Trip 3: Rio Nova, Pomba, Ubi, Catagurzex.

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Title:
Trip 3: Rio Nova, Pomba, Ubi, Catagurzex.
Series Title:
Correspondence and Subject Files 1921-1943
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Physical Location:
Box: 5
Divider: Subject Files
Folder: Trip 3: Rio Nova, Pomba, Ubi, Catagurzex.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural extension work -- Florida.
Agriculture -- Florida -- Experimentation.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching -- Brazil -- Minas Gerais.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching -- Florida.
Citrus fruit industry -- Brazil.
Leprosy -- Research -- Brazil.
Minas Gerais (Brazil) -- Rural conditions.
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria do Estado de Minas Gerais.
Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station.
University of Florida. Herbarium.

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University of Florida
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AA00000207:00098


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Trip Number Three.


26 de Abjil, 992l. Terca feira. Left Bello*Horizonte
on the 4:20 F. LI.wide gauge with Dr. A~varo de Silveiro for the
sFaand trip to look up a location for the Agricultural College.
Our objective points were rFio Iovo, Pomba, Cataguazes. Santa Lu-
zia do Carangola and possibly Mauhuassil. The trip war pleasant
and quite comfortable in the wider gauge cars. We arrived at Tuiz
do Fora about 2:00 A. N-. and put ui at +he hotel across the street
from the station. I had r -ood bed under s good canopy.
27 ele Abril, I00. Quartr-feira. Rio .Novo. Was called
at 7:00 A. A. and had coffee and bread. Walked urn town. with Pr.
Alvaro and found that the photograph supply house was just o-pen-
ing. The attendant who was cleaning up was able to unlock the
shelves and I found a 12 exposure 'ilm and purchased it for 31'500.
Arrived at Rio Novo in time for breakfast. Put un at the Hotel
Ismael just behind the District Judicial building. After break-
fast we walked out into the country fo look over the grounds in an
easterly direction. The country was generally quite broken and
hilly. The roads were better (not sohbad) as around the other
places visited in Trip No. 1. There is still much improvement
possible. Incidentally we picked up a small lot of interesting
plants. (1). Budlea stachioides, taken also at Pello Horizonle
was quite conspicuous and looked like Ptuocaulon. (f). 'clypta
alba "Hervn (erva) BotaBo, an antidote for bites of venomous in-
sects and animals. For scorpions and similar bites it is used
as a local application to ,he part affected. Dr. Alvaro culti-
vates the plant in his yard at Bello. A preparation from it is4'-. "*
on the market under the name of "Surucuma". or snake bites an
on the market under the name of "Surucuma" For snake' bites an '




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extract is made and taken in+ernaslly. (3). An Apocinaceous treewith
folicles remarkably showey when ripening and bursting. The black
seed are attached to the pod by m reod substance that mpkep the new-
ly bursted pod very showey at a considerable distance. The wide
open pods are about 2 times 2 1/2 inches. (4) Anona :',luricata, a
large tree seen several times in the door yards, ooiiuh 8ame is
Jaquuit uwura. (5) A small vine witn scarlet flowers belonging
to tne family bignoniaceae. 'his is very.generaiiy distributed,
saw it at Bello on the Sunday walk. (6) Momordica sp., a cu-
curbitaceous plant that was such a nuisance at Palmhurst, common
name, Meloro de h'lactam. (7) A molvaceous plant with ronsni-

cuous fungus, apparently a Uromyces. (8) An Anonaceous tree that
looks like a very small leaved Oteheite Goos,.berry on the streets
of Rio Novo. It belongs to the genus Xylopa. (9) A large leaved

Lauraceae growing on the streets of Rio Novo. Nectandra sassafras.
This produces sassafras, the odor was strong on Ihe leaves ard
branches. (10). Solanum bulatum, several plants just beginning
to fruit. This plant produces a fodder richer in protein than
the legumes and i. much prized on the Campo for forage. Simmons
is propagating it by cuttings. Looks like it would produce "o-
ceans" of seed. (ii). Ageratum sp. showing the herb. (UP) Indi-
gophera anil, "Anil' common at Beollo. (13). Lantana spinosa was
very common and makes a showy shrub of straggling growth. Its
common name is cambarA. Some common names of other plants are:
Euphorbia splenlens,(Poinsette), Mandroquinha. Erva (Herva) means
poisonous plants. Invernada means meadow or artificial pasture.
Invernada in dictionary means bad weather or raininess.
After returning from the eastward trip we walked out on
the Estrada de Ferro in a westerly direction. There is h)enum'ul








