Jamison, G. S., Carpotroche seed.

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Material Information

Title:
Jamison, G. S., Carpotroche seed.
Series Title:
Correspondence and Subject Files 1921-1943
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Physical Location:
Box: 4
Divider: Subject Files
Folder: Jamison, G. S., Carpotroche seed.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural extension work -- Florida.
Agriculture -- Florida -- Experimentation.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching -- Brazil -- Minas Gerais.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching -- Florida.
Citrus fruit industry -- Brazil.
Leprosy -- Research -- Brazil.
Minas Gerais (Brazil) -- Rural conditions.
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria do Estado de Minas Gerais.
Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station.
University of Florida. Herbarium.

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID:
AA00000207:00066


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Full Text

*\ ;'

I UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASHINGTON '

CHEMICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH
August 14, 1931.


Dr. P. H. Rolfe. _- -
Consultor Technico de
Agriculture do Z. edo Minas Geraes,
Vicosa, Brazil.

Dear Dr. Rolfes:

Probably for some time you have been wondering why you did not
hear from me, but I have delayed writing until I could make some
report on our examination of the seeds and oil of the samples which
you sent.

I thank you for your letter of May 27, in which you suggested
that I write to Dr. Carvalho in regard to the palm Oenocarpus batana.
Some years ago he visited m here on several occasions and I enjoyed
his visits very much. I was much interested in learning of his
establishment of an oil and fat laboratory in connection with the
National Agricultural College.

I have written at your suggestion an article on Sapucainha
for the Journal of the American Medical Association, but as yet I have
not obtained the necessary permission, either from the Bureau or
from the Department to publish it. Owing to the large number of
articles submitted to this Journal, it would probably be three or
four months after they received ny manuscript before ay article would
appear in print. If I succeed in getting permission to publish it,
I shall request the Journal to make some reprints for me.

The following results were obtained in the examination of the
several samples of seed:

Sample Shells Kernels rOil in Iod. No. (0c) 20
Kerqels 0


Carmargo No. 1 28.0 72.0 67e6 109 +63.7
L.S.A.V. No. 1 38.0 62.0 65*7 112.9 +65.8
N No. 2 38.9 61.1 66.5 114.8 +54.9
Jiquairi No. 1 38.5 61.5 65.1 109.9 +55.3 -
Manhuasau No. 1 34.8 65.2 63.7 109.8 +54.4-
Tocantius No. 1 34.3 65.7 68.8 114.4 +66.7 -
100-B 38.5 61.5 64.2 109.9 +54.6

T he optical rotation determined on a chloroform solution of the oils.

l jj. l, 65.^ /0,
O-Ii- J









(Dr. P. R. Roife)


All the samples of oil had. to be obtained by extraction with
petroleum ether, as these small seed samples did not permit the ex-
pression of the oil. When circumstances permitted, we took about
120 grams of the seed for the determination of the proportion of shells
to kernels. It will be observed that in the case of sample L.S.A.V.
No. 1, that we obtained. 2.5 per cent less from the kernels than that
reported for the large sample last year. this may be due in part to
moisture changes in the shells and kernels, and in part to the difficul-
ty of sampling of these seeds. from the high specific rotation
figures alone for all the samples of oil it appears that there is but
very little choice between them,and this was expected because of the
very small range in the iodine numbers.

With best regards to you and Miss Rolfe, I remain


Very truly yours,


2,1

G. S. Vamieson
Chemist in Charge,
Oil, 3at and Wax Laboratory.


















r. G. S. J'mi son,
ji babo ':.-.o'o y il. Zx,,'r.b :d V:,<;Z Binl'ecu ,Ch~ein'-: [c ^d ol s
...u. tslt e : of iI.'f. l
U ._! S liKi t- fl k Z TtOi'- ~ r
My dsuLr :-,^. J^-mteson.

o.M. leVbI of .L1ug ,lth 1-' :i us :u ta 6th of
;.p emtori,. T ,..--ili yu ^. ^ mu K i- .... eo. ..... ., ( i:' gji,"ing
Ie tfthe it n of tse v'.io 1s f, ". jnrh, Le id.

I t he.- if js n in
th!s' Uni_%{.i 6c t~is ,'-*" *'e t :il," oi ;-de':,- .. it-h *.. -t.. -;i e;.... o -
U:.y th ', i t Io d o2 ';Ti .eyt t':icE th 'L0tXA- .. .;o,- ,o'f.,.c



'.;t ~ Dm El 1 t
y u -f .. ... io 2D itt:d bI; o':'^ ,-'-:.d ; )- *.i ;h in. bht?' Jokr-c
yOI I .L : Ti.u' -v ai 03 coi.. e qui, ,c .......-......r..i .il.

ITn ,ugu f- i 'u : L / ",t >u bmitf:.) --n t:i-bi, ) ", d de t
p't__ t' tl: ^ "Tr... e n t, of -r. e the" ..L r-f o f Mi-
inci, ,.;.*" t. .d "iL2 Zedisely" m
U to J b it tr.- nob J t been di t:, d .., i.. e







01' :^-I-6:,Ie LJ:.::, ^re oly -ut pine tho fim th-te f-t-e er-
Vr -ii T ,--,,:K ... ,i : 0 t:J .-V .... L,2'.i 111 /).Ct,,
y :-J..- Thit i2: :.or l du i ,t.. :.: f mBoi., uL utie rnd in
p -rt v-mi:- cio, in .... s._p.. ..nal. T ..i'. vould
indicctc t: t .td as; i ;:-. c. ts ne;i'.;':. ti )n i s '.,.-s d2 d J '.:.n d *;i -.:,:r.ne d ;*.*o :!^ ?.-.! &:/- tn d b en *
Icrf in -i n *.ir d-:,y condi ti n.

;au a p ~o U.t in the s-me *t:;tre of pr eeser-
va. .. 1 :,.o nj -': iin your Iletter
of 50-IV-l .v It is infcr-ysting to n't)t tl! t *che "opticl1
rotation i: gre"s iow' r tfaal in ... .. 1. 1:L is
ov, -,-,,c t rd fntt t,-,e t-,iytits-Y, tre- es o'f' 2,,iJ .V. N % will] show
ctn:-ii'u :.; ,. v :,ia.tion <',' .-n ';heir C,'"oo is ....j. -ed.
D '.. ." ,h:.do .hv furnished!. o fe .-it.,pie, of

oil wi ~L-t su id to rejsc, ^11 oijs t"-t show less
than 50 ,t. i r..t...o.


L~.m-.'.A U











by ti time this reaches you tihe Department or the
Bureau will hIove authorized or dis'.-roYed yiur ).ol.ity -i1
the Journal of c-.. merica,, Medical T, sso"ci..i. The follow-
ing points, in times psb, would have hi.d *.-vo.:-.bi.. iluence
if there wes -.ny douot as to its'bing .V

a). T.e vv.).k vc.s initiated a!.nd done ,by e:-.".l r?.uest
from thes ,m3'ican M:dical Assoclation.

b). T.CL Jei2r j mm. is, c ',e jt..j eo-no,, i2 ca diet ns..ns
of teac.ini her me mbrs. Io v e ?rtment
and .... 1 f.....r hie tan -ii itc ,. -'*
C i .......3 1 O U2 .i.....)L KZ1 .......
c) -.sii h; o toop ,,bd by fu-.--- ]i .i. .n, n.sds
grati-i's. it w)ula. ,".lite to eciproc te y s'U i,;l-.i-.L.g the
anaiy ss.

d.) 7. Lnc vrk ap.u -iix.. don ,. t .,'. u:..u of Chem-
is t:'y is no: .uficiesc bo jut '.l2- ui nge- o'.

cUt r o o oul0ltIiS.
/ .-. .'i ; .'j) i?-, a f ii::'o ,n in t;h5 _n L', < .:! a .-t^ e ; nd a.poa'-.rs
to "e oo ..i. n j ... i, .....d he Cc-
n.i f;ne.


vS m, we....*.3 i .....; -g::-!..n of the

some we,s ".,o, -ib'Ly in "the -.oui- of nm.,ucn even.", this
may o ,e: i-i i ;- ,.-'s U ;'i It"5 :*a 9d: er
the idt ionv i A'Iril ocoy, on-;- ,. :..ii.. .ti nd
Dom,;. ia-: L ofz uP n, -Ln;:t- ic o. ;,:i tt .:'g a ,e
po ter -um of t is p;.'2 .,n: :. ., .i.: .. -; LO int
of ti, L our..", Lh m:g'.,:1.i ne ol t S e e'.hoI.g to
send forv: .ru bo you, within} e f -w .. ";y of thiS-l ..et.



ith kr-: 2 s I M! '.im




-'. Z' U ,J: k ,.of?. doiio 'lt : il!.;::lmico d
^g.icu t :*; io d Mn~c0eais


W 1' 46 A **, A






/7/
/ i UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY
WASHINGTON

FOREIGN PLANT INTRODUCTION May 12, 1950.




Mr. P. H. Rolfs,
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria,
Vicosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.

Dear Mr. Rolfs:

I have your letter of April 21. and appreciate very much
your efforts to secure the jaboticabas. I don't know of anyone here
who has any special knowledge as to how to prepare the seed. I am
wondering if, with the new air mail connections, a few of the fruits
could not be sent here. We would be glad to pay the packing and post-
age charges. I am enclosing a voucher to cover at such time as you
may be able to send them along. The same would be true of cuttings.

I am interested to learn that you are getting the first
fruits of Taraktogenos kurzii. I am enclosing a list of the distribut-
ions made between 1921 and 1925. We recently had occasion to check up
on a few of the places and when this information comes in, we will send
it along as well.

I am leaving Washington on the 25th for Spain and North
African. points with Mr. Westover. He will be working on alfalfa and
I will be working on some of the fruit varieties. I will also attend
the International Horticultural and Botanical Congresses in England
in August. I expect to return to this country along in October.

With best wishes, I am

'Very sincerely yours, /)



Knowles A. Fe n,.
KAR.MMB Principal Horticulturist in Charge.
Endcls.







UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY
WASHINGTON


FOREIGN PLANT INTRODUCTION June 17, 1950.





Mr. P. H. Rolfs,
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria,
Vicosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.

Dear Mr. Rolfs:

As promised in Mr. Ryerson's letter of May 12, we -are eend-

ing you enclosed reports recently received on chaulmoogra trees sent

out by this office between 1921 and 1925. We have still to hear from

Hawaii and the Philippine Islands and as soon as these reports are re-

ceived, we will forward them on to you.

Very truly ours,



B. Y. Morrison,
MMB Senior Horticulturist Acting in Charge.
4 Endcls.







CORRELPOIIDJ113 IN aHE PEILIPPfTE I3LAiTrDS, HAITAIIAN ISLUTD3 ANID

THE ,,3'2 'IQ HEiIISPHFL-LE to whom plants of Taraktogenas lkurzii were

sent in lots of five (5) or more by the Office of Foreign Plant

Introduction, U. S. Department of Ariculture, between 1921 and 1925.


) Bureau of Agriculture,
Manila, P. I.
' Territorial Forester,
Board of A-riculture and Forestry,
Honolulu, Hawaii.
<7) Forest Service,
Insular .`xjeriment Station,
Deaart:,ient of Agriculture and
Rio Piedras, P. R.
"fIr, J. E. Hi cins,
Canal Zone xyIecriment 3 rdeus,
Sunimnt- C. Z.


d'e have recently
written these parties
-for information.


Labor,,'

/
'!


Dr. '.71ilson Popenoe,
United Fruit Company,
'ela, Honduras.
&' Dr. S. Grubbs,
Balboa Hts., Canal Zone.
> Director of A. riculture,
Barbadoes, B. V1. I.
SHon. Jocelyn Robert,
Governor of Guadeloupe,
Guadeloupe, French .iest Indies.
', f Rev. Camille Torrend,
Colle-io Antonio Vierira,
Bahia, Brazil.
Dr. Schuytemaker,
Health Officer,
Paramaribo, Suriname, D. 1J I.
) [:r. J. Ol. 01iphant,
Conservator of Forests,
Beli.ze, British Honduras.
-)k Depart;.eiit of A.riculture,
Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
R) K. Thor-as,
Limon, Costa Rica.
0^ ,q) St. R. Silveira,
Salgueira, Uruguay.
0 The Provincial Government of Para, 3razil,
throu-,h the Embassy of Brazil,
1603 H. Street, it. *1., las hinoton, D. 0.






-2-


^ j Minister of Foreign Relations,
Quito, Ecuador.
SDr. Carlos Oamaoho,
Director of the Station for Vegetable Pathology,
OCasilla 1248,
Santiago, Chile.
r-) The Department of Agriculture, of Martinique,
Through the French Embassy, 'Washington, D. C.
j it) Dr. A. Benohetrit,
Pilita a 2iamey 156-2,
Caracas, Venezuela.
) Dr. Silvio Dessy,
c- ~ Director Oientifico del Instituto,
Biologico Argentino,
,Buenos Aires. Argentina*
\ Dr. W. H. '.alsh,
Vincente d'Antoni idemorial Hospital,
Ceiba, Honduras.
v- ) Prof. G. M. Fortune,
Santiago de las Vegas, Cuba.
%) Mr. Robert I.I Grey,
Howard Botanic Station,
Cienfuegos, Cuba.
J) Nemesio Liendiola,
Laguna, P. I.
SMr. J. :. 'Jestgate,
Hawaii Experiment Station,
Honolulu, T. H.
y^A Bureau of Agriculture,
/ Manila, P. I.





