The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
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lccn - sn 91021217
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lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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AA00000053:00408


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The G-enada


NEWSLETTER

Volume 18 Saturday 29th September 1990 Number 14


WEST INDIAN

COMMISSION VISITS

"If 1 wer on the- outside of the Commission T
uoiU be septic& tu o" : RAMPIZ4L


UYANESE BORN SIR SHRI-
dath Ramphal, Chairman of the
West Indian Commission (WIC)
vhich visited Grernada recently, said in an
interview vit-h NEi E LETTER on Septem-
ber 2Sth that public scepticism of the
"success of the mission of his Conmission is
S"uiderstarndable".
If I were on the outside of the
Commission," he said, "I would be sceptical
t. xf)O."
Appointed by the Heads of Government of
the Caribbean Conmunity (CARICOM),
WIC has been charged with consulting the
I people of CARICCOM at all levels, with a
|view to formulating proposals "to consol-
iidate and strengthen bonds vhich have
Sexisted historically among their people."
Little Or No Progress Made
It was pointed out to Sir Shridath that exist-
jng scepticism is based on the fact that the
Public has seen little or no progress made in
Sthe many "initiatives" which have been un-
Sdertaken from time to time, by CARICO1M
I Governrm8rnts, to promote re gionaliD iiteJra--
;uon.
IThe Chairman felt however, that scepti-
Si cisrn can be healthy. It is not necessarily a
i negative attitude, e said, and it is just as
* 9vell that he and members of the
: 0m Commission be aware of what they have to
I face.
*t
Sir Shidath pointed outtt that the work of his
SCommission kas a baic difference from all
i


the regional integration "initiatives" vhich
have been undertaken before.
The People Were Told
Tint difference, he said, is that, in the past,
the direction was decided at the political top
and the people were told what was being
done. In the case of the work of the West
Indian Commission, the people of the
region are beir consulted and. the Conm-
mission's recommendations vill be based on
what the people want.


"Public consultation is the difference vhich
makes all the difference" he said. There
is an urgent task to be performed. in trying
to give some shape to te t future of the
region, and already ve have talked, more
Please See COMMISSION Pare 2


I.






Ii


IN THIS ISSUE
Page_.
F West Indian Commission
Visits ...-- -....--.............-- 1
19 The Commission's Mandate..... 3
* Grenada's Proposals For
Regional Unity-------------4
Regso l Unit y, ....... ....... 4
* How GULP Sees Regional
Unity --.---- --. ---..--- --- ----... 5
Maurice Bishop Murder
Appeals Close---.. ---.--...-..-.. 7
* GULP Senator Out................ 10
* Gairy Pleased With
Commission-----........-......... 11
@ CANA Checks Business
Standings .....-................. 12
Planning Tourism's Future -- 14
SNevs Shorts .-------...-..--....-- 15


- U -


lsr""a 4--1;~ s


---1- --- '--







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 29th September 1990 Page 9


APPEAL From Page 8
Also addressing the Court on this day
(19th), Defence Counsel Mr Carlton
Williams argued that the Trial Judge,
Justice Dennis Byron, had not exercised his
"residual discretionary powers" with
reference to signed confessions made by
several of the accused men.
In The Absence Of The Jury
These confessions were examined by the
Court, in the absence of the jury, and were
declared to have been voluntarily given and
could properly be placed as evidence before
the iurv.


Mr Williams
argued, hov- Z-
ever, that in addition to testing
whether t-h confessions
were voluntary, the Judge r
had the discretion to
exclude the confessions from the jury ,if,
for any reason, he (ihe judge) felt it would
be unfair to the accused to admit the con-
fessions as evidence.

The record of the trial does not show that
the udge exercised, or gave any thought to
the exercise of this discretion, Mr Williams
said, arlA he asked the Court to find that the
confessions should not have been permitted
to go before the jury.

Defence Coursel Miss Norma Linton sub-
mitted to the Court that the Trial Judge
failed in his duty to the accused persons.
These accused, 18 of them, were
unrepresented by Counsel, Miss Linton
said, and the Judge should have advised
them of their right to have separate trials.
Did Not Agree
President Smith did not agree. No
here in the lav, he said, had he seen
it laid dovn that the Judge has a duty
to tell an unrepresented accused that
he is entitled to a separate trial.

Leader of the Defence Team, Mr Ian
Ramsay, gave thea Court a resumrl of the
Defence Grounds of Appeal. This was
followed by a brief staternent from Mrs
Velma Hylton, Director of Public Prose-
cutions, before the Court adjourned.


a verbal judgermnt could be delivered
to 10 veeks: The written judgerent
take considerably longer.


in
will


The persons in "death rov" awaiting the
outcome of this appeal are Bernard
Coard, Deputy Prime Minister and
Minister of Finance in the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG), his Jamaica-
born wife, Phyllis, Head of the National
Women's Organisation, Deputy Minister of
Women's Affairs and a member
of the Central Committee (CC),. Hudson
Austin, General of the Peoples
Revolutionary Army (PRA) and
a a member of the CC,
Selvvn Strachan. Minis-


ter of Mobilisation and Labour in the PRGI
and a member of the CC, Leon Cornvall,
PRG Ambassador to Cuba ad a member of
the CC, Evart "Headache" Layne, a
Lieutenant Colonel in the PRA, member of
the CC, and a member the Political Bureau
(PB) of the New Jevel Movement, John
Anthony "Chalky" Ventour, President
of the Comrmercial & Industrial Workers
Union, Secretary of the Trades Union
Council and member of the CC, Lium
"Ovusu" James, Major in the PRA and
member of the CC and PB, Calistus
"Abdullah" Bernard. Lieutenant in the
PRA, Lester "Goat" Redhead, Captain
in the PRA, Christopher Stroude, Major
in the PRA, Cecil Prime, Commissioned
Officer in the PRA, Dave Bartholomev,
Commissioned .Officer in the PRA and
member of the CC and Colville
McBarnette, member of the CC.

