The Grenada newsletter

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Material Information

Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00362


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NEW SORTS From Pae
Jamarican Policemen Help
With Training

Superintendent H H Malcolm and Sargeant
F S Davis of the Jamaica Police Force
Arrived in Grenada on May 3rd on a one-
year training assignment vith the Royal
Grenada Police Force.
The Grenada Information Service reports
that. at the request of Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize, top officers of the Jamaican
Police Force carried out a survey of the
Grenada Police Force.

As a result of that survey, the two Jamaican
police officers have been assigned to the
training division of the Grenada Police
Forge with aqview to preparing the Force to
meet the demands for trained personnel in
all Divisions.


JECDS Disatgfied With
I.
eJan _ica Dra Testany S rvice

The East Caribbean Drug Service (ECDS)
is dissatisfied vith the speed vith which
drugs submitted by the Orgaisation Of
East Caribbea States (OECS) are tested by
the Caribbean Drug Testing Laboratory in
Jamaica.

This was disclosed by Montserrat's Minister
of Health, Mr Vernon Jeffers, at a press
conference on April 15th, following an
ECDS meeting in Grenada.

Mr Jeffers said the meeting had agreed to
issue a z'rong statement on the matter at tth
next meeting of Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) Ministers of Health. He said
also that ECDS has been mandated to
explore the possibility of having drugs
tested elsewhere.


ECDS, established some 18 months ago, has
as its aim, through bulk purchasing, the
reduction of the cost of drugs to OECS
Governments.

Grenada's Minister of Health, Mr Danny
Williams, told the press conference that
other matters discussed at the meeting
included involvement of the private sector
vith EcTIS


Page 10 Saturday 7th May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


USAID Fmud Furmtu


The Tivoli Roman Catholic primary school
has received EC$2,782.00 which is the
second installment of a total grant of
EC$5,565.00 from the United States
Agency For international Development
SAIDID.

This grant is for the manufacture of
furniture for the school, which furniture is
being made by joiners ift Ti-v.li and,
according to the Government Information
Service, the project is expected to be com-
pleted soon.


N o Trutnceional rrned
Over Sale Of Artifacts

The Grenada National Trust has expressed
concern over the sale being conducted by
youngsters of Amerinian artifacts in the
Pearls area on Grenada's east coast.

A Government project to remove top soil
for agricultural purposes has unearthed a
large number of clay, shell and bone
artifacts in the vicinity of the abandoned
Pearls airport.

According to Mr Michael Jessemy, Sec-
retary of the Trust, as these artifacts are
unearthed by the bulldozers, they are coll-
ected by a-group of young boys and sold at a
variety "f prices to both Grenadians and
visitors to the island.

A spokesman for the Trust told NEWS-
LETTER the matter is being taken up with
Government with a view to preserving an
important archeological site.


Governor General Visjit


Governor General Sir Paul Scoon visited
Mr Joseph Sylvan on 28th April, on the
occasion of Mr Sylvan's 101st birthday.

Mr Sylvan, who lives in Grenville, St
Andrews, has been an active farmer and has
travelled to several countries.
See NEWS SHORTS Pa 11


~~._ __ ...


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The Grenada Nesletter Saturday 7th May 1988 Page 11

NEWS SHORTS From Page 10


Medical School Profe or
Honoured&b

The "Melvin Jones Fellowship" has been
awarded to Dr Frederick Johnson, Pro-
fessor of Pathology at the Grend.a based St
Georges University School of Medicine.

According to a release from the School, the
award was made by the Lions Inrternaional
Foundation and is for dedicated human-
itarian services.

Dr Johnson, who is President of the
Grenada Heart Foundation, has made major
contributions to the "Heart Programme",
through which Grenadian children are sent
to the United States of America for free-of-
charge treatment, including surgery.


Minisry Of Agriculture
Employees Get Certificates

Nine employees of the Ministry of
Agriculture have been awarded Certificates
of Merit by the United States Department
iOf Agriculture (USDA)

The awards were made on April 20th by Mr
Robert R Strong, USDA Caribbean Area
Director, and are in recogition of the
employees' outstanding contribution to
the success of the USDA Fruit Fly Survey
in Grenada.

According to the Government Information
Service, the Survey was conducted over 18
months and confirmed that Grenada is free
of fruit flies.

As a result, most tropical fr.ut grown in
Grenada can now be exported to the United
States of America without treatment.