/ } Taraktogenos kural


The Taraktogenos have not done very well at Sumit. Up the
Ohagres River, where we have a plantation of about eight
acres of Taraktogenos, the trees have made a rather satis-
factory growth and have begun to produce fruit this year.

Z.L.Higgins, Summit, O.Z. 5-6-30.
















I~,. ............ .. ooo.oo......



oo.. o. o..... ... ...... ,.....







,..o..... ........... ...........







....... ....... ..... | ...... ......







o.oo... ,........ .. ..o !o oo... ..












....... ............ ............~


.. ........ ,, ..........,







o.o........ ... .........












........... .... .......o o











i............ .... ......







o.o....... .., ..........







O..... ..... .... ..,o o .O


... .......,....







.........oooo.o







...............












..........,oo.o







i ......o........












............o.


..............












...........i....

























................


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.. ...... ..o..................o..







............. ............oooooo







o...............o......... .o...







,.l..........................o





56633 Taraktogenos kurzii


Trees shipped in May, 1924. During January 1925, 300 of these
trees were lifted from the nursery and planted on the grounds
of the new leper colony. Up until the time of the hurricane of
September 13, 1928 the trees were growing very vigorously. The
terrific wind which blew for several hours snapped off the
terminal shoots of every chaulmioogra tree and left many of them
prostrate on the ground. Many recovered and most of them have
since sprouted.
A short time ago I made an inspection of the plantation and the
information you request can be given as follows:
1.- Number of trees living 200
2.- Average height 3 ft.
3.- Three specimens 12 ft.
4.- Many specimens 6 ft.
5.- None have flowered or fruited
6.- Soil a very tenacious, infertile clay.






The majority of the trees are healthy and I am sure
thrive. You will be notified when-they flower.
(Photo of nursery planting, Dec.1924, furnished.)

Chas. Z.Bates, Dept. of Agr., Rio Piedras, P.R.


they will



5-1-30.





Onooba sohinata


The Oncoba eohinata at Summit is doing very well and has
yielded fruit for several seasons. It seems to be better
adapted to the conditions there than any of the other
sources of ohaulmoogra or similar oils. It is also more
preoooious and produces rather freely.

J.R.Higgins, Summit, 0.Z. 5-6-30.

















. ....... .... i ........ .., ..........






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.........o.. ............ .....,......,














..... ........... ...........o, o .,o






........ .. .. ........... ...........


S..........














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S.........,.






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..... ...........






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......,....... ..






....,.........o...


........ ........O..............






...OpIImoeD ..................





SHydno 9e anthelminthioa


The two species of Hydnooarpus have not done very well


JZ.HgIns, Sunmit, O.Z. 5-6-30.








........... ........... ............ .o........................... ................ .





............ . . . . . . .
.. . . .. .. .. .. .. . .. . .. .. . .




1925 AUGUST J925 Thura 1925 SEPTEMBER 1925
12N IL 3SAT A slZ cJay SUN m mm1! SAT]i
PE-D_-F-l~i I E:]E 1 21MIAIF
2DWLTXL]W6 70- [1W8:W FL I 11 F2-
W^ WL^ 6^7tLi 1 ^jl~]l101112
14 i10 I11 12 131451 1314E15 161718-19
16117I18119]2] A 20 21J222324125_-j-
1 f25 IC81121 2728 2 21j August 2717!21 291301 i2i--1
X4V3 F2-51[ 2-1 [2-71 A8I U F27 1 F2-91Wo F- IE: E


/0^^ /-^-^/
'/f ^ / ^ -y-
/y^^u^^-^u^ c/^u^
y.
^^-L CJL^(^^, ^-^
^ ^- /
^ y^^ /
r
^k P y
^>^ (Q^u(j^^a^

^^-I-s/

^_ ^
^r^^7 /O^w^c^^ .^^
AT / ff f/
ft^t^/^ & S^^^i^^^^


m







UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASHINGTON

CHEMICAL AND TEOHNOLOGIOAL RESEARCH" '-


April 30, 1930.



Dr. P. H. Rolfe, Consultor Technico
de Agriculture do Estado de Minas,
Escola Superior Ge Agricultura, e Veterinaria,
Vicosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.

Dear Dr. Rolfe:

We have the following to report on the seeds and oil, from
Carpotroche tree No. 1:

Seeds: kernels 64.51% and shells 35.49%. '
Average weight of seed .653 grams.
Oil in seeds 40.91%; in kernels 63.42%. Kernels
contained 2.5% of moisture.

An examination of the cold expressed oil which has a pale
yellow color, gave the following results:

Acid Value o.4; Refractive index at 25 1.4792j
Specific rotation in chloroform (od) + 5g.9;
Saponification value 201.1; Iodine 1o. (Hanus) 108.6.

The oil is remarkably fine. The very low acid value indicates the perfect
condition of the seeds at the t ime the oil was expressed.

At first we attempted to express the whole seeds in our expeller,
but on account of the character of the shells, so much resistance occurred
that the machine quickly stalled. Then we cracked the seeds and separated
the kernels and expressed the oil without serious difficulty. From our ex-
perience in handling the seeds it would appear preferable to express the
oil on a commercial scale in the cage type of hydraulic press. I was much
surprised to find that the kernels had such a high oil content.

As yet the small sample of seed from tree No. 2 ha-s. not arrived.

Since writing last, I have examined the reference to which you
kindly called attention in Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Crux and was
pleased to get the optical rotation of the oils from several species of
carpotroche plants.

I wish that G. Kuhlmann had also found and recorded the oil content
of the seed from each of those species. That would have been an important
addition. Perhaps you could call his attention to it.







' I

-2-

You will observe that the specific rotation of the oil which I
expressed is somewhat greater than that, recorded by him for C. brasiliensis.

With best regards, I remain,

Very truly yours,



G. S. Jamieson,
Chemist in Charge,
Oil, Fat and Wax Laboratory.





.LAJL'L44,&L4U'L4U


Data



:/
















e.t Dr. J-mieh. s


Vur -te m f -'t Lt1 I r hed us in due --,> of
m i .. .' "
L, *'. Th*. ... e mu.i i-.,. o the i D. rm tl n .in
gr* to tI ~~,.alys 1f : .. e of u. finm- 'jtd '
, en L -D f t 6 r h'
~r s' I ,' s *






.A..r i.jrlj (wj,,;.a e, imtaihahs not frouited t-,is
-'r. U. 1u .J.,.--1..-:F. i-j, s vems t) hi ave ,-o. u c.: on f it.

.:. L out to Viz it t,. r~jtro iie tree
: .iC. 1 r 1,es ,i !l f .uit nd foiinid that t: e fault stil
imm t,*r -. t u t or ids s' i A,.) ..t a vcG.y ee i e -
i, V If ,. Juj ir., from'this tJ-e mtloni. it will be some w..',k,
I'-. m l- -. L '. -3 Lom s '*'''' '' ,; )f e h '





.:ef re ve .>-n e:,..t to s-,..-e some s,-: if the i!. r --tri ie
if we c..n ia so we will tif tio t of it-c- fruits ith the
~-se:J L:: t, tm for so,-.im, nv ,
In r e._ to tie .:i:_ifVction, I will s y t', this
i m A ..lifficuit Pro-,s .ion. o ubtt i r v. e
i 'l t "Umuer r a i o "._,um ,er f s v,-:i
11'. j.' i ,'IJ_ .tL" t' U a 8a. m .riS
m I .. o0f M.mi..y ,. .c o tii. eem Ji.a i ,p i t
...:te. 'i., r.' ins y.L oav: ,e t nto :,iv te r' i:, v:' t ich
m .'ti _n, w ... ,e. rl .)f : _n th ;:l national
f.:r.-..j't.m L. soff1..ult -of IL e.' tiig to ef r .i.- ts wh.
--. a my e visitL-.. the '-ountIy. Theia m-In reliance foi ientifi
t i.n i. S Mrtius Fo .3i en l"

T A ma:e ; t..,ir studc.; of thte f mily, its -.ms to me
t d b e ne a --, ry fo Ao.. ., ---me.:.i. n !.:t n _.t,: t) JAn -,: s
.nd i :'om .i a [ 'e i"ot-icist m:-.jke L t'. ro .ucv.: of the 1 '.-
toi -... t '', n -1-;.l i n 'a "0 ". fc *:=i "" li:! ". r', .lic



t ..'. If 'n -r: .li--L is m, rkiring i.m :'.-xlunest t 'u f t the t m-
&rs~~~~~~~ may M. t/sfl- t iy jutry -1700 C')M11;:l- toiac foMyetf


S ily, ..e has kept his identity fom coml;,,,'to my rtention. As
m'ttr. of fa ft I do nL)t, s-e he:e he :ou..J .-e c',r.re:-ted up so
.-.*-. to give him an o portunit.- of etLinL t-'e mi ';orial ocO'.t-'..r.

S L,'.y f.e 'ore ye t-,-'J y, w l.-Il le w -s .:;.miiii-ra .me .- f t'..:
i otr he se, ,- tl-h't i-:.ve.; fir wantingg, i.:'i.,.J .;.me
that ha-'.L :eean !, rite, jn m:,'i. -_t", 19 8, !stilL o.. u.ntly in
good -erminatinL c.-n.tin.. 'i-om tis it w .l .:p ...r te..t ra_ -
otro. hie "ed ,'t.lns It:- Le'mlrLting .-.-vr ..ett,2r "h:n t'- .d
ai'u inr a -tumid 'c',lition th.-.. w::en ty -., y-e 'r .
S '/:-'s sir. L.er-Iy yuuas, ,
'. : R lfi, C-n-",.,Tjt_.',e".-,pr ,.:tie







V UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASHINGTON

OHEMI.AL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH September 6,1929



0
Dr. P. H. Rolps,
Escola Superior de Agricultura
e Vitertnaria,
Vicosa, Minas Geraes,
BRAZIL.
%

Dear Dr. Rolps:

In connection with the examination of the samples of Carpotroche
oil which you sent to Mr. Stevens in 1927, we obtained the following
results:

Specific gravity at 25/25 0C. 9545; refractive index at 20 1.4812;
iodine numbers 102-10365; saponification value 202.51 unaaponifiable
matter 0.6 per cent; acetyl value 5.8; acid value 1.8; Reichert-Meissl
value 0.7; Polenske number 0.7.

The specific rotation (Si) 20 for the liter sample was +53-9"
and +54.90 for the second small sample. The characteristics as given
above for-both samples were practically identical, and I think this
proves the authenticity of the "liter sample" beyond a doubt.

I shall enclose a copy of a table that gives the more important
characteristics of the seed oils of the known numbers of the Flacour-
tiaceae, which contain chaulmoogric and hydnocarpin acids, or both*

The Gorli seed (Oncoba echinata) fat which we expressed from
seed grown in Costa Rica contained 4 per cent of moisture and 52*3 per
cent of fat, which melted from 42.8 to 430 C. The characteristics of
this fat were as follows -

Specific gravity at .9356; refractive index at 40* 1.4720;
iodine number 94.2; saponlfidation value 193.3; unsaponifiable 1.0 per
cent; acetyl value 3.7; acid value 6.0; Reichetl-Meissl value 0.;
Polenske number 0.3 and specific rotation (K() in a chloroform so-
lution was +49.460.

Goulding and Akers (Chem. Soc.Proc. 1913, 137) found seed from
Sierre Leone contained 47 per cent of fat, which gave an iodine number of
99.7, a saponification value of 192.4, and a specific rotation in a
chloroform solution at 18o of +48.8 .


I was indeed much pleased to have had a little visit from you









(Dr. P. H. Rolps)


and your daughter. on August 24, and I trust you had a pleasant voyage
on your return to Braszil.

If possible, I wish that pressure could be brought on the
Brazilian government as to the importance of properly classifying the
various carpotroche trees in order that such an investigation would
be undertaken in the near future., In case that suggestion fails, it
might be possible for the botanists in the United States Office of
Foreign Plant Introduction or other divisions of the Bureau of Plant
Industry, to undertake this investigation, providing they could be
supplied with sufficient botanical material for identification pur-
poses along with suitable photographs of the various trees&

In view of the high oil content of carpotroche seeds, I believe
that we could get along very nicely with 25 pound samples instead of
50 pound samples as I suggested when you were here. If possible,
when you send the seeds, I would like to get several specimens of
whole fruits for mn collection.

With best regards, I remain
\.
Very truly yours, *':



G. S. ieson
Chemist in Charge,
Oil, fat and Wax Laboratory.

Enclosure; (
Table.

