The Grenada newsletter


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The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
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Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Full Text

The Gr tna Newsletter Saturday 11th November 1989




ation in Grenada is unclear and
few venture to predict with con-
fidence the outcome of General
Elections constitutionally scheduled to be
held before 28th March 1990.
The only guide may be results of the last

General Elections, which were held on 3rd
December 1984, but these must be inter-
preted with great care as the political situ-
ation nov is very different from vhat
obtained then.
Four months before the 1984 elections, the
situation was similar to what exists today.
Four major political parties were then in the
field, three of them sharing identical phil-

0 CDLP = Christian Democratic
Labour Party
O GFLP = Grenada Federated
Labour Party
0 GNP = Grenada National Party
0 GULP = Grenada United
Labour Party
MBPM = Maurice Bishop
Patriot: Movement
ONJM = New Jevel Movement
O NNP = New National Party
0 UPP = United Peoples Party
@ Ind. = Independent

The three vere the Grenada National Party
(GNP) led by Mr Herbert Blaize, the
Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM) of
Dr Francis Alexis and the National Demo-
cratic Party (NDP) of Mr George Brizan.
The fourth major party was Sir Eric
Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party

Additionally, there were three minor
political parties. The most important was
the left-wing Maurice Bishop Patriotic
Movement (MBPM) led then by Mr
Kendrick Radix, there vas also the Chris-
tian Democratic Labour Party (CDLP) of
Mr Winston #Whyte and the Grenada Feder-
Please see ELECTIONS Page 4

The Grefnada-
Founded 17th August 1973
406th Issue
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)
10 I3 es $115.00 $43.00
20 Issues $207.00 $ 77.00
40 Issues $390.00 $146.00
About 20 Issues Published Annually

>(D v I0 a,

W o S0 s0 5_ & Z
1972 3381 2437 72.1 John Morris GULP 1229 50.4 21
Hudson Scipio GNP 1208 49.6
1976 5691 68.3 3001 52.7 Bernard Coard NJM 1685 56. :69
Roy St John GULP 1316 43.9
1984 3338 (41.3) 2677 80.2 George McGuire NNP 1745 65.2 989
Raymond Anthony GULP 756 28.2
Earle Bullen MBPM 151 5.7
Gordon Robertson CDLP 25 0.9
1989190 3674 10.1

Page 3


Page 16 Saturday I th November 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



"I rwWf myj peTrso4 aiast etin dnqe 1owt

1 ~i4Jifa kcaive bunt sot"

* *. ... :. .

Sir Paul Scoon, on
Oetober-25th,for the 2 ..
first time, lifted a
corner of the blanket of silence he -
has maintained relative to his in-
volveheht in the events of Oct- --
ober 1,$8. when, following .-'
assass&tion of Prime Min-
ister Maurice Bishop and seizure PAM
of ft Government by a Revolutionary
Military Council (RMC), United States and
CariJblie forces undertook a "rescue
mission to Grenada.
Sir Pail dpoke at a ceremony held at St
Georgt Unriversity School of Medicine, at
the moriumtent honoring the 19 United
States ervicemen who died in the military
intervention, and he reminisced about vhat
he called "those very difficult days prior to
the coming of the rescue mission".
"I can recall vhen the Head of the RMC
(General Hudson Austin) came to my house
to see me", he said, "and I recall rmy
personal assistant telling me I should never
have seen the -man betauise I might "have
been shot". .
Faith In od
His reply, Sir Paul said, as that he had
always had faith in God and he rerinaked
that, as Governor General "in those dark
days", one had to be prepared for the vorst.
The Governor General sail he re~mnibers
the conversation he had i it Auitin just
before Austi yt to s D Or Geoffrpy, I
Durn1the# thVib-C orcf St,

SGeorges University School of

tHe recalls also, le said,
conversations he had with the
RomSiaCathlic Bishop of Gi-.
nada, Aishop Sydney Charles, and
the Anglican Archdeacon of
Please Snee SCN Pg.e 17

NOEL From Page 15
when he courageously decided to send
those troops on October 25th 1983".
Mr 14oel vas appointed Attorney Gefi-
iral and Minister of Legal Affairs i1i i'
Peoples Revolutionary Governiflt
(PRG) after the revolution of Maith
1979, but resigned in June 1980 becaiise
of "differences of opinion" Vith Primi
Minister Maurice Bishop.
Thrown Into JAi
A year later (J iuy 1981), MI r 14 ias
thrown into jail by the EPR together
yith other personsm ho had started pui-
lication of an independent nevrpapet. A
lav was passed :ith retroactive effect
making. the fneispar illegal id Mr
Noel was publicly charged by B shop
with being an aget of fthe United Staes
Central Intelligence Agenc9 (ClA) aid
involved in "counter-re*olutiory arit-
M4r Noel was held in hitchmot d Hill
Prison until October 183 vhlen, after
the military intervention begaSn all tbe
i l4W' ifl^ftl#rN. : ^bP*".l$

. . . . . . . . . . .- 41' 0'



The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 1 th November 1989 Page 17
SC0OO From Page 16

Grenada, Archdeacon Hoskins Huggins,
about arrangements for funeral services for
Bishop and others who died at Fort George
on October 19th.

"But it was in the afternoon when an
emissary was sent to me to say, 'I'm
sorry the bodies cannot be deliver-
ed", Sir Paul said, "and in a sotto
voce (undertone) he told me why-
which I will not disclose at this mo-

It was only then he realized that what was
happening was "serious business", the Gov-
ernor General said, and help was needed
from outside in order to restore integrity
and democracy to Grenada.
No Significant Names
There has been a lot of speculation as to
what happened after this, Sir Paul said.
People have examined his visitors' book to
see who had come to Government House, he
said, and they have been disappointed to
find that there were no significant names in
that book.

