The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00404


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The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st July 1990 Page 7


SHIP ON FIRE AT ST

GEORGE'S DOCKS


iGHTEEN HOURS AFTER THE Venezuela on Sunday July Sth with a cargo
9/2-ton ship "ANTORAS II" of tissue paper and bitumen for Grenada
caught fire about 3.00 pm on and Antigua.
Tuesday July 10th, while tied up at the
docks in St. Geor.g's, smoke w;a still Informed sources close to the ship's agents
billowing from her after hath. told NEWSLETTER the consignment of
paper for Grerada had. already been off-
Two fire tenders and the Grernda Coast loaded when the fire started. They said also
Guard cutter, "Tyrrel Bay" went into action the dama ge tthe paper destined for
anrd the fire was brought under control Antigua has no t e been estimated but the
after about two hours, but flames had to be bitume n appeared to be undamaged.
battled all through the bright and hundreds
of gallo-ns of water were pumped int the Cause of the fire has not been ascertained
Ihull but dock workers told NEWSLETTER a

The ANTORAS II arrived in Grenada from See FIRE Page 8

SOVIET From Page 6


it is i -econor ically expedient that the iUSSR
continue weapon exports, i-h said, but these
arms should be delivered with firm
restrictions linked with the undesirability of
deliveries to explosive areas. D'elivries
should be on a purely commercial basis,
taking into account current solvency ad
prospect for economic development.

"We simply have no other option in
our current state," Dr Kireev said

It is important to depart, once and for all,
from dividing the world into camps, he
said. There should be criteria for universal
morality and h uman rights, a criterion of
national interests an a critarin of the need
to pragmatically tackle development needs
I facing humanity.
Unlike Earlier Practice
A critical analysis of the United States
policies in the Third Wrrld is a separate
subject, he said, bu, unlike earlier practice,
the Soviets should determine their line, rnot
by the rule of contraries but by Soviet in-
terests realistically understood and openly v
discussed-

US actiors shioud be of no interest to_
Moscow unless they clash with Soviet in-
terests, he said, in which case, solutions
must be sought jointly.


The term "Third World" conm-r from times
when there -7as a split into two hostile
worlds, the Soviet spokesman said, but it has
lost its mreaningf now efforts are being made
to overcome the split of the world into two
hostile camps.
Legacy Of Confrontation
'All of us are moving more and more
rapidly to an integral world in vhich
contradictions and problems will
remain but vhich vill be able to be
solved only through concerted
efforts, Dr Kireevsaid. "The quick-
er the legacy of confrontation is sur-
mounted in the Third World too, the
quicker Ye vili all move forward_"

Professor Pex Nettleford, Pro-Vice
Chancellor of the University of the West
Indies delivered the feature address at the
to-day symposium (19th & 20th July)
which was opened officially by Mr David
Co.ore, Minister of Foreign Affairs in the
Jamaica Goverm-nent.

Among.. other speakers were Mr Peter
WVhitney, Deputy Chief of Mission at the
United States Embassy in Jamaica and Dr
Vauhn Lewis, Secretary General of the
-Orgarisation of East Caribean States.


I6;rfla&. -- -- ~


t






Page 8 Saturday 21st July 1990 The Grenada Newsletter






MID TOM




"'jpGnn has romnmittd hersuef to
bein t nua mjor contributor to the qoot of
the worCf'"


i APAN'S TRINIDAD-DASED
-Inon-resident Ambassador to Gre-
rada, Mr Mitsu IIjima, said in
cJrenada on July 11th. that it is
particularly important that the ties between
Grenada and Japan be strengthened.

"Japan has committed herself to
being a major contributor to the good
of the vorld," he said, "and is
focussing her attention on providing
more aid to developing countries,
including those in the Caribbean."

The Ambassador expressed these sentiments
on the occasion of the signing, with Prime
Minister Nicholas Brathvaite, of an Agree-
ment covering Japanese aid for the second
phase of the Coastal Fisheries Development
Project-
Agreement Was Signed
The groundwork for this project as laid in
1988, following which an Agreement wvas
signed with Japa n in Jly 1989 covering the
first phase and relative to the sum of I US$1.4
million.

