The Grenada newsletter


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The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Full Text

The Grenada Nevsletter .. Saturday 19th September 1987 Page 9


2 -

~rn ,


P"T RENADA'S Public Library has received a
I gift of a selection of 20 volumes dealing
With the United States Constitution.
The gift comes from the United States Embassy in
renada, and Mr Philip French, Political officer at
the Embassy, addressing Minister of Education Mr
George McGuire and other officials assembled at
the Library for the presentation on September 17th,

S From Pagg 7-
and still owes about EC$600,000 of this

Against that background, Mr Brizan said,
imposition of the Business Levy would affect the
Cocoa Association adversely and, in addition,
Government has not carefully considered the
implications of making this tax applicable to the

The Canadian International Development Agency
(CIDA) now funds a Cocoa Rehabilitation
Programme in Grenada and Mr Brizan said
Government has been told by CIDA that
continuance of this funding is conditional upon
the Cocoa Industry not being subject to export
duty or any similar type tax.
"If he has studied the CIDA volumes on the
proposed Cocoa financing scheme", Mr Brizan
said, "the Minister of Agriculture (Mr Ben Jones)
should know that there are four conditions for the
success of the project."

The first of these conditions, laid down by
CIDA, he said, is that the Grenada Government
provide EC$3 million in counterpart financing,
and the second is that export duty be abolished
and no similar type tax be imposed on the

The other two conditions are that the cost of pest
and disease control be reduced and that there
must be a 6V, increase, in annual cocoa

"The Nutmeg Association is now in a very
healthy situation", Mr Brizan said, "but it is just
See pane 10m

said the handing over was being made on that date
for a very special reason.

"Two hundred years ago today", he said,
"representatives of our country signed the United
States Constitution".

When the Constitution was signed in 1787, Mr
French said, the United States was a nation of four
million people living in 13 sovereign states. Those
States were united in name only, he said, and were
barely held together by the Articles of
Confederation which had been adopted by the
Continental Congress 10 years before.
C-ommn Eyem=
Once the common enemy, the British. had been
defeated in the Revolutionary War of 1775 to 1783,
the Political Officer said, the Confederation began
to unravel. Many of the 13 States issued their
own currencies, they maintained their own armies
and charged a tariff on goods brought in from other
States, he said.

Relating some of the historical background of his
country, Mr French said a convention was called in
Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 to deal with the

'Many of the nation's leaders feared that, unless a
stronger national government was created, the
federation would fall apart." he said. "Through the
wisdom and vision of these delegates, the
Constitution was launched, transforming the loose
alliance among the States into a Federal
Government with the first written national
Constitution in history".

That Corntitution, he said, was a compromise
between the powers of the individual States and
those of the Federal Government. It was a grant of
power by the people to a Government they had
created, he said, its principles have stood the test
of time, and they are still relevant today.

Mr French said he hoped the volumes presented will
be found useful and that they will be made use of by
students, by the legal profession and by the general



Page 1 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Grenada Nesletter

~fH[~ I1TMBli~tSW~~


, f f|mR NARESH
,JSingh. Sen-
JL T ior Scientist
attached to the Carib-
bean Environmental
Health Institute (CEHI)
says results emerging
from monitoring of
pollution levels in the
Eastern Caribben are
"quite sensitive".

Mr Singh made the
disclosure in an inter-
view with NEWS-
LETTER in Tortola,
British Virgin Islands,
on September 11th
where he attended the
21st Annual General
Meeting of the Carib-
bean Conservation
"I have a problem
discussing the results",
he said, "because
Governments prefer
that we get their
permission. The data is
quite sensitive, but
some facts can be

At a number of St
Lucia's beaches which
are used for recreational
purposes, monitoring
of bacterial pollution
has shown, generally,
that levels are accept-
able, he said. How-
ever, there is need to
continue to monitor
because, with on-going
development, moresew-
erage is being dis-

Some of St Lucia's
'-'nurs are extremely

I eastern Crtifbba

polluted, he said, and,
while these are not
recognized recreational
areas, they still pose a
health hazard.
"The local population
uses the harbours for
swimming", Mr Singh
said, "They catch fish
there and often clean
that fish in the water of
the harbour".

Mr Singh says there is
popular belief that
Grenada's Grand Anse
beach is "terribly
polluted", but he has
seen figures generated
by organizations other
than CEHI and these
figures are conflicting.

The St Georges Uni-
versity School of Med-
icine in Grenada prepar-
ed some data and so did
some "other people", he
said, but the data seems

"We have just got our
first set of samples
from Grand Anse", Mr
Singh said, "and, in
some areas the levels
look like there will be
need for concern.

Clearly, there is pol-
lution there as can be
seen by the algae
growth, but we must
have a number of data
points before we can
draw firm conclus-

At the present state of
investigation in St


Vincent, he said,
scientific conclusions
are not possible but
results show that ex-
isting levels of bacterial
pollution are "trending
to be in the acceptable

Mr Singh said his
organisation is now
getting together with
the Barbados Govern-
ment to assist in
pesticide residue an-


chemicals manage-
ment. Some of
Barbados' beaches are
clearly polluted, he
said, and the island is
suffering from severe
beach erosion.

Beach erosion,
explained, can
generated by


Reefs perform two
important functions, he

and toxiN. aLrm Pam 13

WMFroom PaLE
beginning to recover after years of bad
management and poor financial experiences"

Over the years 1982 to 1984, he said, GCNA
suffered losses on sales and only in 1985 and
1986 were there significant profits. TheAssoci-
ation is just beginning to build itself up and im-
position of the Business Levy might help to "kill
the hen which laid the golden egg", he said.

Mr Brizan said, because of the variability of
prices in the international market and the high
cost of imputs, farming is a high risk

For this reason, he said, the Business Levy
should not be made applicable to the Agricultural
Community and, instead, Government should be
offering incentives for higher production.

That incentive was given when Export Duties
were abolished, he said, but thattax isnow being
returned in the guise of the Business Levy.

"The long terms effects of this is that it will lead
to a demoralisation of the farmer and a lack of
confidence in the farmer". Mr Brizan said, "and,
once you have that, there will not be as high a
level of agronomic care in the fields with a
resultant drop in production and a loss of export
earnings of foreign exchange"

I -

- -- ..


The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 19th September 1987


;,Islan Re s Foundation To Administer Evan McFarlane Avard

? I HE U S VIRtGN Islands
S based Island Resources
Foundation (IRF) is the
organisation through which
United States philantrophist, Mr
Lawrence Rockfeller, has created
an award fund to honour the late

education, law, medicine
and social sciences.

At the close of .the
ceremony of handing over
the computers, the vote of
thanks was given from St
Lucia by Mrs Marilyn
Floissac, UWI Extra-
mural tutor in that

Following the cere-
mony, Extramural Tutor
in Grenada, Mrs Beverly
Steele, told the press that
Grenada is the "baby" in
the UWIDITE sy m.

"This has been a
preview", she said,
"because our link i the
network has not yet been
officially opened and it
will not be inaugurated
until October 5th".

Grenada is to receive one
of the computers donated
by IBM, Mrs Steele said,
and this will enhance the
complete UWIDITE
equipment donated by
Project Hope to the
Extramural Centre. The
equipment from Project
Hope was received this
year and went into
operation on September
3rd. ,
-1m--I 1 E r) :rii ir ;

Ewan McFarlae, a former
employee of Mr Rockfeller who
performed outstanding service
to the Caribbean.