t outside the city but it is
and so is impracticable.
rather well kept. Water, lights,
fair repair and painting. '"irt
Lumber seems to be an expensive
article. Weeds are abundant e-xcepting in the public parks, streets,


ta-feira. Left Pio vovo on the
ved vt Furtados deCqampos and
e station at Rio Novo a boy came
SDid not get one as 'r. Alvaro
something like a gigantic sugar-
see it again in Pomba. Got two
............... ..... ,-=---- ty good, sweet, mucilaginous,
and hn n o,,,, .. Al~ato-did not ;'now the sp. and


:00 P. M. Dr. w .'ario 7rchado
stated about one kilometer from
'. The stream has a large flood

and several kilometers ltdrig.
ood p1nin. An embankment has

lood plain.
-_a-vvro, -r. uiarcihlo, and I walked to the tor of the
cemetery hill and got a fine view of the setting sun. The mountains
a-ie low and have a rath.-r gentle slope for this part of the coun-
try. They are not nearly so steep as around Pello. Apparently
there is little agriculture carried on in the immediate vicinity.
Had dinner at about 6:00 P. !M. It was !,ar'c. Lfter din-
ner :.e went to the park and examined examined plnnts, Lt. r sat on








small valley in this direction just outside the city but it is
subject to overflow from the river and Po is impracticable.
The city of Rio Novo is rather well kept. Water, lights,
sewer system and buildings are in fair repair and painting. "irt
is abundant, even in the hotel. Lumber seems to be an expensive
article. Weeds are abundant excepting in the public parks, streets,
and railway.
2P do Abril, 19?l. Quinta-feira. Left Pic Vovo on the
11:30 A. M. train for Pomba. Arrived at Furtados de'Campos and
had a two hours wait. While at the station at Rio Novo a boy came
in with several specimens of Anona. Did not get one as 'r. Alvaro
did not 1know the fruit. It looked something like a gigantic sugar-
apple. Wish I had gotten one. May see it again in Pomba. Got two
specimens of the fruit. It is pretty good, sweet, mucilaginous,
and has a good anona aroma. Dt. Aliato-di, not know the sp. and
only the general name for the group.
Arrived at Pomba about 4:00 P. 'U. Dr. Trio T&rchado
met us in town. The station is located about one kilometer from
the city and across the Pomba River. The stream has a large flood
plain here, nearly a kilometer wide and several kilometers 3sig-
It winds, snakelike, through the flood plain. An embankment has
been made for the ia across the flood plain.
Dr. Alwvro, Dr. ,srchado, and I walked to the to-n of thel
cemetery hill and got a fine view of the setting F.un. The mountains
aie low and have a rath'-r gentle slope for this part of the coun-
try. They are not nearly so steep as around Pello. Apparently
there is little agriculture carried on in the immediate vicinity.
Had dinner at about 6:00 P. M,. It was !ar r i. After din-

ner -,,e went to the park and examined examined plants. later sat on










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a stone seat. The park had nothing remarkable but got a few in-
teresting specimens. (14) A bright leaved plant in flower very
common at BEcllo Horizonte, probably an Acanthacea'e. It is often
grown in the greenhouses in Washin'tn nnnnd ew ,'ork. Went to the
movi o, at F:00 P. '1. An Italian film was on that "r. Alvaro had
co n atwo weeks ago.
exta-feira. Pomba. I 'iot up at 7:00
trolled u-n the volleyt in the north
plain of the Pomba Fiver. Then
1. Made four exposures in a west-
mewhat in the way but it cleared
1ews. Walked bac"h ao the park
aTUIOuL r ucim ins. t.-- OlernppeZ, Syringia persdesa .,
common name Lilz, a street tree in New Orleans, Louisiana, and
which I have also seen in Bello and in ?'io Novo. (li) Andropo.,on
ati.flora. I think we had it at Gainesville. It is present in
the Palace Park in Bello Iorizonte. The common name is Cwpim f n ei,
(King's grass). It is said to be a somniferDnt and the smell to
produce leep in children. (l17) Sizargium Jambolanum, common
hame "Jambolo", a fine Dark tree, probably ian aDocinad. (lPc bu-