That phase undertook construction of a jetty
at the vest coast fishing town of Gouyave, a
FIRE From Page 7
veldirng crew had been at work on the
ship at the time.

The German Captain of the ship, Mr Jose
Stedelle, could not be reached for com-
Inment.


slipvay for small fishing boats and the
supply of storage equiprrent.
As an added bonus, the Ambassador said,
early this year, Japan had sent two fisheries
experts to Grenada and. he was sure they
vould contribute to the overall success of
the project.

The grant relative to the second phase of the
project is some US$2.9 million. This
covers construction of fishermen's centres
at Gouyave and at the east coast town of
Grenville, and the supply of fishing boats,
vehicles and equipment.
Grateful To Japan
Expressing his appreciation, Prime
Minisl er Brathvaite said Grenada's
Fishing Industry can become a multi-
million dollar project, and Grenad-
ians vill always be grateful to Japan
for her assistance in attempting to
achieve that objective.

Present at the signing ceremony was
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries Mr
Ben Jones who, in 1989, holding that
portfolio in the Government of the late
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize, had signed
the Agreement for the first phase of the
Coastal Fisheries Development Project.

Mr Jones said development of the Fisheries
Industry is vital as, after the Cocoa, Nutmeg
and Banana Irdustries, and. Tourism,
Fisheries is the most important arm of
Grenada's economy.


Please See JAPAN Pane 9


t~l~w~i~ssaa~


- -







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 21st July 1990 Page 9

NEWS SHORTS "


Civil Aviation Advisory
Council Appointed

The Government of Grenada has appointed
an eight-member Civil Aviation Council to
advise the Minister for Civil Aviation on
policy formulation and on legislation.

Minister fr Civil Aviation, Mrs Joan
Purcell, announced this on July 6th and said
the Council is headed by Mr : Lyden
Ramdhanny-

The Minister said also that her Ministry is
working on collaboration with the Organ-
isation of East Caribbean States in the
drafting of appropriate legislation regulat-
ing Civil Aviation.


Teacher Training

Some 360 primary and secondary school
teachers will attend special training work-
shops to be held between Muly 23rd and
August 3rd.

Sponsored by the Ministry of Education in
collaboration with The Canadian Organ-
isation for Co-operation on Overseas
Development, the workshops vill cover
twelve disciplines

JAPAN From Page 8
The development of Fisheries, he said,
vill provide employment for many
.Grenadians and he as pleased to note.
that young people are becoming in-
volved in the Industry. The industry
he said also, is helping to earn foreign
currency with which to finance thej
island's economic developnienit.

"It is against that background that I see
the importance of the role the Ministry
of Agriculture & Fisheries must play",
Mr Jones said, "and I want to say how
pleased we are to be receiving the
assistance of the greatest fishing nation
in the world".
I jimL&JJ"


Nine Canadian tutors will assist a Grenada
team in conducting the workshops vhich
include Computer Avareness, Integrated
Science, Student Assessment, Classroom
Management and Administration.


Government To Protect
Artifacts

Dr Francis Alexis, Attorney General and
Minister for Legal Affairs, told the Govern-
ment Information Service on July 12th that
Government will do all that is possible to
stop the removal, by unauthorized persons,
of artifacts from the Amerindian site at
Pearls, St Andrev's.

The Minister 1as responding to a complaint
by Mr Andrev Bierzinski, President of the
Grenada Natioml Trust, that vandals are
pillaging the site arid selling valuable arti-
facts to visitors to the island-

Government Appeals To
Civic-minded Public

A Release appearing in the Government
Gazette appeals to the "civic-m-indedness
and public-spiritedness of members of the
public vho oe, Goverrnment monies '.

The fire of 27th April, last, completely
destroyed the records of the Ministry of
Finance with respect to taxes of all kids,
loans, advances and impress, the Release
says.

As a result, the public is asked to "come
forward and declare to the Ministry of
Finance the amount of their respective
indebtedness for the purpose of assisting
Government in the reconstruction of its
records.

