The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00398


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The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 10th March 1990 Page 7


ARGUMENTS From Page 6
Appellants and their Counsel on April
11 th 1986 in the face of the trial Court...

7. That the said jury was in fact selected
and empanelled and sworn in the absence
of the Appellants. -

8. That various portions of the said trial
took place in the enforced absence of the
Appellants under charges of arnd sentences
for Contempt of Court.

9 That the Court broke the Constitutiornal
Law of Grenada which mandates that no
sentence of death can be awarded where
any part of a trial for rave crime takes
place in the absence of the accused.

10. That in.selecting the Jury, the Learned
Trial Judge utterly failed to give effect to
the apparent and perceived prejudice
against the Appellants, and thereby to
make some efforts to aleviate then, by
proper inquiry or at all.

11. That the composition of the Jury was
decided and determined .by a Registrar
vho was but (of) late, briefed and. ap-
pearing for the Prosecution; that the said
Registrar committed manifest errors and.
derelictions of duty in choosing the per-
sonnel of the Jury; and. that the Learned
Trial Judge failed to discharge the array
and/or panel selected in such an irregular
manner.

12_ That the Learned Trial Judge failed
to advise the Appellants of their right to
apply to the Court for severance of
indictment, and for separate trials for
those who might perceive and/or be
prejudiced by trial with others.

13. That the Learned Trial Judge failed
to advise the Appellants of their right to
challenge members of the Jury after they
had been empanelled in their enforced
absence; or the right to challenge for
cause.

14. That the Learned Trial Judge failed
to take into account the factors bearing on
the giving of evidence by the former
accused, Vernon Gabriel, and thereby
committed a material irregularity in
allowing such fitness to testify under a


conditional pardon.

15. That the Learned Trial Judge further
compounded the above irregularity by
failing to bring to the Jury's attention
three contradictory statements made by
the witness Gabriel prior to his testimony
under pardon.

16. That the Learned Trial Judge even
vent so far as to tell the Jury that they
should not take into account the blatant
fact that Gabriel was testifying under
inducement of hope and. fear of threat by
way of the offer of a conditional pardon in
assessing the truthfulness of his testimony.

17. That the evidence of Gabriel that
Callistus Bernard read from a piece of
paper an alleged order from the Central
Committee to execute Bishop and others
was hearsay and inadmissible as well as
massively prejudicial against members of
the Cantral Committee. That the
Learned Trial Judge fell into grave error
when he told the Jury that the evidence
given by the accomplice Gabriel concern-
ing a piece of paper allegedly read.by
Callisttus Bernard, to the effect that the
Central Committee had ordered the
execution of Bishop and others, could be
used against all the Appellants before they
had decided that there was an overall plan
of conspiracy.

18 That the evidence of Errol Seaton
George, whose name appeared on the back
of the indictment, should have been placed
before the Jury in an attempt to achieve
"justice both for the Prosecution and for
the Accused".

19. That the omission on the part of the
Prosecution to call the fitness Errol
George in contradistinction to calling the
fitness Anthony Buxo offended that "Best
Evidence Rule". And it is submitted that
the Learned Trial Judge erred in not
inviting the Prosecution to call Errol
George and, if they failed to do so, the,
Judge himself should have called him as a,
witness of the Court.

20. That the evidence as disclosed in the.
deposition of Errol George is not:in..
Please See ARGUMENTS Page.8


1 1 1 i --


.. F It







Page 8 Saturday 10th March 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
AR UTMENTS From Page 7


tandem with that of Cletus St Paul a
witness with at least an interest to serve
and a motive to lie whose evidence the
Learned Trial Judge erroneously put
forward as the factual basis for the finding
of a conspiracy on the part of members of
the Central Committee to murder Maurice
Bishop and others. And. it is submitted
that the evidence of Errol George voidd
have severely weakened or destroyed
altogether the evidence of Cletus St Paul.

21. That the Learned Trial Jud.ge failed
to give a serious warning to the Jury on
the testimony of Cletus St Paul, which is
an error of a fundamental character which
error gravely impaired the chance of
acquittal for several of the Appellants.

22. The Learned Trial Judge ordered
and mandated that each Juror must sign a
"Verdict Sheet" shoving how each Juror
voted on the particular counts in respect
of each accused. That this amounted to
grave violation of the principle of secret
deliberations of a Jury, and was an ob-
vious means of bringing pressure upon the
Jurors to vote unanimously, since .their
dissents would be recorded openly in
writing.

