The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
System ID:

Full Text


For The Week Ending 29th June 1 98S
1th Year of P.:blication -------- 318th Issue
Volume 13 Numbr 7:

The "Maurice Bishop" murder trial has been adjourned again, this
time to Thursday August 8th.,1985.. The adjournment took place on
June 27th and Chief Justice, Sir Archibald Nedd, has warned there
will be no more after that date.

"This. is the last adjournnt, this Court will allow,;: he said. "If
anyone ,is ill or without counsel on that date, we shall? roceed"
without them. This case will start on August 8th, God willing"

Nineteen persons, including Dep uty Prime MiTisit4Ir'in the Peop es
Revolutionary Government, Bernard Coard, ind'his Jamai'can wife
Phyllis, are accused of killing Prime Minister Maurice Bish6o and 10
others in an incident on 39th October 1983 at'the headquarters of
z- Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA).

After several previous adjourniants for a variety of rW'*sois -
June 27th was fixed by,Sir Archibald for hearings to open L fore him
However,:-leader of the Defence Team, Jamaican barriste r Mr HWard
Iamilton, QC.,, told the Court certain "administrative arrangements
had not been cotai.-tted. .

Because 17 of the accused .re unable finant.ially to employ course'
the Court has assigned 8 Jamaican barristers tod defend them, and a-.
informed source said the "administrative arrangements" relate to
payment of the Defence Team's "brief fee" of EC$300,bOO;.

The source said this sum had not yet been paid by the Grenad;: Tik'-
sury and this must be done before the Team can' be "properly briefed"
Sto undertake the defence continued -

SFOUN1)n IT17t f.
IIIIIII *-** : =


Page 2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Wrok Enrin. '29/6/B5

Another reason for the adjournment is that the CoaXds wish to make
their own arrangements for their defence and have n9t y t complex*
ted arrangements with Jamaican barrister Mr, an Ramsey.

Mrs Velma Hylton, Grenada's Jamaican born Acting DiDrector of Pub-
lic. Prosecutions, objected to any adjournment beyond Morday July
1st& The Prosecution has been ready to proceed since the acc-
used were committed to trial last .,Jgust, she said, but she
thought it better to start the case On a Monday and would not ob-
ject to an adjournment until Monday July 1st.

The Chief Justice, first of C ...
S' blication Information
all, fixed the adjournment
for Thursday August 8th, ;The last issue of NEWSLETTER was
but Mr Hamilton asked for for the week ending 18th May 1985
more time as, to date, the tiShobtl1 after that date, it be- t;
"administrative arrange- lcaime necessary for 'the Editors to
ments'i had not been complet- Igo to Canada for medical reasons. U
ed and, additionally, the te are pleased to advise t-ha the't
are certain matters in Ja visit s a complete success.
maica he would like to fin-
a i. -We apologise that some six weeks
alise before the case sta- 1 wee
ltSi e vhave passed since the last ub-
S['llication but as explains thit
Sir Archibal; then fixed the resulted from circumstances be-
Sdate for Monday August 12th, 4lyon. our control. [l
bI t Mrs Hylton pointed ,ou.t :. ,C. .. '' ...... .. ..
that that day is Carnival Monday in Grenada.

"have had enough of this", the Chief Justice said. 6e will
go back to t.e original date of August 8th.

Leader of the prosecuting team is Trinidzdian barrister Mr "~rl
SHudson Phillips Q.C., but he was not in Court on June 27th. He
iwas in St Vincent appearing in the Courts there. In addition
jto Mrs Hylton, ot' -"r members of the prosecuting team are Cre-
inadian barrister M: Keith Friday, Mrs Hy.ton's Junior, Guyanese
barrister Mr, DoodnaP-t SinIh and his Juiior, Grenadian barrister
Miss Denise Campbell, Grenadian barrislr Mr Michael Andrews and
Mr Hudson Phillipst Junior, Mr Ulric Dougan.

1In addition to Mr Hamilton, members of the defence team are Miss
iNorma Linton, Mr Arnold J Nicholson, Mr Earl Witter, Mr Glen
iCruickshank, M'r D ntLno Lrmrison, yi Maurice Fr.ankon and Miss
IJacqueline Samuels-Brown.

iOnly Messrs Harrison and Witter and Miss Samuels-Brown cf the
idefe:ce tear were in Courx- on June 27th.

i ,


Week Ending 29/6/85 THE GRENADA NL. STTTLR Page 3


Leader of the Defence team in the "Iiaurice Bishop" murder trial, Jamaican
Barrister Mr. Howard Hamilton Q.C., told Chief Justice Sir Archibald Nedd
in the High Court on June 27th that he was "horrified" to see the -eterior
ation in the health.of his clients in the period between last February and

Nineteen persons are charged with the murder.of Prime Minister Maurice Bis-I,
op and 10 others and Mr. Hamilton said they are being held at Richmond Hill
Prison in conditions which violate the Prison rules.

