The Grenada newsletter


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The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
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Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th August 1989 Page 9



MRS LAPRET CLARKSON, "The Government negotiating team is not
President of the Public Workers serious", she said. "Their proposals are
Union (PWU) and leader of the meaningless and it appears they have no
team negotiating a -.'N.. '....' ...'........ .... intention of giving
new industrial Ag- ..... us any salary in-
reement with Gov- /- .i...--.. -:i crease.
ernment for all ::
Government em- :iiiiiiiniiii:i The last Industrial
plovees said ata Agreement expired
press conference on I . on 31st December
August 10th she is a.tq-f~iiiigig 4 o w 1986 and the cur-
very disappointed ,.: :::::::::::::::: :: rent negotiations
7 PP ~- . .X J . .........................
with the state of the .- i : cover 1987 to
negotiations. ... I .....-:-.:- ---. 1989.
Please See UNIONS Page 11


vere his supporters and members of the
NNP and that Mr Andrew was practicing

Dr Mitchell expressed his concern, at the
press conference on August 18th, that six
monthly paid employees who have been
dismissed are all persons close to him
politically and persons who vere active for
NNP in the last General Election campaign.
Singled Out
"It appears without any doubt that. they have
been singled out because of their support
for the party", he said, "no other conclusion
can be reached"

Dr Mitchell disclosed to the press the
content of a letter dated 9th August, signed.
by the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry
of Works, and addressed to Miss Bernad.ette
Williams who, Dr Mitchell said, is a "strong
supporter" of NNP.
"" It has been drawn to my attention", the
letter said, "that you were absent from work
without permission on Friday 4th Augu-st
1989 during which time you were present in

As a result, the letter said. Miss Williams
would be suspended from her job with
"effect from 10th August 1980 umtil further


Present at the press conference, Miss Will-
iams told the press she had reported for
duty on the August 4th and about 9.30 am
had asked for and received permission
from her supervisor to be absent for the

August 4th vas the first day Dr Mitchell sat
in the House of Representatives after his
dismissal by Mr Blaize. Ms. Williams
said she did not tell her Supervisor where
she was going but did attend the House,
returmng to her job about 1.00 pm,
remaining there until 5.00 pm.
Rejected The Claim
With reference to the other persons who
have been fired, Dr Mitchell rejected the
claim by Mr Andrew that they have been
dismissed because of "financial constraints".

M-any persons still employed by the
Ministry were taken on long after the
dismissed persons, he said, and Dr Mitchell
thought it significant that all of the
dismissed persons are. ell known as NNP
supporters and supporters of him as
Political Leader of the Party.

lartJ MtjA~I ndli"a^^ -yIf issfsfim ^^sia^^^

-~- I--`

Page 10 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Newsletter


Minister for Labour, said on : .
August Ith that the establishment :
of the Small Enterprise Development Unit
(SEDU) within the Grenada Development
Bank (GDB) is a signal achievement with
special emphasis on the small man playing a
bigger role in the socioeconomic develop-
ment of Grenada.
"The Unit will function as a focal point", he
said, "and play a pivotal role for the these being in small and 'cottage'
promotion and development of small scale sectors which are for small scale
enterprises". entrepreneurs .
Official Launching
McGuire made these com- mwqj q UM p= Mr Albert Xavier, GDB
ments as, substituting for Chairman, enumerated
Prime Minister Her- < a (jfgW-lf difficulties facing
bertBlaize, he deliver- ia the small en-
ed the feature address at trepeneur and said
the official launching of SEDU will help to
SEDU. remove some of
youthese difficulties.
SEDU vas established in i3 i~P(ilI C S An expanded contribut-
August 1988, he said, and, ion to development from
since then, has submitted rsi g the small business sector,
to Government, to the Inter- he said, will be one of the
national Labour Organisation major gains of liberalisation.
(ILO) and to the United Nat- Hsopes To Help
ions Development Pro- aat fF "The GDB hopes to help",
gramme (UNDP), the backers of Mr Xavier said, "but assis-
SEDU, a Report on the industrial tarce of this kind needs links
potential of Grenada. vith a range of agencies to help
the funding and provision of technical

The rational of the survey was to develop
the small scale sector by identifying new
bankable projects after assessing the various
resources available, the infrastructural sup-
port provided, Government's policies, the
incentives and concessions available as well
as studying the status and problems of ex-
isting industrial enterprises, McGuire said.
Good Scope
'Based on the field survey", he
continued, "preliminary observations
indicate there is good scope for
many projects. More than 100 pro-
jects have been identified as resource
based industries, demand based indus-
tries and ancillary industries, most of