23- At no time was the aforesaid "Verdict
Sheet" shown to the Accused either before
it was given to the Jurors or after they had
inscribed their names; that the failure to
show an accused person a document which
is later put in the hands of the Jury partc-
ularly for the purpose aforesaid, was
another fatal violation of right.

24. That persons sat vith the Jurors
throughout the trial and were sequestered
with them, and spoke and discussed with
them, which said persons did not take part.
and were not qualified to take part in the
final deliberation of the Jury. (See para
42 infra.)

25. That the failure of the Learned Trial
Judge to ensure that each Accused person
was served with a copy of the deposition
of the Preliminary Inquiry was a funda-
mental breach of natural justice.

26. That the Learned Trial Judge
committed a grave error by allowing the


Prosecution to enter a document through
the witness Cletus St Paul into evidence;
the contents of this document, market CSP
1, were totally irrelevant to the instant
case, a;nd therefore prejudiced the case in
a fundamental way of a large number of
Appellants.

27- That the method employed by the.
Learned Trial Judge in conducting voir
dires for accused persons who had.
allegedly given inculpatory statements to
the Police under torture was not in the
interest of justice.

28. That the Learned Trial Judge fell
into invincible error by holding voir dires
for accused persons from whom written
and oral exculpatory statements were
taken by the Police; and in two cases voir
dires were held for accused persons who
had given neither written nor oral incul-
patory statements.

29. That the Learned Trial Judge failed
to explain to the Jury the highly contra-
dictory, inconsistent and irreconcilable
nature of the evidence given by the eye
witnesses Beverly Ann Charles, Walter
Charles and Ue accomplice Vernon Gab-
riel, as to the alleged execution at Fort
Rupert.

30. That the Learned Trial Judge failed
to point out to the Jury that there vas
evidence in the case, presented by the
Prosecution, which shoved that the
soldiers were fired upon first when they
arrived at Fort Rupert.

31. That the Learned Trial Judge ought
to and should have told the Jury that the
evidence of Cletus St Paul, which the
Prosecution relied on for a conviction of
members of the Central Committee, was
in sharp contradiction and conflict with
rhe evidence of Joseph St Bernard,
another witness who spoke of activities at
Fort. Frederick; ard. also with evidence as
to the orders from the Central Committee
emanating from Fabian Gabriel, which
seriously affected their chances of acquit-
tal.

32. That the learned Trial Judge grossly
Please See ACQUITTAL P age 9




S 1 I "I


The Grenada Nevsietter Saturday 10th March 1990 Page 9


ARGUMENTS From Page 8
misdirected the Jury vhen he told them
that they could use the legitimate protests
of Appellants in the dock. in helping them
to understand the concept of common
design; this vas highly prejudicialto the
Appellants.

33- That the Learned Trial Judge failed to
analyse the evidence against each accused
in respect of intention and further failed
to point that there is no evidence of
intention on the part of the Central
Committee members to murder Maurice
Bishop and others.

34. That the Learned Trial Jude failed to
analyse the evidence properly and point
out that there was no evidence of
conspiracy on the part of members of the
Central Committee to murder Maurice
Bishop and others.

35-That the Learned Trial Judge
misdirected the Jury by reversing from
the Prosecution onto the Appellants the
burden of proving their innocence in
respect of certain circumstances, acts or
omissions on their part. This was a
fundamental breach of Sections 100 104
of the Evidence Act Chapter 109 of the
Revised Laws of Grenada.

36. That the Learned Trial Judge serious-
ly misdirected the Jury on the issue of self-
defence in relation to the facts in the
instant case; in particular, the Learned
Trial Judge invented a false defence of self-
defence for the vast majority of Appell-
ants contrary to what the entire body of
evidence revealed.


37. That the Learned
misdirected the Jury on
issue of Provocation.


Trial Judge
the important


38. That the Learned Trial Judge failed
to direct the Jury on the Defence of State
Necessity available to the Appellant Evart
Layne and seriously affected the case
against members of the Central Conmmit-
tee, since, as previously demonstrated, the
evidence of Cletus St Paul as so manifest-
ly unreliable. Further, the Learned Trial
Judge gravely misdirected the Jury that
they could use the cautioned statement of
Evart Layne to support the evidence of


Fabian Gabriel in terms of his credibility.