"What happened in the days after,
and after a number of telephone calls
both to London and to the Eastern
Caribbean", the Governor General
said, "and with an emissary from a
friendly Government coming to my
house, not signing the visitors' book,
not sitting in the usual place but out
in the open air in the garden, coming
to me and my telling him that ve
would really need some help and he
can pass the message along -

Human beings tend to forget very easily, Sir
Paul said, and there is still a great deal to be
answered about the "revolutionary period"
in Grenadian history. It is still not known
for certain hov many people died at Fort
George on October 19th, he said, and it is
still not known how many people died
during the revolutionary period.

Two skeletons were found some time after
in the vicinity of Mount Weldale, Prime
Minister Bishop's official residence, he
said. It is known that people died in
prison, he continued, and that countless
numbers of young men were maimed, many
of whom he saw at the hospital during his
awrnrr. sl 4t

Sir Paul reminded his listeners also that
lands and property were confiscated, Gre-
nadians could not talk freely and that, one
Sunday, they were not allowed to go to

"But people are so naive they tend to
forget these things', he said. "We
cannot forget, because the ideology
which we had foisted on us is an
ideology which does not easilysurren-
der and we have to continue to be
very vigilant. We cannot forget our
past, particularly that period, for, to
forget that period is to make the same
mistakes again'.

Returning to the events of October 1983,
Sir Paul said he and his wife had had a very
difficult time, and on the 25th there had
been "shells all around Government House,
broken glass windows and, at any time,
anything could have happened".
Had Fortified Him
He remembers with gratitude, he said, the
prayers of Bishop Charles and one of the
Sisters at St Joseph's Convent who had
telephoned "at the crucial moment" and this
had fortified him.

The Governor General expressed his
immense thanks to the United States
forces who came to Grenada's rescue
and he assured those forces they
could feel proud that, despite what
people may say and the "interlectual
nonsense" they may hear and read,
the vast majority of Grenadians
welcomed the action taken by the
Americans and would welcome it yet

"We make no apology for asking you
to come to our rescue", he said, "and
we are very grateful to you for this".

The Governor General said he has great
faith in God and the Grenadian people, and
feels that Grenadians will turn to common-
sense and ensure that democracy and their
new freedom are sustained so they will
enjoy a better and better life.
----,mm numemoum

- ---

Page 18 Saturday 11th November 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter



1Te Association and 1nLustry under nJinanciw pressure

on November 3rd by Mr
Raymond Rush, Chairman of
the Interim Board of the Gre-
nada Cocoa Association (GCA), discloses
that cocoa farmers face difficult times.

"The Interim Board has completed
the industry-vide restructuring for
which it was appointed", the Report
says. "However, the fall in inter-
national prices and local production
during the period has placed the Ass-
ociation and Industry under financial

The Government appointed Interim Board
,took office in November 1987 when dissatis-
faction of the Canadian International Devel-
opment Agency (CIDA) threatened the
EC$20 million Cocoa Rehabilitation & De-
velopment Programme which CIDA has
funded since 1981.
Bone Of Contention
Bone of contention was poor management
resulting from the fact that the Cocoa Indus-
Stry was in the hands of two separate bodies,
the Cocoa Rehabilitation Project (CRP) and.
the GCA. A merger was the best solution
but GCA resisted this and the matter was not
resolved until Government replaced the
Elected Board with the Interim Board un-
der Mr Rush.

According to the Report, the merger
came into effect on July 1st 1989
when CRP ceased to exist. On that
date, CRP's assets, valued at EC$1.3
million, became the property of GCA
and operation of the Industry was
consolidated under one management.

The Report says that, during the Interim
Board's term of office, the financial posit-
ion of GCA weakened. This resulted, it
says, from a 40% fall in international mark-
et prices and a fall in production in the
1988/89 year because of an attack of "Black

Pods" disease.

In the 1986/87 year, the Report says, there
vas a small increase (1%) in production
from 3.813 million pounds to 3.863 million


pounds, but in 1988/89 production fell by
18% to 3.113 million pounds.

This fall in production was matched
by a corresponding fall in the weight
of export sales, the Report says, only
3,087,149 pounds being disposed of
in the crop year 1988/89 as compared
with 3,684,338 in the previous year.
Fall In Production
"Revenue from sales has dropped to
EC$6,922,673 from EC$9,305,044 as
a result of the fall in production and
the drop in international prices', the
Report says. "The average price
received on the international market
vas EC $224 as compared vith
EC$2.52 in 1987188"

The Interim Board has now come to the end
of its life and a nev six-man Board elected
by cocoa farmers is to be chosen at a
General Meeting scheduled for December
7th next.
Please See COCOA Pare 19

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 11th November 1989 Page 19

- ------ ---------^

Mauyshow Remembered

Minister of Education, Mr George Mc-
Guire, on November 7th, laid a breath on
the grave of the late T.A. Marryshov, one
of Grenada's National Heroes.

The ceremony marked the 102nd anniver-
sary of Marryshov's birth-

Jam. High Commissioner Pre-

sent:` Letter Of Ionroduction

Mr Stafford Oliver Neal, Jamaica's non-
resident High Commissioner to Grenada, on
November 8th, presented his Letter of In-
troduction to Deputy Prime Minister and
Minister for External Affairs, Mr Ben

Mr Neal vas formerly Ambassador to Ven-
ezuela vith concurrent accreditation to Ar-
gentina, Columbia, Ecuador, Brazil and
Peru. In his present post, he succeeds Mrs
Ellen Bogle.

Mr Neal is based in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad

STABEX For Cocoa Farmers

The European Economic Community
(EEC) has made a grant of EC$2.5 million
to Grenada's Cocoa Industry under the
STABEX scheme.

STABEX is an EEC system under which
funds are provided to developing countries
to compensate for losses of export earnings.

According to a release from the office of
the EEC Delegation in Grenada, the present
grant is intended to make up shortfall in
earnings in 1988.

FRO Joins CDB.

With effect from November 1st 1989, the
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has
joined the Caribbean Development Bank
(CDB) as a non-regional Member, and,

having bought some US$38 million of the
Bank's shares, nov holds 6.26% of the auth-
orised capital stock of CDB.

According to a release from the Trinidad
based Embassy of the FRG, a further US$26
million is to be contributed by FRG to the
Special Development Fund, CDB's soft loan

CDB Loans For Grenada

The Board of Directors of the Caribbean
Development Bank (CDB), meeting on Oct-
ober 23rd and 24th, approved tvo new
loans to Grenada.

