The Grenada newsletter


Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.
A. & C. Hughes
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
Publication Date:
twenty no. a year
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 24157414
lccn - sn 91021217
lcc - F2056.A2 G74
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Full Text




For The week Ending 9th January 98j
12th year of Rublication - 312th Issue
Volume 13 fNumber 1

A prominent Grenadian Barrister, Mr. Lloyd Noel, has challenged the'con-
stitutionality of the Grenada.Supreme Court.,
, ;

The challenge came in an article in a recent"issue of the "Grcnidian
voice" newspaper and, an interview on January 11th, Mr. Noel who ser-
ved at one time as Attorney General in .the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment of ,tb#, late prime Minister Maurice Bishop, says the situation pose ,
grave conIuquence* .

"The difficulty arises from last December 28th when Parliament was sworn
in", he said, becausee, from that date, there was no authority to sup-
port the continued operation, of the Grenada Supreme Court unless Parlia-
ment took action, which it has not".

Under Grenada's Constitution, he said, the island's Supreme Court is the
Supreme Court ofthe Organisation of East Caribbean States (OECS) but,'
when the Constitution was sUEInded by the peoples Revolutionary Govern-I
ment (PRG) after the revolution, that Court was no longer in effect and
Sthe PRG created the Grenada Supreme Court to replace it.

"The PRG was perfectly justified in doing this", Mr. Noel said, "because
that revolutionary government-was accepted and rEcognised,'not only by
jthe people of Grenada but by world organizations and governments, and
this gave it full legality".

IMr. Noel said when the PRG was overthrown'in October 1983, the Governor
General assumed responsibility for the Government of the country and d.-.
i 1 -continued-


page TE GRENADA Ji.ILZTTER W'ek Ending 19/1/85

decided to retain the PRG;s Grenada Supreme Court.

The legality of that Supreme Court, after the overthrow, was challenged and
r. Noai re$ersed to a motibt"~ heard before Chiqf Justice Archibald -Nedd last
October .

Agu;balV.e m tion on'behalY of' 19 persons accused of murdering Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop and others was Guyanese Constitutional Lawyer Mr. Clarence
Hughes and, amonJ other things, he held that, after the overthrow of the rRG
and the assumption of power by Governor General Sir'Paul Scoon, the Grenada
Constitution once more became the "basic norm".

-hat norm provides that the OECS Supreme Court is to be Grenada's principal
Court, he said, and it was his opinion that the Grenada Supreme Court could
not then exist.

The motion did not succeed and the Grenada Supreme Court continued to function
and Mr. Noel said this was justified on the basis of "state necessity".

"Ctate necessity is an established le-al doctrine", he said. "Under this
doctrine, when there is an abnormal situation and it is necessary to do things
which, normally, are illegal,.become legal".

According to Mr. jNoel, this "state necessity" disappeared on December 28th
when the Grenada Parliament came into being. Before the General Elections of
december 3rd, the Governor General, by proclamation, brought back into force
the whole Constitution except thqt part which referred to the OECS supreme
curt as being the Supreme Court of Grenada. '**

'ihe Governor,General.'s proclqmation'was in order and valid when it was made,
ir. Noel said,.but. it could have no force or le-ality after there was a parlia-
*ent in Grenada.

,'Cnly parliament can change the provisions of the Constitution", he said.
"Those provisions state that the OECS Supreme Court is the supreme Court of
Trenada and, from the moment parliament came into existence, no proclamation
of the Governor General retaining the PRG's Grenada Supreme Court can have le-
aal effect".

Mr. Noel said the Grenada Supreme Court is scheduled to deal with certain civ-
il matters shortly and the assizes for the trial of criminal cases will open
on February 5th.

People found guilty by the Grenada Supreme Court at the assizes are very like-
ly to have their convictions quashed on appeal", he said, "and this will apply
to all cases including the 19'persons charged with the murder of Maurice Bish-
op and members of his Cabinet.

:.. Noel said he has discussed the matter with "certain people in authority",
ad he hopes something will be done 'to remedy the situation.

'V.eck Endiing 19/1/S5 T::! GiREADA NEWSLETTER Page 3


Our attention has been drawn to an error in the last issue of NEJZCLTTER.