39. That the Learned Trial Judge gravely
misled the Jury when he indicated to them
that the failure of the Appellants to give an
explanation of the disposal of the bodies of
Maurice Bishop et al was inconsistent with
their innocence; and further that the
manner in which the bodies were disposed
of vas part of the Prosecution's case
against members of the Central Commit-
tee in the clearest absence of any evidence
of their involvement.

40. That the Learned Trial Judge
misdirected the Jury as to the manner in
which they should treat the unsworn
statements of the Appellants. (See para
38 Supra, in particular)

41. The Prosecution's case was based
essentially on circumstantial evidence;
not only were the directions to the Jury
inadequate and confusing, but improper
bases were left to them from which
inferences adverse to the Appellants could
have been drawn to establish a common
design.

42. That the Act 13 of 1985 vhich pur-
ported to create an alternate Jury was ill-
conceived; and that, in the final result, the
Appellants were tried by a Jury of 18
persons but only 12 of whom returned a
verdict, and in the process, the final 12
were subject to and contaminated by the
influence of the others who sat and were
sequestered with them throughout the
trial, but took no part in the deliberations.

43- Further, the aforesaid Act 13, in
purporting to alter or modify the existing
laws in which reside the jurisdiction and
powers of the Supreme Court in its
criminal jurisdiction, was unconstitutional
and void as the said bill NEVER became
lay as being in breach of Sec. 39 SS.8 of
the Constitution.

44. That at no time were the Appellants
ever afforded the opportunity of obtain-
ing and. using in their defence, material
documents belonging to them and admit-
tedly in the possession variously of the
U.S. A. and the Director (sic) of Prisons.
Please See ARGUMENTS Pare 10


------ -- ----


. 1 1




III 'I 4Il ~ N


Page 10 Saturday 10th March 1990 The Grenada Newsletter


IDC CELEBRATES


5TH ANNIVERSARY
"ONLY TWO BUILDINGS WITH 25,800 SQUARE FEET REMAIN UNOCCUPIED, SO, WELL OVER
80% OF AVAILABLE SPACE HAS BEEN TAKEN UP- : REDHEAD


f RENADA'S INDUSTRIAL
Development Corporation (IDC),
established on March 1st 1985,
celebrated, on March 5th, its fifth
armiversary with the official opening of the
Frequente Industrial Park by Prime Min-
ister Ben Jones.

Comprising a total of 198,000 square feet of
factory space spread over 18 buildings, Fre-
quente is located some five miles south of St
George's and near Point Salines Internation-
al Airport.

Four of those buildings, covering
40,000 square feet, vere erected at a
cost of over ECS5 million financed
by a loan from the Caribbean Devel-
opment Bank (CDB). The rest of the
Park, covering some 20 acres, was
constructed at a cost of EC$9 million
granted by the:United States Agency
For International Development
SAIDID.

In an interview with NEWSLETTER at the
Park after the opening, Mr Fabian Redhead,
IDC General Manager, said nearly all avail-
able space at Frequente has been leased out.
Has Been Taken Up
"Only two buildings with 25, 800 square feet
remrrn unoccupied, he said, "so, well over
80% of available space has been taken up.

A total of 17 Companies have taken
space at Frequente, Mr Redhead said,
of which total six are non-Grenadian.

Responding to the report that IDC is having
difficulty collecting rents for factory space
at Frequent, the General Manager said.
there had been trouble vith some tenants.

But this is not a major problem, he said,
though some 10% tol5% of the rents re-
main outstanding. Pressure is being put on
the delinquent tenants, he said, arnd, within
a month or two, he expects the matter vill


be regularised.

Mr Redhead said that, by August next, ork
should begin on a new industrial park at
Searro.on near to the abandoned Pearls Air-
port on Grenada's east coast. This will be
financed, he said, by a loan (already
approved) of USS$1.5 million from CDB.

According to the most recent IDC Annual
Report, that for 1988, at 31st December
1988, IDC had received a total of 510
applications for grants of concessions avail-
able under incentive legislation passed by
the Government of Grenada.
Had Been Approved
Of this total, 358 applications had been
approved and 144, or just over 40%, had
been implemented.

Over the period 1985 to 1988,
manufacturing projects, investing EC$3.2
million and generating employment for
Please See IDC Page 11
ARGUMENTS From Page 9
45 That the method employed to
identify the Appellants in Court by the
Prosecution was totally unsatisfactory
and prejudicial, and, in the result, they
were never actually and/or lawfully
identified.