^Wf-^ o1


- 2 -







CiHARACTBRISTICS


~ed~F~

~


(Chaulmoogra, Carpotroche, Gorli, and Hy1dnoourpua Oils)


Source of Oils
Spec ies

Tarakto,, enoe kurzi L


Oncoba echinata

Carpotroche brasilunais

iydnocarpuas ulcala
S alpina

anthelinlntica


illicifolia

hutchinsoni i

subfalcata

Venenta

wightiana


woodii

Asteriat igm nmacrocarpa


3


' pacific
Gravity

:.945 to
%.952
3 40'
*955O
: 25
S.9545
1
.94?
s At 320
:-.9346
1
3.943 to
3.95o

a *947

S.943
3
.951

S.947

.9476 to

S100/15
.89891
329
S.9217


:fRtractive
: Index

:i.475 to
:1.4771

;:1.4740
20"
: i,4?12

,1.4763
SAt 40
,1.4709
3
$1.4733 to
2.4753

31.4763

1 .47,3
I
:1.4761

il.4769

:1.4763 to
:1.4772

1i.473
: 25-
:1.4725
i


SSaponi ficat ion
vea luo ,

S198 to 208
* 3

19u to 194
a
'.02 .5
3 3
S202

:201 to 09
* a

S191% to 226

S213:1 .
3 3
199

*oG
t
, o6
* 3
191 to 200 3

2:ou to 208
U a
U a
S192 to 202 :
S894
a 189.4
a a


lodine t --pecific
Number. Rotation

9, to u 4 to -l t .30
3

94 to 1oo -48 to 50"

10io to 104"',3.9 to A4.
3
9 1 -
3
i4 to 95t +41 to 57

I
84 to 99 17 to 52
3
P9-7 4 It
8.i : A2"

8q 2p .7

90.7 to 99 +435-9* to
z
9 to i101 1 to 57'


69 toP6 *45-9 to 5

(.r : +440


3"


5-










I z N t-- A pri
N


I r i j i
n I 11 11 f r; n i I i i ra
I I i i it ii., r ri ftv r. i )t I I -,t T- It tr I fi I Tit ir J i.t r1ac t i

Carpotroche V'ndl
r;, irt htro It, hi, dtl-crlfwd IhroiI InwIti, o-!;l Vfirtli Of
n f 4 rit I i r f r(tj Of
A nwric"a If h I 'k fi W- t 'fit ;11 no htr con, I,, I(), i I I i
-11J(I % d a ril It ff)ril-1 7 I If I It 'I I I I I i I I I I I j I I f i l r I j I I I I v" I I it t I I I
t t I it I l I iJ 1110 ItIP I h h (, /( Ijj fjf W ,rll 1 o I it I i-1-1 i f I It 11 1 it Irt !'I I
I I j I f I v 4 111 n I i i f roo,-- I a


i r r( w
I % ro s l'i o i, s I i f j
NI I A I a I I I Z
I f it It rf I o I i j, I j I 11! 1 V
I f i i fit I#,' I I I) I o I I f" r I I I I 1 1 1 1 111 1 11 1 1 v r I I I I! rk I "-ft I


K' I I I f i r 1 11 4 )n I t t r I I I i I f IT I I 10 V 1!4 1111 11 1 1 1 of I I f i i I i I I Z i I I, r 11 j I
I I I %k 11 I I i 1 1 1 11 o t t i i i 11, t )f t hi t, it rot I i if I )I, If
v: o I I f Io I I" j I I t, I I i I I I 1 11 11 11 14 I
fit --(rl Iw; I kw I f I Lri i rot I h(-i r Jfttfiltwi lotrap'lld"'i I ;ow it I ht. fir-t kn(1,,,vn f 4
jjj I T-1 I I (I it I It f If (If h o I I it If i I I 124,1411
ir-all-fif'ro'd I lill- Ls-t -;wcjo- frwii M o I i i I I I I I r I,_,, I i ;i f tr elf"'I
11 1,2 1JIFfIcl i r lit, I it -.- ri I )t if )It 11'li ic h %k 1- fill
T f
ikhm l itin (4 ill(, rthor uiodifi(,fl,
ill I!:- list PMA-, if.V W10mrt-"(" "Hii, firt hi-r :iddit Pat of h(- I fir(,(, nt-ft,
it it) fill rf)(!1le x-,isin J f(*w ntinor


j -(Ij[ k tit wn
It 01 1 ill 1) ri(,o I r
t w( P i i I rit lwlvilr- It it I I i Orf` ti 1, ko 'k j wv vf I i
,,I it i I i j i I- I I rt I i i -,,J rct I v I II i I k t I i f I )r i i
i it n ifl! )ri ;i it t i It, n- li I' I It L f r(,o, ( It, c( tit n (If i o( I ;j )i:-4 W n i Il ", IT I
I r- I rv I j I r,-f (I r h it ri f I t i I tij I k I It It
riv I i n o it if it it- % i t r %, (,(.I I t-d %v I I I I I r I I It I '111 1 11
rit! 1 lI i I I ld f I! I )rf V 111 111 V I t I I I i i
I* i r t I i t w i I f I r( -t I f a
l I If ( 'i ) Y, ,
I f I I P I i I I i li I rf t r k"
t r r4 )ij ndof I i r a I i f-- it i I I r(
n- I I i I r I i T, ro 11-f I I a r V rwtr-(,d ill
r i I iirlil-l Jk(, oto (il I I r f Ow i('(-d envfdopo' -Illooth

)10 1" j
M t )c I I a I I I I i 18 F l'- i V J12 1 20
A i I M i' w,-h A ka( 1 2







c (,),xr i',.t i), t r i () N s v i', r i j r .\, k, r i () N k i i i t,", i', BA 111 t, A i

m I l (It" wi I I I I I ane c I 1.11.1za. I I I I Ic I I Albilme I 1, .111 d t raigl) (,m It rvo. ('(,,I v I ed() t i, f() I Li-
(,0)11- cov(-9,111(_ ("Ich otllcr
1'rocl 11)(MOICIMIS shrlih- ()r tlvk., Tv.wlIiw,, Illet crs It itdl ttv it I I I r I I 1 I I I HV (T
.111d ezirly dcc I (I I It 'I I -Ii p I I It 11w 11()\V(11*1 Od()I,011,-, Of \arllhle fit(,
"I Ic i I I f \v I I ilw r( 1 I I I I I r\ ra( ( Illtts I'l I (I '1111losi I it l I. y I i 1-
NN, I v ;Ilwl(
Tilt" 1_(,V(111 SPOch's k"IlOwn 1()-(Lly c"m 1w dl'-il i I I hY llw'1114 I,( (lit followillL, kcY.
the 11111wt-fect ton tif wlli(h 1-1- 111101V(MUIW(, )kviiic, to the incomplow ktiowled(_e (4


1\ V N T( T I i 1, SPE(A

I'M 1101, 1 h:m I lit, fwl.lk: l llanr(



111 I 11( N\ or vt vv rl!_,t I I I k l I I I)( illw- Lln-c I, I lit,
fl!,f! lit !'Ilmw.
11111 1i I \v I, r-- S111-111L I Ili III, h r,,tr 111,111 th e 'el )l I
. . .


11)1_Ilh- NvOll I'd I n'l z i I . 0. 1 lit (11-() it io I.
It 1(") 0, 111mic" so
T1*0C I III I rl
rfu 1%W (11 it I fl, l'i") 'I I'll
I A ,1 -1 t I I IA I o -d I I I I 111 i ( 111 w I I I it



latnchlo- ihick -11 Illtl(%11)
It ic li, - -

'potroche gLaticeseens I It i I WN I I 1z v,
I rof lilt 1 II iLdl. -%vit It fe\o, -Il(wi hni Itch i(I S, fA im I' I 1\V'IId

Li t t I Pcl 11 1 c1l t.. ILI I I I,] wd o m fit, uppci, I'
and 11,trr(mk
T ) I't, 11111,11 T Id 11 t')l I I it I, It "I I I I I I: I-I'Ll 1W 4 ;I _d 'l 110 )! I
Illd p,Ih'r 1w1w.011 mor"'111 lic"ll, tilt, dl-
ihick,



with liuck I cm,
T


v ptk t Vi t imi I I I orb,,iri

IhO 1'i'1111 -f
'1w


pLaty-Tv1- "I ItT, -It, jjt'\








PITT f ER- PLA Nf,',f.; 1"11(M ("OLOM13JA AND
I -NTRA1, AINTERR-it.

11tfld ,;M(,orjdarv V(.,itls or 179
Inain ,Irj(l H(,(,Olldarv nervos
Mosirif" tt th( Iwaih, Ow Jcl1hl* afljsf()-
n and CWlTw(-t,(--(j
i ro (I (rf) parallol v(, n 111 es, st'j-
Imlos broa(fly triang-ular, furfura-

Stan)
11111C11) re(l I I oedI ) Ole flowers
poariw, ,t,4 if tjlnost, M)
trunk (or if) axjJ.,j ()f
'I'll d cIt x d j rf
t C 0
1; t I I I i I I t t, 0 e f-8 ra

,ejm
f s 2 Vct
11100(fj furfima-
ImIsidf, OxCopf orl
cf)voro(l it) 1wr-
frill). 111i"Wr. Pefal,- 4 (w
mon., the
V ovate7 010 interior
b0t.h hairy ()Ijt-
dr)(1 Iflsqdf,
If' OW riliddlo, a

Inwr-
(1-:5) to eroct Vparen t I a
lowr
.4iort
) in!(,; ant I It J,,j pilvt: ()f ("(1rpotrocbr,
l1war rn io, af imtl siz(,
first., I)v a forl,
h41ilhtt(- fl,"(Ts Or 10
I. -
Irgy,( ta)(Mt 30 JIM), it, diallielor few and irlyjf. 'I,
11) proportim). 'OA-4








(7






p





Flom."., ""A







_1115:111"m ."I'M .. *-.mg7qw,





PITTI 11,11-t- 11IAVV1__ I"Itli)AI ('M AJAII111A AND CFINTIIAI, AMI", N% J A. S


),I I I I I i ( ;l i I ) I, I I (' ( -a( I I I ( ( l I I i I) coo la i (I, i I 1 21 11111 1


I I I I ltlllo ildhwcscfllfv ill I Its (4 loavc-I()II cb(, )Ii 111ft hraiwh-
Pi'.41111111c tl(mer-- pn4wit'k. Ill(,. ixils ]i'av o"Icts 111-11rv, slli(11,
HJIT"W, 114(1 iwuh,. I I
A
pitiki,h whitt,,, Ow I, I r I i I 1 I i 5
HIM. hn)Id, Ow A till orit 0, f'; I I I I i I I I I I ( I 2.1-f Ill till






M K jj IN", 7







M 21
v pi" x1l, I 11, 7,

Aegiphiht -rtnom lahm I'll I I (,I" Ili 11`1(1171[, 1'').
1-) 11WI(It%_4 hil_,h,


p(II lot,) If 1 11 1)(11
lit *)(; clvl V
('01
kdl 11
1](M V(TV ill I\JhJa\ r:1014'r
1 IN" t'i'd c MO_ ('11v\ 10 1) 11, nawl,




I i



IIIIW Mlicld, Illhl

fTV It W (M 1 11 Icol v v II'l irv 111:111will t,

I lk it v -11, o'l tr I IIII it j Ill A 111 1w rl- ('111 i
f )V'It'V ,1114111(0%
Ij f
v !Ii I It" -mo()l It -f 1 11 11 v i I I
y )vi I o I I I 1,-
hW h d v I v I h 4 1 1 11 I"


I l i 1, 1 1 tv -ol h I %v I I I I
T I I V I l l


D J I i 16 7 1 1 1 x pe S. N at 1, ll(





.777z' /


x7r )













I
Jp
4A


it


^ \




4'


LIST OF SPECIES OF FLACOURTiIAOEAE


Oncoba echinata (Guinea, Ivory Coast, Sierre Leone, etc.)

Oncoba klainii (Caloncoba glanca, Pr. Cameroons)

Oncoba spinosa (Sierre Leonel


alcalae

anthelminthica

castanea

cauliflora

curtisii


illicifolia


Shut chinsonii

ovid~s

subfalcata


venenta


wightiana


S woodii


Taraktogenus kurzii


CarpotrocheSpecie a

C. Amazonica, Mart, Braij

C. braailiensis,Plttier, "



C crassiramea,Pittier,
Costa Rica

C. glancescens, Pittler,
Costa Rica

C. grandiflora, Spruce,Brazil



0. longifolia, Benth, Brazil,
Peru.

Co platyptera, Aittier,
Costa Rica

C. denticula, Benth,
The Gulanas, S.A.

Co laxiflora, Benth,
The Guianaa, S.A.

C. paludosa, Benth,
The Guianas, S.A.

C. surinamensis, Uitt,
The Guianas, S.A.

C. zuloava, Pittier, Venezuela


v ,
<^


Hydnocarpus

11




*- 9 fi J *: _
,, 1 : -
** f

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASH I NQTON
October 29, 1929.
OHEMIOAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH


,." Doctor P. H. Rolfe,.-.L-
Cons. Tech. de Agric., ..
Escola Superior do Agricultura,
a Veterinaria,
Vicosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.


Dear Doctor Rollfs:

I was very pleased to get your letter of October 5,
1929, and thank you for same.

From what you have written, it is' evident that
Carpotroche seeds have very good keeping qualftles. Your
Onchoba bushes certainly have been laying down on the job
this year, but perhaps they are somewhat young to become
regular producers of fruit.

I quite agree with you that an American explorer-
botanist, in cooperation with one or more designated by the
Brazilian Government, should undertake an extensive exploration
with the object of classifying the native members of the
Flacourtiaceae, even if this undertaking should require two
or three years. After careful consideration of the matter, it
would appear best in this connection for you to interest our
Office of Foreign Plant Introduction and get their views on a
joint expedition.

I shall be pleased to cooperate with you in any
way possible.


Very sincerely yours,




G. S. Jamieson,
Senior Chemist in Charge,
Oil, Pat and Wax Laboratory.













Vi<]osa, Minas Uezres.

Li, i. s,
Feb.1, l.

C>r G.L J. 'i'.lesom,
L1 b. i s '
U. .. ^
De: br D J isr: o ".

