The Grenada newsletter


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The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
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Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Full Text

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 9th September 1989 Page 7
APPEAL Frnm Page 6

"and himself, Lieutenant Abdullah (Calistus
Bernard- Edfor) and Vincent Joseph, using
machine guns in turn, shot them in cold
blood ........"

Arguing for Stroude, Mr Williams said
Stroude had told the Trial Judge he had been
tortured from 1.00 am on 16th November
1983 until 4.15 am on the same morning
when he began to write his statement.
Gap In Time
The Police witnesses called by the Prose-
cution, Mr Williams said, had testified to
what had happened only after 4.05 on that
morning and he (Williams) thought there
was a gap in time from 1.00 am until 4.05
am which was unaccounted for by the

The Trial Judge should have
been alerted by this he said
and should not have allowed
Stroude's statement to go to the jury as
a voluntary statement.

Sir Frederick, pointed out to Mr Williams
that Stroude had been given an opportunity
by the Judge to cross-examine the Prose-
cution witnesses, but he had declined to do
so, preferring instead to disrupt the Court
vith clapping; chanting and stamping.

At the sittings of the Court on August
23rd and 24th, Defence Counsel, Mr
Earle Witter, took up the attack on
the credibility of Police SergeantAsh-
ford Jones. Mr Witter told the
Judges Jones had "invented" a new
form of "caution" vhen taking a
statement from one of the accused,
Calistus Bernard.

Sergeant Jones, he said, had added the word
farther 'to the regular caution form and
this had served to fool Bernard into incrim-
inating himself.
Must Be Cautioned
According to the Rules to be followed when
a statement is a being taken, when the Police
have enough evidence to afford reasonable
grounds to suspect that the person has
committed an offense, that person must be

The prescribed form of caution is, "You are
not obliged to say anything unless you wish
to do so, but what you say may be put in
writing and given in evidence".

In the statement given by Bernard, it is
recorded that Sergeant Jones told him, "You
are not obliged to say anything further
unless you.......... etc ".
Allowed To Say Things
Mr Witter said this caution had. been given
too late as it had been after Bernard had
been allowed to say things which incrim-
inated himself. And. Mr Witter quoted a
section from Bernard's statement which was
given before the caution was administered.

"I told Mauriuce Bishop and the rest of the
people with him, that the Central Com-
mittee had
l decided

they should be executed by fire", the
statement reads. "I told them, 'About
Turn', I gave the com-mand, 'Soldiers
prepare to fire' and 'Fire'. On or about the
time I was giving the command, Jacqueline
Creft (Bishop's .Minister for Education-
E&'dr) ,as saying, 'Comrade wait, wait,
hold on'.

" The machine gunuer on the square vith me
and the soldier with the AK on the square
with me, and I fired together. The bodies
fell backward, some fell down slow and
some fell down fast".
Had Deceived
The caution was given to Bernard
immediately after he had said the above, and
Mr Witter argued that, by introducing the
word yurtier ", Sergeant Jones had de-
ceived Bernard into believing that anything
he had. said before had not been incrim-

Bernard may have been led to think, Mr
Witter said, that the part he had played in
the executions was one in which he was
"under superior orders" and so could not be
held accountable.
Please See APPEAL Page 8

Page 8 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

APPEAL from Page 7
So deceived, the Defence Counsel said,
Bernard could have, felt free to give the
details vhich he gave in the statement after
the caution had been given, details which
were minor as compared with vhat had
been said before.
Had Been Tortured
Mr Witter told the Appeal Court Judges also
that the Trial Judge had failed in his duty in
that hp did not question the police officers
with reference to Bernard's allegation that
he had been tortured and forced to make the
The Judges did not agree with |n I
him, and it vas pointed out Y

Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War

Mr Witter said that, according to that
Convention, a POW vas obliged to give
only his name, rank and serial number. He
could be asked no other questions, the
lawyer said, and he could not be tortured or
Questioning And Torture
"When Bernard vas surrendered to the civil'
authorities by the invading forces of the
Americans" Mr Witter said "that Convent-
ion was breach& as he was then
fJOtI t subjected to questioning and tor-

that, vben Bernard was in titg your
invited to cross-examine the y u
Police officers, he had e m iE uO ,
declined and had joined EWLTUlW t SO
in the stamping, clap- unt
ping and chanting Hto yv r O it
which had disrupted
the Court. you itnite your

trying Mr Witter on his
argument that Bernard
vas a POW, Sir Fred-
erick said Mr Witter
I, would have to prove,
first of all, that there
had been a war.

said, "and

declined to cross-
Sir Frederick
then makes a state-

r nrujm~c "T C

i te WUd"^

ment from the dock alleging
torture. The Judge would have been
taking a great risk to recall these witnesses
and question themvhen Bernard had declin-
ed to cross-examine them".