"The one common denominator in every complaint the prisoners have is Com-
missioner of Prisons Lionel Malon-ey", he said, "and, with will in
the world, if these unsatisfactory conditions continue the ability of the
defendants to stand up'in a trial will be suspect". :..,,

Medical attention for the accused is inadequate, Mr. Hamilton:isaid, and he
name three accused who, he said, need urgent medical attention.

Andy Mitchell, he charged, has a blood clot in his head as a result of hav-
ing been beaten by members of the Defence Force, and Fabian Gabriel is suf
fering from kidney stones. The third named is Phyllis Coard, wife of an-
other accused, Bernard Coard, Deputy Prime Minister in the Peoples Revolu-
tionary Government.

According to Mr. Hamilton, Phyllis Coard has a family history of cancer an.
it is suspected she may be suffering from this.

Mr. Hamilton compllained also that letters written by the accused since 1984
and "well into 1985" had got no further than the Commi.-ioner's office.

"It was discovered, quite by chance, that Commissioner Maloney had decreed
that the accused must supply the stamps for the letters", he said, "but,
Since the accused are not allowed to have monr-r, there was no way they could!
comply with this even if they had been told".

He complained also -itat the accused are allowed only one hour of exercise
per day but he was challenged on this by Mrs. Velma Hylton, Grenada's Act-
ing Director of Public Prosecutions. She told the Court she had interview
ed a senior Prison Officer and had been told the accused are allowed out
of their cells every day from 6.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.

SMr. Hamilton said, however, that he has in his possession an order dated
30th May 1'I ', signed by Commissioner Maloney, which states there was to
Sone hour of exercise allowed per day and not more than 5 of the accused are
to be let out at a time.

!Other ccrnpliints by Mr. Hamilton and other Defence Counsel relate to food,
visits by relatives, allowing the accused pen and paper to mako notes for
their counsel, punishment to all the accused fr offences committed by some,

Page 4 T.L GGLiADA INEWSL.-TT'R 'a-eEk Ending 29/6/85

and the withholding of medication prescribed by the doctor.

Sir Archibald Nedd said he did not see the use of relating these com-
plaints to him as the Court could take no action unless these matters are
presented in the form of an affidavit.

S"What do you exp:).ct me to do?" he asked, "This is not my business, it is
a matter for the Administration. The Commissioner of Prisons cannot reply
to these allegations. All that is being said is merely to give copy to
the press".

The Defence continued -to urge, however, that the office of the Chief Just-
ice could have some effect in relieving the situation and they urged Sir
I'ohibald to take action in view of the "urgency" .of the situation.

"Urgency cannot permit the Court to act on an improperly brought matter",,
the Chief Justice said. "These are matters for the Administration. I
shall act only on an affidavit or on receipt of a dopy of a letter address-
ed to the Administration setting out the :cmplaints"*


Grenada is to raise at the upcoming 6th Conference of Heads of Govern-
ment of the Caril bean Community (CArICCn) the sore question of visa re-
strictions'd1 on Grenadians by the Governments of Jemaica and of Tr'i-
nidndI & Tobago.

This was disclosed on June 28th by a source close to the Grenada Government
and t'e source said Government will stress the hardships these restrict-
ions impose on Grc 'ndians especially with reference to Trinidad & Tobago.

Visa restrictions were brought into force follow. ng the events of Oct ber
1983 when, after the assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and
Sthe murder of scores of Grenadians by the Peoples Revolutionary Army (lRA),
I United States and -Cari; Peacekeeping Forces mounted a "rescue mission"
to the island.

It is reported that, with the defeat of the P~., by these forces, Trinidad
& Tobago and Jamaica instituted visa restrictions as a precaution against
PRA elements filtering into those countries.

'hih their or not there were grounds then for precaution, the source said,the
Grenada Government feels there is no reason now to continue to impose this
Burden on Grenadians.

jThe CARICOM 4-day ,conference opens in Barbados on July 1st and Pr-'me Minis-
ter Herbert Blaizc, who is to chair the conference, left for Barbados on
'une 26'h to deal with pre-co.ference matters and prepare for the extensive


V'ek Endinrg E9/o,,6/35 THE GGRLC~ JE.SLETTER Page 1

Listed for attention of the Conference is a discussion on the regional econ
omy which will include consideration of a progress report on decisions tak-
en at the 5th Conference held in Nassau last July.

There will be discussions also on matters relating to agriculture, includ-
ing intrargilonal trade in sugar, and marketing arrangements for primary
agricultural products and livestock.

The 3'eSt indies Shipping Company will also have the attention of the Confer
ence and a decision is to be reached on the proposal that the Bahamas be
accepted as a member of the C~1mpny. i

The Heads of Government will give their attention to political development-
within CARICOC'i, will exchange views on the international situation and will
consider a Commonwealth Study on the security of small states.

There will also be consideration of relations between the community and sev-
eral countries and organizations. These include Canada, The European
Economic Community, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Surinam, Mexico and oth-
er Latin A!rirican countries and institutions.

