The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text

The Genadsn

Vocalme 17 Saturlay 8tBh yg 199 -anMeTr 12





" 'j can take if-mmense pride in the ftact that mre int
the Ci6arv6iasfn aave feapt C-tSLCOLn togetfw.i "

,--feac '{fad, cs f Gove-Yrn..a.t
Yof tte Carihbbean. Co "raunity
(CARKCOM, opened i Grenada on July
3rd vit reneved hopes fr the cause of
accelerated regional ecortrdic integration.
Jamaica's Prime Ministe A MichaelJ Mnley
highlighted these hopes as he addressed the
openirg ceremony and referred to the many
diffiiCtAies. CARPOVM has s;rynz% i sixen
tth Ce(abMmTMABi VeL c 1ate tih TreatY
of Chag...amr i 15 ears -go
Take immense Pride
"I hen one looks bac- at all of that' he said,
"e can take im urse p-ide in the fact that
Vye in the Caribbean have kept CARICOM
together, re had's rroted forvarrd vuith it.
ve have gEneid ccniterfce fron it and we
now stand posed to really egin to ctiate
its highest and most practical purposes".
The CoTIFerence uas beSing coTmerned amid
feelings of gr-at hpe d p-,iAsm, he
said, itlh ses te T essit fr eco-
nom. integr-atin ?aA wvit t. urd-er
2tan.-l4i. tha. it. vou-l. he fooltarifdv iwt tI
realise that. CARfJOM is part or a gro, a--
ised economy.
In their own real iston of this economic
globa isation, Mr Mazeysad, theco-?2tries

>cft Elrop bsa "tsaz ird4 asl thojsar
years of varfare in. favour of unity and
economic integration"
Turr Their Backs
if the Eur-.p sars canzi twrz other backs on
warfare, he &a'd, it is time r the member
states of CARJCOM fclcvw the is pi-
ration of thei-r tcy ,thrJss, in the game of
cricket and do likewise wifth fir econopm-
Pleluf gee CARICOM Page 2

CARICOM liais Mea

Budhobso OSr 3oveurmaant
Bluri erai With CGRENTEL 3
@ Policeman Runs Amok..-------........ 5
@ CARiCCOM Conference
eo arise ....................... 7
@ OECS Poiica Urniy
Dead: 1 tc eJl .................
C 1"W] Mdust B: Instrumanet
Or Development ----... ...-...... 0I
"Triple-C 1" To Meet
in Ontds ---------------- 11
Get Ot Of ECC B^ulmo. 12
4 Jams% F-r Talks in
i ndomUaia --.. --------.......... 1
@ News Shorts-------..... ......----


Page 2 Saturday 8th July 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
ICARICOM From Page 1

The Europeans have set 1992 as the date at.
which they vill have a common market, he
said. That dats is more importarAt as a
symptom of evo&ution in '.id history than
it is as an eient, he cZntinad, WrA IB
suggested tkat 1992 vrodt be a c1Th3wieLnt
target data to impose upor CAR.tCOU "a.
certain discipline of performancee.

Prime Miuisaae
Michael Manley

"I would like us to set ourselves the
hard practical task of taking the
major specific injunctions of the
Treaty of Chaguarams~ and make
sure that every one ~s in place by
1992", he said

In addition to Mr Maa-lej, CARiCOM
Prime Ministers were present, at tle opening
cerernoy. They .re SIr LyrAjei P 11li,
(Bahamas), M4r Eskixe Sardiford
(Barbad.os), Vis Uasy EDin-a Charles
(Dormiica), Dr Kemed. Sim nrAi. (St
Kitts/Mevist r MJoti.n C:rcIptorn (t Luxia.j,
Mr James Mitchei (St Vinc rnt Mr A N R
Robinson (Trfnidad & Toba4o 1 and Mr
Herbert BaIe (Gr enada.

Also present were Mr Desmond Hoyte
Presairdiant cof GC;Iyata, [Mr Ltfpr ETrd, Act-
ing Prime Miniserr of Antigua and Mr .Jon
Osborne. Chie? Mini ster of Montserral.
Prime Minister MawNM EsQrsel of E'xze
was expected. t, rrie. in Cr'awAa on thee

foflovJrg day .j4th); he was .represented at
the opening ceremony by Mr Edwardo

FoUlki tg a vetLeoi-e A6dremss by PriYme
Mi irster Blaiz, othe2 sps.-a..s *at t_,e .zere-
*rtrivy were Presidedr. Ekoyta, Prime' Minis-
ter Simmonds and' Prime Minister Robin-
Communique Was Issued
Business session of the Confererce started
on July 4th a contid c in to July 712, when
a comrMuniq ue vas issued.