bus ideus, common name, Tramboeza. Saw a pink raspberry, bhe
samd one I &te fruit from in ViQosa. The baby brirnth and ostrich
plume fern are here called the Australian fern. Sword ferns are
generally cultivated in rots.
At 10:25 A. M'. we took the train for Ub. changinp cars
at Guarany. Dr. Machado is well acquainted in this country and
took us out for a long walk northward on the Leonoldina Railway.
The Pomba River has a considerable flood nlain at fhip plece hut

like the flood plain at Pomba it is subject to overflow, but less






-4-
a stone seat. The park had nothing remarkable but got a few in-
teresting specimens. (14) A bright leaved plant in flower very
common at Bcllo IHorizonte, probably an Acanthacea6e. It is often
grown in the greenhouses in Washinetnon nnd New York. ,ent to the
movies at 8:00 P. A,." An Italian film was on that ..r. Alvaro had
seen in Bello Horizonte about two weeks ago.
29 do 'ibril, lf.1 Sexta-feira. Pomba. Jot up at 7:00
A. M. and found a dense fog. Strolled un the valley in the north
west direction to see the flood plain of the Fomba Fiver. Then
went to the top of CemetEry Hill. I'ade four exposures in a west-
erly direction. The fog was somewhat in the way but ij cleared
sufficiently to get some good views. Walked back to the park
and got some specimens. (1F) Olee$pe, Syringia persdoa'L.,
common name Lilaz, a street tree in New Orleans, Louisiana, and
which I have also Peen in Bello and in -'io Novo. (16) Andropocron
uitaiflora. I think we had it at Gainesville. It is present in
the Palace Park in Belle IIorizonte. The comm-on name is Capim tei,
(L'ingis grass). It is said to be a somniforent and the smell to
produce sleep in children. (1-) Sizargium Jambolanum, common
IamQ "Jamboltdo", a fine nark tree, probably an apocinad. (IP) Ru-

bus idr'eus, common name, Tramboeza. Saw a pink ras-oberry, the
samd one I ate fruit from in ViQosa. mhe baby brt-.h and ostrich
plume fern are here called the Australian fern. Sword ferns are
generally cultivated in rots.
At 10:25 A. L. we took the train for UbA changing cars
at Guarany. r. Macehado is well eacquEinted in this country and
took us out for a long walk northward on the Leopnoldina Frilway.
The Pomba Piver has a considerable flood niain at fhi. place but

like the flood plain at Pomba it is subject to overflow, but less




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a.. flood -plain at Pomba iF more
he river has e much r&e6prr hod
-eters from Pomba to "Juarany. At
ole. It is four! five and six

but little flavor. Dr. JIvaro
-it tut was not certain of the


.... .. _e are not so steep as at most
places visited. There seems to be less cropping, and like the
Pomba region it is largely given over to pasturage. I saw sneci-
mens of Capim Jara u6 andropopon. Haadon thinks it a grass or
high merit. Saw lots of the low grass of which specimens of seed
were sent to Piper. It has very desirable habits and is cropped
closely by cattle. When closely cropped it makes long runners

in tater growth habit than. Fhia grass.
,s aP. M. in tite 7.r dinner. Dr.
followed te town after dinner.
-e do. Cata0azes. Left gba at
aro and 7-r. Benevenuto Tarquin

cco work alf Lipa@Qo. In the
e fog to obciNeu the scenery.
someinteresting lockn the fog was nreaent mainly
in the mountojin ve, lleys and absent from the main valley. It was-'
picturesque and showed the cloud formation quite well. The train
followed the left bank of the River Pomba Cor a long distance.
We arrived at Cataguazes about 9:20 and got breakfast at
the Grand Hotel, opposite the dep6tt Walked about the park and saw
some interesting plants. Got a specimen of Polypodium sp. (is)
that looks very much like Ficus pumula end not at all like a fern.






