thiel

Financial Aid


The University of Cincinnati is
committed to a policy of
non-discrimination in awarding
financial aid.
For Admission Information Contact
Barbara Carter
Graduate Studies Office
College of Engineering and Applied Science
Cincinnati, OH 45221-0077
Professor Peter Smirniotis
The Chemical Engineering Program
Department of Biomedical, Chemical &
Environmental Engineering
Cincinnati, Ohio 45221

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

E Emerging Energy Systems
Catalytic conversion of fossil and renewable resources into alternative fuels, such as hydrogen, alcohols and liquid
alkanes; solar energy conversion; inorganic membranes for hydrogen separation; fuel cells, hydrogen storage
D Environmental Research
Mercury and carbon dioxide capture from power plant waste streams, air separation for oxycombustion; wastewa-
ter treatment, removal of volatile organic vapors
D Molecular Engineering
Application of quantum chemistry and molecular simulation tools to problems in heterogeneous catalysis, (bio)
molecular separations and transport of biological and drug molecules
O Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering
Selective catalytic oxidation, environmental catalysis, zeolite catalysis, novel chemical reactors, modeling and
design of chemical reactors, polymerization processes in interfaces, membrane reactors
[ Membrane and Separation Technologies
Membrane synthesis and characterization, membrane gas separation, membrane filtration processes, pervapora-
tion; biomedical, food and environmental applications of membranes; high-temperature membrane technology,
natural gas processing by membranes; adsorption, chromatography, separation system synthesis, chemical
reaction-based separation processes
o Biotechnology
Nano/microbiotechnology, novel bioseparation techniques, affinity separation, biodegradation of toxic wastes,
controlled drug delivery, two-phase flow
0 Polymers
Thermodynamics, polymer blends and composites, high-temperature polymers, hydrogels, polymer rheology,
computational polymer science, molecular engineering and synthesis of surfactants, surfactants and interfacial
0 Bio-Applications of Membrane Science and Technology
This IGERT program provides a unique educational opportunity for U.S. PhD. students in areas of engineering,
science, medicine, or pharmacy with above focus. This program is supported by a five-year renewable grant from
the National Science Foundation. The IGERTfellowship consists of an annual stipend of $30,000 for up to three
O Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology (INST)
INST brings together three centers of excellence-the Center for Nanoscale Materials Science, the Center for
BioMEMS and Nanobiosystems, and the Center for Nanophotonics-composed offaculty from the Colleges of En-
gineering, Arts and Sciences, and Medicine. The goals of the institute are to develop a world-class infrastructure
of enabling technologies, to support advanced collaborative research on nanoscale phenomena.


GROVE SCHOOL MS & PhD Programs in


Biomaterials and Biotransport
atherogenesis, bio-fluid flow, self-assembled

Catalyst design, reaction I iriii:s,

Colloid Science and Engineering
directed assembly, novel particle technology
Complex Fluids and Multiphase Flow
boiling heat transfer, emulsions, rheology,

Energy Generation and Storage
batteries, gas hydrates, thermal energy
Interfacial Phenomena and Soft Matter
device design, dynamic interfacial processes
Nanomaterials and Self Assembly
catalysts, patchy particles, sensors
Polymer Science and Engineering
polymer processing, theology
Powder Science and Technology
pharmaceutical formulations, powder flow


Levich Institute for Physicochemical
directed by Morton M. Denn
Albert Einstein Professor of Science and

Energy Institute
directed by Sanjoy Banerjee
Distinguished Professor of Chemical

212. -650. 6671

Chemical Engineering Education


Clemson University boasts a 1,400 acre campus on the
shores of Lake Hartwell at the foothills of the Blue Ridge
Mountains. The warm campus environment, great
weather, and recreational activities make Clemson
University an ideal place to live and learn.
The Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
offers strong research programs in biotechnology,
advanced materials, energy, and modeling and simulation.

Biotechnology: bioelectronics, biosensors and biochips,
biopolymers, drug delivery, protein design, bioseparations,
bioremediation, and biomass conversion.

Advanced materials: polymer fibers, films and composites,
nanoscale design of catalysts, biomaterials, nanomaterials,
membranes, directed assembly, and interfacial engineering.

Energy: hydrogen production and storage, biofuels
synthesis, sustainable engineering, nanotechnology,
reaction engineering, separations, kinetics and catalysis.

Modeling and simulation: rational catalyst design,
biological self-assembly, gas hydrates, ice nucleation and
growth, and polymer microstructure.

Learn more at

Clemson ChBE Faculty
Mark A. Blenner, Asst. Professor
David A. Bruce, Professor
Rachel B. Getman, Asst. Professor
Anthony Guiseppi-Elie, Prof. & C3B Dir.
Douglas E. Hirt, Professor & Chair
Scott M. Husson, Prof. & Grad. Coord.
Christopher L. Kitchens, Assoc. Professor
Amod A. Ogale, Professor & CAEFF Dir.
Mark E. Roberts, Asst. Professor
Sapna Sarupria, Asst. Professor
Joseph K. Scott, Asst. Professor
Mark C. Thies, Professor

For More Information, Contact:
Graduate Coordinator

Department of Chemical and
Biomolecular Engineering
Clemson University, Box 340909
Clemson, South Carolina 29634

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

S a Evolving from its origins as a school
Sof mining founded in 1873, CSM is a
Unique, highly-focused University
dedicated to scholarship and re-
search in materials, energy, and the

With approximately 600-total
Pmundergraduate and graduate
students and $7-8 million in annual research funding, the Chemical and Biological
Engineering Department at CSM maintains a high-quality and dynamic program.
Research funding sources include federal agencies such as the NSF, DOE, DARPA,
ONR, NREL, NIST, NIH as well as multiple industries. Our research areas include:

Material Science and Engineering
Organic and inorganic membranes (Way, Herring)
Polymeric materials (Dorgan, D.T. Wu, Liberatore)
Colloids and complex fluids (Marr, D.T. Wu, Liberatore, N. Wu)
Electronic materials (Wolden, Agarwal)
Molecular simulation and modeling (Ely, D.T, Wu, Sum, Maupin)

Biomedical and Biophysics Research
Microfluidics (Marr, Neeves)
Biological membranes (Sum)
Tissue engineering (Krebs)
Metaoclic engineering (Boyle)

Energy Research
Fuel cell catalysts and kinetics (Dean, Herring)
H, separation and fuel cell membranes (Way,
Natural gas hydrates (Sloan, Koh, Sum)
Biofuels: Biochemical and thermochemical
routes (Liberatore, Herring, Dean, Maupin)
CO: capture (Carreon, Way)

Finally, located at the foot of the Rocky
Mountains less than 60 miles from world-class
skiing and only 15 miles from downtown
Denver, Golden, Colorado enjoys over 300
days of sunshine per year. These factors
combine to provide year-round cultural,
recreational, and entertainment opportunities
virtually unmatched anywhere in the United


" S. Agarwal (UCSB 2003)

* N. Boyle (Purdue 2009)
* M. Carreon (Cincinnati 2003)

* J.R. Dorgan (Berkeley 1991)
* J.F. Ely (Indiana 1971)
* A. Herring (Leeds 1989)
* C.A. Koh (Brunel 1990)
* M.D. Krebs (Case 2010)

* M.W. Liberatore (Illinois 2003)
* D.W.M. Marr (Stanford 1993)
* C.M. Maupin (Utah 2008)

* R.L. Miller (CSM 1982)
* K.B. Neeves (Cornell 2006)

* E.D. Sloan (Clemson 1974)
* A.K. Sum (Delaware 2001)
* J.D. Way (Colorado 1986)

* C.A. Wolden (MIT 1995)
* D.T. Wu (Berkeley 1991)

* N. Wu (Princeton 2008)


Chemical Engineering Education



Top students + Top faculty = Top research
Chemical and

Biological Engineering Research Areas
Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Fluids and Flows
Biosensing Interfaces and Self-Assembly
Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals Membranes and Separations
Catalysis and Surface Science Nanomaterials & Nanotechnology
Computational Science and Engineering Polymers and Soft Materials
Protein Engineering and Synthetic Biology Energy

Award Winning Faculty

we are a world-class department witn Z5 taculty
(including 1 joint with chemistry), 55 postdoctoral
fellows and research technicians, 128 graduate
students, and more than 670 undergraduate
students. We are ranked 10th among public graduate
programs* and 17th among all graduate programs*.
Our research program is extremely active, including
research centers in biorefining and biofuels,
membranes, pharmaceutical biotechnology, and
photopolymerization. Our department has many
collaborations with nearby federal agencies such as
NREL, NIST, NCAR and NOAA. Our department faculty
have received national and international awards
including the NSF Waterman Award, the AIChE R. H.
Wilhelm Award, the AlChE Professional Progress
Award, the AIChE Allan P. Colburn Award, the ASEE
Curtis W. McGraw Award, and the ASEE Dow
Lectureship Award. ChBE offers Ph.D., M.S. and M.E.
degrees and provides a 12-month stipend and tuition
waivers for full-time Ph.D. students.

K. S. Anseth (Colorado-Boulder)
C. N. Bowman (Purdue)
S. J. Bryant (Colorado-Boulder)
J. N. Cha (California-Santa Barbara)
A. Chatterjee (Minnesota)
D. E. Clough (Colorado-Boulder)
R. H. Davis (Stanford)
J. L. Falconer (Stanford)
R. T. Gill (Maryland)
D. L. Gin (CalTech)
A. P. Goodwin (California-Berkeley)
C. M. Hrenya (Carnegie Mellon)

A. Jayaraman (North Carolina State)
J. L. Kaar (Pittsburgh)
D. S. Kompala (Purdue)
M.J. Mahoney (Cornell)
J. W. Medlin (Delaware)
C. B. Musgrave (CalTech)
P. Nagpal (Minnesota)
R. D. Noble (California-Davis)
T. W. Randolph (California-Berkeley)
D. K. Schwartz (Harvard)
J. W. Stansbury (Maryland)
M. P. Stoykovich (Wisconsin-Madison)
A. W. Weimer (Colorado-Boulder)

Research Centers

Research centers are an important part of the graduate and
undergraduate research carried out in the department,
and significantly increases the interaction between students
and industry.

> Colorado Center for Biorefining and Biofuels (C2B2)

> Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute (RASEI)

> Center for Membrane Applied Science and Technology (MAST)

> BioFrontiers Institute

> Center for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

> Photopolymerization Center

Located in Boulder, Colorado, CU-Boulder is nestled against the Rocky Mountains 25 miles northwest of Denver and less than 80 miles
from world renowned skiing. Boulder enjoys over 300 days of sunshine per year allowing for a variety of outdoor activities including
hiking, biking, skiing, rock climbing, and much more!

For more information, contact
CU-Boulder, Graduate Admissions Committee, Dept. of Chem & Bio Engineering, 596 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309
Tel: 303-735-1975, Email: Web:
U.S. News & World Report (2012) University of Colorado Boulder is an equal opportunity educational institution/employer.



Vol.47, No.4, Fall 2013

e Ica1 &' BI14l i ooi ca Colleg [']" esi' i of 1 E [N Gi I1 N~ IE E-R I N~ G
^B~u!B^a* 93HinBBB
0-USBMn~iMBf~iSMI^^^BolriTBaBKf~eS f^^

Research Areas
Systems and Synthetic Biology
Sustainable Energy
Biomedical Engineering
Soft Materials
Bioanalytical Devices

Travis S. Bailey, Ph.D.. U. Minnesota
Laurence A. Belfiore. Ph.D., U. Wisconsin
David S. Dandy, Ph.D.. Caltech
J.D. (Nick) Fisk. Ph.D., U. Wisconsin
Matt J. Kipper, Ph.D.. Iowa State U.
Christie Peebles, Ph.D., Rice U.
Ashok Prasad, Ph.D., Brandeis U.
Kenneth F. Reardon, Ph.D.. Caltech
Brad Reisfeld, Ph.D., Northwestern U.
Christopher D. Snow. Ph.D., Stanford U.
Qiang (David) Wang, Ph.D., U. Wisconsin
A. Ted Watson, Ph.D., Caltech

View faculty and student research
videos, find application information,
and get other information at

TlIt or iduJrc iI di Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
* i..i!.r Id.. Sr ir- I r Lr ir.r ..fers students a broad range of cutting-edge research
itrj- k-J bH, tf.,:ulr, ..-. i '' ri*d renowned experts in their respective fields.
Ipp, .rnjrnri, ', ,r :.IL..l.r u.n with many other department across the University
ir .,bund.oir. incli.ii il.:-p.,ruments in the Colleges of Engineering, Natural
sciences and Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.

Financial Support
Research Assistantships pay a competitive stipend. Students on assistantships also
receive tuition support. The department has a number of research assistantships.
Students select research projects in their area of interest from which a thesis or
dissertation may be developed. Additional University fellowship awards are
available to outstanding applicants.

Fort Collins
Located in Fort Collins, Colorado State
is perfectly positioned as a gateway to the
Rocky Mountains. With its superb climate
(over 300 days of sunshine per year), there
are exceptional opportunities for outdoor
pursuits including hiking, biking, skiing,
and rafting.

For additional information or
to schedule a visit of campus:
Department of Chemical and
Biological Engineering
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO 80523-1370
Phone: (970) 491-5253; Fax: (970) 491-7369
Chemical Engineering Education

-Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering at



The Chemical & Biomolecular George Bollas, Aristotle UThessaloniki .-0"
Engineering Program at UConn Simulation of Energy Processes, k
provides students with a thor- Property Models Development
ough grounding in fundamental C. Barry Carter, Oxford U, Cambridge U C.

chemical engineering principles
while offering opportunities and
resources to specialize in a wide
variety of focus areas.
Faculty are engaged in cutting-
edge research, with expertise in
fields including nanotechnology,
biomolecular engineering, green
energy, water research, computer
applications and polymer engi-
neering. Several multidisciplinary
centers leverage expertise from
diverse departments, colleges,
and from the medical school, re-
sulting in a unique set of resourc-
es and an extraordinary breadth
of education.
Located in idyllic Storrs, the cam-
pus maintains its New England
charm while being only 20 min-
utes from Hartford, 75 minutes
from Boston and 2 hours from
New York.

