The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text

T Greniada Newletter Saturday Ith December 1987 Page 5
GAIRY Prom Page 4

not bright under control until four people
had lost their lives.

The riot was crushed but the victory was Sir
Eric's: The era of benevolent paternalism
which had existed on the estates since
emancipation of the slaves was at an end.
GMMIWU vas recognized as the bar-
gaining agent for agricultural workers and
their demands could no longer be ignored.

for five years. But he campaigned
steadily and, in the 1961 General Elections,
GULP emerged victorious again.

By that time, Grenada had a new
Constitution. As Chief Minister and
Minister of Finance, Sir Eric's power was
much greater, ard he refused to abide by the
Financial Rules. This raised protests
within the Civil Service, particularly as
some Government transactions were of a

The crovn- questionable nature, "but
ing victory "" Public Officers who dared
came soon .. .. '-..,,, -to. stand up to the Chief
after. With w.. .. Minister ere crushed wiv
GMMIWU as his threats and victimisation.
power base, Sir Eric :, -f -mte r
founded- the Gre-, .T ,C risi i, 12.
nada United Labour
Party (GULP). Contest-"
ing the 1951 l G"eneral
Elections in the island's first poll under Amid atiGovernmet demonstrations the
adult suffrage, he von a sweeping majority. British Government suspended Grenada's
Su ce l Constitution and appointed a Commission
GULP vas successful gain in the 1954 "to inquire into the control of public
General Elections, capturing nearly all the expenditure".
seats. There vas no provision then for a
Prime Minister, Premier or even Chief That Commission found Sir Eric had
Minister, but, as Minister of Trade & enforced irregularities "against the protests
Production, Sir Eric vas, virtually, Head of of accounting officers whose ulti#imte
Government. compliance was obtainedbv n assure of

It was during this term of office that the
"hero" image which Sir Eric had won for
himself in.1951 began to be tarnished.
There vere increasing complaints of his
"spending spree" vith taxpayers' money.
Times were hard then. Grenadians vere
suffering under devastation of a disastrous
hurricane. The economy of the island was
in ruins, but Sir Eric pushed for large
salary increases for himself and his

There were suggestions, too, of graft and
corruption and, in the Legislature, a Motion
of "no confidence vas introduced. This
resulted in a tied vote and when the
presiding Administrator declined to use his
casting vote to resolve it, the Gairy
Government was able to complete its term
of office.

These adverse circumstances cost GULP the
1957 General Elections and Sir Eric
suffered an even greater setback. Convicted
of an election offense, he lost his franchise

threats ........" Senior Civil Servants bad
been "publicly humiliated", said the
Commission and, "ith a Public Service
thus browbeaten into subservience, the
Chief Minister proceeded to embark on a
series of financial adventures.... ..
According to the Commission, these
"adventures' included work doni by the
Public Works Department for private
individuals at public expense and there vere
payments from the Treasury which the
Commission said were made "gratuitously
and unnecessarily".
When the Constitution was restored in
1963, GULP lost the General Elections of
that year, but the setback was temporary.
Sir Eric's party von the 1967 General
Elections handsomely. InIhat year,
Britain- granted Grenada Associate
Statehood with full internal self
government, and, as Premier, Sir Eric then
embarked on a course which vas to create a
See GAIRY Page 6



The Grnada Nevsletter Saturday 19th December 1987 Page 7


Friday, prominent
Executive member
of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada
United Labour Party
(GULP) was expelled from
the.. Party 'on December

In al1tter to Dr Friday, Sir.
Eric accuses Dr Friday of
"blatant indiscretion,
prompted by your avidity
for leadership" and says
"re have no other course
then to expel you forth-
with. ........

The decision to expel Dr"
Friday was taken on Decem-
ber 18th in Dr Friday's
absence, and Sir Eric's
letter says, "if it is your,
wish to vindicate yourself,
ve vould be pleased to give
you an opportunity ......."

Dr Friday (then Mr.)

entered the political arena
in 1972, vben, on a ticketof
the Grenaa National Party
led by Mr Herbert Blaize,
he'von a seat in the House
of Representatives.

