The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text


For The le1ek Ending 9th February 1985
12th year of publication - - 1-3th Issue
Volume 13 Number 2

Mr. Marcel peters, the only non-New National Party (NNP) winning can-
didate in the recent General Elections, took the oath of allegience
and his seat when the House of Representatives sat on February 4th.

Mr. peters, a member of Sir Lric Gairy's Grenada United Labour Party
(GULP), joined his political leader after the elections to charge
that the elections had been rigged. Mr. peters said he would not
take his seat in the House of Representatives.

"Tue ballots were marked 'in advance", sir Eric told reporters in an
interview on the day after the elections, "and when the ballots came
in marked by the various parties with the chemical pencil, the chemi-
cal pen, the marks dissi. ated what was put into the ballot box and,
'later on, the other marks surfaced and .showed themselves".

As the only Opposition Member in the House of Representatives. Mr.
peters was issued., by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, the instruments
of the office of the Leader of the Oppocition. However, Mr. peters
did not take the oath of.this office and the instruments were return-
ed to Sir paul Fcoon.

Mr. peters did not take 1-is seat in the House of Representatives witL
the approval of Sir Eric. A front page article in the February 2nd
issue of the "Grenada Guardian", official organ of sir Eric's GULP,
branded Mr. peters "National Traitor of the Year".

Mr. peters, the newspaper said, had been ex-osed to "clandestine eni-
ticem-nt and attractive offers to assist -he New National party to
form a legitimat- governor nt". There had been a plot to "convert
-con tinued-

FOtUNDc:; 17T1 AUGUSI 1973
-. .. ....- -

page 2THE GRENADA NEdSLLTTER Week Ending 9/2/85

Marcel peters from a strong labourite to a traitor", the paper charges,
and "the evil concoction provides for peters becoming a traitor and paid
':30 pieces of silver' to take his seat in parliament ....

Making his maiden speech in the House, Mr. peters said hbe was happy to be
there n-adregrietted that he had not been able -to be at the first meeting
of the House which took place on December 28th.

"I thank God who ga.- me the wisdom and guidance to be present here to-
day", he said, "and I thank all who extended a welcome to me",

Mr. peters pledged to work "hand in hand" with Government in all things
which are for the good of Grenada and said that, whatever criticisms he had
to make would be constructive.

In his address, Prime Minister Herbert Blaize welcomed Mr. Peters' presence
and assured him that his constructive criticisms will have full attention.

The agenda for this meeting of the House included a resolution accepting
the Throne Speech read by the Governor General at the last meeting of the

It included, also, a bill authorising the Minister of Finance to borrow
EC$3 million tto meet current requilomentsa"

Yet another bill was passed to validate laws and rules made by the peoples
Revolutionary Government, proclamations made by the Governor General and
laws and rules made by the Governor General on the advice of thb Interim


Grenadian Barrister, Derek Knight, Q.C., was arrested by the police short-
ly before noon on February Ist.

The arrest took place outside the Supreme Court and was the sequel to a
drama which started on the day before.

Mr. Knight is alleged to have been rude to Mr. Justice James patterson as
the Judge was hearing, in chambers, a matter in which Mr. Knight was involv-
ed, and Mr. Patterson issued a warrant for Mr. Knight's arrest to be brought
before him to give reasons why he should not be charged with Contempt of

On the morning of January 31st, the police went to Mr. Knight's St.George's
home to arrest him but the Barrister claimed there was a defect :n the war-
rant. The police did net execute the warrant but kept a watch on the pre-
mises until the next morning

_ __ __

geek Ending 9/2/85 THEV:LrADA "EJSLETTER Page 3
-- i-- --- !

At 9 o'clock on February let Mr4 Knight left his home and walked to the
Supreme Court a few hundred yards away. It is not clear why the Police
did not arrest him then but, having entered the premises of the Court, leg-
al sources say he could not be touched.

For the next three hours, he in the Court, sometimes consulting
law books, sometimes entering tne adjourning premises of Chief Justice
Archibald Nedd, sometimes talking with Mr. Edwin Heyliger, Legal Advisor to
the Attorney General, sometimes consulting with his Legal Counsel, Mr. Ern-
est' John and sometimes talking with other Barristers.

Shortly before noon, he came out of the Court and approached a Police In-

"Do you have a warrant for my arrest?" he asked. "May I have my copy

The warrant was handed to him and Mr. Knight observed ;hat it required that
he be brought before the Judge.

"Are you bringing me before Mr. Justice Patterson?" he asked.

"That is what the warrant says", the Inspector replied.

"When will you take me before Mr. patterson?"

"It is possible some time today but, in any cases as soon as possible,.

The party of some 3 or 4 Policemen and Mr. Knight then started to walk to-
wards the parking lot but Mr. Knight said he wanted to walk to the Police
Station which is about a quarter of a mile away.

"It'is only ir. extreme cases that 'r-isoners have to walk", the Inspector
told him. "I have a vehicle here and I extend that courtesy to you. You
will drive with me".

"Thank ycu for your courtesy", Mr. Knight replied, "but I preter to walk.
I have not had exercise for a lore time".

Nevertheless, & car was brought up and Mr. ,:night then made a statement tr

"Mr. Hulhes", he said, "at the appropriate time I will be saying this is a
complete abuse of the process of the Court. That is my contention.

Asked by, NEIU7 TTER whether he was under arrest, Mr. Knib: t said he assume
"Am I under a. est?" he asked che Inspector
I'Yes, Mr. you are under arrest".
JQueri'd by N'-SLETTER .s to whiy he was under arrest, Mr, Knight said, "It
says Contempt of Court, to :iow cause why I should not be charged s-th con-
tempt". continued-

i ____________________________________

Page 4 THE GRENADA i'rE"SiETTER We.e Endinr 9/.'/8

At this stage, an official of th :',:i3try of the supreme Court approached
Mr. Knight and said she had been unable to get in touch with "The President",
but she had left a message that he should contact her.

'ueried on this by NE'.3LETTER Mr. Knight said the reference was to the presi-
dent of the App.e.-l Court. Inquiries made later indicated that the president,
Mr& Justice J.O.F. Haynes, was not in Grenada.

Getting into the back seat of the vehicle, flanked by two policemen :Mr.
Knight objected to having an armed Policeman sit next to him.

"Wsit, wait, wait", he sr-id, "I'm not sitting down hear to anybody with a
gun ".

It was not seen who had a gun or whether that person removed a gun from his
person but Mr. Knight then made another statement to NEWSLETTEP.