The Conference also issu the "Grand.
Anse Declaraton & Wo,-rk Progrnaffmre for
te A.viantemernt tae i.egra t ov e-
mars in y?-h I ,Eeis Aof -'-..r ,me nt
pledged. 9 t 11 S to "t i'fillm e.t of all :
remaririug obligatiors of the Treaty of
Chaguiaramnas by 4th Ju-y 1993, the 20th:
anx versar-yofCARICOM.

Amrnong other things, 1be Declaration calls
for esTablshment of an Assm ly of
Caribbeani Co-nr-r tyPara -entar ans.

There is also to be estahtisbe, no later ~han
October Isl iN~,, a tra .eveEn6FA West
hldian CorriAy>n fott amir Wg t* goals'
of th Treeay of CQequaer. Thee
Corrmis.on is to be c-r. rised. ,f eof ine.Wt.
West [mlians a-rd its C'hairrman vll be
Guyanese Sir Shridath Ramnphal,
--Colmnoniwealth Secretary G nerai.

It calls also for ehimintion, by December
1990, of the reqairesentr f-r passports for
CAR ICO-M A tinis t.rae igg to .other,
Please See CARICO M Pape 4

-~---~` -~I----~




"49X of .ktNTiL's profits, owned 6b Caefi
& irverduss, wifL ye onenwss"

r.ment bhandered fi anc-iall last
J nuary vrhen itc i merged the Grenada
Telephone Comp'an2y 7ith the Greinda pl nt
of Crbie & Wireless .WI) Ltd t.
form Granada T lecosmmacations

outflow for all time-
The m'mopol9Y on teecornicaions
Enjoyed by Cshe & Wireless voud have
expired in 1992 and Dr Bu boo feels it
Iowa would have been better to wait until
Then to t.ecide on the future of
.teiecorimmniica'1tionrs in the State.

I This opnion was expressed at a -:
press conference on June 29th e Goesn~I had no eo-
by Dr Davison BAhoo, tre- amicM rCatioal for going
Inada born fonrr Sfemr into te mae- ge., ha said, it
Economi-t wi% -h Te IrAntr- was trapped for funds and
rnatval MorateryL FVi ("\F, by agreeing to establishment
a.rr.h s:ai Go~vernoni. t- !A of GRENTEL, it fore-
gone. ino this m-er-e onlv closed its options for
because it wa- shoof cah. """ the sake of fuMds which
M.uch -Highe Rev e :'.-' er con smed in one
Gover t receid S.o y
US$17 million out of the da jl DaVISOIr Bu ton
and holds 515' of GRENTEL, am organ-
isation w-ich Dr Bu iidhoo corjceded vil t
proXWZ maurh hAghet- rTvW e -aixiX profit Z e Oren da_________
thant4Oytlhj ge. e& yet NE $v SL ETT ER
that a better op-io was open tC sz>wrn-
irsnt. Founded 17th Agupst 1973
399th Issue
"The point I am making is that 49% coLurMB& imiaNBirr
of GRENTEL's profits owned by anuA MOOR~ cA~Or AWARD Js 34
Cable &c Wireiless will go ovefse Subscriion Pes
he said, "and the outgoing dviends Payalbe in AAvaaceC
from ibis 49% is mwch more than Postage Paid By Secomd Class Air Mail
what it would have been if Govern- f ment had gone on the open market fct s EC
and borrowed the money it needed ".
LO fsaRsm $f 5@ $ t43.00
If GCemrY mk .ha by, e mon-ey tn~r 1r 20 lntes $2SWI7- $ 77. T.
iroi haiW we. e ac outtt&l ot f resojircej-s in.
repayent. over tfa or fifteen years, b, 40 issues. $3.9000 $14.~0
said, but with Cable & Wireless ovning About 2 Issu3es piOaisheni Annnaly
shares in GRENTEL, trhre ill be an ..