Those appealing against the sentences of
rmaa'aughter are Andy Mitchell,
Vincent Joseph and Cosmos Richard-
son, all PRA foot-soldiers.



S....h ._ _


interviewed by NEWSLLETTER after the
adjournment, President Smith said h hoped







Page 10 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada Nevsletter


GULP SENATOR OUT
"It is people, behaving as you are behaving now, who caused
me to take up areas against the Government in 1979".
Senator Ardin


LR GERALb ARLIN
C Opposition Senator in the
SGrenada Parliament resigned
from his post on September
6th, a few hours before Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon was requested to
remove him.
Mr Arlin was a member of Sir Eric Gairy's


Grenada United
Labour Party
(GULP), and, in
an interview on
September 27th,
Sir Eric told
NEWSLETTER
Mr Arlin recently
made a statement
in the Senate
which made it
necessary to have
him dismissed.
Take Up Arms
According to Sir
Eric, Mr Arlin, in
a speech criticiz-
ing the present


I!


from Mr Arlin and he had given it verbally.
Since then, however, a sense of estrange-
ment had grown between the Senator and
the Executive, and, early in September,
vhen, as GULP Political Leader, Sir Eric
had summoned Mr Arlin, the Senator did
not respond.


That state of affair
IIH _


s could not continue, Sir
Eric told NEWS-
LETTER, and Mr
Arlin had to be dis-
missed.

"If we were in
power, we would
give jobs to some
people who took up
arms against our
Government," he
said, "ve vould
invite them to
different places,
drink vith them,
eat with them and
so on, but we vould
not put them in


Government, said, s Parliament."
"It is people, .- Health Reasons
behaving as you Mr Arlin was
are behaving now, appointed to the
who caused me to Wl woJ4 lnmlitc Senatebythe Gover-
take up arms thlEm to riffe-rcnt pCwes, nor General, acting
againsttheGovern- on the advice of
meant in 1979." dnrirT with tfwtnt, Mrs Winifred
Mr Alen's w ith twhemt -7 -so trI-, Strachan, Leader of
Mr Aliens refer- the Opposition.
ence is to the New but t 0 1wouId not Mrs Strachan, a
Jevel Movement member of Sir
revolution vhich put twflen- Eric's GULP, was
ousted Sir Eric's i- Prli 4rt ltt then in Canada for
Government by health reasons and.
force of arms -in CYKt E C, Sir Eric said he had
March 1979, and been in touch with
Sir Eric said Mr Allen's statement is a her in connection vith this matter.
confession that he (Arlm) had been a part of
that revolution. As a result, Mrs Strachan advised the
juve~i_ ____ /Y* LkifdL tuiy JI2__:._J:<_ O


Sir Eric said that, at a GULP Executive
Meeting, an apology had been demanded


governor General Uy facsumle on
September 26th that Mr Alien's appoint-
Please See SE1HATOR Page 11


"'f we a re in power
we wout4 f give
jo6s
to some people wiho took
up rms
against V1wr twovrnment


- 1




II4'


The Grenada Newsletter


Saturday 29th September 1990


GAIRY PLEASED


WITH COMMISSION

WE WOULD LiKE TO SEE THE PEOPLE MOVING THROUGH THE REGION TO GET THE FEEL OF
THE OTHER PEOPLE........: S/R FICA tA/R


IR ERIC GAIRY POLIT-
ical Leader of the Grenada United
.-,Labour P.arty (GULP), did not
p-pear before the West Indian Co.m-
-ission, which visited Grenada on the
weekend of September 29th, but, in an
mterview w;ith NEWSLETTER onT Septem-
.ber .,
b er 27t., said he hoped to: express his views
at a breakfast rmeting -ith the leader of th-
Commission, Sr Shridath Ramphal.

I have known "Sonny' Ramphal on a
first name basis since 1972,' Sir Eric
" said, and I hope also to have talks
Swvith another member of the Com-
\ mission, Mr Alister McIntyre"

This Conm-nission: -appointd as a result of a
decision taken by the Caribbean Community
(CAR ICOM) Heads of Goverrn ent, at their
meeting in Grenada in -ly 1989, hs been
charged with formulating proposals for
rad-ancing the goals of the Treaty of Chag-
; uaramas which established the Caribbean
Community and Coron Market in 197 3.
Views Will Be Canvassed
The isit to -rernaa as za part of the
Sprogramrr of region public con suta-tion
in hinh a vide cross-sectCnof views will
be car passedd on the future of the West
Ind.ies.

Sir Eric said he was pleased that the
SCommission was coming to Grenada
to listen to what people have to say
Rather than to tell them what should
be done, and he said one of the things
he would advocate is freedom of
movement throughout the region.

"We v oud .hke t:' _e rthe ople moving
Through the region to gt he eel of the
,other people .with wrhom the_-y Yould like to
integra-te.," he said.

Siar Eric told NEWS. TTER he ws the
*~'n r-,t:!'it----e..
first person to advocate a regi onal int .a-
tion 'Whih embraced, not only those


countries hich ; were in the failed
Federation of te West Indies, but also the
Bahamas., Bermu4da the British Virgin
Islands, Blize, the Turks and Caicos islands
-7 1L 14 -
-and the C"yn Iands

This suggestion, he said, vas made in
a White Paper which his Government
put forward in 1972, vhen, on the
invitation of the then Head of the
Guyana Government, Forbes Burn-
ham, the Grenada Government pre-
sented to a regional Heads of Govern-
ment meeting, its proposals for
regional integration.
Was Well Received
The White Paper was well received, Sir
Eric said, but the short-sightedness of the
s altler countries. prevented any progress
from being made. They could not see, he
sad that constutional arity" was
required before integration cold work.