"I would like you to note, he said, "that I am being taken to prison under
armed escort".

Mr. Knight was taken away and placed in a cell at Fort George, headquarters
of the Royil Grenada Police Force, and Mr. Ernest John, Mr. Knight's Counsel
told PlEdSLETTER an application had been made for bail. That application was
heard later that day by Chief J.u.tice.Archibald Nedd and Mr. Knight was re-

Mr. Justice patterson was out of the country and did not return until Febru-
ary 4th when Mr. Knight appeared before him.

At that hearing, Mr. Knight was cited for ,"criminal contempt in the face of
the Court". Specifically, it was alleged that, when he was prevented from
re-opening his arguments after Mr. patterson had handed down a ruling against
him, he said, "It does not seem to make any sense coming before you to argue".

Th- allegation is that Mr. Knight said also, "I will not appear before you
because it does not make any sense", to which the Judge replied, "I consider
you rude and insulting and I will not have you before me until you apologise".

Mr. Knight is then r.lleged to have said, "You will not get an apology from
nme", whereupon Mr. Patterson called Mr. Knight an "upstart" while Mr. Knight
proceeded to shout at the Judge.

In his defence, Mr. Knight said that in an aside to his Associate Counsel,
'Mr. Crnest John, he had said, "It does not appear to me that there is any
purpose in my coming to argue matters of law". Mr. Knight says Mr. Patter-
Ison then charged him with b-iing ". ide and impertinent" and called on him for

,an apology which .ie refused to give.

Mr. 1:Kni:.t said further that Mr. patterson had called him an "upstart" and
this had provoked an outburst from him.


weei Ending /2/O5 THE GRENADA rfEVSLETTER Page 5

"With respect to the words issued as an as'de to my Associate Counsel", he
said, "nothing in those words meant nor were intended to mean or to have
or to be an attack on the integrity of the Court".

Reserving his judgement, Mr. Patterson gave his ruling on the following day
(Tuecday 5th February) when he found Mr. Knight guilty of the charge.

"I cannot over emphasise that your conduct was disrespectful and insolent",
the Judge said. "In this democracy no one is above the law. That sort
of conduct from a senior Member of the Bar is absolutely reprehensible and
the penalty must be condign,".

Mr. Patterson fined Mr. Knight EC$5,000.00 with costs of ECS1,"l0.OO and
sentenced him to serve six weeks of ,ordinary imprisonment".

Mr. Knight was taken away by the police to Richmond Hill Prison where he
remained until February 8th. On that day he was released following an ap-
peal against the sentence lodged on his behalf by his Counsel, Mr. Ernest
John. It is not known when this appeal will be heard.


F:ominent Grenadian Barrister, Derek Knight Q.C., who was arrested.and jai?
ed by the Police on February 1st criticized the conditions under which
prisoners are kept at Fort George, headquarters of the Royal Grenada police

In an interview on February 3rd, Mr. Knight said the treatment he received
from the police was not even up to the standard the Law requires must be
given to a convicted criminal.

"It is hard to believe that, today, persons in prison can be subjer-ed to
the kind of inhuman and barbaric conditions to which I was subjected", he
i said. "Fortunately for me, I had access to legal help which shortened my
stay in those unsanitary conditions not fit for human beings. I shudder
to think of what happens to the poor unfortunate who finds himself in a
Grenada prison'.

Mr. Knight was arrested following an incident alleged to have taken place
in the Chambers of Mr. Justice James Patterson on January 30th. Mr.
Knight declined to discuss this matter but was willing to talk of the event-
which began on January 31st and culmilnated with his arrest and release on

earlyy on the morning of January 31s. he said, a Police Inspector came to
his home and scored him "what purported to 'cb a warrant-.,


_~~_ ___~~

I- A m

age 6 THE 3RENADA i E'JSLETTER Week Ending 9/28

"I pointed out to him that the document did not have the particulars I
thought should be on a warrant", he said, 'and, would he check and let me

Mr. Knight said the Inspector left and, about 10 minutes later, his yard was
swarming with policemen;t. There were 15 or 20 policemen around, he said
and they remained until the Inspector came back in about 2 hours.

When the Inspector returned, Mr. Knight said, the door of the house was
locked because he (Knight) did not know what was _oing on with all the pol-
icemen around*

Mr. Knight said he told the Inspector that, unless he read the warrant to
him, he would not open the front door. The Inspector left without reading
the warrant, he said, and, shortly'after, most of the Policemen also left.

"During the course of the day", he said, "the Inspector came back from time
to time and I insisted I would not open the front door unless he read the war-
rant to me. He declined to do this".

Mr. Knight said Adviser, Mr. Ernest John, visited him several times
that day and Mr. Knight emphatically denied reports circulating that Mr.John
had entered Mr. ;:r;iight's house thr.,'Agh a window and that Mr. Knight had
thrown Mr. John out through a window.

"Mr. Ernest John has been my Legal Adviser throughout all these proceedings",
he said, "and at no time Ci'd he have to enter my house through a window nor
at any time was there a question of my hitting John or throwing him out of a

: The next morning (Friday 1st) Mr. Knight said he walked from his house to the
Supreme Court, some 500 yards, without seeing a Policeman. He dealt there
: with a matter before Chief Justice Archibald Nedd, he said, and, when this was
over, he saw "a crowd of Policemen outside of the Court House, some of them

He left the Court House about noon, he said, at which point he was arrested
Iby a police Ir .r--ctor and taken to Fort George, headquarters of the Royal
iGrenada Police Force. Mr. Knigh1- aid his request for bail was refused and
,he was put into a cell.

Mr. Knight described that cell as "filthy" and said he had to be forcibly
!put into it because that was not the type of cell in which he should have
been kept. He said he told the Police he was under medication and would
like to see his doctor but this was refused.

,Describing the cell into which he was put, Mr. F:i i ht said in one corner
,was "a filth:' piece of foam" which "appeared to have been eaten by rats".

%'b'e walls of the cells had brcwn streaks', he said, "and on the floor v re

several brown splctch't ~which appeared to me to b" dried excreta',
-con'~j ued-

"'eek Ending 9/2/85 TEE REIJADA IEWSLLTTER page 7

He said too that( whenever the wind blew in the direction of the cell,
there was a stench of urine and the slop pail in the cell also smelt.

"W'hen in the cell) they wanted to take my jacket, tie, belt, wrist-watch
and pen", he said "I told them they did not have a right to take them.
They held me and took all these things from me",

Mr. Knight said there was nothing in the cell to sit or lie on and an open
slop pail was given to him to use as a lavatory.