On page 11, in a story headlined "Chamber displeased with PM", we stated
that "...a letter of protest signed by the first Vice president, Mr. Fred
Toppin, is to be sent to the Prime Ministerl"

Mr. Toppin is not the first Vice Fresident of the Grenada Chamber of Indus-
try & Commerce. Mr. Brian Pitt holds that position and the letter of pro-
test to 1'rime Minister Blaize was signed by Mr. pitt and sent to the prime
Minister on 27th December 1984.

For any embarrassment or inconvenience which may have been caused by this
error, :EV;SIETTER apologises to the Chamber, Mr. T:-ppin and Mr. pitt.


Mr. Francois Moanack, Venezuela's Ambassador-at-Large on an official visit
to Grenada, said in an interview on January 10th that he is very happy with
the reception he has had fr6m the new Government of Prime Minister Herbert

"I am very pleased to say- that the reaction I found from the-different Min-

isters of Government I have talked to was so enthusiastic that I am very op
timistic", he said.

Mr. Meanaick, who arrived here on January, 8th had discussions with Prime Min
ister Herbert Blaize, Minister of A,.griculture George Brizan, Minister for
Labour Dr. Fi'rn.-is Alexis, Minister for Education George !McGuiire, Foreign
Minister Ben Jones and Governor General Sir Paul Scoon.

The Venezuelan Ambassador said his discussions with Government had centered
on progratnmmes of cooperation by his Government and he disclosed that two
aid programmes are already being implemented here.

One is a housing programme worth some US$5 million, and the other is a fish-
eries development programme which will involve a loan of between 1i and 2
million United States dollars.

The fisheries programme is divided into two stages, the first being the un-
dertaking of a survey to assess what the country's needs are in this con-

In the second stage, Mr. Moanack said, a 2-man team of experts will be sent
from Venezuela to give technical assistance and to implement the programme
which includes provision of cold storage facilities.


Page 4 THL GRENAD, J LE'TTR eek Ending 19/S/?5

"I expect the fisheries programme will take at least one or two years to be
completed", he said, "it is rather ambitious".

In connection with the housing progr-.ri1e, the Venezuelan Ambassador said
his country had made a gift of 100 prefabricated houses to the Government
of Grenada during the regime of the Gairy Government, but these houses had
never been erected,

"These houses are still stored in a warehouseti, he said, "and we have now
given the new Government a loan for the construction of these houses (which
are 2-bedroom urban type) and I am told they will be for low income families,,

Mr. Moanack said the loan being made available will cover, not only labour
costs but fittings for the houses which will be supplied by Venezuela.

"The gift of houses cost quite a lot of money", he said, "but it was a plea-
sure for us to contribute something for Gren;das The Caribbean, for us,
is a priority and Grenada, being so near, we have to develop a closer friend-

The Ambassador said his country works on the basis of "no strings attached".


Venezuela's Governor on the Board of Governors of the Caribbean Development
Bank (CDB), Mr. Francois Moanack, said in an interview in Grenada on January
10th that he would like to see the bEnk adopt a more liberal policy.

"I thiak CDB should be strengthened", he said. "The Bank should be open to
other sorts of activities, and it should be more flexible as far as its loans
policy is concerned".

Mr. Moanack, who is Venezuela's Ambassador-At-Larre, said CDB will meet in
Barbados in May and, at that time, he will rt-pat his urgings which he made
last year to the Bank's Governors for a greater degree of flexibility.

T1.e Ambassador said his arguments had been well received and he has hopes
that they will bear fruit at the May meeting.


Grenada is to benefit from 40 scholarships to be granted in a variety of
fields by the Vcnenuelan Government.

This was disclosed in an interview on January 10th by Mr. Francois Moanack,
lenezuela's Ambassador-At-Large, then on an official visit to the island.



,J-k Ending 19/ 5 TIL 'GREI.ADA I[:ESLETTER Page 5

"Thc3se sc.iol.rships will include the fields of Education, Sports, Medicine,
Medical Care, Refrigeration, Carpentry, plumbing and a variety of other sub
jects", he said, "and they will commence as soon as the Grenada Government
has selected the persons to receive the scholarshipsi,

Additional aid will be available to Grenada in the form of % zoft loans,
the Ambassador said. These loans have a term of 14 years with a grace
period of 5 years, and they T.ay be applied to a variety of projects.

