Rules and regulations governing navigation of the Panama Canal and adjacent waters

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Material Information

Title:
Rules and regulations governing navigation of the Panama Canal and adjacent waters
Physical Description:
1 v. (loose-leaf) : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Canal Zone
Publisher:
Printing Plant
Place of Publication:
Mount Hope, C.Z
Publication Date:
Edition:
1952 ed.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Navigation -- Law and legislation -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 22129673
Classification:
lcc - F1569.C2 C2
System ID:
AA00000276:00001

Full Text


















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Digitized by the


nternet Archive


in 2010 with funding from
Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation
*aa







RULES


AND REGULATIONS


GOVERNING NAVIGATION OF THE


PANAMA


AND


CANAL


ADJACENT WATERS






































For additional copies of this compilation, address the Panama Canal Company,


Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or,


Washington, D. C.








TRANSMITTAL SHEET CHECK LIST


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Initials


Transmittal
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TRANSMITTAL SHEET CHECK LIST-Continued


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CANAL


ZONE


GOVERNMENT


CANAL ZONE


PREFACE


This


loose-leaf


nated and known as


publication,
"Rules and


which


shall


continue


Regulations Governing


desig-


Navigation


of the Panama Canal and Adjacent Waters,


1952 Edition,


" is designed


for convenient use by shipping interests and other persons concerned
and is a compilation of the rules and regulations governing navigation


and


transiting of the Panama


Canal and adjacent waters,


inspection


vessels,


maritime and


aircraft


quarantine,


exclusion and


deporta-


tion of persons, customs service, seamen, and related matters.
2. The following material, arranged by subject matter, is included


Certain


Rules prescribed


Presidential


Executive Order


No.


4314 of September 25,


1925, as amended, governing the aforesaid


matters-[Each section


this compilation,


the source of


which


is a


Rule,


quotes


text


such


Rule


with


only


such


minor


changes


as are necessary for


clarity


or for more convenient


use of


this com-


pilation as respects internal


references,


and


gives a


bracketed


refer-


ence


Rule.


References


"The


Panama


Canal"


and


"Panama Railroad Company" have, where appropriate, been changed


to read


"Canal Zone Government'


and


"Panama


Canal


to reflect the changes in


the names of


these agencies effected


by the


Act of September


, 1950


, chapter


1049


64 Stat.


1038; and


refer-


ences to
Canal C


"The


Panama


company "


where


Canal"


have been changed


appropriate


to read


reason


"Panama


transfer


activities and functions, pursuant to the cited Act,


from


The Panama


Company"


I L- I _.. r _. .







, 1947")


, which


effected


such


amendment.


Bracketed


references


are also made to the section of Title 35 of the Code of Federal Regu-


lations (cited as


"35 CFR 00"


in which such Rule is shown]


(b) Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army in Canal
Zone Orders under authority delegated to him by the President under


Executive Order No.


9746 of July


, 1946 [Each section of this com-


pilation, the source of which is a Canal Zone Order


, has been prescribed


or has


adopted


form


regulations


as they


appear


Title 35 of the Code of Federal Regulations.


References in brackets


are made at the end of each such section to the particular section of


Title 35


Order from


the Code of Federal
which it is derived.


Regulations and


the Canal Zone


Editorial changes in internal refer-


ences of
made];


type referred


Regulations


to in subparagraph


prescribed


(a), above, have


Governor


Canal


been


Zone


relative to the foregoing subjects,


being the regulations of the Gover-


nor contained in Parts 4


and 27


of Title 35 of the


Code
source


Federal


which


Regulations


[Each


is a regulation


section


this


Governor


compilation,
is followed 1


reference in brackets to the section of Title 35 of the Code of Federal


Regulations (cited as


"35 CFR 00") from which it i


derived.


Unless


otherwise
adopted,


indicated


added


in such


bracketed


amended


reference,


Governor's


such


regulation


section


March


1952


2389.


Editorial


changes and


internal


references


of the type referred to in subparagraph (a) above,


have been made]


Rules


Canal
source
either


, regulations


Company


and


and


pursuant


effective date


a statement


procedures
> pertinent


sections


brackets


prescribed
statutory


following


Panama


authority


category a
individual


[The


indicated


sections


by a general descriptive note preceding a chapter or article];


Chapter


, the regulations prescribed


Executive Order


No.


10226


, March


, 1951


relative


the safeguarding


vessels


harbors


ports,


and waterfront facilities in


the Canal Zone [A brack-


eted


reference


Federal


Register


been


inserted


following


each section of such regulations] and


Chapter


, certain


information


particular


interest


shipping.


Zrll 4_ .1 a Ia ta a n A


c-l, h ^k^^C J--.


'y





page


numbers with section


numbers and for flexibility as regards


revisions,


pages are


numbered


as follows


Pages


on the


side


compilation


bear


number


first


section


appearing


on such
section


page


pages


number


on the


right


section


side


appearing,


compilation
or beginning,


bear


on such


page.


Revisions of the material presented herein which become neces-


sary as


included


provisions are amended


or revoked


or as


new


provisions are added
the pages affected b


are effected by the substitution of new pages for


each


such


amendment.


Each


time


pages are


revised
whose


new pages are transmitted


mailing


addresses


to all holders of


available,


numbered


this compilation


"Transmittal


Sheets." i. e.,


"Transmittal Sheet No.


" "Transmittal Sheet No. 2


which


indicate


how


new


pages


inserted


in the


pamphlet.
transmitted


Each time a transmittal sheet is received and the material


therewith


is inserted


phamplet,


such substitution


should


noted


initialing


appropriate entry


on the


"Trans-


mittal Sheet Check List"


which


is included


in this pamphlet.


is found


that


any


transmittal


sheet


been


received,


request


should


be made for it at


once.


Each substituted or new page bears


number


e. g.,


reference


I," and
source


transmittal


each
upon


sheet


amended


which


which


section
revision


was


show


transmitted,
wv bracketed


is based.


Governor


Balboa Heights,


December


Canal Zone
. 1954.























































r


































































































































































TABLE


CONTENTS


Chapter
1 Authority for Rules and Regulations:


Punishment.._ .. ...... a_.


Arriving and Departing Vessels: Quarantine, Customs, Immigra-
tion and Admeasurement Requirements (Civil Affairs Bureau;
Health Bureau; Marine Bureau) --_-_-_- -a- -.--. -.-...-


General Provisions Governing Vessel
Bureau) .. ..................
Pilots (Marine Bureau)._.-.. ....


Manning
in Ca
General P
(Mar
Provisions
(Mar


s in Canal Zone Waters (Marine
------------------- ------- a
. . .- .- . . - .- . .- .-


of Vessels; Requirements Concerning Officers and Crew
nal Zone Waters (Marine Bureau) -----.-- --------- -
'rovisions for Entering and Preparing to Enter the Locks
ine Bureau) ----.-. --------_----------- __---------
Sfor the Prevention of Collision in Canal Zone Waters


ine Bureau) ----...-- .------.....


----------- S ~ o0 a


Transportation of Hazardous Cargoes in Canal Zone Waters (Mar-
inc Bureau) - - - - -.. . . . ---------- ---- ----
Article 1-CGeneratlPro vaskmn s


Article 2-Handling, Loading, and Unloading of Explosives in
Canal Zone Ports.-.--.. .-......... .........
Article 3-Hazardous Liquid Cargoes__.. ..... ----- -_------
Article 4-Other Hazardous Materials ..a...__.....a.........


Accidents and Claims (Marine Bureau, Finance Bureau)-.........-
Board of Local Inspectors; Marine Accident Investigation; Licensing


of Officers; Inspection of Vessels (Marine Bureau)-..
Article 1-Board of Local Inspectors .... _______ .....
Article 2-Marine Accident Investigation_ .......
Article 3-Licensing of Officers- es-.--.................
Article 4-Inspection of Vessels ---...,-..
Admeasurement and Tolls (Marine Bureau; Finance Bureau)
Article 1-Authority to Prescribe Measurement and


aaols a



Tolls;


10.1
10.9
10.10
10.71


Rates of Toll-_ a------. ----------------- a---
Article 2--Levying of Tolls- ------_------------- _-
Article 3-Payment of Tolls and Other Vessel Charges....a...
Radio Communication (Marine Bureau) a...... .-_------------


Maritime


and Aircraft Quarantine (Health Bur
Quarantine)___ a---.-----------.------_


meau,


Division


Page
1.3


1__


I ___






TABLE


CONTENTS--Continued


Chapter


Article 8-Sanitary Inspection; Rodent and Vermin Control..
Article 9---Pratique; Vessels Only- ....-. ...... ........
Article 10---Importation of Certain Things...--.-...........-
Sanitary Handling of Ballast, Garbage, and Vessel Waste (Health
Bureau)- - - .....-. -- .............-- --------- -----
Exclusion and Deportation of Persons (Civil Affairs Bureau, Postal,
Customs and Immigration Division)-__. .............. ..__
Customs Service (Civil Affairs Bureau, Postal, Customs and Immi-
gration Division) ----- ................-----.......--------------........
Seamen (Civil Affairs Bureau, Postal, Customs, and Immigration
Division) ......---...------........--------------------------...
Safeguarding of Vessels, Harbors, Ports and Waterfront Facilities


Page
13.47
13.58
13.59

14.4

15.0

16.1


in the Canal Zone......------..-... --..........---------
Article 1- Definitions-....--.. -..-----..........------
Article 2-General Provisions. ...... ------------.
Article 3-Identification and Exclusion of Persons i
sels and Waterfront Facilities--....-
Article 4-Supervision and Control of Explosives
Dangerous Cargo. .. ---.--- ----
Article 5-Sabotage and Subversive Activity.- ----..
Article 6--Penalties -...........----- ---- ...----------..... .-


rmation
Article
Article
Article
Article
Article
Article


.-----.---

From Ves-


or


other


---------
------ a -
.....-.. -


- -- a a -------- a--------- ------- ---- - --- ---- ----
1-Marine Bureau; Port Captains--...--..----------.......-----
2-Signals and Signal Stations......----............------
3-Services and Supplies- --....-----..........------- ..----
4- -Mails _.. .. .. _. .. a a a a a .. .... .-..-. -
5--General --. ..---------- .----- ---. .----------
6-Chocks and Bitts-. ... .-. .-----------. ..---. .


18.1
18.1

18.11

18.11
18.12
18.12


19.2
19.3
19.14
19.44
19.54
19.61


4











Chapter


AUTHORITY


FOR


RULES


AND


REGULATIONS;


PUNISHMENT


SEC.


Statutory authority.
Authority of the Governor.
Punishment for violations.


SECTION


Statutory


authority.


The


rules and


regulations


COre


tainted


herein


statutory


prescribed


authorities:


2 Canal


pursuant


Zone


following,


respective


Code


1318


(1946)


2 Canal Zone Code 61,


sec.


1325 (1946)


2 Canal


Zone Code 141


48 U


sec. 1321


(1946)


2 Canal


one Code 153


48 U
1310


1336a (1946)


(1946); 2


2 Canal Zone Code 371


Canal Zone Code 411


48 U


S. C.


as amended


1315 (1946)


and section 1 of Title II of the Act of June 15,


1917


(40 Stat.
August 9


50 U


(1946)


1950, chapter 656, 64


as amended by the Act of
Cited sections 61 and 153


of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code vest authority to prescribe


"regula-


tions"


and


"rules


and


regulations,


respectively,


in the


Governor


other


cited


sections


vest


such


authority


in the


President.


Executive


Order


9746


, July


1946


, as amended


, the


President'


authority under the above


cited


sections


and


been


delegated to the Secretary of the Army.


SEC.


Authority of the Governor


The provisions of Chapters 2,


through


and
said


shall


is hereby


chapters;


be executed
authorized


assign


under


the direction


appoint all


execution


officials


said


Governor


provided


provisions


such


officials of


the Canal Zone Government or


Panama


Canal


Company


as he


may


find


desirable


prescribe


such


regulations


as may


necessary to


make effective such


provisions


and


the charges


for all services provided for in said chapters and for such other serv-
ices as may be performed for vessels by the Canal Zone Government
t LA 1 T -.. -'1 t/" ..


















































































































































































































































































*












Chapter 2


ARRIVING


AND


DEPARTING


VESSELS:


QUARANTINE,


CUSTOMS,


IMMIGRATION,


AND


ADMEASUREMENT,


REQUIREMENTS


SEC.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13


(CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU; HEALTH BUREAU; MARINE BUREAU)
Boarding of arriving vessels.
Functions of the boarding officer.
Time for boarding.
Compliance with quarantine and immigration instructions.
Designation and other signals.
Anchoring to await boarding officer.
Merchant ship anchorages.
Papers required by boarding officer.
Papers required by boarding officer, list of.
Incoming passenger list.
Advance papers required by air mail.
Clearance.
Outgoing passenger list.


SECTION


boarded
seaward


2.1 Boarding


inside


end


arriving


breakwater


dredged


channel


vessels.


Arriving vessels


Atlantic


entrance


Pacific


will


or off


entrance,


boarding officer designated by the Governor.


The Governor is author-


ized


prescribe


regulations establishing


time


for the


boarding


vessels at


respective


ports,


and


charges


customs and


immigration services performed by the boarding officer under special
demand.


[35 CFR 4.12,


as amended CZO 45


, September 27,


1956


,21 F.R. 7618]


SEC. 2.2 Functions of the boarding officer.


The boarding officer shall


perform


the functions of


admeasurer for the purpose of


determining


Panama Canal tolls
ing compliance with


shall make inspections for the purpose of insur-


quarantine, immigration,


and customs laws and


regulations; and shall act as deputy shipping commissioner for seamen


aboard


flag vessels pursuant to sections 391 and


of the Canal Zone Code and


392 of title 2


Rule 152 of Executive Order 4314


, Sep-


tember 25,
[35 CFR 4.13,


1925 (35 CFR 25.1).
as amended Governor's


Reg., September


21, 1956, 21 F.R. 7534]






event of such delay


boarding and inspection after 6:00 p.m.


may be


declined subsequent to the vessel


's being sighted.


[35 CFR 4.14,


SEC.


as amended Governor's
Compliance with qut


Reg.,


September 21,


zrantine


1956, 21 F.R. 7534]


and immigration


instructions.


In the case of vessels


subject to quarantine inspection,


all persons


shall comply strictly with instruction


such time


from the boarding officer until


as pratique is granted.


case


vessels subject


immigration


inspection,


persons
officer i


shall


vessel has


comply
matters


been


strictly


with


concerning


granted


instructions


immigration


immigration


from


inspection


clearance,


boarding


and,


no person


until
other


than


the boarding officer and


pilot shall go aboard


or leave


vessel


unless authorized


to do so by the boarding officer.


[35 CFR 4.15,
21 F.R. 7534]


as renumbered and amended


, Governor's Reg., September 21,


1956,


SEC.


Designation and other signals.


Every vessel shall hoist its


designation


and


those


signal


arriving


when


approaching


night


shall


and


signal


entering
promptly


a terminal


their


port


names


blinker light or other visual


means to the signal station.


[35 CFR 4.16,
21 F.R. 75341


as renumbered and amended


Governor's


Reg., September 21,


1956,


SEC.


2.6 Anchoring to await boarding officer


When


a vessel


is not


boarded immediately on arrival, it shall anchor in the anchorage area


designated by


[35 CFR 4.17,


SEC.


the Governor and await the boarding officer.


as amended CZO 45


Merchant


September


hip anchorages.


7, 1956, 21 F.R. 7618]


The following areas are desig-


nated as merchant ship anchorages:


Atlantic entrance.


area


to the
point'


west


the Canal


channel


" located in position 92


buoy No.


bounded as follows


79055'31 W


, thence 900 yards 2700 true to a point


Starting at a


and
"B"


marked
located


in position


" N


79055'58"


thence


lighted


buoy


thence to lighted buoy


in position


to a


point


'07'"


located


" thence due north to a point "C"


79056'41h
in position


thence


'50"


2,800


yard


7905


located


true
and


thence


tarting point.


The line extending due


west from


Cristobal Mole through lighted beacon No.


1 and lighted buoy No. 2


(9021'25"


marks


southern


limit


anchorage


area.


vessel shall pass this line without having been passed by the boarding


officer and


without having a


Canal pilot on board.


-~~ -


"D"


I


_ 1 L . 1






whistle buoy which is painted with alternating black and white verti-


cal stripes and


which shows short-long


flashing white light every 8


seconds, i.e., light 0.4 seconds, eclipse 0.4 seconds,


eclipse


5.6;


thence due east


longitude 7928'00


light 1.6 seconds,
' W.; thence due


north to latitude 8054'31' N


.; thence due west toward Flamenco Island


Light


a point


8o54'31'


79030'46'" W


thence southwestward


touching the northwest corner of San


79031'23 f


marked


Jose Rock to position 8053'27 '


lighted


buoy


thence southeastward to the point of beginning.


[35 CFR 4.18, as amended Governor's


uary 24, 1957


22 F.R. 720]


Reg., September 21


1956, 21 F.R. 7534


Jan-


SEC. 2.8 Papers required by boarding officer


. On arrival


there shall


be ready for immediate delivery to the boarding officer


for inspection


or delivery, as the case may be,


such papers,


and number of copies of


each,


concerning tonnage of


vessel


, cargo,


persons on


board


health


conditions, pratique,


and such other matters upon which information


is necessary, as
manifests, lists,


I may


prescribed


by the Governor.


be sworn


The required


master or


agent


vessel.


Failure


have


prescribed


papers


upon


arrival will subject the vessel to delay, but not to fine.


[35 CFR 4.19, as amended CZO 45,
SEC. 2.9 Papers required by


September 27,


boarding officer


1956, 21 F.R. 7618]


, list of. All


listed below as being required of a ship shall be ready for immediate
delivery to the boarding officer:


DOCUMENTS REQUIRED


Ship's information sheet (Panama Canal form),_.._.__
Clearance from last port ---.-.-- -----..- - - -- --
Quarantine declaration (International Standard form)..
All other certificates of a sanitary nature..... .......
Passenger list: Passengers transiting only (on Panama
Canal form) .- --_ .-- .- .... __.-_


Passenger list: Passengers for discharge
Canal form)- ------ ..- -..-.a
Crew list (on Panama Canal form)_.....,


Store


list -- -_-_ ---...


Cargo declaration (Panama Canal form)..
Manifest of local cargoaa-_ a.. __ a.....
Declaration of explosive cargo carried ..-
Declaration of inflammable or combustil


Panama


-- --- * --.M-- --- -A
. a in-.aee...
ble liauids in


For ships
which tan-
it Canal
but do not
take on or
discharge
pasengers
or cargo at
Canal ports


For ships
taking on or
dicharging
passengers
or cargo at
Canal por


I .


Canal-entrance


and statements shall


by the


documents


. -


-I


-I


_ ______


lL


t







NOTE


1.--Documents required at ports.


In case a vessel takes on or dis-


charges passengers or cargo at only one Canal Zone port and does not transit
the Canal, the documents to the number indicated in the second column are
required. In case a ship docks or takes on or discharges passengers or cargo
at both Cristobal and Balboa, or at a port other than the port of entry, all
documents to the number indicated in the second column will be required
at the first port and, in addition, one copy each of documents (e), (f), (g),
and (h), and document (j) to the number indicated in the second column,
will be required at the second port.
NOTE 2.-Crew list to include identification numbers of seamen: For purposes
of additional identification of crew members, all copies of the crew list re-
quired by section 2.9 should include for each seaman to whom a certificate
of identification or a continuous discharge book has been issued as provided
by law (46 U.S.C. 643). the serial number of such certificate of identification


("Z"


number) or continuous discharge book.


[35 CFR 4.20, as amended Governor's


Reg., September 21,


1956, 21 F.R. 75341


SEC.


2.10


Incoming passenger list.


All copies of the passenger lists


required by section 2.9 shall be accurate and legible and shall be de-


livered


boarding officer.


List shall show passengers in alpha-


betical order


, and passengers who are to be discharged at Canal Zone


ports shall be listed separately from other passengers aboard who are
only to transit the Canal. In the event that any passenger listed for
discharge fails to disembark, or any passenger listed for transit dis-


embarks


, notice thereof shall be given promptly by the Master through


agent


Port


Captain


and


a supplementary


passenger


(same number of


copies required for an original list of


disembarking


passengers)
engers shall


showing


g the required information


furnished


promptly


concerning such


Chief


Customs


pass-


Inspector


prior to clearing Canal Zone waters.


[35 CFR 4.20a,


as amended Governor's


Reg.,


September 21,


1956, 21 F.R. 7534]


SEC.


2.11 Advance papers required by air mail.


In addition


the information required by section 2.9 to be delivered to the board-


officer


by vessels arriving in


Canal Zone


, the master of any


vessel destined for entry into Canal Zone waters shall dispatch to the


Port Captain
shall arrive in


the port of


entry


the Canal Zone at least


sufficiently in advance so


that it


48 hours prior to the vessel's


arrival


, the following information in duplicate:


passengers transiting only.


may be used; if such form is not used,


Panama
the name


Canal Form 20


, age, color


nationality,
passenger in


port


embarkation


and


final


destination


each


category shall be furnished.


(2) List of passengers to be discharged.


Panama Canal Form 18


-1 a -


S u r *


(1) List of


1


m


t





Statement


vessel's


port


departure,


destination,


and ports of call,


ing actual


within the last three months


or estimated


, with correspond-


dates.


