The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text

V"w __ ___


For The Week Ending 18th May-1985
1Jhh .Year of Publication - -317th Issue
Volume 13 Number 6

SL ,, .....


prime Minister Herbert Blaize flew out of Grenada on MPy 14th to at-
tend a meeting in Barbados of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and
- will move on to London on May 18th for an official visit -

In an interview on May 15th Mr. George Brizan, Minister of Agricul-
S, ture in Mr. Blaize's New National party Government,! said the CDB meet-
ing will have 2 important items on the agenda .

"Italy's application to join the Bank is to be considered", he said
Sa nd there: will also be discussion relative bo the difficulty Guyana
is having to repay its loans". ,

Mr. Brizan said, in Barbados, Mr. Blaize will have discussions with
both prime Minister Bernard ,t. John and with the Barbados-based Brit-
"' ish High Commissioner- to Grenadat 4-r. Giles Rullar4d : .

With reference to the Prime Minister's visit to the U.K., a spokesman
for Mr. Bullard's office ,in Grenada said, originally, the visit was
private -but Mr. Blaise has been invited by Pritme Minister Margaret
Thatcher to be the guest of, sthe Government, from May 18tih .o .22nd.

Mr. Brizan said that, in addition to seeking a rescheduling of re-
payment of Britain's loans to the island, there will be. a bid Po get
further aid from Britain in the form of grant. for infrastructure de-
velopment, Livestock development, he said, is also on Mr. Blaizets
shoppingg list".

"The Prime Minister has certain documents with which he will seek
financing of a commercial section of a livestock operation which will

F OUNu 171H f.iGUST 197
I I -- -
_ _

act as a nucleus for livestock development*, he Iaid.

Mr. Brizan said the objective of this operation is to increase the is-
land's livestock population which, he said, has declined steadily since
1853 (the year before the emancipation of slaves in Grenada).

The Mtister said Mr. Blaze will hold public meetings *ith Grenadians in
Brfita and will fly to Canada where more such meetings are scheduled. In
Canada, he will have discussions also with Government officials relative to
aid and to loans already made to Grenada by that country.

The prime Minister's last stop before returning home in about-- month is
the United States. Ail'tnformed source close to the Grenada Cabinet said
a diplomatic approach has been made for Mr. Blaize to see president Reagan
but this has not yet been finalised.

"Up to the time of the Prime Minister's departure", the source said, "ser-
ious efforts were being made to arrange a meeting, but the president was
out of the country".

The source said iAdibatioAs are there is a "good chance" that the meeting
cai be arranged.

Grenada now benefats-rfplae two&'Otevd"Kingdom loans. The first, made in
1984, is for one million pounds,& This loan is interest free and repay-
able over 25 years starting in 1991.

The other,, granted this ytar, sts for 5 million pounds. This sum, to be
spent over 5 years, is also interest free and will be repaid over 15 years
starting in 1991.

The second loanincororporates the 'feature of a "60N grant element". This
is interpreted to mean that, of the 5 million pounds, 60% is actually a

Grenada's national debt, quoted .last December by Governor General Sir Paul
SScoon int the Throne fSeech, is EC$16'.8 million. In the .1985 budget, pre-
sented by Mr. Blaize three weeks' ago, ECS29 million have been allocated to
service this debt.

7 With ,a recurrent revenue estimate of EC94 .9 million, debt service will
drait 30 E.C. cents from every one dollar of recurrent revenue,


Week Ending 18/5/85



--~ -

".eek Ending 18./'./. T_ GRENADA flEiSLETTER Page 3


The president of Grenada's Appeal Court, Mr. Justice J.O,F. Haynes, in a
lengthy judgement delivered on.May 10th,found the Grenada supreme Court
established by the Peeples Revolutionary Government to be valid and legal.

TwQ other Judges sitting withMr. Haynes, Mr. Justice ticholas Liverpool
and MrH Justice Sir Neville Peterkin, delivered their judgements later that
day and were both in agreement with the President.