" The kind co-operation of all members of
the public, including Public Officers, are es-
pecially solicited in assisting the Govern-
ment to rebuild its records and to collect
monies which are desperately needed for
the rehabilitation effort necessitated by the
fire, the Release says.
Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 10







Page 10 Saturday 21st July 1990 The Grenada Newsletter


NEWS SHORTS From Page 9
"Twin Plant" and "936"Invest-
ments In The Caribbean

Eighty-two projects, representing an invest-
ment of US$411.5 million, have been under-
taken under the incentives of the Caribbean
Bason Initiative (CBI).

This information is disclosed in the July
1990 issue of "Fomento's Caribbean High-
lights" (FCH) a publication of the Economic
Development Administration of the Com-
monwealth of Puerto Rico.

According to FCH, a further US$322.1
million has been invested in the Caribbean
under Section 936 of the Federal Tax Code
which allows certain concessions to invest-
ors in Puerto Rico who set up "tin plants"
in other islands of the Caribbean.

A table published by FCH shows that four
manufacturers, producing chemicals and
allied products, have invested in Grenada
inder the CBI. They are Abbot Labs
(US$1.118 million), Allergan (US$0.6
million), Johnson & Johnson (US$0.484
million) and Schering Plough (US$1.0
million).

Together, these Companies have generated
235 jobs.


Zambian Ambassador Pre-
sents Letters of Credence

Mr Kebby Musokotvane, non-resident High
Commissioner of Zambia to Grenada, pre-
sented his Letters of Credence to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon on 28th June.

Mr Musokotvane is resident in Ottawa,
Canada.


Tourist Arrivals Up

Figures published by the Government In-
formation Service show that, as compared
vith the same period in 1989, stay-over
visitors to the island increased by 13.2% in
the January to May period.

During May, 4,932 visitors arrived, 479 by
sea and 4,453 by air. Of these, 1,269 came
from the United States of America, an
increase of 47.3% over the USA arrivals in
May 1989.

Increases were registered also from Canada
(32.2%), Caribbean Community countries
(14.8%) and Europe (14.6%).

Arrivals from the United Kingdom and
Venezuela recorded decreases, respectively,
of 4.3% and 10%.


In May 1990, 25 cruise liners
Grenada vith 16,924 passengers.


New Computer System
For GRENTEL


called at


Grenada Telecommunications Ltd.
(GRENTEL) is to install a new EC$1.7
million computer system which will replace
the various systems at present in use by the
Company.

According to a release issued by
GRENTEL, the new system vill link its
main office with other offices "by state of
the art high speed data channels which will
provide instantly accessible data at all
locations".


21st July 1990
Printed & Published By The Proprietor
Alister Hughes, Journalist
Of Scott Street, St George's,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada)


I
I I


r' F
ob~~s







The Grenada.


SNE LETTER
E NI


SVolume 18


Saturday 21st July 1990


Number 10


CAROL I


MADE(


JUSTII


just as co-uasi
PROMINENT GRENADIAN
barister, r r erek Ki-ght QC..
holds the opinion that Greniaa s
| Supreme Coturt is at present at is
p lowest sib.
I
i The Court could hardly sink any
S 'lover that it is today, he said.
I Mr Knight's remarks vwere made in the
prese-nce of soe 30 bar-risters ;asembled in
the High Cortt on April 3uth for the
purpose of welcomCig Grenida's Znew Chief
Justie, Mr Carol Bristol Q C., to the Bench
Mr Kniht alluded to the fact that Greiada t
| still operates under ai "u-onslt.tti-onal
Court established in 1979 by th Peples
SRevl utionary Goverrnmeint. According to
G renada's CSostituion., e islands
constitutional Court is the Supreme Court
of the ,gan,-isaion of East C ei bbean States
( OECS and Mr Knight said there is a need
tfr Grenada's Supreme Court to be
Sconstitutionally recognized.
Co-equal Status
'"If we are to progress as an
1 independent country," Mr Knight
said, Government must accord to the
A tSupreme Court co-equal status with
the Legislature and Executive."
The j.i cial system in Grae~ada, Mr Knight


