The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
Classification:
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00346


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The Grenada


N1


NEWSLETTER

i Volme 15 Saturday llth July 1987 Number 10


hMILY OU LTY oI CoNETW


To Three Months Imprisonment


iamaican barrister Mr an Ramsay has been found
Sguity of Contempt of Court and sentenced to
three months imprisonment in Grenada's Richmond
Hill Prison.
Senence came in a judgement delivered on July 7th
by Mr Justice Lyle St Paul and, in addition to the
prison term. Mr Ramsay must pay a fine of
EC$5,000 within 21 days or serve a further 21
; days in jail,
Mr Ramsay must also pay costs amounting to
ECS2,500.
The hearing of this matter began on June 29th when
Mr St Paul threatened to take action against
barristers who have cases fixed for hearing before
him and, without adequate excuse, fail to
appear. Th
SThe threat came when five of six banisters, listed
to appear for Mr Ramsay, were not in Court.
Addressing Jamaican barrister Mr Dudley
Thompson Q C, the only lawyer to appear on Mr
Ramsay's behalf, the Judge said :-
"We meet here on a date asked for by Mr Ramsay
and his Counsel. Of the other names representing
Mr Ramsay, none are here. Not even Mr Ramsay
is here and there have been no proper excuses. I
appreciate the fact that you (Thompson) arehereand
I am here despite the fact that "Fisherman's
Birthday" (St Peter's Day) is being celebrated today
in my home town, Gouvave. But, this is the date
they wanted. I am goiig to deal with this situation
and, I promise you, sir. that I will deal with it
effectively".
The absent barristers are Mr Karl Rattray Q C, Mr
P J Patterson Q C and Mr Frank Phipps Q C of the
Jamaica Bar, Mr Elliot Mottley of the Barbados Bar
and Mr Clarence Hughes. Senior Counsel of the
Guyana Bar.
The sitting on June 29th had two matters before the
Judge. lin the first, Mr Ramsay was charged with
Contempt in that he is alleged to have said. among
other things, that the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial
Swas "a travesty of justice', a "kangaroo court" and
"judicial murder, in cold blood, under guise of
I law".


The second arises from Mr Ramsay's charge that
his constitutional rights have been violated by
Acting Chief Justice James Patterson. Judge
Patterson, Mr Ram say says. deemed him the right to
have legal Counsel of is choice.


Last January, the Appeal Court gave judgement
against Mr Ramsay in that matter. Mr Ramsay,
however, objects to a passage in the judgement by
the President of the Appeal Cout, Mr Justice J O F
Haynes. which passage comments on Mr
Ramsay's alleged contemptuous "publications".
"This is not the end of the matter", the passage says
in part. "There is the additional factor that there
was in the publications not only a general attack on
the constittionality of the Court, but also what a
IN THIS ISUE
Ramsay Guilty Of Contempt ....
Drug Abuse Prevention
Programmed For East
Caribbean Youth.. : .. 2
a Opposition Avaits "Satisfactory
Explanation In Bandeirants
Affair_......................... 3
1 Bishop Appeal Record Not
Yet Ready......................... 4
I Illicit Drugs Nov From
Trinidad ............. ....... 5
Ramsay's Letter To Blaize ....... 6
SGrenadaIUK Trade Up......... 9
e News Shorts....................... 1
Judge of the hearing of the Motion might well hold
to be a vicious attack on the integrity of the trial
Judge, on the integrity of the jury and on the
conduct of the trhal as a whole".
Struck Out
In this second matter before Mr St Paul, Mr
Ramsay had filed a Motion asking that the passage
be struck out of President Haynes' judgement.
"Speaking as he did", Mr Ramsay s Motion says,
"the Learned President created the invincible
impression that, if a Trial Judge took the view set
forth, it would have the Court of Appeal's approval
in advance".
As a result, Mr Ramsay says. his right to a fair
hearing has been fettered and prejudiced by
pronouncements from "a Court of highest
authority".


Arguing this matter before Mr St Paul on June 29th,
the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP), Mrs
Velma Hylton Q C said that, as a Judge of a lower
Court, Mr St Paul has no jurisdiction to strike out
seleAnLIL


Sentenced


?/








Page 2 Saturday 11th July 1987 The Grenada Newsletter


TDRUG ABUSE 1RBYqITION

SMORAMME FORE


S CAREBBEAN YOUTH

youth leaders from Grenada are taking part in a one-month Drg Abuse Prevention Programme
ifunoed by the United States Information Service (USIS) and implemented by "Youth To Yout", said
to be the leading United States substance abuse prevention group, based in Columbus, Ohio, US A.
The youth leaders are Messrs Alban Ferguson and Dave Alexander and, together with 13 other youth
leaders from the Eastern Caribbean, they participated in a two-day orientation seminar on July 7th and 8th
at the Cave Hill, Barbados, campus of the University of the West Indies.


