The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00385


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Page 5


Tlhe Grenada NewsletterSaudy2tJne1S


SUMMIT Fom Page 4
COM nationals. I

These matters bave already been discussed.
by the Region's Attorneys General, the
release says, arnd their Report on progress
made in the necessary legal steps to launch
these institutions will be before the Heads
for further examination.
Emergency Disaster Relief
In addition, the release says, the Heads will
consider proposals by the, Barbados
GovernTmeZrA for establishme-rA of an
Assembly of CARIC3OM Parlianertarian
and for a tchasism for er-rgercy
disaster relief inCARICOAM.


Suriname, the Dominican Republic and
Haiti are. observers to the deliberations of
the Standing Committees of Ministers
responsible for Agriculture, Transport,
Health, Labour and Science & Technology.
Establish Formal Relations
During the last meeting of the Heads, in
Antigua, the Conference agreed to establish
formal relations vith the Netherlands
Antilles, Turks & Caicos and Anguilla. The
British Virgin Islands is Tno seeking
Aszoci-ae Membership of the Co-nmmaity.
The Hea.s will thae a Report on the
progress made with regard to these
comit.ries' inrterests".


have suggesteAd Mas-
ures to upgrade the Regiorn's
warning system and training in a
range of disaster relief skills, he
release says. For consideration also are
suggestions put forward by the Pan ':
Caribbean Disaster Preparedness &. Pre-
vention Project.

A status Reperton the Regieiral Progrznsi-ac
for Drug Abuse ,-at2.en-t &7 CControl vlt
be tabted at the Confererce ad., in seeking
to further strengthen the Region's resolve
and international community commitment
to deal with this problem, the .lamaica (Gv-
ernrment ill present a paper on Contrl of
Drug Abuse & Drug Trafickiz .
International Crimimal Court
Before the Conference will be a proposal of
the Government of T'rinidad & Tobago for
establishmerA of Corrmissions of Inquiry
and an InIterTaiot Crimi C oinimIt, nthe
release s3ay, and, in thiLS co section, tie
Heads vill discuss the prosecutin of certain
offenses which ca hbe regarded, as inter-
national crimes.

"The Community has been ssteratically
enhacingits relations with rno-CAR ICOM
Caribbean counties since 194", the release
say. "This has been pursued at different
levels. The non-CARICOM countries of


..W At the international
level, the Heads vill
focus on the issue of debt, in particular the
debt of small middle income countries, and
this discussion will be led tb tihe Jamaica
GOcetrrant. This issx- is not only an
Ifternatint&YIa pkienomenrn, the release says,
but i. of grave importanK e to all CARI-
COM countries the heavily indebted, and
the others whose trade depends on the
markets of those heavily indebted.
Signed An Agreement
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
grey out of the Caribbean Free Trade
Association (CARIFTA) which was born in
December 1965 when the Heads of
Govermnent o? Antigua, Barbados and
Guyana signed an Agreemerm at. Dickenson
Bay in Antigna.

That Agreemaent, hovvever, vras not imple-
mentted ani. CAR.IFTA d.id. not come into
effect until May 1st 1968 when a new
Agreement was signed by Antigua, Bar-
bados, and Trimndad & Tobago. Dominica,
Grenada, St Kitts/Nevis/Anguilla, St Lucia
and St Vincent became members on 1st July
Please See SUIMMT Page 6


1


t
The "--"- ~-~~1~++"~
~~le~B~IEL Irlt~rsre~~s~s


Saturday 24th June 1989






Page 6 Saturday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Nevsltter

JOINT FORCES STAGE REGIONAL

SECURITY EXERCISE


U TNTED STATES MAJOR GEN-
eral H Stagpole, addressing the
troops in Grenada on June 23rd at
the closing ceremony of a five day regional
security exercise, placed Grenada in a
special position.

"You stan on soil, here in Greaada,
in one of the fe countries in the
western hemisphere which does not
SUMMIT From Page 5
1968 and Jamaica and Montserrat on 1st
August of the same year. Belize's
application to join was accepted by the
Council in March 1971 and that country be-
came a member in May 1971.

The Treaty of Chaguaazamn, establishing
the Caribbea Coxmmmity (CARP ICOM),
including the Caribbeaz Corcim n Market,
was signed, on 4th July 1973 at
Chaguaramas, Trinidad.

Signatories were the Governments of Bar-
bados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad &
Tobago, and the Treaty took effect on 1st
August 1973 in those four countries which
became known as the More Developed
Countries (MDC).
Remaini Former Membersn
The eight smaller countries of the Region,
the remaining fornQr rmebers of CAPR-
IFTA, became Members of CARICOM on
1st May 1974, and were known as the Less
Developed Countries (LDC). The
Bahamas became the 13th Member of the
Community on July 4 th 1983.

The members of the Community ard
Common Market are Antigua & Barbuda,
The Bahamas (of the Community only' ,
Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grerada,
Guyana, Jarraica, Montserrat, St. Christ-
opher &. Neis, St Lizri St Vin~ent & The
Grenadires ard Trinidad & Tobago.

The supreme organ of the Community is the
Conference of Heads of Government and
the principal organ of the Corrmmon Market
is the Conmon Market Council.