The Conference will also'review pr-.idert Reagan's Caribbean Basin Initia-
tive, and this review is likely to include the "Twin plant" proposal of
Pu:rto Rico's Governor Raphasl Hernandes Colon.

In an interview in Grenada last Aoril, Mr. Hernandes Colon said, because of
proposed tax revision in the United States, Puerto Rico is in danger of los-
ing the advanta'- of Section 936 of the United States Tax Laws.

Undir that Section, companies investing in puerto Rico are-exempt from
F- eral Income Tax and, in return, reinvest a percentage of their profits
in Puerto Rice.

The Governor's proposal is that the provisions of Section 936 be extended
to CA:ICCOM countries, c.(rmpani-s already established in Fuerto Rico now set-
ting up "Twin Plants" in CARICI-OM.

"This will support President Reagan's Caribbean Basin Initiative", the Gov-
ernor said, "and that mny p..r uado the Treasury to drop the proposal to do
away with Section 936."

A major task of the Barbados Conference will be to address itself to severe.
problems which have arisen relative to trade between the more developed
CARIC-OM countries. These problems have, in some cases, resulted in straj
ed relations and the Conference is expected to provide the cppcrtunity to
' mend fences" and restore regional harmony.

| a .1

page 6 TH:Lib.LADA NlESL.JdTTgR


-'r. phlIbert, who was Acting Labour Commissioner in the regime of the Peoples
evolutionary Covernment (PRG), was arrested on April 25th and, the following
Sdaj, ,.as charged on four counts before Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul i
con inued -

jkj drdin_ 2?/6/85


The Maurice Bisliip patriotic Movement (MB;P;) charged on lay 22ni there is
"creeping state terrorism" and a denial of human rights and democratic free-
doms under the New National party Government of prime Minister Herbert

In an interview, Mr. Einstein Louison, M3PM executive member, told NEWSTETTER
ais passport had been seized by the Imnigrntion Authorities when he attempted
to leave the country on May 21st through Point Saline International airport,

"I travelled to Barbados and Guyana in February this year", he said, "and
'here was no trouble of this kind".

Mr. Louison said, since the military intervention in October 1983, he has
not been out of the Carilbean but has had no problem going to Cuba more than
once to visit his Cuban-born wife.

"The ticket I had to travel yesterday said very clearly that I was going to
the German Democratic Republic (East Germany)"; he said. "There was no
secrecy about it and, every time I have been to Cuba I told them because my
wife is in that country .and she is not allowed to come to Grenada".

Mr. Louison, a Major in the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) and a member of
the Peoples Revolutionary Government, said all his efforts to ge,. permission
for his wife to -ome to Grnada .have been fruitless,

A MEEM press release brands seizure of Mr. Louison's passport as "petty and
spiteful", and ays. his Cuban wife was illegally deported from Grenada "by
the United States,".

Mr. Louison's rigat to personal liberty, protection from slavery and his
right to travel outside Grenada have '"een violated, the release says, and
the refusal of the authorities to explain the s- izure of his passZor' is
''high-handed" and deprives Louison of protection under Grenada's laws.

Mr. Louisor was Chief of Staff of the PRA and, :n March 1983, attended a
meeting in Moscow with Marshall N.V. Ogarkov, Chief of Staff of Soviet

Mr. Louison was then attending a military college in Moscow from which he
graduated on May 10th 1983.


The case against Senator Franklyn philbert, 52, of "stealing by reason of
his employment" has been adjourned until July 15th.

Week Ending 29/6/-5 T'E GR'D.r: _.LETTER Page 7

The case was first fixedl for hearing on Miy 21st but, on that day, Crown
Counsel Miss Terese Sylvester said she was not ready proceed. Miss
Sylvester said the case had been her only that day and she had
not had time to look at it.

"I don't know what to say", Magistrate St. Paul commented, "nearly a month
ago this matter was set down for hearing today and only today you have beer
handed the case. I want someone to hold me and tell me what is going on
in this country".

Mr. St. Paul said the police had told him on April 26th that May 21st was
the day for the hearing of this case "come hell or high water".

"Hell and high water have oome", the Magistrate said, "and a postponement
is being asked for".

He granted a postpcnement until June 24 and, after some evidence had been
taken on that day, the case was adjourned to July 15th.

Mr. philbert is being represented by Barrister Fennis Augustine who was
Grenida's High Commissioner to London during the regime of the PRG.

The accused man, who was originally associated with Sir Eric Gairy and the
Grenada United Labour Party, is a foundation member of the Grenada Demo-
cratic Labour Party recently founded by Mr. Marcel Peters who ;as also ori-
ginally associated with Sir Eric and his party,

Mr. Peters, as Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives,
appointed Mr. Philbert to be a Senator but, by notice r .blished in the
Government Gazette of June 21s-, that appointment has been revoked by Gov-
ernor General Sir Paul Scoor on advice of Mr. Peters.