* Booth Engineering Center
for Advanced Technologies
Center for Clean Energy
Center for Environmental
Sciences & Engineering
Institute of Materials Science

Interfaces & Defects; Ceramics, Materials,
TEM, SEM, AFM, Energy
Douglas Cooper, U Colorado
Process Modeling & Control
Chris Cornelius, Virginia Tech
Polymers, lonomers, Sol-gel Glasses, Synergistic
Properties of Hybrid Organic-inorganic Materials
Russell Kunz, RPI
Fuel Cell Technology and Electrochemistry
Cato Laurencin, MIT, Harvard U
Advanced Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering,
Biodegradable Polymers, Nanotechnology
Yu Lei, UC Riverside
Bionanotechnology, Bio/nanosensor,
Bio/nanomaterials, Remediation
Anson Ma, Cambridge U
Nanomaterials, Complex Fluids, Rheology,
Microstructure, Processing
Radenka Maric, Kyoto U
Novel Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells
Jeffrey McCutcheon, Yale
Membrane Separations, Polymer Electrospinning,
Forward Osmosis/Osmotic Power
Willliam Mustain, lIT
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells,
Electrochemical Kinetics and Ionic Transport
Mu-Ping Nieh, UMass Amherst
Structural Characterization of Soft Materials, Design
of Self-Assembled Materials, Biomembranes

Richard Parnas, UCLA
Biofuels Process Design, Biodegradable Polymers,
Pervaporation Membranes, Biomass Extraction

Leslie Shor, Rutgers
Biotechnology, Microbial Assay Systems,

Prabhakar Singh, U Sheffield
Fuel Cells & Energy

Ranjan Srivastava, U Maryland
Systems Biology, Metabolic Engineering,
Machine Learning

Luyi Sun, U of Alabama
Composite and Polymer Processing

Steve Suib, U Illinois-Urbana
Inorganic Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Julia Valla, Aristotle U Thessaloniki
Environmental Fuels, Nanomaterials for Advanced
Processes, Process Simulation

Kristina Wagstrom, Carnegie Mellon U
Atmospheric Chemistry and Air Pollution Modeling

Brian Willis, MIT
Nanotechnology, Molecular, Electronics, Semi-
conductor Devices and Fuel Cells r .

Unvrst of Conctct Chmia & i a Enieeig 191 Auioru Road Uni 322 Strs CT 06269-3222
Tel: e (860) 48 00 1 ww .B .eng .ucnned

Vol. 47, No.4, Fall 2013



Department of Chemical

& Biomolecular Engineering

Celebrating ourl 00th year anniversary


24 C BE Fu wim ssI Imed Professors

Maciek R. Antoniewicz
Antony N. Beris
Douglas J. Buttrey
Wilfred Chen
David W. Colby
Prasad S. Dhurjati
Thomas H. Epps, III

* Eric M. Furst
* Feng Jiao
* Michael T. Klein
* April M. Kloxin
* Kelvin H. Lee
* Abraham M. Lenhoff
* RaulL. Lobo

* Babtunde A. Ogunnaike
* E.Terry Papoutsakis
* Christopher J. Roberts
* Stanley I. Sander
* Millicent 0. Sullivan
* Dionisios G. Vlachos
* Norman J.Wagner

Richard Wool
Bingjun Xu
Yushan Yan
With Joint Appointment
Michael Hochberg
Christopher J. Kloxin
Michael Mackay

I Research Areas

* Biomolecular, Cellular, and Protein
* Catalysis and Energy
* Metabolic Engineering

* Systems Biology Nanotechnology
* Soft Materials, Colloids and Polymers Process Systems Engineering
* Surface Science Green Engineering

I Research Center & inin am s

Centers and programs provide unique environments & experiences for
graduate students. These include:
Delaware Biotechnology Institute (DBI)
Center for Catalytic Science and Technology (CCST)
Center for Molecular and Engineering Thermodynamics (CMET)
The University of Delaware Energy Institute (UDEI)
SInstitute of Energy Conservation tIEC)
Center for Neutron Science (CNS)
SCenter for Composite Material (CCMI
Chemistry-Biology Interface (CBII
SSustainable Energy from Solar Hydrogen IGERT Program (IGERT)
Systems Biology of Cells in Engineered Environments an NSF IGERT
Program (SBE2)


240 Chemical Engineering Education

Neark. DE
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*-, ^ ',.. L .'

VA >25

The University of Delaware s central location
on the eastern seaboard to New York
Washington. Philadelphia and Baltimore is
convenient both culturally and strategically
to the greatest concentration of industrial
& government research laboratories in the

PhD Universily o Calilorniao Berkeiey
Moleimilrn situations in bmphma and materials Receinrs lot insur Bn
t and groaith loao Hll I envelope tunoure and Fnrraaon
PhD Carnegie Mellon Univerir
Opimel Fiild (hroinuaagnipli Ernuiainal iiHlogy ol novel po ners
Intlerfioal tmanspoit phMonaneoij, Waorr-lrmd lubnrcaoin
PhD Uriverslv of (alilornin Sariao Brbaira
Solar relks Serrnconduiol nrainommer.ols Uirdosli spWiniaopy
PhD University of Minnesola
ibodegrodabla plyamen BFndmal production Irnson in polinymn
PhD. Univerisai of Mminnesolo
olt asanibiV m a1 nmphphilk and po lymn Co strolledd drog r leme
Irn polyminHbaed carinim; Syno m biology ond ererainnenral eiffes
PhD John' Hoplkins Univeisity
Fool Clls Pluip membriniesf tlslonien in petenn
PhD. Stanford Universiry
Colloidal nnyftK ohteinc d a laroi alsk- Fleenal and
s*rcirmcepk durdenzatiuoi of nmeimolmials
PhD. Cornell Unmversity
] of orgaWn rangonra hytlid retrials: aMeoilo/minesow ole
Uiemileio Hielreelidricllwnderd mteiols bn Fuel cllt dCl aldeK

PhD Mossac(Fhu:ers Insriluie ol Techiniology
Polymner tin hims and dnces Solar cmils Biomraiall.

PhD Die el Universirv
Contdileer s unionn or gone defedtion leonaro
mnodrling Dnmnia of fluid-Md inmterrorns
PhD Uniaernity of Deloniare
lermoenniitng polyner% and limmorair. (omposnes Oand
intemrom' Pimrsoitnruaare-roierty
PhD John Hopkrin. Uliiverory
DeeoamieolyK Nnoporom Naoainrdurier Ftel [ell
Belem,; Watew Derinetns
PhD IUnlersily of Michigan
Fuel cell modeling ,mmal end opthimi.on. Poameriamlion
'ooiortin glnierirg Prao nynten ufieenng
PhD UnreisitV of Califaoinia, Berkeley
[imrdehmrral mnrgy sionrge and cearoaron; Iimore
Noianueon dleoanohelinry
Emerlo'. Foculoi
PhD Universnity ofl Delaware
bhlnmuend-rnggernd dreg deliiry, ldogical tiloind and
remmhanes Jlihereoideis end gollstaoe pelihogenim

- Drexel University is convenient ly, locate ii downtown Philad
___ ct'-- cultural centers. transoo ation..and, moior. pharmaceutical.'

..with .easy' es .- s ..uero..
(with easy access tonumerou;


Vol.47, No. 4, Fall 2013



Award-winning faculty
Cutting-edge facilities
Extensive engineering resources
New Building: Chemical
Engineeimg Student Center
An hour from the Atlantic Ocean
and the Gulf of Mexico

Tim Anderson
Jason E Buller
Anuj Chauhan
Oscar D Crisalle
Jennifer Sinclair Curtis
Richard B Dickinson
Helena Hagelin-Weaver-.
Peng Jiang :
Lewis E. Johns
Dmitry Kopelevich
Anthony J. Ladd
Tanmay Lele
Ranga Narayanan :.
Mark E.Orazem : ..
Chang-Won Park
Fan Ren
Carlos Rinaldi
Dinesh Shah
Spyros Svoronos-Z'
Yiider Tseng .
'Jason F, Voavei
-irk Ziegler .

Chemical Engineering Education
Chemical Engineering Education

Graduate studies inChemical Engineering

Want a graduate program where you have leading technologies at your fingertips, the support
of expert faculty who care about your success, and access to an exciting network of research
partners and industry leaders? Choose Florida Tech for your M.S. or Ph.D. in chemical engineering.

Faculty l70
M.M. Tomadakis, Ph.D., Dept. Head
P.A. Jennings, Ph.D.
J.E. Whitlow, Ph.D.
M.E. Pozo de Fernandez, Ph.D. 4
J.R. Brenner, Ph.D.
V. Kishore, Ph.D. .
Research Interests '
Spacecraft Technology "'
Biomedical Engineering CILG OFEIN EI
Alternative Energy Sources
Materials Science 'e ni rteF u
Membrane Technology
Research Partners
Department of Energy [
Department of Defense
Florida Solar Energy Center*
Florida Department of Agriculture
*Graduate student sponsor
For more information, contact
College of Engineering
Department of Chemical Engineering
150 W University Blvd. 1 'l
Melbourne, FL 32901-6975
(321) 674-8068
Graduate Student Assistantships, Scholarships and Tuition Remission Available

Sustainability of the Environment Intelligent Systems Assured Information and Cyber Security
New Space Systems and Commercialization of Space Communication Systems and Signal Processing Biomedical Systems

'aw ,,'ard ,-,,,,,' m educationn i and d i degree, m ate a ion olege at 1866 Southern ,a,, D, 3a, 3003-4097 all 404-679-45 for quests about ,, ,e accreditation ofFlida Istie of echnaoy. EN-369-413

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

Big Career
Big Network

Big City of Atlanta

Paper Science
and Engineering


M I= 4'D U C<-,)


Dr. J. Carson Meredith
Associate Chair for Graduate Studies
311 Ferst Drive NW Atlanta, GA 30332-0100
404.894.1838 404.894.2866 fax


Energy & Sustainability Biotechnology Materials & Nanotechnology Complex Systems
Catalysis, Reaction Kinetics, Complex Fluids, Microelectronics, Polymers, Microfluidics, Pulp & Paper,
Separations, Thermodynamics, MEMS, Environmental Science, C02 Capture, Biomedicine, Modeling,
Solar Energy, Cancer Diagnostics & Therapeutics, Biofuels, Air Quality, Optimization, Bioinformatics,
Process Synthesis & Control, Fuel Cells

'44 Chemical Engineering Education




Dynamic Hub of Chemical
and Biomolecular Engineering

Houston is at the center of the U.S. energy and
chemical industries and is the home of NASA's
Johnson Space Center and the world-renowned
Texas Medical Center.

The highly ranked* University of Houston Department
of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering offers
excellent facilities, competitive financial support,
industrial internships and an environment conducive
to personal and professional growth. [* top 20
department based on NRC study]

Houston offers an abundance of educational, cultural,
business and entertainment opportunities. For a large
and diverse city, Houston's cost of living is much lower
than average.

For more Information:

Research Areas:

Advanced Materials
Alternative Energy
Biomolecular Engineering

Multi-Phase Flows
Plasma Processing
Reaction Engineering

Affiliated Research Centers:

Alliance for NanoHealth

Western Regional Center of
Excellence for Biodefense and
Emerging Infectious Diseases

Texas Center for Clean
Engines, Emissions & Fuels

Department of Energy Plasma
Science Center for Predictive
Control of Plasma Kinetics

University of Houston, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Graduate Admission, S222 Engineering Building 1, Houston, TX 77204-4004

The University of Houston Is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action institution. Minorities, women, veterans and persons with disabilities are encouraged to apply.
Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013


Chemical and Biomolecular

The combination of distinguished faculty, outstanding
facilities, and a diversity of research interests results in
exceptional opportunities for graduate education at the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Chemical
and Biomolecular Engineering Department offers graduate
programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees.

For more information visit

Or write to:
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
114 Roger Adams Laboratory, Box C-3
600 South Mathews Avenue
Urbana, IL 61801-3602


Chemical Engineering Education

iical Engineering Meets the Future.