There are ten institutions of CARICJOM
responsible for formulating policies and


take liberty for granted" he told the
military parade. "You have had the
experience in Grenada of almost los-
ing it'

There are persons, he said, who say the
threat to liberty is diminished, but the price
of being vigilant is worth making sure that
it stays constant.
Some 500 Men And Women
nAoled in the esertise, tode =arned
Trade- WiNds 99", verse on Sal500 nand
vworn, t im contringents from. Trinidad,
Jamaica, the United States Virgin Islands,
Britain, the United States and the Regional
Security Systemn (RSS) embracing Barbados
Please See SECURITY Page 7

performing functions in relation to co-
operation in services. These are the
Conference of Ministers responsible for
Health and the Standing Committees of
Ministers responsible for Education,
Science & Technology, Foreign Affairs,
Agriculture, Mines, Energy &. Natural
Resources, Irndustry, Transport, FiTrace
and Labour.
Seven Associate Institutions
Their re tae als, even Associate Institutions
under the Treaty. These are the Carib-
bean Development Bank, the Caribbean
Examinations Counil, the Caribbean
Meteorological Organisation, the Council
of Legal Education, the University of
Guyana, the University of the West Indies
and the West Indies Shipping Corporation.

Mr Fred Cozier was the first Secretary-
Gereral of CARrFTA, serving from 1968
to 199 ia being stEseeded by Mr William
Dems. Mr Denas served as S~retary-
General of CARIFTA from 1970 to 1973
and vas the first Secretary-General of
CARICOM vhen that body was established
in 1973.

Shortly afterwards, in 1974, Mr Demas was
succeeded by Dr Alister McIntyre ito was
succeeded, in 1979, by Dr Kurleigh King.
Dr King served until 1983 until he was
succeeded ? the preserA Secretary-
Gener-al, My R-oderick Rainford.


I





The Grenada Newsletter Sa


THE CARI

HEADS C

GOVERN

HE THIRTEEN HEADS OF
Government of the Caribbeaz
Community (CARICOM) ar
expected to attend the 1lth Meetins
of the CARICOM Heads of Govern-
ment scheduled to open in Grenada
Ion July 3rd






SIECUmT From Pa-g 6
iad the co ies of te C aso of
East Caribbean Sta -, (OE-CS-.
The exercise irlud.ed response to a
sirna.t~i d disaster on Grenada.W sister island
of Carriacou and r"esonse fto "ter.r-ot
inlfiltratsIiis" in Carriacou ai-d at several
points on Crenada, ijnr1ud.nm Point Siaines
Internatiorai Airport where the "terrorists"
took h osttes and escaped intIo th, nearby
countryside.
Attended The Exercise
Major General Str,oie. who is stationed at
Norfolk, Virgini alteded he exercise as
iar obsver and, vih him, In e same
capacity, was Mar -eneral R. R<.cs
Training ari Reserve. Forces of te Briti
Royal Marites.
The semnor officer active in the exercise -as
Captain Ed Rh.des of the Uni ted States
Forces and, in at interview with NE' S-
iLETTER, he said "Trade "'.jnds 39" 1N
been a complete success especially as it. gave
an opportunity for the various units of the
IRSS to work together.
Swas disclose, at a press orrfere a that
the United States provided -tvo hMeicopters
for the e~t Cy-ast Guard Cutier
land two Coast Girr D~tri R,,,,f .


turday 24th June 1989 Page 7


COM

F

ME

Together, they represent competence
in medicine. iaw, education, agri-
culture, journalism and construction
engineerinAg They range in age
from 49 to 79 .and their average age
i just over 6 Fo6Ioving are
brief biogr-aphical notes
Please Se fiEADS Page 8






The British 13,000 ton assault ship
"Intrepid" with helicopters ard landirn
.craft- a-lso took part in tV e:rtise. This











Captain Ed Rhodes

sAip carried a compta of c10 Roal
Marines who provided the terrorists for
the exercise.
B' c.-amp wfr "Tra.e Winds 89" was
kated at. tb nsyr abardorid east coast
PearI Airport which served Grenasa
tetobre t A opening o f Poin. Salis

^*^^^*^:^^ib.M.iii8^^^j -5-~ .,.,I ,i ____ ______







Page 8 Saturday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
HEADS From Page 7

GRENADA
The Right Honourable Herbert Augustus Blaize, P.C., M.PY, J.P,. vas born
on 26th Febiuary 1918, and vas educated at the Grenada Boys SecondarySchool and at
Law School.
Political Career
Mr Blaize was first elected to Parliament in 1957 as Member for the Constituency of
Carriacou & Petit Martinique, a seat. e has held until today. He was Minister of Trade
& Production from 1957 to 10 nd chief Minister from 0 to 11 ad againrom
1962 to 1967.

In 1967, he became. the -is li's first Prermir of Grenada W a State in Association with
Britain. (March.- August)

He was Leader of the Opposition from 1967 until the revolution of March 1979 when
the Constitution .ss sus-pended. Fromt 1984 until the present, he has been Prime
Minister and Mister of Firance.

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA
The Right Honourable Vere Cornwall Bird Sur., Prime Minister,. as born
on 7th December 1910, was educate at- t-fe St .k>m's Poys' Schvool Bar trained as -a
Salvation Army Officer.

Political Career
Mr Bird was elected to the Executive of the Antigiia Trades & Labour Union (ATLU)
in 1939 and became A TLU President in 943.

He was elected to membership of the Legislative Couwil in 1945 and was appointed to
the Executive CouncJJ in 1946. In 1951, he became CJairman of the Committee for
Trade & Production and, in 1956, was made Minister of Trade & Production.

In 1960, Mr Bird became the first Chief Mirnister of Antiiua and, in 1981, the first
Prime Mimster.

BAHAMAS
The Right Honorable Sir yand Oscar Pi adJimg4 K QM._ 41. LL.B,
Prime Minister vas born on 22nd March 193D and vas educated at the Western
Senior School and Government -iU'h School before oinr to the University of London
where he received the degree of LL.B mi 1952. lie was called to the English Bar,
Middle Temple and to the Bahamas Bar in 1953.