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so than at Pomba. Apparently the flood plain at Pomba is more
recent than at Guarany, at least the river has a much *e&prr beod
at Guarany. It is about 27 kilometers from Pomba to 3ua-rany. At
Guarany I bet two fruits of Carambola. It is four- five and six
angled. It has a pleasant taste but little flavor. Dr. -Alvaro
thought it was an Oxalidaceous fruit tut was not certain of the
Family.
The mountains about here are not so steep as at mnost
places visited. There seems to be less cropping, and like the
Pomba region it is largely given over to pasturage. I saw sneci-
mens of Capim J-arp.iua andropogon. Ha-Mlon thinks it a graSs os "
high merit. Saw lots of the low grass of which specimens of seed
were sent to Piper. It has very desirable habits and is cropped
closely by cattle. When closely cropped it makes long runners
like the Bahia grass. It has a better growth habit than Fahia grass.
Arrived at Ub6 about 5:30 P. rI. in time 7,fr dinner. Dr.
Machado was with us. We took in the town after dinner.
30" de Abril 19' 1. Saatao. Cata.piuoze. -eft 71k at
7:00 A. M. in company with Dr. Alvaro and -r. Benevenuto Tarquin
Grandio, who has charge of the tobacco work af Li o-aqVo. In the
early morning there was considerable fog to ob:,cure the scenery.
It opened gradually and by F:00 o'clock the fog was present mainly
in the mountain volleys and absent from the main valley. It was "'
picturesque and showed the cloud formation quite well. The train
followed the left bank of the Fiver Pomba 'or a long rIistance.
We arrived at Cataguazes about 9:30 and got breakfast at
the Grand Hotel, opposite the depot. Walked about the park and saw
some interesting plants. Got a specimen of Prolynodium sp. TLO)
that looks very much like Ficus pumula and not at 11 like a fern.











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It had covered the body of a Caryota completely.
Walked out of town pnsFt th-e municipal Hospibal. The wee'h-
er was very hot End the climate generally is hot as shown by the
abundant fruiting of cocoanuts and the luxuriant growth of Arto-
carpus incisa (bread fruit)(Fructa da Pdo). Came back to tuwn
and got ar; erpcure on two men sawing a timber for building Tur-
poses. Called for mail at Post Office and found none.
In the park there wore three varieties of Aralie Pp. that
look quite natural. They were the cutleaved linds. Paima, chor-
isia speciosa, which produces the bc-st stuffing for pillows grows
well in the park. The pods resemble the Gastanea do Parana. Tn-
lena that is used in Bello and produces the large balls was growing
well. Specimens of the Phyllo cactus were growing on the park trees.
The specimens we saw in the trees in woods near ?ello are doubtless
the same thing. (Dr. Alvaro just came in and told me that there
would be no train for Recreio until tomorrow at 10:00 o'clock.)
There was also a specimen of FRipsalis (Cactaceae) growing in the
park. This genus is quite common in Rio. A mall specimen of
Araucaria braziliensis about three years old, five meters tall, was
in the park. 2Ae edible friit is called Pinhlo, the tkee Pinheiro.
Pinho is the general name for the wood. There was a large cactus
like tree of Euphorbia about 10 meters tall and 6 dm in diameter of
the trunk. I think it is the largest I hLt', samn. The tan bark
tree, Scucia angico waSP growing luxurirntly. Scucia decurrens
is lso valuable for its, tan bark. large fine leaved leuninous
tree, Fetidogozo (?) Mbed smel-or stink poJrcsin,. Cpssia

tore is common and in full bloom. Cassia grandia ("iafii nanoc)
grows along the Y7io Pomba.