.{o,.r l-e,,tfr- of J.-nEI. -)iu vas aw zti.,- oL.r. t-.;.;n to
th:, -i ty V-r- "'"..' nd~c-c to nol.- tca t the .F"'uic.- .f "_!^-
t ro 2 c?, m thru 'inr good co i il

,,o.. !h%- l.. of :n. '"8 ze.nf t L kilos of 0_ f-
t roeue soeed -.'-M tree i bo i,. f''iis rts i:- c:n to Luh
ti". t .... y::. s-ould I..r h,.d some B ,. of it.
' '- : ...... "fcre is d fo i ...7. --i bc :co.:qk, c'':.'u tlie

c-urtesy. of 12'. Ile a ^.ae. They w Ll g o to th&. *'<1; 1
1.'"1 :.*;."fit ,L, "ri' O ......... -.i n j ;: JU '" .i b'" h ?.::.; txi ;: ".i ... ... ; I '.:ini' .)V:; f
to oa., r-.'?> ,'- ..ts had been ma6 viL- La 'u La or1&n-z De .t.'
other oer th-'. t be bo have o 11,u fio-i .'-m Lr. il a. ul
by- r.... ... h.. ? :"~ th",i this v:: 7? h .ri *;**ii .'.y E r
certain t1'.n to Let tihem g thru ., odiyi : ;:,,
Tho.. b: .*-* .'Otfcroche s-e;;^ ,. ::r.: c" .... .f'' .-. *i;, iL ^- ;:iia
dried in the '-i e.I riUd the so ;i for thy ai-a.
fo un thiem in '-ci..ei condiitLon. -.'e put I.. I..-
f rt.. ;m a-i oC09 env, 'e in witi .1- :-,ed s, ,3 to tt'.e
Up ,1. moi sto,-e t u -t aii

In f- sh' r t t.[.. %C ho e'A to ror.. T- t, you J3bUc...
-,>0 i, to .< kilof of seed of tre eo ;..

Tr2..':' I yielded ( s 6o, ') u t, wc% 1. -:.g i7` kilo ,
,ind gave ,8 kil-s of eieaned and dried se-.a

0o^n of t:,s- se3-Ad.ings of tr.-e N t Liat w -rmi.ted
ourao hay som0 v uit. S, ou. '"-L M ...
at the .'"5Cnft tti:-, is making a geiic.'n.l Doia-icui collecti.., to
? uT t o.. ... th? "-:: c r-ter. i-omng, f,'- ,c ).imens th:f, ist h.i,- c-l-
iectedis Tr-e I --'.; *"' <: i^ mui lat^-.' iix f..'.u _.ht, 4.a Also
much. lt-.r in o ,. e hope -to get si- s : of t-ee al 2
.t I.) i. to !... ?

TI' .'--.: you ve./ muffiu hi indeed for bh. co'..- ..... y -)-' sending
ire th ho t)--.1 t f". o M t I. L... ,
e the :;h.otosf.?:;ts. f; -! =* ,,o; i^,t:,. ..)^ n fh-om th;; .io~' .i*h
p ibin. v ^3- ai zSo e.... a-isi o/ 1_.L .S.-, tO _Lt ;;. ;-i;-t o" .: ..e-
cie of Facouteae fm Lit f .xies of fo .' Ofcour-tic2.. ,- ".
In I'M-.-a s do Instituto ""tlo s ", J 0 .V T r "
9,.,s ctcuol, ".-, ; tO .116 you Alii f.ind L.' a M...._ ;;.'..p" on
the I'lacourticeae of .-r ..-i J. on p. .1* 5 -.. e 4.- :...';. ,' .
t4-e .iL,- t'i-. ,:n ent -of optic_.., active oi;. ro th














tab1e it woucid appear that thc'o.c ar- other genera in brasii
thrnm i-i :,e thtt =ont:in this j ti.,_ iy activee oil

T1-.8a e v2l forI ua to proceed zt present is to
ct t>hs se.'i from nre v I mlr the tr'ee. From Dr. 7u:hlm '(s
discussion of __ .-. fr" Lns! you 1I tu t =i r;& .3 t.....
*a an exc edin.ly vn 1 riable -::,ei:-. Th ire/ are undoubtociy two
or t,:r.'e sociCs ht are st pretet ,..A id u Ad.r;u' thnis one name.
O ur. if nfcy' *1 Di'> tr. ;- 7j tjrx :>i? ^Brnt of tis oi
no tr'aafc ,,--m is do ae fro., xin ecoaomi c s;-- .d -oinc.
T ht T to :.9 nuts .*urzii trees t ha ,t Ooomca this ye-'-r
caeme 'oti~ V'a~in~A on. rie of tkhe asee iLiL. Cb sbtil 'ai,, ). fruit
on it came with 3s in if;-5. The little L,. .. stood about
40 c7s.a oove t: 'oil Ve keot t" f ." fr ye'' or 0.o 20
ni~~~r.':'.-/~-: an in ti"w r 'u t tr.qg Kbr 1la tea, il fae
field. This would ,:e it E iittle over four ye.. from the
t"i ml-- 45 "j c-. t 45:; ho-- In ('**^*^ington until -
fir"3t !,oOm o0 ".'r: ".. :* other tr. .... t gave us .istilate
fio'.rs >;,s a* resi ue pf those that were o01 ex;i'bition at tile
Ccntronnail in hio, .nd c" to us in Jn. IBi. Tiis o me
from, gr'no.s;' t t; ligr bo at a (:, arla othe-r fr
of the i'5 lot o.ioj.meci fct gave only st. Li.i-jte fowers. &ppar-
51 ,'h r tio of st -M1,L te to 'istilcte t,,, in lu- e is
:boiut t t, i-: 15 bto 1.

In :.. of the /, ;.:,otrOc..i brasilingis sfc.iJings
fryom tree Ih ve us a ratioyi of over I si-,sinate to 1i pis.
tilate. As te flowers ure perfect on the pi -ilate tr1.s this
do 7s -,t m .tt :' J1 ... t y 7c i y t* IOU,-P ,. f, Ia9 ., havire
to rs ,t to o 0.. se-u- meit 1hod of production, te both of


I >m fully e-.e. ting that 1jefoe thi e .tt. reaches
OLI the A'.. '1t _11 be in your hanod..

V siLc lreiy you't. J;;


de ii oifs ,-. ::.u .fcor "'oi de imeo
!:':.\; C de "..'.\icultur:: it.o l-.st':.'o de ino:s


~~ fc.""1








UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASHINGTON

OHEMIOAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH IlJanuary 31930




Dr. P. H. iolfs,
Consultor Technico de Agricultura do Estado de Minas Geraes,
Viscosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.


Dear Dr. Rolfsa:

Tour letter of November 21,1929, and the Carpotroche fruits
have been received, for which I thank you .. The fruits reached me in
perfect condition, and I assure you that I am much pleased to have them.

The desirability of an exploration in Brazil for Carpotroche
species and your interest in such an undertaking have been called to the
attention of Mr. E. P.'Killip and Mr. William R. Maxon, both of whom re
connected with the Smithsonian Institution, U. S. National Museum. Mr.
Killip has done considerable botanical exploration work in South America,
and only recently returned from the head waters of the Amazon. He spent
nearly eight months in Eastern Peru.

I have been informed that the Museum authorities have not planned
any addition. field trips to South America for the near future. Dr.
Blake, Economic Botanist, Bureau of Plant Industry, is rpuoh interested
in the Carpotroche, and has offered to study and classify any of the
species, known or new, providing sufficient botanical material was sub-
mitted to him* He stated that it is absolutely necessary to get flowers,
leaves, fruit, etc., from the same tree of each supposed distinct species
for such work; otherwise mistakes in classification are liable to be
made. If you could send the necessary material for identification pur-
poses from your tree No.2 Dr. Blake would be pleased to identify it. I
would also suggest that material from tree No* 1 be forwarded at the same
time.

Since receiving your interesting letter Dr. Blake and I have been
occupied, as time permitted, in looking up the Carpotroche species that
have been described and listed in the Kew Botanical Index and elsewhere.
I am enclosing a photostat copr of a portion of Part 5, Volume 12, V.S.
National Herbarium publications, dealing with the Carpotroche species,
written by Henry Pittier, a Swiss botanist, who for some years has been
engaged in Venezuela in an investigation of the flora. I am also enclos-
ing a list of the various species of Flacourtiaceae to date that I have at
hand, which may be of some interest to you.

I have not been able to get any information relative to the oil
content of the seeds or the character of the %ils of any of the Carpotroohe
species other than from C. brasiliensis. There is tha pIssibility that
Af










(Dr. P. H. Rolfs)


the seed of some of the other species may not contain optically activeI
oils, optical activity being, an indication of the quantity of cyclic
acids of the Chaulmoogric gr(up. Without doubt the 91i from the seeds)
of all species should be investigated, but the difficulty of securing
a suitable quantity of seeds from each species will probably delay
getting all the desired information for many years. However, I shall
do what I can to hurry the matter along.

I hope you can secure more information in Brazil in regard to
the chemist and his work on Carpotroche oils.

Do you know the age of your Taraktogenus kurzii trees that have
recently bloomed? Have you arny information in regard to the usual
age of these trees when they blossom in other countries?

If you can forward 200 or 250 grams of seed from tree No. 2 we
can determine the percentage of oil, and solvent extract a sufficient
quantity of oil to measure the optical activity to see how the oil
compares with the sample from C. basiliensis that we have on hand.

Wishing you and your daughter a Happy New Year, I remain


Sincerely yours,



~3ne
G. S. Jamieson,
Chemist in Charge,
Oil, Fat and Wax Laboratory.

Enclosures:
Photostat copy of Part 5, Vol. 12,
U.S.National Herbarium publications.
List of species.


- 2 -







V




Vilosap Minas Gerases Brasil

April 21, 1930


Dr. G. S. Jamieson,
Bureau Chemistry U. S. D. A
SWashington, D. C.
Dear Dr. Jamieson:

Your letter of March 20 was received on April 14.

I was very glad indeed to hear from you and know that the
sending of Carpotroche seeds was received in good order. Like you,
I am very much surprised at the very favorable results that you ob-
taned from these seed.
I hope shortly to send thru to you a kilo or so of seed
of Carpotroohe from quite a different looking tree. I believe I
have referred to it before as Tree N2 2.

In the bMemoirs do Instituto Oswaldo Crus, etc., you will
find the names of Brasilian chemists who are working on the arno -
troshe seed, You will also find an interesting list of seeds that
have been analysed for the presence of this oil.

In ease you have moreseed than you need for your experi-
mental work it might be a good idea to turn them over to some one
for germination in the green houses. If you do so, tell them that
it may take a very long tins for them to germinate. I had some of
them in the seed bed for more than a year and a half without thiar
germinating and yet they were in perfect condition for germination.
This tree grows at the frost line on account of our high altitude,
consequently it might be possible to utilize it even in South Vlorida.

I notice that in my former letter I misled you in regard
to Taraktogenus kursii blossoming at four years old. We brought
the plats with us from the green house in Washington in 1925# When
they were at least a year old, possibly older. They were then set in
a nursery row and four years from .the time they were plaited in their
permanent location they had bloom. This of course is a much shorter
time than wo had anticipated.

Very truly yours,


P. H. Rolfs, ConsultorTechnico de
PHR:C Agricultura do Estado de Minas Geraes
,-*I
I,. .'






GRANDE HOTEL
U DIFICIO PROPRIO
END. TSIG. ARMAFI
Arcangelo Malefftta & Filhos
RUA DA BAHIA, 1136 Tel. Cent. 107
BELL.O ,]ORIBZONTE
CnA


Bello orizoniote, ... .. de ............................................ ................de 103 ............

Illm o. Snr .......... .........................................................................................................................................,


I


.............................................................................................








V UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASHINGTON

CHEMICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH

March 20, 1950


Dr. P. H. Rolfs, Consultor Technico
de Agriculture do Estado de Minas,
Vicosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.


Dear Doctor Rolfs:

In reply to your letter of February 1, 1930, the 10 kilos
sample of Carpotroche seed arrived safely. Some examination of
the seed has been made, but due to a number of circumstances I
have not yet been able to undertake the expression of the oil.
However, I want you to know that I have the seed. They were found
to consist of 64.51 percent of kernels and 35-49 per cent of shells.
The kernels contain 63.4 per cent of oil and 2.5 per cent of mois-
ture. I was much surprised in that the seeds were so rich in oil.
The oil extracted from 10 grams of kernels was almost colorless
and very mobile. I consider that these are remarkably fine seeds.

I was pleased to get the reference to Memorias do Instituto,
Oswaldo Crux, etc., but I have not had an opportunity to examine it;
however, I hope to do so before long.

I was very much interested to learn that a Taraktogenus
karzii tree blossoms when only four years old, as I had previously
understood from what I had read that many years were required before
this stage was reached. It would appear that your tree No. 2, on
account of blossoming later than tree No. I," is another species
but on the other hand, as Doctor Kuhlmann states, the species
0. brasiliensis is exceedingly variable in its characteristics,
it may be only another type of the latter.

S( From all that I have learned so far, it appears that the
S, Oarpotroche oil is far superior in all respects to that of T.kurzii.
S As soon as I get additional information regarding the oil from
i your Carpotroche seeds, I shall write and let you know the results.

Thanking you very much for all of the information in your
letter, I remain

Very truly yours,



G. 5. Jamieson,
Senior Chemist in Charge,
Oil, Fat and Wax Laboratory.







UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF CHEMISTRY AND SOILS
WASHINGTON

CHEMICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH
X May 28,1930

;-' x* s -

Dr. P. H. Rolfs, '^
Consultor Technico de Agricultura do Estado de Minas Geraes,
Viscosa, Minas Geraes, Brazil.


Deear Dr. Rolfs:

I was pleased to receive your letter of April 21,193. As
suggested, I have arranged with the office of Foreign Plant Intro-
duction to plant carpotroche seed in southern Florida, the Hawaiian
Islands and the Canal Zone. They appear to be much interested in
attempting to grow these plants, and I think their suggestion to
plant them in widely different regions is good, as one locality may
be much more favorable than another both in regard to climatic and
soil conditions. I was able to give them 135 seeds for these pro-
posed experiments.