GIS reports that the only countries in the
world which are authorized to export fruit
to the United States Of America without
treatment are Grenada and St Vi recent

The presentations to the Ministry of
Agriculture employees represent the first
time employees of a government other than
the USA have received such an avard.


"Sparrow" To Be Given
National Recognition

Grenaiian born Dr Slinger Franciso, the
"Mighty Sparrow" of the calypso world, is
to be recognized by the Government of
Grenada.

A Motion, tabled by Opposition Member at
the House of Representatives meeting of
April 29th, recommended that, recognizing
Dr Francisco's outstanding contribution to
the cultural development of the Caribbean
in the calypso art form, an appropriate
plae in Grenada be called after him

The House accepted the Motion with the
amendment that "suitable national
recognition" be given to Dr Francisco.

The University Of The West Indies recently
conferred an Honorary Doctorate on the
"Mighty Sparrow", nov resident in
Trinidad & Tobago-


Korea Presents Vehicles.

Non-resident Ambassador of the Republic
of Korea to Grenada, Mr Dong Woon Chu,
presented three cars ad ttwo aimblances to
the Government of Grenada at a ceremony
at. the Prime Minister's office on April 28th.

During his visit to Grenada, Ambassador
Chu paid courtesy calls on Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize and on Minister of External
Affairs, Mr Ben Jones


Venezuelan L Contract
Act Passed..

The House of Representatives, at its meeting
on April 29th, passed the Loan Contract
Act.

This Act authorises the Grenada Govern-
merit to borrow US$182,790.00 from the
Venezuelan Government at a rate of interest
of 7%. The money ill be used to buy
9,822 barrels of asphalt for the Road
Rehabilitation Project
See NEWS SHORTS Page 12


- --







Page 12 Saturday 7th May 1989 The Greada Nevslitter
Page 12 Saturday 7th May 198g 8The Greeada hevsletUer


NEWS SHORTS From Pare 11


ijJapaee Delegation Visits.

IHeaded by Mr Yujo Okano, Counselor in
the Japa. se Embassy at Port of Spain,
iTririd a; a five man delegation visited
Grenada fit.m 17th to 19th April.

A spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs told NEWSLETTER the purpose of
the visit was to identify and study possible
areas of cooperation, and to determine what
assistace the Japanese Government can
give towards the economic development of
Grenada

The spokesman said the delegation was
given data for further tudly relative to
Japainese cooperation with Grenada

The delegation paid a courtesy call on
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize and had
discussions with off'ii.als of the Ministry of
Finance and with Cabinet Ministers.


USAID Helps CRommnity
Development

SThe Community Development Division has
ri eived adonationof EC$28,918 from the
United States Agency For International
Development.

The Govermnent Information Service
rerorti that these funds are to complete five
conmnumt projects which vere started
earlier this year.

Thse projects are the corntruction of a
co:'munurity centre, repairs to two schools,
c.:-nstru.ctiv.n of a school kitchen and the
supply of furniture to another school.


More AIDS Caes Confirmed

Four more cases of AIDS have been
confirmed in Grenada for the first quarter
of l8.

This is disclosed in the Quarterly AIDS
Report of the Ministry of Health, and the
Report states that, to date, the total number
of AIDS cases reported by Grenada to the
World Health Organisation is eleven,

The Report says also that, in addition, other
are five confirmed HIV cases, that is,
persons who do not have AIDS symptoms
but who are able to pass onthe infection

Addressing a National Community Educ-
ation Meeting on April 28th, Chief Medical
Officer, Dr Herbert Jesudason, said the use
of the condom and limiting sexual partners
can have only limited success.

The final arn wer to AIDS, he said, is for
pe,.ple to have their own sexual partner and
be faithful.


Grenvjlle -ubscribaer
Now Dial Direct


Telephone subscribers on the Grenville
exchange in St Andrews vere introduced to
iiterinatiorjal direct dialing at approx-
imately 12.00 noon on Sunday April 24th.