Page 3

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 8th July 1989

Page 4 Saturday 8th July 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

CARICOM toxm~i-mr e. !jiit" s .petifymg 2
date fo>r imps- wntation i% tvals Aso for
elimination of tih reqrqwaBnt for vork
permits for CA-. ,fCOMltnaionas, bagimning
vith the visual and performing arts, sports
and the media, traveling to CARICOM
countries for specific region events.
Tripartite Conferece
In the cowmca2mnique, the Conference
accepted a propose that a tripartite
conference of Heads of Government and
representatives of the Private Sector and
Labour be beld in Trinidad in the lafttr alf&
of P9T&C. That t.reTrte Biril d -ternim -
the strateg--ard pon cies R' ich s i.ud be
ad.opt.ed. to maet tbase. ctaltenges of
economic dvelopmntar. and, iantegraiorn
likely to face the region in the 21st century.

the concept of "Community of Interest".

The torimmiiqe presses te fieirig of
xuwe6rtanwt aA. cseomaes garYetad in t3e
region ky the Singt E Z'oje -at &-A the.
European Comrtri. .iare.m1t da to be
implemented in 1992.
A Real Threat
The concept of "free ciru cation" could pose
a reai threat to the region's traditiorn pro-
ducts, especially b-anas, the comm22z ique
says, but the Corifraznce vealcered the
assuranceT gven by the European Comm-
unity [EC) that the African Cariboean &
Pacific Stt'es (ACP) wbhch have :r&rAicns

*thi dvT'Iprelnt.

,I.flmaf flj155fl11mffi Ty n flimn um1


'WitFml .i II,,I*Ifl Im,6I

The Conrferen ce k
considered the-
control of drug trafficki' g aA drug W
abuse and agreed that a mij tfiateral
force be established under the aegis of the
United Nations. That force, the comm-
unique says, 7ili provire assistance i
par'tijlar s ilationis reqaring in-Aitigence
and inAerdittion tapaoilies beyons tke
resources of itrdiidual Statas.

The Heads expressed satisfaction with
the progress made towards establish-
ment of a Carifbbea Court of Appeal
to replace the Privy Coucil and
agreed to establishment of a regional
Judicial Service Comzassaio respon-
sible for appointment of Judges of
the Court, other than the President of
the Court
Groth Of Tojism
The. Co ara ecrdd rtes ".atiL
of the pivotal role- of Trir ad. & Tokago's
airline B, B in the growt ot tourism mi
the Eastern Caribbeian and agreed that the
Eastern Caribbeai Stafes v-l ai-e parties to
the Mutiiatersr Air Traspro.rt Agreement
vould jointly neTgoiate a multilatterc air
transfprt agreement between themselves
and thiUaiteqtd Kjtgtdomr.

The States concerned are Antigua,
B-arb-ds., Gr-ada, Gauaa St. Lc4a, St.
Kittslevis a. ti. Triied aa Tobagl, -ar the
negotiations ?with the U.K. -4i1 be based on

f The Coerenc t, sued a

a.that based on


an mdearstmad-
ing that a process of reform is being
initiated in Haiti, a team of CARICOM
Fonreigni MiisteYs shvo,-&A vjsit H:a, 'l
YespoinB t the (Xt Wo W? Haitian
Governrawmt, to txeet a vid zcvs-s&ction
of the Haitian people ai reaffirm CARL-
COM's solidarity vith therm.

The Mi'itei- rs vi be dran-v from The
&ahamas, Jemaica, St Luctia anid TriidadM &
Conferment Of The Honour
At the 9th meeting of the Conferer.ce of
Heads of Government. consideration vas
given toA impierneinrAtioQ o0f the pToposal
with regard t-e ijenirA c- the h nc- 'aur of
"The O(her f ters O&aibean"
onouttar-dirg C .RICOM C atiorials.

The I Oth meeting of the Conference amged
1Member Governments to expedite their
consideratFin of tie draft Inter-Govern-
ment, Agreement for the creation .of the
Order so as to permit the first avwars to be
nado at the 11 th. mooting.

The Conference decided that its next
meeti-ng, tne 11th, vi-w be eM In mffica
aA the 1211 vii be iY 'BcKitts.
t --- ----



The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 8th July 1989 Page 5


flr DIrrius openeI the ojfice door to
instigated and found himself looking down
ti barred of tascombe's .45 eadibre frvoLver

Grenada's Assistat. Comrnmissioner
of Police, Grafton Bascombe, 45.
talked into the 'office of Acting Com--
missioner of Police, Cosmus Raymond, 46,
and shot Raymond twice in the chest killing
him instantly.