Hoard University confe-rred. -n Sir Ly iderLn an kor yar de-gree of Doctor of Laws
in 1973 and. the Uriversity of idarri ca onferred. an.- botnir-orar degree of Doctor of
Human Letters in 1977. Sir Lynden also holds honorary degrees of Doctor of Laws
from Bethune-Cookman College (1978) and Fisk University (1979). He Vras made a
member of Her Majesty's Privy Council in 1976 and, in 1983, -vs elevated to the rank
of Knight Corrmader ofSt Michael and St George.

Political Carear
Sir Lynden joined the then minority Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) in November
1953 shortly after its formation and, in 1956, was elected to the House .ofkA$i .by:1l
va4 fe-M1ie6 b to 46Hote 1ii i2ae d, im i 3 becamee Clairrrman of the P.L.P. In
1964, he was made Leader of the Oppiti iin and led his part to victory in 1%6,
1972, 1977, 1982 arw 1987. Sir Lyrden -as the Bahams first Prim Minister vhen
tho -o ntrh, i..anfl.dnt.on Mvh 10tth 1973.
"a a, -- ..... -- "






The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 24th June 198M Page 9

BARBADOS
The Right Honourable Lloyd Erskine Sandiford M-A., Prime Minister.
was born on 24th March 1937 and was educated at St.Alban's Elementary School,
Coleridge & Parry School and Harrison College, all in Barbados. He attended the
University Coleg e e of the Westindies (now University or the West Indies) from 1957 to
1960 and the University of Manchester, England, from 1961 to 1963. Between 1956 and
1986, Mr Sandifc rd taught at schools amd colleges in Barbaads anr Jaraita -and atthe
Cave Hill Campus (Barbados) of the University of the West Indies.

Political Career
Mr Sandiford has been a member of the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) since 1964 and
was the Party's Assistant Secretary in 1966 and 1967. He served as General Secretary of
the Partyin 1967 and 1968 and was the DLP Vice President from 1972 to 1976. From
1967 to 1971, Mr Stndiford was a Member of thne Barbados Senate and was first elected
to the Barbados House of Assembly in 1971, a position he holds until today. He has been
the Personal Assistant to the Prime Minister, has held the Ministries of Education, Youth
Affairs, Community Development, .Sports, Health and Welfare and, since 1986, had been
Prime Minister with responsibility for Finance and Economic Affairs.


BELIZE
The Right Honourable Manuel Esquivel, Prime Minister, was born on 2nd May
1940 and was educated at Loyola University, New Orleans, 1 S A and at. Bristol
University, the Urited Kingom. Mr Esquivel was an Instructor at St..Jolhfs Junior
College m Belize. -He was appoit311 to ihe Privy Co~uric in March 1986 ard, in May
1986 Loyola Uivrsirty awarded. h an iLhno~ry degree of Doctor of HMuriny
Letters.

Political Career
Mr Esquivel is a foimding member of the United Democratic Party (UDP) which was
established in 1973. He -as Party Chairman from 1976 to 1982 and became UDP
Political leader in 19 82, a post he still holds. From 1974 to 1980, Mr Esqrivel was a
member of the Belize City Council f 1 980, srm a Member of and
Leader of Opposition Busirmess in the Senae. Mr Esquivel lhs been Prime Minister since
the UDP victory at the polls in 1984.

DOMINICA
Miss Mary Eugenia Charles, Prime Minister, was born on May 15th 1919 and
waas educated al the Covnt rA igh School :,i Dominirca, St .oseph's Co ent in-e Greada,
Urniversity of Toronto_, Ca tiada a-d the L-ondISn Scxoi of EcTonoricis, U"ited Kingdom.
She studied -at hia er Tempnle. [ixrs of Curt4 m 146 -a. 1947i., was- caled to the
Eng lsh Bar in 1947 ard was in private practice in Don-iraie from 1949 to 1980.

Political Career
Miss Charles wTas a fbiudiinQg niimber of t'-ie Doinnica Freedom Party when it was
established in 1968 and, in 1968, ws elected President of the Party. She unsuccessfully
contested a seat in the Domrirdca Parliament in 1970 but was appointed a Nominated
Member by the Freedom Party. She as suc-cesful in the elections of 1975 and vas
appointed Leader of the Opposition at that time. in 1979, the Government of the day
vas forced out of office. Miss Charles became Secretary to the "Cormit.tee of National
Salvation" which brought a peacefult and constitutional solution to the crisis.

The Freedom Party w -as suc.ces-s in the 19 General Elections and Miiss Charles
became Prre. Minister with refspzrbility for Finaare., Foreign Affairs, Trade and
Industry. Intl-e 19s L5 Gererz Etectiors s--e led. her party to victory again.
. .. ... .-.. .-... .. .






Page 10 Saturday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

GUYANA
His Excellency Comrade Hugh Desmond Hoyte, S.C., President, as born on
9th March 1929. In 150 be obtaied a Bahelor of Arts degree fromthe University of
London. In 1959, he obtained the LL.B. degree from the Uraersity of Lodon and, in
the same year, qualified as a Barrister at the Middle Temple.

Political Career
Comrade Hoyte as elected a member of the General Council of the Peoples National
Congress (PNC) in 1962 and was first elected to Parliament in 1968. From 1969 to
1970 he was Minister of Home Affairs, from 1970 to 1972, Minister of Finance, 1972 to
1974, Minister of Works and Communications and from 1974 to 1980 Minister of
Economic Development.

In 1990, he was made Vice President with responsibility for Economic Planning &
Finance and, in 1983, was Vice President with responsibility for Production.

Comrade Hoyte became Prime Minister and First Vice PreAidentin Agusst 19%4 arn, on
Aug.st 6thk 1985, was appointed. President.and Political Leader of the PNC.

