The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
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lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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AA00000053:00348


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SPage 6 Saturday 15th August 1987 The Grenada Newsletter

i __


-1LL HONOUR OBLRGATIONS
n a national broadcast on August 7th, Prime Minister Herbert Blaize assured the nation that when
IGomver.mn enr accepts an obligation it will be honoured.

SMr Btatze said this pledge extends even to whatever guarantees Government gives, whether it be to a
I particular Bank or to any other organi-ation.
"For instance, the g-uarantee to the National Commercial Bank (NCB) with regard to the obligations of
I Grenada Airways". he said. "We don't renege on our obligations, we keep them while watching all the
Opportunities to ensure that we do not give a guarantee that will break. But, if it does break, we will meet
Sthe red uirement" rd
TlhirdTiae
STtii.s s the third time, within the last five months, that the Prime Minister has referred to the ECS1.6 million
Soveriraft which Gc':-ernmet guaranteed for
Grenada Airways at the Government owned
National Commercial Bank. how they ca manage the situation.......


SAt a pre- conference on March I Ith, he said this
Sg-uarantee had been withdrawn, and Government
I does not accept liability for the amount.
"The airline has a Board of Management", he told
jthe Prer then "and the Board is lira;ing to 'ee
) ,, -.- -- _:T7- --- ____
VI Il From Page i
ji Nations enjoy the position that almost demands!
that Grenada recognize China or what she is", he
Ssaid, and I believe it is much more in ouri
interests to i maintain the relationship here than to
shift it away .
si Enthusiastic
jMr Jones was enthusiastic over conditions he had i
Seen in two Chinese townships which, he said, I
I used to be called "communes" but are now a "sort!
of local Government in which the local people are I
in control of governmental activities in the area
j "What we saw there could be of interest to us in
Grenada and in the Caribbean", the Foreign.
SMinister said. Those people in charge oi tiei
townships seem to enjoy a lot of authority to plan
their affatrs and put their plans into operation. It
is m view, that they took immense pride in what
Si they were doing and the people who lived within
l these townships were happy and contmntW, with
1the kind of government they were enjoyiug I

i The Foreign Minister was impressed also with a
1 home for old people he had visited and a
kindergarten where, he -aid the children, 4 to 6'
years old, had projected 'the kind of iearnin that
would do our children proud".

SThe children had staged a concert for the CGrnada
j deleviation, the delegation had seen and heard 4{
and 5 year nols pkiningi the violin with confidence,
skill and mastery, and others had ptuye' the
I concertia with as much skill and confidence
Impression
S"There were also two little girls who played al
piano duet", he said, "and you wouldn't believe
Sthey were children of 4.5 or6 years, because they
were conducting themselves as professionals. One(
i ot the impression they were doing what teyv were i
-'[ told, but I can report that they were doing iti
exceptionallywetl

SSee -jlnT Pae 7 i


At a press conference on July 15th, however, Mr
Blaize said he understood Grenada Airways has no
funds. The EC$. 6 million is still owing to NCB,
he said, but he refused to reply to a question as to
whether he is hopeful of getting payment.
Concerning the guarantee of the overdraft, the
Prime Minister said then that the Grenada
Government will be ultimatelyy responsible".

He could not remember, he said, that, at his press
conference on March Ith he had stated that the
guarantee had been withdrawn but he conceded that
if there is a guarantee, we will have to meet the
guarantee .
"This is one of those messes that we don't want to
have much more to do with", he said.

In his broadcast on August 7th. Mr Blaize said he
was making special reference to Government
honouring its obligations particularly as there were
many Grenadians who live abroad who had come
home for the Carnival which was held on August
10th and 11th.

The.w Grenadians. he hoped, would become
interested in sharing in the equity of NCB when
shares are offered to the public sometime during the
course of this year.
Invited
The Prime Minister disclosed that, following the
visit of Venezuelan President Jaime Lusinchl to
Grenada on 17th and 18th July, Government has
been invited to send a team of people to Venezuela
"to consider matters of enterprises generating
employment".

"It now seems that this team could go to Venezuela
before the end of Aug';st", he said.
Mr Blaize said also that discussions were then
taking place with reference to an enterprise to be
cited at "Pearls", the location of the airport on the
east coast which served Grenada before the
opening of Point Salines International.
That enterprise, he said, would, in due course,
pride employment for more than 1,000 people,
and Government is giving it every encourage-
ment.
-- 1-4
.< ., '*'; **-_ : -* . I1 1 .








Page 8 Saturday 15th August 1987 The Grenada Nevstlser
J^ .. ,.,. : - ., .,. _ _ -i , : inn i . - , _ _ - *


i By making overseas calls, on August 14th, to Prim
I Monique Landrv, Canadian Foreign Relations Mil
Blai.e. inaugurated a Northern Telecom DMS-100
owned Grenada Telephone Company.
. -I,...... ---. 1 I .. I .... ..
Sf- iSj J ]i Frgm Par g 7
i workshop onAugust 10th, he emphasized thatthe
H organisation would concentrate its research and
development efforts on the LDC. but the
I Executive Director issued a warning.
I "There is a little catch", he said. "The extent to
!1 which we devote our resources to the individual
i countries is a direct function of the extent to
i which the countries support CARDI in
Financial terms '