Judge McKay said that, if the judge
calls a witness and questions him and
information emerges vhich damages
the cause of the accused, there could
be an appeal against conviction on the
ground that the Judge had "entered
the arena".
Died Last December
The next day, August 25th, was the 61st day
of hearing of this Appeal since the Court
first sat on 30th May 1988. At that time,
the Court vas presided over by Mr Justice J
O F Haynes and with him were Justices Sir
Frederick Smith and Rex McKay. President
Haynes died last December and was replac-
ed as President by Sir Frederick Smith

At the sitting on this day (August 25th), Mr
Witter asked the Court to find that his
client, Calistus Bernard, former Lieutenant
in the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA),
had suffered because of a violation of the

""If there is anything this
Court can take judicial notice
7tiI of," Mr Witter replied, "it is
that the United States of Amer-
ica invaded Grenada on 25th October

But Sir Frederick was not satisfied.
As far as he knows, he said, the Gov-
ernor General had invited the United
States and Caribbean forces to come
to Grenada.
Invite Your Friends
"You don't invite your enemies to come into
your country", the President said, "you
invite your friends".

Mr Witter said, however, that the diaries at
Richmond Hill Prison refer to captured
members of the PRA as "prisoners of var".
The Prison is a branch of the Authority in
Grenada, he said, and he asked the Court to
accept this as proof that the Authorities
considered there had been a var in Grenada
in 1983.

When the Court rose on Friday August
25th, for the weekend recess before sitting
again on Monday (28th), Defence Counsel,
Mrs Jacqueline Samuels-Brown was pre-
Please See APPEAL Pare 9

I---- -~- -----------

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 9th Sqptember 1989 Page 9

APPEAL From Page 8.
sending arguments on behalf of her clients,
Andy Mitchell and Cosmos Richard-

Both these men were foot soldiers in the
PRA, both gave statements to the Police
after they were arrested, and both were
convicted for manslaughter. Mitchell is
serving 30 years and Richardson 45.
Must Be Present
Mrs Samuels-Brown's arguments related to
the admissibility of the statements as having
been given voluntarily by her clients and,
when she resumed her submissions on
August 28th, she told the Judges the law

stipulates that, in a criminal trial, the jury
must be present at all times except on the
request of or with the permission of the

Mrs Samuels-Brown's clients, Mitchell and
Richardson, and several others of the con-
victed persons, signed statements impli-
cating themselves in the killings and, at the
Trial, Judge Dennis Byron held several
"voir dire" (trials within the main trial) to
ascertain whether these statements had been
given voluntarily.
Jury Was Excluded
In each case, the jury was excluded from the
Court during the holding of the voir dire.
Judge Byron explained this was done in
order that, should the statement be thrown
out because it was found not to have been
given voluntarily, the jurors would not have
heard anything which would prejudice them
against the accused.

The matter was complicated by the fact that
the accused had dismissed all their lawyers

and., pr6caiming that the Court vas a
"kangaroo court" vhich they did not recog-
nise, they disrupted it with clapping, chant-
ing and stamping.
Had A Duty
Mrs Samuels-Brown argued, however, that,
particularly as the accused were unrepre-
sented, the Trial Judge had. a duty to ensure
that there was no violation of the rights of
the accused to have the jury present at all
stages of the Trial, including the voir dire.

President of the Court, Sir Frederick Smith,
said that, in the circumstances of the trial,
the Judge must have had some discretion in

the interest of Justice.

"It is the established practice of the C6urts
to exclude the jury during a voir dire to
hear evidence on the admissibility of a
statement", Judge McKay said.

Judge Kendall said the Trial Judge was
faced vith satisfying two requirements.
First, that the jury be present at all times
and secondly, that ie ensure that the accused
had a fair trial. Judge Kendall indicated
that, in his opinion, the second requirement
had priority.D
Did Not Recall
When the Court sat on August 29th,
Defence Counsel, Mr Maurice Tenn, told
the Court the Trial Judge had failed in his
duty when he did not recall a witness to
testify after new evidence had come before
the Court.

Mr Tenn represents Colville McBarnette,
one of 14 persons in death row and Mr
Please See APPEAL Page 10

Page 10 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

APPEAL From Page 9

Mr Tenn's submission referred to an in-
quiry the Trial Judge, Mr Justice Dennis
Byron, held as to the admissibility as
evidence of a signed statement McBarnette
had given the police.

McBarnette alleged he had been tortured to
give the statement and, in the inquiry, a
doctor testified that, when he examined
McBarnette he bad complained of "tender-
ness" in certain parts of his body.
Allowed It To Go
McBarnette declined to cross-examine the
doctor and, after hearing all the evidence,
the Judge ruled the statement had been given
voluntarily and allowed it to go to the jury.

At a later stage in the Trial, McBarnette
made an unsworn statement from the dock
repeating the allegation that he had been
tortured. Mr Tenn's argument was that, at
this sts ,the Judge should have recalled the
doctor aniuestioned him.

