The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00406


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Full Text



Pag6 Saturday 25th Aqugit 1998 The Grenada Newtletter


CONTROVERSY From Page 5
SConversion Ventures can provide no
economic benefits to the island.

According to Dr Mitchell, a serious aspect
of this matter is that the project could create
Environmental problems for Grenada.
No Solid Waste
One section of the contract, he said,
Stipulates that no solid vaste is to be brought
in to fuel the plant but, in another section,
the Company says it wil! purchase recycled
| waste from Greradian arnd non-Grenadian
Sources.


Lalsingh,
Ministers
available
said.


Minister of Health. These three
had no expert technical advice
to them in the negotiations, he


"There are other troubling aspects of the
contract," the Political Leader said, "and
one is that Government's over station, an
EC$100 million asset run by Grenada
Electricity Services Ltd. (GRENLEC),
must be closed, down."
Falls Short In Its Supply
Though closed down, he continued, -the
Z 4"


- --sta-rion nmus e m aintained
S3 a Government's cost so th
To all engineers and technicians when the Cor
ve have checked out," he said, pany falls short
:that ens that t.e its supply of ele
company can take ~ ticity,the Co
-:,cxi waste, recycle it ard O ,i,
.hen bring it into Grenada
Ior use at the plant ." r -.
D;r Mitcheill aicd that etmnr: v.ithru q1


hazard, according to a study by
University of Michigan, the plant
create an environmental problem.


the
will


That study indicates, he said, that the
burning of ordinary household garb-
age poses a risk to health. Many
:-.bstances found regularly in the
-barbage of Grenadian homes emit
.dangerous chemicals when heated, Dr
'Mitchell said, and the adverse effect
of this on the population must be
considered .

Since there is concern about importation of
;.o ;c waste, Dr Mitchell said it wvoud be
expected that Government would make
irranrements for irdep-radent expert
e sting of the plant on a regular basis to
suree that satisfactory standards are being
maintained.
Totally Unsatisfactory
What has been agreed, he said, is totally
.nsatisfactory in that it is the Company
Shich will train the inspectors. Further,
S:Jpection may be done only during
workingg hours and only the metering
. tem may be inspected.

'r Mitchell said the contract was negotiated
-.h the Company by Dr Francis Alexis,
-inister of Legal Affairs, Mr. Phinsley St
.ouis, Minister of Works and Mr Kenny


at
it.
a-

c-
C-


pany can buy electricity from GRENLEC.
Additionally, he said, the contract provides
that Government must pay the Company
promptly, on a monthly basis, in United
States dollars.

At the present time, he said, there are large
sums owed by Governmment to GRENLEC
vhich Government is making no effort to
pay. Under the contract with the
Company, Government will be forced to
pay for its energy consumption on a
monthly basis, and Dr Mitchell thinks it
w fould make better economic sense to pay
GRENLEC and. put that Company on a
better operationIl basis.
SubjectTo Ratification
The contract sirned witih Waste Conversion
Ventures Ltd i. subject to ratification by
Parliament and, according to Dr Mitchell,
this presents a chaienge to Government's
image.

*Government's signature on a
contract is a serious business." he
said. "You can't sign something and
then, later, duck out, saying you did
not check things properly. That
indicates the method of decision-
making in the present Government.
and it scares you.
Please See CONTROVERSY Page 7


, 11 U ,~r ~I1


---






i The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 25th August 1990 Page 7
I-------------------------


V'


"Isetweeenr 2.00 a-n and 8. 1 90 ae we ruv(ordfed
6.4 inches of irinn- a the airport"
nJVT stksvwt1E


- VEHICULAR TRAFFIC IN
St George's, Grenada's capitaI
City, w;as chaotic for several
hours after da.n onh Tuy 5th as
blocked streets testified to the passage of
tropical storm "Arthur".

Forecast to pass in th- clhanel between
Grenada and Trinidad. "Arthur" side-
swiped Grenada vith torrents of rain and
vinds e ceeding 55 m-- ph.
The Storm Passed
A spok esmanar for thre mleteroloical station
at Point Salines international Airport told
NEWSLETTER that, at4.30PM, the storm
passed 30 miles south of Gre.nada, subject-
ing the southern end of the island ti wi-ds
of 48 knots per hour.