He did not however,
complete his term as, vith-
in a fev months, he applied
to the Speaker for two years
leave to study in the United
States for a Doctorate in
Education. Six months
leave as given in the first
instance and, vhen further
leave vas refused, Dr.
Friday resigned from the

He returned to Grenada"
late in 1977, joined
GULP and Vws mlde Sir.
Eric's Ambassador-at-

In October
appointed to

1978, he nas
the Senate and

SDrWenilngton Fr1dag
m.ade Minister f for
ZEducatior, a post he still
held in 1979 at the time of
the Nev Jevel Movement
Like Sir Eric, he vas out of
the island at the time of the
'See FRIDAY Page 8

GAIRY Fronm Page
itself as the possible saviour from the yoke
of Sir Eric's oppression.
Grenada became independent on 7th
February 1974 and, at the first General
Elections after this; in 1976, a coalition of
NJM and other political parties won 6 of the
15 seats in the House of Representatives.
This reduced Sir Eric's majority consider-
ably and may have been indication of the
popular trend.

The NJM revolution of 13th March 1979
introduced a nev factor, however, and it
was not until December 1984, the first
General Elections after the military
intervention of October 1983, that there
was an opportunity to assess GULP's

Sir Eric, away from Grenada at the time of
the revolution, did not return to the island
until January 1984 and was not a candidate
at the elections. GULP von one seat only,
but captured 36% of the popular vote, an

indication that, whatever his record, Sir
Eric vas still a political force.

His retirement from active politics hangs a
question mark over, not only the future of
GULP, but also Sir Eric's own role in the
coming years. Indications are that he will
fade into the background, abandoning his
announced plan.
At his press conference on December 19th,
Sir Eric recalled that plan disclosed by hii
in a public statement many years ago,- He
said then he intended to lead GULP for 25
years and then become Governor General,
but said at the press conference he does not
fel that vay nov.

"That is a step down", he said. "The
Constitution has grown to such a stage
here the boss is the Prime Minister. In
those days, the Governor was the boss, but
things have changed".
I M.1 n - -

- -- -----

.... j m ........

Page 8 Saturday 19th December 198Z The Grenada Nevsletter
FRIDAY From Page 7

take over and
returned to Grenada
after Sir Eric got
back in January
1984, but, until
recently, had not
publicly declared
his political intent-
At a press con-
ference on Decem-
ber 19th, Sir Eric
said that, in Novem-

however, that
Eric had put
discussion on
matter "out of


"Gairy had been
cajoling me to
throw in my lot
with the Party", he
said, "and he was
saying this in the
context of a need he
saw for my services

him the country is
greater than Her-
bert Blaize, NNP or
GULP", he said,
"and although NNP
may have heard of
my relationships
with GULP, there
is a lot I can do to
help to address
some of the prob-
lems of disadvan-
taged people".

J. *.. ,. -,i W ..n.
Elli~ .111.iifwiE &

l .1t I i... l ' l ' . .''' , ' .. .. l \,

Sir Eric had given
him no commitment
then or subsequent-
ly, he said, and Dr
Friday believes the
basis of the friction
between him and Sir
Eric is "in the
nature of the two
"It is in his nature
not to have anybody
around him who
other people
.. see as a pot-
a ential lead-
Ser",, he said,
:, ,',,'. ;',, ", .ii .

I'' Ii

Sir Eric said Dr
Friday had been
reluctant to do
this and, when
pressed to make
a public appear-
ance at a sched-
uled GULP meet-
ing, is quoted by
Sir Eric as
saying, "I vill
come to your
meeting and
identify vith the
Party if you tell
me nov that I am
the Deputy Polit-
ical Leader'.

Sir Eric said he did
not comply with Dr
Friday's proposal,
but Dr Friday sub-
sequently joined
GULP and, in an
ber 19th, Dr Friday
confirmed to
that he had made
this proposal to Sir
Eric. He stated,

at that level (as
Deputy Political
Dr Friday said he
was then "beginning
to have second
thoughts" because
he started to see Sir
Eric as someone he
could not trust If
Sir Eric fished him
to identify with
GULP, he said, it
was reasonable for
him to call on Sir
Eric to "make a
certain amount of
commitment, too".