46. That the Appellants and all of
them claimed to be and were in fact
prisoners of var having been captured
in the course of armed conflict
between two nations viz. the U.S.A.
aid Grenada (See GD 13).

Accordingly, the Geneva Conven-
tions applied to them and they should
not have been questioned save as to
r.ame, rank and serial number. Hence
all further alleged statements, -inter
alia, of the Appellants were inad-
missible in a Court of Law.
(I.&........


-







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 10th March 1990 Page 11

NEWS SHORTS


New Tourist Developments


The Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA) and the European
Development Fund (EDF) are to finance
two nev tourist developments in Grenada.

According to the Governmnent Inform-
aton Service (GIS), CIDA, at a cost of
EC$600,000, is to enhance existing tourist
attractions at Annandale Falls and at the
Grand Etang lake.

This. CIDA project includes provision of
vendors booths, a Welcome Centre for
visitors at Burns Point near to the pier in St
George's and development of Fort
Frederick as a major tourist attraction.

The EDF project is an EC$2 million
venture for development of the Levera
National Park and the Carib's Leap in
Sauteurs, St Patrick's.

Work on the Levera Park includes
afforestation of 25 acres of dry scrub forest
into a plantation of Luceana, a plant used


for animal feed and useful in production of
charcoal.

Funds have been allocated also for drainage
improvement around Levera Lake, estab-
ishmrent of six miles of nature trails, bird-
vatching valks, construction of a Visitors
Centre and production of educational
material.


CDB Delegation Visits

A two-member delegation from the Carib-
bean Development Bank (CDB) paid a
three day visit to Grenada in January for the
purpose of identifying private sector pro-
jects for funding.

While in Grenada, the delegation met with
representatives of the Fisheries Department
and of the Woodlands Sugar Factory.

There were talks also with the Minister of
Agriculture, Mrs Pauline Andrew, relative
to the Farm & Feeder Road Programme.
Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 12


IDC From Page 10
154 persons, were approved. The
percentage of projects implemented in this
sector varies from 22% in 1988 to 42% in
1985, the four year average being 37%.

Applications for hotel projects were greater
than any other sector over the four years,
approvals totaling EC$43.5 million. Esti-
mated employment was 224 and average


annual implementation was 40.5%.

Other statistics indicated by the IDC Annual
Report are that, over the period 1985 to
1988, approved applications submitted by
Grenadians averaged an annual implement-
ation figure of 44.5%, the figure for
foreign approved applications was 39.6%
while for joint ventures it was 28.25%.


Percentage Of Approved Proects implemented
e 1985 1986 1987 19880
Manufacturing 42% 46% 40% 22%
SHotel 29% 34% 37% 62%
- Restaurant 76% 70% 13% nil
- Other 35% 37% 50% 63%
SLocal 54% 45% 39% 40%
Foreign 25% 50% 23% 60%
SJoint Venture 24% 29% 32% 18%
Total 44% 43% 34% 38%


~ws~ra~w~-~


- ------


" -"""""""" ------- E w-------------


I t'







Page 12 Saturday 10th March 1990 The Grenada Newslatter
NEWS SHORTS From Ptge 11 ,


Tourism Statistics


Stayovr visitors to Grenada increased by
11% from 61,795 in 1988 to 68,596 in
1989.

These statistics, from the 1989 Annual
Statistical Summary of the Tourism Depart-
ment, have been disclosed by the Govern-
ment Information Service (GIS).

The Summary says also that 16,906 stay-
over visitors came from Caribbean Com-
munity (CARICOM) countries and this
represents the highest number of any
category of stayover visitors.

Grenadians returning home from abroad, at
16,193, represent the next highest category
vith United States citizens third with
12,994.

The Summary reveals that the number of
cruise ship visits declined by 6.8% from
234 in 1988 to 218 in 1989. As a result,
the number of cruise passengers declined by
11.2% from 135,980 in 1988 to 120,702 in
1989.

Tventy-nine cruise liners represented the
fleet which served Grenada during 1989
and, of these, four major cruise liners were
responsible for more than 60% of the 1989
calls and 79% of the total.passenger flow to
the island during that year. The other
twenty-one ships carried the remaining
21% of the passengers.


During 1989,
Point Salines
stayover visitor


63,829 persons arrived at
International Airport as
s. Of this number, 26,372


(or 41.3%) indicated that they planned to
stay at hotels or guest houses.