JAMAICA
The Honourable Michael Norman Manley, Prime Minister, was born
December It i 1924., was educated at Jarraica College and was an honours student at the
London School of Etonornits hhfere, from 195 to 1949, he read for the Bachelor of
Scier~e in Economics.

Mr Manley was attached. to the British Broadcasting Corporation as a journalist from
1949 to 1952 and, subsequently, was Assistant Editor of a Jaraican newspaper.

Since 1952, vhen he was first appointed Union Organiser of the National Workers
Union (NWU), he has been actively involved with the Trade Union Movement.. He
became President of the Caribbean Bausite Mine & Metal Workers' Federation from
1964 to 1972 and, from 1984 until the present, has been President of NWU.

In 1973. Mr Manley was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (Hons) from
Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia, U S A, and in 1973, the GovernrerA of
Veiezuela conferred on himn the Order of the Liberator. The Gcro'ernnrent of Mexico
avArded hIm tqhe Order of the. beican Eagle a! Be i the holder of thi Order of ose
Mart from the Cuban Governrnent.

Political Career
In 1952, Mr Manley vas elected to the National Executive Council of the Peoples
National Party (PNP), and held a seat in the ee Senate from 1962 to 1967.

In 1967, he was made Vice President of PNP, was elected to the House of Representatives
and, in 1969, was elected President of PNP. Following a PNP election victory in 1972,
Mr Manley became Prime Minister.

Mr Ma~ley led his party to victor min 1976 bYt. lost tie G oveonrrimErlnm elecAioiS of
1900 aid. became Leaer of the Oppitin. PN P did not contest te election of 1983
but covered the CGornmeint inthe February 19 8 Ger ral. Elections.

In 1967, Mr Manley was madai Vice Presidaht. of PP and. in 1969, President. of PUP, a
post he still holds.: .

Mr Manley has been Vice President of Socialit. International since 1979 and, in 1983,
was elected Chairman of Socialist International Economic Commission.






The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 24th June 1989 Page 11

MONTSERRAT-
Mr John Osborne, Chief Minister, was born on 27th May 1936 and was educated at
Paddington Technical College in the United Kingdorm where he qualified as a
Construction Engineer.

Pcolitial Gareer
Mr Osborre was first eilete4 to the Legislatie Ciomiml in 166 yai has held a seat in
that Councit until tod.ay. In 1978, he was. elected Political Leader of the Peoples
Liberation Movermfnt. ard., in the sarae year, became Chief Mi~ister and. Minister of
Finance, a post he still holds today.

ST KITTSINEVIS
The Right Honourable Dr Kesiedy Apthouse Simmonds, Prime Minister,
.was born on 12t.h April 1936 a. vwas ed.uvatid. atf a private school and. at the Basseterre
Boys' School. In 1945, he won a scholarship to the. St. Kitts/Nevis Grammar School and,
in 1954 was the Leeward Islands scholarship winner. He attended the University of the
West Indies, and Gualified as a Medical Doctor in 1962. Between 1964 and 1966, Dr
Simzrnors was in medical practice inSt Kitts From 1966, to 196&, he -a Registrar in
Internal MedircineP aM art Prin Hospsital i- th -e Bahamas and from 1968 to 1969
as Resident in Anesthesiology at Pitlt.urcg, U S A. From 1969 to 1980, he was in
medical practice in St Kitts. In 1 97, Dr Simmronds became a FeJlow of the American
College of Anesthesiologists.

Politila Career
Dr Sirnmeids w-'s a f' ation wmrner of tfe People Actin MAerrent (PAM) vben
it. was launched. in 1965 a-nd. IWa the- Vice? President of th. Party from that date until
1976. He was; rad Presiiden. 1976. He unuicessfullty conritest the General Elections
of 1966, 1971 and 1975 but von tie. by-election for fthe seat made vacant by the death of
Premier- Robert BradsMUav in 1979. Dr Simronds led fPM to vctory in the 1980
General Elections and becar r Premier ard minister for FHome & External Affairs,
Trade, Development & Industry. He became Prirm Minister in 1983 when
St.Kitfs/Nevis became independent .ad led his Party to victory again in the General
Elections of 1984 PAM was again victorious in the General Elections of 19,9. Dr
Sinmrronds was appointed to the Privy Council in 1934.

ST LUCIA
The Honourabie John Melvi- Compton~ PriCme Minister,. born in St
ViSraent on May 1st 1926 and -a& edu.ated. t tik G:vern:ment nShtol in St Vinenr t and
the Intermediat.e col in St Lucia. In 194 h8 grd 949, .e stuied la ai e r i-omi.cs at
the j niversit.y College of Wales in the united. KE.ngdom. He at.teruied. thl Lordonr
School of Economics and, from 1948, was at the UTiversity of London and Grays Inn,
London, qualiftfingas a biarister and being called to dhe English Bar in 1950. In 1951
he was called to the St Lucia Bar

Political Career
Mr Cormpton entered politics as an Independent and won a seat to Parliament in the
General Elections of 1954. He joined the St Lucia Labour Party (SLP) in 1956, which
party won the General Elections~ 195, and became Minister of Trade &. Production. He
resigned from ith SLP in 1%6 arzd forned the Ntional Labo-r Move-rinrt fNLM) i
that yra. In 9&4A, ILM merged t 'wi a-oter Opp oition party, ith Peoples
Progressive P-arty, t form ti m United XWorrker; P-arty, (UWPT and Mr Cmrapton was
elected Poltical Lead.er. JUWP vas su -cessfu mt il-pi 1964 Ge~nral Elections and Mr
Compton became Chief Minister. He was Premier when, in 1967, St Lucia became a
State in Association with Great Britain and Prime Minister vhen the island gained
indepenence in February 1979. Although Mr Compton retained his seat in the Genera!
Elections of juy 1979, UUWE lost the Government. Under his leadership, the Party
was returned to porer in the General Elections of 1982 and 1987.