Expected time of arrival in Canal Zone waters.


(b) Notification of any corrections to or changes in the information


furnished under subsection


(a) above shall be given


promptly by air


mail


or by radio to the


United States Navy


Radio Station


Balboa


Canal Zone
of arrival.


addressed


to the Port Captain,


at the Canal Zone port


The master


a vessel


which has entered


Canal


Zone


waters


and in connection


with such entry has furnished


the information re-


quired by this section within a period of one month prior to its esti-


mated


time


arrival,


may


desired


lieu


information


required


by subsection


above,


give


notification


only


changes


from the prior information furnished.


All information


required


be furnished


this section


shall


be certified as correct by the master of the vessel.


Failure


comply


with


requirements


this


section


subject the vessel to delay in transiting and/or clearance, but not to fine.


[35 CFR 4.20b,


as amended Governor's Reg.,


September 21


1956, 21 F.R. 7534]


SEC. 2.12


Clearance.


Outgoing vessels will


be cleared


by the


Port


Captain,


or such other officer as may be designated by the Governor


shall


issue


clearance


only


after


ascertained


that


documents and statistical data required by the Canal authorities in


regard to vessel,


cargo,


and


passengers have been furnished


that all


tolls and other bills for services and supplies furnished by the Canal


Zone Government


or the


Panama


Canal


Company


have


been


paid,


or their payment has been secured


and that the vessel has complied


with


the quarantine, customs, and exclusion laws,


rules, and regular


tions of


the Canal Zone Government, and


laws


rules


, and regu-


lations governing the shipping, discharging, and protection of seamen.
[35 CFR 4.21, as amended CZO 45, September 27, 1956, 21 F.R. 7618]


SEC.


2.13 Outgoing passenger list.


Two accurate and legible copies


of the outgoing passenger list shall be furnished to the Chief Customs


Inspector


, on


forms


prescribed


Canal


Zone


Government,


before clearance will be issued.


Two copies of a supplementary pass-


enger


shall


furnished


passengers


embarking


a second


Canal Zone


port after a


vessel has sailed from


another Canal Zone


port.


Notice of any passengers who have been reported as departing





























































































1.











































































^ *










-



















































































































































* -




























































































































































r












Chapter 3


GENERAL


PROVISIONS


GOVERNING


VESSELS


CANAL


ZONE


WATERS


(MARINE BUREAU)


SEC.


Denial of passage to dangerous vessel.
Load and trim.
Deck load.
Making up rafts
Temporary holding of vessels.
Order of dispatch of vessels.
Passenger steamers given preference in transiting
Vessels without rudder-angle and engine-revolution indicators subject to
delay in transiting.


3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
3.17
3.18
3.19
3.20
3.21
3.22
3.23
3.24
3.25
3.26


Discharge of firearms
Firing of salutes
Colors and house flags.
Boarding vessels in transit.
Meals to be furnished by vessel in certain cases
Boat for handling lines.
Disabling of engines.
Vessels at fuel berths.
Vessels at wharves: fire watch; securing of gangways
Gangway watch on vessels at piers in wartime.
Nets and other obstructions.
Clear view forward from bridge.
Towing of certain vessels required.
Anchoring in Canal Zone waters.
Assignment of berth.
Shifting berth.
Obstructions not to be placed across channels or docks.
Navigation in Gaillard Cut.
Same; control by Port Captain, Balboa


SECTION


Denial


passage


dangerous


vessel.


The


Canal


authorities may deny any vessel passage through the Canal when the


character or condition of the cargo,


hull


, or machinery is such as to


endanger


structures


pertaining


Canal,


or which


might






transit unless the master, in the presence of the pilot, signs an under-
taking releasing the Panama Canal Company from, and indemnifying


it against any loss, damage,


or liability which may result from injury


to the vessel or its cargo,
structures or equipment,


to other vessels or their cargo,
or from injury to or death of


or to Canal
any person,


where any such injury or death is caused in whole or in part by any


such condition of the


vessel.


Nothing shall be done, or permitted to


done


, by


master


or any


member


crew,


which


would


materially alter the trim and/or draft of a vessel while it is transiting,
without the prior express approval of the pilot.


[35 CFR 4.3,


as amended by Governor's Reg. July 2


,1958; 23 F


6281)


SEC. 3.3


Deck load.


vessel carrying a deck load shall have it so


arranged that it will be clear of all chocks,
in locking.
[35 CFR 4.4]


bitts, and other gear used


SEC. 3.4


Making up rafts.


or piles into the


waters of


vessel shall


a harbor without


unload lumber


permission


, timber,


Port


Captain,


who


shall


designate


where


such


material


shall


rafted,


nor shall any vessel tow a raft in the channel or harbors of the Canal
without such permission.
[35 CFR 4.5]


SEC. 3.5


Temporary holding of vessels.


The


Canal


authorities


may


hold a vessel for the


purpose of investigating any claims or disputes


that may arise or any


charge of


violation of


the laws of


Canal


Zone or the


United States or


provisions herein contained


such regulations additional thereto as may be prescribed by the Gov-


ernor of


the Canal Zone.


the opinion of
equipment and


Canal


cargo


vessel


authorities,


make


may also be held


been


it safe


until it has, in


put into condition as


passage


through


Canal.


No claim for damages shall be admitted because of such tem-


porary holding of vessels.
[35 CFR 4.6, as adopted CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F


. R. 280]


SEC. 3.6 Order


dispatch


of vessels.


The


Canal


authorities


may


dispatch vessels through the Canal in any order and at any time they


may


see fit.


Priority of arrival at a terminal does not give any vessel


the right to pass through the Canal ahead of another that may arrive


later


, although


this will


be a consideration in determining the order


IvS 1nnl am-nl aip


UI ** SA *L U V .-






eration


will


given


those


vessels


which


actually


ready for


transit at regular fixed hours.


[35 CFR 4.8, Governor',


Reg. as amended November 28, 1955


20 F.R. 9009]


SEC.


3.7a


Vessels without rudder-angle and engine-revolution indicators


subject to delay in transiting.


vessel in


excess of


150 feet in length


that is not equipped with properly operating rudder-angle and engine-


revolution indicators, so


located as to be readily visible to a pilot on


bridge,


will


subject


delay


transiting


extent the


Marine Director deems necessary or appropriate in order to minimize,
in the light of the type and volume of Canal traffic and of other factors


relating to


safety


Canal


operations,


increased


hazards


navigation resulting from failure of the vessel to be so equipped.


[35 CFR 4.8a, Governor


s Regs.,


as amended January 24, 1956, 21 F.R. 769]


SEC.


Discharge


Of firearms.


firearms


any


kind


shall


discharged


from


vessels


while


Canal


Zone


waters,


except


that


authorized salutes by vessels of war at the Ports of Cristobal and Balboa
will be permitted.
[35 CFR 4.9, as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]


SEC.


Firing of salutes.


Vessels of war will not fire salutes while


at dock, in the locks, or in the Gaillard Cut.


[35 CFR 4.10, as adopted Governor'


Reg. March 5, 1952; 17 F.R. 2389]


SEC.


waters,


3.10


Colors


house


whether they


fags.


During daylight,


terminal


ports


or inm


vessels in Canal
transit through,


will keep their colors and house flags flying.


[35 CFR 4.29, as adopted Governor'


Reg. March 5, 1952, 17 F.R. 2389]


SEC.


3.11


Boarding vessels in transit.


While transiting the Canal no


vessel shall take on board any person except the officers, agents, owners
and crew of such vessel, and such other persons as may be authorized
to board the vessel by the Canal authorities.


[35 CFR 4.37


as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953; F.R. 280]


SEC.


3.12


Meals


to be


furnished


vessel


certain


cases.


Yessels


shall furnish meals to Panama Canal pilots without charge during the


ship


regular meal hours and shall furnish a meal to the pilot between


2200 hours and 0400 hours if the vessel is transiting the Canal during


such hours.


In addition,


vessels shall provide meals without charge


during the ship


regular meal hours to any other Panama Canal per-


sonnel whose assignment will require them to be aboard the vessel for


four or more hours.


If a vessel is unable to furnish such meals they


__


r. r* -~






Canal Zone


waters


shall


have


its engines


disabled


or otherwise


rendered inoperative.
[35 CFR 4.45, as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.15 Vessels at fuel berths. A vessel at a fuel berth shall keep
up steam and be ready to move on short notice unless special author-


contrary


been


obtained


from


Canal


authorities.


[35 CFR 4.46, as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.16 Vessels at wharves Fire watch; gangways.


at any pier,


A vessel lying


dock or wharf in the Canal Zone shall at all times keep


a satisfactory watch for fire and have suitable firefighting


ready for immediate use.


apparatus


Any such vessel shall also keep each gang-


way
the


when


which
vessel


or by


necessary,


use,
the
and


whether
Panama


properly


such
Canal


kept


gangway J
Company,


safe


been


properly


supplied by
illuminated


condition


and


properly secured at all times, moving


or adjusting the same to allow


for rise and fall


tides


and/or


other


changed circumstances.


[35 CFR 4.47, as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280, as amended by
CZO 52, February 17, 1959; 24 F.R. 1462]


SEC.


3.17


Gangway watch on vessels at piers in wartime.


time


war in which the United States is engaged, and during any other period
when ordered by the Governor subject to the provisions of section 8


of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code,


the master of a vessel lying at any


wharf or pier in the Canal Zone, or his representative, shall cause to be


maintained a continuous


and


competent


gangway watch


which shall


check the identity of all persons going


on board or attempting to go


on board such


vessel,


or leaving


or attempting to


leave such


vessel,


shall prevent unauthorized persons from going on board such vessel,


and


shall,


through


master


such


vessel


or his


representative,


promptly


report


cases


wherein


unauthorized


persons


board


attempt to board or leave or attempt to leave such vessel.


The report


hereinbefore


customs


officer,


required


or to


may
any


made


member


shore patrol on the wharf or pier.


Canal


military


Zone
guard


As used in this section,


police or
or naval
the term


"unauthorized persons


" shall mean and include all persons other than


(a) officers, members of the crew


and passengers of such vessel, and


(b) persons who bear proper photographic identification and establish


that they have legitimate business on board such vessel.
[35 CFR 4.47a, as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.18 Nets and other obstructions. No fishing ne


'ts


other


.'3


* U. U -_ -- t U -a .t. s_ *_ L- i


'I


L I


4h





at a terminal port of the Panama Canal for transit and having a mean draft
in excess of that allowed under the Load Line Regulations, for the tropical
zone, applicable for the voyage on which the vessel is engaged as determined
by American Bureau of Shipping, Lloyd's Register or other acceptable
certifying agency, shall be required to take the services of a Panama [Canal]
tug or tugs from Pacific entrance Channel buoys 1 and 2 to Gamboa Reach,
from the north end of Gatun Locks to buoy 3 in Cristobal harbor, and vice
versa. Any vessel without mechanical motive power, or the machinery of
which is or becomes disabled, or which steers badly, or which is liable to


become unmanageable for any reason, shall be tow
and the Marine Director may require any vessel to tak
Gaillard Cut, in the approaches to the locks, or in
Canal, when in his judgement such action is necessa
of the vessel or of the Canal. The tug service in any
chargeable to the vessel. The master of a vessel which


d through the Canal;
e a tug or tugs through
any other part of the
ry to insure the safety
of these cases shall be
steers badly, or which


is liable to become unmanageable for any reason, shall report such fact and
request the services of a tug.
[35 CFR 4.10b, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953, 18 F.R. 280, and amended CZO 61,
April 26, 1963, 28 F.R. 4439]
SEC. 3.21 Anchoring in Canal Zone waters. No vessel shall anchor
within the navigable waters of the Canal Zone in other than a designated
anchorage, except in an emergency.
[35 CFR 4.10c, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.22 Assignment of berth. All vessels entering port shall take the
berth or dock assigned them by the Port Captain or such other person or
persons as may be designated by the Marine Director.
[35 CFR 4.10d, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.23 Shifting berth. No vessel shall be shifted from one berth
to another without the prior approval of the Port Captain or such other


person or persons as
such other conditions


may be-designated by the Marine Director or
as the Marine Director may prescribe.


under


[35
S
war
pas5


CFR 4.10e, as added CZO
EC. 3.24 Obstructions i
p or line shall be passed
;age of vessels or cause a


30
not
acr
ny


, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
to be placed across channels or docks. No
oss any channel or dock so as to obstruct the
interference with the discharging of cargoes.


[35 CFR 4.10f, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.25 Navigation in Gaillard Cut. No vessel c
transiting the Canal shall navigate in Gaillard Cut exce
the Marine Director.
[35 CFR 4.10g, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 3.26 Same; control by Port Captain, Balboa.
vessels in Gaillard Cut shall be regulated by the Por
through the signal stations and Pedro Miguel Locks, or by
and through such other stations or facilities as the Ma
designate.
[35 CFR 4.10h, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]


tther than a vessel
!pt by authority of


The movement of
t Captain, Balboa,
such other persons
rrine Director may


O
















Chapter 4

PILOTS
(MARINE BUREAU)


SEC.


Pilots required.
Exemptions from compulsory pilotage.
Pilotage charges.
Vessels in distress.
Pilotage beyond the Atlantic breakwaters.
Status and function of pilot.


SECTION 4.1.


Pilots required.


Except when


exempted


by the Gov-


ernor, no vessel shall pass through the Canal, enter or leave a terminal


port, or maneuver within
ama Canal pilot on board.


Canal Zone waters without having a Pan-


[35 CFR 4.22,


as adopted CZO 30,


January 6, 1953,


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


4.2 Exemptions from compulsory pilotage.


The following vessels


are exempt from compulsory pilotage, except when the Port Captain


considers a pilot necessary: Provided,


however


, That a pilot will never-


theless be furnished any such exempted vessel if requested by the com-
mander or master thereof:


Vessels of


Fifteenth


Naval


District,


except as


limited


paragraph


(e) of this section.


Local craft


minesweepers anc


, such as United States Army and United States Navy
1 tugs, and Panama Canal Company tugs and equip-


ment, except as limited by paragraph (e) of this section.
(c) Small craft under 65 feet in length and drawing not over six feet
of water that call at terminal ports without transiting the Canal.
(d) Any vessel that makes frequent calls to Canal Zone waters and


whose current officers


and


crew


are, in


the opinion of the respective


Port


Captain,


capable,


reason


such


frequent


calls,


safely


navigating within Canal Zone waters, except as limited by paragraph
(e) of this section.


. 'v S S i*. *I a t a *p 1


__


A1





shall be used.


The Port Captain,


Balboa


, shall control the movement


of such vessel or craft through Gaillard Cut so as to minimize the dan-


ger of its being


a navigational hazard to larger vessels.


(f) Any other vessel or craft as and to the extent exempted by the
Marine Director.


[35 CFR 4


, as amended by Governor's


Reg. March 1


1954


19 F. R. 1583]


SEc.


the Canal


Pilotage


is free


charges.


Pilotage


but should any vessel,


vessels
while in


in transit


Canal


through


waters, dis-


charge or receive freight or passengers, or remain for the purpose of


effecting repairs,


or make either terminal


a port


such


vessel


shall be liable for the port pilotage charge.


35 CFR 4.24


, as adopted CZO 30, January 6,


,18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


Vessels


in distress.


vessel


danger


or distress


is not


prohibited from entering a terminal port at any time; but such vessel


should


when


practicable,


give


due


notice


in advance


,by


radio


otherwise


,and


obtain


a pilot,


possible.


Such


vessel


shall


, except


in an emergency
Governor.


anchor


anchorage


area


designated


CFR4


, as adopted CZO 30,


January 6, 1953,


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


Pilotage beyond the Atlantic breakwaters.


Should a


vessel


desire a pilot to meet it outside the Atlantic breakwaters,


will remain
[35 CFR 4.26,


such vessel


there and make signal to that effect.


as adopted CZO 30,


January 6, 1953,


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


Status and function of pilot.


The pilot assigned to a vessel


shall have control of the navigation and movements of such vessel.


[35 CFR 4


, as adopted CZO 30,


January 6,


18 F. R. 280]













Chapter 5


MANNING


VESSELS


CANAL


ZONE


WATERS;


REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING OFFICERS
(MARINE BUREAU)


AND CREW


SEC.


Vessels to be fully manned.
When officers must be on duty.
When chief engineer must be on duty


full head of steam to be maintained.


Officer on bridge when vessel moving.
Crew on watch.
Unauthorized persons not allowed on bridge.


SECTION


. Vessels to be fully manned.


Each vessel navigating the


waters of the Canal Zone shall be sufficiently manned in officers and


crew for the safe handling of the vessel


and the Governor may deny


transit of the Canal, or clearance papers for departure from either of


the Canal Zone


ports,


to any vessel


which


, in his opinion,


is insuffi-


ciently manned as to officers and crew.


[RULE 31


35 CFR 4.28]


SEC. 5.2.


When officers must be on duty.


When a


vessel


is entering


or leaving a lock, getting underway, anchoring,


shifting


berth,


or is


underway in Gaillard


Cut


the master shall be on


the bridge and all


other officers shall be at their regular stations.


addition
[RULE 33;


Deck officers shall


remain at their stations while the vessel is in the locks.
35 CFR 4.311


SEC. 5.3.


When


chief


engineer


must


on duty


full


head


steam


be maintained.


addition


regular


engineer


officer


watch,


chief


engineer


vessel


shall


remain


on duty


engine room during the approach


to and


while


passing


through


locks, and until the lockage shall have been completed and the vessel


is clear of the lock walls.


He shall also be in


the engine room


when


vessel is passing through


Gaillard


Cut, and


when getting under





that the pilot may be better able to control the navigation and move-
ment of the vessel.
[RULB 35, as amended by Canal Zone Order 16, Nov. 18, 1948; 35 CFR 4.33]


SEC. 5.5.


when
Canal


Crew on watch.


in a lock,


When


or when moored


under way in
temporarily in


Canal Zone waters,


transit


through


, a vessel shall keep a full watch on deck and in the engine room.


When anchored


, moored, or lying at wharf in


Canal Zone waters, a


vessel shall at all


times have on board a sufficient number of men to


take care of it.
[RsLE 36; 35 CFR 4.34]


SEC. 5.6.


Unauthorized persons not allowed on bridge.


While a vessel


is under way in


Canal


waters, no one shall be allowed on


the bridge


or in the pilot house except the pilot and other representatives of the


Canal


, and


master


and


such


officers and


crew


vessel


may be necessary for its management, direction and safety.


[RULE 37


,35 CFR 4.35]












Chapter 6


PROVISIONS


GOVERNING


VESSELS


ENTERING


AND


PREPARING


ENTER


THE


LOCKS


(MARINE BUREAU)


SEC.


Keeping persons clear of gear used in lockages.
Boarding vessels at locks.
Permits for embarking or disembarking at locks.
Towing lines, mooring lines, chocks, and bitts.
Readiness of vessels in transit.
Chocks and bitts.
Number of locomotives.
Passing through locks.


SECTION 6.1


Keeping


persons


clear


gear


used


in lockages.


The


master and officers of a vessel shall require all passengers and all other
persons not engaged in working the vessel to keep well clear of lines,


bitts, chocks,
the lockage.


winches, and other gear being used in connection


The


Panama


Canal


Company shall


with


be responsible


for any injury caused to a passenger or other person when such injury


has resulted from


the nonobservance of this section.


[35 CFR 4.36,
SEC. 6.2


as adopted CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


Boarding vessels at locks.


18 F. R. 280]


Except when specially authorized


by the Canal authorities, no person shall embark upon or disembark
from a vessel while it is in a lock. The Governor is hereby authorized
to prescribe regulations under which permits for embarking or disem-


barking at the locks may be issued,


but such permits shall be granted


only


with


the express


understanding


that


Panama


Canal


Com-


pany will not be responsible for any injuries to persons or damage to


vessels which may result from


the exercise of this privilege.


[35 CFR 4.38,
SEC. 6.3


as adopted CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


Permits


embarking


and


embarking


disembarking


18 F


R. 280]


or disembarking


locks


locks.
issued


Permits


only


an emergency


and


and such permits will be issued by the Port Captains,


under the understanding specified in section


-- -~C a n - .-





vessels to assist crews in handling towing lines at locks.


[35 CFR 4.40, as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953,


18 F. R. 280]


SEc. 6.5


Readiness of vessels in transit.


Before beginning the pas-


sage


Canal


vessels


required


have


hawsers,


lines,


and fenders ready for passing through the locks, for warping,


or mooring as the case may be


towing,


and will have both anchors ready for


letting


The


master


shall


assure


himself


,by


actual


test


readiness of his main engines, steering gear


rudder and


times


walls


as well


engine


while


indicators
vessel is


its deck winches


as its


mooring


and


anchors.


under way


, capstan


bitts


deck


engine room
During the


or moored


or other power for


chocks


, cleats


telegraphs,


passage,


against


handling


hawse


pipes,


lock
lines,
etc.,


shall


be ready for handling ship,


the exclusion


other work.


35 CFR 4.41]


SEC. 6.6


shall


Chocks and bitts.


fitted


with a heavy


For each towing wire used,


closed


chock and


a heavy


pair


the ship
of bitts


capable of withstanding a strain of 50,000 pounds on the towing


wire


from any angle.