This was announced by Dr
_Edward Towle. IRF President.
.---,.~ -


Accepting the volumes on behalf of
the Library, Mr McCuire said the
American idea of "freedom" has
sustained many challenges and has
come out of those challenges "alive
and well".

"Today, the idea of freedom, which
was documented by the original
framers, (of the U S Constitution)
is still very relevant," the Minister
said, "and we in Grenada have
of freedom".

Freedom, Mr McGuire said,
depends on the will of the people
and on certain safeguards, and the
safeguards entrenched in the United
Stat:;: C!tit'tior will r
always as a model for democratic
nations to follow.

The Minister pointed out the
success which the ""t pot" of
the United Staes has been, and said
credit must be given to the wisdom,
foresight and insight of the
founding fathers for this success of
peoples living together in spite of
their many differences.
Mr McGuire asked Mr French to
convey to the U S Government the
gratitude of the Government and
people of Grenada for the gift, and
assured him that full use will be
made of the volumes.
i: --I

in an interview with
NEWSLETTER in Toctola on
September 11th, when Dr Towle
was in thihSand to attend the
21st Annual General Meeting of
the Caribbean Conservation

"The name of the award is the
Ewan McFarlane Fellowship
Award", Dr Towle said, "and it
will go to bright, young,
emerging Westindian leaders in
the environmental field".

The Award is designed to draw
attention to environmental work
in the Caribbean, he said, and
one of the criteria for selection
for the award is the promise and
potential of the individual

Ewan McFariane, who died in
1983, came to the Westindies in
the late 1950s to represent Mr
Lawrence Rockfeller who was
then building a string of resort
hotels in the Caribbean, Dr
, Towle said, and Mr Rockfeller
had, by thlt time, purchased the
land which is now the Virgin
Islands National Park and
donated it to the U S Govern-

"Ewan was to be Mr Rockfeller's
conservation representative in
the region", the IRF President
said, "He was to see that, in the
construction of Mr Rockfeller's
hotel resorts, no damage was
done to the landscape and that the
resorts were done environ-
mentally well"
McFarlane worked in the
Caribbean for about 30 years
and, during that time, because of
Mr Rockfeller's general interest
See iAWJ/ Pare 14

Page 11



b" I

Page 12 Saturday 19th Septmber 1987 The Grenada Newsletter


Organ i sat
Of Service
-O VER the next
decade the Ca-
ribbean Con-
sration Association
(CCA) must establish
ielf, not as the
undertaker of many
projects, but as an
organisation providing
special ind of service
to the region.

This opinion was
expressed by Mr Yves
Renard (35), CCA
President, in an inter-
view with NEWS-
LETTER on September
11th in Tortola, British
Virgin Islands.

"One of the problems
we have to tackle is that
many of the environ-
mental problems now
have to be predicted",
he said, "We cant
afford to simply cure a
problem when it hap-
pens. Prevention is not
only betterthan cure but
is indispensable now
because we cannot
afford too many mis-
takes anymore"

CCA's inaugural meet-
ing was held in
Grenada in May 1967
and was attended by
delegates from Gre-
nada, the U S Virgin
Islands, Jamaica, Bar-
bpdos, St Lucia, St
SIitts/Nevis, Trinidad &
1obago, Venezuela and
te US A. Mr Renard
.as in Tortola for the
2ist Annual General
Meeting of the Ass-

ion Hust Now Provide "Spe
ae To The Region: Renard

The CCA President said
there are now 17
Government members
covering all the
languages spoken in the
Caribbean. CCA is a
non-Governmental org-
anisation which allows
for Government mem-
bership, he said,and of
the 13 Caribbean Com-
munity (CARICOM)
countries, 11 are mem-
bers and only Trinidad
& Tobago and the
Bahamas do not yet be-
"It was said that the
previous Trinidad &
Tobago Government
was not keen on
participation in regional
agencies", the CCA
President said, "but, in
recent months there
have been positive sig-
nals from that Govern-
ment and we hope that,
in the near future, they
will join the organ-

Though not a member,
Mr Renard said, the
Bahamas has been
closely associated with
CCA on a technical
level through several
Government Depart-
ments. This is true
also in the case of
Trinidad & Tobago,
and CCA has worked
closely with this Gov-
ernment in the fields of
Tourism and Forestry

The CCAPresident said
the 21st anniversary of
the establishment of the

organisation is special
as it marks the ability,
not only to survive as
representative of the
entire region, but to
continue to grow,
CCA is not a huge
organisation, he said,
but there has been
constant growth as a
result of efforts of
several dedicated pers-

CCA has its head-
quarters in Barbados,
and its activities have
been mainly in the
Eastern Caribbean, Mr
Renard said. The
organisation has an
annual budget of some
US$150,000 which all-
ows for employment of
a staff of three pro-
fessionals with a sup-
port secretariat.

Some US$60,000 of
the annual budget is
derived from Govern-
mental subscriptions,
he said, and the
Canadian International
Development Agency
(CIDA) has been the
principal source of
funds together with the
Rockfeller Brothers
AchiFevea ent
Mr Renard said CCA's
greatest achievement
over the 20 years has
been its con- tribution
to awakening the
awareness of the region
to environmental
issues, and promoting
greater recognition of

ciaI Kirid

the fact that preser-
vation of the cultural
heritage is important.
These factors are at the
centre of development,
he said.

"Now, in 1987, the
relationship between
environment and devel-
opment is obvious to
almost everybody", he
said. "The Govern-
ments recognize this
and a number of them
have gone into major
activities to preserve or
manage the environ-
ment. Cultural affairs
are receiving more and
more attention. There
is much more to be
done, but, over the last
20 years, there has been
great increase in this
awareness and interest,
and I like to think that
CCA can claim some
contribution to this".
The CCA's 21stAnn-
ual General Meeting in
Tortola had as its
theme, "Tourism and
the Environment" and
ran from September 9th
to 12th. Workshops
were "Minimising the
effect of Tourism in
Coastal Areas", "Tour-
ism and Cultural
Identity" and the
"Natural & Cultural Pat-
rimony and Tourism

The keynote address at
the opening ceremony
was delivered by Mr

S"e a Pane 14

_,_ ___ ._

The Groamda Newsletter Saturday 19th September 1987 Page 13

amui. rrom Mf1
said. First, they ttthe heavy wave action
which would destroef ,ft& beach and, secondly,
through fragmentation! Af'tiugfrom pounding of

comments, he said, but the answer to that problem
lies with PAHO.

the waves, they keep thebV hes. supplied with "Just last week we have been in touch with PAHf
sand. to find out what the position is", he said, "but we
have not yet had their reply".
If pollution of the sea water is at a level which kills Aspci
the corals forming the reef, Mr Singh said, the reef The environmental monitoring aspect of CEHfi
dies, wave action is not broken, sand is not covers a wide field, Mr Singh said. In addition o
supplied and beach erosion results.- ------=====-=-- bacterial pollution
---'' -, ,monitoring
CEHI, a Carib- j.
be- /".-"- "
unity f
(CARICOM) \[toL .?c' @ i Aaii.U': :tMas /
institution, has its
headquarters in 'P- assesses
St Lucia and has beengiven .--.. .-. -- : : recreation
."-- -quality" of coastal waters
responsibility inthe region for all areas there '.s tp, -e; cna oltlutionn- vuh; h ivnIn

ofetal management
S Main Pro Jt
The current main project, Mr Singh said, is called
"Protection of the Coastal and Marine Environment
of the Caribbean Islands" and the project has two
main components. One is pollution monitoring and
the other is waste management, he said, and there is
a close relationship between them.