"One of the things we do want is joint ventures of the Grenadian ab4 Vene-
zuelan private sectors"4u Mr. Moanack said ".!e want to try to establish
some factories here. We don't believe in the incursion of investment in
a country where the foreign investor is the determining factor".

The Ambassador said Gr-nadiarn must participate in the ihrestment in their
country and, even if they ,do not have the money, they can participate with
land. The Venezuelan private sector will bring the technolog'f and contri-
bute financial assistance, he said.

Mr. Moanack said he has alr-ady identified a joint venture suitable far
development in Grena.a but he could not disclose it until he has had dis-
cussions with persons who mi'rht be interested,


Mr. Bowen wells, a member.of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee of the
British Parliament, which visited Grenada in 1982 and last year, said in an
interview in St. George's on January 11th that he isfollrwing upon the re-
ports which his Committee submitted.

"We are k-tping up a relentless pressure on the British Government to im-
plement the recommendations of those reports", he said, "which were to sup-
port more thoroughly, creatively and sensitively the Governments of the old
British U.est Indies".

Mr. Bowen referred to .,50,CJ00 of aid which was given by the British Gov-
ernment to Grenada for, among other things, development and training of the
Royal Grenada Police Force and said this grant had been followed by one of
1 million pounds.

"This was for a combination of things including the electricity supply", he
said, "and the new engine for the electricity power station has already
been ordered and should arrive in ,]r-nad:, within the next fortnight".

The British Member of Parliament said the Foreign Affairs Committee is also
interested in encour-ing private sector investment in Grenada, and he said
that, in this connection, he had had discussions with Geest Industries Ltd.,
the British firm which is marketing agent for Winilwsd Islands bananas.

~I___ _r

TT 1 IT-

Geest has established in St. Lucia, in coope-ration with the Commonwealth
Development Corporation, St. Lucia Model Farms, which is a means of get-
ting small land-holders into a cooperative, he said. Rural Ventures In-
corporated, an American subsidiary of the British firm of Control Date Cor-
poration, is doing a survey on the possibility of establishing such an or-
ganisation in Grenada, Mr. Wells said, and he hopes to interest Geest in
this venture.


Thu United. States based Overseas private Investment Corporation (CPIC) is
assisting in financing a survey in Grenada to explore the possibility of
establishment of a marketing company to handle agricultural produce from
small farmers.

Mr. Don Kettler, Representative of Rural Ventures Incorpor ted, a United
States o-rg:Lni3,?Ation, disclosed this in an interview in St. George's on Jan-
uary 11th and said, if the marketing company is established, it will be run
by Grenadians.

"The part to be -jlred by Rural Ventures Incorporated", Mr. Kettler said,
"is to act as a catalyst. Whnit we are-looking for is a GrEnadi.n based
private enterprise which we will help to manage in the fields of cooperative
marketing, rpltAting scheduling, market outlets and things of that nature,".

Mr. Kettler said the-survey is-now in its very initial stage and the first
thing which will have to be determined is the products which are marketable.
This will determine where the emphasis should lie in production, he said.
The survey will, first of all, study the needs of the local market, with
inter-island trade to follow and probable expansion into exports to the Uni-
ted States -o7'~ United Kingdom.

Rural Ventures Incorporated is a subsidiary of the British firm of Control
Data Corporation (CDC), and accomy tying Mr. Kettler on his visit to Grena-
da is Mr. Bowen Wells, a member of the British Parliament and Parliamentary
Consultant to CDC.

Mr. Wells referred to St. Lucia Model Farms, operated in St. Lucia by Geest
Industries Ltd., the British firm which is marketing agent for W'indward Is-
lands bananas, and said that enterprise is the sort which has been found
by Rural Ventures Incorporated to work well in Icelard, Scotland, the United
States and other parts of the world.

"W'hat I am going to do", said Mr. Wells, "is to try to bring Geest and Rural
Ventures together and see whether a project similar to St. Lucia Model Farms
cannot be started in Grenada".


W'eek Ending 19,'./.

Week Ending 19/1/85. THE GREINtAD, NEWSLLTTER Pge 7

Such a project, he said, will increase agricultural productivity, will pro-
duce a cash crop which can be sold overseas to earn foreign exchange and
will create jobs and income for ;,rcnadians.