A further 35,251 (or 55.2%) had private
raccmmr nation arranged while the remain-
der expected to join others on yachts.


CIHS Donates Eguipment

The Canadiaa International HIearingSertic
(CIHS) has donated more than EC$13 thou-"
sand worth of medical equipment to the
Grenada Governmemnt.

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS) the equipment was handed
over to Minister of Health Felix Alexander
on February 21st by CIHS Chief Audio-
logist, Dr Donald Hood.

The equipment includes a Sound-Proof
Booth, a Diagnostic Audiometre and Hear-
ing Aids.


New Ago-Mbet Station

As a result of joint efforts of the Caribbean
Development Bank, the Caribbean Meteo-
rological Institute and the Land & Water
Resource Unit of the Ministry of Agricul-
ture, an EC$15,000 agro-met station has
been established at Grand Etang near the
centre of the island.

In operation since last November, this
station now provides information on rain-
fall and climatic conditions in the central
belt, information which was not available
before


r Hughes
10th March 1990
Printed & Published By The Proprietor
Alister Hughes, Journalist
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Greaada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [8091 440 2538: Cables HUO1N, Greaada)


V


I




is I . S


The Grenada


NEWSLETTER

Volume 18 Saturday 10th March 1990 Number 4


GAIRY HAS


NEW "MESSAGE"


ON EYESIGHT

"l you did not put ipours f tite, yu cannot
remove iyourseCf. 1I pt- you there uan I
S wi-LI r emoiv e90- y wlh-en it pleases me"


$ IR ERIC GAIRY HAS RE-
ceived a new "messa-e" Vhich is
guiding him to be a candidate in
the General Elections. (scheduled
obr March 13th next) in spite of his poor
eyesight.
More than two years ago, Sir Eric amnoun-
ced that, if there vas no improvement in his
failing eyesight, he voidd not present
himself as a candidate at the elections.
Will Not Run
"But I have strong faith that, before election
da' comes, my
ey.s --,iil be
better," he
said. then,
"but if they
n ere no't. In
-w._ I ':o. run-
Ifr eecti on."
At a press con-
.ferenZFe ~un Feb-
rulary 2`6th hov-
env. he said he
d: different
'd he re-
,ittd. in.
..'-. the form


of a quotation, what appeared to be instruct-
ions which, he said, came "from a source
rhich is greater than I."
"You did not put yourself there," Sir Eric
quoted, "you cannot remove yourself. I put
you there and I will remove you when it
pleases me."
By A Pover ighber
Over the past 40 years, Sir Eric said, during
the regimes of his Grenada United Labour
Party (-GULP), some of the things which
had been accomplished in Grenada, could
not have been established on his "material
initiative" but by a over higher than
iself. Please See "MessageC Page 2
IN THIS ISSUE
Page_
0 Gairy Has New "Message" on
Eyesight--.. ..........................
j Gairy Wants Radix Out..--....... 2
O NDC Tried To Break Up
Meeting: Mitchell................. 3
Radix Says Duffus Report
Is A Fake ..-..-----......---------.. 5
e Defence In Bishop Appeal
Gives Summary Of Arguments- 6
e IDC Celebrates 5th
Anniversary ....................... 10
4 Nevs Shorts.-... -...............- 11


1


I




f N 'I Il


Page 2 Saturday 10th March 1990 The Grenada Newsletter



GAIRY WANTS


RADIX


OUT


"Ide believe e mway i b too energetic
in- somen ways aun too un onverned in other
ways in his campaigniag"


R MICHAEL RADIX,CANDID-
ate at the up-coming General
Elections in the constituency of
St George's North East for Sir
Eric Gairv's Grenada United Labour Pa rt
(GULP), said at a press conference on Feb-
ruary 26th that he had refused to obey
Sir Eric's command that he withdraw a Po-
lice case against an elector in the constit-
uency.
"At the same time that you are talk-
ing about law, order and discipline,"
Dr Radix said, "you cannot ask one of
your candidates to go to the Chief of
Police and ask that charges against
someone be dropped."
Dr Radix said this matter had its origin in
mid-December last when he employed a
mania to paint campaign slogans on the roads
.on his behalf. He supplied the man with
paint, he said, and gave him a cash advance
on the job but the man did nothing.
The Man Just Laughed
.When his demands for a return of the paint
San. cash produced nothing, Dr Radix said,
he told the man he would put the matter in
the hands of the Police. Dr Radix said the
man just laughed at this and said Sir Eric
woild "fix it".

