The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00367


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The Gre d"


NEWSLETTER

Volume 16 Saturday 27th August 1988 Number 12


lOEC IPOLE ZVCML


T IS INEVITABLE THAT THE
member States of the Organisation Of
East Caribbean States (OECS) form
tjmrnselves into a political 'mion
Tm.s was declared by Dr Vauihn Lewis,
OECS Director Gener-a, aas he appe red on
a radio progranarn here on Auguzi 15th,
ad he said that, despite ideological differ-
1:nre-s, the world economy ts becrmmng
ItiK're and more i ntegratd.
) Necessary
"Small countries faced .it.h that kind of
,ri-.nirconent, living close to each other,
fidirmg that they !han Im :any ca' tS,
-minlar problems which they .vc-ar-t take
care of on their own," he -ad, "fitr d it
necessary to cmre tOgeterto cooperated in
Isome Vay"
Dr Lewis referred to the pr .-p;-.. put
forward by the OECS He-., of Govern-
ri Fnt in May 1987 that there should be
"closer union" amoniE OECS Meumber
States
This proposal, he said, has been made
,agairst a vastly different. backgro-'iui from
that of the West Indies Federation which,
fonrne.d in 1958, collapsed in 1962. At that


LE IS'
time, he said, Britain's Caribbean colonies
lckedt to the "Mother Country" for support
in tirr-es of difficulty but that option no
longer e@:is.
Better
"Whatever we are doing, ye are doing on
our own", he said,"and I think that, because
we are d :ing our own thing with nobody
to run to but ourselves, we have a better
chance of working it out and ensuring that
vih we work out is our own".
See LEWI Page 2
IN THIS ISSUE
OECS Political
SUmty Inevitable :Lewis ......
NIS Has EC$58.3 Million
Investment Portfolio. ........ 2
France Gives Scholarships--... 2
Brizan Predicts General
Elections......................... 3
U.S.Aid Totals Over
US$ 100 Million ........... 4
Grenada Has Unblemished
Human Rights Recbrd: G.G..5
Call Made For Regional
Police Force..................... 6
National College Opens
In September................ 7
Dr Geoffrey Bourne Dies....... 8
Promote International Law
As Golden Rule : McComie.. 9
I Human Rights Violated
In Grenada .....................11
SNevs Shorts ..... ......







SPag 2 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


P2NEYE


tiF 'ELVE SCHOL.ARSHiPS TO
Fren-h univer-itiez are to be
av. :rpded t;o CGrenadi ns anirmuJlly by
the Gov. rriant of France.
t- -?
i
1Ac_-.rdi.ir to a Groermrierit. relea-e, a three-





%1C71 MLL,3ON
nernber Grernnait diele;tion, hed,- by









TJ NATIONAL INS'JRA :.E
S~e rI (NIS) rno-' ha. an in.ve:tmenit

jT avs dtic:osed by Mr Geor,;e= McG'uire,
S'.L'.cid S_,: ,...,. y M i sister, as h-e ,.-drr-..je.
I a.iarnent on A ugsT 18th.

Of this sum, the Mi sister said, some E C.5. I
rmillionri is invested in Treasury Bills .-mri
f ied cder.-sits, and EC$6.9 million is in
i Goverrn:'er .Bonds.
t Borroved
SGo'.er rn-ninrit has borrowed. EC,. 3 million
fr:,m tK Schema, he said, and EC$3.6 vwas
lent to the state-run Grenada El C:tricity
Service. to assist in that C.,nmp u:y's rural
electrific'it-on programmnr.

NIS vas 1a.uiched on 4th April i'.23 d.rirk-r
,th regime of the People, ev,.utj: ..-a.-7
Gc-.r:ernrmerit, and Mr McGu.re said, sM:e
then, it hYAs been possible to double the

grait tihe l'11QheS. of any z by a Nan;- 'I
I i1r7.,raice .-1 C rnem in the C.azibbe an.
i

SHe said akls-, that Go'verrmei~t is to
J.:rde^ e rationalstion of the NIS rilef
r t.e: to i:knrss and. materrpity benefits.
T' ', he ,id, V*il maI.e the ':ch:ie 'less
b'uriidinxie for emnopk:.r-.
The Mirnster disclosed that Trhre are now
28,99f erpl,:,-eeZ and 1,631 emrple-ers
S.reg i;tred "vi h the NIS .


vas promis3ed these scholarships by
Frrnce's 1M4i-,-ter For C'.'peratior, M.
..Jacues Pelt.ier, When the delegat'in visited
P 'is in mid-July.

The .cholar.-shii p are to be in the fields of
TI, .isn M.d-a~e meant and Engineering
arid, if the necessary paper work and
d;:'ci.uti-i.ti.?n can be completed in time,
vill be available for the 198-,9 academic
,ear :t.vr ing inSeptember.

This de'-.prt-nit is a follow-up to an
:.. ur.:.'.uic'.eiareit ~idie inr Greniad a last May by
M. R ne-Ribov:lat, the non-residert French
Ambassador to Grrey.~_.a.
Committees
In an i ?erie ith NEWSLETTER,
A.- m-s .id',r ne-Piboiat. said France h-as
sigrid c...-r.:ii..., Agreements with
Grinarmda, St Lucia, St Vincent and
D'riiLm'ca, and Joint Committees have been
app:oinP d in each '*'ir.ry.

T}h-'-e c'.nrnmittees will meet arannally, he
sad. When a Report fr:,om the relev.ni
c':.untrY will be considered and decisions
t:-:en on the typ- .-i md scope of aid needed.

The Amb..i.saor said his country offers two
types of aid under these cooperation
Agreei-fent's. One is avsist;uice for
fe-.:sibility -.iie- and thPe -ther is avail-
atbility of s": f. 1,:..l:nl


LEWIS From Page I
The D Ire,:ic..,r Goeuur'.i said anrimporLa-it
f.,'t,: r -i. 1lc mr:e OECScoLun--
tri-e r.dis.- the necessity fbr coring
te-ether is the i:'.tude being adopted
St,. 7r,:-.: them by tmj..r blocs such as
the EuroCpean Ec-.'n',iC Cor'z rmunity
|(EEC)
-
SEEC coumU-i~te are serndi thie mi.ssage.
S- s3: that ince they therrelves
i a'.:fe as a re:i:nal1 bloc, s-maller
j states ZIh.Ad esenttrheir p)siti:n.s and
i .rr~ntz .:- ion a regional' basis.
E.aS-.migS Em ( iJ BWM.. ff....tM ..


9.
Y




i


-- ~







The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 3


IWXZAN











Prime minister may be

forced to set tfhW dte as
MR GEORE g1i cRAMt as yV'xt EcJuRrtwr


LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION
National Democratic Congress
(NDC), Mr George Brizan, said in an
interview on August 24th that he does not
expect Prime Minister Herbert Blaize to call
elections before next year.

The Prime Minister may be forced to set the
date as early as net January, he said, but tis
vill depend o a number of fators.

"If he (Blaize) has no serious challenge
internally (to leadership of the Nev National
Party), Mr Brizan said, "then he vill go the
full length of the term, but, if any attempt is
made to embarrass him, then I think the date
(for elections) vill be next January".
According to Grenada's Constitution,
the Government may remain in
power "for five years from the date
of the first sitting of Parliament
after a General Election. The last
General Election was on December
3rd 1984, the first sitting of
Parliament was on 28th December
1984, and so Mr Blaize's New
National Party (NNP) may remain in
power until 27th December 1989.
According to the Constitution, however,
although the Governor General must
dissolve Parliament on 27thDecember 1989
(if the Prime Minister has not exercised his
prerogative and called the elections before),
there is a period of three months beyond that


date within vhich the elections must be
called. This sets 26th March 1990 as the
very latest date on vhich the next General
Election may be held in Grenada.

At the last elections, NNP von 14 of the 15
seats in Parliamernt, bA, as a result of
defections, of vhich Mr Brizan vas one,
the NNP majority th dwindled to 916,
NDC holding all the opposition seats.
NDC has charged, and there is public
report, that Dr Keith Mitchell, Minister of
Public Utilities is vaging a behind-the-
scenes cat-paign to undermine Mr Blaize's
BS ZAMA Page 5

The CGiresad
NEWSLETTER
Founded 17th August 1973

COLUMBIA muVaEfrrY
Mal" Moo0S CABOT AVARD 194
Subscription Rate
Payable in Adav
Po *e Pai By Secon Cass Air MKil
(Inlakd Post In Gaada)

0o Is3rs $102.00 $ 39.00
20 Issmes 1183.60 $ 7220
40 Issws. $346.80 $132.60
About 20 Issues Publsbe Annally
tflfaiim


L I







Page 4 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter


U.N0 SAD







jn a per cupita 60s5sM, GIreaiaC a is orne of the hivfest

recipients of UnitedI States (ci4.


ipHE UNITED STATES GOVERN-
i ent has spent over US$100 million
.. in Grenada since the military
intervention of October 1983.

I Ths; was disclosed in a radio brol-dcast on
IJuly 24th by Mr Peter Orr, Head of the
Unites States Agency For International
Development (USAID) in Grenada, and be
said that, on a per capital basis, the island is
one of the highest recipients of United States
aid.

L"I think the exceptional level of aid Grenria
has received is both a reflection of the
excellent relationship t e have maintained
With the Government of Grenada", he said,
"and also a fairly high degree of
icox.ngru y with regard to deve.:'pinent.
str.xteges of both ourselves nd the
Government of Grenada".
Infrastructure
Mr Orr said USAID has funded over 200
projects in Grenada over the past fiv years
and approximately half of the aid has been
applied to infrastructure development.
especially roads, vater, electricity and
tourism.

,Major projects include completion of Point
Salines International Airport at a c:-st. of
US$19 million and construction of a ner
Mental healt1complex to replace the mental
Hospital accidentally destroyed by U S
bombers during the October 1983 military
Intervention.
'Seventy schools have been renovated and
I repaired, Mr Orr said, some US$22 million
I'ent in budgetary support to Goverr.nent,
and approximately 300 Grenadians have
Been given short-term training overseas and
Sopporti.wities to undertake degree courses at
U.S. imiversities.


In another area, USAID has given US$6
million to Project Hope, a non-profit United
States organisation which provided medical
health professions to Grenada after the
departure of the Cuban doctors vho had
served Grenrads during the regime of the
Peoples Revo:!uti.rj-ry Government (PRG).

The USAID Head said Project Hope has
provided training to local health officials
and has attracted to Grenada physicians and
other health per,:.rnnel who left the island
during the 1979 t, 1983 administration of
the PROG.
Plans
Substantial sumn- have also been spent on
developing an industrial estate on Grenada's
southern peninsular in the region of Point
S-Jline_ InTrnatiional Airport, Mr Orr said,
and there are plans to build another
industrial estate close to the disused Pearls
Airporton the island's east coast

USAID has also provided technical
isisi-ance to the Government of Grenada,
he said, including fiscal planning and efforts
to achieve a balanced budget
II ,- --nI -- .me- --


IJfHT5; TIM M!s
NkIVS homL aimJli~jJa


A curious Cr' rd gathered at the Queens
Park Sdava ir, Port Of Spamin Trinidad, on
the afternoon of Friday 23rd January 1914.

The crowd was there because, for weeks,
e:xitemrent P -ad built when it became known
that Mr Frank Boland would attempt to fly
his biplane on that day.
It vas the first attempt at aviation in Trini-
dad, but it ended in disaster. Shortly before
6. 00 p.m. that afternoon, Boland died vhen
his piar-e cr hed inft the Savannah


- --







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 5

BREADA DA
MMMB. r,

REEND PNI NNN



fj~iipE


I"The iretnacdian people. wiftt not i
jpaigns hatIiehed bi-rod- an d b

I orw GOVERNOR GE:E.FAL SIRT
SPa Sc.:,on 7:p-' eo rs.-,.d the
opinion that, '!, five Fv.ars ago.
Grenadians se:erienced a new birth of free-
Sdom, and now have an unblemished reco:,r,
of hurm.an rights since Oct.:-.ber i'.?. wvhen,
the Peoples Pevcluionary Go vrm-er t was






i r
,I ,.- ., i






SIR PAUL I_ TtuJ 4

Sir Paul expressed this opinion on A,.i.,t
I3 .h as he detl;.red open a *Tmp:.,ium on
!human rights sp.'ris,:red b.y CARICA~iRE,
ithe Caribbeari Irit.ute For The >r.:.r-.4tihon
Of Human Rights, in co,.:,eration with the
Govermnrment of Grenada arid the Inter-
f A merican Cci-mrnision On Human P ig-htj.
j Nosensee
I want. you to -rknov that ?h ;rein.:i.a~i
I people vill not be mnovd by proia.--and.i
campaigns hatched abroad arid. born out of
Foreign ideologies which, 'uti :_':ro.:s the very
J""eIs of our society", he said, "no:r shall we
Ibe i-fluenced by the iratelctia l n-iarer.ese to
jvhich sonw professic.nd menare w--n. to
.'t ;,:p when-.bjectivity anrd sound reronin,-
.giv way to intellecual dis,;hone.rty arld
Src'( fessional deceit"


bek mosed by propacmndac cam-
nM ottt of fortAjn ideoloqiCs

The syr. -': --i:- was held to mark the 10th
..:rver'.-ry of the c.c.rmiri into force of the
American Con-rentic-n On Humin- Rights,
and C(renad was chosen as the venue
te.,.i.e* it vas this country's rattfiatiion of I
:~1 CoertiWonri which provided the numrrber
of rn.:iona~ ratifiati.:~s (11) required to
brini fl. Conventiorn into force.
Shirk
Th1-,- 'hl: :hc-ut. t"h,.mnan rights" for their
:,':Ii selfish motives, Sir Paul said, n.iLt
i. :er-zt.:-,d that othere r people a::': have
rights and that every right has a
corre-,...ridig duty. Htunri rights c..i .t.
fl,.'.urih in a country where citizens shirlk
their re*sp,:,'ibilitieS, he said, ad it is
e::pecte_ that every mii will play his r:.le as
a resp-.rrible citizen

Mr D.n' Willi.ure, Grenada's Ml1,iliter' of
Health, re:resented Prime Miriizter Herbert
Blaize at the svymposiuTn and the feature
-idr: ; ,:1 delivered by Mr Val T
McC.;mi i Assistait Secretary General of
h-- Or -iitd.ic-n of Am.nrican States (OAS).

Sir William Douglas KCMG, E.arb.".:.A
See HUMAN RIGHTS Page 7
I BRIZAM From Page 3


leadership.
Miteri


This has been denied by Dr


SMr Erz.irn ruled out any possibility of I
SMr El:ze calling a snap election as, he
said the Prime Minister could not be
sure of the outco me.

SJ.DC is ready for the electionlr "hien-
ever tlH.d" are called, he said, arnd 13 off
Sthe p -uts 15 cc-a-.idate- have .lremdy v
S -.iied
I 4S-"ly'!E!;S!'Sl^ n SSSS~~~tSlS


- -- --- -- --~~---~







SSaui d ay 27th August 1988

CAL MA


', The Grenada Nevsletter


Twe criminals who the Police ssAc to

appreheiwn are themselves united .


P RIME MINISTER HERBERT
Blaize has urged Caribbean Police
Commissioners to continue to
.-trengthe their regional cooperation in
efforts to fight the drug menace in the
region.

The Prime Minister made his plea on July
25th as be opened the Third Conference of
the Association of Caribbean Conniisiori-
ers Of Police (ACCP) whichwas sponsored
by the International Criminal Investigative
STraining Programme of the United States
SDepartment of Justice.

Mr Blaize told the Police Commissioners
that, if they nake their organisation a
regional institution, it will receive more
recognition from the Caribbean Commun-
ity (CARICOM) and INTERPOL.
S hSo isticated
There is need, he said, for a strengthening
of ACCP, because the "drug tarorir" and
other criminals are well organised, are
highly sophisticated, and are proving to be
the base "for much of the things that go
wrong in the vorld today".

Addressing the opening session, Grenada's
Commissioner of Police, Mr Cosm-os Ray-
mond, urged his regional colleagues to
cooperate in efforts to strernthen the
already existing inter-Force arrang.emets.

He called for greater cooperation in
dissemination of information anw. in
developing new strategies to attack hose
who pose threats to the social, cultural and
democratic systems in the Caribbean.


Retiring President of the Association,
Cuthbert Phillips, Coirmmissioier of
Royal St Lucia Police Force, called


Mr
the
for


creation of a sirnge police force
Caribbean region


for the


Mr Phillips said he hoped the politicians are
not frightened by that idea which, he said,
should be looked, at from the point of view
that the crinri- hs who the Police seek to
apprehend are themselves united.

While, because of the problems of travel, a
Police Commissioner in the northern
Caribbean may take as manyas three days to
get to the southern Caribbean, he said,
crirrinral can complete the journey in less
than a day because of the executive jets at
their dispos-al.
Criminals
If the political directorate in the Caribbean
fails to provide the Police Forces vith the
necessary technical people to fight crime, he
said, criminals will eventually completely
take over the democratic process in the
region.

There are already criminal elements with
enough money to manipulate regional
irMtitutions:, Mr Phillips said, and it is
possible that if the Police are not given the
strength and hbchking, these elements may
gain cntr.ol.

