Development of Extension Work in Florida. 1916


Material Information

Development of Extension Work in Florida. 1916
Series Title:
Writings and Speeches 1891-1920
Physical Description:
Physical Location:
Box: 1
Divider: Articles, Speeches and Other Writings
Folder: Development of Extension Work in Florida. 1916


Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural extension work -- Florida.
Agriculture -- Florida -- Experimentation.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching -- Brazil -- Minas Gerais.
Agriculture -- Study and teaching -- Florida.
Citrus fruit industry -- Brazil.
Leprosy -- Research -- Brazil.
Minas Gerais (Brazil) -- Rural conditions.
Escola Superior de Agricultura e Veterinaria do Estado de Minas Gerais.
Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station.
University of Florida. Herbarium.

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University of Florida
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by P. H. Rolfs.

Tnis work was carri-.d on by the Agricultural Experinment

Statim%. during tr-e ear3y years of it,3 establi.3i-ier.t, -and was verr

]arge)y such is wo.d cat the pre.t time be caE3ed Extension ork.

Previous t- the eetabliahjnenL of the Agricultural T1~erixtat Sta-
tion, some efforts cvere being imaue to disseminate useful agr~.ul-

tural information ai:ong tne peop-le oti PIoriaJ.,

The m, eting of tnhe Pono3ogica l Society, which oc-

cu r,-d at Oca.J;. in Faeblrary, 3 8 9, did i .cn to popul arize horti-

cul tiral3 knowledge. The e,3tab iaiu.ient of a ex:,osi-

tlon at JackJoavi e a so jil iuch toward t-, di I.,etiatioit of

Udef-i kinole'ige a..onLg the growers of var'.cus tro'i ,.l;al _aui sub-

tropical This int ituiLuon continued for a number of y.,-irs,
but was gradua3ly abandon,,J about 389) or 1d9 The dissemination

of a-.ricul turaJ' Informitlon from a recognized official) iI n3ti'ut ion

really dites back to the begijtnig of the Agricultural Experimnent

Station, in 1888'

The first apropriatlon for the furthering of Agrtcultur4-

Extension ,work by the Florid ;, Legis] nature occurr.] on June 3, 3911.

At tris Jate the legislature appropriated t,1o SIe. of 35000 for

-Farm Demonstration work, to be expended in conjunction with the

.Cooperative Demonstration watk that was then being carried on inl

the State. According to the Act of 1913, the Genepa3 Education


44 2

Board had ben' carrying on cooperative demonstrations for three

years previous to the paseage this Act.

From this it would appear that the firrt recognized cooper-

ative demonstration work occurred in Florida in 3908. The Hon.

A. 3. Metarg..of Mississippi, was oonmmilssioned by thie late pr.

Seaman A- Knapp as State Agent. for carrying on this work in

3orida. His work was begun by aeouring a number of farmere who

would cooperate withfiim in carrying out demonstrations on their

farr s.

Te first State Fairq or.what amounted to practcaly the

same tning, appears to have bea* he3d at -oaJa in the winter of

2888-89, coincident with the meeting of the PomologicaJ. Society

in the State. This exhibition brought about a great salinu3a-

tion tin the State tor growing of citrus fruits. SmalJer exhib-

its .of County and regional products appear to have been held

prior to that daterbut these were-of a rather informal character.

The ear3lest County Fair that pas been held and which continued

to exist for a decade, or no re, is the one at Miami, =own aathe

Dade County Fair. The first eue btion of t1iAs occur re inthe

winter of 3898-99. The third ann la State Fair, or Tobacco

Growers' Fair, was held at Lake Pity. A considerable amount of

agrioultural product were exhibttted. but the whole jmaterlal was

housed in one warehouse, the central idea o peing the promotion of

tobacco growing. Several zitate airs tiave been heed at Tampa,

m i .r
''t *' -

"* 3

but so far the efforts have not resulted in a full measure of

success in tils direction.