ILO and UNDP provided funds to launch
the Unit, he said, but he looks forward to
other Agencies making a contribution to
"this most important sector of the local
Speaking on this occasion also were Mr Rolf
Stefanson, Resident (in Barbados) Repre-
sentative of UNDP, Mr Ian Chambers, Di-
rector of ILO's Caribbean Regional Office
in Trinidad and Dr Martin JBoodhoo, ILO
Regiqonl Advisor on Management & Small
Enterprise Development, attached to the
Caribbean Com-munity (CARICOM) Secre-
tariat in Guyana.
t- n


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th August 1989 --Page 11

UNIONS Fom Paet 9
The negotiating team is drawn from the
PWU, the Grenada Union of Teachers
(GUT) and the Technical & Allied Workers
Union (TAWU), the three Unions which
represent Government Employees and,
since late June, the team has met eight times
ith Government's negotiating team.
So Far Apart
According to Mrs Clarkson, however, the
workers' demands and Government's
counter proposals are so far apart that the
Unions will ,nov appeal to the Labour
Commissioner to conciliate.

ment em-
ployees are di-
vided into three i 1,e
categories for
the purpose of nrt inc
wage negotiat-
ions. In the
lowest catego- C OS S
ry, number 1,
are those earning up to EC$9,744 per
annum, the next category, number 2, earns
over EC$9,744 and up to EC$17,388 and
the top category, number 3, earns over

There are 4,613 workers in number 1
category, 1,679 in number 2 category
and 481 in number 3 category, mak-
ing a total of 6773 Government em-
ployees for whom the team is negot-
Proposals And Counter Proposals
According to Mrs Clarkson, after
several proposals and counter pro-
posals, the Unions' demands are now
for increases of 50%, 40% and 30%
for categories 1, 2 and 3 respect--
ively, costing the Government
EC$19.4 million over the 1986 vage

Government has countered vith an
offer of 13%, 12.7% and 10.25% for
the respective categories, resulting in
a cost of EC$5.82 million over the
1986 wage bill.

"When we got that proposal on August 4th",
Mrs Clarkson said, "I was taken aback and,

to say the least, I vas slteked"

Mr Chester Humprl~y, TAWU General
Secretary, present at the press conference,
said Government's latest offer vill not
allow Govermnent workers to meet
increasing costs. As an example, he said,
the offer vill give category 2 workers some
EC$1.59 per day increase, which is less
than EC$2.00, the most recent return bus
fare increase from the other side of the
Taxed Out Of Existence
Mrs Clarkson quoted mem-
[E_ S t bers of Government's negotiat-
ing team as
t w ow saying ft t the

mands are "not sus-
? [S LfT tainable" and that, if
they must be met,
PH "Grenadians vill
have to be ta ed out
of existence".
Mr Humphrey said it is clear that, although
Government knev a new Industrial Agree-
ment had to be negotiated this year, no
provision vas made for this in the Budget.

Members of Government's negotiat-
ing team had highlighted this, he
said, when they informed the Unions'
Team that, if their demands are to be
met, "ve shall have to have a nev
Budget for 1989".

Three centuries ago, in 1650, when Euro-
pean settlers first came to Grenada they
planted tobacco. By 1700 they had cultivat-
ions of sugar cane and indigo, and, in 1714,
cocoa, coffee and cotton were introduced.

In later years, Grenada exported fustic (die
vood), hides, lime juice and even slaves,
and the nutmeg was introduced in the 19th

Bananas became an export crop in the 1950s
and, this crop, together vith cocoa, nutmegs
and. mace, is nov the mainstay of the agri-
cultural economy of the island.

Page 12 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Newsletter


DELIVERING the feature address at
the official opening of the 32nd
Convention and 18th Annual General.
Meeting of the Caribbean Confederation of
Credit Unions (CCCU) on August 6th,
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon said the
collective wisdom of the Caribbean can only
help to bring about greater regional unity,
peace and prosperity.

"But', he said, "before ve can pull
together, we must first abandon our
prejudices, our unjustified fears and
false premises in dealing vith one

The Caribbean peoples, the Governor
General said, need to make optimum and
maximum use of their shared traditions if
they are to achieve that common ground
which is essential and upon which they can
build a happy and prosperous future.
Matter Of Grave Urgency
Sir Paul said it has become a matter of grave
urgency in the Caribbean that Caribbean
people should humble themselves and
transform words into action by dismantling
barriers and proceeding to build bridges of
understanding which will lead to economic
and social advancement.

"This advancement cannot corn
about on the dependency syndrome
with which we have grown up fo
years, he said, we must
start to build with our ovn N
resources and the talents of
our own people -

Too much time is spent,: in the
name of social justice, Sir Pautil
said, telling people that there are
so many poor people in the nation
and the Caribbean that those vho
have must help the poor.