Pae 12 Saturday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

ST VINCENT & THE GRENADINES
The Honourable James Fitz Allen Mitchell, B. Sc., D.I.C.T.A., M.I. Biol.
Prime Minister, was horn on 15th May 1931 ard. atterupd. the rmperia Coflege of
Tropical Agriculture in Trinidad1 and. te University of British Columbia, Canada.

Mr Mitchell has been elected to represent the constituency of the Grenadines in the
General Elections of! 966,1967,1972,1974,1980 and 1984.

From 1967 to 1972 he held the portfolios of Trade, Agriculture Tourism and Labour.
From 1972 to 1974 he was Premier and he has been Prime Minister since 1984.

In 1974, Mr Mitchell was elected Preside-rA of the ItNew Democratic Party. He was made
a Privy Councillor in 1985.

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Mr Arthur Napoleon Raymond Robinson, Prime Minister, w-as born on
October 16th 1926 and was educated at Castara Methodist Primary School and won a
Bovies Scholarship to Bishocp's High School in Scarbcr ough, T obago.

Leaving school m 1945, Mr RoPinsn joirx d t % C-iil S.r-i~ m in following y.ar
while he. studied privately as an etern1a stu.ldet of LoR~no UniUfersity, obtai'ingy the
LL.B. degree in 1949.

Mr Robinson was called to the Bar of the manner Temple, London in 1951. He later
entered St.John's College, Orxfrd Unfversity, and read for a Bachelor of Arts, Honours
Deree, in Philosophy, Politics ar.A Economics.

He returned to Trinidad & Tobago in 1955 and went into private practice.

political Career
Mr Robinson entered politics i 1956 wivth ith imouguration of lhe Peoples Nataioal
Movement (PNM) a.nd became the Party's Treasurer, a posthe resigned in 1959.

He successfully corit.stad. the Fedaral Electiors of l95g ard., fttoowing the break up of
the West Indies Federation, successfully contested, on the PNM ticket, the Tobago seat in
the General Elections of 1961.

Trinidad & Tobago became independent at that time and Mr Robinson was made the first
Minister of Finar2e under the new Corfntiuton, a post he held until 1967.

In 1966, he was elected PNM Deputy Political Leader and in the following year was
made Minister of External Affairs. In 1970 he resigned from the Cabinet and from
the PNM.

Mr Robinson later became tie leader of a group whith e.Qvoed to the political party, the
Democratic Actior Corgress (DAC).

DAC boycotted the 1971 General Elections and, in the General Elections of 1976, won
both the Tobago seats, Mr Robinson holding one. He later became Chairman of the
Tobago House of Assembly (THA) f lovingg the first THA elections in 1981 which were
won by DAC.

In 1984, DAC was returned to over in the THA elections and, in September 1985, Mr
Robinson was elected Political Leader of the National Alliance For Reconstructionr
(N AR) vhen that party was launched.
Under Mr Rbison's leaership, NAR 'ontie Geeral Elect&nzof ?6_ _.






The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 24th June 1989 Page 13

NEWS SHORTS


Research Project On
Butterflies.

'f Oxfbrd University Expedition vil] leave
London on July 17th to spend eight weeks
on research projects on butterflies in Gre-
nada and the Grrenadines.

According to a release from the British
High Commission. in Barbados, t-he three
member expedition, which is backed by the
Royal Geographic Society, will prepare a
list of species found on the islands.


Unemployment A Cause
For Concern

Minister of Labour, Mr Gesorge McGuire,
addressing the 76th Session of the Inter-
national Labour Organisation (ILO] in
Geneva, Switzerland, on June 1 3th, said ithe
Nev Natioral Party Government of Prime
Minister Herbert Blaie had created about
10,000 new jobs over the past for years.

The Minister said that, vhile the level of
unemplorymnt continues to be a cause for
some concern, Gcvernfment is tsOfitde Athat
its e(omiTc policitme armid. staegies are
sound and geared towards re4dzing urnem-
ployment.
Mr McGuire re-affirmed his confidence in
the "tripartism" concept of the need for
Government, Trade Unions ax4 the Prifvate
Sector to work together, arid sad the Gre-
nada Government has adopted a policy of
promoting training initiatives, particularly
as a response to youth unemployment.


President Hoyte To
Make State Visit.

President sDesmond Hote of the Co-
operatisv Republic of Guyarna, wiJl nako a
four-day state visit to Grenada following
the Caribbean Community Heads of Govern-
ment Conference vhich will be held in
Grenada ard which will terrrirnat on mJly
7th.


More British Funds


To Train Teachers


Britain is to provide a grant of 408,00D
(approximately EC$1.6 million) to finance
the second phase of a training project for
technical ard .oational te-achers in the Or-
ganiration of East Caribeaa States (O ECS).

In the first phase, 250,000 (approximately
EC$1. 04 million)) was provided.

The aim of the project is to increase the
number of traired teachers in the OECS
through assistance to institution building at
the Sir Arthur Lewis Community College in
St Lucia and the Antigua State College.

The rew grant vill be used for teacher
taymmyg awards ard United Kingdom and
regk nal staff trmiing. it will alsk go
towards esta-httisng a tink among the Mtem-
her States of the OECS and the College of
Arts, Science & Technology (CAST) in
Jainaica, for course recognition and accred-
itation.


Two Grenadian Adults
For Heart Surgery.


Two Grenadiarn, Pajl Streete ard Wayre
Graham, both 23, left Grenada on June 21st
for corrective heart surgery at United
Hospital in Nevark, New Jersey in the
United States.