S. Fr om I

any part of a judgement of the Appeal Court which
is a higher Court.
"Even a first year law student", she said, "should
know that a Judge of First Instance cannot expunge
anything from a judgement of the Appeal
Court.
Mr Thompson did not agree. The passage in the
judgement is "not only extraneous but obnoxious",
he said, and under the Constitution, a person's right
"to apply to the High Court for redress" has the
widest application.
Mr Thompson asked also that a stay of hearing in
the matter be granted until certain matters now
before the Privy Council are settled,
He referred to Peoples Law number 84 of 1979,
passed by the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG), in which the right of appeal to the Privy
Council was abolished. He reminded the Judge
that, in February 1985, the newly elected New
National Government had passed Act Number 1 of
1985 which "purported" to validate all Peoples
Laws, all procmaions b the Governor Genera
after the October 1983 military intervention and all
laws made by the Interim CGvernment.
Not Valid
Mr Thompson argued, however, that Act Number I
is not valid as its passage did not comply with a
provision of the Constitution. That provision
says that a "Speaker's Certificate" should have been
issued to the effect that the Act had the support of
"not less than two-thirds of all the members of the
House"
iln 1985, the Defencein the Maurice Bishop Murder
Trial failed in an attempt to have the Privy Council
hear a matter, that Body ruling that Act No. 1 had
validated the PRGlaw (84/1979) abolishing appeals
to the Privy Council.
(That Act also has bearing on the legality of the
Grenada Supreme Court [GSC] which now
is a creation of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government under Peoples Laws numbers 4 and 14
of 1979, two of the laws purporting to have been
validated by Act number 1 of 1985.)
Mr Thompson told Judge St Paul that the Privy
Council ruling was in error because, when it was


The 15 Westindian participants flew to the United
States on July 10th and will spend a month in that
country as guests in the homes of the United States
participants who will introduce them to the United
States drug free movement.
The Programme includes attendance at the annual
"Youth To Youth" drug free workshop/seminar at
Denison University in Ohio, visits to youth leaders
in other groups countering substance abuse, and
opportunities to observe such efforts in several of
the United States.
In November next, the American participants will
visit the islands. As guests of the Westindian
participants' families, they will be paired in teams
with the Westindians whom they are now hosting,
and will participate in substance abuse education
meetings and peer counseling sessions for school
and youth groups.
In addition to the Grenada participants, there are
two each from St Vincent, Antigua. St Kitts/Nevis
and St Lucia, one each from Dominica and
Montserrat, and three from Barbados.



made, the Privy Council did not know that the
necessary "Speaker's Certificate" had not been
issued.
Against this background, he said, on 1st May 1987,
a petition was made by Mr Ramsay to have the
Privy Council hear his Motion charging violation of
his constitutional tights. But that hearing had not
come off because the Grenada Covernment has
now passed Act number 16 of 1987.
Disputed
That Act, he said, is in exact terms of and repeals
the disputed Act number 1 of 1985. A proper
"Speaker's Certificate" has been issued relative to
Act 16 of 1987, the new Act has retroactive effect
from 22nd February 1985, Mr Thompson said, and
the Privy Council is now considering what effect
this has on Mr Ramsay's application for a
hearing.
"They (the Grenada Government) knew that Act
number I of 1985 was invalid", Mr Thompson
said, "and they have tried to cover it up with Act
number 16 of 1987, but you cannot make a
retroactive law which takes away a person's
rights"
See Pare 4


a 6 r -, -_V77 ~ ZC


ee OMM Pan A


.J








The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 11th July 1987 Page 3

OW O ION AWATS



m~a4~~~~~~~ $'171g~~~~~ti'


e position with reference to the Bandeirante
Ltircri purchased by the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG) remains unclear and must be
cleared up if Grenadians are to be assured that their
tax money is not being squandered
This opinion was expressed by Mr George Brizan,
Opposition Member of Parliament, in a recent
interview with NEWSLETTER, and Mr Brizan
said he does not intend to let the matter rest until
"satisfactory explanations" have been given.
"At the House of Representatives meeting on June
26th", Mr Brizan said, "the Minister of Civil
Aviation, Mr George McGuire, promised a full
investigation into this matter, and we on the
Opposition side of the House are awaiting
ths Reea
Mr Brizan, who resigned from the New National
SParty (NNP) Cabinet of Prime Minister Herbert
iBlaize last April 13th. said his research on the
matter of the Bandeirnte indicates that the PRG
bought the aircraft sometime in 1981 from the
Brazilian manufacturer, Empresas Brazileira De
Aeronatica.
To finance the purchase, he said, the PRG
borrowed EC$4.322 million from the Brizilian
Government but this was insufficient to cover the
full cost and a smaller loan was arranged with
Barclays Bank to make up the deficit.
Mr Brizan says the Brazilian loan is repayable over
the period 1982 to 1989 at the interest rate of 9.5%.
Between 1984 and 1987, he said. the Grenada
Government paid the Brazilian Government a total
of EC$2.386.255 in interest and principal.
The Barclays bank loan was aid in 1986, he
said, and, between 19&5 and 1986, payments in this
connection were EC$14,996 in interest and
EC$193,721 in principal.
"Itis clear from these figures", the ex-Minister said,
"that, over the years since it was purchased, the
Bandeirante has cost Grenadians millions of
dollars".
When it was purchased, in order to help the Tourist
Industry by providing better air connections into the
island, the PRG leased this aircraft to LIAT
Airways and, Mr Brizan said the records show that,
over 1982 and 1983, a total of just over EC$1.5
million was paid into the Treasury in this
connection.
Mr Brizan said it appears that after 1983, the
Bandeirante was grounded. It earned no money,
he said, and oa 20th November 1985, at a time
when he was still a Minister of Government,
Cabinet decided to sell the aircraft for US$450,000
to the United States firm of Pinehurst Aircraft Sales
Corporation.