Dr Radix said Sir Eric offered to pay for
the paint and refund the cash, but he told
Sir Eric this would not settle the matter as
the mian had been arrested and charged with
the offence.
"Gairy continued to pursue me to drop the
charges against this man" he said, "but I
told him-his efforts would be futile because
we agreed that one thing we would do is to
Uphold law and order in this country, and in


no circuVrstmces whatsoever would one
interfere with the course of justice."
On Saturday February 24th, Dr
Radix said, he was approached by a
"high-up" member"of GULP who told
him Sir Eric wanted his withdrawal
as a candidate because he (Radix) had
refused to do two things.
One was that he would not roll down
the windows of his, air-conditioned
vehicle and the other was that he
refused to drop the charges against
the man who failed to do the painting
job. Please See RADIX Page 4
MESSAGE From Page 1
"I am an appointed person," Sir Eric
said.
With reference to-the fact that the up-
comrin General Elections have been fix-
ed for March 13th, the anniversary of the
date on which he vas ousted from pover
eleven years ago by the revolution of the
SNe Jewel Moverment, Sir Eric said "no
Sman n earth could have arranged this."

"It had to be arranged cosmically
by Divine Power," he said, "The
gate through which I was pushed
out, I must come back through the
same gate and no man can stop me
From going back either."

In the first instance, he said, there vill be
10 years of prosperity under the regime .
of the GULP Government. There vill
be some resistance for some time to
come, he continued, but "tht ill be the
end of those who attempt it."
"""s"sfK""m ^End ammscnimt


---~------~


~- ~-'-~--- --------







Saturday 10th March 19900


........


D R KEITH MITCHELL, PO-
liticalt Leader of the Ne Nati6nal
Party (NNP) charged in an inter-
view with NEWS.LETTER on
March 6th that, cn.March 4th (SundaJy last),
there had been an attempt by the National
Democratic Congress (NDC), led by Mr
Nicholas Brathvaite, to break up an NNP
political meeting at the town of Gouyave on
Grenada's west coast.

"The NDC motorcade passed through
Gouyave half an hour before our
meeting was scheduled to start and
after people had already begun to
gather," he said. "The motorcade was
allowed by the Police to pass through
the main street where our meeting
was being held."
In The Main Street
Dr Mitchell contrasted this with a previous
occasion when NDC had a meeting in
Gouyave, in the main street, and an NNP
motorcade was routed by the Police through
back streets so there would be no con-
frontation.

With reference to the incident on March 4th,
Dr Mitchell said he had been -n his way
from St George's to the meeting vhen, some
two miles from Gouyave, he had been
forced to stop and vait nearly an hour while
the NDC motorcade passed.

Several people in the motorcade, he said,
shouted taunts at him to the effect that he was


obliged to vait until NDC had passed by
and that he probably could not have his
NNP meeting in Gouyave.

"The whole intention was to try to prevent
us from having our meeting," Dr Mitchell
said, "and there is no question in my mind
that the police were a party to this and that
it was an official position of the ruling The
National .arty (TNP)."
; Declined To Be Specific
The NNP Political Leader said he is not
saying. that Prime Minister Ben Jones is a
par tyo this. Dr Mitchell declined to be
specific but said his accusation is against
"the men who control the Commissioner of
Police "

The NNP Executive is considering the
implications of the motorcade incident at
Gouyave on March 4th, he said, and a
statement ,vill be made in due course.

Askedto comment, NDC's Political Leader,
Mr Nicholas Bratlivaite denied there had
Please See ~ITCHELL Page 5

The rnads I

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The Grenada Newsletter


Page 3







Page 4 Saturday 10th March 1990 The Grenada Nevsletter


RADIX From Page 2
If his rolled up vindows appear to isolate
him from the electorate, Dr Radix said, he
was prepared to compromise on that, but he
-has no intention either of trying to get the
Police to drop the charges or of vith-
draving his name as a candidate for the
elections.

Dr Radix said' in: spite of his differences
with Sir Eric, he remains of the opinion
that. Sir Eric is the best person to lead.
Glreada at this time. Tih purpose of
calling the press conference, he said, was
not to "knock" Sir Eric but to make his
positionn clear.
1M ffalta~~Ltw --- -------


friend": had told him (Gairy) Dr Radix
would not be back before Nomination Day,
Friday 23rd, and a phone call to Dr,Radix's
office confirmed this.