Cetaguazses/ ot away on he train


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about 10;30 A. 1A. Got up about 7:30 A. ,!. and had a long valk A.f-
fer-cbffeQ.--- Saw some good plants. (20). Stachy tarpha sr., a
Verbanaceous plant belonging to the genus closely resembling
Verbena stricte of U.S. and very generally distribute ir the re-
gion I have visited. (21). The winged stemmed Paccharis, loo1-s
like Io~l ToC eC! a
like Ptuocoulon. (22) o1oquille Tormentosa, BoFrceae, naItive
of Brazil and grown in nearly rll perks visited. Its ccmnon name
is Farona. (23) A yellow flowered inonoea. V). 'he -in t-
pomoea stipulate. ?o'h were growving luxuriantly. 2pirea, Ari-
dal wreath, (Liranca Nova ? ) was growing in the small perk. T
called again at the Post Office biu+ got no mail.
B'ecreio. Walked out along the railway track to observe
the country. The hills a&re not so hiph rrd'f;:r lesFs steep. There
seems to be a goodly a-iount of farming carried on but Ilof or the
hills are turned into pastures. Un the er-e of the town wvie found
a pRlace where a few cart lords of kaolin had been taken cut. This
had formed insitu and made en interesting study. It seems that Feld-
spar in The presence of mica -nd quartz gradually turns tb kaolin
and aluminum silicate. The mica lhat remained unchanged showed
heavy covering of ferrous oxide.
(25) Leaf cf Plummera, common name,Jasmin M'Iango. Saw
Antigonon leptopus in a yard. (26). Jambosa occidentalis, a mvr-
trceous plant,opposite leaves, leathery. (27). Ipomoea, another
yellow flowered specimen. On the outskirts of this town we saw
the Iblack "eyed" Thumbergia in three Colors, white, lemon, and
orange. Each variety had a dark purple throat. They were growing
together and also separately. They were ceen at Cataepazes. Va).
Mimosa pudica, a sensative plant was in flower. A very peculiar
plant for a Mimosa. It has six leaflets and all sensitive to touch.






-8-
those of Schrankia but are
oxne, cabrala sp. This is inter-
s aine family as the Chinaberry.
fed all the was up. On the way
(29).
got specimens of t'he leaves
of" fJoanesie princes, Pinhco de
t she Subtropical ,Garden tnder anoth-
bL 1V -of ne ---p-ans f-i -- tl -. vies and is used with horses and
oxen, (31) Crotalaria anagvoides (Raffle ox). The 'razilian
common name is Ohique-chique. (52). Teramnus uncinatus, a legumi-
33). Desmodium sp. rrows to the
to be a giant among the bepRar
d Et one time. If this species
r weed (Meibomea tortuasm) it
he high price and difficulty of
neral use of the beggar weed.
e about 3:00 P.Mm' On the way we
good pasture land, but not a
groat deal of cane. We saw some fine coffee plantations. The
scenery was fine and the cars crowded. There seemed to be a lot
of fine bottom land that could be drained but it woiild cost some
money for canals and for removing obstructions. 7When we reached
the station of Palma tha train began to climb. The town was in
sight for about thirty minutes. There were a considerable num-
ber of new plants visible frcm the ear window. A pink flowered
Thalia was seen, also the wild banana4(Musa sp.) that I saw at
Recreio. (At Becreio I saw the water hyacinth (Icornea crassi-
pes) in two streams) It looked so much like a Pontodera that I
mistook it at first.)








The leaves respond more slowly than those of Schrankia but are
auite sensitive. (28). A Meliacear, cabrslasi sp. This is inter-
esting because it belongs to the sam.e family as the Chinaberry.
Laments of the stamens were united all the was up. On the way
genicula a, (29).
we found a white flowered Tholia. I p-o .encimens of the lrves

effected e with 'romyces (?). (ce) Joanesie nrincens, Pinhao de
purga is a species cultivated at the Subtropical gardenn finder anoth-
er name. It has purgative qualities and is used with horees and
oxen, (31) Crotalaria anagvoides (Ra ox). Th razilian
natl: ox h P razilian

common name is 6hique-chitiue. (:2) Teramnus uncinatus, a legumi-
noseae, hook nailed Tera-nifs. (33). Desmodium sp. -rows to the
height of five meters. It seems to be a p iant aoong P'he bepp-ar
weeds and all seem to produce seed at one time. If this species
does as well as the Florida beggar weed ("eibomea tortuasm( it
would be a great acquisition as the high price and difficulty of
getting it stood in the way of general use of the beggar weed.
Eecreio. Arrived hero about 3:00 P.M. On the way we
passed some fine bottoms and much good pastf.ure land, but not a
great deal of cane. We saw Pome fine coffee plantations. The
scenery was fine and the cars crowded. There seemed to be a lot
of fine bottom land that could be: drained but it wei l cost some
money for canals and for removing obstructions. Then we reached
the station of Palma lha train began to climb. The town was in
sight for about thirty minutes. There were a considerable num-
ber of new plants visible frcm the car window. A pink flowered
Thalia was seen, also the wild banana,(Musa sp.) that I saw at
Pecreio, (At Recreio i saw the water hyacinth (Icornea crassi-
pes) in iwo streams) It looked so much litke a Pontodera that I
mistook it at firt. )