This case was brought in the Grenada Supreme Court by Guyanese Bart-ster Mr.
Clarence Hughes acting for 19 persons accused of the murder of the late
prime Minister Maurice Bishop and others.

Mr. Hughes argued unsuccessfully before Chief Justice Sir Archibald Nedd
th#t, with the overthrow of Bishop's PRG, the Supreme Court set up by that
Government became illegal.

In his judgement, Mr. Haynes found the legal doctrine of "State Necessity"
to apply in this case in that the State must have a Court if there is net
to be chaos.

"The safety of the people is the highest law", he said,

The President :said the, validity of the Court will remain as long as the
necessity remains but this does no~t mean for ever. It will take some time,
he said, but he assumes the Grenada Government will move promptly to regular
ise the matter: constitutionally.

Mr. Hughes was npt in court to hear the judgement against him..

Receiving it on his behalf was Gr'nidian Barrister Mr. Carol Bristol who,
on Mr. Hughes, behalf, asked the Court for an order to stay the trial of the
19 until an appeal can be made to the T^een for special leave to be heard
by the Privy Council. Grenadian law, at present, does not give the right
of appeal to the Privy Council.

The Court refused the request for the order to stay the trial because, Mr.
Haynoc ald~,the matter of an appeal to the Queen for special leave is not
one of law. He suggested that this should be negotiated with the Grenada
authorities as to whether any time should be given.



Two Ju$gesqf .Grenada's Appeal Court, while agreeing on the main issue of
the legality of the Grenada Supreme Court set up by.the Peoples Revolution-
ary Governiient (PRG), differed as to whether that Government ever achieved
j -continued-

page 4 THE GkEfliDk IL. SL .iTTEr 7'Tek Endine 18/5/8'

president of the Court, Mr. Justice J.O.F. Haynes, delivering his judgement;
on May 10th, set out four conditions he feels should be satisfied before a
"usurper" Government can be regarded as being legitimate.

The first is that the Revolution must be successful and he conceded that
the New jewel Movement Revolution of March 1979 had been successful. The
elected Government of Sir Eric Gairy had been overthrown, he said, and the
PRG was,firmly in control.

The next condition, he said, is that the PRG should have established an ef-.
fective administration and that the people were obeying the mandates of the
Government. This, he agreed,.had been the case.

With the next two conditions, however, he had difficulty. The first'of'
these two is that the conformity of the citizens to the will of the Govern-
ment was due to popular support and not force or coersion. The second is
that the regime must not be oppressive and undemocratic.

Mr. Haynes said neither side in the case had asked the Court to rule on the
legitimacy of the PRG and there were no arguments or affidavits in this con-
nection. Nevertheless, he thought the point had to be dealt with and he
referred to the judgement of Chief Justice Sir Archibald Nedd who had beard
the matter in the Grenada Supreme Court.

Mr. Nedd said in his judgement "There is no doubt that the revolution was
a popular one ...", and "that it had lost some of its popularity may very
well be ...". The Chief Justice said also that the revolution's "Leader
(Maurice Bishop) had certainly been sufficiently highly respected to cause
the march of hundreds, if not thousands, of people to secure his release
from house arrest".

Mr. Nedd had lived in GrenLda throughout the regime of the PRG, Mr. Haynes
said, and could well have been in possession of widely known facts which
would have given a true picture of the position in Grenada at that time.
It is not clear, however, according to the President of the Appeal Court,
whether what Mr. Nedd had said had been because of his knowledge of these
widely known facts or whether what he said was his personal opinion.

IPersonal opinion cannot be taken as the basis for deciding on whether the
PRG was popular, he said, and he felt, tbo, that Mr. Nedd had not indicat-
4 the degree 01 less of popularly 2.d iad been "imprecise" in the itate-
'ment that "hundIreds, if not thousands", of people had marched tc free Bishopi

.Mr. Haynes said there had been aller'tions of oppression, there had been
ithe failure of the PRG to go to the people to get a mandate and it had not
been demonstrated by evidence that that Government had achieved legitimacy.

IMr. H-nes said he was not finding, as a fact, that the PRG had been un-
:popular but that there is no evidence to prove it was popular.

