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STHE SOAPBERRY TREE .' ;
P. H. Rolfs ..
. : The soapberry tree belongs to the family Sapindaceae being
generically knownias Sapindus and known under different specific names". i.
There are eleven species belonging to this genus occurring thruout the .
tropics nd sub-tropi s, especially in Africa. Sapindus Mukorossi (8. '
Sutils?) is' sel in China, Japan and elsewhere' place f soap. Sapindus
:Saponaria is grown to some extent in South Florida, Southern California. -
and in the West Indies. Sapindus p)arginatus,'a larger tree. occurs in '
SKansas to Texas and Ls qcutivated occasionally in South Florida. ,In
Algeria the soapherry tree is said to have .produced remunerative crops.
S The fleshy portion around.the seed contains a material, which on
mixing with water forms .a soapy like lather, hence its name. This mater-
ial may be used for cleansing, as with soap. Before the dye industry was, .
perfected to its present stage soap were rather destructive to some of
the more.delicate shades and the soapberry became a useful material for
washing the class of fabrics whose coloring would be injured by the soaps.' ...;
Seed of some of the species has also been employed for'poisoning fish.
There are other plants belonging to this family which have the
.., same property. The' sopberry distributed largely in Florida nearly '
s e p- .
fifteen years ago by E..Moulethen of Jacksonville produced fruits-
. which contain a large amount of this saponifying material...
-lants. of the soapberry tree -have bee-nr offered to the, American ...'
-trade for a long time by the Ametican nurserymen, especially those .locat e
n the Southea'te''ni'United States and in Californi.. They re now6ffe
.ed ,Or sale by the Royal Palm Nunsery -at: ne.co,. Fl.' afd-.pos ib ly by there.
-eie.s .in the .State. In,1907 ..Mr H.-.o S.,;S e : ,.ep d as gp
nd'.rang' .La-k andM- ,E. 0O. Pai ritei ea 'ad .
; eA'. K l .
;.;. ." .L ::! .; i u. ;?'..! ,
TH.O S.APB1iRRICY TrEib.
Thie Boa.pb~rry tree belong to the family :apindaooae
being generically kno'in a6 tapiiLdus and. knovn under different
speciflo nuies. Thore a.~:e eleven sp.oci, belonging to this
genus occurring throughout the tropics and sub-tropics, especi-
ally in Africa. zSapindus l~ikorossi (2. utilis') is used in
China, Japzax andd olaoeL~ re in place oof oap. Sapindus Sa)onaria
is grown to some oxternt in southh F"lorida, Southorn California
and in the et LndiiaS, 3,apinlt;.s mrlrginatus, a larger treat,
occurs in .Laisai to 'exas aldl iL, cuitivwted. occaaionally: in
Louth iloj.ia., In llgoria thoe o;apberry tree haa produced
lT'ie iflehy portion arouxid the sood -conCtains saponin, which
saponifies on mixing. with wvator, hence its n.amo1e his material may
be used for Cl.:.in.g cloth, :ii i. the caso with ordiisnary oap.-
Beforo the dye industry waO perlocted to itu present stago the
chemical soaps wore rather diestr.4ctive to oomo of the more delicate
shades and the sopbeorry boaume a uooful material for washing the
class of fabrics wn.ose coloring would be injured by the ordinary
Titore are other plX,.ts belonging to this family which
haVe the same property. The soapberry distributed, largely in
Florida noearay fifteen years ago by E. lioule of Jacksonville
produced fruits which contain a large amount of this saponifying
material. Seed of some of the species has also been employed
for poisoning fish.
Plants of the soapberry tree have-been offered to the
.,merican trade for a long time b the .snerican nurserymen, especially
tIhose loc:.tecd in the ,ou.thcasten ni .d ,t -too d ikn California,
Thoy aro now ofwir rec. i.or salo by ho th Ioyal Prlnm In'Isery at Oneco,
2iorida and. pouiLly by other arIoriOes in th-e ,tate.
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