Department of Chemical and Biological Engin

IT's ChBE deportment provides students with the opportunity to participate in innovative res.egh.' -
gju..minutes from do..,ntown Chicago. Here students are able to reach their maximuhn p.
fi ds~nexperience and a strong commitment to aca*4jnic excellence Competitive stipends and
4"I'iships are available to highly motivated. vell-qualified applicants Students and professionals with
QE.Ddaspirations are strongly encouraged to apply

Research Areas

Energy and
* Fuel Cells and Batteries
* Fluidization and Gasification
* Hybrid Systems

Advanced Materials
* Interfaciol and Transport Phenomena
* Nanotechnology

Biological Engineering
* Molecular Modeling Diabetes
* Biomedical and Pharmaceutical

Faculty Research Interests

Javad Abbasian
(Illinois Institute of Technology)
Coal gasification, high-
temperature gas cleaning
and process development
All Cinar
(Texas A&M)
Modeling, analysis and control
of complex distributed systems,
batch process supervision
Satish Parulekar
(Purdue University)
Chemical and biochemical
reaction engineering
Vijoy Ramani
(University of Connecticut)
Electrochemistry, fuel
cell materials

David C. Venerus
(Penn State University)
Transport phenomena in
complex materials, polymer
rheology and processing
Hamid Arastoopour
(Illinois Institute of Technology)
Computational fluid dynamics
of multi-phase systems,
nanoparticle fluidization
John Anderson
(University of Illinois)
Electrokinetic phenomena,
electrophoresis of complex
particles, transport in porous
media and gels
Nancy Karuri
(University of Wisconsin)
Extracellular matrix interactions,
interfacial chemistry

Victor Perez-Luna
(University of Washington)
Surface chemistry,
biomaterials, biosensors,
hydrogels, nanotechnology
Jay D. Schieber
(University of Wisconsin)
Multiscale modeling
of macromolecule,
transport phenomena,
statistical mechanics
Darsh T. Wasan
(University of California, Berkeley)
Interfacial phenomena, wetting
and spreading, nanofluids,
food colloids
Donald Chmielewski
(University of California, Los Angeles)
Design and control of
energy systems

Systems Engineering
* ComplexSystems
* Advanced Process Control
* Process Modeling

Jai Prakash
(Case Western Reserve University)
characterization of
novel materials for
batteries, fuel cells
Fouad Teymour
(University of Wisconsin)
Complex systems,
polymer engineering

For more information, I Phone: 312.567.3040 1 Email:

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 247

Graduate program for M.S. and Ph.D. degrees

in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering


Gary A. Aurand Greg Carmichael
North Carolina State U. U. of Kentucky 1979
1996 Global change/
Supercritical fluids/ Supercomputing/
High pressure biochem- Air pollution modeling
ical reactors

Jennifer Fiegel
Johns Hopkins 2004
Drug delivery/
Nano and

Vicki H. Grassian
U. of Calif.-Berkeley 1987
Surface science of envi-
ronmental interfaces/
Heterogeneous atmospheric
chemistry/Applications and
implications of nanosci-
ence and nanotechnology in
environmental processes and
hllunnn hanlth

C. Allan Guymon
U. of Colorado 1997
Polymer reaction
engineering/UV curable
coatings/Polymer liquid
crystal composites

Julie L.P. Jessop David
Michigan State U. 1999 Murhammer
Polymers/ U. of Houston 1989
Microlithography/ insect cell culture/
Spectroscopy Oxidative Stress/Baculo-
virus biopesticides

Eric E. Nuxoll
U. of Minnesota 2003
Controlled release/
drug delivery

Tonya L. Peeples David Rethwisch
Johns Hopkins 1994 U. of Wisconsin 1985
Extremophile biocataly- Membrane science/
sis/Sustainable energy/ Polymer science/
Green chemistry/ Catalysis

Indian Institute of Science
Gene expression/

For information
and application:
Graduate Admissions
Chemical and
Biochemical Engineering
4133 Seamans Center
Iowa City IA 52242-1527


Chemical Engineering Education

Aliasger K. Salem Alec B. Scranton
U. of Nottingham 2002 Purdue U. 1990
Tissue engineering/ Photopolymerization/
Drug delivery/Polymeric Reversible emulsifiers/
biomaterials/Immuno- Polymerization kinetics
cancer therapy/Nano
and microtechnology

Charles 0. Stanier
Carnegie Mellon
University 2003
Air pollution chemis-
try, measurement, and



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top interdisciplinary, systems-level research and collaboration in biorenewables.
In addition, the U.S. DOE Ames Laboratory, NSF Engineering Research Center for
Biorenewable Chemicals, the Plant Sciences Institute, the Office of Biotechnology and
the Bioeconomy Institute offer graduate students the best and most comprehensive
chemical engineering education.
The department offers MEngr, MS and PhD degrees in chemical engineering. We offer
full financial support with tuition coverage and competitive stipends to all our PhD
students. The department also offers several competitive scholarships to graduate
students, so they can succeed and excel.
Iowa State University resides in Ames, Iowa, which was named the No. 2 Best College
Town in the U.S. in 2012 by the American Institute for Economic Research.


_O"^ kMA

CBE Graduate Admissions:
515 294-1660

Apply online at:


PhO, Iowa State University
Processing of bioinspired hybrid materials
Kaitlin Bratlie
PhD, University of California-Berkeley
Surface science and catalytic research
Robert C. Brown
PhD, Michigan State University
Biorenewable resources for energy
Ludovico Cademartiri
PhD, University of Toronto
Materials chemistry, nanomaterials and
biological environments by design
Rebecca Cademartiri
PhD, University of Potsdam, Germany
Interactions of biological entities with
Eric W. Cochran
PhD, University of Minnesota
Self-assembled polymers
Liang Dong
PhD, Tsinghua University, China
Bioengineering, micmelectronics andphotonics

Rodney 0. Fox
PhD, Kansas State University
Computational fluid dynamics and rea action
Charles E. Glatz
PhD, University of Wisconsin
Bioprocessing and bioseparations
Kurt R. Hebert
PhD, University of Illinois
Corrosion and electrochemical engineering
Ted J. Heindel
PhD, Purdue University
Multiphase flow hydrodynamics and
James C. Hill
PhD, University of Washington
Turbulence and computational fluid dynamics
Andrew C. Hillier
PhD, University of Minnesota
Interfacial engineering and electrochemistry
Laura R. Jarboe
PhD, University of California, Los Angeles
Biorenewables production by metabolic

Monica H. Lamm
PhD, North Carolina State University
Molecular simulation of advanced materials
Sorya K. Mallapragada
PhD, Purdue University
Tissue engineering and gene delivery
Balaji Narasimhan
PhD, Purdue University
Biomaterials and drug delivery
Michael G. Olsen
PhD, University of Illinois
Experimental fluid mechanics and turbulence
Derrick K. Rollins
PhD, Ohio State University
Statistical process control
Ian C. Schneider
PhD, North Carolina State University
Cell migration and mechanotransduction
Brent H. Shanks
PhD, California Institute of Technology
Heterogeneous catalysis and biorenewables

Jacqueline V. Shanks
PhD, California Institute ofTechnology
Metabolic engineering and plant biotechnology
Zengyi Shao
PhD, University of Illinois
Biorenewables production by metabolic
Jean-Philippe Tessonnier
PhD, Universite de Strasbourg, France
Heterogeneous catalysis and biorenewables
R. Dennis Vigil
PhD, University of Michigan
Transport phenomena and reaction
engineering in multiphase systems
PhD, University of Kansas
PhD, Wuhan University, China
Drug delivery, nanotechnology, biomaterials,
and stem cells

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013



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250 Chemical Engineering Education

Advanced Separations Aerosols
Biopharmaceutical and Biocellular
Engineering Drug Delivery
Energy Resources and Alternative Energy
Environmental Engineering
Interfacial Engineering
Materials Synthesis Nanomaterials
Polymers and Membranes
Supercritical Fluids Processing

Chemical Engineering Faculty

The CME Department offers graduate

D. Kalika, Chair University of California, Berkeley
K. Anderson Carnegie-Mellon University
R. Andrews University of Kentucky
D. Bhattacharyya Illinois Institute of Technology
B. Berron Vanderbilt University
T. Dziubla Drexel University
D. Englert Texas A&M University
E. Grulke Ohio State University
J. Z. Hilt University of Texas
B. Knutson Georgia Institute of Technology
D. Pack California Institute of Technology
C. Payne Vanderbilt University
S. Rankin University of Minnesota
A. Ray Clarkson University
J. Seay Auburn University
D. Silverstein Vanderbilt Universitv

programs leading to the M.S. and Ph.D. :. J. Smart University of Texas
degrees in both chemical and materials T. Tsang University of Texas
engineering The combination of these
disciplines in a single department fosters Materials Engineering Faculty
collaboration among faculty and a strong
interdisciplinary environment. Our faculty T J. Balk Johns Hopkins University
and graduate students pursue research M. Beck Northwestern University
projects that encompass a broad range Y. T. Cheng California Institute of Technology
of chemical engineering endeavor, and B. Hinds Northwestern University
that include interactions with researchers F. Yang University of Rochester
in Agriculture, Chemistry, Medicine and T. Zhai University of Oxford

D. Silverstein 4, Fa*l201i25

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 251


Synergistic, interdisciplinary research in...
Biochemical Engineering Catalytic Science & Reaction Engineering
Environmental Engineering Interfacial Transport Materials Synthesis
Characterization & Processing Microelectronics Processing
Polymer Science & Engineering o Process Modeling & Control
Two-Phase Flow & Heat Transfer
Leading to M.S., M.E., andPh.D. degrees in Chemical Engineering,
Biological Chemical Engineering and Polymer Science and Engineering


Bryan W. Berger, University of Delaware
membrane biophysics protein engineering surfactant science
e signal transduction
Philip A. Blythe, University of Manchester
fluid mechanics heat transfer applied mathematics
Angela C. Brown, Drexel University
biological colloids lipid-protein interactions membrane
biophysics microbial pathogenesis

Hugo S. Caram, University of Minnesota
high temperature processes and materials environmental
processes reaction engineering
Manoj K. Chaudhury, SUNY- Buffalo
adhesion thin films surface chemistry
Mohamed S. EI-Aasser, McGill University
polymer colloids and films emulsion copolymerization *
polymer synthesis and characterization
Alice P. Gast, Princeton University
complex fluids colloids proteins interfaces

James F. Gilchrist, Northwestern University
particle self-organization mixing microfluidics
Vincent G. Grassi II, Lehigh University
process systems engineering
Lori Herz, Rutgers University
cell culture and fermentation pharmaceutical process
development and manufacturing

James T. Hsu, Northwestern University
bioseparation applied recombinant DNA technology

Anand Jagota, Cornell University
biomimetics mechanics adhesion biomolecule-materials
Andrew Klein, North Carolina State University
emulsion polymerization colloidal and surface effects in

Christopher J. Kiely, Bristol University
catalyst materials nanoparticle self-assembly carbonaceous
materials heteroepitaxial interface structures

Mayuresh V. Kothare, California Institute of Technology
model predictive control constrained control microchemical
William L. Luyben, University of Delaware
process design and control distillation
Anthony J. McHugh, University of Delaware
polymer rheology and rheo-optics polymer processing and
modeling membrane formation drug delivery

Steven Mclntosh, University of Pennsylvania
fuel cells solid state ionics heterogeneous catalysis functional
materials electrochemistry
Jeetain Mittal, University of Texas
protein folding macromolecular crowding hydrophobic effects *
nanoscale transport
Susan F. Perry, Pennsylvania State University
cell adhesion and migration cellular biomechanics

Kelly M. Schultz, University of Delaware
polymer rheology and microrheology polymer physics
biomaterial and hydrogel characterization three-dimensional cell

Arup K. Sengupta, University of Houston
use of adsorbents ion exchange reactive polymers
membranes in environmental pollution
Cesar A. Silebi, Lehigh University
separation of colloidal particles electrophoresis mass transfer
Shivaji Sircar, University of Pennsylvania
adsorption gas and liquid separation

Mark A. Snyder, University of Delaware
inorganic nanoparticles and porous thin films *
membrane separations multiscale modeling
Kemal Tuzla, Istanbul Technical University
heat transfer two-phase flows fluidization thermal energy

Israel E. Wachs, Stanford University
materials characterization surface chemistry heterogeneous
catalysis environmental catalysis

An application and additional information may be obtained by writing to:
Dr. Jeetain Mittal or Dr. Steve Mclntosh Co-Chairs, Graduate Admissions Committee
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University 111 Research Drive, lacocca Hall *Bethlehem, PA 18015
Fax: (610) 758-4261 o Email: Web:

Chemical Engineering Education







Baton Rouge is the state capital and home of the state's flagship institution,
LSU. Situated near the Acadian region, Baton Rouge blends the Old South
and Cajun cultures. Baton Rouge is one of the nation's busiest ports and the
city's economy rests heavily on the chemical, oil, plastics, and agricultural
industries. The great outdoors provide excellent year-round recreational
activities, especially fishing, hunting, and water sports. The proximity of
New Orleans provides for superb nightlife, especially during Mardi Gras.
The city is also only two hours away from the Mississippi Gulf Coast, and
four hours from either Gulf Shores or Houston.

* MS (thesis and non-thesis) and PhD Programs
* Approximately 50 graduate students
* Average research funding more than $2 million per year
* Access to outstanding experimental facilities including CAMD (the LSU
Synchrotron) and the Polymer Analysis Facility (PAL)
Access to outstanding computational facilities including four LSU
supercomputers (over 18.47 TFlops), over 250 TB high-performance
storage, LONI and National LambdaRail connectivity, and state-of-the-art
graphics and visualization centers.
Assistantships at $17,500 $29,600, with full tuition waiver, waiver of
non-resident fees, and health insurance benefits.

Cain Department of Chemical Engineering
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803
Telephone: 1-800-256-2084 FAX: 225-578-1476

Cain Professor /Assc. Professor; PhDl), University of Wisconsin
Genomics, Bioengineering, Metabolic Engineering, Biosensors
BASF Professor; PhD, University of Delaware
Heterogeneous Catalysis, High-Pressure Separations
Affolter Professor /Assc. Professor; PhD, Georgia Institute of Technology
Semiconductor Processing, Microelectronic Device Fabrication
Nusloch Professor; PhD, Princeton University
Electronic Materials, Surface Chemistry, CVD
Chevron Professor; PhD, University of Houston
Biochemical Reaction Engineering, Applied Math
Cain Professor /Assc. Professor; PhD, North Carolina State University
Nanoporous Materials, Confined Fluids, Liquid Crystals
Anding Professor; PhD, Purdue University
Supercritical Fluid Extraction, Ultrafast Kinetics
Cain Proffessor/Asst. Professor; PhD, North Carolina State University
Bioengineering, Environment
Cain Chair Professor; PhD, Princeton University
Computational Fluid Dynamics and Modeling of Multiphase Flows
Cain Chair Professor; PhD, University of Minnesota
Process Control
Professor; PhD), University of Cincinnati
Computational Condensed Matter Physics
Shivers Professor / Edit Professor; PhD, Louisiana State University
Coates Professor; PhD, Louisiana State University
Chemodynamics, Hazardous Waste Transport
Roddy Distinguished Professor; PhD, Vanderbilt University
Environmental Transport, Separations
Haydel Professor/Assc. Professor; PhD, University of Delaware
Hazardous Waste Treatment, Drying
Harvey Professor, Reymond Professor; ScD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Combustion, Pyrolysis, Fuels
Cain Professor / Asst. Professor; PhD, University of Wisconsin
Materials Science, Computational Modeling, Catalysis

Vol.47, No.4, Fall 2013



This well-established graduate program emphasizes
the application of basic principles to the solution of
modem engineering problems, with new features in
engineering management, sustainable and alternative
energy, safety, and biochemical engineering.