Mr Tenn submitted that McBarnettejs
reference to torture, before his state--
ment from.,the dock, was "allegat-
ion. "The unsvorn statement
fr6m the -dock was "evidence" he
said, new evidence which spoke of
tortured and, on receipt of this, the
Jig should have reopened the in-
qdiry into the admissibility of McBar-
ntte's statement to the Police.

During the inquiry (legally a "voir dire" a
trial within the trial) the jury was sent from
the Courtroom to ensure that, if the
statement vas found inadmissible, the
members of the jury would not have heard
anything to prejudice them against the

Mr Tenn said this was wrong and
quoted a controversial 1981 decision
of the Privy Council in connection
with a case which originated in
Trinidad & Tobago. That decision
says the voir dire "will normally be
in the absence of the jury, but only at
the request or with the consent of the
Still Is In Effect
The Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) banned appeals to the Privy Council
and that ban still is in effect, but Mr Tenn

argued that some rulings of t14 Privy
Council are binding on the GrenAda Court
of Appeal.
PRG Was Overthrown
When the PRG was overthrown, he
said, by Proclamation in October
1983, the Governor General restored
Constitutional rule. But, It was not
until February 1985 that Parliament
passed an Act validating all the PRG

Mr Tenn argued that it was only at
that date that the ban on appeals to
the Privy Council became effective
and, therefore, all rulings of that
Body before that date are binding on
the Grenada Court of Appeal.

It appeared that the Appeal Judges did not
accept Mr Tern's arguments relative to
--teeptance of the Privy Council decision on
the. holding of voir dire, and on the
following day, August 30th, Leader of the
Defence Team, .,r Ian Ramsay, asked the
Judges for a clear statement as to whether
they are bound by the laws which govern
the Supreme Court of the Organisation of
East Caribbean States (OECS).

"We need to knov whether the Court
is applying the law as it obtains in the
OECS Supreme Court', Mr Ramsay
said- "The accused feel they have
been deprived of access to the OECS
Court and we would like a ruling
from you to guide us as to whether
the accused have a just complaint.
We must know if you are guided by
OECS law'.
Under No Obligation
Sir Frederick told Mr Ramsay the Court is
under no obligation to give him the ruling
he asked for. He and his brother Judges,
he said, will listen to what both the Defence
and Prosecution have to say before coming
to any decision.

An informed legal source told NEWS-
LETTER this Privy Council ruling has not
been accepted by all the Courts of the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) coun-
tries, Britain's ex-colonies which usually
take Privy Council rulings as the last word
Please See APPEAL Page 11

- -- --

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 9th September 1989 Page 11
APPEAL From PaLe 10

The practice, generally, in CARICOM
Courts ahen a voir dire is to be held, the
source said, is for the Judge, with no
reference to anyone, to exclude the jury lest
they hear things bhich prove to be not
admissible but which could prejudice them
against the accused.
A Certain Action
In the course of the sitting on August 31st,
Sir Frederick said the Court expects that,
when the Prosecution comes to address the
Judges, they will explain a certain action of
the Trial Judge

This matter arose when Defence Counsel,
Mr Glen Cruickshank was addressing the
Court on behalf of his client, John Ventour.

Ventour was alleg-
ed to have been at "
Fort Frederick vith '
others of the accused when
Bishop was killed at Fort Ru-
pert on 19th October 1983. Mr
Cruickshank said Ventour made no state-
ment to the Police and had merely ansver-
ed a question put to him by the Police who
told him that they thought he was involved
in the murder.

According to the evidence given by
the Police, Ventour had replied, "I
have nothing to say about vhat hap-
pened at Fort Frederick on 19th Octo-
ber 1983"'

Mr Cruickshank said the Trial Judge, Mr
Justice Dennis Byron, had treated Ventour's
reply as a statement and had proceeded to
hold a voir dire a trial within the main
trial -, in the absence of the jury, to
determine whether the statement had been
given voluntarily and should be allowed to
go to the jury as evidence.
Poisoned Against Him
"With the voir dire being held in
their absence", Mr Cruickshank said,
"the jury was likely to believe it
would reveal circumstances damag-
ing to Ventour's case and their minds
would have been poisoned against

Sir Frederick said he could see no reason
the Trial Judge could have had for holding

this voir dire. "We look forward to hearing
what the Prosecution has to say on this", he

Before the Court rose on this day (August
31st), Sir Frederick referred to the fact that
he and his brother Judges have a great deal
of work to do with this Appeal. The
record of the Trial is over 6,000 pages long,
he said, and they (the judges) already have
more then 200 legal references vhich they
must read.
In Good Health
"I hope the Good Lord gives me strength to
continue", he said. "I amingood he~th but
I am now 65 years old. I have almost
achieved my span of three score and 10
September Ist was
filed as the
last da of

this sitting of the Court and Sir Frederick
had expressed the hope that the Defence
would have got through their arguments by
the end. of this sitting. However, there are
several more grounds of appeal to be
argued and the Defence arguments vill
carry over into the next sitting.