This is the first time that the Grenada Heart
Foundation, which has sponsored 40 chil-
dren for open heart surgery in United States
hospitaLs, hias e tended this facitiy VCto adults.

According to a rele-as from tie. Grenada
Ibsed. St Georges TUniersity Scurol of Med-
icine, most hospitals in the United States,
which sponsor programmes in under-
developed countries, accept only young cil-
dren.

United Hospital vill bear the major cost of
the operations. Other costs are shared by
the Gift of Life, a Rotary Club organisation,
by he Grenada Heart Fowidalon, St
P1_ase see NEWS HOTS P-g'e 14






Page 14 Satiuday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Nesletter
NEWS SHORTS Fron Page 13


Georges University School of Medicine
and BWIA, the airline of Trinidad &
Tobago.

Firt Public
Telephone Booth

The first in a series of public telephone
booths of Grenada Teleconmumications
Ltd (GRENTEL) AasocficiAtycotraiwss-
iord onTuesday Jun 2Gth.


The booth is located
Willis in St Georges
installed in May.


in the village of
Parish and was


Minister of Communications, Dr Keith
Mitchell, delivered the feature address
and urged community members to
protect their interests, particularly in the
light of past vandalism of telephone
booths.


Israeli Ambassador
Makes Farewell Call

The non-Resident Ambassador of Israel
to Grenada, Mr Moshe Itan, arrived in
Grenada on June 22nd to pay a farewell
call on Governor General Sir Paul
Soon.


GBSS To Be Refurbished
For Heads Ceremony

The Grenada Boys Secondary School
(GBSS) auditorium, grounds and road-
Vays are to be refurbished at a cost of
over EC$100,000 for The open
cereirwany in Grenada of the Caribbean
CommnLnity (CARICOAM) Heads of Gov-
ernmrrnnt Conference on July 3rd.


The refurbishing is being financed by Gov-
ernment, the GBSS atd members of the
Private Sector.


Recetascope From Britain
For General Hospital

Mr GrZaePn Roberts, Resident British Repre-.
sentatWe. in 'Greada, presented a recetascope
to Minister of Health Mr Damny Williams on
June 13th.

This instrument, funded from the British
Heads of Mission Gift Scheme, ill be used at
the General Hospital for performing oper-
ations on the prostate gland without having to
resort to open surgery.

According to a press release from the Office of
tie British High Commission inm Greada,
other assista-e to Grergnada's Healthzer-c un-
der 'the Britth Capital Aid Program cm in-
cludes.3 an anbula ce to arrive shortly from
Britain.

It includes also the cost of the Medical Store at
the Mt Gay Psychiatric Complex and the cost
of a Medical Clinic at L'Esterre, in the sister
island of Carriacou, the plans for which are
now being prepared.


Centiral Bank planes~


New Coin


With effect from June 5th 1989,
Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB)
new One Dollar coin.


the Eastern
has issued a


The coin is ten-sided and on the obverse
carries an effigy of Queen Elizabeth 11.
reverse side shoAws a ship in sail.


side
The


Cynthia Hughes K'


24th JuSt 1989
Prim3a & Pabrlihed By The Ploplie as
Aiatx & Cyndria HBgh3e Jonuraalts
Of Scot Sreel, St Georges,Grenafa, WesifAies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809J 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada)


tsr


Cetrl an Isu







The Grenso


U, W. I. CENTRE LIBRARY
XTRA-MURAn DEPT. G/Dt


NEWSLETTER
Volume 17 Saturday 24th June 1989 v Number 11


PUBLIC WORKERS

FORCE

START OF

NEGOTIATIONS

i-".s a- rawe isi T usion dis n ea te,
disqusterd, uismaed antd todtlq fIV up"


LIE UNIONS REPRESENTTLUG
Grenada's Public Wrkers told
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize onl
June 19th that _is Governmment ondy veill be
responsible for disruptio.ns in .in tricl re-
Mlations "vhich will arise" from certain
action taken by Government.
This was disclosed on June l19uh a a aress
codiferei e taled bt y Ms. Lzauret Clarksqon,
President of theI Pxtfeic WV 'r r Uri
(PWU), Mr H.ds.n icPhail, -Presidet of
the Grenaida Urioinr of Tea:chrs (GJUT) ani
Mr Chester Humphrey, General Secretary
of the Tecmnical & Allied Workers Uivonl
(TAWU).
Bone Of Contention
Bone of contention was a letter received
that day from the Prrie lMiirstar cancenj-
ing his agreement to begin negotiations for
wage and salary icTreases on a cerlaTO dtYe.
"Speakig for t-e rine of ta v :-n the_
negotiating team from the thwey UrAoz.,1
Ms. Clarksotn. sail., are e d.isillusieri.,
disenchanted, disgusted, dismayed ani
totally fed up ".
In August 198?, she said, agreerient ws
reached with Governmrnt on increases ifor
1985 and 1986, a nd the Unions were told
then negotiations for the period J9871 to
1989 would begn "innmediatelyW.


Nothing happened, Ms. Clarkson said, and
not until Novemrnber 1988 did Government
say it proposed to set up a SI aries Review
Coamisston to review anoomaies in, anm the
restri.turirng of, the Pubic Service.
As Soon As Possible
The Unions arcceted. this, she said, and, in
reply to the U'nons' inuiMries as to when the
a.ge Tegoltioa wio-Ad begin, GCovern-
ment sa! Vhs Aid1A be doll "as soon as
ntss ai --in pejdfij ti y. -Satre-r ".


IN THIS ISSUE


Kag~


It Public %rker s Force
Start Of Negotiations -..-. 1
SCARICOM Summit Por
Grena -a -...-.. ............... 3
J3ont Fortes Stage Regional
Seritn E is-----.....--....... 6
@T Thb CARICOM Heads of
Governm-ant -................. 7
SNews Shortso ..... ...........