The one organization in Florida that had more influence than

any other upon tne history and development of the State, wias tlhe Flot

rida Stt..e HorticJ.]t.url SClety. This Society was a federation.

of the old jiursefryLien.'s Association and the Fruit Growers' Association.

Of tie ei pnten! met'ber- wvno orgnizei tlne 3{orticul3urat Society,

oiiy four 2. if. -> ts i I 1. V. '.. Yarl,, L. HoI yT .',j Li. Taber

are ) iv L"ig at 0tl. p ,re -'I:tr tl; ,-.

Tie ']ri-Jia S. 3.t ? HorticuiA.ira So iOt. v fovd or-aj]y, organ-

i:7ed at Oci -. on 1ril 6 30, t T'et' .7-ei 'i.'IU .31 uieL' in;S

-ivrwe b -i n el l in variou s' ci ties ci. thek 3 .i .te, .tgini; rom iiLaini

on the Soutnh to Pensc:3.c) on tDe 'vest. The TIorticu] l.ura] SociPty

bis publiLhed its annru.a proc,',edieiiRs fro. te ;? d. s of theiz m9e b-!9rship

rjid fr)v'ate contribution. no 9i1 having b -en gl'eii for the pul icar

tlon of these reports by the State, exceptinr one. The proce'dilngs

of' the first four meetings of .the )oclety were summnarized-and pub-

lishei wvitni the proceedings of the fifth meeting. 3uince that time

cormprete proceedings'of tne organization have been published an-

nually. The membership of the Society has increased steadily from

the first. beginning with eighteen it h asnow reached nearly

el even hund red.

Next in point of age, and perhapc.iImportance, in the development

of aricu3 tural development in Florida may be mentioned the west

Florida Agricultural Association.

.- .. "- .. .. .-. :,.. ;

Am$s nto extat e ne about 1.898, the embersbIp being

hooohee ,id Ue3. Ri-era-, ,Thi society had .3. M uch larger mer r-

ship at the .beginning tan- did the Horticul tura2 Society. The
causes .ieadi g to its. for.iatibn were the excessively high freight

rates. aj thUe micd feel t 1ii its founders for cooperative buying
and ieel1n1g..- etWI a were he.d monthly. and the i. N.

h..R. did 3uch for th Society for so-e y,-ar6 tUl-rougn thle influence

of W. T. Atjictt t.en r ALeOt at Lo.lav3. l e, ill Lte way of

special rates for tlhe 'iet bers in attendti tje iti.aeetlts. hut al 'ter
p 1. t
i. _death tihe policy T2S ch )rced uiJfdEr his successot and it was

nrot foun'J possi' 3"'_ 'o. hol n eet.iiis so requently. The Society

contflued active up to atout '90G. It served asa .. bure-au of liuorm-

at.ion to prospective settlers, ani'i wQ3 il a. 'ayV the beginning of

Farmers' Institute work in the western part of FJori'ia.

Me.-tion a.L oud a so be ma'Je of the Pasadena Farmers' 03ub.

wkilo was organized Ii, 1902 anrd haus ha-id a continuous existence aske

that time. Meetings occur Montbhy, at which .arlou3 tura3 and horti-

cultural subjects are discusses. Al.-so the genera) social features

are taken into consideration,. and-.the general upbuilding of 't-e dom-
munity is included, Mr. A. Roberts has been president continuously

since *Its Inception. The meetings sua3 ]y oc'-ur at the farm homes.