On September Ist, the last day of this
sitting of the Appeal Court, Sir Fred-
erick urged the "international comm-
unity" not to get the wrong impress-
ion that the Maurice Bishop Murder
Appeal is taking too long to be com-

"We are not like Cuba or Iran where you
can just take people out and shoot them the
next day", he said.
Must Be Remembered
Sir Frederick said that, while it is true the
incident giving rise to the Appeal took place
six years ago, it must be remembered that
the Trial was not completed until late 1986
and it took more than a year after that to
prepare and print the voluminous record.

It must be remembered too, he said, that the
Court of Appeal cannot devote all its time to
the Maurice Bishop Murder Appeal but
must deal with all appeal cases in the
Please See APPEAL Page 12

Page 12 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

L ...... ...... .............. . ..

British Books Distribution

Some 1,000 books from the Ranfurly
Library Service have been distributed this
year by the Office of the British High
Commission to needy institutions in Gre-
nada and Carriacou.

According to a release from the Office,
some of the institutions receiving books this
year are the School for the Deaf, Sauteurs
Public Library, Richmond Hill Prison
Library, Richmond Fellowship Project For

Council of Legal Education
Meets In Grenada

The 19th Meeting of the Council of Legal
Education, an organisation attached to the
University of the West Indies; was held in
Grenada on September 8th and 9th.

Items on the agenda ipluded joint exam-
ination, papers, a programme of judicial
training, financial contributions to the
Council and pension plans.

Young Offenders, various schools and: Reports vere received from the Executive
homes for senior citizens. Com tee, and 'from the Chairmen and
R .Regitrars of the- H ugh Wooding Law
Ranfurly Library Service is a British non- ,:Scn1l inTrinidad anHhe Norman Manley
profit organisation vhich collects nev and ."Law School in Jamaica.
second-band books for distribution to devel-" .
oping countries throughout the vorld. Folloving this meeting, there vill be a

In 1988 the Service sent over 550,000 books
to some 66 countries. This is the second
year in vhich Grenada has benifited from a
distribution by the Service.
APPEAL from Page 11
Grenada Courts.

Addressing the Court on this day (Septem-
ber 1st), Defence Counsel Mr Howard
Hamilton said that, of the seventeen accused
persons, the Trial Judge had had before him
signed statements allegedly given to the
Police by thirteen of them.

The Judge had held voir dire (trials within
the main trial) on all thirteen of these
statements to ascertain whether they had
been give voluntarily, he said, but five of
these statements vere not confessions and
did not in any way incriminate the persons
who had made them.
Guilt By Association
"The jury were not present for the voir
dire", Mr Hamilton said, "and the effect of
the Judge's action was to shroud, in the
jury's mind, all thirteen statements with an
aura of guilt by association".

Mr Hamilton said also the Trial Judge
should have told the accused they had the
right to recall witnesses vho gave evidence
at the voir dire and have them give their
testimony before the jury.

Caribbean seminar of theInternational Corm-
mission of Jurists at vhich the keynote add-
ress vill be delivered by Mr. P.N.Bhagati,
former Chief Justice of India.

Alexander Signs Loan
Agreement with NIS

Minister of H th & Housing, Mr Felix
Alexander, has signed a Loan Agreement
vith the National Insurance Scheme for
EC$ 1.14 million.

The Agreement was signed on September
4th and, according to the Government
Information Service (GIS), this sumis to be
Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 13

This is a "tricky area" he said, -and even
some lawyers don't know that vitresses who
give evidence in a voir direcan be called to
testify before the jury. -The accused in
this case vere unrepresented by Counsel,
Mr Hamilton said, and the Judge should
have advised them of tfrir rights.

Before the Court adjourned on this last day
of the current sitting, it was decided that the
next sitting will start on November 27th and
continue to December 15th.
mimosa= -

~-LC _I ~


Th Gr8 nrS.- -tt4 Saturday 9th September 1989 _.Page .3 -
Th,.- .e: ..d .S1
Ti hGrem...N ett Saturday 9th September 1989 Pinge 13

NEWS SHORTS From Page 12
used to develop an eight acre lot at Grand

A GIS release says 12 houses will be built on
this lot and will be sold for cash to
applicants who have already been identifiedi'-
', ,/ ,-" : "

British Scholarships For
Eastern Caribbean

Two Grenadial are among. 1- students
from the Eastern Caribbean who have been
awarded scholarships to pursue post-
graduate studies at universities in Britain.

A release from the Barbados based British
High Commission says these scholarships
have been made available under the British
Prize Scholarship and the Foreign & Com-
monwealth Office Scholarships and &
Awards. They are tenable for one year.

The British Prize Scholarships have gone to
students in St Lucia and Barbados who will
study at the University of Cambridge.