The sris R.e. Corission maet. once
orly, fs CrksorL sai. buth, at a. meeting
Widh Mr Blaise on Jun.e LSt, the Prime
1Minister gave a firm undertaking that vage
Legoifaations wouId start oin IJne 20th. The
letter ZeceiVd V r& m m, however, fi:red a
y dat ata 41. Jily.
FPlese see UmIONS Page z


_






Page 2 Saturday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter
UNIONS From Pase 1


Government's letter to the Unions
says Government decided on the post-
ponement 'after careful considerat-
ion of all the circumstaces. Mr
McPhaiJ described this as "dishonest
arrogant and high handed' and said
GUT is concerned over the "orches-
tration of deceit"

Mr Huimphrey iass icaed TAWU ih tWe
comr.t-s o.f Ms. Clrksoard .tr lAcPhil
ard. said. Govrmsr.'s attitude to tbhe
Unions had been one of conteam-pt and ,.mwil-
ingness to keep its n ord.
Bread And Economic J-iutice
Aco riding to a press- re-eae from the
Urnons; b&alots were to be sent the net day,
hune 20th, to -all members "mth a view rto
determin-,e the nei step- n ths strug.ge for
bread economic rustic

Thl pTracica renit Aof tAt ballot wzs seen
on isme Z3rd wein ST 15GG Govrmne
emrply ees demrjwtrted through t-he street
of St Georges.

They bltocked the i erectionn outside of
Parliament Building where the Ho use of
Representatives as in session id emx~rac.t-



wage increases.
ed a pron sp from Prune -2 H- -




Teader of the W4oreyrs' r gcoiatin tes
si. CarksW a n ie WsZe-r ier wit.
NEbSLETT ER thaNt. se was girtg t the
pro isR nego tiatons tith a sense or
victory.
Spirit Of Conciliation
"I am going to he lUatio oIns-. Vi
strength, shue sid, i am g2ng OIth
victory, yet ia spirit clciliatio n".

rThe ,e-gotiations are to cover the perio
i9 2 to 1989, and a so-urce close to the.
Unicorn told NESLETTER that he
Urnoisr ere suspikiou of the fact t"hat th-
r date of Jy 4thI, fu4. by tse Prime
Minister, falls in the period of the Heads of
Gover-rinent of the Caribbean Coammunity
(CARICOM) IneetIUg in Girenrada.

"It is Munlikely the Prime M.inister will harve
time for neg tiations at that time" the
source said, 1d it oo s lie jrt another
attempt !to put the negoiations off -.


A petition was relayed by the Police from
the demonstrators to the Prime Minister in
Parliament asking for an immediate start to
the negiiatiions and, by the same route, a
verba reply 7as received fixing te ,-egot-
iations for Mornday June 26th.

The atr-osFphere of the derirontratioi Was
re of a amrirval spirit but there as -an
u.-telyg .tei- -~-., _rn t_ interview
jit.N EWSLET TER. ts.Clarksonnwid.tri-
buti to haoti thu police and. the de mon-
stratoCrs over -the manner in whch a potent-
olyexplosive situation had beenhan:,led.
Dont Care A Damn
Some banners carried by the derm c strators
read, "W don't have o patience" "All
ork- ani p no pay rma~k~e teachers rim avay"
and 'Government don't care a danm about
e.

There 'wz a gxee &ed & chanting most
pplzar1 tng versir- 3f "WC e sh 5i-K tbe
-rved". AonIrg thasa. were, "We warat we
money right now, we shall not be moved,
and, "W are n ot in China we shall not be
moved".
-- -


By the early years of ithe] t Century tLo
types of "C'arit's" had -ecome vel. estolish-
ed as thre o0y inhabitnis oft-le island of St
-" .T* "44
itanfts of te ilsi, te Crb ia ho
crQe VrinV ag 1. "Ye&W. Caribs". cA1 the
other ,a es ced. Atf iam st ves caled tihe
"Black aris

Fo-Lio ig an i -unsu.cessful a rt ...- made in
17719 hb the Freinh in Martirliqie to help
the Yellow Caribs to drive out the Black
Catibs, the Frernh maje peace and T.ere
a!ovIed to -ettfe in St V1incent rin the area
occupied oy the Yello Caribs.

Ti-s3 trate-d a pr b -n. The Fre-ch
r-'ug t th-:-ir MrAriza- sla-,s vith them
fro. Martixiaque. ams tiue free Black Caribs
found. tt mpossbte to ,ist.irguish t.hrmrseLves
from enslaved Africans.

To overcome this, the Black Caribs adopted
the ractice of he' Yello., Caribs, fiattemn
tie skull of their hbies by compressing
their heads bet..een to bards.






The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 24th June 1989 Page 3


CARICOM SUMMIT


FOR GRENADA


V HBE J1UT MEETING OF THE
Conference of Heads of Goverrnent
of the Caribbean Cormmnity
(CARICOA) vill be coiwversed in Grema&
from 3rd to 7th .My under the Ctairman-
ship of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize of
Grenada.

This meeting has been forecast to be an
important milestone in _Jfeimtir4-. a f- be
Community ard the official opening


meeting, a report on progress being made
in schemes to raise finance for industrial
ideleepment, i1irbdirg the Jamaitain Gov-
ywi-Yfnt's prop3-,ea for esttli.shamnt of a
PRgkioal Stozk Emharnge.