At that stage, Dr
Friday said, he had
had discussions
with Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize who
is Political Leader
of the ruling New
National Party

"I chatted
Herbert and


Dr Friday said his
discussions with Mr
Blaize and members
of the Cabinet
included the poss-
ibility of fitting him
into a public relat-
ions job backed by
an ambassadorship
but came to nothing
because "proper pe-
cuniary recom-
pense" could not be
"I have skills", Dr
Friday said, "and I
was prepared to sell
those skills".

Dr Friday said Mr
Blaize and his Cab-
inet was "very dil-
atory". He (Friday)
decided the time had
come for him to
make "some kind of
declaration" withre-
spect to his political
activities, he said,
and it was then he

"even though I have
made it clear to Eric
there is no question
of my wanting to
challenge his leader-

Dr Friday said he
has not decided
what his course of
action will be. He
does not knov
whether he will
decide to start a ne
political party or
whether he will
accept Sir Eric's
offer of an oppor-
tunity to "vindicate"
"I have to recon-
sider my entire app-
roach to all things",
he said, "it calls for
some proper exam-

In addition to
disclosing, at his
press conference,

had joined GULP. Se FRIDAY Page 9


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th December 1987 Page 9



sect of the Brotherhood of the Cross and Star. He disclosed this at a press conference
on December 19th and said the parting of the ways had come about a month bforoe.

On a visit to Nigeria in April of last year,
Sir Eric joined this sect vhich is led by one
Olumba Olumba Oba, ani Sir Eric is
reported lto :'aw idsswdd: idrf-a"
Sthistaderis t ret~hed &s aTeiChit. ;
'There are ma'v parts of the Bible by
hf, f o is n which, if one is not careful, one can be
misled,", he said at the press conference,
"and, according to how they document the
'presence of this Olumba, you coutd be taken
for aride, as I was".
Sir Eric said people hae spoken of the
; coming of "Anti-Christs", entities who will
have great powers, and Sir Eric said he does
S .. not know of anyone who has greater powers
than Olumba.

When he returned to Grenada, Sir Eric
joined the sect which has a branch in the
island. He told the press conference he had
become the Head of the branch but he is no
longer connected and said he is frank
Sir Eric Ga6lr enough to admit his mistakes.
See SECT PagI 10

FRIDAY Prom Page 8
that Dr Friday had been expelled, Sir Eric
disclosed there is now a chill in his
relations with Mr Derek Knight, another
prominent GULP member.
Mr Knight was Minister Without Port-
folio in Sir Eric's Cabinet at the time of the
1979 revolution. He was in Grenada
when the takeover took place but escaped,
returning to Grenada after the military
intervention of 1983.

Sir Eric said
relinquished his
used to be a

Mr Knight has never
GULP membership, and
member of the Party

"but he was here yesterday (December
18th) and he is nov more often in my
house then when he was a member of the
As to the reason why Mr Knight left the
Executive, Sir Eric said, "we had a little
high talk".
Flev Out
Following Mr Knight's meeting with Sir
Eric on December 18th, he flew out to
New York on the following day and is
reported to have been met at the airport
there by Sir Eric's daughter. The
purpose of his visit to the United States is
not known.
- rtEnd' -----

"He zaiked out of the Executive", he said,


SPage 10 Saturday 19th December 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter


SLocal Gove m nt Elections

It has been announced that there vill be
SLocal Governrmnt elections by June of this

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), Mr George McGuire,
Minister for Social Services, says a
Commissioner ill, soon be appointed to
work on the logistics for the election.
Local Government, which was introduced
.in Grenada 101 years ago, was abolished in
S1969 by Sir Eric Gairy's Administration.
SIt reintroduction vas a plank of the ruling
*New National Party's campaign in the last
elections, and, following a series of public
meetings, Cabinet, in August 1985,
approved, in principle, proposals submitted
Sby the Ministry of Local Government.
SA Bill relating to the restoration of Local
SGovernment in the State of Grenada,
Carriacou & Petit Martinique had its first
reading in Parliament on October 24th
S1986, but, to date, has not yet been taken
any further in its passage into law.

