I"A y 3-192.
Independence of Minas from Uro aulo.
2lysio de Carvalho Britto invited me to acrcompeny him on
a trip to Fazenda Marzagao whibh is owned by his father, Coronel Britto.
The name of this ,iace seems to be of African origin, according to a
recent article in a "Brazilian-American" describing th, name of a sim-
ilar niece in notithrrn Brazil. Col. Britto wtns an immense stretch of
land. On inquiry I 'rv, told that it was ten thousand acres, i' is
probably that ten thousand alqueires were intended rather than ten
thousand ac res. We entered the property through/ the pate near the
location of the new railroad shops, and continued on lhe property till
the station of -'arzagao was, reaeherl. The whole region is rather tono
hilly for anything but livestock raising. The P-il is pool in riany
Olaces for growing all osrtf of crops but oracticaly all of the work
would have to be dtne by hind. 'he nrinicpal grass through out the
Msass fazenda is Jorlura, here and there small matches of Jaragiia may
be seen. The ,alm usually F-poken of as coqueira is present on the
whole stretch. These trees seem to be conserved to a greater or less
extent. They make a very leasing and picturesque out look nA do not
seem to interfere in the least with the growthh ,f the grass.
The cly was riven over to a study of the zebil eatle. "he
first picture shows a g-rade zebu facing ihe c'r.era In the baocsrounf
is a cow of native brred used in cropping un.
View No. 2 shows a group in the corner of the pen with a
purebred heifer in the- foreground. This animal shows biul mall dev-
elppment of the cupin. She is probably oF he milk type.
Picture no. 3 shows .,1,e zebus in r, corner of the br-rn lot.
They aP.1 seem to b. gentle and paid little attention ,o pm-o-nle moving
around near them. The large cow showing side view is a urebred, the
others are rades.
Picture fo. 4 was taken for the nurpose if chowinp the big
horned native rteer. This animal had seer r-onsiderable service .as a
work oxen, is well developed and npnareritly would weigh sixy or seven
hundred kilos. The zebs in the same picture were all said to be
gr-cleF tho the conformation of the one at 1lhe left was not different
from a pTurebred. P
Picture No.A shows a nurebred calf six months old, hav-
ing been born about the last of "ovember.
Pitcute "o. 6 shows a milking scene n the snme year. The
calf was tied to the fore legs of the cow, the hind legs of the cow
were tied together :ndcl the milker used one hand and e cup. The cow
showed considerable infestation of the bernie on the withers. The
white part of her body was comparatively free from this mPect.
PiCtures flo. 7, 0, and 10 show the herd bull. who is six
years old. Said to be a 'ellore purebred. The ninmla is rather gentle
of disposition but loks li'-e he could put uin r big flght if he wanted
to Fet cross about it. The cupim is well clveelored, vhich is condifered
a distinctive mark fot this breed.
Picture No. G shows the bip horned steer .t closer view. TTe is
a rather .-ocile but -;etive animal for Ean ox, of native breed, maybe
Caracu or soemthinpng else.
Picture "o. 11 shows the cottnn mills at ''Yr'rzagao,. T saw the
handling of the cotton from the time it entered the factory till the
goods was placed on the -nlatform for shopping. Th-, cotton was received
in wretched shone from the factory stan noint, quile uneven in texture as
well -us length of fibre. The nroduct of the mill was excellent. "'he
cotton was bought in the open market and imported. "his exnosrue was made
ct four o'clock in the direction of the sun with an exposrue of forty
seconds and stonnd down to 64. The nicture came up very quickly but
,&s. not over exposed.
Picture "o. 15 shows the roof of the cotton mill Pd the
mountains beyond This wa- sto-ned down to 64 and fiven 1F5 seconds .
ias taken in the direction from 'he sun.
Around headquatets at LTarzagao they have nianted a p'reat
many different kinds of fruit trees, forest trees, and are prowinrf
various kinds of vegetables, apnles-i, nears, and quince are froing very
poorly, peaches are making more or leps of a rr.owth but are not well
suited to thail climate. Loquat is doing nicely, pnuavas, catley .ouavas
are doing well but .:re badly infected! with insects. Fapryrt are doing
nicely. -T,. Eritto hs, brought in an improved variety from Pernanbuco.
'he old common tynoe hrps sroin into an immense tree, nrobhbly thrity
cms in diantere near the base.
Luiz H1as accompanied us on the trip out. 7e said that he ans
young 'Mr. -ritto were room inmates at Lvress.
They ha-ve a very riee lode aif 1the mill, C, larFe ia7zza, a
visiting room, two large bedrooms, end C- bath room with tub Find shower
bath. The company maintains school ,nd teacher foj the chilrlern on the
employees. ,.N lrcr'er number of e-'nnloyees arx busy during thfe nv we were
the'e were women. Sneeial lodP'inp' nd dining room v.'ith ncatron is set
aside for the unmarried women. Everything in the lodpinps ainl kitchen
were scrunipulously clean.
TRIP TO MIAFZAGAO,
P. H. F., with Ely io He C.r
Caracou cow on left
Zebi cow -not purebred- facing canera.
Pritto and Lniz 'aqs.
Groun inI-corner of nen. ^ 'fa^u
Jier-d. in_ pen,
-zebt grades. 4rw
@aOa -ig horned steer in
1&21 Zehbl heiferyin Fore
purebred calf, six months old-. 2t&.,
Milking a .zeb. .. ..-.
NY 3. 1922.
Zebu purebred. y,
Pig horned steer.
e LCa, /
Zebi nrurebred, six e -, u,.
Front of cotton mill EA -Margagso.
/ a ,#za Cotton mill -roofs.