The Governor General called this
a negative approach and said what
is needed is the positive approach
of telling people that vith small
beginnings and small resources, if
these resources are pooled and the
work done together with a com-
mon purpose, ever one will do bet-

"We: cannot, as individual nations, on
depending on people outside to do flas ",
he said, "just so, ve cannot go about
preaching or teaching that there are always
people out there who have a duty to help us.
We must preach the gospel that we must
help ourselves as individuals and as people
of a nation".
Recognise This Fact
Sir Paul said the Caribbean Confederation
of Credit Unions has a role to play in
improving the quality of life in the region.
He hopes, he said, that those vho have the
responsibility to lead the various nations of
the Caribbean vill recognize this fact and,
while not interfering unduly vith Credit
Union affairs, give every support to the
Credit Union Movement.

The CCCU, established some 30 years ago,
has affiliates in all countries of the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) plus
Bermuda and Surinam. Theme of the
Convention, which vas attended by about
500 delegates, vas "Co-operatives: The
Economy's Third Sector".

The Convention closed on Wednesday Aug-
ust 9th, the 12th Annual General Meeting
took place over Thursday 10th and Friday
S1th, with delegates returning to their
homes on Saturday 12th.
E.... nd - .


G OVERNOR General Sir Paul Scooh said on
August 11th thathe wants it knovnh that Gre-
nada does not have joklrs in charge of Richmond
Hill Prison..

"Those who think they can-enter the prison
freely, those who think they have a right to
ignore the Prison Rules, whether they
come for material or spiritual purposes',
he said, "they must recognize that the pri-
son is a security area, the prison is run by
a Commissi~oer vho is in charge and who
knovs what he is about"

Sir Paul made these comments as he delivered the
feature address at the official dedication and
I Please See PRISON Pare 13

I _____________________________

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th August 1989 Page 13


Orenadians Attend OCOD Workshop A Success
Diplomatic Training Course
The two-veek workshop for teachers vhich
Two officers of the Ministry of External ended at the Grenada Boys Secondary
Affairs vill leave the State shortly to attend School on July 28th has been pronounced a
a one-month Diplomatic Training Course "big success" by Mr Thompson Crosby, Co-
for Commonwealth Small States at the ordinator of the programme of the Organ-
Diplomatic Academy of London. isation for Co-operation in Overseas Devel-
opment (OCOD).
They are Misses Alice Thomas and Ruth
Rouse and they vill attend the course with Mr Crosby told the Government Inform-
participants from Barbados, Belize, Dom- ation Service that some 300 teachers have
inica, Guyana and St Lucia. completed their courses since the workshop
programme began in 1985 with four discip-
According to the Government Information lines.
Service, the aim of the course is to intro-
duce participants to the dynamics of diplo- There are now 12 disciplines, he said, and
macy as an exercise of political influence these include music, remedial reading,
which comprises tactics, techniques and per- primary and secondary school mathematics,
sonal skills. Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 14

PRISON From Page 12
opening of Prison Officers Quarters at
Richmond Hill Prison.

People must think twice, he said, that,
because of certain positions they hold, they
have a divine right, or any other right, to
come to the Prison and do as they like.

Construction of the Prison Officers Quar-
ters was funded by the United States Agency
For International Development (USAID)
and by the British Government. Speaking
at the dedication ceremony, Mr Graeme
Roberts, Resident British Representative,
said the British Government has provided
some EC$585,000 for improvement and
rehabilitation of the prison.
Hoped To Continue
Construction of the Prison Officers Quart-
ers is part of that project, he said, and. it is
hoped to continue with the second phase to
improve conditions for both officers and

"I am especially pleased", Mr Roberts said,
"that it looks almost certain that the next
phase will include provision for improving
conditions of young offenders".

British aid to Grenada for the calender year
ending 31st December vill amount to some
EC$5 million, he said, and some of this is
being applied to other parts of the legal

process for improvement of facilities at Pol-
ice Stations and the St Georges Court com-

Speaking also at the dedication ceremony,
Mr Ford Cooper, Charge d'Affaires at the
United States Embassy in Grenada, said one
of the most valid measurements of the
quality of society is the evenhandedness
with which justice is administered.
Fall Through The Cracks
What must be looked at also, he said, is the
treatment given to those members of the
society who "fall through the cracks", who
have violated the lav and must be put into

" I would like to compliment Commissioner
of Prisons Lionel Maloney for the strides he
has made in the physical and administrative
improvements that have marked his admin-
istration of the Richmond Hill Prison", Mr
Cooper said.