With the support of the MDC, CARDI has tried to
i make it as easy as possible for the LDC, Mr Dyer
Said, by allocating the greater number of projects
I tothe LDC.
! j
i The Executive Director appealed to Mr Ben Jones.
Gi renada s Minister of Agriculture, who delivered
the feature address atthe opening ceremony of the
SWorkshoo. to use his influence to ensure that
SGrenada meets its financial commitments to
i CARDI on time.
i "There is a cost involved", Mr Dyer said. "I
Shave written to every Permanent Secretary and
every Financial Secretary. I have said that the
i Heads of Govermnent at their meeting in St
i Lucia in July, accepted the proposals for the
I reorganisauon (of CARDI). they accepted the I
{ costs, .and they accepted the funding formula"
C-renada has an obligation within that formula, he
Ssaid. The first payment is due before the end of
I Aast and he asked Mr Jones to ensure that
i CARDI is paid on time. If payments are not
made on time, the Executive Director said it will
not be possible to reorganise CARDI as
planned.
Mr Dyer referred to problems Grenada is having I
i with plant diseases in the cocoa, nutmeg, banana
i and coconut crops and said CARDI now has a
provision of some EC$100,000 for research in
agricultural pest control in Grenada
Interviewed again by NEWSLETTER on August
14th. at the close of the Workshop, Mr Dyer said
the CARICOM Heads of Government have
instructed CARDItointegrate with another CARI-
COM organisation the Caribbean Agricultural
Rural Development & Training Services
(CARDATS).
"At the last CARICOM Heads of Government
ij meeting in St Lucia in July", he said, "we were
instructed to integrate and CARDATS will now
become an integral part of CARDI".
ij Mr Dvei said this move is a part of the overall
Restructuring of CARDI. and he thinks it will I
i Seae PLsa Q


e Minister Eugenia Charles of Dominica and Madam
sister who was in Montreal, Prime Minister Herbert
Fully-digital Central Office Switch at the Government

The Canadian International Development Agency
(CIDA) is responsible largely for financing of this
equipment, and Madame Landry was the Canadian
signatory to the relative Memorandum of Agreement
signed in Grenada on August 6th last year.
"We are formally declaring this digital system
open", The Prime Minister told Miss Charles with a
ipple of laughter in his voice. "so we must
make sure we can make overseas calls".
100 Years
This inauguration took place exactly 100 years after
Grenada first had a telephone service. In 1887,
the Police Stations in all parishes of Grenada,
except St Davids, were connected by telephone and
the public was allowed use of the system on
payment of a moderate charge.
On August 14th, addressing the opening ceremony
which took place in the switch operations room of
the Company, Chairman of the Company's Board
of Directors,Mr HA G Fletcher, said that, in spite
of complaints about the system, there had not been
any money available to effect improvements.
In 1983 he said, two substations in the south of the
island were damaged during the military inter-
vention in October of that year. This is the hotel
and airport area where communications are vital, he
pointed out, and negotiations were started in 1984
with Northern Telecom International for replace-
ment of these substations.


One replacement was installed with 300 lines, Mr
Fletcher said, and the other substation has 488
lines.
"While Northern Telecom was installing these sub-
stations", the Chairman of the Board said, "the
opportunity was taken to have exploratory talks
with them with a view to improving the tele-
communications system in Grenada".

In 19't5, he said, Government decided to "go the
digital way" and the Minister of Communications,
Dr Keith Mitchell, led a delegation to Canada for
talks with CIDA) and the Export Development
Corporation (EDC).
Successful
Those talks were successful. Mr Fletcher said. In
October 1985. a contract was signed with Northern
Telecom to supply the required switch, it was
installed late in 986 and Grenadians first had the
opportunity to make direct dialing overseas calls on
2.nd March 1987.

The other part of the operation, the outside plant,
the Chairman said. is now in progress as a result of
a contract signed with Northern Telecom in August
1986. In addition to advisory services given by
Bell Canada, he said, this part of the operation
See MMI Page 1


... .. .... .


E


FYSTE








The Grenada Newvsletter Saturday 15th August 1987 Page 9





CAJmD- EWO-RTANCE


TO TEE LDC


The Caribbean Agri-
cultural Research & De-
velopment Institute
(CARDI) must continue
to play its important
role in agriculture in the
Less Developed Coun-
tries (LDC) of the
Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) if agri-
culture in the LDC is to
continue to serve the
vital purpose it now
fulfills.
Opinion
This opinion was ex-
ressed on August 10th
y Minister of Agri-
culture. Mr Ben Jones,
as he delivered the
feature address at the
opening ceremony of
CARD 's Annual Re-
view & Planning Work-
shop.

"CARDI's operations
are not simply an
additionto anything thai
exists in the LDC'", he
said. 'they are the
lifeblood, ii the case of
Grenada perhaps even
more than the life
blood. If anything
were to happen to
agriculture in Grenada
the island could be
considered to be
dead".


said. "I do not know
on whom the respon-
sibility will fall but, m
so far as I am
concerned as a Minis-
ter, and in so far as my
Government is concern-
ed, we will do whatever
is necessary to ensure,
not only the survival of
CARDI but the vib-
ranc, and effectiveness
of the organisation".

The Miniistr said the
Grenada Government is
making strongg efforts
to diversity the island's
economy and there have
been iavourable results
inboth the Tourism and
Industrialisation fields
Thrust
But, regardless of the
thrust made in these
two direction he said,
agriculture will remain
the backbone and main-
stay of Grenada's
economy.

'Because of that', he
said, "our ag'icultur-
should -!lwaf be on a
liealhv and sound foot-
ing but I am sormr I
cannot report to you
that this is the position
because we are troubled
in all the difteent areas
of the industry."'