The ACCP was founded in Jamaica in 1986
when there 7.v a Conference of Police
Cormmissironers of the countries of the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Inan
interview vith NEWSLETTER, Mr
Cosmos Raymond said it was felt then, that
establishment of an Association would
facilitate the exchange of information and
foster a better understanding between the
various Police Forces.
See POLICE Pre 7


- -- '---- --







The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 7





S EVEN EDU- Handicraft Centre, velop new ones to School Teachers.
national instit- the Domestic Arts satisfy the needs of Undertake
utions are to Centre, the Institute students and those The College ill
be merged to form For Further Educat- of the nation. also undertake In-
Grenada's National ion, the Agricultu- service Teacher
College which ral Training School Am.:.ng the courses Education at both
opens in September and the Continuing to be offered by the the primary and
next. Education Pro- College are Secre- secondary levels
gramme. iLrij: Studies, Indus- and, to facilitate the
According to an off- Objective trial and Light Han- transfer of students
icial release, those The release said the dicraft, and Teacher into U.S. colleges
institutions are the inmnediate objective Education leading ard uversities,
Teachers College, of the Colleg viil to the University of there will be
Ihe Institute of be to coordinate all the West Irdies Cert- courses leading to
Technical & Vocat- existing pro- ificate for Primary Associate Degrees.
ional Training, the graammes and to de- See COLLEGE Page 9
- 7 -- 7 III 1 L m IIIIIIIII i I ' 1 1I I1 i= I 'i ": 7 : : : .:


POLIC From Page 6
Particularly in the field of training, Mr
Raymond said, Grenada has benefited.
from its membership in the Assciation.
One officer has already returned from
Belize on a training course and .-nother is
shortly to have an attactment to the
Jamaica Police Force. Training, he said,
covers not only routine Police work but
involves hijacking, kidnapping, terror-
ism and the illegal narcotics trade.

These training programmes, Mr Ray-
mond said, are sponso-red by the
International Crimiral Invstigative
Training Programme operated by the
United States Department of JIstiice.

"An important feature of the Ass-
ociation", he said, "is that rnembersnip
allows the CAR.ICC'M Police Com-
rissioners to establish peri:o:n.w rel. :.in-
ships with each other and with iil.
enforcement officials from outide
CARICOM who attend meetings of the
Association as observers".

Such personal contacLtz facilitate the
expeditious handling of of f ici.- business,
he said, and this has been found to be
very helpful in many instances.

Mr Orville Durante, Conmnissi:ner of
the Barbados Police Force, vas elected
ACCP President for the 1 ,/.9 term.


HUMAN RIGHTS From Page 5
Amtas:-ador to the United States of
America and the OAS, vas Guest
Speaker, and papers vere delivered by
two Grenadian Attorneys At Law, Mr
Lloyd Noel and Dr Francis Alexis, both
former Attorneys General of Grenada,.

Paper were also delivered by Dr
Christina Cerna, Human Rights Specialist
vith the Inter-American Commrission on
Human Rights, and Dr Claudio Grossman,
Profess.:.r of Law at the American
Unimr'rsity, Washington, DC.
Ratified
Debate at the symposiumn disclosed that, of
th~ countries in the Caribbean Co:m-
munity (CARICCM), only Grenada,
SB..'.ad-s and Jamaica have ratified the
American'c Conv.ntion on Human Rights,
Gren.ad a being the first of the three to do
so. Of the theirr OAS countries, all have
ratified the Convention except Brazil,
Chil.e Paraguay and the United States.

ArrAm.-n the resolutions passed by the
syrtp-'sium is one calling on the other
CAR 1,CC:. countries to ratify it. Ani.;ther
calls on the Grenada Government to give
rec,-.rnition to the Inter-Americ'.ain Co.-t
of .Jstice ad accept its jurisdiction. It
a.ls'o call: on the Grenada Government to
"make all necessary provisions to give full
effect to the American Convention on
Human Rights in its laws and practices"
tp mum


-- -- --- -- ~~ -~-~







SPage 8 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter


%1 o@aM DRI I




L yR R GEOFFREY BOURNE, 79, VICE-
h ellor of the Grenada t.sed St
o.J Georges University School Of
Medicine, died at 5.10 pm on July 19th in
Bellevue Hospital, New York.

A spokesman for the University said that,
to weeks before, while in New York
attending a ceremony of the University, Dr
Bourne had complained of feeling unwell
and had been admitted to the corcUnar care
unit of the Hospital.
Decline
His progress towards recovery, since then,
had been erratic, the spokesman said, and he
had not rallied from a decline which became
evident some 48 hours before his death.

Dr Bourne was an Australian and held the
degrees of Bachelor of Science, Master of
Science and Doctor of Science frl.:m the
University of Western Australia. He also
held the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
from Oxford University.

He conducted Australia's first Nutrition
Survey and was responsible for the comput-
ation of that country's first nutritior-l f,.d.
tables. From 1938 to 1947, Dr Bourne
was a Demonstrator in Physiology at
Oxford University and, con-currently, held
several other appointments.

One of these, during World Wa- I1, w.s
being a Member (with the rank of Major) of
the British Special Operations Executive in
charge of Biomedical Research & Develop-
ment for Special Forces in South East Asia.
Repnsibility
Following the War, in 1945 and 1946, he
held the post of Chairman of the Pan
Malayan Nutrition Council which had
responsibility for the nutritional rehabilit-
ation of Malaya after the Japanese surren-
der.

Between 1948 and 1957, Dr Bourne wvas
Professor (Reader) of Histology at the
University of London, following which be
became Professor and Chairman of
Anatomy at Emory Unierrsity Medical


Sch-:-l in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

In conjunction with these responsibilities,
he became, in 1962, Director of the Yerkes
Primate Research Centre at Emory, a post
held until he joined the St Georges
University School of Medicine in 1977.

Dr Bourre is the author of and/or has edit-
ed a vide range of publications and was the
founder and Editor of "World Review
Nutrition & Dietetics and "International
Review Of Cyr'loy ".
Historical
Additionally, he is the authco.r of several
books including "Nutrition & The War"
(1941) and 'Starvation In Europe" (1943),
the latter being placed, at the request of the
Duke of Gloucester, in the British Imperial
War Museum as an historical document.

In addition to his responsibilities as Vice-
Cllincll':,r, Dr Bourne was Professor of
Nulriti,'.ri at the Iedical School. He held
the h.nrcortar title of Professor of Hialh at
Geor-ia University, was a Fello of te
Institute of Biology in Great Britain, of the
Zool,:'icAl Societyof Londonr, England and
of the Armeri,-.an Society of Gerontology.
He has also been a Fellow of the Royal
Society of Medicine for more than half a
century.