"Under the waste management aspect we got the
consultants to go through the individual countries
and assess what is the apparent status", he said,
"and what are the current needs'.

That survey took a year to complete, Mr Singh said,
the Report was completed and, in 1985, was
submitted to the Governments for comments but
some have not yet responded.

"I'm not certain about the reason for the lack of
response at this point", he said. "This aspect is
being handled by the Panamerican Health
Organisation (PAHO), but I know that four or five
Governments have responded and have agreed
largely with the views expressed by the
Mr Singh said he expected that, shortly, a
consensus will be arrived at and this will set the
stage for management action. The Governments
will have to provide counterpart funding, he said,
but CEHI would look for funding and would
prepare projects for execution.

Projects can be drawn up for individual
Governments, he said, but CEHI would prefer to
handle the matter of waste disposal regionally. It
is not possible to wait "forever" for those
Governments who have not sumitted their

at the levels of petroleum hydrocarbons.
Because of the oil industry, he said, the levels of
petroleum hydrocarbons are likely to be higher,in
Trinidad, but, because of dumping of bilge water by
ships, because of gas stations, industries and other
sources, the risk is present all over the region

The effects of pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers
also have the attention of CEHI, as have toxic trace
metals like mercury, arsenic and lead.
"Because the islands are volcanic in origin and are
young in geologic terms," Mr Singh said, "there
could still be natural leaking of these toxic trtce
metals out of the rocks as a result of weathering,
and some industries also can contribute to the

CEHI is particularly interested in "ecological
impact', he said, and a monitoring system is in
place for this. This phase of operations looks at
the impact of pollutants on systems such as
man:. e areas and coral reefs.

Mr Singh said that, in addition to St Lucia, CEHI
has monitoring units set up in Grenada, St Vincent,
Dominica, and StKitts/Nevis, and a unit is now
being established in the British Virgin Islands.

Over the last five years, he said, funding for the
monitoring project has beensupplied by the Nairobi
based United Nations Environment Programme
(UNEP) to the sum of US$150,000 per year, but
this sum has been inadequate.
"That sum is far below what we would really like to
have", he said. That's why the project has beeq
going so slowly, we couldn't get either staff or
resources to supply the centres."
w~bEN d

Page 14 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Greada Newsletter

Problems Aise Out of 1916 Treaty
ITIZENS OF guest speaker at the "We have a situation Islands. There was
the United Anniversary Dinner of now where, not the need for quick action,
States Virgin the Caribbean Conser- Government, but the he said, because, if
Islands (USVI) have vationAssociation. people of the territory Denmark tell to the
banded together to Laud RP ts are contesting the rights German armies, the
wage a legal battle fof# According tenator of the West Indian Danish Virgin Islands
protection of what they Brown, the dispute Company", he said. would be in German
see as the rights of the centres i circum- hands, and this would
people. stances created when Senator Brown gave the pose a major threat to
the United States following details. Puerto Rico and the
Senator Virdin Brown purchased the Virgin PanamaCanal.
of the USVI Legislature Islands wCm Denmark In 1916, when World Pr
disclosed this on Sep- in 1917 and itconcerns War 1 was atits height, Under pressure of the
member llth in an land rights claimed by the United State.; situation, and with the
interview with NEWS- the Daish West Indian negotiated with Den- intention to straighton-
LETTER in Tortola, CompanyLtd. mark for purchase of ing opt, in du-scourse,
British Virgin Islands, the then Danish Virgin some unresolved details
where the Senator Was Seoea EPMa 15

Pfr rom Panell
in the region, Dr Towle said, McFarlane was
instructed to identify institutions which, and
individuals who, could profit by financial

"He was notable throughout the Caribbean for
the small organizations we now call National
Trusts". Dr Towle said, "and his interests spread
from the islands of the Eastern Caribbean to the
United States Virgin Islands".
Lim QfiaLy
In this field, Dr Towle said, McFarlane went
"beyond the line of duty", expending a great deal
of time and energy to ensure the success of the
organizations he sought funding for from his
Principal, and it is because of this devotion that
the award has been established in his honour.

Dr Towle said the idea of the award originated
with the Island Resources Foundation and it had
ready acceptance when it was presented to Mr

Aperpetual, basic endowment of US$10,000 has
been made available, the IRF President said.
This sum has been invested in high grade bonds,
and the proceeds wilfprovide an annual award of

"We can spend only the interest from this
investment", he said, "but we will try to find
other donors to add to the core investment

with a view to increasing the 'amount Q( the
Ho ReSictioMs
Details have not yet been finalized, Dr Towle
said, but a panel, outside of IRF, will make the
selection for the award from nominations put
forward by organizations or groups of citizens.
and there will be no restrictions on the use of the

"A person may use it for student fees, for travel,
for vacation, for self improvement or any other
purpose", he said, "It is reward for excellence
of past performance and the exhibition of po-
tential for future performance in the environ-
mental field, and the
use of the award is
entirely up to the
person receiving it" Prom Pag 1
Pland Jean Holder, Sec-
It is planned to make retary General of the
the presentation of Caribbean Tourism
the Ewan McFariane Research & Devel-
Fellowship Award opment Centre, and
each year at the guest speaker at the
annual general meet- Anniversary Dinner
ing of the Caribbean was Senator V rdin
Conservation Ass- Brown of the Legis-
ociation, Dr Towle lature of the United
said, the first pres- States Virgin Is-
entation being in
1988 lands,
2r~sJ^ S~sga grf^"--^

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 19th September 1987 Page 15

lItSfflqEIronm IPae 14
in the treaty, the United States concluded the deal
with Denmark.

USVI Government for an opinion on the question,
and the matter was complicated by what Senaar
orB wn described as an "unprecedented action"

One of those details, covered by a special provision
in the treaty, was the granting of certain ghts to According to him, the Judge of the U S Federal
the Dan- District
ish west Extract From Tfh Conwevntton 4ned By court,
Indianhe V nitd States A" nd enmar who w.a
Company hearing
which had On 47F Au s 1916 the case,
been long wrote to
establish- Article 3, Section4 the USVI
ed in the Virgin Governor
"e i t The United States will maintai the Governor.h
Islands. following grants; concessions and licences, adig ha
given by the Danishl, Government, in USVI Government
These rights incld- accordance with the terps on which they should recommend
ed the authority to were given:- to the Federal Gov-
dredgeiad fill- a ) The concession granted to "Det ernmelthatthecase
portion of the Char- -vestidise Kompagni" (the West Indian be settled out of
lotte' Amalie har- Com any) Ltd by the communications from. i In the
bour i, SThoas the Mim ary of Finance of Jan-ary 18th i '
b in St Thomas 1913 and of April 16th 1913 relative to a Judge's. opnon,
and this is wa t Licence to eW b.ak, drui, deepen d tilise Senator Brown said,
creates the present '- citain eas in St Thotlas Harbour, and the Company would
problem. refetential rights to commercial, idtrial win if the case went
or shipin establishments in the 'said i..
Habo "Aa tralr .
"Apparently, the

commitments which
had to be made to allow them to fill more than half
of the harbour were never fulfilled legally by the
Company, Senator Brown said. "This .little::
fragment of the biggerpiece of the pie just never got
straighte.ted out".

Twenty years passed without controversy. In
1937, the United States Army Corps of Engineers
(USACE) did some fillingin the now disputed area
of the harbour known as Long Bay, and, still
without controversy, more filling was done in the
late 1950s and early 1960, this time as a joint effort.
of the Company and USACE.