Mr. Knight's legal Adviser, Mr. John, applied for and obtained bail for Mr.
Knight and he was released that afternoon having spent some 5 to 6 hours in
the cell.

The details of'this experience have been passed his Legal Adviser, he
said, with a view to taking action.


A spokesman for Grenada's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in St. George's
on January 24th that diplomatic relations have been broken off with the
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea).

Diplomatic relations were established with North Korea by the Peoples Revo-
lutionsry Government in May 1979, two months after the New Jewel Movement
revolution of March 1979.. Li Yun Ok, North Korea's Redident Ambassador to
Guyana was appointed non-resident Ambassador to Grenada and, in November
1979, he presented his credentials to Governor General Sir Paul scoon.

Early in 1983, prime Minister Maurice Bishop paid an official visit to North
Korea and it was announced in Grenada that he had signed an agreement with
that country covering aid for Grenada in the economic, scientific, cultural
and agricultural fields,

However, following the military intervention in October 1983, documents were
found disclosing that Mr. Bishop had entered into a secret agreement with
North Korea for military assistance to Grenada.

That agreement, signed by Mr. Bishop in North Korea on 14th April 1983,
stipulates that "both sides shall keep the secrecy of the military assist-
ance", and the agreement sets out the military equipment North Korea was to,
supply, free of charge, to Gren ca over the period 1983 to 1984.

That equipment included 1000 automatic rifles with ammunition, 50 light and
30 heavy machlle guns with an.., nition, 50 rocket lauchers with rockets,200
hand grenades and 1000 gas masks.

North Korea was also to supply 2 boats for the Coast Guard, 6000 uniforms
and assorted ultrashortwave radios, knapsack:, binoculars .sirens and flare.
-contin-. a-

.-THE ?':;J3DA riJS>TTR F;ek Friing_ O/2/

The break with North Korea was foreshadowed by a statement in the i'hrone
Speech read by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon at the opening of Iarliament
on Dec-:mbe.r 28th.

"My Government will maintain relationships with traditional friends", he
said, "but will review certain relationships with a view to preventing the
imposition of any philosophy which is hostile to our parliamentary democratic
Lifestyle, or which is foreign and repugnant to the way of life of the Gre-
nadian people".

North Korea is the third country with which diplomatic relations have been
broken off since the military intervention of Odtober 19 8. Breaks with
the first two, Russia and Liby-i, were made soon after the intervention. A
spAkesman for the Foreign Ministry told NEWSLETTER there has been no break
with C'uba but there has been a lowering; of the level of relations in that
Grenada and Cuba have not exchanged Ambassadors.

Thc sp.,Ikesman said the diplomatic break with North Korea was advised on Jan-
uary 24th to that country's embtnsZy in Guyan-.


The British Government is to offer Grenada a new loan of 5 million to be
spent over a five year period.

This was disclosed on February Ist by Mr. John Kelly, Resident Reprucentative
of the Barbados based British High Commission to Grenada, and Mr. Kelly said
the formal offer of the loan was made that day to Prime Minister Herbert

"Discussions on the allocation of the new loan will be taking place shortly
between the Grenada Ministry of Finance and the British High Commission'., Mr.
Kelly said.

The resident Representative said the British parliament was informed on Feb-
ruary 1st of the offer of the loan to the Grenada Government. This loan,
he said, is to be interest free with a five year grace period, a maturity of
15 years and the offer "includes a C.:. grant element".

"In effect", Mr. Kelly said, "what this means is that the loan is for only
2 million while _3 million will be an outright gift from the British Govern-

This is the third major contributio- by Britain tQ Grenada since October
1983. The first 'o were a grant of .~5f thousand made in November 1985
and an interest free 'oan of 1 million made in 1984.


_______________________________ ___________ _________________________(

''.7ek Ending 9/2'/S5 TFE GRENADA rNEWSLETTER Page 9

Grenada Electricity Services (GES) has been the major beneficiary of the
1983 and 1984 British aid. When the new replacement generator is com-
missioned later this year, GEC will have received 630,000 -orth of equip-

The Royal Grenada Police Force is the second largest beneficiary with more
than 340,000 being spent on vehicles, equipment and renovation of Police
stations. Additionally, the Force has benefited from technical assistance
funds, especially for training.

British aid has also been applied to the Banana Industry Support Scheme,
the Central Water Commission, a housing scheme, a market and a school, com--
munity development projects, refurbishing Parliament Buillin- and providing
a shore facility for the Grenada Coastgusrd,


Unless the Government of Grenada helps the National Development Foundation
of Grenada (NDFG)~'o achieve its gcals, the Government will fail in its
duty. -

This opinion was Exprcssed oi Ja. ry 25th by Prime Minister lHerbert Blaize
as he delivered the feature address at a fund-raising dinner organized to
launch the Foundation.

M'. Blaize welcomed the establishment of NDFG and said it would perform a
service to thi community better rendered by the Private Seator then by

"Any Government that shoulders the responsibility to treat with people
from the cradle to the grave, taking all their cares upon its shoulders",
he said, "is a Government that is certain to fall".

The Prime Minister said such a Government would fall because people need
to know they are getting help, but they dca't want "hand-outa", what they
want is to be given a "hand-up",

IIDFG is a private sector, non-profit lend-'ng organisation which will focus
on viable small projects which are unable to obtain funds from the c6mmer-
cial banks and other traditional lenders.

Initiative for establishing the foundationn (NDFG is one of 24 in vnriovs
countries), came from the Pan American Develcpment Foundation (PAD7), and
discussions were initiated wi+t the G enadiin private Sector early in

The response was encouraging and it wats disclosed at the launching dinner
that, because of the rapidi:,y with which the Foundation was got t gather
and launshec-, NDFG r~y receive an award. -continued-

L_____________________ _


Mr. Edvwad Marascuilo, Chief Executive Officer and Vice-President 1f PADF,
told the dinner guests that, while some foundations have taken years to be
organised and launched, rNDFG had got off the ground in 6 months.

"The PADF trustees were so impressed with this achievement"u he said, "that
NDFG is now one of three foundations that are being considered to be given
the 'Founl:ition of the year' award".

iNDFG Chairmr.n, Mr* Riciard Menezes, U?;.iaging Director of the firm of Geo.
F6 Hucgins & Co. Ltd. and immediate past President of the Chamber of Indus-
try and Ccmmcrce, said at the dinner that, while the weighty matters of
balance of payments and other features of the national eSonomy are impress-
.i-e, they do not highlight the personal aspirations of the individual.

