The Grenada newsletter

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Title:
The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
Frequency:
twenty no. a year
semimonthly
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Grenada

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
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lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:
AA00000053:00340


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The Grenada Nesletter Saturday 21st March 1987 Page S







GOVERNMENT'S REPLY
To the Presidents of The Grenada Union of Teachers, the Public Workers Union
and The Grenada Technical & Allied Workers Union.
20th March 1987
Dear Presidents,

Your letter of 4th March 1987 was referred to the Cabinet and I am directed to
advise you on developments with regard to the Retrenchment Programme :-
(1) Government is anxious to restore viability to the public finances and, to this end, the retrenchment
would be effected over the period March to December 1987. The Government would, on th
average, be striving to achieve a monthly reduction in the payroll of approximately EC$1.26
million. As indicated in the 1987 Budget Address. the objective is to reduce the payroll b
EC$12.6 million which translates to approximately 1,800 workers on the median salary o
about EC$7.000 per annum.
(2) Asyou are aware, an invitation has been issued to all Public Workers request those interested
inretrenchmentfrom the Public Service to indicate their interest. Several officers have already
indicated theirinterestand Government is at present examining the respective applications with
view to making a selection. In this regard, it must be emphasised that not merely because
officer has signified interest in retrenchment does it mean that the officer would automatically
ge retrenchment.
(3) At present, consideration is being given to those officers who would be compulsorily retrenched
on the basis of age, redundancy, and poor performance record.
(4) Regarding retirees, the majority of these would have left the Public Service by 30th June 1987.
(5) It is, therefore, sufficient to state that the Retrenchment Programme provides retrenchment of th
following categories:-
(a) Retirees
(b) Volunteers
(c) Compulsories
(1) Age
(1) Redundancy
(III) Poor Performance
(d) Contractees
With regard to your request that the invitation issued to Public Workers to indicate their interest i
retrenchment be withdrawn, Government regrets that it cannot accede to your request.
Relative to the Committee referred to in your letter, there appears to be some misunderstanding with
regard to the Retrenchment Programme.' This Committee is to be appointed by Government forth
express purpose of assisting in the implementation of the Report of the Organisation & Method
Consultants on the Grenada Public Service.
At that time it was the intention of the Government that the Committee be also concerned with th
classification of posts in the Pubhc Service as a prerequisite to the revision of salaries. You would,
no doubt, specifically recall Government's position on this matter as reflected in the Director Gene
of Finance letter EST 105 dated 17th January 1986, the relative excerpt from which reads
follows :
"It is for the foregoing reasons that Government welcomes
your suggestion lor the establishment of a Committee to
review the classification of workers iL the Public Service.
This Committee could operate on the basis of well-prepared
job descriptions as recommended in the O & M Report. In the
light of the findings of such a Committee, recommendations
would be made for overall improvement in the Public
Service, hopefully to take effect in the course of 1986"
I am further directed to reiterate Government's concern for the social and economic implications of th
Retrenchment Programme. It should be reasonably obvious that failure to proceed with the
RetrenchmentProgramme at this time could well mean a collapse of the public finances. As recently
indicated inthe 1987 Budget Address, the Programme is being phased to take account of the opening-
up of job opportunities within the private sector. Government will arrange a programme of training
for those retrenched so as to help them to be better equipped for alternative empl oyment in the private.








Page 6 Saturday 21st March 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter

Radix Says Revolution Is Legitimate & Legal Tool
Revolution is a legitimate and legal tool, recognized by law within the doctrine of sovereign
necessity.

This opinion was expressed at a press conference on March 11th by Kendrick Radix, Political Leader of the
Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM), and he said people must keep abreast of the dynamic process
of change and have an "agenda" that is suitable for those changes.
"In Grenida, for example.", he said, "the dictatorship of Eric Gairy produced the New Jewel Movemeni
!revolution of 1979 ............."


25% TaxFROM PAGE 1
nto the "tax net" those who had been "skipping
paying tax", but the move was unsuccessful.
}"We lost", he said, "We went bust. The
;Companies profited but the Government failed
because, out of the 202 Companies which were
liable to pay the Business Levy, only 80
paid......... .
Thrie Prime Minister said the Business Levy Act had
been designed to ease the tax burden on the
Business Community. Under that system,
individual businesses paid less and Government
relied on a greater number of tax paying Companies
to provide revenue and, because of this.the 80
Compares which did pay the Business Levy paid
much less than they would have paid under the
1Company Tax Act.

IMr Blaize said this had been a "disaster" to the
public finances and it had been difficult to
understand how Companies which had beenmaking
Gross profit should show so much loss and s
eep in business.
"So this year", he said, "We brought into being a
tax which is across the board, not on net profit. not
on net results, but only 2 1/2 % on gross business
done either in sales or services".
Under this system, he said, Companies would pay
less than they paid under the Company Income Tax
Act but all Companies would pay, even those who
laim they had net loss, since they had gross profit.
hev would pay something.
Not unnaturally, we had a bawl out from them",
the Prime Minister said, "How they will suffer, how
some will have to go out of business, how labour
will have to be retrenched."
He had had a meeting with the Business
Community, he said, and he has offered to discuss
S_._._... See Pal 7


D OR DIE" FROM PAGE 3


that the Annual General Meeting was not attended
by many senior Civil Servants.

I"Maybe they find it convement to be absent", he
said, "but would want you and me to stick our
necks out so that they could benefit Those of you
who are here (at the Annual General Meeting), have
a responsibility in the weeks and months ahead of
reaching out to your co-workers and selling the idea
of the Union".

When the Union can boast of 75% support, Mr
Harford said, then the Union's demands will be
given "due consideration".
I- M


If there is democracy, Mr Radix said, in keeping
with that there are certain parameters" on that
agenda, but, where there is repression on the
agenda of repression is revolution.
Explaining his Party's poor showing in the General
Election of December 1984. the MBPM Political
Leader said that, after the United States 'invasion"
of October 1983. 5,000 MBPM supporters had
been interned and put under injunction not to take
partinany political activities.
That injunction has never been revoked, he said,
and this intimidated Party members to the extent that
they were afraid to vote, but MBPM would not let
the'injunction stop the Party from taking part in the
Elections.
,"
"This country belongs to the descendents of those
African slaves who, under the whip. under the gun
and under a most brutal system, survived nontle-
less", he said, "and no foreigners, invaders, can in
fact, ultimately tell anybody here what they will do
and what they will not do. We decided we would
participate and no body could have stopped us"
Mr Radix said Prime Mini ser Herbert Blaize has not
kept his promise to hold a public inquiry into the
events of October 19th 1983 when over 100
Grenadians are alleged to have been killed at Fort
Rupert by the Peoples Revolutionry Army.
And he did not agree with the opinion that, because
of the overlap of evidence, te Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial, which relates to events on the same
day in the same place, should be completely
disposed of before such an inquiry is held.
Safegardsi
The findings of a Commission of Inquiry, under
Grenada's laws, are not binding on anyone, he said,
they are merely the process of investigation and the
necessary safeguards can be taken to ensure that
nobody is prejudiced by the proceedings.
Mr Radix press conference was called to announce
MBPM's plans for celebration of the 8th
Anniversary of the March 13th 1979 New Jewel
Movement" Revolution.