One, for US$1,440,000, vill go to Gre-
nada's Industrial Development Corporation
to assisting constructionof factory space, ser-
vice facilities and associated infrastructural
vorks at Seamoon in the parish of St An-

The other, for US$1,182,000 is an add-
itional loan to meet higher costs in imple-
mentation of Phase II of the reconstruction
of the Western Main Road.

Earlier approvals for this phase involved
US$198,000 for technical assistance and
US$4,500,000 for construction. Phase I, a
length of 8.7 kilometres,, vas financed with
CDB resources totalling US$3,465,000.

EEC Funds For National

The European Economic Community
(EEC) vill finance a Resource Centre at the
National College.
Please See. NEWS SHORTS Page 20
COCOA From Page 18
In its Report, the Interim Board sets out
details of restructuring of GCA vhich it
has achieved, and says it vill be the task
of the elected Board to continue rebuild-
ing the Industry on foundations vhich
have been laid.
************End" -------------- .


Pag~2D Saturday 11th November 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

NEWS SHORTS From Page 19

According to a release from the office of
the EEC Delegation in Grenada, the project
is valued at EC$3 million and is part of a
regional project valued at EC$22 million.

The project aims at strengthening regional
tertiary education capacity through provis-
ion of nev facilities in national colleges of
the Organisation of East Caribbean States
(OECS), teacher training and establishment
of a regional education planning capacity at
the OECS Secretariat.

This is the second project funded by the
EEC for the National College, the first be-
ing the Institute For Further Education
vbich was completed in January last at a
cost of EC$1.35 million.

Westmoreland Scores

Miss Jacqueline Williams, student of the
Westmoreland Secondary School, has been
awarded the 1989 Caribbean Examinations
Council (CXC) Trophy.

This award goes annually to the student in
the region who produces the most outstand-
ing overall performance in the CXC exam-

Westmoreland Secondary School vill re-
ceive the CXC School Challenge Trophy
which goes to the school producing the most
outstanding student.

In addition to the Trophy, Miss Williams
vill receive a cash avard of Bar$2, 500.00
from Messrs Berger Paints.

Miss Williams has also been named Marry-
show Scholar for 1989 and vill receive the
Marryshow Memorial Award, presented by
Mrs Beverley Steele, Resident Tutor of the

University of The West Indies.


The United Nations Economic Commission
for Latin America and the Caribbean,
(UNECLAC) has presented the National
Drug Avoidance Committee with a gift
valued at EC$36,525.

The gift, comprising a computer valued at
EC$5, 874 and a cheque for EC$30,651, vas
received by Minister of Education George
McGuire on November 2nd.

According to a release from the Govern-
ment Information Service, this disburse-
ment by UNECLAC is the first under a
EC$280, 350 project in which Government
is to provide counterpart financing.

SAID Funds For CCA

A US$365,000 Grant Agreement between
the United States Agency For International
Development (USAID) and the Caribbean
Conservation Association (CCA) was signed
in Barbados on November 8th_

This Agreement initiates the second phase
of a. co-operative project to produce Coun-
try Environmental Profiles (CEP) for the
countries of the Eastern Caribbean.

A CEP is a comprehensive examination of
the state of the environment in a country,
and under the first phase of this project,
USAID provided US$250,000 for the
profiles of St Lucia and Grenada. The
second grant of US365,000 covers Dom-
inica, St Kitts/Nevis, Antigua and St

Cynthia HuglWe

11 th November 1989
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westilies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables HUSQN, Grenada)

The Grenada Newsletter

Pago 20

Page 20

Saturday 1 Ith November 1989

r Hughes

... . .
.. -.

V9lue 17 Saturday l lth November 1989 Number 19

~3sdf J ~st

\ TN? rftiduy Lauwbm1 r I 0
SUnited States S 'ivie n.

. .......A c tio n -- ...... . .- -- _.-- 5
DSilence--a------ -------- 16
..W..o Wi. W. ?--.. "--- ..
9 TDffic ult Ti La- he ..F 1

pcoa Farmsers-----. ---------- I
N Unted States Servicemen
Noel Defends Reagan's
-- @ Sir Paul Lifts Blanket of
Silence.:...... .. -... -... -. : 16
Difficult Tie.s For ...
.-,CpcoaFarimrs.---.- ----...... 18
Nevs Shorts........... ......... 19


Page 2 Saturday 11 th November 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




""Tw problems of the post shoulf be put to rest
behind as"

day November 22nd in all Churches
in Grenada, Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize called on Grenadians not to let
"bad things of the past" fetter the nation and
hinder its progress.

moment, the Prime Minister said, and
Grenadians must jump all barriers of
anxiety and uncertainty and, with God's
help, build Grenada into a prosperous,
democratic and unified Nation.

"It must be our proud duty to hand a torch
"Together we must look far ahead from the of hope, prosperity, peace and stability to
past", he said. "The problems of thp :.- the next generation", he said.
past should be put to rest behind '
us and we become part of the M s
solutions for present a nd Mr Blaize said it is time
t future progre' for Grenadians to dis-
future progress-,-
Anniversary .3 tinguish clearly between
October 25th, the anniver- things that are desirable
sary of the date on vhich for democracy and those
Caribbean and United States that are not, between things
forces begantheir liberation of that may be permitted and
Grenada in 1983, is comm- things thatmay not.
emorated as Ts~nksgiving Day" In so. dorthe said
in the State, and October 22nd, I renadians shoulder
n .Grenadians should be
the Sunday immediately proceeding guided by principles
October 25th, was "Thanksgivi of truth, not by
Sunday". reaction to the feelings

Special prayers of H D
thanksgiving and PRJ M MRMMs ER EB
for peace were
said in all Churches on October 22nd and
there vas an ecumenical service in the
Roman Catholic Cathedral that afternoon.
In his message, Mr Blaize said a new
frontier is opening up for Grenadians as a
new century draws closer. A nev world
is unfolding he said, and he urged
Grenadians to explore that new frontier
with the same "indomitable spirit" hvich, in
the past, with God's help, enabled them to
overcome the many difficulties they faced.
Various challenges face the Nation at this

of the moment. They
should act on prin-
ciples and not react to
REY emotions.