According to a release from the CARICOM
Secretariat, issues which will be before the
Head? of Gov 'ernmienit at tJ..Coaference
urage fP r onrptN-ei mrra~ntainirg the
upsving in intra-regional trade through a


cere.ry takes place on the eT.ring of
Monday July 3rd., CARICOM Day. Et. ha
been arranged, however, that before that
date, three CARICOM meetings vill be held
in preparation fbr the surnmit.
Two of these are m tings of the Comm-on
Market Coticil of Miaistens, the first being
'a Special Meeting- which wil he held on
ISaturday July 2nd to deal with uriimshed.
bitness. The M.ti&mstrs ill get, together
again on .Sxray 2rs lMy fo3 tei oiAlm
Thirty-fourthMeeeti.ng of the COmrzaanrm&Ut-
ket.Cour it.
Rules Of Origin
Arising from these meeting wvil be a Re-
port to the Conference on progress being
made in development of the Comrmon
Market trade instruments the Customs
Tariff, Rues Of Origin and the Scheme Of
Fiscal Incentives To Industry.

The third pre-CoTference f Imeet iTi which
vill be 1held on Mor(da.ny 3rd 3 ly, is he
Thirteenth Meetrg of the hanrig
Cocr-mittee of Miimsters responsible for.
Finance.

The Conference will receive, from that


range of measures ard nev schemes aimed
at further integration of Member States.
Continued Upvard Siang
With reference to mtra-regiopal trade, the
release s as the Conference will consider a
Report of a continued upward swing in
1938, this trend being for the second
consecutive year. The first sign of an
Please See Summit Page 4

The Cread__

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Page 4 Saturday 24th June 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
SUMMIT From Page 3


increase vas in 1987 when intra-regional
trade rose by 8% over that of 1986, the
release says, and 1988 trade statistics show a
further increase of 14.6% above the 1987
hgure.

Thie Heads will consider also the effects a
iuified European market, (d'e in iL'12),
will have on expansion of the regioTn -
ecc2::nomy, and preparation for the year
200,U.
Status Of The Report
Discussion on the future of the Regionai
Economy ill include the status of the
Report of the follow-up to the studly
.."CARICOM Into The Year 2000"
*i -


iThat study,, mandated by the
s.otpnth Conference of the
Heads in 1986, looks at
imeidi~ur-term prospects for
tLe '.Carib'bean and attempts to
.dr,.tt the attention of
CAICO Go nrmnents and
Seple t, the ied. for p.zsitive


Zandj prnposeful activities y L
1v1 adJ to the increasing
m:urt .u,_ of regionalsm in global' devl-


S'he release says the follow-up report will
ijg'night issues on which the Cornrec"
i.mit reflect. These include the Region's
nh"ig. rate of population gTow th, incrscig
u--emp-,'yme.n, training in thie Re ion 'i
rnatch rapid global devlopme.rits i tech, 4 -
,gy, competition fotr scarce interrai.trira
imhnance iand the increasing emphasi-S on. i-.
services sector.
Issues Of Relevance
Ac r l:din to the release, imrpr' tseiim~ eiis
l'et+ernal ,cc,-ordination vill also feature -as
ith r.e *,.ii.rence reviews and discusses I-liii-
rationrs ,of critical international, e-on:rru L
!Wai1 Aoliical issues of relevance o Mezmber
itdtes and l fie Region.

SIn this field vill be consideration if ithe
trop!tic:,ortrs of the single European vMa k.et
land estabtsh ment, of a regional Tsptem. ftor
ithe orderrely programming of Ex-terral
DOn tor resourceses for regional project t-

STirie piatte of CARICOM's relations Vith
Ithe E~r pean Economic Community (EEC)
las a traditional market for its products,
particularly suear, rum and bananas, has


been a matter of concern, the release says.

The EEC.'s plan to become a unified market
in 1992 has raised questions as to the
challenges and opportunities open to the
Caribbean- Common Market and for the
future of regional products such as bananas
The Conference will address this issue with
Trinidad 8.: T obrgo leading the discussions.

The Heads v il U consider lso a proposal for
establishr-rdnt of a Starding Cormrittee of
Mb riste.r responsible for Housing &
Settlements, food security, air transport-
ation, preservation of the environment,
dits-ter preparedne-ss and culture.
J Called For A Review


At the Eighth and. Ninth
'ieeting of the Conferance in
1987 and 1988, the release
says, the Heads called for a
re'vi"e of the prograrfmes of
the Cornmn mity ad.riiJstered
byv the CARICOM Scre-
_:iV at That reev'ie was to
i.rn'luds tle funRtioning of
re-'ionral organisatiors of the


".C.'Iflli~i~i t..


"in order to implement this decision", the
release ay- "the CARICOMi Secretariat
corMnrssi level ,'Hici.~ls. This four-member team
visited -iveri member States to t-aaass
iews ..fa vide cri-cs-secatonm iM the Com-
murjity ani. !ill piacze before the HeAads a
prellniun-r-y Pe port on the.r findings ?o
(ar'

The reie'ae says the Heads vill also havL
discussion f ,a eq:4loratory nature on two
natters. The first is a proposal by the
J.waas:ca *Gverrnmient for establishment of a
Reg,,onal Capital Market to encourage and
aci i .aTe iove.ient of investment capital in
the Conu.nAii. Market. The oiher is a
proposal from the Secretariat foTr an ex-
charnge of '.r*e:s on thel fuxuxwe deepe .;ng of
te itrtegraftion process in the Cormon
Myaiket
Caribbean Court Of Appeal
T18ere will be disc;issions also on a number
of pr ,pi':s.d-s fr.u Regional Governments,
inch.Ldin2U e,-tblish2nent of a Caribbean
Co-,urt C~ Appeal and a scheme for a system
of regional honours for outstanding CARI-
Please See Summit Page 5


II I



'i ~~~Hi ~ a


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Full Text