Financial aid in the form of
graduate fellowships is available.
For information and application form, write to
Graduate Program Director
Chemical Engineering Department
Manhattan College
Riverdale, NY 10471


Offering a
Master's Degree


Manhattan College is located
in Riverdale,
an attractive area in the
northwest section of
New York Cit,.

Chemical Engineering Education





The Department of Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering at UMBC is pleased to
offer citizens and permanent residents of the United States and Canada, and students receiving
degree from U.S. and Canadian institutions, the opportunity to apply for admission to our Ph.D.
program without admission fees. Details are available on our website (

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: FACULTY: culture, regulatory science
S ^^ ^^^S Students pursuing graduate BAYLES, TARYN, Ph.D., University of RA GOviND PhD Drexel
degrees in the Department of Pittsburgh; Engineering education, University; Biosensor development
chemical, Biochemical and K-12 engineering curriculum for bioprocessing, environmental
Environmental Engineering are development, teacher training and medical applications
offered a broad range of research BLANEY, LEE, Ph.D., University of REED, BRIAN, Ph.D., State
opportunities that apply chemical Texas at Austin; Water/wastewater University of New York at Buffalo;
and environmental engineering treatment, pharmaceuticals and nPhyrsiohemic a l proesses, sorption
S S U ^ ^H principles to problems that are personal care products Physiochernical processes, sorption
important in today's society. of organic and inorganic
Examples of these research CASTELLANOS, MARIAJOSE, Ph.D., ROSS, JULIA, Ph.D., Rice University;
opportunities include the Cornell University; Systems biology, Cell adhesion, biofilms, engineering
development of novel strategies engineering education education
to remove pharmaceuticals from ENSZER, JOSHUA, Ph.D., University WELTY. CLAIRE, Ph.D., M.I.T.;
treated wastewater, understanding of Notre Dame; Engineering Groundwater flow and transport,MT.;
the fate and transport of toxic education
organic compounds in the urban hydrology
Chesapeake Bay, developing new FREY, DOUGLAS, Ph.D., University of RESEARCH PROFESSORS:
bioprocess strategies for the rapid California, Berkeley; Bioseparations, KOSTOV, YORDAN, Ph.D., Bulgarian
Production and purification of Chromatography Academy of Sciences; Low-cost
biopharmaceuticals, and producing GHOSH, UPAL, Ph.D., State optical sensors, instrumentation
new materials and sensors University of New York at Buffalo; development, biomaterials
to enable the development of Fate and transport of toxic organic TOLOSA CROUCHER, LEAH, Ph.D.,
engineered tissues, compounds, remediation of University of Connecticut, Storrs;
DEGREES OFFERED: Fluorescence based sensors,
M.S. (thesis and non-thesis), Ph.D. GOOD, THERESA, Ph.D., University protein engineering, biomedical
of Wisconsin Madison; Protein diagnostics, molecular switches
***Accelerated Bachelor's/Master's aggregation and disease, cellular RESEARCH ASSOCIATE
SPost-Baccalaureate Certificate in engineering PROFESSOR:
Biochemical Regulatory Engineering HENNIGAN, CHRISTOPHER, Ph.D., GE, XUDONG, Ph.D., UMBC; Sensor
OATIN Georgia Institute of Technology; Air matrix development, dialysis based
LOCATION pollution chemistry, atmospheric sensor
UMBC is a suburban campus, aerosols
located in the Baltimore-Washington CONTACT-
corridor, with easy access to both LEACH, JENNIE, Ph.D., University of Graduate Program Director
metropolitan areas. A number of Texas at Austin; Biomaterials, 3-D UMBC Chemical, Biochemical and
government research facilities tissue engineering, stem cells Environmental Engineering
such as NIH, FDA, USDA, NSA, and MARTEN, MARK, Ph.D., Purdue 1000 Hilltop Circle, ENG 314
a large number of biotechnology University; Cellular engineering, Baltimore, MD 21250
companies are located nearby and proteomics, bioprocessing Baltimore, MD 21250
provide excellent opportunities for 410-455-3400
research interactions. MOREIRA, ANTONIO, Ph.D., University
of Pennsylvania; Fermentation, cell

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 255





Located in a vibrant international community just outside
of Washington, D.C. and close to major national laboratories
including the NIH, the FDA, the Army Research Laboratory,
and NIST, the University of Maryland's Department of
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, part of the A. James
Clark School of Engineering, offers educational opportunities
leading to a Doctor of Philosophy or Master of Science degree
in Chemical Engineering.


Aerosol science, particle technology,
air pollution.
Systems modeling/simulation,
semiconductor materials manufacturing.
Mesoscopic and nanoscale
thermodynamics, critical phenomena,
phase transitions in soft matter.
Multiphase flow, turbulence and mixing.
Polymer reaction engineering and polymer
Computational fluid dynamics, bio/micro-
fluidics, biophysics and numerical analysis.
Protein engineering, biomolecular
recognition, fungal disease.
Cell membrane biophysics,
thermodynamics, molecular simulations.

Materials synthesis and engineering,
reaction engineering, heterogeneous
catalysis, fuel cells, biofuels, energy.
Complex fluids, polymeric and
biomolecular self-assembly, soft
Systems biology, metabolic engineering,
biorenewable fuel, genetically inherited
metabolic disorders.
Li-ion batteries, electric energy storage,
fuel cells, electroanalytical technologies,
nanostructured materials.
Biochemical engineering, biofuels,
drug delivery.
Nanoparticles for energy and the environ-
ment, reaction engineering of ultrafast
processes, transport properties of small
Fuel cells, gas separation membranes,
solid-state gas sensors, electrocatalysis.

To learn more, e-mail, call (301) 405-1935, or visit:

Chemical Engineering Education

Uiesit of Masahset Ames

CHEMICAL_________________________________ ENGINEERING.

For application forms and further information on
fellowships and assistantships, academic and
research programs, and student housing, see:
or contact:
Graduate Program Director
Department of Chemical Engineering
159 Goessmann Lab., 686 N. Pleasant St.
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, MA 01003-9303

Instructional, research, and administrative facilities are
housed in close proximity to each other. In addition to
space in Goessmann Laboratory, the Department
occupies modern research space in Engineering La-
boratory II and the Conte National Center for Polymer
Research. In 2013, several faculty with research in-
terests in the life sciences will occupy modern re-
search space in the New Laboratory Sciences Build-
ing that is currently under construction.

Surita R. Bhatia (Princeton)
W. Curtis Conner, Jr. (Johns Hopkins)
Paul J. Dauenhauer (Minnesota)
Jeffrey M. Davis (Princeton)
Christos Dimitrakopoulos (Columbia)
Wei Fan (Tokyo)
Neil S. Forbes (California, Berkeley)
David M. Ford (Pennsylvania)
Michael A. Henson (California, Santa Barbara)
Michael F. Malone (Massachusetts, Amherst)
Dimitrios Maroudas (MIT)
Peter A. Monson (London)
T. J. (Lakis) Mountziaris, Department Head (Princeton)
Shelly R. Peyton (California, Irvine)
Constantine Pozrikidis (Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
Susan C. Roberts (Cornell)
Jessica D. Schiffman (Drexel)
H. Henning Winter (Stuttgart)

Current areas of Ph.D. research in the Department of Chemical Engineering re-
ceive support at a level of over $6 million per year through external research
grants. Examples of research areas include, but are not limited to, the following.
* Bioengineering: cellular engineering; metabolic engineering ; targeted bac-
teriolytic cancer therapy; synthesis of small molecules; systems biology; bi-
opolymers; nanostructured materials for clinical diagnostics.
* Biofuels and Sustainable Energy: conversion of biomass to fuels and
chemicals; catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass; microkinetics; microwave reac-
tion engineering; biorefining; high-throughput testing; reactor design and
optimization; fuel cells; energy engineering.
* Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena: biofluid dynamics and blood
flow; hydrodynamics of microencapsulation; mechanics of cells, capsules,
and suspensions; modeling of microscale flows; hydrodynamic stability and
pattern formation; interfacial flows; gas-particle flows.
* Materials Science and Engineering: design and characterization of new
catalytic materials; nanostructured materials for micro/nanoelectronics, opto-
electronics, and photovoltaics; carbon nanomaterials; synthesis and charac-
terization of microporous and mesoporous materials; colloids and biomateri-
als; membranes; biopolymers; rheology and phase behavior of associative
polymer solutions; polymeric materials processing.
* Molecular and Multi-scale Modeling & Simulation: computational quan-
tum chemistry and kinetics; molecular modeling of nanostructured materials;
molecular-level behavior of fluids confined in porous materials; molecular-to-
reactor scale modeling of transport and reaction processes in materials syn-
thesis; atomistic-to-continuum scale modeling of thin films and nanostruc-
tures; systems-level analysis using stochastic atomic-scale simulators; mod-
eling and control of biochemical reactors; nonlinear process control theory.

The University of Massachusetts Amherst prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status,
national origin, disability or handicap, or veteran status, in any aspect of the admission or treatment of students or in employment.

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 257

Research in Biotechnology
Energy Engineering
Catalysis and Chemical Kinetics
Colloid Science and Separations
Microchemical Systems, Microfluidics
Statistical Mechanics & Molecular Simulation
Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering
Process Systems Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Transport Processes

With the largest research faculty in the country, the Department
of Chemical Engineering at MIT offers programs of research and
teaching which span the breadth of chemical engineering with
unprecedented depth in fundamentals and applications. The
Department offers graduate programs leading to the master's
and doctor's degrees. Graduate students may also earn a
professional master's degree through the David H. Koch School
of Chemical Engineering Practice, a unique internship program
that stresses defining and solving industrial problems by applying
chemical engineering fundamentals. In collaboration with the
Sloan School of Management, the Department also offers a
doctoral program in Chemical Engineering Practice, which
integrates chemical engineering, research and management.

D. G. Anderson
R. C. Armstrong
P. I. Barton
M. Z. Bazant
D. Blankschtein
R. D. Braatz
F. R. Brushett
A. K. Chakraborty
K. Chung
R. E. Cohen
C. K. Colton
C. L. Cooney
P. S. Doyle

K. K. Gleason K. J. Prather
W. H. Green Y. Roman
P. T. Hammond G. Rutledge
T. A. Hatton H. D. Sikes
K. F. Jensen, Head J. W. Swan
J. H. Kroll George Stephanopoulos
H. J. Kulik Greg Stephanopoulos
R. S. Langer M.S. Strano
D. A. Lauffenburger W. A. Tisdale
J. C. Love B. L. Trout
A. S. Myerson P. S. Virk
B. D. Olsen D. 1. C. Wang
K. D. Wittrup

Chemical Engineering Education

McGill S Chemical Engineering

The department offers M. Eng. and
PhD degrees with funding available
and top-ups for those who already
have funding.

Downtown Montreal, Canada
Montreal is a multilingual
metropolis with a population over
three million. Often called the
world's second-largest French-
speaking city, Montreal also boasts
an English-speaking population of
over 400,000. McGill itself is an
English-language university, though
it offers you countless opportunities
to explore the French language.

McGill's Arts Buildine
For more information and graduate
program applications:
Department of Chemical
McGill University
3610 University St
Montreal, QC H3A 2B2 CANADA
Phone: (514) 398-4494
Fax: (514) 398-6678

D. BERK, (Calgary)
Biological and chemical treatment of wastes, crystallization of fine
powders, reaction engineering []
S. COULOMBE, Department Chair (McGill)
Plasma processing, nanofluids, transport phenomena, optical
diagnostic and process control []
P.-L. GIRARD-LAURIAULT, (Polytechnique, Montreal)
Plasma surface engineering for biomedical application surface analysis
J. T. GOSTICK, (Waterloo)
Electrochemical energy storage and conversion, porous materials
characterization, multiphase transport phenomena []
R. J. HILL, Canada Research Chair (Cornell)
Fuzzy colloids, biomimetic interfaces, hydrogels, and
nanocomposite membranes []
E. A. V. JONES, (CalTech)
Biofluid dynamics, biomechanics, tissue engineering,
developmental biology & microscopy []
M. R. KAMAL, Emeritus Professor (Carnegie-Mellon)
Polymer proc., charac., and recycling []
A.-M. KIETZIG, (British Columbia)
Functional surface engineering, material processing with lasers,
interfacial phenomena []
R. LEASK, William Dawson Scholar (Toronto)
Biomedical engineering, fluid dynamics, cardiovascular
mechanics, pathobiology []
M. MARIC, (Minnesota)
Block copolymers for nano-porous media, organic electronics,
controlled release; "green" plasticisers []
J.-L. MEUNIER, (INRS-Energie, Varennes)
Plasma science & technology, deposition techniques for surface
modifications, nanomaterials []
S. OMANOVIC, (Zagreb)
Biomaterials, protein/material interactions, bio/immunosensors,
(bio)electrochemistry []
A. D. REY, James McGill Professor (California-Berkeley)
Computational material sci., thermodynamics of soft matter and
complex fluids, interfacial sci. and eng. []
P. SERVIO, Canada Research Chair (British Columbia)
High-pressure phase equilibrium, crystallization, polymer coatings
N. TUFENKJI, Canada Research Chair (Yale)
Environmental and biomedical eng., bioadhesion and biosensors,
bio- and nano- technologies []
V. YARGEAU, (Sherbrooke)
Environmental control of pharmaceuticals, biodegradation of
contaminants in water, biohydrogen []

Vol. 47, No.4, Fall 2013


has a long-standing reputation
as Canada's "most innovative"
university and is one of Canada's
top two research intensive
universities. The University is
located at the western end of Lake
Ontario, about 70 km from Toronto
and 100 km from Niagara Falls. Area
attractions include the Waterfront
Trail, the Bruce Trail and the
Royal Botanical Gardens.