The control ersy surfaced in the late 1960s when the
Company asserted that, under the terms of the treaty
signed by the United States with Denmark, the
Company has the right to fill and dredge in the
harbour without first obtaining a permit from
Government to do so.

At that time, the harbour area was administered by
the United States Department of the Interior and that
Department, together with USACE, challenged, in
Court, the Company's asserted right.
"Because of the. findings in the pre-trial
interrogatories and depositions, Senator Brown
said, the matter never actually went to trial".

The United States Federal Government asked the

The Governor at that
time, Mr Melvin Evans, advised the USVI
Legislature to do as the Judge suggested and, with
the exception of Senator Brown and three other
Members,.. the Legislature voted to accept the
governor's advice.

"I opposed it then on the same grounds that I
oppose it now", Senator Brown said in the
interview, "and these grounds are that it was not in
the best interests of the Government that the matter
should not go the full legal route, even though the
Judge ruled in favour of the Company. There
wak always the appeal process".

Originally, the Company claimed rights over some
100 acres of territory, Senator Brown said. The
out of Court settlement entered into on the Judge's
advice by the Federal Government with the
Company reduced this to 50 acres, and there were
to be further discussions on the matter.

In 1974, the Federal Government transferred
control and administration of the Charlotte Amalie
harbour area to the USVI Government. Some six
years later, therefore, when the Company
threatened to go to Court again, the USVI
Government was involved directly.

The bone of contention was the Coastal Zone
Management Act passed by the Government. That
s.n Imim F PaMe t6

i --

: *'

Page 16 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Grenada Newletter


Goveram mt Owes N.I.S. P33M. Pls

Prime Minister Herbert Blaize told the House of tabled by Leader of the Opposition, Mr George
Representatives on September 18th that, up to 31st Brizan, and the Prime Minister said that, of the sum
August 1987, Government has borrowed borrowed, EC$32,348,391 was in the form of
EC$33,933,917 from the National Insurance Treasury Bills taken up by N.LS.
Scheme (NIS).
Prior to May 29th 1987, Mr Blaize said,
The disclosure came in response to a question See1 If PAGE 17

IMr1 From pane 15

Act, the Company said,
infringed upon the
Agreement which had
been entered into with
the Federal Government
when the out of Court
settlement was made
some eight or ten years

Again, the matter did
not go to trial, Senator
Brown said. He was
not a member of the
Legislature at that time,
he said, but, on the
Advice of the Governor,
the Legislature agreed
then to give the Com-
pany the right to fill a
reduced area in the
harbour, an area of
about 14.5 acres.

To conclude this, a new
Agreement (known as
"the Second Adden-
dum") was entered into
by the Government
with the West Indian
Co Ltd in an out of
Court settlement, but
this aroused ,very
adverse popular opin-

I "The people of the
i territory said they
Wanted no part of it",
Senator Brown said,
"they said 'Let's take it
to Court and fight'" ;

A number of groups
have come together
under the title of the
"Save Long Bay
Coalition", he said, and
these groups include the
Virgin Islands Conser-
vation Association, the
League of Women
Voters, Virgin Islanders
For Action, "V.I.
2000" and several
Under the Second
Addendum, Senator
Brown said, no matter
what zoning designat-
ion the Government
gives that parcel of
land, the Company has
the right to develop it as
they specify they will,
and this means Govern-
ment has little power
over how that land will
be developed.

"I supported legislation
to nullfy the Second
Addendum", Senator
Brown said. "The
legislation passed but
we did not get the
support of the
Administration of Gov-
ernor Juan Luis, the
same Administration
which negotiated the
Addendum with the

The Senator said there
was sufficient Legis-
lative support to over-
ride the Governor's
veto if he had used it,
but that veto was not
used. The legislation
did not go through, he
said, because the Gov-
ernor controls the legal
arm of Government and
the Attorney General
pleaded that he could
not go to Court with a
case in which he had
negotiated in the first

There is now a new
Administration under
Governor Alexander
Farrelly, Senator
Brown said. The
Attorney General under
the new administration
has taken a different
point of view, and there
should now be much
more legal support
behind the "Save Long
Bay Coalition".
T ichnicalities
The case brought by
the Coalition came to
Court in 1986, he said,
and the Coalition lost
the first few rounds on
technicalities. The
full case has not yet
been heard and is likely
to come to a hearing

late this
in 1988.

year or early

The Coalition has
recently taken the mat-
ter to the United
Nations, the Senator
said, and the Decolon-
isation Committee has
stated that, in the best
interests of the people,
the U S Government
should take a look at
the issue.

The Company seems to
wish to operate almost
as a sovereign state
within the sovereign
state of the USVI,
Senator Brown said,
and this cannot be

"The entire property
which the West Indian
Company has reclaimed
should be put back into
the hands of the local
Government", he said.
"If we chose, we will
allow the West Indian
Company to occupy
that property. If we
chose not, we don't
have to, because it is
the ;property of the


----- --- --- --

The Grenada NeVsletter Saturday 19th September 1987 Page 17

M B FJProm Pare 16 R

Government did not borrow directly from NIS in
1987 but, from that date until August 31st, a total of
EC$7,300,000 was borrowed directly from the

Mr Blaize told the House Government will not re-
deem the Treasury Bills issued to NIS. On advice
of the NIS Investment Committee, he said, those
Bills will be converted into long term
Government bonds.

In reply to a question from Dr Francis Alexis, the
Prime Minister said Government does not intend to
jeopardize the National Insurance Scheme and will
ensure the Scheme continues as laid down by

The National Commercial Bank (NCB) and the
Grenada Bank of Commerce (GBC), both State
owned, have raised the issue of their liquidity.

Prime Minister Herbert Blaize disclosed this in the
House of Representatives on September 18th in
reply to a question from Opposition Member, Dr
Francis Alexis.

Dr Alexis' question was whether the Boards of
Directors of the Banks are worried over the amount
of money borrowed from them by Govern-

The Prime Minister, who is also Minister of
Finance, said Government understands the Banks'
position and "we are working on it

Mr Blaize told the the House Government now
owes EC$15.6 million to NCB and EC$13.9
million to GBC.

Additionally, Government has two "short term"
loans with GBC, one for EC$5 45 million and the
other EC$2.1 million.

With reference to guarantee given by Government
for an EC$1.6 million overdraft at NCB for the
now defunct Grenada Airways the Prime Minister
assured the House Government will honour this

Mr Blaize said Goverment is now making every
effort to raise revenue.

S& United State


Grenada and the United States of America have
signed a Tax Information Exchange Agreement
(TIEA) which went into effect on July 13th

According to a release from the United States
Information Service (USIS), this places Grenada in
line to benefit from an Agreement signed on
September 14th by the U.S. Department of
Commerce and Puerto Rico.

Under that Agreement, joint business development
missions will be held by the U.S. and Puerto Rico,
and the Department of Commerce will helpexpedite
assistance for investment and trade projects in the

Under section 936 of U.S. Tax law, companies
investing in Puerto Rico pay no income tax if
profits are reinvested in Puerto Rico.

The USIS release says this law has been modified
to allow accumulated "936 funds" to be reinvested
in Caribbean Basin Initiative beneficiary countries
who have signed a TIE4 with the United

lust about one student has been successful out of
every 8 taking the annual Primary School-Leaving

According to results released by the Ministry of
Education, the 89 successful candidates represent
12.7% of the 701 students who sat the

This is lower than the 15.7% pass rate in 1986.
and, according to the Government Information
Service, both Minister of Education Mr George
McGuire and Chief Education Officer Mr Roy
Rathan, have given a reason for the low percentage
of passes.