Bascombe, vh:o ha. been on secondment
from the St Vincent Police Force since
September 1988, arrived that day at Police
Headquarters, Fort George, overlooking St
Geores harbour, shortly after 11.00 am.
Raymond Was Dead
He inquired of a I
secretary whether "the S
Chief" was in office
and, on receiving an

announced by the secre- -
tary and entered Ray-
mond's office. Within a
minute, shots were
heard and Ramonr was
dead.. i

In an adjoining office, a I '
meeting was taking fIV
place. It was the office "
of the Deputy Com- I
missioner of Police, The Late Co
Barbadian born Mr Acting Commi
Collins Barrov, 56 r.ho
was on secondme.n from the St Lucia Police

With him were the Political Officer of the
United States Embassy, John Butler, 3:3, Mr
Roy Sullivan, Administrative Officer of the
United States Embassy, Assistant Superin-
tendent of Police Daniel Searles, and
Superintendent of Police Morris Darrius.
Looking Dovn The Barrel
Hearing the shots, Mr Darrius opened the
office door to investigate and found himself
looking down the barrel of Bascombe's .45

calibre revolver. Bascombe pulled the
trigger and. Mr Darrius narrowly escaped
death as he took quick evasive action.

Butler was not as fortunate. He died
instantly as Bascombe shot him tvice in the
back. Bascombe then proceeded to shoot
Mr Barrow in the leg and Mr Searles in
both legs.
Ran To The Veranda
According to a statement from the Prime
Minister's office, made by Mr Albert
Xavier, Advisor to the Prime Minister,
Basco,-mbs then ran to
the veranda of the upper
floor of the building
- (where the shootings
took place), and thIre
3 his gun ard -his cap on to
St-he parking lot below.

He then ran down a
flight of steps to the
parking lot and on to the
Criminal Investigation
Department (CID),
some three hundred
yards away, were he
was put in a cell.

smus Raymond A E witness accounts
ssioner of Police deny this. Bascombe
did not run to the CID,
they say. -e ws apprehended in the
parking lot and "dragged" to the CID.
Disclosed That He Was Dead
The Government statement says that, after
Bascormbe was placed in the cell, "it was
subsequently disclosed that. he was dead".

A report from, Dr Robert Hamnon, the
pathologist attached to the Grenada General
Hospital, made public on June 28th, says
Bascombe died from "cardiac arrest". It
says also that the body had a wound about
Please See POLICEMAN Page 6


Page 6 Saturday 8th July 1989 The Grenada Newsletter I

1.5" above and lateral to the left eye. There
was a bruise and cut on the left cheek bone
and concussion in the left cerebral hemis-
Very High Blood Pressure
With Dr Hannon's report was released a
report from Bascombe's doctor, whose
name was withheld. That report said X-
ray pictures disclosed that Bascombe had. an
enlarged heart. It said also that Bascombe
had had a medical examination on the day of
the shootings (28th) and had registered a
very high blood pressure reading of 210
over 120.

In an interview with
July 3rd, Grenadi-an
barrister, Mr Anlem
Clouden, said that
acting on behalf of
Bascombe's widov,.
Mrs Camelia Bas-
combe, he had obtain-
ed an order from thi
Coro.r, Magistrate
Miss Patricia Mark,
holding the body in

The purpose of this, Mr Cloden said, vas
to permit an independent forensic patho-
logical examination to be performed and he
expected that Dr Chandu La, a Trinidad
based pathologist, would arrive in Grenada
that. day to perform an autopsy.
Breach Of Confidence
That examination took place on July 4th in
the presence of Dr Hannon and members of
the Police Force, and Dr Lal returned to
Trinidad but, tIwo days later (6th), Mr
Clouden told NEWSLETTER Dr Lal had
accused the Grenadian authorities of unLeth-
ical behaviour and breach of confidence.

"During the course of Dr La's
examination", Mr Clouden said, "be invited
questions and comments from persons
present. Certain questions were answered
which were not intended to be conclusive
statarzents, so, any Grrnada Govenrmernt
reports about his firnd.ings are premature
andr inconsistent with the good faith
arrangements under which the police offi-
cers and Dr Hannon were allowed to be

Mr Clouden said the reference to "Grenada
Government reports" is to a statement over
Radio Grenada which said Dr Lal's
examination had confirmed Dr Hannon's
finding that death was due to cardiac arrest.
Dr Lal was upset over this, Mr Clouden
said, because he took back to Trinidad
specimens of tissue from various vital
organs and would not make a final report
until he had completed examination of
Charge Of Unethical Behaviour
Dr Lal's charge of unethical behaviour and
breach of confidence, Mr Clouden said, had
been relayed to him by
Mr Stanley John, a lav-
yer in St Vincent repre-
senting Mrs Bascombe.