Week Ending 18/5/85 THE G3P:ADA NEWSLETTER Page 5

Mr. Justice Nicholas Liverpool found otherwise. The legitimacy of a Gpv-
ernment depends on its acceptance by the people, he said* There was no
organisation contesting the authority of the Bishop regime and thtt regime
had been recognized both in Grenada and abroad.

"I have heard nothing to make me feel the PRG was illegal", he said,

The third Appeal Judge, Mr. Justice Sir Neville Peterkin, did not express
an opinion on this point.

The 3 judges were unanimous in declaring that the Grenada Supreme C64rt is
legal and valid.


Grenada's Court of Appeal on May 10th upheld the conviction Of Contempt of
Court against Mr. Derek Knight, Q.C., prominent Grenadian Barrister, but
:set aside the sentence imposed on him.

"We believe the practitioner has suffered enough", the President of the
Court, Mr. Justice J.O.F. Haynes said as he delivered the unanimous decision,
of the Court which, with him, is comprised of Mr. Justice Nicholas Liverpool
and Mr. Justice Sir Neville Peterkin.

Mr. Knight was accused and convicted of "Contempt in the face of the Court"
arising out of an incident last January in the Chambers of Trial Judge Mr.
Justice James Paterson,

Mr. Paterson dealt with the matter summarily. He had Mr. Knight arrested
and jailed, sentenced him to 6 weeks imprisonment and fined him EC$5,000.

Mr. Knight was charged with telling Mr. Paterson, first of all that, "It
does not make any sense to come before you to argue".

In his defence1 Mr. Knight said his remark was an aside to another Barrister
present, but the Appel 1 Court said he is charged also With telling Mr. Pat-
erson, "I will not appear before you because it does not make any sense",
and he had not contended that this also was an aside.

"All of us have made that kind of remark about Judges", Mr. Haynes said, but
we make it to fellow practitioners, not to the Judge".

Mr. Haynes said too that when Mr. Paterson had called on Mr. Knight to apolc-
gise, Mr. Knight had said, "You will not get an apology from me'.

The President of the Court said all of this did constitute. Contempt of Court
but the Appeal Court thought the sentence should not ctand because it is ex-
cessie' arid was not warranted.


s '

Page 6 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending 18/5/?5

"'We will not set aside the conviction", he said, "but we will not substi-
tute any other sentence for the one we have set aside because we think the
practitioner has suffered enough".

Mr. Haynes said the Court made no order about an apology but thought that,
as a responsible practitioner, Mr. Knight ought to apologise to Mr. Pater-
son and he called on other members of the Bar to'use their influence in
this connection.

When the Court adjourned, Mr. Knight, in an interview with NEWSLETTER said
he does not accept the "factual findings" of the Appeal Judges.

"I do not propose to have a conviction recorded against my name", he said,
"and I will seek special leave to have this matter heard by the Privy Coun-


Sir Eric Gairy, Political'Leader of the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP),
amended his decision to march on May 12th on the United States Embassy
here with a petition signed by 25,000 Grenadians requesting the United
t tese Milit~ -j net to lo. '~ he ie.t t planee.

SThe marrh was arheduled to take place from a rally at rhich the signatures
wer to nave been obtain-2d bu, Sir Eric told the 4 to 5 hundred people pre-
sent there had been a change of plan.

"We have decided not to hand the petition in today", he said, "but to get
50,000 persons signing the petition and forward it later".

The Political Leader said le had 700'copies of the petition for distribu-
tion, each of which could accommodate 45 signatures, and he asked his fol-
lowers each to take one of these petitions and collect the signatures
Which would total 51,250 (sic).

'hen these signatures are collected, he said, in 8 to 10 days, there will
be a ceremony of handing them over to the United States Embassy for trans-
mission to the 1'hite House.

The petition, claiming to represent Grenadians from all walks of life, re-
ligious beliefs and colour, requests president R-agan to "give full con-
sideration to our petition which expresses our thoughts and concern over
the decision of the Administration to withdraw United States Military For-
ices from Grenada".