The Minister said he
had been told that Grenada's principal
i CARDI is now passing crops Mr Jones said,
through difficult times. are&Bananas Cocoaand
and he had been given Nutmneg but each of
some idea of what the those crops is troubled
difficulties are. CARDI, by disease, and pests
She said, may not be as which are he'.--nd the
Important to the More capacity of the island to
Developed Countries deal with sausiactor
S(MDC) of CARICOM ily.
Sas the institution is to Troubled
the LDC, but as far as Bahanas are infected by
Sthe LDC are concerned "Leaf Spot and other
CARDI is much too borers, he said,
important an organ- Nutmegs are troubled
isation to be allowed to h\ the '"Nrmeg Mite"
Sbe undone by any kind and Cocoa is afflicted
of problem by \Vitches' Broom"
Remain and Thrips".
S"CARD1 simply must
continue to remain in "We now have a type of
I these parts" Mr Jones wood ant which orper-


ales from inside of the
cocoa tree", the Min-
ister said. "You don't
get to know about it
until you see mani-
festations on the outside
of the tree and. by that
time, the tree is almost
completely eaten on the
inside".

Mr Jones referred also
to the "Coconut Mite'
which is affecting coco-
nut plantations and
having adverse effects
of Grenada's product-
ion of copra.

Etforts are being made
by the Government to
cope with all these
diseases and some pro-
gress has been made,
e said, but it is
recogms ed that Grenada
does not have the
expertise to overcome
the difficulties and Gre-
nada needs the assis-
tance of the scientists of
the re ion who are com-
mitte to assist in
putiscg agriculture on a


sound footing.

"I appeal to you to
continue your work in
all the areas to which I
have referred, to see
what you can come up
with by way of answers
to these problems", he
said, 'because, if you
do not, we will be left
in a position where we
have conditions to
which we cannot cater,
conditions which mean
so much to the well-
being of our econ-
omy".
Consortium
The CARDI workshop,
which ran until Friday
14th, was attended by
some 60 delegates
including represent-
atives of the United
States Agency for Inter-
national Development
(USAID) and the South
East Consortium for
international Develop-
ment, a group of
luiversNies located in
the South Eastern
United States.
--,, c .. ^ -7-^. ,- _


it j ra From Page 8
Work ;',ell CARDI, he said, is mainly
Concerned with the "research aspects of
Sagriculture while CARDATS concentrates on the
I d-velo-raeut' side of the industry and the two
organizations, therefore, complement each
other.
i
I"CARDATS does a lot of extension work in
i narrowly defined geographic areas in each of the
Islands he said. "they take a limited number of
I farm ers and give them all the imputs necessary for
Successful farming, including credit, extension
i services, and markets"

Mr Dyer said the Workshop was the first of its
kind at which all CARDI staff had been present.
SC-ARDATS also had been represented, new pro-
grammes and policies had been discussed, and
Sprogrammes for the next year have been "fine
Stunned he said.

iIt has been iereed. Me Dyer said. that. two years
From now, CARDI's operations will be reviewed
and he is confident that the orianisation will come
Through "with filing colours'.
.'-.. ...--- ,>.., .--- _- 7 .7 -. ..- -







Page 10 Saturday 15th August 1987 The Grenada Newsletter




Civil Affair Copiany British Aid For
Gives Asistance Eduation Ministrs

iA detachment of the United States Army 416th The Ministry of Education has successfully
I Civil Affairs Company visited Grenadafrom 10th to negotiated twenty-one new projects with the British
15th August an performed several assistance Government.
Projects in Grenada and in Grenada s sister island,
Cariacou. According to the Government Information Service,
these projects are worth nearly EC$2.5 million and
SLed by Major Dr Paul Langner of the United States involve the British Overseas Development
Army Reserve, the detatchment of twenty-two men Administration, the British Council and the British
and womenis part of the United States 3,58th Civil Development Division in the Caribbean.
AffairDetatchment
These projects include an estimated EC$1.5 million
The mission to Grenada was given the designation for the Hillsborough (Carriacou) School, Regional
"Project Lara", and the oindiidual projects Training Awards amounting to EC$560,000,
performed were all undertaken jointly with the equipment for the Institute of Further Education
Ministry of Community Development. costing more than EC$100,000 as well as assistance
in the fields of drama and sport.
I Projects undertaken include water distribution and T_.7:.- .- -...---- ,. .,7.
schools repair.
ITSS-^' FIrom Pan. .
includes the laying of relative to Petit ed, would not have to France, the United
conduit to carry the Martiniaue, the small been possible at this States and Canadain or-
Scables. and erection of island (about one time without the der to acquire the best
i antenna towers, these square mile) off the east extreme special effort system for our coun-
two latter phases now coast of Grenada's of the Canadian High tr", he said. "Our
being complete. sister island, Carria- Commission Office in choice, therefore, was
Cables cou. Barbados", he said, "It not based on ideology
SWork is about to start was largely on account like in the recent
ion the laying of the Carriacou is already of the extraordinary past"
cables and erection of linked into the new assistance provided by Lat er Proiect
telephone poles. Mr digital system and Dr that office that the Speaking on this
Fletcher said, contracts Mitchell said a digital contract in respect of occasion, Mr Noble
will be signed shortly transmission link stat- this new,modern, state- Power, Canadian High
and all work should be ion has been erected in of-the-art, digital sys- Commissioner to Gre-
completed about Octo- Carriacou to connect tem was concluded nada, resident in Bar-
ber f988. Petit Martinique with expeditiously." bados, said inaug-
the rest of the coun- Ideoo y duration of the switch is
"Details of the financ- try. Hinting at US$b million only a part of a larger
ing of this programme Improved put out in 1982 by the project, some C$19
are that CIDA gave us a The Minister said the Peoples Revolutionary million having been
grat of US$5 million". Company now has Government to buy allocated to installation
he said, "EDC gave us 4,400 subscribers and, pulse code modulation of the outside plant.
a loan of US$7.5 by the time the telephone equipment
million and a consort- programme has been from the German Demo- "It is our view that
ium of local banks gave completed, he expects cratic Republic, Dr installation of a modern
us (a loan of) US$3 this figure to double. Mitchell said the New telephone system can
million". Overseas traffic has National Party Govern- do all sorts of things,"
-Jformation already increased by meant had not been he said, not only for
IAddressing the cere- 40%, he said, and the guided by ideology in your domestic and
inony, MfVnister of transmission quality purchasing equipment international links, but
Communications. Dr had been improved from Canada. also to your private
Keith Mitchell, gave considerably. sector, particularly your
information with refer- "When we were tourist industry......
ence to the Telephone "The digital system, looking for assistance "-
tComp)any's operaio n9w being commission- for this project we went


Al4 s /C~tfaficgki ')
15th August 1987
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes. Journalists
Of Scott Street. St Georges. Grenada, Westindies
S(P.O. Box 65: Phone [809 440 2538: Cables, HUSON, Grenada)






7


The Grenad


NEWSLETTER

Volume 15 Saturday 15th August 1987 Number 12
i- - ,t , -----------------


COCOA


4 '


CIDA Financing
ifCanadian International Development Agency
SiCIDA) has given the Grenada Government
notice that, with effect from January 1st next year.
it will no longer fund the Cocoa Rehabilitation
:Scheme.
This information was disclosed by Minrster of
Agriculture, Mr Ben Jones, ata press conference on
'August 12th, but he said there had been further
developments which might reverse this situation.
I Failure
r"About the middle of July he said, "two CIDA
representatives, based in Canada, came here and
informed me that, because of failure to agree to the
setting up of a unified management system, CIDA
'had come to the conclusion that it is no longer iq
their interests to continue to be associated with the
iocoa Rehabilitation Scheme"
This Scheme is covered by a Memorandum of
-Agreemem signed on 26th August 1981 by the then
IMinister of Agriculture. Mr George Louison of the
Peoples RevoTutionary Government and the then
GCanadian High Commissioner, Mr Alan Rogers.
[Under the Agreement, the Scheme, at a cost of
IEC$20 million, involves the replanting of 10,000
acres of cocoa fields at the rate of some 500.000
trees per year. and includes provision for research
ion pest control and fertilizer interaction.
Hints that the Scheme was not going well were
given as early as April 1982. At that time. eight
months after the Agreement had been signed, High
Commissioner Rogers visited Grenada officially
and said the Scheme was then 'getting off the
ground" and beginning to be of sigmtiicance. The
Scheme, he said, required very active cooperationif
Jit was not going to "grind to a halt".
j Withdrawal
NMore recently, CIDA has asked that, in the intere-t
nof efficiency. the Cocoa Industry be managed by a
single Authority rather than, as of now, by both the
Grenada Cocoa Association (GCA) and the Cocoa
Rehabilitation Programme (CRP). Efforts to
achieve this have failed. resulting in CIDA's notice
!of withdrawal from the Scheme.
Mr Jones said that, in his discussions with the
ICIDA representatives, he got the impression that, if,
Before the end of July, it had been able to be shown
'in some tangible way" that there is a commitment
to the unified structure of management of the Cocoa
Industry, CIDAmight be induced to reconsider their
decision.
i. .


See


Stops January lst
To this end, the Minister said, he held an emergency
meerng with the Rehabilitation Board and the
Cocoa Association. The problem which would be
created by CIDA s withdrawal was pointed out to
the meeting. he said, and the need to take stock of
the situation seriously.
Non- Sop_
"We had a five hour non-stop meeting', he said,
"and at the end of it we drew up a kind of
Agreement that said we were committed to work
towards the amalgamation of the management and
that, henceforth, we would do everything to
facilitate that"
Mr Jones said the CIDA representative in Grenada
was present at the meeting and had said he is
satisfied the conclusion of the meeting had "saved
the situation".
Both the CIDA representative and the Grenda
IN THIS ISSUE

i"D Cocoa Rehabilitation Scheme
S IIn Jeopardy.................... I
'i-' Sever Project Launched...... 2
SJones Visits China.............. 3
O Private Sector Not Paying
Fair Share....--------.----..-- 4
Artists Stage Successful Tour
Of Britain ...................... 5
i l Government Will Honour
Obligations: P.M.............
; CARDI Holds Workshop
S In Grenada .................. 7
jII Nev Phone System
S Inaugurated ..-................-8
i, Jones Highlights CARDI'sI
S Importance to LDC.......... 9
'iL Nevs Shorts .............. ... 10

Government communicated the result ofthemeetingi
to the Canadian High Commission in Barbados, the
Minister said, and the impression Mr Jones had had
then is that the High Commission accepted that the
conclusion of the meeting had saved the situ-
ation.
The Cocoa Association would hold a General


C -0A


~~------


EI'ARB n&LITATIOND




*1,


Page 2 Saturday 15th August 1987 The Grenada Nevrletter
{ 'J .. . _ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ i, ^. . .