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Bce to botanize, as we saw so many
e divide the flora seemed to go
-" I/ ---- al region of Uinas Geraes.
Arrived bout C:00 P. M. and
H IF ,out 30 meters from where the car
it 6,000 oeonle.
________________ired and slept until nearly P:00
A. M. Got coffee and made a trip ou' to the west of town rlong
the highway. This city is about five -ilometers long, stretched
up a rather wide valley and into several side vellies. Made one
exposure on the town proper from a high hill and another on the
best nh-ir n ,- 4 ...- m- "" is about the usual 'inas Geraes
.-. .t 7city. of water, plenty of ligbhs,
to": mea" r .. ....]oei- teo idy. The dooryre,r are


oly minor number of nev.r things.
we did not exert ours,,lves mad ch


Many of the journals I took out.
.... A- =r 2,- -interes-e --in he Journal of Heredity and read
at length in it. (Yesterday he told me that he was the first
to measure Pico do Eandeiro to tuie top and Sound it to be 2,884
hiebrsthigh. it is the highest peak i. Brazil. It is located
on the boundary between Minas Geraes and Estado do spirito Santo.
He measured it in 1911. It is located near JequitibA and Carara6
about where the Leoplodina railay comes nearest to the boundary.

(34) Another sp. of Apocined similar to the one found
at Rio Novo (-), but a different species. We also saw a third
species in a yard. it lookId like some animal hadL consumed the






-9-
This divide would make a fine place to botanize, as we saw so many
new things. After we crossed the divide the flora seemed to go
back to the normal for this general region of Minas Geraes.
Sao Paulo do Muriah6. Arrived -bout 6:00 P. IML and
put up at the Hotel Estado (?) about 30 meters from where the car
stopped. The town contains about 6,000 people.
i de Maio, I 9 21 Was tired and slept until nearly P:00
A. 11. Got coffee and made a trip ou' to the west of town Plong
the highway. This city is about five Plometers long, stretched
up a rather wide valley and into several side vrallies. ,ade one
exposure on the town proper from a high hill and another on the
best church in town. The city is about the usual M'inas Geraes
type. it has bed streets, scarcity of water, plenty of lights,
houses usuallyrin good repair and Toolh tidy. The dooryrrdt are
of the formal European type.
A visit to the park added only a minor number of nevw things.
The day was oppressively wahm so we did not exert ourselves M&ch
in the afternoon.
Dr. Alvaro read a good many of the journals I tookl: out.
He was especially interested in lhe Journal of Heredity and read
at length in it. (Yesterday ho told me that he was the first
to measure Pico do randeiro to bile top and tloand it to be 2,884
me4brsthigh. It is the- highest peak in Erazil. It is located
on the boundary between ",inas Geraes and Estado do 7spirito Santo.
He measured it in 1911. It is located near JequitibA and Canara6
about where the Leoplodina rail'.ay com-es nearest to the b, undary.
(34) Another sp. of Apocinad similar to the one found
at FLio Novo (3), but a different species. We also saw a third
species in a yrd. It loo like some anil h consumed the
species in a y.rd. It looked like some animal h ,'d consume-d the
















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"laceI tasted iP butk feun) it
flowers gre, in larg white clus-
(fr). Zornia riphyllas This

looked, so different fhato I -.
sonte Nova and several other
-places Tutli --o-ie-d enTirely -ifferent. l(3M) Francesia (9?)
oe Lbing in the park at Lio rranco.
sm e. Fias small red berries, white odo-
Coe is mi. I think it is the species
canker a' Homesfead.
---./ about the same a! at Cata,'z

and steeper. hc flora is not
ain places and anparently there
thing excepting the Apocinad trees.
Uoconuts were luxuriant and the fruit abundant. Royal palms were

has fewer than at Cataejazes.
otel bOu not in The `iieds.
Luzia do Carangola. Arrived
6. Left luriahd about IC:CO
r at Porciuncula in the s.ta'9o
arango.la before dark.
cover Day, (Discovery of Prazil)
_--"or'ation Day.in the 17. S. A. We
started out soon after coffee and walked in a westerly direction
and up the mountain. There was no plain lands in sight anywhere
within several kilometers excepting what was occupied. Sugar cane
and corn seem to be the solin crops. Beans and rice are grown to
some extent. Fruit trees -re planted but r-re not' very thrifty.
Coffee is less apparent here than al other sV.es along the railroad.