The charge against Mr. Philbert carries a maxi-um penalty of 7 years im-
prisonment; he is now on bail for the sum o. EC$6,000.00


Dr. Francis Alexis, Minister f:-r Labour ?nd Social Services, disclosed on
May 27th that Grenada's National Insurance Scheme (NIS) is to be amended.

The Minister, addressing the opening session of an International Labour
Organisation (ILO) sponsored tripartite seminar on Industrial Relat ons,
said he is pleased the suggested amendment came from the employers re-
presentative on the NIS Board of Management.

"That speaks books for the way tripartism is working in this country", he
said. "The fact that the person who took time off to come to me with this
matter is not a representative of the workers or of Government but a re-
-res(-.tative of the employers, is si nificant,".

__~~ ~~__ sr

rT e 8 T_ ~-:'rJL;.LA NEUSLETTER Week Ending 29/6/85

Explaining the amendment, Dr. Alexis said when the peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRI) introduced the NIS Law in 1983, the Provident Fund Pension
for agricultural workers was absolved. The effect is that, when NIS came
into operation, agricultural workers could no longer claim the pension to
which they had been contributing for years.

And, if those workers had reached the age of 60 before NIS came into opera-
tion, the Minister said, they were not entitled to any insurance at all.

His Ministry has put proposals to Cabinet for amending the NIS Law, Dr.
Alexis said, so tht these agricultural workers will be entitled to Nation-
al Insurance even though they are 60 years old or over.

'If I were speaking as a politician on the political rostrum", he said, "I
might have reminded you that those who have done this were the first to talk
so much about the interests of the workers and, here we have it, the brunt
of the work force in the country being put through that kind of sorrow".

But he was not engaged in a political campaign, he said, so he should.not
trouble his listeners with that subject.


Mr. George Brizan, Minister for Agriculture and Tourism in the Grenada Gov-
ernment, left the island on June 19th for a visit to the United Kingdom on
the invitation of the British Government. In an interview with ?EVLJSLETTER
Mr. Brizan said he would be away for one week and he outlined the purpose of
the visit.

"I will be given an opportunity to look at the organiestion and management
of British agriculture", he said, "and will visit the Annual Royal Agricul-
tural Show. I shall also take the opportunity to examine the operations of
Geest Industries Ltd., the United Kingdom.buyers of the Windward Islands
banana crop".

The Minister said the quality of Grenada's bananas is below acceptable stand-
ards and he expected his visit to the Geest pl-.nt will be useful in high-
lighting the problem at the marketing end.

"It is one thing to read a book or get it from another man's mouth", he said,
"but it is another thing to see it and then you know exactly what has to be

The Minister said, during his visit, he will look at the commodities market.
He will have an opportunity to study the mechanisms of that market, the meth-
ods of handling products such as Grenada's cocoa and he will be able to talk
Sto the people involved.




"I am .also scheduled to visit the Organisation of Development Assistance
Office", Mr. Brizan said, "this organisation of the British Government fin-
ances development projects and I shall try particularly to get them to be
interested in financing the resuscitation of Grenada's livestock industry",

The livestock industry in the island has been on the demise for three de-
cades, he said, and its resusitation will be of great benefit to Grenadiane


Because they hid a rough time under the Peoples Revolutionary- Government
(PRG), some Grenadian employers may feel that, now that the PRG is no long-
er in power, they can "flex their muscles".

Minister of Labour, Dr. Francis Alexis, expressed this opinion on May 18th
as he addressed the opening session of an International Labour Orgaiisationr
(ILO) sponsored week-long, tripartite seminar on industrial relations.

Dr. Alexis referred specifically to severance pay and said, in the few
months since he has been in office, he has been faced with several instance
of workers laid off and not given severance pay.

"Government is clear in its mind that severance pay is not a i.atter for thn
generosity or mood of the employer", he said. "If there are some employ-
ers who will not voluntarily come up with severance pay, I will have a clea.
duty to go to Government with proposals to deal with the situation".

Referring to the subject of "unfair dismissal", Dr.
p-"mised to help Grenads to draw up a Labour Code.
formulated soon, he said, there will be no need for
legislation to deal with unfair dismissal, but this
Government considerable concern.

Alexis said ILO has
If this Code can be
Government to enact
subject is one causing

"An employer may think it is not Government's business if he choses to dis-
miss a worker for '-. reason or no reason at all", Dr. Alexis said, "but,
when workers are under the shadow of unfair dismissal, they are not content-i
ed and there is the potential for some people in the community to rant and
rave about Government ganging up with captains of industry".

The Minister said it is difficult sometimes to answer the question as to
whether a person should not be working or be receiving wages which are too
low. There are harsh realities to be faced, he said, but Government io
aware that too low wages in any sector can provide opportunities for ''those
who would undo the democratic system we are committed to building". His
SMinistry, he said, will produce a minimumu mvage packet".

W"orkcrs, too, have their responsibilities, Dr. Alexis said, and when he
vis;is some work places in his private capacity, he is amazed at the degree

__________ ___________________________

WeLk Ending 29/6~/.5

Page 10 T: GF.. DL.'. NR Week Ending 29/6/85

to which these responsibilities are not being met.