The added number of students placed in secondary
schools, they say, leaves a lower percentage of
students who are apt to pass the Primary School-
Leaving Examinations. .

See 1 M Pa 1



Grena1da ,

Page 18 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter
gm gRgO Mw From Pag 17

Calls on Dr Mitchell

Mr John Caloghim, the new resident European
Economic Community (EEC) representative, on
August 31st, paid a,courtesy call on Minister of
Communications & Works, Dr Keith Mitchell.

Aid given Grenada by EEC includes funding of the
Eastern Main Road Project and, according to the
Government Information Service, the EEC Rep-
resentative advised Dr Mitchell that plans are "on
stream" for replacement of water pipes in certain
sections of that project.

Mr Caloghim also told Dr Mitchell EEC is to
provide an expert to train and advise personnel
involved in Governments asphalt production

British Aid For Weatern
Main Road Projict

Britain has assisted the Central Water Comission to
replace corroded pipework along some six miles of
the Western Main Road.

That road is now being reconstructed and the pipe-
work was replaced before resurfacing work was

According to release from the Information Section
of the British High Commission in Barbados, this
aid covered pipes and fittings together with the cost
of plant hire and labour to a total cost of

ilf gh CORURI8SIOD#f


SayL Good-by.

Mr Michael Landale, Australian High Comm-
issioner to Grenada stationed in Jamaica, now at the
end of his tour of duty, said farewell to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon and Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize on September 4th.

National College For


Grenada has signed an Agreement with the Ryerson
Polytechnical Institute of T9oronto, Canada which
will lead to establishment of a Grenada National

According to the Government Information Service,
the Agreement was signed on September 4th and
covers "joint ventures in securing a master plan and.
a dual effort between the Ryerson Polytechnical
Institute, through the Ryerson International
Development Centre, to secure aid for the proposed
Grenada National College".

Prior to the signing of the Agreement, personnel
from Ryerson made several visits to Grenada,
holding discussions with the Director of,tbe
Grenada School of Nursing, and the Principals of
the Institute for Further Education (IFE), the
Grenada Technical & Vocational Institute(GTVI),
the Domestic Arts Institute and the GreHada
Teachers College (GTC).

The proposed College will seek to combine all
tertiary education centres in Grenada under one
administrative umbrella, initial grouping being IFE,

Long term plans include the Grenada School of
Nursing; the Grenada School of Pharmacology and
the Mirebeau Farm School.

Ground-Breaking Ceremony
For IFE Building

A ground-breaking ceremony on September 1th
launched construction of the new building to house
the Institute for Further Education in the compound
of the Grenada Boys Secondary School.

The building, which is expected to cost
EC$964,000, is being financed by the European
Economic Community and will have science labs,
administrative offices and 6 classrooms.

Alisthtai e Cffugis
19th September 1987
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, t Georges, Grenada. Westidies
(P.O. Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables, HUSON, Grenada)

1Nw EEC Representiive



i_ --I --i .

High Con --m~zz iioner -=&I

The JinrenadI G


Volume 15 Saturday 19th Septmber 1987 Number 14



T HE Heads of Government of the
Organisation of East Caribbean States
(OECS) have "tripped on their own feet" in
respect of the proposal that there should be closer
unity among the OECS states.
This opinion was stated by then Leader of the
Grenada Opposition, Mr Phinsley St Louis, at a
press conference on September 3rd, and he said it is
the opinion of the Standing Committee of
Opposition Parties in the Eastern Caribbean
(SCOPE) which met in St Lucia on August
29th.Red t
"We recommend to them (the OECS Heads) that.
instead of playing around with a matter which i? too
big for them", he said, "they should readjust their
thinking and their actions towards the economic
development within their countries".
These OECS Heads were elected to office to build a
better base for their people, Mr St Louis said, and
SCOPE advises them to concentrate more on that
rather than "to venture into an area in which they
don't seem to have the ability, intelligence and
The proposal for OECS closer union was adopted at
a meeting of OECS Heads in the British Virgin
Islands on 28th and 29th May last. It was decided
then that the first step to be taken in this connection
was "a process of comprehensive consultation" with
the people of the OECS.
Not Interested
Prime Minister Vere Bird of Antigua has stated that
his country is not interested in the proposal and, at a
press conference on July 15th, Dr Francis Alexis,
Member of the Opposition in the Grepada House of
Representatives charged that Prime Minister Dr
Kennedy Simmonds of St Kitts/Nevis and Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize of Grenada both seem to be

indicating that this is not the right time to proceed
with haste towards OECS unity.
Dr Simmonds, he said, had asked repeatedly for
"further and better particulars" with reference to the
proposal, and Dr Alexis thought Mr Blaize seems
to be "searching for something out there".


SUnity Matter "Too Big" For
OECS Heads: SCOPE......... I
Ramsay Granted Stay............ 2
SBrizan Nov Leader Of
*CDC LcsU s .Solley............... 4
*A Town For St Davids-........ 5
British Government Donates
Computers....................... 6
*2.5% Tax Will Demoralise
Farmers: Brizan.............. 7
Demonstrated.........- ....... 8
a Volumes On American
Constitution For Library.... 9
*CEHI Monitors Pollution...... 10
SRockfeller Honours
Former Employee............ 11
*CCA Celebrates 21St
Anniversary.----......... .... 12
*Virgin Islasders Fight
For Rights.................... 14
News Shorts .................... 1<6

A SCOPE meeting on July 11th and 12th put out a
plea that there should not be "undue haste" in
implementing the unity proposal and Mr St Louis
said t h -t,. at the SCOPE meeting of Augus 29th, the
refusal of Prime Minister John Ccmpton of St
Seea R PanwLe




Page 2 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Grenada Newletv r


MHaynes, sit-
ting as a single Judge of
the Appeal Court, has
granted Jamaicanbarris-
ter, Mr Ian Ramsay, a
stay of execution of the
sentence imposed on
him after his convic-
tion for Contempt of
This ruling was given
on September 11th and
came after Mr Haynes
had reserved his judge-
ment on August 18th
following two days of

Mr Ramsay, who
played a prominent part
in the defence of the
accused in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial,
was, among other
charges, accused of
calling that trial a
"travesty of justice" and
"judicial murder".

On July 7th last, Mr
Justice Lyle St Paul
found Mr Ramsay
guilty of Contempt of
Court and sentenced
him to three months in
jail. Mr Ramsay was
also ordered to pay a
fine of EC$5,000.
On July 13th, Mr
Ramsay lodged an
appeal against Mr St
Paul's sentence and, on
August 14th, filed an
Application for a stay of
execution of the sen-

That Application was
heard by Mr Haynes on
17th and 18th Aug-
ust. Guyanese barrister

Mr Clarence Hughes,
Senior Counsel, appear-
ed for Mr Ramsay and
argued that, if the stay
was not granted and Mr
Ramsay is called upon
to serve the sentence
now. then the hearing
of the Appeal would be
an academic exercise

Appearing for the
Director of Public
Prosecutions, Trini-
dadian barrister Mr Karl
Hudson-Phillips Q C
told the Court Mr
Ramsay had not
followed the correct
procedure in filing his

According to the law,
Mr Ramsay should
have filed that appeal
within two days of the
sentence having been
passed on him, he said,
and, within a further
two days. Mr Ramsay
should have posted

Neither of these steps
were taken, Mr
Hudson-Phillips said.
He argued that no
proper appeal had been
made and he opposed
the granting of a Stay of
Execution Of Sen-

In his judgement, Mr
Haynes said this point
raised by Mr Hudson-
Phillips is too important
to be decided by a
single judge of the
Appeal Court, and
therefore, he granted
Mr Ramsay the Stay of
Execution Of sen-

Mr Haynes ruled that,
within 14 days of being
notified that Judge St
Paul's notes of
.evidence are ready, Mr
Ramsay must file all
appropriate documents
so that the matter can be
heard by the Appeal



A ruling was made also
that Mr Ramsay should
pay the costs of his
Application for the Stay
Of Execution.

iggges^ ~ENH ^^535i~

SMSrom EPsaeA
Lucia, OECS Chairman, to even acknowledge
the approach made to him by SCOPE was noted
with "regret and alarm".