Chocks for towing wire shall have a bearing


surface


with an inside radius of not less than


inches and


this


contour shall


extend


so as to accommodate as a


tangent a straight line


lead from


the chock


bitt and


from


chock


towing


locomotive


when


the cable


may


be at any


angle


90 degrees to a straight


line through


the chock (See figure


for the bow and stern


towin


The most suitable installations


g chocks are large chocks set thwartships


right
set in
given


in the


stem


the stem and


above,


and


stern


in the stern shal


to accommodate


both


, respectively


Chocks


and


bitts


be double the size and strength


bow


wires and


both


stern


wires


through such chocks.


In addition to the above bow and stern chocks


the following shall


also


required:


On ships using 6 locomotives,


there shall


be an additional


chock on


each


side


located from


feet abaft


bow.


On ships using 8 locomotives,


there shall be


in addition


the chocks required for a 6-locomotive ship, a chock on each side


located about 50 feet forward


the stern.


chocks on


ships
each


using


side


locomotives


ocated


as follows


there


shall


about


feet


additional


abaft


bow;
stern


about


125 feet abaft the bow


Provided


however


That


about 50 feet forward


chocks at these


of the


locations allow


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foul


the wall coping and miter gates,


the chocks shall be located


at shorter distances from


bow and stern.


ships


having a


beam


more


than


80 feet,


requiring


10 or


more locomotives, in


order to prevent the fouling of


towing wires on


wall


coping


and


miter


gates,


locomotive


wires


must


tached
location


through


chocks along the straight side of


where the beam is more


than


the ship or at any


80 feet.


a ship


fails


to meet the


requirements of


this section


it may


be denied


transit.


If a representative of the Marine


Director decides


that the ship can


be handled


without


undue danger to equipment or


personnel notwithstanding its failure to comply with


this section


ship may be allowed


to transit after the


Master thereof


, in the pres-


ence of


Pilot,


signs an


undertaking releasing the


Panama


Canal


Company


from


liability which


, and
may


indemnifying


result from


against,


injury


any


vessel


loss,


damage,


or its cargo,


other vessels or their cargo, or to Canal structures or equipment,


from
death
meet


injury


is caused


or death


in whole or


requirements of


(35 CFR 4.42,
SEC. 6.7


any


person,


in part


where


such


any


such


failure of


injury
vessel


this section.


as amended by Governor's
Number of locomotives.


Reg. May 20,


1958


23 Fed.


Reg. 3774]


The number of locomotives to be


used for the lockage of any vessel is dependent upon its length,


weight,


trim


, and special


construction


and


the number required


determined


enters.


assignment,


by t
shal
and


Port


inform


Captain


pilot


terminal


and


locks


shall assume responsibility therefore


which
the l


the ship
)comotive


and shall


place


upon the ship
(35 CFR 4.431


the necessary number of line handlers.


SEC.


Passing through locks.


Vessels


passing


through


locks


shall normally be handled by electric towing locomotives.


After cables


from


towing locomotives have been


placed aboard, main engines


may be used


considered necessary by the pilot.


Small


vessels may


be permitted to pass through the locks under their own power.


When


a vessel
direction


a pilot
the pilot.


aboard


, the


A small


engines


shall


vessel passing through


under


the locks with-


out a pilot aboard shall be under the direction of the lockmaster


may authorize the use of engines in the locks.


who


135 CFR 4.43a,


as amended by Governor's


Reg. May 31


1960; 25 F.R. 5184
















































































































































































































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Chapter 7


PROVISIONS


FOR THE
IN CANAL


PREVENTION OF
ZONE WATERS


COLLISION


(MARINE BUREAU)

Article 1


APPLICATION


AND DEFINITIONS


Application of chapter.
Definitions.


Article 2

LIGHTS AND SHAPES


Lights
Same;
Same;
Same;
to
Lights
Same;
co
Same;
Lights
Same;
Same;
Same;
Same;
Same;
Same;
Same;
Same;
Same;
Lights
Lights
Same;
Lights
Same;
Lights
Crl _ -


S


when required to be exhibited.


power-driven vessel under way.
seaplane under way on the water.
power-driven vessel or motorboat from 26 to 65 feet ii
wing or pushing another vessel or seaplane.
and shapes; vessel or seaplane on the water, not under corn
vessels transporting inflammable, explosive, or otherwise d&
immodities.
Canal floating equipment operated by maneuvering lines.
; marking of pipe lines laid in navigable waters.
ferryboats.
sailing vessel under way and vessel or seaplane being towed.
vessel being pushed ahead.
tows made up of barges, scows, etc.
use of portable side lights on small vessels in certain cases.
motorboats under 26 feet in length.
motorboats 26 to 65 feet in length.
small rowing boats under oars or sail.
pilot launches engaged on pilot duty and not at anchor.
and shapes; vessel at anchor.
; seaplane at anchor.


vessel aground.
; seaplane aground.
vessel or seaplane moored at wharf or side of (
and sound signals to attract attention.
_*_ .. i -e . .L __-.-i i-t3 .. ..- .-" A..- _l 1r _.. .


length


mand.
dangerous


-anal.





Article 4


STEERING


AND SAILING RULES


SEC.


Steering and sailing rules; preliminary.
Same; sailing vessels approaching with risk of collision.


Same


two power-driven vessels or two motorboats meeting end-on.


Two power-driven vessels or two motorboats crossing with risk of collision.


Same;


right-of-way


power-driven


vessels,


motorboats,


sailing


vessels in certain


Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same


cases.


vessels meeting in vicinity of obstructions.
course and speed of favored vessel.


burdened vessel not to


cross


ahead.


speed of burdened vessel.
overtaking vessels.
in Canal channel.
passing Panama Canal floating equipment or vessels under repair.
sound signals when vessels are in sight of one another.


sound signals not to be used except


as prescribed.


for power-driven vessel or motorboat rounding a bend.
sound signal for power-driven vessel or motorboat leaving berth.
sound signals for passing through the gate in a pipe line.


sound


signals


passing


floating


equipment


using


maneuvering


lines.


Same; unauthorized use of whistles prohibited.
Navigation by, or with respect to, seaplanes.


Same
Same
Same
Same


speed and maneuvering of vessels


in fog,


mist, etc.


authority to prescribe maximum speed limits.
maximum speed of vessels.
departure from these provisions authorized in special circumstances.


Article 5

MISCELLANEOUS


7.100
7.101
7.102
7.103


Distress signals.
Orders to helmsman.


Discovery of defect


in vessel during transit.


Precautions required by ordinary practice of seamen or by special circum-


stances.


Article 1

APPLICATION AND DEFINITIONS


SECTION 7.1


A application of chapter


The provisions of this chapter


shall be applicable to vessels and seaplanes upon the navigable waters


of the Canal Zone between a line connecting


and


West


Breakwater


East Breakwater


Light at the Atlantic Entrance


Light
Canal


LU^ ll-X.L






or by a corresponding official of a State,


other than the United States,


shall


by virtue of


compliance


with


statute,


convention


International


, or treaty,


Rules


such


be exempted


vessel


from


shall similarly


be exempted


from


compliance


with


any


corresponding


requirement


under the


provisions of


this chapter.


[35 CFR 4.201,


as added CZO 30


,Jan.


6, 1953


18 F


SEC. 7.2


Definitions.


used


in this


chapter


except


where


context


requires


description


otherwise


of water craft


The


word


"vessel


, other than a seaplane on


includes
the water


every


used


or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water;


The


word


"seaplane"


includes


a flying


boat


and


any


other


aircraft designed to maneuver on the water;


(c) The term


"power-driven vessel"


means any vessel propelled by


machinery other than a motorboat;


The


word


means


any


vessel


feet


or less


length


which


is propelled


machinery


except


tugboats


and


tow-


boats propelled


by steam, and


includes all


vessels or


boats tempor-


arily equipped with a detachable motor;


Every


power-driven


vessel


or motorboat


which


is under


and not under power is to be considered a sailing vessel,


and


every


vessel under power


whether under sail or not


, is to be considered a


power-driven vessel or a motorboat,


vessel or seaplane on


as the case may be;


the water is


"under way"


when she is


not at anchor


The


, or made fast to the shore, or aground;


term


"height


above


hull"


means


height


above


uppermost continuous deck;
(h) The length and breadth


of a


vessel shall be deemed


to be


length and breadth appearing in her certificate of registry;
(i) The length and span of a seaplane shall be its maximum length


and span as shown in its certificate of airworthiness,
by measurement in the absence of such certificate;


or as determined


(j) The word


"visible,"


when applied


to lights, means visible on a


dark night with a clear atmosphere;


The


term


"short


blast"


means a


blast


about


one second


duration;


The term


"prolonged


blast"


means a


blast of from


four to six


seconds'


duration;


(m) The word


"whistle"


means whistle or siren;


"motorboat"





except


such


lights as


cannot


mistaken


for the


prescribed


lights,


or impair their visibility or distinctive character, or interfere with the


keeping


a proper


lights of


lookout:


which


Provided


comply with


however


That


International


seagoing ves.
Rules, shall


not be required to comply with any additional requirements respecting


lights


contained


herein.


[35 CFR 4.210, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6,


1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.11


Same;


power-driven


vessel


under


way.


power-driven


vessel when under way shall carry


(a) On or in front of the foremast,


or if


a vessel


without a foremast then in


the forepart of


the vessel,


a bright white light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over


an arc of


horizon


fixed as to show the light


the vessel


points of


10 points


, that is, from right ahead


the compass


(112W


degrees)


to 2 points (22


(225 degrees) so
on each side of
4 degrees) abaft


the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a


distance of at least 5


miles.


(b) ]
section


Either forward


or abaft the


white


light mentioned


in sub-


(a) a second white light similar in construction and character


to that light.
(c) These two white lights shall be so placed in a line with and over
the keel that one shall be higher than the other and in such a position


that the lower light shall be forward of the upper one.


The horizontal


distance between the two white lights shall be at least three times the
vertical distance.
(d) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show
an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 10 points of the com-


pass (112


degrees)


so fixed as to show the


light from right ahead


to 2 points (22W degrees) abaft the beam on the starboard side


and


of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least 2 miles.


(e) On


broken
(112
points


the port side a red light so constructed as to show an


light over an arc of
degrees), so fixed as


:22


the horizon


10 points of


to show the light from


degrees) abaft the beam on the port side,


un-


the compass


right ahead


and of such a


character as to be visible at a distance of at least 2 miles.


The said


screens


green


projecting


and


at least


prevent these lights from


At the stern a


sidelights shall


3 feet


forward


be fitted


from


with


light,


inboard
so as to


being seen across the bows.


white light so constructed that it shall show an


*r wl*ln .lIL 1 t r


A 4





it can best be seen a bright white light, so constructed as to show an
unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 220 degrees of the com-
pass, so fixed as to show the light 110 degrees abaft the beam on either
side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least


3 miles.


(b) On the right or starboard wing tip a green light, so constructed
as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 110 degrees


of the compass,


so fixed as to show the light from right ahead


degrees abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character
as to be visible at a distance of at least 2 miles.


left or port wing tip a red


light, so constructed as


show an


unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of


110 degrees of


compass,


so fixed


as to show


light


from


right


ahead


degrees abaft the beam on


the port side,


and of such a character as


to be visible at a distance of at least 2 miles.


On the tail a white light,


so constructed as to show an unbroken


light over an arc of the horizon of 140 degrees of the compass,


so fixed


as to show the light 70 degrees from right aft on each side of the


sea-


plane,


and of


uch a character as to be visible at a distance of at least


2 miles.


[35 CFR 4.212,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.13


Same


power-driven vessel or motorboat from 26


to 65


feet


in length towing or pushing another vessel or seaplane.


A power-driven


vessel or a motorboat from 26 to 65 feet in length when towing another
vessel or vessels alongside or by pushing ahead shall carry two bright


white lights in a vertical line,


one over the other, not less than 3 feet


apart,
length
equal


and when towing one or more vessels astern,


tow


distance


shall


above


carry


or below


an additional


such


lights.


bright
Each


regardless of the


white


these


light


lights


shall be of the same construction and character


and one of them shall


be carried in


the same position as the white light mentioned in


sec-


tion


7.11


or 7.24


Provided


, however,


That on a


vessel with a


single


mast,


such


lights


may


carried


on the


mast.


The


towing


vessel shall also show the side lights,


stern light, and


the forward or


after range


light


a power-driven


vessel


or motorboat from


65 feet in length under way.
[35 CFR 4.213, as added CZO 30, Jan.


SEC.


7.14


Lights


and


shapes


1953


vessel


18 F. R. 280]
or seaplane


on the


water,


. 1 S d a St


I


I





other,


not less


than


6 feet apart,


where


they


can


best be seen


two


black balls or shapes each not less than 2 feet in diameter.


seaplane


on the


water


which


is not


under


command


may


carry,


where they can


best be seen


, two red lights in a


vertical line,


one over the other, not less than 3 feet apart, and of such a character
as to be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least 2 miles,


and may by day carry in a vertical line,


one over the other, not less


than


3 feet apart,


where


they


best


be seen


, two


black


balls or


shapes,


each not less than 2 feet in diameter.


The vessels and seaplanes referred


to in this section


when not


making way through the water shall not carry the colored side lights,
but when making way they shall carry them.
(d) The lights and shapes required to be shown by this section are


to be taken


by other vessels and seaplanes as signals that the vessel


or seaplane showing them is not under command and cannot therefore
get out of the way.
(e) These signals are not signals of vessels in distress and requiring


assistance.


Such signals are contained in section


7.100.


[35 CFR 4.214, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.15


Same


vessels


transporting


inflammable,


explosive,


otherwise
portation


ous


dangerous


commodities.


vessel


or transfer of inflammable, explosive,


commodities shall carry, in addition


employed


trans-


or otherwise danger


to her appropriate mooring,


anchor


or navigation


lights,


where


can


best


be seen


a red


light


of such a character as to be visible all round the horizon at a distance


at least


2 miles.


day she shall


display


where it can


best be


seen


, a red flag.


[35 CFR 4.215,


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.
lines.


7.16 Same;


Units of


Canal


Canal


floating


floating


equipment


operated


equipment operated


maneuvering


by maneuvering


lines


when


such


lines are


taut


located at least 8 feet above


shall


carry


the deck and


a red


light on


each


near the positions of


side
the


maneuvering lines which lights shall be so constructed as to show all


around


horizon


and


plainly visible


at a distance


least


mile.


day


such


units shall carry a black ball


on each side in


some


conspicuous


place


near the positions of
ing lines are slack so


located


at least


8 feet


the maneuvering lines.


that they


no longer form an


above


the deck


and


When such maneuver-


obstruction in


rf^ n n ni


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I


R a B * *-





at night by red lights at intervals of


200 feet.


The


lights marking


the limits of the gate shall be a vertical display of


a white and a red


light, the white light to be at least 4 feet above the red light.


These


lights shall


be so constructed


as to show all around


the horizon and


be visible from a distance of at least 1 mile.


35 CFR 4.217


, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.18


Same


ferryboats.


Ferryboats


shall


carry


lights


required by this chapter for vessels of their class
That double-end ferryboats shall carry, in lieu of


Provided


however


the required range


lights


and


showing


stern


light,


around


a central
I horizon


range


equal


clear


bright


altitudes


white


forward


lights


and


and visible at a distance of at least 5 miles.


[35 CFR 4.218,


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F


. R. 280]


SEC.


7.19


Same


sailing


vessel


under


way


and


vessel


seaplane


being towed.


A sailing vessel


under way and any vessel


or seaplane


being towed shall carry the same lights as are


prescribed by sections


7.11


and


7.12


respectively,


tions 7.11 (
small vessel


with


a power-driven
the exception o


and


7.12


which


vessel


or a seaplane


white


lights


they shall


, if it is not possible on account of bad


under


specified in


never carry


weather or


way,
sec-
In a


other


sufficient cause for the stern


be fixed


light as described in section


7.11


, an electric torch or a lighted lantern shall be kept at


hand


ready for use and shall,


on the approach


of an overtaking


vessel


shown in sufficient time to prevent collision.


135 CFR 4.219, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.20


Same


vessel being pushed ahead.


vessel


being pushed


ahead shall carry, at the forward end,


on the starboard side a green


light


and


on the


port


side


a red


light,


which


shall


have


same


characteristics as the lights described in sections 7.11


and 7.11


and shall be screened as provided in section


7.11


Provided


That


any number
one vessel.
[35 CFR 4.220,


vessels


pushed ahead


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


in a group shall


lighted


18 F. R. 280]


SEc.


7.21


Same


tows made up of barges,


scows


In a tow made


up of barges,


scows, etc.,


craft making up such


tow


being towed


shall


carry a


by a hawser in


tandem


white light at the


bow


each
and


another at the stern; when any such tow is made up of two or more


craft


abreast,


a white


light shall


carried


each


corner


such


m r r r S S S


I


1


1


1 L


1


1*





cases.


small


vessels,


when


is not


possible on


account of bad


weather or other sufficient cause


to fix the green and red sidelights,


these


lights shall


kept at hand


lighted


and


ready for immediate


and shall


on the approach


or to other vessels,


be exhibited


on their respective sides in sufficient time to prevent collision, in such


manner


as to


make


them


most visible,


and


so that


the green


light


shall not be seen on


side, nor


the port side nor the red light on the starboard


if practicable, more than 2 points (22j4 degrees) abaft the


beam
lights


on their respective sides.


more


certain


and


easy,


make


lanterns


use of


these


containing


portable


them


shall


each be painted outside with the color of the lights they respectively


contain


, and shall be provided with proper screens


[35 CFR 4.222,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.23


Same;


motorboats


under


feet


length.


Motorboats


under 26 feet in length
part of the vessel, a br


unbroken light all around


when under way shall carry:


ight white light,


the horizon


the after


so constructed as to show an
and of such a character as to


be visible at a distance of at least 2 miles.


forepart


vessel


and


lower


than


white


light


mentioned


in paragraph


, a combined


lantern


showing


a green


light to starboard and red light to port,


so fixed as to show the light


from right ahead to 2 points abaft the beam on their respective sides,
and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least 1 mile.


35 CFR 4.223


, as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.24 Same;


motorboats


length.


Motorboats


26 to 65 feet in length when


under way shall carry:


the fore-


part of the vessel and as near the stem as practicable,


a bright white


light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the


horizon


points of


the compass,


so fixed as to


throw


light


10 points on


each


side of


the vessel


, namely, from


right ahead


points abaft the beam on either side


and of such a character as to be


visible at a distance of at least 2 miles.


the after part of the vessel,


and higher than


the light men-


tioned


in paragraph


a bright


white


light


so constructed


as to


show all around


the horizon


and of such a character as to be visible


at a distance of at least 2 miles.
(c) On the starboard side a green


light so constructed as to show


an unbroken


light


over


an arc


horizon


points


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The said green and red (side) lights shall be fitted with inboard


screens


in such


a manner


so as to


prevent


these


lights


from


being


seen across the


bows.


[35 CFR 4.224, as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F


R. 280]


SEC.


rowing


7.25


boats


Same;


whether


under


boats


oars or sail


under


shall


oars
only


sail.


Small


required


have ready


at hand an electric torch


or a lighted lantern


showing a


white


light,


which


shall


exhibited


sufficient


time


prevent


collision.


35 CFR 4.225


, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


anchor


7.26 Same;


pilot


pilot


launch


launched
when


engaged


engaged


on pilot


on pilot


duty
duty


and
and


anchor shall,


in addition


the lights required


motorboats of her


class


section


7.24


, carry


directly


below


after


white


light,


red light,


so constructed and so fixed


, and of such a character as to be


visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least 2 miles.


[35 CFR 4.226, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F


SEC.


7.27


Lights


and


shapes


vessel at anchor


vessel


under


150 feet in length,


when at anchor


shall carry


in the forepart of


vessel


where it can


best


be seen


a white


light in


a lantern


so con-


structed


as to show


a clear


uniform


and


unbroken light


visible


around the horizon at a distance of a least 2 miles.


vessel


feet


or upwards


length,


when


anchor


shall carry in


the forepart of


the vessel


, at a height of not less than


20 feet above the hull


, one such light, and at or near the stern of the


vessel and at such a height that it shall be not less than 15 feet lower


than


forward


light,


another


such


light.


Both


these


lights


shall


be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least 3 miles.


Between


sunrise and sunset every vessel


carry in the forepart of the vessel


when at anchor shall


where it can best be seen


one black


ball not less than 2 feet in diameter.


Vessels


more


than


feet


in length


when


anchor


any
shall


special


anchorage


not be required


designated


to carry


Governor


or exhibit the white


such


vessel


light specified in


subsection I
(c) above.
[35 CFR 4.227


above


, nor


black


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


ball


specified


subsection


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.28 Lights; seaplane at anchor.


A seaplane on


the water


(e)


small


rowing


~





maximum


span,


and


visible,


so far


as practicable,


around


horizon at a distance of


mile.


[35 CFR 4.228, as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.29


Same


vessel aground.


vessel


aground


shall


carry


night the light or lights prescribed in section
two red lights prescribed in section 7.14 (a).


7.27


(a) or (b) and the


By day she shall carry,


where they


can best be seen


, three black balls, each not less than 2


feet in diameter, placed in a vertical line one over the other, not less


than


6 feet apart.


[35 CFR 4.229,


SEC. 7.30


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


Lights; seaplane aground.


