Indios e Caboclos: Charles Wagley's Amazon Portrait, pamphlet.

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Title:
Indios e Caboclos: Charles Wagley's Amazon Portrait, pamphlet.
Series Title:
Other Materials
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Creator:
Wagley, Charles
Donor:
Charles Wagley ( donor )
Physical Location:
Box: 11
Folder: Indios e Caboclos: Charles Wagley's Amazon Portrait, pamphlet.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Anthropology--United States--History
Galvao, Eduardo Eneas
Gurupa (Para, Brazil)--Photographs
Indians of South America--Brazil
Tapirape Indians
Tapirape Indians--Photographs

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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AA00000197:00007

Full Text








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Ka apor and lenetehara Indians at the Goncolves Dias Indian Post. Maranhao, Brazil. 1941
University of Florida Archives


Indios e Caboclos


Charles Wagley's Amazon Portrait




V University Galleries
University of Florida


.LL








WHEN CHARLES WAGLEY EMBARKED UPON HIS BRAZILIAN
odyssey in 1939, it was not the best of times to conduct
anthropological research. ....Still staggering from the
effects of the Great Depression, the world was about
to be plunged into yet another war. And although
newly armed with a doctorate from Columbia
University, the young anthropologist felt himself ill-
equipped for the research he was about to undertake.
His only field experience had been among the Maya
of Guatemala and Wagley spoke no Portuguese; let
alone the Native languages of the Brazilian Indians
needed to gather crucial information about his
subjects.

Yet from this inauspicious beginning,
Charles Wagley charted a course for the Amazon that
remains the model for contemporary anthropological
research. In the Tapirap6, a central Amazon society
of about 200 individuals and the subject of Wagley's
initial study, he encountered a culture largely
untouched by Western influence. His classic account
of the Tapirape, Welcome of Tears, speaks movingly of
cycles of life-birth, coming of age, marriage, and
death-as they had probably existed for millennia.
Further studies with the Tenetehara in 1941 offered
Wagley the laboratory to examine the frequently
tragic effect of acculturation upon indigenous peoples.

Wagley's contribution to the Allied
war effort returned him to Brazil in 1942. When the
Japanese occupied Southeast Asia, effectively cutting
off world supplies of rubber, the Brazilian Amazon
experienced a second rubber boom. Applying
anthropological theory with modern medical practice,
Wagley administered a public health program for the
Serviqo Especial de Sa6de P6blica (SESP). It was
Wagley's task to keep the rubber gatherers maleria-
free, thus ensuring a continued flow of valuable latex.
During the course of his work with the SESP, Wagley
had occasion to visit Gurupa. Its moment of glory
long-faded from the rubber boom years of the late
19th century, Gurupa was now a sleepy river town.
But in 1948, this was the perfect setting for Wagley,
accompanied by his wife Cecilia and colleague
Eduardo Galvao and his wife Clara, to begin his study
of the rural Brazilian (caboclo) of the Amazon
rainforest. In keeping with anthropological tradition,
Wagley renamed the town "ItA" when he wrote about
it in his book Amazon Town.


This exhibition was compiled from
over 700 photographs and negatives generously
donated by Professor Wagley to the University of
Florida Archives. Most of the photographs on display
were taken by Wagley himself. Wagley's sometime
romantic vision of the Amazonian landscape is not
unlike that of generations of artist-explorers before
the advent of photography. The monumentality and
grandeur of nature is a common theme. With human
subjects, his sensitivity is revealed in a series of quiet
portraits and evocative imagery. The photographs
and negatives are accompanied by a collection of his
papers and field notes spanning the 50 years of his
academic life. The Wagley Archive will continue to
be tapped by generations of scholars for the valuable
ethnographic information in both written and visual
form.

AS EARLY AS 1939, CHARLES WAGLEY WAS
concerned with the advancing Brazilian frontier and
the resulting destruction of the tropical forest.


Troubadours Gurup6, Brazil, 1948
University of Florida Archives



Today, more than ever, his profound commitment to
the people who live in the Amazonian rainforest
deserves attention.