!For over three decades, the petition says, there was meaningful friendship
,between Grenada and the United States resulting in the GULP Government re-
-cognising the significance on the U.S. Independence anniversary, July 4th,


Week Ending 18/5/85 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER page 7

by having an official reception-at Government House for U.S. residents of
the island.

The petitit9n.says the majority of Grcnadians are voicing their concern and
fear over the decision to withdraw the U.S, Forces and this was graphically
demonstrated during the March 14th visit of Vice president George Bush.

"The.Right Honourable Sir Eric Gairy and other Executive Members of GULP
held, within a period pf 19 weeks, 53 village meetings where was got the ex-
tent of the opposition of the people, throughout our nation, on the question
of the withdrawal of U.S. Military Forces from Grenada", the petition says

It would be a mistake to think the Communists are no longer interested in
Grenada, the petition says, and it expressed the belief that the, island is
required by the Communists to play a significant role in their hemispheric the-areas of communications and bulk storage of arms and other

Sir Eric.told the rally,-Grenadians want the Americansin the island perman-
ently. ;

"'hen Cuba and Lybia and Russia send battleships and planes", he said, "I
don't see Grenada sending out 100 aircraft. I don't think we can buy the
planes. 'here wil we get money to fight Cuba, Russia and Lybia?"

Sir Eric asked his follawero each to sign one of the petitions and, when
they had secured the other.44 signatures and turned the forms into the part,
office, there will be a presentation of these documents to the U.S. Embassy
here in 8 to 10 days.


Sir Eric Gairy, Political Leader of the Grenada United Labour party (3ULP)
paid tribute on lay to the pr-pagonda organisation of the peoples Re-
volutionary Government, the Government of Maurice Bishpp's New.Jewel Move-
ment (NJM) which overthrew Sir Eric in 1979.

"The propaganda that Mr. Bishop and his Cohorts made was so damned good",
he said, "that I would have believed it myself when I saw what he wrote and
heard what he said if I did not know myself as well as I did".

Sir Eric was speaKing at a GULP public meeting called to protest the with-
drawal of U.S. Military Forces from Grenada.

He toldla crowd of some 4 to 5 hundred of his followers that, when he was
"in'exileii'in the United statess after his overthrow, he had received inform-
Sation that, three years before the revolution, "people came from abroad" to
study his (Gairy's) behaviour so, the propaganda could be suitably fashioned
after the overthrow. -continued-
'. -

Page 8 THfE OFREADA NE'ISL7TTIR .. Wek Ending 18/5/35

One of the charges made by the PRG was that Sir Eric had practiced obeah ~
(witchcraft) in a special room at his official residence. Sir Eric said
the PRG propaganda had said "bad" books had been found in that room but,
recently,'two books found-in that room had been returned to him and they
are both Bibles.

"No average, intelligent man would have crosses and cricifixes and Bibles
in his room and have obeah and withcraft in his room", he said.

Three days After the revolution'6f March 13th 1979, the Press was invited:
to inspect what was called "Gairy's obeah room" at his official residence
and'did find what nppiared to be two small altars on which were crucifixes
statues of saints and rosaries.

On those altars also were balls trf indigo, pieces of saltpetre and small
bags of white powder.

There were also several Bibles in the room together-with other books which.
suggested withcraft. Among these were "The Truth about Witchcraft" by
Hans Holzer, "Journeys out of the Body" by Robert Monroe and "Hostage to
the Devil" by Malachi Martin.

Among the books also was "The Twelve Blessings the Cobmic concept as giv-
en by the Master JesuS". This booksis written by Dr. George King, "Chair-
man and founder of the Aetherius Society", and in it Dr. King claims to be
the "mental channel" through which Jesus Christ "gave the sacred truths
known as the twelve blessings".

Dr. King says that, at 12.30 a.m. on January 19th 1959, his mother, Mrs.
Mary King, was picked up by a space craft commanded by a being known as
"Mars Sector 8" and was taken "hundreds of miles from Earth in the purple
magnificence of star-studded space" where the space ship entered a mother
craft and there Mrs. King met "The Great Master,.Jesus, himself".