"Government was later advised by the then Minister
of Civil Aviation. Dr Keith Mitchell", he said, "that
therewere difficulties with the sale toPinehrst. Dr
Mitchell told Cabinet that Grenada Airways had
proposed to buy the aircraft and Government agreed
tat it should be sold to Grenada Airways for
approximately EC$1 million."
ResponsibiMity
It was DrMitchell's responsibility to ensure that, on
delivery of the plane, the purchase price was paid
into the Treasury, Mr Bnzan said, but, Grenada
Airways received the plane and, as far as Mr Brizan
could ascertain, no money has been received by
Treasury in this connection.
"The overseeing of this transaction is the joint
responsibility ofthe Ministry of Civil Aviation and
the Ministry of Finance which is in the portfolio of
the Prime Minister", Mr Bnzan told
NEWSLETTER, "and they both are accountable for
the EC$1 million which should have been received
for the Bandeirante".
The sale price of EC$1 million to Grenada Airways
agrees approximately with the figure quoted by
Leader of Government Business in the Senate. In
reply to a question, Senator Noel, on 12th
September last, said the Bandeirante had been sold
to Grenada Airways for US $400,000
(EC$1.080,000).
On June 26th last, Minister of Civil Aviation, Mr
George MGuire, in reply to a question, told the
House of Representatives that the aircraft had been
sold by Grenada Airways to a Company in
Oklahoma, U S A for US$30000



The Grenada

NE WSLETTER
Founded 17th August 1973
359th Issue
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
MARIA MOORS CABOT AVARD 194
Subscription Rates
Payable InAdvance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)

10 Issues $102.00 $ 39.00
20 Issues $183.60 $ 72.20

40 Issues $346.80 $132.60
About 20 Issues Published Annually







Page 4 Saturday 1 Ith July 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter





NOT ETT IAD^Y

Transcript Involves Some 8,000 Pages
e al in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial is likely to go to the Grenada Appeal Court in about two
m iou thse
A source close to the Registy of the Grenada Supreme Court told NEWSLETTER on July 8th that the
record of the Trial is still being prepared but should be completed by the end of August or early
September.
"We are in the electronic age", the source said. "and we have a computer, but only one person can be
e mployed at the computer at a time, and when the work comes out of the computer, the staff still has the job
of photocopying to be done'.


Bli From Pfs, :2
Mr Thompson argued that. since Act number 1 did
not have the necessary "Speaker s Certificate it is
Snot legal and so could not validate Peoples Law 14
of 1979 (which establishes the Grenada Supreme
Court) That being so, he said, the right of
Appeal to the Privy Council has always existed and
the new Act 16 of 1987 cannot be made retroactive
to take tha ri away.
,a For Tyrwnts
"Once a Judge is strong enough to say that he is not
gong to operate his Court under this myth. the
Legislature will have to act", he said. The Doctine
i of Necessity is a shield for the weak in moments of
stress, but it becomes a cloak for tyrants if it
continues after the period of stress is over".
"Maurice Bishop's law was not worth the paper it
was written on". Mr Thompson said, "nor is there
any validity in the subsequent laws attempting to
take the people's rights away. We always have
had and still have the right of appeal to the Privy
Council"
Judge St Paul reserved his ruling until the next day
and, when ihe sat again on Tuesday June 30th.,he
expressed concern over the continuing absence of
Mr Ramsy from his. Court.
There had been no appearance of the Jamaican
banister and the Judge said he had received no
excuse from him.
"I will not tolerate this slackness as long as I sit
here", he said, "and I am looking at the authorities
to see how I can being him (Ramsay) before this
Court".
SMr St Paul commented also on the continuing
absence of Mr Ramsay's five other Counsel and
said he had had no word from them, but Mr
1Thompson told the Judge it is unlikely that the six
barn ters representing MrRamsay would ever all be
in Court at the same time.
"All the adjournments in this case, so far", Mr St
Paul said, have occurred because the six Counsel
wanted to be present here at the same time and June
29th was fixed at their request to accommodate
them. I have heard nothing more from them and
They should be here."