No Diplomatic Relations
it Tai

The Government of Taiwan is encouraging
'businessmen of that country to invest
,abroad, but the primary outlook of that
country for Grenada is the establishment
Sof diplomatic relations.
This is disclosed by the Government
i information Service (GIS) in a report on
SDecember 16th of an information exchange
Sour of Tai van by Government Information
Officer, Mr Roland Glean.

Grenada has formal diplomatic relations
vith the Peoples' Republic of China, GIS
:said, and, according to protocol, cannot
have (diplomatic) relations with Taivan.


New Airline Serves Grenada

A charter flight of Five Star International
Airline, which arrived at Point Salines
International Airport on December 20th,
marked the latest increase in international
airlines serving Grenada.
According to the Government Information I
Service, this airline will operate an L 1011
Tristar between John F Kennedy airport
and Piarco, Trinidad, with a stopoff at

OES Load Shedding Over

Barring unforseen circumstances, load
shedding by Grenada Electricity Services
(GES) is at anend.
This statement was made by Dr Keith
Mitchell, Minister for Public Utilities, at the
meeting of the House of Representatves on
December 18th.
Dr Mitchell said that, as of December 18th,
four stand-by generators with a capacity of
2.8 megawatts, had become operational.

A 5 megvatt generator purchased earlier
this year had also been commissioned, the
Minister said, and the 2.8 megavatt
generator received. from the United States
was being completely overhauled.


SECT From Peag 9
"That is because I have no fear for
anything, any man, any beast, any
condition on earth", he said. "I have no
fear, absolutely no fear fanatically that
way. So I don't have to lie"
Sir Eric iaid his religious beliefs have
always been Christian. In support of
this, he pointed to the fact that the star is
the symbol of his Grenada United
Labour Party and, Sir Eric said, Jesus
Christ always wore a star.
"*u L _' _

- c-

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th December 1987 Page 11
NEWS SHORTS From Page 10

ECCB Withdma CurrenM

With effect from January 1~t 1988, certain
currency notes and coins of the Eastern
Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) shall cease
to be legal currency,t

A notice to this effect is appearing
Currently in the Government Gazette and,
up to 31st March 1988, holders of these
notes and coins may exchange them at par
for legal tender currency at all commercial

The notes to be withdrawn are denom-
inations of $1, $5, $20 and $100 bearing the
inscription" East Caribbean Currency Auth-
oirity" but without the territorial codes.

The territoriala code" is a letter symbol,
(for instance ( for Grenada), printed on
the face of the note to indicate where the
note vas issued.

The affected coins are 112 cent, I cent and 2
cent denominations in bronse, and 5 cent
denomination in nickle-brass, bearing the
inscription "British Caribbean Territories,
Eastern Group", issued by the former
currency Authorities, i.e., the British
Caribbean Currency Board and the Eastern
Caribbean Currency Authority.

After 31st March 1988, these notes and
coins may be exchanged for legal tender
only at the offices of the Currency Agents
of the Central Bank and, after 1st January
1993, any payment on value vill be at the
sole discretion of the Central Bank.

Another Child For Cardia

Twelve year old Devon Purcell flew out of
Grenada on December 16th, accompanied by
his mother and a nurse, bound for the
Deborah Heart & Lung Centre in Brown
Mills,Ney Jersey, U S A.

Devon i gto receive free medical and
surgical cardiac treatment, courtesy of the
hospital, which is providing also the room
and board for both the nurse and Devon's

The trip was arranged by the Grenada Heart
Foundation and -air transportation for the
group was courtesy BWIA and the
organisation, Inovating Worthy Projects,
of Sommerspoint, New Jersey, U S A.

CARICARE Adop Political

The Caribbean Institute for the Protection
of Human Rights (CARICARE) has adopted
two "prisoners of conscience" held by the
Sandinista Government of Nicaragu.

In a statement issued from its he'.: qu r'~rs
in Kingstovn, St Vincent, CARICARE said
this action was taken following a recent visit
to Nicaragua of a team of observers led by
the Institute's Director, Mr Donald

The prisoners adopted are Julio Ram6n
Montes Martinez, 31, and Manual Adain
Rugama, 27.