Chemical Engineering Faculty
are engaged in leading edge
research and we have concentrated
research groups that collaborate
with international industrial
sponsors: Centre for Advanced
Ophthalmic Materials (Insight),
Centre for Advanced Polymer
Processing & Design (CAPPA-D),
Interfacial Technologies Group,
SENTINEL, McMaster Advanced
Control Consortium (MACC), and
McMaster Institute for Polymer
Production Technology (MIPPT).

We offer a Ph.D. Program and Master's Programs in the
following research areas:

Tissue engineering, biomedical engineering,
blood-material interactions

Membranes, bioseparations, bioreactors,
analytical & environmental biotechnology

Interfacial engineering, polymerization, --
polymer characterization, synthesis ::

Polymer processing, rheology, -
computer modelling, extrusion -:-,

Process control, optimization, design, --'-
multivariate statistical methods,
sustainable energy systems

Contact: Graduate Assistant, Department of Chemical Engineering
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7 CANADA
t: 905.525.9140 ext. 24292 e:


50 Chemical Engineering Education

Chemical Engineering and

Materials Science

Michigan State University

.." Nao materials &

Composite Materials and
Structure Center 9 Smart
Materials Structured
Chemicals e Nanoporous
Materials Grain boundary
I engineering

j Energy &
S uistainaabilitv
k .Great Lakes Bioenergy
Research Center e
Photoelectrics e Batteries.
Fuel Cells Hydrogen
storage Biorenewable
polymer and chemicals.

Biotechnologcv &
I 1M medicine
Metabolic Engineering e
Systems Biology
Genomics e Protemics e RNA
interference Bioceramics
Tissue Engineering *
Biosensers Bioelectrics

428 S. Shaw Ln Rm 2527 Engineering Building e East Lansing,

MI 48842 517.355.5135 o

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013


Driven to Discoversm

Leadership and Innovation in

Chemical Engineering and

Materials Science

Research Areas
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Ceramics and Metals
Coating Processes and Interfacial Engineering
Crystal Growth and Design
Electronic, Photonic and Magnetic Materials
Fluid Mechanics
Reaction Engineering and Chemical Process Synthesis
Theory and Computation

Downtown Minneapolis as seen from campus.
Photo Credit; Patrick O'Leary
2004 Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved.

Eray Aydil
Frank S. Bates
Aditya Bhan
Xiang Cheng
Edward L. Cussler
Prodromos Daoutidis
Jeffrey J. Derby
Kevin Dorfman
David Flannigan

Lorraine F. Francis
C. Daniel Frisbie
William W. Gerberich
Benjamin Hackel
Russell J. Holmes
Wei-Shou Hu
Bharat Jalan
Eric W. Kaler
Yiannis Kaznessis
Efrosini Kokkoli

Satish Kumar
Chris Leighton
Timothy P. Lodge
Christopher W. Macosko
Alon V. McCormick
K. Andre Mkhoyan

Drawing by Perkins+ Will of the Gore Annex addition
to Amundson Hall.
Completion summer of 2014.

The Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
at the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities has been renowned
for its pioneering scholarly work and for its influence in graduate
education for the past half-century. Our department has produced
numerous legendary engineering scholars and current leaders in
both academia and industry. With its pacesetting research and
education program in chemical engineering encompassing reac-
tion engineering, multiphase flow. statistical mechanics, polymer
science and bioengineering. our department was the first to foster
a far-reaching marriage of the Chemical Engineering and Materials
Science programs into an integrated department.
For the past few decades, the chemical engineering program has
been consistently ranked as the top graduate program in the country
by the National Research Council and other ranking surveys. The
department has been thriving on its ability to foster interdisciplin-
ary efforts in research and education; most, if not all of our active
faculty members are engaged in intra- or interdepartmental research
projects. The extensive collaboration among faculty members in
research and education and the high level of co-advising of gradu-
ate students and research fellows serves to cross-fertilize new ideas
and stimulate innovation. Our education and training are known not
only for rigorously delving into specific and in-depth subjects, but
also for their breadth and global perspectives. The widely ranging
collection of high-impact research projects in these world-renowned
laboratories provides students with a unique experience, preparing
them for careers that are both exciting and rewarding.

David C. Morse
Lanny D. Schmidt
David A. Shores
William H. Smyrl
Friedrich Srienc

Robert T. Tranquillo
Michael Tsapatsis
Renata Wentzcovitch
Joseph Zasadzinski
Kechun Zhang

For more information contact:
Julie Prince. Program Associate ,:.

Chemical Engineering Education

R. Mark Bricka
Associate Professor

Environmental Engineering
Soil Remediation

Bill Elmore
Associate Professor and
Hunter Henry Chair
Associate Director

Biotechnology / Biofuels
Engineering Education

W. Todd French
Associate Professor


Priscilla Hill
Associate Professor

Particulate Processing

Jason M. Keith
Professor and Director
Earnest W. Deavenport, Jr.

Reaction Engineering
Engineering Education

Dave C. Swalm School of Chemical Engineering
Mississippi State University

N Santanu Kundu
Assistant Professor

Soft Materials
Sustainable Materials
l 'Microfluidics

Neeraj Rai
Assistant Professor 1

Soft Materials
Sustainable Materials /

Hossein Toghiani
Professor and Thomas B.
Nusz Endowed Professor

Energy / Catalysis
Fuel Cells / Li-ion Batteries
Nanocomposite Materials
Process Control

Keisha B. Walters
Associate Professor

Polymeric and Bio-based
Surface / Interface



Visit us on the web at:

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013


M.H. AI-Dahhan

A. Liang

U. Ludlow

J. Park

D. Forciniti
D. Forciniti

Graduate Studies at Chemical

and Biochemical Engineering

Faculty Researc Itere

A. Liapis Ients Adsorption Phenome Amyl sis Batteries
ergy Bioengineering Bi erials iomimetics
os e tions* nmics talys Cell St

I "l
P )s ai
Polymer Processing Radiation Tomography Reactr Analysis
dRheology Self-Assems blHy Stabilty Analysis Station sticalys

-- --- --Mechanics Stepped Surfaces Supercritical Fluids
Surface Analysis enome Sustainable Energy Sc Thin Liquid Films
M lar Wetting Surfac Mole DyScience c Wastes phTreatment

O. Sit-ton
F ultChemical Reand Biochemical Eng ineeri Na uctg
Devi materials eutro flecti

Graduate Studies
^^Jf 143 Schrenk Hall
iNeutron Scattering400 W. 11 th Street ica Reactons polymers
P. NeogiPolymer Processing Radiation Tomography e Reactor Analysis

Rheolla, MO 65409-1230 Analysis Statistical
Mechanics e Stepped Surfaces e Supercritical Fluids*
Surface Analysis e Sustainable Energy *Thin Liquid Films.

^ 1|^^(573) 341-4416
Web:tting Surface Science Wastes
0. Sitton
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Graduate Studies
143 Schrenk Hall
400 W. 11th Street
Rolla, MO 65409-1230
(573) 341-4416


Chemical Engineering Education



ww~nheuchem caenierg

The Department of Chemical Engineering at UNH is located in the recently
renovated Kingsbury Hall with state-of-the-art facilities in Biocatalysis,
Biomaterials, Biomedical Engineering, Electrochemical Engineering, Fuel
Cells and Nanomaterials, Interfacial Flows, Molecular Simulations, and
Synthetic Biology. We offer PhD, MS, and MEng degrees in Chemical
Engineering. All of our doctoral students are fully supported by teaching or
research assistantships. UNH is located in Durham, NH 60 miles north of
Boston, 14 miles from the Atlantic coast, and is conveniently located near
New Hampshire's lakes and mountains.

Dale P. Barkey
Micro- and Nano-
Fabrication, Anodizing

Russell T. Carr
Non-linear Dynamics,
Blood Rheology,

P. T. Vasudevan
Biocatalysis, Biofuels,

Nivedita R. Gupta
Computational Fluid
Dynamics, Encapsulation,
Interfacial Flows

Kyung Jae Jeong
Biomaterials and surface
chemistry for tissue

Xiaowei Teng
Nanomaterials, Fuel Cells,
Supercapacitors, Reaction

Harish Vashisth
Computational Biophysics,
Biomolecular simulations of
proteins and nucleic acids

Kang Wu
Synthetic Biology, Protein
Secretion, Biofuels,



Kigsur Hal W30

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 265

Programs in Chemical, Biological and

Pharmaceutical Engineering

The department offers graduate programs leading to both the Master of Science and
Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Exciting opportunities exist for interdisciplinary research.
Faculty conduct research in a number of areas that include catalysis related to alternative
energy, polymer science and engineering, membrane technology, pharmaceutical engineering,
nanotechnology and energetic materials.

The Faculty:
P. Armenante: University of Virginia
B. Baltzis: University of Minnesota
R. Barat: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
E. Bilgili: Illinois Institute of Technology
R. Dave: Utah State University
E. Dreizin: Odessa University, Ukraine
C. Gogos: Princeton University
T. Greenstein: New York University
D. Hanesian: Cornell University
K. Hyun: University of Missouri-Columbia
B. Khusid: Heat and Mass Transfer Inst., Minsk USSR

For further information contact:
Dr. Norman Loney
Department of Chemical, Biological
and Pharmaceutical Engineering
New Jersey Institute of Technology
University Heights
Newark, NJ 07102-1982

H. Kimmel: (Emeritus); City University of New York
N. Loney: New Jersey Institute of Technology
K. Mihlbachler: Otto-Von-Guericke Universitat,Germany
A. Perna: University of Connecticut
R. Pfeffer: (Emeritus); New York University
D. Sebastian: Stevens Institute of Technology
L. Simon: Colorado State University
K. Sirkar: University of Illinois-Urbana
R. Tomkins: University of London (UK)
X. Wang: Virginia Tech
M. Young: Stevens Institute of Technology

Phone: (973) 596-6598
Fax: (973) 596-8436

NJIT does not discriminate on the basis of gender, sexual orientation,
race, handicap, veteran's status, national or ethnic origin or age in the
administration of student programs. Campus facilities are accessible to
the disabled.

Chemical Engineering Education


The University of New Mexico
We are the future of chemical engineering! Chemical engineers in the
21st century are challenged with rapidly developing technologies and
exciting new opportunities. Pursue your graduate degree at UNM in a
stimulating, student-centered, intellectual environment, brought together
by forward-looking research. We offer full tuition, health care and
competitive stipends.

micro-, and nanoscales. We offer graduate research projects in
^^^^^^^^^^^^^Hl~kThe ChE faculty are leaders in exploring phenomena on the meso-,

biotechnology, biomaterials and biomedical engineering, catalysis and
interfacial phenomena; microengineered materials and self-assembled
nanostructures; plasma processing and semiconductor fabrication;
polymer theory and modeling.
The department enjoys extensive interactions and collaborations with
New Mexico's federal laboratories: Los Alamos National Laboratory,
Sandia National Laboratories, and the Air Force Research Laboratory, as
well as high technology industries both locally and nationally.
Albuquerque is a unique combination of old and new, the natural world
and the manmade environment, the frontier town and the cosmopolitan
city, a harmonious blend of diverse cultures and peoples.

Faculty Research Areas
Plamen Atanassov Electroanalytical Chemistry, Biomedical Engineering
C. Jeffrey Brinker Ceramics, Sol-Gel Processing, Self-assembled Nanostructures
Heather Canavan Stimulus-responsive materials, cell/surface interactions, Biomedical Engineering
Joseph L. Cecchi Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, Plasma Etching and Deposition
Eva Chi Protein interfacial dynamics, protein aggregation, protein misfolding diseases
Abhaya K. Datye Catalysis, Interfaces, Advanced Materials
Elizabeth L. Dirk Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering
James Freyer Tumor Models, Flow Cytometry, Perfusion Systems, Metabolomics
Julia E. Fulghum Surface Characterization, 3-D Materials Characterization
Jamie R. Gomez Electrocatalyst Fabrication for Electrochemical Power Sources
Steven Graves Biomolecular Assemblies, Protease Mechanisms, Flow Cytometry
Sang Eon Han Nanophotonics, Thermal Physics, Solar Energy Harvesting and Conversion
Sang M. Han Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, Plasma Etching and Deposition
Ronald E. Loehman Glass-Metal and Ceramic-Metal Bonding and Interfacial Reactions
Dimiter Petsev Complex fluids, Nanoscience, Electrokinetic phenomena
Randall Schunk Computational Fluid Mechanics, Polymer Processing, Nanomanufacturing
Andrew Shreve Biological and Soft Nanomaterials, Spectroscopy, Optical Sensing/Diagnostics
Timothy L. Ward Aerosol Materials Synthesis, Inorganic Membranes
David G. Whitten Biosensors, Conjugated Polymer Photophysics and Bioactivity

For more information, contact:
Sang Han, Graduate Advisor
Chemical and Nuclear Engineering MSC01 1120 The University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131
505 277.5431 Phone 505 277.5433 Fax

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

L~ fi 1 !