The nev Prison Officers Quarters will
upgrade the quality of life of the Prison
Officers, he said. They have the high trust
of administering the authority of the prison
and he vas sure the opening of the new
quarters would contribute to the goal of pro-
viding decent, fair and clean treatment for
the inmates of the prison.
---46JI rIm-Ln

- --- ~- -

)~~ W, iCS u53RAP'

Page 14 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
NEW SHORTS From1 Pafe 13

administration for Principals of primary
and secondary schools and student assess-

Mr Crosby said requests have been made to
the OCOD Board for seven new subjects to
be added next year. They are language
arts for secondary schools, reading, prim-
ary mathematics and language arts for the
sister island of Carriacou, classroom man-
agement, general science, art and computer

Board Of Enquiry Appointed

Cabinet has appointed Mr Clive Belizaire,
retired Director of Public Works, to be
Chairman of a Board of Enquiry to investi-
gate the conduct, management and overall
operation of nine Statutory Bodies and
Departments and to make recommend-

These are :-
Grenada Rock Asphalt & Concrete
Products Limited
Gravel & Concrete Production Corp.
Central Garage Corporation
Land & Surveys Division, Ministry of
Trade Division, Ministry of Finance
Fisheries Division, Ministry of
Education /
Community Development (from 1986)
Roads Division, Ministry of Works.
Solid Waste Division, Ministry of
Serving with Mr Belizaire on the Board of
Enquiry are Miss Cecilia Quashie, Eco-
nomic Consultant and Mr Andy D Mitchell,
Retired Senior Civil Servant.

Ahlter Hughes

USAID Scholarships

Grenadian students are among the 46
scholars fromthe Eastern Caribbean expect-
ed to leave the region shortly to commence
undergraduate studies in the United States
under the United States Agency For
International Development (USAID) spon-
sored Presidential Training Initiative for
the Island Caribbean (PTIIC).

In addition to Grenada, students will .be
drawn from Antigua, the British Virgin
Islands, Dominica, Montserrat, St Kitts-
Nevis, St Lucia and St Vincent and studies
range from agriculture through business,
economics, education, engineering, hotel
management, mathematics & statistics to
natural sciences and public administration.

The PTIIC, announced in Grenada by
President Ronald Reagan in February 1986,
provides training opportunities to individ-
uals in the Eastern Caribbean vith demon-
strated leadership potential, with particular
emphasis on the socially or economically

Since 1986, 474 Eastern Caribbean scholars
have benefited from various training
programmes under PTTIIC.

Scipio Acts For Scoon

Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, having
to be absent from Grenada for a short
period, has appointed Speaker of the House
of Representatives, Sir Hudson Scipio to act
for him with effect from August 17th.

Cyztb Hughes l

19th August 1989
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone (809] 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Gremnaa)


-" --" -"

The9 n K GIa

7Th Giena

Q., .-.N


Volume 17

Saturday 19th August 1989

Number 15

___________________________________________________ I



Ckangme I BflklA Sd

| II anxious waiting continue for 13
men and one women in "Death
' : Rov" at Richmond Hill Prison in Grenada.
F~.ind guilty of the
murder of former' ^'
Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and others, their
fate depends on the rul-
ing of the. Grenada
Court of Appeal which,..
has the final decision.
Also before the Court
are the appeals of 3
others sentenced to long SIR FREDEI
prison terms on the GRENADPCE
charge of manslaughter
arising from the same incident.
Climax Of A Power Struggle
Three Judges of the Court sat on August'
16th to continue to hear this matter which
resulted from the traumatic climax of a
power struggle between Prime Minister
Bishop of the Peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment (PRG) and his Deputy, Berhard
Bishop, the charismatic leader of the left-
wing New Jewel Movement (NJM-) was
executed by gun fire at the Headquarters of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) on
19th Qctober 1983.
Ten other people, including members of his
Cabinet, died with Bishop and the country



Few[CW Cnusrn JDrae

was taken over by a Revolutionary Military
Council (RMC) headed by Coard and
Hudson Austin, General of the PRA.
Charged With Murder






Six days later, on
October 25th began the
controversial military
intervention by forces
of the United States and
Caribbean countries,
and the RMC was
defeated. Coard and
Austin, with their ass-
ociates, were arrested
and 20 persons were
charged with murder.
Please See BISHOP Pare 2

O 1 BFE :'

I0 The Bishop Murder
Appeal Continues................ I
Mainland China Breaks
With Grenada..................... 3
Opposition To Table
S"No Confidence" Motion. -..- 5
Blaize: The Lines are Drawn... 6
SAndirev Charged With
Victimisation-.. ................. 8
0 Public Workers Unhappy
With Negotiations --........... 9
0 SEDU Officially Launched..... 10
0 Triple-C U Meets In Grenada.. 12
0 New Prison Officers Quarters
Opened ----.. ----.... -.. ........ .-- 12
News Shorts........................ 13