Pennie L. Magee
E. Michael Whittington
Curators








Q UANDO CHARLES WACLEY INICIOU SUA ODISSEIA
brasileira o cenArio mundial nao era dos mais
promissores para a realizaCao de pesquisas
antropol6gicas. O mundo ainda oscilava com os
efeitos da Grande Depressao e jA mergulhava em
outra guerra. Era 1939, e o jovem antrop6logo apesar
de bem preparado,'pois acabara de concluir seu
doutorado na Universidade de Colhmbia, sentia-se
apreensivo com o trabalho de pesquisa que estava
empreendendo. Nesta 6poca sua 6nica experiencia
de campo limitava-se a estudos feitos entire os Maias
da Guatemala. Prof. Wagley nao falava Portugu&s e,
para obter as informaqoes fundamentals a seus
estudos, dependia exclusivamente da linguagen
native dos indigenas brasileiros.
Apesar das inquietaqCes normais de
todo pesquisador serio, desde o inicio Charles Wagley
idealizou um metodo norteador para os estudos sobre
a Amaz6nia e que permanece como modelo para a
pesquisa antropol6gica contemporinea. Cor os
Tapirape, uma comunidade indigena cor cerca de
200 pessoas e objeto dos estudos iniciais de Wagley,
ele encontrou uma cultural quase intacta das
influencias dos brancos. Seu classico estudo sobre os
Tapirape, Ligrimas lde Boas Vindas e um relate
comovente dos ciclos de nascimento, iniciaqco,
casamento e morte, calcados numa tradiqAo que,
provavelmente, remonta milrnios. Outros estudos
com os Tenetehara em 1941, representaram para
Wagley o laborat6rio ideal para analisar os frequentes
e trAgicos efeitos da acultura ao sobre as comunidades
indigenas.
A contribuiqao de Wagley nos esforqos
com os Aliados da Segunda Grande Guerra o levaram
a retornar ao Brasil em 1942. Com a ocupaqaoJaponesa
do Sudeste da Asia, foram, efetivamente, cortados os
fornecimentos de borracha para o Mundo e a
Amaz6nia Brasileira experimentou retomar a
produqCo da borracha. Aplicando teorias
antropol6gicas com modernas praticas de medicine,
Wagley administrou o Programa de Saide P6blica,
do Serviqo Especial de Saide P6blica (SESP). Esta foi
a missao de Wagley para tentar manter os serin
gueiros livres da malaria e assegurar a continuinidade
da extracao do requisitado kltex. Foi durante seu
trabalho no SESP, que Wagley teve a oportunidade de
conhecer GurupA.
Ap6s vivenciar o esplendor ficticio do
boom da borracha que caracterizou a Amaz6nia no
final do s6culo passado, e inicio deste, Gurupi,
mostrando as marcas da longa decad&ncia, e hoje
uma pacata cidade a beira de um rio. Mas em 1948,
este foi o lugar perfeito para Wagley iniciar seus
estudos sobre um especifico tipo rural brasileiro, o
caboclo da Amaz6nia. Nesta investida, ele estava


acompanhado por sua mulher Cecilia e seu colega
Eduardo Galvao com a esposa Clara. Mantendo a
tradiqao antropol6gica ao escrever sua obra Umna
Cormunidade AinazOnica Wagley renominou Gurupi


Taniwaya the day after Scarification Tapirape Village, 1939
University of Florida Archives
como "Iti". O material que compoe a exibicao foi
compilado de uma selegao de mais de 700 fotografias
e negatives, doados generosamente pelo Prof. Wagley
aos arquivos da Universidade da Fl6rida, sendo a
maior parte das fotografias expostas, obra do pr6prio
Wagley. A visao as vezes romantica de Wagley da
paisagem Amaz6nica, nao e diferente da percepqao
das geracges de exploradores-artistas que
antecederam o advento da fotografia. A exuberAncia
c o esplendor da natureza sao temas comuns. Com
enfase no human, sua sensibilidade e revelada em
uma serie de retratos expressivos e imagens
evocativas.
As fotografias e negatives sao
acompanhados de uma coletanea de pap6is e notas de
campo, resultado de seus 50 anos de vida acadimica.
Os arquivos de Wagley armazenam valiosas
informaqoes escritas e visuais e representam uma
inestimr vel fonte de pesquisa para uma geraqao de
especialistas.
CHARLI'S WAGI.Y, JA EM 1939, ESTAVA
preocupado com a expanso das fronteirasecon6micas
do Brasil e a conseqilente destruiqao da floresta. Hoje,
mais do que nunca, seu profundo compromisso para
com as pessoas que vivem na floresta Amaz6nica,
merece nossa atencao.


Pennie L. Magee
E. Michael Whittington
Coordcnalldorl's


Translation:
Cleusa Rancy








Suggested Reading

LYON, PATRICIA J. (editor)
1985 Native South Americans. Waveland Press, Inc., Prospect Heights, Illinois.

MAGEE, PENNIE L. and JOHN WILSON (editors)
1990 Looking Through the Kaleidoscope: Essays in Honor of Charles Wagley. Florida Journal of
Anthropology, Special Publication Number 6, Gainesville.

WAGLEY, CHARLES
1971 An Introduction to Brazil. Second edition, revised. Columbia University Press, New York.
1976 Amazon Town: A Study of Man in the Tropics (with Darrel L. Miller). Oxford University Press,
New York.
1976 Welcome of Tears: The Tapirape Indians of Central Brazil. Waveland Press, Inc., Prospect Heights,
Illinois.

WAGLEY, CHARLES (editor)
1974 Man in the Amazon. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville.


Exhibition Itinerary

Grinter Gallery, University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
November 9-December 14, 1990
o -Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi
Bel6m, Brazil
March 15-May 25, 1991
) Manaus ura e. "
.'" ,Museu Nacional
S, / TE etE a Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
0 a June 1-July 31, 1991
Rio... / Bc Universidade Estadual de Campinas
SSo Paulo, Brazil
S I Savador August 11-September 19, 1991
P~l' Carajd
Frank H. McClung Museum
SBrasilia University of Tennessee, Knoxville
/ B01 I ,, January 6-February 23, 1992
"LBelo
Horizonle
z* University Museum
Rio de Janeiro University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Ss, o,, u M rFebruary 29-April 19, 1992

SField Museum of Natural History
Chicago, Illinois
A n January 23-March 1, 1993

SI BR ZIL American Museum of Natural History
New York, New York
o .. 1' March 12-May 9, 1993

Lowie Museum of Anthropology
University of California, Berkeley
March 5-April 17, 1994


Sponsored by
Amazon Research & Training Program, Tropical Conservation & Development Program,
Florida/Brazil Institute, and the Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida