The Grenada newsletter


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The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text

SThe Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 18th March 19~9 Page 11I

COURT From Page 10
SJudge failed in another area of his sumnling
up to the jury relative to Redhead and
iStrcude w0ho held rar.:s f Cap 1n: ard
i major respectively in the ?RA

SEvidence before the ry as that Redad
|and Stroude were at Forz R'Pssert on i'th
:OctobeXr 1983 vn the- t4 r-s A trmoured
iPeronnel Carriers wrere zsnt to recaptire.
ithe Fort.
ISumming up to the iury, M fr Byron
described Redhead and Stroude ts "aiding
and abetting" the bombraramerntof Fert R-u-
ert and MrM Wilams arguSt tt r tBy'on
did. not explain the impication of tis.

IAccording to Mr Wiiiars, the Judge did
not tell the jury that OGrerda ia stipulates
ITat a person wl.o aids arid abet -a crime
jciamnot be convicted of a greater offrnse the person who com-rc its thne crime.

The sigeificance of tthiss thiat Redhead and
IStroude were present when Andy Mit.hl,
SComos Richardson and Vircent Joseph,
intahine-gurmed Bishop a seven -others t-

C:: Mr Byron's direct ion, Mitchell,
SRicharson and JosePh, were. not corvcrted
i or murder but of anslauig-ter because .he
Sjury t.yugght that, hen thes f-ot .solders
i .ob-ed an order aid g_,rne.d ov Bishop
'ad thnise 'vith. hmim, t.they vie.; d;.. trey wSre
d.ngu something legitimar..

IMr Williams argued that, aider the la,'
i Strode and Redhead could no. be conrnited-
of murder wheni the crime they aded MZan
Sabett:ed as manslaughter.
Before Mr Williams began his arguments,
There vas some friction beuweern dferce
,Iazrer Mr Earle Witter and the Judges.

Qn behalf of Calisitus Berrar -,- r Wir
:e gan. his preseniationr tO theb C:rt onr
dFriday 3rd before thie LCourt vent nto
recess for the weekend. His a'-meInt i
:ere on. the basis of A'ppeal G iruJi 16
vl'-ich, rel.ate. to a defence bein- made on the
strength of havmg actec. on superiorr
.Aiters" in ignorance of 17 an7', in. r take
of fact.
iHe contiixed on this .roa v be.'-r he
! Court resumed on Momnday 1-th, but -al three

Judgs, at different times, with some
i ience, expressed the view that Mr
,Witr :s ganuments were not being confined
o Ground 16.

Ti re .i a qtt er from the PrCoecuition
L-- Mr Karl RHuson Phillips Q C, as to
7.c. Ground. he (Witter) ;as arguing, thep
De:er.ue lawyer said it was "supposed" to be
ro :.n : iI.

"r Karl tudsao-Ptillips Q.C.

" I1 a.e no doubt as to what %Gr ondA you are
supposed to be arguing" Judge Kendall said,
"but.. y ..i are all or the place".

Before the Courtos t t the nd of the day,
Pr8sidenr. Smith disclosed a problem, he
aid. -s ex- eriencing.
"Mfy difficulty is to see how a mana can say
Th n- .im od fa. t in ignorance of the lar
adi in -rr-,stake of fact", Sir Frederick said,
"he can line up unarmed people against a
w..l arnd5 shoot them"

*Whn t-h Court resumed on Tuesday March
?th Defence Cournse, Mr Maurice
Franison representing Vincert Joseph and
Cecil Prirme, submitted that the Trial Judge,
iZ hLt: si.unmirng up, failed to leave to the
furv Joseph's defence of having acted tuder

WjI. 1 reference to Prime, Mr Frankson said
the Trial Judge's directions to the jury on
the LutiBct of aiding aid abetting vere
'voefi, l ira debate".
Set COURT Page 12

- ---- ------

SPage 12 Saturday 18th March 1989 The Grenada Newsletter I

COIURT From Page 11
iThe Defence Counsel said the evidence
relating to Prime is no different from that
t: Andy Mitchell vho had his sentence
reduced to manslaughter and, if the Judg.
had. g*-ven the proper directions, Prime had
every chance of receiving a .verdict of
:lA:lauh"texr instead of murder.
With reference to the eviderre concerning
Joseph, r' wBas, on of the execut-n squad,
Anc.y's srorn statt.sme.nt. 'say
'sts Bernard., vbo = cormsartred. the
U'qad, had threatened that any soidier vho
did not obey the order to shoot would
Si.n-se.f be shot.

Mr Fr:an-son said Byron sho d have
pointed t.:s out to the Ijry as V;irent's
idefence of having acted under duress as i
arieznber of the execution squad.
'-:- - - - - - - - -

-rhsidern. of A i
;Cor. .Sir Frede-
rick. Smithl said the rules of evidence
do not permit a statement of one
aru- ed ^o be used for or against another
Suise-d, so Mitchell's statement coul not
bI put io thie jury in this co"mecti'n.

LIr Frmanson persisted, however, that.
M ': '~i~ 't S rtateiment should havTe been put t duress.

Mr Franrson was foIloved by Mr Gl'"u
Cruicksh- who w0as told by Sir Freder:ck
that. mhen an accused is voluntarily unr.ep-
resented by Counsel, the Tral Jtudge's res-
?po.n-ib:ib to that accused is not the same as
V'hen a.i- accused cannot afford to retain
Sir Frederick's remark was in reply to Mr
ri.cksh .a.- k subirision that +t- Trial
.Jiuc, 'abdcated. his responsibilities t, te
represented accused ani. so demed. ttem a
fau tria-"."

Sir Frederick said the accused had not only
sacked the lawyers provided for their
l-.efnce at Government's expense, but had
questioned the integrity of the Court.

if ihe accused laceled thme Co'irt a
iKai Ci'o Curt'w and a'eagan Court:. and

said they vould not cooperate vith the'
Court". Sir Frederick asked, "can their
position be the mesa a an ordinary
defendant rho was~2 not represented ?"

Sir Frederick said the Judge always has
resoonsibility towards unrepresented accus--
ed Tersors tat that resporsibility varies
1ith the situation.
Mir Cruicksarik, vho represents John
"Chalky" Ventoiur, one of the fourteen
convicted of the murder of Bishop andI
others. said Mr Byron tad not dealt
adeqately witl complaints of the accused.

Ore comply. r-a the jury had not been
properly e-mplaneled and another vas that
there were documents, necessary for their
defence which ad. been taken from them.

i .. refused to ive a
svorn statement on
these matters when asked to do so by Mr
By;ron They wanted action, h said, but
-were not p:repr.ed to make a statern f on

,ir Cr,'cksha-it charged that, because the
accused. are "uni-ettred in Lav", Mr Byron
snhouid hae' exp:a i ed to them that if they
,ga~ve evider ce on oath, it would give their
complaint greater force.

JTdge .c-Ka-y --d that, from the addresses
of the accused in their unsvorn statements,
they did not appear to be "unlettered in

Sir Freierick agreed vith this ard said that,
especnally in conmnction vith addresses
rmaIe by Bernard Coard and. Selvyn
Strachan, tie Tria .Judge could veti have
thought, "I crai. tell them anything, they
seem to know molre lay than I do".

On the final day of sitting before the Court
ad.jour-ed., Wednesday March 8th, Sir
rrecdenck said that in addition to the
Bislhp Murd-er Appeal, the Court must
disc-hara its responsibilities to other
persorls ho have lodged appeals.
See COYlT Pan .13

-- -- -- -- --

The Grentaa Newsletter Saturday 18th March 1938 Page 13

'COURT Frm PagM e 12
'Sir Frederick made this '.Lcomment as ~
i-aiounced that, after sitting thT d. y (th),
the next earin: of te! Bishop A.v-ea -i
be 22nd May. .

j'Th" s may be cosideArsd a Koag
adyjrmentu"rf, nhe said, "b."t the Co-urt.
)e ,r- 77- -7
arrijt be uinrdful of c.zes "ho trev be;i
Slanguishinag in ail, and between today ard
Ii.y -,22nr.d swe ill hatem tree -.,it s of ti.e
Court to hear other matters".
Sir Frederick said also that laymen may
tinT" time is beinf wasted irth the Bish': -
Appeal. It is inevitable, 'e sai., tha. ti
i'ase, ruchi is of rea morte
iCaribbean, vill Wfke ;a lon-:
etire. Aind- e complimented the Deferce on
the co.metence and dilgece -it wic
ther case is teing presented.
T:--er clients can have no .
r complaints, Sir re d rer
said, but he as.ed Coe.el
"co- operation in speed-in.:

Def ere Counsel 1Mr
.Crucksharik continu-
;?a is argument that the T ria
u hod faied' to ;S;t :, :,,
ic.Irepresentked accus- ,t- -:2 .
ed sufficiently.

Sier Frederick reminded -Mr .

iad chosen t be re J

Iu.s murder caste,t they mus-; t 1a:vpe .kn ; -:- ;

ev could def end thems EveF",- sh-sal".
ir Frederick said 5uboe Bvrcr has Sho
remarkabe self cant. The- iutdgs t
,.e.,old e- ,.5. tse ,; ,. .. a i -. .

'4-. .... TI Al -' TA,- ^ .--. -h..d,

'been insulted at every turni, lr f i' Jsad& es
are hman arnd. inss!ce? vrsere o7tbr
jrges would have cited, the acct,-'w. raen
Sfor Conept o court, n~r yron l

r Cruickshank agreed that a Jde is
Human but mRaintainied e is cdied upon to
act In a 4 certain a".

Ased. y Sir Frederick e for authority settmg

i.he ,ourT. Numbers z and 4 were argued
before the former Court. that which rwas
presided over by the late Justice J. O. F.
laymes. Nurnber 5 is ot to be .rgued as it
S y isJ thpe basis of a
i ,, ,Constituteiona Motion be-|
,. fore the Court. Number t is j
-T; Srged with i number ofI
the supplementary
N 4' -Grounds. Number 7?
.,'' s already been arg-u-
01 ^ d.d amd number 8 ias
.:,'n-:: been merged with
i numiter 30 of the supplermenary
G ro, s.
SConcerninig the supp-
W1 eraits entzary Grounds,,
; numbers 1,4,5,67, and 16 hzave
'already been argued
.~- -ed
SIt would appear Lrom thris
;..'-. v i/. './" .- -... .A . .
*:*..' iA oriBgial
Grourit rtn-l
-.. ,, -bers .3,6 arn
,S lhave not yet been arcged, and 6 -ad 8 a ir

Thmp Tn a vwq introduced intom md J
on 5th, March 1859 as a private enterprise,
-.. e r w rfr i or the ,age fTl suger I
S .... ,

Ti wadraSnroway uea in d oed 19 earsad
T- p.ritd... raily era enrde 1{9 yead s

o,--, on 2 8th December 1968, Vsn, from
Port of Spaia tion San uan, the Trinidad.
Ge government Railway made its ast run.




-- r


out the way a Judgse should act toward
unrepresented accused, Mr Cruickshank
said, it was the duty of the Trial to
-y o.-, f t-h i TnA
give them "aroamum assistance"" in
presein.;r.g,- their case. He cor.erided. that
.IJude E',yron had not done this anrt if the
Appeal Court finds this is so, the convict-
ions renet ibe set aside.
Before the sitting ended, Leader of the
tD.efes.. Mr lan Ramsay, recapitulated the
present position vith refreence to the 8
orinali adi. 3D supplementary Grounds of
Ap-sdl filed.

Of tit. original GrouAs., be aaid, number I
is "in a state of limb o" avaitinga -ng 'f

Page 14 Saturday 18th March 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

1;; ^JrL~j~r L&jf t u ~ij4

"t7eg coaud final a

sittatiun where we

could esrnd up thre

eatiotrsw with a


Governrwsnt "

Prime Minister B1ize

rS ,ir '"Ne Na tioal Pa-rt (N'NP) are n,.- c:rdai., and the popu~tioni has gamed a
perception of QIsunt betweenthe Part a'nd the covermerint.
i;. disclosed .i J EWSL TER a Porca Laer s the impression that.
nterve n March yDr Keh I t r Mitch- he vs anrv
li, ho, at. the NNP Corv ;ton J i ar
-feated PraFneAA Minster Blaize for the 11t Th, Prime Minister armounced tht Mr
'*.f "S.- Political Leader. aJones Woid have a supervisory role over
Fuelled I es 'r Mitche1l (ho i hMinster
T prceon was f r yelled by the decision of Work? & Crommunications said, but he
'of t. P rine Minister to on TV d radio (Mitche' cosdered this u constitution
I .ad point Ben Jones 1- Miisiter for Md Mr Blaz1e had not coresuted him as
Tourism .and. Agriculture) as Deputy Pr e P-oli tial Lesder before making te apoipnt-
\iirste-er" he said ment.

IW Ih I "Whern We are angry", he sai1, "the best of
i i 1$o C, ioo R a;:ct in the most statesmanlike
SO :,Grer.adiz.n r,,-t. go to the polls before
I .... D, a-.. D_ Mitchell said the fimrng
Sn --" thPe 1 a ecanot be left to the Prime
Sim,.ster. The Party must have some say
SIi the matter, he said.

,, UHe expected, he said, that there vill be tlcse
|os* I u'eato sen the Party and the
S. ..cut.s Br h", but, based on his
.ex. pe rieuce. ts, .t. consultation does not exist
at i resent.
Dr Keith Mitchell
In the long run, however, Dr Mitchell said
$ a,

PMr B1.3.2 had rot raOiJ ,a
apc:'.,inTmet over the four vear life of the
&o irnjent. Dr Mithaelil aid, and h tact
That he h- ad nov do;n this just twr da -after
Ithe CoInvention fIhen he :ar depo.ed .as

better ,ge; ntS mus. st prevail because, in
is opimon. the alternative to a lack of c(-
operaTw n or and other issues is "not
rse"' for the country.
Sec RELATlOHsHIP ~Page 15 i



The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 18th March 1989 Page 151


'Twis is not olts hih fi haidect I
s an abroqation of the. dctl ocr
Itf4ts and principles nhiich t,
Newv National Pnrtq Ciet'crmnr
dcaintsw to hF-o -"

M aurice Bishop patriotic Mov*A'nv',
S(MBPM)I Le-at-e,. disclosed
Sat. press comefrence on M :rh I ith ihat. the
Grenada Government, had banned a number
o person invited by MBPM to
internationall Conference scheduled for
11th t- 13th March tto co'r., mm orate the-
i t.h anniversary of the New Je-!
Moement Revolution of !Sth March 1979

i ms is not oniy highhanded". be said, treatt
s ain abrogation If the democratic rigrit

iZf there is nt tht j orse or.kirt
Sre-,tionship', he said, couid fini a si .
i '.Ltin where we could erd uz tihe elections
itl a coalition Government, and that is not
ithe best thing for Grenada at s ime- i

iWith reference to his relamo.:rNhp. witth his
SC.bmet colieagques outside of the Prnime
iMinister, Dr Mitchell said
jidj some of them it is good c
and.soimernot4so giood.
Pr r e Minister Blaize g -s | i-
few friends around inm arn .
Uses his pover and i-
fi SOnce to people on !iis i i^
iz:Je: Dr Mitchell said. r, ,--
;Mitchell does not blame 4Mr
,trze for this but he bh- I .
Z.17Cs that ut gPn- .,et
pe ,oplIes support is
Sen.,ugh, that support rmst be -
j a responsible way. Mr et
SDr Mitzhell as ,sked to. rerond two t
reports, rwv being made of hi. Tle frst
t that be spent c- siderai.e -.jms of :'.? .


Dr Tcrrente Marrshow
S.. !

and principles vhich the. New National

The banned persons include Mr Omar
Cordcba Rivas, a representative of the I


tuh renrada Governmnt im ahich corrup- S
tion is alleged to have been involved.
eDr ie, as thfren Mie t nister for Cidil

Avialom. vat closely associated ith the S
tO x.t.dal. Le-ader. Tof ir second
e r Th G renad r, aa the d entire ofI
t'0 a.p=.- -fl. w ia L corup

t. e press conference, h dasI

Dr fitchell, as then Minister for CiAvl'

Scloselrey associated pwith the
The a repoest at the time f I
tlr press conference, was

re.mitrtne of r m ey to psay w
'w: u! 'ilibthe promoter ofy die i
S t^. Airline, Mir L'EnAr Faes
C'hahab, vcwalleged tiob4 in
rejail iArgetira and that, inr
k P i order to nullify fa thre. byha
. ^. O Mr Chabab "to ORl) Dr
12Mitche11 resporxied p&siti? e-
ly to a request for a large

The Minister firmly denied i
Sbot charges. He cate-'
.-rised them as "dirty political ropm aan
da challenged aroes bring proof.
._ . ,e- i


- ---- --


Page 16 Saturday 1th March 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
BANNING From Page 15 1
.*. -

o-n Wednesday March 8th, and, having
I~nformd innigration Authorities they,
had come'- to attend the 1 MBPM
SConference, were told they must be out
!of Grenada within three days.
i This time limit forced the grourt to leave
before the Coiference began on Mlarch
l.. ~, and Mr Clarke toAd the press
;c r he ha asked a Utitei Str
:m-asy ..oular' offcia t:c go w
^m to Imnugration "to rairae anl
le-i EXfl 1on f stay.

i'Th official initially agreed to
tgo=, Clarke said, "but vhen we
contacted the Embassy later ve
ieare informed they had raised it

with Government /,
Land Government ,,
ibha said under no /St .,
conditions would %
ive e permitted to '-
stay beyond three days'

,Mr MarryshoV s~aid that. through reliablee
sources" he has been forr trhat
Governman has issued "baf ng orders
ig:.inst a nurLer of people to prevei: entry
jt Greiir.ta.

These included, he said, Mr Rosie
,Do.uglas of the Dominica Labour
Party, Mr George Odium of the St
Lucia Progressive Labour Party, Mr
T;u Hector of the Antigta &
i Caribbean Liberation Movement, Ms.
IAngela Davis and "any members of
the socialist parties of Haiti and
i uerto Rico"
SMr Mtrryshov told the Pres~ it wa8 not
relevrt tc ask hnm to comment on what.
id h ive happened, in the regime of the
|People Revoluticonar Governent, if
otr political party had invited the
', (Ued States to a conferece in Gren da.

I" n'e Cortitutixon was suspeed then arld
S PG rul d by decree", he s
rolitcal parties VTaer t' aWsied to I
operate. The Constitution has been
restored. the sitJuationL is - ov qt

d.em"ratic, and rights and freedoisrs IIa

supposedly, returned to Grenadians".
Mr Marry hov denied that he has ever said
that, if the "democratic process" does not
vork in. Grenada he vill "return to the

"We have always said we are
prepared to participate in the
democratic process, he said.. "Wen
and. if revolution comes, we will not
be the ones to determine it.
Grenadians vill determine if they i
vant revolution or not. When the I
time is right, Grenadians will know it
as they did in 1979".

If Greadianrs see MBPM as "the I
..-.'.....,'.. .'... /. ... ..'. .-', ... .. . . . ... ,.*._ /,.

vanguard in that process said
MBPM is vwting to take up that
struggle to help them in that

Each period of time has its particular
type of struggle, the MBPM Leader
satd- and his party is not about to
abandon any form of the struggle and
opt for any G e type of struggle.
"We state again that we are perfectly
villing and ready to participate in
the so-called democratic process as it
exists today" he said, 'and ve
demand our rights and privileges as a
political party in the State"

Marrys h; said that, in spite of
Govprerm t.'s efforts to keep foreign
imvite, a"T y fr-m the Conference, such
.vir-ees W.ol be pres-en, buthe declined to
naite then '"for security purposes".
#- ;v End-

jThe Grenada Newsletter Saturday 18th March 1989 Page 17




t .


i63fl miihY

0-1YQfim -a "rnsE

a piiao Ot Fas kw

^(ms31. i 3

Political Leader of the Muirvce-
Bishop Patrit.ic Mover.ent
.(IBPM) said on March iith ttha the Necr
r.'eel Movement (N-M) revlution of 1979
c) 1983 represents te tT period. f Gre-
naia's indeperndence.

iDr Marryshow's coniment cane as: he
idelkvered the feature address at the- o~reng
Ceremony of the MBPM three-day
International Conference"&.
I Strn~ggla
|The Conference celebrated the 10 th
iadversary of the revolution viich began
IiLh the armed overthrow of the Govern-
ment of Sir Erit Gairyon 1 3lt March 197 -.
Following a over struggle vititn te NM'M
and a bloody c^'-p, it came to an end. with
the IUited. States ard Caribbean Forces
Military intervention on 25th October !983-

The revolution. Mr M.arryshlo sid, -r-s
ian e2peri2ment uzparalled in the English
|speaking Caribbeal n n nthe broad
ICaribbean spectrum,-.secord only to the
S-ubA ran revolution.

i"Thle Grenada revol1tion as nA a coup
i d'tat", Dr Marrysho said. "It 'aW-. ro

ordinary mnitary take over vhch takes
place in some countries here the leaders
have no political or social base and where
such coups inevitably lead to otier coups".

The poiticzao leader conceded some may say
this is precise-ly 'rhat took pl ce in Grenada
on 19th October 1983, -ven Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop and members of
his Cabinet vere murdered by an NJM
group headed by Deputy Prime Minister
Bernard Coard, but, he said, that concept is
Dr Marryshov described Bishop as a
"good, righteous man vho did not
have a bad bone in his body" because
he meant veil for the Grenadian

"But he said, "be vas surrounded
by a bunch of over hungry,
ideological drunkards........"

Delivering the welcoming address, Mr
KerArick Radix, MBPM President the
bre:akdown of the Peoples Revoh~tionary
Governrrernt (PRG) had come as a result of
a "corspir4acy based on personality within


- -- -- --- -- i


errence Marryshov

IPage 18 Saturday I 8th March 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

Industry & Commerce sponsored on
S18th March 1989 a srymposiumn on
governorr ntal economic policy/stratey.


it taa-
( Mr Hugh Dolland L

Form oT th 'symposiumm, --hich vas
atMieded t'y S-ome 2Qo persons represe.ming
a cross .fectiion of the cornmjr jit.y, w9s there four political p ties,
the ruling New National Party- (NF'), the
.opposition National Democratic Cong.ress
,(,DC), t. Grezaada United Labour ~ ar ty
( _ULP) and the Maurice Bishop Patriot~ic

I TIhe .resentiations vwere rnade yt Mr Derns
iCambell, a member of the NNP Exe-cutve,
M. Ge-rge Brizan, NDC Deputy Political
Lead r, &r Micheal Donelan, GULP
UGtrrai Secretary and by Mr .k'seph
:Cartr, member of the MBPM Ex-ecutive.

IF-:i-lo'wing the presentations there vas a
Period of questions which vere put, first of
all, by a panel comprising Messrs LesIe-
iPierre, Etor of the "'Grena diaE oice,
;Aaron Moses; former Deputy General
,Mw.anager of the Grenada Develoomemn.Bank
ard Alister Hughes, freelance journalist.
AIfter ter parne, questions were zacetped
l'yfrom the audience.

IFor. tbi question period, Sir Eric Gair
GULP Political Leaer, replaced Mr

Question ranged through steps to be taken

to safeguard Grenada's Banana Industry
vhich is threatened vith the loss of the
British protected market after the European
Economic Ccftimrnrity establishes a free
trade nartet inm 192, through the
desirability of haing a "ratioam uity"
governmental after the rext elections, to the
possibility of reintrod.utionof income tax.

There were questions also on the
desirability of deficit budgeting by govrn-
ment and mean to be used to stimulate the

Closing the symposium, Mr Hugh Dolland,
President of the Chamber, said the success
of the verAure had encouraged his
or gaisation and, with the co-opertion of
the. political parties, further symposia vill
be arranged on a variety of subjects.
- *;----- Endmn mmm...

th-e NJM.

That conspiracy, he said, centered around
people who, for pure power, killed
Bishop, "the finest leader our country
Sever produced in 300 years".

I Mr Radix said, during the life of the
Irev'olutio there used to be 20,000
people "to hear the Prine Minister speak
i arn to peak 'isth the Prime Minister".
There are lno 15L elected members of the
House of Representatives and nobody
SlisRtns to tiem, le said, and he derided
that &s poor democracy.
I "When they talk about democracy, v.
know what real democracy is", he said:
SThe people of this country vere in
Control of this country for four and ahalf
years of "bS revolution. They are not in
control ~day, foreigmrs control Gre-
nada today".

T The ConMen.on's opening ceremony
Stook place before some 100 people
i among whom vere Dr James Millet.
Political Leader of the Trinidad &
Tobago February 18th Movement, Mr
Jon Odlum of the St Lucia Progressive
Labour Party -vd Professor Roderick
Thurton of Queens University, New
_ _______________^_______


7:t i`


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 18th March 1989 Page
I The Grenada Newsletter Saturday Igth March 19 89 Page 19

i | sister of Culture, said a. a press
.J-l~r conference on March 8th that
nothing has been "covered up" foncerning
the operations of the J987 Carriva
Development Committee (CDC).

SThe Minister was responding t the charge
that he has done otlhing to investigate the
widely' suspected embezzlemt .nt associated
with the financial loss sustamred. by that
i A & ,l &

"I made every
Attempt to get a full
Investigation go-
ing", he said, "but
,the Chairman Vho
w:as appointed t to the
immestigating com-
irmittee did not want
jt proceed"

!As to whether he
I r.A been stopped. by
a "uhgher authority"
From appointing
Another Chairman
V.ho v-as villini to
proceed, the Minis-
ter gave a negative

IMr McGuire said

"1 mader Eery

Mr George KsGeure

I used my judgement to look into the
issue and did not feel there was
anything that happened untovard"

attenmpt- to 9q.- aL

qotnq, but the
SCrhirrmnan who was

appointed to tlh
c imwta~s ti^~ti.v ri

comt itteE prGi not

i.V?-ant to proceEd-"

there were "other

frustrations" and, after he had looked at the
-w'hole report, he. concluded. said, there.
.as little point in his setting up a anm-
jrassion Of rnquiry appointed by the.
Governor General.
He reported to Parliament, he said. that the
11987 CDC had done a wonderful job,
rnotv:ithstanding difficulties. The
Minister ack-nowledged there had been
"areas of frailty", but, as far as emtezzle-
iment of public funds is concerned, he did
Snot find any evidence.

f To say that someone had used the
,money to build hotels is irrespon-
sibie', he said. 1987 vas a year of
some difficulty in terms of getting
investigations that the public wanted.

He regretted the
public has the
perception that
the financial aff-
airs of the 1987
CDC "left much
to be desired".
The public has
the rit to de-
mand informat-
ion Ad express
dissatisfaction as
tIey did, he said,
but ha had looked
into the matter
and felt there
were no reason-
able grounds to
proceed with an


"I am quite satisfied that we must
move on nov from 197", he said.
Mr McGuire complained of the lack of
financial support given by tlie- Commercial
Cornunity to the 1988 CDC which
recorded a loss of EC$I4, 000.

ApproL ces by the CDC. vere rebuffed by a
number of business places who, he said,
"enjoy. lucrative profits from the Carnival
experience .

The 198' Carnimvl vill be on 14th and 15th
August. the Minister said, aAz he called on
the Corn-rercial Commumity for a review of
tkir position concerning tihir support.



Pasga 20 Saituay I8th Marh 1989 Th" GOrad a Nsevlaeur
*.I-Vfl B% IR *R E-H
i~,r.iTT r TUso 16^ i
4^lk'ff^j _allT.llS I__


bados High Commissioner to
Grenada, sai at a press con-
ference on Marh I tha ths Grenada
Government is mL ig efforts to promoted
i trade between Grerm: M Bartados.
These efforts, h, relt partic3t! rly to
ithe 'Value Added T: :VAT) w-hih gives
Orenadian manufactr--;2 :,: vantagee ov, r
maiu?..tur-s im? i.or othEr C-anb-
be-an Comrmunit (C.-.:RICOM) countriles

Grenadian nsmamactures are swblject to a
"Stamp Duty" hen imported~ into
SBarbados, and Mr De ilva said that, as soon
,.as Barbados =anuifhc tres are freed of the
disadvantage they stf-fr under VAT, the
Stamp Duty will be removed from
Grenadian manufactures.
"The Gover-raents are comig up
vith a soluieUn to the problem', ha
sai', "it is solution being arrived at
between friondsr.
The High Corrassionex described as
positive" the CARICOM Couxil of
SMinisters meeting conckiued in Trimdad on
March 4th ad said there are clear in-
dications that intra-regiona. trade is rising.
There are a few problems still to be dealJt
With, lie said, and these are teigsorted out,
on a bi-lateral basis.
M|r Defsivka sd fcs had met with tte

tlrem to, direct titir se -ng- efforts to the.
i Barbados nmrket -rhichL in absolute teris,
i e largest single market for CARICOM
SDuring th first 10 months of 1988, he said,
CARICOM imports to Bartados totalled
IEC$155 million. During the same
|period, Trinidzd, i-:h population five.
Se DAR.BADOS Pare; 21

i V 1an I, t If _'__"" ,

officially opened their EC$' million newr
tbotling lin e on March 16th.

At the opening cere-m:i thrzi the!
history of the co.'2 .. 7hi. -s
established in 1951, Mr Frsd Tppi i
Maknging Director ke Chi-.rma Tf 4tz
Board, said the or msfort~us f
the brewery were du i, p2iM-Z to lack a
consistently high q..i.y prodt-ct

'Thre are any rnv f- .41s hi._ _
hard to explain to a d,.ksr =ho .. s d a1
bad beer", he said, "but the rain onis that
we were operating in te? 0's ijh stat of I
the .Ask- please note tt I udid. ot say '.r.s'-
equipment irstalled in 16.2 z,6 1971
without the controls -ry f:'

The x9V equipment now instaied, & said.
nmkes G rei~daBreve ies ti rz'st d:
snall brewery in th- CribbeaN a
bottUhng lire second to nics in thy rZ;..

Grenada Breweries LWd .-S es-tkblishtd .
public company iln 191 y. th Tri.i
firm of Caribbean De'vlo~rwt C :
ns(CDC). i spite of q
on imports,, the first few years of operation
vere ue successful, = Whn this pj- t" :
iOn s reLmovsed in 167 CDC
recommend n a partial liqid&tionof the Com-

This vas avoided when, i NovemLber 1969,
an offer by a Grenadisa 9routn was ~t; pted

quently becotrisn the major shareholder.

Mr Toppin ,s-idt tsi company h been
profitable every yar s e 1976, t.E best
resultbenmgin 95.

The new eqiutinsenLt Vs2 i.Iortedi ditvf ee,
_____See B_^IE_ -:.rE 21


The Graida Nevilatter Saturda 18th March 1989 Pge 21


Real roQwth 5.3% In 1988

Grenada recorded 53% real growth in
1988 according to a release from the Gov-
ernment Informtion Service (GIS).
GIS said the information was given by an
official of the Ministry of Finance who dis-
elosed that the leading sgctor vas
construction itha growth t 15,,5%

Electricity and water followed with 14.1%,
tourism with 9, mramfacturing 8.5% ad
agriculture 3%.

In agriculture, cocoa recorded a decrease of
21,% in production but ba=aeas, nutr e
and mace all increased by 12 8, 2.9% ad
at-d 5.9% respectively.

BABAADOS From Page 21
Utrne the size of Barbados. imported
EC$137 million from all CARICOM
"Suffice it to say that Ve uraerstarn ur
commitment to CARICOM mrnt be
meaningful, he said, "and j~i yesterday
Uere was enunciated ii Barbtado. a
policy to iriplems nt additional rnasures
to ensure that the printing and packaging
indwutries of the Caribbean are the oner
who have access to the Sartead market
at the epens of any t"rew. i timport
from third countries".

Mr DeSilvasaidhe had sermiti e. the Gre-
nadian Private Sector to BEMEX, the
Barbados Manufrturer Association
Trade Exposition sch'edyie for M~y
next ard had invited Grenaja w take rart;t
in CARINEX '91 vhich 'ill probably be
held in May 1991.
CARINEX vas staged on an experirmen-
tal basis in 1985, fe said, and was
considered to be "reaso'mrae sueccesfui "
It is a regional rarket place viere t e
rmanufactrers of the region are invited
to participate, he said, and where buyerst
from within and witKhut the region can
see an extensive range of CAP IC'OM
products under one root
- :- EnC-- ...."'

According to a release from the Govern-
rrent Information Service (GIS), Tourism'
cocnributed some EC$76.3 million to!F
Grenada's economy in 1988, an increase of;
7.6% over the contribution in 1987.

An official of the Ministry of Finance
disclosed this in a recent review of te
ecotwmy an said tourist arrivals had in-
crease in 1988 to 206,632, up 7% from the
1987 figure of 187,536.

From West Germany, arrivals increased by I
t69 5%, from the United Kingdom 36 4%,
Carada a26.4% and the USA 22.8%

Arrivals from the Wetindies dropped by
14. 1 mainly as there was aderease in the
number of visitors from Trinidad, the prin-
cipal Wesdtindian market.

Although cruise slip arrivals fell by 10% in
198,.. cruise ship pa ger arrivals
increased by 6.9% as a result of calls byi
larger ships. Revene from cruise ship
armrval rose in 1988 to EC$6.7 ni'llion
from the 1987 figure of EC$6.3 million.

The Ministry of Fiance official said the
average hotel occupancy rate had increased
in 1988 by 25,6% over the 1987 figure.

Korea Donates Power Tiller:

The Republic of Korea has donated fifteen
pover tillers to Grenada
BREWERIES From Page 20
he said. The Comanyhas notasked for
a further tax holiday, Toppin continued,
but the brevery is the "flagship" of
tr`istris in Grenada and the company
o)kxs forward to Government's continu-
ed supportt and protection.

Addressing the opening ceremony, Prime ;
1Miriter Herbert Blaize assured r
Tfoppin that the brewery Vill hawv
Gorvarmnret's protection for a vhile to
enable it t getonit feet.

I i

* i

i i

i i

Tourism GrOm

Page 22 Saturday 18th March 1989 The Grenada Nesletter

NEWS SHORTS From Page 21
The presentation of this equipment was
made to Minister of Agriculture, Mr Bfn
Jones by Korean Ambassador to Grenadi
Mr Dong WoonChu, ataceremony in Gre-
nada on 27th February.

Three of the tillers are t be stationed in
Grenada's sister island of Carriacou.

On behalf of his Government Ambassador
| Chu presented also two ambulances t the
Government of Grenada.

IThis was the Ambassador's last visit to
Grenada as his tour of duty has come to a
erid. He paid an official fareell to
Gowvrnor General Sir Paul Scoon on Feb-
ruary 27th.

Water Workshop In GOenada
A one-week Maagement Workshop for
Eastern Caribbean Water Utility Officials
o pened in Grenada on March 13th

Sponsored by the Caribbean Basin Water
* Managenmnt Project and the Grenada Cen-
tral Water Commission, the workshop's
Primary objective vas to equip participants
withi basic techniques of maintaining man-
Sagement systems.

EDmrimnmtal Health
S Workhop
A two-day workshop on Environmental
Health Improvement opened in Grenada on
March 2nd.

IThe workshop was sponsored by tihe
Ministry of Health, the Caribbean Cotm-
~ ~- .. .. -- "- I! "

AlfIiwer Hughes

unity Secretariat and the Pan-American
Health Organisation.

Eight Community Detekp-
neat Projecta In 1988

Approximately EC$177,795 is to be spent
on eight xnnunity projects to be started in

According to a press release from the
Government Information Service (GIS), the
projects include channel markers for the
rprt of Grenvile, a training centre for
Grea na's sister island of Petit Mrtinique,
a vatsr imnprot'Nrmnt project a fish marett
for CGrenada' sister islargd of Carriacouand
a community centre and sports paillion for
two ru'a are a in Grenada.

These projects are being undertaken under
an Agreement signed on March 15th by the
United States Civil Affairs Brigade and the
Department of Conmmuity Deeloplment.


The St Georges Uiverty School of
Medicine Alumni Assoationtas presented
the Grenada Health Services vitha medical
supply package valued at EC$50, 000

The presentation vas made on March 1st to
Minister of Health. Mr Danny Williams, by
tIe Dean of Bsic Sciences at the University,
Dr David Brown.

The supply package was made up of a
variety vf drugs rnd assorted medication.
n ~ ~ -. !.. I N .. .

Cynthia Hughes

13th March 1989

Printed & Published By Tihe Proprietors
Alistcr & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Sco Street, St Georges, reaada, Wesindies
(P.O Box 65: Phone 18091 440 2538: Cables IISON. Grenada)





Suoly Pactkae For He





71e GRr~AAS>^'

-lId V?~~ kjl-d -j A0!^ 6C jf

Saturday 8th March 1989

j liDUII 13J Y


IWorthf Tw Papsr

|iof the Briptish .blicatioM,
&"Cornmodity Week", sa.l min
i -^1 -"--...
London, England, on March 16th, that the.
iopent ion ,.
jMarketing Co-opera.ion Agreement be-
Itveen the Grenada C'-operative Nutmeg
SAssociation (GCNA) and the Ind-onesia Nut-
Srneg Association (ASPIN) is "not worth t"he
. paper it is written on."
' I-

rnmajor Ditch Cormpany it leTLSs f.r belori
Sminimums agreed by GCNA an" Aw I ...
I "A source at Katz Inter.itonai, tkie Con-
Ipany which has been mare tng Ind..onesian
Inut,.megs, confirmed to me that Putrmn
:have been traded at. US$5,400 per tn for
Vhe 'AD' Grade", Mr HaIgan sai. "Under
the terms of the cartel, the minimum rice
of U at .gade is US$6, 000"
On a loer grads of nutitaegs-, on hi.h the
2reed- riniirr um price is USg,574 per tn,
' Mr Hagan said. the latest riers he hai is that
~tie trading price is now US$4 300 per ton.
iWith this differential in .price between
SIndonesia and Grernada, he said, traders will
,have to reconsider their buying po, lces,
|and the opinion has been expressed in the



,t Is wrtttern On" "

market that the GCNAIASPIN Agr ement,
as it stads, is ntvorth the paper it is
it hs li' On" nr

A* Nutmeg Industry Threatened. 11
Friction Between Blae.
I Te ExMitchangell..........._-::.. 4
P And Mittw-1 ------------------4'II
* Appeal Court Challenged
S Again...........--- ............... 5
NNP Relationships Not '
Cordial-_-- -------.. --.-.---- ---... -- 14I
o MBPM Invitees Banned----.....-. 151
I MBPM Celebrates Revolution's
t 10th Aniversary ............... 17
SChamber Sponsors Symposium- 18
* McGuire Denies CDC Cover-up. 19
BrYeveries' Nev Bottling Line.: 2t
Solving Trade Problems
With Barbades-------.---....... 2
Nevs Short........... 21

This news broke first on M;arch 15th when: Hagan tsa interviewed .on "Caribbean
Report". He said thenthat prices had been
cut bvy over US$1,008 per ton on most
grades of rnutmnegs rd: be expressed the
opinion that this posed very serious
questions about the future of the Agree-
snent. "
See NUTMEGS Page 2

IVolume 17

I --- S aturd a y 18th-M arch-1989-T he-G re n a da-N e w sletter

NUTMEGS From Page 1
i" If it is not nov at an end it certainly is in
danger", he said, "and European traders are
of the opinion that Grenada vil have to
bring its prices into line with Indonesia in
the very near future or lose some valuable

"The consensus is that Indonesia's drastic
Reduction in price points to a surplus within
the country, he said. "Indonesia vill vant
Sto sell that It already has 75% of the world
Market and all the evidence points to lover
prices to come. It sounds like bad nevs for
,Grenada Bad nevs for growers all over"
S Denied
Interviewed by NEWSLETTER in Gre-
nada, Mr Norris James, Chairman of the
Grenada Co-operative Nutmeg Association
denied the report that the Marketing Co-
Soperation Agreement had collapsed.

"We are in daily contact with ASPIN
iand ve know they have an internal
problem", he said 'but there is no
j threat to the Marketing Co-operation
S"We have not been advised of large
cuts in prices', he said, "'e know
they are having some internal
problems but, according to our
Agreement, nothing should be done
before we have had discussions'

The last news from ASPIN be said, is that
the prices of certain grades have been
lowered "for quality". This reason is not
,understood, he said, but he believes the
problem centers in a recent disagreement
with Katz International, the biggest Euro-
pean buyer.

Katz vas to sign a contract ith ASPIN for
nutmegss, Mr James said, but the buyer
ated assurance that nutmegs smuggled
!out of Indonesia vill not be getting into the

SlMr Janes did not knov the outcome of the
disagreement but he believed that ASPIN's
SMarketing Manager had been replaced
Because of the disagreement, and the
Uncertainty of the market had resulted from
the same cause. Without consulting
SGCNA, Mr James said, the nev Marketing
SMnager announced a reduced price for ore
i rade of nutmegs and this prompted GCNA
Sto make inquiries of ASPIN

"We got a satisfactory explanation",
the Chairman said, "They gave us
information on changes within
ASPIN, the resignation of the first
Marketing Manager, appointment of
the new one, and we have been
assured that our Agreement is in full
-force and effect"


VoTed j
Mr Jabmes said a European buyer of
nutmegs, Man-Producten, hs voved to
break the Mrterting Co-Operation Agree-
ment between Grenada and Indonesia.

"They hope to buy at the old low prices if
they succeed in this", Mr James said, "and
they have tried to cause endless confusion in
the market".

Grerada and Indonesia supply the entire
nutmeg needs of the world market, product-
ion of the two coiutries being in the ratio of
25% to 75% in favour of Idonmesia.

After eight ears of negotiation, the Market-
ing Co-operation Agreement as signed in
March 1987 hen an ASPIN delegation, led
by Mr Jatje Worotitjan, ASPIN President,
visited Greada.

GCNA President James said in an inerviev
vith NEWSLETTER then that the purpose
of the Agreement vas to provide i
mermanisms for control of the supply to the
market, prices, disease and quality.
*"The two organizations will do their
narketins separately" he said, "but in co-
operation vith h each other so there will be
w price cutting"

The benefits to Grenada were
immediately obvious in 1987, the
first year after the Agreement vas
signed. In the trading year eding
30th June 1987, nutmeg producers
earned ECS29.3 million, a dramatic
increase from the ECS12.8 million
earned in 1986 There was a
further increase in 1988 vhen earn-
ings Vere EC$30.7 million.
After the signing ceremony, Mr Robin
Renvick, GCNA Manger, called the
neftiations "difficult" but interesting ,
lengthy and very deep". And he said the

----s------- I---

The Grenada Xe flwXvftffr

P"s 2

Satvaday I 8th March 1989

SThe Granada Newsletter Saturday 18th March 1989 Page 3

I .. -
man of the Grenada Co-ooerative
S Nutmeg. Association (CdNA) on
SMarch 17th released texts of talex rmssagesz
exchanged by GCNA vith tihe lrdorin i
Nutreg Association (ASP ) relative to a
Sustleted violation by ASP INf 4 t l Market-
ing Co-operation Agreement between

On March 3rd, GCNA telred, ASPIN
expressing the Association's c oncerf tfat
information had been receive tht AtSPIN
ihad aounced new prices t., be inter-
Snational market and had invited bids from
Interested buyers for March and April 19t8
'We are very much disttrbed by the
information received", GCNA said,
"and therefore appeal to you again to
send us your comment .........

ASPIN replied three days later vith regret
i tlt, in a situation which had arisen in tich
jift action had been rnecefnary it seemed
Ithai the GCNA intere had sbev n "~nis$fted
Without prior cozultation".

The problem vas, ASP IN id, that inm p e
elf ewral efforts, it had rot benr p.ssghe i?',
get, through to GCNA by telex ai trt
Suggestion vas made that alterme add re'es
or phone numbers be given to rg zaroaA .
such a difficulty in the future

"May ve confirm our ibet atent--
ions", ASPIN said, "and had nevr
lowered or changed or- nett price
level to anyone except for BWP (a
middle grade of nutmegs) as an effort
I to discourage lover grades.

]'bat ASPIN statement vwr challenged b
GCNA in a telex sent on March 13th. GC.A
said it hs a copy of ASPWN's recent offers

Z A Q1
l JrlLoSMf~~~

See TELEX Page 4


The & enada.

omunded 17th August 1973
391st Issue
Suhecrintinn atn

Payable In Advasce
Postage.Paid By Sec4d iass Air Mail
(IsIand Post In Grenada)

10 Issues


20 Issue $207.00
40 Issues, $390.00

$ 77.00

I About 20 Issues Publisbed Anaally
? rI


- ---- -,

- --

-- ----


bu m:t of .:IN.'s prices, if not all, are

Thich is o that not only BcW quotations,
belIov dthe rrziimnrns r 6 by the

OECNA told ASPIN sina, to date,
you have not even sent is a copy of
your announcement. Your actions
have caused us to question the
present status of our Marketing

GCN'A had tvo suggestions. First, that,
in order to restore b1rurs confidence,
ASP IN should "recoider" the
aitunemsnt inviting bids for March and
April (.9 shipment. The other
uggwio vas that there be a
GCNA/AF IN meeting during the latter
half of April "to reconfirm our
commitment to a joint marketing strategy".

Page 4 Saturday 18th Marc


! I- -1

SNLP Political Leader t.
i r Ket ith Mtchell s





h 1989

The Grenada Nevsletter

NJ J^J&*s
LT2 3t
EEL ij

Jt37T? T

-r -- r

" .it is gon to take sorse time lor things to settle
daote ...." Mitchell
D R KEITH MITCHELL, MINISTER "I don't thii it's healthy", he said, "I don't
of Works in the Ner National Party th41 brother .Jones is helping himself, the
(NNP) Government of Prime .paty or the nation by his absence from
L..Antter Herbert Blaie, said at a press these Zetngs".
onjerence on March 3rd that. since the
i'N? Convention in January odepos'ed Mr Mr Jones tyd. given him reasons for his
Baize s Political Leader and placed imr absence, he said., but he did not think thrn
rMiithell) in that post, there has been vaid.
:cnitiruig friction between him and the Considered
Prine M.limster Mr .ri.e did. com' to meetings of the 31-
mrember NNP Elscutive, he said, and, since
"At the end of the Convention", he said., "I th Conventiron those meetings have been
nicated hat I eeted, it is going C take very ed attended. Over the last four
nome time for things to settle don,. and I years, he said, 60% attendance-
till berlie that is thje -case". meetings -s considered "quite a lot", but
Believes attdance s no very much better than
e s no. ot comfortable" vith th-e situation, this
. sal, buthbe beieves "people" vil see the
ri~d to 'come heavily behind our political Concernin a report that Mr Blaize vould
Lesad ersip reshuffle ris Cabmnet soon, Dr Mithell said
*-e did r .t e pec_ t tis.
Sh rtiy after the ConQentiaon, wi'hrut con-
suitati-n i tth Dr Mitchell, Mr Blizs ith t clear reference to himself, the
pointed Mnister of Agricutltre a-ir. To ur- -'h c: said if Mr Blaize resbuffles
isr, Mr Ben Jones, to be Deputy Prinrme and gi-Tes aiy perception that "someone is
Mi r. Dr Mitchell said he i s beiag singled out in the eyes of the people
'"urha~c.pv' about this because, in people's for cuts in portfolios, there vould be
minds, it created doubt .s to wheth-ier the "seris political repercussions".
.Pr.a ..Mii....accptedhis. t wto--steLl'

AiFrimj M--aster accepted his (Mi .'hell's'
I election to the post of Poltical Leader

iincte the Convention, Dr Mitchell :aid, he
Shad had two frank aid cordial discussi.ons
v ith Ml.r Blaize on all aectss of the Party
,' ioverrarnt, aid t'e need for unnV.
jPFoo-m, s those talks, Dr MNitcbll is
,Moptm.sti, he said., but there iL ar other
i ra er which concerns him more.

Mr Jones. v.ho w-as elected Deputy Political
iLe-ader at the Convention, has failed to
attend any NNP public greetings he said.

TELEX From Page 3
i tn a reply on March 15h, ASPIN
reco nirned iheir "good irtentions" and.
.agreed to the proposed meeting. ASPIN i oj t say Whethf r the annunoucerent
iand in vitativn for bids vas being
Srecolsidered. b ut. advised that, "on our
subsequent offer, early April price level
Sill be increased ".
EI re~eosg .sa

i: i




Prime Minister
Herbert A. Blaize

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 1 th Marh 1989 Page 5


ice Bishop hMurc:er Appeai have I
Smade yet another chene to the I
validityy an. d jurisdiction of ,- ,re --renada
eal Court."" Sir Frederick Smith
s i-nea C- ,rt
I Presidcnto e O T
The challenge came from Defence Council Ap.- C.ourt-
.Mr Clarence Hughes S. e Crt ecessity" as the legal foundation daor
r.ssymed its sittings on February :2"-t sorc. of validity of the presem Court of
.-owing an ad.ounrimle tj.., on ..uajy Appeal". he said. "Corns-equently, the Court
%h. Iof Appeal has no jurisdiction to hear the

S"T re is !1no ,uricai bcits for th
cont'.nnuiang reliance on the "D-trine of See COURT Pag 6
-a,-.,,n, .',,"TS~ Se ~ Oi'R .66

NiU'TMEGS From Page 2
Indonesians have a "different trading

" It to-o some inme To iron thing omu ndr
Sniake sure we had the proper saf e. yards in
lhe event that nytAhing .did not work", he

'Afer Mr Haganr's se-C:ii. r.terrviTew on
'C"ribbewa R.eport", on Ai:ch 'th,
iN': -'SLETTER interviewed Mvfr .James
aain and the "safeguards" referred to b7r
, efr Ren-ck will probably be e ainited at a
meetingg of GCNA arnd ASN hch Mr,
James sazd, vill, t.ake pl ace i A pril.
Mr aaes said he had received .a able frorm
ASPIoN on the day before hMrch 15tS:
Sw hiLch indicates that the Ag eernet is stillW in
|rzee. GCINA rknos ASPI5 had
internall problems", t said.. T r- .s no
i 'bht that ASP IN pyn.qre"
kGCNA vill maintainn a -gh degree -or
1 Trancee, the Chainnan sa"-.

I"We are not worried about this situation",
Mnr .James said, "we sill nrt c lwer our
Prices or take any action .tvi eT sit aro-und
,a t;bie vith Indonesia"

nHost of "Caribbean Repor'", Mr .Hu.h
Crossk ill said on March oth that Mr
Roger Pike, Managing Di re:r of a British

spice trading Company, told himn tihej
Indonesians are to be blamed for adopting a
O'on-sided. attitude".

" Te problem is that they are not saying
very much to Grernaa", Mr Pike said on i the
progyramme.,"and this vould appear to be
the major problem ve hae seen right from
t. inceptir, in that it has been a rather one-
side! atttalOe". i
it is essential, Mr Pike said, that the
Agreement be resuscitated with a form- i
ulated joint selling policy Nutmeg \
traders, tlhro'uhout the world, should see
that t frn price structure is n place, h 1
a'., :.r d, even more important, the slri-
o -ic .-u. dd indicate that all comers are
velcores and not just one or tVo7 favoured
prartes. |

Mr Fiike did not blame GCNA for bemng lax
in. momtorimg the Agreement. ith ASPIN,
bu.t f-els Grenada has been let down bady i
by Indonesia. Buyers, he said. ,vill be
attracted immediately to the lover
Indi,-inesia prices. If Grenadian prices
are kloered to the Indonesian level, beJ
,ontmaued, buJyers vii then be looking for a I
'.n,,r period of firm prices to restore I
confidence in the market.

__ I-

S eturday18th March 1989

COURT From Page 5 -,
.Befbre the Court are 17 persons, 14 of
;-.m n-ave been semasnced to death ft thwe
raurrer, in .Octorjr -19g3, of ormerr
>Peoles RevoluUionar'V irkvernnmej R G 5
iPrimse Minirster Maurice Bishop ;andt rs

IThose in j .dath rowv include P' !G Suty
1Prms- Mnaster Bernard C -ar.d his
iJamaticarn ife Phvylis AIni-f.
Gt3rneri' of the. ~ ples Revblutionari
iArmy Se*vyn Stracha, PROG Ca-bin
SMemberZ. and sever-Wi PRA officers.
The rt-r three covi cti p:rs:rt- re
iiformr R.A foot: spniirs, tnose '.o
" did the killings umdr ,ord'.r' from
Ssuperior .fficers. and thy are s, er.. stiff
Sp mon sentences for ns. au.ghter.