. 'v. '. '

d I.,


Page 2 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

BISHOP From Page 1

The Preliminary Inquiry, beginning in June
1984, freed one person and, in October of
the same year, the remaining 19 accused
vere arraigned in the High Court, most of
them defended by lawyers paid for by the
State because the accused were unable,
financially, to retain Counsel.
Doctrine of State Necessity
A Defence Motion challenging the legality
of the Grenada Supreme Court failed when
the Appeal Court ruled that the Court was
"unconstitutional" but legal under the
"Doctrine of State Necessity" and, in August
1985, hearings began of several Defence
Motions. When these had been disposed of,

Hearing of Appeals against all these con-
victions began in May 1988 before the then
President of the Court, Mr Justice J O F
Haynes with Justices Sir Frederick Smith
and Rex McKay, most of the accused again
being represented by lawyers paid for by
-the State.

Some delay was occasioned by the death of
President Haynes in December 1988. His
place as President has been taken by Sir
Frederick, Justice Time Kendall now
making up the trio

ust 16th. was to have been the 54th

hearing of the murder
charges began in March
1986 before Mr Justice
Dennis Byron.

In addition to Coard and Austin, RM
those charged include Coard's Jamaican
wife, Phyllis, members of Bishop's Cabinet,
officers and foot soldiers of the PRA.and
members of the NJM Central Committee.

Shortly after the trial began, the accused
dismissed all their lawyers and remained
undefended. They charged that the Court
was unconstitutional, that it was a "kanga-
roo court" and that it was controlled by the
United States of America. They refused to
take any part in the trial and constantly
disrupted the proceedings with chantin,r
stamping and clapping.
In Return For A Pardon
One of the accused, in return for a pardon,
gave evidence for the Prosecution and, after
30 other persons had testified, the jury
returned its verdict in December 1986.

Three foot soldiers, members of the
execution squad, were found guilty of man-
slaughter; one was sentenced to 30 years in
prison and the other two to 45 years each.

Austin and Coard were sentenced to death
by hanging. Also condemned to the same
fate were Phyllis Coard and eleven others.
One man was found not guilty and freed.

I'r~TUr1 of hearing of
this matter but
the case had an abortive start that day as a
result of a change in airline schedule. The
Court last sat on June 9th, but when the
Court opened on August 16th as scheduled,
Justice Kendall was absent.
Not Properly Constituted
"As you will see", Sir Frederick told the
Defence and. Prosecution lawyers, "the
Court is not properly constituted. BWIA
overflew Antigua yesterday which means
that Mr Justice Kendall is now still at his
home in Antigua and will not get to Grenada
before this afternoon".

The President said there would be a sitting
of the Court on the following day, August
17th, and an effort would be made to make
up for lost time.

Leader of the Defence Mr Ian Ramsay was
first to address the court on August 17th and
he told the Court the Trial Judge, Mr Justice
Dennis Byron, had misdirected the jury in
his summing up.

'The Trial Judge", he said, "had a very
garbled approach in his directions to the
Please See BISHOP Page 4

' -- -

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th August 1989 Page 3



Blaize said on August 8th, in a
telephone interview with NEWS-
LETTER from his home in Carriacou, that,
vith reference to the fact that Mainland
China had broken relations with Grenada, it
is the reaction of China, and not his, which
should be sought.

"We did what we
thought we
should do', he
said, "and they
have nov react-
ed by doing what
they thought they
should do"

Grenada has had full
diplomatic relations with Mainland China
since 1987 but, on July 19th last, similar
relations were established with th Republic
of China, Taiwan.

Prior to this, the Prime Minister said, all the
islands of the Organisation of East Carib-
bean States (OECS), with the exception of;
Grenada, had had diplomatic relations with
Foreign Policy Review
On July 19th at a press conference,
announcing the new ties with Taiwan, Mr
Blaize said the move followed a recent
foreign policy review made by Grenada in
keeping with the desire of the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) to seek greater
harmonisation of foreign policy.

"This decision has been influenced by
the need of the OECS territories to
strengthen their identity through
application of a common foreign
policy", the Prime Minister said

In the interview with NEWSLETTER on
August 8th, Mr Blaize said he had not yet
had official notification of Mainland
China's break with Grenada. He had been
told, he said, that the BBC had carried the
news but he did not blame China for the
lateness of the notification to him because

Grenada had had a long weekend of holi-
days which vould have caused delays.