He recounted a recent experience in which he had accompanied a distinguish-
ed former Judge to an hotel in Grenada where the Judge was to be booked in.

"The lady at the desk behaved as though we were encroaching on her privacy",
he said, "'as though we were a nuisance".

Receptionists at hotels are more than ordinary workers, the Minister said.
They are ambassadors because "first impressions count and they last long".

The same is true of taximen, he said, and he is embarrassed to see the squat
ble and fighting which goes on when tourist ships are in;

t"Cabinet has discussed this matter". he said, "and we are embarrassed. It
is demeaning. A look at the figures shows that tourists are being advised
iot to come to Grenada because they have to run th`e gauntlet between the
pier and where the taxis are parked".

Dr. Alexis described the behaviour of the taximen as a "sickening sight" not
seen anywhere else in the Caribbean, and he aipetled to a sense of responsi-
bility to correct it.

The Minister dealt also with the subjects of productivity, punctuality, hon-
esty and the work ethic.

"I am told that the reason Japanese cars do so well on the world market is
that Japanese workers have an almost spiritual work ethic", he said. "They
work motivated by a nationalism and pride which is secor. to none and which
puts the British, French and, maybe, Trinidadian workers, in the shade in
ass aibling cars".

Cultures vary, Dr. Alexis said, and 'e would be wrong to say we must do
I things the Japanese way, but he believes Grenalians should look at .nd im-
prove the attitudes they display on the job.

Lecturers at this ILC seminar included Mr. George de Peana, ILO Aivisor on
lWorker Education and ir. Norman E. !emple, ILO Regional Advisor.


SDr. Oliver J.C. Francis, Caribbean Director of the International Labour Or-
i.ani-ation (ILO), told an ILO sponsored seminar here on May 28th that two
|features distinguish ILO from other international organizations and special-I
iised agencies of the United Nations.

First he said, are the subjects with which ILO deals.


Week Ending 29/6/3. THI! ~RL.';. K jIELETTER page 11

"Whereas the other organis.tions deal with physical, mechanical, agriculture
al and other material aspects", he said, "ILO deals wi::h social type sub-

As examples, Dr. Francis cited the ILO fields of vocational training, co-
operatives and social security, and in connection with the last mentioned,
he said ILO has been connected with development of the National Security
Scheme in every Caribbean country.

"The other thing which makes ILO different", the Director said, "is the
principle of tripartism which is enshrined in the constitution of the or-

Dr. Francis said this principle is given practical application in that the
ILO governing body has a tripartite structure, the Annual ILO Conference is
similarly arr-rirged, as are the r.rgarnis:tion's committees and even some pro-
jects in the field are executed on a tripartite basis.

"We can say there is no other organisation which insists upon representa-
tion of Government, Employers and Workers at the highest level", he said,
"even in its go'.,rriin body".

The tripartite principle is considered to be of such importance, he said,
that, on occasions, when members of the Orgnisation cannot abide by the
principle, they leave.

The Director noted with pleasure the mirroring of the tripartite principle
in the volunt-.iry manner in which Government, Employers and Workers in Gre-
nada agreed to: participate in the seminar which is devoted to industrial

'"a trust that the spirit which moved you to accept to meet together to dis-
cuss will continue to flow throughout th. proceedings", he said, "and that
you will derive much benefit which will enable all three parties live in
a climate of even greater harmony than before the seminar was held".


Two members of a four-man team from the British Management Consultancy firr
of peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co. arrived in Grenada late in May to begin a
three-month study of the island's civil service.

IThis study which is funded by the British Government, is taking place at t.-
request if the Grenada Government.


Tage 12 TE C ',.D,. iLISLETiTER Week Ending 29/6/85

Grenada's sister isl:.nd of Carriacou is to have a digital dialing telephone
system by ,\uF-st.

This was announced by Dr. Keith Mitchell, Minister of Communications &
works at a ground breaking ceremony in Carriacou on May 19th.

Dr. Francis Alexis, Minister of Labouir left Grenada early in June to attend
the 71st Annual Conference of the International Labour C'rgnisation in Gen-
eva, Switzerland.

iso attending this month-long Conference are Mr. Percival Louison, Labour
Ccamissioner, Mr. Basil Harford, President of the Grenada Trade Union Coun-
cil and Mrs. Angela Smitfh, Director of the Grenada Employers Federation4

Sir Eric Gairy, political Leader of the Grenada United Labour Partj, on June
3rd, presented to the United States embassy"'a petition requesting President
Ri-agan to permit United States troops to stay on in Grenada.

Sir Eric said 22,006 persons had signed the petition.

The Crganisation of East Caribbean States (OECS) held a two day meeting in
Grenada on June 13th and 14th under the Cih-irmanship of prime Minister Her-
bert Blaize.