Between 2.00 AM and 8.0 0 AM. he said,
"ve recorded 6.4 inches of rain at he
airport."



CONTROVERSY From Page 6

SGovernment can get t of it if, in
Parliarrent, Government. membrn ers f ,iI tc,
support Gooverrnment s si.o 1atue wich
binds the country. he continued, but this
would be immoral and will indicate. that
,CGrenada has a marshmallowsw govern-
men t" with no credibility.
IM ENs -- -


The city of St George and the hotel area
our miles south of St Georges suffered
most. In the city, several main streets
were blocked by landslides or collapsed
retairng walls., and Sendal.l Tunnel,
comnecti-n the ea-tern and western sections
of -th city.r wa flooded.

the buildings whose roofs were damaged by
the ngihi 'd, and these include also the pan-
yard shak- of the Angel Harps steel band.

The St iJohnt's river, markiwn the northern
boundariuy of St Georges', was particularly
destructive. Risin some 15 feet above its
no rrm level and four feet above the surface
of adioi ng River Road, its waters gushed
into b.msness places and residences causing"
A Total Wreck
The residents of two small houses on the
hig'h ground on the south side of River Road
were just able to evacuate them before the
houses slid off their foundations. A car vas
swept aVZayv by the river to be jammed
ainr.st a bridge. a total wreck.
in the hotel development, the parking lot
and entrance area of the 394-room Ramada
Renaiss.-ance Hoel- were completely flooded
several cars being almost submerged. A
sp..okesrman for the Hotel said the floors of
some o--f the lower level rooms ard of the
Manager s cottage were under water.


Please see ARTHUR" Paee 8


1 1


ARTHUR"


DRENCHES


GRENADA







Page 8 Saturday 25t Aupcst 1Q09 The Gr-nada Nesletter
{ --------- --------------------------___________ !s, a


NEWS

USPS Donates Equipment
To GPO

Twoo vehicles are inc-lded in a variety of
iequipmeniit donated by the United Sates
Postal Serlice USPS) to Grenada's 7Geneil
Post Office (GP-.

Together ith several other Governent
- a"-- -
Department, the main offices of the GPO
e7ere completely daestroyed by fire last
A april 27th.

sorting racks, scales and a cancellation

ima telyUS$ -3,000.0 t 1

A release fm te Uitd Stats rI rm
action Service says tr that, f lloin th fire, a
USPS repr.es etati- did a survey of the
GPO needs, an~d the donaon was made
r-rom avaiable USPS pe.css stoc.-

UWI And Government Reach
Agreement On Debt Payment

|pThe University of the W t Iies (UWI)
e d the Governmet of ,Grenada ct
reacd. an agreem-ent on payment ofe
arrears of contributes due by Girenada to
|the rnversity.
l~ii i 7" -.Si T) :
... 'rel g- .


SHORTS


A release from e Ministry o Finance puts
the arrears at E $3.24 million an says4 tis
is an accumulation over three years oon
paynMnts to UWI by the New Nationalr

Minister Herbert Blaise.

-. J -,. -
Ac'cording to the release, Finance Minister.
Mr A eorge Brisan had, discussions 'ith
senTor UWI officials and it has been agre-ed'
that the first installment of tea repayent
Will be in September r the sum of EC$0.5 i
million.

Fol a oer the next 30
months, Grenada ill rrmaake six-fmonthiv
payments .hich :ii liquidate the arrears.