Dr Bourne's international reputation is
reflected in the fact that his biography has
appeared in, among other publication,
"Who's WJho"', "Irterratiornal Who's 'o"
"Wh's W\Vh. In America", Interrational
Who's Who of InteUectale "Who's W
see Co)cRWE Pre 9


DR GEOFFREY BOURIE


--~- -------


Cpc ~rrr: ." A.- to, = -- -







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 9

MGM=T DCMNATIONAL

LAW AM GOLW

MULE: COZME
MEMBER STATES OF THE CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY (CARICOM) HAVE
been extremely c.autiu.i as rep-rds .ac:eplt.n:e of the American Convention On
Human Rights.


Thi3 viev w.a~ expressed in Grenada, on July 1 .ih, by Mr
Secrretary General of the Or-g.:~uLation Of American States
BOUNE From Page 8
In The Commonwealth", "Two Thousand Notable
Americans", "The Direct:.ry Of Distinguished
Americarns" and "Men Of Acluie..ement"

When Dr Bourne joined the St Ge.rges University
School of Medicine in 1977, that institution was one
year old and suffered under a bad academic reputation.
The original Professors had been found to be unsuitable
and Dr Bourne's appointment -vaE the keysti:,ne of a
general up-grading.

The success of his administration is attested to by the
fact that the School of Medicine is now ',ffral_'ll
recognised by the GCeneral Medical Council of Great.
Britain and Chairman of the Sc'-ho's Acaderrc Board
is Sir Arthur WolsternhoInce, prominent member of that
C..ur:il.
Confirmation
Further confirmation of the quality of the School und-er
Dr Bourne is given by Dr David Clyde, researcher of
technical aspects of tropical medicine, in his book,
"Health In Grenada", (1985).

Dr Clyde says of the S,:ho.l that "...the performance
of.... graduates... ho have tranferred to cynical
training in their home countries has been as good as and
c'ften better than their hcnme-trained peers........."

Dr Clyde says further hat, "Undrer the able direction of
Dr Bourne, ...... fa,:ut; .uj. studle iis have contributed
technically and materially to the health services of
Grenada .............."

Three memorial services have been conducted for Dr
Bourne The first was on Auust 'rd. a t Peter's
Church, New York, the second as at Cmanon Chal:'pel,-
Emery University, Atlanta, Geor'ia on Augst 6th and
the third .:as in Grenada., conducted by the Roman
Catholic Bishop of Grenada, at the Blessed S.acbhunent
Church on A ugust 26th.

A funeral service is to be held in Crenri:ad:-. -en, ii
accordance !i7thDr Boi.u'je's dishes, thislshes a;ire to be
cast into the sea.
--Eom.


Val T McComie, Assistant
(OAS), as he delivered the
feature address at a
Symposium commemorat-
ing the 1 Oth Anniversary of
the coming into force of the
Convention.
Ar ument
"The Caribbean position
regarding the American
Convention on Human
Rights vould seem to feed
the argument that the Carib-
bean is a region, somehow,
apart from the Inter-
American System", he said,
"and should look to its own
subregional institutions
within CARICOM......"

In the Caribbean, Mr
McComie said, there has
been much nationalistic sen-
timent for replacing, with a
Westindies Court Of Ap-
peal, the British Privy
Council as the highest Court
Of Appeal for the CARI-
COM States, and it is
See McCOMIE Page 10
COLLEGE From Page 7
The release said new
students will be charged I
tuition fees but those
already involved in on-
going programmes will
be admitted to the College
free of cost.

Initially, the College will
fall under the adminis-
tration of the Ministry of
Education, but legislation
is to be enacted to make
the institution an indepen-
dent body.
--i.,.i.iiiiiiiiF-(E nd ) ___=


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Page 10 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


McCOMIE Frmm Page 9
unlikely that these same States will be
' killingg to accept the Inter-American Court
!of human rights as the final arbiter on
Human Rights.

The OAS Assistant Secretary General
Sthl s, however, that
anmy eventual treaty on
ihurman rights, within or .,
without the scope of
CIARICOM, mustbe conr- i.:'
iSistent vith the Ameri- .
conz Convention. :-,
Common ,
International juridical
order, hle LSaid, require
I that subregional, region-
al ani unwersal pacts be
like concentric circles,
having different orbits .
butt a common centre-

IRisTect. for internation-
al laws is still, mostly, a
ques t:in of good faith
by States in their MR VAt
relati..,r.- with e~:h
othr, iMr McComie said, and the Ameriian
C,.,i-i,.i:i ..n is an imp,.rtant.t step fr,.a'd
jfor establishing juridical means of erforc-
ing internationally accepted principles.

However, he believes that an eri-es:ively
1bro.a interpretation of the principle of rnIn-
intm.e:-enti.on nmavy undermine the Co.ni.'ent-
ion's protection mechanism.

The OAS Charter prohibit. States from
intefrverang in the internal or external
affairs of another State, for any reason
v ,;fer, Mr McCornie said, but. it .eenh to
him erroneo:us to extend this pr';.hibition to
r;nittjer. which arise from obligatir:,r of a
treaty entered into between States.
Accepting
"When a State freely enters into a
pact vith another State or group of
jStates, he said, *it is implicitly
accepting the right of its partners to
I use moral suasion, or accepted diplo-
Imatic procedures, and even diplomat-
lic sanctions, to ensure compliance
vith the substance of the pact"

In order for people to live together, he said,
certain "rules of the household" mrus be
acIcepted. As in the case of the "family"


certain behaviour is tolerated in inter-
ontioal relations because it occurs between
members of the family. There is,
howvevr, certain behaviour which "crosses
the line", he said, and it is then up to the
"family" to pass judgment.

if the "delinquent"
b, -behaviour is not modi-
fied, Mr McComie said,
Members of the "family"
cannot march into the
delinquent's home and
forcibly change his
behaviour, but they can
break relations vith him
and, eventually bring
him back into the fold.
Fortunate
j j Mr McComie, who was
S ; born in Trinidad,
: e::pressed the vie that
citizens of CARICOM
are fortunate they live
under governments ac-
1EcCOMIE countable to the people.
SHe called on those people
to mandate t-.ir Geovernmenrts to promote
intern..ti.:n.iv lav as the golden rule of relat-
ions between States, and to foster human
rights in every.' nation of this hemisphere

"Let us incorporate ourselves fully into the
regional Org arjsation thich has been
created on our bheh;df", he said,"to support
the basic purp:.s-e-s and principles that justify
its exi-tence"

By strengthening the Organisation, he said,
,.sti-ndt.ias will enhance their opportuni-
ties to live in peace and progress. They villa
also contributed to rnm.-ing a better world if
they will realise fully that any breach of
humma riah is i an affront to their own
pers-1".' dignity.