St Georgz. and two changes in the south
of the island, Mt.Hartman and Westerhall,
had. this service on 21st March 1987,
C.uri-acou on 16th June 1987, St Davids on
31st Oct:ber 1987, and Petit Martinique on
24th December 1987.


uthi hges


7th May 1988
Pxinted & Pablished By The Prxopietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,GIenada, WestiaAes
(P.O.Box 65: Pione 18091 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Gronada


-----;----


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,uIt -







The Careada_


NEWSLETTER
Volu 16 Saturday 7th May 1988 Number 6


"FAM Tm IT on"

NEWA1M ,iQUS B'EIfA
i?^TIM ll.&lLmJL


Defence Counsel
"petrifie wtth fear"
Or^ NE OF THE DEFENCE COUNSEL
S in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial
svore on April 25th that she had
been "petrified vith fear" by vhat she sav
as the hostility of the group of persons from
vhich the jury vas to be selected for the
trial.
This Defence Counsel, Miss Norma Linton,
vas giving evidence before Judge Jam
Patterson on events in the High Court on
S11th April 1986 vhen, it is alleged by the
Defence, potential jurors shoved extreme
bias ad hostility tovards the accused and
their lavyMrs. -
"I don't believe" Miss Linton said "that, in
all my 18 years at the Bar, I ha ever
experienced another situation here
potential jurors vere so openly hostile to
persons in connection vith vhom they
vere soon to be called upon to be judges of
the facts".
Before Judge Patterson vas a Motion, filed
by the Defence in 1986, claiming that the 17
thn "accused" (nov "convicted") persons
in the Trial could not have a fair hearing by
the jury vhich had been empaneled The
Motion asks that the Trial, then proceeding
before Acting Chief Justice Dennis Byron
be ordered stopped until the matter be
settled by a Court.
This Motion first came before Judge
Patterson nearly tvo years ago, in June
1986, vben the Defence, led by Jamaican
barrister Mr Ian Ramsay, asked Mr
Patterson to disqualify himself on the
grounds of bias.


-IR JUSTICE JAMES PATTERSON

IN THiISSUE
S"Fair Trial" HeriAgs Begin.. 1
Sanders On OECS Unity
Asuignant..................... 3
CARICARE Officials Visit
Grenada........................ 7
*Rotarians Meet In Grewada... 8
Nevs Short ................... 9


The Judge vas unmoved by Defence
arguments alleging bias but still did not hear
the Motion. His Court had no jurisdiction
to do so, he said. Mr Patterson vent on to
say that even if the Court had jurisdiction
he voufd decline to issue a "onseratory
order staying the proceedings then before
the Acng Chief justice.
Soe TRIAL PMe 2