It is iderst od tt, riling this re pamnt
eeent Greniian students, seeking
entry to UWI in 1990 term. may not have
been gi the -.scial tuition fees rights
accorded to studlrts of contributing coun-
tries



orksho,

A one- k Agriltur Exeu l pension ork-
p fr delegates fm nine regional
coiTntries 7e- compIWleted in Grenda on
Please See HEWS SHOTS Pare 9


ArTHURl FrGomi Page ?
The adjoining CaIer hogi Park and te
4rad feeding t Spice I sla Inn, Coyaba
rHotel. and the St eO7 'rge 's iversity Sc- ol
.r ri -- - "e '-"M -
of M medicinen e wIre er e u .Sm teo feet of.
vater, e .fectively cutting off road,
..=~r i L-PJ.-lC . ; i =
co-,mrii catoJi
| Lost its Roof
F further n, o-ne of -the mi bi dings of
South Wids Hotel lost its rooft and both the
A-5uf arr UII
roof and .satel.te dish of ... Su...ar .ill
restaurant -ere damaged

At Point Salines International Airport,
offices were flooded and the aircraft
navigational ad suffered Wter 'damae. As

Several hours and all flights were de la ed
a-;- a


Reor from farmers say banana plant
nations su red consider damae. There
was some damage t-- o Cocaa and nutmegI
trees U. b this as on a much smal lerscale.
Da2 aed By Water
The generating plant at Grenada Electricity
services .as d. aagei wy vater and several
fallen poles had: o be replaced. Main-
tenance cresT were proamtly at ,ork,
priority beT- 'r givo to t-e hospitals-. in St.
Geor.,e's i-d St Andre's, but. it was.
several days befor the situation returned to
normal.

--"--- --. ...
;K'^a asIisi"*iifa^|


~911~ _~__ _~~~~~_~~ _~






The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 25th August 1990 Page 9
NEWS SHORTS From Page 8


August 25th.

Participants completed field trips to thirty-
two farms and examined the farming
systems nov in use in Grenada. Certain
needs were identified and it is expected that
recommendations will be passed on to local
agricultural extension officers.

Among countries represented at. the
workshop were the United States of
America, Belize and Trinidad & Tobago,
and several senior lecturers from the
University of the West Indies were present.

Following the close of the workshop in
Grenada, it reconvened in Trinidad for
another week of discussions and field trips.


Duty Of The Press Outlined

The Press in Grenada should make it their
solemn duty to provide constructive criti-
cism to Government. The press should also
encourage Grenadians to settle down to
helping their country to develop a positive
image.

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), this statement was made by
Minister of Finance, Mr George Brizan, on
July 24th at a ceremony at the Ministry of
Finance at which he received a donation to
the Relief Fund relative to the fire which
destroyed the Government Complex last
April.

Grenadians must be concerned vith the
future of the nation's young people, the
Minister said, and, if members of the Press
do not follow the line he suggested, they
vill be striking a violent, blow at the future
of young people in the State-


Grenada's Cultural Heritage
Being Raped

Minister of Legal Affairs, Dr Francis
Alexis and Senator Carlyle Glean, Minister
of Education and Culture, have commented
on what they describe as the rape of Gre-
nada's cultural heritage by persons who


unlawfully e=cavate Amerindian sites in the
vicinity of the abandoned Pearls Airport in
St Andrev's.

The Ministers made this comment to the
Government Information Service (GIS)
following a tour of the Pearls area after the
problem had been brought to Dr Alexis:
attention by Mr Andrew Bierzynski, Presi-
dent. of the Granada National Trust &
Historical Society.

The tour was conducted by Dr Keagan and
Miss Ann Couray, of the archaeological team
from the University of Florida currently
undertaking a study of the potential of the
area.

On the tour with Dr Alexis and Mr Glean
were Senator Godfrey Ventour, Parliament-
ary Secretary in the Ministry of Tourism,
Mr Keith Clouden of the Division of Local
Government and Mr Jerome Forde, Crown
Counsel.

i
Grenada Takes Part In AFS
Student Exchange

Four students, one each from the United
States of America, Honduras, Paraguay arM i
Canada, are now in Grenada on a one-year I
Secondary School Student Echange Pro- I
grarmmne

This programme is arranged by th,
American Field Service (AFS), and, in arn
interview vith NEWSLETTER, Miss
Gillian Friday, Chairperson of the AFS
Grenada Chapter, said the students will stay
with Grenadian families and attend secon-
dary schools here.

This year, for the first time, Miss Friday i
said, Grenadian students will benefit from I
the exchange programme. One student
from tne Presentation Boys' College and I
one from Westmorland Secondary School
vill leave shortly for the United Statep -
America. Another student from Wvest-
morlabnd. ill leave shortly for Venezuela.