The transcript of the Trial will involve some 8,000
pages, the source said. Considerable assistance
was given to Grenada by the Jamaican mechanical
note-takers, but they were not present for all of the
hearings and the Grenada sta must prepare those
sections of the Trial notes which the Jamaicans did
not cover. Yert
Verdicts
The jury in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial
delivered their verdicts last December 4th in the
Grenada High Court presided over by then Acting
Chief Justice Mr Dennis Byron.
Fourteen of the accused, including former Deputy
Prime Minister Bernard Coard and his wife Phyllis,
were sentenced to hang for the murder of Peoples
Revolutionary Government Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and 10 others.
Three other accused received long prison terms for
manslaughter and one was found not guilty and
freed.
All the sentences have been appealed.


Delivering his ruling on Mr Thompson's application
for a stay of proceedings in the Contempt Case until
matters pending before the Privy Council are
resolved, Mr SiPaul said matters relating to Laws
4/79 and 14/79 had been thoroughly argued in both
the High Cort and the Apea Court and ruling
have already been made. He refused the
application.
"There have been no rulings on 84/1979 (abolition
of appeals to the Privy Counci)", he said, "and I
wll not now pronounce on its validity or
invalidity".
Mr Thompso then put before the Court arguments
that the Grenada supreme Court no longer has

On that basis, inogin a Constitutional Motion
(which takes precedence over all other matters in
hearing) he asked the Court to dismiss the charges
of contempt against Mr Ramsay and!or to stay all
See RAMMAY Pane 5


~m~UAL2AgL~~j


L







The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 11 th July 1987 Page 5


I L U ,CT DUG,. S -




lug pushers in Grenada have turned to Trinidad for their supplies of marijuana since the Grenada
Sd'yPolice executed a series of successful raids on marijuana plantations in the hills.

This was disclosed by Acting Commissoner of Police. Mr Cosmos Raymond, in an interview with
NEWSLETTER on Jly 7th

"Twp mouths ag o, we can-ied out an eradication programme inwhich we destroyed some 12,000 marijuana
trees", he said, "and since then we have had information that the pushers here are attempting to get their
supplies from Trinidad".
That information has proved to be correct, he said, because, over the last six weeks, the Police have seized
considerable quantities of marijuana when attempts were made to smuggle it into the country on inter-island
trading schooners.


FS'Qm Page 4


--~
proceedings with reference to the Defence Motion to
delete passages from the Appeal Court
IJudgement.
Mr St Paul did not accept this Motion. He ruled
that it had not been brought properly before the
Court with the necessary affidavits and notice.
With reference to Mr Ramsav's Motion that the
Court strike out a portion of the Appeal Court
judgement which, the Defence argues, prejudices
Mr Ramsay's right to a fair trial, Mr St Paul said he
does not have authority to strike out any portion of
a judgement of the Appeal Court.
The Judge also accepted a Motion by DPP Mrs
Hylton that that Motion is an abuse of the process
i o the Court. The Defence Motion was ordered to
1be struck out.
SFor the hearings on June 30th, DPP Mrs Velma
I Hvlton Q C, was joined on the Prosecution bench
by Trinidadian barrister, Mr Karl Hudson-Phillips
CQ C, appearing for her and for the Attorney
tGeneral.
SWhen the Court was about to adjourn on Tuesday
S30th June. Mr Thompson told Mr St Paul he would
Inot be in Court on the following day.
IWhen the Court sat on Wednesday July 1st, Mr
Ramsav still had not made an appearance. Only Mr
I ihompson's ji nor,'Jamaican bamster ,Mr Delano
Harrison. was present in Mr Ramsay's defence,
together with Jamaican barrister, Mrs Jacqueline
Samuels-Brown of Mr Ramsay's Jamaica
Chambers. "
No Ecase
Queried by the Judge as to Mr Ramsay's continued
unexplained absence from the Court, Mr Harrison
agreed there had been no excuse from Mr Ramsay
but he gave a reason for the absence, which reason
was given "out of courtesy with which all Defence
Counsel view the Courts"
"The reason (for the absence) is due to the
understanding of all relevant law and learning in
. relation to Contempt of Court in general, and in
particular as relates to this case, as advised by his
See AMRs Pare 8


The Acting Commissioner said that, with reference
to hard drugs only small quantities have been
seized.
Not So Complacent
" But, I am not so complacent as to think that these
drugs are not coming in", he said. "because I
believe Grenada is both a market for hard drugs and
a transshipment point".
Mr Raymond said he hopes the public will become
more conscious of the "disaster' which drugs can
inflict on the community. An entire generation of
young people is threatened, he said, and he
appealed to the public to assist the Police with
information when it is available
"We have setup a system tonight this situation", the
Acting Commissioner said,"and we hope this will
enable us to put our hands on those who are in this
evil trade, and to make sure that they feel the full
force of the law"
Complaints
Mr Raymond was appointed Acting Commissioner
of Police with effect from 1st April 1987. He
took over from Commissioner Russel Toppinwho,
against a background of complaints against the
Police, requested Government to terminate his
contract.