His mother, Dr. King says, took with her a book in which had been inscrib-
ed the "12 blessings" revealed to Dr. King by Jesus.' Jesus asked for the
book, Dr. King says, and Mrs. King saw him bless it, "place it in a beau-
tifully ornate box and take it away with him".

Also seen in the special room at Sir Eric's official residence were two
black robes, a multicoloured robe of blue, yellow and green and a cape of

blue, green and orange fastened at the front with a bonebrooch shaped like
a cow.

lOther paraphernalia included a Bishop's staff, a headdress,in the shape of
a crown, a wooden sword, incense sticks and a great number of candles of
va_.-jrous colouro-

Sir Eric told the meeting that, when he had been asked in an interview, whe-
ther he prnticed 'witchcraft, he had replied that different people call dif-I
ferent things -v different names. -continued-


"I do something at least twice a day", he said. "I do that thing on my
knees and I call it prayer".


"If any of you can find one person employed by my Government or by me as a
*Mongoose secret police', if you can't find one but :can find the house in
which he lived, if you-can't find that, but can find the grave in which he
was buried, I will :give you half of my property"'1

sir Eric Gairy, Political Leader of the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP),:
told a public meeting on May 12th that, before his return "from exile" in
the United States last year, .he had thrown out this challenge to North Amer-
ican journalists who had questioned him relative to the report that he had
hired and commanded a gang of criminals to terrorise his opponents.

Sir Eric said hundreds of reporters have since visited Grenada and none has
come to claim his property. He also gave an explanation of what the "Mon-
goose Gang" was and how it came into being.

In the early 1970s, the Political Leader said, his Trade Union had secured
jobs for some of its members with the World Health Organisation which, at
that time, was implementing a mongoose eradication programme in Grenada.

Some of these persons employed in the programme "liked their little card-
playing, drinking, fighting and beating their women", Sir Eric said, and,
when they misbehaved publicly, people identified them as "The Mongoose Gang"
because they were employed in the mongoose eradication programme,

"Journalist Alister Hugnes started to write 'Gairy's Union Mongoose Gang' ",
Sir Eric said, "but, after a couple of years, he thought that was not bit-
ing sufficiently so he said *Gairy's Mongoose G-ng' ".

After Maurice Bislop came on the scene, the phrase was turned around into
"Gairy's Mongoose Secret Police" sir Eric said, and this "went around the
world like wild fire' because Eishop had the money to pay,

"That's the difference between the Communict countriess and the Democratic
Countriess, he said, "When I asked England or Canads or America to give
me some money to fight Communism, they didn't pay much mind, but the money
Bishop got in a'year we didn't have in 20 years".

Sir Eric's ex-.lanation of the start of the "4Mongoose Gang" is in conflict
with firdinC- of the Duffus Commission set up in 1973 to problem the break-
down of law and ordEr and police brutality in Gr-nada.

That Commission found Sir Eric was personally responsible for the recruit-
ment and control of this gang, officially called the "police Aids", and that

'leek Ending 18/5/85

Page 10 THE GRENADA r.ISLET," R :. -k Endin iS/18/85.

the qualification for service in the Gang wae."knqwn disposition for viol-
ence and lawlessness".

The Gang was without discipline or trritning, the Commissioners said, and
they inflicted "unspeakable atrocities" on Grenadians.

As recommended by the Commissioners, Sir Eric disbanded the Police Aids/
1Mongoose 'ang.- In their, recommendation, the Commi.ssioners also commented
on and questioned the-advisability of Sir Eric's subsequent establishment
of a Defence Force, especiallyy as it is known that former Police ',ids are
now members of the Defence Force",

A White Paper published by the Gairy Govcrnment said.the Commissioners had
"gone out of their way" to make this comment.

S"This question was not within their Terms of Reference nor their compet-
ence", the 'h1ite Paper says.