Mr Hughes' arguments. ere b;aed "m the
fact the Grenada Srr"eme Cort (t'-I.
is. Ur m"C "........C.ourt of '.
n:. t .e High Court and Court of Appeal_
Siceaed by the PRG after the revtaion of
I37'. is "unconstitutional" because the
SCostitutio, which Sas sspened by -the
-PF". stipulates that Grenada's uprem
:urt is -the Supremre Court. of the
O ranisatior of EasT C.aribQeanr Str.teS

'-en the Corstitution was reaKred after
the rnuitarv intervention of 19;:?, however,
ithe section dzeahng with the Courits was lett.
tr,. aoeym-e. Grenada had to apply T1o re in
.he OECS Supreme Court ad, in the mean-
tiame ard until no., the- PRG-cretmed
S.Grei.-da Supreme Court has reIIaiJed and
is in operation.
Appal Court has ruled, that, to ..
itb chaos of a cotmtry withouI a -our t
L'ysm, eP Grenada Suprerrje Cou't
t: ouAL. "unz constitutional. is "lel" under
the ""Doctrine of Necessity". But Mr
,Hugh es argued that the corditic-ns wh"ch
permuittec' the Court of Appeal to operate
-.. Doctrine of Necessity do not est- today.
rc-r thai, Doctrine t, be operated, be said,
there must te "ip ve necessity"
inimtd.iaTre action to protect vial -f the Stae, that ncessitY aristgt
t from .,sap ti 0orai circumsta rce s t
provided !:or in the Constitution.

Further, .Mr Hughes, said. there mu-,t beai
other possible course of action -open to be

SThe: Grenada Nevsletter, '
'L '~1

He based t-hat the Court make an Order that
the period of "Necessity" has expired and
tha. t, tn Rsi m months, Government make a
report to th ie Court "indicating whether
;:pr-..Cpriate co,-ns:jutional steps have been
t aen tZ re Y-ularise the situation".

President of the Court, Sir Frederick Smith,
said. t. ins rcaidy iveen ruled that the Court
c-ramot give Gco:; rnmnent a deadline. He
sari also that Government has already
decided, t : reioinc the OECS Court and, if
MIr Huges' ei euest was granted, the Court
rvould be forcing Government to do
sometuh.g they di' not want to do.

Mr HuEhes said the Court must take control
of the situion it rnrrust not abdicate its
, .respo sa~-b s, be sid, mand mst make the
appropriate U orders.
See COURT Pae 7

_._ _~



The Deiferce 6unse- pointed out that,
aithou -A Gireada has applied;:to rejoin te
UOECS Supc0;:e ,Court, the OECS i
authorities have said. Grenada will not be
acceptable itatil the UMaurice Bishop Appeal
has b2eejr completed.

"The -est is not whether ,Grenaoa should .
avait the le.asuire of the OECS", he said,
"but vheter Grenada has the pover under

tir Clarence Hughes S.C j
--- -

the Const ittion to deal with the situation". I

Greriada does have that pover, Mr Highes
s-aid, in tat a procedure is laid out in the
Coritituton thereby the Cornstitution can

bi changed, r Tidating the PR.G-created
Suire'rmf 4Coirt. or- establishing an entirely
ieW Cour t.


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 13th March 1989 Page 7

COURT From Page 6
Sitting with Sir Frederick are Justices Rex
McK?,y and Time Kendall. T& Defer
Seamc-f 12 lawyers is led hby r :a jf:say
- while M r Karl Hudson-?hiips Q C leads
the Prosecutionr.

,. r
Sir Frederick ?.-a, o -ed. .hat the siting of-
t:e Co"rt would. end on M.?ch t.. i-tead.
:_ 1 th as originally schue..e.. He l- .
be back in his homeland, Bar,.,,s, he sai-d,
1,r celebrations of the 3501th ..ui ry o
the establishment of c F;airl..u-,nt i, that
country. The celebrationr tooJ place from
th to 11th March .and the rus 7 a
Sp-resent for them

i ". "." -.v/ .-.-;-"--:v i

: i.::

i : Mr Justice Rex ick a

,Mr justice Ker.dall als-o, h3 s id% hd to
t-urn early to Uhis tonrelai...., AnTi.ti, as
; nierai elections .oud. take olace there on
iMach 9th.

Iwen the Court st on February 28th, MTr
Maurice Tenm. Jamaican lawyer and a
memberr of the Defence 7Team, told treh
Cour, that, under the CoMLnfroT Law, a
soldier is placed in a" terrible dilenmia".
"If he kil3l someYsoe ,-

o; ttiso bederfce".

i-Ba:,grou to Mr Tens .' A "nent is
hp testimony given in the tri The.
viudetce given is that serious rift de-
veloped between Bisho .and the De!Dut:
Prime Minister, Brernird Ccard, aid this
resulted in Bishop being pw.j uruer -house-

Sn COURT Page 8

arrest by the Peoples Revolutiomnar Army

On 19th OctoIber 1983 howevre a large
crowd of thousands of Grer ians freed
Bishop r.ho then vent vith the crovd to
Fort PRuert, PRA Headq-arters in the
cetr!e orf S Georges. Coadi, supported by
Hu iso Austin PRA e rar ard o-ther
rmemb-er- s of the Central Com mitte, sent. a
?RA -ettachmentr of three armoured. per-
sonnel 'carriers to attack Fort Rupert.
Tiht detachment opened fire on the crowd,
killing a ,vet undetermined number of
;-erss. then capture Bishop and executed i
mhi to:FetPerr ith'"iembers of is Cabinet
:i, o C3. e i

Mr Term told the Court, *tht, because of the
Gre~ada Force A4t, 'te PRA
sold ers w th took part in tiat attack vere
t.. urJnder te dilemma posed by the Com-
rn'ri''. That Act, he said, forced, the
Fr.iA soldiers to obey superior orders
w1hethier those orders were "manifestiv
illegal" or not

These a.egiurPents relate to Appeal Ground
miarnmer 16 of some 30-plus Grounds which
have been filed in .this case Grond
r~rnber l6 argues that the Trial .Mudge, Mr!
.wtUce DLen nis Byron, nmsdireted *,h jta,7
kas to the deferce an accused can rnake of
-actsig u:der orders".
Three of the convicted persons, Andyi
MiNtAihell. Virnent Joseph, and Cosmos
Richardsion particularly, are affected by this
ro3urd. According to the evidence, they
o. rip seC4 the PRA execution sq'adi which
was ordered to do the actual shoottingw of
Bishop --d se.-n', other ppxsoris. |

m:i is sumrr.ning up, the Tria Judage told tie i
Jury -iat., if they formed the opinion that |
the-rs accse. in taking =art in the murders,
were res1r-.pondg to blt they taught. were I
le'l or er s, ther the charge a.gqnst them
-hoid be reduced to manslaughter.

Mr :Tem s argument is that the Trial Jud.e i
,hould -hav told the jury that, in this
particular case, if the accused thought they
were ? der "superior orders" they
si oud hIa been acquitted and set free.

-e -c`-- --

SPag Saturday I th March 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

CGOUNT lro Page 7
Mitchell is serving 30 years for
nr.0alaugh.or while Joseph and Richartlson
.'.. serving 45 years each on the sare- Mr Tenn began his 3,Xr1anst,
nce ouse Mr Clarence
Souad up his argIuments which he began on
S'he day before (27th), askingc-tha the (Ccurt
I. cl are that the period of "Necessit" i now
s-r .-and ' the" six m t-hs
r5: r... .-.; the Colurt system co' t+tutio:r-
S!q Jurisdiction
Sir Frederick would rot accet th.
w"-c-ever.. -erfcause, he sad., if a Declaratilcri
i- -made tlat the period of "Neces"ity T"

'.'*.i,'ction ar'nd chues vtOij.4 r'ig-n i
r, x:t r .--. -

The Presid ent. felt, too, that tLe GrI aia
SCGov.ernmenthas don ever.ytii:t ccud to
-rm this appeal case to a close so that the
-.ay Wo.,tl be clear for Grezaa to rejo
Ste 0 ECS Supreme Court.

n:-r he~r:Sf ersisted, however, -ari posed

.. _Ky if Co' se I. co-orateo .
sOn the f-11in day, March 0 Defence

Su .isel, IMr Delanto HIrrison. told the C.:..t
11^^ frmer PRA Lieutenant Colorei Evart
; H-e~achj- Layne gave no instr'usCti. that
,,ay body should e shot at For Rupen if
Oi-ber t198. the day Priek- Minieri
r-,'i,-.ic.e "Tishop case riildered th ure. c
.l Harr .n .referred to what called a

L...e ichis not in accordance vil-ope
r .'ntorn f tateiwing d ay d by Layne fromn
i do De isn "k.