What was needed, Sir Eric said, vas
that the smaller countries, then still
British colonies, should become inde-
pendent like Trinidad & Tobago,
Barbados, Jamaica and Guyana vere.
Please See GAIRY Page 12

SENATOR From Page 0
'
--, oh. ou b e rev jed a-d flthat
1 e -
-, -eek h.... *1i..1 corm. taci.Lr-A-rk ino ht'2"
Sprrmnent barrister, Mr Derek Kght
S- --
| ,_.. be p d in r Alen s st-ea.

Mr i as been a lo time GULP
Supporter but, J th..ut giing details, Si
SEric said he ft the party because of
"tings wrshich happened during the last
electi.ns".

J"Derek has now come back into the
Sporty Sir Eric said, "and had agreed to
a-cceptr appointment as Opposition
Se-,atcr."
-- r"- I _


I f 1. ,


Paae 11!


I







wptetber 1990 The Grena Nw er
_- -.


PW4%12





B




T!
NE(


BASED ON SALES VOLUME,
the largest Company in the
Caribbean Community (CARI-
COMi) is Jamaica's Grace
Kennedy & Co 'Ltd, a cnlonmlorrate vhih,
in 1989, had a turnover of US$225.9
million.

This rating, based on statistics of the stock
exchanges in Barbados, Jamaica and
Trinidad & Tobago, is published in the
September issue of "Canabusiness", the
business and financial newsletter of the
Caribbean News Agency canaA).
Was Only Sixth
However, when rated by the yard-
stick of "market value', Grace was
only sixth with a figure of US$42.6
million, and if "net assets" was used
as the criterion to determine size,
Grace, with US$40.5 million, would
not rank in the top ten.

According to "Canabusiness', nine of the
ten largest Companies listed on the stock
exchanges, measured by sales volume, were
conglomerates. Half of them were Jamaican
but a Trinidad & Tobago company, Neal &
Massy, was a close second to Grace
Kennedy with a turnover of US$221.9
million.

"However," says 'Canabusiness', "Neal &
Massy, now recovering from the shock of
the 1980s down-turn in the Trinidadian
economy when it lugged heavy debt, was
valued by the market at US$29.7 million,
not nearly high enough to place it in the
regional top ten. With "net assets" of
US$67.9 million, it would place fifth in the
standing if this was the criterion".


The Barbados Shipping & Trading
Company (BS&T), wvth 1989 sales of
US$212.09 million, ranks third after Neal
& Massy but was eighth in market value at a
figut% of US$41:3 trillion. Measuid ;
"net assets", BS&T ranks third behind
Telecommunications of Jamaica (TOJ) and
the Barbados Light. & Power Company
(BLP).

TOJ, at a figure of US$126.3 million, heads
the list when companies are graded by
"market value", with another communi-
cations company, Barbados External
Telecommunications Ltd (BET), trailing in
second place with a market value of
US$92.9 million.
Ranks Third
The Jamaican soft-drink manufacturer,
Desnoes & Geddes (D&G), ranks third in
this .group with a market value of US$63.9
million. D&.G generated 1989 sales of
US$129.6 which played it ninth in that
category. It was eighth in the "net assets"
group vith a figure of US$37.1 million.
Please See RATINGS Pare 13


1=


m Page 11


The move to regional integration fell
through, Sir Eric said, because unlike
Grenada, the smaller countries did not
then have the drive to gain independence
and achieve "constitutional parity" with
the larger countries.

Sir Eric said the vievs of his Grenada
United Labour Party (GULP) would be
presented to the Cormmission by Mr
Derek Knight prominent Grenadian
barrister and a member of GULP.


I-


~Satiday 29th S


usxness




HE LARGEST COMPANIES ARE NOT
:ESSARILY THE MOST PROFITABLE


GAIRY Fro


I


I-







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 29th September 1990 Page 13
RATINGS From Page 12


Commenting on these statistics, "Cana-
business" says the largest companies are not
necessarily the most profitable. Citing
Grace Kennedy as an example, the
publication points out that, with a turnover
of US$225.9 million in 1989, the company
made US$11.5 million, a return of only
4.5%.

"An attempt to highlight some of the major
companies in the Leeward and Windward


Islands, where there are no exchanges and
few firms are public says 'Canabusiness',
"wvas frustratingly difficult."

Nevertheless, the publication listed three
companies from the Orgaisation of East
Caribbean States, orne each from Grenada,
St Lucia and Domrnica.

In Grenada, Jonas Browne & Hubbard Ltd
Please See RATINGS Page 14


!r 1- -- -


CARICOM's TOP


TEN COMPANIES


Bu Value Of Sales


Country. Annual Sales 1989


Grace Kennedy & Co Ltd
Nea! & Meassy Ltd
Barbados Shipping & Trading
T Geddes Grant Ltd
J'ca Banana Producers Assn.
Mc Enearney Alstons Ltd
Industrial Commercial Developments Ltd
Goddard Enterprises Ltd
Desnoes & Geddes Ltd
LasceIles

(Market Value in brackets Million U.S.$)


Jamaica
Trinidad
Barbados
Trinidad
Jamaica
Trinidad
Jamaica
Barbados.
Jamaica
Jama ca


(Million U.S.$)
255.9 (42.6)
221.9 (29.7)
212.0 (41.3)
172.8 (29.0)
162.2 (33.6)
157.8 (35.8)
148.8 (1 1.1)
135.0 (21.4)
129.6 (63.9)
12.0 (60.9)


CARICOM's TOP TEN COMPANIES


Bu Market V/alue


Company

1. Telecommunications of Jamaica Ltd
2. Barbados External Telecommunications; Ltd
3. Desnoes & Geddes Ltd
4. Lascelles
5. Carreras
6. Angostura Bitters (Dr JG S & Sons) Ltd
7. Grace Kennedy &6 Co Ltd
8. Barbados Shipping & Trading
9. West indian Tobacco Co Ltd
10.J'ca Banana Producers Assn.