Department of Agricu).ture

The state Department of Agriculture.was created by the legisla-

tite act of May 27, 3889, the head of this depar-tment being known as

i ... '" ":' : '/ % 'I'OU

,I- ". .. "" ""'

the Oommissioner t" Ag*lilt The lines of work, carried out

V the Caas.l.mer of Agric.l ,, as origlnaly defined., consist-

ed of sup ervisi on o al3 atteS pertaining, to pu,3 icn iads, the

bureau of on, :aupeirrton of the State prison, the prep-

atation'of inf ormation des rib ng the geoogica. formation of the

different countts-,. provision tbr the distribution of seed from the

Pederal o ernment tthe edQoin of Bamples.of wood, phosphates,

marl, anid keeping anaiy es of he same, ind colectinc and piib11.3h-

ing states ics oaf an agrlcu )tura nature -in t ne 3t te. -The principal

activities .-rovid-l for by, subseqjmnt I.egi ]q atures nave 'e. in the

AirecLton of supervision over. a atteri pertrintbo puI.b31c tles,

State prisons 3nd (tprougn tae -tate ch-ist )-' Iolt.r IaaJy-303 of

fertiizers, ools, feeds and d.rugs. Quarter Report-,3 are pub-
31thed g.ivin in formation of Yatious kinds. including such material

-as is orelinartly ti u Jvedi in Extension :Bll efins. t lent,-nia 'Reports

are a so pub.1 lae giving exteni.od eta List iofa I wta.

Farmers! Institute-i

S Ajpare t'y. from the pu) iahed records, the first Farmer3* In-

stitutes were he]d during the-winter -of 1902-03. -Preilou3 to tLjis

time more or less successful efforts were made at holdin,- farmriers'

.gatherings by offices in the Agricultural Col'dge and Experiment

Station. The Farmers Instituie work up to 3902 consisted mainly

of local organizations tequestintg speakers on certain subjects from .

the institutions and these being sent; there traveling.e penses were
drawn from the Experiment Station f$ -. In 1901 legislative provI.

a e o .o r e
, was mW e of a small amount to defay -a Portion' of te expenses
1 ,4 'j1

aoru~ ine2O8b e '- gz-1 ing6 o0f armers,. Institute.. In 3903 Farmeru

Institute Blet1 join o 3, t firs t publication of this series, was

issued. This was a tbule-tin of about 120 pages. Parmersa Inst- .

tute Bulletin No. 2 a s..a'sued in 1904, No. 3.was issued in. 390. and

No. 4- in 19 4. .
Appropriations for Extension w4rk '

In June, 393), the. State legislature appropriated $5000 to'

further tnte. extension work which h),ad been previously Inft u-urated.

by the Genera] Educ.%tion Boari, s noted in a previous parari.,a ph.

TV 1. 50f 0 T-.s T-he2Li i continuing a.tpropriation 3aice that tlr.e. bLut

is a"val] -,b3 e onjy on the col il Lion tt-,t the ifuil be exyTenrjsd for

Sa,-A ri es C'I un Ly Agents.
PubI cautions

Th* Ti pUiblic-ations Known n.s t-Ve Quartcr.v y bulet:ln, by the Corn-

milsioner of Agrlu tture, was begun in ;889 nd hi3 ,beon pubJla3oed

continuous3y since that time. In addi'ton .t .this the Commissioner

of Agrtcu3ture putiblhes a biennia3 report. Botli the Bi3ennru. Re-

port and the quarterly BtiU]etiP. contain papers similar to those
-ordinarily printed in Extension ul.3etln.. In addition to statistical

and other data. .

Farmers' Institute DJ.3et 0n No. published In 3933; No.

2 in 1904;. No. 3 l.n 3930; and No. 4 in -3919. These bull tin- were

published from rfuni aproprlated by the legislature for -the exten-

slon of Parrerst Institutes. On receipt of thie Smith-Lever fund,

a new series, known as Cooperative -Agricul tural Extenslon Bulletins
ha--s been begun.

.:;_, *; . ::
Q ,.: ... ,! ', ,. ,. .... . . ,
.. .. .~ ~ ft Q ,,,:., '',''.;.' :' 3

Estab Islment of the Agricu] tural Colle,;e

The Florida Agricultura 03ollege w3as estab3 ished in 31,E3 at Lake

City. Previous to the establisdiment of the College at Like City, at-

tempts were made to establish it at Ocala ;aiL aIso at Eau Gal.lie.