BRISTOL



lE


benct, hIe- tends to be:
tic -and open
said, has been relegated to a second-class
status, ad, against the background of Mr
Bristol's known efforts as a barrister to
remedy this, he (Knigh) is pleased thit,
nc". appointed to be Chief Justice, Mr
Bristol is in a good position to further those
Caustic And Open
Replying from the Bench, flanked by
Grenada's other tvo Judges, Justices
James Patterson and Lyle St. Paul,
Mr Bristol said that, at the Bar, he
had been "caustic and open" in his
criticism of the administration of
justice in G renada and, nov that he is
on the Bench, he intends to be just as
caustic and open_
Please See BRISTOL Page 2


IN THIS ISSUE


@ Carol Bristol Made
Chief Justice..------------... I
@ Andrevs 100 Days........---... 2
@ Soviet Official Discloses
Moscov's Policies----........-- 4
SSp On Fire At
St George's Docks -----_ ---7
@ More Japanese Aid
For Fisheries..----..... -........ 8
@ Nevs Shorts..............--------.------ 9


Bi


Page |


PII~


.------ -. ,-----------.^,-.-.-,-----__^___1







Page 2 Saturday 21st July 1990 The Grenada Newsletter


ANDREW'S






"ihe- tS people qive yi a ms asMtudlate, it is
to rue, it is to un tihe country antL improve it JoT
the bandit of the people anoi gjou hav to tate
veasurres to do that ".


SHE GRENADA GOVERN-
men cannot be run like a "little
i L sweet shop" and, though it. will
etail many acles and. p.ms,
efforts must be made to raise standards to
th-e levl of the developed world.

This opinion vws expressed by Minister of
Labour, Mr Michael Andrew, at a press
conference, on July 12th, as he discussed
developments in his Ministry during the-
first 100 days since the National Democratic
m-4
Congress took over foilo'ing the General
Elections of !March 1 3th last
It Is To Rule
"Wihen the people give you a mandate, it is


to rule," he said, "it is to run the country
and improve it for the benefit of the people
and you have to take measures to do that."

Mr Andrew said that, formerly, the port-
folio of "Labour" had been tagged on to
another Ministry. This had resulted in
neglect, he said, and, when he took the Min-
istry over, he had found it to be "derelict"
ad. had. had to set about the task of "putting
it together."
As An Example
As an example: of the condition in which he
had found the Ministry, the Minister said,
he had fo.cd several outstanding labour
Please See ANDREW Pare 3


SBRISTOL From Page 1
At the Registry, he said, "everything
is almost at rock bottom" and there is
Sa need to employ persons of
integrity, experience and scholar-
Sship. Well known barrister. Mr
Danny Lalsee, he said, has been
appointed Special Consultant to the
Registry.
Had Their Complaint
Mr Brstol said h had met with the
i Magistrates and had their complaint that
b-arristers take an inordinate length of time
in their cross e;aminationj of witnesses
even in the most simple of cases. The
Chief Justie appealed for a correction of
this situation.

Sraning ses.siros for bailiffs, at which
senior practitioners will present lectures,
are to be istituted., Mr ristol said.


sxtensin to the Registry and Law Library
arid, soon after on the new Magistrate's
Court iStt. I eorn g
Foundation In Fairness
Mr Bristol said consideration is
being given to establishment of a
High Court in Grenada's sister island
of Carriacou. There is a hardship
worked on the residents of Carriacou
Vhen they have to travel to Grenada
to have their disputes settled by the
High Court, he said, and this should
be corrected because "justice has its
seat and foundation in fairness."

Other speakers -on the occasion were Mrs
Yelma Hylton Q.C., Director of Public
Prosecutions, Dr Francis Alexis, Attorney
Gener-al and justicee -James Patterson.


He said also that work is to commence on a


'5


P See ANDEW* e 3-


II







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 21st July 1990 Page 3
ANDREW From Page 2


dispute matters, some dating back as far as
1986. He had been bombarded, he said,
by letters from the Unions asking his
attention and, while some matters still re-
nained unresolved, he had settled others.