II
Iii Value o~f


Co:untruy Market Value
lMilion U.S.1


Jama 1
Barbados
B a r c: a-
Jalmaica
Jamai ca

Tri ni dad
Jamaica
Barbados
Trinidad
Jamaica
Jaemi ce


126.3
92.9
63.9
60.9
60.2
43.8
42.6
41.3
40.6
33.6


Sales 1989 in brackets- Mii rion U S.$


NB. According to "Canabusiess" these statistics should be interpreted with caution
when making comparisons since some of the data have slightly differing bases. For
example, the market price for Barbadian companies is an average of the high and low
Price for the year mutiiplied by outstanding shares, while, for the other countries the
last quoted price is used.


CompanU


ii




II



ii


(97.4)
(67.1)
(129.6)
(1 12.0)
(76.7)
(37.6)
(225.9)
(212.0)
(43.5)
(162.2)






Page 14 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada Nevsletter


PLANNING

TOURISM'S


FUTURE


JRS JOAN PURCELL,
Minister of Tourism in the
Grenada Government, has
charged that Caribbean Tour-
ism has been detrimental to both the
people of the region and the environment.
"We must find vays of developing the
Tourism Industry vhich can bring the
necessary economic returns without a
prostitution of our people and a desecration
of our environment," she said.

The Minister's comments vere made on
August 27th as she delivered the feature
address at the opening session of a Tourism
planning seminar.
A Wide Cross Section
Organised by the Grernaa Tourist Board,
vith the theme "Planning for Tourism in
the 90s Grenada, Carriacou & Petit
Martinique", the seminar attracted particip-
ants from a vide cross section of operators
in the Tourist Industry, local and regional,
and ran for five days.

Grenada's Tourism has, so far developed
on an ad hoc basis, Mrs Purcell said, and, if
this continues, the industry Vill develop in a
fashion which may not be to the benefit of
Grenadians, socially, environmentally and.
economically.
The Minister urged participants of
the seminar to ensure that the plan
for Grenada, which evolves from the
deliberations, is affordable, realistic
and accomplishable.

Tourism is competing for scarce resources,
she said, and it vould be totally counter-
productive to develop an elaborate and
expensive plan which, in the end, vill lead
only to frustration.
The plan also must be compatible with other
aspects of Grenada's National Plan, she said,


and it must be in keeping with the overall
development thrust.

"The goal must be integrated
development," Mrs Purcell said.

The Minister said also that Grenada's
Tourism Development Plan must fit into the
culture and environment of the island. It
must not be disruptive to rnture nor divisive
to Grenadians.
Quoted From The Speech
Examining Tourism's contribution to Gre-
nada's socio-economic development, Mrs
Purcell quot,:ed from the speech of Mr
George Brizan, Minister of Finance, as he
presented the 1990 budget in Parliament
earlier this year.

According to Mr Brizan, Tourism
contributed 6_1% to the Gross
Domestic Product (GDP) and
accounts for 2,225 public and private
jobs.
Mrs Purcell said Tourism is nov a priority
Please See TOURISM Page 15
RATINGS From Page 1
had 1989 sales of US$19.5 million and
returned a nei profit of US$1.2 million.
The relevant. figures for St Lucia's
Windvard & Leeward Breweries Ltd are
!US$13.7 million an US$3.0 million,
while for the Dominica Cocoanut Pro-
ducts Linited, they are US$12.2 million
and US$2.7 million.

According to "Canabusiness", market
values for these companies are difficult to
determine.
Iam nrg e


"We must find wu gs
of developing the
ITourism Industry which
can, bring the necessary
economic* returns
without a prostitution
of our people and a
desecration of our
environment"






The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 29th September 1990 Page 15


WS SHORTS
- -- ---- --- --- __ __ i i i


Sfm

Poor School Leaving
Examination Results


According to a release from the Govern-
ment Information Service, only 106
candidates passed the 1990 School Leaving
Examination.

That figure represents 14.54% of the total
of 729 candidates vho sat the examination.

The highest pass mark received was 71.4%
achieved by a candidate from the Adult &
Continuing Education Class of Richmlond
Hill Prisons.

Tvo other candidates from that class
received pass marks of 67.0% and 65.6%.


Import/Export Workshop

Prime Minister Nicholas Brathvaite, on
September 24th, officially opened a three-
day workshop on the role of co-operatives
in the imporiexport Trade between the
Caribbean and the European Common
Market.

Mr Brathvaite said his Government
recognizes the importance of co-operatives
in the national development effort and will
conduct a systematic programme of co-
operative education.

Sponsored by the International Labour
Organisation (ILO), the European
Economic Community (EEC) and the
Grenada Government, the workshop was
attended by local and regional co-operative
organizations.

Representatives of ILO, EEC, the Carib-
bean Community (CARICOM) and World
Solidarity, a non-governmnental organisa-
tion in Belgium, attended the workshop.


British Typewriters For
School

The British Resident Representative in


Grenada, Mr Alan Drury, visited the St
Jolm's Christian Secondary School on
September 17th and presented that institu-
tion with a gift of 20 electronic typewriters.

A release from the Office of the British
High Commission in Grenada says the gift,
valued at EC$15,000 was made under the
British Goverrnment's Heads of Mission Gift
Scheme.


Heart Foundation Helps -
Again

With the aid of the Grenada Heart Found-
ation, 9-year old Grenadian Kellon Samuel
vas flown out to the United States on
September 4th to receive free medical and
(if necessary) corrective heart surgery.

Kellon was admitted to the Deborah Heart
& Lung Centre in Brownsmills, New
Jersey, where he will be attended to under
the auspices of the Children of the World
Progranmme.

The national airline of Trinidad & Tobago,
BWIA, assisted with transportation.
Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 16
TOURISM From Page 14
economic sector and is also the sector
vith the greatest potential for growth in
the 1990s. The industry, she said, is a
critical earner of foreign exchange. It
is an important provider of employ-
ment, and future development of the
industry depends on a carefully planned
and clearly articulated programme.