"That was stretching a joke too far," Sir
Eric said, "because if anything happened to
the plane he vould not be back in time to be
nominated. I wondered, too, whether he
vas 'putting one' on us, whether he wanted
us to lose the seat."

Against that background, Sir Eric said, he
got together with his Executive and it was
decided to remowe Dr Radix as a candidate,


Hours after Dr Radix's
press conference, Sir Eric
called his own to
explain his side of the
story.


He confirmed the differences existing with
Dr Radix relative to the rolled up vehicle
vind-ows arnd the Police' case against an
elector, but gave other reasons ihy Dr
Radix has been "moved out from being a
GULP candidate."

"We like him," he said. "We believe he
may be too energetic in some ways and too
unconcerned in other ways in his cam-
paigning."

Dr Radix does not go to the people with the
GULP characteristic of "love and oneness",
Sir Eric said, but instead refers to himself as
belonging to "a family of professionals" and
a member of "the Radix dynasty".

Additionally, Sir Eric said, Dr Radix is the
last to arrive at and the first to leave GULP
Ezecutijve meetings, leaving v.hen he
receives calls "requiring his professional
services.

Sir Eric said that on Wednesday 21st
February, two days before Nomination Day
for the Elections, Dr Radix told him he had.
to take his lady friend to Trinidad that day.
It was for urgent medical reasons, Dr Radix
told him, but he vould be back by the
following day.

However, Sir Eric said, Dr Radix's "best


replacing .
him with Mr Gerald Arlin.. Mr Ar in vwas
at the Elections Office when it opened for
normnations, Sir Eric said, but, when he
saw Dr Radix there, he did not submit his
papers but returned to report.

Mr'Arlin was sent back to submit his
nomination papers, Sir Eric said, so both Dr
Radix and Mr Arlin have been nominated
but Mr Arlin vill have GULP support.

Sir Eric said the question has been raised as
to whether GULP vill make Dr Radix a
Senator after the Party has won the
elections. He von't promise anything, he
said, but. if Dr Radix "behaves himself
properly" consideration will be given to it.

-ra=-- = ''inTr... inrn


The Arawak inhabitants of the West Indies
had a unique method of hunting ducks.

A calabash (or gourd) vith eye-holes was
fitted over the hunter's head and he entered
the water up to his neck and waited patient-
ly. .

Unvary birds, unaware of the danger from
the drifting calabash, were seized by the
legs, dragged urdler vater and drowned.






The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 10th March 1990 Page


RADIX SAT


REPORT IS
"'La n i4dea sit
'te on home ao
but not wkFen 1ou1

D R MICHAEL RADIX PROM-
inent member of Sir Eric Gairy's
Grenada United Labour Party
(GULP) but. nor, in disfavotur
with Sir Eric, said at a press conference on
SFebruary 27th that, in spite of his differ-
ences with Sir Eric, and. in spite of the
findings of the Duffus Report, he remains
of the opinion that Sir Eric is the best per-
son to lead Grenada.
TheI Duffus Report dealt with police
brutality and the breakdown of law and
order in Grenada in the early 1970s. It
paints an ugly picture of the Gairy
SAdministration at that time but Dr Radix
said that Report "is not what it is supposed
to be."
Will Be The Downfall
'As far as I am concerned," he said,
"the Duffus Report is a fake. I
Remain convinced that there is an anti-
Gairy clique in Grenada and this vill
be the downfall of the country."
Dr Radix vas asked for his comments with
reference to an incident in Grenada on 21st
January 1974, which incident wvas invest-
Sigated by the Duffus Comrmssion.
SEvidence was given the Coim.rmission that,
Son that day, a mob of some 500 rren, known
as the "Mongoose Gang", left Prime_
Minister Gairy's residence and attacked a
peaceful anti-Gairy demonstration, killing
oner man and wounding several ot hers.
Dr Radix said there had never been a
"Mongoose Gang" organized by Sir Eric.
There was, he said, a group of men ident-
ified as the "Mongoose Gang" which vas
"going around doing things which were not
very nice at all" and "created. certain
problems for Grenadians", but there is no
evidence that these people were "Gairy's


YS DUFFUS


A FAKE


;uatian Pouw: s"Y,
I be nice boys'
re under pressure."