SAccording to CARICARE, Martinez, an
office worker, has been imprisioned since
November 1984 for criticising policies of
the Sandinista Government while taking
part in activities of the Christian Social
Dr Rugama, a physician and surgeon, also
imprisoned since 1984, was accused of
being involved with a pressure group
known as the Nicaraguan Democratic

Both men were tried and condemned by
"special tribunals" and both ere sentenced
to 9 years imprisonment CARICARE says,
and there is evidencebtha both hdve been
subjected to physical torture, systematic
starvation and other forms of inhuman

According to the press release issued by
CARICARE, the Institute vill hold
discussions with the Nicaraguan Govern-
ment, and with' the Inter-Armerican
Commission on Human Rights, with a vie
to securing the release of these men.


0 A

Saturday 19th December 1987

The Grenada Newsletter


Retail Price Index Unl

According to figures published by the
Statistical Department of the Ministry of
Finance, the Interim Retail Price Index
shovs a decline for the month of October

In that month, there as a drop to 199.8
points from the September figure of 200.0,
but, in November, it rose again to 200.2, an
increase of 0.2% over the October figure.

As compared with November 1986, the
increase in November 1987 is 0.6%.

The report of the Statistical Department
says that, in November, of all the categories
in the Price Index, only Household Supplies
shoved a decrease. That is recorded as a
4.5% drop from 143.4 points to 137 points.

The overall increase of 0.2% resulted from
increases in the items of Alcohol and
Tobacco, Housing, Fuel & Light, Furniture
& Appliances, and Miscellaneous,

The Interim Retail Price Index is based on
the figure of 100 as at January 1979, and the
"weights" for groups and sub-groups under
food, have been determined from an
examination of expenditure patterns in
surveys in other Caribbean countries.

Generally, item weights have been
determined after examination of the last
household survey done in Grenada, in 1961,
but, in several cases, adjustments have been
made to take account of knovn shifts in the
pattern of expenditure

Items in the Price Index are, Food, Alcohol
& Tobacco, Clothing & Footwear, Housing,
Fuel & Light, Furniture & Appliances,
Transportation, Household Supplies and

Australian High
Commiioner Pr~at
Letter. of Introduction

Mr David Ian Wille, non-resident
Australian High Comrissioner to Grenada,
presented his Letters of Introduction to
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize on
December 17th.

Mr Wille is resident in Kingston, Jamaica.

More "BaDic Needs Fundt.

According to a notice in the Government
Gazette of December 18th, the Grenada
Government has received a further
EC$1,307,295 under the Performance
Programme of the Basic Needs Trust Fund
Project, vhich is funded by the Caribbean
Development Bank.

This figure brings to EC$4,197,297 the
total grant made to Grenada under this

The current grant is to be used for schools
rehabilitation, after services and con-
version of a building into a Health Centre.

A further sum of EC$134,745 is allocated
for Maintenance Programmes for Schools
and Health Centres.

NIS To Increae Scope.

According to the Government Information
Service, Mr George McGuird, Minister For
Social Services, has announced that the
National Insurance Scheme (NIS) Vill
expand its scope in 1988 to include the "self-

Y' .Ifjf^ J /x
Alister C a Hug
19th December 1987
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hghes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grcnada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone 18091440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada


'I. ~---~- -~~~-l-r lrr-- -r

Page 12

Volume 15 Saturday 19th December 1987 Number 19




Political Leader Knows Of
No Promnse To Step Down
(NNP), held on 5th and 6th Decem-
ber, was the most harmonious since the
Party's fourteen to one vin in the General
Elections of 3rd DecEmber 1984
It was the first Convention since prominent
NNP members, Mr George Brizan and Dr
Francis Alexis, resigned from the Party last
April, and their absence from this year's
Convention is said by NNP members- to be
the reason for the more relaxed atmos-
phere. ,,
L~re.No Infiitinga
"There vas no infighting and much less
tension at this Convention", one delegate
said, "and e produced much more in the
vay of results".
Th1 feature address vas given by Mrs Joan
Webley, a .Jamaica Labour Party Member