Among those delivering papers at the
seminar were Mr Yannis Caloghirou,
Resident Advisor of the European
Economic Community, Mr George
Goodwin, Tourism Co-ordinator of the
Organisation of East Caribbean States,
Mr Enrique Cruz, Manager American
Airlines operation in Puerto Rico, Mr
Chris Sharpless, President Caribbean
Hotel Association, Mr Ian Bertrand,
Manager BWIA and Mr Warren Smith,
Acting Managing Director LIAT.
I~4-,,,,(......................







Page 16 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
NEWS SHORTS From Page 15


U.N.Volunteer Serves


Eastern Caribbean


A release dated 20th September from the
Barbados based office of the United
Nations Development Programme says
that, for the next two years. the. Eastern
-Caribbean can expect to draw on the
services of Mr KamY.b.ga Mollel, a
United Nations Volmuteer posted to
Barbados.

Mr Mollel, 37, is a citizen of Tanzania
and a sanitary engineer. He has taken up
duties recently as Technical Officer with
the Barbados based Pan American Health
Organisation (PAHO) and will work on
water supplies and sanitation directly
under PAHO's Caribbean Programne
Coordinator, Dr Halmond Dyer.

As Technical Officer, Mr Mollel Vill
assist in the planning and delivery of
PAHO's technical assistance programme
in sanitation. His work will take place
under the aegis of a two-year project
aimed at establishing an information
system for planing and evaluating
environmental health activities in the
Eastern Caribbean.,


Focus On Paw Paw


Dr Raphael Marte, Fruit Crop Specialist,
arrived in Grenada in mid-September to
complete the final of a series of training
sessions he has been conducting on Pav
Paw / Fcrzcaplproduction.

Phase 1 of the session opened at the


Mardigras Agricultural Station on September
19th and involved some 25, Agricultural
Extension Officers :to.eter.- vith other
Ministry of Agriculture Officials.

Phase 2, to be held at a later date, will involve
farmers, especially those planting the crop for
the first time.


"Group of Three" Cultual


Embassv For Caribbean.


Mexico, Colombia and Venezuela, the "Group
of Three" will organise a Floating Cultural
Embassy to visit Jamaica, Puerto Rico, the
Eastern Caribbean, Trinidad & Tobago and
Guyana in November.

A release from the Verne7zlana Embassy in
Grenada says the floating cultural embassy will
be housed on the 4000 ton Venezuelan
transport ship "Esequibo" which will sail from
La Guaira, Venezuela; on October 31st, its
first port of call being Kingston, Jamaica.

The "embassy" Vill be made up of 90 artists,
30 from each country, and the ship vill carry a
permanent exhibit of handicraf books,
audiovisuals arid ell as commercial products.

Purpose of the venture is to promote cultural
integration and understanding between the
"Group of Three' and the countries of the
region.

Artists from the three countries will perform
for the general public and the cultural-
commercial exhibitt on the ship vill be open
for viewing. -.


Alster Hughes

29th September 1990

Printed & Published By The Proprietor
Alister Hughes, Journalist
Of Scott Street, St George's,Greaada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada)


I






Page 2 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada Newsletter


COMMISSION From Page 1
vith people that e have with Govern-
rments."
4
The consultation, he said., villa include
Governments and political parties, but there
will also be discussions with the press, with
religious groups, youth groups, women's
groups, the business community, labour
organizations and with ordinary people.

A large part of the task of bringing the
region together in greater unity, Sir
Shridath said, must be in confronting the
question of corm-unications in its broadest
sense. For this reason, he said, the media is
very important to the work of the
Commission, not as journalists reporting on
the activities of the Commission, but as
communicators

There can be no guarantee, the
Chairman said, that the Report of the
Commission vill be backed by action
on the part of the CARICOM Govern-
ments, but what must be judged is the
balance of probablilty as to whether
or not the Report vill be "put on the
shelf.

"I think the chances are better than
even that it vill not be shelved,, he
said, "because, through the Comis-
sion as the vehicle, the recommend-
ations will come from the people and
vill have a very substantial measure
Sof authenticity."'

Additionally, the Chairman said, the Com-
mission brings together a n'zmber of people
who are "enormously knowledgeable in
their own right about the maclhinery ,of
Unityy"

IWhile the consultations are going on, he
said, Commission members, will have to do
Sa great deal of technical work to back their
recommer atiorns with practical suggestions
as to how they can be implemented.

Sir Shridath, former Secretary-General of
the Commonweaith is Chancellor of the
University of the West Indies (UWI) and
Chancellor of the University of Guyana.

Comprising the Commission with Sir


There was a special open meeting for the
General Public and sor- members of the
Commission visited the sister island of


Carriacou for meetings with groups,
organizations and the general public there.

. f_ __s_.. ._____________ .


Shridath are Mr Alister McIntyre,
former Assistant Secretary-General of the i
United Nations and Vice-Chancellor of
UWI, Mr Leonard Archer, former
President of the Caribbean Congress of
Labour, Dame Nita Barrow, Governor
General of Barbados, Mr William
Demas, former President of the Caribbean
Development. Bank and Governor of the
Central Bank of Trinidad & Tobago, Mr
Hovard Fergus, Resident UWI Tutor in
Montserrat, Dr Marshall Hall, Managing
Director of Jamaica Banana Producers,
Reverend Allan Kirton, General
Secretary of the Caribbean Conference of
Churches, Dr Vaughn Levis, Director-
General of the Organisation 'of East
Caribbean States, Ms. Gillian Nanton,
Economist attached to the Ministry of
Finance, St Vincent, Mr Phillip Nassief,
Managing Director Dorrinica Coconut
Products, Professor Rex Nettleford,
Pro Vice-Chancellor, UWI, Mr Roderick
Rainford, Secretary-General Caribbean
Community and Common Market, Mr
Frank Rampersad, Co-ordinator of the
Caribbean Economic Conference 1990, Mr
Neville Trotz, Director of the institute of
Applied Science &. Teclmology, University
of Guyana, and Mr Don Brice, Director
Generra of the Commrriission's Secretariat.