-------~


~~~--~~-~-





ag 2 aT
-Pap2 2 Saturday 7th May 1988 The GOtnatod' erleer
Th rud


TRIAL From Pane I


The matter vas taken by the Defence to the
Appeal Court vhich ruled that Judge
Patterson vas vrong. He did have
jurisdiction to hear the Motion, the Court
said. That earning did not take place
before the Murder Trial as concluded on
December 4th 1986, vhen 14 of the accused
vere condemned to hang for murder and 3
received long prison sentences for
manslaughter.

The Motion came gain before Judge
Patterson on April 18th vhen the Defence,
still led by Mr Ramsay, asked Mr Patterson
to disqualify himself on the grounds of bias.
Reference vas mae -to the Judge's
stateme in June 1916, that be vould not
hae issued the staying Order even if his
Court had had jurisdiction. This, the
Defence said, shoved "intellectual bias*.

Judge Patterson did -not accept the
iarag nts and th Defence has appealed
Sagy st his decim n. Meanwhile, the
Motion continued to be heard and four
members of the Defnce Team, (Messrs
Maurice Frankson, Earl Witter and A J
icholson, and Mrs Jacqueline Samuels-
Brovn) vhich is composed entirely of
Jamaican barristers gave evidence in the
veek ending 23rd April.
Tvo more members of the team, Miss
Norma Linton and Mr Glen Cruickshank,
gave evidence on April 25th all this
testimony relating to the alleged behavour,
on 11th April 1986, of the potential jurors
in the Murder Trial vho vere in Court on
that day. ii
April 11th 1986 vas the day on vhich Mr
Ramsay announced to the Trial Judge,
Acting Chief Justice Byron, that he and the
Defence Team had been instructed by the
thn "accused" to ithdrav from the case.

Miss Linton testified that, in the tense
moments vhich followed this announce-
ment, there vere several hostile shouts
from the potential jurors in the Court room.
These shouts, she said, included, "Lock
them up. Dont make tem leave. All you
Jamaicans conm here and take our money
and nov you vant to leave the case"
The other member of the Defence team vho
rave evidence on Aril 25th. Mr Cruick-


shank, said that, for some 13 to 16
minutes, the potential jurors vere clappig
jeerig an booing attthe Defence Team and
at the persons in the dock.

He told Judge Patterson that on. of the
-things be heard the potential jurors shout
as, "You all afraidd to dead ? You nwr
gave Bishop achance so we vont give youa
chance. You all are murderers, you all
must hang".

It vas atime charged vith tension, ith the
potential jurors "spiting venom", Mr
Crckshank said, vhen Police and persons
dressed in army uniforms crying veapo
materialised from nowhere".
Effetm
"This had the effect on me of feeling that
they ere here to bear u avay in cutody",
he said,
The hearing took a nev and surprising
tvist on the following day, April 26th,
vhen one of the convicted persons, former
Deputy Prime Minister Berrd Coard,
gave evidence.

The surprise came vben after Coard had
been taken through his evidence by Defence
Counsel M Maurice Tena he vas cross-
eamined by Prosecution Counsel,
Guyanese Mr Doodnauth Singh Senior
Counsel.

Coard gave testimony relative to conditions
he had experienced since be as arrested on
6th November 1983, and he spoke also of
the "hostility" of the group of persons from
vhich ti jury as chosen.
These things, he said, made it impossible for
the trial to have been fair but, vhen Mr
Singh began his cross eamintion hem
(Singh) touched on none of the matters
Coard had raised. Instd, e posed series
of questions aimed at establishing the
legitimacy of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) of vhich Coard had
been a part.

This limn of questioning vs soon objected
to by Defence barristers, Jamaican Mr Ian
Ramsay and- Gyanese Senior Council Mr
Clarence Hug.es The questions vere
See TRIAL Pom 4


. . . -- :w in_ ,,,,,_ "






Th Graa Nwetter Saturday 7th May 1988 Papg 3


S ON





ASIo NMENT


interest not et attended by a great sweC


M R RON
Sanders,
Consultant
to the Secretariat of
the Organisation Of
East Caribbean
States (OECS), said
in Grenada on April
28th tat he had
visited six OECS
countries and held
discussions with a
vide cross section
of people on the
subject of the pro-
posed OECS politi-
cal unity.
"I am led to the
conclusion thlre is
ahighdegree of
interest among the
people of the East-
ern Caribbean on
the subject of politi-
cal union", he said.
Mr Sanders told a
press conference his
visit to Grenada
marked the end of
a two month assign-
ment. That assign-
ment, he said, relat-
|ed to the proposal
adopted by the
OECSHeadsof Gov-
ernment in May last
year that the coun-
tries of the OECS
come together in
political union, and
e as been assisting
the OECS Secre-
tariat with establish-


meant of mechanisms
on the information
and education as-
pects of the propo-
sal.
The widespread in-
terest he had found
in political unity,
Mr Sanders said, is
not yet attended by a
great swell of emo-
tion. He suspects
the absence of emo-
tion is due to the
fact that a clear time
frame has not et