"No conclusions can be drawn yet", Mr. Kettler said. 'cWe are right in the
middle of the study now, but we expect this phase will be completed by the
end of N.-lrch". "


Mr. Bowen pollss Men:ber of the British Parliament and Chairman of the Bri-
tish Caribbean Group of the Commonwealth Parliamentary kssociatioq4 aidin ;
an interview in St. George's on January 11th that two Grenadian Parliament,-
arians are likely to be invited to London in March.

"I have been requested by Mr. Curtis Strachan, Clerk of the Grenada House
of Representatives", he said, "to ask the Commonwealth parliamentary Asso-
ciation in London to make available at least two places on the seminar which
takes place in March and April this year".

That seminar will.cover legislative procedural practice, Mr. "'-ols said,
and, in spite of the late ap'plication, he would press strongly for places
to be made available to Gr-n-'.

Mr. Wells said one of his aims is to develop stronger'contacts between Car-
ibbean and British parliamentarians and, to this end, he has bad discuss-
ions with Governor General Sir Paul Scoon, Prime Minister Herb'rt Blaize, Minister Ben Jones and Minister for Education George Ncuire.

"Th-y are all very enthusiastic about joining the Commonwealth Parliament-
ary Association (CPA)", he said, "and they would like to take advantage of
aniy we car offer them in relation to teaching the way ii which
we run a Parliament so they can decide how th.y want to run Grenada's Par-

CPA organises an annual 6-week seminar, he said, and this creates an oppor-
tunity for Caribbean and British Parliamentarians to get to understand each
other's problems better.

"This sort of contact enables British Parliamentarians to be in a better
position to ask questions, for instance, as to how overseas development
Assistance is administered", Mr. 'Wells said, "and, equally it works the
other .':y in that Grenadian Parliamentarians will be able to ask questions
in their own parliament, undersFc' the British difficulties".

iThis is how Parliamentary democracy will be strengthened, he said, by ex-
chnginig ideas, supporting each other and learning from each other's mis-
itakes and successes.

i. . =

Page 8 T GRZNDA NE..JSLiTTER Week Ending 19/1/85


United States Assistant secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, Mr.
Langhorne A. Motley, visited Grenada on January 13th and 14th.

The visit was announced on January 10th in St, George's by United Ztates
Information .3erijce (USIS), and a --k .;rnan for USIS said Mr. Motley would
be accompanied by Deputy Assistant Secrit-ry c.hcrles J. Gillespie and Co-
ordinator for Economic Policy, Harry Kopp.

The visiting party would meet the United States Embassy staff on arrival
on the 13th, the spokesman said, and the 14th was designated for visits to
Governor General Sir paul Scoon, prime Minister Herbert Blaize and Foreign
Minister Ben Jones.

The visitors would lunch with Mr. Blaize and others, following which they
would call on Roman Catholic Bishop .Sy':ncy Charles, Head of the Council of
Churches, Grenada (CCG).

On their way to Point Saline International Airport, prior to departure,
Messrs Motley, GIllvspie and Kopp..were expected to visit the headquarters
of the Special Security Group which is being trained by United States in-

The USIS spokesman said Mr. Motley and his team would visit Barbados, Dom-
inica and Antigua in addition to Grenada, and discussions were expected to
centre on regionala l issues", .The spokesman was unable to say whether the
presence of Mr.. iopp, Coordinator for Economic policy, might indicate that
aid matters were on the agenda for discussion4

ST. 2 1 '.'r:D DECISION 28th

Former Commissioner of the Grenada police, Mr. Ian St. Bernard, charged with
"preparing by the show of armed force to procure an alteration in the Govern-
ment-of the State of Grenada", will have to wait until 28th January to hear
the result of the Magistrate's preliminary Inquiry into this charge.

The ch-irge arises out of incidents in Grenada on October 19th 1983, the day
the late Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and members of his Cabinet were exe-
cuted by the Peoples Revolutionary Army of the Nw Jewel Movement. The pre-
liminary Inq.uiry began'before Magistrate Jerome Forde last October 1st.

There were hearings on October 15th and December 12th, 5 persons giving evi-
dence, and on the latter date, Mr. Forde reserved his decision until tcday,
January 10th.