----,,-~ .. i- it. -... .Il I1 ........
SOLIDARITY FROM PAGE 4
Public Service and the PWU is not an isolated
incident', the message said, 'but constitutes a small
part of the coordinated assault by Governments of a
significant area of the Western World to dismantle
the welfare system established before and after the
second World War

A message was received also from the Jamaica
Public Services Association.

,. - .


--









TIh Grenada Nevwletter Saturday 21st March 1987 Page 7

HIGH LEVEL MEDICAL CONFERENCE

FOR GRENADA
Ie International Society for biomedical world, but our Bourne said, that the positive
eurochemistry and the students are certain to benefit by attitude to things enables a person
American Society of Neuro- the deliberations which will take to fight a variety of diseases,
chemistry will hold a conference place." including those such as AIDS,
fin Grenada next June on the Evagelicl much more than if he or she is
relationbetweenthe human brain The Vice-Chancellor said it has depressed.
and the immune system which been demonstrated that the mind
controls resistance to disease. exerts tremendous power over "Most people, when they know
: various types of disease In they have got AIDS,", he said,
This was announced in Grenada the past, this has been shown in "just go into this terrible deep
on March 16th by Dr Geoffrey evangelical activities, and a depression. We don't have
Bourne, Vice-Chancellor of St member of St Georges Uni- enough evidence yet that a very
Georges University of Medicine versity faculty, Dr Nick Hall, has positive attitude will hold down
which will sponsor the con- been working in this field with a the disease, but though a lot of
ference. person who has a "multiple people get infected, not
Pleased personalty everybody develops th
"We are particularly pleased that disease.
these prestigious Societies have "This ia a woman in America AIDS
chosen to request our School of with some 30 different per- The Vice-Chancellor said he has
Medicine to sponsor this sonalities', he said, "and Dr Hall not yet seen the full agenda for
conference", Dr Bourne told has found that the factors in the the conference, but the subject of
NEWSLETTER in an inter- body which fight disease vary AIDS and the possible effect of
view. according to which personality is the mind on the disease is certain
in control of the person". to be discussed.
"Not only does this underline the .---. --
Sevel to which St Georges has There is a growing feeling and f
iattamnd in the international accumulating evidence Dr __
12.5% Tax From Page 6 z


with them any anomalies which might exist, but he
bad made it clear that Government has no intention
lof removing this tax because business must take its
part in producing revenue,
At the Chamber's press conference. Mr Thompson
ok issue with Mr Blaize's method of dealing with
dodging businessmen.
he Prime Minist pi~ Thompson said,
s similar to a situation in which the schoolmaster is
saying that some students are stealing sweets and
the remedy is to put the whole class into deten-
tion.
There are laws governing tax obligation and
penalties for failing to meet those obligations, he
i. The Chamber recognizes those obligations
and Governments right to impose penalties if the
responsibility is not met, but does not believe the
way to do it is "to put the whole class in deten-
tron"
Chamber President Mr Brian Pitt did not share Mr
iBlaize's sceptical view of Companies which expand
in spite of losses.

"Companies can lose money and yet expand he
aid, Grenada has gone through a situation of
economic turmoil for the last 10 years but business
ay have expanded in terms of huying property. It
s possible that, in expanding that property base,
one part of the business might be making money
whereas the rest of it might be losing."
he position in the private sector today, he said, is
fthat people who have been expanding have been
losing money in the past few years but have
borrowed on existing assets to expand with the hope
Ihat, once the economy becomes stable, they can


realise a profit.
A delegation from the Chamber had its first meeting
with Mr Blaize on March 5th to discuss this mattel
and presented, atthat time, an analysis of the effect
of the tax on a "representative sample" of IC
business concerns.
The analysis showed that the burden of taxation i.
greater in all cases under the 2.5% tax on gross
sales than under the 10% tax on gross profit. hI
showed also that. rather than easing the tax burden,
7 of the 10 business concerns examined were worse
off under the 2.5% tax on gross sales than they
were under Company Tax at 50% of net profit.
The analysis also showed, among other things, that,
under the 2.5% tax on gross sales:-
(a) The residue of gross profit made by the
importer/distributor would average 1.75%,
a figure insufficient to cover administrative
and overhead expenses.
(b) The distributor of flour (an item the price of
which is controlled by Government) will
lose money.
(c) Motor vehicle dealers will pay Government
87% of their net profits.
At the meeting, the Chamber proposed
"compromise position to Mr Blaize. Government
should return to the Business Levy on gross profit,
it said, increasing the rate to generate sufficient
revenue to take care of the short-fall.
NotAcceptble
This was not acceptable to the Prime Minister whc
said the Chamber's analysis of 10 business
concerns was based on too small a sample.
Spa Paao R


-- ~-- -









Page 8 Saturday 21st March 1987 The Grenada Newsletter
i.


.5% Tax From Pag7
According to a document published by the
Chamber, Mr Blaize said also that the analysis was
"biased" and "businessmen were deemed to be
basically dishonest"

Mr Blaize and his advisors produced their own
analysis based on a sample of 103 business
concerns, which analysis showed that some
Companies were expanding even in the face of net
losses shown in their books.
Liability
Countering the Chamber's claim that the 2.5% tax
on gross sales is more burdensome than the 10% on
Profit, Government's analysis showed that
under the former (2.5%),- the total tax liability
would is EC$6 million, while under the latter(10%)
it would be EC$8.4 million.

At press conference on March 11th, Mr Blaize said
that, in assessing the effect of the Business Levy,
Grenada's Commercial Community must consider
the effect on overall operations on each business
and not how this levy affects individual items
sold.
Mr Blaize said he had had lengthy discussions on
the Levy withthe Chamber and had invited the
Chamber to submit a document setting out the
position with specific reference to how the Levy will
affect businesses whose trading operations are
limited to, price controlled goods.
However", he said, "the Chamber must look at the
otal operations and not items of the trade. They
must prepare recommended solutions for Govern-
ent's consideration. So, when we are talking
about a Business Levy we are talking about the
whole operation of any particular business and not
just oneitem in the business"
It was pointed out to Mr Blaize that wholesalers of
flour have a particular complaint. The controlled
rice of flour permit a gross profit of 95 cents per
ag while the Business Levy would exact a tax of
$1.29 per bag at the present market price, resulting
a loss to the wholesaler of 34 cents' per
bag.