That approach, the Leader of the Opposition said,
was a request for SCOPE members to meet with
OECS Heads to discuss the decisions SCOPE
had reached at its first meeting on 11th and 12th

The SCOPE meeting of August 29th received
reports from SCOPE members in the OECS states
and, as a result of these reports, Mr St Louis
said, the meeting reached the conclusion that the
OECS Governments are interested in closer unity
only so far as it entrenched themselves in
power Meeting
Mr St Louis said that Mr Michael Douglas,
Leader of the Opposition in the Dominica House
of Representatives and Political Leader of the
Dominica Labour Party, told the SCOPE meeting
he had had a meeting on July 28th with Prime
Minister Eugenia Charles of Dominica.

According to Mr St Louis, Mr Douglas made
certain suggestions to Miss Charles as to how the
people of Dominica could be involved in the unity
proposal, and one of the requests made to Miss
Charles, he said, was that there should be "press
and radio freedom for the Opposition in the

"Prime Minister Charles refused", Mr St Louis
said, "claiming that the political climate in
Dominica was all right".

Mr St Louis said Mr Douglas had made another
suggestion to Miss Charles in connection with
the unity proposal. This suggestion was that a
"Consultative Institution Committee" be set up

LSe soi'm .,Pageo 4

v I .. .. ...

The Grenada Nevs1~ttar Saturday 19th Ssptpmber 19S7 P~p3

Oppiti oraA Fr D

Opposition Treatp4 Wit "7A Fair Degree Of Conteipt"

MR PHINSLEY St Louis, Leader of the
Opposition in the Grenada House of
Repre'entaves, resigned from that post
on September 8th and Mr George Brizan has been
appointed to take his place.

This was announced on September 8th at a press
conference called by members of the proposed
National Democratic Congress (NDC), at which
conference both Messrs St Louis and Brizan were
Mr St Louis said, since he was appointed Leader of
the Opposition last February, he has persistently,
but unsuccessfully, requested Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize to supply him with "the necessary
office and support staff which should be made
available to the Leader of the Opposition.

'"Since I am a businessman and the remuneration
paid the Leader of the Opposition is not able to pay
staff and rent an office for the post", Mr St Louis
said, "I find it impossible for me to continue to do
as successful a job as I think I could have".

The outgoing Leader of the Opposition believes the
post needs full-time attention. This, Mr St Louis
said, Mr Brizan has given his commitment to do,
and Mr St Louis thinks the new Leader of the
Opposition is dedicated, unselfish and well
qualified to take the post.

According to the Grenada Constitution, the
Governor General, acting in his own deliberate
judgement, shall appoint as Leader of the
Opposition "the member of the House. pf
Representatives who appears to him to command
the support of the largest number of members of the
House in opposition to the Government"
Mr Brizan's appointment has the unanimous
support of the 5 other Members of the House on the
Opposition side of the Table, and, at the press
conference, Mr Brizan thanked these members for
the confidence shown in him.

Over the years ip Grenada, Mr Brizan said, the
Parliamentary Opposition has been treated with "a
fair degree of contempt". This is a major factor
which had led to undermining of parliamentary
democracy in Grenada, he said, and he expressed
the opinion that, had this been otherwise over the

last 30 years, the course of the island's history
would have been far different

"The responsibility now on the shoulders of both
Government and Opposition is to behave with
maturity," he said, "because we have losta lot of
time, and the onus is on the Government to treat
Her Majesty's loyal Parliamentary Opposition with

Dr Francis Alexis, present also at the press
conference, was asked about his willingness .to
accept Mr Brizan's leadership when, in 1943,
following the niitary intervention, he (Alexis) was
reportedd to have said i 3Barbados that he was ready
then to return to be Prime Minister of Grenada.

Dr Alexis said that, whatever statement was
attributed to him by the press in 1983, the matter of
reconciling this with his well know preparedness
to serve, does not arise,
Lift Of SerPi
"I have spent a life of service to the public", he said,
'When I was a lecturer at theUniversity of the W'st
indies, that was service to the public, in practicing
my law, that is service to the public and, as ma
elected member of Parliament, that is service to the

All members of the National Democratic Congress
come from a background of service to thq public, he
See LI Pfagj J,

The Crstad*

Founded 17th August 1973
363rd Issue
,OLUNWfI Utvff PErfY
Subscription Rates
S Payable inAdijace
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)
ECS ust
10 Issues $102.00 $ 39.00
20 Issues $183.60 $ 2.20

40 Issues $346.80 $132.60
About 20 Issues Published Annually


Ppe 3

P oe 3

The Grenada NeVsletter

Saturday 19th September 1987

Page 4 Saturday 19th September 19,87 The Grenada evsletter

DR Stan Friday, Chairman of the Government appointed Carnival Development Committee (ODC),
which organised the celebrations on August 10th and 11th of this year, said at a press conference
on September 8th that two unfortunate circumstances caused the CDC losses of between
EC$60,000 and EC$80,000.

"We had our tickets printed in
Barbados to prevent counter-
feiting and forgery on the local
scene, but we found that, in
spite of this, counterfeit tickets
were used to enter the shows",
he said, displaying some of the
Counterfeit tickets. 'What
happened is that some smart
cookies got hold of tickets
beforehand and mass produced

The, other circumstance, Dr
IFriday said, is that the CDC had
thought that all tickets for the
Carnival shows had been sold.
'Some of these tickets had been
given to outlets for sale in ad-
ance, and, on the night of the
show, when there were no more
tickets available to be sold at the
gate, the gates were opened to
the public free of charge.

"We had the impression that all
out tickets were sold", he said,
"and a.out midnight, therefore,
when there were no more tickets,
the gates were opened. .What
happened is that we had large
crowds inside, ............. a lot
of people were let in after
midnight, and what the people at
the gate were thinking is that the
I i-ilf

From Pagm 3
said, and they stand united.

"George Brizan has the full,
unqualified and unstinted sup-
port of all of us, specifically,
in the Parliamentary Arm of the
Opposition", Dr Alexis said,
"More generally, he has that
support in the National Demo-
cratic Congress as a whole
and, across the entire

tickets were sold anyway,
therefore, if all the seats are sold,
we must have a lot of money

The CDC Chairman said it was
very disappointing to find out
later that a lot of tickets, which
had been given out for sale in
advance, had not been sold.

Dr Friday said the business
community had not given
sufficient ,support to the CDC
and for that reason there had not
been the traditional "Carnival
Queen" Competition.