Llj NiM kli

Faculty and Research Areas
* Paul K. Andersen, Associate Professor and Associate Department
Head (University of California, Berkeley) Transport Phenomena, Elec-
trochemistry, Environmental Engineering
* Catherine E. Brewer, Assistant Professor (Iowa State University)
Characterization and Engineering of Biochar
* Shuguang Deng, Professor (University of Cincinnati) Advanced
Materials for Sustainable Energy and Clean Water, Adsorption, and
Membrane Separation Processes
* Abbas Ghassemi, Professor and Director of the Institute for Energy
and the Environment (New Mexico State University) Risk-Based Decision
Making, Environmental Studies Pollution Prevention, Energy Efficiency
and Advanced Water Treatment; Renewable Energy
* Jessica Houston, Assistant Professor (Texas A&M University)
Biomedical Engineering, Biophotonics, Flow Cytometry
* Hongmei Luo, Assistant Professor (Tulane University) Electrodeposi-
tion, Nanostructured Materials, Metal Oxide, Nitride, Composite Thin
Films, Magnetism, Photocatalysts and Photovoltaics
* Thomas A. Manz, Assistant Professor (Purdue University) com-
putational chemistry study of advanced materials and transition metal
* Julio A. Martinez, Assistant Professor (University of California,
Davis) semiconductor device physics, nanowire and nanostructure device
* Martha C.Mitchell, P.E.,AssociateDeanofResearch (Universityof
Minnesota) Molecular Modeling of Adsorption in Nanoporous Materials,
Thermodynamic Analysis of Aerospace Fuels, Statistical Mechanics
* David A. Rockstraw, P.E., Distinguished Achievement Professor
and Head (University of Oklahoma) Kinetics and Reaction Engineering;
Process Design. Economic Analysis, and Simulation

For Application and Additional Information
Telephone (575)646-1214
PO Box 30001, MSC 3805
Department of Chemical Engineering
New Mexico State University
Las Cruces, NM 88003

New Mexico State University is an Equal Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer
Chemical Engineering Education


PhD & MS Programs in
Chemical Engineering

Southern New Mexico
350 days of sunshine a year

Consistently ranked among the top 20 ChE graduate programs by US News & World Report
Ranked 15th best among ChE graduate programs in both research productivity
and research awards per faculty member by the 2010 NRC report
Our vibrant graduate student body boasts 100+ fully-funded PhD students in residence
Located in the heart of the Research Triangle on NC State's Centennial Campus, a 1,200-
acre research campus sporting miles of public walking trails, a 75-acre lake, an 18-hole
golf course, and 60+ corporate, government, and non-profit partners
Home of the Eastman Chemical Company Center of Excellence & Eastman Innovation
Center laboratory, a six-year, $10m partnership beginning in 2013
A partner with UNC-Chapel Hill, NCCU and Duke University in the NSF'S Triangle
Materials Research Science & Engineering Center (MRSEC), a cutting-edge soft matter
research program

Peter S. Fedkiw (Dept. Head) Jan Genzer (Assoc. Dept. Head) Chase Beisel Ruben G.
Carbonell Joseph M. DeSimone Michael Dickey Michael C. Rickinger Christine S. Grant *
Keith E. Gubbins Carol K. Hall Jason M. Haugh Wesley A. Henderson Robert M. Kelly *
Saad A. Khan H. Henry Lamb Fanxing U RK Umrn David F. Ollis Gregory N. Parsons 9
Steven W. Peretti Bala Rao Gregory T Reeves Erik Santiso Richard J. Spontak Odin D.
Velev Phillip R. Westmoreland

Research Areas
4 Biofuels & Biocatalysis
4+Biomolecular Engineering &
4 Catalysis, Combustion, Kinetics &
Electrochemical Reaction
4 Computational Nanoscience &
4 Electronic Materials
4 Environmental Studies & Green
4 Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
4 Polymers & Innovative Textiles

Dr. Saad A. Khan, Director of the Graduate Program
Dept. of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
Campus Box 7905, NC State University
Raleigh, NC 27695-7905
(919) 515-4519,