The Prime Minister said he was not
surprised that MamnlanW .China has broken
with Grenada. Folloi i the announce-
ment of the establishment of ties with Tai-
wan, Mr Blaize
said, Mainland
China's Ambass-
ador to Grenada,
resident in Barba-
dos, Mr Lu
ZongQing, visit-
ed Grenada on
July 24th for dis-
cussions and his
attitude had bee6n'
one of "tough-

"The Ambassador said Mainland China
could not tolerate this sort of thing", Mr
.Blaize said, "because there cannot be two
A spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign.
Affairs confirmed to NEWSLETTER on
August 9th that the official notification of
Mainland China's break with Grenada had
been received.

The Grnada

Founded 17th August 1973
402nd Issue
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-- ~-~--


i?--' '*'.

Page 4 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
BISHOP From Pae 2

Mr Ramsay's comments referred to
evidence given by a Prosecution witness,
Fabian Gabriel, relative to events on the day
Bishop and others were lined up against a
vall at Fort Rupert and shot.

Gabriel had been present and said he had
seen one of the accused, Calistus Bernard,
take a piece of paper from his pocket and
say it was an order from the Central
Committee that Bishop and the others be
Among The Condemned
The Central Committee including
Deputy Prime Minister Bernard -
Coard, his wife Phyllis, and
Hudson Austin, General of the
Peoples Revolutionary Army
(PRA), (all of whom are among
the condemned persons) vere, at
that time, at Fort Frederick some
two miles away.

Mr Ramsay said Judge Byron did not
make it clear to the jury that Gabriel's
evidence was "hearsay" and I
could not be used to prove there
was a conspiracy by the Central Committee
to murder Bishop and the others who died
with him.

Only fter the jury had reasonable evi-
dence of the probability of a conspiracy
could that "hearsay" evidence be used to
show furthorance of the aim of tbm con-
spiracy, he said, but it could not be used to
prove there was a conspiracy.
Misdirection Of The Jury
Another Defence lawyer, Mr Delano
Harrison, also charged the Trial Judge with
misdirection of the jury relative to a letter
alleged to have been written by Bishop
while in Cuba and sent to Grenada to Liamr
James, one of the accused and a former
commissioned officer in the PRA.

Mr Harrison argued that this letter was
inadmissible "hearsay" evidence which the
Judge had left to the jury for consideration.
The Defence lawyer spent some time
reading from judgements with reference to
the admissibility of such evidence but
President Smith indicated he was wasting


"Just give us the references", he told Mr
Harrison "If you are going to read and
analyse them, the Defence vill not complete
its arguments in this session of the Court."
Last Court of Appeal
Mr Harrison said, however, that he is aware
that Sir Frederick's Court is the last Court
of Appeal in this matter and he did notvish
to "leave any stone unturned".

In reply, Sir Frederick said Mr Harrison
must "credit the Judges with a certain
degree of intelligence".

1 .On the following day, Friday
August 18th, Mr Harrison
r continued his submissions
with an attack on the
Admissibility as evidence of
the signed confession of his
client, former Colonel Evart
Layne of the PRA.

S This, and other confessions, after
the holding of a "voir dire" (a trial
RAMSAY within the main trial but in the
absence of the jury) vere
admitted by the Trial Judge as having been
made voluntarily. Mr Harrison questioned
Was Seriously Impaired
"The method of holding of voir dire relat-
ive to confessions allegedly made by
accused persons", he said, "vas seriously
impaired by gravo horror "

Layne is one of the 14 persons in Death
Rov, and his confession says that at a
certain stage on the day Bishop vas killed,
"the situation with the Central Committee
Members was one of total paralysis".

At that time, Layne was at Fort Frederick
with other members of the Central
Committee, including Bernard Coard and
Hudson Austin.

About two miles away, Fort Rupert had
been taken over by a large crowd which had
freed Bishop from house arrest and Layne's
confession says he received information as
to what was happening at Fort Rupert.

"We received a message that weapons were
Please See BISHOP Page 5

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 19th August 1989 Page 5|



ftr BEaiz's Ietter is unacceptable
ant ansc3tisjsc to r
Blaize has not complied vith the closed on Au-
demand of the National Democratic gust 11th at z
Congress (NDC) Opposition in the Grenada NDC press con-
House of Representative that a date be fixed ference and Mi
for the holding of General Elections not George Brizan
later than 31st December next. i eader of thei

BISHOP From Page 4
being distributed at Fort Rupert", the
confession says, ":and orders were issued
by eliminate the whole Cen-
tral Committee ........."
A Military Matter
Layne says in his confession that he realized
the Central Committee was "totally
ineffective" and that it was "nov a military
matter". Austin, he says, was "paralised in
this situation" and did not agree vith what
he (Layne) wanted to do but "he allowed me
to have my way"

"It was from there on I could say that
I took over the situation completely",
he said.