"The overall operation of any enterprise should be
considered and not specific items", the Prime
Minister said. "The person who is selling flour is
ot selling flour only and, if they stop selling flour
because of the Levy, somebody else will sell

Two days later, on March 13th. the Chamber having
(done its own analysis of Government's sample of
103 business concerns, had another meeting with
Mr Blaize. That analysis concludes that, of the 12
biggest companies viith gross trading receipts in
excess of EC$5 million per annum, 8 will be better
off under the 2.5% tax on gross sales as compared
with the 50% income tax on net profits.
i"Of the entire sample (103 companies) however",
the Chamber says, 'only 39.9% of these Companies
would be better off."
The burden of taxation would be shifted from the
larger Companies, who are best able to pay, on to
the smaller Companies who cannot afford to, the
I See Paan Q


I- -


"Although we were not
committed to meeting
any financial de-
ficiency he said, "we.
were impressed by the
desire to catch up with
their problems and to
gave them an opp-
ortunity to catch up, we
guaranteed the overdraft
to a certain limit".
That guarantee has now
been withdrawn, the
Prime Minister said,
and Grenada Airways
must stand on its own
feet. The amount ad-
vanced to GITIP by the
National Commercial
Bank is EC$1.6million
and Mr Blaize said Gov-
ernment does not accept
liability for this am-
ount.

"The airline has a Board
of Management", he
said, "and the Board is
looking to see how thev
can manage the situation
and I hope they will be
able to come up with an
answer".
Mr Blaize said Grenada
Airways. as managed
by GITIP, seems to
have foundered" and is
under investigation by
"all kinds of creditors",


tions which have be-
come more obvious
within his New Nat-
ional Party (NNP), Mr
Blaize said NNP had
the unusual situation of
having been created
only our months before
winning the last General
Elections in December
1984.

NNP was called upon,
he said, not only to
unify but to run a
Government at the same
time and the normal
problems of settling in
have been "quite evi-
dent",
'We expected there
would be differences
before the Party could
really settle", the Prime
Minister said, "but
because NNP was
operating a Govern-
ment, it was settling in
the broad view of the
entire country so that
everything that was
.done became public
property'.
Mr Blaize said he has
great hopes that, this
year, INNP will con-
solidate its position and
become a united organ-
1- -Q,


On March 10th 1942, Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt, wife
of the then President of the United States of
America, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, toured the
United States naval bases in Trinidad


Government
Not Responaible For
SGITIP Overdraft
The Grenada Govern- but other proposals
ment does not hold have been made to
itself responsible for the Government "to op-
overdraft which it rate flights from
guaranteed for Groupe Grenada under the name
International de Trans- 'Grenada Airways'".
port et Industrie Pet-
rolier(GITIP), the Com- "We are looking at
pany which operated those proposals', he
the now defunct Gre- said, but 'once bitten
nada Airways airline, twice shy', and we are
Discosed not going to jump into
This was disclosed by anything until we feel
Prime Minister Herbert sure that those people
Blaize at a press con- can actively do it, both
ference on March llth, from their capability,
and Mr Blaize said, financially, and from
before the guarantee their experience oper-
was given, the nec- nationally '
essary procedure had
been followed. Commenting on dissen-


-,-- ~


i ---









IThe Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st March 1987 Page 9


Big Break For Nutmegs
A four-man delegation from the Indonesian Nutmeg Association is now in Grenada on a visit which may|
ave far-reaching effects on the economic future of the island.

The delegation, which arrived here on Thursday 19th March will have talks with the Grenada Cooperative
Nutmeg Association (GCNA) and, at a welcoming ceremony at Point Saline International Airport, GCNA
-Manager Robin Renwick outlined the purpose of the visit.

"We have been in close contact with Indonesian Nutmeg Association over the last few months", he said,
"and we have been talking about marketing cooperation".


Mr Renwick said Indonesia and Grenada are the
inam producers of nutmegs in the world and, for
some time, efforts have been made to get these
producers together to their mutual benefit.

These efforts began in January 1979 when Mr
enwick visited Indonesia and had discussions with
the National Agency for Expor Deelopment which
is a branch of the Indonesian Government's Foreign
TradeDepartmenm.
The GCNA Manager met also with the principal
Indonesian nutmeg exporters, but. because the
export of nutmegs is not controlled by law in
Indonesa as it is in Grenada and as, at that time.
here was no association of nutmeg exporters, there
were problems to be overcome before cooperation
could be established.
Mr Renwick, with GCNA delegations, paid other
visits to Indonesia, the most recent being last
September when a Memorandum of Understanding
wa signed with the Indonesian Nutmeg Association
the terms of a Marketing Agreement were


h2m% T efrm PareI
amber says, and who may be driven out of
business.
n their meeting with the Prime Minister, Mr Blaize
ave the Chamber assurances he would consider
cases where the 2.5% tax on gross sales would
work a particular hardship, but, at the Chamber's
rss conference on March 19th, the feeling was
expressed that it is dangerous to have a tax which
an be tailored to meet particular cases.
Corruption
'If it does mean that I can negotiate my way out of
the tax" Mr Thompson told the 'press, "the
possibility for collusion and corruption must
"ollow.
r Pitt said the Chamber now awaits the Prime
sister s reaction to their latest proposals and
pes to have another meeting with him.
t'he document submitted to Mr Blaize states that,
based on the Chamber's assessment of the socio-
nconomic and political impact of the 2.5% Business
Levy on gross sales. it will be more desirable, 'at
,.his stage", to return to "a universaUly accepted
system of corporate ti\ation, at a rate'that would
bot be burdensome".
"This could be fixed between 25% and 35% of net
profits" the document says.
S -.---- --
1 ''"'' -~-- ,-:- --~..-i: a


"The terms of this Agreement were brought back by
our delegation to be discussed with our Board and
Members of our Association", he said, "and the
purpose of the visit by the Indonesian Nutmeg
Association delegation is. hopefully, to finalise this
Agreement"
Heading the delegation to Grenada is Mr Jantje
Worotitjan, President of the Indonesian Nutmeg
Association and, through an interpreter at a press
conference, he was asked why, since Mr
Renwick's first visit to Indonesia, it had taken eight
years to bring the cooperation into existence.
"It was necessary first to get the approval of the
Government", he said, 'and we wanted to be sure
we had a good foundation on which to build.
Besides Indonesia is a very big country with a lot
of nutmeg exporters. To unite these exporters is
not an easything and it took some time to get
organized Unhelled
Mr Worotitjan said his country produces some 18
thousand tons of unshelled nutmegs annually
(GCNA production in 1986 was 2.299 tons), but
this represents only 0.01% of Indonesia's econ-
omy.
Other members of the delegation are Mr Charles
Sutjijwan, Marketing Manager of the Association,
his son Johnny who is a member of the Association
and who acted as interpreter, and Mr H E Bahar,
one of the Association's Branch Chairmen.
Nutmegs are not indigenous to Grenada but, in the
I 840s were introduced as a curiosity by returning
overseers who had been seconded to sugar estates in
the Far East.
About 1i56. Far East nutmeg plantations were
severely hit by disease and, seizing the opportunity,
the Grenadian Agricultural Communty began
serious cultiv.tuion of the crop, attaining export
quantities by the 1880s.
A significant step forward in the Nutmeg Industry!
was made in I '4 7 when the Grenada Cooperative
Nutmeg Association, composed of the producers.
was established by law and given the sole right to
export nutmegs.
Exploded
This eliminated the competition which. until then,
had existed between individual nutmeg exporters, a'
competition which had been exploited by foreign
brokers to the disadvantage of the nutmeg
producers.
A source close to GCNA said the visit of thel
Indonesians is of equal importance to the Industry!
See Page 10









Page 0 Saturday 21stMarch 1987 The Grenada Newsletter


IAN

he appeal Court, on
March 14th, dismissed
he case brought by
Jamaican barrister Mr
fan Ramsay in which he
complained that his
constitutional rights
lave been violated.

he case arises out of a
charge of Contempt of
Court brought against
Mr Ramsay by Director
f Public Prosecutions
DPP), Mrs Velma
ylton Q C.
Trvet
This case, Mr
ramsay, who is ass-
ociated with the 17
evicted persons inthe
Mauric Bishop Murder
rrial, is alleged to have
referred to the trial as a
supposed trial", a "so-
:ed trial" and a
'travesty of justice".