Mr Clouden said
Basrombe's son Curtis,
together with Curtis'
uncle, came to Grenada
on; -Ja 4th and took the
tbody back to St Vincent
on July 5th by chb tered

-,r al -had given the
family an insight into his
findings when Ihe ruled, out the wotmds on
the body as being the cause of death, Mr
Clouden said, and the pathologist had
confirmed also that Bascome had had an
enlarged heart.
Evidence Of Concusssion
Dr Lal had iound evidence of concussion,
Mr -Coudten said, Sbut had made no corrinent
as to whether it ;as a contributing factor to
death. Concerning the tissue samples
taken back to Trinidad Mr Clouden said
this exarinration was beng done because Dr
Lal had not found "certain things" he had
expected to find. His report had not yet
been received, Mr Clouden said.

In an interview vith NEWSLETTER in
Grenada on July 5th, Prime Minister James
Mitchell of St Vincent confirmed that on
June 28th, the day of the shootings, h had
paid a flying visit to Grenada and had hild
discussions with Prime Mienister Blaize.

He also confirmed a statement from Mr
Xavier that, on Friday 23rd June, six days
Please See POLICEMAN Page 7

--- 1

The tGrenada Newlettter 1

Page 6

Saturday 8th~ July 1989

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday BtkJly 1989 Page 7



i I ~ PI W
"Tfi twa's an isotftted
itncwidt -with no politicuf ....
connections or over tnes Mr Ben JoUe
Fuia'tso emve "_________

ter, Ben Jones, told a meeting of Caribbean
&Communityv CARICOM) Trade Ministers
on June 30th that the CARICOM Heads of Government
Conference, scheduled to open in Grenada on July 3rd,
would definitely come off.
Tragic Shooting
Mr Jones' assurance came in the wake of reports that,
because of the tragic shooting, on Wednesday 28th
June, of Acting Commissioner of Police, Cosmos
Raymond, and United States diplomat, John Butler, the
Conference would not take place.

"This was an isolated incident
with no political connections or
overtones whatsoever", he told
the Ministers, "anid those of you
who have visited the city of St
Georges will have observed that
things are normal, that peace and
calm obtains there, there is no
disturbance and no involvement
of the population"

Mr Jones' statement completely
Please See JONES Page 9

before the shootings, he (Mitchell)
requested Bascombe's return "before
sun sets".


That request, the Prime Minister said, had
been made because it had come to his
attention that, through an administrative
error, Bascombe had been drawing tvwo
salaries, one from the Grenada Government
and one from the St Vincent Government-
Entitled To His Services
'"I immediately phoned Prime Minister
Blaize", Mr Mitchell said, "and requested
that Bascombe be sent back to St Vincent
immediately. If I was paying his salary,
then St Vincent vas entitled to his services".

Mr Mitchell said tha, had he lived,
Bascombe vould not have had,to answer for
the administrative btungle made by the St
Vincent Government because it had not
been his fault.
In a radio broadcast on June 30th, Prime
Minister Blaize said it had not been possible
to respond immediately to Mr Mitchell's

request because, before he could return to
St Vincent, Bascombe vas required to
account for certain funds entrusted to him
in connection with "Trade Winds '89", the
joint security exercise staged recently in
Was Unsatisfactory
Mr Blaize said tha tt thataccounting, (to
Acting Commissioner of Police Raymond),
started on Monday 26th June but was
unsatisfactory and v-was to be resumed on
Tuesday 27th June. However, Bascombe
reported ill on that day and, when he
arrived at Police Headquarters on Wed-
nesday 28th June, the day of the shootings, it
was expected that the financial accounting
vould have been continued.

The body of John Butler was flown to the
United States by BWIA on June 29th and a
Government source told NEWSLETTER
that Raymond will be accorded a State

~~;i .UAH""""""""


Page 8 Saturday 8th July 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



The political wi which existed in 1987 has been lost

itchell of St Vincent,
Interview in Grenada vith
LETTER on July 5th, charged th
Minister Herbert Blaize of Gre.
assumed a new position with ref(
the proposed political unity of me
the Organisation of East Caribbe
Mr Mitchell referred to Mr
Blaize's welcome speech at the
official opening of the 10th
meeting of the Conference
of Heads of Government of the
Caribbean Community, (then
taking place in Grenada) in
which Mr Blaize referred to the
collapse of the West Indies
Federation in 1962 and said.
"At present, there is little
immediate prospect for ":-
another political unity". ..