In addition to Grenada, of the other nine
scholarships, three have gone to Barbados,
two to Nevis, one to St Lucia and one to St

New Boards For
Public Utilities

Minister of Works & Public Utilities, Mr
Benet Andrew, acting on the advice of
Cabinet, has dissolved the existing Boards
of Directors of three public utilities and has
appointed nev ones.

The utilities affected are the Central Water
Commission, the Grenada Rock Asphalt &
Concrete Products Ltd and the Gravel, Con-
crete & Emulsion Production Corporation.

A release from the Government Inform-
atioin Service says the Minister took this
action "after his observation of what he
described as the chaotic conditions on
several utility Boards".

Management Skills Workshop

Senior Managers and Department Heads of
the Grenada Public Service attended a two-
day Management Skills Workshop on
August 23rd and 24th.

Sponsored--by the Canadian International
Development Agency and co-ordinated by
the Manitoba Institute of Management, the
workshop vas part of a pilot project con-
ducted in Grenada and in the British Virgin

Objective of the programme is to develop
indigenous management capabilities and,
after results of the pilot project have been
analysed, consideration will be given to
extending the programme to eight other
East Caribbean countries.

Two Grenadians To Study
In U.K.

Two Grenadians are to pursue post-
graduate studies in Britain on scholarships
awarded by the British Government ..

Miss Deanna Lashley, Cruise Adminis-
trator with the Department of Tourism, will
read for the M. Sc. in Tourism Marketing
while Ms. Jeanette Dubois, Tutor at the
Grenada National College, will study for a
M.A. in Development Studies at the Univer-
sity of Leeds.

Andrew Attends Civil
Aviation Meeting.

Senator Benet Andrew, Minister of Works,
Communications and Civil Aviation, repre-
sented Grenada at a meeting of Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) Ministers of Civil
Aviation held i iTrinidad on August 23rd.

A release from the Government Inform-
ation Service says that meeting was a follow-
up to a similar meeting held in London in
July when the Ministers received a Report
on the proposed Multi-lateral Air Transport
Agreement which, among other things,
Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 14

J. W. i.L CE&' U.BRAR"

Page 14 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
NEWS SHORTS From Page 13

aims at guaranteeing CARICOM airlines
access to British airports.

FAO Representative Visits

Mr Michael Smart, recently appointed Food
& Agriculture (FAO) representative to
Grenada arrived in the island on August
22nd for an official five-day visit.

Mr Smart paid courtesy calls on Sir Hudson
Scipio, Deputy Governor General and on
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize.

He also met with officials of the Ministry of
Agriculture and the Ministry of External
Affairs, and presented his credentials to Mr
Ben Jones, Minister for Agriculture, Tour-
ism and Foreign Affairs.

According to the Government Information
Service, Trinidad born Mr Smart joined the
United Nations in 1964 and has worked in
countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America
and the Caribbean.

Witheffect fromMarch Ist 1989, Mr Smart
has been accredited to Grenada, St Vincent,
St Lucia, Barbados and St Kitts/Nevis.

During his visit, Mr Smart officially handed
over the FAO funded Trafficers Wharf in

Workshop On Plant &
Animal Oarantine

Mr Ben Jones, Minister for Agriculture
opened, on August 22nd, a two-day seminar
and workshop on Plant & Animal Quaran-

Participants were drawn from the Minis-
tries of Health and Agriculture and from the
Customs Department and the work,
shop/seminar focused on a rationale for
plant and animal quarantine systems.

Attention was given also to the International
Plant Protection Convention and its
importance to the Grenada/Caribbean Quar-
antine Convention, the quarantine laws of
Grenada and inspection procedures at air
and seaports.

The workshop/seminar was organized by
the Ministry of Agriculture in collaboration
with Inter-American Institute for Co-
operation in Agriculture (IICA), the Food
& Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the
United States Department of Agriculture

Resource persons included Mr Robert
Strong from USDA, Dr Franz Alexander
and Mr Everton Ambrose from IICA and
Mr Charles Schotman from FAO.

Alister Hughes Cynthia Hughes

9th September 1989

Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Jounalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westiadies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [8091 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada)

*,_ ::T IEN

- -- --

.. ...

The Gre;n


Volume 17 Saturday 9th September 1989 Number 16




der of the Opposition in the
Grenada House of Representatives
said in an interview vith NEWSLETTER
on August 23rd that it vas vith "profound
shock and disgust" he had received notice on
that day from the Clerk of Parliament that
Parliament had been prorogued.