See l Pa. 8


i E L From gPae 3
and of this sum, US$175.000 (EC$472,500) had
been paid into a Grenada Airways account in New
York.
\When Grenada Airways went out of business late
last year. the Company reportedly left considerable
debts including the sum of EC$1.6 million due to
the Government owned National Commercial
Bank.
"Grenada still owes the Government of Brazil the
sum of EC$L.148,870' Mr Brizan told
SNEWSLETTER. We have nothing to show for it,
and we on the Opposition side of the House intend
to press for a satisiactory explanation of this vety
unsatisfactory affair".


--~--_- I __~ ___ _


131 111


-- --








Page 6 Saturday 11th July 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter





Chambers
53 Church Street
Kingston a
KJamaca

April 28 1986

The Rt. Hon. Herbert Blaize
Prime Minister of Grenada
c/o Botanical Gardens
GRNADA
Dear Sir, Re: Former Deputy Prime Minister
Bernard Coard et al Grenada
I humbly beg to be allowed to bring to your attention the circumstances relating
to former Deputy Prime Minister of Grenada Bernard Coard and his wife Phyllis; former
General Hudson-Austin (sic) and fifteen other persons who were members of the
Government and Army of Grenada before the intervention of foreign forces in that Island
on the 19th October, 1983, all of whom are now on "trial" for the alleged murder of
formerPrime Minister Maurice Bishop and others.
1. In fact it is not well known or at all to the world that the present Court in
which these persons are being "tried" is admittedly unconstitutional, and a Court of
necessity, of temporary validity and duration. This is not an allegation, but the legal
finding by a superior Court, namely the present Grenada Court of Appeal.
2. I, as leader of 12 lawyers formerly engaged in pre-trial proceedings,
sought, by way of Notice of Motion, to have the Trial and matters related to it, removed
to the proper Constitutional Court of Grenada, and/or to await the setting up of that Court
which has been urged by the Appellate Court above-referred to, and recommended by a
Government Judicial Commisslon appointed in that behalf. This Motion was rejected
by the Courtbelow, and in spite of the lodgement of an Appeal to the Court of Appeal, an
arbitrary proceeding called a "trial" is now unfolding in Grenada, the like of which has
never been seen before in Commonwealth countries.
3. I will point out to you that, as lawyers trained in England and
brought up in the principles of the Common Law, we are unable to take part, nay
roibited, from legitimizing in any way a "tnal".in or by an admittedly unconstitutional
Court. We are bound to accept the authoritative dicta of the late Lord Diplock, P.C., in
Att,-Gen. vs Times Newspapers Ltd. 1973 (3) AE.R, P.54 at P. 71-72) and from
which the other noble and learned Lords in no way dissented), that the first entitlement of
the citizen of a country (that is, one with Common Law antecedents) is unhindered access
to the constitutionally established Courts of that country; and that it is only after that first
entitlement is satisfied, that the issue of the fairness or bias of the tribunal arises.
4. In the present matter, the Defendants have not reached the first
standard referred to, and are being deliberately denied the rights that flow therefrom,
which includes a final Appeal to Her Majesty in Privy Council.
5. Further, I invite your attention to specific illegalities
which, even in the present state of the law in Grenada. have occurred and are continuing
during this "trial", the accused being now without representation by Counsel:
In that -
(a) A jury was selected from a panel of 140 jurors who had demonstrated
their hostility and prejudice in regard to the accused the very week
before, on Friday the 1 Ith April 1986; indeed, such was the indifference
of the legal authorities that one of the jurors empanelled turned out to be
the father of one of the deceased.
(b) The said jury was selected in the absence of 17 of the then
19 Defendants.







The Grenada Newsletter Saturday I July 1987 Page 7


TO


0UAXZ E
Ta'~~N, .^^\

BRsIAL)3^.


-i








ii
i I
I I


























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L


i


Please note:
I am sending similar letters to the following persons:-
I. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
2. The Prime Minister of Jamaica
3. The Minister of Justice, Jamaica
4. The Commonwealth Secretariat
5. The United States Ambassador to Jamaica
6. The Prime Minister of Trinidad & Tobago
7. The President of Guyana
8. The Prime Minister of Barbados.
9. The Prime Minister of St Lucia
10. The Prime Minister of Dominica
11. The Prme Minister of Antigua
12. The Prime Minister of St Christopher etc.
13. The Chairman of the Jamaica Human Rights Council
14. The President of the Jamaica Bar Association
15. Amnesty International