18 F. R. 280]


A seaplane aground shall carry


an anchor light or lights as prescribed in section


7.28 (a) or (b), and


in addition may carry two red lights in a vertical line, at least 3 feet


apart,


so placed as to be visible all around the horizon.


[35 CFR 4.230,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.31


Same; vessel or seaplane moored at wharf or side of Canal.


vessel or seaplane moored alongside a wharf or at the side of the Canal


and


every vessel


or seaplane in a nest which is so moored shall dis-


play over the offshore side of


stern


the vessel


, a white light of such character


both at the bow and at the


as to be plainly visible from the


Canal at a distance of at least 1 mile.


[35 CFR 4.231,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.32 Lights and sound


signal,


to attract attention.


Every vessel


or seaplane on


the water may


if necessary in order to attract atten-


tion


, in addition to the lights which she is by these provisions required


to carry


show a flare


light or use a detonating or other efficient


sound signal
where in thi


that cannot be mistaken for any signal authorized else-


s chapter.


CFR 4.232


, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.33


Shape


ignal of vessel both


under


sail and machinery.


vesse
shall


1 proceeding under sail,


carry


in the daytime


when also being propelled by machinery,


forward


where


can


best


seen


black conical shape,
at its base.


(35 CFR 4.233,
SEC. 7.34


point upwards,


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


Blinding


not less than 2 feet in diameter


18 F. R. 280]


lights not to be directed into pilot house.


Under


no circumstances shall the rays of a search light or any other type of


blinding light be directed into the pilot house,


or in any other manner


nr rl nsrt-nn


z


Ai,/ EI fln fr r n i n


--- - I ~i


:n T1 ^/^^-AI


- *..


1


rM nrt: ^Tvrv 4-^ ^\.


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[i lrn T-ri nr- _


nT





substitute for steam, so placed that the sound may not be intercepted


by any obstruction,


and with an efficient fog horn


be sounded


mechanical


means, and also


with an


efficient


bell.


A sailing vessel


of 20 gross tons or upwards shall be provided with a similar fog horn


and


bell.


signals


prescribed


section


7.51


vessels


under


way shall be given-
By power-driven vessels or motorboats on the whistle
By sailing vessels on the fog horn;


By vessels towed on


the whistle or foghorn.


[35 CFR 4.250,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.51


Same;


Vessel in fog,


mist, etc.


In fog, mist, heavy rain-


storms, or any other condition similarly


restricting visibility,


whether


by day or night,


the signals described in this section shall be used as


follows
driven


Power-driven vessel or motorboat making way


vessel


or motorboat


making


way


through


. A power-


water


shall


sound at interval


of not more than


1 minute


, a prolonged blast.


Power-driven vessel or motorboat under way but not making way.


power-driven


vessel


or motorboat


under


way


stopped


and


making


way


through


water


, shall


sound


at intervals


more than


1 minute,


two prolonged blasts,


with an interval of about


1 second between them.


Sailing


vessel


under


way.


sailing


vessel


under


way


shall


sound


at intervals of not more than 1 minute


when on the starboard


tack one


blast,


when


on the port


tack two


blasts in succession


and


when with the wind abaft the beam three blasts in succession.


Vessel at anchor.


vessel when at anchor shall at intervals of


more


than


vessels of


minute


more


the forepart of


ring the


rapidly for


than 350 feet in length


vessel


and in addition


about


1 bell shall
there shall


5 seconds.
be sounded
be sounded


in the after part of the vessel,


at intervals of not more than 1 minute


for about 5 seconds


, a gong or other instrument,


ing of which cannot be confused with


that of the bel


the tone and sound-


Every vessel


at anchor


may


in addition


in accordance


with


section


7.32


sound


three blasts in succession


, namely,


one short


, one prolonged,


and one


short blast,


to give warning of her position and


of the possibility of


collision


to an approaching vessel.


Vessel


towns


not under


command


vessel


when


towing,


a vessel


engaged


in laying


or in picking


a submarine


cable


- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -I -----4-- -- -





.-- J . .... .. ... I -1 .. 1. 1- ... -- -_,





of not more than


minute, sound four blasts in succession,


tone prolonged blast followed by three short blasts.


namely


When practicable


this signal shall
towing vessel.


be made immediately after the signal


made


by the


Vessel


aground.


vessel


aground


shall


give


the


signal


pre&


scribed in


paragraph


and


shal


in addition


, give


three


separate


and


distinct strokes on


immediately


before


and


after


each


such signal.
135 CFR 4.251,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953; 18 F


. R. 280]


SEC.


7.52


ame; seaplane on the water in fog, mist, etc.


A seaplane


on the
section


water


7.51


shall


but if


obliged


to give


she does not, she shall


the signals


mentioned


make some other efficient


sound signal at intervals of not more than 1 minute.


[35 CFR 4.


, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


Article 4
STEERING AND SAILING RULES


SEC.


7.60


Steering


and


sailing


rules


preliminary.


and construing the provisions of these steering and sailing


n obeying
rules, any


action


taken should be positive, in ample time, and


with due regard


to the observance of good seamanship.


Risk


collision


can,


when


circumstances


permit,


ascer-


trained by carefully watching the compass bearing of an approaching


vessel.


If the bearing does not appreciably change, such risk should


be deemed to exist.


Mariners


should


bear


mind


that


seaplanes


landing or taking off, or operating under adverse weather conditions,
may be unable to change their intended action at the last moment.


35 CFR 4.260,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.61


Same;


sailing


vessels


approaching with


risk


collision.


When two sailing vessels are approaching one another


so as to involve


risk of


collision


, one of them shall keep out of the way of the other,


as follows


vessel


which


is running free shall keep


way


a vessel which


vessel


of the way of a


which


close-hauled.


close-hauled on the port tack shall keep out


vessel which is close-hauled on


the starboard tack.


When


both are running free,


with


the wind


on different sides,


the vessel


which has the wind


on the port side shall keep out of the


way of the other.





end-on.


When


two


power-driven


vessels


meeting


end


nearly end on,


so as to involve risk of


collision


each


shall alter her


course


to starboard


so that


each


may pass on


port side of


other, and when two motorboats are meeting end on,


or nearly end on,


so as to involve risk of


collision


each shall alter her course to star-


board


so that each


may


pass on


port


side


the other.


This


section only applies to


cases


where such


vessels are meeting end on,


or nearly end on,


in such a manner as to involve risk of collision


and


does not apply to two such vessels which must,


if both keep on their


respective courses,


pass clear of each other.


The only cases to which


it does apply are when each of two such


vessels is end


on, or nearly


end on


to the other


in other words


, to cases in which by day, each


vessel


sees


the masts of


the other in a line


, or nearly in


a line with


own;


and


night,


cases


in which


each


vessel


is in such


position as to


see both the sidelights of the other.


It does not apply


by day,
course;
opposed


cases


or, by


in which a vessel


night,


cases


sees


another ahead crossing


where


light


one


her own


vessel


to the red light of the other or where the green light of


one


vessel is opposed


to the green light of the other or where a red light


without a green light or a green light without a red light is seen ahead,
or where both green and red lights are seen anywhere but ahead.


[35 CFR 4.262,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.63


Two


power-driven


vessels


or two


motorboats


crossing


with


risk of collision.
involve risk of


When two power-driven vessels are crossing


collision


, the power-driven


so as to


vessel which has the other


on her starboard side shall keep out of the way of the other


and when


two


motorboats


crossing


so as to involve


risk


collision


motorboat which has the other on her starboard side shall


keep out


way


vessel
either


other


Provided


or a motorboat entering


side shall


cross


main


bow


That


channel


a vessel


power-driven


the Canal


proceeding


from


in either


direction along the Canal


axis and


that it shall keep clear until


vessel in the Canal axis has passed.


135 CFR 4.263,


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.64 Same


right-of-way


power-driven


vessels


, motorboats


and sailing vessels in certain


cases.


When two vessels are proceeding


in such


directions


as to involve risk


collision


, except as provided


in sections


7.69


, concerning overtaking vessels,


one


vessel shall


lrimen nuit rlf thA fr x7ru f+h rtt'har


-C (rnllra rc .


, however,




SEC.


two


7.65


Same; vessels


power-driven


vessels are


in vicinity


meeting


end


obstructions.


, or nearly


When


end


the Canal in the vicinity of an obstruction, e. g., a dredge,


slide, etc.,


drill barge,


the vessel whose side of the Canal is clear shall have the


right-of-way and the other vessel shall hold back and keep out of the


way unti


privileged


vessel is clear.


[35 CFR 4.265,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.66 Same; course and speed of favored vessel.


Where by any


of these provisions one of two vessels is to keep out of the way,


other shall


keep


her course and


speed.


When, from any


cause,


latter


vessel


finds


herself


so close


that


collision


cannot


avoided


by the action of the giving-way vessel alone, she also shall take such


action


as will


best


avert


collision.


The


vessel


having


right-of-way


shall


in no case


take


any


action


that


would


unneces-


sarily endanger the burdened vessel


shall give due regard to existing


circumstances; and
collision remains.


shall


proceed


with


caution


so long as danger


35 CFR 4.266, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 2801


SEC.


7.67


Same;


burdened


vessel


cross


ahead.


Every


vessel


which is directed by these provisions to keep out of the way of another


vessel
ahead


shall


circumstances


case


admit,


avoid


crossing


of the other.


[35 CFR 4.267,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.68 Same;


speed


burdened


vessel.


Every


vessel or motorboat which is directed by these provision


power-driven
s to keep out


the way


another vessel shall


, on approaching


her,


necessary


slacken her speed


or stop or reverse.


[35 CFR 4.268, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F


R. 280]


SEC.


7.69


Same


overtaking


vessels.


Notwithstanding


anything


contained in these provisions, every vessel overtaking any other shall
keep out of the way of the overtaken vessel.
(b) Every vessel coming up with another vessel from any direction


more


than


points


(225


degrees)


abaft her


beam


in such


position


with reference to the vessel which she is overtaking


that at


night she would be unable to


either of that vessel'


sidelights,


shall


be deemed


to be an


overtaking vessel


and no subsequent alteration


bearing


between


two


vessel


shall


make


overtaking


vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these sections,


or relieve


her of


the duty


of keeping


clear of


the overtaken


vessel


until she is


* t *


meeting





shall


desire


pass


on the


right


or starboard


vessel


ahead,


she shall give, as a signal of such desire,


one short and distinct blast


whistle,


and


overtaken


vessel


answers


with


short


blast


overtaking


vessel


shall


direct


course


to starboard;


or if the overtaking vessel shall desire to pass on the left or port side


of the other vessel, sl
blasts of her whistle


shall give as a signal of such desire,


and


the overtaken


vessel


answers


two short


with


two


short


blasts,


overtaking


vessel


shall


direct


course


port.


However


the overtaken


vessel does not think it safe for the over-


taking vessel to attempt to


pass at


that


time


, she shall immediately


so signify by giving several short and rapid blasts of her whistle, not


than


, the danger


signal,


and


under


the overtaking vessel attempt to pass until such


no circumstances


time as they


shall
have


reached a point where it can be done safely


and the overtaken vessel


shall have signified her willingness by blowing the proper signal,


two


short


blasts


overtaking


vessel


pass on


port side,


short blast to pass on the starboard side,


which signal shall be answered


with a similar signal by the overtaking vessel before passing.


After


an agreement has been reached


the overtaken


vessel shall in no case


attempt to cross the bow or crowd upon the course of the overtaking
vessel.


Except


as specially


authorized


Marine


Director


, an


overtaking


power-driven


vessel


shall


not overtake and


pass another


power-driven


vessel


Canal


except


Gatun


Lake


between


Buoys


and


Provided


however


That


this subsection


shall


apply where either the overtaking or the overtaken vessel is a Panama


Canal


power-driven


vessel or a


Army or


S. Navy local


tug,


with


or without a


tow.


35 CFR 4.269, as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.70


Same;


in Canal


channel.


Canal


channel


every


power-driven


shall


keep


vessel


when


that side of


proceeding


fairway


alon


or mid-channel


! the
which


channel


the starboard side of such vessel.


When two such vessels so proceed-


ing are bound in


opposite directions,


they shall,


when it is safe and


practicable,


governed


meeting


rule


(section


7.62)


even


when


, by reason of an intervening


bend in the channel


, their headings


substantially


opposite


when


y first sight each


other


and


neither
other.


them


and


shall


alter


course


motorboats shall


port


across


course


, whenever practicable,


keep


well





such speed as to create a dangerous wash or wake.
ment of the Canal from which divers are working, a


Floating equip-
nd floating equip-


ment
that


so moored


a high


workmen


wash


shall


, and


vessels


might


be passed


cause
by all


under


repair


swampage


and


or be


vessels at a speed


in such


condition,


hazardous


sufficiently slow


as not to create a dangerous wash or wake.


[35 CFR 4.271,


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F


.R. 280]


SEC.


7.72


Same;


sound


signals when vessels


are in sight of


one an.


other.
vessel


When vessels are in sight of


or motorboat


underway,


in taking


one another


any


course


a power-driven


authorized


required by these provisions,
ing signals on her whistle, ni


shall indicate that course by the follow-
amelv:


One short blast to mean "I am altering my course to starboard."


Two short blasts to mean


Three short blasts to mean


"I am altering my course to port.


y engines are going astern.


Whenever


a power-driven


vessel


or motorboat


which


under


these provisions, is to keep her course


and speed,


is in sight of another


vessel and i


in doubt whether sufficient action is being taken by the


other vessel to avert collision


least


short and


rapid


she m
blasts


indicate such doubt by giving


on the


whistle.


The


giving


such a signal


shal


relieve a


vessel


of her


obligations


under sec-


tions


7.83 and


7.103 or an


other section


, or of her duty to indicate


any


action


taken


under


these


section


giving


appropriate


sound signals laid down in this section.


Failure


give or


receive


any


whistle


signals


required


by this section shall not lessen


the duty of both


vessels to pass each


other


as herein


prescribed,


except


when


emergency


action


becomes


necessary as provided in section


7.83.


[35 CFR 4.272,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


. R. 280]


SEC.


The


7.73


one


Same


two


, and


sound
three


signals


short


blast


signals


except


and


as prescribed.


danger


signal


prescribed
motorboats


preceding


shall


never


section


used


power-driven


except


purpose


vessels


and


indicated.


The one


when


two


vesse


, and three short blast signal


are in


are never to be used except


ight of one another, and the course and position


each can


be estimated in


the day time


from


a sight of


the vessel


herself


, or at night from her navigation lights.


[35 CFR 4.


, as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.74 Same


power-driven


vessel


or motorboat


rounding


used


I r ----. . r -





bend is heard


such bend shall be rounded with alertness and caution.


135 CFR 4.274, as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953; 18 F


.R. 280]


SEC.


7.75


Same;


sound


signal


power-driven


vessel


or motorboat


leaving


berth.


When


a power-driven


vessel


or motorboat is


moving


from her dock or berth


, she shall give a signal of one prolonged blast


of the whistle; but immediately after clearing the dock or berth so as
to be fully in sight she shall be governed by the steering and sailing
rules.


[35 CFR 4.275, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.76 Same;


sound


signals


passing


through


gate


pipe line.


When a power-driven vessel or motorboat is approaching


a pipe line obstructing the channel,


and desires to pass


through


gate,


shall


give


a signal


two


blasts,


namely,


prolonged


blast followed by a short blast, which signal shall be promptly answered


by the gate tender with


the same signal if


she is ready to have the


approaching
her to pass.


vessel


pass, or by the danger signal if it is not safe for


In no case shall the approaching vessel attempt to pass


until


the gate


tender signifies by a signal of


one prolonged and


one


short blast that the channel is open.


The gate tender shall so signify


as soon as practicable,


and


the approaching vessel shall answer with


a similar signal.
(35 CFR 4.276, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F


. R. 280J


SEC.


7.77


Same; sound signals for


passing floating


equipment


using


maneuvering
approaching


lines.


When


floating Canal


power-driven


equipment which


vessel


or motorboat


has maneuvering


lines


obstructing the channel,


and desires to pass, she shall give the appro-


private signal comparable to the signals prescribed by section


7.72 for


certain


vessels in sight of one another


which the floating equipment,


after


promptly


slacking


lines


and


complying


with


section


7.16


shall answer with


a similar signal.


, for any reason,


floating


equipment is unable to give such signal, she shall so signify by blow-


ing the danger signal,


and


the approaching vessel shall not attempt


pass


until


visual


signal


required


section


7.16


been


given,


and


proper


passing whistle signal has


been


given


by the


floating


equipment.


After receiving such signals,


and after answer-


ing the passing signal,


the approaching vessel may then


proceed.


135 CFR 4.277, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F


SEC.


7.78 Same;


-A--


unauthorized


--t --. L -


.R. 280)
whistles


---------,---A


prohibited.
1M_ *


The


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. .. -. .] ? _


~Y--~-Y





Crossing:


The seaplane


or vessel


which


other


on the


right shall give way so as to keep well clear.


(2) Approaching head-on
a vessel approach head-on,


When


two seaplanes,


or a seaplane and


or approximately so, each shall alter her


course


the right so as to


keep


well clear.


Overtaking


right


The


way, and


seaplane


or vessel


which


the one overtaking shall


being
alter


overtaken


course


so as to keep well clear.


When


two seaplanes,


or a seaplane and a


vessel are approach-


each


other so


as to


involve


risk


collision


each


shall


proceed


with careful regard to existing circumstances and conditions,


the limitations of


including


the respective craft.


35 CFR 4.279,


as added CZO 30, Jan.


6, 1953; 18 F


. R. 280]


SEC.


7.80


Same


speed and maneuvering


of vessels


fog,


mist


Every vessel


mist


or seaplane when


, heavy rain storms,


taxiing on


the water, shall in fog,


or any other conditions similarly


restricting


visibility, go at a moderate speed,
ing circumstances and conditions.


having careful regard to the exist-


power-driven


vessel


hearing,


apparently


forward


beam, t
trained,
engines,
is over.


fog signal


shall,
and


so far


then


a vessel


position


which


is not ascer-


as the circumstances of the case admit, stop her


navigate


with


caution


unti


danger


collision


When


two


vessels are


meeting


each


other


in a Canal


channel


less than


800 feet wide


, they shall,


when about a mile apart,


reduce


speed,


practicable,


and


then


proceed


cautiously


until


they


have


passed clear.


because


vessel moored or at anchor
of atmospheric conditions,


vessel already


moor


as soon


under way


as practicable,


under


and


shall


visibility


such
shall


under


is less


conditions


report


than
shall


way when,


1,000


feet.


anchor


immediately


Port Captain by


radio or other available means.


[35 CFR 4.280,


as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953


18 F. R. 280]


SEC.


7.81


Same


authority to prescribe maximum speed limits.


The


Governor is hereby given continuing authority to prescribe maximum


speed limits for navigation in


Canal


one


waters.


Unless and


until


otherwise prescribed by the Governor under this authority, the maxi-


mum speed limits shall b


as prescribed in section


7.82.


t2C rrn A R101


ac naldd r70 1). Tan


S1 i E


1 0


R 9R2


* 1 1


*I | I 13 | r


B-i r- j, / /-


|l


. I

























[35 C


Gatun Lake in the 500-foot channels ._---.------------
Rounding Bohio and Darien Bends_ .-.------- ------
Gaillard Cut-In the straight reaches-
Vessels under 250 feet in length- .-------- -------
Vessels 250 feet or over in length_ .-.-----------
(or as near 6 knots as possible while maintaining steerage
way).
In or near locks (except in an emergency) ---- --------
Miraflores Locks to Buoy No. 14 _- ---------------- --
Buoy No. 14 to Pacific Entrance ....------- -------- ---
Miraflores Lake--
Vessels under 300 feet in length -.----------------
Vessels 300 feet or over in length shall proceed as slowly as
possible consistent with maneuverability.
Gamboa-
Passing reserve fleet basin; concrete dock and floating crane
berth - _--- ---- --- - - ----- ----- ---
Gatun Lake-
Gatun Reach northbound. All vessels shall be down to 10 knots
when rounding Buoy No. 17 ----- .----------
]FR 4.282, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]


SEC. 7.83 Same; departure from these provisions authorized in special
circumstances. In obeying and construing these provisions due regard shall
be had to all dangers of navigation and collision, and to any special circum-
stances, including the limitations of the craft involved, which may render
a departure from any of such provisions necessary in order to avoid
immediate danger.
[35 CFR 4.283, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]


Article 5
MISCELLANEOUS


SECTION 7.100 Distress signals.
is in distress and requires assistance
the following shall be the signals to
together or separately, namely:
(a) A gun or other explosive sign&
(b) A continuous sounding with ar
(c) Rockets or shells, throwing r<
intervals.
(d) A signal made by radiotelegra]
consisting of the group .- - *


When a vessel or seaplane on the water
from other vessels or from the shore,
be used or displayed by her, either

al fired at intervals of about a minute.
iy fog-signal apparatus.
ed stars fired one at a time at short


phy or by any other sigi
* in the Morse Code


methods


U


d


(e) A signal sent by radio telephony consisting of the spoken word
"Mayday."
1(\ The Intamrnntinnal fndrl Sional nf distress indicated hv N.C.