"This year, we had a 'National
Queen Show' based on Parish
representation", he said, 'we did
not have the traditional 'Carnival
Queen Show' where the Queens
are sponsored by firms who pay
all the expenses".
The CDC had to meet the
expenses of the contestants in the
"National Queen Show", the
CDC Chairman said, and this
proved to be a "tremendous

Sponsors of contestants in the
"Carnival Queen Show get a

Sm Y From PaFe 2
with persons from the Dominica Opposition and other interest groups
in that island, but the Prime Minister did not think it was necessary and
said her Party would "do its own thing".
"Douglas went on to tell us that the Prime Minister was 'fishing' ", Mr
St Louis said, "and that she had no clear cut approach as to how to
discuss the whole discussion (unity proposal) with the pop-

Mr St Louis said Mr Tim Hector, Political Leader of the Antigua &
Caribbean Labour Movement, told the SCOPE'meeting that he had
had discussions with some persons within the Antigua Government
and with one person within the ruling Party who does not share the
negative views of Prime Minister Vere Bird on the unity
proposal. SW mlMt PE 6

,,IL .....


certain amount of advertising out
of it, he said, but this, clearly,
had not attracted the Business
Community, and the CDC will
have to consider what further
inducements can be given to
encourage support.

Final figures on the CDC
operations have not yet been
produced, Dr Friday said, but it
appeared there would be a
shortfall of some EC$60,000.

By putting on shows, some
effort should be made to offset
this shortfall, he said, but it is
unrealistic to expect t the full
amount can be realized, and he
expects Government will haveto
assume responsibility for the

The CDC Chairman said a
Carnival Development Com-
mittee for next year's Carnival
should be appointed now to start
work and raise money for the

"We cannot wait until Carnival to
attempt to raise funds", he said
"it is too late at that stage"
~FNFg5^^sgjt^N t 8a881~~Bl^^

The Greunaa Nevsletter Saturday 19th Septmber 1987 Pae 5


Hudred Yer Ol01
M R DANIEL "Danny" Williams Minister
for Health and Parliae y Represent-
ative for the Parish of St Davids
announced at a press conference on September 4th
that Grenada is to have a new town.

"St Davids is the third largest parish in terms of
both size and population", he said, "and it is the
only Parish without a town".

For the last 100 years, he said, there has been talk
about building a town in St Davids and this is a
dream towards which he took a positive step when,
on the 18th of January of this year, he called a
community meeting in his constituency.

"I did not regard this as political", Mr Williams
said, "and a great cross section of people came to
that meeting. We had resource people present, the
matter was discussed and there was unanimous
agreement there should be a town in St

The Minister said advice in this matter was sought
from Mr John Robinson, a Town & Country
Planner attached to Government's Physical Plan-
ning Unit through the courtesy the Commonwealth
Foundation For Technical Co6peration.

Full consideration was given to all aspects of the
matter and a roughly triangular area has been
selected as the site for the town. Each leg of the
triangle is about quarter f a mile, he said, and that
area encompasses the main existing facilities, the
Police Station, Post Office, Magistrates Court,
schools and churches.
St Davids now has no market place. This facility
will be added, he said, andthere will be a Town

Mr Williaus said that, on August 31st, Cabinet
gave it' approval for the project and hethinks more
progress than ever before has'now been made
towards realisation of the dream of establishing a
wn ia St Davids.
k indjRuine
'A committee wit be formed to engineer the
building of the town", he said, "the Ministry of
Community Development will assist in this, all
overmment Ministries will throw in their lot wit"
the project and Government will try to steer
Industries into the area to help the development"


Dream To Be Realised
The Minister said the area chosen for the town is
outside the main agricultural cultivations in St
Davids. There is some agricultural land inthe town
site, he said, and some of this land will be lost to
agriculture, but he does not think this a

"An acre of land in cocoa or nutmegs cannot sustain
a small family", he said, "but that same acre of land,
if you have itin proper industries, it will support 40

Most of the land within the chosen town boundaries
is privately owned, Mr Williams said, and while he
expected there will be an inevitable increase in the
price of land, he hoped that "common sense will

In this connection, the Minister said, he does not
like Government intervening and compulsorily
acquiring property, but it must be understood that
the national interest takes precedence over
individual interest.

With all that has to be done, Mr Williams said, he
could not estimate what the overall cost will be but
he expected there will be a considerable amount of
self-help, and he thought the area could be ready to
be declared a town within a period of two to four
years. k m

The Minister said that, if the town is launched
within his period of office, he hopes it is not given a
name which would make it appear that he is trying
to perpetuate his name.

"We will allow the people to decide", he said, "but I
hope they will not try to use a name like 'Danny-
something'. Even 'Williamsville' I am not sure
about. I hope they do not try to personalize
itlt".- i-aa obmanmema

Early in the 19th
century, when a
French/Dutch all-
iance was in effect,
in order to raise
money to repair a
French man-of-
war, Z*a Vw-
esaW the Dutch
at Curacao.sold a
umber f vessels
which had ben
.seized. ,


Among the
vessels sold was
the United States
ship, kAfry.
The Dutch acron
resulted In an ik
which, 39,

Ii 1- i



(I--. .

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Page 6 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Grenada Newsletter



Representative in Gre-
"I RAEME Roberts.

l a of the British
High Commission, said on
September 17th that leaders in
Grenada should be aware of how
a computer can contribute to the
economic and social development
pf the country.


Mr Roberts
as he office
George M
British Go

"I am pleas
this equip

UI!='L From Page 4

"But, by and large, in Antigua",
the Leader of the Opposition
said, "nothing is being done".

The, SOOPE meeting had a
repot also from Mr Vincent
Beach, Leader of the Opposition
in the St Vincent House of
Representatives, and he said
that, in July, he had had
discussions with Prime Minister
James "Son" Mitchell.

Mr Beach reported that Mr
M ell had appointed a Nat-
ionf Advisory Council to
consider how the population can
be involved in the closer unity

"Vincent Beach said the
Opposition was not prepared to
participate because they felt
they were not consulted as to
how the .Council should come
about~ Mr St Louis said, "and
looking atthfe terms of reference
and the composition of the
Council, he did not- feel hs
organsation could have taken

Mr Louis said be reported to
the S6QPE meeting that, in
Grenada -wi reference to the
unity proposal, part from a
meeting of the localbran i; .of
the Commonwealth Parliamen-
tary Association (CPA) called
by the Prime Minister, nAthing


/'" t.:.-*


That CPA
for inform
attempts a
reported to
that there

Mr St Loui
that Go
accepted i
send a rep
set up ti
he had poi
meeting th
that "appa
is, she is

made this statement for Further Education (IFE) and
ially handed over to the Grenada Boys Secondary
of Education, Mr School (GBSS)', he said,
cGuire, a gift of "because I know that students of
equipment from the both institutions will be making
vernment. their significant contributions to
the future of Grenada".
ed to be able to donate Ref rtish
ment to the Institute The equipment donated is
-B- --.- comprised of two BBC
computers complete with Epson
dot matrix printers valued,
meeting made requests together with software, at some
atoion on previous EC$25,000. A further sum of
loser union in the over EC$5,000 to refurbish thp
the Ladr of the h computer room at the IFE was
Ssaid, and he had provided from British aid funds
the SCOPE meeting administered by the British
had been nothing gh Commission.

GBSS and IFE received their
s said he reported also first computer over a year ago
rernment had not as a gift from the United States
the invitation of the Agency for International
Press Association to Development (USAID), anda,a
resentative to a forum spokesman for the institutions
o discuss the unity said that, basicly the corf-
and Mr St Louis said puters are sed as a "Iea
noted out to the SCOPE tool" utilising tutorial pi-
at this is anindicaion grammes in a variety of
rently, Grenada is not subjects.
y interested or, if she
doing nothing at the Somealso in

inclusion Pae 7'

From the reports which came
before it from representatives in
the various islands. Mr St Louis
said, the SCOPE meeting came
to the conclusion that closer
union is essentially just some-
thing in the minds of certain
Heads of Government and that
goal is not being pursued

"We felt that the approach for
dialogue towards OECS unity
should involve not only
Government personnel', he said,
'but that the nation as a whole
and all interest groups, including
the Opposition Parties, should be

-I mt: i- i ... I' ij i il "r-- i - I

invited to participate in dialogue
and inadvising and recommend-
ing to the population".
Mr St Louis said, the OECS
Opposition Parties feel the
OECS Governments should
take the initiative to promote
dialogue for the involvement of
the population, and the OECS
Opposition Parties will not take
any steps along those lines at
this time.