The then Governor of. Jamaica, Colonel
Hender Molesworth, reported to London in
1687 that the notorious pirate, Banister, and
three of his associates, had been captured.
The pirates were taken into Port Royal,
Molesvorth said, hanging at the yard arm,
"a spectacle of great satisfaction to all good
people and a terror to the favourers of

Page 4 Saturday 11th November 1989 Thb Grenada Newsletter

ated Labour Party (GFLP) of Mr Fender-
son Felix.

Through the instigation of Prime Minister
James "Son" Mitchell of St Vincent, Prime
Minister John Compton of St Lucia and the

major political parties in the field, three of
them sharing identical philosophies.

The three are the original New National
Party (NNP) now led by Dr Keith Mitchell,
The National Party (TNP) of Prime Min-


1976 5175 89.8 3092 59.7 Eri Gairy GULP 1989 64.3 886

Selwyn trachan NiJ 1103 35.7

Justin McBurnie Ind. 0.3
19899S0 4P84
19776 25175 8.8 832 59.7 Eric Gairy GULP 1989 64.3 886
SelvynStrachan NJM 1103 35.7
1984 3889(24.8) 3239 83.2 PhinsleySt Louis NNP 11905 58.8 732
Erleen Adams GULP 1173 36.2
Trevor Emmanuel MIBPM 153 4.7
Justin McBurnie Ind. 0.3
[1989590 48*_ 'T I I-I

late Prime Minister Tom Adams of Bar-
bados, GNP, GDM and NDP merged into
the New National Party (NNP). CDLP
vas given an opportunity to be part of this
merger which took place in August 1984,
but declined.

The result was, in effect, almost a straight
fight between NNP and GULP. The minor
political parties and three independent can-

ister Herbert Blaize and the National
Democratic Congress (NDC) of Mr Nic-
holas Brathvaite, TNP and NDC being
splinters of NNP. The fourth party is Sir
Eric Gairy's GULP.

Additionally, there are three minor parties,
MBPM now led by Dr Terrence Marry-
show, and two other parties, announced but
not yet named or launched,one led by Dr

NormanDeSousa GULP 211 47.9

1984 3017 (23.5)256 84.5 Francis Alis NNP 1674 66.0 09
>a a'___Godo _6

1972 2620 2096 80. 0 Armand Wiiams GULP .1328 63.4 560
I Gordon Renvick GNP 768 36.6
1976 3943 50.5 530 54.2 Maurice Bishop qNJ 1319 52.1 08
_____ -____Norman DeSousa GULP 1211 47.9
1984 3017 (23.5)2536 84.5 Francis Alexis NNP 1674 66.0 1032
Gregory Hercules GULP 642 25.3
Kendrick Radix MBPM 220 8.7
1989/90 3587 18--

didates had no effect on the final results, and
NNP, led by Mr Blaize, von a landslide
victory of 14 of the 15 seats in the House of

Since then, however, internal friction has
plagued NNP. That party has spawned two
new parties, and there are now again four

Raphael Fletcher and the other by
Davison Budhoo.


In the run up to the 1984 elections,
relatively simple problems had to be faced
before the merger of GNP, GDM and NDP
could be effected. When the obstacles of
Please See ELECTIONS Page 5


- I --

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 11th November 1989 Page 5

political rivalry and the question of TNPandNDC.
leadership had been overcome and settled, it
was then relatively easy for the three parties There can be n,
to resolve themselves into NNP. Before there c;

Against the background of that merger,

the possibility
operation, or a

o question of a merger now.
an be consideration even of
of a programme of co-
ny method of working toget-


a,(CD W 0. 0
i- 2 '" > S Q 3
0 "

______Franklyn Dolland GULP 1463 44.1
1984 4031(20.1) 3386 84.0 George Brizan NNP 2438 72.0 1620
Albert Forsythe GULP 818 24.2
Kenn. Thompson MBPM 99 2.9
_Denis Joseph CDLP 31 0.9
1989/905029 24.8 _____

there is speculation today as to whether
some sort of alliance may nov be possible
involving all or any of the elements of NNP,
TNP and NDC. Such an alliance would
provide a unified approach to the electoral
fight against GULP and vould simplify the
electors' choice. There is speculation also
as to whether GULP would seek an alliance
vith any of the three parties.

The political situation today, however, is
vastly different from that which existed in

reh there will have to

he p id pncre

radical changes in outlooks and attitudes.

With reference to the possibility of an
alliance between GULP and one of the other
three major parties, it has been speculated
that GULP and NNP could vork out an
accommodation for fighting the elections.

However, Sir Eric has described that
suggestion as "ridiculous", and NNP's
Political Leader, Dr Keith Mitchell, has also


1972 2204 1898 86.1 George Hosten GULP 1340 70.6 782
Keith Mitchell GNP 558 29.4
1976 3191 44.8 2202 69.0 George Hosten GULP 1399 63.5 596
Blanche Sylvester Ind. 803 36.5
1984 2763 (13.4) 2386 86.4 KeithMitchell NNP 1370 57.4 414
Jimmy Lewis GULP 956 40.1-
___Dunbar Bvam MBPM 60 2.5
1989/90 3373 22.1 ___
_____________ ~

1984. It is now no longer a simple
question of "political rivalry" standing in
the way of a merger of three political
parties which share the same philosophy.
Deep personal animosities and suspicions
nov divide the political leaders of NNP,

ruled out that possibility.

The proliferation of political parties has
given GULP a better chance in the coming
elections than the party had in 1984. At
Please See ELECTIONS Page 6

Page 6 Saturday 1 Ith November f989 The Grenada Newsletter

those elections, GULP captured 36.06% of
the. popular vote while NNP received
58.48%, the balance of 5.46% going to the
minor political parties and the indepen-

Ignoring all other considerations, if, in the

As of today, there is no obvious front
runner able to do that.