Sis alleged also that, in
letter to the Jamaica
"Gleaner" newspaper,
r Ramsay referred to
She Grenada High Court
as a "kangaroo court"

this case first came
before Mr Justice James
Paterson on May 22nd
last year and, after a
Ieries of postpone-
mnents, was fixed for
Ceasing on September
16th. Mr Patterson
as out of the State on
at date and a new date
f September 24th was
ixed, but when he
ared in Court, Mr
ready.
said he was not

rPatterson had fixed
he new date without
ference to him, he
a'd, and the six
counsel he had engaged
tor his defence, who are
1al resident outside
enada, were unable
o atted.

I'he Judge then fixed
October 6th for the
hearing but again, on
at date, Mr Ramsay
aid his Counsel were
unable to attend.


But. two
UixHAM"W"Vn


prominent


IV *Z t'WLI~II I UCIiJ~A


IAMSAY LOSES APPEAL
ids No Violation Of Co utitutiol Rights


were in Court to apply
for an adjournment on
Mr Ramsay's behalf.


They were
Mottley Q
bados and
Thompson
Jamaica.


Mr Elliot
C of Bar-
Mr Dudley
Q C of


They told the Judge Mr
Ramsay's Counsel had
been ready to come to
Grenada for the case on
September 16th but Mr
Patterson had been
absent from Grenada on
that date.

They said that, if the
case had been called on
September 16th, Mr
Ramsay's Counsel
would have been pres-
ent and would have
been prepared to start
the case provided that
the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial had been
completed.
They told Mr Patterson
that, since the Contempt
of Court charges against
Mr Ramsay arise out of
the trial Counsel for his
defence felt strongly
that that trial should be
completed before the
Contempt charges were
heard as the Contempt
hearing might prejudice
the outcome of the trial
and they pressed the
Judge for a further
postponement.
DPP Mrs Hylton op-
posed the application.

The charge against Mr
Ramsay, she said, does
not affect only the
Maurice Bishop Murder
Trial.

"The Court should not
yield to the application
for postponement", she
said "because not just
one case is affected but
the bringing into
disrepute of the entire
administration of jus-
tice."

Mr Ramsay requested
an adjournment until
late December or early
January when. he said.


his Counsel would have
been available to att-
end. Mr Patterson did
not grant this and it was
on this basis that Mr
Ramsaycomplained that
his constitutional rights
had been violated.

According to Grenada's
Constitution, a person
charged with a criminal
offense must be per-
mitted to have for his
defence a "legal repre-
sentative of his own
choice".

Mr Ramsay charged that
because Judge Patterson
would not allow the
ca= to tand down until
his defence Counsel
were available, he had
denied him this right
and, in this connection,
Mr Ramsay brought a
case before the Appeal
Court last January.

The case was argued on
his behalf by Guyanese
Senior Counsel Mr
Clarence Hughes before
President of the Appeal
Court Mr JO F Haynes
and the other two
Justices of the Appeal
Court. Messrs Time
Kendall and Rex
McKay.
Judgement was re-
served on January 30th
and Mr Hughes was in
Court on March 14th to
receivethatjudgement.

The Appeal Court


said then that, on 6th
October last, Mt
Ramsay's Counsel had
said their preparedness
to start on 16th Octobe
had been conditional on
the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial having
been completed.
That being so, the Court
said, it was not Judge
Patterson's refusal to
grant the reueste
adjournment which ha
deprived Mr Ramsay of
the services of his
Counsel, but his
Counsel's decision not
to proceed until the Tria
had been completed.
With reference to td
Constitutional right to
have a legal
representative of hi
own choice", th
Appeal Court said th
Constitution says the
person under charge
must be permitted tc
have such a repre-
sentative but does not
say the Judge must
ensure that the person is
so represented.
Gommenry
The Appeal Court said
the statements alleged to
have been made by Mr
Ramsay indicated a
running commentary
by him, and the Justices
expressed the view that
the charges against him
should be heard with a
minimum of delay.


Nutmegs From Page 9
aas as establishment of GCNA 40 years ago.
"The hope is that the Agreement to be signed with
them (the Indonesians)will provide for a joint
Marketing Board", he said, "and then, because
Indonesia and Grenada supply virtually all the
nutmegs the world has, we shall become price
makers' instead of being as we are now. 'price
takers'


Following the pu down, ritish General Sir
Ralph Abercrombie, of a "Black-CaribFrench
insurrection in St Vincent, 5.080 "Black"-Caribs
were loaded on to ships on March 11th 1797 and
transported to the island of Ruatan in the Bay of
Honduras.


-7


*5
,,
..t









The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st March 1987 Page 11

FISCAL REFORM


Pushes Hubbards' Pr

Toppin: "Proof Of The Pudding Is In T


Figures published on March 6th
ty the public company. Jonas
Browne & Hubbard Ltd (J B &
H), show that the Company's
profit figure for 1985 has been
adjusted upwards by over 80%
ro EC$1.55 million to EC$2.7
million.
According to Mr Fred Topin,
Managing Director of J B & H9
and Chairman of the Board Of
Directors. the increased profit
results from Governments fiscal
policies introduced last year.
Favorable
"The favourable difference of
EC$1,250,000 is due to
introduction of a new fiscal
policy by Government in its 1986
Budget", he said, 'as a result of
which Company Tax was
abolished for the year of
assessment 1986 (trading year
-1985) and replaced by a Business
Levy which was about only 25%
of the Company Tax".
iCompany Tax, at 50% of net
profit, was abolished last year
,and, in the 1986 Budget. a
Business Levy of 10% of net
profits was introduced.
nthe 1987 Budget, the Business
Levy has been retained but has
been modified. Instead of being
ia tax on net profits, the Business
Community must now pay
2 1/2% of gross sales and, in an
interview with NEWSLETTER
MrToppin said he found the
tax reasonable.