I


n1ots
10
10

8
6


2
6
10

6




6


10





SEC. 7.101 Orders to helmsman. All orders to helsmen shall be given
in the following sense: Right rudder or starboard to mean "put the vessel's
rudder to starboard;" left rudder or port to mean "put the vessel's rudder
to port.'"
[35 CFR 4.301, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 7.102 Discovery of defect in vessel during transit. Upon the
discovery during transit of the Canal of any defect in a vessel of such serious
nature that it might interfere with further passage, the vessel shall stop and,
if practicable, be anchored or moored at the first available place. A full report
shall be made immediately to the Port Captain by radio or by the best
means available.
[35 CFR 4.302, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]
SEC. 7.103 Precautions required by ordinary practice of seamen or by
special circumstances. Nothing in this chapter shall exonerate any vessel,
or the owner, master, or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect
to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of
the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice
of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case.
[35 CFR 4.303, as added CZO 30, Jan. 6, 1953; 18 F.R. 280]


SE


skin
tions
shall


The light shall be s
not less than 1 mile
area where diving
to avoid creating a
(b) Recreational
Gaillard Cut and tl


o mounted
by day and
operations
dangerous
I skin divin
he channel


and
lby
ire


; industrial and commercial; recreational
mn industrial or commercial diving opera-
of the Canal Zone, a revolving red light
g barge or other craft serving the diver.
I of sufficient intensity as to be visible for
r night. Vessels approaching or passing an
underway shall reduce speed sufficiently


wash or wake
g in waters (
through Gatu


the waters of all ship's anchorages, harbors,
unless authorized in writing by the respect


shall not
activities
or height
18 inches
running f
corner of
the craft


dimen
where
to avo
(c)
condu


sior


be given for skin
are underway in
of not less than
and having a red
rom the upper c
the outside end 4
serving the skin
flK" <


is shall preser


such skin diving
id creating a dar
The provisions
cted in or about


diving at night.
mny waters of the
12 inches and a
background and a
omer of the stafi
of the flag, shall
diver. Flags large


)f the Canal proper, including
n and Miraflores Lakes and in
piers, and docks is prohibited
ve Port Captain. Authorization
When recreational skin diving
Canal Zone, a flag with a hoist
fly or length of not less than
3z-inch diagonal white stripe,
: end of the flag to the lower
be displayed from the mast of
r than the foregoing minimum


- -


yve the same proportions. Vessel
activities are underway shall re
igerous wake or wash.
of this section do not apply
the locks by locks personnel.


Is approaching an area
duce speed sufficiently


to diving


operations


(d) The provisions of this section do not apply to emergency situations
in which prompt action is necessary to save or protect life or property and
time does not permit compliance.
[35 CFR 4.304, as added CZO 58, Oct. 26, 1961, 26 F.R. 10353, and amended


;c. 7.104 Diving operations;
diving; light, flag. (a) Wh(
are underway in any waters
be displayed from the divin


... . m


II I


rw






vicinity. The observer shall be alert and shall keep the operator fully
informed of all hazards. The operator shall devote his full attention to
operating the motorboat or other vessel in a safe manner.
(b) No person shall operate a motorboat or other vessel on the waters
of the Canal Zone towing a person or persons on water skis, or aquaplane
or similar device nor shall any person engage in water skiing, aquaplaning
or other similar activity between the hours from sunset to sunrise.
(c) No person shall operate water skis, an aquaplane or similar device
in such a manner as to endanger the life, limb or property of any person.
[35 CFR 4.305. as added CZO 63. April 26. 1963. 28 F.R. 44401


I /-


/ J


L v I

















Chapter 8


TRANSPORTATION


CANAL


HAZARDOUS


ZONE


CARGOES


WATERS


(MARINE BUREAU)


Article


GENERAL PROVISIONS


SEC.


Statement of amount and character of explosives carried.
Loading certificate or declaration.


Definition and classification of hazardous


Packing and stowing of hazardous


cargoes.


cargoes.


Anchorage


areas


for ships loaded with hazardous


cargoes.


Vessels to anchor and await instructions.


Restrictions


as to docking alongside terminal piers.


Places for discharging explosives.
Discharging small ammunition and pyrotechnic supplies.


Discharging


inflammable


cargo at public wharves.


Article 2


HANDLING


, LOADING, AND


UNLOADING OF EXPLOSIVES


CANAL ZONE PORTS


8.11
8.12
8.13


*.., A.


Application.
Classification of explosives.
Inspection for and report of fires.
Authorization to load or unload explosives.
Loading or unloading explosives at same time.
Preparations before handling, loading or unloading explosives.
Manner of handling, loading or unloading explosives.
Chute used in loading or unloading explosives.





Article 3
HAZARDOUS LIQUID CARGOES


SEC.
8.26
8.27
8.28


Definitions.
Grading of vessels in accordance with products transported.
Construction of cargo tanks.


8.28a Liquid level gaging, Grade
8.29 Transportation of Grade "I


8.30
8.31


"A" tanks.


or "C" liquids in shelter-deck vessels.


Classification of vessels for carrying petroleum products in bulk.
Information to be furnished by vessels of all grades.
Venting of cargo tanks.
Venting of bunker tanks.
Venting of cofferdam.
Ventilation.
Ventilation for certain hold spaces.
General safety requirements during transfer operations.
Fire fighting requirements.
Smoking.
General safety requirements.
Cargo handling-men on duty.


Closin


8.48
8.49
8.50
8.51
8.52
8.53
8.54
8.55


g of scuppers and sea valves.


Connecting cargo hose.
Electric bonding.
Inspection prior to transfer of cargo.
Declaration of inspection.
Duties of Senior Deck Officer during transfer operations.
When transfer operations may not be commenced or continued.
Mooring alongside vessels; handling cargo across deck of another vessel.
Deck officer to be on duty.
Transfer of cargo from vessel to vessel.
Loading through open end hoses.
Termination of transfer operations.
Vessels at oil berths.
Responsibility for connections and operations.


Transfer of package goods, freight, and ship


8.57
8.58
8.59
8.60
8.61


stores.


Cargo handling equipment.
Emergencies.
General requirements while transiting.
Requirements concerning liquefied petroleum gases.
Inspection and certification of tank vessels.

Article 4
OTHER HAZARDOUS MATERIALS


Ammonium nitrate.






SEC.


Loading certificate or declaration.


Upon the arrival of a vessel


carrying explosive cargo at a port of the Canal Zone, the Master shall deliver
to the Inspecting Officer, a loading certificate issued by a surveyor or Inspector


of a recognized authority such as the National Cargo


Bureau, Inc., British


Board of Trade, Port Authority Official, or Navigation Inspector, stating where


and how the explosives are stowed and the manner of packing.


When no


loading certificate is available, the Master, upon arrival, must submit to the
Inspecting Officer a declaration as follows:
Declaration of Explosive Cargo Carried


I, the undersigned---------------.....................---, Master of the ....-


carrying explosives


as classified by the Interstate Commerce Commission of the United States, or by


any other recognized government agency, do hereby declare and certify on behalf of the owners of


the vessel,


as follows:


The explosives were loaded at1


-- .------------------------------- --. packed


and stowed


in accordace with'


The explosives are in'


Explosives


are separated from inflammables by4


The packing and stowing has not been disturbed


since


leaving the port of'


(Master's signature)


(Date)

1 Name of port loading.
2 Regulations of United States Coast Guard, British Board of Trade, Port Authority,


may be,


as the


as indicated on the containers.


' State number of hold, special magazine, etc. (which must be within reach of ship's


fire hose)


includ-


ing amount of each king of explosive.
4 Boiler room, engine room, etc., within reach of ship's fire hose.


If no inflammables are carried,


state.


[35 CFR

SEC. !


4.107


, as amended by Governor's Reg. April 19, 1954, 19 F. R.


Definition and classification of hazardous cargoes.


2451]


The defini-


tion and classification of explosives and other hazardous cargoes shall be in


accordance with the regulations established by the


United States Interstate


Commerce Commission


or by


other recognized


governmental


agency


provided that decisions in case of doubt as to the explosive nature of any
commodity, as well as to its classification, shall be made by the Governor or
through an authority designated by him.


[35 CFR


4.108]


SEC.


Packing and stowing of hazardous cargoes.


Packing and stow-


ing of explosives and other hazardous cargoes, except petroleum products in


case





immediately south of West Breakwater, starting at a point on


West Break-


water one thousand yards from West Breakwater Light and thence extending
westward two thousand yards along breakwater.
(b) PACIFIc ENr-Area south of Naos Island bounded on the east by a


line drawn south (tru
line drawn east (true)


e)


from entrance gas buoy No.


from


on the south by a


Tortolita Island, and on the north and west by


the curve of thirty-foot depth.


[35 CFR


4.110]


SEC.


Vessels


anchor


await


instructions.


Vessels


carrying


explosive cargoes shall anchor in the explosive anchorage area, as described


in section


on arrival at the


Canal Zone,


there await instructions.


Such vessels will be allowed alongside wharves of the Canal Zone only


prescribed in sections 8.7 and 8
by the Port Captain concerned.


8, and each case


will be handled individually


CFR


4.111]


SEC.


Restrictions


as to docking


alongside


terminal


piers.


Vessels


with explosives aboard forming part of the cargo will be allowed alongside
the terminal piers only when such explosives are stowed properly in spaces


which need not be opened during the vessel'
be cargo for discharge at the Canal Zone in


s stay at the dock. Should there
the same space with explosives,


the explosives must be removed before the vessel will be allowed alongside
the terminal piers.


[35 CFR


4.112]


SEC.


Places for loading and discharging explosives


restrictions.


explosive


dock


at Mindi


explosive


anchorages


prescribed


4.110


are hereby


designated for


loading


or discharging


explosive


cargo


consigned to Panama Canal agencies or to private consignees.


(b)
4.110


Ihe e
. Pier


explosivee


dock


at Rodman


at Mindi,


Naval


explosive


Station, and Pier


anchorages


prescribed


4 at Coco Solo


Naval


Station,'
cargo cc


are designated


signedd


military


loading
units:


or discharging


Provided,


however,


explosive/ammunition


That


cumulation


mass


detonating


explosive/ammunition


at the


Navy


piers


Rodman


Coco


Solo'


(i. e.,


total


explosive/ammunition


cargo


board ship and on the pier at any one time) shall not exceed a total explosive


content of


,000 pounds


when handling


other than mass detonating


types of explosive/ammunition cargo, the total weight shal


not exceed that


allowed


safety


standards


prescribed


Chief


Bureau


Ordnance, Department of the Navy


and (


3) the Navy piers at Rodman and


Coco Solo1 shall not be used for handling explosive/ammunition cargo unless


specific approval


been


granted


each


instance


by the Commandant,


Fifteenth Naval nistrietL


who will ensure that the Port Cantain.


Balboa or





SEC.


Discharging small ammu


ments of ammunition for small arms


zition and pyrotechnic supplies. Ship-
(in cartridge or shell fully assembled)


not exceeding in the aggregate 10 tons weight or measurement, and pyro-


technic supplies not exceeding in


the aggregate


ton weight or measure-


ment, may be landed at either the Cristobal or Balboa terminal docks upon
observance of special precautions to insure safe landing.


[35 CFR


4.114]


SEC.


8.10


Discharging inflammable cargo at public wharves.


Whenever


it shall become necessary to remove any specially inflammable cargo from


ships to public wharves in the Canal Zone,


the Port Captain shall be notified


at least two hours before such cargo is to be discharged upon the wharf so
that the proper means can be provided to dispose of this class of material at
the earliest moment.


[35 CFR


4.115]


Article 2


HANDLING, LOADING, AND


UNLOADING OF EXPLOSIVES


CANAL ZONE PORTS


SECTION


8.11.


Application.


Sections


8.11


through


8.25


apply


to all


vessels, domestic and foreign, regardless of character, tonnage, size, service,
and whether self-propelled or not, and whether arriving or departing, or under


way,


moored,


anchored,


or aground,


except


tankers


Provided,


however,


That said sections shall not be construed


to apply to the transportation of


military or naval forces with their accompanying munitions of war or stores.


[35 CFR


4.115a]


SEC.


8.12.


Classification of explosives.


Explosives are classified for pur-


poses of sections 8.11 through 8.25 as follows:


CLASS


"A"-DANGEROUS


EXPLOSIVES


Ammunition for cannon with explosive projectiles.
Ammunition for cannon with explosive gas projectiles.
Ammunition for cannon with explosive smoke projectiles.
Ammunition for cannon with explosive incendiary projectiles.
Ammunition for small arms with explosive bullets.
Black powder.
Blasting powder.
Blasting caps-more than 1,000.
Blasting caps with safety fuse-more than 1,000.
Blasting caps, electric-more than 1,000.


Boosters


(explosive)


Detonating fuses.


Explosive bombs.





Wet fulminate of mercury.
Wet diazodinitrophenol.
Wet pentaorythrite tetranitrate.
Wet lead Azide.


CLASS


"B"-LESS


DANGEROUS


EXPLOSIVES


Ammunition for cannon with empty projectiles.
Ammunition for cannon with sand loaded projectiles.
Ammunition for cannon with solid projectiles.
Ammunition for cannon without projectiles.
Deteriorated smokeless powder for cannon.
Smokeless powder for cannon.
Smokeless powder for cannon or small arms in water.
Smokeless powder for small arms.
Fireworks.


CLASS


"C"-RELATIVELY


SAFE


EXPLOSIVES


Ammunition for small arms. Small arms primers.
Blasting caps-1,000 or less caps.
Blasting caps with safety fuse-1,000 or less caps.


Cartridge bags, empty,


Cartrid


with black powder igniters.


cases, empty, primed.


Combination fuses.
Delay electric ignite


Combination primers.


Cordeau detonant.


Electric blasting caps-1,000 or less.


Electric squibs. Safety squibs.


Empty cartridge bags.


Black powder igniters.


Empty cartridge cases primed.
Fuse igniters. Fuse lighters, Fuse,


safety. Igniters.


Fuses,


combination,


Grenades, empty


percussion,
primed.


time,


or tracer.


Instantaneous


fuse.


Percussion caps. Percussion fuses. Primers.
[35 CFR 4.115b]


Toy caps.


SEC.


8.13.


Inspection for and report of fires.


The master of any vessel


having on board explosives or other dangerous articles or substances as cargo


and about to enter a port of the Canal Zone


shall make or cause to be made an


inspection prior to entering such port. If the inspection discloses the presence


of fire or


other


hazardous condition, such


condition shall immediately


be reported to the Captain of the Port and the master or person in charge
of such vessel shall comply with the instructions given by the Captain of the
Port as to procedure to be followed in entering port.


[35 CFR


4.115c]






concerned:


Provided,


That in no case shall


inflammable liquids classed as Grade


drums or other


S"B'
," "B,


"C" b


loaded or unloaded at the same time that explosives are
unloaded.


[35 CFR


containers of


y section 8.26 be
being loaded or


4.115e]


SEC.


8.16.


Preparations before handling, loading or unloading explosives.


All decks, gangways, and hatches over or through which explosives must be
passed or handled in loading or unloading, shall be freed of all loose material
and shall be swept broom clean both before and after loading or unloading.
The hatches and cargo ports opening into a compartment in which explosives


are stowed shall be kept closed at all times,


loading of the compartment.
tarpaulins securely battened.


[35 CFR


except during loading or un-


When closed the hatches shall be covered with


4.115f]


SEC. 8.17. M
explosives must


mannerr


handling,


loading


be handled carefully. Packages of


explosives.


explosives must not be


thrown, dropped, rolled, dragged, or slid over each other or over the decks.
In transferring explosives to or from a pier or another vessel the packages
must be handled by hand or by using a regulation chute and mattress. If the
difference in elevation between the vessels or a vessel and the dock, or con-


editions of weather render if


difficult to safely


load


or unload


by hand or


chute, mechanical hoist, crates, rope-net slings or basket may be used.


The


maximum load handled in crates, rope-net slings, or baskets per draft shall


not exceed 2,400 pounds.


No containers of explosives shall be loaded above


the side of any crate or basket nor shall rope-net slings be so loaded as to
prevent the sling from encompassing the entire load on its top side. Explosives
shall not be handled roughly. They must be hoisted and lowered carefully and


only deposited or lowered onto a mattress.
fulminate of mercury and other initiating


Blasting caps,
or priming exp


detonating fuses,
ulosives as defined


these


regulations shall


considered as


constituting


a distinct class of


dangerous


explosives


because


of the


hazard


involved


they


shall


handled
lowering


with


barrel,


extreme


drum,


care.


"Can" hooks shall not


or other


container


be used for raising


explosives.


Metal


bale


hooks


shall not be used in handling packages of explosives. Transfer trucks equipped


with


"electric motor


means of propulsion shall not be used in handling any


high explosive, low explosive, black powder or smokeless powder.


[35 CFR


4.115g]


SEC.


8.18.


Chute used in loading or unloading explosives.


The incline of


the chute to be used in loading or unloading explosives shall be such that the


velocity


of the packages sliding will not be great enough


to cause violent


111v k^ /-^ In r * w a a 1i- kah n n^ J 1 f n^ aZI nr --w a. 4 ,. a..rr I w V Jh*


or unloading






tion and working of all slings, crates, baskets, boxes, chutes, mattresses, tackle,
and other equipment to be used in the transfer operation. Any and all equip-
ment which in the judgment of the master or other person in charge of the
vessel is not in safe working condition shall be rejected and the master or such
other person shall prohibit its use and take such precautions' as he may deem
necessary to be certain such rejected equipment is not used for the purpose


of loading or unloading explosives.


The master or other person in charge of


vessel


shall


keep


watch


equipment used


during the


transfer


explosives and if any part of the equipment shows any defect or is damaged


in use,


work shall be stopped and the damaged or defective equipment re-


paired or replaced before permitting the loading or unloading to continue.


This inspection of cargo-working equipment shall apply to the vessel's


ment and to stevedore or other contractor'


CFR


equip-


equipment.


4.115i]


SEC.


rags,


8.20.


metallic


Lights,
tools,


firearms,
footwear.


matches,


cigarette


artificial


lighters,


light except electric


hooks,


lights


electric lamps or flood lights shall be used while loading or unloading


plosives.


Flashlights of a non-spark type shall be provided by the vessel owner


or operator


persons


required


to enter


holds


in which


explosives


stowed.


Members of the crew of the vessel and other persons permitted on


board the vessel to aid and assist in loading or unloading explosives shall not
be permitted to have or carry on their persons firearms, matches, cigarette
lighters, bale hooks, oily rags, or metallic tools. No person engaged in loading
or unloading Class A dangerous or Class B less dangerous explosives (except


fireworks)


shall wear boots or shoes shod or strengthened with iron nails or


metal


unless


such boots or shoes are covered with rubber, leather, felt, or


some such nonsparking material.


CFR


4.115j]


SEC.


Fires on docks, lighters, or vessels.


be permitted on docks, lighters,


or vessels,


No unnecessary fire shall


while loading or unloading


plosives.


Fires deemed necessary must be properly safeguarded and left in


constant charge of some competent person assigned for that purpose by the
master for the entire period of cargo transfer. A line of fire hose of sufficient


length to cover the area of loading


or unloading operations and connected


with an adequate water supply shall be laid ready for use.


CFR


4.115k]


SEC.


8.22.


Smoking


prohibited.


Smoking is


prohibited


on or near


vessel loading
posted during


or unloading explosives.


"No Smoking


warning signs shall be


operations of loading or unloading such cargo.


"No Smoking


signs shall be located on the pier at a safe distance
loading or unloading is taking place at a pier.


from the vessel when such






or is leaking, the master of the vessel shall consult the port authorities and
request instructions as to disposition of the insecure container. Any container
of explosives showing evidence of damage or leakage of a liquid ingredient
shall not be handled with other explosives being loaded or unloaded but shall
be segregated and held for inspection and disposition.


[35 CFR


SEC.


4.115n]


8.25.


Damaged or leaking containers of explosives not to be accepted


for transportation.


Any


container of an


explosive when offered for trans-


portation or storage in the Canal Zone showing excessive dampness or escaping
nitrous fumes, or which is moldy or shows outward signs of any oil stain or
other indication that the absorption of the liquid part of the explosive is not
perfect, or that the amount of the liquid part of the explosive is greater than


the absorbent can carry, shall not be accepted for transportation.


or person in charge must substantiate any claim that a stain i


The master
due to acci-


dental


contact with grease,


or similar substance.


In case of


doubt the


container shall be refused.


[35 CFR


4.115o]


Article 3
HAZARDOUS LIQUID CARGOES


SECTION


Definitions.


purpose


sections


8.26


through


8.60,
cargc


the following definitions of terms shall


)


means


combustible liquid,


govern


inflammable


liquid,


Cargo.


The term


or liquified inflam-


mable gas unless otherwise stated.
(b) Classification requirements.


The


term


"classification requirements


means


applicable


rules


supplementary


requirements


American


Bureau of Shipping, or other recognized classification society.


Combustible


liquid.


Term


combustible


liquid"


means


liquid


having a flash point above 800
as used for test of burning oils).
as follows:


F. (as determined from an open-cup tester,
Combustible liquids are referred to by grades,


Grade


Any


combustible


liquid


having


a flash


point


below


150


Grade


. and above 800


Any combustible liquid having a flash point of 1500


or above.


Flame


arrestor


The


term


"flame


arrestor


means


device


assembly of a cellular,


tubular, pressure, or other type,


used for preventing


the passage of flames into enclosed spaces.


Flash


point.


The


term


"flash


point"


indicates


temperature


degrees Fahrenheit at which a liquid


gives off an inflammable vapor when


heated in an open-cup tester. For the purpose of these regulations, flash points
determined by other testing methods will be equivalent to those determined





Inflammable liquid.