But, in attempting a forecast, other factors
are relevant. For instance, records of the
Elections Office show that 58,336 persons
are entitled to vote at the next General

O W ,0 .- 0 O-

1972 1958 1697 86.7 Hubert Alexis GULP 1102 64.9 507
____aalphBhola GNP 595 35.1
1976 30161 54.0 2055 68.1 Hubert Alexis GULP 1270 61.8 485
1 __2 Sidney Ambrose GNP 785 38.2
1984 2451 18.7) 2143 87.4 Pauline Andrew NNP 1094 51.0 97
Irvin Duncan GULP 997 46.5
George Lewis MBPM 24 1.2
Bert LTouche CDLP 18 0.8
Fenderson Felix GFLP 10 0.5
1989/903067. 25.1

coming elections, GULP maintains a
percentage of, say, 36%, and. if the NNP
percentage in 1984 is divided equally
between NNP, NDC and TNP, then with
each having only about 20%, they will all
lose to GULP.

Even if one of those parties out-runs the

other two, if GULP can maintain a
percentage of 36%, the party out-running
the other two will have to do exceptionally
well to beat GULP. It will have to capture
over 60% of the votes cast for NNP in 1984.

Elections. That figure is 10,178 (or
21.14%) more than the 48,158 persons who
were entitled to vote at the last elections.

Most of these new voters are in the 18 to 23
age group- and they can alter the 1984
pattern of voting. Much will depend on
which party can attract them and it can be

expected that the campaign vill be heavily
slanted in their direction.

As far as the young vote is concerned, with
Mr Blaize (TNP) at age 71 and Mr Brath-
Please See ELECTIONS Page 7


_g- _M o __ C* z
1972 3306 2905 87.9 David Sylvester GULP 1572 54.1 239
SHarry Ogilvie GNP 1333 45.9
1976 5054 529 3287 65.0 Norris Bain NJM 1771 53.9 255
Lloyd St Louis GULP 1516 46.1
198413907 (22.7: 3400) 87.0 Ben Jones GNP 1964 57.8 758
Winifred Strachan GULP 1206 35.5
Carlton Bernard MBPM 185 5.4
___ Cyril Hopkin Ind. 45 1.3
1989/90 4441 13.7

- I ----


The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 11 th November-1989 Page 7

vaite (NDC) at 64, both TNP and NDC
must overcome the charge that their polit-
ical leaders are "old people". GULP, with
Sir Eric Gairy at 67, has the same problem,
and he and Mr Blaize have the added dis-
advantage of physical handicap, Sir Eric
with impaired eyesight and Mr Blaize con-
fined to a wheel chair with spinal damage.

With Dr Keith Mitchell at 43, NNP seems to
have an advantage in this area, but he is new
to politics and is not seen to have persons
around him vith the necessary experience
to balance his youth.

One circumstance which will affect the
outcome of the elections is that, if the
average elector has difficulty in selecting a

favoured to make a good showing at the
coming elections. However, should there
be a GULP win, the future for MBPM will
be enhanced.. Experiences of the 1970s
show that MBPM's ancestor party, the New
Jewel Movement (NJM), gained wide public
acceptance as Grenada's "saviour" from the
violence and oppressive Administration of

Sir Eric Gairy's GULP.

A GULP win at the coming elections will
provide MBPM with the necessary climate
to rebuild public acceptance of the left-wing
image destroyed by the memory of the 1979
to 1983 revolution, and the tragedy it
brought to Grenadian lives.


H _- 0 ...
W W o o a o>

1972 1841 1666 90.. NadiaBenjamin GULP 1166 70-0 666
Ben Jones GNP 500 30.0
1976 3081 67.3 2151 69.8 Innocent Belmar GULP 1330 61.8 509
Raymond Rush GNP 821 38.2
1984 2592 (15.9) 2304 88.9 Alleyne Walker NNP 1282 55.6 278
Herbert Fletcher GULP 1004 43.6
____Neville Rennie CDLP 18 0.8
1989/90 3189 23.0 ____

party to support, he may decide not to
support any and this will result in a poor
turn out at the polls. It is felt generally,
that GULP supporters will not be affected
by this and a low poll will favour that party.

Based on its performance at the 1984
elections, the left-wing MBPM is not

NEWSLETTER has been reliablyinformed
that an opinion poll is now being conducted
based on results of the coming elections.
Such a poll will provide insights into what
the future holds for Grenadians and, if
results become available, NEWSLETTER
will carry full details.
Please See Page 8 For more Election Charts


o ~S ~ ~ r. ~-

| 1^ ^ 0 0 o |

1972 2571 2025 78.8 WapleNedd GULP 1461 72.1 897
___ Vernon Simon GNP 564 27.9
1976 4043 57.2 2385 59.0 Chris. Thomas GULP 1410 59.1 435
_Vernon Simon GNP 975 40.9
1984 2867 (29.1) 2416 84.2 Marcel Peters GULP 1276 52.8 136
McLeanPope NNP 1140 47.2
1989/90 3515 22.6_

Page 8 Saturday 1 th Novmber 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



a) a
0 5 n a 0 0
& > 04 1-.

St o g a >
1972 2723 2369 87.0 Wellington Friday GNP 1185 50.1 1
__ Winston White GULP 1184 49.9
1976 3909 43.6 2812 71.9 Winston Whyte UPP 1548 55.0 284
__AshtonFrame GULP 1264 45.0
1984 2924 (25.2) 2516 86.0 Kenny Lalsingh NNP 1438 57.2 533
Oliver Raeburn GULP 905 36.0
Samuel Thomas MBPM 173 6.8
1989190 3708 26.8__ __


> -
1 ,O in w a

1972 2207 1731 78.4 liver Raeburn GULP 965 55.7 99
Vilberforce Nyack NP 766 44.3

1972sto2207n 1731 78.4 liver Rebur GULP 12 0.7
1976 3082 39.6 1944 63.1 OliverRaeburn ULP 1002 51.5 60

1989190 2723 28.4 ____ ____


Cinsto Freder GULP 87 23.70

SHyacinth Cnyne CULP 119 6.0.