"For too long in this country we have overlooked the needs and aspirations
of the small entrepreneur", he said, "and, if we are to spread the gospel
of self-improvement and self-development, no society can go forward unless
the needs, dreams and aspirations of all of us, we, the people, are taken
into consideration".

Mr. Menezes said NDFG will not onlygive financial assistance to the small
entrepreneur but will provide him with advice and technical assistance until
ihe finds his feet.

To most individuals, the Chairman said, the fear of the "real world" outside
is probably the greatest inhibitant to getting started. These individuals,
he said, look on "big business" as pirt of the unknown 'something" they can-
not contend with.

"But, if the path to individual development is shown", he said, ''then this
fear quickly melt away because, if yo-, can show concern for the individual,
then it makes it that much easier for him or h-r to get started in a venture
which means self reliance and the possibility of improving his stjindi '- of
life and making a contribution to the society in wnich he lives'.

NDF3 will make loans through the Commercial Baa.ks at the commercial rates of
interest, but terms of repayment will be geared to meet individual circum-
stances. Loans of up to EC$20,030 will be made to projects which have less
than 10 employees and whose assets (excluding Land and buildings) are valued
at less than EC:25,000.

Funds are raised through irmbership annual subscriptions from individuals
and corporations ranging from ECtlO0 "ordinary" memtutrship for an indiv.:du*e1
through EC!I50O for a "gold" membership for a corp ration to t donation of
';c55,000 for lifo member-laip.

To date, there were 42 individual and -J corporate memberships.

A spokesman for the Foundftioi. told NEWSLETTEP the United States Agen-" for
International Development (UNSAID) has ,iven NDF a gra,.t of US. 725,000.

_ ~_ _~_~~_~~__~_~

Week ':--ding /2/8

page 10

Week Ending 9/2/85 TII 2.L_' ADA rIEWSLETTER Page 11

Other funds will come from a loan frmn Be.rclays Bank International of
ECS125,000 over 15 years at a nominal interest rate of 1%.

The spokl'. .man said some EC12 million are now available for the operation
of the foundation. Neatly 100 erplications for loans have already been
received and are being processed.

"The professional borrowers are being eliminatedt, he sid, "but there are
many worthwhile projects which are now having our attention. To date, two
have been approved, one for tailoring and the other for wood-workingrL

The fund-raising dinner was attended by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon
and Lady Scoon, Members of Parliament, Mambers of the Diplomatic Corps and
and wide cross-section of the community.


Steps are being taken to coordinated the Agricultural Eftensiot Services-now
being on, r:ted by some bf- Grenada's' national organizations.

This was disclosed on January 24th by Minister of Agriculture, George Briz-
an, at a function at which -his Ministry received a gift of three vehicles
and various pieced of equipment for use in the Ministry's extension servi-'.

The gift, valued at ECS200,000, came from the Extension Department of the
University of the West Indies,;.the United States Agency for International
Development and the Consortium of Mid-western Universities, a United States
l.r.up which has bend-ed together to aid agricultural extension services.

Mr. Brizan pointed out that there is an overlap and waste of resources re-
sulting from the fact that, in addition to the extension service provided
by the Ministry of Agriculture, both the Grenada Banana Cooperati-e Society
and the Cocoa Association also operate agricultural extension services.

"'*hat we are gcing to ensure", the Minister said, "in discussions with both
farmer organisations, is a coordination of all extension services so that
what is done by the Cocoa Association, together with what is done by the
Banana Society, is complementary and strengthens what is done by the Minis
try of Agriculture".

The Agricultural Extension Service, Mr. Brizan said, is tie "lincli-pin" of
Grenada's agricultural system and, without it, there will be low produce:Jo
and farmer frustration.

"The "xtensicn Services have oeen weak in recent times", he said, "because
of lack of transportation and lack of on-going training for the Extension

-continued- 12 TiE GRENADA NEWSLETTER 'eek Fnding 9,/2/3

The training of Extension personnel is soon to become a permanent feature
of their jobs, Mr. Brizan said, and this training is to become "institution-
alised" so that it will be a regular weekly feature of Extension Officers.

i,- Minister referred also to the need for close relationship between the
Extension service and Marketing.

'tJust like you have ring and finr-r, husband and wife and shoe and shoe-lace",
he said, "you have Agricultural Extcnt.ion and Marketing".

This kind of integration has not existed in the past in Grenada he said, but
it is now to be introduced by establishing a liason with the National Market-
ing and Importing Board (NMIB). This Board has concentrated on imports, he
said, but great emphasis is now to be ySlaced on export promotion.

"What should hliAper'", Mr. Brizan said, 'is-a high and regular level of commun-
ication between the person in NMIB responsible for marketing agricultural pro-
duce and the chief of the Extension Service.

Based on the market knowledge of NMIB, the Minister said, this communication
bridge will alert farmers to what they should produce and in what quantities,
and will remove the uncertainties which the agricultural community now faces.

"The close integration of marketing, especially the export division of MMIB
and the Extension Service of the Ministry of Agriculture", Mr. Brizan said,
"is important in moving agriculture towards commercial levels of operation".


The Grenada [lini.-try of Agriculture has received three vehicles and a range
of equipment valued at EC3200,000 for use by the Ministry's Extension service.

At a function on January 25th,Mr. George Brizan, Minister of Agriculture, re-
ceived the gift which resulted from the joint efforts of the United States
Agency for International Development, the Caribbean Agricultural Extension
project (CAEP) of the University of the i'ist Indies and the Consortium of
Mid-western Universities in the United States, a group which has banded to-
gether to aid agricultural extension services.

Symbolically h-nding over the gift tb the Minister, Dr. Tom Hehderson, C.,EP
Director, said that..what'is-being given to Grenada must be seen as resulting
from work done by the Ministry of Agriculture.

"One of the things which this project does through its aim of building an
institution", he said, "is to ensure that the institution earns whatever it

Before the items making up the gift came to Grenada, he said, there were many
things the Ministry of Agriculture had to do. 'Inese include o, -aniation of
-continue -

_ ~ ~

'.eik Enrding 9/2/15 T_- *L:ADA JEWSLETTER Page 13

the extension services, development of na ional plans and setting out
annual prorrarmmes of work.

Two of the 3 vehicles (4-wheol drive "jeeps") are for the direct use of the
Extension Service, Mr. Henderson said, while the other is for the Communi-
cations Unit.