S M' a ,.k

of Parliament. Originally, this address
was to have been given by Mr James "Son"
Mitchell, St Vincent's Prime Minister and
he was replaced on thej;rogramme by Mr

l-Mr Hbebert 4l slze
Prime Ministaert. NP Political Leader

John Compton, St Lucia's Prime Minister.
St Lucia's Foreign Minister, Mr Neville
Cenac, told the Convention neither of these
Prime Ministers had been able to attend.
They were both scheduled to be at a World

*NNP Holds Third Anual
Convention.................... I
*Sir Eric Gairy Retires .......... 3
*Workshop Discusses AIDS ..... 4
*Friday Expelled From GULP. 7
Gairy Breaks With Cross &
Star................ ........ .... 9
*News Shorts...................... 10

Bank committee meeting in
December 7th, he said,
arrangernents could not ha b
alloy either of them to
Convention and be in time for

Jamaica on
and flight
sen made to
attend the
the Jamaica

In her address, Mrs Webley called on NNP
party members to commit themselves to the
Party and on Members of Parliament to
commit themselves to the rank and file.



Saturday 19th December 1987

-. .- .

CO 7:,TI.o From Pa- j

i In refeienl to ihe National
' De-n. ratic Congress
i(NDC) of Mr George
IPrizr., she warned
idoe4!e, '-: to be cautious of
those vho hlave :ft NNP
,?ii; .-i. r' ?.eq!Tingg to
d..:, o. u.- from the

bi dre, also. vw:l-' she said
is a paral~le between the
Eri..Ala:,i? grouping in
NDC and te N.rA Jevel
IMovern l alliarne of
SMaur1~'e Bishor and
Bernard Cor. .

"As i.~al.", Ihe said, "the
-.hari ... .-ice. the auIve

one, is being put in front to
fool you, and you knov
Vho is behind."

SMrs Joan Webley

Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize was returned to the

post of Political Leader'ty
acclamation apd, quwston~
by the press said Ie knoVs
of no promise made by him
to step down.

"I don't vte for the Political
Leader", he said. "The
people accept me as such but
I don't knov what vill
happen at the next

Outgoing holders of the
positions of Chairman,
Deputy Political Leader,
General Secretary ad
Assistant General Secretary
were all also returned ty

i The C nvention elected the follovin members to the National Emaeuti
li Hrber A Blaize (Prime Minister) Political Leader
Be a .Jo0ns* Deputy Political Leader
1:si Mitchell (Dr)* General Secretary
Capi as Pilgrim Assistant General Secretary
Lwra,-i Joseph ** Chairman
S~i t F iday (Dr) # Treasurer
e AL-reavs *** # Public Relations Officer
S LouiEs F.rray Women's Officer
S De:ek Romrin Youth Officer
S*K.-y B-udhlall Labour Relations Officer
T k J lc Sler Recording Secretary
MA,0Do-e:d. George Assistant Recording Secretary.
.: Mirstr Senator
** Presideut of the Senate. *** Parliamntary Secretary
i -Officio Members of the National Executive are :-
Daniel Williams Parliamentarian (Minister)
SGeorgr McGuire Parliamentarian (Minister)
Gracp D=-can Parliamentarian (Minister Of State)
PaulML Arnrevs Parliamentarian (Minister Of State)
A i-y^ Wr i-''cr Parliamentarian (Minister Of State)
FIhz i ,-azer Parliamentarian (Minister of State)
Si AlpLnmus Antoine Deputy President of the Senate.
Norion N Iel Parliamentary Secretary and
S! Leader Of Government
i Business In The Senate.
i Johr De'RocLh Senator and Parliamentar
G! loria S" Bernard Senator
, Eric Pierre Independent Senator
Representing Labour
i orri- James Independent Senator
I Representing Agriculture
i C Chrle Mclntyre Independent Senator
: Representing Commerce
I ... .. . *- * ... {- * '**** L- '^ ^.. ,.: : ,, ^ ..... :.