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

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^Ii~BI^M^S I~ftff~~ileering a^|^ J D_ Arl'olll.h$@J
s"":Am""l D Lonme"-..hea Ph h.l, Michigan, 1997
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"' I a. r!.;?:Ee4 ieo : Mofl iecularmbdeling ofbiointerphases
:K.W;:A.. 43p8ayPWQ J .i- -i- John M.-Torkelson,.PJD., Minnesota, 1983
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.- .. S a us..". bel 'i S. ':lnastIt.te.of Technology, 2008
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"-;- .niv-et-. ao1 .ilforira Berkeley, 2004
S-7MsctaMaandlechno.'e, nomic modeling of energy,
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"tt eI, .2006 .': a. .,: applicationn to the graduate
-:t'Jr.f'.:b.Jj qn^ a q':,a{i. *'" '" program please contact:
t: fsei cha6Or:i .'::. :-.. '::.. Director.ofGraduate Admissions
..uli ":. ':.". ." ".<..Depa. mertf QfChemical and
...... '.- : ...ii~i *re/e'ns, ':* "-:.' -: '" ': "'.:Bio~oBiologica gineering
~~~~~ ~~ -: t .... .:_ ... .. -
ma. erii..ooess -.... Phone-:(84.7) 491-7398 or
:Grep .. "sKinB i hle 83' .. : : -(800) 848&-5135 (U.S. only)
\Fluidupe~chan~o onlc fapocjl nithde polmen
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: G". ,hatfi.,flhs ka ... .
.- i:Or L:-. visit-our-*ebsite-at
270 ......a ;"-.-r Edca

270 Chemical Engineering Education


A lifelong badge of distinction awaits you...

Aravind R. Asthagiri, Carnegie Mellon University
Developing and applying multi-scale modeling methods to predict material
properties entirely from first-principles atomistic simulations.
Bhavik R. Bakshi, MIT
Sustainability science and engineering, process systems engineering.
Robert S. Brodkey, University of Wisconsin
Experimental measurements for validation of computational fluid mechanics and
applications to mixing process applications.
Nicholas A. Brunelli, California Institute of Technology
Synthesis and characterization of heterogeneous catalysts and nanomaterials;
nucleation and spectrometry.
Jeffrey J. Chalmers, Cornell University
Immunomagnetic cell separation, effect of hydrodynamic forces on cells, inter
facial phenomena and cells, bioengineering, biotechnology, cancer detection,
and circulating tumor cells.
Stuart L. Cooper, Princeton University
Polymer science and engineering, properties of polyurethanes and ionomers,
polyurethane biomaterials, blood-material interactions, and tissue engineering.
Liang-Shih Fan, West Virginia University
Fluidization, particle technology, and particulates reaction engineering.
Martin Feinberg, Princeton University
Mathematics of complex chemical systems.
Lisa Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Theory and simulation of polymeric systems.
W.S. Winston Ho, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Molecularly based membrane separations, fuel-cell fuel processing and
membranes, transport phenomena in membranes, and separations with
chemical reaction.
Kurt W. Koelling, Princeton University
Rheology, polymer processing, and microfluidics.
Isamu Kusaka, California Institute of Technology
Statistical mechanics and nucleation.
L. James Lee, University of Minnesota
Polymer and nanocomposite processing, nanotechnology, and bioMEMS/NEMS.
Umit S. Ozkan, Iowa State University
Heterogeneous catalysis, electro-catalysis, kinetics, and catalytic materials.
Andre F. Palmer, Johns Hopkins University
Biomaterials for use in transfusion medicine, tissue engineering, and drug
Michael Paulaitis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Molecular simulations and modeling of weak protein-protein interactions, the
role of hydration in biological organization and self-assembly phenomena, and
multiscale modeling of biological interactions.
James F. Rathman, University of Oklahoma
Colloids, interfaces, surfactants, molecular self-assembly, and bioinformatics.
David L. Tomasko, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Separations, molecular thermodynamics, and materials processing in supercrit-
ical fluids.
Jessica 0. Winter, University of Texas at Austin
Nanobiotechnology, cell and tissue engineering, and neural prosthetics.
David Wood, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Biotechnology development through protein engineering, commodity enzyme
production, therapeutic protein development and high-throughput screening.
Barbara E. Wyslouzil, California Institute of Technology
Nucleation, aerosol formation, nanodroplet growth and structure, phase
transitions in confined systems, micelle formation, structure of nano-particle
composites, biological applications of aerosols.
Shang-Tian Yang, Purdue University
Biochemical engineering, biotechnology, metabolic engineering, and tissue
Jacques L. Zakin, New York University
Drag reduction, heat transfer enhancement, rheology and nanostructures of
dilute aqueous surfactant systems.

Your Ohio State story starts here.


The Ohio State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution.

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 271

The University chemical, biologlcol materials

Ok_ lahoma % collpg of engineering

< research in the School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering (CBME)
is characterized by INNOVATION AND IMPACT, leading to patents, technology
licenses, companies and sought-after graduates.

01 -1 0.1
II "J.
- p has pnes(
. '-,. ^ ..

Wfter phasie 6k A


Research Areas
SBioengineering/Biomedical Engineering
Genetic engineering, protein production, bioseparations,
Metabolic engineering, biological transport, cancer
treatment, cell adhesion, biosensors, orthopedic tissue

Energy and Chemicals
Biofuels and catalytic biomass conversion, catalytic
hydrocarbon processing, plasma processing, data
reconciliation, process design retrofit and optimization,
molecular thermodynamics, computational modeling
of turbulent transport and reactive flows, detergency,
improved oil recovery.

Materials Science and Engineering
Single wall carbon nanotube production and
functionalization, surface characterization, polymer melt
blowing, polymer characterization and structure-property
relationships, polymer nanolayer formation and use,

"i Environmental Processes
Zero-discharge process engineering, soil and aquifer
remediation, surfactant-based water decontamination,
sustainable energy processes.

For detailed information, visit our Web site at:

Miguel J. Bagajewicz
Ph.D. California Institute
of Technology, 1987

Steven R Crossley
Ph.D. University of
Oklahoma, 2009

Brian P. Grady
Ph.D. University of
Wisconsin-Madison, 1994

Roger G. Harrison, Jr.
Ph.D. University of
Wisconsin-Madison, 1975

Jeffrey H. Harwell
Ph.D. University of Texas,
Austin, 1983

Dr. Peter J. Heinzelman
Ph.D. MIT, 2006

Friederike C. Jentoft
Ph.D. Ludwig-Maximilians-
Universitdt Miinchen,
Germany, 1994

Lance L. Lobban
Ph.D. University of
Houston, 1987

Richard G. Mallinson
Ph.D. Purdue University, 1983

Dimitrios V. Papavassiliou
Ph.D. University of Illinois
at Urbana-Champaign, 1996

Daniel E. Resasco
Ph.D. Yale University, 1983

David W. Schmidtke
Ph.D. University of Texas,
Austin, 1980

Robert L. Shambaugh
Ph.D. Case Western Reserve
University, 1976

M. Ulli Nollert Vassilios I. Sikavitsas
Ph.D. Cornell University, 1987 Ph.D. University of Buffalo, 2000

Edgar A. O'Rear, III
Ph.D. Rice University, 1981

Alberto Striolo
Ph.D. University of Padova,
Italy, 2002

Fo mor infrmaion
e-mal cal wrt or fax


Grdut Prga om ite

Sc ooofCe iaBooil
an Mae ia nineig

Unvriyo kaoa

The Universily of Oklahoma is an equal opportunity institution.
Chemical Engineering Education

-., ,sM(
-F l- M Cemb

Faculty Members


undar Madihally
W r. duate Program Director
..:'School of Chemical Engineerin
Oklahoma State Universitj.
423 Engineering N. m
Stillwater, Q.





d-A Biofuels^
I CO Sequestration
R. hMlueie) Clean Fossil
Clark Molecular Design
r Phase Behavior

o. "am A We offer pr
F (thlcnkanmp

F I c e
Foul rh r^ ~^^ ^jl

eiom c

Materals nginerin

Eneg ytms

emical Process
disease Models
Drug Delivery
Gene Delivery
issue Engineering

Modeling / Simulation
eparation Processes

oarams leading to M.S. and Ph.D. degrees.

Vol. 47, No.4, Fall 2013

Oregon State University (OSU) is a leading research universi-
ty located in one of the safest, smartest and greenest cities
in the nation. OSU holds the Carnegie Foundation's top
designation for research institutions. The School of Chemi-
cal, Biological and Environmental Engineering (CBEE) is one
of four schools within the College of Engineering at OSU
providing MEng, MS and PhD degrees in both Chemical and
Environmental Engineering.

Liney Arnadottir U of Washington
Joseph Baio U of Washington
Michelle Bothwell Cornell
Chih-hung Chang U of Florida
Mark Dolan Stanford
Phil Harding U of Washington
Stacey Harper U of Nevada
Greg Herman U of Hawaii
Adam Higgins Georgia Tech
Goran Jovanovic Oregon State
Christine Kelly U of Tennessee
Milo Koretsky UC Berkeley

Keith Levien U of WI Madison
Joe McGuire NC State U
Jeff Nason U of Texas
Tyler Radniecki Yale
Skip Rochefort UC San Diego
Greg Rorrer Michigan State
Karl Schilke Oregon State
Lew Semprini Stanford
Travis Walker Stanford
D. Wildenschild Tech U Denmark
Brian Wood UC Davis
Alex Yokochi Texas AOM

Renewable Energy
Microtechnology for Chemical Processing
Thin Film Materials, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
Biomaterials d Therapeutics
Subsurface Processes d Bioremediation
Bioprocess Engineering
Engineering Education and STEM Research
Fluid Mechanics

Chemical Engineering Education

SFozr.more inforni.ion regarding our Grail ate Programs call, email or visit us online:

a Oregon State^



Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Russell J. Composto Polymeric materials science surface and interface studies -'SKl-,

surf.tats -
John M. Crroce Suaoecencebicatal ysics, mechanics s poc gasesng

KRusenl J. Comnest Polymer morhlengy, processinge and poet interrlacstioneships
Scott L. Diamond Protein and gene delivery mecnano-biology blood systems biology lS
drug disco% cry
Dennis E. Discher Potymersomes protein folding stem cell theology gene and drug delivery
Eduardo D. Glandt Classical and statistical thermodynamics, random media ani
Raymond J. Gorte Heterogeneous catalysis, supported metals, oxide catalysis, electrodes
for solid-oxide fuel cellsI
Daniel A. Hammer Cellular bioengineering, biointerfacial phenomena, adhesion!

oraiInrai hybridsinadyai tcnloialwrd.Fo
Matthew J. Lazzara Cellular engineering, cell signaling, molecular therapeutics ae tv rgo and t l
Daeyeon, Lee Surface and interface science; polymer/nanoparticle thin films; microfluidics; cellulareirntco uinldlg
emulsion science; stimuli-responsive microcapsules, soft matterPengautshpelffrmhecomyo
Amish J. Patel Biological self-assembly, desalination, solvation in nano-confined geometries, hhcr. u Bn u o l
li-ion batteries, nano-structured polymerscoprtosreachlbaoisndnutis
Ravi Radhakrishnan Statistical mechanics, quantum chemistry, biomolecular and cellular arsthe natioa rnhe globe.
Robert A. Riggleman Molecular modeling, statistical mechanics, and polymer glasses Foitional inmanr
Warren D. Selder Process analysis, simulation, design, and controlChmcladBo leurEnieig
Wen K. Shieh Bioenvironmental engineering, environmental systems modeling Pennylvaia
Talid R. Sinno Transport and reaction, statistical mechanical modelingPhldpiaPA10469
Kathleen J. Stebe Nanomaterials, surfaces and interfaces, dynamics of self assembly, chegrad ^seas ^-penn^edu
surfactants ht:/w~b~esueneu
John M. Vohs Surface science, catalysis, electronic materials processing
Karen I. Winey Polymer morphology, processing, and property interrelationships
Shu Yang Synthesis, characterization and fabrication of functional polymers, and
organiclinorganic hybrids 7

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 27.

T he graduate program outers MS and FPhriD t Judeni': -rh opportunity to pursue
.- independent research in five research tcuu, arid:, where the department has
Developed national and interriaionral reputitirij; Birechrinilogy, Catalysis,
-`Environment and Energy, Mkla[erial' .nij I.lulj-.ccjl. Mid:idIrng.
r..,.!Sliudenrs and faculty collaborate wih our Unrversityv :'enrir; of excellence, including
tha Center for Energy thrIV MI.3;ar :i Cernier h:r ..u':ainable Innovation, and the Center
,rfor Simulation and Modeling Olher orpprurite, ireirlud, re Department of Energy
1fNafional Eneigv Technohitgv LbI:ir.3tior dril ihe i.ri,,.r.rt cit Pittsburgh Medical Center.
:Chemical and Petroleum rigirerini cintritiijt. qrtd[I', tn the Swanson School's
research producivitrv whih r. appri:i3ihinli $90 i niilinri pir ,ear.

-One of our distinciivE sirengt. in inr-idir.,c:ipin-iarv re:i.ri:I is our relationship with
t..he Umniversirvs biolechnoloigy prograrr s From [hi S)varin::i-i School's own Department
at Bioengineerrng to the McGowan lrtitute t,:r Regerertive Medicine and the Fox
"-'-lCenter for Vision Restoration our rese.archier; are ar rhe irefront of chemical engineering
-applications in biotech Drug delivery systemem;, ireripeuiii: strategiess surgical adhesives
.a.-nd bio-ceramics are lus[ a lew t Ithe re".ea:arch -".armple-. generated by our faculty
"-and students

-,Most importantly for our graduate :.iudent. Pi is dn urribdn campus in one of the most
livable cities Its world-class research in,:.i,[utirn:. curporate headquarters, public
amenities. healthcare low ro.s[ cf living and reljrivre salei\, have earned Pittsburgh
*-- *.ij ac colades from Forbe-: Kiplinei-, Nai'cinal Geographic, The Economist,
"- -yl arnd US NeLi s I I orlao Repnrr Burth t i iUniversity and the City provide
S. [he perfe.CI rrmal:h I:lr adn ,iut.iindiii:h graduate school environment.

Mohammad Ateai
PhD. .hiemical Engritiri.t,
Cornell Univeisn
Anna Christina Balazs
PhD MaierInalI Str,,: MiT
hpsita Baneijee
PhD, CehPiT,cal
Rulger iiriiersirvy
Eric J. Beckman
PhD Pulymer Soprircp rer,: -,itii,
Unu&crs'ry uT M3;."ri rut'-r
Cheryl Bodnar
PhD. Chemi-l jiErninnerin]
Universirv,)l .aigar,
Julie L d'ltri
PrIO. Cherroal Er,.iriir,n.,
Norntreseii, .r,,vr ',rv
Robert M. Enick
',hD, Chemical Egin.Irel)
LlUiver.;i' oi Pn. tCiijrih

Badie I. Morsi
PhD, DSc, Chemical Engineering,
Institute National Polytechnique
de Lorraine
Giannis Mpourmpakis
PhD, Theoretical and Computational
Chemistry, University of Crete, Greece
Robert S. Parker
Phd, Chemical Engineering,
University of Delaware
Sachin Velankar
PhD, Chemical Engineering,
University of Delaware
GBtz Veser
PhD (Phys. Chem.), Fritz-Haber-
Institute, Berlin, Germany
Christopher Wilmer
PhD, Chemical and Biological
Engineering, Northwestern University
Judith C. Yang
PhD, Physics, Cornell

Chemical Engineering Education

Princeton University

Chmia an Biloicl Engineein

Ilhan A. Aksay
Jay B. Benziger
Clifford P. Brangwynne
Mark P. Brynildsen
Pablo G. Debenedetti
Christodoulos A. Floudas
Yannis G. Kevrekidis
Bruce E. Koel
A. James Link

Yueh-Lin (Lynn) Loo
Celeste M. Nelson
Athanassios Z. Panagiotopoulos
Rodney D. Priestley
Robert K. Prud'homme
Richard A. Register (Chair)
William B. Russel
Stanislav Y. Shvartsman
Sankaran Sundaresan

Affiliate Faculty

Emily A. Carter (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)
George W. Scherer (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Howard A. Stone (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)

LIApplied and Computational Mathematics
Computational Chemistry and Materials
Systems Modeling and Optimization
Cell Mechanics
Computational Biology
Protein and Enzyme Engineering
Tissue Engineering
LEnvironmental and Energy Science and Technology
Art and Monument Conservation
Fuel Cell Engineering
LFluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena
Biological Transport
Flow in Porous Media
Granular and Multiphase Flow
Polymer and Suspension Rheology
iMaterials: Synthesis, Processing, Structure, Properties
Adhesion and Interfacial Phenomena
Ceramics and Glasses
Colloidal Dispersions
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Organic and Polymer Electronics
IProcess Engineering and Science
Chemical Reactor Design, Stability, and Dynamics
Heterogeneous Catalysis
Process Control and Operations
Process Synthesis and Design
QThermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
Complex Fluids
Kinetic and Nucleation Theory
Liquid State Theory
Molecular Simulation Write to:
SDirector of Graduate Studies
MVET NChemical Engineering
ENEN Princeton University
T ~ Princeton, NJ 08544-5263

or call:

Vi- V IGE._ or email:

Vol. 47, No.o4, Fall 2013

CBE Faculty




Sangtae Kim honored with 2013 Ho-Am Engineering prize, Korea
From left: Arvind Varma, Head, Purdue School of ChE;
Leah Jamieson, Dean of the Purdue College of Engineering;
Sangtae Kim, Distinguished Professor;
Mitch Daniels, President, Purdue University
Research Areas
Biochemical and Biomoleoular Engineering
Catalysis and Reaction Engineering
Fluid Mechanics and Interfacial Phenomena
Homeland Security
Mass Transfer and Separations
Molecular and lanoscale Modeling
lanoscale Science and Engineering
Polymers and Advanced Materials
Polymers and Materials
Product and Proess Systems Engineering

For more information contact
Graduate Studies
School of Chemical Engineering
Purdue University
480 Stadium Mall Drive
West Lafayette, IN 47907
Phone: 765 494 4057



Rakesh Agrawal
Stephen P. Beaudein
James M. Caruthers
David S. Corti
Elias L. Franses
Jeffrey P. Greeley
Rajamani Gounder
Robert LE. Hannemann
Michael T. Harris
R. Heal Houze
Sangtae Kim
Car D. Laird (Spring 14)
James D. Lister
Julie C. Uu
John LA. Morgan
Zoltan K. Iagy
Joseph F.Pekny
. Byron Pipes
Vilas G. Pol (Spring 14)
Doraiswami Randilkishna
Gintaras V. Reldaitis
Fabie oHL Ribeiro
Kendall T. Thomson
Arind Varnna (Head)
ien.4Hua L Wang
Phillip C. Wankat
You-Teen Won
Chongli luan


Chemical Engineering Education
278 Chemical Engineering Education

Chemical and Biological Engineering at




The Howard P. Isermann Department of Chemical and Biological
Engineering at Rensselaer has long been recognized for its excellence in
teaching and research. Its graduate programs lead to research-based M.S.
and PhD. degrees and to a course-based M.E. degree. Programs are also
offered in cooperation with the School of Management and Technology
which lead to an M.S. in Chemical Engineering and to an MBA or the M.S.
in Management. Owing to funding, consulting, and previous faculty
experience, the department maintains close ties with industry. Department
web site:

Located in Troy, New York, Rensselaer is a private school with an enroll-
ment of some 6000 students. Situated on the Hudson River, just north of