"That is a new position by
Mr Mitchell said, "we certain
that his position on the iss
more positive than that".

When, in May 1986, he first proposed
OECS unity at a meeting of OECS Heads of
Government in Tortola, British Virgin
Islands, there had been very favourable
regional response, Mr Mitchell said, but
since then the momentum has been lost.
Momentum Has Been Lost
That momentum has been lost, he said, in
spite of clear signals vith reference to the
international community. Prime Minister
Mitchell pointed to the consolidation of a
proposed common market in Europe, the
getting together in trade of the United States
and Canada, the prospect of Mexico seeking
closer trade links vith the United States and
what he saw as many other signs of inter-

JAMES national consolidation.
in an
NEWS- Against that background., and the struggle in
at Prime the Caribbean to retain identity, he said., the
nada has quest for unity by the small islands is even
erence to more urgent now than ever it has been
mbers of historically.
an States
Prime Ministers Eugenia Charles and John
Compton of Dominica and St
Lucia are still interested in
.the proposal for political
unity, Mr Mitchll said.
He is not sure, however,
e h said, how far "the
message" has been carri-
-- ed in St Lucia, but he is
certain that it has not been
carried at all in Grenada.
Tnitiative Must Evolve

-*.According to Mr Mitch-
d{ ell, Mr Blaize's posit-
e sister Jasion is that the initiative
must evolve from the
people. Mr Mitchell agreed that the people
Blaize", ust be consulted but he holds strongly to
nly felt the view that new directions in societies do
sue vas not come from the masses but from

The Leevard islands, Antigua and St
Kitts/Nevis, have indicated they are inter-
ested only in functional co-operation and
not in OECS political unity, Prime Minister
Mitchell said, but he (Mitchell) had hoped
there could still be a unity of the Windward
Islands, Grenada, St Vincent, St Lucia and

Mr Mitchell said he is now "bone
tired" trying to convince people of
the obvious advantages of political
consolidation, and he feels nov that
he has gone as far as he can_

Please See MITCHELL Page 9



~w ~P~HUIU

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 8th July i989 Page 9

JONES From Page 7
contradicted the impression given by the
statement made to the Barbados based "EC
News" newspaper by St Vincent's Prime
Minister, James "Son" Mitchell, after his
flying visit to Grenada on Wednesday 28th

"I have been advised by my own security
people who accompanied me to Grenada",
he said, "that I should avoid attending the
summit, given the prevailing circumstances
and mood in the country".

Mr Mitchell told "EC News" he had held
discussions with Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize and expressed "deep reservations on
a number of related matters". In the
process, he said, he indicated to Mr Blaize
he did not think he could return to Grenada
to take part in the Conference.
Assurances Were Unnecessary
Replying to Mr Jones, Chairman of the
Trade Ministers' meeting, Deputy Prime
Minister of St Lucia, George Mallet, said
almost every CARICOM member country
was represented at the meeting and the
consensus was that Mr Jones' assurances
v.were unnecessary.

"We who have been here for the past few
days or arrived yesterday", he said, "are
satisfied that there is no suggestion of
disquiet or anxiety in your beautiful Spice
Isle", he said.

Present at the meeting, which was in
preparation for the Meeting of the CARI-
COM Heads on Monday 3rd July, were the
Trade Ministers of Antigua, Belize, Bar-

bados, Dominica,
Jamaica, St Lucia,
Trinidad & Tobago.

Grenada, Guyana,
St Kitts/Nevis and

Mr George Mallet

Absent were the Trade Ministers from
Montserrat and St Vincent Montserrat
having indicated. some time ago, its
inabiity to be present.
Extensive Consultations
In a release issjejd on July Ist the CARI-
COM Secretariat said it had been advised,
that day, that, following extensive consult-
ations with his CARICOM colleagues, Mr
Mitchell would attend the Conference.

In an interview in Grenada vith NEWS-
LETTER on .Juy 5th. Mr Mitchell confirm-
ed that his decision attend the Conference
was made after he had had telephone dis-
cussions with Prine Ministers Eugenia
Charles of Dominirca, Erskine Sandiford of
Barbados and A N R Robinson of Trinidad
& Tobago.

The non-standard-English word =jook"is
common to all English speaking countries
of the Caribbean. It means "to prick or

For instance, one takes care not to be
lookedd" by thorns while picking roses, or
one gets a "nail-jook" in the foot if one
steps on the point of a nail.