You refer to the Memoirs do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz as contain-
ing the names of the Brazilian chemists working on carpotroche seed
and oil and the interesting list of seeds that contain this oil,
but you failed to include the volume and number of this reference.
Consequently, I shall wait until I get it before attempting to locate
this article, which I am naturally very anxious to see.

I planted several of the seeds some weeks ago in flower pots
at my home and when cool weather comes I can take them inside. I
am glad to learn something about the period of time required for germi-
nation.

When the seeds from the No.2 tree arrive we shall be pleased to
make an examination of the oil.

With best regards, I remain


Very truly yours,



G. IJJamleson,
Chemist in Charge,
0il, Fat and Wax Laboratory.












I.







~~y;&os:w2~ g,4t4


4 4



It, .~
i -




from,
Flora Brasi.ensis
inumeratto Flantarum
in
Bras ilia
6diderunt
Jarolus friderious fhilippus de Martius
Eoque )efunoto Sucoessor
Augustus Guilielmus Eichler
Vol. 12 2art 1

Bixineae, Flaoourtianeae, Samydeda, Homalin3iae Auctt. D.C. Prjdr.
255,1 25g. II. 47. 53. etc.

CARPOTROJHE dioeoious, rarely polyganoas
C. brasilLensis Eni. poiygamous-dioecious
Common ana other names: Paoia oximbo,Papo d'Anjo, Janado go. )ita,
Fruta de Cutia, Frata de Sapuoainha. Bras111iiensium in orov.Rlo de
Janeiro, testibas Martias, Zuooarini et ?eckolt;Fruta de Maoaco
-apud Lagoa Santa, ex Warming.
dtbitat f eaquens in sylvis oiroa Rio de Janeiro, e. gr. in monte
Coroovado, prop&anta Gallo, Capooabana, Caohoelra do Infarno ato.:
aaddi, Lusohnath, 6elio, ?oni, Riedel, Pacokolt, prope Baniam, et
sparsa in sylvis ciroa Lagoa Santa prov. Minas jeraes, Varietias
prop:Rio de Janairo eat.Lagoa Santa.

Carpotroone Amazonioa Mart. dioeoious.
Habitat in sylvis ad fl. Solimoes et Yapura prov. do Alt,3 ima;nas-
ad fl. Uaupes ejusdem prov.,-' in petrosis ex sylvis Catingas diotis,
November low3r, Dicember ftru.t- ..

Carpotroohe Crrandiflora Spruce. dioeoious.
Habitat, In sylvis ad cataractam S. Jabriel da 3aohoeira ad fl. Rio
Negro, prov. do Alto Amazonas. Najas.

ars otroces l04gifj4ia Benth. dioeci jus.
Haitat inW bybvis primaevis ad confluences fluvios Tefft at Solimoes,
prov. do Ilto Amozonas, Nov. fior. et fruoti ?oeppig; in montosis
umbrosis proe Taraaoto Peruviae oriantalis: Najas.


ONCOBO Flowers perfect or polygamous.
O-_ bade poolia (Benth.)
"aa'fiat'T vioiaa Obidos prove. Para, Sprufe-Nal as







{ey to Carpotroohe
1. flores mascull breviter raaemosi,feminei vel hermaphroditi
subsolitarie axlliares.
filores po.ygamo-dioiei ( et ), majuscu.Li (3 --5 cm. diam.);
sepala petals paull-e longiora 1 C. Brawl ensis
Flozres dioioi (?) minors )haud ultra 2 1/2 cm. diam.): p tala
sepalis paulo longiora 2 C. Amazonica
Fiores dioili (?) majusculi (co. 4 oa. diam.); petala-aepalis
subtriolo longiora 3 C. Grandiflora
2. Flozres dioici, utriusque sexual ad ramos vetastiores v, truncum
glomerato-fascioulati, parvuli (haud ultra 1 1/2 cm. diam..)
4 C. Longifolia



Iey toOncoba
1. filamewta In oolumanam ojngiutiaata 1 3. Latifilia
2. filamenta libera laxa.
Raoemi 3 -5-florl oorymboso-oontraotli, petiole subalquiiongi;
petala.6, sepalis oblongis conspicue minora 2 0. Ovata
Racemi 12 -25-flori elongati, petiolo subaequilongi v. langiores;
petala 6, sepali.s oblongLs sublongi ora 3 0. Mayaansis
Racmi 2-3-florl corymboso- oontracti, petiolo conspicue iongiores;
petala 9, sepalis suborbioulatis oaullo longiora
4 0. Pauciflora


2 Qgz0iba Ovata. (Berth.)
Habitat, Cresoit in Serra de Araripe props Brejo-Grande (sphalmate
Brya-Grande apud Bentham), provey. Ceara. Hamnadryas.

30peiba.OIMaynmnls- (Poepp. jL.t Endl.)
ria Iat1' "inter Baroellos et S. Isabel ad fl. Rio Negro, prov. do Alto
Amazonas, Deo. flor.c.in lagunis proper Pedrero ad eundem fluvium;
in sylvis primaavis ad Yurimaguas prov. Peruvianae Maynas, Jan. floor,
Mart. fruot..

4 O (Benth,
Spropsanau prov.o ara. Najas






DENDROSTYLIS Flores dioici v. polygamo-diooi (?)
1I D, (?L O-owrat. (Aubl.) ,
Crescit in Guiana gallica? In Brasilia contermlna forsan invenienda.

2 0. echjnataBEenth.

Prope Tarapoto Peruvlae orientalis! etiam in Brasilia 'boreali? In
Peruvia etiam Poeppigio lecta.

Xylosma
.ey
Sectio 1. Euxylosma. Pistillum 2-3-carpidiatum.
1. Flores hermaphroditi breviter raoemosi. oo.50.
Stigma, disooideo-oapitatum 1 .X.(?) Calophyllum
2. Flores dioioi umbellato-v.giomerato-fasoicoulati. Stamina 15-25.
Stigmata disoreta.
1. Stirpes giabrae v. subglabrae.
a. Stigmata orassiuscule subulata 2. X. Digynum.
b. Stigmata semilunata v. semiorbioularia.
Flores glomerata-fasoioulati, pedioellis.subnullis.
^zexxttxaxxuiaiwlniajXsi~xsaggi
Frutbx ut videtur inermis. 3. X.Benthami.
Flores fasciculati, pedicellis distinotis. Arbuscula
spinosa 4. X. Salzmanni.
2. Tota stirps, praesertim ramiuli foliaque subtus juventute
pallide ferrugineo-tomentosa 5. X. Ciliatifolium.
Seotio 2. Roumea. Pistillum 4-6-merum. --Nulla brasiliensis.


Sectio 1. Euxylosma..
Pistillum 2-3-oarpidiatum.
Xylosma (?) Calophyllum Griseb.
Habitat ad oram meridionalem fl. Amazonum prope ostium fl. Solimoes.
Junio fl. --Najas.

Xylosma Digynum (Bentb.)
Cresoit in sylvis inundatis seous fl. Amzonum haud infrequens, *e.gr.
ad CObari, ega etc.S ad oram meridionalem fl. Rio Negro usque ad
conoursum Solimoes, Miajo floret fruct.;: in sylvis Yurimaguas prov-
.inoiae Peruvianae'Maynas --Najas.

Xylosma Benthami (Tul.)
Habitat ad Santarem prov. Para; et ad Popayan Columbiae --Najas et
Extrabrasil.
Xylosma Salzinanni (Clos),
Habitat frequens.in vicinia Rio de Janeiro, e.gr. ad aquaeduoaum,.in
Serra d'Estrella, ad Parahyba fluvium etc.; proper Bahiam; ad Formigas





Uberava, Lagoa Santa aliosque locos provey. Minas Geraess prope Goyaz.
Varietas inter Vietoriam et Bah3iam... Dryas, Oreas.
Xylosma ciliatifoliumi (Clos.)
Habitat rope Rio de Janeiro; ad Caldas prov. Minas Geraes: in sybvis
ad Lagoa Santa; in prov. Ceara. iajo -in Junium floor Sept. fruot.
---Dryas, Or-eas.

Peridiscus. Flores hermaphkoditi. Petala P. luoidus Benth. 1. 0.!
Ad flumina Casiquiare, Nasiva, Paolmoni et Uaupes Brasiliae borealis
et Venenu elae oontermlnae --Najas.
Laetia
Key.
I. Flores in, diohasia (v. oymas repetito-diohotomas) dispositi.
Stamina numerosa. Stylus simplex, stigmate capitato minute Iteilobo.--
Folia pellucido-punotata.
Folia ovata v. obovata, plq. obtusa, 3-6 om. 1g. Cymae semel v.
bis diohotomae 1. L.Apetala
Folia o.-ato-oblonga bzeviter acuminata, 6-9 cm. ig. Cymae bis
terve, rarius subouater dichotomae 2. L. corymbulosa.
I1 Flores.in fascioulos axillares V. supraaxillares dispositi.
Braoteae ad-basin pedioellorum.in pulvlnulum densum conipactae. Stamina
'10-20. Stylus simplex, stigmate capitate minute trilobo. Folia
saepius pellucido-punotata. cryptss resiniferls semper evolutis, sed
subinde foliorum oompage ooriaoea obtectis).
1. Stamina 12-20. Folia pelluoido-punctata. Fasciculi florumn breviter
supraaxillares 3. L. Procera
2. Stamina 10-12. Fasciculi forum axillares.
Folia oblonga, pellucldo-punctata v. punctis obtectis,
laxiuscule retioulato- enosa 4. L. Suaveolens
Fo!a& obovata crasse corlacea, impunctata .(soil. punts obtectis),
dense substriato-nervosa 5. L. Calophylla
III. Flores in fasciculos axillares dispositl. Bracteolae
ma'usculae, circa basin singulorum pedioellorum in cupulam combinatae.
Stamina numerosa. Stylus apioe brevitez trifidus, stigmatibus
capitellatis. Folia ooriacea impunctata (6typtis resiniferis baud
evolutis).
Folia ovato-oblonga. Cupula bracteolarum nufnHaxx cyathlformis,
6. L. Cupulata.
Folia oblongo-lanceolata. Cupula bracteolarum profunde biloba
7. L. Coriaoea.
I. Flores in dichasia (v. oymBa repitito-dichotomas) dispositi.
Stamina numerosa. Stylus simplex, stigmate mapltato minute trilobo.--
Folia pellucido-punotata.






1. Laetia Apstala Jacq.
Habitat typus .In dumetis et inter arbusta parsa, Taboleiro dicta,
juxta fluv. S.Francisco proper Joazeira et-alibi in-sylvis aestu
aphyllis in mediterraneis prov. Bahia, Pernambuoo et Piauhy: ad
Utinga In desert prov. Bahiaes ad Rio Caiude prov. Piauhy.
Praeterea in GuayaquilS ad fl, -Magdalenae pr. Teneriffe in,..
sylvaticis Carthagenaer;: in Mexico; Varietas in ihuidiusoulis
tempore-pluvioso inundatis pr. Cuiaba, prov. Mato Grosso. --Hama-
dryas et Extiabrasil.
2. L. Corymbirlosa SpTuce-
Habitat in sylvis Gapo ad oram meridionalem fl. Amnazonas proper
ostium%-ta. S o limo~s. Na jas.
3,L. Procera.(Poepp. et Endl.),
In sylvis ad Egra Amazonum; ad Karouany Gulanaer gallio.ae; aliis
Guianae gallicae locis.-- Nalas et Guianensts.
4. L. Suaveolahs Benth.
Habitat cum antecedent in sylvis ad Ega Amazonum; proper Manaos et
ad fluvios Solimoes, Casquiare et Uaupes frequent; etiam in Cayenna.---
Najas et Guianensis.
5. L. Calophylla Eichl.
Ad flumina Casiquiare, Vasiva ef Pacimoni Brasiliae borealis----
Najas.
6. L. Cupulata Spruce.
In sylvatiois fl4 Gasiqulare supra ostium fl. Vasiva, prov. do
Alto Amazonas.-- -Najas..
7. L. Coriaoea Spruce.
In sylvis proper Tomo, ad.'l., Guainia. vel Rio Negro super iorem, et
proper Panure ad Rio Uaupes, prov. do Alto Amazonas. --Najas.

CASEARIA
Key.
Seotio I. Guidonia. Stamina 8 v. 10. Disoi processus in onornam
extrastaminalem conspirantes, basic in tubum conflati.-- Folio
pelluoido-punotata.
Speoles Antillana C. spinescens-. (Sw.)
(of. adnotatio infra sub sect. I.).
Sectio II. Irouoana. Stamina 8,rari-s6 v. 10, oum lobis disol
intersertis plus minus connata. SAylus Indfjvls X s, st2gmate
capitato. Capsula- baotens, semlnlbus plq. in pulpa ex arillis molli-
carnosis proveniente nidulantlbus eaque conglutlnatis. --Folia
pellucido-punotata et lineolata.
A. Valentinia. Stamina 6,8 v. 10. Disci processus filiformi-
olavati, glabrl.-Folia spinosa- dntata.