1989/90 279953 6 2. 1 1 1
O ....aIo.. .- a9 G 4 2

1984 2443 (26.3) 1979 81.0 HerbertBlaize NNP 1663 84.0 1517
Lyle Bullen MBPM 146 7.4
Hyacinth Clyne GULP 119 6.0
_________ __ WinstonFleary Ind. 51 2.6
1989/90 2995 22.6 __ ____________ --

Plese en an9 For More ELECITOM CHARTS

leae Se Plr

Please See PrJ~a


a --4
10 1 ;-I a) W > |
Ow to

1972 3731 2947 79.0 Herb. Preudhorne GULP 1777 60.3 607
_John Branch GNP 1170 39.7
1976 5538 48.4 3746 67.6 Herb. Preudhomme GULP 2096 55.9 446
Lloyd Noel NJM 1650 44.1
1984 4373 (21.0) 3699 84.6 Grace Duncan NNP 1611 43.5 35
Edzel Thomas GULP 1576 42.6
Einstein Louison BPM 512 13.9
1989/90 5142 17.6 __ _


19721883 1652 87.7 Albert Forsythe GULP 1037 62.7 422
1 RupertJapal GNP 615 37.3
1976 2518 33.7 1940 77.0 Albert Forsythe GULP 1079 55.6 218
RupertJapal GNP 861 44.4
1984 285 (172) 1819 87.2 Felix Alexander NNP 930 'TT 1T0
Mitchell James GULP 750 41.2
George Louison MBPM 139 7.7
1989/90 2630 26.1


a 0 o ,., o.2

1972 4454 3666 82.2 Cynthia Gairy GULP 2404 65.6 1142
Althinus Whiteman GNP 1262 34.4
1976 6589 47.9 4279 64.9 Cynthia Gairy GULP 2271 53.0 263
Kendrick Radix NJM 2008 47.0
1984 5357 (18.7) 4723 88.1 Daniel Williams NNP 2856 60.4 1100
Denis Radix GULP 1756 37.2
Almarndo Williams MBPM 111 2.4
1989/90 6379 19.1 ___

*nD ne..,.

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 1 Ith November 1989

Page 9

Page 10 Saturday 11th November 1989



"RE nining a Govcernn nt is
running a kutndred yards r
(TNP) of Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize was officially
launched on November 5th
at a rally attended by some 800 people.

Mr Blaize led the New National Party
(NNP) to a landslide victory of 14 of the 15
constituencies in the General Elections of
1984, but recently found himself heading a
minority Government of only 6 seats in the
House of Representatives.

Defections, and formation of the opposition
National Democratic Congress, had reduced
NNP to 9 seats inthe House. Then, a long-
festering difference between Prime
Minister Blaize and NNP Political Leader,
Dr Keith Mitchell, developed into an open
split last July and Blaize, with five Members
loyal to him, withdrew from NNP and
formed TNP.
Speakers Were Disappointed
General Elections, which must be held by
March 28th next, are imminent and there is
much speculation as to when Mr Blaize vill
fix the date_ The rally on Nivember 5th was
an obvious launch of the TNP election
campaign but it appeared that platform
speakers were disappointed with the size of
the crowd and concerned over the health of
SPrime Minister Blaize.

Said Mr George McGuire, Minister of
Education and Member for the town of St
George, people are certain to say there vas
only a "handful" of people at the rally.

"Tell them". he said in his address to the
rally, "that when they are counting, they
must count the commitment to TNP of those
who were present".

Mr Ben Jones, Minister for Tourism and
Agriculture, Deputy Prime Minister and
Deputy TNP Political Leader, also indicated
his disappointment when he urged the
crowd to remain loyal to the cause of TNP.

" Let us leave here dedicated to ensuring that
wherever and whenever we meet again", he
said, "the crowd will be at least twice the
size of what is here today".

For several months, suffering from an old
spinal injury which has progressively
curtailed his movements, Mr Blaize has
been confined to a wheel chair. The-Prime
Minister was present at the rally on the
platform and speakers pointed to his
presence there as discounting pre-rally
reports that he is "seriously ill".

TNP Treasurer and Master of Ceremonies
at the rally, Mr Harry Ogilvie, said Mr
Blaize was not seriously ill but merely had a
very sore throat.
People To Carry On
"Even if the Almighty moves Herbert
Blaize from this world, which I know he
vont do at this time", he said, "we still have
people to carry on".

Mr Ogilvie invited Mr Blaize to speak go
the crowd and explain that "his voice is not
good", but the effort was not a success.
Obviously under severe strain, the Prime
Minister attempted to address the crowd but
was barely audible over the public address
system. All that was heard, between long
periods of background noise, was "I wantto
apologise", "I have committed myself". "nd
At least I will have tried".

Senator Michael Caesar, who, like Mr
Blaize, is a native of Grenada's sister island
Please See THP Page 11

The Grenadda Newsletter

The Grenada Nev7sletar Saturday 1' Jow~m~i-~er 19~7&


A .7 .. t- '

called on November 3rd to
":tark the fifth anniversary of
the official opening of Poir;.
lines Internationa Airport on 28ith
October 1984, Mr Leroy iTecdkes, Airport
Manager said that, under the Grernada
Airports Authority GAA), the airport
meets all its operating erpe ses.

"From 1986, when GAA vas -iv.n 0l;
responsibility for running its affairs, to tlhs
present time", he said, "GAA has een able
to raise revenue to meet a01 its recurrent

These expenses, Mr Neckles said, do not
include repayment of capital loans on air-
port development but do include ain-
tenance of buildings and the runay.-,
salaries and electricity. Revenue comes,

he said, from the airport service charge
payable by passengers, landing fees charged
the airlines and rents for the airport shops. to statistics given by the
Mamqger, there vere 160,545 passenger
-riivalsidepartures in 186. This figure
mod to 164,587 i !1987 and .to 180,72 n
198'. Inwmrd caro in 1986 Was 434, 108
iogramns, movi- to 5747,954 kilograms in
1987 falling to. 51,735 kilogramis i
8) 4.-a.m i

Tutward '4rgj for the
othr Lano., climbed
I51,509 kilograms to
-and 464,437 kilograms.

three ye-ars, on the
respect-vely from
209,831 kilograms

Scheduled airlines ioM us, the u air;
LIAT BwI, British A'rways, Aer
P.,-aj.- S.. AI'PPORT E

:ort are
ma'e 12
* I

TNP FIom Page 10
of Carriacou, assured the crowd that Mr
Blaize vill be returned at tfhe elections to
represent the constituency of Carri acou.