been established for
various stages of the
process including
the holding of a
referendum.
Educatinn
Some work has been
done in educating
the public in the
OECS, he said, and
he commended tbh
efforts of the Nat-
ional Advisory
Committee in St
Vincent and the
Independent Nation-
al Committee in St
Lucia.
"But", he said, "all
of those who have
worked hard over
the last few months
will be the first to
tell you that much
remains undone be-
fore there will be a
full appreciation of


the value of political
union."
The OECS Heads of
Government will
meet in St Vince~t
in May, Mr Sanders
said, and e is sure
that, at that time, the
process of wide-
spread education
and information
vill be taken a step
further. At that
time also, he said,
there is likely to be
consideration of
ways of deepening
the consultative pro-
cess with political
parties, the private
sector and the trade
unions,


of emotion.

On his visit to
Grena, Mr San-
ders met Prime
Minister Herbert
Blai d and was told
by him that a
National Committee
has been etablished
in Grenada, by pat
and present parlia-
mentarians, under
the chairmanship of
Mr Danny Will-
amsh. Minister of
Health.
"In a subsequent
meeting with Mr
Williams", Mr San-
ders told the press,
.he told m tht it is
th intention of the
National Committee


See SANDERS Pagr 5

The &ensds
NEW-SLErTER
Founded 17th August 1973
374th Iss
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age 4 Saturday 7th May 1988 The Grenda Newsletter
I TRIAL From Page 2


irrelevant, they said, and had nothing to do
with the Motion before the Court.
i Declarations
Mr Singh, onthe other hand, argued that his
questions vere relevant. He pointed out
that the Defence Motion before the Court
Iasks for certain declarations relative to the
SCourt as a "Court of Necessity", and it vas
important, he said, to establish the
legitimacy or otherwise of the PRO before
it could be decided vetheteCourt is one
of "necessity" or not.
There was disagreement between Mr Singh


13s;riw!A


} i/


and Defence Counsel on the implications of
decisions of the Appeal Court in this Necessity
connection.
If it can
On May 10th 1985, the Court of "legitima
Appeal declared that the Greada vi be "
ISupremeM Court, established by the Necessity
PRG, a still in effect, is case will
ncoiutitional in that it is not the
Court demanded by the Grenada Judge Pi
SConstitaution. until the
then that
The Court of Appeal said further, question
however, that the Grenada Supreme
Court is "legal under the "Doctrine In eply
of State Necessit Y" had had r
States o0
In that judgement, the Court of Appeal Kingdom
Referred to the question of vther the PRG Libya.
lhad established itself as a legitimate the Unit
Government. Two of the Judges felt there Economi
vas insufficient evidence to make a decision
while the third Judge felt the PRO had Prime ]
established itself as a legitimate Govern- countries
ment. Minister,
"not give
In Court on April 26th, before Judge
Patterson, the Defence argued that, on Bishop a
basis of the Court of Appeal findings, the
status of the Grenada Supreme Court had


been established as a "Court of Necessity,
and it vould be an abuse of the process of
the Court for the Prosecution to open this
matter again.

Mr Singh took the point of vie, however
that if there is nov ne evdenc, the
evidence of former Deputy Prin Minister
Coard, to establish the legality of the PRO,
he had a right to openth matter.
Implication -
Legal sources told NEWSLETTER that the
implications of this matter rest in the fact
that some of the aspects of the Defence case
in the "Fai. Tri" Motion nov
before Judge Ptterson rest on

.-lFPg" "/-"'/": i ^.,:/// ...: '.

B it :. i. . ,:-.:.=' *z"'.'~;:.:
~r~~a1Z.


complaints relative to the fact
that the Grenada Supreme
Court is a "Court Of

nov be proved tat the PRO vas
te", the Grenada Supreme Court
constitutional and not a "Court of
f, and a large part of the Defence
be undermined,
Reserved
atterson reserved his judgement
next day, April 27th, and ruled
Mr Singh could continue his line of
ng directed at Bernard Coard.

to questions, Coard said the PRG
resident assadors in the United
f America, Canada, the United
SCuba, Venezela, Russia and
There vere also Ambassadors to
ed Nations and at the Europea
c Community.
Minister Bishop visited many
Sand vas accepted as Prime
he said, but in the USA he vas
his due".
dressed the United Nations and
See TRIAL Pbap 5


--







The Grenada Nevletter Saturday 7th May 1988 Page 5
----m F .at..,^r ..ii..:,r c------------- ----------------


TRIAL From- age 4
attended meetings of the
Heads of the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM),
he said, but Barbados never
accepted the legitimacy of
the Peoples Revolutionary
Government.
C-lfatit
Questioned on other mat-
ters, Coard said that, at the
start of the trial, he had
suspected it would be diffi-
cult for him to get a fair
hearing but, through the
"cumulative" actions and
words of the trial judge he
had become convinced of
the bias of the judge and that