Si '-- C I
r1
L~ff-D


New Outfall To Be Constructed

SNoble Power, Canadian High Commissioner to Grenada, resident in Barbados, officially launched
iAf the Grenada Pollution Control Project on August 14th.
Funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) at a cost of some EC$3 million, the
project involves upgrading and renovating of the sewerage system in St Georges.
SAddressing gathering which included Ministers of Government and officials of the Health Department, Mr
Power said Canada, through the Development Assistance Programme, has now given top priority to
addressing environmental questions throughout the developing world.
Commitment
"This project in a small way, responds to that ", he said. "it is the realisation of the Canadian commitment
to address positively the whole environmental issue facing us in the global community"


F!I rom Pam e I


Meeting on August 13th to advise farmers of the 1
Decision made, Mr Jones said, and he was
Scheduled to speak at that meeting.
"I am told that, already, there is Popular support
for the merger", he said, "but. I am also told that
some members of the Cocoa Association have
been doing a little underground campaigning
against it".
! The Minister said he did not want it to be taken
t hat CIDA is pressing Grenada into a decision to
merge the two bodies, but he said he is convinced
i that effecting the mergeris the only way the Cocoa
li Industry can operate if it is to be saved and bring
i back economic viability to that side of Grenada's
11 economy,
ji eono. Unreasonable
SAll the experts who have studied the Cocoa
Industry have agreed that a merger of the two
Sorgaisauons is the only way forward, he said,
and it is unreasonable to expect Canada to
I continue to finance a Scheme which is failing from
Ian operations standpoint.
I CIDA is committed to fund the Scheme up to the
i end of December when EC$11 million will have
Seen spent. Mr Jones said, and a discontinuance
Then will mean the loss of EC$9 million "and
ti possihJv more".
I "Canada originally committed EC$20 million to
Sthe Scheme", the Minister said. "Eleven millions
I have already been spent, but Canada recognlises
that the EC$9 million remaining will not beI
Ssaflicient .......... and Canada was prepared to put
the balance. But, if we didn't arrive at that
Sagreement. Canada will suspend operations at the
ehd of this year. That means the EC($9 millions
unspent will not be spent............ Canada
anticipates EC$2 or EC53 millions will be needed
Sto carry the scheme through and this means we
will be losing the EC.S9 million plus the
additional EC$2 or EC$3 million"
Mr Jones said he could not say, at that stage that
Sthe problem has been solved. A gruat deal
|; Seea =Page 4I


With the Caribbean economy so dependent on
tourism, he said. the environment in this region is
absolutely vital, and Governments must make
every effort to protect their oceans and lands.
That is what the Grenada Government is doing, the
High Commissioner said. and he disclosed that it
was Prime Minister Blaize who had first raised
the Pollution Control Project with him some
time ago.
The sewerage system in St Georges was laid down
in the 1930s and went into operationnearly 50 years
ago. The 300 foot outfall, on the western side of
the town, was destroyed by hurricane ""Janet"" in
1955 and its replacement, which is to be longer, is
a major section of the project.
Extensive Study
The replacement outfall, following an extensive
study of sea conditions and tides by the Canadian
firm of Seatech Investigation Services, will be
moved to the area of the St Johns river and the
Queens Park playing fields, about a mile north of
its present location
This is the initial phase of the project, it is expected
to be completed within 90 days, and will include
the replacement of the single pumping station
located on the Carenage, which the system now
has. A new pumping station, located where the
original outfall is, will be added, together with the
necessary sewer mains to connect with the new
outfall.
"I want to stress that this project represents only the
first phase of what. I hope, will be a major project
in the whole sector of water and sewerage in
Grenada in terms of support from CIDA", the High
Commissioner said.
A much larger project is now in the advanced stages
of planning, Mi-Power said That project he said,
is aimed at rehabilitating and expanding the water
and sewerage systems throughout Grenada and this
will have CIDA's support over the next several
years.
Speaking after the High Comnissioner, Mr Geoff
RanTOn 0IYOSffaiF Vaon Ci


______4_2e f


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r





























i.


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~~W~~I~


D~j~ESD







i The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 15th August 1987 Page 3


SONOS VXIT CHIDmA
S. 1nrou I iee ofa
. i .-. .'
... "...dangerous influences of


communism....not as

nJ sister of Foreign A. airs, Mr Ben Jones, said
l at a press conference on August 12th that his
recent official visit to the Republic of China had
been revealing to him.
"1 had certain misgivings about China", he said, "I
had a lack of knowledge upon which I worked.
The visit opened my eyes to ma)vu things and
enabled me to see things as they 'were on the


ground'.