These three students will each be away for i
one year. |
Plase See ee EWS SHORTS PCae 10 t


- I






Page 10 Saturday 25th August 1990 The Grenada Newsletter

SEWS SHORTS From Page 9


The cost to each participant is US$3,200,
Miss Friday said, and this covers round-trip
airfares and domestic travel in the host
country.

Insurance up to US$50,000 is provided to
cover medical bills relative to any illness or
injury suffered while on the AFS
programme.

Miss Friday said applicants to take part in
this programme must be no older than 18
years at the time of departure and must
have at least a B-average minimum in
academic subjects.

This AFS programme was launched in 1947
and its aim is to provide high school
students vith the opportunity to live and
study abroad.


Increase In Work Permit Feeas

tt vill nov cost more for non- Grenadians to
get permission to work in the State.


A notice in the Government Gazette says
that, at. its meeting on 29th May last, Cab-
inet approved an increase in the fees payable
for Work Permits issued by the Labour
Division of the Ministry of Labour, Social
Security and Housing.

The fee nov payable by citizens of the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) has
been increased from EC$100 to EC$500
per annum.

Citizens of Commonwealth countries, other
than CARICOM countries, face an increase
from EC$500 to EC$1500 per annum, and
this increase applies also to citizens of the
United States of America and countries of
the European Economic Community.

The rate for all other countries has been
increased from EC$600 to EC$2,500 per
annum. According to the notice in the
Gazette, this new rate structure brings
Grenada's Work Permit fees in line vith
similar fees payable in other Caribbean
countries.


Aliser Hughes


25th August 1990



Printed & Published By The Proprietor
Alister Hughes, Journalist
Of Scott Street, St George's,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Granada)


- -- = -






The Grenada_


NEWSLETTER
[Volume 18 Saturday 25th August 1990 Number 12 1


:MAURIC;


MURDER


....LA

HEt COniD~E;NED st
AOIXNWUS f.

tRLLS BT~~S Cl

THIRTEEN MEN AND
one woman, condemned to
hang for the murder of Prime
P 1Minister Maurice Bishop and
others, continued to sit in the dock vith
anxious faces as the Maurice Bishop Murder
Appeal entered its closing stages on August
20th. h
Those in "Death Rov" include
former Deputy Prime Minister in the
Peoples Revolutionary Government,
(PRG) Bernard Coard, his Jamaican
vife Phyllis, Selwyn Strachan,
former PRG Minister of Mobilisa-
tion, Hudson Austin, General of the
Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA)
and several PRA commissioned offi-
cers
Bloody Climax
In the bloody climax to a pover struggle in
the left-ving New Jewel Movement (N.JM),
4- Bishop and the other murder victims were
Signed up against a vall ad machi-ie-gunied.
In Court on August 20th, Prosecution
Council, Mr Doodnauth Singh, Senior
SI Counsel, made submissions relative to one
of the controversial pieces of evidence
surrounding these killings.


E BISHOP


APPEAL


ST LAP f

IT IN TInr DOCK JrT
ACts As Tilt
nulW tit APVou


[OSZNLN


STAaiE


That evidence is that, immediately before
the victims were shot to pieces, one of the
accused men, Calistus Bernard (alias
"Abddllalh"), a lieutenant in the PRA, took a
piece of paper from his pocket and told
Bishop, and those lined up with him, that
what he had was an order from the NJM
Central Committee that they, the victims,
should be shot.
IN THIS ISSUE
Page
@ Bishop Murder Appeal
LastLsp / .........-----------
Controversy Over
Electricity From Garbage.. 5
@ "Arthur" Drenches
Grenada -....................._... 7
@ News Shorts--...-...-........ .... g

The Defence, led by Jamaican barrister, Mr
ian Rarnsay, argues that this evidence is not
admissible as implicating members of the
Central Conmittee which includes Bernard
Coard, his wife Phyllis, Hudson Austin,
Selwyr Strachan and others who were not