New York's capital city of Albany, it is a three-hour drive from New York
City, Boston, and Montreal. The Adirondack and Catskill Mountains of
New York, the Green Mountains of Vermont, and the Berkshires of
Massachusetts are readily accessible. Saratoga, with its battlefield,
racetrack, and Performing Arts Center (New York City Ballet, Philadelphia
Orchestra, and jazz festival) is nearby.

Application materials and information from:
Graduate Admissions
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Troy, NY 12180-3590
Telephone: 518-276-6216
e-mail: admissions(

Faculty and Research Interests

Georges Belfort, belfog(&
Membrane separations; adsorption; biocatalysis; MRl; interfacial
B. Wayne Bequette,
Process control; fuel cell systems; biomedical systems

Vidhya Chakrapani, chakrv(
Semiconductor electrochemistry, energy, advanced materials, optical and
electronic properties of wide bandgays materials.
Cynthia H. Collins, collins
Systems biology; protein engineering; intercellular communication
systems; synthetic microbial ecosystems
Steven M. Cramer, crames(
Displacement, membrane and preparative chromatography; environmental
Jonathan S. Dordick, dordick(
Biochemical engineering; biocatalysis; polymer science; bioseparations
Shekhar Garde, Department Head
Maeromolecular self-assembly, computer simulations, statistical
thermodynamics of liquids, hydration phenomena
Ravi Kane,
Polymers; biosurfaces; biomaterials; nanomaterials, nanobiotechnology
Pankaj Karande,
Drug delivery; combinatorial chemistry; molecular modeling; high
throughput screening
Mattheos Koffas, koffam(d
Metabolic engineering, natural products, drug discovery and biofuels
Joel L. Plawsky,
Electronic and photonic materials; interfacial phenomena; transport
Peter M. Tessier,
Protein-protein interactions, protein self-assembly and aggregation
Patrick T. Underhill,
Transport phenomena, multi-scale model development and applications to
colloidal, polymer, and biological systems

Emeritus Faculty

Henry R. Bungay III,
Wastewater treatment; biochemical engineering
Arthur Fontijn, fontiai!
Combustion; high temperature kinetics; gas-phase reactions

William N. Gill, gilln(
Microelectronics; reverse osmosis; crystal growth; ceramic composites
Howard Littman, littmh)
Fluid/particle systems; fluidization; spouting bed; pneumatic transport
Peter C. Wayner, Jr.,
Heat transfer; interfacial phenomena; porous materials

Vol. 47, No.4, Fall 2013


Sibani Lisa Biswal
(Stanford, 2004)
Walter Chapman
(Cornell, 1988)
Kenneth Cox
(Illinois, 1979)
Ramon Gonzalez
(Univ. of Chile, 2001)
George Hirasaki
(Rice, 1967)
Deepak Nagrath
(RPI, 2003)
Matteo Pasquali
(Minnesota, 2000)
Marc Robert
(Swiss Fed. Inst. Tech., 1980)
Laura Segatori
(UT Austin, 2005)
Francisco M. Vargas Lara
(Rice, 2009)
Rafael Verduzco
(Caltech, 2003)
Michael Wong
(MIT, 2000)
Kyriacos Zygourakis
(Minnesota, 1981)
Pulickel Ajayan
(Northwestern, 1989)
Cecilia Clementi
(Intl. Schl.Adv. Studies, 1998)
Vicki Colvin
(UC Berkeley, 1994)
Robert J. Griffin
(Caltech, 2003)
Anatoly Kolomeisky
(Cornell, 1998)
Antonios Mikos
(Purdue, 1988)
Ka-Yiu San
(Caltech, 1984)
Edwin "Ned" Thomas
(Cornell, 1974)



* Rice is a leading research university small, private, and highly selective distinguished
by a collaborative, highly interdisciplinary culture.
* State-of-the-art laboratories, internationally renowned research centers, and one of the
country's largest endowments support an ideal learning and living environment.
* Located only a few miles from downtown Houston, it occupies an architecturally
distinctive, 300-acre campus shaded by nearly 4,000 trees.

* Offers Ph.D., M.S., and M.Ch.E. degrees.
* Provides 12-month stipends and tuition waivers to full-time Ph.D. students.
* Currently has 80 graduate students (Fall 2013).
* Emphasizes interdisciplinary studies and collaborations with researchers from Rice and
other institutions, national labs, the Texas Medical Center, NASA's Johnson Space
Center, and R&D centers of petrochemical companies.

Advanced Materials and Complex Fluids
Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured
materials, catalysis, nano- and microfluidics, self-
assembling systems, hybrid biomaterials, rheology of
nanostructured liquids, polymers, carbon nanotubes,
interfacial phenomena, emulsions, and colloids.
Biosystems Engineering
/ ; Metabolic engineering, systems biology, nutritional
^ .-.l, ; ~systems biology, protein engineering, cellular and tissue
.'^ engineering, microbial fermentations, analysis and design
of gene networks, cellular reprogramming, and cell population heterogeneity.
Energy and Sustainability
Transport and thermodynamic properties of fluids, biofuels, C02 sequestration, biochar,
gas hydrates, enhanced oil recovery, reservoir characterization, and pollution control.

For more information
and graduate program
applications, write to:

Chair, Graduate Admissions Committee
Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, MS-362
Rice University, P.O. Box 1892
Houston, TX 77251-1892

Or visit our web site at

Chemical Engineering Education

The Chemical Engineering Department
at the University of Rochester offers
M.S. and Ph.D. programs designed to
both challenge and support our stu-
dents' learning. Our graduate programs
are among the highest ranked in the na-
tion according to a recent NRC survey*.
We provide leading edge research op-
portunities that cut across the bounda-
ries of chemistry, physics, biology and
chemical engineering disciplines with
emphasis in energy, materials and bio-
technology research. For qualified stu-
dents, we offer competitive teaching
and research assistantships and tuition
* 2010 National Research Council Report

PhD MIT, 2001
macromolecular self-assembly, shape memory
polymers, vapor deposition, fuel cells
PhD Colorado, 2006
rational design, synthesis, characterization, and
employment of materials to treat diseases or
control cell behavior
PhD Minnesota, 1981
polymer science, organic materials for photonics
and electronics, liquid crystal and electrolumi-
nescent displays
PhD Connecticut, 1982
supercritical fluid adsorption, molecular simula-
tion of transport in disordered media, statistical
PhD Cambridge, 1986
chemical vapor deposition, mechanical and
transport properties, advanced aerospace ma-

Graduate Studies & Research Programs

Advanced Materials

* Liquid Crystals
* Colloids & Surfactants
* Functional Polymers
* Inorganic/Organic Hybrids

Clean Energy

* Fuel Cells & Batteries
* Solar Cells
* Biofuels
* Green Engineering


PhD Rochester, 1975
optics, photonics, and optoelectronics,
liquid crystals, magnetorheology
PhD UC Berkeley, 1972
electrochemical engineering, fuel cells,
microelectronics processing, electrodepo-
PhD Waseda (Japan), 2006
materials science, bio/nanoscience, bio-
analytical chemistry, electrochemistry,
energy storage

PhD Harvard, 1984
organic device science, light-emitting di-
odes, display technology, biological sen-
PhD Cornell, 1975
organic electronic devices, solar cells, flat-
panel display technology


* Thin Film Devices
* Photonics & Optoelectronics
" Nanofabrication
* Display Technologies


* Biomass Conversion
* Stem Cell Engineering
* Drug Delivery
* Biosensing

PhD Duke, 2009
Development of new unconventional fabrica-
tion and patterning techniques and their use in
preparation of functional micro- and
nanostructured devices

PhD Tel Aviv (Israel), 1981
critical phenomena, transport in disordered
media, scaling behavior of growing surfaces

PhD MIT, 1987
bone marrow tissue engineering, stem cell and
lymphocyte cultures, enzymology of biomass
energy process, bio-ethanol and bio-hydrogen
PhD MIT, 2009
electrochemical energy storage, solid state
lithium batteries and solid electrolytes, poly-
mer thin films, interfaces and thin film synthe-
sis and characterization, vacuum deposition
PhD Texas, 1999
colloids and interfaces, supercritical fluids,
microemulsions, molecular sieves, fuel cells

Chemical Engineering Graduate Studies

Department of Chemical Engineering
University of Rochester
206 Gavett Hall
Rochester, NY 14627
(585) 275-4913

&W 8EA"WEP- SCfgNCn$-

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013

- I~I~

Chemical Engineering at

The University of Rochester


Master of Science
The faculty at the University of Rochester have established strong research programs in ad-
vanced materials, biotechnology, and nanotechnology the intellectual foundations for
graduate education leading to Master's degrees. At the technological front, members of the
Chemical Engineering faculty conduct research and teach courses highly relevant to alterna-
tive energy. Graduate-level courses and active research programs are underway in fuel
cells, solar cells, and biofuels.
This program is designed for graduate students with a Bachelor's degree in engineering or
science, who are interested in pursuing a technical career in alternative energy. Courses
and research projects will focus on the fundamentals and applications of the generation,
storage, and utilization of various forms of alternative energy as well as their impact on
sustainability and energy conservation.


Fundamentals fuel Cells and
^I atteries
PhD MIT, 2001
PhD Minnesota, 1981 PDasdH. MUKAIBO
PhD Waseda (Japan), 2006
PhD Connecticut, 1982 3J. JORNE
PhD UC Berkeley, 1972
PhD Rochester, 1999 J. LI
PhD Washington, 1953
T. D. Krauss
PhD Cornell, 1998
PhD Texas, 1999

J. H. DAVID WU Solar Cells
PhD MIT, 1987
uPhD MIr, 2001
N u c le a r [n e r ey .. ...
PhD Darmstadt, 1971 PhD Minnesota, 1981 T.D. KRAUSS
PhD Cornell, 1998

PhD Cornell, 1975

Alternative Energy
University of Rochester
206 Gavett Hall
Rochester, NY 14627
(585) 275-4913

Chemical Engineering Education


Master of Science
w n Chemical Engineering
Project Management Experience Collaboration with Industry
R o c TMultidisciplinary Research. Thesis and Courses-Only Options
U university Part-time or Full-time Study. Assistantships Available

The Chemical Engineering Department at Rowan University offers a multidisciplinary research and
teaching environment designed to help students achieve their full potential. State-of the-art laboratories
and classrooms, and an emphasis on project management and industrially-relevant research are the
hallmarks of Rowan Chemical Engineering. The Department has access to Rowan's two medical
schools and the South Jersey Technology Center. In addition, the University has achieved New Jersey
state research university designation. Rowan Chemical Engineering offers students an excellent
education with numerous opportunities in emerging technologies.

Located in southern New Jersey, Rowan University is nestled between rural and major metropolitan
areas. Philadelphia, the Jersey shore, orchards, and farms are all only a short drive away, and cultural
and recreational opportunities are plentiful in the area.
Kevin D. Dahm Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Stephanie Farrell New Jersey Institute of Technology
Zenaida Otero Gephardt. University of Delaware
Robert P. Hesketh University of Delaware
Mariano J. Savelski, Chair. University of Oklahoma M W
C. Stewart Slater Rutgers University Da "
Mary M. Staehle University of Delaware
Joseph F. Stanzione III University of Delaware
Jennifer Vernengo. Drexel University

Research Areas
Membrane Separations Pharmaceutical and Food
Processing Technology Biochemical Engineering
Systems Biology Biomaterials Green Engineering
Controlled Release. Kinetic and Mechanistic Modeling of
Complex Reaction Systems Reaction Engineering Novel
Separation Processes Process Design and Optimization.
Particle Technology Renewable Fuels Lean
Manufacturing Sustainable Design Experimental
Design and Data Analysis
For additional information
Dr. Zenaida Otero Gephardt Department of Chemical Engineering
Rowan University 201 Mullica Hill Road Glassboro, NJ 08028
Phone: (856) 256-5310 Fax: (856) 256-5242
E-mail: Web:

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013


at Ryeso Unvrst

I yro 1 vrit fer l xclIcn rdu t uctio nte er o tIi
vibrant ~ ~ ~ civof rno naiCnd.lvrcnofr oeta 0

Water/Wastewater and Food TreatmentTechnologies
SUseof rotating biological contractors and three-phase fluidized
beds in treatment of industrial and municipal effluents
SPhoto-oxidation and ozone technology applied to treatment
of water and wastewater
SAdvanced chemical oxidation and biological processes
* Fluid rheology in food processing
* Fundamental studies of adsorption and absorption of
pollutants on solids and liquids
* Bio-adsorption of heavy metals and other contaminants
* Membrane process application in wastewater treatment,
membrane fouling
* Biofuel ethanol: all processing stepsto convert
lignocellulosics into green ethanol
* Recombinant cellulases in transgenic plants
SAnaerobic digestion of agricultural food wastes
SCatalytic ozonation of wastewater

Polymer and Process Engineering
* Polymer rheology and application to processing techniques
* Kinetics of polymerization
* Nonlinear optical polymers
* Kinetics of phase transition and phase separation in
polymer solutions
* Computer simulation of phase separation in polymer systems

* C .rnpuler I m i ,,'n ':mple. fliju, .'.hr,,,,-:.j :1:.n T in-,
* Process control and optimization: chemical reactorsand
infra-red/convective dryers
* Liquid crystalline and rod polymers
* Chemical reaction engineering; supercritical fluids;
phase equilibria
* Biopolymers and biomaterials
* Interfacial rheologyand surface chemistry
* Emulsion stabilization with colloidal particles
* Process modelling and simulation; Artificial Neural Networks
(ANN) design
* Microfluidics and nanotechnology: synthesis of
advanced materials
* Mixing offluidswith complex rheology
SFlowvisualization (tomography and ultrasonic velocimetry)
* Computational fluid mixing
* Non-Newtonian fluid dynamics
* Microporous and mesoporous materials: growth,
syntheses, characterizations and surface chemistry
* Optimalcontrol ofchemical processes
* Mass transfer in polymer-solvent systems
* Oil/gas processing and production; SAGD, VAPEX, Hybrid
and SA-SAGS processes
SUtilization ofwaste product; fly ash characterizations and use;
biofuel and energy from agricultural waste and industrial/
forest by-products

ManuelAlvarez-Cuenca (PhD, Western Ontario)
Philip Chan(PhD, McGill)
Chil-Hung Cheng (PhD,TexasA& M)
Yaser Dahman (PhD, Western Ontario)
Ramdhane Dhib (PhD, Sherbrooke)
Huu Doan (PhD, Toronto)
Dae Kun Hwang (PhD, McGill)
Ali Lohi (PhD, Waterloo)
Mehrab Mehrvar (PhD, Waterloo)
Farhad Ein-Mozaffari (PhD, British Columbia)
GinetteTurcotte (PhD, Western Ontario)
Simant Upreti (PhD, Calgary)
Jiangning Wu (PhD, Windsor)

Ryerson University
Phone: 416-979-5000, ext. 7790

Admissions, Ryerson University
Phone: 416-979-5150
www.ryerson ca/graduate/admissions


Everyone Makes a Mark

Chemical Engineering Education

See our research teams

revolutionizing the technology

Located 150 km east of Montreal,
Sherbrooke is a university town
of 150,000 inhabitants offering
all the advantages of city life
in a rural environment.

With strong ties to industry,
the Department of Chemical
and Biotechnological Engineering
offers graduate programs leading
to a master's degree {thesis and
non-thesis) and a PhD degree.

Take advantage of our innovative
teaching methods and close
cooperation with industry!

Pfizer Industrial Chair on PAT
Particulate systems,
multiphase catalytic reactors,
pharmaceutical engineering
Material engineering, nanosciences
and nanotechnologies, materials
Canada Research Chair in
Cell-Biomaterial Biohybrid System
Cancer and biomaterials,
bone repair and substitute
Thermal plasma materials synthesis,
plasma spraying, materials
characterization, SOFC
Pharmaceutical engineering
(PAT), industrial process control,
spectral imagery

Canada Research Chair in
Micro-organisms and Industrial Processes
Microbial fermentation technology,
bioprocessing, scale up
Michiile HEITZ
Air treatment, biotiltration, bioenergy,
biodiesel, biovalorization of agro-food
Department Chair
Polymer alloys, melt state biopolymer
processing, materials characterization
J. Peter JONES
Treatment of industrial wastewater,
design of experiments, treatment of
endocrine disrupters
Biomedical engineering,
mechanobiology, molecular imaging
Cellulosic Ethanol Industrial Chair
Biofuels industrial organic synthesis

Bernard MARCOS
Chemical and biotechnological
processes modeling, energy systems
Modeling and numerical simulation,
optimization of reactors, transport
Suspension and cell metabolism,
optimization of biosystems, bioactive
principles production
Gervais SOUCY
Aluminum and thermal plasma
technology, carbon nanostructures,
materials characterization
Process diagnostic, material synthesis,
nanocomposites, thermal plasma
Tissue engineering and biomaterials,
colloids and surface chemistry,
drug delivery systems

SHERBROOKE Voiraufutur

Vol. 47, No. 4, Fall 2013 285

As a Department that is ranked 6th in the world, 1st in Asia, and as part of a
distinguished University that is ranked 25th in the world and 2nd in Asia
(Quacquarelli Symonds University Rankings 2012/2013), we offer a
comprehensive selection of courses and activities for a distinctive and enriching
learning experience. You will benefit from the opportunity to work with our diverse
faculty in a cosmopolitan environment. Join us at NUS Singapore's Global
University, and be a part of the future today !

Outstanding Faculty & Program
* 40 faculty members with diverse research topics
* Research activities in a broad spectrum of fundamental, applied and emerging technological areas
* Active research collaboration with the industry, national research centers and institutes
* Top-notch facilities for cutting-edge research
* Strong international research collaboration with universities in America, Europe and Asia
* Over 200 research scholars (80% pursuing Ph.D.) from various countries in the world contributing to a vibrant international
learning environment

Strategic Research & Educational Thrusts
* Biomolecular and Biomedical Engineering
* Chemical Engineering Sciences
* Chemical and Biological Systems
* Energy and Environmentally Sustainable Processes
* Nanostructured Materials & Devices

Our Graduate Programs
* Ph.D. and M.Eng.

* M.Sc. (Chemical Engineering)
* M.Sc. (Safety, Health & Environmental Technology)

Engineer Your Own Evolutionl Reach us at:
National University of Singapore
Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering
4 Engineering Drive 4, Singapore 117576
Email: Fax: +65 6779-1936

Chemical Engineering Education

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