"We are going to elect him with or withoutt
a voice", he said. "dead or alive".

In his address, Mr Jones said he has heard
anti-Blaize propaganda that the Prime
Minister is unable to function because he is
unable to walk and is confined to a wheel-

"Running a Government is not running a
hundred yards race", he said, "rtuming a
Government is a matter of a man s capacity
to think, of using the brain and. working out
the problems".

Referring to the opposition, Mr Jones said
of all those people who say they have brains
and doctorates, nose of them can compare
favourably witia Mr Blmaie.

"Non l of th ca: stal'd i I~ 1, .1 of the
'bro-n fan (d~Arosaory term for Phvsi-
cally. d.ef rme- man) y"-u see on this vhse', he said, "hI .ill ti them all up avd
et'. a IWO, '.'X'& gnuz"

Mr sones could not say when the elections
would be but earned that TNP supporters
should remain on th 3 ,le.t as "-tr shortly''
they vill be called on to vote.

However, indication that polling diay may
not corm as soon as some expect wmas given
by Mr O~ilvie tn, -at the e.d of the rally,
:ie invited TI supporters, on return to
their hioms t; begin o canvass for the

Go i. told thenm dont begin to
"run" yet but: vait for th si gnal from rime
Minis r 1P rs.
-4&3,-:J. :

-- ---

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 1 --h Novemiber m19&




Page 12 Saturday I Ith November 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



"T-nk sut-r we do not
muks it Wappar tfh; rsCue
Iwas inm vaina;": bftaize.

Blaize said on October 25th that,
six years ago, God had heard the
prayers of Grenadians when they
vere in a difficult situation and had. sent

"Today ve must say, 'Thank God' ", he
said. "and make sure we do not make it
appear the rescue was in vain".

Mr Blaize's comments came as he delivered
the feature address at thanksgiving celebrat-
ions commemorating the military inter-
vention mounted by Caribbean and United
States forces on 25th October 1983.

Six days before the intervention, the island
had been plunged into a state of chaos when,
arising from a pover struggle within the
Peoples Revolutionary Government, Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop, members of his
Cabinet and others were assassinated
Opened Fire
At that time, also, a still unknown number
of Grenadians were massacred when units
of the Revolutionary Military Council
(RMC) which had seized power opened fire
on a crowd of Bishop's supporters.

Acting on a request from Governor General
Sir Paul Scoon, channeled through the
Organisation of East Caribbean States, the
United States of America spearheaded a
"rescue mission" which wrested the island
from the RMC and returned Grenada to
Democratic rule.

In his address, MR Blaize said Grenadians
enjoy a situation now which is completely
different from that of six years ago. Not
only has there been a "rescue" by Caribbean
and United States forces, he said, but assis-
tance has come from many countries who

helped to restore economic and


"We got help principally from the
United States', the Prime Minister
said, "ve got help from Canada, the
United Kingdom, the European Com-
munity, Venezuela, France and from
so many countries that, at one stage,
people were asking vhy ve were
asking for so much help"

The question has been raised; Mr Blaize
said, as to whether receiving this assistance
will made Grenada subject to control by
donor countries.
Please See THANKSGIVING On Page 13

AIRPORT From Page 11
and ALM. Charters are Air Martin-
ique, Canada Air 3000, Worldvay and
Gulfair. vhile cargo carriers are Cari
Cargo and Regal Air. There were
11,524 aircraft movements in 1986,
1,53?6 in 1987 and 12,120 in 1988.

Mr Neckles said the area of the airport
terminal building is over 70,000 square
feet and, with its present design can
handle some 350 passengers per hour.
That peak has not yet been reached, he
said, but the traffic is growing and the
terminal has the flexibility to be config-
ured to handle at least twice that peak.

American Airlines is scheduled to com-
mence operations in Grenada soon, he
said, this vill substantially increase the
passenger flow and he sees Point Salines
International playing a bigger and bigger
role in Grenada's, economic develop-


The Prime Minister said he has no
fear Grenada vill be controlled by
nations who have given assistance.
There is safety in numbers, he said,
the fact that there are many donor
countries removes fear Grenada vill
be controlled.
Do Not Condemn
Mr Blaize said Grenadians should make
sure they do not condemn the freedom they
nov have by abusing it and making it
scandalous. He called on all Grernadians,
on all political parties, to recognise that
dignity and integrity mean more than
scandalous discussion and false promises
that cannot be ful-

In a message to
Grenadians on this
occasion, read by
United States
Charge d'Affaires
to Grenada Mr
Ford Cooper, Presi-
dent George Bush
said Grenada has
much to celebrate

"Democracy and
basic humanfree-
doms have been
restored', he
said, 'including
freedom of the
press,speech and
political organ-

Major economical
progress has been
made over the past
six years, President
Bush said, there have been ces in
infrastructure, and economic cgrovth has
raised the stand-ard of living signfica-tly.
People Freely Choosing
President Bush referred to the soon-to-be-
held General Elections in Gre na-a and said
the world vill be able to fitness this
"precious miracle'" (denied to many other
people) of a free people freely cl.:-osing
their own Government.

"The United States is a strong supporter of
the democratic process in Grenada", the

President said, "and pledges its best efforts
to continue close co-operation with
whatever Government emerges from
Grenada's forthcoming elections".