(c) Witnesses are being called and examined regularlyin the absence
of 17 of the Defendants, with one Defendant present in Court.
(d) One of the accused. Fabian Vernon Gabriel, was released conditionally
so that be might be a Crown witness, but warned "in terrorem that he
might be re-arrested.
(e) The trial is in fact a secret "trial" as itis being held within a prison com-
pound. walled off with barbed wire and surrounded with prison guards,
policemen and arm ed soldiers with automatic weapons, and to which the
families of the accused and members of the public may only enter if
granted a pass.
6. The importance of the above (a), (b). and (c) is that, where accused
persons are unrepresented, they are entitled to be present at each stage of a "trial",
whether or not they have previously indicated an intention to participate, and an
opportunity offered at each specific c juncture, to object to jurors oto examine witnesses.
In relation to (d) above, justice demands that no witess should testify under pressure of
threat or hope related to the proceedings.
7. Further, the Constitution of Grenada 1973, which has been restored,
includes a specific proviso in S. 8 whereof which mandates the presence of the accused
on a charge on which death, inter alia, is the sentence if convicted- and the spit of this
constitutional proviso is of course being ignored by the unconstitutional Court.
8. The reasons for holding the "trial" in secret are clearly to prevent first-
hand observation of the legal atrocities which are now occurring. and bythe manipulation
of a tame and accommodating Press, to muffle and stifle the cries for redress and
constitutional rights, so that a corrupt verdict might be accepted in silence by an ignorant
world.
9. As Counsel appearing for former Deputy Prime Minister Bernard
Coard and his wife Phyllis. and at present engaged in the constitutional Appeal.
which in a rational world should precede the so-caed 'triaf, I appeal to you for swift
investigation and confirmauton of the facts; and then, upon confirmation I ask for, at the
least, if not the most, some public expression of concern from you; so thatthe family of
ideas to which the Common Law gave birth, may not entirely vanish from the English
speaking Caribbean, and for any other appropriate action which would have the effect of
contributing to or ensuring a fiir trial in the Constitutional Court of Grenada for these
present political prisoners; and so that the fresh start of a country with a British
Constitution should not be indelibly stained by judicial murder, in cold blood, under
guise of law.


Please be assured of my highest regard.
Yours truly,
(sgd) IAN RAMSAY
Attorney-at-law for
Bernard and Phyllis Coard


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MR


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Page 8 Saturday th July 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter
ab FromPage 5


Counsel and understood by Mr
Ramsay". he said.

Mr Harrison told Mr St Paul also
that, since the sitting of the day
before. there had been
developments.


Ramsay until, these appeals were
heard.

."........where an applicant has
an absolute and indefatigable
right of appeal guaranteed by the
-r !i. __


Motion requesting the High
Court to delete a section of an
Appeal Court Judgement, Mr
Hudson-Phillips said the Defence
had been guilty of "procedural
extravagance".


e elnce LtU1ty U J, There had been no
The Judge, Mr need to file that
Harrison said, had Motion, he said',
given "final deter-YTr(OG XtCr V CW The Motion claim-
in tion" to two ed that the High
matters before the Court on the Constitution and had exercised Court Judge would be prejudiced
day before. One was the that right", he said, "the Court against Mr Ramsay by the
DPP's Motion to strike out the from which the appeal arises passage in the Appeal Court
iDefence Motion asking that a must not take any step which Judgement, but the point could
section of an Appeal Court would make the appeal just as well have been made at
judgement be deleted, he said, ineffective....... the hearings of the Contempt
and the other was the case against Mr Ramsay.
Constitutional Motion moved by Mr Huson-Phillips argued that
Defence barrister Mr there had been no "final Mr Hudson-Phillips suggested
Thompson. determination" in the matter of that filine of the Motion was an


Appeals had been filed that day
(1 st July) against both decisions,
Mr Harrison told the Court, and
he asked Mr St Paul to order a
stay of proceedings in the
Contempt case against Mr


the Constitutional Motion moved
by Mr Thompson... The Judge
had not accepted that Motion, he
said, and there had been no
arguments or judgement on it.

With reference to the Defence


attempt to delay proceedings in
the Contempt case and he cited
legal judgements which said that
this should not be allowed.

See'DiALTPare


M From Pan 5


Asked to comment on
the state of the Police
Force, the Acting
Commissioner said he
is very optimistic and
that, within the next
two or three years,
Grenada will have a
"very vibrant, active
and considerate Police
Force"
Yoaun Force
"Itis difficultto say that
we can get there in less
than two years", he
said, "This is a young
Force. We have had to
build from scratch and
we are making very
good progress, but it
wiltake a little more
time to achieve our
goals".

There has been a
decrease in the incid-
ence of crime over the
last six months, Mr
Raymond said, but he
}is disappointed that a
plan proposed by his
predecessor, Mr Top-
pin, has not worked.
Following a spate of
crime in the Lance aux
Epines residential area
on the southern pen-
insula of the island, Mr
Tppin met with


residents of that area
and established an
"Area Watch" in which
the residents would
work with the police in
fighting crime.

"At the meeting with
residents", The Acting
Commissioner said.
"there was a great deal
of enthusiasm for the
idea but, unfortunately,
the momentum died
out. This was, pro-
bably, because the
Police were able to get
the crime situation
under better control and
people did not think
they had to bother any
longer".
A 24 hour emergency
patrol system which is
radio equipped, and
which was introduced
last March, has been
found to be effective in
crime control, he said,
but the cooperation of
the public is vital to the
success of police oper-
ations and efforts are
still going forward for
the formation of "Area
Watches"islandwide.
Mr Raymond said the
Special Services Unit


(SSU) of the Police
Force took part in June
in combined military
and naval operations
with other units of the
Regional Security
Service (RSS) and with
units of the armed
forces of the United
States and Britain.