I- ~- -



The Grenada Newsletter

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 19th December 1987 P4 3

S "Mi IX t as as itto eS
"719 hadfth fi 14t as 90ooC as 1W used to be"

S IR ERIC GAIRY, founder and
Political Leader of the Grenada
United Labour Party (GULP) is to
retire f fom frontline politics

At a press conference called on December
19th, Sir Eric said he vill retain the GULP
Presidency but is relinquishing the post of
Political Leader.

Sir Eric 6Gtry
This decision has been made because of my
health", he said, "but that is only one factor.
I have had a general check-up all around and
it is in my best interests to step down. My
health is not as good as it used to be"
The truth of that statement vas obvious as
Sir Eric, vho said he vill be 66 years old
next February, seemed ill. His voice, at
times, had a quaver and he talked vith a

Sir Eric, who appeared to be, but denied, he
is hard of hearing, said his sight is "not as
good as it used to be, but apart from stating
he is "on medications" gave no indication of
his ailments.

With reference to his replacement as
Political Leader, Sir Eric appeared not to
have thought out the mechanics in advance
of the press conference. Originally, he said
the nev Political Leader would take office
when he is elected at the GULP conference
next April or vhen General Elections are

called in Grenada, vhchever is sooner.
However, when it was pointed out this
would mean his continuance in the post for
some time, he amended his statement and
said the new Political Leader vill be
announced within the following week.

"I would like to see a qualified person (as
Political Leader), he said, "and I think ve
have someone in mind ho ill be
acceptable to the people of Grenada who
are supportive of GULP, and beyond that,
there are people who, for some reason or
another, have never supported us, who will
now support us".
Sir Eric said he had not considered in detail
the depth of his future involvement with
GULP. He does not intend to campaign
actively, but will be on the Party platform
when GULP candidates are being presented
for the General Elections.

Eric Mathev Gairy was born in Grenada
on 18th February 1922 in the east coast
village of Moyah. He had a primary
education and, on leaving school, served
for three years as a Primary School

clerk for

to Trinidad, he worked as a
two years before moving, in
See GAIRY Pae 4

The Grenadas_
Founded 17th August 1973
368th Issue
Subscription Rates
Payable n Advance
Potage Paid B Second Class Air Mail
(land Post la Grenada)

10 Issues $102.00 $ 39.00
20 Issues $183.60 $ 72.20
40 Issues. $346.80 $132.60
About 20 Issues Published Amnally

-- --

Page 4 Saturday 19th December 1987 The Grenada Newsletter

,CUSA,, ,0 ,,

."....., noraUty Ca9twt Cover. Some Arems"

T HE Christ- used,", he said, preventable if pre- sexual field. In
ian Church "and it may veil cautions,. are taken the United States,
should ex- be that ve could and sexual partners where AIDS is
press itself firmly agree with that are limited, mainly inthe homo-
on the question of totally, but, to- sexual field, it
morality, but mor- day, with AIDS The workshop vas was said, there are
ality cannot cover as we understand told the Caribbean fourteen reported
some areas, and the it, that argument has a high incidence male cases to every
Church should not cannot be main- of reported cases of one female case,
be embarrassed to tainted the disease. vbile, in the Carib-
admit there are Reported bean, the ratio is
situations in which The situation calls Statistics given vere three males to one
the condom should for a great deal of that, esxluding female.
be used.. understanding Mr North America and CaBs
Presded Williams said, be- Haiti, the Caribbean This change in the
This opinion was cause AIDS is a has some 2% of the pattern of incidence
expressedonDecem- killer disease and population of the is viewed with con-
ber 15th by Minis- one "cannot try to Western Hemis-. carn by the medical
ter of Health Mr be too nice", when phere but has re-: authorities who
Danny Williams as the realities are ported 15% of the point out that AIDS
he presided over a considered. AIDS cases in that is spread more
workshop to discuss Stressed area. rapidlyintheetero-
AIDS. Several officials of sexual field, and the
the Health Ministry It was reported also need for continuing
The Roman Ct- addressed the that, over the Jlast and increased public
holic Church, in workshop and it was year, the pattern of educationvase h-
particular, has, stressed there is incidence in the asised.
all along, said neither a cure nor a Caribbean has mov-
the condom vaccine for AIDS, ed from the homo- .
should not be but the disease is j~ -am tl tfh hlntmrn-

GAIRY From Page 3

1944, to the Dutch island of Aruba. In
1950, he returned to Grenada and, funding
the Grenada Mental Manual & Interlectual
Workers Union (GMMIWU), based in the
agricultural sector, he called a number of
strikes in support of higher wages 'and
better working conditions.