After visits to Guyana and Trinidad &
Tobago, the Commission arrived in
Grenada on September 28th for a two-day
stay.

During that stay, the Commission met with
the media, with Prime Minister Nicholas
Brathwai%.te and. his Cabinet, the political
Opposition Parties, religious organizations,
tai drivers, bus drivers and other small
businessmen, women's groups, civic and
service clubs, sports and cultural groups,
trade unions and business arid professional
people.


-e


--


6






c

b






The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 29th September 1990 Page 3


THE COMMISSION'S MANDATE
The proposal to establish the West indian Commission was adopted by the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Heads of Government at their meeting in
July 1.969.

That proposal was embodied in the Grand Anse Resolution on "Preparing the
People of the West Indies for the 21st Century", and the Heads specifically
mandated that :-

(1) the Commission should be an independent body;
(2) the Commission should report to the Heads of Government prior
to their meeting in July T992;
(3) the Commission should formulate proposals for advancing the
goals of the Treaty of Chaguaramas which established the
Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) in 1973;
(4) the work of the Commission should be on the basis of a
process of public consultation with, and involvement of, the
peoples of CARICOM, and particular emphasis should be placed by
the Commission on the section of the Prime Minister of
Trinidad & Tobago's proposals which suggest that:
--. .--.-..a process of meaningful consultation with the
governments, political parties, trade unions, the private
sector, religious bodies, professional groups, academics, the
average West Indian, be held on the future of the West Indies.
In that process, let all ideas contend political, economic,
social and cultural; let unity of all kinds be appraised, no less
then the prospects of disunity. Let the outpouring of the
creative talent of our peoples in the region-....stimulate.....a
process by which our region becomes a public forum on the
future_"

Ii ImIT2s!


In 1759, British troops commanded by
Major-General HopsHon, successfully landed
on Guadeloupe, forcing the French to
retreat to strong positions in the interior.

The Brtish, however, vere unable to pur-
Ssue as nearly half of the troops were on tlhe
sick list and. Hobson himself died.

SThe Cormmand was taken over by Brigadier-
General John Barrirngton who decided he
did not have the military strength to attack.

Instead, he tegan burning arnd plundering
property. The result vas surrender by
Sthe Frernh wihe, to protect their own
1 interests, property owning members the
i French Militia deserted andm cane to terms
wj ith tei British invaders.


The Crenada__

NEWSLETTER
Founded 17th August 1973
422nd Issue
COLUMBIA UImVERSITY
MARIA MOOR CABOT AVARD 11984
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)
Ec$_ uS$
10 lOsues $115.00 $43.00
20 Issues $20700 $ 77.00
40 Issues $390.00 $146.00
Abou 20 Issues Published Annualy






Page 4 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada eNeletter


GRENADA'S PROPOSALS

FOR REGIONAL UNITY
T AT NIIEIFRT.AIBII .JI:L H! y j B L


T HE GRENADA GOVERNMENT
is in favour of regional
integration and feels the 21st
century vill be no place for
individual Caribbean countries to insist on
preserving their sovereignty separately.

That position is outlined in a document
submitted on September 28th to the West
Indian Commission then on a visit to the
island to canvass views on the future of the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM).P


"The alternatives for
the Caribbean have
never been as clear as
they are nov," the
Government docu-
ment says. "We stay
divided and we get
left behind, condemn-
ed to the footnotes of
development history,
readily risking ro-
manticist revolution-
aries. Or, follow-
ing common sense,
we come together,
not only econom-
ically but also in a
vider union."
No Longer Focus
In the Government's
opinion, CARICOM
can no longer focus-
almost exclusively orn
dimensions, but must
notion of community
States.


aspects of CARICOM because those aspects
will cost them money.

"There is a price to union", the document
says. "If the smaller CARICOM countries
sustain their cost for economic union, the
larger CARICOM countries must shoulder
their cost for wider union. Benefits must
be understood as entailing burdens in
appropriate cases."
Held In Rotation
What the Grenada Government sees devel-


"lie stay divided and
we get left behind,
Condemned to the
footnotes of
4 development history,
i readily risking
S romanticist
--
Srevolutionaries. Or, ;
Sfollowing common -
Ssense, We. come
Together, not only %
o economically but also
in a wider union."
lr/rftlrnnrrrrrrizifj.l


its common imrket
now emphasis the
among its Member


However, there is a danger uhich the Gov-
errnment says must be avoided. The seller
CARICOM countries must not be left with
the impression that their bigger CARICOM
partners are in favour of the economics of
CARICOM because those economics benefit
thpm, the Government document says,
while at the same time they (the bigger
CARICOM partners) reject the community


hoping is a Con-
federal Union with
the annual Heads of
Government Con-
ference as the
Executive Author-
ity of the Union.
That Authority
would be chaired by
a President, that
position being held
in rotation by Heads
of Member States.

Belov the Execu-
tive Authority
vould. be annual
meetings of Minis-
ters from Member
States (e.g.Ministers
of Finance, of Law,
of Education). These


meetings would
nake recommendations to the Heads of
Go'verrnent Conference and that Confer-
ence only wo.tdd be competent to decide
mrnatters of regional importance.

The Grenada Government suggests also that
there be established a "deliberative and.
consultative institution" called the Assembly
of Caribbean Parliamentarians (CARI-
PARL).

CARIPARL vouldd make recommendations
to the Heads ,of Government Conference for
Please See PROPOSALS Page_5


. -- -..-






I- he Gr n e s et rS t r a 9 h S p e b r 1 9


Pw# S


HOW GULP SEES


REGIONAL UNITY
"he politicians took the decisions, but, at the crucial test of
implementation, the people recoited. TJCey did not Lnow
each other. Fear oj the unknown preserved the status quo"


THE GRENADA UNITED
Labour Party (GULP) of Sir
Eric Gairy is not in favour of the
S "monarchal system of
governmentt".