The term


"inflammable liquid"


means any liquid


which gives off inflammable vapors


(as determined by flash point from an


open-cup tester, as used for test of burning oils)


of 800


at or below a temperature


. Inflammable liquids are referred to by grades as follows:


Grade "A". Any inflammable liquid having a Reid* vapor pressure
of 14 pounds or more.


Grade


Any inflammable liquid having a Reid vapor pressure


under 14 pounds and over 8 pounds.


Grade


Any inflammable liquid having a Reid vapor pressure


of 8 pounds or less and flash point of 800


. or below.


Liquefied


inflammable


The term


"liquefied inflammable


means


inflammable


having


a Reid


vapor


pressure


exceeding


pounds, which has been compressed any liquefied for purposes of transporta-


tion.


Liquefied inflammable gases are referred to by classes as follows:


Class 1


Any liquefied petroleum gas, including gases or mixtures


of gases produced with or derived from petroleum or natural gas, and
composed predominantly of hydrocarbons or mixtures of hydrocarbons
such as propane, propylene, butane, butylene, or butadiene.


Class


Any liquefied inflammable gas other than liquefied petro-


leum gas.
i Pressure


vacuum


relief


valve.


The


term


pressure


vacuum


relief


valve"


means any device or assembly of a mechanical, liquid, weight, or other


type used for the automatic regulation
places.


of pressure or vacuum in


enclosed


Reid vapor pressure.


The term


"Reid vapor pressure


means the vapor


pressure of a liquid at


a temperature of


1000


square inch, absolute, as determined by the


the American Society for


Testing Materials,


expressed


"Reid Method"
Standard D-32


in pounds per
as described in
3 (most recent


revision)


Method


of Test for


Vapor


Pressure of Petroleum


Products.


This


standard is available at United States Coast Guard Headquarters for reading
purposes, or it may be purchased from the Society in Philadelphia, Pa.


Flame


screen.


The


term


"flame


screen


means


a single


screen


corrosion-resistant wire of at least 30


by 30 mesh


or two screens,


both of


corrosion-resistant wire,


at least


mesh,


spaced


not less


than


one-half inch or more than one and one-half inches apart.


Cofferdam.


The


term


cofferdam


means


a void


or empty


space


separating


two or more compartments for the purpose of isolation or to prevent


the contents of one compartment from entering another in the event of the
failure of the walls of one to retain their tightness.


Spark


arrestor.


The


term


"spark


arrestor"


means


device,


o.v .,1- r .1,fb, n n mrn- ---;notI n ort ,-r-nal ninnlinur< nr nther trvnF anrl


gas"






or Grade "E" cargoes in bulk, or which being in ballast have on a previous
voyage transported cargoes of these grades and whose tanks are not free of


explosive
Grade "IE


gases, will
" or Grade


be
"IF;,


Iealt with


a Grade


vessels, respectively.


" Grade


Grade


In case a vessel is carrying


two grades of .hazardous cargo at the same time, it will be treated as a vessel


of the grade corresponding to that of the more volatile product. A


vessel in


ballast, whose tanks are kept charged with an inert gas during transit shall be


dealt with as a Grade


vessel.


Tanks which are ballasted full to the level


of the expansion hatch deck coaming will be accepted as the equivalent of a
tank which has been gas-freed since last transportating hazardous cargo.
[35 CFR 4.116a]


SEC.


8.28.


Construction of cargo tanks.


(a) Grade


cargo tanks shall


extend to the main deck with hatches and vents located on the weather deck.
(b) All cargo tanks to be vented at a gage pressure of 4 pounds per square
inch or less shall be constructed and tested as required by standards estab-
lished by the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification
society.
(c) All cargo tanks to be vented at a gage pressure exceeding 4 pounds
per square inch shall be constructed in accordance with pertinent provisions


Tank


accordance


Vessel


with


Regulations


comparable


United


regulations


States


regulatory


Coast


Guard


agencies


or in
other


nations.
[35 CFR


4.116b


effective November 1


as amended


by Governor's


Reg.


May


1960, 25


4464;


,1961]


SEC.


8.28a


Liquid level


gaging,


Grade


tanks.


Tank vessels which


are to load or discharge Grade


" liquids in Canal Zone water shall provide


a method of determining the liquid level in the tank without opening ullage


holes, cargo hatches, or butterworth plates: Provided,


That ullage holes fitted


with sounding pipes tightly secured to the underside of the tank tops,


open


at the bottom, and extending to within 18 inches or less of the bottom of the
tank shall be considered as complying with the foregoing requirement.


CFR


4.116c


as added


Governor


's Reg.


May


1960,


4464;


effective November 1


, 1961]


SEC.


8.29.


Transportation


Grade


or "C"


liquids


shelter-deck


vessels.


Transportation of Grade


"C" liquids is prohibited in cargo


tanks having a shelter between deck space, not adapted or used for carrying
hazardous liquid cargo in bulk, located over the tanks (between the tank top
and main deck) unless such space is separated from other parts of the vessel


by gas-tight steel bulk
on the weather deck.


heads.


Hatches and vents of such tanks shall be located


Where ullage plugs are located in this space they must


het securped nnd setaledrI in ?mich mannetr an tn neretsritnte hrenalcin a nF tl- vaol





ment a certificate of inspection stating their fitness for carrying hazardous
cargoes in bulk in Canal Zone waters.


[35 CFR


4.117]


SEC.


8.31.


of Grade


Information to be furnished by vessels of all grades.


" "B,


" "(D,"
L; ecr\


Vessels


and "E" shall furnish the following information:


Classification status.
>) Amount and name of each grade of cargo carried.


actual


vapor pressure


in the


case of


Grade


cargoes,


certification that the vapor pressures for Grade
and more than 8% pounds per square inch, va


"B" cargoes are less than 14
ipor pressures for Grade "C"


cargoes are 8% pounds per square inch or less, and the flash points in the


case of Grade


and "E"


cargoes; all determinations to be made in accord-


ance


with definitions contained in section 8.26.


CFR


4. 117a]


SEC.


8.32.


Venting of cargo tanks.


(a) On all tank ships each cargo tank


shall be equipped with a vent.
21/ inches.


Cargo tanks in which Grade


The diameter of a vent shall be not less than


"A" liquids are to be transported shall


be fitted with a venting system consisting of branch vent line from each cargo
tank connected to a vent header which shall extend to a reasonable height
above the weather deck and be fitted with a flame arrestor or pressure-vacuum
relief valve. Each branch vent line may be provided with a manually operated
control valve, provided it is by-passed with a pressure-vacuum relief valve,
or each cargo tank to which such a branch vent line is connected is fitted with
an independent pressure-vacuum relief valve which shall extend to a reason-


able height above the weather deck,
position while in Canal Zone waters.
the deck line is prohibited.
(c) Cargo tanks in which Grade '


or the control valve is lo


Venting of Grade


eked in open


cargo tanks near


"C" liquids are to be transported


shall


fitted


with


individual


pressure-vacuum


relief


valves


which


shall


extend to a reasonable height above the weather deck, or shall be fitted with
a venting system consisting of branch vent lines connected to a vent header
which shall extend to a reasonable height above the weather deck and be
fitted with a flame arrestor or a pressure-vacuum relief valve.


Venting systems required for Grade


of systems required for Grade


Cargo tanks in which Grade


liquids may be used in lieu


and "C.


"E" liquids only are to be trans-


ported shall
tanks are v(


be fitted


nted


with gooseneck vents and flame screens unless such


by pressure-vacuum relief valves or a


ventin


g system


branch vent lines and a vent header.
(f) Venting systems required for Grade


" "B,


"C" liquids may be


- - -~- -- S .-


" "C






gooseneck, vents fitted with a flame screen or pressure-vacuum relief valves.
The diameter of a vent shall not be less than 2 inches.


[35 CFR


4.118]


SEC.


8.35.


Ventilation.


All enclosed parts of the vessel other than cargo,


fuel, and water tanks and cofferdams, shall be provided with efficient means
of ventilation., Pump rooms and compartments containing machinery where
sources of vapor ignition are normally present shall be ventilated in such a


way as to remove vapors from points near the floor levels or bilges.


Effective


steam or air actuated gas ejectors, blowers or ventilators fitted with heads for


natural ventilation,


[35 CFR


will be approved for this purpose.


4.118a]


SEC.


8.36.


Ventilation


certain hold spaces.


Hold spaces containing


independent cargo tanks shall be considered to be equivalent to cargo pump-
rooms and shall be ventilated and safeguarded as such.


CFR


4.118b]


SEC.


8.37


. General safety requirements during transfer operations.


Boiler fires are normally permitted during cargo transfer operations: Provided,


That prior to transferring Grade


," B,


cargoes the master or senior


deck officer on duty and the Panama Canal Company Oil Plant Foreman, or


his representative shall make an inspection


to determine whether, in


their


judgment,


boiler


fires


may


maintained


with


reasonable


safety


during


transfer operations.
(b) Galley fires are normally permitted during cargo transfer operations


, That prior to


transferring


Grade


"A," "B,"


cargoes,


master or senior deck officer on duty and the Panama Canal Company Oil
Plant Foreman, or his representative shall make an inspection to determine
whether in their judgment galley fires may be maintained with reasonable
safety during transfer operations.


Tank vessels which are to transfer Grade


open
(d)


cargo shall have all


in the top of the tanks closed except branch vent lines.


During


transfer


operations


a red


signal


(flag


electric


lantern at night)


shall be so placed that it will be visible on all sides.


(e) Warning placards shall be displayed at the gangway, in a conspicuous
place, during transfer of cargo, to warn persons approaching the gangway.


The


placard


shall


state


letters


not less


than


inches


high


following:


DANGER


HANDLING
NO LC


?TP1TQa


PETROLEUM


IITERING


C1lTnITMr1


Provided


. .. .. .






adequate and


good


operating


condition.


shall


include


a steam


smothering or a flue gas or- a carbon dioxide or a foam system to the cargo
tanks and water service, fire hoses, and portable extinguishers.
(b) Fire hoses with suitable nozzles attached shall be connected to the


outlets at all times while in Canal Zone waters.
nected to reach all parts of the vessel. While m


Sufficient hose shall be con-
loored to a dock, connections+
moored to a dock, connections


to shore lines shall be made if water pressure is not available aboard the vessel.
(c) In case of fire aboard a vessel the Port Captain shall be in complete
charge for the purpose of coordinating the various Canal Zone Government or


Panama Canal Company functions concerned.


The Panama Canal Company


Oil Plant Foreman


or his representative


shall


direct


terminal fire fighting


facilities until the arrival of the Canal Zone Government Fire Department,


or the Port Captain or his representative.


The vessel's crew shall cooperate


with


terminal


authorities.


Nothing


contained


herein


shall


relieve


master of responsibility for the safety of his vessel.


CFR


4.119]


SEC.


8.39.


Smoking.


Smoking shall not


be permitted aboard tank


vessels in Canal Zone waters while loading or unloading Grade


"B,"


"A," "B,


cargoes.
>) Smoking shall not be permitted on tank vessels carrying Grade


cargoes while they are in


"A,"


the locks or within one-half mile of


any lock.
(c) Smoking shall not be permitted on the weather deck of tank vessels
in Canal Zone waters when they are not gas free.
(d) Smoking shall not be permitted on a dock in close proximity of a tank
vessel that is not gas free.


"No smoking


" signs shall be posted in appropriate places.


(f) Except where smoking is prohibited as provided above, the master or
senior dock officer on duty shall designate where smoking is permitted.


[35 CFR


4.119a]


SEC.


8.40.


General safety requirements.


Nonsparking tools shall be


provided for opening and closing of cargo hatch covers.


On Grade


) "B," "C,


vessels the electrical installation in


a cargo


pump


room,


or any


enclosed


space


immediately


adjoining


cargo


tanks shall meet the following requirements:


Switchboards,


distributing


panels,


switches,


fuses,


other


circuit-interrupting devices are not to be fitted in these spaces.


portable


lighting


equipment


except explosion


proof,


self-


contained,


battery-fed lamps shall be used in spaces that are not gas


free.


S ---a a 1 I iI I I .1 _


J A





(c) Stacks of vessels shall not be cleaned while vessel is moored to an
oil dock.
(d) Tank covers, ullage holes, and butterworth plates, shall, unless tanks
are gas free, be kept closed under the following conditions:
(1) During transit.
(2) While self-propelled vessels are directly alongside, or any source
of vapor ignition is present or in close proximity to tanks.


(3)
to opera


Unless special permission has been granted by Canal authorities


I


tanks


Provided, That ullage


plugs


may


removed


when


necessary for the purpose of gaging or sampling, or during cargo transfer
operations.
(4) No cargo tank hatches, ullage holes, or butterworth plates shall
be opened or shall remain open without flame screens, except under
the supervision of the senior members of the crew on duty, unless the
tank opened is gas free.
(e) No pitch, tar, turpentine, or other combustible shall be boiled on any
pier or on board any vessel without permission of the Port Captain.


All doors, air ports, etc.,


in compartments on weather deck that are


facin


or adjacent to


cargo


tanks


where


fires,


open


flames,


or other


sources of vapor ignition exist shall be kept closed while in Canal Zone waters
on all tank vessels that are not gas free.


Riveting,


burning,


welding,


or like


fire-producing


operations


shall


not be undertaken within or on the boundaries of bulk cargo spaces or in
spaces adjacent thereto until an inspection has been made by an authorized


Canal Zone chemist to determine that such


operations can


undertaken


with safety.
(h) Tank vessels


equipped to carry Grade


"A," "B,


shall have their galleys, living quarters, general cargo spaces,


enclosed spaces containing propelling machinery,


r "D" liquids
boiler rooms,


or other machinery


where sources of vapor ignition are normally present, segregated from their
cargo tanks by cofferdams or pump rooms, tanks, or air spaces.


Exhaust lines from internal


combustion engines,


where run through


the deck, or through the sides of the superstructure, shall be extended to a


height


at least four feet above


the deck.


The exhaust piping


shall


either insulated or water-cooled. A spark arrestor shall be installed in each
exhaust line.
(j) Storage batteries shall not be located in cargo pump rooms. The space
in which they are located shall be well ventilated and they shall be protected
against mechanical and electrical injury.


Tank vessels handling Grade


"D" liquids shall have


their cargo pumps isolated from all sources of vapor ignition


by gas tight


"A," "B," "C,"





shall see that all scuppers are properly plugged during transfer operations


except on


tank vessels using water for


deck


cooling.


valves


shall


closed and lashed, or sealed to indicate that they should not be open during


all cargo


loading operations.


Under no circumstances shall such valves be


secured by locks.
135 CFR 4.120]


SEC.


8.43.


Connecting


cargo


hose.


Sufficient


hose


shall


used


provide for the movement of the vessel.


ship


When cargo hose is supported by


's tackle, the deck officer in charge is responsible for raising and lowering


of the hose to prevent strains and chafing or other damage to hose.
[35 CFR 4.120a]


SEC.
nected


8.44.


Electric


bondil


to the shore piping,


ng. A
through


tank
which.


vessel


shall


the cargo


be
is tc


electrically


I


con-


transferred,


prior to connecting the cargo hose, and electrical connection shall be main-


tainted


until


removed.


after the


cargo


hose


The senior deck officer on


been


disconnected


duty shall ascertain


that no


r spillage
hoses on


board the vessel are connected or disconnected unless the bonding cable is


properly connected.


The Panama Canal Company Oil Plant Foreman or his


representative shall be responsible for the proper connecting and disconnect-
ing of the cable. The cable shall be furnished by the Panama Canal Company.


[35 CFR


4.120b]


SEC.


8.45.


Inspection


prior


transfer


cargo.


Prior


to transfer


cargo the senior deck officer on duty,


who shall be a licensed officer or a


certificated tanker-man, shall inspect the vessel and ascertain that the follow-


ing conditions exist:


There is a sufficient number of crew on duty.


All scuppers are properly plugged.
Warning signs are displayed as required.
Cargo hose is connected and cargo valves are set.


All cargo connections for the transfer of


," "B,


and "C"


cargoes


have been made to the vessel's pipe lines and not through open end hose in
a hatch.


transferring Grades


cargoes that there are no


fires or open flames present on the deck, or any compartment which is located
on, facing, or open and adjacent to that part of the deck on which cargo hose
is connected.
(g) The shore terminal or other tank vessel concerned has reported itself
in readiness for transfer of cargo.
(h) All sea valves connected to the cargo piping system are closed.


In transferring Grade


cargoes that an inspection


moa L


to determine


7 r0 thor


haler fires


ran


he maintained


with


fA ALL JL s IIi L fltrtl tl .ll [.tll l LI I i t.t. l tj t kL L/tS *Ll LL lL, *i,


henb


" "B,





In transferring Grade


cargo, that all openings in the top of the


tanks are closed except branch vent lines.


[35 CFR


4.120c


as amended


effective November 1,


by Governor's


Reg.


May


1960, 25 F.R.


4464;


1961]


SEC.


8.46.


Declaration


inspection.


After


completing


inspection


required by section 8.45 and prior to giving his approval to start the cargo
transfer operation, the master or senior deck officer on duty shall fill in the
following Declaration of Inspection in duplicate. The original of the Declara-


of Inspection shall


kept aboard for the


information


authorized


persons.
Plant F


The duplicate shall be available to the Panama Canal Company Oil


foreman


or his


representative


who


shall


on demand


given


opportunity to satisfy himself that the condition of the vessel is as stated in
the Declaration of Inspection.


DECLARATION


PRIOR TO


BULK


OF INSPECTION
CARGO TRANSFER


Date -


------- - - Port of ---


I, ------- being the Master or Senior Deck Officer in charge of
the transfer of bulk inflammable and combustible cargo about to be undertaken,
do certify that I have personally inspected this vessel with reference to the follow-
ing requirements set forth in section 8.45 and that opposite each of them I have
indicated that the Regulations have been complied with:
(a) Is there a sufficient number of crew on duty? ______
(b) Are all scuppers properly plugged? ----
(c) Are warnings displayed as required? -
(d) Is cargo hose of sufficient length properly connected and supported, and are
cargo valves properly set? -


Have all cargo hose connections for transferring Grade


"A," "B,


and "C"


cargoes been made to the vessel's pipe lines? ------
(f) Are there any fires or open flames present on the deck or in any compart-
ment which is located on, facing, open, and adjacent to that part of the deck on
which the cargo hose is connected? ----


the shore


terminal


or other tank vessel


concerned


reported itself in


readiness for transfer of cargo? ------
(h) Are sea valves connected to the cargo piping system closed?


If Grade


" "B,


and "C"


cargoes are to be transferred and the boiler fires


are lighted, has an inspection been made to determine that they may be operated
with reasonable safety? ---- -


If Grade


," "B,


and "C"


cargoes are to be transferred and galley fires are


lighted, has an inspection been made to determine that they may be operated with
reasonable safety? -----
(k) Is there any repair work in way of cargo spaces being carried on for which
permission has not been given? ------
(1) Has bonding cable been connected? ------


. -


I L_ __





(c)
(d)
(e)


Ascertain that ship


valves shall not be closed against loading pressure


during loading operations until Panama Canal Company Oil Plant Foreman
has been notified.


[35 CFR


4.121a]


SEC.


8.48.


When transfer operations may not be commenced or continued.


Conditions under which transfer operations shall not be commenced or, if


started
(b)
(c)


shall be discontinued:


During severe electrical storms.


If a fire occurs on the wharf or on the tanker or in the vicinity.
If a self-propelled vessel comes alongside in way of cargo tanks of a


tanker or tank barge which is transferring Grade


"A," "B,"


and "C"


cargo.


When


another vessel


being moored


a terminal


wharf where


a tank vessel is transferring cargo, if in the judgment of the master or senior
deck officer on duty and the Panama Canal Company Oil Plant Foreman or


his representative conditions
be hazardous.
[35 CFR 4.121b]


arise


under which


continued


operations may


SEC.


8.49.


Mooring


alongside


vessels;


handling


cargo


across


deck


another vessel.


No vessel shall be moored alongside of another vessel while


the latter is transferring Grade


"A," "B,"


cargoes. Grade


"A," "B,"


"C" cargoes shall not be handled across the deck of another vessel except in
the case of United States Government vessels when military service officials
advise the Port Captain of military need for such action and the Port Captain
approves.
[35 CFR 4.121c]


SEC.


8.50.


Deck officer to be on duty.


There shall be a deck officer on


duty and readily available at all times during bunkering
operations.


[35 CFR


or cargo transfer


4.122]


SEC. 8.51.
," "B, or


Transfer


cargo


from


vessel


to vessel.


Transfer of Grade


cargoes from vessel to vessel shall not be permitted in Canal


Zone


waters


except under


emergency


conditions


or military service need;


Provided,


That before such transfers are made permission must be obtained


from the Port Captain or his representative. Grade


transferred


from


ship


to ship


unless


special


and "E" ca
permission


goes shall
has been


obtained from the Port Captain or his representative.


CFR


4.122a]


SEC.


8.52.


Loading through open end hoses.


Grade


and "E"


cargoes


- -. 1 --1 _1 I .... -. -1 1t -.... *- t. l -- --..-.. 1- -1 A ...-. .- -n .