Mr Andrew said there had been "chaos"
relative to, the issue of work permits because
the laid-down procedure w-s not being
followed and d some people were "doing their
own thing".
State Of Friction
SAlso in connection with te issue of worgk
permits, the Minister said he had to re.sol.v a
state of friction vhich edxsts between his
Ministry and the Irdustrial Development
-'- 1- P T1.p
Ct ororon (IDC. The IDC, i its negotit -
iors with foreign entrepreneurs, he said, has
been deciding on what work permit ill be
issued to those entrepreneurs.

"We have to have a meeting vith the
IDC to iron out things," he said,
"because people can't just come to
Grenada form a Company, go to the
IDC and get vhat vork permits they
Svant for foreign staff. You can't do
that."

The National Insurance Scheme (NIS) falls
within the -porfo.io of "Labour" am Mr
Andrew said he ad no:t yet i.s.uiat ed
operations of this arm of his Mi try. The
previous Ad .nistration, lie said, had
borroved some EC$4S million from- NIS-
but he could not say the terms of the loan or
whether repayments vere ,goig according
Sto schedule.

Grenada has an annual quota of 25
and 50 farm workers for the United
States and Canada respectively. The-
Canada programme is more attractive
to the workers, Mr Andrev said, but
he had had reports that United States
farmers say Grenadians are not good
vorkers-
Have To Be Dismissed
Fifty percent of the farm workers who go to
the USA return to Grenada before their
contracts are completed, he said, and this
reflects a Grenadian problem. There are
people who seek employment. but don't want.
to work, he said, and this is evident also in
the road progrann-es where workers ha-ve
to be dismissed for non-per.. rr-ance.


During the regime of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government, Mr
Andrews said, Grenada lost its quota
of farm workers to the USA, but it
vas restored in 1984 during the era
of the Interim Government. There
have been recent discussions, he
said, and he expected that the quota
vill be increased.

The Ministry of Labour embraces the
National Housing Authority (NHA) and the
National House Repair Programme
(NHRP). and Mr Andrew said he had been
forced to temporarily suspend operation of
the latter as he found that it was being run
purely on a "political" basis and there was a
lot of "bubol" (dishonest dealing).
Funny Receipt Books
All this Ias now been cleaned up, the
Minister said, and NHRP went into
operation again on 31st May last. The
scope for "bubul" has been reduced, he
said, and collections have improved
because money is now accounted for on
official Treasury receipts arid not, as
forImerly, in "funny. receipt books".

With reference to the NHA, the
Minister said he has "very little
knowledge" of this statutory body,
and he had been given a cold
reception vhen he paid an official
visit to its offices.


Please See ANDREW Pare 4


The Gresadca

NEWSLETTER
IFounded 17th August 1973
41 th Issue
COLUMBIA UIVERsITY
I MARA MOORE CABOT AVARD 1984
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)
EC$ US$.
10 13ssus $115-00 $43o00
20 Issues $207.00 $ 77.00
40 Issues $390.00 $146.00
About 20 Issues Published Annually


I ,




I 1 1 I 1


Page 4 Saturday 21st July 1990 The Grenada Newsletter







1ZW" tIE
MS OFIFT~


RIOR TO PROCLAMATION OF
perestroika" in 1985, -the Soviet
I. UUnion had little interest in policies of,
Third ,World regimes supporteed by I s-
"c;,o. The parramoiut Soviet aim vas thn to
d a mIuch damage as possible to interests
So tihe United States of Amern.ica.

Speaking in Jamaica on J.. ul. y 19th, so said.
|Dr Ale-ey P. Kireev, 30, Senior Economic
Advisor tio the I.errational Department of



"A typical example was the then
widespread assessment of the Iranian
revolution", he said, "vhich, essen-
ially, boiled down to the fact that,
dl its specifics notwithstanding, it
acc-orded with our interests as being
Strikingly anti-Ameriean."
The New Realitie
Dr Kireev's comments ere m'e at

C frttIfe a er ew at
'ganised by the Bustarmnt -ane Initu-te o
,Ioblic & Intrnational Affairs in a-
':c.iation with the Press Association of Ja


The foca point of Soviet policy in
hes Third World was then the desire
-o put as many countries as possible
inder Soviet control and do as much
i amge as possible to interests of
th e other side', he said
II, i "
he ie.,,-A -se s r e" s, -. the
tited States went through on, whetted
:,viet appetites, Dr Kireev said, an. a's a
Stsuit, the USSR caged outi ht ar in,
,hanista. Rus.sia also became dely.


enmeshed in
in which-


several acute regional conflicts
developing countries were


encoura ged to take part.