Sir Eric told the meeting on May 12th that the Bishop regime had
very effective propaganda during Sir Eric's absence from the island after
his overthrow, arid he did not blame "the young boys" for believing it,

"I want them to know that I love them", he said. "Pishop did not love
them. Bishop brought-Cubans to the island and put those Cubans above


SMr. Marcel peters, Leader of the Opposition in the Grenada House of Repre-
sentatives, has complained of what he calls the "inhuman" and "barbarous"
behaviour of the Grenada Police in an incident alleged to have taken place
Son April 27th in a district on the east coast of the island.

In an interview on .rTil 30th Mr. Peters told NIE!'SLETTER some persons bhd
come to him with the report that a party of policemen, accompanied by an
ex-member of the defunct peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA), had burned their
dwelling houses together with their clothing~ jewelry and other possess-

"I went to have an on-the-spot check o.n what happened", Mr. peters said,
"and I saw that 5 houses had been burned".

These houses, he said, varied in size f ,'-i about 14' by 12' to 12' by 7'
and were made of a variety of materials including wood, galvanized iron
and bamboo. The houses were on "", Mr. peter-s said, and gar-
den crops were.grown in the area.

i'Te Leader of the Or'csition .:id the o-"ners of the destroyed houses told
im the police h.d a-: t- y were looking for ma-ijuana, and Mr. Peters

Week Ending 18/5/85e Ti:IE EOR'.D. NEWSLETTER Page 11

understands that some marijuana was found. However, he feels that, if the
law has beon violated, the proper course is to charge the persons involved..

"Initially, there were 2 Policemen and the ex-member of the PR.\ on the
scene", Mr. peters said, "but they found they needed reinforcements so they
sent the ex-PRA man back in the police jeep to the Police Station to col-
lect more policemen.

Five persons had been arrested and released on bail, he said, but he was
concerned over the behaviour of the Police in this incident and he had
spoken that'day with the Deputy Commissioner of Police*

"I have been investigation is going on"i Mr. Peters said, "but I
want this investigation to be-done immediately because it is very.annoying
that poor people should be treated in this manner".

Queried that day, Commissioner.of Police Mr. Russel Toppin confirmed that a
party of.policemen carried out a marijuana raid on April 27th, following
which, 5 persons were arrested and charged,

"The Police found a-field of marijuana which they burned", Mr. Toppin said,
'land it is.alleged that some of the huts in which the marijuana is cured
were destroyed in the process".

The huts may have caught fire, the Commissioner said, and an investigation
was then being made into the :incident.

Mr. Toppin said he does not believe the huts were used as dwelling places.
One woman had complained that she lived there, but there were several other
huts which he does not think could have been used as residences.

The Commissioner confi-med that an ex-PRA did accompany the Police party on
the marijuana search. The Police welcome information from anyone who can
help them to detect criminal offences, he said, but he thought the Police
had been very indiscreet in this matter.

"What was wrong", Mr. Toppin said, "is that they allowed this informer-to
lead the Police party .to the area and, when they needed reinforcements, they
allowed the informer to drive the Police vehicle back to base to get assist-

The Commissioner. said it was .indiscreet to allow such a person to drive the'
Police vehicle, but it was an emergency and the Sergeant in charge of the
P police party thought it beat to remain on the scene to ensure that the mari-
juana was not reaped.

Mr. Toppin regretted the. incident, he said, the Sergeant has been reprimand-
Sed for the wrong use of his discretion and a full in.riiry was being made in-
to all the circumstances.

;--- L--- -

Page -2 THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER Week Ending _15/5/f


The Grenada Employers' Federation hosted a one week seminar which opened
on May 6th and was Eponsored-by the Canadian International Development Agen-
cy (CIDA) through its Canada Training Awards project (CTAP).

Mrs. Angela Smith, Director of the Federation, said in an interview with NEWS-
LETTER, that this is the third occasion on which CIDA has sponsored a seminar
in Grenada.