IMr. St. Bernard's Defence Counsel, Jamaican Delano Harrison, was not in Court
ion January 10th when the case was called, and Mr. Forde said Mr. Harrison
i.,ad been in touch with him by telephone from Jamaica requesting an ti

,- fh

'.ee< LEning 19/1/5C, THL GRENADA NEWSLETTER Page 9

adjournment until January 24th. Mr. Fcrde had told Mr. laarrison that date
would be convenient but had subsequently found he would be aw y in the sis-
ter island of Carriacou at that time.

With the apLpr'ov.l of Jamaican Acting Director of Public Prosecutiots Velma
Hylton, Mr. Forde fixed.the adjournment for January 28th.

Mr. St. Bernard, a prominent member of Maurice Eish:p's peoples Revolution-
ary Government, was one of 20 persons charged with the murder of Bishcp and
others on 19th October 1'3S~. A preliminary Inquiry into this charge ended
last .\:uust 8th and Mr. St. Bernard was fr-ed.

Th- present ch-rge was laid against him on August 21st last, and he was
then granted bail which is still in force.

The other 19 include former Dei:ty prime Minister Bernard Coard and his
Jamaican wife Phyllis. In the Preliminary Inquiry, they were found to have
to stand trial for murder and they remain in custody at Richmond Hill pris-

They are exp.-riencing difficulty in retaining Defence Lawyers and it is not
known whether this case will be heard at the next Assizes which open on 'Feb-
ruary 5th.


Grenada's new Police Commissioner, Grenada-born Russell Godfrey Toppin, 61,
said in an interview on January 9th that, since he took up his duties two
days before, he had been briefed on who in the Force has been doing good
work and who has not.

"Wherever it is practical to rehabilitate people and let them continue with
their careers", he said, "certainly we should do this but, wherever there
is a security risk that some people should continue to serve in the police
Force, some action should be taken".

Mr. Tpp'ir-, who joined the Trinidad & Tobago Police Service in 1942 and re-
tired from that Service in 1983 with the r"nk of Deputy Commissioner of pol-
ice, said each case will be j .t-3 I on its own merits. There should be no
"witch hunt", he said, in which people are rooted out of the Force on the
basis of rumour.

SWith respect to the American Military Police and the Caritbean Peacekeeping
Force in Grenada, the Commissioner said the decision as to when these Forces
should leave Grenada does not rest only with the Grenada Government but al-
so'with these Forces.


'. __ .. ___ . ___ . __ _ __ . .n

_ ~..~. ._ ...

Page 10 THE G F:E.ALA :'J SLL'TTER Week Ending 19/1/85

It is too soon now after he has assumed his new duties for him to assess
how soon the Police will be able to take full responsibility for the secur-
ity of Grend-i?, he said, but, he continued, one cannot always creep, one
must learn to walks.

"Even if these people (the Americans and Caribbean Forces) should lekve to-
morrow", he said,-"which we are not asking them to do, because there is a
lot more they can do before we feel confident we can carry out the job bur-
selves we should not have that feeling that, without them, we cannot .o
the job".

The Commissioner said that, since his arrival in Grenada, what he has learn-
ed of the Police Force has convinced'him'that the Force "can cope with what
a normal police Force is likely to have to cope with in any of the Caribbean:
islands" .

"*'hen I give you the question of time, I'm talking about the experience which
we require to have as Police Officers", he said. "This Police Force has
been without training for the last eight years and you don't make a police-
man overnight".

Over the past year, he said, the Royal 3renada Police Force has had a ereat
deal of assistance, especially from, the British who have been actively e~igag-
ed in the training of the.Force, and he thought this' Force, over the past
year, has received mtdre training than moat police Forced in the Caribbean.

"p'e have a ,yoi.urn Police Force", he said, "and if we continue to train these

men as we are training them, and if we get gosd leadership, -I have no doubt
that the Grenada police service will be second to none in efficiency in the

Seventy percent of the constables and lance-corporals have received some
form of re-raining over the. last year, he said, some 50c of the sergeants
and corporals have been given special training and 10% to 15% of the in-
spectors and officers have been given special courses.

The Force is in need of leadership now, the Commissioner said, and, in time,
all the senior officers will be sent abroad for training.