Species Antillanae. C. Ocmmocladifolia Vent.
C. ilicifolia Vent.
C. ooriacea Griseb.
(of. adnotatio infra sub sectlone i ).
B. Euirouoana. Stamina 8 v. rarius 10. Disoi prooessus oblong v.
oblongo-spathulati, tomentoso-barbati, basi cum filamentis breviter
connati.- Folia subintegerrima v. serrata.
1. Flores in oymas corymblformes axillares dispositl.
C. nitida Jaoq.
(of. adnotatio infra sub sect. 1. C.).
2. Flores in umbrellas axillares sessiles dispositi.
a. Follorum nervi laterales utrlnque 4-6. Ramuli et folia subtus
plus minus pubescentia.
Ramuli saepe spinsocentes. Flores ad nodos follatos defoliatgsque
ramulerum juniorum provenientes
1. C. spinosa Willd.
Spinae nullae. Flores solemniter ad nodos defAliatos (infra
apices ramulorum foliatos) provenientes. Folia subtus ad nervos
pubescentia, tandem glabrescentia
2. C. ramiflora Willd.
Spinae nullae. Flores ut in C. spinosa. Folia subtus persist
tenter ferrugineo-tomentosa C. hirta Sw.
C. rufidula Tr. et PI.
( of. observation. infra ad C. ramiflorum).
b. Foliorum nervi laterales utrinque 6-12. Ramuli foliaque glabra
v. juventute fugaciter pubescentia.
Rami ve6tusti spinesoentes, novella plq. inermes. Nervi laterales
plq. 6-9. Gapsulacc. Icm. 1g.; semina foveolata.
3.0. oblongifolia Camb.
Inermis. .Nervi lat. plq. 8-10. Capsula 2 .cm.lg.; seminar
laevia 4. C.negrensis Eiohl.
Inermis. Nervi lat. 11-13. -An hujus afflnitiatis? Flores
incogniti 5.C.resinifera Spruoe.
Seotio -111ii. Pitumbia. Stamina 10, raro 12. Disci prooessus
staminlbus interserti, liberi, rarissime basi oum filamentis connati.
Stylus indivisus, stigmate capitato. Folia utplurimum maculis
lineolisque pellucidis ornata, raro impunotata.
Series A. Calycis bobi oblongi v. lanceolati linearesque. anthesi
plq. reflex. Stamina 10, raro 12, cum disci lobis ereota, antheris
solemniter ellipticis eglandulosis. Capsula baooans; semina in pulpa
ex arilllis mollaoarnosis proveniente nidulantia. eaque oonglutinati.-
Flores saeplus pxraA.ooces, in umbellaa multiflores consoolati, mediooris
magnitudinis.
o. Antherae eglandulosae. Fructus glabrl.
a. Folia basic -symmetrica v. parum obllqua, 9errata, plus minus
pilosa.
Folia plq. 5-7 om. lg., novella ad neryos puberula, adult
glabra, sparse minuteque punotata. 6.C.parvifolla Willd.
Folla plq. 7-12cm. Ig., novella subtus in tota paglna tomentella.,
adulta glabra, crebro et majuscule punctata
7.C.rupestris Eiohl.
Folla subtus plq. persistenter floccoso-tomentosa, minute
punctata, punctis saepius obteotls. 8.C.lasiophylla Eichl.





b. Folla symmetrloa, sublntegerrlma, -glabra, evidenter
pelluoldo-punotata 9.C.melliodora Eiohl.
o. Folia basic distinct. inaequilateralia, serrata, glabra, punotis
minutes saepius obtectis 10.C.adstringens Mart.
2. Antheras eglandulosae. Fruotus velutino-tomentosi.
Folia novella praesertim ad nerves pubescentia, adulta plus minus
glabrata 11.C. Fookeana Miq.
Folla -evella utrigue, praesertim subtus, ferrugindo-tomentosa,
tomento subtus persistent C. Birsuta Sw.
(of.observatio infra pott n.11. C.
Fockeanam.)
3. Antherae apioe glandula majuscula barbato-villosa instructed.
Capsula glabra. Folia 10-20 cm. Ig. 12.C.maorophylla Vahl.
Series B. Calyois lobi ovati v. oblongi, anthesi erecti v. erecto-
patull. Stamina 10 inolusa, antherls elliptiois v. oblongis eglandulosls.
Fruotus (in paucis tantum oognituX ut in series A. --Flores oum foliis
evoluti, in umbellis fasoloullsvde pauoifloris, sasplus parvi.
1. Stamina conformla (nisi alternatim subinaequilonga); disci proces-
sus pilosi.
a. Ovarium dense hispidum. Flores 4-5 mm. Ig. Folia punotis raris v.
nullis 13. C.Pauolflora Camb.
b. Ovarium glabrum v. apiece tantum phlosum. Flores 1 1/2-4 mm. 1g.
Folia evidenter punotata.
Folia glabra, petlolo 6-9 mm. long. Flores pedioellati, oc. 3
mm. ig. 14. C. Petlolaris Poepp.
Folia subtus tomentosa, petiolo 2 mm. long. Flores pedioellati,
3 1/2-4 mm. 1g. 15. 0. obovata Poepp.
Folia glabra. Flores subsessiles 1 1/2-2 mm. ig. Sepala minute
fusoo-maoulata 16. C. sessiliflora Camb.
2. Stamina alternatim diffsrmia, ea sepalis anteposita multo longiora,
anthdbis parvis, filamentis dense villosis, alterna antheris
magnis, filamento brevissimo fultis; disci processus glabri
17.C. singularls Eichl.
Series C. Calycis lobi ovati v. suborbioulati, anthesi erecti v.
erecoto-patentes..Stamina 10 inclusa, antheris didymo-sibglobosis, dorsi
apice glandula sol01mniter barbellata instruotis. Capsula (ubi visa) sloca,
1- v. oligosperma, arillo seminum vario nune subnullo, testa reticulato-
foveolata.
1. Folia glabra v. plus minus pubesoentia, nec tamen tomento denso
persistenti can6soentia.
a. Folia impunctata.
Folla 2 1/2-3 1/2 orW Ig., glabra. Flores subsolitarie axillares.
Placentae 1.ovulatae. 18.C.miorophylla Eiohl.
Folla 3 1/2-6 cm.lg., oorlaoea, supra glabra, subtus ad nervos
velutino-tomdntosa,. Flores 3-6-fasolcoulati. Placentae plurlovulatae,
19. C. p-ohliana Eiohl.
b. Folla pellucido-punotata, 4-12 om. 1ig.
a. Fasoiouli florum brevlter pedunoulatl.
Alabastra ovoldeo-oblonga, sepalis oblongis. FolIA evidenter
punctata, nirvis lateralibus (utrinqu6) 4-5
20. C.poeppigli Eiohl.
Alabastra ovoideo-subglobosa, sepalis orbioulatis. .
Folia anteoedentis 21 .0. blanohetiana Miq.
Alabastra ovoldeo-p sepalls late ovatls. Folla nervis lateral.
plq, 7-12, puntis aetate saeplus obteotis
22.C.oambessednsii Eiohl.





. Fasciculi forum sessiles v. subsessiles.
Folla anguste oblonga, 5-8cm. ig., obtuse serrato- dentata, praeter
nerves puberulos glabra. Fasoiculi 2.6-florl
23. C. ollgantha Eichl.
Folla ovata v. ovato-oblonga, 17-12 cm. ig,, supra tenulter, subtus
densius tomentosa. Fasciouli 10-20-florl 24. C.pitraea Benth.
Folia ovato-oblonga, 7-12 om. Ig., argute v. spinuloso-serrata, praeter
nervous juventute puberulos glabra. Fasoiculi 10-20-florl.
C.ulmifolla Vahl.
(cf. observat. ad u. 24. C. petraeam
infra).
2. Folia subtus tomento denso persistent cinerascentia v. pallid
ferruginea. '
a. Florum fasciculi breviter pedunculati.
Flores subcapltati, pedicellis t-2 mm. calyclbus.4-5 mm. longis
25.0C. brasiliensis Eichl.
Flores umbellati, pedioellis calycibus subaequilongis, 3-4 mm.
aequantibus 26. C. stipularis Vent.
b. Flores majusculi (6-7 mm. ig.) capitati, oapitulis sessilibus;
bracteae majusoula6 suborbiculate-e. 27.C.grandif&ora Camb.
Sectio IV. Crateria. Stamina 10. Disci processus staminibus interserti,
liberi. Stylus indivisus, stigma trifidum. Capsula sicca oligosperma,
seminibus arillo vario cinctis. Folia saepius pellucido-punotata.
1.Folia pellucido-punctata, raro impunctata. Flores minuti distinct
pedicellati.
Folia basi valde inaequilateralia, n6rvis lateral,utrinque 3-4
valde obliquis; arillus in fimbrias plumosas dilaceratus
28. G..inaequilatera Camb.
Folia basi subnymmetrica, nervis lateralibus 5-8 ereoto-patulls.
Arillus subinteger 29. C. sylvestris Sw.
2. Folia coriacea impunctata. Flores subsessiles. Arillus brevis
subinteger 30. C.selloani Eiohl.
Sectio V. Piparea. Stamina 10-15, raro 20-25. Bisci processus in
coronam intrastaminalem conniventes (nec staminibus interserti). Stylus wt
apiece trifidus, stigmatibus minute capitatis. Capsula sicca, 1-v.ollgosperma,
testa seminum plq. hirto-velutina. --Folia corlacea, impunctata.
1. Sepala maturitate baud acorescentia. Capsula plq. intus pilosa,
semina hirto-velutina.
a. Folla subtus velutino-tomentosa.
Flores subsessiles. Stamina 10-15. 31. C. dentata (Aubl.)
Flores longluscule~pedicellati. Stamina 15-20
C. lasiosperma Tri.et PI.
(of. obser-atio infra ad n. 31. C. dentatun).
b. Folia glabra. Stamina 10-15.
Flores breviter pedicellati. Calyx tubo brevissimo, lobis
reflexis. Capsula extus dense fusco-tomentella, intus
tomentoso- lanuginosa 32. C. Javitensis H.B.K.
Floe subsessiles. Calyx tubo distinct Infundlbulari, lobis
paullo longioribus erectis 33. C. densiflora Benth.
Flores breviter pedioellatl. Calyx tubo brexissimo, lobis
erectis. Capsula parc6 pilosa, intus glabra
34. C. laurifolia Benth.
2. Sepala maturitate plus minus aocresoentia, capsulae adpressa. Capsula
intus glaberrlma, seminum testa hirto-velutina.
Stamina 20-25. Sepala maturitate. 10-14 mm. 1g.
35. C. spruceana B6nth.
Stamina 10. Sepala maturitate 6-7 mm.lg.
36.C. Commersoniani Camb.





3. Sepala maturitate haud accrescentia. Capsula intus cum seminibus
exarillatis glaberrima 37. C. maximiliani Eichl.
SSeotio. I. Guidonia.

CASEARIA spinescens Benth.
Habitat in savannis ad Pirara Gulanae britannicae: in Trinidad: Cuba:
in Hiapaneola.
Sectio II. Lroucana.
a. CASEARIA jomocladifolia Vent.
Habitat'. in S. Domingo.
b. .CASEARIA ilicifolia Vent.
Cum antecedente in insula S. Domingo.

c. CASEARIA coriaoea
In Cuba oriental. Non vidl.
1. CASEARIA spinosa Willd.
Cas earla nitAlda Jaoq.
Habitat rarior in Brasiliay frequent in.terris tropicois oonfinibus. In
humidis tempore pluvioso inundatis proper Cuiaba prov. Mato Grosso; loco
Brasiliae non indioato ', Ad Tarapoto Peruviae orientalis; in Guiani batava
ad ripas fluvlorum; in Guiani britannica;. in Novae Granatae prov. Mariquita:
Triana; in Insula Porto-Rico:; S. Domingo; Cuba. Varietas in Guayaquil.
2. CASEARIA ramlflora Vahl.
Habitat Brasiliae looo non indicate; proper Bahiam; Pernambuco; ad
Santerem prov. Para. Praeterea in Guiana gallica, ubi Cafe diable appellatu'
ob fructum Coffeae similem sed acrem; in Guiana britannica; in insulis-Aw
Antillanis S. Thomas, S. Cruz, Jamaica et Cuba; et in Panama proper Maume
et Gorgons.
3. CASEARIA oblongifolia Uamb.
Frenquens in sylvaticis prope Rio de Janeiro, e. gr. in monte Coroovado,
Serra dos Orgaos, ad Canta Gallo etc.; in prov. Bahia, e. gr.in convallibus
umbrosis prope capltalem, ad Valli Nova d'Almeida; locis Brasiliae non
indlcatis. --Dryas.
4. CASEIRIA negrensis Eichl.
Habitat ad fl. Rio Negro prov. do Alto Amazonas, Decembri flo.. et fruot,
--Na jas.
5. CASEAIMA resinafera Spruce.
Cresoit prop. Panure ad Rio Uaupes, prov. do Alto Amazonas. Najas.
Sectio. Il-I. PITUMBA.
6. CASEIRIA parvifolia Willd.
Habitat froiuens per totam fere Americam tropicam. In prov. Rio de
Janeiro, e. gr. Serra dos Orgaos, Aldea dos Indlos, Canta Gallo etc.: in.p
prov.Minas Geraes distr. Adamantium, ad Caldas, Lagoa Santa etc.; ad Ponca
d'Arala in Serra Jaoobina prov. Bahiensis; in sylvis anguli inter fluv.
Rio Negro et Casiquiare prov. do Alto Amazonas. Extra Brasiliam in Bolivia;
Guayaquil; Venezuela; Guiana gallioa; Guiana britannica; in insula Trinidad,
in insulis Antigua, So Luzia, S. Thomas; in Portorico; S. Domingo: Cuba.
7. CASEARIA rupestris Eiohl.
Cwesolt.in prov. Minas Geraes ad Quinta baud procul a Lagoa Santa, in
rupestribus calcareis; ad Uberava ejusdem provinciae: Brasiliae loco non
indioato.---Qreas.
8. Sasearia lasioOhyvla Eiahl.
Uresoia.in pro inasGeaes at-S. Paulo. Si Vellozii icosem reote huc
duximus, haec plantain etiam in vicinia Rio de Janeiro provenire probaret.
-- Oreas.