S' Frsi-'er.ey poRinuted out to !for .eEwon

a4i: ed," ft evidene shich at ent before
0tc -rvy fhor conservation. And Sir
I rederick referred to the fa-t that, bmczse
Ithe a-usfed -person- 1had dismiissedI their
Soa-ae . lshopdig Mr Harriso there
V Alleged

*- s :-ttod.ay g Coirt to challeng-i thv
St on statemt on their ehalfe

"This s i the difficulty some of you are going
to have", Sir Frederick said. "If you had
stayed. it th e Coaurt you would htae had
tlhe opport't to challenge the statearent.
i s rt 'alleged' statement. 1nov hut one

iver+n vanarly 3y La s ".
F reed
l tLha si,-.:ed vo!itarvt statement, Layne.
vwho .- Depuyr Commaner of the PRA,
said aftr a c-ro of several thousands had
efred l: ri .hop roman house arrest Bishop had
joe viPh the- crowd to Fort Rupert PRA
Head t 'te rs. I
------ .,_ i

Mr Justice Time Kendall

Laiyne vw a oca.-e at Fort Frederick, sinme
two miles away, and, after speaking by
telephone to PRA personnel at Fort Rupert,
he gave orders to Officer Cadet Conrad
Makers to .aJ a detachment of three
arrm.',e persC:,rme1 carriers to "rscapture"t
For't. R'irt i
.I :,a. 2- C .My-m:~7sL0 *,a-4.* s.&W
.-tru% .s %r a jsss to had Meas'wQt

"r "irhi -age ; s to-urnen- for

Statmi t fr tj .daock. In th at statenme nt
Lme said 'Li.t hen oe sehAt t me owilitary
tarnst 02 F 2ro+ R .tuert, iIt we e t the
SFor.- f i.. and rd-e. He 4did not,

,.at t $?, s. t. d, te arers r nteo
Mr -rrio-.. based chs argmSni for
L...yr. ..* .....C.fe on Layre's usvwo rn
iaterrer. r.t.frorm te d ck. In that statement,
Lagre said that. when he sarA Abe military j
unit .- Fort. Rpert it v-c to recapture the'
Frta. -- re..ore lay and order. He did hot ,
at. :a-;,I dura, h s4ai, a -n orders for an one '
g-ee C.Ol -T ,Pife 9

- --.---7

- ...~. .. ._~.._

SThe Grenada Nevsletter Satur

COURT From Page 8
j to be "liquidated".

iBefore Mr Harrison began his ar.=uments _
iDefenL: e Counsel Maurice Term wound up
th presentation he began on the day before
;"(28th). O
.Mr Tenn told the Court that under the
ICommon Law, before obeving an order
given b a superior officer, a soldier would
have to consider whether that order is
"manifestly illegal" or nOt. However, he
sai.., mder The Grenada :Mllivry Akct
w ch charges the rmlit;vry with preservm'n,
I'M and order, the soldier imus.t obey.
whether or not the ordar iF reasorable and
Sg ren in good faith.

l' Tan Appeal C-ourt Judges not:. ,dgre 7 1th
Mr Tenn.
,.' '.' '

't could never '4
ibe understood", .
Sir Frederick / ./,
said, "that, under this At, a
sider could iust go arocun. "
I an. s hoot evervbodv"

When the Court sat againon March 2..d, Mri
H;iarrisonr resumed. his argument that. thb
Trial Judge had misdirected the w ry

< In effect", he said "the leasried Trial Judge
unitedd the jury to indulge in ".
SElaborating on points he made on the day
beforee (1st) Mr Harrison referred to the
Sact that, in his unsworn statement from the
Sdck, Layne said he gave certain
(iimUr-tions to Christop-er Stro- de, one of
his subordinate officers.

'r. :his summinrg up to the .ury, M ar Ha-rison
.'aid, Judge Byron pointed o, thaT. Layne
maid his instructions te Stroude were that lie
should "take control" of Fort Rupert.

The Jud3 e told the jury also, the Defence
!o.cunsel said, that, in assessWng Strcude's
,tacions, te.y co rd take init. account other
Le&viderce before them iiicudirc the signed
Sstatemrnt Layrn gave the Poice.

SIn that statermna,, Layrx said that, when
another of his officers haI :-.ported tu. nta_

iay 18th March 1989 Page 9
-- i
that Ma'urice Bishop and Unison Whitenman,
bishop's Minister of Foreign Affairs, had
been captured at Fort Rupert, "......I told
him thi7 should be liquidated......".
Mr Harrison said Judge Byron was mviting
the 3ury to speculate that Layn's instruct-
io ns to St.Bernard included orders to
"iquidate", and, in any case, he said, one of
the Grounds of Appeal relate to the validity
of Layne's signed statement.

r ',L 9 e T MrIS" A iV slt 'Vamns

Mr Harrison said also that 3udge Byron's
summing up confused the. ury. At one
psoimt), the Deferice Counsel said, the Tral I
Jildg told the jury that nore of the legal
'requ:remen-s_ for dealing with a riot had
ieen :complied dwth on the day the crowd
.ook o, r FortRupert.
SNevertheless at
arnther point in I
2 X-ZI,

the surag up, Mr Harrison said., udge
Byron told the jury it was up to them to
decide whether or not the riot reaureements
had been fulfilled.

The Defence Lawyer told the Court that, in
te si rrjrng up, Judlge.Byron had faded
adeq atelvy to direct the jury as to all the
defeIzs- LaSne could have pleaded against
the chaiges laid.
"A pe-rscr -harged with serious offense is
emitled,4 to have his defence put t the jury m
a ay: .they can appreciate", Mr Harrison
said. "If the defence is not properly put, that
person is entitled to an acquittal even if he
1ias signed a confession".

Friday March 3rd was the last day of sitting
fowr the Court before the weekend and, on
that day, ;he Defence asked the Court to
ac it the three foot soldiers who
comprised the exEtution squad. vhich
associated Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
and. others .
See cOURT Pag# 1 I


Page 10 Saturday 18th March 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
tCOURT Prom Pare 9

Defence Counsel, Mrs Jacqueline Samuels-
Brown, tvi represents two of those
soldiers, Andy Mitchell and Cosmos
Richardson. told the Judges the Trial Judge
failed to tell the jury there is a section in
SGrenada's law under which the three men
should be set free.

iAccording to Mrs Samuels-Brovn,
that section says "a person shall not
ibe punished for any act which, by
treason of ignorance or mistake of
fact, in good faith, he believes to be

Mitchell and Richardson and the third
soldier, Vincent Joseph, were charged with
murder but, following directions of the
Trial Judge, the jury returned a verdict of
I manslaughter.
SThose directions by the Judge were based- on section of the la which says. "A
Season who inteionall causes the death of
Another person by unlawful harm shall be
deemed to be guilty only of rmalaughter
v a not murder if ... in causing the death he
l-acted. in the belief in good. faith and- on
,reasonable grounds that he was under a
Slegal dutyto cause the death........"

I M'rs Samuels-Brown said that in returning
Sa verdict of manslaughter, the jury clearly
Sought the men" acted in the belief in good
ifith and on reasonable grounds" that.i tley
Severe" under.a legal duty to cause the death"
Sof.Bishop an the others executed vith him.

ITis ias t same condition, she said, .as twhe
other pro.vsion of the Lav that they acted.
t "y reason of ignorance or mistYake of fact",
and the Trial Judge should have pointed this
out to the jury and advised that the men be

"These men have nov been in jail for
;ftve years," Mrs Samuels-Brovn
said, "and the Court should move to
'free them immediately'.

President of the Court, Sir Frederick Smith,
said the Court could not take this action
ljunl, in the course of the Appeal, it. has
heard wbat. the Prosecution has to say on the

SMr Earle Witter, appearing for, Calistus

Bernard, another of the convicted men,
addressed the Court at the conclusion of
Mrs Samuels-Brown's arguments.
Bernard, 3r, 9as. "Abdullah" gave a sworn
statement to the Police which discloses he
vas sent by the PRA for training at the
Gr ardnrri Military Academy in Cuba.

On the day of the murders, Berard was in
commarn. of the second armoured vehicle
sent to recapture Fort Rupert. He was also
in chrge of the execution squad which
"lquidated" Bishop and those-vith him, and
says in his signed statement that he told
"...Bishop and the people vithhim that the
Central Comnmttee had decided that they
should be executed by fire".

"I gave the command, 'Soldiers
prepare to fire" and "Fire"; his
statement says. .... the machi
gunner on the square with me and the
soldier with the A.K. on the square
with me and I fired together. The
bodies fell backward. Some fell
down slov and some fell down
fast..... .

Mr ifer W told the Court Bernar bd ad acted
under "superior orders" and had no option
but to obey them.

'7lhen the Court resumed on Morday 6th
UMarch, after the weekend, Sir Frederick
questioned whether the Central Committee
of the New .Jeel Movement had. had
authority to order the death of Bishop or
anyone else.
Sir Frederick's query came when Defence
Council, Mr Carlton Williams, argued that
the Trial Judge fa'ed to tell the jury that 2
of the 14 men convicted for murder, Lester
Goat" Redhead. t ai Christopher Stroude,
had a defere in that they were acting under
"superior orders"

"The. question xs not whether the Central
Con.0rr tfee had ?he authority", Mr Williams
said. "but whether the men believed the
Conucmttee had the authority. We must
remember that Grenada vas then operating
under a revc-lutionary principle".

Mr Williams, argued also that the Trial
See COURT Page ,1

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