"The operation was
code named "Lava
Flow", he said, "and,
from the reports I have
had, it was very
successful".
Flexible
The Acting Commiss-
ioner said all policemen
receive para-militarv
training in phase one of
the SSU programme,
but that the programme
is flexible enough to
permit those who wish
to specialise to remain
in the SSU for longer
period than others.

"The SSU is a division
where the younger
officers will find more
attraction to the
training", he said, "and
I would hesitate to have
some of the senior
officers permanently
attached to 'that
division."


The Acting Commiss-
ioner said the public
relations of the Police
Force is an area of
priority with him and,
while details have not
yet been worked out, he
is considering imple-
mentation of a "Com-
plaints Bureau" where
any alleged misconduct
of the Police can be
investigated
"We want the Public to
have confidence in us
and to assist us", Mr
Raymond said. "The
events of 1979 to 1983
have been a terrible
experience and the
Police and the Com-
munity must get
together now if we are
to make sure the
country is secured.
With God's help, it is
my aim to strive for
creation of a reliable,
honest, capable and
compassionate Police
Force."




j | '


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ITh Grenada Newsletter Saturday 11th July 1987 Page 9


SRENIADA IIKTRADE iiIL


fpuorts from, Grenada to the Unted Kingdom
I.Lover the period January to April 1987 totaled
IEC$9.98 million (2.28 million), an increase of
18% over the corresponding period last year.
This is disclosed in a release from the Information
Section of the British High Commission in
Barbados. and the release says the figures are
contained in the latesttrade statistics released bythe
Department of Trade and Industryin London.'
Increase
According to the release, there has been an increase
also i exports from the United kingdom to
Grenada.

Figures released by the Department of Trade and
Industry show that U.K. exports to Grenada
during the January to April 1987 period increased
by 25% to EC$I0.11 million. (2.31 million).
"The increase in the value of Grenada exports to
the United Kingdom can be attributed to increased


banana production", the release says, "while the
increase in United Kingdom sports to Grenada
may well be the result of a new competitiveness
brought about by increased productivity in British
industry along with a more targeted approach to the
region by British exporters .
Geest
A spokesman for Geest Indusuies Ltd. the United
Kingdom firm which, together with the banana
crops of St Vincent St Lucia and Dominica, buys
and markets Grenada's banana crop, told
NEWSLETTER there has been an increase in
banana production.

"The January to June production this year", he said,
'as increased by 7.69% over the production for the
corresponding period in 1986 Over that period in
1986, production was 3841.19 tons, and this figure
has increased this year to4136.61 tons."


n From Page 8
"The history of this case has
been one of delays based on
Constitutional Motions he said.
"When the High Court refused
MrRamsay an adjournment there
was a Constitutional Motion.
When the Appeal Court gave a
judgement against Mr Ramsay in
that matter, that was followed by
a Constitutional Motion. Now
there has been a refusal of a stay
of proceedings this has been
followed by a Constitutional
Motion. And we shall probably
have another Constitutional
Motiontomorrowmoring".
Refused
Judge St Paul reserved his ruling
utl the following day,
Wednesday 2nd July, when he
refused Mr Harson s app-
licationfor stay of proceedings

Mr Harrison was then the only
barrister in Court appearing on
Mr Ramsay's behalf, and he told
the Judge that, Mr Ramsay
intends to abide by his
constitutional rights and be
(Harrison) would not become
involved in any circumstances
which might render those rights
abortive.
"I am constrained to say and to
advise the Court" Mr Harrison
told Mr St Paul, "that I have
acted to the hilt of my
instructions and I can really
assist no more. Amen."
Mr Harrison left the Court at this
point.


duty to the
client.


Court or to his


"As a member of this Bar", he
told Judge St Paul. "I apologise
for the discourtesy displayed by
my brother barrister .....
A barrister has a duty both to the
Court and to his client. Mr
Hudson Phillips said. His duty
to the Court comes first, he said,
and Mr Harrison, having put
himself on record as appearing in
the case, should not depart
without leave of the Court and
then only for exceptional
reasons.

However respectfully Mr Hari-
son may have addressed the
Judge, he said, his actions
constitute a challenge to the
Court and cannot be
disregarded

As to Mr Harrison's duty to his
client, Mr Hudson-Phillips said
the oath of Counsel is such that
he should not desert a client in a
case, particularly where the
liberty of the subject is
involved.
CloselyAssociated
The Contempt trial then
proceeded with Mr Hudson-
Phillips reading the charges
against Mr Ramsay who has
been closely associated with the
Defence in the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial and who faces
charges for alleged "several
contempts,


Mr Hudson-Phillips said Mr
SHarrison had fulfilled neither his


These include "making state-
ments, counseling and advising
action, and publishing land
causing matters calculated to
prejudice the fair trial ofcriinal
proceedings in Indictment No.
19 of 1984 (the Bishop Murder
Trial) and to interfere with the
administration. of Justice in
Grenada".