Acc:-rdin to the 1903 "Grenada Hand-
.c.k", there were then 6 telephone ecmhan-
ge- in 3rernt'.i c.c.:,nrecting 201 subscribers.

The "business hours" of the exchanges were
from 6._3C a m to 9.00 p.m. but, "urgent
calls are, of course, dealt with at all hours
of the day or night".


: j


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The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 11


DadMA f UTIINB:





By the end of 1978, five opponents of

the c(iitry Goe rnnment fit disappeared.


/G-RENADA i
had the hon-
our of bring-
ing the American
lConvention On Hu-
San Rights into force i
when that country
ratified the Conven-
tion on 18th Jul
1977, but, over the
last 10 years, there
Iave been, in Grena-
da, many violations of I
this Convention.



1 ith by Dr Francis
IAlexis, Attorney At DR FRAHI
Law, Member of the (
Grenada House of Representatives and
Deputy Political Leader of the National
Dirocratic Congress, as he addressed a
symposium on Human RiPyhts sponsored in
|Grenada by CARICARE, the Caribbean
Institute For The Prormo.ti.on Of Human
Rights.
Demands
IDr Alexis said the most inmp.:rtant right is
the right to life and he pointed out that their
iConvention demands that no one shall tbe
arbitrarily deprived of his life, and capital
punishment must not be inflicted for
political offenses.

"Mlost unfortunately", he s..i', "thai tini.ure
lof the Convention has seen repeated -ic'la-
I1/ ? fi ^vf 4 3


Wk'S/.aLW pSS *^.i ^-.t-^.'jt. -^4, ^* I jp l W* I. .....

D,.uring the 'irministration of Prime
MAnister Sir Eric Gairy, Dr Alex-s said, a
"Irrtain high State fluictia.:'try" ilncied
riots which resulted in te killing of Rupert
Bishop, father of Maurice Bishop wvh:o,
later, was to become Prime M.iiniister of the
Peoples Revolutionary Gowrnment (PPG).


In the last days of the
Gairy Administra-
tion, Dr Alexis said,
there were cases of
persons disappear-
"iing in circumstances
suggesting govern-
mental complicity
and, by the end of
1978, five oppo-
nents of the Gairy
Government bad dis-
appeared.
The PRG also is also
17 guilty of unlawful
killing, he said, and
he referred to the
S ALENIS case of Strachan
SPhillip, a prominent
rnembpr of Bishops New Jewel Movement-
(NJM), vwh, had fallen out of favour and
vas suspected of the bombing which killed
three persons at an NJM rally at Queens
Park.
Executed
"He (Phillip) was not going to be formerly
ch.irg'ed and tried for the bombing", Dr
Ale.as .aid. "He was sunmarily. executed
for the Queens Park bombing murders,
pererIptorily".

Dr Alexas said that Maurice Bishop,
himself, vas a victim of "revolutionary
execution" in the incident at Fort Rupert on
19th Oct':ter 1933 when, arising from a
po.er :tru'ile in the FPR.G, armoured cars
were sent to recapture Fort Rupert from
E iish:p i:rm his supporters.

"B-ish,.p 'ws not killed during the storming
,:fthe troops", he said, "Rather, he, logethet
vihl certain of his loyalists, was lined up
and summarily executed without charge or
trial"
See ALEXIS Page 12


4___







Page 12 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter
ALEXIS From Paer 1


Even after the fall of the revolution, Dr
Alexis said, there have been losses of life
"wlicih could not be pleasing to the
SC:onrvention". He alleged that, during the
iera of the Interim Government (1984),
Iwihile there can be no sug-gestion that that
IAdministration encouraged these deaths,
there "vere four perc'ris killed by the P'")ncii
without there being any Coroner's iqui.oes:t.

SSince the restorati,:,n of Parlia.-enLtry


1n December 7 -."X
11984, he said, there have been further :
alleged killings by the Police. Dr '
Alexis said it cannot be ar 'ued that the ',
SGo.vernrment brought on these deaths, but, in
one case, that of Stanley George on 20th
March I''5, there has been no C-:roner's
inque.it

The Convention gives the right of pro-
-tec:ion against unlawful attack on a per,:n's
hon.:..ur and reputatic-n, Dr Alexis -.1id, but
both Prime Minister Gairy d Prime
Minister isho.p publicly scand.:..iised their
opponents. Under Prime M.irni:fr G:~iry,
those who criticisec the Government w-ere
c..led "enemies of progress" vhile, iiunder
rhe BFish:.'p regime, they became "counter-
irev'Aut.i'I:'i i"'if
Malady
Dr Alexis sai this "malady is r.:iiu its
U 3 heaid again and th
newspaper, official organ of Pirie Mimster
SHerbert Blaizes New Fiatiora Party iN-.?),
li. 1.he vehicle for such abtse.

The latest victim, he said, is Mr Nichoic'
Brathaite', former Chairman of the
Interior Administration, against wh.:m,
|r:cernt:y, the "National" launched "a most
scurrilous front-page att.;tck"

The Gairv Government persistently violated
the Convention Article which :assures
e'very-nie the right to the use and enjoyment
his property, Dr Alexis said That
Government repeatedly c,',mpuls:orily
acquired private property without
comnerration and the PRG did the same.

The NINP Goverrment is trying to r.I-ress


this situation by considering claims made
by persons in respect of property taken
from tm b te b the State without
compensation, but Dr Alexis alleges that
the NNP Government is also guilty of this
violation of the Convention.
Nod
A public plavi.ng field, he says, has been cut
on an estate on the vest coast, and house-
V',ri.ers who ,ay they "have been given nod.
by some quarters in Government", have
put up houses on
that estate without
:orisent of the
, / / o Trs.