9. CASEARIA melliodora Eiohl.
Crescit in sylvis prope Rio de Janeiro, Sept. fl.; ad pedem months
.Corcovado.--Dryas.
10. CASEARIA adstringingens Mart.
In ripa oanaeis Massari proper ostlum fluv. Madeira in fl. Amazonum,
Oct. flor. Nadjas.
11. CASEARIA fockl-eani Miq.
Habitat in sylvis Camapuan prov. Mato fGrosso;: in Surinamo, e. gr. ad
Paramaribo; in Guiana anglica; prope Cuchero Peruviae; Maume et Gorgone
in Panama.
12 CASEARIA maorophylla Vahl.
Crescit in Guiana gallioa;Autbaet- in Surinamo; ad Tarapoto Peruviae
orientalis. In Brasilia amazonica verlsimillter invenienda.
13. CASEARIA pauciflora Camb.
Frequent. in sylvatlois prov. Rio de Janeiro, e. gr. proper capitalem,
in monte porcovado, Serra de Boa Vista, ad Tijucca etc.; etiam in prov.
Minas Goeres. ---Dryas.
14. CASEIRIA petiolaris Poepp.
Crescit in Peruviae orientalis pryov. Maynas: In Brasilia adjacent
forte invenienda.
15. CASEARIA ovovata Poepp.
Habitat in sylvis Yurimaguas provincial Peruvianae Maynas: et in
montlbus secus fl. Mayo proper Tarapoto, Jul. flor. In Brasilia contermina
forte invenienda.
16. CASEARIA sessiflora Camb.
Ad Campos pryov. Rio de Janeiro, in camporum margin; proper tugurium
Sitio de Piren in pryov. Rio de Janeiro, Sept. fl.; exstat etiam in Hb. Hort.
bot. Petropolit., forte a Langsdorffio e Brasilia reportata. --Dryas.
17. CASEARIA singularis Eichl.

In Surinamo. FQrte etiam in Brasilia contermina; praecipue ob floris
struoturamn singularem hoc loco desorpita.
18. CASEARIA microphylla Eichl.
Cresoit in saxosis Serra da Lapa, pryov. Minas Geraes, Nov. fl. et
fruct. --Oroas.
19.CASEARIA pohliana Eichl.
Inter Estrema et Vieira do mato, nec non ad Fanado, pryov. Minas Geraes.
--Oreas.
20. CASEARIA Poepplgili Eichl.
Maynas Peruviae. Forte etiam in Brasilia contermina.
21. CASEARIA Blanchetiana Miq.
Crescit in sylvatlcis palustribus ad Olhos d'agua et in Serra d'Acurua
pryov. Bahlensls.- -Hamadryas.
22. CASEARIA.cambessedesii Eichl.
Habitat typus prope praedium Itijuru haud long a vico S. Miguel do
Mato-Dentro, pryov. Minas Geraes; inter Campos et Victoria; prope Rio de
Janeiro.--Dryas.
23. CASEARIA oligantha Eichl.
Habitat ad Ponta Negra pryov. Rio de Janeiro; inter Campos et Victoria;
loco Brasiliae non indioato, verlslmiliter in pryov. Rio de Janeiro.-Dryas.
24. CASEAR.IA petraea Benth.
contrelcit in GUini angllca: et in Surinamo; Forte 6tiam in Brasilia
0on1termlna linvenl etur,





25. CASEARIA Brasiliensis Eichl.
Crescit frequens in prov. Rio de Janeiro, e.gr. in sylvaticis prope
capitalem, in monte Corcovado, ad Mandiocca, Taipu etc. frequens etiam
in prov. Minas Geraes, ad Cocaes, Itajuru de S. Miguel de Mato-Dentro,
Uberava, Caxoeira do bampo, Lagoa Santa: ad Igreja velha in Serra da
Jacobina prov. Bahia et ad Caetete ejusdem prov. Dryas, Oreas, Hamadryas.
26. CASEARIA stipularis Vent.
Habitat ad Porto Imperial prov. Goyaz; sad Santarem et S. Carlos prov.
Para; ad Ega, prov. do Alto Amazonas;: in Guiana gallica; in Guian& botava,
e. gr. propeParamaribo etc. ; in Guiana britannica. Etiam in insulis
Antillanis, e. gr. in Portorico; Jamaica; et in Cuba.
27.CASEARIA grandiflora St. Hil.
Habitat forms typical in pascuis prope Caxueirinha prov. Minas Geraes
aliisque hujus provinciae locis: in prov. Ceara; inter Goyaz et Cavalcante;
ad Maranhao: ad Para, Tanau, Santarem aliisque locis prov. Para, in campis
siccis arenosis et frequens 'in sylvis; ad Ega prov. do Alto Amazonas; in
Guiana gall ica;Guiana batava; et prope Villavacenolo prov. Bogota in Nova
granata.-- Var. P. in montibus prope Cuiaba prov. Mato Grosso.-- Var.y.
in campis inter Rio das Velhas et S. Anna prov. S. Paulo;: inter Diamabtina
et Rio Paranahyba prov. Minas Geraes. Var. in Serra de Christaes.-
Vaga et Extrabrasiliensis.
Sectio IV. CRATERIA.
28. CASEARIA inaequilatera Camb.
Frequens in sylvis montosis prov. Rio de Janeiro, e. gr. in monte
Corcovado, Serra dos Orgaos etc.; ad Ypanema et alibi in prov. S. Paulo;
in prov. Minas Geraes, e. gr. in fruticetis Serra da Lapa, ad Caldas etc.
Sept. --Januar. flor. --Dryas, Oreas.
29. CASEARIA sylvestris Swartz.
Habitat per totam Americam tropcam et australem subtropical, soil. a
Mexico et insulis Antillanis usque in Peruviam et Brasiliae provincial
Rio Grande do Sul, in sylvis, sepibus, fruticetisque campestribus communis,
ab omnibus fere collectoribus reportata. Forma typical in prov. Rio Grande
do Sul; prov. S. Paulo; prov. Rio de Janeiro et Espiritu Santo; prov.
Minas Geraes ad Ouro Preto alibique; in prov.Bahia; ad Borba e t Santarem
prov. Para. Extra Brasiliam.in Peruvia subandina ad Tarapoto etc; in
Cayenna; Guiana batava; in Guiana anglica; Venezuela ad Cumana et Puerto
Cabello; Nova Granata in valle fluv. Magdalenae; Guatemala; Mexico; in
Insults Antillanis, e. gr. S..-Cruz, S. Domingo, S.Thomas, Jamaica, Cuba.--
Yar.kfrequens Brasiliae prov. Minas Geraes, e. gr. proper Salgado et
Contendas, Congonhas do campo, Caldas, Lagoa Santaetc.; in prov. Goyaz,
Serra de Caldas; ad Cuiaba prov. Mato Grosso: prov. Ceara et Piauhy; in
Guiana britannica; Venezuela ad Caracas et Caroni.-- Vaga et Extrabrasil.
30. CASEARIA selloana Eichl.
Habitat Inter Victoria et Bahia; prope Bahiam; -Dryas.
Sectio V. PIPAREA.
31. CASEARIA dentata (AUBL.)
Habitat in prov. Ceara; in sylvis ad Ega, prov.do Alto Amazonas, Decemr
flor.; Guiana gallica in lucis redivivis proper paroeciam Aroura, Dec. flor.
looo Guianae gallioae haud notato.
32 CASEARIA Javitensis H.B.K.
Habitat in prov. Bahia; e. gr. ad Ilheos; inter Victoria et Bahia; in
prov. Alagoas; prope Parsa; ad Canumu fluvium prov. Para; prope Borba prov.
Parsa; ah Sandarem; in sylvis ad Ega prov. do Alto Amazonas; in colllbus
siccis arenosis ad Rio Negro; ad fluv. Guiana supra ostium fl. Casiquiare;





Porro An uiana gallica; in Surinamo; in Guiana britannica; ad Orenoco
fluv.;, Grnata ad Villavicencio; prov. Pampelona; Rio Magdalena; ad Javita;
etiam in Panamae prov. Lhirique et in Veraguas---Vaga et Extrabrasiliensis.
34 CASEARIA laurifolia Benth.
Habitat in Guiana britannica.
35. CASEARIA Spruceana Benth.
Habitat circa Manaos, ad oram meridionalem fl. Rio Negro usque ad
concursum fl. Solimoes, et prope S. Carlos et cataractum S. Gabriel da
Cachoeira, prov. do Alto Amazonas; in fruticetis et sepibus ad Egt, ejusdem
prov., Sept. flor. --Najas.
36. CASEARIA commersoniana Camb.
Habitat frequens in viclnia Rio de Janeiro, e. gr. in Corcovado, Serra
d'Estrella, Pao grande, Macahe etc.. Dryas.
37. CASEARIA Maximiliani Eichl.
Hbitat in sylvis Carasco dictis prope Villa Nova d'Almelda prov.Bahlae;
in fructicetis ad Ilheos ejusdem provincial et prope Bahiam: Pernambuco;
locis Brasiliae non indicates. -- Dryas, Hamadryas.

RYANIA
Flores hermaphrodi v. rarlus polygami.
Key.
I. Folla subtus In tota paglna dense et persistenter tomentosa. Sepala
pers istentia.
Tomentum canescens. Folia 15-22 cm. 1g. Fasoicull 2-4-florl, floribus
(expansis) 3-4 cm. diam. Pedicellil medio articulate.
1* R. canesoens.
Tomentum flavicantl-cinereum. Folia 8-10 cm. 1g. Fasciouli 2-1-florli,1
florlbus 1 1/2 -3 cm. diam. Pedicelll basic artioulatl.
2. R.mansoana.
II. Folia subtus praeter n.ervos pilosulos glabra. Sepala decidua. Ovarlum
distinct stipitatum.
Folia 7-9 cm. I1g. Fasciculi 2-6-florl, floribus 2 1/2 -3 1/2 Om. diam.
3. R.Riedeliana.
Folla 14-20 cm. Ig. Fasciculi 2-1-flori, Flores 5-5 1/2 cm. diam.
4. R. Sagotiana.
ITI. Folla subtuspraeter nervous pubescentes glabra. Sepala persistentia
Ovarlum subsessile.
a. Antherae long llneares (4-6 mm. Ig,), mucronatae. Folia oblonga,
basi rotundata v. obtusa, nervo medio supra dense tomentello.
Flores (expansi) 5-6 cm. diam., pedicello 2-3 mm. 1g.
5. R. speolosa
Folla lanceolata, basi in petiolum attenuata, apice caudato-acumlnata,
supra glaberrima. Flores 5-6 cm. diam., pedloello 12-15 mm. Ig.
6. R. aouminata.
Folla oblonga, basic obtusa v. rotundata, supra glaburrlma. Flores
2 1/2-3 cm. diam., pedicello 1-2 mm. lg.7. R. parvlflora.
b. Antherae brevlter llneares (2 1/2 imm. Ig.), vix mucronatae. Pedicelli
cc. 1. cm. Ig. 8. R. dentata.

1. Ryania canescens Eichl.
In fructicetis ad Ribeirao ad Rio Madeira, provey. Mato Grosso, Majo
flor. -Najas.
2. RYANIA mansoana Eichl.
Habitat locis siccis in Serra de Cuiba prov. Mato Grosso.--Oreas.





3. RYANIA Riedeliana Eichl.
Habitat in umbrosis siocis petrosis prope Santarem prov. Para..;Najas.
4. RYANIA sagot'lana Eichl.
Cresoit ad S. Gabriel da Caohoeira ad fl. Rio Negro prov. do Alto
Amazonas: ad Karouany Guianae gallicae.--Najas et Guianensis.
5. RYANIA speciosa Vahl.
In sylvis caeduls insulate Colares in fluv. Amazonum, Julio flor.; in
Guiana gallica; in insula Trinidad; ad Caracas;- Si synonymon Miquel-
lanum recte huc duximus, etiam ad plantataonem Bergendal Surinami (ex
Miquel) et ad Villavicencio Novae Granatae (ex Triani et Planch.) observata
esset. --Najas et Extrabrasil.
6. RYANIA aoumlnata Spruce.
Ad fluv. Rio Negro prov. do Alto Amazonas; in Guiana britannica.-Najas.
7. RYANIA parviflora (DC.)
Habitat ad Panure juxta fluv. Uaupes prov. do Alto Amazonas: ad
Karouany Guianae gallicae; in insula Trlnldid.--Na'As et Gulanensis.
8. RYANIA dentata (H.B.K.)
Habitat locis umbrosis arenosis inter Atures et Maypures, et locis
scopulosis prope Carichana ad fluv. Orenoco.--Guaelicamo inoolis.--Forte
in Brasilia amazonica invenienda.
EUCERAEA
Flores hermaphroditi.
EUCERAEA nitida Mart.
Habitat in sylvis cc. 1000 ped. supra oceanum elevates in ditione
Yapurensi, prov. do Alto Amazonas. --Najas.
TETRATHYLACIUM
Flores hermaphroditi v. Polygami.
.Tetrathylacium macrophyllum Poepp. et Endl.
Habitat in sylvis Yurimaguas prov. Peruvianae Maynas, Aprili flor. ibidem
ad fluv. Huallaga, Majo f lor; prope Tarapoto; in promontorio Corrientes
ad sinum Darien Columblae. Verisimiliter in Brasilia boreali-occidentali
adhuc invenienda.
BANARA
Flores hermaphroditi.
Key.
Sectio I. EUBANARA. Flores perianthio 3-raro 4-mero. INflorescentia panic-
ulata, panicula o raoemis simplicibus v. basi compositis exstructa.
1* Placentae 3 fillformes.
Flores parvi, alabastris nondum 1 1/2 mm. diam. Ramuli
foliaque glabra 1. B. parviflora.
Flores medlocres,alabastrac3proveotiora) 3-4 mm. diam. Ramull
follaque subtus ad nerves pubesoentia 2. B.Brasillensis.
Dubia hujus loci 3. B.tomentosa.
2. Placentae 5-8 lamelliformes.
Folla subtrlpllnervia, glandulls ad petiolum nullis 4 B. vellozii.
Folla penninervia, petlolo apice 2- nuno 1-glanuloso
5. B. Guianensis.
Section 3. EUBANARA.
1. BANARL parviflora Benth.
Habitat in Serra dos Orgaos.
2. BANARA Brasiliensis Benth.
In vioinia Rio de Janeiro freqiiens, e. gr. in monte Corcovado allblque;
looo Brasillae non indicate, probabillter prope Rio de Janeiro.-Dryas.