"We have no quarrel with it", he
said. "As far as the two
'Companies which I represent, J
B & H and Grenada Breweries,
we have no fight with the current
tax legislation'
No Fear
The Managing Director said that.
judging by his Companies'
figures over the last 10 years, he
has no fear that the legislation
will force him into a position of
paying tax on gross sales when
his Companies have made a net
(loss.
'The trend of management over
he last 10 years, he said,
"indicates that we are able to pay
he 2 1:2 % on gross sales and
sill make a better net profit than


we made with Company Tax"
Mr Toppin said there is
dissatisfaction in some sectors of
the business Community over
the Business Levy, but be did not
think that, in most cases, that
dissatisfaction is justified.
"The two Companies I manage
are the only Public Companies in
the country", he said, "and this
means that our books are on the
table for everyone to see, Those
who complain about the Business
Levy should disclose their
figures if they want to prove that
the tax is unreasonable. The
proof of the pudding is in the
printing".
Another angle of fiscal reform
introduced in 1986 was the Value
Added Tax (VAT) which,
generally, added 20% to the sale
price of goods and services and
replaced Personal Income Tax
which was abolished.
Eflitable
Mr Toppin said VAT is a more
equitable tax than direct taxation
on personal incomes but, for the
"overnight" introduction of such
a far reaching tax, there had been
insufficient establishment of
mechanisms for administration,
control and collection. This .
he said, has nullified VAT's
positive aspects and led to much
confusion.
"As far as our business is
concerned", he said. "VAT has
meant a decrease in our share of
total value of goods sold.
Previously, every dollar sold was
ours, now we must hand over
one sixth to Government so,
naturally, our sales figures are
reducedwhen comparedwith pre-
VAT ones. but the Company Tax
concessions ........ have offset
the effect of this decrease many
times and our bottom line


ofits Up

he Printing"

position is much better"
The Managing Director said that
Government s fiscal reforms
have placed J B & H in a much
better financial position and, with
the exception of an apartment
hotel, proposals for expansion
improvements and investments
proposed last year have all been
completed.
These include renovations,
refurnishing and refurbishing of
departments, investment
Sissons Paints (Grenada) Ltd,
computerisation of the Accoun
Department and a one million
dollar plus extension of the Food
Fair supermarket.
Unjustifiable
With reference to the apartment
hotel, Mr Toppin said the high
capital cost of the project is
unjustifiable in the light of
forecasts for accommodation o
this type"
For the trading year ended 30th
September last, shareholder
have been paid a dividend of
12 1/2 %.
An Extraordinary General Meet
ing of the Company was held
March 12th and it was decided to
create, for sale to the public,!
300,000 ten percent cumulative$
preference shares of EC$10,00J
each, and offer the public
200,000 ordinary shares of
EC$10.00 at a premium of
EC$5.00 per share.
There will be an Extraordmari
General Meeting on March 26th
to confirm the Minutes of the
Extraordinary Meeting of March
12th, and the prospectus for the
new offer to the public is
expected to be out on thel
following day.
_ i .


The first (and only) General Elections for the Federation of the West
Indies was contested on 25th March 1958 by two political parties, the
West Indies Federal Labour Party (WIFLP) comprising, with the
exception of St Vincent, all the parties then in power in the respective
islands and the Democratic Labour Part (DLP).

WIFLP won 22 of the 45 seats, DLP won 20 and three Independents,
one on Barbados and two in Grenada won the other three seats.
ri I I III I II IIIIIIIIIIIIil~' ii


~--- ..




It


Page 12 Saturday 21st March 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter

New Judge For Supreme Court
Senior Magistrate St Paul To Be Elevated
Mr Lyle St Paul,49, Grenada's Bench to assist in clearing up Grenville,intheEasternDistrict.
Senor Magistrate, is to be made what is reported to be a
judge of the island's Supreme considerable back-log of cases At the-time, this transfer was
Court. awaitinghearing. seen in some quarters as a
demotion, and possible a sign of
Since the retirement of Chief Mr St Paul qualified at the Inner disfavour by the authorities, but
Justice Sir Archibald Nedd at the Temple London in 1969, Mr St Paul's selection for
end of 1985, the judiciary has returning to Grenada in 1970 appointment as a Judge discredits
been short staffed. The work when he was appointed Crown this and points instead to an
load fell on the only other judge, Counsel in the Attorney administrative arrangement to
Mr Justice James Patterson, and General's Chambers. facilitate his elevation to a higher
it was necessary to 'borrow' Mr section of the Court.
Justice Dennis Byron from the He returned to the United
East Caribbean Supreme Courtto Kingdom in 1972 for a course in Informed sources told
hear the Maurice Bishop Murder legal drafting and was made a NEWSLETTER that, before the
Trial. Magistrateinl977. end of March Mr St Paul will be
installed as a Judge of the
Judge Byron returned to Antigua Recently, Mr St Paul was Grenada Supreme Court.
afterthetrialendedlastDecember transferred from St Georges,
4th and Mr StPaul's appointment where he has been serving, to be .. ,, i ,
ends speculations as to who Magistrate in a less prestigious *'
would be appointed to the post in the island's second town, ""' '


I -mimi. ,
.,, .. .. ......."* 1 "


National Carrier

Or Not ?
Minister for Civil Aviation, Mr George McGuire,
told the Governmenm Information Service (GIS) on
March 12th that Government will no longer seek to
promote a national carrier but will encourage tour
operators to use international carriers serving
Grenada.
That information conflicts with statements made by
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize at a press conference
Ithe day before (11th),
The national carrier, Grenada Airways, which was
managed by the United States firm of Groupe
laternationale du Transport et Industrie Petrolier
KITP) under an agreement with the Grenada
Government, went out of business late last
year.
M Blaize said, at the press conference. that
Government was cautiously considering other
proposals from companies wanting to operate
Grenada Airways.
"We are Jooking at those proposals", he said. but
'once bitten twice shy', and we are not going to
jump into anything until we feel sure that those
people can actively do it, both from their capability,
financial, and from their, experience oper-
atonally
Mr McGuire told GIS that discussions have been
had with a tour company for a weekly charter flight
out of New York to Grenada and that service is
expected to start in April


Coconut GratiMn


Machine Promised


An official of a Belgian funding agency has
promised a community group of Grenadian women
a machine for grating coconuts.
The official was in Grenada early in March to
discuss a US$58,000 coconut oil project submitted
to his agency for consideration by the United
Nations Childrens' Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
The initial outline of the project was prepared bythe
Women's Affairs Division on behalf of the
community group and was developed by
UNICEF.
The coconut grating machine will put the group in a
better position to satisfy the market demand for
coconutoil.


Cari;acou Has
"Fruitful Year"

According to a report from the Agricultural
Department, Grenada's 13 square mile sister island,
Carriacou had a fruitful year in 1986 for vegetable
and root crop production.
Carriacou, with a low annual rainfall, nevertheless
increased its production of water melons from 2.000
pounds in 1985 to 8,000 in 1986. In 1986, 2,000
lbs of tomatoes were grown and the island is self-
sufficient in sweet peppers.


See Page 13


- - -- --








Theb Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 21st March 1987 Page 13
Nevs Shorts From Pane 12


llmproved methods of sweet potato production are
being introduced and Agricultural Extension
[Officers distribute seeds, free of cost, to farmers for
growing sweet peppers, tomatoes, lettuce, egg-plant
land cabbage.


Dry Season
Appeal By CWC

becausee of the particularly severe "dry season" now
'affecting Grenada, the Central Water Commission
i(CWC) has appealed to Grenadians to "end the
(luxury of taking long showers and using hoses to
sprinkle lawns and wash vehicles".
jThe St.Georges area is especially hard hit, CWC
says, and the Annandale Treatient Plant, winch
serves this area, has dropped 14.8 million gallons
between January and February. Plants at
SVendome, Mardi Gras and Mania Cannes, which
also serve St Georges, have also had a considerable
drop in their supply.