Layne sent a detachment of soldiers to Fort
Rupert, he said, with instructions to re-
capture the Fort and, if there was any
resistance, "they were to battle it out and the
leaders were to be liquidated". It was later
reported to him by one of his officers that
there had been a battle and Bishop and
Whiteman (one of Bishop's Cabinet Mem-
bers) had been captured.

"I told him he should liquidate
them", the confession says- "Later
he reported to me that the mission
had been accomplished".
Beyond Reasonable Doubt
In the Appeal Court on this day, Ag st
18th, Mr Harrison said the Prosccution
must prove beyond reasonable doubt that a
confession was made "without fear of
oppression or hope of advantage."

Layne had told the Trial Judge that he had

contents of a 1
Mr Blaize on

SWhile, constitu
as late as 28th
the Prime Mini
near to that ulti


SOpposition, disclosed the
better received by him from
at date.

itionally, the election can be
March 1989, the letter says,
sister does not propose to "go
mate date".
ease See MOTION Pare 7

been tortured, Mr Harrison said, and the
Prison doctor testified that, shortly after
the period when Layne said he had been
tortured, he (the doctor) had found a bruise
on Layne's abdomen.

X-ray, pictures revealed no internal injury
and the doctor had concluded the injury
was minor but Mr Harrison argued the
Judge should have taken a more serious
vie-w of this than he did.
Cross Examine Witnesses
Reading from the record of the Trial, Mr
Harrison said Layne had "challenged" the
Cou't to cross examine witnesses on his
behalf but the Trial Judge had not done so.

President of the Court, Sir Frederick Smith,
reminded Mr Harrison that the Trial Judge
had given Layne every opportunity to cross-
examine the witnesses himself but Layne
had said he had no intention of participating
in a "kangaroo court".

"Apparently vhat Layne
happen," Sir Frederick said,
kangaroo Judge to represent
kaigaroo court".

"is for
him in

The Court will sit again on Monday 21st


Page 6 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Nevsiter

: T



".I a-pm raic vzj the
"New Thrust" or make
dwmnwedJ dcr thwp
don't wunt to
have us gwou". a"

Blaize said on August 8th, in a
telephone interview vith NEWS-
LETTER from his home in Carriacou, that
he had then completely broken off relations
with the New National Party (NNP) and Dr
Keith Mitchell, NNP Political Leader.
"I have given them a platform on
which to move', he said, "that we are
not accepting and cannot tolerate the
'New Thrust' and that we remain
with the fundamentals of the NNP, so
ve are the National Party. They
know now what they have to do is
either to get rid of the "New Thrust"
or make damned clear they don't want
to have us around."
There is no more room for discussion, the
Prime Minister said, because "the lines are
Growing Since Last Year
Friction between the Prime Minister and Dr
Mitchell, growing since last year, increased
greatly after the NNP Convention last
January. At that time, in a straight fight,
Dr Mitchell defeated Mr Blaize for the post
of NNP Political Leader.
It appeared that Mr Blaize did not accept his
defeat gracefully and a split appeared in the
ranks of the NNP Executive. This
became glaring when, in June, some of the
top brass in the NNP Executive boycotted a
rally organised by Dr Mitchell.
Matters came to a head on July 21st when

the Prime Minister dismissed Dr Mitchell as
Minister for Works and Communications.
Mr Blaize also dismissed NNP Chairman,
Lawrence Joseph, as a Senator and as
Minister of State for Legal Affairs and
This was followed by the resignations of
two Cabinet Members who support Dr
Mitchell. They are Mr Danny Williams,
Attorney General and Minister for Health
and Housing; and Miss Grace Duncan,
Minister of State for Community Develop-
ment and Women's affairs.
Calculated To Undermine
In dismissing Dr Mitchell and Mr Joseph,
the Prime Minister accused them of having
a "hidden agenda" and said their public state-
ments had been calculated to undermine the
Government of which they were a part.
On the other hand, Dr Mitchell
charged that the real problem is that
the Prime Minister never accepted
the results of the Convention. Mr
Blaize, he said, had called on him to
"get rid" of two former supporters of
the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment, Messrs Malcolm Antoine and
Prescod Swan, who had been elected
by the Convention to the NNP Execut-
Dr Mitchell, now sitting on the Opposition
side of the House of Representatives,
attempted unsuccessfully, at a sitting of the
House on August 4th, to table a Motion of
Please See BLAIZE Page 8



The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th August 1989 Page 7
MOTION From Page 5

'"There are, however certain
processes nov in train, the outcome
of which would be adversely affected
by the announcement of the cutoff
elections date at this time", the betterr
continues. "I vill however, continue
to bear in mind both your concern
and the welfare of the
nation as a whole.