Mr. 7on in said that, in Trinidad & Tobago, the word "Force" had been ob-
jected to many years ago in relationship to the police as it seemed to in-
dicate a desire to subjugate the public, and the word "service" was substi-
tuted as it more accurately indicated the true nature of what the police are
supposed to do.

"Perhaps in the new concept of what we are trying to establish in Grenada",
he said, "it would be wise that we should also change the name from "police
Force" to "police Service".


.I _

"Iee-k iEndinng '/85g T.L ,kNADA_ r[ESLETTER Page 11

S------ Pa- I
The relationship between the Palice and the Public is a very delicate mat-
ter and sometimes it is difficult to decide which side should take the in-
itiative in fostering it, he said. In the context of Gren.IJ?, the Com-
missioner thought, the initiative must come from the Police.

"The police must allow the people of Grenada to understand that they (the
police) are no longer the bosses, or masters or oppressors of the puu'ilct,
he said, "but are there to serve the public, and if I am allowed, I will
have the motto of the police Force to be 'Service First,'and protectir., n,

Mr. Toppin said the 80-man strong para-military force which will be devel-
oped out of the current training programme will be under his command, but
this force will not be established as the "elite" of the police Force.

"If a man is a policeman", the Commissioner said, "he may be engaged on
specialit- police duties but he should remain a policeman and where-verr
possible, he should be brought back into the stream of policing and thou
sent back out.


In what appeared to be an ocian of misunderultandiiu, LIAT cancelled two
flights into Grenada's point Saline International Airport on January 3rd
and there was a tremendous back-up of passengers seeking flight accommoda-
tion dut of the island.

In an interview on January 3rd, Mr. William Otway, LIAT's Grenada manager,
said that, as-a result of the daily closing of the airport by the author-
ities since January 1st, his airline has been unable to operate the 10.20
p.m. service. The 6.00 a.m. service also had to be cancelled, he said,
because this flight depenied on the overnighting in Grenada of the aircraft
which arrived at 10.10 p.m. the night before.

hr. Otway said Lhat, after the airport was opened on Oc-ober 8th, 'b had
operated daily until 8.00 p.m. and this had accommodated all LIAT flights.
However, when the new LTAT schedule was introduced on December 15th, he
said, arrangements were made for the airport to r,'wain open until 10.00 pm
to handle the late evening flight.

Under date of January 1st, the LIAT manager said, a letter was received
from officials at the Control Tower stating that, with immediate effect,
Point Saline would close daily at 8.00 p.m. The letter from the Control
Tower referred to a notification from Trinidad's Piarco Airport stating
that the hours of operation of Point Saline control zone had been extended
to 10.00 p.!m. That notification said this extension of time would begin
on December 15th and would end on December 31st.

-conti: ued-

- --- ---I

Page 12 THEI GEN ADA _JEjSLbTTER Wek Ending 11/85

Mr. Otway said his Head Office in Antigua has been in touch witi Mr. John
Velox, Director of Civil Aviation for the Orgahisation of East Caribbean
Statesi and Mr. Velox had said the Piarco authorities have no jurisdiction
over Grenada with respect to the hours of operation of point Saline Inter-
national Airport.

The LIAT Manager said it appeared to him that, in spite of what Mr. Velox
had said, the Grenada authorities recognize the jurisdiction of the piarco
authorities and he did not know whether Grenada had asked Piarco for an
extension of hours to become operative after December 3ast.

"In the last interview we had with the Ministerl the matter wae to be look-
ed into", he said, "we, as a company, can't look into it, that has to be
Government to Government negotiations. The carrier can only provide a
schedule, we don't negotiate with Governments for control zones and Things
like that".

Mrs Otway said cancellation of the two flights was creating passenger in-
convenience and he was particularly concerned With those people who have
special tickets which demand that they travel on a specific date.

He said that, on the evening of January 2nd, the LIAT 7.30 p.m. flight was
late and was expected .to land at 8.10 p.m. However, the aircraft had to
overfly Grenada because had it landed, the control tower would not have
allowed it to take off as it would be beyond the closing time of the air-

"This meant that 18 persons due to land:here last night had to go on to
Barbados where they were accommodated at LIAT's expense", Mr. Otway said,
Sand 20 persons due to fly out also had to be put in hotels here at LIAT's
. expense".