Main items on the ....1 unda included Institutional and Related Matters, Joint
Overseas Representation, the Supreme Court, Revir-" of United Kingdom 'id
Policy to OECS Countries, Civil Aviation, Report ;n Developments Relating
to Fisheries, United States Agency for International Development Proposal on
Regional pharmaceuticals Supply Mano.hment project and Matters referred to the
.Economic Affairs Committe~.

The United States flag was ceremoniously lowered at the Grenada Beach Hotel,
the Headquarters of the United States. Force:Cs in Grenada, on June 10th.

On June 11th, this flag was presented to Commissioner of Police Russel Toppin
jby Commander of the U.S. Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Earl Horan. The pre-
sentatio4 was part of a imnple farewell ceremony at point Saline Airport be-
fore the 67 remaining U.S. servicemen on the island left.

United States Forces have been in Grenada since October 25th 1983 when a mil-
.ry intervention was undertaken follnoing the assassination of Prime

Week Ending 29/6/85 THE l D.Lir. IIE;SLETTER Page 13

Minister Maurice Bishop and the murd.:r of scores of Grc-radinrip by thfe"peo-
ples Revolutionary Army.


The United States ,:.ency for International Development (USAID) has rppFroved
funding for 21 small projects in Grcnad;.

A release issued on May 22nd by the Unijted States Information Service (1.iTI"
here says this funding totals nearly a quarter of a million East Caribbean
(EC) dollars.

The actual figure is ECS231,722'and the projects range from purchase of a
freezer and blood donor bags to. establish a blood transfusion centre,through
refurbishing community centres and fencing school gardens to a grant for a
water improvement ,project in Grenada's sister island of Carriacou.

This is the. second time this type of gr-:nt has been made by USAID to civic
minded groups.and organizations to carry out "self help" community develop-
ment projects. Last year, over two dozen projects were financed under a
grant of C.$262,820.


Mr. Nilli-ir. Otway, Grenada Manager of LIAT, tL, airline jointly
owned by the Caribbean Community Governments of the Eastern Caribbean, told
NL*SLETTER~on May 28th that the airline has embarked on a programme related
to the freight pot ntial of the airline.

This programmeahe said, involves importers an-l exporters in discu ~ions to
indicate their ,need for the movement of freight by air,

"LIAT is incr- sin.: its fleet of aircraft", hD said, "and will now be able
to provide an aircraft devoted exclusively to freight handling".

Mr..Otway said this has been tried -r-viously, but the airline's first com-
mitment is to movement of passengers and the demands of that service caused
the freight service to suffer because the fleet was not large enough to hanc
le both services effectively.

Four new Avro aircraft will replace the four now in service, the Manager
said, and the airline will retain one of the old Avros for a while.

"Later this year, we are adding,five de Haviland aircraft to the fleet", he
said, "which will make more equipment readily available for freight handling".

. -continued-


-ge 14 .i Gu ,D ,SL-. R Week Ending 29/6/85

LIAT is looking at increasing the destinations it serves, Mr. Otwiy Said,.
and this will entail higher utilisation of -ircr-ft, but there will still
be adequate room to provide an efficient'- freight service.


yfty Grenadians are to be selected to go to the unitedd States to be employ-
$d harvesting cane. -

This was disclosed in an interview on May 22nd by Dr. Francis'Alexis, Min-
',+er for Labour, in the Grenada Govvrnm.-nt.

Dr. Alexis said the operation is organized' by operators in the United States
private sector and representatives of the employers of this Grenadian labour
will be in the island on July 10th to make a selection of men.

"We will have to discuss with them all asr.ets of the operation"' Dr. Alexis
said, "and this will include wages-, living conditions'and all details of the

The Minister said, originally, some 70 to 80 persons will be chosen but, in
the final selection, 50 men will be.picked.


June 29th, the festival of St. peter, is always celebrated in'Grenada by the
fishing community wit' gr&at excitement as "Fisherman's Birthday",'

This year was no exception. The fishing industry is centered largely in
Gouyave on the island's west coast and, following a solemn Mass in the Rom-
San Catholic Church, Parish Priest Father Tim Luce; processed, surroun-,d by
a Carnival atmosphre,'to' the beach where he blessed over 60 boa s drawn up
Sfor the occasion.

SFrom a special stand erected on the beach, hundreds of fishermen, theif
families and friedda were addressed by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon,
himself a native of Gouyave.

SSir Paul complimented the fishing community on the contribution it is mak-
iing to the economy of the island and encouraged'the fishermen to continue
in their efforts to build the industry.

"We are on the right track for development", he said, "and as the months
Sand years go by, I have great 6onfid._*-nco that this country wili improve on.
ly if all of us live in peace with one another, if we dwell in unity and if
we continue to work hard",

_________________ _______ _____ ________ ^ --I 1 J-- ~ -- - ^ -_

Week Ending 29/6/85 TH I ::D.'= L STTER Page 1

Also addressing the fishermen was Mr. George Brizan, Minister for Agricul-
ture and Tourism, and he also praised the contribution : Grenada's fishermen
are making to the island's economy.