"Perhaps we will do so later
on he said.
jBlfftpiaM'J ^ywwus'eF

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i I

he Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 19th September 1987 Page 7




ber of the
Opposition in the Gre-
/ada House of Rep-
resentatives, said at a
press conference on
September 3rd there are
clear indications of the
"blatant failure" of the
iscal policies of the
National Party
(NNP) Government of
Prime Minister Herbert
Those indications, he
said are revealed by the

Bill now in the House
of Representatives
which Bill will extend
the 2.5% Business
Levy Act to be applic-
able to the Farmers'

"When the Business
Levy was initially
introduced', Mr Brizan
said, "it was not
intended for these
organizations and its
imposition, at this time,
is clearly a reflection of
the increasing financial
bankrunrtcv of thp

From PaRB 6
programming, he said, and out of five students
who took the Cambridge Examinations in
computer science at the "Ordinary" last year,
four were successful.

This year, the spokesman said, the class has
been expanded to 25 students, and with the new
computers from the British Goverent, and
another expected to be installed at GBSS, more
passes at the "Ordinary" level and some at the
"Advanced" level are expected.
/ Significant
accepting the gift from, and thanking Mr
Roberts, Mr McGuire srid the occasion marked a
significant step forward in the development of
education in Grenada.

"We are now in the computer age", he said. "and
one of the demands we make is that every
student, and almost every citizen, should be
computer literate".

The world is moving so fast, he said, that
computers are necessary to extend man's ability
to keep pace with developments, and he could
not think of any field of human endeavour,
scientific or in the humanities, in which


0P gIW Ba

Page a

Government" about EC$22,000.

The Business Levy, a "Under the proposed
2.5% tax on gross Business Levy Amend-
sales, is successor to ment Act, which is up
other legislation now now for second reading
repealed which was in the House", he said,
introduced in 1986 as "based on the estimated
part of the fiscal s"lsa for 1987, the
reforms of the NNP a mount paid by the
Government. Banana Society will be
increased 1000%"
There is now before the l O
House of Represent- "Furthermore", Mr Bi-
atives an amendment to zan said, "the Banana
the Business Levy Act Industry had to be
making it specifically given price support by
applicable of the is- the Government in
land's three Farmers 1984, 1985 and
Organizations. These 1986 ............. (and) it
organizations are the is therefore illogical that
Grenada Cooperative Government should
Nutmeg Association now impose the
(GCNA), the Grenada Business Levy on the
Banana Cooperative Banana Society when,
Society (GBCS) and in those three years, it
the Grenada Cocoa Ass- gave the Society close
ociation (GCA), and, at to EC$1 million in
the press conference on price support".

September 3rd, Mr
Brizan said the amend-
ment will have adverse
effects on the Agric-
ultural Industry.
As part of its fiscal
reform, Governmentab-
olished export duties on
local produce, and Mr
Brizan, who is the
designated leader of the
proposed National
Democratic Congress
(NDC) political party
said that,'fi 1985,
the last year
in which export
duties were charged,
the Banana So-iety
paid Government

The Cocoa Association,
he said, is in a state of
"financial management
crisis" and needs to be
put on a sound

The Association has
very little funds, Mr
Brizaa said, and has
negligible reserves. Its
net profit over the last
five or six years has
been inconsequential,
he said, in 1985 it owed
Government some
EC$1.6 million in
arrears of export duty
Sm Mi Pane 9



2V5 aCV


page 8 Saturday 19th September 1987 The Grenda Newsletter


ena Link T e ForATEly nag d Octor
Grenada Link To Be Pormerly Inaugurated October 5th

HE occasion of
the presentation
on September
14th, by International
Business Machines
(IBM) of a donation of
35 Personal Computers
to the University of the
West Indies (UWI),
Was taken to demon-
strate the University of
the West Indies Distant
teaching Experiment
The presentation was
made to UWI Pro Vice
chancellor Gerald Lalor
by IBM General

Manager in Jamaica, Mr
Derick Elder. The
ceremony took place at
the UWI Mona campus
in Jamaica, and, carried
live, was linked by the
radio arm of UWIDITE
to several UWI Extra-
mural centres in the
Eastern Caribbean.

Accepting the comput-
ers, the Pro Vice
Chancellor said the
UWIDITE system is
being expanded and he
hoped all of the 14
territories served by the
University will soon be

Wi Fpro2m Pare 7
computers are not being applied for processing
and analysis.

Present at the ceremony of the handing over of
the computers was the GBSSiIFE class of
computer students, and Mr McGuire told them
that vast strides are being made, in West
Germany, the United States and Japan, in the
development of a new breed of super intelligent
'* Robotics
The Minister assured the class that development
of "robotics" is an indication of things to come
and they could be certain that, whatever lies
before them in life, they cannot afford to be
without some measure of computer skill.

GBSS, established in 1886, is Government
owned and operated and is the oldest secondary
school in the island. IFE, also Government
operated, is geared to training students for the
Cambridge "Advanced" level examinations.

The institution is located on the GBSS
compound in St Georges and is open to any
student, private or from another secondary
school, who has a minimum of four Cambridge
Examination passes (including English) at the
"Ordinary" level.

g^^^^sae^ EMUI^^

"It is hard to see", he
said, "how these new
technologies can fail to
have a very large
influence for good on
many aspects of ,

By the mid 1990s, he
predicted, delivery of
education and training
by telecommunications
will be a mature enter-
prise. Continuing edu-
cation may then be as
important as formal
education is today, he
said, and, since educat-
ion will then be
deliverable from any
point anywhere in the
world, more than ever
before there is going to
be competition for stu-
dents and for the minds
of people.

UWIDITE is one small
step towards this deliv-
ery of education and
training by telecomm-
unications, Professor
Lalor said, and the
Mona campus is now
linked by "interactive
telephone" with the
UWI centres in Bar-
bados, Antigua. Gre-
nada, Dominica, St
Lucia and Trinidad.

"We have been in
operation since 1983",
he said, "and the first
years of UWIDITE
have been undoubted

Immediate plans are for

the UWIDITE network
all the countries served
by UWI, : -
one or two countries
which do not at present
support the University
have shown interest in
joining the network.

The equipment donated
by IBM is valued at
US$170.006, and Pro-
fessor ialor said the
addition of computers
to the UWIDITE sy
tem will expand its
capability to handle
electronic mail, docu-
ment and data trans-
mission, and may also
permit access to the
mainframe computer on
the campuses.

"The University will
then have a communic-
ations system from
bursary to bursary,
secretarial to secretait. ..
library to library, and
faculty office to faculty
office", he said.

According to a release
from Marryshow
House, the Extra-mural
Centre in Grenada,
since UWIDITE went
into operation in March
1983, over 1,300
students have been
reached by the sys-

Each centre is equipped
with micrcphones, tele-
phones, loud speakers,
slow-scan TV and tele-
writers, and 17 courses
are offered including
health and -. tritia,

expansion to link into MA P p l I

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