Mr. Otway said the LIAT flight which overflew Gr'.na]a would have been ready
to take off at 8.20, had it landed, and, while he could not identify the
aircraft, he saw some other plane leave point Saline at that time last even-

The LIAT man;a_,er said the situation faced by his company is completely out-
Sside the company's control in that LIAT has provided a schedule governed
by the availability of aircraft and equipment.

"Where the situation has come about that we are not allowed to operate af-
Ster 8.00 p.m.", he said, "is a matter we have no control over and is some-
thing that has to be resolved between the Governments concerned or within
the Government body responsible for the operation of Grenada".

SA spokesman for the Ministry of Civil Aviation told NEWSLETTER on January
S3rd that Mr. Velox is correct in that Piarco has no jurisdiction over the
hours of op-r.-tion of Point Saline International Airport. LIAT had discuss-
ions with Minister of Civil Aviation, Dr. Keith Mitchell, the spokesman said,

Week En:ving 19/1/85 THE GRENADA N! E'LETT ER Page 13

and it was agreed to comply with LIAT's application for an extension of
the working hours up to December 31st.

"We advised piarco of that", the spokesman said,' "and they issued an ad-
visory to other airlines. Piarco's advisory was not the giving bf per-
mission for the extended hours nor did it originate with Piarco. -t was
issued by Piarco on the basis of information we gave them",

The spokesman said LIAT was expected to get in touch with the Ministry of
Civil Aviation before December 31st with proposals as to why the extended
hours should be continued, but LIAT had failed to do this.

"There is an additional cost factor attached to extended hourss, the
man said, "and Government must be satisfied that this cost is justified."

A source close to LIAT told IIEi:!LEiTTER that following discussions between
the airline an. the Ministry on January 4th, the matter was clarified and
the two cancelled flights were reinstated on January 5th.


Professor Michael Beaubrun, Gr-nria-a-born PanAmerican Health Organization
(PAHO) Advisor to the Grenada Government, said here on January 4th that
there are several stages in the treatment of alcoholism.

Professor Beaubrun was speaking at the official opening of "Carlton Centre'".
a new facility established by the Grenada Government for the treatment of
alcoholism and other drug addiction.

The first stage, he said, is the identification of the problem and the con-
vincing of the alcoholic that he needs treatment.

"In most cases", the professor said, "the alcoholic denies he has a problem
and being able to persuade him that he does have a problem is what we call

The second stage, he said, is getting rid of the toxic substances in the
patient's system and this is followed by what Professor Beaubrun said is
the most important stage.

"This is the rehabilitation stage", he said, "this is the stage where the
patient learns a new attitude to himself and a new attitude to life without

Carlton Centre, located in a suburb of St. George's is the former residence
of Unison *"hiteman, Foreign Affairs Minister in the peoples Revolutionary
Government of the late prime Minister Maurice Bishop. Whiteman was one of
the victims of the massacre'of October 19th 1983 when Bishop, members of his
Cabinet and scores of Grenadians were gunned down by the Peoples Revolution-
Sary Army of the New Jewel Movement. -continued-

Page 14 THE GrE2.'ADA IJ.i73LETTER Wek Ending 19/1/85

Financed by the Grenada Government at a cost of some ECS25,000, Carlton
Centre has accommodation for 10 male and 2 female alcoholics with three
other beds to be used as a "half-way house".

"A half-way house", explained professor Beaubrun, "is a place where mental
patients can sc'en1 the night an-l go out to look for work as an interim
stage on the wa., to discharge from hospital".

professor Beaubrun said Carlton Centre should be much more than a place of
treatment of alcoholics, it should become a centre for the education of the
entire community about drugs and alcoholic problems.
"I see this place housing seminars for doctors"t he said, "seminars for
nurses, seminars for a number of special people, the clergy teachers, all
sorts of people who need to know and to understand these problems".

present at the ceremony and officially declaring Cariton Centre open was
Minister of Health Daniel Williams.

During the United States Military Intervention in October 1983, the Mental
Home at Richmond Hill was used as a fortified point by the peoples Revolu-
tionary Army and was bombed by the attacking U.S. Forces.