he could not get a fair trial.
Taking the vitness stand on
behalf of the convicted per-
sons, Jamaican Queen's
Cousel, Mr Hovard Hamil-
ton Q C, told Judge Patter-
son on April 27th that the
persons called to be jurors
in the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial had appeared
to him to be "decent people"
and he had been shocked
vhen they displayed great
hostility to his clients, the
then accused in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial.

"I come from a jurisdiction
where one has come to
expect anything, he said,
"but never before have I
heard jurors express any
view in relation to the case
they are about to try".
SGiving evidence relative to
11th April 1986, Mr
Hamilton said he had been
one of the Defence Team in
the Murder Trial and, on
that day, the Team had
advised the trial judge,
Acting Chief Justice enis
Byron, that they had been
instructed by the accused to
vithdrav from the case.


r-MF anmiton told -ge


Patterson that, after the
announcement of vithra-
al had been made in Court,
the group of potential
jurors had become hostile
and abusive towards both
the accused and the Defence
Team.

Some of the abuse shouted,
he said, was (to the accused)
"They never gave Bishop a
chance, now they vant a
chance, they all must hang",
and (to the barristers
assign to the Defence by
the court They come here
and take e money and nov
they want to leave".

Coard's testimony had been
interrupted on April 27th to
permit the takiii of
evidence from Mr Howard
Hamilton who had come
from Jamaica for that
purpose, and the former
Deputy Prime Minister
returned to the witness box
on April 28th.

He told the Court that an
article in the "Washington
Post", by columnist Jack
Anderson, confirmed to the
Peoples Revolutionary Gov-
ernment (PRO) that, after
the March 13th 1979 revo-
lution, the National Security
Council of the United States
Government actively con-
sidered blockading Grenada
with warships.
Confirmed
"Based on information we
had atthi time", Coard said,
"ve were avare of this plan
which vas confirmed, not
only by Anderson vhen he
wrote three years later, but
by United States Govern-
ment officials".

Dealing with the question as
to wether the PRG had
been a "legitimate" Govern-
See TRIALt PA k


From Pae 3
to invite the participation
of a number of interest
groups including the
Chamber of Commerce,
and the Civic Avareness
Committee".

Mr Sanders said involve-
ment of Opposition pol-
itical parties in the
process of moving t-
vards political 'unity is
essential. The first
referendum, he said, vill
ask the simple question,
"Do you vant political
unity 1', and that vill be
decided on a simple
majority,

Following that, however,
he said, changes in the
Constitutions of the
OECS countries vill be
necessary to give effect to
political union and this
calls for majorities in the
Houses of Represent-
atives of, in some cases,
wo-thirds and in others,
three-quarters. It is
only when these major-
ities have been attained
that the second referen-
dum can be held, seeking
approval of the people
for the proposed new
unity arrangements.

In these circumstances,
Mr Sanders said, partici-
pation of the Parlia-
mentary Opposition par-
ti is essential to the
process, and they and the
Government parties in
each OECS country will
have to debate the ues
fully in Parliament.







Page 6 Satrday 7th May 1988 The Gre ievslette


TRIAL From P8age
Iment, Coard's evidence vas that the United
jStates had given the PRG only de facto
recognition, Throughout the life of the
PRG, he said, both directly and in cooper-
ation with "certain Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) countries", the USA had
S"competed withthe PRG for state power"
Dm-tabilisation
The direct "competition" had come through
various methods of destabilization, Coard
said, including intrusion into Grenada's
waters and air space by United States
warships, submarines and aircraft.


Fitzroy Bedeau, took the vitfess stand on I
April 29th and gave evidence relative to
incidents n the Courtroom on 11th April
1986, the day on which the Defenc team
had notified Judge Byron that they had been
instructed by the accused to vithdra from
the trial.
Locked
Mr Bedeau said that after the vithdraval
announcement, he had had the gate leading
from the Courtroom yard locke d ande had
prevented anyone, including Defence
Counsel, from speaking to the accused in the
dock.


The former Deputy Prime Minister said "I had formed the view tat Defence

aT-41
C.. aY0TEld~ WA;r

-::::7 ~ : .::j;::.,
~: : t :--,: fin:-
~sm


that, on 10th March 1983, the PRG became
convinced the United States had moved
I from a destabilisation programme and was
i actively planning an invasion of Grenada.

On that date, he said, President Reagan had
said on live TV and radio that "Grenada is a
threat to the national security of the United
States Of America".
"Coming from the President and
Commander in Chief of the United States
Armed Forces", Coard said, "that was
nothing less than a declaration of var".