"When the House last met on August
4th, it vas the agreement of both
sides of the House that the adjourn-
ment be taken to August 25th', he
said, and, now that Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize has asked the Gov-
ernor General to prorogue the House
before that date, he has cut right
across the express desire of the
Mr Brizan said Mr Blaize had treated the
House vith ridicule and contempt amn this

arises because of the unsatisfactory way in
which, Mr Brizan says, the Prime Minister
has responded to the Opposition's demand
that a date be fixed for General Elections
before the end of this year
Set A Date
On July 25th, the Opposition wrote Mr
Blai2ze referring to the esdsting confused
state of politics in Grenada and demanding
that, within 2 veeks, he set a date for
elections to be held before 15th November.
I Page
| P arlianient Prorogued ........... 1
,* Blaize Lauz-nhes TNP..------- 3
0 Gairy Denies Joining Mitchell.. 4
1More of The Maurice Bishop
Murder Appal................... 5
s S orts--..........-------------....---------.. 12

The two week deadline was passed on
Augu:t 8th, and on August 11th, Mr
Brizan's party, the National Democratic
Congress (NDC) h-eld a press conference.
Mr Brizan disclosed then that he had had
discussions with the Prime Minister and Mr
Blaize had told him he felt "constrained" by
the 15th November deadline.
Mr Brizan had extended this deadline to
3 st December but warned that NDC vould
-tae action n if the Prime Minister did not
respond satisfactorily.
"Th.. posit-in of NDC is that if, by
Ples-- See PEOROGUED Page 2



Page 2 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

tomorrow (12th), the Prime Minister does
not announce a date for General Elections to
be held before 31st December 1989", he
told the press conference of August 11th,
"the NDC Parliamentary Opposition will, at
the earliest opportunity, table a vote of no
confidence in the Government....".

The proroguing of Parliament has effect-
ively removed this threat.
At Any Time
According to the Constitution, the Gover-
nor General, on the advice of the Prime
Minister, may prorogue Parliament at any
time and there can be a period of six months
before the next sitting of the House.

There can be no sitting of the House,
however, after 28th December next
when Government's five year term
expires and it is unlikely that, before
that date, there will be a sitting at
which a vote of no confidence can be

Mr Brizan said in the interview with
NEWSLETTER that Mr Blaize's behaviour
is similar to that of the contemptuous man-
ner in which Sir Eric Gairy, then Prime
Minister, treated the House in the late 1970s
before the New Jewel Movement revolution
in 1979.

"When it suits them they have a meet-
ing", he said, "but when it doesn't,
they abuse the privileges given under
the Constitution -
Shock And Disgust
Dr Keith Mitchell, Political Leader of the
New National Party (NNP) and Minister of
Works & Communications in Mr Blaize's
Cabinet before he was dismissed by the
SPrime Minister last month, in an interview
with NEWSLETTER on August 23rd, also
expressed shock and disgust over the pro-
roguing of Parliament.

"This confirms my view that the
Prime Minister is not behaving like
the person I knew in 1984 when we
won the elections", he said. "He now
seems to put the will of the people
last and his-personal position and
pique first'"

Both Mr Brizan and Dr Mitchell said they

had no intention of reverting to "street
politics" vith popular demonstrations
against Mr Blaize's Government, but would
"take the matter to the people" in public
Dmid Not Expect
In an interview with NEWSLETTER on
August 23rd, Prime Minister Blaize said he
did not expect the Opposition to look
objectively at anything the Government
does, particularly vhen they are cam-


The prorogation of Parliament may have
had the effect of staving off a vote of no
confidence, he said, and if this is how the
Opposition dishes to look at it that is their

He had told Mr Brizan, he said, that there
were certain things in train which would be
adversely affected by announcement of an
election date but that he would keep Mr
Brizan's concerns in mind relative to hold-
ing early elections.
Opted For The Latter
"When we adjourned on August 4th", he
said, "the date for resumption was fixed for
August 25th. Since the adjournment, we
could have had a dissolution or a
prorogation and we opted for the latter".

Governor General Sir Paul Scoon was away
from the island on vacation. Sir Hudson
Scipio, Speaker of the House was acting for
him, and it is he who prorogued Parliament
on the Prime Minister's advice. Contacted
on August 23rd, Sir Hudson declined to
"'""""'"""""'"""'"""".Ir ""'"4, """""""""~..~....

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 9th September 1989 Page 3

"' have been persuadae... -.t aCthough 1
cannot run races .... I stilL hav a
contribtioWn I shouwE nft.. ..E

Blaize announced in a broadcast over
radio Grenada onAugiist 31st that he
had launched a new political party.

This development has arisen against the back-
ground of friction which developed last year
in the New National Party (NNP) be-tween
Mr Blaize and Dr Keith Mitchell being
respectively Political Leader and General
Secretary of that party.

That friction escalated after January
last when the NNP Convention ousted
Mr Blaize as Political Leader and
replaced him withDr Mitchell. Mr
Blaize did not take his defeat
gracefully and, in the
succeeding months, a clear
rift in the NNP was
obvious as both the rank
and file and members '
of the Executive took :-:--: :
sides. .-....
Climax Was Reached~

A climax vas reached m

July when, as Prime Minister, Mr Blaize
dismissed Dr Mitchell as Minister of Com-
munications & Works. He also dismissed
Mr Lawrence Joseph, NNP Chairman who
was a Senator and Minister of State.