Please See APPEAL Page 2


- --- -~--~-"


t







Page 2 Saturday 25th August 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
AA 2DT Thre GPlcra ItP e


at the scene of the killings.
1990, after 100 working days, the Defence
Since the Prosecution had not produced that completed its submissions on some 40-plus
piece of paper in Court at the Trial, the grotun s of appeal.
Defence says, nor had they brought' ani
independent witness to say wht was written The. Prosecution be an i submissions on
on it, the evidence of what.errnad said that samr day, a. sirf then, and until
about th ure r the piece of pe is 2.Au t 2te ndbvh tp:t court ajourned,
ir .and trissibl.... J rp ..JCA.ing 'g. It had been
ConspiracyTo Murder expected that thi t Coujt would sit until
Mr Sigh arged or the rqsecutin, ir da- A'.-t ti i- tihe Prosecution
h nowe, ~, hia jn a iaitter I$rn~it a IrOul tiQ i orinpl t~ ubrissions, but
charge of Donspi ta)~,xmurd .cei tLas ve 'Trinid ruenced this ad-
been established that a conspiracy existed, viersely.
all the cts Tigf rati6s of ne Closely Connected
olspiratodt. are nmirdsbl i deire Leader of the Prosecution, Mr Karl Hiudson-
agaiibttil-s other esirat.r, . Phillips Q.C., is closely
|i iI connected vith the Govern-


iHearsay evidence in
a c liinal idt i "ter i
to beadmitt,..g h
said; ~" the vords
sppk.eA are -clearly'-
associated in time,


-: rent or rinlidaa
S Tobago and it was under-
*'' stood that he was then
"* -M'" involved. in assisting with
" drafting charges to be laid
against niarebers of the
4 k 1ii


SplIa e" i l D e.l ..fliit I i : ULJ
stance vith t involved ih the July 27th
crime' coup attempt in Trinidad.

:The Bishop Muder Trial : As a resi, Mr Hudson-
region uMarih 3rd 1986 '" :""" lps was not in
Before Mr.' Justice Dennis : da Au.ist to asist
I Byroand xawctluded on i.n 'i sehtation of sub-
4t -December, 1986 Thirty- SI.R FREDERICV -SMTH :'rsislK? As a result, the
oits-w~-t~ esses includingig one of the-.accused .-(c-rt ')2X.Tl.~n sd 4i~inesday August
hop:in return for a pardon, gave evidence 22rnd instead of on Faid.y August 24th as
for the Prosecution), testified. originally schdled. I

SOrigiall defended by a team of barristers, .-:Presid~i nt nilmt that when the
the 18 accused persons were without Courfieco.t-iies M#,trmber 11th, the
-1tu-sel aafter-~51th-April, 1986 when they ProsecutiOri will ha,' i-S days to address
i. th!- accused) dismissed the entire team otf .Ifthc-urmtfe'-retaiqrni'x- days being for
d-efiaie barristers :- the 'D 'me '': reW? Di n'y new matter
..--. Had:Tb .Be Excluded .'a. t", itA;FiLit...;: t d
romi that date te acu refused ttake : tited tTetogrily
part in the- trial, And, ith the escenti on v t arwrahieivantt vra"'objbcted to angrily
of two of them, all the others in the dock by .Mr .an Ramsay, Leadr of the Defence
clapped, chanted and stamped so consis- Team. 'HR pointed out that, through no
tently that, in order that the Trial might fault of the Diienice; two days were being
proceed, they (the accused) had to be lostinthe Augst sittinigbecause Mr Hudson-
e:.luded from the courtroom. Phillips was not in Grnada. Because of
this loss, he said, the Prosecution is going to
Verdicts of the jury freed one of the be given three days in the September sitting,
accused, convicted 14 of murder and 3 of and this placed a handicap on the Defence
manslaughter. who were scheduled to have the entire
SSeptember sitting to reply.


Hearing of appeals agnst these convictions
began on 30th May 1988, and, on 19th June


Please APPEAL Page 3




11 I


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 25th August 1990 Page 3
APPEAL From Pate 2 .