It is essential, he said, that the Communications Unit be mobile in order
to back up the Extension Service in the field, and cameras and other equip-
ment has been provided for this. With reference to the Extension Service.
the necessary tools pruning knives, ;-rfting knives, measuring tapes,
sprayers and other items will be available.

present at the handing over ceremony were Mr. Don Harrington and Ms. Leti-
cia Diaz of USAID, Dr. George Saska of the Consortium of Nid-western Uni-
versities and Dr. Dunstan Campbell, CAEP Programme Leader for the Windward


Foreign Minister Ben Jones visited the headquarters .of the Organisation of
American States in Washington o4.February 1st and had discussions with the
Chairman of the Permanent Council, Ambassador Frank Paron of Dominica. Mr.
Jones met also with the Secretary General Mr. Joao Clemente Baena Soares.

Mr. Jones said his visit was primarily to pay his resn._-ts and establish
contact and he hoped this woull result in better relations between the OAS
and Grenada.

"The closer we can get together, tVe better I think it will be for both the
Crganisation and for us", he said.

The Foreign Minister told the OAS authorities that conditions in Gr nida
have improved to the extent that Grenadiane now feel themselves to be a free
people pursuing a democratic path.

"Our people are now free to establish themselves as they choose", he said,
"free to pursue democratic goals, and the Government is attempting to estab
lish the kind of situation that will guarantee these conditions".

Mr. Jones, who was accompanied by Grenada's Ambassador to the GAS, Mr. Al-
bert Xavier, was in the United States to negotiate a loan from the Inter-
American Bank and to visit Grenada's diplomatic missions in Washington and
New York.

_ _ _ _

page 14 THE GR.rJNADA N[7i'JLTT. ,'c : "7ndin- 9/2/8

INJ5.-*IT'c.2.-:: CELEEi.TED

Grenada celebrated on February 7th her 11th az.:.iv.ersary of the attainment of
in ependence from Britain with a parade of uniformed forces, school children
aad a display of parachute jumping by the United States Army "Golden Knights".

Delivering an Independence Day Mess;-Je, prime Minister Herbert Blaize said
,Grenadians should remember that, although they were celebrating their inde-
pendence, they must recognise their dependence on 'God for protection and guid-

"This nation of ours, in its 11th yir of independence=, he said, faces many
jand diverse challenges that are so groat that we have become the adopted
child of many nations and many peoples".

After experiencing many turbulent years as a nation, .he said$ Gx-nadians must
firmly declare thai they are willing and ready by the grace of God to begin
the reconstruction of their land.

The Prime Minister praised the United States and other Caribbean countries
who came to Grernada's assistance in October 1983 and he stressed the import-
ance of developing, a strong and respected police Force*

"You can take my word", he said, "the Grenada Police Fore- is cori rg right
back to be able to lead this people in law, order and security,".

Grenada is to be part of a R.lun.-il Security Service which will assist coint-
irles within that service to protect its citizens, he said Grenada's con-
tribution to that Service Will be : Security Unit of about 90 men which will
be attached to the Royal Grenada Pdlice Force. Training of that Unit is to
begin in February.


The Royal Grenada police Force now has a strengLh of 475 officers and other
"anks, according to a release is.In-d on 22nd from the office of the
Commissioner of police.

This strength results from an intake of 49 new recruits sworn in on January
19th and the Force has now increased by 69' since October 1983.

The new recruits reported to the 'oint Saline training camp on Janu.iry 2cit
to join 54 serving Police and prison officers in F 4-week cou se conducted
oy United States ^rmy instructors

At the end of that course, they will attend the Police T:'aining Scool at
:?ort George for further 1- weeks of regular Police .g from which
'hey will '-r~tdu-lt, as -'obationury constables.
hi e w-cont nued-


Training and equipping of the T-'lice Force is being done under a grant and
loan from the British Government. The grant is for F153,000 ind the loan
for nearly 200,000.

An informed source told EI.'3LTTiER that the aim is to bring the police
Force up to a strength of 540 officers and men, and this target should be
achieved by mid 1985.


Grenada's public transport system, the "National Transport Service" (NTS)
is to be renamed, reconstructed and reorganised.

This was announced in an interview on January 26th by Dr. Keith Mitchell
Minister of Public Utilities, and he said a complete investi--tion and audit
is to be m-de of the system,

"'.rh-t we have found out is that Government did not own the National Trans-
port Service Co. Ltd.", he said. "That private company, as recorded in the
Registry, has only two shareholders, Hudson Austin and Gardena Louison".

Mr. Austin, a member of the peoples Revolutionary Government (PPi). is in
Richmond Hill Prisons awaiting trial for the murder of the late Prime Mini ,-
ter Maurice Bishop and others. Dr. Mitchell said he has been told that Ms.
Gardena Louison is the sister of Messrs. George and Einztein Louison, other
members of the PRG.

N'3 went into operation in March 1982 with a fleet of 26 (26-seater) Japan-
ese buses, the purchase of which, according to PRG Minister of National Mob-
ilisation, Selwyn Strachan, was fac litated by funds received from a special
fund of the Organisation of petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

Twelve more buses were bought subsequently andl Dr. Mitchell said some 25 of
them are now in working condition. There have been no serious breakdowns
;and he thought an injection of EC3100,000 wou'? put most of them on the roae

"These buses", Dr. Mitchell said, "were bought in the company's name with
Government funds at a cost of some EC$1.7 million. They were all register-
ed and licensed in the name of Government but were turned over to the priv- |
ate NTS company and used to create reverue for that service".
The Minister said that, two weeks before a new manager was appointed to the
!service and, ac of January 25t'., Government has entrusted these buses to a
Lew entity, the Public Transport Sei ;ice Co. Ltd. The final c'ructure of
the orjr.iis-'ticn to run the service has not yei been decided but it is to be
conducted on business lines.

Week Ending 9/2/85

Page 15

Page 16 TPL GiREI:NADA tIr.JSL=TT-R Week r-ding /2/5
_ ___________^ ^ ___- -- -- -- <

SDr. Mitchell said his Ministry has sent in qualified people to ha-v a look
at the N1S accounts and it appears that "there must have been quite a lot
going on in that place on a financial level"*

iI think we are gZing to have to put in a complete accounting aud4t of that
system", he said, "although I don't know whether it will have any legal

SThe Minister said if the system had been allowed to continue as it was go-
ing, it certainly would have crashed.