President Bush paid tribute to "those
who gave their lives for the cause of
freedom". The free people of Gre-
nada that exists today is the best con-
firmation that those lives were not
given in vain, he said.
A Public Holiday
October 25th was a public holiday in Gre-
nada and the celebrations took the form of a
military parade and cultural display at
Queens Park on
the northern out-
skirts of St

In addition to
Governor Gen-
eral Sir Paul and
LadyScoon, pres-
ent were Chief
Justice Sir Sam-
uel Graham and
Lady Graham,
Speaker of the
House, Sir Hud-
son Scipio and
Lady Scipio, Lea-
der of the Oppo-
sition Mr George
Brizan and Mrs
Brizan, Parlia-
mentarians, mPnm-
bers of the Diplo-
matic Corps,
members of the
Judiciary, Rorran
Catholic Bishop
of Grenada Syd-
ney Charles and other members of the
Council of Churches, Grenada, and some
1,50)0 errmbers of the general public.
Was Represented
Together with Charge d'Affaires Mr Ford
Cooper, the United States vas represented
by Rear Admiral John A Moriarity, Com-
nmrnder of the United States Naval Activities
for t.fp Caribbean.


The Grenada Newlpretter

Page 13

Saturday j I th Novem~ber 1989

Page 14 Saturday 1 th November 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




Moriarty, Commander of the
United States Naval Activities
for the Caribbean, said in
=Grenada on October 25th that
he considers it an honour that October 25th,
the day the "rescue mission" began in 1983,
has been made a day of thanksgiving by

"That was a day which marked the
end of a dark chapter in Caribbean
history', he said, "and an oppor-
tunity for a new beginning, a new
opening for freedom and democ-

Rear Admiral Moriarty's remarks were
made at a ceremony held at St Georges
University School of Medicine, at the
monument honouring the 19 United States
servicemen who lost their lives in the
military intervention of October 1983.
An Early Symbol
As long as and wherever free men gather,
he said, the name of Grenada will endure as
an early symbol of the hopelessness of an
alien system that has degenerated into con-
fusion, failure and chaos wherever it has
been imposed.

"The irresistible tide of freedom and
democracy that swept Grenada clean
in 1983", Rear Admiral Moriarty
said, "today pounds at the remnants
of Marxism-Leninism in Eastern
Europe and elsewhere'.
It pounds, he said, at extremism of both
right and left as people everywhere demand
to be given the opportunity to choose their
own governments through their own free


on the same occasion, Prime
Herbert Blaize applauded the
intervention and said the then

Chairman of the Council of the Organ-
isation of East Caribbean States, Prime
Minister Eugenia Charles, had had to go to
Washington to brief President Reagan.

"President Reagan had to be told',
Mr Blaize said, "that while Carib-
bean people were killing to help
Grenada, the military forces from
Jamaica, Barbados and the Eastern
Caribbean would have been like
straw in front of the might of the
Cuban people and would have been
Under House Arrest
Grenadians, put under house arrest by the
Revolutionary Military Council which had
seized the Government, he said, needed im-
mediate assistance which President Reagan
gave, and Grenadians have no questions
relative to his action.

The Prime Minister paid tribute to the 19
United States servicemen who gave their
lives in the military intervention and said
many of them probably had never heard of
Grenada until that same week in which they
came on their rescue mission.

Mr Blaize said the discipline and
dedication of these young men had
been exemplary and he urged Gre-
nadians to display the same discipline
and dedication so the lives which
were lost vill not have been lost in

iuF^ III t-i


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 11th November 1989 Page 15

ir n*i NOEL

ent Grenadian barrister, in an
address delivered on October
25th, on the 6th anniversary
of the military intervention by United
States and Caribbean forces, defended Presi-
dent Ronald Reagan's action in sending U.S.
Armed Forces to Grenada.

Mr Noel spoke at a ceremony held at St
Georges University School of Medicine, at
the monument honouring the 19 United
States servicemen who lost their lives in the
intervention, and he referred to a recently
published paper by Mr David Adler,
Professor of Political Science at Idaho State
Contempt Of Law
Mr Noel quotes Professor Adler as
saying the "invasion" of Grenada
reveals "a combination of congress-
ional ignorance about its powers and
its timidity and acquiescence in the
face of presidential usurpation of
pover, on the one hand, and presi-
dential arrogance and contempt of
law on the other'.

When President Reagan ordered troops to
Grenada, Mr Adler says, he followed a
precedent set by five former Presidents.
These are Truman, Johnson and Nixon in
the Korean, Vietnam and Cambodian wars
respectively, Ford vhen he rescued the
merchant ship "Mayaguez" seized by
Cambodian forces and Carter when he tried
to rescue the Iranian hostages.
"What Professor Adler did not say',
Mr Noel declared, "is that the rescue
mission in Grenada was not on the
initiative of the President but at the
request of Grenadians acting through
their Governor General vho, in turn,
acted via the Organisation of East
Caribbean States and other Caribbean




Rescue mission in Grenada
was not on the initiative of
the President
As to whether President Reagan could have
waited to have Congress summoned to
secure Congressional approval is a matter
of opinion, Mr Noel said, but on that
opinion would have depended a matter of
life or death for 102 political prisoners held
in Grenada.

The welfare of over 700 students at the
School of Medicine would also have depend-
ed on that opinion, Mr Noel continued, to-
gether vith thousands of other non-
nationals living in Grenada at the time and
some 90,000 Grenadians, captive in their
own homes on pain of death if they broke
the curfew.
Without Formal Consent
President Reagan took the decision
without formal consent of Congress,
Mr Noel said, but he saved, not only
Grenada, but the Caribbean region
from possible aggression and the
influx of an alien ideology.

What is significant, Mr Noel said, is
that six years after the military
intervention, the 'evil system which
was raging through Grenada at that
time', and vas being portrayed in
most Third World countries as the
salvation of their under-privileged
people, is being questioned nov, and,
in many cases, rejected, in the very
places which gave it birth.

"We have only to look today at East Germ-
any, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia and
inside the very citadel itself, that is, the
Baltic States within the Soviet Union", Mr
Noel said, "and there we can find more than
ample justification and. complete vindication
for President Reagan's vision and foresight
Please See NOEL Page 16

-- ----

Full Text