No National Danger


i Mr Jones and a five man del eg ai on ieft Grenada for
China on July 11th, retunrinl on July 20th. The
IForeign Minister said that, i- spite of Grenada s
experience with Communism overthe revolutionary
years 1979 to 1983, what he had seen on the visit
coninces him there is no national danger Ui
opening Grenada's door to another Communist
country,
I "Haing gone to China myself", he said. "I see no
real danger. China is very far aw-ay. I think there
is no danger of an influx of Chinese coming here.
I Besides, I was satisfied that things in China have
Moved so far towards westernsation that the
. dangerous influences of Communism, as we have
i known it in these parts, are not as present now as
they were in 1979" (the year of the leftist New
Jewel Movement revolution)
SHis impression, he said, is that China is communist
Sin name but, interms of facts, the country had come
Sso much across to the West that it looks, for all
[practical purposes, western in several
approaches.
'The Chinese are intensely proud of their "Open
Door" policy, Mr Jones said, and because he
Believes that policy is very pro-wester in iits
approach this makes him feel there is no danger in
fostering closer relations with ('hin.i
"AMthou gl they continue to be communists", he
!said, "they are acting, in several resp-ct.: very
t n Serious Eff-orts
The Foreign Minister said China is making serious
efforts to establish relati-niLs wit countries
,throughout the Caribbean and, while he does not
know which country will be Ch in.'s next "target",
from his discussions with Chinese officials he is
satisfied China wants to be "accepted in this
Region.
His impression is that China considers it important
that she should be seen in the Caribbean to be. first
of all, a world power and, secondly, to be interested
in the Third World.
One of the points the Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang
insisted on making to him during the visit, Mr
Jones said, is that C ia is a Tir ord World ,ountr,
land. as such. has a resoonsibilitv to the Third
IWorld.
S"China recognize that she must assist the Third


1-_


present now...."

World and speak with and for the Third World
when that is necessary", the Foreign Minister said,
"China wants to be identifiedwith the Third World"
China s Third World assistance is demonstrated byi
a loan of 5 rmllhcn Chinese Yen (about EC$3.5
million ) which has been offered to. Grenada. This
loan is covered by an "Agreement on Economic &
Techiical Cooperation" signed in Beijing China,
on July 16th, 'with a view to developing friendly
relations......... -
The loan is interest-free, and Grenada's drawings
wili be over the period 1st October 1987 to
September 30th 1992. The money will be spent
on items to be decided upon by Grenada and China,
and Mr Jones said this aid is not "tied"; Grenada is
free to purchase in the most favourable market.
Repayments
Grenada's repayments may in either in "convertible
currencies' or exports, as agreed with China, and
will be in equal annual payments over a period of 10
years commencing October st. 1997.
"I am satisfied that my visit cemented the relations
and prized open the door to economic cooperation
between Grenada and China". Mr Jones said, "and
I am even more satisfied about this because my
understanding is that, sometime later on, China will
send a delegation to do a study of our conditions in
Grenada to determine areas in which we need
assistance and find ways in which they can help
us",
Th: Foreign Nliit;er said he discussed with
Chinese officials the question of establishing a
bamboo craft in Grenada. This craft willbe
established in one of the rural areas, he said, and
China is to send two experts and an interpreter for
this purpose.
oSee P 5

Th e CGenad ._

NEWSLETTER
Founded 17th August 1973
361st Issue
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
MARIA MOORE CABOT AV AR 1984
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)
ECS USS
10 Issues $102.00 $ 39.00
20 Issues $183.60 $ 72.20

40 Issues $346.80 $132.60
About 20 Issues Published Annually
... . .. .... -'I[ N I n


--~-------








SPage 4 Saturday 15th August 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter I


I rlIVAT a aCiTO NOT

PiAYNG PAMi ScRIn E
-..in Grenada, tax evasion is a scandal "


;in rne interests ao we country, it has now
administration of the become necessary for


ii FProm Pa e 2
Depended on the Cocoa Association meeting with
Sthe farmers. He emphasised Government's
concern that a solution he arrived at and said that I
if CIDA funding is lost. Government had a 'fall-
back" plan.
i I

said. "We realise the Cocoa Industry must be
saved. Anything that is necessary, must be done
to ensure the Rehabilitation Project continues.
There are several thousands of acres of cocoa land i
in Grenadauncultivated that must be brought back
under cultivation. We can do that only with the
Scheme continuing and, while I will not tell you I
now what we have in mind, I will say only that
Government recognizes its duty to take s such steps
as are necessary to ensure that the Rehabilitation
project continues................... ".

Mr Jones addressed the GCA General Meeting on
August 13th, urging compliance with CIDA's!
request for a unified Authority in the Cocoa!
Industry, but, while, in principle, the meeting
accepted the proposal of a merger with the CRP,
no firm date was set for its implementation.
The meeting had before it the expert advice of
Grenadian born Mr Arnold Cruickshank, an
authority on the Cocoa Industry who is on the i
staff of the Caribbean Development Bank but, inI
thisintance, was acting on his own behalf,

Mr Cruickshank recommended four phases of
development which would ensure improved cost
effectiveness and managerial efficiency in both the
CocoaRehabilitation Programme and the Grenad
Cocoa Association.
"Once phases one to four have been carried out
and there is a consensus that the different systems
are operating effectively and efficiently", hisj
1 recommendations say. "the final phase of merging
the CRP and the GCA should be
implemented".
i These recommendations were accepted in al
I Resolution passed by the GCA General Meeting
Sbut informed sources told NEWSLETTER liai the
recommendations are not satisfactory to either the!
Grenada Government or CIDA. 'Goverunent I
the sources said. is preparing to take more positive
action to ensure the mere.


l On November 13th 1493, Christopher Columbus j
j sighted the Dutch island of Saba and named it Stf
Cristopher fSan Cristobal) because he thought it
llresembled St Christopher carrying the child
SJesus

SPresent day St Christopher (St Kitts) sighted by
i Columbus on the same day, was named St George


the Grenada Govern-
ment to take urgent
steps to collect mo-
ney, including arrears
of revenue.
This was disclosed by
Minister of Health, Mr
Daniel "Danny" Wil-
liams, as, on behalf of
Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize, he read a
eech. on TV on
utust 2nd,
Millions
"There are millions of
dollars from taxation
but not collected", be
said. "We cannot con-
tinue to have a situation
where the private sector
is doing well but not
paying its fair share"
Indicating the favour-
able position of the
Private Sector, Mr
Williams quoted from a
recent report of the
International Monetary
Fund (IMF).