"Last Christmas", he said, "ttey came to us and said they had no money. The
buses were running, money was being coll,-cted but they had no money to pay
salaries and we had to take EC$40,000 from the Treasury and give them".

Dr. Mitchell said that, since the take-over by new management, the cash in-
take from the system had increased considerably 1~t, until an audit has been
completed, -he could say no more than this.


The Government of Grenada an& the United States Agency for Intern,-1 onal De-
velopment (USAI,) have signed an Agreement for EC&2,150.560 for phase I of
the Grenada Mental Health Services Proj-ct.

The project is the result of a b'operative effort between the Ministry of
Health and USAID, and the signing was done on February 6th by Mr. Roy Haver-
kamp for USAID and prime Minister Herbert Blaize for the Government.

The project has been divided into two phases, the first providing financing
for architectural and engineering services to design an "acute care facility"
located in the grounds of the General Hospital in ;t. George's. This phase
will also examine the feasibility of building an 20-bed "'ong term facility"
at Mt. Gay, on the northern outskirts of St. George's.

IPhase II of the project will include building construction and follow-up
training financed under a subsequent grant.

Technical assistance will be provided in the areas of psychiatric evaluation,
assessing needs for uprriding existing skills of staff,establishment of a
!medical records system, staff training and provision of pharmaceuticals.

The project will also finance the purchase of two vehicles.


week Ehding 9/2/85

TiL G,.,. ADh fr' 'SLE TTER


Grenada may not have a good nutmeg crop this year but, ironically, this may
help to rebuild the sagging fortunes of the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Asso-
ciation (GCUI.).

Mr. Robin Renwickl GCN: Maniaer, told NEWSLETTER on January 24th that, aft-
er a 5 year steady decline in the profits of the Association, the current
fiscal year, which ends in June, has started to show some improvement in the
vdlume of sales. World market prices, however, are still depressed.

'Prices have not begun to reflect the increase in demand as yet", he said,
"because Indonesia (the other world supplier) and ourselves still hold heavy
stocks. The demand has improved but not at very good prices".

The GCIA Manager said prices will improve as stocks drop and, as neither
Grenada nor Indonesia is expected to have good crops this year, this drop
may take place before the middle of 1985.

Grenada's expected 1985 drop in production is due to a normal cycle relative
to the bearing of the mtmeg trees but there is another factor which is hav-
ing its effect, Mr. Renwick said.

"Because of the low prices we lave been getting, farmers have been neglect-
ing their fields", he said. "Nutmecs are harv sted by picking them up off
the ground but this has not been done regularly with the result that, espe-
cially in the wet season, we are. losing stock through spoilage on the ground-

Holland and West Germany remain the biggest buyers of Grenada's nutmegs,
the GCNA Manager said, but efforts are being made to find new markets. In
1983, Mr, Renwick visited several Squth American countries in this connaet.
ion but there is a problem-with shi. ping connections.

Shipments are made to Argentina, an'old customer of GCNA, he said, out this
is done through Miami which is expensive and Argentina has continued to buy
from Grenada only because.buyers in that country prefer the way Grenada nut-
mogs are prepared to the methods used by Indonesia.

"Fortunately, the spice users in Argentina are very discriminating as to
quality", Mr. Renwick said, "and our quality in preparation and cleanliness
is superior to the Indonesian product" .

The GCNA Manager said there is now hope for new markets in South America be-
cause a now shipping service has recently been opened up by the Dutch Ned-
lloyd Shipping Line between Barbados and some South American countries.

GCNA has had discussions with Yedlloyd, he said. The problem is getting
shipments to Barbados but he is confident that a solution can b- found.

"I'm hoping that we will be able to solve that problem within a matter of
weekss, Mr. Renwick said. "We hare held talks with the T.E.C.Steamship
S -continued-

Page 17



.,e 1.,A 7L.T R : rk r- nding ' -"'

line which operates out of Miami and which has a schedule between 'Irenada
and Bagrbados, We are exploring the possibility of using that line to make
the link to Barbados".

With this possibility of expandin- exports, and with the current increased
demand in Grenada's traditional markets, the GCNA Mahager is optimistic that
the 1984/85 fiscal year of the Association will see a turn around in the for-
tunes of nutmeg producers.



Mr. Robin Renwick, Manager'of the Grenada CooperatiVe Nutmeg Association
(GCNA) told NEWSLLTTER on January 24th that, over the last 6 years, because
of adverse world market conditions, c3r.. has had to draw heavily on its re-
serves to be able to put some money into the hands of nutmeg producers.

"Between 1979 and 1984", he said, "we have had to transfer EC$9.2 million
from reserves, but it must be remembered that, each year, the reserves were
built up by the cess",

This "" is a levy which must be taken out and set aside from revenue
from sales and, between 1979 and 1984, LCf6.4 million went into th,. reserves
from this source. This means, ?ir. Renwick says, that the net loss to GCNA's
reserves was EC,2.8 million over that period,

Mr, Renwick said that, at the end of 19784 GCNA had a reserve of EC310.3
million which included non-cash assets of the Association. Cash reserves
at that time, he said, were EC$7.5 million represented by fixed deposits
with the Commercial Banks.

SAt the end of the 1983/84 fiscal year, he said, total reserves were over
i LC7 million but only EC$1 million in fixed deposits represented the cash

Mr. Renwick pointed out also that, at the end of 1978, the cash flow per-
.itted the Association to operate without an overdraft at the Banks but,
at the end of the 1983/84 trading period, nearly a million dollars was owed
to the Banks on the GCNA op.-rting accounts,

At the end of the 1977/78 trading year, GCU;'. made a profit of 7C$4 million
which was distributed to producers. Beginning with the 1978/79 year, each
succeeding year has shown a deteriorating profit ar-d reserves have been tap-
ped to supplement payments to proricers.

Somb profit was made each year up to the trading year 1981/82 but ioth trad-
'ng years 1:.i2/83 and 1983/8' have shown losses.

-- ,,

e..ek Ending 9/2/85 THE GLLFID. t!:WSLTTER Page 19


The Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA), the statutory body
through which all nutmegs must be exported, has now been retrieved from the
uncertain position it has occupied for the last 9 years.

The problem b-gan in 1975 when the Government of Grenada, then under the
administration of Sir Eric Gairy, dissolved the elected Board of Mi..agemenu
of the Association and replaced it with a Government appointed "Interim"

In spite of demonstrations by nutmeg producers and litigation, GCNA remain
ed under Government control through the Interim Board. Legislation was
passed exempting that Board from any responsibility to the nearly 7000 nut-
meg growers in the island and this was the situation when the New Jewel
Movement (.J;) revolution took place in 1979.