This vi-w is disclosed in a MemorandumM
submitted by GULP to The West Indiani


Commission vhich visited Grenada on the
weekend of September 29th fo-r the purpose
of canvassing vievs a to regional
integration and the political future of the
countries of the -Camribbean Community
(CARICOM).
Please See GULP Page 6


PROPOSALS From:ge 4 .
improving CAR ICOM relations and would
advance regional integration and strengthen
Democracy both regioFnally and nationally,
thle document says.

"Members of CARIPARL could be chosen
in direct elections by the people in each
CARICOM member State," he Govern-
ment suggests. 'Alternativel, they might
be chosen by am+ from among ruling
parties, parliamentary opposition parties
and. private sector organisation:."
Rebels Come In different Forms_
Referring to insurrections in Trirnidad &
Tobago in 1970 and 1990 and in Greritda in
1979 and 198, t-e Governmient doc.umrnent
says rebels come in d-ifferent for-ms. A
SCaribbean-wide regional securny system is
essential, it says, an there must be closer
collaboration among the Police Forces of
the region.

It is amazing, the Governient thinks, that
the Member States of CAR ICOM still do not
yet have a Caribbean Court of Appeal from
which no appeals lie to any extra-regional
body.

SThe Caribben will always s have e noug
Legal luminaries of international stature to
guarantee that regional justice is second to
none, the documennt says, a,,nd it does no one
in the Caribbe an any good for a non-
Sregion, jud.-ge tro hve Jurisdictio.n ,o say
S tiat a Caribbean judge does not know what
he is doing.


..In the Confederal Union, the Grenada
Government em pect there vill be a regional
public service related to regional institut-
ions such as the CARICOM Secretariat, but
Member States will maintain their respect-
ive public services.

It vould be -.s.ected, the Government
document says, that there will be mobility
between the different public services and,
even more so. between a national public
service and the regional public service.
Free Movement
Plarn fior tihe 21st C.entury cannot be con-
cerned .only .vith the free movement of
goods and cert;an services, the Government
says. The- must go further and
acco.ni: odari t freer imovo--rnnts of peoples
-acoss the reo--n for purposes of travel and
work. Towards this end, there should be
a comm-:on CAR COM passport for intra-
regional travel.

Positive leadership will have to be pro-
vided, the document says, and a systematic
regional programme mus.t be divised for
overco. ing parochialism and insularity.

On these proposals, the Government says,
tie people of the Caribbean can move
securely towards regional unityfor te 21st
Century.

<.. . V 7F I.


I


Paup


'-- -- = I-


-- I. ii I I II


Pa~ F


Saturday 29th September 1990


i The Grenada Newsletter







Page 6 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
GULP from Page 5


The monarchal system of gvernm-nt, the~
Memorandum says, has an inherent bias
towards a division of people into classes,
together with Co stitutiorns based on the
Westminster Par-iamnentay System, but
short of all the traditions and conventions so
essential to the working of that system.
Have The Right
Instead, for the political integration
of CARICOM, GULP proposes a
government with an elected Presi-
dent, vho vill not be merely a titular
Head. There should be a Senate
representing all Member States, the
Memorandum says, and that Senate
vill have the right to approve the
President's choice of his Cabinet.


States develop a legal sstemr founded on the
Rule of Law.

That process must ensure also that
the Judiciary including the Magis-
terial Bench is "erudite, independ-
ent and determined to act fearlessly
against Governments, irrespective of
ideology, vhich ignore the dignity of
man and infringe or seek to abolish
fundamental rights and freedoms."

The Courts of the unified Caribbean
must be provided vith budgets under
their control and must be as free as is
humanly possible from Executive
Control, the Memorandum says.


c -r _- ..r U -r s.r~-~ rA p a


iI a4 I US r i S Ii I I


^^- w it s I--~-- H^ ^ "\/ 1 -" & ISC-A


GULP proposes
elected Legislative
Chamber with primary respon-
sibility for national legislation, and with
checks aid. balances provided by the Senate
in much the same way as provided by the
present Senates and the nominated elements
of the respective legislatures of the CARI-
COM countries.

"Our party is aware that this
represents a major departure from
the traditionalhistoric approach to
political unity,' the Memorandum
says. "We do not, at this time,
propose to demarcate the lines to be
drawn between central legislative
over and the legislative over of-
Member States. Suffice it to say ve
accept that certain matters must be
the exclusive prerogative of the
Central Government."

Those "certain matters" the MemorandAum
says, include such areas as foreign policy,
external affairs, currency, fiscal matters
necessary for existence of the Central
government and tzenship.
An immediate Start


T-he M.emorandum, which was presented to
the Cormission by prominent Grenadian
barrister, Mr Dfarek Knight Q.C., s
whichever form' of West InJdian unity is
eventually a greed o, there must now be an
i"medilate start to fashion a process .hi4ch
vill ensure that the Nation and its Member


s !Aa~&API t~ !49 t


SIj IEa I31! 1 It Ua U I I


r r p ratll


deeply on this aspect of the integra-
tion process and suggests to the
Commission that a special session be
held to receive submissions on the
matter.
Kept Apr BySea And Distance
GULP says the failure of the West Iadies
Federation ri 192, and tLe failure of
subsequent efforts to, promote regional
integration, iave been becanue people who
are "kept apart ,y sea ,-and_ d.:istancei have
"grass roots fear of people from other


"The politicians took te decisions, t, at
the crucial -tet of irmrementatiin. the
people recoiled," ithe MemorandU says.
They did nt Kow ea oteher-. Fear of
the unknown preserved the status quo."