In different parts of the world, he
said, Moscow promoted creation of
regimes which, under the banner of
anti-imperialism', tried to imple-
ment the "administer-by-commaxid"
model of government and therefore
counted on the Soviets in everything.
The Military Bent
The specifics of these regimes, he
continue., the military bent typical of
Sorvet domestic nd' foreign policy, and the
backwardness of the Soviet civilian econo-
my made for the fact that military co-
operation and arms deliveries were the
Please See SOVIET page 5

AIANDREW From Page 3
Ir Andrews sid that af ter a great deal
of effort over a long period, h h-ad been
able to hold d scussion with the NHA
SChairman, but these had been
I:usatfl..actory as the tChairman himself

i i
Sseeed to be ag difficulty getting
Sinra o th e N.u ii i.I "- ""HA.

In the meantime, he said, Cabinet has
approved a programmre to build 300
Sho,.es for lv income families and
some 75% of the required ful-ding had
I Ii
Been identify ied

There is a great need for low income
houingin renada, Mr Andrew said,
Sand ti's vWil be te priority of his
Ministry over the net w-o yVears.
... *" roi^K I........... .... .. .: g o


I







The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st July 1990 Page 5


SOVIET From Page 4
heart of Soviet relations with "friendly"
developing stats.


connection, among other issues, he referred
to the withdrawal of troops from Afghan-
istan the provision of independence to


"Their militarization only pushed them Nami.ia, t.e n o the war between Iran
even further into participation n conflicts and Iraq and the beginning of progress
and into authoritarian rule," Dr Kireev towards a peaceful settlement in Central
said, r"ad worsened the situation n the America.
economy that was rapidly filling apart, as it
,as, as a result of the application of our At the same timze, he said, the attitudes of
schema. The 'allies' demanded nmrett many Thrird i World ounries ..Jhe S Q t
more resource becae s'ore deeply in- UT01 "hav zijn ff -dtal ai
*%; S ^kA o6ft24-al ifig U H3' e Rl5" been vse.
strengthensed- si x asOs-eyes--the--se'ntricG yhivh-did-rvt v ant'io have
association between Soviet policy an. anything to do twi ithe Soviets.
,instaobiit.y authoritarianism and economic
.4 H


failures.
Peretroika ,ushered
in a foreign policy
based on repud nation
Of the vision of the
world divided into
two conflicting
cmnps, the Soviet
spokesman said.
There was also a

concept that peace-
fuil coexistence
could not apply in
the Third World
because this was
where the centre of
the military rivalry
vith the UniteAd.
States was located.

After 1985, ri said, reassessment. of Soviet
Third World policy did not begin im-.
mediately. It took several years to+
withdraw Soviet troops from Afghanjistan,
he con-tinued, and even more time to admit
the Afghanistan war was a mistake.

Outside of the Afhanistan situation, Dr.
Kireev said, Lhe Soviet t.un towards settling
other regional conjlictus bean very gtrad-
ually. Dialogue was la -ched with t.he
USA, multilateral mechanisms (the Urnted
Nations above all) were used in the search
for solutions to conflict situation, and
Soviet partners in the Third '1,r1ld were
urged o work for peaceful selt.tements of
probiemsr.
Successes Scored
The Soviet spokesman said successes scored
on this path are c.-vious and in this


"Nevertheless, the
changes in our re-
lations with the
Third World are less
impressive than
those in our relations
with our former
'enemyn' the West,"
he said.
Odious
Some of the most
odious manifesta-
tions of the old pol-
icy havea been e elimin-
ated, Dr Kireev
continued, elements
wvich created most
difficulties in rela-
tions with the USA
a.d other Western
an. developing states
not oriented, to Mosco have been removed,
nd attempts -hve been mride to lessen the
economic burden of Soviet involvement in
Third World affairs.