And the Prime Minister, in a broadcast at
that time and in an interview, made ambig-
uous statements which indicated, on the one
hand, that he had launched a new political
Party and on the other that he still belonged
to the NNP. His broadcast on August 31st
cleared up that matter.

'Today", he said, "I have been man-
dated by my colleagues to formally
launch 'The National Party' (TNP) "

The New National Party, formed inl984,
won 14 of the 15 seats in the House of
Representatives in the elections of that year
but, five persons defected in 1987 to form

the opposition National Democratic Con-
gress. That reduced Mr Blaize's support
in the House to 9 and that figure was reduc-
ed to 8 when he dismissed Dr Mitchell.

There was a further reduction to 6 when,
after Dr Mitchell's dismissal, two Cabinet
members, Mr Danny Williams. Minister of
Health and Miss Grace Duncan, Minister of
State for Women's Affairs, resigned.
With A Minority Government
In August, with a minority Government,
Blaize was faced with a "Vote of No
Confidence" but avoided this by
instructing the Governor Gener-
al to prorogue the House.
Constitutionally, this gives the
Prime Minister 6 months before
another meeting of the House
r'must be called.
However, it is unlikely
that there will be anot-
her meeting of the
.P ^House before the next
SGeneral Elections as the
term of office of the Government expires
on 28th December next. No meetings of
Please See BLAIZE Page 4

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Page 4 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter




qua somaTry1
SLeader of the Grenada United Labour about the fa
1stParty (GULP), denied on September Blaize has I
1st that his party is joining vith the New
National Party (NNP) of Dr Keith Mitchell
or %ith any other political party. BLAIZE PF
the House (
Sir Eric's denial was made at a press con- and election
ference called by him in response to a head- months.
line in the September 1st issue of the Gre-
nada "Informer" newspaper reading "Gairy Announcinm
Finally Joins Mitchell". broadcast,
Political L
"What they are trying to depict', he speculation
said, "is very ridiculous and malic- which serve
io10 places him
political pa
GULP has never joined any party nor C
accepted any party to join GULP, Sir Eric "I h
said, and he could not stretch his imagin- colleagues"
ation to conceive that either of those possib- not run rac
ilities could ever happen. contribution
Bury The Hatchet
The "Informer" story, which carries a Mr Blaize'
picture of Sir Eric and Dr Mitchell shaking TNP is M
hands, does not back up the headline but political as
says Dr Mitchell is trying to get political Political Li
leaders to "bury the hatchet" and meet to Dr Mitchel
discuss the present political situation in Foreign Al
Grenada which "transcends selfish party ism.
Among ott
"Reports indicate that a number of leaders announced
have agreed to attend", the story says. McGuire, h
"Former Prime Minister Sir Eric Gairy has mn, and
agreed to attend". Communict
Party Orga
Sir Gairy said Dr Mitchell had phoned him PrOr
and said he thought leaders of political


renada should "do something"
ct that Prime Minister Herbert
3rorogued Parliament in vhat
Please See Gairy Page 5
mm Page 3
can take place after that date
ns must be called within three

g "The National Party" in his
Mr Blaize said he vill be the
leader and hinted at current
that an old injury to his spine,
rely curtails his movements,
at a disadvantage in leading a
rty into an election campaign.
anmot Run Races
been persuaded by my
he said, "that, although I can-
es or lift weights, I still have a
n that I should make ...........
s Deputy Political Leader in
r Ben Jones, his long-time
sociate, former NNP Deputy
leader to both Mr Blaize and
1, and currently Minister of
fairs, Agriculture and Tour-

ter members of the Executive
by Mr Blaize are Mr George
minister of Education as Chair-
4r Benet Andrev, Minister of
nations & Works, as Chief
I-_^ *y~",2-

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 9th September 1989 Page 5






one of the Defence Counsel in the MAI UICE BIWHO
Maurice Bishop Murder Appeal,
told the Court on August 21st that the Trial
Judge, Mr Justice Dennis Byron, had had Harrison said, "either oppression, torture
enough evidence before him to reject the or promises, the Judge must insist on the
signed confession of one of the accused, Prosecution clearing up the doubt".
Evart Layne.
Before the Appeal Court, headed, by
"If there is anything pointing to an President Justice Sir Frederick Smith vith
inducement to make a confession", Mr Please See Appeal Page 6

GAIRY Frm Pae 4

appears to be a move to avoid a "Motion of
No Confidence" being moved against him.
"Keith Mitchell knows the order of
seniority so far as political leadership is
concerned in this country", Sir Eric said,
"and he knows the priority given to political
parties in Grenada. I don't come second to
anybody. We don't follow or trail anybody-
I cannot join Keith in a political forum. If
he or anybody wishes to join me, they can
Seniority Will Be Considered
If anything is to happen, he said, "seniority
vill be considered" but GULP vill not take
any immediate action arising from the
prorogation of the House.