United States Embassies in Trinidad and in
SBarbados, he said, sponsored meetings with
I Grenadians and discussed the violent over-
Sthrow of the PRG. He (Coard) has spoken
to someone who was at these meetings and
he knows that "certain individuals who have
since come to power in Grenada" were at
Those meetings

I Coard said that the PRG had been aware of
[these developments and the military inter-
Ivention, on October 25th 1983, by U S and
Caribbean forces, had been a direct out-
come.
Assistant Commissioner of Police, Mr


Counsel were going to be detained', he said,
"and I was anticipating instructions from
the Judge".
The Assistant Commissioner did not accept
the suggestion of Defence Council Mr
Hughes that it vas a "tissue of lies" when he
(Bedeau) said be had not heard anyone use
the term "murderers".

He could not deny, he said, that the words
"murderers" and "criminals" may have
been used, but he had not heard them as his
concentration was on the accused in the
dock and they were speaking very loudly.
Noise
The only noise he had heard at that time, Mr
Bedeau said, was being made by the
accused.
When hearings had started on April 18th,
the Court had decided that sittings would
last two weeks and, at the close of the sitting
on April 29th, it was disclosed that both Mr
Hughes and Mi Singh were due to return to
Guyana shortly after that date.
After consultation with both the
Prosecution and Defence, Judge Paterson
adjourned the Court until May 16th.
i.--- - -- __-..







The Grenada Newslettr Saturday 7th May 1988 Page 7




OFCIALS



Two Nicaranuan Prisoners Of Conscience Adopted


IR RUPERT JOHN AND MR
Donald Trotman, President and
DlExecutive Director respectively of
CARICARE, the Caribbean Institute For
The Promotion of Human Rights, paid a
short visit to Grenadaon April 18th.
The CARICARE executives met ith
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, vith
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize and vith
other person and organizations and, at a
press conference, Sir Rupert expressed his
Appreciation of the welcome received.
"Grenada is the first stop in a series of
Caribbean visits ve vill make on behalf of
CCARICARE", Sir Rupert said in an
interview vith NEWSLETTER, "and if the
success of this visit is an indication of what
we hope to achieve, I am very pleased"

CARICARE vas founded in Barbados on
20th June 1987 at a meeting sponsored by
the Busta Institute Of Public &
International Affairs.
SIts principal aims include the promotion of
and respect for Human and Democratic
Rights in the Caribbean, and the Institute
Emphasizes the need for educational
Sprogrammes geared to informing the public
on the nature of human rights and
democratic pri nciles.
Mr Trotman told NEWSLETTER that, to
this end, the Istitute's programme includes
the holding of seminars, the conducting of
surveys and the publication of reports on
situations in Caribbean states.

Sir Rupert is the first President of the
Institute and MrTrotman the first Exec-
utive Director, and Headquarters of the
Institute are in StVincent.


CARICARE
I governmental
Executive and


is a regional, non-
organisation vith an
membership drawn from


several Caribbean States.
Visit
Activities of the Institute, to date, include an
investigative visit to Nicaragua led by the
Institute's Director, for the purpose of
adopting prisoners of conscience. That
visit took place from December 3th to 15th
1987 and the Institute subsequently ann-
ounced it had adopted the cases of to
Nicaraguans.
One is Ramon Montes Martine, 31, an
office worker, and the other is Manul
Adan Ragama Suazo, 27, a physician and
surgeon.

Montez Martinez has been imprisoned since
November 1984, the charge against him
being that, allegedly, while taking part in
activities of the ChristianSocialist Party, he
criticized policies of the Nicaraguan Gov-
ernment.

Dr Ragma Suazo has also been imprisoned
since 1984, his charge being that he as
involved vith a group knovn as the
Nicaraguan Democratic Forces.

"Both men ere tried and condemn d by
special tribune", Mr Trotman told
NEWSLETTER, "and sentenced each to
nine years ipr nmrt".
The CARICARE Executive said also there
is evidence that both men had been subjected
to physical torture, systematic starvation
and other forms of inhuman treatment.
These cases are to be taken up vith the
Nicaraguan Government and with the Inter-
American Commission on Human Rights,
Mr Trotmansaid, and plans are beingmade
in this regard.
Another activity of the Institute is that it has
commissoned reports on the state of human
SagAfg4M~I 9


-- I --






S"ag 8 Saturday 7th May 1988 The Grenada Newsleter


WTMRLAN


M-TN
GRENADAI


.G*. : We must teach our children tfe rtues of
unity ancd mutual respect and understXnU4in
WITHOUT CARIBBEAN UNITY, IN WHATEVER FORM, THE
individual countries of the Caribbean, small and defenseless as they are, shall
always remain vulnerable to undesirable pressures from outside.


This opinion was expressed on May 6th by