The IMF Directors, he
said, had noted in their
report that improvement
in the island's infra-
structure, changes in
the tax regime and the
liberalisation of controls
on prices and private
investment had con-
tributed to the growth
of output during [he last
three years.
Mr Williams said the
I -F Directors felt that
the continued pursuit of
suchpolicies, particular-
ly a sound public sector
investment pruoramme.
and further investment
of public enterprises~
will enhance prospects
for sustainable growth
of output and employ-
ment, together with
relative rice stability.
R eort
In their Report. the
Minimser said, the IMF
Directors pointed out
that receipts from
foreign grants fell in
IA6 and are 'ikel' to


continue further in the
period ahead.
"Although the Report
shows that the Private
Sector is doing well",
he said. "the Govern-
ment is not doing so
well with the collection
of taxes. In most
countries, taxpayers
evade and dodge taxes,
but, in Grenada, tax
evasion is a scandal"

Grenada has no history
of prosecuting tax
evaders, the Minister
said, several taxpayers
are evading paying tax
and this makes it very
difficult for Govern-
ment to collect money
to pay for adminis-
tration of the country.
AR
Government's aim, he
said, is that both the
Private and Public
Sectors should do well,
and Government is
confident that its
policies will enableboth
sectors to be strong.
In the January to June
1987 period, the
Minister said, the
economy grew by 6.7%
and this was achieved at
the expense of prac-
tically no inflation, the
figure for inflation
standing during that
period at 0.1%.
Inflation
"The average rate of
growth in the rest of the
world", he said, "was
2% to 3% while
inflation for the rest of
the world was about
4% .
Government is satis-
fied. Mr Williams said,
with the effects of its
financial policies on
Grenada's economy.
That satisfaction is
echoed by the IMF, he
said, and Grenadians
should be proud of
theseachievement4


- r


(San Jorge.The names were changed afterwards


I


~~---------- -- ---- ------------------- -- ----







SThe Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 15th August 1987 Page 5


ARTISTS STA@E


3UCCEFUL TOUR


F BRII T

1Tr Geor;e Mc- just af er our Carnival been recovered thrcucgh already been made in
1I- uire, Minister celebrations in Aue- ticket sales, this connection, he
Sfor Education, said in ust" said. and, within the
San interview with "There are other aspects next 12 months, per-
jNiEWSLETTER on The M minister said the of our culture which sons to be sent for
August 15th that the tour this -ear had been concern me", the training will be ident-
recent tour of Britainby udeF.rtakerin 30 ,rtiss Minister said. that of ified.
a troupe of Grenadian and the. had spenit six preserTatior of the
artists had been a weeks in the Umted indigenous art and Mr McGuire said also
ju'cces. K Oindcrm Tie antiquities of our native that plans for preser at-
covered a wide field of people. We need to ion of Grenada's
S"t is now the policy of song, dance and drama. ttraich,. - holog;t:. to do national monuments
SGovernment to promote he said, and had made fundamental -work in and historic sites are
an annual tour", he several appearances, the ,i!o '- ~n and, part- 'on the drawing board"
said. 'We hope to be The lour had cost over icuiiul: in Grenada and for early imple-
anpearing at the ECS;0,000. Mr \:- Carriacou" mentation.
Ir-enada Festival in Guire s.ud. but mot r -
Lonoon every year than .ha this _sum ad Concre-e ians have --: -.-

_rof iW From Page 2
Groome. a Director of Janin Construction Limited. subject to corTOSil.
the Canadian firm implementing the project, gave
Some details of the undertaking. "We anticipatethat during this operation which will
take about three months", he said, "we will be
jThe 12C0 foot ourfaii pipe he said, will be employing between 30 and 40 Grenadians"
constructed at Halifax Harbour. a small bay about
five miles up the western coast of the island. From Present at the ceremony were Mr Danny Williatms.
there, it willbe launched and flo-.red down the coast Minister of Health, Mr'George Mc Guire Minister
to its location. When put in place, the sea end will of Education and Representti ve for the Town of St
be in 85 feet of water. George and Dr H A Jesudasson. Chief Medical
O tYacer.
SThe new line to be laid to the outfall. Ir Groome -. ---.- .. ;.-.
said, will be made of high density po!yethylene. -
welded together and so joinmess and will not bIe '-. -.: . : '.


MEN From Page p
jMr Jones said tiat. when the estabiisliment of
diplomatic relations was heing discussed with
China one of the conditions laid down by China
Iwas that Grenada should have nothing to do with
Taiw-an At that time, he said. there was a
i Grenadian student in Taiwan and China wanted
C renada to recall that student.
"In our negotiations I said the: could not happen",
!the Foreign Minister said, "and, as much as we
Wanted to establish relations wt)it China we are an
independent country and we ill not be dictated to
Sby any country, no matter now big and power-
i ful.
SChina backed down on that demand, he said, but it
Swas agreed that Grenada would have no official
ire!ationship with Taiwan. Mr Jones said the
aChinese may have heard of a proposed visit to
FTaiwan of Greneda's Education -Minister, Mr
IGeorge McGuire, and the Chinese Premier had
I asked him what is happening with the Grenadai
STaiwan relationship
c- --t ---------