In Trinidad, this word has- evolved another
step. To deliberately run a sharp instrument
into someone is to "cfhook" them. A
"chook", therefore, is an intentional

MITCHELL From Page 8

The political vill which existed in 1987
has been lost, he said. He is still very
interested in the original proposal of
OECS political unity and he would go
into it with St Lucia and Dominica if
those States are still interested, but he
would not link St Vincent in a political
union with any other single State of the

The Grenada Newsletter

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Saturday 8th July 1989

Page 9

i yp~bq2i~jg~ ~;iC prje~ 3~~ ~;i%_lCr
I=IIC lie lial~P~Prj~ J1S
~~T~~9~VsIK)~i tj: 3_F ~~la~bs,4

Page 10 Saturday 8th July 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




"We -r e ntcrinq a wor
in which evwfimqei wil ber
tfw critical ingredlint for
economic progre es Drs Aliter Mnt

towards the 20th Century, the
University of the West Indies must
be seen more and more as an instrument of

This opinion was expressed by Grenada
born Dr Alister McIntyre, 58, Vice Chan-
cellor of the University, in an interview
vith NEWSLETTER in Grenada on July
The Critical Ingredient
"It is quite evident" he said, "that we are
entering a world in which knowledge will
be the critical ingredient for economic

Raw materials or cheap labour no
longer give a sufficient advantage in
producing goods and services, he
said, instead knowledge has become
the vital input to the productive
process -

Because of this, he continued, the
University has to ensure that, both by its
output of graduates and. by its impact on the
overall educational system, it educates and
equips the young people of the Caribbean to
rodernise their economies as the region
moves into the 21st century.
A False Impression
There is a false impression, he said, that the
Caribbean is better off than other develop-
ing countries as far as tertiary education is

The international figures shove, the Vice
Chancellor said, that, in the Caribbean,
Barbados is the only country which has
more than 5% of the university age populat-

ion enrolled at the tertiary level. This is a
very low figure, he said, compared with
most of Latin America and Asia where the
figure is between 10% and 20%.

"In Europe it is in the 30% to 40% range",
he said, "while in North America it is over

The reason for the ilo figure in the Carib-
bean is that the education system has not
expanded at the tertiary level comrmerisurate
with the growth in population, Dr McIntyre
Slightly Lover Population Figure
Quoting figures to support his point, the
Vice Chancellor said that, in Singapore,
with a population of 2.6 million people,
there are 18,000 students enrolled in science
and technology at the tertiary level.
Jamaica vith just a shghtly lower populat-
ion figure of 2.2 million has only 1,800
students at this level.

Comparing results at the Cambridge "A"
level, Dr Mcintyre said Singapore has over
5,000 students taking mathematics and
science with an 80% pass rate while
Jamaica has some 325 students with a 40%
pass rate and Trinidad & Tobago has some
650 students witha 50% pass rate.

"What is happening at the tertiary
level reflects the fact that the prim-
ary and secondary systems are not
delivering to each other level the
numbers of people that they should',
he said, "and the deficiencies are
most apparent in the areas of English
Language, Mathematics and Science'
Please see MCINTYRE Page 11

The Grenada Nevsletter

Page 11




&, attend the 32r Conwentior and
AnnualJ GeneraJ Aestig of the Caribbea
Confederation of Credit Unions 1 CXCCU) to
be held in Grenada from Atoust 6th to 12th

This w asais&tek' *ka press tMoefee on
Jurn 27th hy Mr Syvd.y MBithett, President
of the Grenada Credit Union Leag-je


nggUrryng groa Pa1e I
The University has, this year, launched a
pilot scheme in Jamaica in a drive to correct
this, te Vice CWhanceor said, Wad m the

ers are beisg jt cn tpo \grade their
trainimg in thaea tiarea sutects.. PLazts cte to
expand. this scherae to tih rest of the Carib-
bean, he said, making use of the Urnier-
sity's Distance Teaci-. g Experiirent UWMI-
Wide Spread Perception
There is a wide spread perception in the
Organisation Of East Caribbean States
(OECS), the Vice Chancellor said, that the
campus territories of the UnivErsitv Trini-
dad & Tobago, Brez~c.s, airrA ai aata, get
most 'tf wttzntr frownm t Ur zeTsit -at-
the expense of the ror-raxrs territsrs.