Conditions of the agricultural worker were
unfavorable and Sir Eric's championing of
that cause raised a sea of hostility.
"Tradeumnionism" as a bad word to estate
owners and they branded Sir Eric a
"communist" and "trouble-maker". They,
ignored his demands and his reaction was to
deliver a series of inflammatory speeches
vhich were followed by a ave of arson.

Estate buildings, vehicles, schools and
residences vent up in flames. Widespread
vandalism left acres of valuable trees
destroyed and .ores of animals maimed or"
killed. Violence and riotingerupted.and
the Authorities, unable tos cope with the
situation, summoned police assistance from
neighboring islands a4d lled in the
British Navy,

Sir Eric and his foilovers were not
intimidated and theie vere violent
confrontations of armed police vith stone-
thro-ing mobs. The Police used tear gas,
baton charges and rifle fire. Scores of
people were injured and the situation vas
See GAIRY Pag 5




V T -" T WcV -

Page 6 Saturday 19th December 1987 The Grenada Newsletter
GAIRY From Page 5

powerful reaction of resistance.

Sir Eric placed the Government-owned
radio station under tight control and official
releases warned of "serious penalties" for
"spreading rumours" about Government.
There was a law prohibiting criticism and a
1968 Act demanded a jail term for anyone
making statements "with intent maliciously
to bring Government into disrepute".

was personally responsible for recruitment
and control of the Police Aids. This was a
body of men, the Commission said, whose
qualification for service was "....their
known disposition for violence and
lawlessness", and they inflicted
"unspeakable atrocities" upon many
Against that background, the communist
New Jewel Movement (NJM) vas born in

In 1968 also, Sir Eric i
initiated a trend which ,>e
was to have serious
consequences. In that year, at a
joint "meeting" of prisoners and
prison officers called by him at
'Dl,4 ^1nyy T.4 Uft1 A; -1 -A 4U-L.

Chief Officer and told the prisoners that, if
they had problems with the prison staff,
those problems should be brought to him

This courting of criminal favour is the
background to Sir Eric's "Black Power"
speech in Mat

He then criticised manifestations of the
Black Power movement in Grenada and
announced his policy of "steel to cut steel".
Criminals were being invited to assist in
preserving law and order, he said.

Indeed' Sir Eric disclosed,
'hundre fwe come and some of the
roughet ad toughest of roughnecks
haw been recruited'.

When GULP von the 1972 General
Elections, capturing 13 of the 15 seats in the
House of Representatives, the situation
became even more violent.

Human rights were violated blatantly and a
group of thugs, the "Mongoose Gang",
under the official title of the "Police Aids"
threatened, beat, chopped, shot and
brutalised all who opposed or criticised Sir
Eric or his Government.

A Commission of Inquiry, investigating
events of that period, reported that Sir Eric

1973. Led by young professionals and
spearheaded by barrister Maurice Bishop,
NJM took a determined stand against Sir
Eric and agitated for a general strike to
bring down his government.
Sir Eric struck back with Police harassment
and public vilification of NJM members
and, in November 1983, the Police Aids set
upon and brutally beat six NJM leaders
including Bishop.

Public reaction was formation of a
Committee led by the main-line Churches
and comprising a wide cross section of the
community. That Committee called on Sir
Eric to disband the Police Aids and when
this was not done, there was a shut down of
most business places, a general strike, and
massive daily anti-Gairy demonstrations.
On 21st January 1974, the Police Aids,
supported by squads of armed Police,
attacked the demonstrators. Scores of
people were beaten and injured severely.
Several were wounded by rifle fire, many
had broken bones and one man, Bishop's
father, was killed.

This broke the anti-Gairy demonstrations
but public resentment against the
Government provided fertile ground for
NJM to increase its popularity and present

Full Text