"when you consider that 1400 fishermen and 60 vendors depend primarily on
this activity for their livelihood and the average family sire is 4", he
said, "you will'conclude that some 5,800 drenadians depend directly on thif
activity for a livelihood",

Mr. Brizan expressed the opinion that Grenada's future depends to a great
extent on fishing, agriculture and tourism, and he thinks these sectors of
the economy must be improved.

In 1982, he said, Grenada imported 405 tons of fish at a cost of ECS2.3
million and in 1?&E, the figure was 443 tons costing EC$2.5 million.

"The average Grcnadian eats 58 pounds of fish per year, which figure is too,
low", the Minister said, "we should increase that to about 100 pounds".

Mr. Brizan outlined steps taken bv the Government to promote the fishing
industry and referred especially to a million dollar (EC) line of credit
established to enable fishermen to purchase boats and equipment.

The Minister nizcl3;sed that Mr. 'inston Miller, a Grenadian employers by the
Government of Belize, has been seconded to the 3r:nada Government for a tw-
week pe-riod to assess the fishing industry and design a five year Ieve.-lop-
ment plan.

"Mr. Winston Miller has taken the fisheries industry iu Belize from scratch
and has built it into a 10 million United States dollar industry", he said.

;t,. Brizan told the fishermen the industry does not belong to the Govern-
ment but to them. Government can provide a certain degree of management
but the returns to the fishermen will be directly proportional t( what they
are prepared to put into the industry.


June 29th, the religious festival of St. peter, Patron Saint of fishermen
is always celebrated as "Fisherman's Birthday" by Grenada's 1400 strong
fishing community.

The island's fishing industry is centered largely in the west coast town
Gouyave and on June 29th, after celebrating a solemn mass, the Roman Catho-
Slic priest, Father Tom Lucey, processed with his congregation to the beach.

SGuvYveJ is divided into two sections, Charlotte Town, the older, and Dun-
ca- s Town, ti,3 newer and mce vibrant section. This is the home of most
of the fishermen and is more generally known by the old French name of
S"Th' L'Ance':, -continued-

i- . IIC -

Page 16 TH1 GRLNADA N;'JSL TTER WeVk Ending 29/6/85
---- ---- ------------- ~ ~I

It was to the L'Ance that Father Lucey and hi congregation processed, sur-
rounded by a carnival atmosphere and scenes of merry-making., some
60 fishing boats were drawn up, their multi-coloured blue, green, black,
white, yellow and red hulls decorated with flowers adding a festive t6uch
to the beach which swarmed with hundreds of fishermen, their families and

Beginning at one end of the beach, Father Lucey invoked God's blessing on
the fleet and on those who risk the hazards of-the sea. Then, with.his
train of acolytes, he processed to the other end of the beach, blessing
each boat in turn and sprinkling it with holy water.'

In an interview after, Father Lucey told II:C'SLLTTER this is the first oc-
casion on which he had performed this Grv'enrdian time-honoured ceremony, and
he believes it to be the genuine religious reaction of a people who are
deeply spiritual.

"I have never seen precisely this combination of carnival atmosphere, re-
ligious atmosphere, involvement by Government and by the media", he'said,
"this combination of things is-unique. I have worked both in Europe and
Africa but have seen nothing like this before".

Following the blessing of the boats, the fishermen were addressed by both
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon and Minister of Agriculture and tourism Mr.
George Brizan.

Acquatic sports, power and sailing boat races, a carnival "jump up" in the
streets to steel band music and a dance rounded off the day.


Chief Magistrate Lyle St. Paul complained on May 21st of the "discourtesy
and" with which he and his Court are treated by the Police.

There was no Court Orderly to announce Mr. St. Paul when he entered the
Ccurt and his query to the Police Prosecutor brought the information that
the orderly was absent.

"Do you have an orderly at all?"

"yes Sir".

"Well, this CG~rt is adjourned. "When you have found a. orderly, cF.ll me
I shall be in my cha~.lbers".

SFifteen minutes later, with 8,Barristers and some 50 people waiting, an or-
derly was found .nd : r. St. Paul returned to the Court.


Week Ending 29/6/85 THE GREL.'D,. '_J,'SLLTTER Page 17

There used to be a time when the Majistrate's Court had a permanent orderly
as does the Supreme Court, the Magistrate said* Now, he continued," I
have to beg the Police every day for an orderly and they send a different

"This is treating the Magistrate's Court with discourtesy and contempt",he
said, "and I want to know what is at the back of their minds".

Mr. St. Paul said he remembers the old "fostindian saying that, "if you have
enough patience, you will see ants' belly".

"You can be certain", he said, "that I am going to see ants' be3ly".


The export duty tax charged on all agricultural produce shipped from Gre-
nada has been branded as "immoral, unjust and iniquitous".

This condemnation is set out in a report presented by the Boara of M.~age-
ment of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) at a Genera!. Meet-i
ing of growers on May 29th.

"The Board holds the firm view, and it hopes every member of t'e Association
and, indeed, all farmers, will be in agreement that no export duty must be
paid", the report says.