Recent official Soviet statements inspire
hope there vill be faster progress towards a
new Soviet policy in the Third World, Dr
Kir eev said, but, he earned that a detailed
assessment of the old policy is still at
development stage.

The principle of repudiation of con-
frontation has not been brought to the
logical conclusion that there be a re-
assessment of the system of priorities in the
period of support for the "anti-imperiaist


The Soviet spokesman said Soviet military
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Page 6 Saturday 21st July 1990 The Grenada Newsletter


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presence in Eastern Europe has been
reduced considerably and several countries
in that region, aligned to Moscow, now
alie non-communist governments in
power.

" There is nothing wrong with that," he said.
"Without such revolutionary break-


them, he said, and if Moscow had
withdrawn support. However, to do this,
the concepts of "victory" and "defeat" must
be abandoned and the confrontational logic
of rivalry with the USA (most of which
spawned these conflicts) must be overcome
internationally.


through, a new non-confrontational period "Thus far," Dr Kireev said, "this is not
cannot be ushered in, the splitting up of the taking place or is taking place very slowly."
vorld cannot be overcome and its advanced Is A Myth
achievements cannot be drawn on." Military co-operation is the main element of
Continue To Receive the structure of Soviet relations vith Third
In the Third World, Dr Kireev said, World countries closest to Moscow vho are
M.oscow's partners continue to receive used to imitate the USSR in basing foreign
Soviet political support and military and and home policies on force, he said, but the
economic assistance. More often than not, claim that arms deliveries yield the Soviets
Senormou, shard-currency profits is a myth.
:- "," '-::-1-:.:-1' ......'...-.......... .... .... -...... :.......'. .. t- .. ..- ...... .........

e said, these countries ....i.............i.. Individual
are in a catastrophic econorme i ..i....
state and cannot ensure the -:::: .. ..
elementary needs of their own people. I: :arms tans-
o re often than not, they are far removed actions are profitable he continued, but
from democracy and respect for human they have long been cancelled out by all
rights, and m-any of them are waging war sorts of debts and gratuitous deliveries.
,ith part of their own people.


I "We just recently felt ashamed that just a
ifew days before Ceausescu's fall (former
f umaruan dictator), we vere not telling the
truth about him, and were even prepared to
I render him political support," Dr Kireev
said. "I am certain that we can, perhaps,
i feel more shzue for some of our former
mard current partners in the Third World."

The Soviet spokesman said vars continue in
Afghanistan, Angola and Ethiopia, and. t a
certain extent Central America, and this
state of affair s "hardly harmless". The
situations in Cambodia, Mozambique and
-!sewhere are explosive, he said, and Russia
.:nd her closest allies have been drawn into
inem in one form or another.
More Destructive
The .arms race continues in Southern Asia,
hbe Near and. Middle East, Northern Africa
;iAd in the Caribbean, he said, and there are
reports s of the appearance of new Soviet
i -',eapons likely to be more destructive than
Siose in other countries of this region.

"-ii these wars would not have been possible
.f Russia had not supplied the weapons for


The theme of arms deliveries is becoming
increasingly acute in Soviet discussions
about the Third World, he said, it is
becoming a self-sufficing factor of Soviet
policies and one which prevents Moscow
from maneuvering freely.

"Arms deliveries vhich are uncontrolled
and. not linked with the strategy of new
political thinking, to countries where the
situation is relatively calm, are dangerous,
too," he said. "More often than not, our
weapons are being stockpiled on a large
scale which often tips the regional balance
of power."
Need To Be Protected
The USSR does have interests in the Third
World linked to national security, but these
are extremely limited, the Soviet spokesman
said. With the specifics of Russia's geo-
graphical location and economic develop-
ment level, he said, it is not possible to talk
serionly about that country having vital
interests in the developing world vhich
need to be protected with the aid of
weapons.


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