Sometimes, he said, it is better to let things
take their natural course. This may be the
Hand of God writing on the vall, Sir Eric
continued, and when the hands of mortals
interfere, it spoils the speed with which
circumstances move on "within a path
designed by the hand of Nature, the hand of
the Holy Cosmic".
With reference to the photograph in the
"Informer" showing him shaking hands

vith Dr Mitchell, Sir Eric said this was tak-
en several months ago on the occasion when
the Grenada Chamber of industry &. Comn-
merce organised a symposium for political
leaders to "face the press".
Sir Eric vho, for over a year has com-
plained of poor eyesight, appeared, at the
press conference, to have difficulty seeing.
He has said he will not be a candidate in the
wnxt elections unless his sight is restored by
God and he was asked by NEWSLETTER
-hether he had made up his mind on this
My Mind Is Made Up
"This is not a matter of making up my
mind", he said. "My mind is made up and I
think I will have my sight ready to par-
ticipate fully in the forthcoming elections"
Sir Eric said he has been accused of pre-
tending to be blind so he can claim a miracle
and influence the voters. He denied this
and said that rather than lie about his
eyesight, he would prefer to be out of
_a.. __ --En___

Page 6 Saturday 9th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
APPEAL Prom Page 5
Justices Rex McKay and Time Kendall, are consequences of saying nothing".
17 persons, 14 of vhom are in death-row
convicted of the murder, six years ago, of- Before the Court rose on this day (August
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and others. 21st), another Defence barrister, Mr Carl-
ton Williams, began his arguments on be-
The other three are serving long prison half of two other persons in the dock, Chris-
sentences for manslaughter arising from the topher Stroude and Lester Redhead, former
same incident, commissioned officers in the Peoples Revo-
Not A Witness Of Truth Intinnrar Armr (PR A RA

Mr Harrison said it should have been clear
to the Trial Judge that Police Sergeant
Ashford Jones was not a witness of truth.
The Prison diary, Mr Harrison said, showed
Sergeant Jones had been present at 4.30 pm
on a certain afternoon when Layne was
taken away to the Criminal Investigation
Department (CID) for questioning.

Nevertheless, Mr Harrison said,
Jones gave evidence that the first
time he ever saw Layne vas at 1.30
am on the following morning. Fur-
ther, Mr Harrison said, although the
Prison diary said Jones was at the Pri-
son when Layne was take away to the
CID, the sergeant gave evidence at
the Preliminary Inquiry that he did
not knov how Layne got to the CID.

"The Judge was not entitled to accept
Jones' testimony that Layne had not
been tortured to make the confess-
ion', Mr Harrison said, "once he
found out that Jones had lied, he
should have rejected all his testi-
mony' "

Referring to the record of the Trial,
President Smith said the Judge had given
Layne the opportunity to cross-examine
Jones but be (Layne) had chosen, instead, to
join the other accused in disrupting the
Court with clapping, stamping and chant-
Prove Him A Liar
From the Court record, Sir Frederick
quoted Layne as saying to the Trial Judge,
"In a free and fair trial my lawyer would
have an avalanche of questions for this wit-
ness (Jones) and would prove him a liar, but
I maintain my position of not recognizing
the legitimacy of this Court".

"The Judge gave Layne an opportunity to
cross-examine Jones and he said nothing",
Sir Frederick said, "so he must now take the

Both men signed confessions which were
allowed to go to the jury as evidence and
both were convicted of murder. Mr
Williams' arguments centered around the ad-
missibility of these confessions as evidence.
Burden Of Proof
Continuing his arguments on the following
day (August 22nd), Mr Williams accused
the Trial Judge of putting the burden of
proof in the wrong quarter.

"It was for the Crown to prove that Stroude
was not tortured as he claimed he vas", Mr
Williams said, "and the Crown failed to do

Stroude gave a statement to the Police in
which he said he had been present when
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and seven
others had been lined up against a wall at
Fort Rupert, PRA Headquarters, and
machine gunned.

Giving details of this, Stroude said in his
statement that Calistus Bernard, another of
the persons condemned to die, read a docu-
ment to Bishop and the others standing
against the vall.
Bullet For You
"This document stated that, by a
unanimous decision of the Central
Committee', the statement says all
of them vere to die. Sister Creft
(Jacqueline Creft, Bishop's Minister for
Education- -F/ar ) said she was three
months pregnant but Vincent Joseph
(condemned to 45 years in prison for
manslaughter-Edtaor ) responded with
some terrible remarks such as, "What
de f... you doing up here' and 'Is
bullet for you'."

"Captain Redhead (Lester Redhead, also in
death row- EOtr) then gave the order to
open fire", Stroude's statement continues,
Please See APPEAL Page 7

Full Text