Prime Minister

says "Not TrLe"
Prme Minister Herbert Blaize has described as
"nonsense" a report alleged to be circulating in the
IBusiness Commuity that Government plans to
reintroduce school fees in secondary schools.
i!n his weekly broadcast on March 13th, Mr Blaize
Said neither the Grenada Cabinet nor the Executive
iof the New National Party had heard of such a
jplan.
The Prime Minister expressed the view that those
jwho were planting the story were trying to create an
anti-government feeling aimed at influencing the
outcome of discussions being held with reference to
the Business Levy recently imposed by
Government.


House Keys Delivered

[The National Housing Authonry began delivery of
keys, on March 20th, to persons allocated to new
houses compieted at the Corinth Housing Projectin
St Davids Parish.
This project has 20 three-bedroom wooden houses
!each with a concrete base. The first five were
Completed and occupied in 1985 and the present
delivery of keys concerns the remaining 15.
Tenants have up to 20 years to pay for the houses
and two options are available The tirst is a
payment of EC$270 per month for 20 years. The
second is to pa) EL_.$2Ot per month for the first two
years. EC.'$2oO per month for the next two years
and $2'94 per month for the remaining 16.
years.


According to the Government Information Service,
funds for this project were made available to
Government through a line of credit established by
the Venezuelan Government.
The line of credit covers a total of 55 houses, the
other 35 having been constructed in the Grand Anse
area south of St Georges.


Bonadie Talks

To SWWU

Mr Burns Bonadie, First Vice President of the
Caribbean Congress of Labour was one of the
speakers who addressed the closing ceremony on
March 20th of a five-day seminar organised for its
members by the Seamen & Waterfront Workers
Union.
Other speakers were Mr Tilman Thomas,
Parliamentary Secretary for Labour, and Mr
Charles Wood, Director in Grenada of the
American Institute For Free Labour
Development.
The seminar covered aspects of trade union
development including leadership and shop steward
activities.


Science


for Toeachiers

A one-week workshop in Science Improvisation.
organised by the Curriculum Development Unit of
the Ministry of Education, concluded in Grenada sl
sister island of Carriacou on March 20th.
The workshop was attended by primary school
teachers from throughout the State and was intended
to instruct teachers in the use of equipment for
teaching science and to develop science equipment
using local material.
Funding for the workshop was provided by the
British Development Division.


Enumerators To
Be Trained For Survey

Six enumerators are to be trained in preparation for
Government's Household Expenditure Survey!
which starts on March 30th and continues to July'
31st
The training, which begins on March 23rd will be,
conducted by Mr Vernon James Deputy Director of!
Jamica's Statistical Institute. Mr James was
selected by the United Nations Development
Programme to assist Grenada with the survey. |
See Page 14


I~anrrrovi s at;i on







Page 14 Saturday 21st March 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter
Naes Shorts From Pao 13 ... :


Nine hundred households, representative of
GrenadaCarriacou and Petit Martinique, the three
islands which comprise the State of Grenada, have
been selected for the survey which seeks to
determine the spending pattern of Grenadians.
One of the main uses of the survey's results will be
for revision of the Consumer Price Index which was
introduced in 1979.


CARIBCAN

Gives Training

Two Grenadians are attending a seminar organized
in Kingston. Jamaica, by CARIBCAN, the
Canadian Government's Caribbean aid initiative.
They are Mr Adrian Hayes, Chief Protocol Officer
in the Ministry of External Affairs and Mr Adrian
Redhead, Executive Director of the Grenada
Chamber of Industry & Commerce.
The seminar runs from March 15th to 22nd and.
according to a release from the Government
Information Service, is intended to advance
knowledge of and skills in export promotion
especially with respect to Caribbean trade with
Canada using CARIBCAN's duty-free provisions
covering many regional products.



GUT Concerned
Over Retrenchment

In a press release issued on March 17th, the
Grenada Union of Teachers (GUT) has expressed
concern over Government's Retrenchment
Programme which went into effect on March
1st.
"Government's decision to extend the so-called
'Golden Handshake' to members of the teaching
service who may opt to take it is not only baffling to
teachers who have the interest of the children and
country at heart the release says, "but makes them
woried.........
The more hard-working, experienced and
konsciencious teachers who can pick up a job for
better salary elsewhere are likely to be the ones to
accept voluntary retrenchment, therelease says, and
this will lower the quality standard of the teaching
force.


If the retrenched teachers are not to be replaced,
GUT says. the teacher-student rati will be less and
this may result in lower performances in
schools.
Retrenched teachers may not find employment
elsewhere, GUT says. "the devil finds work for idle
hands", and this unemployment is likely to add to
incidents of crime and drug abuse.
"The Grenada Union of Teachers wishes to advise
that this move is bound to lower the quality of the
teaching force", the release says, "a situation which
the system cannot afford at this time",


CARDI Reports
On 1986 Activities

At a one-day Technical Transfer Workshop held on
2nd March, officials of the Caribbean Agricultural
Research & Development Institute (CARDI) in
Grenada reported on activities of the Institute in
1986.
CARDI reported that, as a result of experiments, it
had been discovered that corn and pigeon peas,
planted in the same hole using 3 to 4 seeds of each
crop, was the best cropping system
economically.
Harvested 16 weeks after planting, sweet potato
gave the best yield, CARD said, and this crop can
give a marketable yield of over 17,000 lbs per
acre.
CARDI's analysis of production datafor agricultural
crops shows that root crop production decreased in
1984 and 1985 while the importation of white
(Irish) potato increased. In 1985, Grenada
imported over 1,000,000 lbs of white potato.
Problems identified by CARDI include poor
marketing arrangements for root crops and
vegetables, praedial larceny, no national store
facilities for corn and pigeon peas, poor quality
vegetable seeds from local seed houses and poor
tractor operations resting in inadequate and
untimely landpreparation.
Fifty -wo participants attended the workshop
coming from the Ministry of Agriculture, the
Farming Community, the Marketing & National
Importing Board and other organizations.