"Why do we have to suffer for a delay which
they have created ?" Mr Ramsay asked.
Was Unmoved
But Sir Frederick vas unmoved. The
Prosecution vill have three days in the next
sitting, he said, the Defence will then reply.
When the fixed two-veek period for the
September sitting comes to an end, there will
be ro more sittings of this appeal and t!he
Court vill adjourn to consider its judgement


MR IAN RAMSAY

When the hearing of these appeals began, the
Court was presided over by the late Mr.
Justice J. 0. F. Haynes and with him were
Justices Sir Frederick Smith and Rex McKay
of Barbados and Guyana respectively. Mr
Haynes died in December 1988 and the
Presidency passed to Sir Frederick, vith
Justices McKay and Time Kervnall being
appointed to sit wit hbim. Justice Kendall is
Antiguoan.
Is Not Immune
On August 21st, Mr Singh submitted to the
Court that, in executing an order from a
superior officer to kill someone, a soldier is
not immune from consequences of his act.

The submission was in answer to the
Defence charge that the Trial Judge had
failed to tell the jury that, vihen acting under
superior orders", a soldier has a complete
defence and can be found not guilty of any
charge of illegal killing.

"Had (Prime Minister) Bishop, and others
executed ith him, died in the attack on Fott
Rupert when Bishop was in the Operations


Room, Mr Singh said, "an argument may
have been put forward that Bishop had
seized the nerve centre of the PRA and he
and others lad been killed when orders
were being carried out to recover the
centre."
Machine-Gunned To Death
Mr Singh pointed out that after the
Operations Room had been recovered by
the PRA, Bishop and ot hrs had been taken
prisoner. They were machine-~unned to
death some timr- later, he said, and the
soldiers whodiid the killing vould have had
no reasonable grounds to believe that the
order to shoot was legal.

"Lined up before them, defenseless
against a vall, was the Prime
Mimnster and PRA Commander-in-
Chief together vith members of his
Cabinet," Mr Singh said. "These
people had done nothing wrong,
there had been no trial and con-
viction,. and the soldiers couldn't
honestly believe that it was legal, not
only to shoot' them, but to machine-
gun them to pieces."
Had Been Killed
Mr Singh said that, following the killings, it
had been announced on Radio Grenada by
Hudson Austin, the General of the PRA,
that Bishop had been killed "in the cross
fire". According to the Prosecution
Attorney, this had been a cover-up of what
See APPEAL PAGE 4


The Crenada___

NEWSLETTER
Founded 17th August 1973
420th Issue
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
MABIA MOOR- CABOT. AVAfD 1984
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inlaln Post In Grenada)


10 lsuesP $115.00 $43.00
20 Issues $207.00 $ 77-00
40 Issues $390.00 $146.00
About 20 Issues Pnblslhed Annually










Page 4 Saturday 25th August 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
APPEAL From Page 3


had really happened, and what had been
disclosed by the evidence.

On this day (August 21st), President. Justice
Sir Frederick chided the Prosecution for
not complying with his direction that they
submit, in writing, to the Court, skeletons
cf their submissions. He ordered that those
submissions be available by September 4th
for forwarding to the Defence by courier.
Hard PutToLimit
"The Defence will not have unlimited time
to reply to the Prosecution," Sir Frederick
said, "and if the Prosecution does not make
their skeleton submissions available in time,
I will be hard put to limit the Defence."


It was declared, once
more, on August
22nd, that hearings in
this Appeal would
Definitely come to a
close not later than
Friday 21st Septem-
ber next.


SThe declaration was made by Sir Frederick
as he adjourned the Court until the next
sitting to commence on September 1 th.

"Let me make it clear that this appeal will
close at the end of the next. two-week sitting
in September," he said, "I am not allowing
the Defence any long time to reply to the
Prosecution, and, when those two weeks
come to an end, the appeal will close."

In Court, on August 22nd, Mrs. Velma
SHylton Q. C., Director of Public Prose-
ecutions, submitted that there is no merit in
the Defence argument that directions given
i the jury by the Trial Judge were inadequate
and incomplete.
Not The Task
The Defence charge is that the Judge did not
rmke it clear that a person is presumed
innocent until proved guilty, and. that it is
lhe burden of the Prosecution to prove
guilt, not the task of the accused to prove
innocence.