3. BANARA tomentosa Clos.
Habitat in prov. Rio Grande do Sul.--Napaea?.
4. BANARA vellozii Gardn.
Cresoit in vicinia Rio de Janeiro.--Dryas.
5. BANARA Gulanensis Aubl.
Habitat frequens in America aequatoriali. Forma typical Braslllae loco
non indlcato: Para; prov. do Alto Amazonas; in Guiana gallica: in Strinamo;
Trinidad: Panama.--Najas et Extrabrasil.
PROCKIA
Flores hermaph.roditi.
1. PkOCKIA crucis Linn.
Habitat Brasillae loco non indicato; prope Canta Gallo prov. Rio de
Janeiro; in prov. Bahia: proper Caldas, S, Luzia, Lagoa Santa allsque locals
prov. Minas Geraes, Oct.-Dec. fl. Praeterea in Venezuela et in Antillls.
2. PROCKIA septemnervia Spreng.
Habitat Brasiliae meridionalis loco non Indicato: in prov. Bahia; in
Peruvia subandina.
HOMALIUM
Flores hermaphrodlti.
Sectio 1. RACOUBEA. Stamina in fasciulos 2-7- andros petalls antepositos
disposita.
Flores 6- (5-7-) merit. Staminum fascicu%,j3 v, passim 4-5- andrl.
Pistillum plq. 3-merum.
a. Flores sessiles v. brevissime pedicellati (in spicis v. paniculis).
Flores panioulati, panioulis denslfloris 1. H. densiflorum.
Flores splcati; stirps praeter flores glabra 2.H. racoubea.
Flores spicati; ramull foliaque praesertim subtus pubescentia
3. H.piberulum
b. Flores distinte pedioellati (in racemis panlculisve).
Ramuli foliaque glabra. Racemi basic saepe composltl
4. H. racemosum
Ramuli foliaque subtus ad nervous vellosula, folia in nervorum axillls
fugaclter barbellata. Raoemi simpllces. 5. H. pedicellatum.
Sectio II. Blackwellla. Stamina tot quot petala, singulatum iis antepotita,
Species omnaies gerontogaeae.

Sectio I. RACOUBEA.
1. HOMALIUM. denslflorum Benth.
Habitat ad Santarem prov. Para.--Najas.
2. HOMALIUM racoubea Sw.
Habitat inter Goyaz et Cavalcante: in sylvis ad Para; in Guiana gallica
in Surlnamo; in Guiana anglica; --Najas et Guianensis.
,-3. HOMALIUM puberului KIoszsoh
Prope Atures ad fl. Orenoco; in Surinamo; in insulis Antlllanis, e.gr.
Cuba; Martinica; Jamaica, Dominica; in Panam&. --Verlsimiliter etiam in
.\asilia ama-onica inveniendum.
"^ H. puberulum
Crescit ad ripas fl. Sururu in Guiana anglica.
4. HOMAL IUM racemosum Jaoq.
S Habitat above by-mistake.
5. HOMALIUM pedicellatum Benth.
Crescit ad Manaos prov. do Alto Amazonas; ad Para, seoundum colleQtion-
em iconum supra ad Coohlospermum Codinae commemoratam; etiam prope Caracas




1 5;
SVenezuelae. --Najas et Extrabrasil.

ABATIA
* Flores hermaphiroditi.
1. ABATIA tomentosa Mart.
Habitat in runcationibus, locis irriguis graminosis supra saxa ferrug-
inosa prope Ouro Preto prov. Minas Geraes; loco provinciae ejusdem'ho
inadioateJn -Mart.flor.--Oreas.
2. ABATIA Americana (Gardn,)
Habitat in Serra dos Orgaos prope Rio de Janeiro.--Oreas.

APHALREMA SPICATA Miers
Habitat in prov. S*Paulo.--Oreas.


a


Lunania parwiflora Benth
Prov. Maynas, Brasil


This volume was published in 1841 --1872

b.


*
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Vigosa, Mims Geraes, Brasil.


Dcc. 2 l, 1926


,.T. J. A. Stevc-n.- n,
F vor'eign ..ted. and Plant Ini.'c(,iI-ti on,
U. .. D. A., '. i ._ on, D. C.

r'e.-,i-r : te v-/ nico n:

This iu t. le L you lkno'j that the liter of oil of
"S ijUCAiIa.fl .,.. set for, 'ard to '. L. ye-yteiday, by registered '
mAil. 'c trust that you xill '_vu no1 difficulty in receiving
i tLt-.rc.

Il case the box h:.o not been r -ceived by the middle
of February, we wiill consider it lost, and try to ret. more.
A


TeLth!"r wvithi the sctcd of tlhe "-ucaAnh:O" forwarded
on thLe ,.'th inst., Tvere several ifiim s 3' till another
-o't LI' gle-iolus ': .leari-;" .Ilant, entirely different froi1
th.e other, and ? i'., in n-xtities, in wvl'at -..'J...ea'-s to be
native conditions. 'his wascollect-t d near Vigosa.


v. truly,
/,,J,, 1 Z:oLU.." re~o, truly,.


C. Rolfs











Vi,osa, '.[in is 'eraesiraoil.

2u de Dezetbro de L926



Lr f. ,.* .. ".-; i,
:'l -- t1. t:c .f : t.
,* ; -* l ,
Deaj, 1". i u
'"I ;" ". 0 '" "..; '..'- C' iC '..?. tc'. of oil of "isapu-
cai i,"" 'Jiij.L T .: ....' it ,"' f '.-trJ tn ."T' ju t a. '.co as I
can jet ,.f '. tho:'. c. c ]i.r i r. :.e livh1 ;
in t "c '. C L" ,. C., .-'" 2 ..I.2',. :.,-, e:-.' ie '..re L.Jita
unczrt.'t-.3. 3 ti t I i T .t..I fo '. t' i Z V' i'c c -i L ..TesS
t o 'c. L I.:' ( ,, ... ..

i: l "1 U, "0: it.'l .In L 2 i-le to be
"Car *. o c ro.?1c : .-', I ..L.i e 't ji 1, '. t h',' u*',"J i i.. l.iu, f, ves siC fruit.
Tii .: i ].. -, ... i L, r not be t'lc uja;.w.
specie -. .-, ', .t i ~'-, [ t 3 C..-a 1 V c
noc :c1 "'7 ., an" hit itVJr' i rT TGle
fruit ,-. c.">v, . i t "T, t .'- eLvc ,'L t
dis ting i ,..- I'r, .' .:ie ''.'iu (t'ru cl T
seed t,.-j; i- .:, napu1 a L 0 1:3 0:i1. 1 i'd Ni''. 'IC 'C it fr1 i t

T '. *. -'' 1 i i.11 2'._ 2 'A *.1. 'it I,. ow
seed l'd.. .t .: ... ," .' .- i '.1 e\ 'c ,t i.,; y IJ
T ie a s. ]i cc t '!. ." ',,*' c'..,l iK .. r, '* _;. i ha iii ."' .i'. -, iiui it JL".' ^uij y'ot*
in a viibLe i iO .* t[.c o0..I& G I ..F :i if y' LI cd.) not ;iOhl
to L;oernii.a.t tc F, ., ','. ;. 'i., ,-..'t. z, Lseed L, L ; jv 'a u
suf-i icut o .i co eC Il .' t... u*..' l: i .; ti., telL i fI.Inot ly
vlwhet er Li e il. r -', i,' i,.,ltI..&. 1'JU2'J.: .JLC ur.'uO S t'ecit-3 Ca' V."'ri.ty.

Ic''":'i n- th ic ''' F '.'.l' t -.'oS i '*isC [ '.ti i '-! I
collected l'".t .I",: *,<-- ee ,T:i .- ?'rit-tion n .,e s Lt]-
viable ond a.:.i);-1.ntl., c. -j i n t If? i in uiic.a'll c: co 1 ition.
Specimens of t1e .i., e seed -.t.., ei ; ..' -. -y cLi'J,;tic n oecarae
rancid, .:.nd i... t tei er- .I tini ,; r:--rr in t lc' : .ee: s.
Hence I -L-a p uc.iinc: these, r31ecd i t ..'.',a'.i' ( .it:. t .at
by thiis ioetiiod th-e *ei3 1'c :o t.,t,.ri-' ,'ith:. -,t .i --iru; tvuir
vitality or 'iAth,,.2.t 'i-' t,.ri l ct'm '.' in e 'i iI. c.oi.t,',tt.

; C.' ,,.- ::!A r :,' ,. .0I( 7, fn 30 s f thle Depa.rt,,ie L' of
Agriculture labeliting a, -e ha,,e riin out ofi' tie &Ti'.r..ly we
had on hand.

,,tt;cjled hereto i1Lease find copies -of two letters
wvritteu by Snr. ;ntenor "achado which will be of specila
interest to you in connection with the study of this oil.
Machado e Cia are evidently desiring to get the product on
- the market. Doubtless the people interested In the treatment
of leproey know about this company ..At any rate it will be

















a -1. "-, 2, rti- r. cnt '-'-:rei c 'r u. u to have in your
m .-- *-.-t' .* q f ". ,' 1" :" r,; ; ; ',', '* *

_-. 7 ..n *r-i ., yo a
,;.L,.' .] '" .. ', t: t ;t, ,Oo :lJ-I.
;. K i L *.' .: t. to 1 L, ,able
S to j I ; : t L i.;. I '. "i


. ..
:- T, ,-i-^ r 't


Pti 0 V.'.' yU Vi L t
,"i .r. 1-., i j,'.\ L .'-, e fo r -
S., i ":" -.-' ir :- ip-. 'i. b e
- i t t i ,' -,- ,;" -;,.. ab le.


.t iter '.' .:.;I c ii'. ith .iiy


c () -I,.i I P:,
YcJtJ-J.,frJ.L* *,1Lh


*- I. ,.*I\ ;*. Y


,j 7 1 i
L ,].L. !' ,
C., A' t,


"', -. i. "*. )'l r.E :tort









i 6


'2 November 6



Kr. ,_i.hn A. teven!.-cn,
.;u 3. 'O*iank O f 1.! t 1 -:ae*r
*.airngtrir, D C.
Ee.,: -r* r tevenson:

You? lette-r of Jt 4t- '.7.L0 received
on C-.'t 2 ".

u ia, e del.yed a,-u', ering in order to
m ~ i .L'[r L .u a"l.. ..
'ein.1.uou t t-L oil of C.LL.'_LtrLovhe brae-
itL '2illL:-^3 *

'c think 'e will be -.jl'c to secure th(
oil -!o-n tj-rtr t,,e ne o..op of b-eca:> riina.
T .' ..:itL,..'e in the earl,r fall, aibut *.,,ril or


The sceds planted io-re of' the .,iie lot
t]L:'.t 'oLU ,ccived. h .e c .,[ii ted nicely, so
p.,obabty you ~L.ve h. :ood start ,-. their.

Just al;i S'r.on1 as we r'cneire 'a.ny further
inf-ri ri Vtioe frc.n the vari4'us ,3u!.Arrcs frozn vlaiah
v are tryiri,: to obtain >'-.e oil or tLte jeeds,
I will let -,u ".now.

%e,:y truly your;-,























.4
'@








UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
BUREAU OF PLANT INDUSTRY
WASHINGTON

FOREIGN SEED AND PLANT INTRODUCTION
September 4, 1926.


Mr. P. H. Rolfs,
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria
de Minas Geraes,
Vigosa, Brazil.

Dear Mr. Rolfs :

The Bureau of Chemistry has again become interested in chaulmoogra
oil, and in this connection their attention has been called by the American
Medical Association to Carpotroche brasiliensis. They would like to obtain
about 500 co. of the oil, or sufficient seed from which this quantity of
oil could be expressed. Would it be possible for you to supply this material?
The seed which you brought up some months ago has been planted at Chapman
Field, we have no report as yet as to whether it germinated or not. If
sufficient seed is available we shall, of course, be glad to make addition-
a! plantings of the tree.

Any assistance you may be able to give us in this connection will
be greatly appreciated.

Yours very truly,


(ohn A. Stevenson,
Botanist in Charge of Agricultural Explorations.


JAS-N.





.LdIJL~AL,&U~U~IAL'


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