/

"Despite all this", Dr Alem;s said, "no corn-
pesmati:-n has been paid by Government to
the estate ''viers:"

Both Prime Minister Gairy and Prime Min-
ister Eish,:.. presided over gross Human
Rights violations, he said, and both fell for-
cibly. Certain elements in Prime Minister
1.Aie's Governerin, seem intent on follow-
mg- the Gairy-Eish,.p road. Dr Aleias
chu,-ed, ,and he predicted that an abrupt
fall i t those swho follow the road of
vi: 1.-t.in, '1hatthe Cc',nntic.n stands for.



S,_,:.etrt t,,.-ar'ds the end of the 17th
Century, the Di.h Governor of Curacao,
Jan Doric:er, w..r making final prepar-
.:iti:'ns for his ed dmg hen his friend., the
priateetr Jan Erasmus Reining, sailed into
port.

Reining ra: inrimediately invited to tte
Erdiinlg .nd at the height of the fes-
tivities. Docncker suggested that Reining
Uad .la s sailors display their abilities by
m iakim a rnmol: assault on the Fort.

Wfiling to obli.ge, Reirnng and his men
"cpt.wied" the Fort, folloving which the
entire pirate crev marched off to and vere
guest-s at DL'ronc.ker's wedding reception.


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The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 13

NEWS SHORTS


More EEC Money For
Eastern Main Road

The Resident Advisor of the European
Economic Community (EEC), Mr John
Caloghirou, has announced an additional
EEC grant of EC$2.2 million for Ph.ae III
of the Eastern Main Road Project.

Phase III includes resurf-cirn and- main-
ternance of certain sections of the 20 miles of
road between St Geor."-~ and. Grenville,
initial reconstruction of that section beii,
Phases I and II of the Project.

The main urndertaii'ing of Fhi.e III is the 10
miles of road between Grenville .nd
Sauteure, and, according- Mr Calogirou,
the additional EEC gq.:t brin: EEC
financing of this phase to E'C$ 3. million.

EEC contributions to F hiA I coiid Phase II
vere, respectively, EC$3.4 r:d EC$3.5
rrmllion, bringing to EC$20 rmilli:n the
overall total of EEC finarncing of the
Project.


More Students To Benefit
From PTIIC

GrenadiansL vill be amioni the 42 adiditioral
students from the Ea ztern C aribtr..ni h:'
vill go to the United S t~ to begin
undergraduates st.xies ur-der the Urnited
States Agen.y For Internatio:n:tr Develop-
rnent's (USAID) Preienti d Trairing
Ii tiative for the Islandi Cjr'ibhe.~ (FTIIC).

PTIIC was announced by President Re.4:an
in February 1936 and, according to a
USAID release, 79 Caribbean s'u.lent are
already taking ad vantaLe of this blitjatiate.


Swiss Ambassado Presents
Credentials

Non-resident Ambassador of Switzerland to
Grenada, Mr Peter Dietschi, presented his
Letters of Credence to Governor General
Sir Paul Scon on 20th Juy.

Arnmba.sador Dietschi, who resides in
Cara., Venezuela, also preened to Sir
Paul the Letters of Pecall of his prede-
cessor..


Discussions On OECS
Political Unity

Director G'nerza of the Org aiSation Of
Eat .-ibbt-e.a States (OECS), Dr Vaugbn
Levi,, he.l_ ,iscuzsior. in Grenada on
August 15th with Minister of Health, Mr
Dan-y Willi.ams, vho is Chairrrri of the
N:ti,:.O.Al C:-riumiittee for OECS Political
Unity.

The lisccussions centered on concern that. a
large rilmber of Grenadians are ignri'r.ant of
the facts relative to fthe proposed political
unity, and different. methods of dissern-
iniatjnin' lgii iif'o rrnaTion were looked into.

Senator Een Andre.s ? as present at these
ji-scusions. Also present were M.-es:rs Ray
Smith ud:? PR-gir ld Pa.mer representing the
Grera.a Civic Awv. re nezs Organisation.

Mr WilliAWr aduisd, Dr Le-'is of his
intention to meet with ,C_.hairmen of ...ationali
Committees for OECS Political Unity in the
other OECS c.:um!'ies in order to make a
joint evaluatiuor. of progress beinr. made
toVi,'d&: p.:,litic.a unity.


The nev scholarships will go
from Grernda, Antigitu,
Montserrat, St Kitts, St Lucia,
:id the Bintish Virgin Island-s


to students
Dom.ininic ,
St Vincen
,ti 'di r :e~i


Students will pursue degrees in agriculture,
business, economics, eductition engin-
eering, hotel maIIgenment, mnvait inaiics
statistics, natural sciences and public
administration.


New General Hospital
Proposed

Thee Go,.rIimentr of Grenada has decided
that a new General Hospital is needed and a
feasibility study in this Connection is to be
uiidertitken by Mr Bert Boyd, a Pan
Amrericran rethe Or arisali .n corI.ultant..
__ 1A'W_ SPH-V Tg Pa-em.4'


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Page 14 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
MEWS SHORTS From Page 13


Telephone System Expaion
Continues

The e:,pansi,:n of the nem telephone system
to the Sauteurs exchange vas completed on
August 7th at a cost of EC$ .2 million

Work continues on installation of a
standby generator and sv.itchinr eqtupment
at the Gouyave Exchage, and this branch is
scheduled to be in operation by the end of
August.

Work continues also on the system as it
affects the suburbs of St George., several
area already being operational.


USAID Confirms Grat For
Pearls Industrial Estate
I-
Accordingo othe Governrrnier Iif',rm-
ation Service, the United States Agery For
International Development (USAID) has
confirmed there vill be a grant. to start the
proposed industrial estate at. the Ijisuzed
Pearls Airport on Grenada's east c:~:.t.

GIS 3za Minister of Worls, Dr Keith
Mitchell has announced that the infra-
str uctural development of the are.a is to start
"in the not too distant future", .and. this Vill
involve construction of roads and extension
of the telephone, electricity and vater
services.