Mongoose Gang".
With reference to the incident on 21st
January 1974, he said, Sir Eric had been
"under attack" at that time and "some
friends of his" decided to help him. Sir
Eric should have told them to stop, Dr
Radix said, but "human nature is such that
the Prime Minister could not have been
expected to do that."
Please See DUFFPP Page 6


5


MITCHELL From Page 3
been any attempt to interfere with the
NNP meeting.
NDC had been aware that there was to be
an NNP meeting in Gouyave on that Sun-
day evening, he said, and it had. been a
concern of his Executive that the NDC
motorcade should get through Gouyave
before that meeting started.
The motorcade did get through before the
NNP meeting started, Mr Bratlhvaite
said, and he confirmed that a mile or two
after having passed Gouyave, he, in the
lead NDC car, did pass Dr Mitchell and
members of the NNP Executive, presun-
ably on their vay to the meeting.
Denied There Had Been Any Attempt
Mr Brathwaite denied there had been any
attempt by NDC to block Dr Mitchell or
anyone else Also, he denied Dr Mitch-
ell's charge that there is any collusion by
the Police to favour NDC.

Both Dr Mitchell and Mr Brathwaite said
they are avare of an incident in Grenada,
some 40 years ago, when Sir Eric Gairy
was taken to Court for leading a steel
tiand through the political meeting of an
opponent. Sir Eric was found guilty of
an elections offense and lost his franchise
for five years.
- -- -== 4four............


----




I 9 I


Page 6 Saturday 10th March 1990 The Grenada Newsletter

DEFENCE IN BISHOP

APPEAL GIVES SUMMARY

OF ARGUMENTS


FRIDAY 9TH FEBRUARY
vas to data, the last day on which
the Grenada Court of Appeal sat in
its hearings of the Maurice Bish-
op Murder Appeal.

On that day, before the Court rose, Defence
Counsel, Mr Howard Hamilton, submitted
to the Court a document containing a
resume of the arguments put forward by the
Defence on behalf of their seventeen clients.
The Court will sit sit again on March 19th.
,i
Details of the Defence document are as
follows :-

I. That the Court of Trial wasiis
admittedly an unconstitutional Court -and
deprived the accused of a trial by an
independent Court established by law.

2. That the Learned Trial Judge was not
appointed in accordance with the Con-
stitution of Grenada and, therefore, had
no jurisdiction to conduct the trial of the
Appellants in that he was appointed
specially for this case and was subjected to
dismissal by the Executive.

3. That the Learned Trial Judge embarked
upon the trial without v-iAti-ng the
decision of the Court of Appeal as to
jurisdiction of the trial Court which was
challenged by an Interlocutory Constit-
utional Motion.

4. That the Learned Trial .Judge effectively
deprived the Appellants of their right to
Counsel by insisting on embarking upon-
the trial during the pendency of the
aforesaid appeal as to his jurisdicti:-n, that
this decision was the threshold from
which all the subsequent errors of ari-d
misunderstandings between the Court and
Appellants commenced.

$. That the Jury which tried the
Appellants was selected contrary to law


and, in accurate terms, only one' juror of
all those who tried the case was entitled in
law to4 sit.

6. That the array of jurors from which
the above Jury was selected, .displayed
massive anr, hostile prejudices to the
Please See ARGUMENTS Page 7
DUFFUS From Page 5
A dying man grasps at straws," Dr Radix
said, "anyone who wants to help you when
you see yourself going down, you hold on
to it. In an ideal situation you say, 'Go on
home and be nice boys', but not when
you're under pressure."

A member of the media, present at -the
press conference, told Dr Radix that, at
that time he had been employed at the
national radio station and on the night of
120th January 1974, ie had been taken out
of bed to read an announcement from
Prime Minister Gairy.
Regardless Of Their Record
That announcement, he said, called
on "all able-bodied men, regardless
Iof their record," to report to the
JPrime Minister's residence the
following day

Dr Radix did not deny this but said the
response to that announcement had been
i"v iuntar". Nobody had been
commanded" to do anything, he said.

"If I put my head out of the window nov
and shout that a whole lot of reporters are
beatiarn the hell out of me," he said,
anyone who responded would be doing so
on a voluntary basis."

RPadix is registered as a nominated
candidate for GULP at the General
Elections scheduled for March 13th next,
but, because of differences, has been asked
by Sir Eric to withdraw his candidacy.
f*-----I tK JmmmmmmmFm~m




Full Text