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon as he
declared open the 7th District Conference
and Assembly of Rotary International
District405.
Dedicatiyon
"It is only through unity we can ensure
meaningful growth and lasting peace in our
region", Sir Paul told the Rotarians, "and
the realisation of this unity must begin with
people like you with a common purpose,
with a sense of dedication and vith a
commitment to serve".
Over 500 Rotarians, drawn from the 14
countries comprising District 405, attended
the convention which ran until May 7th.
They were urged by the Governor Gen-
Seral not to only talk unity but to ensure that
every action is motivated by a burning
Desire to unite.
"Further, we must teach our children the
virtues of unity and mutual respect and
understanding", he said, "and we must
provide more opportunities for them to
meet and work with their peers across our
region."
Oldest
In his address to the Assembly, Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize said Rotary
International is the oldest Service Organ-
isation in the world, with emphasis on
"service", and it is no cause for wonder that
Rotarians are "so impressive".
Rotarians are people of achievement
through personal effort, he said, and can be


,:l" --- - I llII I '''' '
recorded in the "Book Of Achieemnt" in
any part of the vorld.
'And tih fact that you are helping
others in the service you rea-er",
Mr Blaize said, "gives the lie to those
ideologues who claim that people
involved in profit (making) are
oppressive to the so-called working
class while they, themselves, oppress
the working-class much more
severely than can be imagined in the
profit making vorld.
A message from Rotary World President,
Mr Charles C Keller, expressed regret he is
unable to attend the Confererne, but he was
represented by H John Hatcher Jr.,56, of
806 Ellynn Drive, Cary North Carolina,
Governor of Rotary International, District
771 for the 1986-87 term.
Complimenting District 405 on its
achievements, Mr Keller said Rotary
International is "alive and well", not only in
Grenada and all of District 405. In just over
83 years since its founding, he said, Rotary
International has become strong in 162
countries and geographical regions, in 460
districts with 23,347 Clubs having a
membership of 1,470,589 Rotarians.
Strength
"Although Rotary International is over a
million strong", he told the Assembly, "the
real strength of Rotary is right here in this
room"
See ROTARY PaN 9


- ------------







Tba Gradin NeIitlr art3 a 7th May 1988 Pap 9
S NEWS SHORTS

sals etlps With vBmem WestoGrrm C Perar-
PundIr way
With the hlp of ths Veneaean Govern-
m n, t lee Of ti P bic Tramport Sor It ten amnonwd thato th usfirst
vice (PTS) ba bwnirasmWd from 7 to 7. ghoirsMp uPd7r the Coopersti Pro-
Accorinfg to th GowInnn t FedoRanaio pu ic o
Sevi, affbrts are teig male to gs imrnbra bsatebd
another 25 tbdwg rome Va ulas.
It h been given to Mr Settian Josephal
Delivry of the 10 iyw bussems a deT on bel for West Germnyon Ma
May 5th, and a Vm ulm nrpmtw 4th to persu a Tw i Diploma in Civil
was in tft island to train PTS operators oe
thbe hanin oft eowhiclts.
According to tim Gowrmwent Informatikp
Service, ine other Grenadima blaw be*n
XaU h.Jslhi* accept- d by West Germanm iauBtimt s for
igunder the Cooperative Prob
Dr Jo Watts C.B.E.e b e b posWoild to toe
ttWSeatorith effctfromATXI 28tht
= u th courtesy of the Federal
Dr Watts, fouwier (in 1955) of the Grgds of cerwny' an0ter Gradiman
Natioml Pwaty one of tha elemn v which stu ent ill to Ken to Kuaertake
formed the ruling Nw national Party, tdes in Agriculture.,
replace Mr Lavreme Joseph vho, in the
recentCabinetshuftle, became aMinister of 321 EW3 100e to
State.

ROTARY FProma Parm CARICARE From Pla 7
Rotary derives its stretch from the righto in seral Caribban tertorw,
persaw dedication aad cowanItunt of and a principal objectiw of the Grenada
ah individual number to the Rotaian visit wa to make aranpgmnts to
ideal of "Srvice Above Self, he said, sorM a vorkshop and programs i
and new befon in tme lif of Rotary ra to commemorate the 10th
Inte tional h the nee=dand Anniverary of tih Mer-American
opportunity for service been greater ConYwntiononHumnB Rights.
throughout the world.
That Anniversary is on 18h July 1988,
Tis current Governor of Pistrict 405 is 10 years after Grenada ratified thi
Mr Virgil Pstaa, 54, of Trinidad & Conwaslon, thrby Prwiding the
Tobago and, for tb 188i89 term, hb is required uwiber of signatories to bring
to be sneeded by Mr L Eare Johnson, thConvwtion into force.
49, of Domicina.
Mr Trotman said it is hoped tw e
District 405 copr Clubs in Antua, programme ill include participao
Barbalos, Domi nica Freh Guiana, by officials of tis Gowvernmwt of
Grenada, Guaelaoupe, Guyana, Grenada, ofth OrgnisationofAmeri"
Matiique, Montwrrat, St Kitts/Nis, can States and of th Iner-Amrcan
St Vincent, Surinam and Trinidad & CommissioonoHumanfRights.
Tobago.
._ _.^ *__________^___ ^^__




Full Text