Canadian High Commissioner


Visits


Canad.iai High Cornunissioner to Grenada
Mr Art Wright, paid an official call to
Grenada on August 27th and 2 th

Mr Wright paid a courtesy call on P, rim.
Minister Herbert Blaize and held dis-
cussions withMr Danny Williams, Mimste'"
for Health, with reference t tthe St Cer-gez
Sevage Outfall Project which is being
funded by the Canadian Internatinal
Development Agency.

Mr Williams told the Government Inform-
ation Service (GIS) that he discussed with


Mr Wright the need for additional funding
vhich has become necessary nov it has been
found that. some old sewage pipe lines need
replacing.

Mr Willit az. said he also discussed with Mr
Wright te need for additional financing in
order to expand the programme into other
areas.

Bef-cre he returned to Barbados, here he is
based, Mr Wright paid courtesycalls on Mr
George McCuire, Minister for Education,
and on Mr Graeme Roberts, Resident
British Representative.


Forum On Employment
Planning & Policy Is es.

A three day fvrum on Employment
Plaaur"n a-if r'.:licy Issues vas opened on
August 3rd by Labour Minister, Mr George
MrcGuire.

Sp-,.:-rored by the linterIi.ational Labour
Cr gaisation, the forum was attended by
delegates from c:.urmtries of the Caribbean
C:mrimunity (CARICOt M) and was organ-
ied.. follc.v.ing a report commissioned two
.ar. ago by the CARICOM Heads of
Sver terirnt.

The forum discussed a variety of issues
irnluding CARICOM employ.Jment creation
policies and programmes, structural change
and the nature and magnitude of employ-
ment proibl errni.


Student To Get Sports
Scholarships

Students who do not qualify for secondary
sh.:.l entrance thr.:ugh the Conrmmon
Entram-re and School Leaving Examnn-
:a'i!:,f but ex~ell in sports, may still have
ar oppc.tEti .,.: t get a seco:.dary education

Accord.inr to the Govenrimnt Informatuon
ServTice (GIS),: Education Minister, Mr
Ge.r ge McGuire, has proriiised. to assist ten
sunh stuMer.t s p'roviled space can he found
in the various secorndary schools.


See i]NEW SHORTS Page 15


-----------------







The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 27th August 1988 Page 15
MEWS SHORTS FPro Pge 14


This programme vas introduced last year
vhen five students vere awarded athletic
scholarships and, according to GIS,
although they did not meet the academic
specifications laid dovn for secondary
school entrance, they have managed to
function satisfactorily in their various
schools.

Mr McGuire has earned that the pro-
grammne has been designed to pr.:..rmont
athletic participation and should no be seen
as an alternative to al-h in the academic
cornditioms established for secondary school
entrance

The Minister said that, since the secondary
schools must accept nearly 1,300 students
annually through the Coon Entrance and
School Leaving Examinations, lack of space
could severely limit the number of athletic
scholarships which can be offered


YWCA Workshop On


Employment


A .week-long workshop sponsored by the
Young Women's Christian Association
(YWCA) vill be opened on August. 29th by
Minister of State for Women's Affairs, Miss
Grace Duncan.

This workshop will have as its theme,
"Employment A Right or a Privilege ?",
and will be attended by delegates from the
Caribbean Community region including
The Bahamas, Trinidad. & Tobago and
Guyana


St John'si Schoo Repaired


Repairs to the St John's Roman Catr:;lic
Primary School have been completedd and a
ceremony to mark the event was held at the
School on August 22nd.

The feature address was delivered by Miss
Grace Duncan, Minister of State for
Community Development, and She dislek sed
that the repairs cost EC$17,912.00.

According to the G'vernment Inform-
ation Service (GIS), funding for the project
came from the United State? Agency For


International Development (USAID), the
school's Parent Teacher Association, the
Catholic Central Board and Government's
Community Development Division


UNESCO Communications
Workshbo

A tIha day Communicatiors Worlkshop for
Health Educators and Government media
per'sortme ope.nd on August 26th.

Organised by the National UNESCO
Commission, the workshop's objectives
include efforts to increase participants
understanding of the use of mass media for
creatingpublic awareness.

Special attention ias paid to the dissem-
ination of public information relative to
health issues andAalcohol and drug abuse.

Participants received guidance in develop-
ing 1kils in basic sound recording and audio
mixing, and the workshop is expected to
increase understarning and skills in
techniques involved in writing, producing
and directing public service messages for
radio and television broadcast.

The :'ksh.,p also covered development of
skills in the basics of camera operation and
techniques used for videoltapiig pro-
grammes for training and public inform-


Williams Discusses Low


Income Housing


According to othe Government Inforrmation
Service (GIS), Minister of Housing, Mr
Darny Williams, has had.discussions vith a
VerbtzueL.ran Company with reference to a
housing prol:pos;al for low income eanrirs.

In the past, his Ministry has considered
several h:-ouing proposals, Mr Williams
told G1S, but they were all teyorn the
rneainr of low income earners.

The Minister thinks that tie Venezuelan
pr':posal, put forward by Messrs
EDIRAPID Housing Company, sees
See EEWS SHORTS Pare 16


I







Page 16 Saturday 27th August 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
NEWS SHORTS From Page 15 5
"most attractive" and the National Housing McGuire, has aked for cooperation of the
Authority issatisfied with it. busiress community in promoting "Give a
Book For Christm.-", the Propramme of
Mr Williams has asked EDIRAPID to the Co:numonwealth Peace Committee.
expedite this matter.
Mr McGuire said the aim of the Prograrme
C'Wealth Peace Com ittee is elimintion of toys vhichare symbolic of
ePL[uhed ,iOleE a promotion of reading to en-
Prora e Launched e terary sils of yurng people

Minister of Education., Mr George End
:. : I : ,- : ,, 'i",' i !,, ''' I,,,,,,,, . ...... .......... ... _............ . ;,,,,!:V


~~ nlir/s


27th August 1988

Printed & Published By The Proprietos
Aliter & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St GeorgesGeada, WestinMes


11--p


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Full Text