The peoples Levolutionary Government (PRG) of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
dismissed the Gairy appointed Interim Board and replaced it with a "Care-
taker" Board, announcing that that Bosrd would remain in office until ar-
rar!.ements could be made to have the producers:elect their own representa-

However, nd steps were taken to arrange. those elections and, in Jun- 19P0,
Mr. F.J. Archibald, who had been appointed Chairman of the Caretaker Board
by the .30. resigned from that post.

In a letter to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, Mr. Archibald said there
were no indications that the Caretaker Board would be replaced by an elect-
ed Board in-keeping with'the provisions of the law and, in view of this,he 1
could no longer continue to serve on the Board.

This situation remained unchanged until the military intervention of Octu-
ber 1983 but, since then, there have been developments. bllowinb a series
of area meetings of nutmeg producers, GCNA held, on November 3rd 1984,'its
first General Meeting since 1975 for the election of officers. A 6-member
Board of -_n-rn-ement was elected with Senator Norris James as Chairman.


A plant for the distillation of nutmeg oil is expected to be in production
in Grenada early next year.

This was told to NE .LETTER on January 24th by Mr. Robin Renwick, Manager
of the Grenade Cooperative Nu ,ri Association (GCNA), and he said the plant
and its operation will be a joint zanture of GCNA with the Belgium firm of
Tractional S.A.

T-Ee 20 TEE Ri',D,D. NEWISLETTER Week a:ding 9/ /85

"The company is now completing its feasibility study which we hope to have
very shortly", he said, "andt in the meantime, they have been doing ; distil-
lation in Belgium and putti!,g the product on the market".

.Ae GCCNt Manager said a ton of nutmeg oil has already been sold and further
distillation is in progress*

Sutmeg oil is used in both the food and frgrz-nce industries, Mr. Renwick
said, and, until the plant is set up in Gr.nsdas the plan is to distill in
Belgium and get the product on the market. At the present time, Indonesian
nutmeg oil is all that is available on the market he said, but the Grenada
oil distilled in Belgium has had a good reception and prospects for future
sales are good.

The poorest quality nutmegs is what is used in the manufacture of nutmeg
oil and the supply of this is part of the GCNA contribution to the joint

"Our part of it will also be accommodation, buildings, premises and some mon-
ey", he said, "but we opted for a joint venture because the company has the
technology, know-how and market access",


A novel approach is being taken to recapturing for Grenada a slice of the
United States spice market which was blown away by a hurricane 30 years ago.

In an interview on January 24th, Mr. Robin Renwick, Manager of the Grenada
Cooperative Iutm:-g Association, (G.CN,) said, up to 1955, the U.S. bought
about two-thirds of the island's annual nutmeg crop.

"Hurricane 'Janet' of September 1955 destroyed 80% of our nutmeg plantations",
he said, "and for 5 pr 6 years after, we.were unable to meet the demrnnd and
buyers in the States turned to Indonesia for their supplies,,

Mr. Renwick said Grenada has been unable to get back into the American mar-
ket because spice grinders in that country fund the Indornsian nutmeg eas-
ier than the Grenadian nutmeg to handle. The Grenadian nut has a higher
"fat" content, he said. This tends to clog grinding machines and, for this
reason, American spice grinders have continued to draw their suppliers from

However, the GCNA Manager points to a feature of the United Sta6es market
Which has become apparent and which Grenada seeks to exploit in a dirve to
Increase exports.

..cords indicate that, as a household spice, consumption of nutmegs has fal-
len gradually over the years in the U.S.", he said, "and the main reason for
this is probably that, when the product gets to the housewife, tn uu;st

Week Ending 9/2/85 THE GhLNADA JEWSLTTER page 21

most of its flavour and is not satisfactory".

Mr. Renwick said the American housewife now buys nutmeg in powder form
and, in the grinding process and after, the nutmeg is very susceptible to
flavour loss. To overcome this, he said, a United States company, V.I.E.
Industries, since early last year, has been packaging whole nutmegs with a
grater in small bottles.

These packages are distributed in the State principally through the Safeway
supermarket Chain and an advertising campaign has been undertaken to edu-
cate the American housewife to use the whole nuts, gt-ting them herself
and ensuring a fresh flavour.

Estimated annual sales of these packaged whole nuts is some 400 to 500 tons
Mr. Renwick said, which is about 20., of the annual crop, but this will take
some time to develop. Last ye-r, some 45 tons were packaged but this was
an overestimate of the pre-Christmas demand. The result is that large un-
distributed stocks are now held in the United States and pac'l:oping has
been stopped.

"We don't have an estimate as to when we will start packaging again", Mr.
Renwick said, "but we know that there is a drive bn to get the stock moved
and we are waiting to hear from them,.

The GCNA Manager said the p-ck-ging operation is done by his Association
for the Company on a contract basis. GCNA sells the nutmegs to the Comp-,
any which supplies all the packaging materials. Thirty people are employ-
ed in the operation.


At least one big Grenadian business firm has been pleasantly surprised with
the trading in the island in 1984.

This is disclosed in a report submitted to shareholders by Mr. Fred Toppir.
Chairman of the Board of Directors of Jonas Browne & Hubbard Ltd. This
firm covers a variety of business activities ranging from supermarkets
through hardward, lumber and appli-inces to auto sales, shipping and insur-

"I am happy to report", the'Ch- -:mn says, "that my rather pessimistic for,
cast in last year's report was wrong ..."

In his 1983 report, Mr. Toppic said that, following the events of October
1983 and the military intervention, the business had had considerable loss-
es due to looting and spoila of goods because of lack of refrigeration.
And, he cxpr,_-sed the view *hat forward planning during the regime of the
Peoples Revolutionary Government had been imp. siible.


Th2Z GREN AD-. NE JSLZTTER k ending -,/ '/85

"The Interim administrationn is doing a good job of reconstructing the fin-
ancial, law enforcement ind administrative arms of Government", the 1983 re-
port said, "but, ultimately, the key to a successful future is the election
of a Government which will have the confidence and respect of the local and
international communities".

In his current report, Mr* Toppin says that, despite his "pessimistic fore-
cast"i the Company made a profit last year of $EC 2.1 million which is only
FC$10,000 less than the previous year.