-12-
seed and the rod lining cr a.ii-il (?) I tasted i but found it
rather tasteless and acrid. The flowers grew, in large white clus-
ters and had a pleasant odor. (3.). Zornia diphylla This
was collected also at Bello, but looke- so different that I 5I8
no' know it here. Saw it also st Fonte Nova and several other
places but thiA looked entirely different. (36) Frncesia (9?)
sp. Scroph. in parks.Saw the same thing in the park at Eio rranco.
(37). Murraya,sp. Putaceae. It has small red berries, white odo-
rous flowers. It was prrown at Miami. I think it is the species
that was infected with the citrus canker a' Homestepd.
The mountains here are about the same as at CntL*rzn.r,-.
Toresibly they are A little higher and steeper. The flora is not
luxuriant as in some or the mountain places and anoparently there
was no especially noticeable new thing excepting the Apocinad trees.
Coconuts were luxuriant and the fruit abundant. Royal palms were
present but the country -e'nerally has fewer than at Cataguazes.
.osquifoes were abundant in the Hotel but not in 4he rieldp.
2" de Maio, 1902'. Sta. Luzia do Carangola. Arrived
here about 7:00 P. M. from Murijh6. Left M-uriah6 about lC:CO
A. M. after breakfast. Got dinner at Porciuncula in the Vqtado
.do Fio de Janeiro. Arrived at Car&npola before dark.
3" de Maio, 1921. Discovery Day, (Discovery of "razil)
was celebrated something like Decoration Day.in the 1. S .e
started out Foon after coffee and walked in a westerly direction
and up the mountain. There was no plain lands in sight anywhere
within several kilometers excepting what was occupied. Supar cane
and corn seem to be the ami'n crops. Beans and rice are grown to
some extent. Fruit trees are planted but n-re not'- very thrifty.
Coffee is less apparent here than a. other plaies along the railroad.










11

























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n. I called a.t the Fost Office
very wsrms probably the sarmest


e of the city and the suburbs
een at the other places. There
4.0 .othic arches and to have over
-3 seen in the suburbs that was
ad no wall around the yard.
ard of fhe trip. There was no
raph could be gotten.
e field of CapiM jTrepumua (Andro-
re (invernado). Lde oYpo-.sur es
as a whole.
ed to Bello "Lorizonte. Left
Carangola nt F:40 A. Z. tr'oiylon (?) sp. specimen
h6, in the park. (.Y). Clero-
It is a weedy *nlnt growing


'I stado do L.i de Janeiro, was
interesting, dusty, hot, and
6, (11:46 P. M. ) for the
T "ntre .'ios. Arrived at "ello
492 1








The city park is just in Cormation. I called at the Post Office
and found no mail. The day vas very warm, probably the warmest
of the trip.
The general architecture of the city and the suburbs
-is slightly different from that seen at the other places. There
is a general tendency to use the Gothic arches and to have over
hanging eves. One fine house was seen in the suburbs thet was
built on a slight elevation and had no wall around the yard.
Nearby was the largest fruit orchard of the trip. 'here was no
point of view from which a photograph could be gotten.
Beyond there was a large field of Capim Jsreugua (Andcro-
pogom rufus) being used for pasture (invernado). 'Made e-yposures
on this grass nearby and the field as a whole.
4 do Miaio, 19421. returned to Pello Forizonte. Left
Carangola at 5:40 A. id. (38). Erytroxylon (?) sp. specimen
nuiich Dr. Alvaro collected at Muriah6, in the park. (3s). Clero-
dendron sp., collected at Carangola. It is a weedy plant growing
along the railway at Petrocinio.
The trip to Entre Rios, Estado do Tio de Janeiro, was
made without incident but was very interesting, dusty, hot, and
fatiguing. Had to wait until 23:46, (11:46 F. Y. ) for the
Central do Brazil. Got dinner at %ntre Lios. Arrived at 'ello
Horizonte 11:20 A. M. the 5 of "Uaio,121.














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