"They offered us this packet of three courses a long time ago", she said,
"and the first one was done in 1983 on 'negotiating procedures'. .The sec-
ond took place in 1984. That one covered 'personnel Management', and the
current seminar will be devoted to 'Industrial Relations ".|

The Director said this seminar would be a very broad in-depth study of the
subject and included topics of-Labour Legislation, Negotiation Procedures,
Conciliation, Arbitration, Strikes, Lock Outs and several other important
aspects of industrial relations.

The lecturer was,Barbadian Industrial Relations Conesltant, Mr. Collis
Blackman, who conducted the two.previous CTAP seminars'in Grenada, she said,

"There has been an excellent response by our members to this course", Mrs.
Smith said, "and registration now numbers some two dozen people. The sem-
inar will be intensive and there will be a full daily schedule of 6 to 7

The Federation's Director said this CIDA seminar 'was beinq coordinated
through the Ministry of Development and Planning.


A 1,300-volume American Studies collection, presented by United States
Vice-president George Bush to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon during Mr.
Bush's visit to Grenada last March 15th, was formally opened at Marryshow
House, the Extra-Mural Centre of the University of the West Indies (UWI),
on May 10th.

The collection, which is to be made available, through UWI's inter-library
loan system, to other countries served by the University, was presented by
Mr. Robert Dickerman, Director for the Eastern Caribbean United States In-
formation Service.

"This American Studies collection is an intellectual and scholarly resource",
he said, "not only for crenadians, but for all whose personal and profess-
ional lies are enriched by access throughout the English speaking Carib-
bean, to the library system of UWI".


-Z 1 //^ _

Week Ending 18/5/85 TH-E G'EEV'DA NF'WSLETTER Page 13

In an obvious reference to the traumatic events in Grenada of October 1983,
when there was a military intervention by United States and Caribbean For-
ces, Mr. Dickerman said it is "bE:.utifully appropriate" that the collection
be based and housed in Grenada, ;

Grendians, he said, relish and appreciate the same democratic values which
Americans cherish. This appreciation and relish, he thought, is even
greater than many citizens of countries in which basic freedomrr have not
been so recently: challenged.

The symbolic handing over of the collection to UWI was performed by Sir
Paul Scoon as he handed over' to the Resident Tutor, Mrs. Beverley Steele,-
a bound bibliography bf'-the collection.

Mrs. Steele called the presentation a I'very, very happy occasion ... a cele
bration". She especially thanked the.-United States for showing faith in
the extra-mural system of UWI by putting Marryshow House in charge of "this
precious collection of books".

The Extra Mural'Tutor used 'the occasion to present Mr. Dickerman with'a
painting by Mr. Elinus Cato,, well-known Grenadian "primitive" painter. Mrs.
Steele said the painting would be a memorial to UWI's appreciation of the
gift of the American Studies Collection.

She presented also, to Lieutehant Colonel Earl -Hurah Officer Commanding the
U,S. Forces in Grenada a plaque to commemorate cooperation between the Ex-
tra Mural Centre and the United States Military following the "rescue mis-
sion" in October 1983.

The plaque shows a curved figure'-of a soldier armed with a rifle and a
spokesman for the United States Information Service here told TNE~SLETTE.E
1 it will probably be hung at Fort Bragg, in the office of the Commanding
Officer of the 82nd Airborne Division, the military unit responsible for
the "rescue mission" to Grenada,


The media in Grenada were exposed to an unusual- experience on .pril 29th
and found themselves all at sea.

On the initiative of Commissioner of Police Mr. Russel Toppin, Press and
Radio personnel were invited' to tour the Grenada Coast Guard ship "Tyrell
Bay", which i's a gift froi the United States of America to the people of
Gren Ad .

Constructed entirely of aluminium, this 106 foot long ship has a beam of
23' -,ad draws 6A' of water. Fitted with the most modern equipment, includ-
ing satellite navigational aids, the "Tyrell Bay", driven by three General
f'''2+ -) I

Page 14 THE GCREN. ,D NIESLITTER J'ek Ending 18/5/85

Motors' 00 horse power DiSsel engines, has a top speed of 22 knots.

Mr.' Toppin said, in an interview with i-':.SLETTER, this ship cost UC51.3 mil-
lion and is superior to any other Coast Guard vessel in the region.