Expression of these sentiments is a sequel to a recent confrontation between
GCNA and the Government of Grenada culminating in a meeting on May 15th, of
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize with representatives of GCNA, the Cocoa Asso-
ci :ion and the Grenada Banana Coopcrative Society.

At the end of 19?4, GCNA owed Government EC?9O5,000 in arrears of export
duty, and Mr. Blaize met with the Association :,id-January to discuss the

It was agreed then G'"A would pay off this amount in 12 monthly install-
ments but that a.reem-nt was subsequently rejected by the Association on
the grounds that the export duty tax is both "immoral and illegal".

Ii. his presentation, in April, of the 1985 Budget, Mr. Blaize stated Govern-
ment's intention progressively to eliminate this tax over the next four
years, and he announced an immediate cut of 25%.

At his meeting with representatives of nutmeg, cocoa and banana producers,
Mr. Blaize repeated Government's intention to remove from the agricultural
community the burden of the export duty tax, but he took issue with the

Charge that the tax is illegal.

The rr-eting on May 13th agreed to the setting up of a "joint working ,om-
mittee" of representatives of Government and the Agricultural Associations

~ ~ __ ~~_ ~ .___

P'ge, 18


to work out solutions to outst:n:ing matters.

That committee was scheduled to meet late in li y and, in the meartimme, the
GCNA report pointed out to growers that, while Government has reduced ex-
port tax by 259~, the 1985 Budget provides that dividends on company invest-
ments will be completely exempt from payment of Income Tax.

- --~



"The removal of this tax on company dividends shows that investment outside
of agriculture will benefit tremendously while investment in agriculture is
given no incentive", the report says, "even though agriculture provide the
highest employment opportunities and ntressar'y economic output to sustain
the country's foreign exchange earnings".

The report expresses hope that the farming community "will rise to the oc-
casion to obtain what is just, fair and. equitable".


The Grenada Cooperative Nutm-g Association (GCNA) lost over quarter af a
million East Caribbean (EC) dollars (TJS93,000) in the 6 months ending )1st
December 19+4.

In a report presented to a General M..-:ting ?f Pr-ducers on May 29th, the
Nutmeg Board says,.in the second half of last year, there was considerable
recovery in demand on the international market.

Both nutmegs and. mace (the lacy red by-product of the nutmeg) were exported
in greater volume and total. gross revenue increased to EC$6.7 million from
.the EC84.4 million figure e-rn.d in the corr-sponding 1983 p riod.

"In spite of this substantial increase in -ross revenue", the report says,
"overall tradirng,again resulted in a deficit".

This loss amounts to CCS288,784, a figure slightly less than the'loss of
ECe334,966 in the corresponding period of 1';'83.

The Board's report gives one of the reasons for this loss as the fact that
producers were given bigger advances in 1984 than in 1983.

The GCNA system is that, during the trading year, the Association "buys"
produce from growers', this money being an advance on the final outcome of
the trading year. VJhen the books are closed, growers receive any surplus
which may be available.

A source close to the Assocition said the true returns from the industry
cannot be judged on the surplus only but money advanced to growers during
the trading year must be taken into account.




.We. 3ndi__-g 2/ /

o'vek Ending 29//85 / C.: LT Pae 19

The source said it must also be considered that advances are not mnde on
sales in the current year but on produce delivered to G.CN, by the growers
in that year.

In 1983, GCNA lost EC$152,000 and, in that year, growers received advances
of EC$3.3 million. There was a bigger loss in 1984, over half a million
E.C. dollars, but, despite this, advances to growers that year increased to
jCS4.4 million.

This resulted from 2 factors. First, production (on which advances are
paid) increased in 1984 to 5 million pounds from the 1983 figure of 4.7
million pounds. Also, the rate of advance per pound was increased nearly
25% in spite of unfavourable market prices.

"This was a deliberate policy of the Board", an informed source said.
"Growers have become disillusioned and pessimistic over returns from their
nutmeg fields, and the increased rate of advance is an effort to counteract

The Board's report says that, since December, trading has continued to be
"fairly active" tliough prices have continued to fall. And the report
quotes a discourring passage from a paper prepared by Mr. Thomas F. Burns,
Executive Vice-President of the mnerican Spice Trade Association.

Mr. Burns says the flavour of the Indonesian nutmeg is preferred to that of
the Grenada variety and the difficulty of grinding the Grenada nutmeg makes
the Indonesian variety overwhelmingly the product of choice.

"Nutmeg imports (to the U.s.) are 4 to 5 million pounds a year", Mr. Burns
says. "For the last 10 years Grenada has supplied an average of only 8Z';,
of these imports. Obviously, this does not appear to be a crop worthy of
long-range planning".

SIn spite of this pessimism, the GCNA Board says, it will not be daunted in
its efforts to overcome the obstacles and gain greater penetration into the,

Alister Hughes Cynthia Hughes
29th June 1985

printed & published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Iuihc:s, Journalists
Of Scctt stre-t, St. Georges, Grenada, Westindies

I__I ~