Mr. "lillimms disclosed in his address that the United States Agency for In-
ternational Development (USAID) will build an 80-bed Mental Home at Mount
Gay on the outskirts of St. George's, and also a psychiatric wing at the
General Hospital in St. George's.

Th- Minister said negotiations for these developments had been initiated
by Mr. Raymond Smith, Member of the Interim Government responsible for
Health, and he piid tribute to Mr. Smith for this development.

Mr. Williams said a fair proportion of Grenada's budget goes into Health and
a corresponding good result must be expected.

"Even if we do not have as much money as other places", he said, "we will
know there are things we can do and things we can't do, but, what we are
able to do we should do efficiently, very correctly and very well".


The practice of smuggling in Grenada is having serious detrimental effects
on the operation of Grenada Breweries Ltd., bottlers of "Carib" beer, "Giant"i
malt and Guinness.

In a report submitted recently to shareholders, Brewery Managing Director
Fred Toppin gave the reminder that, in his 1985 report, he said the Brewery
had been unable to sell any of its products in Grenada's sister island of
Carriacou. -continued-

___ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ _

Veek Ending 19/1/85 Till GrNADA INE SLTTER page 15

Two teams were sent to Carriacou to assess the situation and, according to
Mr. Toppin, it was found that the Brewery's loss of sales was as a result
of "foreign beer entering Carriacou without payment of duty and consumption
tax and at a price virtually impossible for us to match".

Mr. Toppin warned at that time that, if these duty-free products enter the
Grenada market, the Brewery's sales would be further affected.

"Unfortunately"'t the Managing Director's 1984 report says, "this has happen-
ed and beer and stout in increasing quantities are entering Grenada illegal-

This matter was drawn to the attention of the Interim Government, he said,
but, beginning with a letter dated 6th July 1984, three letters to the Gov-
ernment "have gone unanswered and apparently unheeded".

"This is surprising", Mr. Toppin ,said, ,since our Brewery contributes over
EC$2 million annually in direct and indirect taxation to the revenue of this
island which could dry up if smuggling is not halted".

In an interview on January 4th, the Managing Director told NE'SLETTER the
matter had not yet been taken up with the Government of prime Minister

"With the busy season and the holidays coming so soon after the Elections of
early December", he said, "we have not yet written them but we have taken
the decision to write the new Government and, hopefully, we will get some

Water is another problem of the Brcwery. The Company was promised an un-
broken supply in 1984, Mr. Toppin said, but the situation deteriorated.

"We are again assured that the service will be adequate in 1985", Mr. Top-
pints report says, "but, as with electricity, your Directors feel we must
have a stand-by supply".

:To this end, permission was obtained from the Central Water Commission to
carry out a survey to ascertain whether there is sufficient water to warrant
drilling a well on the Company's property. Mr. Toppin said water has been

"TVe have had a preliminary survey", he said, "and there is enough water in
the area. What we are awaiting now is an estimate of the cost of putting
down the well. Whether it will be economical to undertake this project han
not yet been established",

SThe Company's profit for the year ending June 1984 increased by 17.7313 from
the 1983 figure of EC$705,376 to EC$830,474 despite the fact that there was
a 12.25% decline in sales.



The increase in profits is directly attributable to increases in the selling
prices of the Brew.;ry's products, but Mr. Tcppin warns that price increases
cad be made only within acceptable limits.

In his report, presented to the Annuil General Meeting on 11th December last,
Mi" Toppin said that, since June 1984, sales of Guinness remain at almost the
same level as the year before, sales of Malt continue to fall but the downward
trend for beer sales has been reversed "due mainly to an improved economic cli-
mate in Grenada and a vigorous progrrmmr of promotion".

The Brewery's Malt product faces severe competition from "traditional soft
drinks" the M.n-iing Director said, and no dramatic rise in sales of this.
product is expected.

Under franchise of Guinness (Jamaica) Ltd., the Brcwery will, commencing in
March, be bottling its own soft drink; "Ting", ahd Mr. Toppin hopes sales of
this product will more than offset the decrease in sales of Malt.

/L ~.

Alister Hughes

Cynthia Hughes

19th January 1985

printed & Published by the Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
of Scott Street, St.George's, Grenada, Westindies

Week Ending 19/ /85


Full Text