7I


-A/4, ^
/1fgest


Q~ (jft7


21st March 1987


Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes. Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges. Grenada, Westindies
Q!.(P.O. Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables, HUSON. Grenada)








The Grena


I I


NEWSLETTER

Volume Is Saturday 21st March 1987 Number4 1


2e.5%


Legiti


Tax May Bust


mate Business


Chamber: Businesses In Illegal "Gray Market" Will Thrive


ILegitimate Grenadian businesses may be forced out
of existence because of the 2.5 % "Business Levy"
tax on gross sales imposed by the Government of
KGrenada.
This opinion was expressed at a press conference
.called on March 19th by the Grenada Chamber of
Industry & Commerce and which was attended by
Chamber President Mr Brian Pitt and three
prominent members. Messrs Richard Menezes,
Edwin DeCaul and Geoffrey Thompson
SThompson told the press likely result of the tax
is that legitimate businesses will fail. This will
reduce Governments tax base, he said. and leave to
,ow those businesses which operate illegitimately
the "grey market", on the fringe of the tai
net.
1"These people do not normally produce proper
accounts, seldom pay correct taxes and do not
,demonstrate to any extent a 'social conscience'", he
,sai, "and with these factors, with improper
declarations for tax or customs duties, they laugh all
She way to the bank"
Policy
This issue arises from the fiscal reform policy
introduced by Mr Blaize in his budget proposes last
Tear. At that time, he announced abolition of
company tax at 50% of net profits payable by
businessmen and introduction of the (Company
ILevy
6nrat levy was at the rate of 10% on the gross profit
of businesses and there was adverse reaction. The
Commercial Community contended that a business
may be called to pay tax on a large gross profit
(when that business was actually making a
considerable net loss.
Government responded to this reaction The
Company Levy was repealed and replaced by the
Business Levy This was essentially the same tax
but with certain allowable deductions'irom the gross
profit before tax was chargeable.
!In the 1987 budget. a further amendment was made.
)The Business Levy was changed from being a 10%
a on gross profit to a 2.5 % tax on gross
sales.
Appearing on local television on March 9th, Prime
Mister Herbert Blaize explained why it had been


thought necessary to make these changes in the tax
structure.


In the first place, he said under the system of
Company Tax, some businessmen were producing
figures which showed that, while they had gross
profits, they had a net loSs and so were not liable to
pay tax.
IN THIS ISSUE
2.5% Tax Ma Bust
Legitimate usiness............ 1
Synod FailsTo Elect
New Bishop.................. 2
The Outgoing Shepherd......... 2
"Do Or Die" Situation
For Public Workers........... 3
The Unions' Letter To
Government..................... 4
Public Workers Express
Solidarity With PWU......... 4
Governments Reply............. 5
Radix Says Revolution Is
Legitimate & Legal Tool.... 6
High Level Medical
Conference For Grenada ... 7
Government Not Responsible
For GITIP Overdraft......... 8
Big Break For Nutmegs......... 9
Ramsay Loses Appeal............ 10
Fiscal Reform Pushes Up
Hubbards' Profits............. 11
New Judge For Supreme
Court---............. ....--...---. 12
News Shorts....................... 12
"The alarming thing about that was that some
of them were showing net loss for ten years in a
row", he said "and they were still existing and
some of them were expanding".
Abolished
When the 1986 Budget abolished Company Tax and
introduced a Business Levy of 10% on the gross
profits. Mr Blaize said, this was intended to bring
See Pag o


I


3


--


.J








Pge 2 Saturday 21st rh 1987 The Grenada Newletter

.SYNOD FAILS TO ELECT NEW BISHOP
S ) NEW ELECTIONS IN MAY
'he Synod of the Anglican Diocese of the Windward Islands, compi sine the islands of Grenada, St Vincent
nd S Lucia, has failed to elect a Bishop to succeed Grenadian born Sir thbrt Woodroffe who retired
rom the post on 31st December 1986.
Meeting in Grenada on March 11th, the Synod voted for two candidates put forward but, in four ballots,
either succeeded in gaining therequired two-thirds majority.
(One candidate was Guyanese born Bishop Philip E.
Elder. 62. Trained at Codrinon Collage, served next in his native St Vincent, returned tc
Barbados, Bishop Elder was ordained in 1952 Grenada in 1965 and again served in St Vincent
land served in various capaciies in Guyana from 1970 where, in 1971, he was made Dean
between 1952 and 1966. of tl Cathedral.
[In 1966, he was consecrated bishop and was the HOW TH OT LN W r T
Bishop Suffragan (Assistant) of Guvana until 1976 W T TN W NT
When he migrated to the United States of America, o Of Te
serg as Rector of St Augustine Episcopal Hnu f The Cerg
Church, Asbury Park, New Jersey. 4
Appointment BUllots l t 2d 3 i
In 1985, he accepted appointment as Archdeacon of 13
Grenadataking up that post, which he still holds, Elder 14 14 12 13
on March 7th 1985. 0


The other candidate is Vincentian Archdeacon
Hoskins Huggins,59, who was succeeded as
Archdeacon of Grenada by Bishop Elder.
Archdeacon Huggins was ordained in 1958 after
having been trained at Codrington College.
flarhados and first served in Grenada. He


THE OUTGOING
SHEPHERD
George Cutkhert Manniuj Wnndrnffe


KBE..D., M.A. Ll.D was bofii n Grenada on
May 17th 1918.
Educated between the years 1929 and 1936 at the
Grenada Boys Secondary School, on a scholarship
won from a private school, he worked in the
Government Service, after leaving school, until
1941 when he went to Codnngton College, in
Barbados, to study for Holy Orders.
Ordained a Deacon on April 4th 1944 and a Priest
on February 12th 1945, he served first in the
Anglican Cathedral in Kingstown. StVincent.
In 1947 he went to Barbados, serving inthat island
at four different churches until 1967 when he
returned to StVincent as Dean of the Cathedral
On September 29th 1969, be was ordained Bishop
rof the Windward Islands and, on February 12th
1980, was elected Archbishop of the Diocese of the
Westindies.
In 1973, he was made a Commander of the British
Empire (CBE) by the Queen and, in 1981, was
given the further honour of being made a Knight
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
i(KBE).
IHis resignation as Archbishop of the Westindies
took effect on 30th September 1986 and, as Bishop
of the Windward Islands on 31st December 1986
iBishop Woodroffe will spend his retirement in St
IVincent.......


Snuggians



i Ballots
0 Elder


"I


AI AM iL U
24 24 22 24
Elouse of The Laity


1. Z2a. 3ri 4&
13 14 13 14


,H.g.giu 13 11 12 12
tW 26 25 26 26

He returned to Grenada in 1973 as Archdeacon.
holding that post until 1984, and is serving now in
StCroix, United States Virgin Islands.
The Synod called to elect the new Bishop was made
up of two Houses", one of the clergy and one of
tle faity. Each "House" was composed of 27
delegates and, for election, the candidates were
required to get a two-thirds majority in each
"House". .
There were spoilt votes bythe Clergy in each ballot.
Bishop Elder received more votes from this
"House" in each of the ballots than did Archdeacon
Huggins but, even if the spoilt had been cast for
him, there would have been insufficient to give
him the necessary two-thirds majority from thai
"House".
There were spoilt votes also by the laity and these,
too, were insufficient to influence the outcome
With the exception of the first ballot when the
candidates received an equal number of votes from
the laity, Bishop Elder received a higher number
of votes from that "House" than did
Archdeacon Huggins.
With the failure to elect a successor to Sir Cuthbert,
the Synoddecided to postpone the election, and a
source close to the Synod told NEWSLETTER the
next meeting will take place in St Lucia on 11th anc
12th May.