" 'Tyrell Bay' is the envy of all the other islands in the Westindies", he
said. "She is a very useful boat She is very good for all types of
coast guard work' and we in Grenada are very proud to have such' a ship".

The Commissioner., said the, mee of the, Grenada Coast Guard are well trained
and their training is a continuing process. He has every confidence that
they are capable of handling the ship.

Following a tour of the ship and its facilities, the media was taken for a
short cruise up Grenada's west coast and were shown something of the ship's
manoeuverability and speed.


Grenada's Balance,of payments position, measured by the island'*s imports
and exports,.improved. during .the first 9 months of last year

This is disclosed in a recently released report of the Fast Caribbean Cen-
tral Bank (ECCB) which says the improvement was achieved despite a EC$6.4
million decline in. Grenada's, domestic exports which stood at ECs4q1. million
in the same period in 1983..

The report says, in the January to September period 1984, imports fell by
EC$12.2 million from the figure of EC$120.8 million for the same period in
1983. This resulted in a:i improvement in the "Merchandine Trade Account"
by at least IEC$5 million the report says.

However, an informed source in the commercial community told NEWSLETTER
this comparison of the first three quarters of 1984 with the same period .in
1983 does not give the same result as when the hole of 1984 is compared
with the whole of 1983.

"During the first 4 months of 1984, imports were very low", the source
says, "but they picked up later in the-.year, .. They were very good during
the last 3 months and, overall, imports in 1984 were higher than in 1983".

According to ECCB, Grenada's Tourism statistics show a similar trend,

"During the period January to September 19.4, stay-over visitors were 2.83?
lower than the same period in 1983", the report says. "However, there was
a marked recovery in the 4th quarter and, for the year as a whole, stay-
over visitors were 7,054 (21.7%) higher than in the previous year".


_ ~~__~__~ 1

Weevk En-iing i// T criJjD4;: LE: Page 15

ECCB says that, by contrast, cruise ship visitors declined significantly
by 16,051 from the 1983 figure of 50,217. This probably reflects the loss
in 1984, of the major portion of the 1983/84 winter cruise season which was
affected by the events of October 1983, culminating in the United States
military intervention,

AddressinC the Caribbean Tourism Association in September 1984, Mr.Richard
Cherman, Cr-r-nada's Director of Tourism, expressed satisfaction with develop1
ment of the cruise liner tr:de.

"In terms of cruise ship visits to our port of St. George's", he said, "we
are happy to report a noticeable increase. Between now (September 1984)
and May next year (1985), we have listed a total of 120 cruise ship calls.
to 3rennalt".

For comparison, in the calendar years 1981 and 1982, cruise ship arrivals
were, respectively 129 and 102.

Reporting on Grenada's agricultural sector, the ECCB report says banana ex-
ports in 1984 continued to reflect the decline of the industry, revenue of
EC$11.1 million in 1980 falling to ,1-"7.9 million in 1984.

"Provisiorn;r estimates of cocoa exports for the first 9 months of 1984 show
that receipts expanded on account of both hiCbrr volumes and increased pri- I
ces over those prevailing in 1".5", the report says, "Receipts increased
by EC$1.4 million and output by 126 tonnes to 2,126 tonnes".

On the other hand, ECCB says provisional data shows nutmeg revenues and out-
put, during the first 9 months of 1984, declined relative to the correepynd-
-ing 19c3 period.

"Receipts were C'53.2 million lower", the report says, "while output fell
S { by 652 tonnes as the nutmeg industry continued to be plagued by a weak mar-
ket and falling prices".

The export receipts tor mace (the lacy red by-product of the nutmeg) also
declined in the first 9 months of 1984 from EC$1.9 million to Ec-1.8 million
and output fell from 321 tonri-ss,to 71 tonnes, the report says.

| i. 'Th -f|
Slter fughes Cynthia Hughes
18th May 1984

Printed & Published by the proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Huches, Journalists
of Scott Street, St. Georges, Gren-?a, Westindies

Full Text