'He made no reference to the proposed visit", Mr
Jones isid "but he asked his question in a manner
that Indicared to me quite clearly tliat he was aware
of thnt. I assured him that we had not established
any formal contact with Tai wan. that we are keeping
our word on that, and he seemed satisfied. but I got
the i pre .sion that he is very concerned about any
kind of official contact with Taiwan or amnwhint that
would, in any way, give he impression ot official
recognition of Taiwan"
Jrh" Jones said Gr.enada has to be careful in this
matter as it could amount to a choice bet een China
and Taiwan. When he was advising the Grenada
Government to establish relations with China. he
said, he had done so after careful consideration of
all that was relevant and, if he were called upon
today to advise again he would still advise that the
relationship with China be maintained.
I believe that China, as one of the five permanent
members of the Security Counsel in the United
See __ _ae A






The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 15th August 1987 Page 7




CARD And O RDATS To Mer
CARDI And CARDATS To Merge


'I% e Caribbean Agricultural
LResearch & Development
Institute (CARDI) has been given
a new lease on life since the
recent Caribbean Commumtv
(CA.RICOM) Heads of. Govern'-
Sment meeting.
Stated .,/ *
IThis was stated in an interview
with NEWSLETTER on August
110th by Mr Derrick Dyer,
i CARDI'Executive Director who
was in Grenada for CARDI's
Annual Review & Planning
Workshop.

Mr Dyer said that, last April,
SJamaica gave formal notice to
CARICOM that she would
Withdraw from CARDI next year
Sbut, since then, there have been
i developments.

"I am delighted to tell you that,
Since the Heads of Government
Meeting in St Lucia on July
12nd", he said. "Prime Minister
Seaga has agreed that, because of
certain movements which he sees
]going on now in terms of
Sreorganisation in CARDI, he has
come out in support of CARD!,
and has agreed that Jamaica will
Stay in,
Dissatisfied
The Executive Director said
Jamaica had been dissatisfied
with the value she was getting in
relation to her contribution to
CARDI, Mr Dyer said. She did
not expect, as one of the More
Developed Countries (MDC) of
CARICOM to get a return of
Dollar for dollar, he explained
but Mr Dyer thought that one of
Mr Seaga's major disillusion-


ments was that CARDI was
doing so little work in
Jamaica.

Proposals for restructuring
CARDI have now been sub-
mitted to and accepted by the
Heads of Government. he said,
and this has given the
organisation a new mandate and
the opportunity to survive for
another two years when a review
will be made.

"Mr Seaga will not get
everything he wants", Mr Dver
said "but he has accepted that
the new proposals and pro-
grammes are sufficientlvrelevant
and meaningful to merit his
support

The Executive Director said the
reorganization is towards a "lean
and mean, slim down; trim down
CARDI which is relevant".
There is need to be brutallyv
frank" and admit that there has
been overstaffing and insufficient
return in results to justify the pay
roll, he said.
Unacceptable
"A number of the new proposals.
which should be implemented
before the end of this year, are
totally unacceptable to some
individuals", he said. "For
-xample there are a number of
people who are going to be
retrenched, and others will be
transferred, but it is not possible
to have change without some
pain"
CARDI is an institution of the 12
member countries of CARICOM.


The institution has a Board of
Directors representing the con-
stituent countries and the Board
is responsible to the CARICOM
Standing Committee of Ministers
of Agriculture who form the
CARDI Board of Governors.
CARDI's policies are ultimately
decided by the CARICOM Heads
of Government.
mphuis
While CARDI collaborates with
agricultural research and develop-
ment in the MDC (where fac-
ilities for such research exist),
the organisation's emphasis is on
research and development in the
Less Developed (LDC) CARI-
COM countries,

"Our laboratory is in the field",
Mr Dyer said. We work largely
with farmers and on field
stations. In addition, we have a
number of regular laboratories gt
our Head Office in Trinidad and
we also work very closely with
the University of the West Indies
Faculty of Agriculture and the
Ministries of Agriculture in the
MDC. In the LDC we do all the
work in terms of research, in the
MDC our work is more collab-
orative"
Reduced
The Executive Director said
CARDI's annual budget used to
be EC$7.5 million, but with the
current reorganisation, this has
been reduced to EC$6.5 mill-
ion.

When Mr Dyer addressed the
opening session of the CARDI
See MAr=m Pa


2 iT&A From Page 6


Mr Jones had the
opportunity also to visit
a clothing factory, a TV
factory and a bus
assembly line, and was
impressed by the
efficiency and dedicat-
ion of the workers
which, he said, aver-
aged about 18 to 23
years.

They were all fully
dedicated' he said,
"they lifted their heads
front the machine only
whie they were spoken


to. Nobody got up
from the assembly line
unless they had td go to
the toilet. They
seemed to work from
the time they get in
there until it was time to
go.,

The Foreign Minister
also had the opportunity
to visit the Great Wall
of China, the Forbidden
City and Mings' Tomb,
and was entertained at
the famous Roast Duck
restaurant in BiejinE.


Mr Jones described
Premier Zhau as a
"remarkable man",
cool, friendly, aimable
likable, simple, un-
assuming but effective
and knowledgeable.

"In addition to being
Premier, he is General
Secretary of the Party",
the Foreign Minister
said. "which makes him
an extremely powerful
man in China, but. if
you were not told who
he is, you would never


recognise him from his
behaviour pattern".

Mr Jones said the visit
to China had been
undertaken on an
invitation from the
Chinese Governmeut
and, with the exception
of overnighting costs in
New York, all expenses
had been met by that
Government
'-.'" -- "- '-. .
.. ---- <-- -_


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