Reading from the record of the Trial, Mrs
Hylton quoted the Judge as telling the jury,
The burden of proving the accused guilty


rests vith the Prosecution throughout the
case" and "At no time at any stage does the
accused have to prove his innocence."
Made The Matter Clear
She quoted 14 other similar statements by
the Judge to the jury and said that these, and
others in the record of a similar nature,
show that the Judge made the matter clear.

Mrs. Hylton dealt also with submissions by
the Defence that the accused had acted in
self-defense when the killings were done.
Clearly, she said, this defence could not be
claimed by those who li-ned up Bishop and 7
others against a wali and machine-
gu~ted them.
SThree others died
in the PRA attack
on Fort
% Rupert.

The Defence claims that, as
Sthe PRA unit approached the Fort, they
were fired on by the crowd and were
Sthus provoked into shooting in self-
defense.

Mrs. Hylton told the Court there is no
evidence to show that the unit of the PRA
vas fired upon and so was justified in acting
in seif-defense.
Died InThe Attack
She said also that when it is claimed that an
accused person was provoked, the action
t iken by the person provoked must be
against the person who was doing the
provoking. There is no evidence, she said,
that the persons who died in the attack vere
provoking the PRA.



Up to some 50 years ago, Grenadian mer-
chants imported for sale the cloth on which
textile mills had tried out new prints.

This unsightly, experimental cloth, which
came in short lengths, vas popular only for
its low price and was known as 'tay-lay-
lay'.


This word
the French
the French
unsightly.


is probably derived from
noun, Taille, a cutting, and
adlective, "'Laid", meaning






The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 25th August 1990 Page 5





P1TM kM JAIRB1




"WE HAVE READ THE CONTRACT AND WE SEE NOTHING POSITIVE IN IT FOR GRENADA" :
KE/TTH 7//TCHELL


DR KEITH MITCHELL, POL-
itical Leader of the New National
Party (NNP) an-d Member of the
Grenada House of Represent-
atives, has condensed the contract signed
by the Grenada Government with the
United States firm of Waste Conversion
Ventures Ltd. for production of electricity
from garbage.

In an interview vith NEWSLETTER on
August 23rd Dr Mitchell said his Party has
called on Government to abandon the plan.

"We have read the contract," he said, "and
we see nothing positive in it for Grenada."
Is Not Reassuring
Dr Mitchell said that, through his contacts
in the United Sates, NNP secured a
financial rating on Waste Conversion
Ventures from the well known firm of
Dunn & Bradstreet, and that rating is not
reassuring.

According to Dunn & Bradstreet, he
said, the Company was established in
1987, did no business in that year or
in 1988, and in 1989, did only
US$80, 000 vorth of business.

It is a cause of great concern that, before
Government got involved, Dr Mitchell said,
it did not check the background of the
Company. The contract involves the
turning over of the electricity generating
utility to the Company, he continued, and,
before the contract was signed, there should
have been an e3a- ination of the _Comp-any"
experience in electricity generation and
I management.
To GuaranteeAll Loans
According to the contract, Dr Mitchell said,
Government hias agreed to, guarantee all
loans the Company will make to finance the


venture, and the initial estimated figure is
US$20 million. This is an open-ended
arrangement which could increase
Grerada's national debt by US$30 or US$40
million, the Political Leader said.
Primary Objective
NNP has researched the matter of the
conversion of waste into electricity, Dr
Mitchell said, aind has found that, in the
United States, this conversion was
developed with the primary objective, not
of producing electricity, but of disposing of
vaste.


DR KLiSIh rnirtLELL


All scientific reports studied by NNP state
that conversion of waste into electricity is
not cost effective, he said. However, if
waste disposal is a problem and, in solving
it, it is possible to generate electricity as a
b-pvroduct, then a plant for this purpose is
an economic possibility.

Th- art gument may be valid in the United
States, Dr Mitchell said, but Grenada does
not have a vaste disposal problem and the
proposal set out in the contract with Waste
Please See COHTROVKERY Page 6




Full Text