Specifically, the ch rges
(filed by DPP Ms VeDma
Hylton on 14th May 1986)
are that:-

(1) During the Bishop
murder Tril in open
Court, he announced that
he was "withdrawing from
the matter and would take
no pant in any supposed
trial." -

(2) He advised the
accused in the Trial "to So
disrupt the proceedings of
the said trial so that the
same could not take place
in their presence"

(3) He cabled Minister
of Legal Affairs. Mr Ben
Jones, sing him to "ta4e
action to prevent a travesty
of justice in relation to" the
Trial.

(4) He published a letter
in the "Jamaica Gleaner"
newspaper saying that, in
relation to te Trial, the
High Court of Grenada is a
Kangaroo Court"


~-~si-~ii~s~iii~ii~i~ --- -- ---


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Page 10 Saturday 1 th July 1987 The Grezla Nevsletter


3ND WS SHITS

VenezUalan Amba..ador U Aid Stat.. Airfo..e Aid.
Prme nts Cirdentils St.Vianent De Paul Society

Mr rain Silva Mendez, Venezuelan Ambassador AUnited States Airforce Air National Guard C-130
to Grenada presented his credentials to Governor aircraft will arrive in Grenada on July 18th with a
General Sir aul Scoon on June 30th. cargo of 45 boxes of clothing for the S Vincent De
Paul Society in Grenada.
Mr Mendez, who was born on June 30th 1939,
entered the foreign service in 1965 after graduating According to a release from the United States
in international Relations at the CentralUniversity Information Service, the boxes of clothing,
ofVenezuela. weighing 1,500 lbs, were donated by the StVincent
De Paul Society of Naples, Florida, US A.
After presenting his credentials, the Ambassador a
aid a courtesy call on then Acting Prime Minister
Mr Bea Jones.

B A From Pae 9


(5) In a letter to Prime
Minister erbert Blaize, he
"wrote maIter calculated to
ej-udice the fair trial of
ctamet 19 of 1984"
(The Bishop Mrder Trial).
Coaerna
Mr St Paul said that was of
concern to him that neither Mr
Ramsay or any of his Counsel
was in Cort and he asked Mr
Hudson-Phillips to address him
on that matter
Mr Hudso-Phillips said the
Judge ad been inquiring about
the absence of Mr Ramsay since
the hearing began three days
before and, by his absence, Mr
Ramsay had "deprived himself of
any i"dulanaes' the Judge may
hae afforded him.

"Indeed", he said, "it is clear
from the statements made in
Court by Mr Harrison that, even
if Mr Ramsay had been present,
he too would have taken the
position that he did not intend to
participate any further in the
proceedings .

Mr St Paul ruled that the cir-
cumstances constituted consent
by Mr Ramsay that the trial
would proceed in his absence.
Presenting the case for the
Prtwmru n M ur HndnoTn-Phili cf


said charges (3) and (4) would
be struck out from the Motion
(Cable to the Minister of Legal
Affairs and Publication in the
"Gleaner).
With reference to charge (1), Mr
Ramsay's alleged statements in
the High Court, Mr Hudson-
Phillips presented an affidavit by
Mr Keith Friday, Crown
Counsel, who had been present
in the Court when the statements
are said to have been made.
Pardoa
Charge (2) was supported by an
affidavit by Mr Vernon Gabriel.
Mr Gabriel was, originally, one
of the persons charged with the
murder of Maurice Bishop and
others, but he was given a
conditional pardon and gave
evidence for the Prosecution in
that Trial.
Mr Gabriel's affidavit alleges,
among other things, that Mr
Ramsay, as Counsel for the
Defence in the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial, urged the accused
men not to cooperate with the
Trial. According to Mr
Gabriel, the stamping, chanting
and clapping with which the
accused disrupted the trial, and
as a result of which they had to
be removed from the Court
Room, was done on instructions


According to Mr Gabriel, Mr
Ramsay told the accused men
that the result of their disruptive
actions would be that "the Judge
will be obliged to stop the Trial
and that wil be victory number
one".
Mr Hudson-Phillips produced
the lengthy letter Mr Ramsay
had written to Prime Minister
Blaize and said that he had not
been able to find a more serious
case of contempt than is in that
letter.
In the letter, Mr Ramsay alleges
that the Maurice Bishop Murder
Trial was then being held "in
secret". The reason he gives
for this "secrecy" is that it was
"to prevent first-hand obseva-
tion of the legal atrocities which
are now occurrg, and by the
manipulation of a tame and
accommodating Press, to muffle
and stifle the cries for redress
and constitutional rights. so that
a corrupt verdict might be
accepted insilence by anignorant
world".
Legal sources advised NEWS-
LETTER that Mr Ramsay has 14
days within which he may appeal
Mr St Pauls' judgement.
i. I* <


7'.-. .7 'I


o ol ,




I th July 1987
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cythia Hughes. Journalists
.Sf pGo.rges.. Grea-do, Westindies
o. *O 65: Po iio 1& 44 aSa: Cable. HU0S2 5Gr:d"a)


lv '1


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Full Text