Cm f Cthft aan rnrefs


--


-


p... .. 1 r,;7-- r = -i.= --.- -.- --..-. .- ..."--.. -. .1 I








The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 21st March 1987 Page 3


DO OR DIE SITUATION

FOR PUBLIC WORKERS
PWU PRESIDENT PLEADS FOR UNITY


Government employees in Grenada are in a "do or
die "situation, the past year for the Public Workers
Union (PWU) has been 'trying and testing' and the
very existence of PWU is threatened.
fThese sentiments were expressed by PWU
President Basil Harford at the Union's Annual
General Meeting on March 21st as he brought
members up-to-date on negotiations PWU, together
with the Grenada Union of Teachers (GUT) and the
Technical & Allied Workers Union (TAWU), has
had with Government over a new Industrial
Agreement.
"Throughout these discussions", he said.
"Government has adopted a take it orleave it attitude
by fixing the quantum it is prepared to pay out to
,meet te Unions' demands and offering no
movementin that m after, even when the Unions had
made considerable compromise in the presence of
the Minister of Labour.'
Inflexible
Mr Harford said Government refused to recognize
the conciliatory efforts of Dr Francis AfexiL,
Minister For Labourl and continued to maintain an
inflexible position.
he negotiations with Government arise from the
eed to have a new Industrial Agreement to replace
the Agreement which expired at the end of
J1983.
The Interim Government which was appointed after
the military intervention of October 1983, gave a
12 5 % interim increase in 1984, and, alter election
of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize's New National
arty at the end of that year, negotiations began with
PWU, GUT and TAWU, the three unions which
represent Government employees.
he Union's original proposals were for a 30%
cross the board increase for 1985 and a 30%
"weighted" increase for 1986, that increase giving
he lower salary ranges a bigger percentage increase
tan salaries i the upper brackets.
Government has rejected consideration for any
increasess in 1985 and has fixed a ceiling of EC$3
Million on the cost of increases in 1986. Further
until the present negotiations have been finalised.
IGovernment refuses to consider the Unions'
xoo8sals for wage increases over the period 1987
o 1890
Retrenchment
Those proposals are for cumulative average
increase of 45% over the period. Government
says however, that it cannot sustain the present
1evel of the payroll and, commencing March 1st
1987. has instituted a system of retrenchment.
hat system is based on recommendations in the
report of a team of British consultants who were
,commissioned to examine the Public Service. Mr
Hartord said this was done with no reference to the
tUnions and the Unions had had to "beg" for a copy
of the report and for an opportunity to make an
nimput into the study of the report._


"That was over a year ago", he said, "To date, the
Union has not been invited to present its points of
view on the recommendations. Meanwhile,
Government has started to implement the
recommendations (and) the latest position on the
matter is that we have been advised that some 1,8001
Public Workers are to be retrenched by the end of
this year."
Mr Harford said Government has been asked to
delay implementation of retrenchment until ful
details of the retrenchment plans have been
publicised but, under date of 20th March, the
Cabinet Secretary has advised this is not
possible.
"What is very clear for all to see", the President
said. "is that we, as workers in the Public Service
are treated by our employer with the scantest of
courtesy."
The mutual respect which should exist between
labour and employer is quickly being frustrated, he
said. The dialogue which should attend the
emplover.'employee relationship no longer seems to
exist and the effect of all ot this is a "total collapse
of the Public Service"
Stance
"I am one who always will seize the opportunity to
encourage and impress upon workers the need to
produce to the fullest capacity", Mr Harford said,
"but, on this occasion I must admit that, given the
present stance of the employer in its dealings with
us, I cannot make that calf .
It is of paramount importance, he said, that the
Union, which is best placed to fight the cause of the
worker, should be preserved and that there should
be a striving after unity. This is the duty of every
Public Worker, he said, and he pointed to the fact


The Grneda

NEWSLETTER
Founded 17th August 1973
353rd Issue
COLUMBIA UIVERSTrrY
MARIA MOORS CABOT AVARD 1984

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tPage 4 Saturday 21st Mdarc







THE UNIOI
TO OOVE

We are directed by the Executives of the three uni
Union and the Technical & Allied Workers Uniox
January 1987 regarding the retrenchmet issue.
We wish to point out that although Governm ent ag
three representatives from the Unions repres
Organisation & Methods Report before impfeme
completely abandoned.
It appears also that retrenchment is being under
Marwick Consultants. The Unions are concern
willingness to be retrenched before they are fu
In light of the foregoing, the Unions concerned ar
to indicate their interest in retrenchment be with
available and adequate time be given for study
Further, the Unions recommend that the proceed
means of dealing with the issue of streamline
Finally, the Unions wish to state that this massive
have serious social and economic repercussion

CIVIL SERVANTS EXPRESS
Associations of Public Servants in countries of the
Caribbean Community(CARICOM) have expressed
solidarity with the Grenada Public Workers Union
(PWU) in its struggle with the Grenada Government
for a new Industrial Agreement.
That solidarity was expressed by Mr David L
DeMarque, President of the Caribbeang Public
Service Association as he delivered the feature
address to the Annual General Meeting of the PWU
on March 21st,
Mr DeMargue, who is also President of the St Lucia
Civil Service Association, referred to the lack of
consultation between Government and PWD over
recommendations madeby British Consultants, Peat
Marwick Mitchell & Co, for reorganization of the
IPublic Service.
"The unions representing Public Sector workers
need to assert their influence as organized bodies to
participate in poli c- decisions that affect the Public
Services", he said, 'and I note the utter disregard
the Grenada Government actually paid to the PW U
when Peat Marwick Mitchell & Co- were invited to
recommend on the streamlining of the Public
Service"
The value of propaganda should not be overlooked.
he said, but, "at the end of the day", it is "nulitant
action" which will make the employer understand
land see reason.
Just as the employer woos the public by


1987


The Grenada Nevsletter


E











(
I
I


L~ _


REN

NS' LETTER
RNMENT
4th March 1987
ons. Grenada Union of Teachers, Public Workers
to acknowledge receipt of your letter dated 29th

reed to the appointment of a Committee including
enting Government employees to peruse the
station, it appears that this agreement has been

ken contrary to the recommendations of the Peat
I too that workers are being asked to indicate their
rnished with the full details of the package.
e requesting the invitation letter to Public Officers
arawn until such time as the full package is made

ures laid down in the Report be considered as a
ig the Service.
retrenchment, as proposed by Government, could
i.

S SOLIDARITY WITH PWU

propaganda, to turn the public against the union. Mr
DeMarque said, one weapon that has proven to be
effective is "militant action".
'When the public is deprived of the services they are
accustomed to, they will turn against the
Governm ent he said, "but in employng militant
action, we have to weigh the pros and cons. we
have to assess the balance of forces, and how many
of our members are prepared to stand for the
action",
The St Vincent Civil Servants Association, in a
message read to the Annual General Meeting,
expressed solidarity with PWU and said they shared
the union's problems.
"We must resist with all democratic forces at ouI
disposal the economic take-over being planned byj
theAmericans and Britishimperialists", themessage
said.
The "intransigent stand" taken by the Grenada
Government is deplored and denounced by the
Antigua Public Service Union in their message to
the Annual General Meeting while, in its message,
the Public Services Association of Trinidad &
Tobago said it is fully aware of the"deadlv threat"
posed .to the livelihood of Grenada Public Servants
by Government's d retrenchment.
"The brutal and insensitive action about to be
taken by the Government against the Grenada
See Pase 6


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