"This rather gratifying result was achieved despite the losses suffered from
looting and spoilage during the intervention of October 1983, a severe drop
in trade during the first 3 months of the yoar (and) a decrease in rental
revenue ...,, he said.

The favourable trading result is directly attributable to increased sales,
particularly between April and'September 1984, the last six months of the
Company's financial year, he said, and the Directors have recommended a div-
idend of 12yi%, the highest paid since the financial year ending 30th Septem-
ber 1979.

Mr. Toppin said the election of a Government and the opening of Point Saline
International Airport are catalysts needed for Grenada's development and he
hopes the Private Sector will grasp the now available opportunities for in-
vestment and expansion. ,

"Your Directors are mindful of the challenges of the future",the Chairman
said# "and are ex--mining the feasibility of projects in the Tourism and In-
dustrial sectors".

In the financial year ending 50th September 1983, total funds available to
Sthe Company for appropriation were EC24.3 million from which a dividend of
10% was paid leaving a balance of EC3359 million.

In the year ending 30th September 1934, the sum of EC$4.8 million is avail-
able for appropriation. A shareholders meeting on January 31st approved
the Directors' recommendation of a dividend of 12*% and shareholders re-
ceived just over ha3f a million dollars, leaving a balance of EC$4.3 million
to be carried forward.

"In the new atmosphere of confidence created by the re-establishment of our
constitutional institutions, it is at last possible to plan for the future",
the Chairman's report says. "We must be optimistic but cautious. Already,
business activity has increased and the immediate future look bright".

Page 22

C~eS~ ~SY~~;

Vec' n ndingk: 9/2/85. THE GRENADA NEWSLETTER page-,3-


d'vernor G4neral Sir Paul Scoon on February 1st officially declared open
the "centennial year of the Grenada Boys Secondary School (GBSS).

The ceremony took place at the GBSS auditorium at an Ecumenical Service
conducted by the'Council of Churches4 Grenada, and attended by hundreds of
students and old boys of the School including prime Minister Herbert

Sir Paul, an old boy of the school himself said it is the privilege of to-
day's students to start the next century and he hoped they would keep a-
light the torch handed down to them by former students.

"Th:it is the torch of discipline", he said, "of hard work, of responsibiL-
ity and of courage'.

GBSS had its start on February 2nd 1885 as a school for secondary education
for boys. It was started by private enterprise but was absorbed by the
Government owned establishment which was launched on September 18th 1911.
Until shortly after World 'ar II, GBSS remained the only secondary school
for boys in Grenada.

In more recent years, $h6 upper forms of the School have been opened to
girls from secondary schools in Grenada which schools were unable to pro-
vide science and other facilities.

The Governdr General said that, in any assessment of Grenada's history of
education, the history of GBS3 must stand high.

"Tor years this school has set the standard for secondary education", he
said. "Its influence on the other Grenadian schools, both primary and
secondary, has been profound and -ts past pupils have contributed enormous-
ly to the social and economic upliftment of .Grenada".

Sir Paul' s-iJ that,' additionally, the influence of GBSS, through its past
'pupils/ has spread far and wide.

"Need I ask you to look to the British House of Lords", he said, "er to t'-
varib'us academic institutions in North America and the Caribbean, or to Li:e
corridors of power and authority in our Caribbean lands, or to international
al organisations. yes, look, and you will find that our old boys are
everywhere endeavouring earnestly to attain the highest and best, and work-
ing diligently to give service. i:. their various callings"..

That, said Sir'Paul, is a GB.S education is all about, selfless ser-
vice through nard work.

Also present at the service was the Hon. Gecrge McGuire, Minister of Edu-
cation, a fc-mer principal of GBSS and an old boy of the School, and Hon.
Dr. Francis ;lexis, Minister of Labour and also a GBSC, old boy.

^ ii


_ ~ ~ I ___~

page 24 THE GRENAD. TIE;S3LETTER VWlk Ending 9/2/85


When pope John Paul II celebrated mass at Trinidad & Tobago's National ,Stad-
ium on February 5th, he stood 6 feet above the ground at a specially con-
structed altar carpeted in gold an= red.

According to the "Catholic News", official organ of the Roman Catholic Church
in Trinidad & Tobago, that altar stood on a platform 68 feet 6 inches long by
48 feet wide and was elevated 4 feet above the ground.

SConstructed with its length in an east/west direction, the platform had grad-
Sed ramps at each end and was ma.le of plywood and carpeted in red.

he central area of-the platform was elevated a further 2 feet with a hexagon
Shaped dais measuring 20 feet across and with steps leading to the altar on
each of its six sides. This area was carpeted in gold.

SThe altar itself was 12 feet long by 4 feet wide and stood on a hexagon of
Transparent Perspox. The altar cloth was of white Swiss lace, hand clipped
nd decorated in white and gold. Above the altar was a dome of 8 metal arches,
S20 feet in diameter, 20 feet high and supporting an illuminated 16 -foot cross.

hhe steps and dome were decorated with floral arrangements of ginger lilies,
red anthurium lilies and Bird of Paradise flowers, while the metal arches,
crossing under and supporting the cross, were thatched with coconut palm
leaves at the base of the cross.

rhe altar was designed by Trinidadian 'iayne Berkley, wellknown Carnival band-


Jriting in the "Catholic News", voice of the Roman Catholic Church in Trini-
dad & Tobago, His Grace Anthony Pantin, Archbishop of port of Spain said the
cost of the Papal visit in February is estimated to be half a million Trini-
dad & Tobgo doll-rs.

Archbishop pantin said this figure "is about the same as 2 or 3 of our big
Carnival bands and much less than is usually bet by patrons on any single
day of horse racing".

"I would like to emphasis also that this sum is set as a maximum", the Arch-
bishop said, "and that a tremendous effort is being voluntarily and joyfully
made by hundreds of people, not only of the Catholic faith".

His Grace said the pope's visit cannot be calculated in dollars and cents and
it is impossible to measure spiritual realities in material costs.


_ I ~~

_ I ~ ~~__I


"When I see what is spent on various functions", he said "and when I con-
sider how deep is the desire of our people, as a whole, to seo, in person,
Pope John Paul II, I have to come to the conclusion that the cost of this
visit is definitely not too much".

Archbishop pantin says he accepts that some people may disagree, but "such
criticism is as old as the jar of precious ointment with which the woman in
the Gospel annointed the feet of Jesus".

sister HUghes Cynthia Hughes
9th February 1985

Printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St.Tc-orge'd, Grenada, Westindies

Week Ending 9/2/85

page 25

Full Text