Observe hose and connections for leakage.
Observe operating pressure on cargo system.
Observe rate of loading for the purpose of avoiding overflow of tanks.


T^





(b) Necessary precautions shall be taken to prevent excessive movement
of the hose.


[35 CFR


4.122b]


SEC.


8.53.


Termination of transfer operations.


On completion of transfer


operations the deck officer on duty and the Panama Canal Company Oil Plant


Foreman, shall make a prompt inspection


at ship


to ascertain that all cargo valves


's hose connections are closed and blank flanged, all hatches properly


secured and ullage plugs inserted.


[35 CFR


4.123]


SEC.


8.54.


handling Grade


Vessels at oil berths.


'" "B,


Except under those circumstances while
cargoes where boiler fires are not allowed,


a vessel at an oil berth shall have steam up and be ready to move at short
notice.


CFR


4.12.3a]


SEC.


8.55.


Responsibility for connections and operations.


Responsibility


for all connections and operations aboard the vessel during bunkering or cargo


transfer operations remains with the vessel'


[35 CFR


crew.


4.123b]


SEC.


8.56.


Transfer


package


goods,


freight,


ship's


stores.


Package goods, freight, and ship


during the transfer of Grade


stores shall not be loaded or discharged


SB,


the senior deck officer on duty and the Panai


cargoes until an inspection by
ma Canal Company Oil Plant


Foreman has been made, and in their judgment such loading or discharging
can be done with reasonable safety. Explosives as cargo shall not be loaded


or carried on any tank vessel containing "A,


(b)


" "B,


cargo.


Before loading or unloading package goods, freight, or stores in any


compartment near


or adjacent


to tanks


carrying


Grade


"A,"


cargoes, inspection shall be made by


an authorized


Canal Zone chemist to


determine


whether in


judgment


handling


such


package


goods,


freight, or stores is reasonably safe.


Where package goods and general cargo


is carried directly over bulk cargo tanks, it shall be properly dunnaged to
prevent chafing of metal parts and securely lashed or stowed, and such space


shall be adequately ventilated.


Blowers or ventilators fitted with heads for


natural ventilation will be approved for this purpose.


Grade


," "B,


cargo in containers shall be marked and


packaged in accordance with United States Interstate Commerce Commission


regulations or
mental agency.


regulations


as established


other recognized


govern-


These containers shall be stowed in accordance with United


States Coast Guard regulations or regulations as established by
recognized governmental agency.


any other


(d) Package goods, freight, or stores shall not be handled over a cargo


"B,"


",, "C,





(b) A pressure gauge shall be installed for each pump discharge, and it
shall be located at a point visible with respect to the pump controls.


Cargo hose,


when carried on tank vessels, shall be of a grade suitable


for oil service and shall be designed to withstand the pressure of the shut-off
head of the cargo pump or pump relief valve setting, less static head, but
in no case less than 100 pounds per square inch.
(d) The cargo piping of all tank vessels transferring cargo in the Canal
Zone shall be tight.


CFR


4.124a]


SEC.


8.58.


Emergencies.


In case of emergencies nothing in the regula-


tions shall be construed as preventing the senior officer present from pursuing
the most effective action in his judgment for rectifying the conditions causing
the emergency.


CFR


4.124b]


SEC.


8.59


General


requirements


while


transiting.


Manila,


hemp,


or synthetic fiber ropes shall be used for mooring to piers, lock walls or buys.


[35 CFR,
Governor's


1.125 as amended
Reg. October 2,


1 by Governor's
1961, 26 F.R. 9(


Reg.
344]


April


1961


3608;


While


moored


to piers


during


transit,


except


when


entering


or passing through locks, vessels carrying inflammable or combustible cargoes


shall have connection


g shackles or wire pendants of sufficient strength, one


forward and one aft, fastened to bitts or to the deck and overboard, so that
they can be used for emergency towing.
(c) No tanks shall be cleaned in Canal Zone waters without permission


Panama


Canal


authorities.


Tank


cleaning


repairing


shall


done


in accordance with Panama Canal Rules and Regulations for Repairs to Ships
and Structures Containing Gases.


Vessels transporting


Grade


" "B,


cargo shall start transit


of the Canal at the discretion of the Port Captain concerned, with due regard
to the safety of the Canal and the shipping in transit. So far as practicable,


they will be
traffic therein.


Normally,


dispatched


through


Gaillard


vessels transporting Grade


so as not to meet


" "B,


cargo when


overdraft, as defined in the Panama Canal Commercial Tariff, shall transit


the Canal during daylight hours only; Provided,


That the Port Captain may,


when


considers


reasonable


to do


permit


such


vessels


to transit during other hours.


Grade


," "B."


decks effectively covered


"C" vessels shall be prepared to keep the tank top
with a film of water throughout the transit when


such action is required by the Canal Zone authorities.


[35 CFR 4.1


as amended by Governor's


Reg. April 10, 1961,


26 F.R. 3608]





(c) Filling densities shall be in accordance with Part 38, Subchapter D,
United States Coast Guard Tank Vessel Regulations, latest revision.


Cargo


Hose:


Flexible metal


hose


fabricated


seamless


steel


pipe and flexible joints of steel or bronze, or hose fabricated of other suitable
material resistant to the action of liquified petroleum gases, shall be fitted to
the liquid and vapor lines during filling and discharging of the tanks.
(2) Hose subject to tank pressure shall be designed for a bursting
pressure of not less than five times the maximum safety relief valve
setting of the tank.


Hose


subject to


discharge


pressure


pumps


or vapor


conm-


pressors shall be designed for a bursting pressure of not less than five
times the pressure setting of the pump or compressor relief valve.


Before


being placed


service


each new


cargo


hose,


with


all necessary fittings attached,


shall


tested


hydrostatically


by the


manufacturer to a pressure of not less than twice the maximum pressure


which it may


subjected.


The


hose


shall


marked


with


maximum


pressure guaranteed


by the manufacturer.


The tank vessel shall be electrically connected to the shore piping prior


to connecting the cargo hose.


This electrical connection shall be maintained


until after the cargo hose has been disconnected and any spillage has been
removed.


Cargo tanks shall be vented in accordance with Part 3


United States Coast Guard Tank


Subchapter


Vessel Regulations.


Each tank shall be subjected to an internal examination biennially at


annual inspection


period.


Each


lagged


tank


shall


subjected


external inspection at least once every 8 years by having jacket and lagging
removed.
(h) Each tank shall be subjected to a hydrostatic test at the annual in-
spection period on the 8th year of the installation, and a like test shall be


applied every 4th year thereafter.


The hydrostatic test shall be equal to one-


and-one-half times the allowable pressure as determined by the safety relief


valve setting.
hydrostatic te;


If the jacket and lagging are not removed during the internal


sts,


tank shall hold


hydrostatic


pressure


at least


20 minutes without pressure drop.
[35 CFR 4.125a]


SEC.


8.61.


Inspection and certification of tank vessels.


Tank vessels


transporting hazardous liquid cargoes in bulk shall be inspected in accordance


with the provisions of sections 8.26 through 8.60.


Conditions and design of


tank vessels not specifically covered by the provisions of sections 8.26 through


8.60 shall conform to the
vesels or equivalent.*


United States Coast Guard Regulations for tank


When


a tank vessel is found


--


comply with


- V


requirements of


' s- I







[35 CFR
November


4.126 as added by Governor


1


's Reg. May 4, 1960, 25 F.R. 4464; effective


, 1961]


Article 4
OTHER HAZARDOUS MATERIALS


SECTION


8.62.


Ammonium nitrate.


Vessels carrying, loading, or discharg-


ing cargoes of amonium nitrate in Canal Zone waters shall comply with all


regulations


issued


by the


United


States


Coast Guard


or other recognized


governmental agency with respect to the handling and storage of such cargo


the precautionary measures to


be taken in


connection


therewith.


The


provisions of sections


8.3, 8.4,


8.5, 8.6, 8.7


and 8.13 apply to vessels carrying


cargoes of ammonium nitrate:
ammonium nitrate may be di


Provided, however,
charged in limited


That specially packaged
quantities at Canal Zone


piers


permission


obtained


in advance


from


Port


Captain


intended port of discharge.
[35 CFR 4.127 as amended by Governor's Reg. September 12, 1960, 25 F.R. 9289]


SEC. 8.63 Irradiated fuel elements and special nuclear mate
ments originating in, or destined to, a port of the United States.


rials; ship-
A vessel


carrying irradiated fuel elements or special nuclear materials originating in,
or destined to, a port of the United States, shall comply with all regulations


issued


by the


United


States Atomic


Energy


Commission


United


States Coast Guard with regard to the packaging, handling, stowage, storage,
and movement of such cargo and the precautionary measures to be taken
in connection therewith. In addition, the following requirements apply to


the carrying of such cargo by such a vessel:
(a) A vessel proposed for carrying such


cargo


must


approved


advance by the Panama Canal Company. The vessel proposed must be one
which has previously transited the Canal and one which has not manifested


adverse handling characteristics in its Canal transit(s).
(b) Any cask containing irradiated fuel elements,


or special


nuclear


materials, together with any attachments thereto, may not weigh more than
150 tons.
(c) Upon arrival of a vessel carrying such cargo at a port of the Canal
Zone, the Master shall deliver to the Boarding Officer a loading certificate
issued by the United States Coast Guard, or, if no such loading certificate
is available, the Master, upon arrival, shall submit to the Boarding Officer
a declaration as follows:


DECLARATION


OF IRRADIATED


FUEL ELEMENTS OR


SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS CARRIED


I, the undersigned
of the --------


------ ------------ ------,


Master


carrying (Irradiated Fuel


Elements) (Special Nuclear Materials which are --------- ----- ---
-__-.-.-- ----- --------) do hereby declare and certify


on behalf


of the owners of the vessel


that (Irradiated Fuel Elements)


(Special


Nuclear Materials) were loaded at the port of ----.------. --
and were backed and stowed in accordance with regulations





SEC. 8.64
the United St
nuclear mater
States, may nr
permission the
permission ma
covering public
comparable in
of the United
85-256 (71 Sta
[35 CFR 4.129,


Same; sh
ates. A
ials not o
)t transit
:refor has
y not be
c liability
general


ipments not originating in or destined to a port of
vessel carrying irradiated fuel elements or special
originating in, or destined to, a port of the United
the Canal or enter Canal Zone waters unless prior
been obtained from the Canal authorities. Such
granted without adequate provision for indemnity
and loss to the United States or any agency thereof,
scope to the protection afforded under section 170


States Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as added by Public Law
tt. 576) [Price-Anderson Act] as further amended.
as added CZO 64, April 30, 1963, 28 F.R. 4558]
















Chapter 9


ACCIDENTS


AND


CLAIMS


(MARINE BUREAU;


FINANCE BUREAU)


SEC.


Injuries to vessels, cargo, crew, or passengers, occasioned by operation
Canal.
Investigation of accidents involving potential claims.
Handling of wrecked, injured, or burning vessels.


Fires aboard vessels


Port Captain to be in charge of.


Penalty for injuring or obstructing Canal.


Liability of vessel for


injury to Canal structures or equipment.


Spark and smoke hazard.
Collection of damages from vessel owner.
Administering oaths.
Summoning witnesses.


SECTION 9.1.


Injuries to vessels,


cargo,


crew, or passengers,


occasioned


by operation of Canal.


Section


10 of


title 2 of the Canal Zone Code


as last amended by section 3 of the Act of September 26,


1950


, Chap-


1049


64 Stat.
Injuries to


1038


Vessels,


, provides as follows:


Cargo,


Crew, or


Passengers, Occasioned by Operation


of Canal


Injuries in locks of Canal.-The Panama


Canal


Company shall


promptly adjust and pay damages for


injuries to vessels, or to the cargo, crew,


or passengers of vessels, which may arise by reason of the passage of such vessels
through the locks of the Panama Canal under the control of officers or employees


of the said corporation:


Provided, however


That no such damages shall be paid


in any case where the injury was proximately caused by the negligence or fault


of the vessel, master, crew, or passengers: Provided further


That in any case


wherein the negligence or fault of the vessel, master, crew, or passengers proxi-


mately contributed to the injury,


the award of


damages shall be diminished


in proportion to the negligence or fault attributable to the said vessel,


crew, or passengers: And provided further,


master,


That damages shall not be allowed


and paid for injuries to any protrusion beyond the side of a vessel,


whether


such


protrusion is


permanent or temporary in character.


vessel shall


considered to be passing through the locks of the Canal, under the control of


officers or employees of the corporation,


from the time the first towing line is


made fast on board before entrance into the locks and until the towing lines





crew, or passengers proximately contributed to the injury, the award of dam-
ages shall be diminished in proportion to the negligence or fault attributable
to the said vessel, master, crew, or passengers: And provided further, That in
the case of any vessel which is required by or pursuant to regulations prescibed
under section 9 of this title, as amended, to have a Panama Canal pilot on duty
aboard, no damages shall be adjusted and paid for injuries to any vessel, or
to the cargo, crew, or passengers of any such vessel, incurred while the vessel
was under way and in motion, unless at the time such injuries were incurred
the navigation or movement of the vessel was under the control of a Panama
Canal pilot.
(c) Measure of Damages Generally. In determining the amount of the award
of damages for injuries to a vessel for which the Panama Canal Company is
found or determined to be liable, there may be included (1) actual or estimated
cost of repairs; (2) charter hire actually lost by the owners, or charter hire
actually paid, depending upon the terms of the charter party, for the time the
vessel is undergoing repairs; (3) maintenance of the vessel and wages of the
crew, if such are found to be actual additional expenses or losses incurred out-
side of the charter hire; (4) other expenses which are definitely and accurately
shown to have been incurred necessarily and by reason of the accident or injuries:
Provided, however, That there shall not be allowed agent's fees or commissions
or other incidental expenses of similar character, or any items which are indef-


inite,


indeterminable,


speculative,


or conj


furnished such vouchers, receipts, or other


support of any item of a claim.
the owner directly, evidence shal
vessels of the same size and cl
charter value cannot be determ
owners in the business in which
be used as a basis for estimating
books of the owners showing th
dent or injuries shall be consider:


time of


detention. If the boo


If a vessel ix
11 be secured


i


ectural. 1
evidence
s not open
if availab


The
as
ated
le as


ass can be chartered in 1
ined, the value of the use
it was engaged at the tim
the damages for the vesse


te vessel's earnings about
red as evidence of probabi
ks are unavailable, such


corporation shall be
may be necessary in
under charter but by
to the sum for which


the market. If such
of such vessel to its
e of the injuries shall
l's detention; and the
the time of the acci-
e earnings during the
other evidence shall


be furnished as may be necessary.
(d) Delays for Which No Responsibility Assumed. The Panama Canal
Company shall not be responsible, nor consider any claim, for demurrage or
delays occasioned by landslides or other natural causes, by necessary construc-
tion or maintenance work on Canal locks, terminals, or equipment, by obstruc-
tions arising from accidents by time necessary for admeasurement, by congestion
of traffic, or by any other cause except as specially set forth in this section.
(e) Settlement of Claims. The amounts of the respective awards of damages
under this section may be adjusted, fixed, and determined by the corporation
by mutual agreement, compromise, or otherwise; and acceptance by any claim-
ant of the amount awarded to him shall be deemed to be in full settlement of
such claims.
(f) Actions on Claims. Any claimant for damages under this section who
considers himself aggrieved by the findings, determination, or award of the
-- -- - S *


t


t






employee of the corporation: Provided, however, That nothing in this paragraph
shall be construed to prevent or prohibit actions against officers or employees


of the said corporation for damages for injuries resulting from acts of


such


officers or employees outside the scope of their employment or not in the line
of their duties or from acts of such officers or employees committed or performed


with intent to injure the person or property of another.
paragraph shall be tried by the court without a jury.


Actions under this


Investigation Before


Vessel's Departure.


Notwithstanding any other pro-


vision of law, no claim shall be considered under this section, nor shall any
action for damages lie thereon, unless, prior to the departure from Canal Zone
waters of the vessel involved, the investigation by the competent authorities
of the accident or injury giving rise to such claim shall have been completed,
and the basis for the claim shall have been laid before the corporation."


SEC.


Investigation of accidents involving potential claims.


When-


ever


, within the waters of the Canal Zone, including the locks of the


Canal


a vessel


, or its cargo,


crew


, or passengers, meets with an acci-


dent or sustains any injury which may be the basis of a claim against


the Panama


Canal


Company


or inflicts any injury


upon any


struc-


ture


, plant,


or equipment of


Panama


Canal


Board


of Local


Inspectors of the Canal Zone Government,


or a member thereof


shall


promptly conduct an investigation of such accident or injury


includ-


ing all


the facts and


circumstances surrounding it and bearing upon


its proximate causation


the nature and extent of the injury


and


amount of th


damages,


if any


occasioned by such injury, and shall


promptly
Governor


upon


the conclusion of


his consideration in


uch investigation,


connection


with any


transmit to the


claim


which


may
with


arise


, a transcript of


findings


and


record


conclusions


such


respecting


investigation,


accident


together


or injury


All matters pertaining to such investigation shall be completed before


the vessel concerned leaves Canal Zone waters


and no claim shall be


considered


unless


basis


therefore


been


laid


before


Canal


authorities prior to the vessel'


sailing.


[Rule 94,


as amended by E. 0. 9227 of August 19, 1942


35 CFR 4.133J


CROSS-REFERENCES


. Compelling attendance and testimony of witnesses and production


of books and papers before members of board, see Canal Zone Code, title
42 and 43.


. sections


SEC.


Handling of wrecked,


injured,


or burning vessels.


When a


vessel


Canal


Zone


waters


goes


aground,


or is wrecked


or is


injured that it is liable to become an obstruction in such waters,


or is


I- 4 4 I * a


I


1


I


_ __






board,
Canal.


at the


disposal


Canal authorities


without cost


In the event the vessel is subsequently found and


determined


to be responsible for the accident or the condition necessitating action


by the Panama


Canal


Company,


the necessary expenses incurred by


Canal


in carrying


provisions


this


section


shall


proper charge against such vessel.


[Rule 97


as amended by E. 0. 9227 of August 19, 1942; 35 CFR 4.136]


SEC, 9.4.


case


fires


Fires aboard vessels;


aboard


vessels


Port
Port


Captain to


Captain


be in charge of. In


shall


in complete


charge for the purpose of


coordinating the various Canal Zone Gov-


ernment or Panama Canal Company functions engaged or concerned.
[35 CFR 4.136a)


SEC.


Penalty for injuring or obstructing Canal.


As provided by


section


title


5 of


Canal


Zone


Code,


any


person


who


any means or in any way injures or obstructs or attempts to injure
or obstruct any part of the Panama Canal or the locks thereof or the


approaches


tentiary


thereto


shz


more


1ll be
than


punished by
twenty years,


imprisonment in


or by


a fine of


the peni-
not more


than $10,000,


or by both.


And as provided


by section 255 of title 5


of the said Code


, if any act in violation of the foregoing provisions of


this section shall


cause the death


of any person


within a


year and a


day thereafter


the person so convicted shall be guilty of murder and


shall be punished accordingly.


[Rule 98,


as amended by E. 0. 9227 of August 19, 1942


35 CFR 4.137]


SEC.


Liability


of vessel


injury


to Canal structures


or equip-


ment.


vesse


, or its owner or operator


shall be held liable for any


injury to any structure,


plant,


or equipment of


or pertaining to


Panama


Canal


Company when such injury is proximately caused by


the negligence or fault of the vessel or its master or crew.


No vessel


shall


make


fast,


or run


any


line,


any


marker


, buoy,


beacon


other aid to navigation


and a vessel shall so navigate


as not to strike


such aids in passing.
[Rule 99, as amended by E. 0. 9227 of August 19, 1942


35 CFR 4.138]


SEC.


. Spark


and


smoke


hazard.


While


within


Canal


Zone


waters,


vessel


shall


take necessary precaution


to avoid


the issuance


sparks


or excessive


smoke,


and


vessels


shall


held


liable


injuries


caused


issuance


therefrom


sparks


or excessive


- -- - I. - a a *-





its owner or operator shall be proceeded against in the United States
District Court for the District of the Canal Zone.


[35 CFR 4.140,
SEC. 9.9. 4


as adopted CZO 30, January 6, 1953,


Administering oaths.


18 F.R. 280]


For provisions authorizing members


Board


admeasurers,


portation


Local


and


Inspectors,


officers


proceedings,


customs


conducting
administer


officers,


hearings


oaths,


quarantine


in exclusion


summon


officers,


and


witnesses,


and


require


production


papers,


and


authorizing


support of such authority, see Canal Zone Code,
to 43 and section 44 as added by amendment.


judicial


title


processes in
. sections 41


SEC. 9.10.


Summoning witnesses.


(See section 9.9 above)































"














































































































































* '* :, *'













Chapter 10


BOARD


LOCAL


INSPECTORS;


MARINE


ACCIDENT


IN-


VESTIGATIONS;


LICENSING


OFFICERS;


INSPEC-


TION


VESSELS


(MARINE BUREAU)


Article


BOARD OF LOCAL INSPECTORS


SEC.
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.3a


Board of Local Inspectors.
Marine Director as Supervising Inspector.
Officials constituting Board of Local Inspectors.
Lieutenant Governor to act in place of Supervising Inspector and Marine


Director in certain


cases.