In the J]tt,'-r pla-,e tne project proceeded as far is the erection

of a buil31 in ['. r t. e rur-.oae. In September, 3906, the AFrlcu) tur.

a] Colle-e, ut:cn rprt of the Univer.ity of Fiorla., Wvas remoTved

from LOjje C'.t.y to ', in'I.3.vl]] ., its p:- est)t sIte.

In tb : r "?'. ,., '-.;/2 :.'f tn. A' 'ri .'ii .u r.I ', t -.' 3 ,t. .re.. -i ir '1

G d.I tcu i tv ju rroun.. .j'j thl sc, r .L-' of O 3 3.tte',1'J.:-. G oi" S tu',eniu ta. ,'i.. s3o.' V! ,A inn sI.r;v ]3 w,, s '-i o ir-. except by .:3:i.3

boat or ox c rt. iJ','e 3't .te h-ld ilso I s, tai 13l .'eI a 1,ivnlry 'Vast

of t,,he ulV. LE' e at T-]a I 3sant? ,arni ea t -of t.'"- Su,'vrn.n,, t Ohrgs-

VilI e. Stnte normn.i s.Z-ools ,,',Pre a] s estzUli.hel it IDeF:i ii,

Springs and il'.li Sprin.';s. A mir) tt./ ty in tihute -.3. estat .]1'lid

at Bartor,-. "ilt, the 3.m Il- popul .itlon of the St te, .and 2i1l of

these institi unions competing for students., it nitura1ly \,ecr'.e very

diffi-cul] t for either one to secure .1 3 ugo nlujacer. In addition,

the Lunal available to-the different institutions was so .si.a3 that

adequate equipment .could not be obtained, nor cotuild a sufficient

ai.ounrt of bjoney be paid for salaries to attract i-nstructors of more

thai 3Jocaa reputation. ]E the Act of 3905 tne ]ogisatu're .ol shed

a]3 these various institutions of higher learning. A Bo ird of

Control was provided for to consist of five persons, destpignited by

the Governor. Tnis Board was given power to govern the institu-

tions of higher learning In Florida. The act provided for the es-

- ,, ,,, -, !.* .-. ...- . ..*- ... ..., Y,,i,

tab31shment of the State University,the State Coll.ege for Wom en,

the College for the Deaf anwl Blind, and the 1ol.le3-e for Ne!rones.

A CoimjLi,.ion wvas designated by the ]leFpt: 9..ture t.n e]e.-;t suitable

locations for these different institutions; tn'y .loc-.tte the'

Univra tv at Gainesville, thie State Co]3 o] fo.r .vomen at T.hJ]a-

nh sseo. U- :.11 :. '..r t;:e .ued' iand B:Ii nd t i t. Augustine,

vii. ti' Ci '1. -.32 r 4eNroes at Tal) .assee. I) ] of .th1..e var ous

3 o;-atlo;.s t p1 c I xi [ ,l.~ n : l I. '. .J .. :'oved

fv r t'r.,' vi .rio u,' -: Ii. t. i t.i on. i e,- ;,". i; o?

t1,'.' i 1tT- i t -..'j i]1 I : t of tir I- 'a nee

,8 ) *:3t .at G:J;iL:' J ]],'?. t ;i: c t., b i. 1. lL'; *" ,' i '10: r Yr

ir..,3'I .l ,t t ( 1 hi L Z.. ,_ u 1 l '- ., .

,'ict ..:i',ptaLL Zt.o L.; i. ovis.0 o.s of t': ,!. i th,-t Lever .13i]]

u',.- .i u L. -ie .,' .;j! ..j b-.' L ia.1 ,r ,;v .Lm, t r3 5. 0 L .ruied

b,' Jie .i'Lornor t.i-ar jLii L 7.'s3 J A er ).

J. ,'.x b>. 3 '1 "J 3 Governor .a's..mcl ed L,) LiOe ;ii tl-Loiver

Act, for tle StaLe of F]oria, .as the eJg-isJ nature di n.ot meet im-

tll tue spring of "i 93 5.

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