Mr Nicholas Brathwaite,
NDC Political Leader,
present at the press con-
ference, said Mr Blaize's
letter is unacceptable and
"This response from the k
Prime Minister aggravates
the situation more than
helping to clarify it", he

Mr Brizan pointed out to i
the press that Mr Blaize's
letter is in response to the
original NDC demand that Im eCHOL
a date be fixed for elect-
ions to be held not later
than 15th November next and Mr Brizan
said that, in discussions vith Mr Blaize
earlier that week, Mr Blaize told him he felt
"constrained" by the November 15th

Mr Brizan had
assured the Prime
Minister, he said,
that the Opposition
would not take an
inflexible position on
this but elections
should be before 31st De-
cember next and Mr
Blaize had promised to respond
to the Opposition demand by
12th August.
Time To Prepare
Mr Brizan told the media the newly elected
Government in the next. elections must be
given reasonable time to prepare a budget
for 1990 and. to prepare for the World Bank
sponsored "Donors' Conference" inFebru-

ary 1990 and, for these reasons, any date
for elections after 31st December next
would be inconvenient.

"The position of the NDC is that if,
by tomorrov(August 12th) the Prime
Minister does not announce a date for
General Elections to
S be held before 31st
December 1989", he
said, "then the NDC
3.". Parliamentary Oppo-
4 ~ sition will, at the
earliest opportunity,
table a Motion of no
confidence in the
,- Gov-ernment ... ".
Continue A Sitting
That opportunity, he
S thought, could be 25th
August when the House
'ill continue a sitting
__. adjourned on August 4th
Kr- It vill require the
Speaker's acceptance of
I BRATHVAI a Motion to vaive the
S Rules of the House to get
the Motion on to the
agenda at that stage, he said, and then there
must be a majority vote to approve debate
of the Motion.

^ I/ Mr Brathwaite said if the Speaker,
Sir Hudson Scipio, does not allov the
^ .^"f^ f- l waiving of
the rules,

NDC will not resort to "street politics".

"We will do everything constitutionally and
democratically open to us" be said.
IF~~~ ~ tnt~

O .--

Page 8 Saturday 19th August 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



Mr Andfrew appeared to be out to "gst"
supporters of the NNP: nMTCrELL

ter of Communications & Works
in the Grenada Government has
been accused of practicing victimisation.
The charge was made at a press conference
on August 17th by Dr Keith Mitchell,
Political Leader of the New National Party
(NNP) and former Minister of Works and
Communications, and he said Mr Andrew
appeared to be out to "get" supporters of the

"A number of monthly paid workers, who

BLAZE From Page 6
"No Confidence" in the Government. The
Speaker, Sir Hudson Scipio, ruled that
notice of the Motion had been late and that
the Motion had. not been properly sub-
That sitting of the House will be resumed on
August 25th and there is speculation that Dr
Mitchell vill attempt then to table the
Motion under the rule of the House which
allows notice to be dispensed with "with the
consent of the Speaker and the assent of the
majority of Members present at the time".
Had Been In Touch
In a related matter threatening the stability
of Government, the Prime Minister said, in
the interview vith NEWSLETTER. on the
8th, that he had been in touch with Leader
of the Opposition, Mr George Brizan, in
connection with an ultimatum Mr Brizan
had given him.
That ultimatum, in a letter to the Prime
Minister dated 25th July, gave the Prime
Minister until August 8th to set a date for
General Elections not later than 15th
November next.

are not on the establishment have now been
given dismissal notices by the Permanent
Secretary in the Ministry", Dr Mitchell

Following months of dissention between DL,
Mitchell and Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize, Dr Mitchell was fired, on July 21st,
as a member of Mr Blaize's Cabinet and it
appeared that Mr Blaize had distanced
himself from NNP and was preparing to
launch a new political party.

Dr Mitchell vas replaced by Mr Andrew
and the new Minister, who is a Senator and
formerly a Minister of State assigned to the
Ministry of Education, Social Services and
Labour, immediately laid off over 500
persons employed on the roads.

The reason for this, Mr Andrew said,vas a
shortage of equipment and material but Dr
Mitchell charged that the persons dismissed
Please See VIICTlISATION Page 9

Should the Prime Minister fail to set a date
within the time limit, the letter says, the
Opposition will have no alternative but "to
take such measures as they see fit" -to
discharge their responsibilities to the people
of the Nation.
Not Ignoring The Letter
"I called George Brizan this morning
(August 8th) and told him that I am not
ignoring the letter", he said, "I don't hold
people in contempt but I will not be in a
position to respond before the end of the
veek (August 12th)"
Mr Blaize said Mr Brizan expressed.
understanding of the situation and a
willingness to give the extra time.


Full Text