Employment of Inspectors.
Recorder of Board; duties.
Recorder may administer oaths.
Article 2
MARINE ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS


10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
1011
10.12
10.13


10.14
10.15
10.16


Investigation by Board of serious marine accidents.
Change in physical status of property affected by accident forbidden.
Reports by Board to Governor.
Manner of making and forwarding reports.
Inspection of records of Board.
Assistance of owners and masters.
Reports of accidents by officer in command to Board.

Article 3
LICENSING OF OFFICERS
Classification and licensing of masters, mates, engineers, and pilots.


Term


, and suspension or revocation, of licenses.


Citizenship of licensees.


Article 4
INSPECTION OF VESSELS


10.71


Inspection of vessels.


Inspection of vessels.





SEC.


10.2


Marine Director as Supervising Inspector.


Except as pro-


vided in section 10.3a of this chapter,


Marine


Director shall


as Supervising


Inspector


the Canal


Zone


in matters of


a marine


character.


135 CFR 12.1, as amended Governor's


Regs.,


September 30, 1955, 20 F.R. 7813]


SEC.


10.3


Officials constituting Board of Local


Inspectors.


The Port


Captain
Captain


Industrial
Industrial


, Cristobal,


or the


official


acting in


such


capacity


Port


Balboa, or the official acting in such capacity; and the Chief,


Division,
Division,


in his


shall


absence,


constitute


Assistant


Board


Local


Chief


Inspectors,


referred to in this chapter as "the Board.


Except as provided below


senior


two


Port


Captains shall


Chairman


Board.


discretion


Governor


accident


investigations


may be conducted by one regularly constituted member of the Board.


the event


Governor


deems


appropriate,


may


designate


alternates to serve in


the place of any


of the above-named members


in any


investigation


or hearing.


any


case


in which


Marine


Director is designated as such an


alternate,


he shall serve as Chair-


man of the Board.


[35 CFR 12.2,


as amended Governor'


Regs., February 6,


1954, 19 F.R.


1055; Sep-


tember 30, 1955, 20 F.R. 7813]


SEC.


10.3a.


Lieutenant Governor to act in place of Supervising Inspec-


and


Marine


Director


in certain


cases.


The


Lieutenant


Governor


shall serve in the place of the Marine Director as Supervising Inspec-


or approving


official,


as the


case


may


with


respect


any


investigation or hearing conducted by the Board


in which


of Local Inspectors


the Marine Director participates as an alternate member of


the Board, as provided in section 10.3 of this chapter.


[35 CFR 12.2a,


as added Governor's Regs., September 30, 1955, 20 F.R. 7813]


SEC.


10.4.


Employment of Inspectors.


The Board may employ such


inspectors as it may require in the inspection of vessels.
[35 CFR 12.3]


SEC.


10.5.


Recorder


of Board; duties.


There shall be a Recorder of


the Board,


whose duty it shall be to keep a record of its proceedings;


of all


applications for licenses; of


those issued


or refused; suspended,


extended or modified


, together with the name,


grade,


and serial num-


such licenses; and


casualties,


collisions, founderings,


sinkings,


fires,


and


other


disasters


or matters


interest


that


may


come before the Board


. Under the direction of the Chairman he shall


nrnnre Qirmit nr r.rit nnil n rrenok n En nrl rPrtlfirant- nf ;ncrnrt; nn





Article 2
MARINE ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS


SEC.


Board


10.7.
shall


Investigation by Board of


investigate


in detail


serious marine accidents.


condition


and


The


circumstances


under which all marine accidents of


a serious character occur in


Canal


Zone,


extent


,and


blame


and


responsibility


for same.


CFR 12.6]


Cross reference:


Section 9.2.


SEC.


10.8.


Change of


physical status of


property affected by accident


forbidden.


In the event of an accident or casualty affecting any prop-


erty in the Canal Zone,


which imposes on the Board an obligation to


investigate,


no change in


the physical status of the property affected


by the


accident or


casualty will


permitted


prior to inspection by


properly constituted authority, unless such change in status be imper-
ative in order to preserve life or property.
f35 CFR 12.71


SEC. 10.9.


Reports by Board to Governor


. The Board shall make re-


ports


forthwith


in deta


Governor


investigations con-


ducted by it, except such investigations as it may be required by the


Supervising Inspector to make for his


own information.


35 CFR 12.8


as amended Governor's


Regs


., July 6, 1956, 21 F. R. 53521


SEC.


10.10.


Manner


of making and


forwarding reports.


All reports


the Governor shall


made


in duplicate and


forwarded


through


u pervising


Inspector


who shal


place such endorsements thereon


as he may
[35 CFR 12.2


SEC. 10.11


see fit.


as amended Governor's


. Inspection of records


Regs., July 6, 1956,


of Board.


21 F. R. 53521


All official records and


documents in tl
been concluded


That


office of the Board


, shall be open
such inspection


after official action thereon has


to public inspection and examination;


or examination


be made in


the office


of the Board.
[35 CFR 12.101
SEc. 10.12.


Assistance of


owners and masters.


Owners and masters


shall be required to assist the Board of Local Inspectors in its inves-


tigations and


inspections,


and


machinery


in operation


when


necessary to demonstrate the efficiency of the machinery, equipment,
and appliances.
[RULE 156]


SEC.


10.13.


Reports of accidents by officer in command to Board.


The


licensed officer in command of any vessel shall report in writing to the


Provided






Inspectors shall recommend the classification of masters, mates, engin-


eers, and


pilots of


steam and motor vessels navigating the waters of


Canal


Zone


and


upon


such


recommendation


licenses


shall


issued by the Supervising


designated


Inspector


by the Governor.


[35 CFR 4.157, as amended CZO 43,


SEC.


10.15.


or by such other


(See also sec.


July 12,


1956, 21 F


Term, and suspension or revocation,


officer as may


10.147 below.)
R. 5405]


of licenses.


Licenses


shall be granted for a


term of


three years, but may be suspended or


revoked by the Supervising Insp
be designated by the Governor,


sector or by such other officer as may
upon satisfactory proof of negligence,


unskillfulness,


intemperance,


or other


improper


conduct:


Provided


hacwever


, That prior to final action in


the matter of the suspension or


revocation of any license,


the Board of Local Inspectors shall conduct


a hearing in the matter and submit its recommendations therein
the Supervising Inspector or other designated officer.


(35 CFR 4.1


as amended CZO 43, July 12,


956, 21 F.R. 54051


SEC.


10.16.


engineers,


and


Citizenship
pilots may


licensees.


be issued


Licenses


masters


, mates,


only to persons who are citizens


United


States or the


Republic


Panama;


Provided


however,


That persons now holding licenses for these positions may have


such


licenses


renewed


from


time


to time


upon


recommendation


Board of Local Inspectors.


CFR 4.159,


as adopted CZO 30, January 6,


1953, 18 F.R.


Article 4


INSPECTION


OF VESSELS


SEC.


10.71.


Inspection of vessels.


Sections


through


159 of


title


2 of


the Canal
SECTION 1V


one Code provide as follows:
Vessels subject to inspection in general.


All vessels navigating


the waters of the Canal Zone, except public vessels of all nations, and private


vessels merely transiting


the Canal, shall be subject to an annual inspection


of hulls, boilers, machinery, equipment, and passenger accommodations.


(Feb.


16, 1933,


, sec. 1, 47 Stat. 811 [U


Inspection of foreign vessels.


Code, title 48,


A foreign


vessel


sec. 1336a].)


of a country which has


inspection laws approximating those of the United States, having an unexpired


certificate of


shall


inspection


duly


issued


the authorities of


not be subjected to an inspection other than that


necessary


;aid country,
to determine


whether the vessel, boilers, and life-saving equipment are as si
tificate of inspection; but no such certificate of inspection shal


stated in the cer-
1 be accepted as


evidence of lawful inspection unless like privileges are granted to vessels of the


United States


under the


laws of


the country


to which


such


vessel


belongs.


(Feb. 16, 1933, ch.


sec. 2


,47 Stat. 811 [U.


Code, title 48,


sec. 1336b].)


153. Regulations


vovernine ins section.


The Governor of


the Canal Zone is






at al
[U.
Stat.
15,
fails


times frail
Code, tit
038.)
Refusal
) approve


med under glass.
tie 48, sec. 1336c]:


of certificate
the vessel


(Feb. 16, 1933, ch. 88, sec. 3, 47 Stat. 811
Sept. 26, 1950, ch. 1049, sec. 2(a) (1), 64


of inspection. When the board of local
or its equipment, a certificate of inspect


refused, and the board of local inspectors shall make a statement
giving the reason for failure to approve, filing such statement in the
the board, and giving a copy thereof to the owner, agent or master of
(Feb. 16, 1933, ch. 88, sec. 4, 47 Stat. 811 [U. S. Code, title 48, sec.
156. Failure to have or display certificate; receiving excess passenj
Any vessel, other than those excepted in section 151 of this title,
gates the waters of the Canal Zone without having an unexpired
of inspection issued by the Canal authorities or by the Steamboat
Service of the United States, or an unexpired certificate accepted by
authorities under section 152 of this title, shall be subject to a fine o
than $1,000; and whenever any passenger is received on board a
having certified copies of the certificate of inspection placed and i
quired by section 154 of this title, or whenever passengers are ri
board a vessel in excess of the number authorized by said certificate
tion, such vessel shall be liable to a fine of not more than $100 for ea
ger so received.


Fines shall be recovered in the district court, and tU
shall be a lien upon such vessel, and it may be seized a
as well as the costs of the court proceedings. (Feb. 16,
Stat. 811 [U. S. Code, title 48, sec. 1336e].)
157. Revocation of certificate for changes in condition t
sel holding an unexpired certificate issued by the Canal
its condition as to hull, boilers, machinery, equipment
passengers in such manner as not to conform to the r
such certificate was issued, the board of local inspector
an inspection and to recommend revocation of the c


inspectors
rn shall be
in writing
records of
the vessel.
1336d1.)
gers; fines.
that navi-
certificate
Inspection
the Canal
f not more
vessel not
cept as re-
eceived on
;of inspec-
Ich passen-


ie amount so recovered
nd sold to satisfy same
1933, ch. 88, sec. 5, 47


If vessel. In case a ves-
authorities shall change
or accommodations for
regulations under which
s is authorized to make
certificate of inspection,


and upon approval of such recommendation by the marine superintendent, or


such other officer o


e Governor, a ne
r of the vessel;
mne waters by su
6 of this title.
, sec. 1336f].): S


ot
ar
ci
(F
5e


,f the Canal Zone Government as may be designated by
ice of revocation will be issued to the owner, agent or mas-
id after such notice of revocation the navigation of Canal
i vessel shall subject it to the penalty prescribed by section
;eb. 16, 1933, ch. 88, sec. 6, 47 Stat. 811 [U. S. Code, title
pt. 26, 1950, ch. 1049, sec. 2(a) (1), 64 Stat. 1038.)


S
Small vessels propelled by machinery; registration, certifcation
and num-


* J


bring; licensing of operators; fines.
measuring from end to end over th


Vessels
e deck


not more than 65 feei
excluding sheer, and i


whole or in part by machinery, shall be registered, certificated, and
and shall display the numbers assigned in a conspicuous place in
form. Such vessels shall be subject to annual inspection, and th<
referred to herein shall be issued for a term of one year and shall
number of passengers which the vessel may carry, and the number


t in length,
propelled in
numbered,
I prescribed
e certificate
specify the
of life pre-


I





liable to a fine of not more than $100:


Provided, however,


That this section


shall not apply to public vessels of the United States or of the Republic of


Panama, or to tugboats or towboats propelled by steam.


(Feb. 16, 1933; ch.


88, sec. 7, 47 Stat. 812


June 24, 1936, ch. 754, sec. 8, 49 Stat. 1905 [U.


Code,


title 48, sec. 1336g]:


Sept. 26, 1950, ch. 1049,sec. 2(a) (1), 64 Stat. 1038.)


159. Small vessels not propelled by machinery


registration and numbering; fines.


Vessels not more than 65 feet in length and not propelled in whole or in part
by machinery, shall be registered and numbered, and when numbers have been


assigned


they shall be displayed in a conspicuous place in prescribed form.


Any person who as owner, hirer, or borrower of any such vessel, shall cause or
permit it to be operated in Canal Zone waters in violation of any of the re-


quirements of this section shall be liable to a fine of not more than $100.


(Feb.


16, 1933,
1906 [U.


ch. 88,


sec. 8,


Code, title 48,


47 Stat. 812


June 24, 1936, ch. 754, sec. 9,


49 Stat.


sec. 1336h1.)


SEc. 10.146.


Inspection of vessel merely transiting,


on request.


ves-


merely


transiting


Canal


may


have


inspection


made


Board of Local Inspectors,


if requested by the owner, agent, or master


of such vessel.
(RULE 1611


SEC.


10.147


. Appeal from action refusing license.


An applicant for


a license


as master


mate


, engineer


or pilot


for whom


the Board of


Local


Inspectors has refused


to recommend


uch license may appeal


to the Supervising


Inspector or to


uch other officer as may be desig-


nated by the Governor.


Such appeal must be entered within 10 days


after the final action of the Board.


Upon such appeal the


upervising


Inspector


or other


designated


officer


shall


have


authority


either to


grant or to deny such license
[35 CFR 4.160, as amended CZO 43


, July 12, 1956, 21 F.R. 54051


NoTE.-For present provisions regarding small vessels, see sections 158 and 159


title 2


only


Canal Zone Code.


local interest


The additional regulations under Chapter


, and are published in a separate pamphlet for issue


10 have
to those


concerned.














Chapter


ADMEASUREMENT


AND


TOLLS


(MARINE BUREAU; OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER)

Article 1


AUTHORITY


PRESCRIBE


MEASUREMENT


RULES


AND


TOLLS:


RATES OF TOLL


Sac.


Authority to prescribe measurement rules and tolls
Rates of toll.


bases of tolls.


Article 2

LEVYING OF TOLLS


Measurement of vessels; vessels to secure tonnage certificate.
Measurement of vessels; making and correction of measurement; plans and
copies.
Measurement of vessels; temporary retention of certificate at Canal.
Tolls for vessels in ballast.
Tolls exemption for vessels transiting for repairs.
Tolls for vessels making partial transit and return.
Partial transits by small vessels.

Article 3
PAYMENT OF TOLLS AND OTHER VESSEL CHARGES


11.10
11.11
11.12
11.13
11.14


Time of making payment.
Exception-Vessels operated by the United States.
Payment to be in cash.
Exception-Payment secured by deposit of cash or bonds.
To whom payment is to be made.

Article I


AUTHORITY


PRESCRIBE


MEASUREMENT


DTHI DQ


An K


Tr' h a.


*i 1J a a aan L JaAI ll *1 ... .a Uif--







the Panama


Canal Company,


subject to the approval of the Pres-


ident


United


States,


and


establish


bases


tolls.


Said


section 411


provides that the rules of


measurement and


the rates of


tolls prevailing


on the effective date of


the amendment to that sec-


tion


shall


continue in


effect until


changed as


therein


provided,


and


accordingly


tolls rates and


certain general


provisions respecting


measurement then


this chapter


effect are shown in


. The detailed Rules for


the succeeding portions of


Measurement of Vessels are pub-


lished in a separate pamphlet.


SEC. 11.2.


Rates of toll.


The


following rates


shall


paid


by vessels using the Panama Canal
Army and Navy transports, collier


(a) On merchant vessel


s, hospital ships,


, yachts,


and supply ships,


when carrying passengers or cargo, 90 cents per net-vessel ton


cubic feet each


actual


earning capacity-that is,


the net tonnage


determined in accordance with


Rules for


Measurement of Vessels,


CFR, sections 27.17


27.95


inclusive.


On vessels in ballast without passengers or cargo,


72 cents per


net vessel ton.


On other floating craft including warships,


other than transports,


colliers,


hospital


ships,


and


supply


ships,


cents


dis-


placement.
[35 CFR 27.11


Article 2
LEVYING OF TOLLS


SEC.


11.3.


Measurement of vessels; vessels to secure tonnage certificate.


The rules for the admeasuring


vessels


for fixing pursuant


sections 411 and


of title 2 of the Canal Zone Code, as amended.


Vessels


desiring


transit


Canal


shall


provide


themselves


with


the proper tonnage certificate based


upon such rules.


(Rule 14, as amended by the Act cited in sec. 11.1 above; 35 CFR 27.2]


SEC. 11.4.


Measurement of vessels; making and correction of measure-


ment;


plans


and copies.


Admeasurement


may


made


and


quired certificate issued by the admeasurers of the


Canal


, by collec-


tors of
certain


customs in


properly


the larger


designated


seaports of the


officials


abroad.


United States


Each


transiting


,and by


vessel


should be provided with a full set of plans and a copy of the measure-


monen irbhrhn urar mn-tir ot tha lfma nf


n!t+;rnnal


fnnn ur a


;iCCII ff SiAc





SEC. 11.6.


the reduced rate


Tolls for vessels in ballast.


tolls


for vessels in


In order for a vessel to secure
ballast without passengers or


cargo, the volume of the fuel on board for its own consumption must


exceed


percent


volume


of its


engine


room


as meas-


ured and as shown on its Panama Canal Tonnage Certificate.


[Rule 16, as amended by E. O. No. 7813, February 14, 1938


35 CFR 27.51


SEC. 11.7


. Tolls exemption for vessels transiting for repairs.


Vessels


transiting and retransiting the Panama Canal by prearrangement with
the Canal authorities for the sole purpose of having repairs made at
the drydocks or shops operated by the Panama Canal Company shall


be exempt from the payment of tolls,


but shall pay charges for pilot-


age,


towage, and


other services incidental


such


transits,


at rates


be determined


from


time


time


by the Governor


Canal


Zone;


Provided, however


That in


case


vessel


after


having made a


transit for repairs as hereinbefore provided in 1
to retransit the Canal to the point of beginning,


this section
or shall, at


, shall fail
: the point


of termination of the original transit, receive or discharge cargo, pas-


sengers,


than


tolls shall


mail


obtain


, or baggage,


repairs,


or accomplish


for which


be collected for the


vessels


any


other


usually


transit at the


purpose,


transit


prescribed rates


other
Canal,
before


such vessels shall be given


a clearance


and be permitted to


proceed.


[Rule 17


as amended by E. O. No. 8068, March 20, 1939


SEC. 11.8.


35 CFR 27.6]


Tolls for vessels making partial transit and return.


Vessels


passing


through


locks


either


end


Panama


Canal


and


returning to the original


point of entry without passing


through


locks at the other end of the Canal, shall pay the tolls prescribed for


a single passage through the Canal.


In case such


vessels carry cargo


or passengers


either


in passing


or returning


through


locks


, the


rate of tolls on laden vessels shall apply.
[Rule 18, as amended by E. 0. 8068, March 20, 1939


5 CFR 27.7]


SEC. 11.9.


Partial transits


small


vessels.


Section


11.8


shall


be interpreted
barges, or rafts


as authorizing vessel


any size


not on


than


feet


in length,


regular transit schedules and not


paying tolls,
to or from


authority


to navigate the waters of


Gatun
the C


Lake


governor


partial


must


any


locks,


transit


obtained


or of


Gailard


Canal


through


Cut


specific
Marine


Director for each such partial transit.


this connection


see sections


7.36 and 7.37.
[35 CFR 27.8]






SEc.


11.10.


Time of making payment.


Payment of tolls in full


*shall be made, or secured as provided in section


11.13 hereof,


before


a vessel is permitted to enter a lock.


(b) 1
section


vessel


charges


11.13 hereof


shall


paid,


or secured


, before clearance is given a


as provided


vessel at the port of


departure


from


the


Canal


Zone:


Provided


however


That


in cases


involving emergency or other special circumstances,


the requirement


this


subparagraph


may


waived


President


or by


such


person as he may designate for such purpose.


SEC.


11.11.


Exception-Vessels operated by the


United States.


Sec-


tion


11.10 hereof shall not apply to vessels operated by the Govern-


ment of the


United States; and


bills for tolls


where


applicable,


and


other


charges against


such


vessels,


shall


be settled


as are other


obligations between agencies of the Federal Government.


SEC.


11.12.


Payment to be in cash.


All payments for tolls and other


charges shall be made in cash,


in lawful money of the United States,


except as provided in section 11.13.


SEC.


11.13.


Exception-Payment secured by deposit of cash or bonds.


The payment of tolls and vessel charges may be secured by mak-


ing cash deposits for that purpose with the


Treasurer of the Panama


Canal
nated
(b)


Company


or such


by the Panama


In lieu of


United States depository as may be desig-


Canal Company.


payment in


cash


or a cash


deposit,


the payment of


tolls and vessel charges may be secured by making deposits,
to written agreements with the Panama Canal Company, of I


pursuant
negotiable


bonds of


United


States of


the classes acceptable


by the


United


States


Treasury


Department as collateral security for the deposit of


public
Panam


moneys.
a Canal


Panama


Such


bonds


Company;


Canal


shall


shall


Company


under


be deposited


or such


United


the
wit]


full c
h the


States


controll


Treasurer
depository


may


designated


Panama


Canal


Company;


and


shall


subject to sale or other disposition


by the


Panama


Canal


Company


upon


any


failure


in prompt


payment


any


tolls or vessel


charges for which the said bonds are deposited as security.


SEC. 11.14.


To whom payment is to be made.


Payment for tolls and


vessel charges shall be made


Treasurer,


Panama


Canal


Corn-


pany.