To correct this, G'ULP reconu- eds that
priority be ve by interested
_Goverrrmentsr to. removed of barrierss to free
movement of persons capital goods and
services throughout the regi.on-

Thsis i a bold step Which carries- ith it
certain serious problems, the Memorandumn
says, but, if .the Leaders and Advisers of the
people feel the region is ready to embark on
political union as an independent Nation,
then thev must be ready to deal with such
problems_. _
I 1 4 i a t P1 -1
F-r T.I.E


1
I
!


-~~-~~--~~~-


I


iSS


~TP~ ~p


i


I 1


I
i






I The Grenada Nevwsetter Saturday 29th September 1990 Page 7
I


MAUR

MUR

CLO

COURT HOPES
ABOUT M

FENCE COt
J Maurice Bishop
Mr Ho 3var Ha
the Court on T
18th that, after the inider
1983 vhen Prime Min~ste
and others were killed, t
campfaigt of hatred, spit.
action against the person
Murders.
A pattern emerged over
there was an editor-in-chi
publications ij said.
person~' ere described i
newspapers as ruthless
Sm-urderers.i
Condemned To Hang
SMr Hamilton said the
Public takes it for
granted that ".vha the
newspapers say is
tr-ue", and this p re-tria
Adverse publicity did
Snot create conditions in
which a fair trial could
Ibe held for the 14
persons conduemne- d to
hang for the murders.


ICE

DER

SE

TO DELIVER
MIDDLE TO

JNSEL IN THE
Murder Appeal
milton Q.C., told
tuesday Septembel


It on i9th October
;r Maurice Bishop-
here was a miedi
e and misinform-
s accused of the

Three years as ii
ief supervising the
"a nd the accused
.n all the regional
,, power-hun gr]y

/ S

the accu
Were

a all th-
jnew
Sas ruthl
hungry r


Appeals of these 14 -
persons are nov be- Sltt''l
fore the Court together with appeals of
three persons conde- mned to long prison
Sentences for manslaughter arising from the
same incident.
Mr Hamilton said Prosecution Lead.er. Mr
Karl Hudson-Phillips Q. C., had argued that
i the Defence had brought no evidence or pe-
trial- publicity. However, Mr Hamilton said,
Sthe Defence had filed a Motion detailing this
publicity and, even if the Defence did not


i


-BISHOP

APPEALS



IR VERBAL JUDGEMENT
END OF NOVEMBER

Proceed ith this M 'tion, the Trial Judige
was aware of it .and should have been alerted.
to the problem.
It would not have been possible to move the
trial out of the sphere of the adverse pub-
1licity, Mr Hamilton said, but, before they
were empneliedr the "minds of the jury
Should have been explored'" by the Judge
within appropriate questions tfo ascertain
whether any bia easted.
SCom a To An End
On Friday September 14th and on Monday
September 17th the De;fence completed
S most. of it-s answers to the Prosecution's
submissions and it was expected t-at these
appeal hearings wo ld come to an end on
it -WePdneQsday Septem-
..... br 19 122 vork-
ing days since tmey
sed persons bei ao 30th May
described 19S8
. .
in Addrssing the
e reninn i Court on Friday
.& -rSptmber 14th and
Spaper'S Mo4d7ay September
S1 7t.h ere Deferce
ess, power- Cotsel Messrs ian
murderers." Ra rsa-ay, Maurice
S Fraa nkson, Glen
Z-r ickshank, A Ji
Nic-ilsor 'v-M ice TIenn, Earl Witter and
i DeLVo Harrison.
They dealt with the questions of the fairness
of the Trial J.udge's summing up, whether a
soldier has a cornplete defence if he kills
he'n acting imder superior orders, the
alleged d enial t he accused of the right to
challenge the jury and the alleged improper
identification of the accused, by roll call, in
Please See APPEAL Paee 8






Page 8 Saturday 29th September 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
APPEAL From Page 7


the presence of witnesses.

As he closed the final hearings of the
appeals on Wednesday September 19th, Sir
SFrederick said the 17 persons who had
appealed against, their sentences could be
proud-. of the barristers who represented
Them in the Appeal Court.
Every Legal Stone Was Turned
"I have never before experienced such
diligent and thorough research," Sir
Frederick said. "every legal stne as
turned in presenting the Grounds of
Appeal".
"I have never
before experienc-
ed such diligent
and: thorough re-
search. Every
legal stone was
turned in present-
ing the Grounds
of Appeal".
Sir Frederick
Smith
Sir Frederick described the hearing of the
appeals as "historic and importantt,
generating world-wide interest, and said it
is "perhaps, unparalled in the British
Conmronwealth".

Comprising the Court ith Sir Frederick
are Justices Rex McKay of Guyazna and
Time Kendall of Antigua, and the President
said it is difficult to assess the weight the
three judges must carry in coming to their
decisions.

"Our judgements vill be read closely
in London, Australia, India, Germ-
any, America and elsewhere, he
said, 'I may be 'pushing up daisies'
by that time and will not hear the
criticisms.-
Justice Cannot Be Bought
SThe Appeal hearing had been long, he said,
but either the Court nor the barristers who
appeared in the matter can be criticized for
This. Justice cannot be bought, he said. nor
can'it be measured in length of days or the
cost involved.


The President referred to the fact
that, at the Murder Trial, the accused
men had stamped, clapped and
chanted to disrupt proceedings of the
Court and had had to be put out of the
,courtroom by the Trial Judge. That
fact is not relevant to the outcome of
the appeal hearings, he said, and the
Court's decision will not be coloured
by it.


On this final day (Wednesday
19th), Defence Counsel, Mrs


September
Jacqueline


Samruels-Bro. n told the Court that the Trial
Judge had been rong- in permitting certain
evidence to go before the jury.

"The evidence given by Fabian Gabriel on a
.cnitrioral pardon is not admissible," she
said
Given A'Conditional Pardon'
Gabriel, o rignally one of those charged
with the murders, i-s given a "conditional
pardon" 1, return for testifying for the


There is conflict between Grenada's
Constitution .and the law of the State, Mrs
amuels- Brown. said. The Constitution
demanIds that an accused person must have a
fair trial dile Grenada law says a person
can tstify in a criminal case, having been
given a conditional pardon.
Persons giving evidence on a conditional
pardon are doing, so under duress because
the pardon depends on the evidence, Mrs
Samiueis-.Bro..n said, and this does not.
guarantee a fair trial.




Full Text