Even if this is not correct in quantitative
terms, Dr Mcfntyre said it is a perception
vbich camuot be ignored and the firm line
has been taken that, o;wr the next fiw va wtrs,
a principal priority for the rUiversity mill
be to braig l.:i rsTijlevel teaching to all of
the tertiary Con1ed.s in the O'rganisation COf
East Caribbean States (OECS) that. can
absorb it

Coreyrming finSari, the VYk 16 CaFMl yor
said Prcress fAn Las aigrPa to be Intar-
national Patroriotf the jUiverrsity's Devlop-
ment Fund and a comprehensive structure
for funa raising, involving a/l M of the.
University's Caribbea. terriories as vell
a the Urited Kmgin m, Coa-Ma -an the
United States, is being put together.

[ GCUL), and he said the meeting is not only
a "pus" for Qrenada t'. iir ibe Carib bea
nte Vgr atin imTelSment.

!"RjgiAral Caity is spoen L aL indirect
Plmase Se CREDIT UtION Page 13

The Universit F alumni are also assisting
the Developmenti Fund. Dr McLntyre said
*ad. ^SpearAik laxrn RMAeit. Conferece
h-l. I, taF3iw tGeC mpedged
al h- -.iAg d
.i t.En is-5ica G il~a f radates is
orki g towalrc a 1 1 _i3a"in tar get.

The Vice Chancellor said the University, as
a builder of rgionai identity and a

the potent f-, Tre g is-f"r Caribbean
pe-ople, is -a p-tr"~ f, Jin the interation
Fai Mito The ITrap
For this rea son, e said. t is is hoe lat
: -te"i.i"s- shi-hppeo-- t ho- ?rsity

iAks zto U -wit-SYS % h A Moina
caripus heing or -..ia 'ans the St
Augustine caps r for rindadians and the
Cave Hill cap us for Barbadia s.

"In the contemp.-,vry world i. which we
lUvs^Dr Mc42yessd, "the 2 i!ersity is a
vita& ist1tutit frTgroLwth in the Caribtean
and must ui-'n nev p- artnerslips with the
vnon-,ovrn Ue. comnumity which, so
Tar, nithas ha a ocrelaTimy ips".
UWXT a, st st te ts. r i irA vgany-es the
course of dechae oIn moy of thte iaor
isss facing t1w,, be sa- anl
by its work,, research and outside
Sactiies, mlrtt ~ur:fi the clear promise the
institu.t.ion hilds.

Saturday 8th July 989

a -Wfs ^WCKwa-!WMa.

Page 12 Saturday 8th July 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




iretnadu's savins went overseas wkAif the
SGvernment vers searcFinq for JrMds

Grenada born former Senior Econ-
omist with the International Monet-
ary Fund (IMF), expressed strong adverse
views at a press conference here on June
28th, with reference to IMF recommen-
dations concerning the Banking Sector in
Grenada under a 1988-90 Structural Adjust-
ment Programme.

Those recommend-
ations are that Gov-
ernment reduce its
indebtedness to local
commercial banks
and review its inter-
est rate policy to
facilitate growth of
bank credit to the
Private Sector and
determine the need
for the present inter-
est rate ceiling.
'"I disagree with
this", Dr Budhoo
said, "because in any
major restructuring
of the economy, the
Barking Sector nit
reorganized and a C

Dr Daviso

st. be

Bank establish-

Grenada is a member of the East
Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) and
Dr Budhoo said he advocates, "very
explicitly", that Grenada get out of
that Bank and establish its own
Central Bank.

What obtains in Grenada at present, he said.,
is the "Gold EEchange Standard of the 19th

Century"' where the money supply in the
island is backed 100% by foreign e-change.

This means, he said, that the economy is
dependent entirely on economic aid and/or
foreign exchange earnings for exports,
including Tourism.
Being Accumulated Abroad

A large percentage

of domestic savis
generated m Grena-
da, he said, is being
accumulated abroad.
The Commercial
Banks in the island
do not find a large
enough number of
loans vhich they care
to take up, he said,
and the surplus do-
mestic savings they
hold are deposited
vith ECCB.

.T.-_he ECCB, given
j its automatic policy
of 100% cover of its
mnra7ny supply", Dr
n Budhoo Budhoo said, "depos-
Sits these savings over-
seas so that, between 1984 and 1987, EC$50
million of Grenada's savings vent overseas
while the Government was searching for
fumds and. the Private Sector found diff-
iculty in finding funds for profitable invest-
Grenada's Representative
Dr Budhoo said he was Grenada's
representative at the negotiations with the
other Governments of the Organisation of
East Caribbean States (OECS) vwen the
Central Bank was formed.
Please See BANK Pa e 13

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